(19)
(11)EP 3 410 658 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 16894920.4

(22)Date of filing:  25.03.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/801  (2013.01)
H04W 28/02  (2009.01)
H04L 12/807  (2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/077356
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/161566 (28.09.2017 Gazette  2017/39)

(54)

CONGESTION CONTROL METHOD, APPARATUS, AND RELATED DEVICE

ÜBERLASTUNGSSTEUERUNGSVERFAHREN, VORRICHTUNG UND ZUGEHÖRIGE EINRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE COMMANDE D'ENCOMBREMENT ET DISPOSITIF CORRESPONDANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/49

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • XU, Qing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • ZHOU, Wei
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
MTH The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/058084
WO-A1-2015/161990
CN-A- 105 049 369
WO-A1-2015/069944
WO-A1-2015/161990
  
  • ALLMAN V PAXSON ICSI E BLANTON PURDUE UNIVERSITY M: "TCP Congestion Control; rfc5681.txt", TCP CONGESTION CONTROL; RFC5681.TXT, INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE, IETF; STANDARD, INTERNET SOCIETY (ISOC) 4, RUE DES FALAISES CH- 1205 GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, 1 September 2009 (2009-09-01), XP015065673, [retrieved on 2009-09-05]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a congestion control method and apparatus, and a related device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] A control plane message of a Long Term Evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE for short) system is used to ensure normal operation of the system, normal establishment and disengagement of a service connection, and the like. Therefore, reliability of the control plane message is extremely important in the LTE system. For example, in an architecture of an LTE evolved packet core (Evolved Packet Core network, EPC for short), after a mobility management entity (Mobility Management Entity, MME for short) receives a downlink data communication message sent by a serving gateway (Serving Gateway, SGW for short), the MME needs to send a paging (Paging) message to all evolved NodeBs (Evolved Node Base Station, eNB for short) in a tracking area list (Tracking Area List, TA List for short) in which a user is located, so that the eNB forwards the paging message to user equipment (User Equipment, UE for short). After receiving the paging message, the UE can initiate a radio resource control (Radio Resource Control, RRC for short) connection, to receive data. A paging packet is sent by using S1 signaling between the MME and the eNB, and the S1 signaling and X2 signaling that is between the eNBs are transmitted based on the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (Stream Control Transmission Protocol, SCTP for short).

[0003] In a scenario of high load, because a quantity of SCTP signaling is relatively large or signaling traffic is relatively large, network congestion occurs in the system. Retransmission of excessive lost packets may cause an avalanche effect. In a severe case, link breaking is caused, and consequently other services can hardly be processed. Congestion control and congestion avoidance need to be properly performed, to avoid an MME/eNB exception caused by SCTP congestion.

[0004] WO 2015/161990 A1 describes congestion control for acknowledged communication over networks.

SUMMARY



[0005] In accordance with the invention there is provided a congestion control method, a congestion control apparatus, a core network device, and an access network device as set forth in the claims.

[0006] In view of the foregoing descriptions, embodiments of the present invention provide a congestion control method and apparatus, and a related device, to resolve a congestion problem and reduce a congestion risk.

[0007] A first aspect of the present invention provides a congestion control method, and the method may include:

obtaining a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link;

calculating a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size; and

determining whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, triggering an adjustment to the congestion control window size.



[0008] It can be learned that, in the present invention, a relatively safe preset threshold used to detect a congestion risk is preset, then the transmission rate and the congestion control window size that are of the transmission link are obtained in real time, and a current congestion risk coefficient is calculated based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that a congestion may burst on the transmission link, and then an adjustment to the congestion control window size is triggered, so as to identify congestion in advance and avoid congestion, thereby reducing impact on the transmission link caused by congestion packet loss, and improving network bandwidth utilization.

[0009] The adjustment to the congestion control window size mainly means lowering the congestion control window size, and reducing an upper limit of streams that can be transmitted on the transmission link, so as to control congestion.

[0010] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the obtaining a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link described above may specifically include: obtaining a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link. It can be learned that two ends of the transmission link are respectively the transmit end and the receive end, and the transmit end has the sending rate and the congestion control window size of the transmit end. Likewise, the receive end has the receiving rate and the congestion control window size of the receive end. Further, in this embodiment, the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link may be calculated based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end. This can comprehensively consider actual statuses of the transmit end and the receive end.

[0011] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, after it is determined that the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end may be triggered alone, or an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the receive end may be triggered alone, or both an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the receive end may be triggered.

[0012] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the transmission rate and the congestion control window size that are of the transmission link may be obtained based on a cycle, so as to cyclically start the congestion control method provided in the present invention, thereby identifying congestion of the transmission link. It may be understood that the cycle is not merely a cycle for obtaining the transmission rate, but is actually a cycle for implementing the congestion control method provided in the present invention.

[0013] A second aspect of the present invention provides a congestion control apparatus, and the apparatus may include:

an obtaining module, configured to: obtain a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmission link;

a calculation module, configured to calculate a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size; and

an adjustment module, configured to: determine whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size.



[0014] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the obtaining module is specifically configured to: obtain a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link.

[0015] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the calculation module is specifically configured to calculate the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0016] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the adjustment module is specifically configured to trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0017] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the obtaining module is further specifically configured to: based on a preset cycle, measure the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtain the congestion control window size of the transmission link.

[0018] A third aspect of the present invention provides a congestion control apparatus, and the apparatus may include:

a processor and a memory, where

the memory is configured to store a program instruction; and

the processor is configured to invoke the program instruction to perform the steps provided in the first aspect.



[0019] A fourth aspect of the present invention provides a core network device, including the congestion control apparatus provided in the second aspect or the congestion control apparatus provided in the third aspect.

[0020] A fifth aspect of the present invention provides an access network device, including the congestion control apparatus provided in the second aspect or the congestion control apparatus provided in the third aspect.

[0021] A sixth aspect of the present invention provides a congestion control system, including the core network device provided in the fourth aspect and the access network device provided in the fifth aspect.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0022] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

FIG. 1a is a schematic diagram of an application scenario according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 1b is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some other embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some other embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some other embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a congestion control apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is another schematic structural diagram of a congestion control apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8a and FIG. 8b are schematic structural diagrams of a core network device according to some embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 9a and FIG. 9b are schematic structural diagrams of an access network device according to some embodiments of the present invention; and

FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a congestion control system according to some embodiments of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0023] To make the invention objectives, features, and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, the following describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the embodiments described are merely some rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0024] In the specification, claims, and accompanying drawings of the present invention, the terms "first", "second", "third", "fourth", and so on are intended to distinguish between different objects but do not indicate a particular order. In addition, the terms "include", "contain", or any other variant thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion. For example, a process, a method, a system, a product, or a device that includes a series of steps or units is not limited to the listed steps or units, but optionally further includes an unlisted step or unit, or optionally further includes another inherent step or unit of the process, the method, the product, or the device.

[0025] Embodiments of the present invention provide a congestion control method, to identify congestion in advance and avoid congestion, thereby reducing impact on a transmission link caused by congestion packet loss, and improving link bandwidth utilization. The embodiments of the present invention further provide an apparatus corresponding to the congestion control method, a core network device, and an access network device.

[0026] Although an LTE system is used as an example for description in the foregoing background part, a person skilled in the art should know that the present invention is not only applicable to the LTE system, but also applicable to other wireless communications systems, such as a Global System for Mobile Communications (Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM), a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UMTS), a Code Division Multiple Access (Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA) system, or a new network system. Specific embodiments are described by using the LTE system as an example below.

[0027] Referring to FIG. 1a, FIG. 1a is a schematic diagram of an application scenario according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1a, an evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, E-UTRAN for short) includes a plurality of eNBs, MMEs/SGWs/packet data network gateways (Packet Data Network Gateway, PGW for short). The eNB implements a radio physical layer function, resource scheduling and radio resource management, radio access control, and a mobility management function. The MME is mainly responsible for all control plane functions of session management of a user, including TA list management and selection of the PGW and the SGW. The SGW is mainly responsible for data transmission, data forwarding, route switching, and the like of user equipment (User Equipment, UE for short), and serves as a local mobility anchor when the UE is handed over between the eNBs. The PGW is an anchor of a packet data network (Packet Data Network, PDN for short) connection, and is responsible for assigning an Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol, IP for short) address to the UE, filtering a data packet of the UE, controlling a rate, and generating charging information.

[0028] The eNBs may be connected to each other by using an X2 interface, the eNBs are connected to the MME/SGW/PGW by using an S1 interface, and both X2 signaling and S1 signaling are transmitted based on the SCTP protocol.

[0029] It may be understood that another network system, such as a GSM or a CDMA system, includes a base transceiver station (Base Transceiver Station, BTS for short) or includes a NodeB (NodeB) in WCDMA, instead of the eNB. The eNB may support or manage one or more cells (cell). When UE needs to communicate with a network, the UE selects a cell to initiate network access.

[0030] For example, the UE may be a mobile terminal, for example, a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone), and a computer that has a mobile terminal. For example, the UE may be a portable, pocket-sized, handheld, computer built-in, or in-vehicle mobile apparatus that exchanges voice and/or data with a radio access network. For example, the UE may be a device such as a personal communication service (PCS, Personal Communication Service) phone, a cordless telephone set, a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) phone, a wireless local loop (WLL, Wireless Local Loop) station, or a personal digital assistant (PDA, Personal Digital Assistant). The UE may also be referred to as a system, a subscriber unit (Subscriber Unit), a subscriber station (Subscriber Station), a mobile station (Mobile Station), a mobile console (Mobile), a remote station (Remote Station), an access point (Access Point), a remote terminal (Remote Terminal), an access terminal (Access Terminal), a user terminal (User Terminal), a user agent (User Agent), or the like.

[0031] Based on the foregoing descriptions, some embodiments of the present invention provide a congestion control method. As shown in FIG. 1b, the congestion control method specifically includes the following steps.

[0032] 101. Obtain a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmission link.

[0033] It may be understood that two ends of the transmission link are respectively a transmit end and a receive end. The transmit end may be any one of the eNB, the BTS, the NodeB, and the like described above. In this case, the receive end is any one of the MME, the SGW, and the PGW described above. Alternatively, the transmit end may be any one of the MME, the SGW, and the PGW described above, and the receive end may be any one of the eNB, the BTS, the NodeB, and the like described above. Certainly, in some other embodiments of the present invention, the transmit end may alternatively be any one of the eNB, the BTS, the NodeB, and the like described above, and the receive end is the UE described above. Alternatively, the transmit end is the UE, and the receive end is any one of the eNB, the BTS, the NodeB, and the like. Certainly, this embodiment of the present invention may be further applied to another link connection-based communications system.

[0034] It should be noted that this embodiment of the present invention is performed by a congestion control apparatus. The congestion control apparatus may be disposed in a transmit end or a receive end, or the congestion control apparatus may be disposed in both a transmit end and a receive end.

[0035] When the congestion control apparatus is disposed in only one of the transmit end and the receive end, the transmit end or the receive end in which the congestion control apparatus is disposed performs the congestion control method provided in the present invention. When the congestion control apparatus is disposed in both the transmit end and the receive end, one of the transmit end and the receive end performs, by using the disposed congestion control apparatus, the congestion control method provided in the present invention, and the other of the transmit end and the receive end may participate in adjusting the congestion control window size by using the disposed congestion control apparatus.

[0036] The congestion control window size indicates a maximum quantity of streams that can be transmitted on the transmission link.

[0037] It should be further noted that, in this embodiment of the present invention, there is no sequence of obtaining the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtaining the congestion control window size of the transmission link. The transmission rate of the transmission link may be obtained before the congestion control window size of the transmission link is obtained, or the congestion control window size of the transmission link may be obtained before the transmission rate of the transmission link is obtained, or the transmission rate and the congestion control window size of the transmission link may be simultaneously obtained.

[0038] 102. Calculate a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size.

[0039] A preset threshold is preset in the congestion control apparatus, and the preset threshold is used to indicate an upper congestion risk coefficient limit that causes no transmission link congestion to the transmission link.

[0040] The congestion risk coefficient is used to indicate a congestion risk status of the transmission link.

[0041] 103. Determine whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold.

[0042] If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, proceed to step 104; or if the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, proceed to step 105.

[0043] 104. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size.

[0044] 105. If the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, perform no processing.

[0045] In this embodiment of the present invention, when the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that congestion may burst on the transmission link at a current transmission rate and of a current congestion control window size, so that an adjustment to the congestion control window size is triggered. The adjustment includes three manners: only the transmit end participates in the adjustment; only the receive end participates in the adjustment; both the transmit end and the receive end participate in the adjustment.

[0046] In addition, when the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, it is identified that no congestion risk bursts on the transmission link, and a congestion avoidance operation may not need to be performed in advance.

[0047] In the present invention, a relatively safe preset threshold used to detect a congestion risk is set, then the transmission rate and the congestion control window size that are of the transmission link are obtained in real time, and a current congestion risk coefficient is calculated based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that a congestion may burst on the transmission link, and then an adjustment to the congestion control window size is triggered, so as to identify congestion in advance and avoid congestion, thereby reducing impact on the transmission link caused by congestion packet loss, and improving network bandwidth utilization.

[0048] It should be noted that, this embodiment of the present invention may be performed based on a specific cycle. To be specific, a cycle is set, for example, a cycle of 10s is set, and this embodiment of the present invention is performed every 10s, to identify a congestion risk on the transmission link in real time, thereby avoiding congestion.

[0049] It may be understood that the transmission link may be an SCTP link between an MME and an eNB. Certainly, the transmission link may also be applicable to another link layer, for example, a Transmission Control Protocol (Transmission Control Protocol, TCP for short)-based link and an IP protocol-based link. The technical solutions of the present invention are described in detail below by using the SCTP link between the MME and the eNB as an example. In a subsequent embodiment, the MME serves as a transmit end, and the eNB serves as a receive end. Alternatively, the eNB serves as a transmit end, and the MME serves as a receive end, and this is similar to a case in which the MME serves as a transmit end and the eNB serves as a receive end. Details are not described in this embodiment of the present invention.

[0050] Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the congestion control method may include the following steps.

[0051] 201. An eNB reports a receive window size to an MME.

[0052] It should be noted that the congestion control window size of the receive end described above is the receive window size described herein and a receive window size described below. The eNB reports, to the MME based on the SCTP protocol, a current receive window size that is of the eNB and that is used for receiving a data stream. The receive window size indicates a maximum quantity of data streams that can be received by the eNB.

[0053] 202. The MME receives the receive window size reported by the eNB.

[0054] 203. The MME measures a sending rate and obtains a send window size.

[0055] It should be noted that, in this embodiment of the present invention, the MME serves as a transmit end, and the eNB serves as a receive end. A congestion control apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention is disposed in the MME. Certainly, the congestion control apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention may also be disposed in the eNB. The congestion control apparatus disposed in the eNB is configured to adjust the receive window size, but does not determine a congestion risk coefficient. Specific descriptions are given below.

[0056] The send window size indicates a maximum quantity of data streams that can be sent by the MME. The congestion control window size of the transmit end described above is the send window size described herein and a send window size described below.

[0057] It should be further noted that, a cycle is preset in the eNB and the MME. The cycle is a cycle for performing the technical solutions of the present invention. When the preset cycle expires, the congestion control method provided in this embodiment of the present invention is performed. For example, in this embodiment of the present invention, the eNB detects that the preset cycle expires, and then the eNB reports the receive window size to the MME. The MME detects that the preset cycle expires, starts to measure the sending rate of the MME, and obtains the send window size of the MME. Certainly, the MME may measure the sending rate before obtaining the send window size of the MME; or the MME may obtain the send window size of the MME before measuring the sending rate; or the MME may measure the sending rate and obtain the send window size simultaneously.

[0058] It is further noted that, for a sequence of step 201 and step 202, step 201 is performed before step 202 is performed. However, a sequence for performing step 201, step 202, and step 203 may be as follows: 201→203→202; or 201→202→203; or 203→201→202; or (201, 203)→202. (201, 203) indicates that steps 201 and 203 are simultaneously performed.

[0059] 204. The MME calculates a congestion risk coefficient of an SCTP link based on the receive window size, the sending rate, and the send window size.

[0060] The MME calculates a current congestion risk coefficient of the SCTP link based on the receive window size sent by the eNB and with reference to the send window size and the sending rate that are of the MME. It may be understood that the congestion risk coefficient is used to indicate a congestion risk status of the SCTP link.

[0061] 205. The MME determines whether the congestion risk coefficient obtained through calculation is not less than a preset threshold.

[0062] A preset threshold is preset in the congestion control apparatus or the MME, and the preset threshold is used to indicate an upper congestion risk coefficient limit that causes no transmission link congestion to the SCTP link.

[0063] If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that the transmission link is at a high congestion risk, or if the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, it is considered that currently, there is no congestion risk or a congestion risk is low.

[0064] 206. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, the MME sets a congestion risk identifier to a first preset value, or if the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, the MME sets a congestion risk identifier to a second preset value.

[0065] The MME sets a congestion risk identifier, to indicate the congestion risk status of the SCTP link by using the congestion risk identifier. If the congestion risk identifier is set to the first preset value, in other words, the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that the transmission link is at a high congestion risk. If the congestion risk identifier is set to the second preset value, in other words, the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, it indicates that currently, there is no congestion risk or a congestion risk is low. The first preset value and the second preset value are any value. For example, when the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, the congestion risk identifier is set to 1. Otherwise, when the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, the congestion risk identifier is set to 0.

[0066] 207. The MME adjusts the send window size based on the congestion risk identifier.

[0067] It may be understood that, when the congestion risk identifier is set to the first preset value, the send window size is lowered. To be specific, a current send window size is reduced, so that an upper limit of data streams that are allowed to be transmitted by the MME is smaller, to be specific, a quantity of data streams that are allowed to be transmitted on the SCTP link during an instantaneous traffic burst is reduced. However, when the congestion risk identifier is set to the second preset value, a current send window size of the MME may be maintained without processing.

[0068] 208. The MME sends the congestion risk identifier to the eNB.

[0069] 209. The eNB receives the congestion risk identifier, and adjusts the receive window size based on the congestion risk identifier.

[0070] It should be noted that, in some embodiments of the present invention, it is possible that only the MME side needs to adjust the send window size, and the eNB does not need to participate in an adjustment. In other words, the eNB does not need to adjust the receive window size. Certainly, in some other embodiments of the present invention, when completing the adjustment to the send window size, the MME sends the congestion risk identifier to the eNB, so that the eNB side completes the adjustment to the receive window size.

[0071] It can be learned that, in this embodiment of the present invention, the MME calculates the congestion risk coefficient of the SCTP link based on the sending rate and the send window size that are of the MME and the receive window size of the eNB, and then determines, by comparing the congestion risk coefficient and the preset threshold, whether the send window size of the MME and the receive window size of the eNB need to be adjusted, so as to adjust the send window size and the receive window size before subsequent congestion caused by a data traffic burst, thereby reducing a congestion risk and improving service efficiency of the SCTP link.

[0072] Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the congestion control method may include the following steps.

[0073] 301 to 306.

[0074] Steps 301 to 306 are respectively the same as the foregoing steps 201 to 206, and details are not described herein again.

[0075] 307. The MME sends the congestion risk identifier to the eNB.

[0076] 308. The eNB receives the congestion risk identifier, and adjusts the receive window size based on the congestion risk identifier.

[0077] It can be learned that a difference between this embodiment of the present invention and the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 is that, in this embodiment of the present invention, the MME side does not need to adjust the send window size, and only the eNB completes the adjustment to the receive window size.

[0078] Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some other embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the congestion control method may include the following steps.

[0079] 401. An eNB measures a receiving rate.

[0080] The eNB and an MME start, based on a preset cycle, the congestion control method provided in the present invention. For the preset cycle, refer to the descriptions of the preset cycle in the foregoing step 203, and details are not described herein again.

[0081] 402. The eNB sends the receiving rate to an MME.

[0082] 403. The MME receives the receiving rate sent by the eNB.

[0083] 404. The MME measures a sending rate and obtains a send window size.

[0084] Based on the foregoing descriptions of the preset cycle, a sequence for performing four steps 401 to 404 is as follows: 401→402→403→404; or 401→402→404→403; or 401→404→402→403; or 404→401→402→403; or (401, 404)→402→403; or 401→(402, 404)→403; or 401→402→(403, 404). (401, 404) indicates that steps 401 and 404 are simultaneously performed, (402, 404) indicates that steps 402 and 404 are simultaneously performed, and (403, 404) indicates that steps 403 and 404 are simultaneously performed.

[0085] It is further noted that, the MME may measure the sending rate and obtain the send window size simultaneously, or may measure the sending rate before or after obtaining the send window size. Certainly, step 404 of measuring the sending rate and obtaining the send window size may be split into two steps. In this case, in combination with 401 to 403, five steps may be properly sequenced. Sequences are not listed one by one herein.

[0086] 405. The MME calculates a congestion risk coefficient of an SCTP link based on the receiving rate, the sending rate, and the send window size.

[0087] 406 to 410.

[0088] Steps 406 to 410 are respectively the same as the foregoing steps 205 to 209, and details are not described herein again.

[0089] It can be learned that a difference between this embodiment of the present invention and the foregoing two embodiments is that, in this embodiment of the present invention, when the MME calculates the congestion risk coefficient, the receiving rate of the eNB, and the sending rate and the send window size that are of the MME are considered. Likewise, in this embodiment of the present invention, it is possible that only the MME side completes the adjustment to the send window size, or only the eNB completes the adjustment to the receive window size, or the MME completes the adjustment to the send window size, and the eNB also completes the adjustment to the receive window size, thereby implementing congestion control on the SCTP link in advance.

[0090] Referring to FIG. 5, FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of a congestion control method according to some other embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the congestion control method may include the following steps.

[0091] 501. An eNB measures a receiving rate and obtains a receive window size.

[0092] The eNB and an MME start, based on a preset cycle, the congestion control method provided in the present invention. For the preset cycle, refer to the descriptions of the preset cycle in the foregoing step 203, and details are not described herein again.

[0093] The eNB may measure the receiving rate and obtain the receive window size simultaneously, or may measure the receiving rate before or after obtaining the receive window size.

[0094] 502. The MME measures a sending rate and obtains a send window size.

[0095] The MME may measure the sending rate and obtain the send window size simultaneously, or may measure the sending rate before or after obtaining the send window size.

[0096] 503. The MME sends the sending rate and the send window size to the eNB.

[0097] A sequence for performing steps 501 to 503 may be as follows: 501→502→503; or 502→503→501; or (501, 502)→503; or 502→(501, 503). (501, 502) indicates that steps 501 and 502 are simultaneously performed, and (501, 503) indicates that steps 501 and 503 are simultaneously performed. Certainly, a person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, in this embodiment of the present invention, steps of measuring the receiving rate and obtaining the receive window size, measuring the sending rate, and obtaining the send window size may be obtained through subdivision. These steps together with step 503 are five steps in total, and may be properly sequenced. Sequences are not listed one by one herein.

[0098] 504. The eNB receives the sending rate and the send window size.

[0099] 505. The eNB calculates a congestion risk coefficient based on the receiving rate and the receive window size that are of the eNB, and the sending rate and the send window size that are of the MME.

[0100] It should be noted that, in this embodiment of the present invention, a congestion control apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention is disposed in the eNB. Certainly, the congestion control apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention may also be disposed in the MME. However, the congestion control apparatus disposed in the MME is configured only to adjust the send window size, but does not determine a congestion risk coefficient. Specific descriptions are given below.

[0101] 506. The eNB determines whether the congestion risk coefficient obtained through calculation is not less than a preset threshold.

[0102] A preset threshold is preset in the congestion control apparatus or the eNB.

[0103] 507. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, the eNB sets a congestion risk identifier to a first preset value, or if the congestion risk coefficient is less than the preset threshold, the eNB sets a congestion risk identifier to a second preset value.

[0104] Step 507 is the same as step 206, and for details, refer to the descriptions in step 206.

[0105] 508. The eNB adjusts the receive window size based on the congestion risk identifier.

[0106] When the congestion risk identifier is set to the first preset value, the receive window size is lowered. To be specific, a current receive window size is reduced, so that a quantity of data streams that can be received by the eNB becomes smaller, to be specific, an upper limit of data streams on a transmission link (an SCTP link) is reduced. However, when the congestion risk identifier is set to the second preset value, a current receive window size of the eNB may be maintained without processing.

[0107] 509. The eNB sends the congestion risk identifier to the MME.

[0108] 510. The MME adjusts the send window size based on the congestion risk identifier.

[0109] When the congestion risk identifier is set to the first preset value, the send window size is lowered. To be specific, a current send window size is reduced, so that an upper limit of data streams that are allowed to be transmitted by the MME becomes smaller, to be specific, a maximum quantity of data streams that are allowed to be transmitted on the SCTP link during an instantaneous burst is reduced. However, when the congestion risk identifier is set to the second preset value, a current send window size of the MME may be maintained without processing.

[0110] It should be noted that there is no sequence of performing step 508 and step 509.

[0111] It can be learned that, a difference between this embodiment of the present invention and the foregoing embodiment is that, in this embodiment of the present invention, the eNB completes calculation of the congestion risk coefficient and setting of the congestion risk identifier. The MME side only needs to complete the adjustment to the send window size. Certainly, in this embodiment of the present invention, it is possible that only the MME side completes the adjustment to the send window size, or only the eNB completes the adjustment to the receive window size, or the MME completes the adjustment to the send window size, and the eNB also completes the adjustment to the receive window size, thereby implementing congestion control on the SCTP link in advance.

[0112] Referring to FIG. 6, FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a congestion control apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, the congestion control apparatus 600 may include:

an obtaining module 610, configured to: obtain a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmission link;

a calculation module 620, configured to calculate a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size; and

an adjustment module 630, configured to: determine whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size.



[0113] It can be learned that, in the present invention, a relatively safe preset threshold used to detect a congestion risk is preset, then the obtaining module 610 obtains the transmission rate and the congestion control window size that are of the transmission link in real time, and the calculation module 620 calculates a current congestion risk coefficient based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size. If the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, it indicates that a congestion may burst on the transmission link, and then the adjustment module 630 triggers an adjustment to the congestion control window size, so as to identify congestion in advance and avoid congestion, thereby reducing impact on the transmission link caused by congestion packet loss, and improving network bandwidth utilization.

[0114] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the obtaining module 610 is specifically configured to: obtain a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link.

[0115] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the calculation module 620 is specifically configured to calculate the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0116] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the adjustment module 630 is specifically configured to trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0117] Optionally, in some embodiments of the present invention, the obtaining module 610 is further specifically configured to: based on a preset cycle, measure the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtain the congestion control window size of the transmission link.

[0118] Referring to FIG. 7, FIG. 7 is another schematic structural diagram of a congestion control apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The congestion control apparatus 700 may include at least one processor 701 (for example, a CPU, Central Processing Unit), at least one network interface or another communications interface, a memory 702, and at least one communications bus that is configured to implement connection and communication between these apparatuses. The processor 701 is configured to execute an executable module such as a computer program stored in the memory. The memory 702 may include a high-speed random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), and may further include a non-volatile memory (non-volatile memory), such as at least one magnetic disk storage. The at least one network interface (which may be wired or wireless) is used to implement a communicative connection between a system gateway and at least one another network element by using the Internet, a wide area network, a local area network, a metropolitan area network, or the like.

[0119] As shown in FIG. 7, in some implementations, the memory 702 stores a program instruction, and the program instruction may be executed by the processor 701. The processor 701 specifically performs the following steps: obtaining a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link; calculating a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size; and determining whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, triggering an adjustment to the congestion control window size.

[0120] In some implementations, the processor 701 further specifically performs the following steps: obtaining a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link.

[0121] In some implementations, the processor 701 further specifically performs the following step: calculating the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0122] In some implementations, the processor 701 further specifically performs the following step: triggering an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.

[0123] In some implementations, the processor 701 further specifically performs the following steps: based on a preset cycle, measuring the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtaining the congestion control window size of the transmission link.

[0124] Referring to FIG. 8a and FIG. 8b, FIG. 8a and FIG. 8b are schematic structural diagrams of a core network device according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8a, the core network device 800 may include the congestion control apparatus 600 provided in FIG. 6, or as shown in FIG. 8b, the core network device 800 may include the congestion control apparatus 700 provided in FIG. 7. For the congestion control apparatus 600 and the congestion control apparatus 700, refer to the detailed descriptions of the foregoing method embodiments and apparatus embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0125] Referring to FIG. 9a and FIG. 9b, FIG. 9a and FIG. 9b are schematic structural diagrams of an access network device according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9a, the access network device 900 may include the congestion control apparatus 600 provided in FIG. 6, or as shown in FIG. 9b, the access network device 900 may include the congestion control apparatus 700 provided in FIG. 7. For the congestion control apparatus 600 and the congestion control apparatus 700, refer to the detailed descriptions of the foregoing method embodiments and apparatus embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0126] Referring to FIG. 10, FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a congestion control system according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 10, the congestion control system may include the core network device shown in FIG. 8 and the access network device shown in FIG. 9.

[0127] In the foregoing embodiments, the description of each embodiment has respective focuses. For a part that is not described in detail in an embodiment, refer to related descriptions in other embodiments.

[0128] It may be clearly understood by a person skilled in the art that, for the purpose of convenient and brief description, for a detailed working process of the foregoing system, apparatus, and unit, refer to a corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0129] In the several embodiments provided in this application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely an example. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented by using some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms.

[0130] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected based on actual requirements to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0131] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in a form of hardware, or may be implemented in a form of a software functional unit.

[0132] When the integrated unit is implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as an independent product, the integrated unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. Based on such an understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention essentially, or the part contributing to the prior art, or all or some of the technical solutions may be implemented in the form of a software product. The software product is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, a network device, or the like) to perform all or some of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a USB flash drive, a removable hard disk, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

[0133] The congestion control method, apparatus, and system, and the related device provided in the present invention have been described in detail above, and a person of ordinary skill in the art can make modifications to specific implementations and the application scope based on the ideas of the embodiments of the present invention. In conclusion, the content of this specification should not be understood as a limitation on the present invention.


Claims

1. A congestion control method, comprising:

obtaining (101) a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link;

calculating (102) a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size;

characterized by:

determining (103) whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, triggering (104) an adjustment to the congestion control window size, wherein the preset threshold is preset in a congestion control apparatus; and

wherein the congestion control window size indicates a maximum quantity of data streams that can be transmitted on the transmission link.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the obtaining a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link comprises:
obtaining a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link.
 
3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the calculating a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size comprises:
calculating the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.
 
4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the triggering an adjustment to the congestion control window size comprises:
triggering an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.
 
5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the obtaining a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtaining a congestion control window size of the transmission link comprises:
based on a preset cycle, measuring the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtaining the congestion control window size of the transmission link.
 
6. A congestion control apparatus (600), comprising:

an obtaining module (610), configured to: obtain a transmission rate of a transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmission link;

a calculation module (620), configured to calculate a congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the transmission rate and the congestion control window size;

characterized by:

an adjustment module (630), configured to: determine whether the congestion risk coefficient is not less than a preset threshold, and if the congestion risk coefficient is not less than the preset threshold, trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size, wherein the preset threshold is preset in the congestion control apparatus; and

wherein the congestion control window size indicates a maximum quantity of data streams that can be transmitted on the transmission link.


 
7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein
the obtaining module is specifically configured to: obtain a sending rate of a transmit end on the transmission link and/or a receiving rate of a receive end on the transmission link, and obtain a congestion control window size of the transmit end on the transmission link and/or a congestion control window size of the receive end on the transmission link.
 
8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein
the calculation module is specifically configured to calculate the congestion risk coefficient of the transmission link based on the sending rate of the transmit end and/or the receiving rate of the receive end and the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.
 
9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein
the adjustment module is specifically configured to trigger an adjustment to the congestion control window size of the transmit end and/or the congestion control window size of the receive end.
 
10. The apparatus according to any one of claims 6 to 9, wherein
the obtaining module is further specifically configured to: based on a preset cycle, measure the transmission rate of the transmission link and obtain the congestion control window size of the transmission link.
 
11. A core network device (800), comprising the congestion control apparatus according to any one of claims 6 to 10.
 
12. An access network device (900), comprising the congestion control apparatus according to any one of claims 6 to 10.
 


Ansprüche

1. Überlaststeuerungsverfahren, das Folgendes umfasst:

Abrufen (101) einer Übertragungsrate einer Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung;

Berechnen (102) eines Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizienten der Übertragungsverbindung basierend auf der Übertragungsrate und der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße;

gekennzeichnet durch:

Bestimmen (103), ob der Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizient nicht kleiner als ein voreingestellter Schwellenwert ist, und wenn der Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizient nicht kleiner als der voreingestellte Schwellenwert ist, Auslösen (104) einer Anpassung der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße, wobei der voreingestellte Schwellenwert in einer Überlaststeuerungseinrichtung voreingestellt ist; und

wobei die Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße eine maximale Anzahl an Datenströmen anzeigt, die in der Übertragungsverbindung übertragen werden kann.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Abrufen einer Übertragungsrate einer Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung umfasst:
Abrufen einer Senderate eines Übertragungsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung und/oder einer Empfangsrate eines Empfangsendes der Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung und/oder einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Berechnen eines Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizienten der Übertragungsverbindung basierend auf der Übertragungsrate und der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße umfasst:
Berechnen des Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizienten der Übertragungsverbindung basierend auf der Senderate des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Empfangsrate des Empfangsendes und der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Auslösen einer Anpassung der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße umfasst:
Auslösen einer Anpassung der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes.
 
5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Abrufen einer Übertragungsrate einer Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung umfasst:
basierend auf einem voreingestellten Zyklus, Messen der Übertragungsrate der Übertragungsverbindung und Abrufen der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung.
 
6. Überlaststeuerungseinrichtung (600), die Folgendes umfasst:

ein Abrufmodul (610), das zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist: Abrufen einer Übertragungsrate einer Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung;

ein Berechnungsmodul (620), das ausgestaltet ist, einen Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizienten der Übertragungsverbindung basierend auf der Übertragungsrate und der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße zu berechnen;

gekennzeichnet durch:

ein Anpassungsmodul (630), das zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist: Bestimmen, ob der Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizient nicht kleiner als ein voreingestellter Schwellenwert ist, und wenn der Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizient nicht kleiner als der voreingestellte Schwellenwert ist, Auslösen einer Anpassung der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße, wobei der voreingestellte Schwellenwert in der Überlaststeuerungseinrichtung voreingestellt ist; und

wobei die Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße eine maximale Anzahl an Datenströmen anzeigt, die in der Übertragungsverbindung übertragen werden kann.


 
7. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei
das Abrufmodul insbesondere zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist: Abrufen einer Senderate eines Übertragungsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung und/oder einer Empfangsrate eines Empfangsendes der Übertragungsverbindung, und Abrufen einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung und/oder einer Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes in der Übertragungsverbindung.
 
8. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das Berechnungsmodul insbesondere ausgestaltet ist, den Überlastungsgefahrkoeffizienten der Übertragungsverbindung basierend auf der Senderate des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Empfangsrate des Empfangsendes und der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes zu berechnen.
 
9. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei
das Anpassungsmodul insbesondere ausgestaltet ist, eine Anpassung der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Übertragungsendes und/oder der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße des Empfangsendes auszulösen.
 
10. Einrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 9, wobei
das Abrufmodul insbesondere zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist: basierend auf einem voreingestellten Zyklus, Messen der Übertragungsrate der Übertragungsverbindung und Abrufen der Überlaststeuerungsfenstergröße der Übertragungsverbindung.
 
11. Kernnetzwerkvorrichtung (800), umfassend die Überlaststeuerungseinrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 10.
 
12. Zugangsnetzwerkvorrichtung (900), umfassend die Überlaststeuerungseinrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 10.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de commande d'encombrement, comprenant :

l'obtention (101) d'une vitesse de transmission d'une liaison de transmission, et l'obtention d'une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission ;

le calcul (102) d'un coefficient de risque d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission sur la base de la vitesse de transmission et de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement ;

caractérisé par :

la détermination (103) du fait que le coefficient de risque d'encombrement est ou non non inférieur à un seuil prédéfini, et si le coefficient de risque d'encombrement n'est pas inférieur au seuil prédéfini, le déclenchement (104) d'un réglage de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement, le seuil prédéfini étant prédéfini dans un appareil de commande d'encombrement ; et

dans lequel la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement indique une quantité maximale de flux de données pouvant être transmis sur la liaison de transmission.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'obtention d'une vitesse de transmission d'une liaison de transmission, et l'obtention d'une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission comprennent :
l'obtention d'une vitesse d'envoi d'une extrémité de transmission sur la liaison de transmission et/ou d'une vitesse de réception d'une extrémité de réception sur la liaison de transmission, et l'obtention d'une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission sur la liaison de transmission et/ou d'une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception sur la liaison de transmission.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le calcul d'un coefficient de risque d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission sur la base de la vitesse de transmission et de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement comprend :
le calcul du coefficient de risque d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission sur la base de la vitesse d'envoi de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la vitesse de réception de l'extrémité de réception et de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le déclenchement d'un réglage de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement comprend :
le déclenchement d'un réglage de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la taille de la fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception.
 
5. Procédé selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel l'obtention d'une vitesse de transmission d'une liaison de transmission, et l'obtention d'une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission comprend :
sur la base d'un cycle prédéfini, la mesure de la vitesse de transmission de la liaison de transmission et l'obtention de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission.
 
6. Appareil de commande d'encombrement (600), comprenant :

un module d'obtention (610), configuré pour : obtenir une vitesse de transmission d'une liaison de transmission, et obtenir une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission ;

un module de calcul (620), configuré pour calculer un coefficient de risque d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission sur la base de la vitesse de transmission et de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement ;

caractérisé par :

un module de réglage (630), configuré pour : déterminer si le coefficient de risque d'encombrement est ou non non inférieur à un seuil prédéfini, et si le coefficient de risque d'encombrement n'est pas inférieur au seuil prédéfini, déclencher un réglage de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement, dans lequel le seuil prédéfini est prédéfini dans l'appareil de commande d'encombrement ; et

dans lequel la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement indique une quantité maximale de flux de données pouvant être transmis sur la liaison de transmission.


 
7. Appareil selon la revendication 6, dans lequel
le module d'obtention est configuré spécifiquement pour : obtenir une vitesse d'envoi d'une extrémité de transmission sur la liaison de transmission et/ou une vitesse de réception d'une extrémité de réception sur la liaison de transmission, et obtenir une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission sur la liaison de transmission et/ou une taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception sur la liaison de transmission.
 
8. Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
le module de calcul est configuré spécifiquement pour calculer le coefficient de risque d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission sur la base de la vitesse d'envoi de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la vitesse de réception de l'extrémité de réception et de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception.
 
9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel
le module de réglage est configuré spécifiquement pour déclencher un réglage de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de transmission et/ou de la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de l'extrémité de réception.
 
10. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 9, dans lequel
le module d'obtention est en outre configuré spécifiquement pour : sur la base d'un cycle prédéfini, mesurer la vitesse de transmission de la liaison de transmission et obtenir la taille de fenêtre de commande d'encombrement de la liaison de transmission.
 
11. Dispositif de réseau cœur (800), comprenant l'appareil de commande d'encombrement selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 10.
 
12. Dispositif d'accès réseau (900), comprenant l'appareil de commande d'encombrement selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 10.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description