(19)
(11)EP 3 412 493 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
12.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/50

(21)Application number: 16892264.9

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60L 11/18(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/090078
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/148076 (08.09.2017 Gazette  2017/36)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 29.02.2016 CN 201610113632

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • TANG, Jie
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YANG, Lizhou
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YI, Jie
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)

  


(54)ELECTRIC MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILE


(57) A motor driving apparatus is disclosed, including a driving circuit (201) outputting a three-phase alternating current and a main controller (202). The driving circuit (201) includes a U-phase electric driving circuit (2011), a V-phase electric driving circuit (2012), and a W-phase electric driving circuit (2013). Each of the electric driving circuits includes n storage batteries and n electric driving units in one-to-one correspondence with the n storage batteries. Signal ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the main controller (202), input ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the corresponding storage batteries, and output ends of the n electric driving units are cascaded to output one phase of the three-phase alternating current, where n is a positive integer. The main controller (202) determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit (201), an output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and outputs the output voltage adjustment coefficient to the corresponding electric driving unit. The apparatus can improve storage battery utilization.




Description


[0001] This application claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201610113632.8, filed with Chinese Patent Office on February 29, 2016 and entitled "MOTOR DRIVING APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE", which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] The present invention relates to the field of automatic control technologies, and in particular, to a motor driving apparatus and an electric vehicle.

BACKGROUND



[0003] In the prior art, a motor driving apparatus in a device such as an electric vehicle mainly includes a series-connected battery group 101 and a three-phase inverter 102, as shown in FIG. 1.

[0004] However, different initial capacities, internal resistances, self-discharge rates, and the like of storage batteries in the series-connected battery group 101 lead to a difference between charge/discharge characteristics of the storage batteries, and the difference further widens after the storage batteries are charged and discharged for a plurality of times, resulting in a decrease in a storage battery capacity and output power, and a relatively low storage battery utilization.

SUMMARY



[0005] Embodiments of the present invention provide a motor driving apparatus and an electric vehicle, to improve storage battery utilization.

[0006] A motor driving apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes a driving circuit outputting a three-phase alternating current and a main controller, where
the driving circuit includes a U-phase electric driving circuit, a V-phase electric driving circuit, and a W-phase electric driving circuit; and each of the electric driving circuits includes n storage batteries and n electric driving units in one-to-one correspondence with the n storage batteries, signal ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the main controller, input ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the corresponding storage batteries, and output ends of the n electric driving units are cascaded to output one phase of the three-phase alternating current, where n is a positive integer; and
the main controller determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, an output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and outputs the output voltage adjustment coefficient to the corresponding electric driving unit.

[0007] In a specific embodiment of the present invention, each electric driving unit includes an H-bridge inverter and a unit controller, where
an input end of the H-bridge inverter serves as an input end of the corresponding electric driving unit, and an output end of the H-bridge inverter serves as an output end of the corresponding electric driving unit; and
a signal end of the unit controller serves as a signal end of the corresponding electric driving unit; and the unit controller samples a voltage of a storage battery connected to the corresponding electric driving unit, sends the voltage to the main controller, and adjusts an output voltage of the H-bridge inverter based on the output voltage adjustment coefficient of the corresponding electric driving unit determined by the main controller.

[0008] In a specific embodiment of the present invention, the main controller specifically determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, an average voltage of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and determines the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the average voltage.

[0009] In actual implementation, the main controller may specifically determine, for each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit, a ratio of a voltage of the corresponding storage battery to the average voltage as the voltage adjustment coefficient of the electric driving unit.

[0010] Preferably, before determining, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, the main controller further determines whether the driving circuit outputs normally. To be specific, when determining that the driving circuit outputs normally, the main controller determines the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each electric driving unit; when determining that the driving circuit outputs abnormally, the main controller does not determine the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each electric driving unit.

[0011] Preferably, each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit further includes n bypass switch units in one-to-one correspondence with the n electric driving units, and each of the n bypass switch units is connected between output ends of the corresponding electric driving unit. In this case, the main controller may further determine whether a back electromotive force of a motor is greater than a preset value, and when determining that the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, controls the bypass switch units of each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit to be in a closed state.

[0012] In actual implementation, the bypass switch unit may be implemented by using a contactor and a bidirectional thyristor, and includes at least one of the contactor and the bidirectional thyristor.

[0013] Preferably, before determining whether the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, the main controller further determines whether the driving circuit outputs abnormally. To be specific, when determining that the driving circuit outputs abnormally, the main controller determines whether the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value; when determining that the driving circuit outputs normally, the main controller does not determine whether the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value.

[0014] An electric vehicle provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes an automobile motor converting electric energy into mechanical energy and any foregoing motor driving apparatus configured to drive the automobile motor.

[0015] According to the motor driving apparatus and the electric vehicle provided in the embodiments of the present invention, the storage batteries independently output power without affecting each other, and output of the corresponding electric driving units is adjusted based on the voltages of the storage batteries, so that a high-voltage storage battery outputs more electric energy and a low-voltage storage battery outputs less electric energy. This implements a storage battery voltage equalization effect and improves storage battery utilization.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0016] The accompanying drawings are used for further understanding of the present invention, and constitute a part of the specification. The accompanying drawings are used with the embodiments of the present invention to explain the present invention, but do not constitute any limitation to the present invention. In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a motor driving apparatus in the prior art;

FIG. 2 is a first schematic structural diagram of a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an electric driving unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a second schematic structural diagram of a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic control flowchart of a main controller according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of an electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0017] To provide an implementation solution for improving storage battery utilization, the embodiments of the present invention provide a motor driving apparatus and an electric vehicle. The following describes preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings of this specification. It should be understood that the preferred embodiments described herein are merely used to describe and explain the present invention, but are not intended to limit the present invention. The embodiments in this application and features in the embodiments may be combined without conflicts.

[0018] An embodiment of the present invention provides a motor driving apparatus. As shown in FIG. 2, the motor driving apparatus may specifically include a driving circuit 201 outputting a three-phase alternating current and a main controller 202.

[0019] The driving circuit 201 includes a U-phase electric driving circuit 2011, a V-phase electric driving circuit 2012, and a W-phase electric driving circuit 2013. Each of the electric driving circuits includes n storage batteries and n electric driving units in one-to-one correspondence with the n storage batteries, signal ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the main controller 202, input ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the corresponding storage batteries, and output ends of the n electric driving units are cascaded, to output one phase of the three-phase alternating current, where n is a positive integer.

[0020] The main controller 202 determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit 201, an output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and outputs the output voltage adjustment coefficient to the corresponding electric driving unit.

[0021] To be specific, in the motor driving apparatus provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 in the driving circuit 201 outputs a U-phase of the three-phase alternating current of a driving motor, the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 outputs a V-phase of the three-phase alternating current of the driving motor, and the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 outputs a W-phase of the three-phase alternating current of the driving motor.

[0022] The electric driving unit in each electric driving circuit includes a signal end, two input ends including a positive input end and a negative input end, and two output ends including a first output end and a second output end.

[0023] In each electric driving circuit, the signal ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the main controller 202.

[0024] To be specific, signal ends of n electric driving units in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011, signal ends of n electric driving units in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012, and signal ends of n electric driving units in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 are connected to the controller 202.

[0025] In each electric driving circuit, input ends of the n electric driving units are connected to corresponding storage batteries.

[0026] To be specific, a positive input end of an ith electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 is connected to a positive electrode of an ith storage battery in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011, and a negative input end of the ith electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 is connected to a negative electrode of the ith storage battery in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011, where i is a positive integer less than n;
a positive input end of a jth electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 is connected to a positive electrode of a jth storage battery in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012, and a negative input end of the jth electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 is connected to a negative electrode of the jth storage battery in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012, where j is a positive integer less than n; and
a positive input end of a kth electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 is connected to a positive electrode of a kth storage battery in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013, and a negative input end of the kth electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 is connected to a negative electrode of the kth storage battery in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013, where k is a positive integer less than n.

[0027] In each electric driving circuit, output ends of the n electric driving units are cascaded, to output one phase of the three-phase alternating current.

[0028] To be specific, a first output end of a first electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 serves as a first output end of the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 and is configured to be connected to a U-phase wiring end of the motor; a first output end of a first electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 serves as a first output end of the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 and is configured to be connected to a V-phase wiring end of the motor; and a first output end of a first electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 serves as a first output end of the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 and is configured to be connected to a W-phase wiring end of the motor;
a second output end of the ith electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011 is connected to a first output end of an (i+1)th electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011; a second output end of the jth electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012 is connected to a first output end of a (j+1)th electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012; and a second output end of the kth electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 is connected to a first output end of a (k+1)th electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013; and
a second output end of an nth electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit 2011, a second output end of an nth electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit 2012, and a second output end of an nth electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit 2013 constitute an N point of the driving circuit 201.

[0029] Optionally, the electric driving unit may specifically include an H-bridge inverter 301 and a unit controller 302, as shown in FIG. 3.

[0030] An input end of the H-bridge inverter 301 serves as an input end of the corresponding electric driving unit, and an output end of the H-bridge inverter 301 serves as an output end of the corresponding electric driving unit.

[0031] A signal end of the unit controller 302 serves as a signal end of the corresponding electric driving unit. The unit controller 302 samples a voltage of a storage battery connected to the corresponding electric driving unit, sends the voltage to the main controller 202, and adjusts an output voltage of the H-bridge inverter 301 based on the output voltage adjustment coefficient of the corresponding electric driving unit determined by the main controller 202.

[0032] The H-bridge inverter 301 specifically includes a first IGBT module T1, a second IGBT module T2, a third IGBT module T3, and a fourth IGBT module T4. A wiring end for connecting a collector of the first IGBT module T1 and a collector of the third IGBT module T3 serves as a positive input end of the H-bridge inverter 301. A wiring end for connecting an emitter of the fourth IGBT module T4 and an emitter of the second IGBT module T2 serves as a negative input end of the H-bridge inverter 301. A wiring end for connecting an emitter of the first IGBT module T1 and a collector of the fourth IGBT module T4 serves as a first output end of the H-bridge inverter 301. A wiring end for connecting an emitter of the third IGBT module T3 and a collector of the second IGBT module T2 serves as a second output end of the H-bridge inverter 301.

[0033] A gate of the first IGBT module T1, a gate of the second IGBT module T2, a gate of the third IGBT module T3, and a gate of the fourth IGBT module T4 are connected to the unit controller 302. By controlling each IGBT module of the H-bridge inverter 301, the unit controller 302 adjusts, based on the output voltage adjustment coefficient of the corresponding electric driving unit determined by the main controller 202, the output voltage of the H-bridge inverter 301, that is, adjusts an output voltage of the electric driving unit.

[0034] In actual implementation, the main controller 202 may control the driving circuit 201 to output the three-phase alternating current, and on this basis, determine the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each electric driving unit in each electric driving circuit based on the voltages of the storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, so as to adjust the output voltage of each electric driving unit proportionally. Specifically, in each electric driving circuit, a lower voltage of the storage battery indicates a smaller determined output voltage adjustment coefficient of an electric driving unit corresponding to the storage battery and a lower adjusted-to output voltage of the electric driving unit corresponding to the storage battery, so that the storage battery outputs less electric energy. A higher voltage of the storage battery indicates a larger determined output voltage adjustment coefficient of the electric driving unit corresponding to the storage battery and a higher adjusted-to output voltage of the electric driving unit corresponding to the storage battery, so that the storage battery outputs more electric energy.

[0035] In a specific embodiment of the present invention, the main controller 202 specifically determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, an average voltage of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and determines the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the average voltage. For example, the main controller 202 may specifically determine, for each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit, a ratio of a voltage of the corresponding storage battery to the average voltage as the voltage adjustment coefficient of the electric driving unit.

[0036] In another specific embodiment of the present invention, the main controller 202 may specifically determine the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit by using another algorithm.

[0037] Obviously, according to the motor driving apparatus provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the storage batteries independently output power without affecting each other, and output of the corresponding electric driving units is adjusted based on the voltages of the storage batteries, so that a high-voltage storage battery outputs more electric energy and a low-voltage storage battery outputs less electric energy. This implements a storage battery voltage equalization effect and improves a utilization and reliability of the storage batteries.

[0038] In addition, a plurality of electric driving units in each electric driving circuit of the motor driving apparatus are cascaded for output, and an output signal is a multilevel signal that approximates a sinusoid, so that a three-phase alternating current harmonic of a driving motor is smaller. This can effectively prolong a service life of the motor.

[0039] Preferably, before determining, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit 201, the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, the main controller 202 further determines whether the driving circuit outputs normally.

[0040] To be specific, before calculating the output voltage adjustment coefficients of the electric driving units, the main controller 202 first determines whether the driving circuit outputs normally. If determining that the driving circuit outputs normally, the main controller 202 calculates the output voltage adjustment coefficients of the electric driving units. If determining that the driving circuit outputs abnormally, the main controller 202 does not calculate the output voltage adjustment coefficients of the electric driving units. This can reduce a processing resource of the main controller 202.

[0041] Preferably, as shown in FIG. 4, each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit 201 of the motor driving apparatus provided in this embodiment of the present invention further includes n bypass switch units in one-to-one correspondence with the n electric driving units, and each of the n bypass switch units is connected between output ends of the corresponding electric driving unit.

[0042] To be specific, an ith bypass switch unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit is connected between two output ends of the ith electric driving unit in the U-phase electric driving circuit; a jth bypass switch unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit is connected between two output ends of the jth electric driving unit in the V-phase electric driving circuit; and a kth bypass switch unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit is connected between two output ends of the kth electric driving unit in the W-phase electric driving circuit.

[0043] In specific implementation, the bypass switch unit may include but is not limited to at least one of a contactor and a bidirectional thyristor. In other words, the bypass switch unit may be implemented by using the contactor, may be implemented by using the bidirectional thyristor, or may be implemented by using both the contactor and the bidirectional thyristor.

[0044] In this case, the main controller 202 may further determine whether a back electromotive force of the motor is greater than a preset value, and when determining that the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, controls the bypass switch units of each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit 201 to be in a closed state.

[0045] When the electric driving units of each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit 201 are implemented in a structure shown in FIG. 3, the main controller 202 may output a bypass switch unit close instruction to the unit controller of the electric driving units when determining that the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value. The unit controller controls closing of a corresponding bypass switch unit to short-circuit an output end of the electric driving unit, thereby protecting the storage battery.

[0046] Preferably, before determining whether the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, the main controller 202 further determines whether the driving circuit outputs abnormally.

[0047] In actual implementation, a processing procedure performed by the main controller 202 of the motor driving apparatus provided in this embodiment of the present invention may include the following steps, as shown in FIG. 5.

[0048] Step 501: Determine whether the motor driving apparatus outputs normally.

[0049] When it is determined that the motor driving apparatus outputs normally, step 502 is performed; when it is determined that the motor driving apparatus outputs abnormally, step 505 is directly performed.

[0050] Step 502: Obtain a voltage of each storage battery.

[0051] Step 503: For each electric driving circuit, calculate an average voltage of the storage batteries in the electric driving circuit and a ratio of a voltage of each storage battery to the average voltage, namely, an output voltage adjustment coefficient of a corresponding electric driving unit.

[0052] Step 504: Output the output voltage adjustment coefficient of the electric driving unit to the corresponding electric driving unit, and instruct the electric driving unit to adjust an output voltage proportionally. The control procedure ends.

[0053] Step 505: Determine whether a back electromotive force of a motor is greater than a preset value.

[0054] When it is determined that the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, step 506 is performed; when it is determined that the back electromotive force of the motor is not greater than the preset value, the control procedure ends.

[0055] Step 506: Output a bypass switch unit close instruction to control closing of each bypass switch unit.

[0056] In summary, according to the solution provided in this embodiment of the present invention, a storage battery voltage equalization effect can be implemented, a utilization and reliability of the storage battery are improved, and a service life of the motor is prolonged.

[0057] An embodiment of the present invention further provides an electric vehicle, including an automobile motor 601 converting electric energy into mechanical energy and any foregoing motor driving apparatus 602 configured to drive the automobile motor, as shown in FIG. 6.

[0058] Certainly, the foregoing motor driving apparatus may be applied to another device with a motor, in addition to the electric vehicle. Examples are not illustrated herein.

[0059] Although some preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, persons skilled in the art can make changes and modifications to these embodiments once they learn the basic inventive concept. Therefore, the following claims are intended to be construed as to cover the preferred embodiments and all changes and modifications falling within the scope of the present invention.

[0060] Obviously, persons skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the embodiments of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the embodiments of the present invention. The present invention is intended to cover these modifications and variations provided that they fall within the scope of protection defined by the following claims and their equivalent technologies.


Claims

1. A motor driving apparatus, comprising a driving circuit outputting a three-phase alternating current and a main controller, wherein
the driving circuit comprises a U-phase electric driving circuit, a V-phase electric driving circuit, and a W-phase electric driving circuit; and each of the electric driving circuits comprises n storage batteries and n electric driving units in one-to-one correspondence with the n storage batteries, signal ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the main controller, input ends of the n electric driving units are connected to the corresponding storage batteries, and output ends of the n electric driving units are cascaded to output one phase of the three-phase alternating current, wherein n is a positive integer; and
the main controller determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, an output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and outputs the output voltage adjustment coefficient to the corresponding electric driving unit.
 
2. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 1, wherein each electric driving unit comprises an H-bridge inverter and a unit controller, wherein
an input end of the H-bridge inverter serves as an input end of the corresponding electric driving unit, and an output end of the H-bridge inverter serves as an output end of the corresponding electric driving unit; and
a signal end of the unit controller serves as a signal end of the corresponding electric driving unit; and the unit controller samples a voltage of a storage battery connected to the corresponding electric driving unit, sends the voltage to the main controller, and adjusts an output voltage of the H-bridge inverter based on the output voltage adjustment coefficient of the corresponding electric driving unit determined by the main controller.
 
3. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the main controller specifically determines, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, an average voltage of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, and determines the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the average voltage.
 
4. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the main controller specifically determines, for each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit, a ratio of a voltage of a corresponding storage battery to the average voltage as the voltage adjustment coefficient of the electric driving unit.
 
5. The motor driving apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein before determining, for each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit, the output voltage adjustment coefficient of each of the n electric driving units in the electric driving circuit based on the voltages of the n storage batteries in the electric driving circuit, the main controller further determines whether the driving circuit outputs normally.
 
6. The motor driving apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit further comprises n bypass switch units in one-to-one correspondence with the n electric driving units, and each of the n bypass switch units is connected between output ends of the corresponding electric driving unit; and
the main controller further determines whether a back electromotive force of a motor is greater than a preset value, and when determining that the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, controls the bypass switch units of each electric driving circuit in the driving circuit to be in a closed state.
 
7. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the bypass switch unit comprises at least one of a contactor and a bidirectional thyristor.
 
8. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 6 or 7, wherein before determining whether the back electromotive force of the motor is greater than the preset value, the main controller further determines whether the driving circuit outputs abnormally.
 
9. An electric vehicle, comprising an automobile motor converting electric energy into mechanical energy, wherein the electric vehicle further comprises the motor driving apparatus configured to drive the automobile motor according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description