(19)
(11)EP 3 418 285 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 17176829.4

(22)Date of filing:  20.06.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07F 15/00  (2006.01)
C07D 519/00  (2006.01)
C07D 495/06  (2006.01)
C09K 11/06  (2006.01)

(54)

COMPOSITION COMPRISING A SUBSTITUTED IR COMPLEX AND A PHENYLQUINAZOLINE BRIDGED WITH A HETEROATOM

ZUSAMMENSETZUNG MIT EINEM SUBSTITUIERTEN IR-KOMPLEX UND EINEM MIT EINEM HETEROATOM VERBRÜCKTEN PHENYLCHINAZOLIN

COMPOSITION COMPRENANT UN COMPLEXE D'IR SUBSTITUÉ ET UNE PHENYLQUINAZOLINE PONTÉE AVEC UN HÉTÉROATOME


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/52

(73)Proprietor: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8321 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NISHIMAE, Yuichi
    4058 Basel (CH)
  • NAKANO, Yuki
    Sodegaura, Chiba, 299-0293 (JP)
  • NAGASHIMA, Hideaki
    Sodegaura, Chiba, 299-0293 (JP)
  • KAWAMURA, Masahiro
    4057 Basel (CH)
  • HAKETA, Tasuku
    Sodegaura, Chiba, 299-0293 (JP)
  • WOLLEB, Annemarie
    4232 Fehren (CH)

(74)Representative: Hollah, Dorothee 
Patentanwälte Isenbruck Bösl Hörschler PartG mbB
Eastsite One Seckenheimer Landstrasse 4 68163 Mannheim
Eastsite One Seckenheimer Landstrasse 4 68163 Mannheim (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 168 221
WO-A1-2017/109727
WO-A1-2016/072743
KR-A- 20150 111 106
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to compositions comprising a substituted Ir complex of formula (XX) and a compound of the general formula (I), to an emissive layer comprising said composition and to an electronic device comprising said composition.

    [0002] Quinazolines and their use in electronic devices are known from the related art.

    [0003] KR 20150111106 A discloses compounds according to the following formulae

    and their use as electroluminescent device materials.

    [0004] EP 3 168 221 A1 relates to compounds of formula 1 and organic optoelectronic devices comprising the same:



    [0005] In all exemplified compounds Z is N-L4-Rb: As emitter, only (piq)2Ir(acac) is mentioned in EP 3 168 221 A1. WO2017/109727 concerns compounds of general formula (I)

    and their use in electronic devices. In the examples in PCT/IB2016/057889, the compounds of formula (I) are employed in combination with the emitter:



    [0006] WO2016/072743 discloses an iridium derived complex which is however used in combination with a host quite different from the present one. There remains a need for electronic devices comprising new compositions, which are ideally matched, especially as an emitter material and a host material, to provide electronic devices having a good overall performance, especially improved efficiency and/or driving voltage.

    [0007] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention, with respect to the aforementioned related art, to provide compositions suitable for use in electronic devices, preferably OLEDs, and further applications in organic electronics, which are ideally matched. More particularly, it should be possible to provide electronic devices comprising new compositions for use in the light-emitting layer in OLEDs, especially as host material in combination with at least one substituted Ir complex which is preferably used as emitter.

    [0008] Furthermore, the compositions should be suitable for providing electronic devices, preferably OLEDs, which ensure good efficiencies and/or a low use and operating voltage of the OLEDs. Said object is solved by a composition comprising
    1. i) at least one Ir complex represented by the following formula (XX)

              IrLg1Lg2Lg3     (XX)

      wherein
      Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3 are selected from the following groups A-1, A-2 and A-3

      wherein one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably one, are a group A-3, and one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably two, are selected from the group consisting of A-1 and A-2,

      wherein

      Xa is CRa' or N;

      Xb is CRb' or N;

      Xc is CRc' or N;

      Xd is CRd' or N;

      Xe is CRe' or N;

      Xf is CRf or N;

      Xg is CRg or N;

      Xh is CRh or N;

      Xi is CRi or N;

      Xj is CRj or N;

      Xk is CRk or N; and

      Xl is CRl or N;

      wherein at least one of Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe and Xf is CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe' respectively CRf, and at least one of Xg, Xh, Xi, Xj, Xk and Xl is CRg, CRh, CRi, CRj, CRk respectively CRl;

      Ra', Rb', Re', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25Silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group;

      wherein at least one of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf, and at least one of Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group;

      Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably, Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20ary group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group;

      a and b each independently represent an integer of 0 to 5; and

      each of Ra and Rb is the same or different;

      wherein the dotted lines are bonding sites;

      and
    2. ii) at least one compound represented by the general formula (I)

      wherein

      X2 is CR2,

      X4 is CR4 or N,

      X5 is CR5 or N,

      X6 is CR6 or N,

      X7 is CR7 or N,

      X8 is CR8 or N,

      X9 is CR9 or N,

      X10 is CR10 or N,

      Y is O or S,

      R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently of each other selected from H, deuterium, E, a C6-C30aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C2-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      or

      at least two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

      D is independently of each other -CO-, -COO-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, -O-,-CR15=CR16-, -NR17-,-SiR22R23-, -POR25-, -C≡C-,

      E is independently of each other -OR21, -SR21, -NR17R18, -COR20, -COOR19, -CONR17R18, -CN,-SiR22R23R24, POR25R27, halogen, a C6-C60aryl group which is unsubstituted or is substituted by at least one -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3 or -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C60heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group,

      R15 and R16 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O,

      R17 and R18 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, or

      R17 and R18 together form a five or six membered aliphatic, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring, R19 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

      R20 is H or a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18 alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

      R21 is independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

      R22, R23 and R24 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, and R25 and R27 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI), preferably, R2 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI);

      wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

      m is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

      M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

      R26 is independently of each other selected from E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

      or at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, to which at least one further aromatic and/or heteroaromatic ring or ring system may be fused,

      R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl or biphenyl,

      or

      at least two of R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 or R38, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form together at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

      Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

      wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably H, methyl, ethyl, or phenyl,

      R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, methyl, ethyl, phenyl or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

      R36 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group,

      wherein the dotted line is a bonding site;

      wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

      m is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

      M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

      R26 is independently of each other selected from E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

      or at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, to which at least one further aromatic and/or heteroaromatic ring or ring system may be fused,R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 and R44 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H,

      or

      at least two of R28, R29, R30 or R31, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together may form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

      Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

      wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably H, methyl, ethyl or phenyl,

      R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably, R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, ethyl, ethyl, phenyl or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

      R36 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, for example phenyl,

      wherein the dotted line is a bonding site,

      wherein

      A1 is CR62 or N,

      A2 is CR63 or N,

      A3 is CR64 or N,

      A4 is CR65 or N,

      B1 is CR66 or N,

      B2 is CR67 or N,

      B3 is CR68 or N,

      B4 is CR69 or N,

      Y1 is NR70, CR71R72, O or S;

      R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68 and R69 are independently of each other H, direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      or

      at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65 may be directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXII) via the two *-locations;

      wherein

      Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

      or

      at least two of R66, R67, R68 and R69 may be directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXIII) via the two *-locations.

      wherein

      Y3 is NR80, CR81R82, O or S,

      R70, R73 and R80 are independently of each other a direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      R71, R72, R74, R75, R81 and R82 are, independently of each other H, a direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      or R71 and R72, R74 and R75 and/or R81 and R82 together form at least one C3-C18-alkyl ring or ring system to which at least one C6-C18aryl ring or ring system may be attached,

      R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 and R86 are independently of each other H, a direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

      or

      R76 and R77, R77 and R78 and/or R78 and R79 together may form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and/or

      R83 and R84, R84 and R85 and/or R85 and R86 together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

      wherein the heterocyclic group according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via one of R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86, wherein this respective residue R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86 is a direct bond, optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, in this case,

      m is 1, 2, 3 or 4,

      M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D.



    [0009] The residues mentioned in the specification of the present application generally have the following preferred meanings, if said residues are not further specified in specific embodiments mentioned below:
    Halogen is fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

    [0010] C1-C25alkyl, preferably C1-C18alkyl, is typically linear or branched, where possible. Examples are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-pentyl, 3-pentyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylpentyl, n-hexyl, 1-methylhexyl, 1,1,3,3,5,5-hexamethylhexyl, n-heptyl, isoheptyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl, 1-methylheptyl, 3-methylheptyl, n-octyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl and 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, or octadecyl. C1-C8alkyl is typically methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-pentyl, 3-pentyl, 2,2-dimethyl-propyl, n-hexyl, n-heptyl, n-octyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl and 2-ethylhexyl. C1-C4alkyl is typically methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl.

    [0011] C1-C25alkoxy groups, preferably C1-C18alkoxy groups, are straight-chain or branched alkoxy groups, e.g. methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, amyloxy, isoamyloxy or tert-amyloxy, heptyloxy, octyloxy, isooctyloxy, nonyloxy, decyloxy, un-decyloxy, dodecyloxy, tetradecyloxy, pentadecyloxy, hexadecyloxy, heptadecyloxy and octadecyloxy. Examples of C1-C8alkoxy are methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec.-butoxy, isobutoxy, tert.-butoxy, n-pentyloxy, 2-pentyloxy, 3-pentyloxy, 2,2-dimethylpropoxy, n-hexyloxy, n-heptyloxy, n-octyloxy, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutoxy and 2-ethylhexyloxy, preferably C1-C4alkoxy such as typically methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec.-butoxy, isobutoxy, tert.-butoxy.

    [0012] C6-C60aryl, preferably C6-C24aryl, particularly preferably C6-C18aryl, which optionally can be substituted, is typically phenyl, 4-methylphenyl, 4-methoxyphenyl, naphthyl, especially 1-naphthyl, or 2-naphthyl, biphenylyl, terphenylyl, pyrenyl, 2- or 9-fluorenyl, phenanthryl, or anthryl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted. Phenyl, 1-naphthyl and 2-naphthyl are examples of a C6-C10aryl group.

    [0013] C6-C24aryloxy, which optionally can be substituted, is typically C6-C10aryloxy, which optionally can be substituted by one, or more C1-C8alkyl and/or C1-C8alkoxy groups, such as, for example, phenoxy, 1-naphthoxy, or 2-naphthoxy.

    [0014] C1-C60heteroaryl, preferably C2-C30heteroaryl, particularly preferably C2-C13heteroaryl, which optionally can be substituted, represents a ring with five to seven ring atoms or a condensed ring system, wherein nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur are the possible hetero atoms, and is typically a heterocyclic group with 5 to 40 atoms having at least six conjugated π-electrons such as thienyl, benzothiophenyl, dibenzothiophenyl, thianthrenyl, furyl, furfuryl, 2H-pyranyl, benzofuranyl, iso-benzofuranyl, dibenzofuranyl, phenoxythienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridyl, bipyridyl, triazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, indolizinyl, isoindolyl, indolyl, indazolyl, purinyl, quinolizinyl, chinolyl, isochinolyl, phthalazinyl, naphthyridinyl, chinoxalinyl, chinazolinyl, cinnolinyl, pteridinyl, carbazolyl, carbolinyl, benzotriazolyl, benzoxazolyl, phenanthridinyl, acridinyl, pyrimidinyl, phenanthrolinyl, phenazinyl, isothiazolyl, phenothiazinyl, isoxazolyl, furazanyl, 4-imidazo[1,2-a]benzimidazoyl, 5-benzimidazo[1,2-a]benzimidazoyl, benzimidazolo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazolyl, carbazolyl, or phenoxazinyl, which can be unsubstituted or substituted. Benzimidazo[1,2-a]benzimidazo-5-yl, benzimidazo[1,2-a]benzimidazo-2-yl, carbazolyl and dibenzofuranyl are examples of a C2-C14heteroaryl group.

    [0015] C7-C25aralkyl, which optionally can be substituted, is for example benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, ω-phenyl-dodecyl, ω-phenyl-octadecyl, ω-phenyl-eicosyl or ω-phenyl-docosyl, preferably C7-C18aralkyl such as benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, ω-phenyl-dodecyl or ω-phenyl-octadecyl, and particularly preferred C7-C12aralkyl such as benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, or ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, in which both the aliphatic hydrocarbon group and aromatic hydrocarbon group may be unsubstituted or substituted. Preferred examples are benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 3-phenylpropyl, naphthylethyl, naphthylmethyl, and cumyl.

    [0016] C5-C12cycloalkyl, which optionally can be substituted, is for example cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, cyclononyl, cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl, cyclododecyl, preferably cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or cyclooctyl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted.

    [0017] Examples of the alkylene group (i.e. alkane-diyl group) having 1 to 25 carbon atoms represented include methylene group, ethylene group, n-propylene group, isopropylene group, n-butylene group, s-butylene group, isobutylene group, t-butylene group, n-pentylene group, n-hexylene group, n-heptylene group, n-octylene group, n-nonylene group, n-decylene group, n-undecylene group, n-dodecylene group, n-tridecylene group, n-tetradecylene group, n-pentadecylene group, n-hexadecylene group, n-heptadecylene group, n-octadecylene group, neopentylene group, 1-methylpentylene group, with methylene group, ethylene group, n-propylene group, isopropylene group, n-butylene group, s-butylene group, isobutylene group, t-butylene group being preferred. The alkylene group is substituted or unsubstituted.

    [0018] Examples of the cycloalkylene group (i.e. cycloalkane-diyl group) having 5 to 12 carbon atoms include cyclopropylene group, cyclobutylene group, cyclopentylene group, cyclohexylene group, cyclooctylene group, and adamantylene group, with cyclopentylene group, and cyclohexylene group being preferred. The cycloalkylene group is substituted or unsubstituted.

    [0019] The arylene group is preferably a divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 60 ring carbon atoms may be a non-condensed divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group or a condensed divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group. Specific examples thereof include phenylene group, naphthylene group, phenanthrylene group, biphenyl-diyl group, terphenyl-diyl group, quaterphenyl-diyl group, fluoranthen-diyl group, triphenylenylene-diyl group, phenanthrene-diyl group, fluorene-diyl group, spirofluorene-diyl group, 9,9-diphenylfluorene-diyl group, 9,9'-spirobi[9H-fluorene]-2-diyl group, 9,9-dimethylfluorene-diyl group, benzo[c]phenanthrene-diyl group, benzo[a]triphenylene-diyl group, naphtho[1,2-c]phenanthrene-diyl group, naphtho[1,2-a]triphenylenylene-diyl group, dibenzo[a,c]triphenylenylene-diyl group, and benzo[b]fluoranthene-diyl group, with phenylene group, naphthylene group, biphenyl-diyl group, terphenyl-diyl group, phenanthryl-diyl group, triphenylenylen-diyl group, fluorene-diyl group, spirobifluorene-diyl group, and fluoranthene-diyl group being preferred, and 1,2-phenylene group, 1,3-phenylene group, 1,4-phenylene group, 1,4-naphthylene group, 1,8-naphthylene group, 2,6-naphthylene group, 2,7-naphthylene group, biphenyl-2,2'-diyl group, biphenyl-2,3'-diyl group, biphenyl-2,4'-diyl group, biphenyl-2,5'-diyl group, biphenyl-2,6'-diyl group, biphenyl-3,3'-diyl group, biphenyl-3,4'-diyl group, biphenyl-3,5'-diyl group, biphenyl-3,6'-diyl group, biphenyl-4,4'-diyl group, biphenyl-4,5'-diyl group, biphenyl-4,6'-diyl group, biphenyl-5,5'-diyl group, biphenyl-5,6'-diyl group, biphenyl-6,6'-diyl group, phenanthrene-9,10-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,3-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,7-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,8-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,6-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,9-diyl group, phenanthrene-2,10-diyl group, phenanthrene-3,9-diyl group, phenanthrene-3,10-diyl group, triphenylene-2,3-diyl group, triphenylene-2,5-diyl group, triphenylene-2,6-diyl group, triphenylene-2,7-diyl group, triphenylene-2,8-diyl group, 9,9-dimethylfluorene-2,7-diyl group, 9,9-dimethylfluorene-3,7-diyl group, 9,9-dimethylfluorene-1,4-diyl group, fluoranthene-3,9-diyl group, fluoranthene-3,8-diyl group, fluoranthene-3,4-diyl group, fluoranthene-3,5-diyl group, fluoranthene-3,6-diyl group, fluoranthene-2,9-diyl group, fluoranthene-2,8-diyl group, fluoranthene-2,4-diyl group, fluoranthene-2,5-diyl group, fluoranthene-2,6-diyl group, fluoranthene-1,9-diyl group, fluoranthene-1,8-diyl group, fluoranthene-1,4-diyl group, fluoranthene-1,5-diyl group, fluoranthene-1,6-diyl group being more preferred. The arylene group is substituted or unsubstituted.

    [0020] The heteroarylene group is preferably a divalent heterocyclic group having 5 to 30 ring atoms may be a non-condensed heterocyclic group or a condensed heterocyclic group. Specific examples thereof include the divalent residues of pyrrole ring, isoindole ring, benzofuran ring, iso-benzofuran ring, dibenzothiophene ring, isoquinoline ring, quinoxaline ring, phenanthridine ring, phenanthroline ring, pyridine ring, pyrazine ring, pyrimidine ring, pyridazine ring, triazine ring, indole ring, quinoline ring, acridine ring, pyrrolidine ring, dioxane ring, piperidine ring, morpholine ring, piperazine ring, carbazole ring, furan ring, thiophene ring, oxazole ring, oxadiazole ring, benzoxazole ring, thiazole ring, thiadiazole ring, benzothiazole ring, triazole ring, imidazole ring, benzimidazole ring, pyran ring, dibenzofuran ring, and benzo[c]dibenzofuran ring, and the divalent residues of derivatives of these rings, with the divalent residues of dibenzofuran ring, carbazole ring, dibenzothiophene ring, and derivatives of these divalent rings being preferred, and the dibenzofuran-diyl group, 9-phenylcarbazole-diyl group and dibenzothiophene-diyl group being more preferred. The heteroarylene group is substituted or unsubstituted.

    [0021] The abovementioned groups are substituted or unsubstituted. Possible preferred optional substituents of the above-mentioned groups are C1-C8alkyl, a hydroxyl group, a mercapto group, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8alkylthio, halogen, halo-C1-C8alkyl, C6-C24aryl, C2-C30heteroaryl, or a cyano group.

    [0022] The optional substituents mentioned above may be further substituted by one or more of the optional substituents mentioned above.

    [0023] The number of the optional substituents depends on the group which is substituted by said substituent(s). Preferred are 1, 2, 3 or 4 optional substituents, more preferred are 1, 2 or 3 optional substituents, most preferred are 1 or 2 optional substituents. In a further preferred embodiment, the groups mentioned above are unsubstituted.

    [0024] The "carbon number of a to b" in the expression of "X group having a to b carbon atoms" is the carbon number of the unsubstituted X group and does not include the carbon atom(s) of an optional substituent.

    [0025] The hydrogen atom referred to herein includes isotopes different from neutron numbers, i.e., light hydrogen (protium), heavy hydrogen (deuterium) and tritium. Therefore, one or more or all of the hydrogen atoms in the residues mentioned above and below may be replaced by protium, deuterium or tritium, preferably by deuterium.

    The compound of formula (I)



    [0026] The present invention relates to a composition comprising at least one compound of general formula (I)

    wherein X2, X4, X5 X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and Y have the meanings as mentioned above. Preferred embodiments are explained in the following.

    [0027] According to one embodiment of the present invention Y in general formula (I) is O.

    [0028] According to another embodiment of the present invention Y in general formula (I) is S.

    [0029] Therefore the present invention preferably relates to compounds according to the following general formulae (Ia) and (Ib)



    wherein independently of each other X2, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and R11 have the same meanings as mentioned above.

    [0030] More preferably, 0, 1 or 2 of X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 in the compounds of formula (I) are N, most preferably, 0 of X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 are N, i.e. X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 are CR4, CR5, CR6, CR7, CR8, CR9 and CR10.

    [0031] More preferred compounds of formula (I) are therefore compounds of the following general formulae (Ia1) and (Ib1):

    R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently of each other selected from H, deuterium, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C2-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or

    at least two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below.
    D is independently of each other -CO-, -COO-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, -O-,-CR15=CR16-, -NR17-,-SiR22R23-, -POR25-, -C≡C-, preferably -O-, -NR17-, -SiR22R23-,

    E is independently of each other -OR21, -SR21, -NR17R18, -COR20, -COOR19, -CONR17R18, -CN,-SiR22R23R24, POR25R27, halogen, a C6-C60aryl group which is unsubstituted or is substituted by at least one -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3 or -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C60heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, preferably E is independently of each other selected from -NR17R18, -CN, -SiR22R23R24, -POR25R26, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C60heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group.



    [0032] R15 and R16 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H.

    [0033] R17 and R18 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H or a C1-C18 alkyl group.

    [0034] R17 and R18 together form a five or six membered aliphatic, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring, preferably five or six membered aliphatic ring.

    [0035] R19 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group.

    [0036] R20 is H or a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18 alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group.

    [0037] R21 is independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group.

    [0038] R22, R23 and R24 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group.

    [0039] R25 and R27 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group.

    [0040] Preferably, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are independently of each other selected from H, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C2-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below.

    [0041] More preferably, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are independently of each other selected from H, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or C2-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,
    wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below.

    [0042] Most preferably, one of (R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below, and the remaining of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are H.

    [0043] Further most preferably, R2 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below, and R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are H.

    [0044] Most preferred are therefore compounds of formula (Ia1a) and (Ib1a):

    wherein R2 is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI) as described below.

    [0045] According to a further embodiment of the present invention in the compound according to general formula (I) at least two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, preferably at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system.

    [0046] According to this embodiment, two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form one C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, preferably at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system. At the same time further two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may together form at least one further C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, preferably at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system. According to the present invention two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10 in each case, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, can together form at least one, two, three or four C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl rings or ring systems, preferably at least one, two, three or four C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system.

    [0047] Preferred C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl rings or ring systems, preferably C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system are for example fused phenylene or naphthylene rings, five or six membered fused C1-C18heteroarylene rings or ringsystems, preferably fused phenylene or naphthylene rings, five or six membered fused C2-C18heteroarylene rings or ringsystems.

    [0048] In the compounds of formula (I), one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, preferably R2, in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI). The N-hereoaryl groups according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) and (XXI) are described in the following.

    N-hereoaryl groups according to general formula (XXI)



    [0049] In one embodiment of the present invention, the N-hereoaryl group is represented by the general formula (XXI)

    wherein

    A1 is CR62 or N,

    A2 is CR63 or N,

    A3 is CR64 or N,

    A4 is CR65 or N,

    B1 is CR66 or N,

    B2 is CR67 or N,

    B3 is CR68 or N,

    B4 is CR69 or N,

    Y1 is NR70, CR71R72, O or S

    R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68 and R69 are independently of each other selected from H, direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl or carbazolyl,

    and/or

    at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65, if present are directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXII) by the two *-locations.

    wherein

    Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

    Z1 is CR76,

    Z2 is CR77,

    Z3 is CR78

    Z4 is CR79,

    and/or

    R62, R63, R64 or R65, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    and/or

    at least two of R66, R67, R68 and R69, if present are directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXIII) by the two *-locations.

    wherein

    Y3 is NR80, CR81R82, O or S,

    Z5 is CR83,

    Z6 is CR84,

    Z7 is CR85,

    Z8 is CR86,

    and/or

    at least two of R66, R67, R68 or R69, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    R70, R73 and R80 are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    R71, R72, R74, R75, R81 and R82 are, independently of each other selected from H, direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or R71 and R72, R74 and R75 and/or R81 and R82 together form at least one C3-C18-alkyl ring or ring system to which at least one C6-C18aryl ring or ring system may be attached,

    R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 and R86 are independently of each other selected from H, direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    and/or

    at least two of R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 or R86, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    wherein the substituent according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via one of R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86, if present, preferably R70, R73 or R80, if present, wherein this respective R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86, preferably R70, R73 or R80, is a direct bond, optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, in this case,

    m is an integer of 0 to 4,

    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    wherein D and E have the same meanings as mentioned above.



    [0050] According to the present invention the heterocyclic group according to general formula (XXI), which may be for example a dibenzofuran, dibenzothiophene or benzofurodibenzofuran group, can be attached to the compound of general formula (I) via any atom present in the heterocyclic ring system. Therefore, any of R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86, if present, can be a direct bond, optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, with which the heterocyclic group according to formula (XXI) can be attached to the compound of general formula (I).

    [0051] Preferably, the heterocyclic group according to general formula (XXI) is represented by any one of general formula (XXIa), (XXIb) or (XXIc)





    wherein A1, A2, A3, A4, B1, B2, B3, B4, Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Y1, Y2 and Y3 have the same meanings as defined above.

    [0052] According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention one of Y1, Y2 and Y3 in the compounds according general formulae (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) and/or (XXIc) is NR70, NR73 or NR80 respectively.

    [0053] According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention two of Y1, Y2 and Y3 in the compound according to general formulae (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) and/or (XXIc) are NR70, NR73 or NR80 respectively.

    [0054] Preferably, the N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI) corresponds to a N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI)

    wherein A1 is CR62,

    A2 is CR63 or N preferably CR63,

    A3 is CR64 or N, preferably CR64,

    A4 is CR65 or N, preferably CR65,

    B1 is CR66 or N, preferably CR66,

    B2 is CR67 or N, preferably CR67,

    B3 is CR68 or N, preferably CR68,

    B4 is CR69 or N, preferably CR69,

    Y1 is NR70,

    R66, R67, R68 and R69 are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl or carbazolyl,

    and

    at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65 are direct bond and, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, are directly connected to the two *-locations in the moiety of general formula (XXII)

    wherein

    Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

    Z1 is CR76,

    Z2 is CR77,

    Z3 is CR78,

    Z4 is CR79, and the remaining of R62, R63, R64 and R65 that are not direct bond are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl or carbazolyl,

    wherein R76, R77, R78 and R79 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably hydrogen,

    R73, R74 and R75 have the same meanings as mentioned above,

    and the substituent according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via R70 being a direct bond, which is optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, wherein M and m have the same meanings as mentioned above, preferably m is 0 or 1.



    [0055] In a further preferred embodiment, the N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI) corresponds to a N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI), wherein
    A2 is CR63 or N preferably CR63,
    A3 is CR64 or N, preferably CR64,
    A4 is CR65 or N, preferably CR65,
    B1 is CR66 or N, preferably CR66,
    B2 is CR67 or N, preferably CR67,
    B3 is CR68 or N, preferably CR68,
    B4 is CR69 or N, preferably CR69,
    Y1 is NR70, CR71R72, O or S
    at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65 are direct bond and, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, are directly connected to the two *-locations in the moiety of general formula (XXII)

    wherein

    Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

    Z1 is CR76,

    Z2 is CR77,

    Z3 is CR78

    Z4 is CR79,

    and the remaining of R62, R63, R64 and R65 that are not direct bond are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    and

    at least two of R66, R67, R68 and R69, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, are directly connected to the two *-locations in the moiety of general formula (XXIII)

    wherein

    Y3 is NR80,

    Z5 is CR83,

    Z6 is CR84,

    Z7 is CR85,

    Z8 is CR86,

    and the remaining of R66, R67, R68 and R69 that are not direct bond are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 and R86 are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C390heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    R70, R71, R72, R73, R74 and R75 have the same meanings as mentioned above,

    and the substituent according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via R80 being a direct bond, which is optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, wherein M and m have the same meanings as mentioned above, preferably m is 0 or 1.



    [0056] In a further preferred embodiment, the N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI) corresponds to a N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XXI), wherein
    A2 is CR63 or N preferably CR63,
    A3 is CR64 or N, preferably CR64,
    A4 is CR65 or N, preferably CR65,
    B1 is CR66 or N, preferably CR66,
    B2 is CR67 or N, preferably CR67,
    B3 is CR68 or N, preferably CR68,
    B4 is CR69 or N, preferably CR69,
    Y1 is NR70,
    at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65 are direct bond and, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, are directly connected to the two *-locations in the moiety of general formula (XXII)

    wherein

    Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

    Z1 is CR76,

    Z2 is CR77,

    Z3 is CR78

    Z4 is CR79,

    and the remaining of R62, R63, R64 and R65 that are not direct bond are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    and

    at least two of R66, R67, R68 and R69, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, are directly connected to the two *-locations in the moiety of general formula (XXIII)

    wherein

    Y3 is NR80, CR81R82, O or S,

    Z5 is CR83,

    Z6 is CR84,

    Z7 is CR85,

    Z8 is CR86,

    and the remaining of R66, R67, R68 and R69 that are not direct bond are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 and R86 are independently of each other selected from direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H or phenyl,

    R73, R74, R75, R80, R81 and R82 have the same meanings as mentioned above,

    and the substituent according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via R70 being a direct bond, which is optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, wherein M and m have the same meanings as mentioned above, preferably m is 0 or 1.


    N-heteroaryl groups according to general formula (XIII)



    [0057] In one embodiment of the present invention, the N-heteroaryl group is represented by the general formula (XIII)

    wherein M, m and R26 have the meanings as mentioned above, preferably m is 0;

    n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4, preferably n is 0;

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl, biphenyl, more preferably H;

    or

    at least two of R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 or R38, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

    Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, preferably NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

    wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, methyl, ethyl, or phenyl,

    R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, or spiro group, wherein R34 and R35 together form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably H, methyl, ethyl, phenyl, or spiro group, wherein R34 and R35 together form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

    R36 is a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably a phenyl group;

    wherein D and E have the same meanings as mentioned above.



    [0058] Preferred compounds of formula (XIII) are compounds of the following formula (XIIIa), wherein T is a direct bond, and compounds of formula (Xlllb), wherein Q is a direct bond:

    wherein residues, symbols and indices have the same meanings as mentioned above.

    [0059] Preferably, R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are H.

    [0060] R26 is preferably H or two R26 that are present at adjacent carbon atoms together form a fused phenyl ring, which is preferably present in position of R30 and R31.

    [0061] More preferred compounds of formula (XIII) are the following compounds:



    preferably





    or



    preferably





    wherein

    A is S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, preferably, and

    Q and T are independently of each other S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, preferably NR36.



    [0062] According to a particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the compound of formula (XIII), Q is direct bond, T is S, R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H, m is 0 or 1, n is 0 and R28, R29, R30 and R31 are H.

    [0063] According to a further particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the compound of formula (XIII), Q is direct bond, T is NR36, R36 is phenyl, R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H, m is 0, n is 0 and R28, R29, R30 and R31 are H.

    [0064] According to a particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the compound of formula (XIII), Q is direct bond, T is CR34R35, R34 and R35 are methyl, R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H, m is 0, n is 0 and R28, R29, R30 and R31 are H.

    [0065] According to a further particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the compound of formula (XIII), Q is S, T is direct bond, R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H, m is 0, n is 0 and R28, R29, R30 and R31 are H.

    [0066] According to a further particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the compound of formula (XIII), Q is NR36, T is direct bond, R36 is phenyl, R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H, m is 0, n is 0 and R28, R29, R30 and R31 are H.

    [0067] Most preferred compounds of formula (XIII) are compounds of formula (XIII), wherein Q is a direct bond, especially preferred are therefore compounds (Xlllb), more preferably (XIIIb1) to (XIIIb12).

    [0068] According to a further preferred embodiment, the heteroaryl group according to general formula (XIII) corresponds to general formula (XIV)

    wherein R26, R28, R29, R30, R31, M, Q, T, n and m have the same meanings as mentioned above and

    R39, R40, R41, R42 are independently of each other selected from H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, preferably R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H.



    [0069] Preferred compounds of formula (XIV) are compounds of the following formula, wherein T is a direct bond, and compounds of formula (XIVb), wherein Q is a direct bond:

    wherein residues, symbols and indices have the same meanings as mentioned above.

    [0070] Preferably, R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are H.

    [0071] R26 is preferably H or two R26 that are present at adjacent carbon atoms together form a fused phenyl ring, which is preferably present in position of R30 and R31 .

    [0072] More preferred compounds of formula (XIV) are the following compounds :



    preferably



    wherein A is S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, preferably, and

    Q and T are independently of each other S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, preferably NR36.


    N-heteroaryl groups according to general formula (XV)



    [0073] In one embodiment of the present invention, the N-heteroaryl group is represented by the general formula

    wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    m is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    R26 is independently of each other selected from E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    or at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, to which at least one further aromatic and/or heteroaromatic ring or ring system may be fused,

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 and R44 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, or at least two of R28, R29, R30 or R31, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together may form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C16heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

    Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

    wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably H, methyl, ethyl or phenyl,

    R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably, R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, ethyl, ethyl, phenyl or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

    R36 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, for example phenyl,

    wherein the dotted line is a bonding site;

    wherein D and E have the same meanings as mentioned above.



    [0074] Preferred compounds of formula (XV) are compounds of the following formulae (XVa), wherein T is a direct bond, and compounds of formula (XVb), wherein Q is a direct bond:

    wherein residues, symbols and indices have the same meanings as mentioned above.

    [0075] Preferably, R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are H.

    [0076] R26 is preferably H or two R26 that are present at adjacent carbon atoms together form a fused phenyl ring, which is preferably present in position of R30 and R31.

    [0077] More preferred compounds of formula (XV) are the following compounds:



    preferably





    or



    preferably

    wherein A is S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, and

    Q and T are independently of each other S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36, preferably NR36.



    [0078] According to a particular preferred embodiment of the present invention in substituent according to general formula (XV), m is 0, n is 0, R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 and R44 are H, Q is a direct bond, T is CR34R35, R34 and R35 are methyl.

    [0079] According to a further particular preferred embodiment of the present invention in substituent according to general formula (XV), m is 0, n is 2, R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 and R44 are H, two R26 that are present at adjacent carbon atoms together form a fused phenyl ring, which is preferably present in position of R30 and R31, Q is a direct bond, T is CR34R35, R34 and R35 are methyl.

    [0080] According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, R26 in the N-heteroaryl groups according to general formulae (XIII), (XIV) or (XV) may correspond to the following formula (XVI)

    wherein R45, R46, R47, R48, R49, R50, R51 and R52 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or

    at least two of R46, R47, R49, R50, R51 or R52, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    wherein E and D have the same meanings as mentioned above.



    [0081] Particularly preferred R45, R46, R47, R49, R50, R51 and R52 are independently of each other H, E, a unsubstituted C6-C18aryl group or a C6-C18aryl group substituted with at least one group E, or a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, preferably H, phenyl, biphenyl, naphthyl, phenanthryl or dimethylfluorenyl.

    [0082] R48 is particularly preferred H, a unsubstituted C6-C18aryl group or a C6-C18aryl group substituted with at least one group E, preferably phenyl, biphenhyl or naphthyl.

    [0083] Further preferred at least two of R46, R47, R49, R50, R51 or R52, most preferably R51 and R52 if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C1-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, most preferably a fused phenyl ring.

    [0084] According to a particularly preferred embodiment, in general formula (XVI) R45, R46, R47, R49, R50, R51 and R52 are H and R48 is phenyl.

    [0085] According to a further particularly preferred embodiment, in general formula (XVI) R45, R46, R47, R49 and R50 are H, R51 and R52 form a fused phenyl ring and R48 is phenyl.

    [0086] In general, m is an integer of 0 to 4, wherein m describes the number of groups M present. If m is 0, no group M is present, but the N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XII) is directly attached to carbon atom within the skeleton of the compound of general formula (I). Preferably, m is 0, 1, 2 or 3, more preferably, m is 0 or 1.

    [0087] Preferably, M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted. Particularly preferred, M is a C6-C18 arylene group which is unsubstituted, most preferably a phenylene group.

    [0088] Preferably, R26 is independently of each other selected from a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and a C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E.

    [0089] According to a very preferred embodiment of the present invention, m is 0, and at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, without further substituents R26.

    [0090] According to a further very preferred embodiment of the present invention, m is 1, M is M is a C6-C40arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably phenylene, and at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, without further substituents R26.

    [0091] The present invention therefore preferably relates the compound according to the present invention, wherein m is 1, M is a C6-C40arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably phenylene, and at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring, wherein E has the meanings as mentioned above.

    [0092] According to the present invention, in compounds according to general formula (I), in particular in compounds according to general formulae (Ia) and (lb), X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 can independently of each other be N, CR4, CR5, CR6, CR7, CR8, CR9 or CR10, wherein R4 to R10 have the meanings as mentioned above. According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention none of X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 is N, i.e. X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 are CR4, CR5, CR6, CR7, CR8, CR9 respectively CR10, wherein R4 to R10 have the meanings as mentioned above.

    [0093] The present invention therefore preferably relates to compounds according to formulae (Ia1) and (Ib1) as mentioned above, wherein independently of each other R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 and R11 have the same meanings as mentioned above. Most preferably, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 are H, wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI), preferably, R2 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI)
    Particularly preferred molecules according to general formula (I) according to the present invention are shown in the following.







































































    [0094] The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of a compound according to general formula (I) as defined above, at least comprising step (A)

    (A) coupling of a compound according to general formula (V)



    [0095] 

    with a compound of formula R2-H to obtain a compound according to general formula (I), wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 have the same meanings as defined above and A is a selected from Cl, Br, I, F, OSO2CH3, and OSO2CF3 or OSO2C6H4CH3.; and

    R2 is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI).



    [0096] Step (A) of the process according to the present invention can in general be conducted by any method and under any conditions that are known to provide the desired product by a person having ordinary skill in the art. For example, step (A) of the process according to the present invention can be coupling reactions that are known to a person having ordinary skill in the art, for example reactions using palladium or copper catalysts.

    [0097] The present invention therefore preferably relates to the process according to the present invention, wherein step (A) is a coupling reaction that is conducted in the presence of a palladium and/or copper catalyst.

    [0098] According to one preferred embodiment, step (A) of the process according to the present invention can be conducted using the so called Buchwald-Hartwig reaction which is known to the skilled artisan and which is, for example, mentioned in Adv. Synth. Catal., 2006, 23, J. Organomet. Chem., 1999, 125, Chem. Sci., 2011, 27.

    [0099] According to another preferred embodiment, step (A) of the process according to the present invention can be conducted using the so called Suzuki reaction which is known to the skilled artisan and which is, for example, mentioned in Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 3525, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2009, 6954.

    [0100] According to another preferred embodiment, step (A) of the process according to the present invention can be conducted using the so called Ulmann reaction which is known to the skilled artisan and which is, for example, mentioned in Chem. Rev., 1995, 2457, "Boronic Acids" Wiley-VCH, 2005.

    [0101] In particular the coupling according to step (A) of the process according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of at least one basic compound, for example selected from the group consisting of alkali metal salts of alcohols having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, in particular sodium tert-butoxide, potassium tert-butoxide, potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate, rubidium carbonate or potassium phosphate.

    [0102] The reaction is preferably conducted in at least one aprotic, organic solvent. Preferred are aromatic solvents, for example selected from the group consisting of toluene, benzene, xylene, mesitylene and mixtures thereof.

    [0103] As a catalyst particularly preferably a combination of at least one Lewis acid and of at least one palladium compound is used. Particularly preferably, a combination of at least one boron comprising complex and at least one palladium salt is used, for example a combination of tert-Bu3P-HBF4 and Pd2(dba)3, wherein dba means dibenzylideneacetone. Other suitable ligands and/or palladium comprising reagents are mentioned in the above mentioned scientific papers.

    [0104] The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at 40 to 160 °C, preferably at 60 to 140 °C, particularly preferably at 70 to 120 °C.

    [0105] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 1 to 6 h, preferably for 2 to 4 h, particularly preferably for 3 h.

    [0106] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0107] The reaction product can be analyzed, for example, by proton- or carbon-NMR, mass spectrometry etc.

    [0108] The substrates that are used in step (A) of the process according to the present invention, i.e. compounds according to general formula (V) and compounds according to general formula R2-H, wherein R2 has the meanings as mentioned above, can be made by methods that are known to a person having ordinary skill in the art. The compound according to general formula R2-H, is, for example, commercially available.

    [0109] A preferred reaction sequence to obtain the compound of formula (V) is shown in the following:

    [0110] Step (A01): A compound according to general formula (VI) is transferred to a compound of general formula (VII).

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 have the same meanings as defined above. Y is preferably O.

    [0111] In particular the reaction according to step (A01) of the process according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of at least one reducing compound, for example selected from the group consisting of HCO2NH4 and mixtures thereof.

    [0112] The reaction is preferably conducted in at least one organic solvent. Preferred are alcohols, for example selected from the group consisting of ethanol, isopropanol and mixtures thereof

    [0113] Preferably step (A01) is conducted in the presence of a catalyst. As a preferred catalyst palladium is used. Particularly preferably, palladium on carbon is used.

    [0114] The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at 40 to 160 °C, preferably at 60 to 120 °C, particularly preferably at reflux temperature of the solvent.

    [0115] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 0.2 to 6 h, preferably for 0.5 to 3 h.

    [0116] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0117] Step (A02): The compound according to general formula (VII) is then transferred to a compound of general formula (VIII).

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 have the same meanings as defined above. Y is preferably O.

    [0118] In particular the reaction according to step (A02) of the process according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of KOCN.

    [0119] The reaction is preferably conducted in at least one acidic organic solvent. Preferred are carboxylic acids, for example acetic acid.

    [0120] The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at 10 to 40 °C, preferably at room temperature, i.e. 20 °C.

    [0121] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 1 to 6 h, preferably for 2 to 4 h.

    [0122] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0123] Step (A03): The compound according to general formula (VIII) is then transferred to a compound of general formula (IX).

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 have the same meanings as defined above. Y is preferably O.

    [0124] In particular the reaction according to step (A03) of the process according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of at least one basic compound selected from the group consisting of KOH, NaOH and mixtures thereof.

    [0125] The reaction is preferably conducted in at least one organic solvent, for example alcohols like ethanol, isopropanol or mixtures thereof
    The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at 50 to 150 °C, preferably at reflux temperature of the solvent.

    [0126] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 0.1 to 2 h, preferably for 0.3 to 1 h.

    [0127] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0128] Step (A04): The compound according to general formula (IX) is then transferred to a compound of general formula (X).

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9 and X10 have the same meanings as defined above and R13 is linear or branched C1-C6alkylgroup, preferably methyl. Y is preferably O.

    [0129] In particular the reaction according to step (A04) of the process according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of at least one strongly basic compound, for example NaH.

    [0130] The reaction according to step (A04) of the process according to the present invention is further conducted in the presence of at least one compound according to formula R13-B, wherein R13 has the meanings as mentioned above and B is selected from I, Br or Cl.

    [0131] The reaction is preferably conducted in at least one organic solvent, for example dimethylformamide or mixtures thereof
    The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at -20 to 20 °C, preferably at -10 to 10 °C, most preferably at 0 °C.

    [0132] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 0.5 to 4 h, preferably for 1 to 3 h.

    [0133] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0134] Step (A05): The compound according to general formula (X) is then transferred to a compound of general formula (V).

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and R13 have the same meanings as defined above. Y is preferably O.

    [0135] In particular, the reaction according to step (A05) according to the present invention is conducted in the presence of at least one compound, which is able to introduce the moiety A into the molecule. According to the preferred case that A is Cl, chlorination agents are used, for example phosphorous comprising chlorination agents like POCl3 or PCl5 in step (A05) of the process according to the present invention
    The reaction according to step (A05) is preferably conducted without any solvent, i.e. in substance.

    [0136] The reaction is conducted at a temperature that is high enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example at 40 to 160 °C, preferably at 60 to 120 °C, particularly preferably at 70 to 90 °C.

    [0137] The reaction is conducted for a time that is long enough to obtain the desired compound in high yield and high selectivity, for example for 1 to 6 h, preferably for 2 to 4 h.

    [0138] After the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture can be worked up according to methods that are known to the skilled artisan, for example extraction, filtration, recrystallization, chromatography etc.

    [0139] Further detailed reaction conditions of this reaction scheme for obtaining the compound of formula (V) can be taken from Carlos M. Martinez et al., J. Heterocyclic Chem., 44, 1035 (2007).

    [0140] Particularly preferably, the process according to the present invention for the preparation of compounds according to general formula (I) comprises step (A01), followed by step (A02), followed by step (A03), followed by step (A04), followed by step (A05), followed by step (A).

    [0141] According to another preferred embodiment of the process according to the present invention, the compound according to general formula (V) can also be obtained directly from compound of general formula (IX) using reaction conditions as mentioned in respect of step (A05). The present invention therefore preferably relates to the process according to the present invention, wherein the compound according to general formula (V) can also be obtained directly from compound of general formula (IX) as shown in the following (step (A05a):



    [0142] Therefore, particularly preferably, the process according to the present invention for the preparation of compounds according to general formula (I) comprises step (A01), followed by step (A02), followed by step (A03), followed by step (A05a), followed by step (A).

    [0143] According to the preferred embodiment that Y is S, the process according to the present invention for the preparation of compounds according to general formula (I) comprises step (A01), followed by step (A02), followed by step (A03), followed by step (A05a), followed by step (A).

    [0144] Compound (VI) as mentioned above can be prepared in chemical reactions that are known to the skilled artisan. Preferred methods for the preparation of the compound according to general formula (VI) are mentioned in Yamagami, Isao et al., Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koh, 2008273906, 2008, Kralj, Ana et al., ChemMedChem, 9(1), 151-168, 2014 and Okabayashi, Ichizo and Iwata, Noriko, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 28(9), 2831-5, 1980.

    [0145] The compound according to general formula (V) as mentioned above can also be prepared by further methods that are explained in the following. For example, the compound according to general formula (V) can be prepared from a compound according to general formula (XI):

    wherein Y, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and A have the same meanings as defined above, X11 and X12 are independently of each other F or OH, if Y is O, or X11 and X12 are independently of each other H or S(O)CH3, if Y is S.

    [0146] According to the preferred embodiment that Y is O, the following reaction is conducted (step (A06):



    [0147] According to this preferred embodiment (step (A06)) the compound according to general formula (Xla) is transferred into the compound according to general formula (Vaa), wherein X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and A have the same meanings as defined above.

    [0148] The reaction is preferably conducted in the presence of at least one basic compound, for example selected from the group consisting of K2CO3, NaH and mixtures thereof. Further reaction conditions like temperature, solvent, reaction time etc. are known to the person having ordinary skill in the art.

    [0149] The compound according to general formula (Xla) can be obtained by any method that is known to the skilled artisan. Preferably the compound according to general formula (Xla) is obtained according to the method described in Kang Hyun-Ju et al., WO 2014088290 or Welsh Dean M et al., Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koh, 2014183315, 2014.

    [0150] According to the preferred embodiment that Y is S, the following reaction is conducted (step (A07):



    [0151] According to this preferred embodiment (step (A07)) the compound according to general formula (Xlb) is transferred into the compound according to general formula (Vab), wherein X4, X5, X6, X7, X8, X9, X10 and A have the same meanings as defined above.

    [0152] The reaction is preferably conducted in the presence of at least one acidic compound, for example selected from the group consisting of (CF3SO2)2, CF3SO2OH, and mixtures thereof.

    [0153] Further reaction conditions like temperature, solvent, reaction time etc. are known to the person having ordinary skill in the art.

    Ir complexes of formula (XX)



    [0154] The composition according to the present invention comprises beside at least one compound of formula (I) at least one Ir complex represented by the following formula (XX)

            IrLg1Lg2Lg3     (XX)

    wherein
    Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3 are selected from the following groups A-1, A-2 and A-3

    wherein one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably one, are a group A-3, and one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably two, are selected from the group consisting of A-1 and A-2,

    wherein

    Xa is CRa' or N;

    Xb is CRb' or N;

    Xc is CRc' or N;

    Xd is CRd' or N;

    Xe is CRe' or N;

    Xf is CRf or N;

    Xg is CRg or N;

    Xh is CRh or N;

    Xi is CRi or N;

    Xj is CRj or N;

    Xk is CRk or N;and

    Xl is CRl or N;

    wherein at least one of Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe and Xf is CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe' respectively CRf, and at least one of Xg, Xh, Xi, Xj, Xk and Xl is CRg, CRh, CRi, CRj, CRk respectively CRl;

    Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25fluoroalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group;

    wherein at least one of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf, and at least one of Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25fluoroalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group;

    Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably, Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20ary group, or a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 20-membered heteroaryl group;

    a and b each independently represent an integer of 0 to 5; and

    each of Ra and Rb is the same or different;

    wherein the dotted lines are bonding sites.



    [0155] Preferably, 0, 1, 2 or 3, more preferably 0 or 1 of Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe and Xf are N and the remaining of Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe and Xf are CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe' respectively CRf.

    [0156] Preferably, Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl, most preferably hydrogen, wherein at least one Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf, and at least one of Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl is preferably CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl.

    [0157] Preferably, Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C8alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C14aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 13-membered heteroaryl group, more preferably hydrogen methyl, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 or CH2CH(CH3)2.

    [0158] Preferably, a and b each independently are 0, 1, 2 or 3, more preferably 0, 1 or 2.

    [0159] Preferably, the compound of formula (XX) is represented by the following formulae (XX-1) or (XX-2):

    wherein Lg2 and Lg3 are a group A-1, A-2 or A-3, wherein in formula (XX-1), at least one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3, preferably, one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3 and the other is a group A-1; and in formula (XX-2), at least one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3, preferably, one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3 and the other is a group A-2;

    and the groups A-1, A-2 or A-3 and residues Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk, Rl, and Ra to Re and indices a and b are defined above.



    [0160] More preferably, the compound of formula (XX) is represented by one of the following formulae (XX-3) and (XX-4):

    wherein the residues Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk, Rl, and Ra to Re and indices a and b are defined above.

    [0161] Most preferably, the compounds of formulae (XX-3) and (XX-4) are represented by the following formulae (XX-5) and (XX-6):

    wherein the residues Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk, Rl and indices a and b are defined above, and

    Ra and Rb each independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, methyl, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 or CH2CH(CH3)2.



    [0162] Further most preferably, the compounds of formulae (XX-5) and (XX-6) are represented by the following formulae (XX-7) and (XX-8):

    wherein

    one or two of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf each independently represent CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl;

    and the remaining of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf are hydrogen;

    Rj is CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl;

    and

    Rc and Re are independently of each other methyl, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 or CH2CH(CH3)2.



    [0163] The Ir complexes of formula (XX) are commercially available and/or prepared as known in the art.

    [0164] Examples for most preferred compounds of formula (XX) are mentioned below.

    Compositions according to the present invention



    [0165] The composition of the present invention comprises
    1. i) at least one Ir complex represented by formula (XX), and
    2. ii) at least one compound represented by the general formula (I).


    [0166] Suitable and preferred compounds of formulae (XX) and (I) are mentioned above.

    [0167] Preferably, the composition according to the present invention comprises:
    1. i) from 0.1 to 70% by weight, preferably 1 to 30% by weight, of at least one Ir complex represented by formula (XX), and
    2. ii) 30 to 99.9% by weight, preferably 70 to 99% by weight, of at least one compound represented by the general formula (I),
    where the sum total of the Ir complex represented by formula (XX) and of the compound represented by the general formula (I) adds up to 100% by weight.

    [0168] The composition according to the present invention is particularly suitable as composition for the light-emitting layer in OLED. The structure of OLEDs is known in the art. Suitable structures are described below. The at least one Ir complex of formula (XX) is usually employed as emitter material (dopant) in the light emitting layer and the at least one compound of formula (I) is usually employed as matrix material (host).

    [0169] Preferably, the composition comprises:
    1. i) At least one Ir complex represented by the formula

      or

      and
    2. ii) at least one compound represented by one of the formulae (XIIIa1), (XIIIa2), (XIIIa3), (XIIIa4), (XIIIa5), (XIIIa6), (XIIIa7), (XIIIa8), (XIIIb1), (XIIIb2), (XIIIb3), (XIIIb4), (XIIIb5), (XIIIb6)), (XIIIb7), (XIIIb8), (XIVb1), (XIVb2), (XIVb3), (XVa1), (XVa2), (XVa3), (XVa4), (XVa5), (XVa6), (XVa7), (XVa8), (XVb1), (XVb2), (XVb3), (XVb4), (XVb5), (XVb6), (XVb7) or (XVb8).


    [0170] Suitable amounts of components i) and ii) are mentioned above.

    Compositions according to the present invention in organic electronics applications



    [0171] In the following the use of the compositions according to the present invention as mentioned above in organic electronic applications will be explained.

    [0172] It has been found that the compositions according to the present invention are particularly suitable for use in applications in which charge carrier conductivity is required, especially for use in organic electronics applications, more preferably for use in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).

    [0173] The compositions according to the present invention being particularly suitable in OLEDs for use in a light-emitting layer, wherein the compound of formula (I) is preferably used as host, as a single host or as a host in combination with one or more further hosts, and the Ir complex of formula (XX) is preferably used as a dopant, as a single dopant or as a dopant in combination with one or more further dopants.

    [0174] The present invention therefore relates to an electronic device, preferably an organic electroluminescent device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in the present application and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in the present application.

    [0175] The present invention also relates to an electronic device, preferably an organic electroluminescent device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising a composition according to the present invention.

    [0176] The present invention therefore preferably relates to the electronic device according to the present invention, preferably an organic electroluminescence device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising a cathode, an anode, and a plurality of organic thin film layers provided between the cathode and the anode, the plurality of organic thin film layers comprising at least one emitting layer comprising least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in the present application and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in the present application.

    [0177] The present invention therefore preferably relates to the electronic device according to the present invention, preferably an organic electroluminescence device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising a cathode, an anode, and a plurality of organic thin film layers provided between the cathode and the anode, the plurality of organic thin film layers comprising at least one emitting layer comprising the composition according to the present invention.

    [0178] The present invention further relates to an electronic equipment comprising the organic electroluminescence device according to the present invention.

    [0179] The present invention also relates to an emitting layer, preferably present in an electronic device, more preferably in an electroluminescence device, particularly preferably in an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in the present application and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in the present application.

    [0180] The present invention also relates to an emitting layer, preferably present in an electronic device, more preferably in an electroluminescence device, particularly preferably in an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising the composition according to the present invention.

    [0181] The present invention therefore preferably relates to the use of the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively of the composition according to the present invention as defined above in an electronic device, preferably in an electroluminescence device, particularly preferably in an organic light emitting diode (OLED), preferably in an emitting layer.

    [0182] In the case of use of the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively of the compositions according to the present invention in OLEDs, OLEDs with a good overall performance, especially with good efficiencies which can be operated especially at a low use and operating voltage are obtained.

    [0183] According to the present application, the terms matrix and host are used interchangeable.

    [0184] Suitable structures of organic electronic devices, especially organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), are known to those skilled in the art and are specified below.

    [0185] For example, the electronic device, preferably an organic electroluminescence device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), according to the present invention comprises a cathode, an anode, and a plurality of organic thin film layers provided between the cathode and the anode, the organic thin film layers comprising an emitting layer comprising the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively the composition according to the present invention .

    [0186] Preferably, the present invention provides an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) comprising an anode and a cathode and a light-emitting layer arranged between the anode and the cathode, and if appropriate at least one further layer selected from the group consisting of at least one blocking layer for holes/excitons, at least one blocking layer for electrons/excitons, at least one hole injection layer, at least one hole transport layer, at least one electron injection layer and at least one electron transport layer, wherein the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively the composition according to the present invention is present in the light-emitting layer. The present application further relates to a light-emitting layer, preferably present in an electronic device, more preferably in an electroluminescence device, particularly preferably in an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively the composition according to the present invention. Examples of preferred compounds according to general formula (I) and compounds according to the general formula (XX) as well as preferred compositions are shown above.

    [0187] Most preferably, the electronic device according to the present invention is an organic light emitting diode (OLED).

    Structure of the inventive OLED



    [0188] The inventive organic light-emitting diode (OLED) thus generally has the following structure: an anode (a) and a cathode (i) and a light-emitting layer (e) arranged between the anode (a) and the cathode (i).

    [0189] The inventive OLED may, for example - in a preferred embodiment - be formed from the following layers:
    1. 1. Anode (a)
    2. 2. Hole transport layer (c)
    3. 3. Light-emitting layer (e)
    4. 4. Blocking layer for holes/excitons (f)
    5. 5. Electron transport layer (g)
    6. 6. Cathode (i)


    [0190] Layer sequences different than the aforementioned structure are also possible, and are known to those skilled in the art. For example, it is possible that the OLED does not have all of the layers mentioned; for example, an OLED with layers (a) (anode), (e) (light-emitting layer) and (i) (cathode) is likewise suitable, in which case the functions of the layers (c) (hole transport layer) and (f) (blocking layer for holes/excitons) and (g) (electron transport layer) are assumed by the adjacent layers. OLEDs which have layers (a), (c), (e) and (i), or layers (a), (e), (f), (g) and (i), are likewise suitable. In addition, the OLEDs may have a blocking layer for electrons/excitons (d) between the hole transport layer (c) and the light-emitting layer (e).

    [0191] It is additionally possible that a plurality of the aforementioned functions (electron/exciton blocker, hole/exciton blocker, hole injection, hole conduction, electron injection, electron conduction) are combined in one layer and are assumed, for example, by a single material present in this layer. For example, a material used in the hole transport layer, in one embodiment, may simultaneously block excitons and/or electrons.

    [0192] Furthermore, the individual layers of the OLED among those specified above may in turn be formed from two or more layers. For example, the hole transport layer may be formed from a layer into which holes are injected from the electrode, and a layer which transports the holes away from the hole-injecting layer into the light-emitting layer. The electron transport layer may likewise consist of a plurality of layers, for example a layer in which electrons are injected by the electrode, and a layer which receives electrons from the electron injection layer and transports them into the light-emitting layer. These layers mentioned are each selected according to factors such as energy level, thermal resistance and charge carrier mobility, and also energy difference of the layers specified with the organic layers or the metal electrodes. The person skilled in the art is capable of selecting the structure of the OLEDs such that it is matched optimally to the organic compounds used in accordance with the invention.

    [0193] In a preferred embodiment the OLED according to the present invention comprises in this order:
    1. (a) an anode,
    2. (b) optionally a hole injection layer,
    3. (c) optionally a hole transport layer,
    4. (d) optionally an exciton blocking layer
    5. (e) an emitting layer,
    6. (f) optionally a hole/ exciton blocking layer
    7. (g) optionally an electron transport layer,
    8. (h) optionally an electron injection layer, and
    9. (i) a cathode.


    [0194] In a particularly preferred embodiment the OLED according to the present invention comprises in this order:
    1. (a) an anode,
    2. (b) optionally a hole injection layer,
    3. (c) a hole transport layer,
    4. (d) an exciton blocking layer
    5. (e) an emitting layer,
    6. (f) a hole/ exciton blocking layer
    7. (g) an electron transport layer, and
    8. (h) optionally an electron injection layer, and
    9. (i) a cathode.


    [0195] The properties and functions of these various layers, as well as example materials are known from the prior art and are described in more detail below on basis of preferred embodiments.

    Anode (a):



    [0196] The anode is an electrode which provides positive charge carriers. It may be composed, for example, of materials which comprise a metal, a mixture of different metals, a metal alloy, a metal oxide or a mixture of different metal oxides. Alternatively, the anode may be a conductive polymer. Suitable metals comprise the metals of groups 11, 4, 5 and 6 of the Periodic Table of the Elements, and also the transition metals of groups 8 to 10. When the anode is to be transparent, mixed metal oxides of groups 12, 13 and 14 of the Periodic Table of the Elements are generally used, for example indium tin oxide (ITO). It is likewise possible that the anode (a) comprises an organic material, for example polyaniline, as described, for example, in Nature, Vol. 357, pages 477 to 479 (June 11, 1992). Preferred anode materials include conductive metal oxides, such as indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium zinc oxide (IZO), aluminum zinc oxide (AlZnO), and metals. Anode (and substrate) may be sufficiently transparent to create a bottom-emitting device. A preferred transparent substrate and anode combination is commercially available ITO (anode) deposited on glass or plastic (substrate). A reflective anode may be preferred for some top-emitting devices, to increase the amount of light emitted from the top of the device. At least either the anode or the cathode should be at least partly transparent in order to be able to emit the light formed. Other anode materials and structures may be used.

    Hole injection layer (b):



    [0197] Generally, injection layers are comprised of a material that may improve the injection of charge carriers from one layer, such as an electrode or a charge generating layer, into an adjacent organic layer. Injection layers may also perform a charge transport function. The hole injection layer may be any layer that improves the injection of holes from anode into an adjacent organic layer. A hole injection layer may comprise a solution deposited material, such as a spin-coated polymer, or it may be a vapor deposited small molecule material, such as, for example, CuPc or MTDATA. Polymeric hole-injection materials can be used such as poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK), polythiophenes, polypyrrole, polyaniline, self-doping polymers, such as, for example, sulfonated poly(thiophene-3-[2[(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-2,5-diyl) (Plexcore® OC Conducting Inks commercially available from Plextronics), and copolymers such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) also called PEDOT/PSS.

    Hole transport layer (c):



    [0198] According to a preferred embodiment the OLED according to the present invention comprises at least one compound according to general formula (I) or their preferred embodiments as a charge transporting material, preferably as a hole transporting layer. In addition to the compounds according to general formula (I) or without these compounds either hole-transporting molecules or polymers may be used as the hole transport material. Suitable hole transport materials for layer (c) of the inventive OLED are disclosed, for example, in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 4th Edition, Vol. 18, pages 837 to 860, 1996, US20070278938, US2008/0106190, US2011/0163302 (triarylamines with (di)benzothiophen/(di)benzofuran; Nan-Xing Hu et al. Synth. Met. 111 (2000) 421 (indolocarbazoles), WO2010002850 (substituted phenylamine compounds) and WO2012/16601 (in particular the hole transport materials mentioned on pages 16 and 17 of WO2012/16601). Combination of different hole transport material may be used. Reference is made, for example, to WO2013/022419, wherein

    constitute the hole transport layer.
    Customarily used hole-transporting molecules are selected from the group consisting of



    (4-phenyl-N-(4-phenylphenyl)-N-[4-[4-(N-[4-(4-phenyl-phenyl)phenyl]anilino)phenyl]phenyl]aniline),

    (4-phenyl-N-(4-phenylphenyl)-N-[4-[4-(4-phenyl-N-(4-phenylphenyl)anilino)phenyl]phenyl]aniline),

    (4-phenyl-N-[4-(9-phenylcarbazol-3-yl)phenyl]-N-(4-phenylphenyl)aniline),

    (1,1',3,3'-tetraphenylspiro[1,3,2-benzodiazasilole-2,2'-3a,7a-dihydro-1,3,2-benzodiazasilole]),

    (N2,N2,N2',N2',N7,N7,N7',N7'-octakis(p-tolyl)-9,9'-spirobi[fluorene)-2,2',7,7'-tetramine), 4,4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (α-NPD), N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (TPD), 1,1-bis[(di-4-tolylamino)phenyl]cyclohexane (TAPC), N,N'-bis(4-methylphenyl)-N,N'-bis(4-ethylphenyl)-[1,1'-(3,3'-dimethyl)biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (ETPD), tetrakis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N,N',N'-2,5-phenylenediamine (PDA), α-phenyl-4-N,N-diphenylaminostyrene (TPS), p-(diethylamino)benzaldehyde diphenylhydrazone (DEH), triphenylamine (TPA), bis[4-(N,N-diethylamino)2-methylphenyl](4-methylphenyl)methane (MPMP), 1-phenyl-3-[p-(diethylamino)styryl]5-[p-(diethylamino)phenyl]pyrazoline (PPR or DEASP), 1,2-trans-bis(9H-carbazol9-yl)-cyclobutane (DCZB), N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(4-methylphenyl)-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine (TTB), fluorine compounds such as 2,2',7,7'-tetra(N,N-di-tolyl)amino9,9-spirobifluorene (spiro-TTB), N,N'-bis(naphthalen-1-yl)-N,N'-bis(phenyl)9,9-spirobifluorene (spiro-NPB) and 9,9-bis(4-(N,N-bis-biphenyl-4-yl-amino)phenyl-9Hfluorene, benzidine compounds such as N,N'-bis(naphthalen-1-yl)-N,N'-bis(phenyl)benzidine and porphyrin compounds such as copper phthalocyanines. In addition, polymeric hole-injection materials can be used such as poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK), polythiophenes, polypyrrole, polyaniline, self-doping polymers, such as, for example, sulfonated poly(thiophene-3-[2[(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-2,5-diyl) (Plexcore® OC Conducting Inks commercially available from Plextronics), and copolymers such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) also called PEDOT/PSS. Preferred examples of a material of the hole injecting layer are a porphyrin compound, an aromatic tertiary amine compound, or a styrylamine compound. Particularly preferable examples include an aromatic tertiary amine compound such as hexacyanohexaazatriphenylene (HAT).

    [0199] The hole-transporting layer may also be electronically doped in order to improve the transport properties of the materials used, in order firstly to make the layer thicknesses more generous (avoidance of pinholes/short circuits) and in order secondly to minimize the operating voltage of the device. Electronic doping is known to those skilled in the art and is disclosed, for example, in W. Gao, A. Kahn, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, 2003, 359 (p-doped organic layers); A. G. Werner, F. Li, K. Harada, M. Pfeiffer, T. Fritz, K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 82, No. 25, 2003, 4495 and Pfeiffer et al., Organic Electronics 2003, 4, 89 - 103 and K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, K. Leo, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2007, 107, 1233. For example it is possible to use mixtures in the hole-transporting layer, in particular mixtures which lead to electrical p-doping of the hole-transporting layer. p-Doping is achieved by the addition of oxidizing materials. These mixtures may, for example, be the following mixtures: mixtures of the abovementioned hole transport materials with at least one metal oxide, for example MoO2, MoO3, WOx, ReO3 and/or V2O5, preferably MoO3 and/or ReO3, more preferably MoO3, or mixtures comprising the aforementioned hole transport materials and one or more compounds selected from 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ), 2,5-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane, bis(tetra-n-butylammonium)tetracyanodiphenoquinodimethane, 2,5-dimethyl-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane, tetracyanoethylene, 11,11,12,12-tetracyanonaphtho2,6-quinodimethane, 2-fluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquino-dimethane, 2,5-difluoro-7,7,8,8etracyanoquinodimethane, dicyanomethylene-1,3,4,5,7,8-hexafluoro-6Hnaphthalen-2-ylidene)malononitrile (F6-TNAP), Mo(tfd)3 (from Kahn et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131 (35), 12530-12531), compounds as described in EP1988587, US2008265216, EP2180029, US20100102709, WO2010132236, EP2180029 and quinone compounds as mentioned in EP2401254.

    Exciton blocking layer (d):



    [0200] Blocking layers may be used to reduce the number of charge carriers (electrons or holes) and/or excitons that leave the emissive layer. An electron/exciton blocking layer (d) may be disposed between the first emitting layer (e) and the hole transport layer (c), to block electrons from emitting layer (e) in the direction of hole transport layer (c). Blocking layers may also be used to block excitons from diffusing out of the emissive layer.

    [0201] Suitable metal complexes for use as electron/exciton blocker material are, for example, carbene complexes as described in WO2005/019373A2, WO2006/056418A2, WO2005/113704, WO2007/115970, WO2007/115981, WO2008/000727 and PCT/EP2014/055520. Explicit reference is made here to the disclosure of the WO applications cited, and these disclosures shall be considered to be incorporated into the content of the present application.

    [0202] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least one compound of general formula (I) is present in the exciton blocking layer of the OLED according to the present invention.

    Emitting layer (e)



    [0203] The light emitting layer is an organic layer having a light emitting function and is formed from one or more layers, wherein one of the layers comprises a host material (first host material), optionally a second host material, and the light emitting material. According to the present invention, the light-emitting layer comprises the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively the composition according to the present invention. The compounds of formulae (XX) and (I) and the composition of the present invention are described above.

    [0204] When the light emitting layer is composed of two or more layers, the light emitting layer or layers other than that mentioned above contains or contain a host material and a dopant material when a doping system is employed. The major function of the host material is to promote the recombination of electrons and holes and confine excitons in the light emitting layer. The dopant material causes the excitons generated by recombination to emit light efficiently.

    [0205] In case of a phosphorescent device, the major function of the host material is to confine the excitons generated on the dopant in the light emitting layer.

    [0206] The light emitting layer may be made into a double dopant layer, in which two or more kinds of dopant materials having high quantum yield are used in combination and each dopant material emits light with its own color. For example, to obtain a yellow emission, a light emitting layer formed by co-depositing a host, a red-emitting dopant and a green-emitting dopant is used.

    [0207] In a laminate of two or more light emitting layers, electrons and holes are accumulated in the interface between the light emitting layers, and therefore, the recombination region is localized in the interface between the light emitting layers, to improve the quantum efficiency.

    [0208] The light emitting layer may be different in the hole injection ability and the electron injection ability, and also in the hole transporting ability and the electron transporting ability each being expressed by mobility.

    [0209] The light emitting layer is formed, for example, by a known method, such as a vapor deposition method, a spin coating method, and LB method. Alternatively, the light emitting layer may be formed by making a solution of a binder, such as resin, and the material for the light emitting layer in a solvent into a thin film by a method such as spin coating.

    [0210] The light emitting layer is preferably a molecular deposit film. The molecular deposit film is a thin film formed by depositing a vaporized material or a film formed by solidifying a material in the state of solution or liquid. The molecular deposit film can be distinguished from a thin film formed by LB method (molecular build-up film) by the differences in the assembly structures and higher order structures and the functional difference due to the structural differences.

    [0211] The light-emitting layer (e) according to the present invention comprises at least one emitter material of formula (XX). Further emitter which may be additionally employed for example in the case that more than one light emitting layer is present in the OLED, are fluorescence or phosphorescence emitter, suitable emitter materials being known to those skilled in the art.

    [0212] The emission wavelength of the phosphorescent dopant used in the light emitting layer is not particularly limited. In a preferred embodiment, at least one of the phosphorescent dopants used in the light emitting layer has the peak of emission wavelength of in general 430 nm or longer and 780 nm or shorter, preferably 490 nm or longer and 700 nm or shorter and more preferably 490 nm or longer and 650 nm or shorter. Most preferred are green emitter materials (490 to 570 nm). In another preferred embodiment, red emitter materials (570 to 680 nm) are preferred.

    [0213] The phosphorescent dopant (phosphorescent emitter material) is a compound of formula (XX), which usually emits light by releasing the energy of excited triplet state.
    The compounds according to general formula (I) are used as the matrix (=host material) in the light-emitting layer.

    [0214] Suitable metal complexes of formula (XX) for use in the inventive OLEDs, preferably as emitter material, are, for example,
    Further suitable red emitters are shown in WO 2008/109824. Preferred red emitters according to this document are the following compounds:















    [0215] The emitter materials (dopants), preferably the phosphorescent emitter materials, may be used alone or in combination of two or more.

    [0216] Further red emitters that may be used in the OLEDs according to the present invention are disclosed in US 2013/0299795 and are shown in the following:









































































    [0217] Further red emitters that may be used in the OLEDs according to the present invention are disclosed in US 2013/0146848 and are shown in the following:

































































































    and



    [0218] Further suitable red emitters are shown in US 2015/0001472. Preferred red emitters according to this document are the following compounds:

























    and



    [0219] Further suitable red emitters are shown in US 2016/104848. Preferred red emitters according to this document are the following compounds:





    and


    Host (matrix) materials



    [0220] The composition according to the present invention present in the light-emitting layer respectively the light-emitting layer comprising the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material may comprise further components in addition to the at least one emitter material (XX) and the at least one compound of formula (I) according to the present invention. For example, a fluroescent dye may be present in the composition according to the present invention respectively in the light-emitting layer in order to alter the emission color of the emitter material. In addition a further matrix material can be used. This further matrix material may be a polymer, for example poly(N-vinylcarbazole) or polysilane. The further matrix material may, however, be a small molecule, for example 4,4'-N,N'-dicarbazolebiphenyl (CDP=CBP) or tertiary aromatic amines, for example TCTA.

    [0221] The compound of formula (I) is preferably employed as phosphorescent host material. The phosphorescent host is a compound which confines the triplet energy of the phosphorescent dopant efficiently in the light emitting layer to cause the phosphorescent dopant to emit light efficiently.

    [0222] In a preferred embodiment, the light-emitting layer is formed of the composition according to the present invention respectively of the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material. According to a preferred embodiment, the electronic device according to the present invention, preferably the OLED according to the present invention, comprises the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application as dopant material and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application as host material, respectively the composition according to the present invention.

    [0223] According to one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises the compound of formula (XX) as described in the present application and the compound of formula (I) as described in the present application, respectively the composition of the present invention comprising at least one emitter material (XX) and a compound according to general formula (I), wherein the compound of formula (I) is a single host material. Examples of preferred compounds of general formula (I) useful as single host material are shown above.

    Hole/exciton blocking layer (f):



    [0224] Blocking layers may be used to reduce the number of charge carriers (electrons or holes) and/or excitons that leave the emissive layer. The hole blocking layer may be disposed between the emitting layer (e) and electron transport layer (g), to block holes from leaving layer (e) in the direction of electron transport layer (g). Blocking layers may also be used to block excitons from diffusing out of the emissive layer.

    [0225] According to one embodiment of the present invention, at least one compound according to general formula (I) may be present in the hole/exciton blocking layer.

    [0226] Additional hole blocker materials typically used in OLEDs are 2,6-bis(N-carbazolyl)pyridine (mCPy), 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (bathocuproin, (BCP)), bis(2-methyl-8-quinolinato)-4-phenylphenylato)aluminum(III) (BAlq), phenothiazine S,S-dioxide derivates and 1,3,5-tris(N-phenyl-2-benzylimidazolyl)benzene) (TPBI), TPBI also being suitable as electron-transport material. Further suitable hole blockers and/or electron conductor materials are 2,2',2"-(1,3,5-benzenetriyl)tris(1-phenyl-1-H-benzimidazole), 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole, 8-hydroxyquinolinolatolithium, 4-(naphthalen-1-yl)-3,5-diphenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole, 1,3-bis[2-(2,2'-bipyridin-6-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazo-5-yl]benzene, 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 3-(4-biphenylyl)-4-phenyl-5-tert-butylphenyl-1,2,4-triazole, 6,6'-bis[5-(biphenyl-4-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazo-2-yl]-2,2'-bipyridyl, 2-phenyl-9,10-di(naphthalene-2-yl)anthracene, 2,7-bis[2-(2,2'-bipyridin-6-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazo-5-yl]-9,9-dimethylfluorene, 1,3-bis[2-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazo-5-yl]benzene, 2-(naphthalene-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, tris(2,4,6-trimethyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)borane, 2,9-bis(naphthalene-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 1-methyl-2-(4-(naphthalene-2-yl)phenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]-phenanthroline. In a further embodiment, it is possible to use compounds which comprise aromatic or heteroaromatic rings joined via groups comprising carbonyl groups, as disclosed in WO2006/100298, disilyl compounds selected from the group consisting of disilylcarbazoles, disilylbenzofurans, disilylbenzothiophenes, disilylbenzophospholes, disilylbenzothiophene S-oxides and disilylbenzothiophene S,S-dioxides, as specified, for example, in PCT applications WO2009/003919 and WO2009003898 and disilyl compounds as disclosed in WO2008/034758, as a blocking layer for holes/excitons (f).

    [0227] In another preferred embodiment compounds (SH-1), (SH-2), (SH-3), SH-4, SH-5, SH-6, (SH-7), (SH-8), (SH-9), (SH-10) and (SH-11) may be used as hole/exciton blocking materials.

    Electron transport layer (g):



    [0228] Electron transport layer may include a material capable of transporting electrons. Electron transport layer may be intrinsic (undoped), or doped. Doping may be used to enhance conductivity.

    [0229] The compound according to general formula (I) according to the present invention is also suitable as electron transport material, either alone or in combination with one or more of the electron transport materials mentioned below. The compound according to general formula (I) according to the present invention is preferably suitable as electron transport material, if a blue fluorescent emitter is present in the emitting layer.

    [0230] Further suitable electron-transporting materials for layer (g) of the inventive OLEDs, which may be used in combination with the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention or in absence of the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention as electron transport material, comprise metals chelated with oxinoid compounds, such as tris(8-hydroxyquinolato)aluminum (Alq3), compounds based on phenanthroline such as 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (DDPA = BCP), 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), 2,4,7,9-tetraphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (DPA) or phenanthroline derivatives disclosed in EP1786050, in EP1970371, or in EP1097981, and azole compounds such as 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-t-butylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (PBD) and 3-(4-biphenylyl)-4phenyl-5-(4-t-butylphenyl)-1,2,4-triazole (TAZ).

    [0231] Further suitable electron transport materials, which may be used in combination with the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention or in absence of the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention as electron transport material, are mentioned in Abhishek P. Kulkarni, Christopher J. Tonzola, Amit Babel, and Samson A. Jenekhe, Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 4556-4573; G. Hughes, M. R. Bryce, J. Mater. Chem. 2005, 15, 94-107 and Yasuhiko Shirota and Hiroshi Kageyama, Chem. Rev. 2007, 107, 953-1010 (ETM, HTM).

    [0232] It is likewise possible to use mixtures of at least two materials in the electron-transporting layer, in which case at least one material is electron-conducting. Preferably, in such mixed electron-transport layers, at least one phenanthroline compound is used, preferably BCP, or at least one pyridine compound according to the formula (XVI) below, preferably a compound of the formula (XVIa) below. More preferably, in mixed electron-transport layers, in addition to at least one phenanthroline compound, alkaline earth metal or alkali metal hydroxyquinolate complexes, for example Liq, are used. Suitable alkaline earth metal or alkali metal hydroxyquinolate complexes are specified below (formula XVII). Reference is made to WO2011/157779.

    [0233] The electron-transport layer may also be electronically doped in order to improve the transport properties of the materials used, in order firstly to make the layer thicknesses more generous (avoidance of pinholes/short circuits) and in order secondly to minimize the operating voltage of the device. Electronic doping is known to those skilled in the art and is disclosed, for example, in W. Gao, A. Kahn, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, No. 1, 1 July 2003 (p-doped organic layers); A. G. Werner, F. Li, K. Harada, M. Pfeiffer, T. Fritz, K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 82, No. 25, 23 June 2003 and Pfeiffer et al., Organic Electronics 2003, 4, 89 - 103 and K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, K. Leo, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2007, 107, 1233. For example, it is possible to use mixtures which lead to electrical n-doping of the electron-transport layer. n-Doping is achieved by the addition of reducing materials. These mixtures may, for example, be mixtures of the abovementioned electron transport materials with alkali/alkaline earth metals or alkali/alkaline earth metal salts, for example Li, Cs, Ca, Sr, Cs2CO3, with alkali metal complexes, for example 8-hydroxyquinolatolithium (Liq), and with Y, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb, Er, Tm, Yb, Li3N, Rb2CO3, dipotassium phthalate, W(hpp)4 from EP1786050, or with compounds described in EP1837926B1, EP1837927, EP2246862 and WO2010132236.

    [0234] In a preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one compound of the general formula (XVII)

    in which

    R32' and R33' are each independently F, C1-C8-alkyl, or C6-C14-aryl, which is optionally substituted by one or more C1-C8-alkyl groups, or

    two R32' and/or R33' substituents together form a fused benzene ring which is optionally substituted by one or more C1-C8-alkyl groups;

    a and b are each independently 0, or 1, 2 or 3,

    M1 is an alkaline metal atom or alkaline earth metal atom,

    p is 1 when M1 is an alkali metal atom, p is 2 when M1 is an earth alkali metal atom.



    [0235] A very particularly preferred compound of the formula (XVII) is

    which may be present as a single species, or in other forms such as LigQg in which g is an integer, for example Li6Q6. Q is an 8-hydroxyquinolate ligand or an 8-hydroxyquinolate derivative.

    [0236] In a further preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one compound of the formula (XVI),

    in which

    R34", R35", R36", R37", R34', R35', R36' and R37' are each independently H, C1-C18-alkyl, C1-C18-alkyl which is substituted by E' and/or interrupted by D', C6-C24-aryl, C6-C24-aryl which is substituted by G', C2-C20-heteroaryl or C2-C20-heteroaryl which is substituted by G',

    Q is an arylene or heteroarylene group, each of which is optionally substituted by G';

    D' is -CO-; -COO-; -S-; -SO-; -SO2-; -O-; -NR40'-; -SiR45'R46'-; -POR47'-; -CR38'=CR39'-; or -C≡C-; E' is -OR44'; -SR44'; -NR40'R41'; -COR43'; -COOR42'; -CONR40'R41'; -CN; or F;

    G' is E', C1-C18-alkyl, C1-C18-alkyl which is interrupted by D', C1-C18-perfluoroalkyl, C1-C18-alkoxy, or C1-C18-alkoxy which is substituted by E' and/or interrupted by D', in which R38'and R39' are each independently H, C6-C18-aryl; C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl or C1-C18-alkoxy; C1-C18-alkyl; or C1-C18-alkyl which is interrupted by -O-;

    R40' and R41' are each independently C6-C18-aryl; C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl or C1-C18-alkoxy; C1-C18-alkyl; or C1-C18-alkyl which is interrupted by -O-; or R40' and R41' together form a 6-membered ring;

    R42' and R43' are each independently C6-C18-aryl; C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl or C1-C18-alkoxy; C1-C18-alkyl; or C1-C16-alkyl which is interrupted by -O-,

    R44' is C6-C18-aryl; C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl or C1-C18-alkoxy; C1-C18-alkyl; or C1-C18-alkyl which is interrupted by -O-,

    R45' and R46' are each independently C1-C18-alkyl, C6-C18-aryl or C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl,

    R47' is C1-C18-alkyl, C6-C18-aryl or C6-C18-aryl which is substituted by C1-C18-alkyl.



    [0237] Preferred compounds of the formula (XVI) are compounds of the formula (XVIa)

    in which Q is:

    R48' is H or C1-C18-alkyl and

    R48" is H, C1-C18-alkyl or



    [0238] Particular preference is given to a compound of the formula



    [0239] In a further, very particularly preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises a compound Liq and a compound ETM-2.

    [0240] In a preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one compound of the formula (XVII) in an amount of 99 to 1% by weight, preferably 75 to 25% by weight, more preferably about 50% by weight, and at least one compound of the formula (XVI) in an amount of 1 to 99% by weight, preferably 25 to 75% by weight, more preferably about 50% by weight, where the amount of the compounds of the formulae (XVII) and the amount of the compounds of the formulae (XVI) adds up to a total of 100% by weight.

    [0241] The preparation of the compounds of the formula (XVI) is described in J. Kido et al., Chem. Commun. (2008) 5821-5823, J. Kido et al., Chem. Mater. 20 (2008) 5951-5953 and JP2008/127326, or the compounds can be prepared analogously to the processes disclosed in the aforementioned documents.

    [0242] It is likewise possible to use mixtures of alkali metal hydroxyquinolate complexes, preferably Liq, and dibenzofuran compounds in the electron-transport layer. Reference is made to WO2011/157790. Dibenzofuran compounds A-1 to A-36 and B-1 to B-22 described in WO2011/157790 are preferred, wherein dibenzofuran compound

    (A-10; = ETM-1) is most preferred.

    [0243] In a preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises Liq in an amount of 99 to 1% by weight, preferably 75 to 25% by weight, more preferably about 50% by weight, and at least one dibenzofuran compound in an amount of 1 to 99% by weight, preferably 25 to 75% by weight, more preferably about 50% by weight, where the amount of Liq and the amount of the dibenzofuran compound(s), especially ETM-1, adds up to a total of 100% by weight.

    [0244] In a preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one phenanthroline derivative and/or pyridine derivative.

    [0245] In a further preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one phenanthroline derivative and/or pyridine derivative and at least one alkali metal hydroxyquinolate complex.

    [0246] In a further preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises at least one of the dibenzofuran compounds A-1 to A-36 and B-1 to B-22 described in WO2011/157790, especially ETM-1.

    [0247] In a further preferred embodiment, the electron-transport layer comprises a compound described in WO2012/111462, WO2012/147397, WO2012014621, such as, for example, a compound of formula

    US2012/0261654 , such as, for example, a compound of formula

    and WO2012/115034, such as for example, such as, for example, a compound of formula



    [0248] Further preferred embodiments of the electron injection layer of the OLED according to the present invention are mentioned in US 2013306955.

    [0249] For example, the electron transporting material that may be present in the electron transporting layer of the OLED according to the present invention is an electron transporting material represented by formula (1):

            A1(-L1 -L2-L3-L4-Ar1)m     (1)

    wherein:

    each of L1, L2, L3, and L4 independently represents a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkylene group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene group having 5 to 30 ring atoms;

    Ar1 represents a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 30 ring atoms;

    A1 represents an m-valent residue of a ring-containing compound represented by formula (2); and

    m represents an integer of 1 or more:

    wherein:

    ring X is a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or unsaturated 5- to 8-membered ring having a ring nitrogen atom and a ring carbon atom;

    the ring X may be fused to one or more rings Y; and

    the ring Y represents a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon ring or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroring;

    The ring Y preferably represents a substituted or unsubstituted non-fused aromatic hydrocarbon ring having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted fused aromatic hydrocarbon ring having 10 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted non-fused heteroring having 5 to 30 ring atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused heteroring having 10 to 30 ring atoms.

    [0250] The electron transporting material of the invention is preferably represented by formula (1-1) or (1-2) :

            A11(-L11-L21-L31-L41-Ar11)p     (1-1)

    wherein;

    each of L11, L21, L31, and L41 independently represents a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynylene group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkylene group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene group having 5 to 30 ring atoms;

    Ar11 represents a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 30 ring atoms;

    A11 represents a p-valent residue of a ring-containing compound represented by formula (2-1); and

    p represents an integer of 1 or more:

    wherein;
    each of R1 to R4 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylamino group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylamino group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylamino group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acylamino group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryloxy group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxycarbonyl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylcarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a mercapto group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a sulfonyl group, a boryl group, a phosphino group, an amino group, a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, or a valence bonded to L11; or a pair of R1 and R2, R2 and R3, or R3 and R4 are bonded to each other to form a ring Y represented by a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon ring or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroring.

    [0251] A11 of formula (1-1) preferably represents a p-valent residue of a compound represented by formula (2-1-1), (2-1-2), or (2-1-3):







    wherein:

    each of R1 to R4 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, an amino group substituted by a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylamino group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylamino group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylamino group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acylamino group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryloxy group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxycarbonyl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylcarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, mercapto group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a sulfonyl group, an boryl group, a phosphino group, an amino group, a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, or a valence bonded to L11; and

    Y represents the ring Y.



    [0252] Further, A11 preferably represents a p-valent residue of a compound represented by formula (2-1-2-1):

    wherein:

    each of X1 to X4 independently represents CR5 or N;

    each of R1, R4, and R5 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl group having 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylamino group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylamino group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylamino group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acylamino group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryloxy group having 5 to 30 ring atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxycarbonyl group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylcarbonyl group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a mercapto group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group having 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms, a sulfonyl group, an boryl group, a phosphino group, an amino group, a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, or a valence bonded to L11; or R1, R4, and R5 are each bonded to each other to form a ring which forms a part of the ring Y.



    [0253] In particular, the electron transporting layer of the OLED according to the present invention, between the light emitting layer and the cathode, preferably comprises at least one compound of the general formula (I).

    [0254] In a preferred embodiment, the electron transporting layer comprising at least one compound of the general fomrula (I) further comprises a reducing dopant.

    [0255] Examples of the reducing dopant include a donating metal, a donating metal compound, and a donating metal complex. The reducing dopant may be used alone or in combination of two or more.

    [0256] The reducing dopant referred to herein is an electron-donating material. The electron-donating material is a material which generates radical anions by the interaction with a coexisting organic material in the electron transporting layer or an organic material in a layer adjacent to the electron transporting layer, or a material having an electron-donating radical.

    [0257] The donating metal is a metal having a work function of 3.8 eV or less, preferably an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, or a rare earth metal, and more preferably Cs, Li, Na, Sr, K, Mg, Ca, Ba, Yb, Eu, or Ce.

    [0258] The donating metal compound is a compound comprising the above donating metal, preferably a compound comprising an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, or a rare earth metal, and more preferably a halide, an oxide, a carbonate, or a borate of these metals, for example, a compound represented by MOx (M: donating metal, x: 0.5 to 1.5), MFx (x: 1 to 3), or M(CO3)x (x: 0.5 to 1.5).

    [0259] The donating metal complex is a complex comprising the above donating metal, preferably an organic metal complex of an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal or a rare earth metal, and more preferably an organic metal complex represented by formula (I):

            MQn     (I)

    wherein M is a donating metal, Q is a ligand, preferably a carboxylic acid derivative, a diketone derivative, or a quinoline derivative, and n is an integer of 1 to 4.

    [0260] Examples of the donating metal complex include watermill-shaped tungsten compounds described in JP 2005-72012A and phthalocyanine compounds having an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal as the central metal, which are described in JP 11-345687A.

    [0261] The reducing dopant is preferably at least one selected from the group consisting of an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a rare earth metal, an alkali metal oxide, an alkali metal halide, an alkaline earth metal oxide, an alkaline earth metal halide, a rare earth metal oxide, a rare earth metal halide, an organic complex having an alkali metal, an organic complex having an alkaline earth metal, and an organic complex having a rare earth metal, and more preferably a 8-quinolinol complex of an alkali metal.

    [0262] Examples of the alkali metal includes:

    Li (lithium, work function: 2.93 eV),

    Na (sodium, work function: 2.36 eV),

    K (potassium, work function: 2.3 eV),

    Rb (rubidium, work function: 2.16 eV), and

    Cs (cesium, work function: 1.95 eV).



    [0263] The values of work functions are based on Handbook of Chemistry (Pure Chemistry II, 1984, p. 493, edited by The Chemical Society of Japan). The same applies hereafter
    Preferred examples of the alkaline earth metals are:

    Ca (calcium, work function: 2.9 eV),

    Mg (magnesium, work function: 3.66 eV),

    Ba (barium, work function: 2.52 eV), and

    Sr (strontium, work function: 2.0 to 2.5 eV).



    [0264] The work function of strontium is based of Physics of Semiconductor Device (N.Y., Wiley, 1969, p. 366).

    [0265] Preferred examples of the rare earth metal are:

    Yb (ytterbium, work function: 2.6 eV),

    Eu (europium, work function: 2.5 eV),

    Gd (gadolinium, work function: 3.1 eV), and

    Er (erbium, work function: 2.5 eV).



    [0266] Examples of the alkali metal oxide include Li2O, LiO, and NaO. The alkaline earth metal oxide is preferably CaO, BaO, SrO, BeO, or MgO.

    [0267] Examples of the alkali metal halide include a fluoride, for example, LiF, NaF, CsF, and KF and a chloride, for example, LiCI, KCI, and NaCl.

    [0268] The alkaline earth metal halide is preferably a fluoride, such as CaF2, BaF2, SrF2, MgF2, and BeF2 and a halide other than fluoride.

    [0269] An OLED wherein at least one compound according to general formula (I) used in the electron transporting layer is particularly preferred because the driving voltage is reduced while increasing the efficiency.

    [0270] The content of the at least one compound according to general formula (I) in the electron transporting layer is preferably 50% by mass or more and more preferably 60% by mass or more.

    [0271] The electron transporting layer facilitates the injection of electrons into the light emitting layer and transports the electrons to the light emitting zone, and has a large electron mobility and an electron affinity generally as large as 2.5 eV or more. The electron transporting layer is preferably formed from a material capable of transporting electrons to the light emitting layer at a lower strength of electric field, preferably having an electron mobility of, for example, at least 10-6 cm2/V·s under an electric field of 104 to 106 V/cm.

    [0272] The material for forming the electron injecting/transporting layer in combination with the compound according to general formula (I) is not particularly limited as long as having the preferred properties mentioned above and may be selected from those commonly used as the electron transporting material in the field of photoconductive materials and those known as the materials for the electron injecting/transporting layer of organic EL devices.

    [0273] In the present invention, an electron injecting layer including an insulating material or a semiconductor may be disposed between the cathode and the organic layer. By such an electron injecting layer, the leak of electric current is effectively prevented to improve the electron injecting ability. Preferred examples of the insulating material include at least one metal compound selected from the group consisting of an alkali metal chalcogenide, an alkaline earth metal chalcogenide, an alkali metal halide, and an alkaline earth metal halide. An electron injecting layer including the above alkali metal chalcogenide is preferred because the electron injecting property is further improved. Preferred alkali metal chalcogenides include Li2O, K2O, Na2S, Na2Se, and Na2O; preferred alkaline earth metal chalcogenides include CaO, BaO, SrO, BeO, BaS, and CaSe; preferred alkali metal halides include LiF, NaF, KF, LiCI, KCI, and NaCl; and preferred alkaline earth metal halides include fluoride such as CaF2, BaF2, SrF2, MgF2, and BeF2 and halides other than fluoride.

    [0274] Examples of the semiconductor for the electron transporting layer include an oxide, a nitride and an oxynitride of at least one element selected from Ba, Ca, Sr, Yb, Al, Ga, In, Li, Na, Cd, Mg, Si, Ta, Sb, and Zn, which are used singly or in combination of two or more. It is preferred that the inorganic compound constituting the electron transporting layer forms a microcrystalline or amorphous insulating thin film. When constituted of the insulating thin film described above, the electron injecting layer is made more uniform to reduce the pixel defect such as dark spots. Examples of such a inorganic compound include the alkali metal chalcogenide, the alkaline earth metal chalcogenide, the alkali metal halide and the alkaline earth metal halide which are described above.

    Electron injection layer (h):



    [0275] The electron injection layer may be any layer that improves the injection of electrons into an adjacent organic layer.

    [0276] Lithium-comprising organometallic compounds such as 8-hydroxyquinolatolithium (Liq), CsF, NaF, KF, Cs2CO3 or LiF may be applied between the electron transport layer (g) and the cathode (i) as an electron injection layer (h) in order to reduce the operating voltage.

    Cathode (i):



    [0277] The cathode (i) is an electrode which serves to introduce electrons or negative charge carriers. The cathode may be any metal or nonmetal which has a lower work function than the anode. Suitable materials for the cathode are selected from the group consisting of alkali metals of group 1, for example Li, Cs, alkaline earth metals of group 2, metals of group 12 of the Periodic Table of the Elements, comprising the rare earth metals and the lanthanides and actinides. In addition, metals such as aluminum, indium, calcium, barium, samarium and magnesium, and combinations thereof, may be used.

    [0278] In general, the different layers, if present, have the following thicknesses:

    anode (a): 500 to 5000 Å (ångström), preferably 1000 to 2000 Å;

    hole injection layer (b): 50 to 1000 Å, preferably 200 to 800 Å,

    hole-transport layer (c): 50 to 1000 Å, preferably 100 to 800 Å,

    exciton blocking layer (d): 10 to 500 Å, preferably 50 to 100 Å,

    light-emitting layer (e): 10 to 1000 Å, preferably 50 to 600 Å,

    hole/ exciton blocking layer (f): 10 to 500 Å, preferably 50 to 100 Å,

    electron-transport layer (g): 50 to 1000 Å, preferably 200 to 800 Å,

    electron injection layer (h): 10 to 500 Å, preferably 20 to 100 Å,

    cathode (i): 200 to 10 000 Å, preferably 300 to 5000 Å.



    [0279] The person skilled in the art is aware (for example on the basis of electrochemical studies) of how suitable materials have to be selected. Suitable materials for the individual layers are known to those skilled in the art and are disclosed, for example, in WO 00/70655.

    [0280] In addition, it is possible that some of the layers used in the inventive OLED have been surface-treated in order to increase the efficiency of charge carrier transport. The selection of the materials for each of the layers mentioned is preferably determined by obtaining an OLED with a high efficiency and lifetime.

    [0281] The inventive OLED can be produced by methods known to those skilled in the art. In general, the inventive OLED is produced by successive vapor deposition of the individual layers onto a suitable substrate. Suitable substrates are, for example, glass, inorganic semiconductors or polymer films. For vapor deposition, it is possible to use customary techniques, such as thermal evaporation, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), physical vapor deposition (PVD) and others. In an alternative process, the organic layers of the OLED can be applied from solutions or dispersions in suitable solvents, employing coating techniques known to those skilled in the art.

    [0282] Use of the compounds according to general formula (I) in at least one layer of the OLED, preferably in the light-emitting layer, preferably as a host material, a charge transporting material, particularly preferably as a host material and hole or electron transporting material, makes it possible to obtain OLEDs with high efficiency and with low use and operating voltage. Frequently, the OLEDs obtained by the use of the compounds according to general formula (I) additionally have high lifetimes. The efficiency of the OLEDs can additionally be improved by optimizing the other layers of the OLEDs. For example, high-efficiency cathodes such as Ca or Ba, if appropriate in combination with an intermediate layer of LiF, can be used. Moreover, additional layers may be present in the OLEDs in order to adjust the energy level of the different layers and to facilitate electroluminescence.

    [0283] The OLEDs may further comprise at least one second light-emitting layer. The overall emission of the OLEDs may be composed of the emission of the at least two light-emitting layers and may also comprise white light.

    [0284] The OLEDs can be used in all apparatus in which electroluminescence is useful. Suitable devices are preferably selected from stationary and mobile visual display units and illumination units. Stationary visual display units are, for example, visual display units of computers, televisions, visual display units in printers, kitchen appliances and advertising panels, illuminations and information panels. Mobile visual display units are, for example, visual display units in cellphones, tablet PCs, laptops, digital cameras, MP3 players, vehicles and destination displays on buses and trains. Further devices in which the inventive OLEDs can be used are, for example, keyboards; items of clothing; furniture; wallpaper. In addition, the present invention relates to a device selected from the group consisting of stationary visual display units such as visual display units of computers, televisions, visual display units in printers, kitchen appliances and advertising panels, illuminations, information panels, and mobile visual display units such as visual display units in cellphones, tablet PCs, laptops, digital cameras, MP3 players, vehicles and destination displays on buses and trains; illumination units; keyboards; items of clothing; furniture; wallpaper, comprising at least one inventive organic light-emitting diode or at least one inventive light-emitting layer.

    [0285] The following examples are included for illustrative purposes only and do not limit the scope of the claims. Unless otherwise stated, all parts and percentages are by weight.

    Examples


    Compounds synthesized


    Compound 1


    Intermediate 1-1



    [0286] 



    [0287] 2-Amino-6-fluorobenzoic acid (35 g, 225.6 mmol) was dissolved in 885 ml of water and 26 mL of acetic acid. The mixture was stirred at 35 °C for 15 min. After that, sodium cyanate (36.67 g, 564 mmol) dissolved in 442 mL of water was added dropwise to the suspension, and the mixture was stirred at 35 °C for 30 min. Then, sodium hydroxide (180.49 g, 4.51 mol) was slowly added to the reaction mixture, the mixture is cooled at room temperature. After 374 mL of hydrogen chloride was added there, the precipitate was collected by filtration and washed with water. The solid was dried in a vacuum oven to yield 37.19 (92%) of 1-1 as white solid.
    LC-MS: 179 [M+H]

    Intermediate 1-2



    [0288] 



    [0289] 1-1 (2.6 g, 14.43 mmol) was suspended in 29 mL of toluene and heated to 50 °C. phosphoryl chloride (9.88 mL, 108.25 mmol) was added dropwise, and then DBU (4.31 mL, 28.87 mmol) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred vigorously at 120 °C for overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled at room temperature, it was added dropwise to ice-water. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (AcOEt). After it was washed with brine and dried with Na2SO4, it was concentrated to give a solid. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel eluting with toluene to yield 3.41 g (80.8%) of 1-2 as a white powder.
    LC-MS: 217 [M+H]

    Intermediate 1-3



    [0290] 



    [0291] 1-2 (2.17 g, 10.0 mmol) and 2-hydroxybenzene boronic acid (1.38 g, 10.0 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL of THF. To the solution was added potassium fluoride (1.74 g, 30.0 mmol) dissolved in 5 mL of water, and the mixture was evacuated and purged with Argon gas. Then, tBu3P-HBF4 (290 mg, 1.00 mmol) and Pd(OAc)2 (225 mg, 1.00 mmol) were added to the mixture, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was dried with MgSO4, filtrated over Celite and washed with ethyl acetate. The crude was purified by column chromatography on silica gel eluting with a mixed solvent of heptane and AcOEt to yield 2.27 g (96%) of 1-3 as a slightly yellow solid.
    LC-MS : 275 [M+H]

    Intermediate 1-4



    [0292] 



    [0293] 1-3 (3.02 g, 11 mmol) was dissolved in 55 mL of DMF and potassium carbonate (1.67 g, 12.1 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 min. The reaction mixture was diluted with 100 mL of water, and the solid was collected by filtration and washed with water. It was dried in vacuum oven to yield 2.60 g of 1-4 as a yellow powder.
    LC-MS: 255 [M+1]

    Compound 1



    [0294] 



    [0295] 1-4 (1.02 g, 4.00 mmol), 5,12-dihydro-5-phenylindolo[3,2-a]carbabole (1.21 g, 3.63 mmol) which prepared according to the protocol mentioned in a patent application (US2015243893), and sodium tert-butoxide (489 mg, 5.09 mmol) were added to 24 mL of Toluene. The mixture was evacuated and purged with argon gas three times. Then, tBu3P-HBF4 (93 mg, 0.32 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (67 mg, 0.07 mmol) were added to the mixture, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 100°C for 15 h. The precipitate was collected by filtration, and washed with toluene, ethanol (EtOH), and water. It was purified by chromatography eluting with heptane and toluene to yield 1.46 g (73%) of Compound 1 as a yellow powder.
    LC-MS: 551 [M+H]

    Compound 2



    [0296] 



    [0297] 1-4 (1.375 g, 5.40 mmol), 5,12-Dihydro-12-phenylindolo[3,2-a]carbazole (1.50 g, 4.5 mmol) which prepared according to the protocol mentioned in a patent application (WO2016099204), and sodium tert-butoxide (1.30 mg, 13.5 mmol) were added to 30 mL of toluene. The mixture was evacuated and purged with argon gas three times. Then, xantphos (156 mg, 0.27 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (124 mg, 0.14 mmol) were added to the mixture, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 110°C for 5 h. The precipitate was collected by filtration, and washed with toluene, EtOH, and water. It was purified by chromatography eluting with heptane and toluene to yield 1.85 g (75%) of Compound 2 as a yellow powder.
    LC-MS: 551 [M+H]

    Compound 3


    Intermediate 3-1



    [0298] 



    [0299] (2-Bromophenyl)hydrazine HCl salt (7.48 g, 40.0 mmol) was suspended in water (20 mL) and HCI (21 mL, 4 M in dioxane) in a 100 mL three-necked round-bottom flask. The flask was fitted with a reflux condenser and heated to 85 °C, where 2-tetralone (5.55 ml, 42.0 mmol) was added dropwise over 10 min. The reaction was refluxed for 16 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool to room temperature and neutralized with 30% aqueous NaOH solution. The layers were transferred to a 250 mL separation funnel, separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with AcOEt. The combined organic layers were dried with Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified via flash chromatography with AcOEt and heptane to yield 6.37 g (54%) of 3-1 as an off-white solid.
    LC-MS:296 [M-H]

    Intermediate 3-2



    [0300] 



    [0301] To a 250 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-1 (6.3 g, 21.1 mmol), p-chloranil (5.45 g, 22.2 mmol) and degassed xylenes (75 ml). The reaction was fitted with a reflux condenser, placed under Ar and heated to 140 °C for 16 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool to room temperature and the solid was filtered off. The resulting filtrate was concentrated, and then purified via flash chromatography with a mixed solvent of AcOEt and heptane to yield 5.9 g (95%) of 3-2 as a gray solid.
    LC-MS: 294 [M-H]

    Intermediate 3-3



    [0302] 



    [0303] To a dried 250 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-2 (12 g, 40.5 mmol), bis(pinacolato)diboron (13.38 g, 52.7 mmol), potassium acetate (7.95 g, 81 mmol) and Pd(dppf)Cl2 (1.20 g, 1.621 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and backfilled with Ar, then degassed dioxane (101 ml) was added. The reaction was gently refluxed at 100 °C for 15 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool down to room temperature, then filtered over a pad of silica/celite. The filtrate was concentrated, and then purified via flash chromatography with AcOEt and heptane to yield 11 g (79%) of 3-3 as an off-white solid. 3-3 was used for the next reaction without further purification.

    Intermediate 3-4



    [0304] 



    [0305] To a 250 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-3 (10.91 g, 31.8 mmol), 1-bromo-2-nitrobenzene (7.71 g, 38.1 mmol), NaOH (3.81 g, 95 mmol) and Pd(PPh3)4 (1.102 g, 0.954 mmol). The flask was purged with N2 for 5 min, and then THF (70 ml) and water (35 ml) were added. The reaction was fitted with a reflux condenser and gently refluxed for 16 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool down to room temperature and transferred to a 500 mL separation funnel. The aqueous layer was extracted with AcOEt. The combined organic layers were dried with Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified via flash chromatography with AcOEt and heptane to yield 9.36 g (87%) of 3-4 as an off-white solid.
    LC-MS: 337 [M-H]

    Intermediate 3-5



    [0306] 



    [0307] To a dried 250 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-4 (9 g, 26.6 mmol), potassium carbonate (11.03 g, 80 mmol) and copper (1.69 g, 26.6 mmol). The flask was fitted with a reflux condenser and placed under N2. Nitrobenzene (27 ml) and iodobenzene (7.5 mL, 66.9 mmol) were added and the reaction was heated to 190 °C for three days. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool down to room temperature, diluted with AcOEt and transferred to a 500 mL separation funnel. The organic layer was thoroughly washed with a 1% solution of 2-aminopropanol in water. The organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The resulting solid was dried, and then recrystallized from toluene. After filtration, 6.93 g (63%) of 3-5 was obtained as a yellow solid.
    LC-MS: 415 [M+H]

    Intermediate 3-6



    [0308] 



    [0309] To a dried 100 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-5 (6.9 g, 16.65 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (21.83 g, 83 mmol). The reaction was placed under N2, and heated at 200 °C for 16 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool down to room temperature, diluted with heptane and filtered. The resulting solid was washed several times with refluxing MeOH, and then further purified by a hot filtration with toluene and chlorobenzene. 5 g (79%) of 3-6 was obtained as a gray solid.
    LC-MS: 383 [M+H]

    Compound 3



    [0310] 



    [0311] To a dried 100 mL three-necked round-bottom flask were added 3-6 (1.912 g, 5 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.382 g, 10.00 mmol) and 1-4 (1.27 g, 5.00 mmol) and placed under N2 for 5 min. Degassed DMF (15 ml) was added and the reaction was heated at 120 °C for 21 h. Then, the reaction was allowed to cool down to room temperature and filtered, rinsing with toluene, water and EtOH. The crude yellow solid was recrystallized from chlorobenzene, and then purified via flash chromatography with CHCl3 and heptane to give 1.96 g (65%) of Compound 3 as a yellow solid.
    LC-MS: 601[M+H]

    Compound 4



    [0312] 



    [0313] 1-4 (1.23 g, 4.84 mmol), 5,7-Dihydro-5-phenylindolo[2,3-b]carbazole (1.34 g, 4.04 mmol) which prepared according to the protocol mentioned in a patent application (WO2015099484), and sodium tert-butoxide (543 mg, 5.65 mmol) were added to 30 mL of Toluene. The mixture was evacuated and purged with argon gas three times. Then, tBu3P-HBF4 (94 mg, 0.32 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (74 mg, 0.08 mmol) were added to the mixture, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 15 h. The precipitate was collected by filtration, and washed with toluene, EtOH, and water. The product was extracted in Soxhlet extractor with a mixed solvent of THF, chloroform, and EtOH. The solid formed in the solvent was collected by filtration to yield 1.78 g (81%) of compound 4 as a yellow powder.
    LC-MS: 551 [M+H]

    Compound 5


    Intermediate 5-1



    [0314] 



    [0315] 4-Dibenzothiopheneboronic acid (12.9 g, 56.6 mmol), 2-nitrobromobenzene (12.6 g, 62.2 mmol), Pd(PPh)3 (1.3 g, 1.13 mmol), and 2M Na2CO3 aqueous solution (85 mL) were entered to dimetoxymethane (260 mL). The mixture was refluxed for 24 h. Then, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature. After addition of 500 mL of toluene to the reaction mixture, the aqueous layer was extracted with toluene. The organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with toluene. Then, it was further purified by recrystallization with toluene to yield 13.7 g (80%) of 5-1 as a yellow solid.
    LC-MS: 306 [M+H]

    Intermediate 5-2



    [0316] 



    [0317] 5-1 (13.7 g, 44.9 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (29.4 g, 112 mmol) were entered to 200 mL of o-dichlorobenzene. The mixture was stirred at 185 °C for 20 h. After the solvent was removed by distillation, methanol was added there to solidify the product. The solid was washed with hot toluene to yield 5.5 g (45%) of 5-2 as a white solid.
    LC-MS: 274 [M+H]

    Compound 5



    [0318] 



    [0319] 1-4 (1.36 g, 5.34 mmol), 5-2 (1.39 g, 5.08 mmol), and sodium tert-butoxide (489 mg, 5.09 mmol) were added to 24 mL of Toluene. The mixture was evacuated and purged with argon gas three times. Then, tBu3P-HBF4 (118 mg, 0.41 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (93 mg, 0.10 mmol) were added to the mixture, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 110°C for 15 h. The precipitate was collected by filtration, and washed with toluene, EtOH, and water. It was purified by chromatography eluting with heptane and toluene to yield 2.28 g (91%) of Compound 5 as a yellow powder.
    LC-MS: 551 [M+H]

    Compound 6


    Intermediate 6-1



    [0320] 



    [0321] 3-Bromo-2-nitroaniline (50.00 g, 230.0 mmol), naphthalene-1-ylboronic acid (44.00 g, 256.0 mmol) and potassium phosphate (98.00 g, 461.0 mmol) were dissolved in 400 mL of tetrahydrofuran and 100 mL of water under nitrogen atmosphere. PBU3-HBF4 (1.34 g, 4.6 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (2.11 g, 2.3 mmol) were added and the mixture was refluxed for 3 hours. After cooling to room temperature, the two phases were separated, the aqueous phase was extracted with 30 mL of toluene and the combined organic phases were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in AcOEt and filtered over a silica plug. The filtrate was triturated with heptane until a yellow product precipitates. The mixture was filtered to yield 57 g (92%) of 6-1 as a yellow solid.
    LC-MS: 265 [M+H]

    Intermediate 6-2



    [0322] 



    [0323] 6-1 (15.00 g, 56.8 mmol), 1-bromo-2-chlorobenzene (11.41 g, 59.6 mmol) and cesium carbonate (37.00 g, 114.0 mmol) were suspended in 190 mL of toluene. Nitrogen was bubbled through for 15 minutes. Rac-BINAP (1.06 g, 1.7 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (1.04 g, 1.1 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 15 hours. After cooling to room temperature the reaction mixture was filtered over a silica plug, the filtrate was evaporated and the residue was chromatographed with heptane and CH2Cl2 as eluent to yield 18.95 g (86%) of 6-2 as a solid.
    LC-MS: 375 [M+H]

    Intermediate 6-3



    [0324] 



    [0325] 6-2 (13.00 g, 34.7 mmol), palladium(II)acetate (78 mg, 0.3 mmol), 1,3-Bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (0.15 g, 0.3 mmol) and potassium carbonate (9.59 g, 69.4 mmol) were purged with nitrogen and suspended in 170 mL of DMA. Then nitrogen was bubbled through for 15 minutes and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 3 hours. After cooling to room temperature the solvent was removed in vacuo, the residue was suspended in CH2Cl2 and concentrated HCI was added. The phases were separated and the organic phase was filtered over a silica plug. The solvent was evaporated and the residue recrystallized in a mixture of CH2Cl2 and heptane to yield 7.5 g (64%) of 6-3 as an orange solid.
    LC-MS: 336 [M-H]

    Intermediate 6-4



    [0326] 



    [0327] 6-3 (4.83 g, 14.3 mmol), iodobenzene (11.67 g, 57.1 mmol), copper (0.45 g, 7.1 mmol) and potassium carbonate (5.92 g, 42.8 mmol) were suspended in 40 mL of nitrobenzene and nitrogen was bubbled through for 20 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred at 210°C for 87 hours, then cooled to room temperature and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in a mixture CH2Cl2 and heptane, and filtered over a silica plug. The yellow fraction was collected and concentrated until a yellow solid precipitates. The yellow solid was recovered by filtration to yield 4.86 g (81%) of 6-4 as a solid.
    LC-MS: 415 [M+H]

    Intermediate 6-5



    [0328] 



    [0329] 6-4 (4.40 g, 10.6 mmol) and triphenyl phosphine (13.92 g, 53.1 mmol) were mixed and heated to 200°C. The solution was stirred at 200 °C for 48 hours, then cooled to room temperature. The brown solid was chromatographed with heptane and CH2Cl2 as eluent to yield 2.88 g (71%) of 6-5 as a white solid.
    LC-MS: 383 [M+H]

    Compound 6



    [0330] 



    [0331] 1-4 (2.85 g, 11.2 mmol), 6-5 (2.85 g, 7.5 mmol), Xantphos (431 mg, 0.75 mmol), Pd2(dba)3 (341 mg, 0.37 mmol) and sodium tert-butoxide (0.80 g, 8.3 mmol) were suspended in 100 mL of toluene and nitrogen was bubbled through for 15 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred at 100°C for 22 hours. The solvent was removed and the residue was dry deposited on silica and chromatographed with heptane and CH2Cl2 as eluent to yield 1.80 g (40%) of Compound 6.
    LC-MS: 601 [M+H]

    Application Example 1



    [0332] A glass substrate with 120 nm-thick indium-tin-oxide (ITO) transparent electrode (manufactured by Geomatec Co., Ltd.) used as an anode was first cleaned with isopropanol in an ultrasonic bath for 10 min. To eliminate any possible organic residues, the substrate was exposed to an ultraviolet light and ozone for further 30 min. This treatment also improves the hole injection properties of the ITO. The cleaned substrate was mounted on a substrate holder and loaded into a vacuum chamber. Thereafter, the organic materials specified below were applied by vapor deposition to the ITO substrate at a rate of approx. 0.2-1 Å/sec at about 10-6 -10-8 mbar. As the first layer, 5 nm-thick of electron accepting compound A was vapor-deposited. Then 220 nm-thick of aromatic amine compound B was applied as a hole transporting layer. Then, a mixture of 2% by weight of an emitter compound (Compound C), 98% by weight of a host (compound 1) was applied to form a 40 nm-thick phosphorescent-emitting layer. On the emitting layer, a mixture of 50% by weight of an electron transporting compound, Compound D, 50% by weight of Liq (8-Hydroxyquinolate lithium) was applied to form a 30 nm-thick electron transport layer. Finally, 1 nm-thick Liq was deposited as an electron injection layer and 80 nm-thick Al was then deposited as a cathode to complete the device. The device was sealed with a glass lid and a getter in an inert nitrogen atmosphere with less than 1 ppm of water and oxygen.







    [0333] Compound Z is prepared as described in PCT/IB2016/057889 (compound 9).

    Application Example 2



    [0334] Application Example 2 was repeated except that the emitter (compound C) was replaced by comparative emitter (Comparative A). The device results are shown in Table 1.


    OLED characterization



    [0335] To characterize the OLED, electroluminescence spectra were recorded at various currents and voltages. In addition, the current-voltage characteristic was measured in combination with the luminance to determine luminous efficiency and external quantum efficiency (EQE). Driving voltage U, EQE and Commission Internationale de I'Eclairage (CIE) coordinate are given at 10mA/cm2 except otherwise stated.
    Table 1
    Appl. Ex.HostEmitterU (V)EQE (%)CIE x, y
    Appl. Ex. 1 Compound Z Compound C 4.72 10.3 0.66, 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 2 Compound Z Comparative A 4.83 7.4 0.66, 0.34


    [0336] The results are shown in Table 1. Combination with a specific emitter (Compound C) shows a lower driving voltage and higher EQE than the comparative compound (Comparative A).

    Application Examples 3 to 8



    [0337] Application Example 1 was repeated except that the host (Compound 6) was replaced by Compound 1 to 5. The device results are shown in Table 2.
    Table 2
    Appl. Ex.HostEmitterU (V)EQE (%)CIE x, y
    Appl. Ex. 3 Compound 1 Compound C 4.7 13.2 0.66, 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 4 Compound 2 Compound C 5.0 18.1 0.66, 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 5 Compound 3 Compound C 4.3 16.2 0.66, 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 6 Compound 4 Compound C 4.8 15.2 0.66, 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 7 Compound 5 Compound C 5.0 14.5 0.66. 0.34
    Appl. Ex. 8 Compound 6 Compound C 4.8 12.5 0.66, 0.33



    Claims

    1. A composition comprising

    i) at least one Ir complex represented by the following formula (XX)

            IrLg1Lg2Lg3     (XX)

    wherein
    Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3 are selected from the following groups A-1, A-2 and A-3

    wherein one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably one, are a group A-3, and one or two of Lg1, Lg2 and Lg3, preferably two, are selected from the group consisting of A-1 and A-2,

    wherein

    Xa is CRa' or N;

    Xb is CRb' or N;

    Xc is CRc' or N;

    Xd is CRd' or N;

    Xe is CRe' or N;

    Xf is CRf or N;

    Xg is CRg or N;

    Xh is CRh or N;

    Xi is CRi or N;

    Xj is CRj or N;

    Xk is CRk or N;and

    Xl is CRl or N;

    wherein at least one of Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe and Xf is CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe' respectively CRf, and at least one of Xg, Xh, Xi, Xj, Xk and Xl is CRg, CRh, CRi, CRj, CRk respectively CRl;

    Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl each independently represent hydrogen, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group;

    wherein at least one of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf, and at least one of Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk and Rl is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group;

    Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, a halogen, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C25cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group, preferably, Ra to Re each independently represent hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20ary group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group;

    a and b each independently represent an integer of 0 to 5; and

    each of Ra and Rb is the same or different;

    wherein the dotted lines are bonding sites;

    and

    ii) at least one compound represented by the general formula (I)

    wherein

    X2 is CR2,

    X4 is CR4 or N,

    X5 is CR5 or N,

    X6 is CR6 or N,

    X7 is CR7 or N,

    X8 is CR8 or N,

    X9 is CR9 or N,

    X10 is CR10 or N,

    Y is O or S,

    R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C2-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or

    at least two of R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    p is 0 or 1, q is 0 or 1, r is 0 or 1 and s is 0 or 1,

    D is independently of each other -CO-, -COO-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, -O-,-CR15=CR16-, -NR17-, -SiR22R23-, -POR25-, -C≡C-,

    E is independently of each other -OR21,-SR21, -NR17R18, -COR20, -COOR19, -CONR17R18, -CN, -SiR22R23R24, POR25R27, halogen, a C6-C6aryl group which is unsubstituted or is substituted by at least one -F,-CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3 or -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18 alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C60heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one -F,-CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, -C(CF3)3, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group or a C1-C13heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group,

    R15 and R16 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group which is interrupted by at least one O,

    R17 and R18 are independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, or

    R17 and R18 together form a five or six membered aliphatic, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring,

    R19 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

    R20 is H or a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18 alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

    R21 is independently of each other H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O,

    R22, R23 and R24 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, and

    R25 and R27 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI), preferably, R2 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formulae (XIII), (XV) or (XXI);

    wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    m is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    R26 is independently of each other selected from E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    or at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, to which at least one further aromatic and/or heteroaromatic ring or ring system may be fused,

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 and R38 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H, phenyl or biphenyl,

    or

    at least two of R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 or R38, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form together at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

    Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

    wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably H, methyl, ethyl, or phenyl,

    R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, methyl, ethyl, phenyl or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

    R36 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group,

    wherein the dotted line is a bonding site;

    wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    m is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    R26 is independently of each other selected from E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D,

    or at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, may form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring or ring system, to which at least one further aromatic and/or heteroaromatic ring or ring system may be fused, R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 and R44 are independently of each other selected from H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably H,

    or

    at least two of R28, R29, R30 or R31, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, together may form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and

    Q and T are independently of each other selected from direct bond, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 and NR36, wherein Q and T are not at the same time a direct bond;

    wherein R32 and R33 are independently of each other H, a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably H, methyl, ethyl or phenyl,

    R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, E, a C6-C24aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C24heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring, preferably, R34 and R35 are independently of each other H, ethyl, ethyl, phenyl or a spiro group, or R34 and R35 together may form a five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, aliphatic ring,

    R36 is H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, for example phenyl,

    wherein the dotted line is a bonding site,

    wherein

    A1 is CR62 or N,

    A2 is CR63 or N,

    A3 is CR64 or N,

    A4 is CR65 or N,

    B1 is CR66 or N,

    B2 is CR67 or N,

    B3 is CR68 or N,

    B4 is CR69 or N,

    Y1 is NR70, CR71R72, O or S;

    R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68 and R69 are independently of each other H, direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or

    at least two of R62, R63, R64 and R65 may be directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXII) via the two *-locations;

    wherein

    Y2 is NR73, CR74R75, O or S,

    or

    at least two of R66, R67, R68 and R69 may be directly bonded to the moiety represented by the general formula (XXIII) via the two *-locations.

    wherein

    Y3 is NR80, CR81R82, O or S,

    R70, R73 and R80 are independently of each other a direct bond, H, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81 and R82 are, independently of each other H, a direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or R71 and R72, R74 and R75 and/or R81 and R82 together form at least one C3-C18-alkyl ring or ring system to which at least one C6-C18aryl ring or ring system may be attached, R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 and R86 are independently of each other H, a direct bond, E, a C6-C40aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, C1-C30heteroaryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C25alkyl group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D, a C7-C25aralkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C5-C12cycloalkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E,

    or

    R76 and R77, R77 and R78 and/or R78 and R79 together may form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system, and/or

    R83 and R84, R84 and R85 and/or R85 and R86 together form at least one C6-C18aryl or C2-C18heteroaryl ring or ring system,

    wherein the heterocyclic group according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via one of R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86, wherein this respective residue R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 or R86 is a direct bond, optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-, in this case,

    m is 1, 2, 3 or 4,

    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D.


     
    2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the compound of formula (XX) is represented by the following formulae (XX-1) or (XX-2):



    wherein Lg2 and Lg3 are a group A-1, A-2 or A-3, wherein in formula (XX-1), at least one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3, preferably, one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3 and the other is a group A-1; and in formula (XX-2), at least one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3, preferably, one of Lg2 and Lg3 is a group A-3 and the other is a group A-2.
     
    3. The composition according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the compound of formula (XX) is represented by one of the following formulae (XX-3) and (XX-4):


     
    4. The composition according to claim 3, wherein the compounds of formulae (XX-3) and XX-4 are represented by the following formulae (XX-5) and XX-6:

    wherein
    Ra and Rb each independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C25alkyl group.
     
    5. The composition according to claim 4, wherein the compounds of formulae (XX-5) and XX-6 are represented by the following formulae (XX-7) and XX-8:

    wherein

    one or two of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf Rj each independently represent CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl;

    and the remaining of Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' and Rf are hydrogen;

    Rj is CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, ethyl, trimethylsilyl, triethylsilyl, triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, trimethylgermyl, triethylgermyl or triisopropylgermyl;

    and

    Rc and Re are independently of each other methyl, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 or CH2CH(CH3)2.


     
    6. The composition according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein wherein one of R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 in the compound of formula (I) is a N-heteroaryl group according to general formula (XIV)

    wherein

    R39, R40, R41, R42 are independently of each other selected from H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one C1-C18alkyl group or at least one C1-C18alkoxy group, a C1-C18alkyl group or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by at least one O, preferably H, a C6-C18aryl group which is unsubstituted or a C1-C18alkyl group, more preferably R39, R40, R41 and R42 are H,

    wherein the dotted line is a bonding site.


     
    7. The composition according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the heterocyclic group according to the general formula (XXI) is represented by any one of general formulae (XXIa), (XXIb) or (XXIc)






     
    8. The composition according to claim 7 wherein one of Y1, Y2 and Y3 is NR70, NR73 or NR80 respectively.
     
    9. The composition according to claim 8, wherein two of Y1, Y2 and Y3 are NR70, NR73 or NR80 respectively.
     
    10. The composition according to any one of claims 1 to 5, 7 and 8 wherein the substituent according to general formula (XXI) is connected to the compound according to general formula (I) via R70, R73 or R80, wherein this respective residue R70, R73 or R80 is a direct bond, optionally interrupted by a group of formula -(M)m-,
    wherein in this case,
    m is 1, 2, 3 or 4,
    M is a C6-C40 arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, a C1-C24heteroarylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E or a C1-C25 alkylene group which unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E and/or interrupted by at least one group D.
     
    11. The composition according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein in formulae (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) or (XXIc) m is 0 or 1, preferably 0, M is a C6-C40arylene group which is unsubstituted or substituted by at least one group E, preferably phenylene, and in formulae (XIII), (XIV) or (XV) at least two of R26, if present at adjacent carbon atoms, form at least one five or six membered, substituted or unsubstituted, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic or heteroaromatic ring.
     
    12. The composition according to any one of claims 1 to11, wherein R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are H and R2 is a N-heteroaryl group according to one of the formulae (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) or (XXIc).
     
    13. The composition according to anyone of claims 1 to 6, 11 and 12, wherein
    formula (XIII) is represented by

    formula (XV) is represented by

    and formula (XIV) is represented by


     
    14. The composition according to claim 13, wherein
    formula (XIII) is represented by



    formula (XV) is represented by



    and formula (XIVb) is represented by

    wherein A is S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 or NR36.
     
    15. The composition according to claim 14, comprising

    i) At least one Ir complex represented by the formula



    and

    ii) at least one compound represented by one of the formulae (XIIIa1), (XIIIa2), (XIIIa3), (XIIIa4), (XIIIa5), (XIIIa6), (XIIIa7), (XIIIa8), (XIIIb1), (XIIIb2), (XIIIb3), (XIIIb4), (XIIIb5), (XIIIb6), (XIIIb7), (XIIIb8), (XIVb1), (XIVb2), (XIVb3), (XVa1), (XVa2), (XVa3), (XVa4), (XVa5), (XVa6), (XVa7), (XVa8), (XVb1), (XVb2), (XVb3), (XVb4), (XVb5), (XVb6), (XVb7) or (XVb8).


     
    16. An emitting layer comprising at least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in any one of claims 1 to 5 and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in any one of claims 1 or 6 to 14.
     
    17. An electronic device comprising at least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in any one of claims 1 to 5 and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in any one of claims 1 or 6 to 14,or comprising the emitting layer according to claim 16.
     
    18. An electronic device, preferably an organic electroluminescence device, more preferably an organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising a cathode, an anode, and a plurality of organic thin film layers provided between the cathode and the anode, the plurality of organic thin film layers comprising at least one emitting layer comprising at least one dopant material of formula (XX) as described in any one of claims 1 to 5 and at least one host material of formula (I) as described in any one of claims 1 or 6 to 14.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zusammensetzung, umfassend

    i) mindestens einen Ir-Komplex, der durch die folgende Formel (XX) wiedergegeben wird:

            IrLg1Lg2Lg3     (XX)

    wobei
    Lg1, Lg2 und Lg3 aus den folgenden Gruppen A-1, A-2 und A-3 ausgewählt sind:

    wobei eine oder zwei der Gruppen Lg1, Lg2 und Lg3, vorzugsweise eine, für eine Gruppe A-3 stehen und eine oder zwei der Gruppen Lg1, Lg2 und Lg3, vorzugsweise zwei, aus der Gruppe bestehend aus A-1 und A-2 ausgewählt sind,

    wobei

    Xa für CRa' oder N steht;

    Xb für CRb' oder N steht;

    Xc für CRc' oder N steht;

    Xd für CRd' oder N steht;

    Xe für CRe' oder N steht;

    Xf für CRf oder N steht;

    Xg für CRg oder N steht;

    Xh für CRh oder N steht;

    X1 für CRi oder N steht;

    Xj für CRj oder N steht;

    Xk für CRk oder N steht; und

    X1 für CRl oder N steht;

    wobei mindestens eine der Variablen Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe und Xf für CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe' bzw. CRf steht und mindestens eine der Variablen Xg, Xh, Xi, xj, Xk und Xl für CRg, CRh, CRi, CRj, CRk bzw. CRl steht;

    Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk und Rl jeweils unabhängig für Wasserstoff, ein Halogen, eine Cyanogruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C3-C25-Cycloalkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Silylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C6-C30-Arylgruppe oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C30)-Het-eroarylgruppe stehen;

    wobei mindestens eine der Variablen Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' und Rf und mindestens eine der Variablen Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk und Rl für eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C3-C25-Cycloalkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Silylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C6-C30-Arylgruppe oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, vorzugsweise eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, steht;

    Ra bis Re jeweils unabhängig für Wasserstoff, ein Halogen, eine Cyanogruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C3-C25-Cycloalkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Silylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C6-C30-Arylgruppe oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe stehen, vorzugsweise Ra bis Re jeweils unabhängig für Wasserstoff, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C10-Alkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C3-C10-Cycloalkylgruppe, eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C6-C20-Arylgruppe oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C20-Heteroarylgruppe stehen;

    a und b jeweils unabhängig für eine ganze Zahl von 0 bis 5 stehen und

    Ra und Rb jeweils gleich oder verschieden sind; wobei es sich bei den gestrichelten Linien um Bindungsstellen handelt;

    und

    ii) mindestens eine Verbindung, die durch die allgemeine Formel (I) wiedergegeben wird:

    wobei

    X2 für CR2 steht,

    X4 für CR4 oder N steht,

    X5 für CR5 oder N steht,

    X6 für CR6 oder N steht,

    X7 für CR7 oder N steht,

    X8 für CR8 oder N steht,

    X9 für CR9 oder N steht,

    X10 für CR10 oder N steht,

    Y für O oder S steht,

    R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 und R10 unabhängig voneinander aus H, E, einer C6-C24-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C2-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, einer C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, ausgewählt sind

    oder

    mindestens zwei der Variablen R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 oder R10 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, zusammen mindestens einen C6-C18-Aryl- oder C2-C18-Heteroarylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem bilden,

    p für 0 oder 1 steht, q für 0 oder 1 steht, r für 0 oder 1 steht und s für 0 oder 1 steht,

    D unabhängig voneinander für -CO-, -COO-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, -O-, -CR15=CR16-, -NR17-, -SiR22R23-, -POR25-, -C=C- steht,

    E unabhängig voneinander für -OR21, -SR21, -NR17R18, -COR20, -COOR19, -CONR17R18, -CN, -SiR22R23R24, P0R25R27, Halogen, eine C6-C60-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens ein -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, - (CF2)3CF3 oder -C(CF3)3 substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe, oder eine C1-C13-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, substituiert ist, eine C1-C60-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens ein -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, -C(CF3)3, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe, oder eine C1-C13-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, substituiert ist,

    R15 und R16 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, stehen, R17 und R18 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, stehen oder

    R17 und R18 zusammen einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen aliphatischen, aromatischen oder heteroaromatischen Ring bilden,

    R19 für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, steht,

    R20 für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, steht,

    R21 unabhängig voreinander für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, steht, R22, R23 und R24 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe substituiert ist, stehen und

    R25 und R27 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe substituiert ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, steht,

    wobei eine der Variablen R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 in der Verbindung der Formel (I) für eine N-Heteroarylgruppe gemäß den allgemeinen Formeln (XIII), (XV) oder (XXI) steht, vorzugsweise R2 in der Verbindung der Formel (I) für eine N-Heteroarylgruppe gemäß den allgemeinen Formeln (XIII), (XV) oder (XXI) steht;

    wobei n für 0, 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,

    m für 0, 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,

    M für eine C6-C40-Arylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, steht,

    R26 unabhängig voneinander aus E, einer C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C30)-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, ausgewählt ist

    oder mindestens zwei der Variablen R26 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, mindestens einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, gesättigten, ungesättigten, aromatischen oder heteroaromatischen Ring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem, woran mindestens ein weiterer aromatischer und/oder heteroaromatischen Ring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem anelliert sein kann, bilden können,

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 und R38 unabhängig voneinander für H, E, eine C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C30)-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, vorzugsweise H, Phenyl oder Biphenyl, stehen

    oder

    mindestens zwei der Variablen R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 und R38 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, zusammen mindestens einen C6-C18-Aryl- oder C2-C18-Heteroarylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem bilden können und

    Q und T unabhängig voneinander aus einer direkten Bindung, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 und NR36 ausgewählt sind, wobei Q und T nicht gleichzeitig für eine direkte Bindung steht;

    wobei R32 und R33 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe substituiert ist, vorzugsweise H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert ist, oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, weiter bevorzugt H, Methyl, Ethyl oder Phenyl, stehen,

    R34 und R35 unabhängig voneinander für H, E, eine C6-C24-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine Spirogruppe stehen oder R34 und R35 zusammen einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, aliphatischen Ring bilden können, vorzugsweise R34 und R35 unabhängig voneinander für H, Methyl, Ethyl, Phenyl oder eine Spirogruppe stehen oder R34 und R35 zusammen einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, aliphatischen Ring bilden können,

    R36 für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, vorzugsweise H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert ist, oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, steht,

    wobei es sich bei der gestrichelten Linie um eine Bindungsstelle handelt;



    wobei n für 0, 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,

    m für 0, 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,

    M für eine C6-C40-Arylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, steht,

    R26 unabhängig voneinander aus E, einer C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C30)-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, ausgewählt ist

    oder mindestens zwei der Variablen R26 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, mindestens einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, gesättigten, ungesättigten, aromatischen oder heteroaromatischen Ring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem, woran mindestens ein weiterer aromatischer und/oder heteroaromatischen Ring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem anelliert sein kann, bilden können,

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 und R44 unabhängig voneinander für H, E, eine C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, vorzugsweise H, stehen

    oder

    mindestens zwei der Variablen R28, R29, R30 oder R31 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, zusammen mindestens einen C6-C18-Aryl- oder C2-C18-Heteroarylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem bilden können und

    Q und T unabhängig voneinander aus einer direkten Bindung, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 und NR36 ausgewählt sind, wobei Q und T nicht gleichzeitig für eine direkte Bindung steht;

    wobei R32 und R33 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, substituiert ist, vorzugsweise H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert ist, oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, weiter bevorzugt H, Methyl, Ethyl oder Phenyl, stehen,

    R34 und R35 unabhängig voneinander für H, E, eine C6-C24-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine Spirogruppe stehen oder R34 und R35 zusammen einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, aliphatischen Ring bilden können, vorzugsweise R34 und R35 unabhängig voneinander für H, Methyl, Ethyl, Phenyl oder eine Spirogruppe stehen oder R34 und R35 zusammen einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, aliphatischen Ring bilden können,

    R36 für H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, vorzugsweise H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert ist, oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, beispielsweise Phenyl, steht,

    wobei es sich bei der gestrichelten Linie um eine Bindungsstelle handelt;

    wobei

    A1 für CR62 oder N steht,

    A2 für CR63 oder N steht,

    A3 für CR64 oder N steht,

    A4 für CR65 oder N steht,

    B1 für CR66 oder N steht,

    B2 für CR67 oder N steht,

    B3 für CR68 oder N steht,

    B4 für CR69 oder N steht,

    Y1 für NR70, CR71R72 , O oder S steht,

    R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68 und R69 unabhängig voneinander aus H, einer direkten Bindung, E, einer C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, einer C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E unterbrochen ist, oder einer C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, ausgewählt sind

    oder

    mindestens zwei der Variablen R62, R63, R64 und R65 über die beiden *-Positionen direkt an die durch die allgemeine Formel (XXII) wiedergegebene Gruppierung gebunden sein können;

    wobei

    Y2 für NR73, CR74R75, O oder S steht,

    oder

    mindestens zwei der Variablen R66, R67, R68 und R69 über die beiden *-Positionen direkt an die durch die allgemeine Formel (XXIII) wiedergegebene Gruppierung gebunden sein können;

    wobei

    Y3 für NR80, CR81R82, O oder S steht,

    R70, R73 und R80 unabhängig voneinander aus einer direkten Bindung, H, E, einer C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, einer C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, einer C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E unterbrochen ist, oder einer C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, ausgewählt sind,

    R71, R72, R74, R74, R81 und R82 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine direkte Bindung, E, eine C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E unterbrochen ist, oder eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, stehen

    oder R71 und R72, R74 und R75 und/oder R81 und R82 zusammen mindestens einen C3-C18-Alkylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem, woran mindestens ein C6-C18-Arylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem gebunden sein kann, bilden,

    R76, R77, R78, R79, R83, R84, R85 und R86 unabhängig voneinander für H, eine direkte Bindung, E, eine C6-C40-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C30-Heteroarylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C25-Alkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, eine C7-C25-Aralkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E unterbrochen ist, oder eine C5-C12-Cycloalkylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, stehen

    oder

    R76 und R77, R77 und R78 und/oder R78 und R79 zusammen mindestens einen C6-C18-Aryl- oder C2-C18-Hetero-arylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem bilden können und/oder

    R83 und R84, R84 und R85 und/oder R85 und R86 zusammen mindestens einen C6-C18-Aryl- oder C2-C18-Hetero-arylring bzw. ein solches Ringsystem bilden,

    wobei die heterocyclische Gruppe gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (XXI) über eine der Variablen R70 R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76 , R77 , R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 oder R86 an die Verbindung gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (I) gebunden ist, wobei dieser jeweilige Rest R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67 , R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R83, R84, R85 oder R86 für eine direkte Bindung, die gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe der Formel -(M)m- unterbrochen ist, steht, wobei in diesem Fall

    m für 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,

    M für eine C6-C40-Arylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, steht.


     
    2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung der Formel (XX) durch die folgenden Formeln (XX-1) oder (XX-2) wiedergegeben wird:

    wobei Lg2 und Lg3 für eine Gruppe A-1, A-2 oder A-3 stehen, wobei in Formel (XX-1) mindestens eine der Gruppen Lg2 und Lg3 für eine Gruppe A-3 steht, vorzugsweise eine der Gruppen Lg2 und Lg3 für eine Gruppe A-3 steht und die andere für eine Gruppe A-1 steht; und in Formel (XX-2) mindestens eine der Gruppen Lg2 und Lg3 für eine Gruppe A-3 steht, vorzugsweise eine der Gruppen Lg2 und Lg3 für eine Gruppe A-3 steht und die andere für eine Gruppe A-2 steht.
     
    3. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Verbindung der Formel (XX) durch eine der folgenden Formeln (XX-3) und (XX-4) wiedergegeben wird:




     
    4. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Verbindungen der Formeln (XX-3) und (XX-4) durch die folgenden Formeln (XX-5) und (XX-6) wiedergegeben werden:

    und

    wobei
    Ra und Rb jeweils unabhängig für eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte C1-C25-Alkylgruppe stehen.
     
    5. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Verbindungen der Formel (XX-5) und (XX-6) durch die folgenden Formeln (XX-7) und (XX-8) wiedergegeben werden:

    und

    wobei

    eine oder zwei der Variablen Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' und Rf Rj jeweils unabhängig für CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, Cyclopentyl, Cyclohexyl, Ethyl, Trimethylsilyl, Triethylsilyl, Triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, Trimethylgermyl, Triethylgermyl oder Triisopropylgermyl stehen

    und die übrigen der Variablen Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' und Rf für Wasserstoff stehen;

    Rj für CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, Cyclopentyl, Cyclohexyl, Ethyl, Trimethylsilyl, Triethylsilyl, Triisopropylsilyl, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, Trimethylgermyl, Triethylgermyl oder Triisopropylgermyl steht

    und

    Rc und Re unabhängig voneinander für Methyl, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 oder CH2CH(CH3)2 stehen.


     
    6. Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei eine der Variablen R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 in der Verbindung der Formel (I) für eine N-Heteroarylgruppe gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (XIV) steht:

    wobei

    R39, R40, R41 und R42 unabhängig voneinander aus H, einer C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder mindestens eine C1-C18-Alkoxygruppe substituiert ist, eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe, die durch mindestens ein O unterbrochen ist, vorzugsweise H, eine C6-C18-Arylgruppe, die unsubstituiert ist, oder eine C1-C18-Alkylgruppe ausgewählt sind, weiter bevorzugt R39, R40, R41 und R42 für H stehen,

    wobei es sich bei der gestrichelten Linie um eine Bindungsstelle handelt.


     
    7. Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die heterocyclische Gruppe gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (XXI) durch eine der allgemeinen Formeln (XXIa), (XXIb) oder (XXIc) wiedergegeben wird:






     
    8. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 7, wobei eine der Variablen Y1, Y2 und Y3 für NR70, NR73 bzw. NR80 steht.
     
    9. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 8, wobei zwei der Variablen Y1, Y2 und Y3 für NR70, NR73 bzw. NR80 stehen.
     
    10. Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, 7 und 8, wobei der Substituent gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (XXI) über R70, R73 oder R80 an die Verbindung gemäß der allgemeinen Formel (I) gebunden ist, wobei dieser jeweilige Rest R70, R73 oder R80 für eine direkte Bindung, die gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe der Formel -(M)m-unterbrochen ist, steht,
    wobei in diesem Fall
    m für 1, 2, 3 oder 4 steht,
    M für eine C6-C40-Arylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, eine C1-C24-Heteroarylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, oder eine C1-C25-Alkylengruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert und/oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe D unterbrochen ist, steht
     
    11. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei in den Formeln (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) oder (XXIc) m für 0 oder 1, vorzugsweise 0, steht, M für eine C6-C40-Arylen-gruppe, die unsubstituiert oder durch mindestens eine Gruppe E substituiert ist, vorzugsweise Phenylen, steht und in den Formeln (XIII), (XIV) oder (XV) mindestens zwei der Variablen R26 dann, wenn sie an benachbarten Kohlenstoffatomen vorliegen, mindestens einen fünf- oder sechsgliedrigen, substituierten oder unsubstituierten, gesättigten, ungesättigten, aromatischen oder heteroaromatischen Ring bilden.
     
    12. Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 und R10 für H stehen und R2 für eine N-Heteroarylgruppe gemäß einer der Formeln (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) oder (XXIc) steht.
     
    13. Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, 11 und 12, wobei
    Formel (XIII) durch

    oder

    wiedergegeben wird,
    Formel (XV) durch

    oder

    wiedergegeben wird
    und Formel (XIV) durch

    wiedergegeben wird.
     
    14. Verbindung nach Anspruch 13, wobei
    Formel (XIII) durch











    oder











    wiedergegeben wird,
    Formel (XV) durch















    oder















    wiedergegeben wird
    und Formel (XIVb) durch





    wiedergegeben wird,
    wobei A für S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 oder NR36 steht.
     
    15. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 14, umfassend

    i) mindestens eine Ir-Komplex, der durch die Formel

    oder

    wiedergegeben wird, und

    ii) mindestens eine Verbindung, die durch eine der Formeln (XIIIa1), (XIIIa2), (XIIIa3), (XIIIa4), (XIIIa5), (XIIIa6), (XIIIa7), (XIIIa8), (XIIIb1), (XIIIb2), (XIIIb3), (XIIIb4), (XIIIb5), (XIIIb6), (XIIIb7), (XIIIb8), (XIVb1), (XIVb2), (XIVb3), (XVa1), (XVa2), (XVa3), (XVa4), (XVa5), (XVa6), (XVa7), (XVa8), (XVb1), (XVb2), (XVb3), (XVb4), (XVb5), (XVb6), (XVb7) oder (XVb8) wiedergegeben wird.


     
    16. Emissionsschicht, umfassend mindestens ein Dotiermaterial der Formel (XX) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 und mindestens ein Wirtsmaterial der Formel (I) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 6 bis 14.
     
    17. Elektronische Vorrichtung, umfassend mindestens ein Dotiermaterial der Formel (XX) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15 und mindestens ein Wirtsmaterial der Formel (I) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 6 bis 14 oder umfassend die Emissionsschicht nach Anspruch 16.
     
    18. Elektronische Vorrichtung, vorzugsweise organische Elektrolumineszenzvorrichtung, weiter bevorzugt eine organische Leuchtdiode (OLED), mit einer Kathode, einer Anode und mehreren organischen Dünnfilmschichten zwischen der Kathode und der Anode, wobei die mehreren organischen Dünnfilmschichten mindestens eine Emissionsschicht umfassen, die mindestens ein Dotiermaterial der Formel (XX) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 und mindestens ein Wirtsmaterial der Formel (I) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 6 bis 14 umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition comprenant

    i) au moins un complexe d'Ir représenté par la formule suivante (XX)

            IrLg1Lg2Lg3     (XX)

    Lg1, Lg2 et Lg3 étant choisis parmi les groupes suivants A-1, A-2 et A-3



    un ou deux parmi Lg1, Lg2 et Lg3, préférablement un, étant un groupe A-3, et un ou deux parmi Lg1, Lg2 et Lg3, préférablement deux, étant choisis dans le groupe constitué par A-1 et A-2,

    Xa étant CRa' ou N ;

    Xb étant CRb' ou N ;

    Xc étant CRc' ou N ;

    Xd étant CRd' ou N ;

    Xe étant CRe'ou N ;

    Xf étant CRf ou N ;

    Xg étant CRg ou N ;

    Xh étant CRh ou N ;

    Xi étant CRi ou N ;

    Xj étant CRj ou N ;

    Xk étant CRk ou N ; et

    Xl étant CRl ou N ;

    au moins l'un parmi Xa, Xb, Xc, Xd, Xe et Xf étant respectivement CRa', CRb', CRc', CRd', CRe', CRf, et au moins l'un parmi Xg, Xh, Xi, Xj, Xk et Xl étant respectivement CRg, CRh, CRi, CRj, CRk, CRl ;

    Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re', Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk et Rl représentant chacun indépendamment hydrogène, un halogène, un groupe cyano, un groupe C1-C25alkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C3-C25cycloalkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C1-C25silyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C6-C30aryle substitué ou non substitué, ou un groupe C1-C30hétéroaryle substitué ou non substitué ;

    au moins l'un parmi Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' et Rf, et au moins l'un parmi Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rk et Rl étant un groupe C1-C25alkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C3-C25cycloalkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C1-C25silyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C6-C30aryle substitué ou non substitué, ou un groupe C1-C30hétéroaryle substitué ou non substitué, préférablement un groupe C1-C25alkyle substitué ou non substitué ;

    Ra à Re représentant chacun indépendamment hydrogène, un halogène, un groupe cyano, un groupe C1-C25alkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C3-C25cycloalkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C1-C25silyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C6-C30aryle substitué ou non substitué, ou un groupe C1-C30hétéroaryle substitué ou non substitué, préférablement Ra à Re représentant chacun indépendamment hydrogène, un groupe C1-C10alkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C3-C10cycloalkyle substitué ou non substitué, un groupe C6-C20aryle substitué ou non substitué, ou un groupe C1-C20hétéroaryle substitué ou non substitué ;

    a et b représentant chacun indépendamment un entier de 0 à 5 ; et

    chacun parmi Ra et Rb étant identique ou différent ;

    les lignes en pointillés étant des sites de liaison ;

    et

    ii) au moins un composé représenté par la formule générale (I)

    X2 étant CR2,

    X4 étant CR4 ou N,

    X5 étant CR5 ou N,

    X6 étant CR6 ou N,

    X7 étant CR7 ou N,

    X8 étant CR8 ou N,

    X9 étant CR9 ou N,

    X10 étant CR10 ou N,

    Y étant O ou S,

    R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, et R10 étant indépendamment les uns des autres choisis parmi H, E, un groupe C6-24aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, groupe C2-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle, qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe un C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E,

    ou

    au moins deux parmi R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 et R10, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, formant ensemble au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-C18aryle ou C2-C18hétéroaryle,

    p étant 0 ou 1, q étant 0 ou 1, r étant 0 ou 1 et s étant 0 ou 1,

    D étant indépendamment les uns des autres -CO-, -COO-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, -O-, -CR15=CR16-, -NR17-, -SiR22R23-, -POR25-, -C≡C-,

    E étant indépendamment les uns des autres -OR21, -SR21, -NR17R18, -COR20, -COOR19, -CONR17R18, -CN, -SiR22R23R24, POR25R27, halogène, un groupe C6-60aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un -F, , -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF (CF3)2, - (CF2)3CF3 ou -C (CF3)3, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy ou un groupe C1-C13hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-60hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un -F, -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, -C(CF3)3, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy ou un groupe C1-C13hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy,

    R15 et R16 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O,

    R17 et R18 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O, ou R17 et R18 formant ensemble un cycle aliphatique, aromatique ou hétéroaromatique à cinq ou six chaînons,

    R19 étant H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O,

    R20 étant H ou un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O,

    R21 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O,

    R22, R23 et R24 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle, et

    R25 et R27 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E,

    l'un parmi R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 dans le composé de formule (I) étant un groupe N-hétéroaryle selon les formules générales (XIII), (XV) ou (XXI) préférablement, R2 dans le composé de formule (I) étant un groupe N-hétéroaryle selon les formules (XIII), (XV) ou (XXI) ;

    n étant 0, 1, 2, 3 ou 4,

    m étant 0, 1, 2, 3 ou 4,

    M étant un groupe C6-40arylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou un groupe C1-24hétéroarylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, R26 étant indépendamment les uns des autres choisi parmi E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, ou au moins deux parmi R26, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, pouvant former au moins un cycle ou système cyclique saturé, insaturé, aromatique ou hétéroaromatique, substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons, auquel au moins un cycle ou système cyclique aromatique et/ou hétéroaromatique peut être condensé, R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 et R38 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, préférablement H, phényle ou biphényle,

    ou

    au moins deux parmi R28, R29, R30, R31, R37 et R38, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, pouvant former ensemble au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-18aryle ou C2-18hétéroaryle, et

    Q et T étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre choisis parmi une liaison directe, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 et NR36, Q et T n'étant pas en même temps une liaison directe ;

    R32 et R33 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle, préférablement H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, plus préférablement H, méthyle, éthyle, ou phényle,

    R34 et R35 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, E, un groupe C6-C24aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-24hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou un groupe spiro, ou R34 et R35 ensemble pouvant former un cycle aliphatique substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons, préférablement R34 et R35 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, méthyle, éthyle, phényle ou un groupe spiro, ou R34 et R35 ensemble pouvant former un cycle aliphatique substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons,

    R36 étant H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, qui est interrompu par au moins un O, préférablement H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle,

    la ligne en pointillés étant un site de liaison ;

    n étant 0, 1, 2, 3 ou 4,

    m étant 0, 1, 2, 3 ou 4,

    M étant un groupe C6-40arylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-24hétéroarylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, R26 étant indépendamment les uns des autres choisi parmi E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D,

    ou au moins deux parmi R26, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, pouvant former au moins un cycle ou système cyclique saturé, insaturé, aromatique ou hétéroaromatique, substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons, auquel au moins un cycle ou système cyclique aromatique et/ou hétéroaromatique peut être condensé,

    R28, R29, R30, R31, R43 et R44 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, préférablement H,

    ou

    au moins deux parmi R28, R29, R30 et R31, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, pouvant former ensemble au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-18aryle ou C2-18hétéroaryle, et

    Q et T étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre choisis parmi une liaison directe, S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 et NR36, Q et T n'étant pas en même temps une liaison directe ;

    R32 et R33 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, un groupe C1-C18alkyle, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle, préférablement H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, plus préférablement H, méthyle, éthyle, ou phényle,

    R34 et R35 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, E, un groupe C6-C24aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-24hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou un groupe spiro, ou R34 et R35 ensemble pouvant former un cycle aliphatique substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons, préférablement R34 et R35 étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre H, méthyle, éthyle, phényle ou un groupe spiro, ou R34 et R35 ensemble pouvant former un cycle aliphatique substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons,

    R36 étant H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, qui est interrompu par au moins un O, préférablement H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, par exemple phényle,

    la ligne en pointillés étant un site de liaison,

    A1 étant CR62 ou N,

    A2 étant CR63 ou N,

    A3 étant CR64 ou N,

    A4 étant CR65 ou N,

    B1 étant CR66 ou N,

    B2 étant CR67 ou N,

    B3 étant CR68 ou N,

    B4 étant CR69 ou N,

    Y1 étant NR70, CR71R72, O ou S ;

    R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68 et R69 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, une liaison directe, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E,

    ou

    au moins deux parmi R62, R63, R64 et R65 pouvant être directement liés au fragment représenté par la formule générale (XXII) via les deux sites *;

    Y2 étant NR73, CR74R75, O ou S,

    ou

    au moins deux parmi R66, R67, R68 et R69 pouvant être directement liés au fragment représenté par la formule générale (XXIII) via les deux sites *,

    Y3 étant NR80, CR81R82, O ou S,

    R70, R73 et R80 étant indépendamment les uns des autres une liaison directe, H, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou

    R71, R72, R74, R75, R81 et R82 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, une liaison directe, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E,

    ou R71 et R72, R74 et R75 et/ou R81 et R82 formant ensemble au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C3-18alkyle auquel au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-18aryle peut être fixé, R76, R77, R78, R79, R84, R85 et R86 étant indépendamment les uns des autres H, une liaison directe, E, un groupe C6-40aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-30hétéroaryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-25alkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D, un C7-25aralkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C5-12cycloalkyle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E,

    ou

    R76 et R77, R77 et R78 et/ou R78 et R79 formant ensemble au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-C18aryle ou C2-C18hétéroaryle, et/ou

    R83 et R84, R84 et R85 et/ou R85 et R86 ensemble pouvant former au moins un cycle ou système cyclique C6-C18aryle ou C2-C18hétéroaryle,

    le groupe hétérocyclique selon la formule générale (XXI) étant relié au composé selon la formule générale (I) via l'un parmi R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R84, R85 et R86, ce résidu respectif R70, R73, R80, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, R68, R69, R76, R77, R78, R79, R71, R72, R74, R75, R81, R82, R84, R85 ou R86 étant une liaison directe, éventuellement interrompue par un groupe de formule -(M)m-, dans ce cas,

    m étant 1, 2, 3 ou 4,

    M étant un groupe C6-40arylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-24hétéroarylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E ou un groupe C1-25alkylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D.


     
    2. Composition selon la revendication 1, le composé de formule (XX) étant représenté par les formules suivantes (XX-1) ou (XX-2) :

    Lg2 et Lg3 étant un groupe A-1, A-2 ou A-3, où dans la formule (XX-1), au moins l'un parmi Lg2 et Lg3 est un groupe A-3, préférablement l'un parmi Lg2 et Lg3 est un groupe A-3 et l'autre est un groupe A-1 ; et dans la formule (XX-2), au moins l'un parmi Lg2 et Lg3 est un groupe A-3, préférablement l'un parmi Lg2 et Lg3 est un groupe A-3 et l'autre est un groupe A-2.
     
    3. Composition selon la revendication 1 ou 2, le composé de formule (XX) étant représenté par l'une des formules suivantes (XX-3) et (XX-4) :




     
    4. Composition selon la revendication 3, les composés des formules (XX-3) et (XX-4) étant représentés par les formules suivantes (XX-5) et (XX-6) :

    et

    Ra et Rb représentant chacun indépendamment un groupe C1-C25alkyle substitué ou non substitué.
     
    5. Composition selon la revendication 4, les composés des formules (XX-5) et (XX-6) étant représentés par les formules suivantes (XX-7) et (XX-8) :

    et

    un ou deux parmi Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' et Rf représentant chacun indépendamment CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C(CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyle, cyclohexyle, éthyle, triméthylsilyle, triéthylsilyle, triisopropylsilyle, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, triméthylgermyle, triéthylgermyle ou triisopropylgermyle ;

    et les groupes restants parmi Ra', Rb', Rc', Rd', Re' et Rf étant hydrogène ;

    Rj étant CH(CH3)2, CH2CH(CH3)2, CH2C (CH3)3, CH(CH2CH3)2, CF3, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH(CF3)2, cyclopentyle, cyclohexyle, éthyle, triméthylsilyle, triéthylsilyle, triisopropylsilyle, CH[Si(CH3)3]2, triméthylgermyle, triéthylgermyle ou triisopropylgermyle ;

    et

    Rc et Re étant indépendamment l'un de l'autre méthyle, CH(CH3)2, CH(CH2CH3)2 ou CH2CH(CH3)2.


     
    6. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, l'un parmi R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 dans le composé de formule (I) étant un groupe N-hétéroaryle selon la formule générale (XIV)

    R39, R40, R41, R42 étant indépendamment les uns des autres choisis parmi H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou au moins un groupe C1-C18alcoxy, un groupe C1-C18alkyle ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle qui est interrompu par au moins un O, préférablement H, un groupe C6-C18aryle qui est non substitué ou un groupe C1-C18alkyle, plus préférablement R39, R40, R41 et R42 étant H,

    la ligne en pointillés étant un site de liaison.


     
    7. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, le groupe hétérocyclique selon la formule générale (XXI) étant représenté par l'une quelconque parmi les formules générales (XXIa), (XXIb) et (XXIc)






     
    8. Composition selon la revendication 7, l'un parmi Y1, Y2 et Y3 étant respectivement NR70, NR73 ou NR80.
     
    9. Composition selon la revendication 8, deux parmi Y1, Y2 et Y3 étant respectivement NR70, NR73 ou NR80.
     
    10. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, 7 et 8, le substituant selon la formule générale (XXI) étant relié au composé selon la formule générale (I) via R70, R73 ou R80, ce résidu respectif R70, R73 ou R80 étant une liaison directe, éventuellement interrompue par un groupe de formule -(M)m-, dans ce cas,
    m étant 1, 2, 3 ou 4,
    M étant un groupe C6-40arylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, un groupe C1-24hétéroarylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, ou un groupe C1-25alkylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E et/ou interrompu par au moins un groupe D.
     
    11. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, où dans les formules (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) ou (XXIc), m est 0 ou 1, préférablement 0, M est un groupe C6-40arylène qui est non substitué ou substitué par au moins un groupe E, préférablement phénylène, et dans les formules (XIII), (XIV) ou (XV) au moins deux parmi R26, si présents au niveau d'atomes de carbone adjacents, forment au moins un cycle saturé, insaturé, aromatique ou hétéroaromatique, substitué ou non substitué, à cinq ou six chaînons.
     
    12. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 et R10 étant H et R2 étant un groupe N-hétéroaryle selon l'une des formules (XIII), (XIV), (XV), (XXI), (XXIa), (XXIb) et (XXIc) .
     
    13. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, 11 et 12,
    la formule (XIII) étant représentée par

    ou

    la formule (XV) étant représentée par

    ou

    et la formule (XIV) étant représentée par


     
    14. Composition selon la revendication 13,
    la formule (XIII) étant représentée par











    ou













    la formule (XV) étant représentée par















    ou















    et la formule (XIVb) étant représentée par





    A étant S, O, SiR32R33, CR34R35 ou NR36.
     
    15. Composition selon la revendication 14, comprenant

    i) au moins un complexe d'Ir représenté par la formule

    ou

    et

    ii) au moins un composé représenté par l'une des formules (XIIIa1), (XIIIa2), (XIIIa3), (XIIIa4), (XIIIa5), (XIIIa6), (XIIIa7), (XIIIa8), (XIIIb1), (XIIIb2), (XIIIb3), (XIIIb4), (XIIIb5), (XIIIb6), (XIIIb7), (XIIIb8), (XIVb1), (XIVb2), (XIVb3), (XVa1), (XVa2), (XVa3), (XVa4), (XVa5), (XVa6), (XVa7), (XVa8), (XVb1), (XVb2), (XVb3), (XVb4), (XVb5), (XVb6), (XVb7) ou (XVb8).


     
    16. Couche émettrice comprenant au moins un matériau dopant de formule (XX) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 et au moins un matériau hôte de formule (I) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 6 à 14.
     
    17. Dispositif électronique comprenant au moins un matériau dopant de formule (XX) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 et au moins un matériau hôte de formule (I) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 6 à 14, ou comprenant la couche émettrice selon la revendication 16.
     
    18. Dispositif électronique, préférablement dispositif organique d'électroluminescence, plus préférablement diode luminescente organique (OLED), comprenant une cathode, une anode, et une pluralité de couches de film mince organique disposée entre la cathode et l'anode, la pluralité de couches de film mince organique comprenant au moins une couche émettrice comprenant au moins un matériau dopant de formule (XX) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 et au moins un matériau hôte de formule (I) tel que décrit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 6 à 14.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description