(19)
(11)EP 3 418 786 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18169537.0

(22)Date of filing:  12.11.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 6/38(2006.01)

(54)

OPTICAL FIBER JOINT AND OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTOR

GLASFASERVERBINDUNG UND GLASFASERSTECKER

JOINT DE FIBRE OPTIQUE ET CONNECTEUR DE FIBRE OPTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/52

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13823910.8 / 2894501

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WU, Wenxin
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • HUANG, Xuesong
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Pfenning, Meinig & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Joachimsthaler Straße 10-12
10719 Berlin
10719 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 102 870 023
JP-A- 2008 102 290
US-A- 5 129 023
US-A1- 2009 305 542
US-B1- 6 371 657
JP-A- 2008 089 879
US-A- 5 067 783
US-A1- 2006 193 562
US-A1- 2012 071 019
US-B1- 6 609 833
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of data communications equipment, and in particular, to an optical fiber joint, and an optical fiber connector.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] In an optical fiber communications system, an optical fiber connector is arranged for connection between optical cables, between an optical cable and an optic-to-electric component, and between optic-to-electric components. The optical fiber connector precisely interconnects end faces of two optical fibers that need to be connected, so that optical energy output by a transmit optical fiber can be maximally coupled to a receive optical fiber.

    [0003] During layout of drop cables on a fiber to the home (Fiber To The Home, FTTH) network, a fusion splicing technique is generally used. That is, an optical fiber terminal is assigned in a fiber distribution box, the optical fiber terminal and a drop optical cable are spliced using an optical fiber fusion splicer in the fiber distribution box, and the drop optical cable is then laid to each home. At the other end of the drop optical cable, onsite fusion splicing is also required, so that the drop optical cable is connected to a user terminal box of each home. The foregoing fusion splicing technique requires dedicated optical fiber fusion splicing equipment, and imposes a high technical requirement on an operator. In addition, the operation process is tedious and inconvenient. Document JP 2008102290A discloses an optical connector and the optical connector is substantially equivalent to an FC optical connector, and has a ferrule, a spring, a frame, a bushing and a coupling nut. D1 has an opening of the sleeve.

    [0004] Document US 2006/193562 A1 describes a fiber optic receptacle and plug assembly includes a fiber optic receptacle adapted to be mounted within a connector port of a network connection terminal and a fiber optic plug mounted upon an end of a fiber optic cable, wherein the fiber optic receptacle and the fiber optic plug comprise complimentary alignment and keying features that allow the fiber optic receptacle to receive only a fiber optic plug of like ferrule configuration.

    [0005] Document US 2009/305542 A1 describes a waterproof connector is to be connected to a mating connector, and a waterproof apparatus includes the waterproof connector and the mating connector.

    [0006] Document US 2012/071019 A1 describes a connection device includes an adapter that covers a connection target that is connected to a connector, where the adapter is secured to a connection apparatus that is provided with the connection target.

    [0007] Document US 5 067 783 B1 describes a connector system for interconnection of optical fiber ferrule connectors in optical wiring panels includes an array of buildout blocks which are mounted in a panel.

    [0008] Document CN 102 870 023 B an optical fiber joint comprising a ferrule and an optical fiber, and the ferrule sleeve is sleeved on the fiber.

    [0009] Document US 6 371 657 B1 describes An alignment system is provided between a pair of connectors mateable in a given mating direction. A first connector includes a housing having an alignment projection on one side thereof.

    [0010] Document US 6609833 B1 describes a connector assembly includes a plug connector having a plug housing and a sheath movably mounted about the plug housing.

    [0011] Document JP 2008089879 A provides an optical coupler capable of highly accurately aligning a lens and an optical waveguide with a simple configuration.

    [0012] Document US 5129023 A describes an optical fiber connector which is assembled to a coupling housing by causing only relative linear motion between the connector and the housing and which also includes facilities for preventing optical disconnection from another connector having a portion disposed in the housing includes a cap having two diametrically opposed slots each having an enlarged portion.

    SUMMARY



    [0013] In view of this, embodiments of the present invention provide an optical fiber joint, and an optical fiber connector, which are plug and play and resolve a problem in the prior art that onsite fusion splicing is tedious. To achieve the foregoing objective, the technical solutions defined in the appended claims are adopted. The invention is defined by the appended claims. The following aspects are useful for understanding the invention but are not the invention.

    [0014] A first aspect provides an optical fiber joint (100), including: an optical cable (110); an inner sleeve element (140) with a cavity inside, where an optical fiber extending out of the optical cable (110) is held in the cavity, one end of the inner sleeve element (140) is fixed at the optical cable (110), and a sleeve (180) is placed at the other end; an outer sleeve element (130), where the outer sleeve element (140) is sleeved onto an outer side of the inner sleeve element (140), and the outer sleeve element (140) is capable of axially rotating around the sleeve (180); where the sleeve (180) of the inner sleeve element (140) at least partially protrudes out of the outer sleeve element (130), and a tail end of the sleeve (180) protruding out of the outer sleeve element (130) has an opening, so that the tail end of the sleeve (180) forms a C-shaped section.

    [0015] In a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the C-shaped tail end of the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a C-shaped slot (2012) of an optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100).

    [0016] In a second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the opening of the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a locating key (2014) of the optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100).

    [0017] In a third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100), where the C-shaped section at the tail end of the sleeve (180) matches a C-shaped section of the slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200).

    [0018] In a fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the opening of the sleeve (180) is horn-shaped.

    [0019] In a fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, an opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve (180) is equal to or larger than 10 degrees, and is smaller than or equal to 30 degrees.

    [0020] In a sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve (180) is 15 degrees or 22.5 degrees.

    [0021] According to a second aspect, an optical fiber adapter (200) is provided. A socket (201) is placed at one end of the optical fiber adapter (200), where a cavity (2011) configured to hold an optical fiber, and a slot (2012) are placed in the socket (201), where the cavity (2011) is located in a middle part of the socket (201); and the slot (2012) surrounds on a periphery of the cavity (2011), and a locating key (2014) is placed in the socket (201), so that the slot (2012) forms a C-shaped section.

    [0022] In a first possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the slot (2012) having the C-shaped section is configured to hold a C-shaped tail end of a sleeve of an optical fiber joint (100) that matches the optical fiber adapter (200).

    [0023] In a second possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the locating key (2014) is configured to connect to an opening of a sleeve of the optical fiber joint (100) that matches the optical fiber adapter (200).

    [0024] In a third possible implementation manner of the second aspect, a width of the locating key (2014) is equivalent to a width of the opening of the optical fiber joint (100).

    [0025] According to a third aspect, an optical fiber connector (10) is provided, including: an optical fiber joint (100) and an optical fiber adapter (200). The optical fiber joint (100) includes: an optical cable (110); an inner sleeve element (140) with a cavity inside, where an optical fiber extending out of the optical cable (110) is held in the cavity, one end of the inner sleeve element (140) is fixed at the optical cable (110), and a sleeve (180) is placed at the other end; and an outer sleeve element (130), where the outer sleeve element (130) is sleeved onto an outer side of the inner sleeve element (140), and the outer sleeve element (140) is capable of axially rotating around the sleeve; where the sleeve of the inner sleeve element (140) at least partially protrudes out of the outer sleeve element (130), and a tail end of the sleeve protruding out of the outer sleeve element (130) has an opening, so that the tail end of the sleeve forms a C-shaped section.

    [0026] A socket (201) is placed at one end of the optical fiber adapter (200), where a cavity (2011) configured to house an optical fiber, and a slot (2012) are placed in the socket (201), where the cavity (2011) is located in a middle part of the socket (201); and the slot (2012) surrounds on a periphery of the cavity (2011), and a locating key (2014) is placed in the socket (201), so that the slot (2012) forms a C-shaped section.

    [0027] In a first possible implementation manner of the third aspect, an inner wall of the outer sleeve element (130) of the optical fiber joint (100) has at least one projection (1304).

    [0028] In a second possible implementation manner of the third aspect, at least one sliding slot (2015) is placed on an outer surface of the socket (201) of the optical fiber adapter (200).

    [0029] In a third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the optical fiber joint (100) is inserted into the optical fiber adapter (200), and the projection (1304) is connected to the sliding slot (2015).

    [0030] Based on the foregoing technical solutions, the optical fiber connector provided by the embodiments of the present invention is seamlessly connected to the C-shaped slot of the optical fiber adapter by using the sleeve having the C-shaped opening of the optical fiber joint. In this way, blind insertion of the optical fiber joint is implemented, and the operation is simpler, thereby implementing plug and play of the optical fiber connector.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0031] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly introduces the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art.

    FIG. 1 is an architecture of an applied communications network

    FIG. 2a is a schematic structural diagram of an optical fiber connector according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2b is a schematic structural diagram of an optical fiber connector according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3a is a schematic structural diagram of an optical fiber joint according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3b is an exploded diagram of an optical fiber joint according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3c is a sectional diagram of an optical fiber joint according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4a is a front projection diagram of an outer sleeve element according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4b is a front projection diagram of an outer sleeve element according to another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5a is a schematic structural diagram of an optical fiber adapter according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5b is an exploded diagram of an optical fiber adapter according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an angle of an opening of a sleeve of an optical fiber joint according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0032] For ease of understanding, the following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0033] FIG. 1 shows a part of an FTTx optical network, where FTTx may be FTTH (Fiber To The Home, fiber to the home), or FTTC (Fiber To The Curb, fiber to the curb), or FTTP (Fiber To The Premises, fiber to the premises), or FTTN (Fiber To The Node or Neighborhood, fiber to the node), or FTTO (Fiber To The Office, fiber to the office), or FTTSA (Fiber To The Service area, fiber to the service area). Using an FTTH network as an example, from the perspective of the downstream of a center office (Center Office, CO), FTTH includes a feed link 1, a first 1:N splitter 2, a distribution link 3, a second 1:N splitter 4, and at least one branch link 5. In the present invention, an optical fiber connector applicable to outdoor environment is applicable to the branch link 5. Although the present invention uses a network structure of a type of FTTx as an example, other network structures may also be used.

    [0034] FIG. 2a shows an optical fiber connector 10 in the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2a, the optical fiber connector includes an optical fiber joint 100, an optical fiber joint 300, and an optical fiber adapter 200. The optical fiber joint 100 is connected to the optical fiber joint 300 by using the optical fiber adapter 200, implementing interconnection of internal optical fibers.

    [0035] FIG. 2b is a schematic diagram of the optical fiber joint 100. As shown in FIG. 2b, from the perspective of an outer structure, the optical fiber joint 100 includes an optical fiber 110, an inner sleeve element 140, and an outer sleeve element 130. The inner sleeve element 140 has a cavity inside, where an optical fiber extending out of the optical cable 110 is held in the cavity, one end of the inner sleeve element 140 is fixed at the optical cable 110, and a sleeve 180 is placed at the other end. The outer sleeve element 130 is sleeved onto an outer side of the inner sleeve element 140, and the outer sleeve element 130 is capable of axially rotating around the sleeve 180. The sleeve 180 of the inner sleeve element 140 at least partially protrudes out of the outer sleeve element 130, and a tail end of the sleeve 180 protruding out of the outer sleeve element 130 has an opening, so that the tail end of the sleeve 180 forms a C-shaped section. The sleeve with the C-shaped opening may be seamlessly connected to a C-shaped slot of the optical fiber adapter. In this way, blind insertion of the optical fiber joint is implemented, and the operation is simpler, thereby implementing plug and play of the optical fiber connector.

    [0036] The sleeve 180 may be a cylindrical sleeve, or an elliptical sleeve, or a sleeve in another shape. The embodiment of the present invention uses a cylindrical sleeve 180 as an example. From the perspective reverse to the axial direction of the sleeve 180, the C-shaped opening of the sleeve 180 is a circle or an ellipse with an opening.

    [0037] Further, as shown in FIG. 5a, the C-shaped tail end of the sleeve 180 is configured to connect to a C-shaped slot 2012 of an optical fiber adapter 200 that matches the optical fiber joint 100. The opening of the sleeve 180 is configured to connect to a locating key 2014 of the optical fiber adapter 200 that matches the optical fiber joint 100. The sleeve is configured to connect to the slot 2012 of the optical fiber adapter 200 that matches the optical fiber joint 100, where the C-shaped section at the tail end of the sleeve matches a C-shaped section of the slot 2012 of the optical fiber adapter 200.

    [0038] Further, the opening of the sleeve 180 is horn-shaped. An opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve 180 is equal to or larger than 10 degrees, and is smaller than or equal to 30 degrees. The opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve 180 is 15 degrees or 22.5 degrees.

    [0039] Further, the outer sleeve element 130 is a step-shaped circular tube structure, an inner surface of which has two protruding locking points 1304 (not shown in FIG. 3a, reference may be made to 1304 in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5). When connected to the optical fiber adapter 200, the locking points 1304 are fastened to a second sliding slot 2015 (not shown in FIG. 3a, reference may be made to 2015 in FIG. 5a) on an adapter component 210, thereby implementing locking connection. An external front end of the outer sleeve element 130 has an arrow alignment identifier for indicating connection and disconnection states of the connector; and a rear end of the outer sleeve element 130 has symmetric cut planes, and there are vertical shallow grooves in the planes to enhance operation feeling.

    [0040] As shown in FIG. 3a, the optical fiber joint 100 further includes a tail ferrule 120, an insertion core 150, and a rope 160, and a joint dust-proof cap 170.

    [0041] Symmetric second sliding slots 1704 are placed on an outer surface of the joint dust-proof cap 170, and the joint dust-proof cap 170 is equipped with an O-shaped sealing ring 172. The joint dust-proof cap 170 is tied to the body of the optical fiber joint 100 by using the rope 160.

    [0042] FIG. 3b is an exploded diagram of an optical fiber joint, and FIG. 3c is a sectional diagram of the optical fiber joint. As seen from FIG. 3b and FIG. 3c, from the perspective of an internal structure, referring to FIG. 3b, the optical fiber joint 100 includes a ferrule 122, a snap ring 126, an O-shaped sealing ring 132, an O-shaped sealing ring 136, an O-shaped sealing ring 172, an elastic component 134, and a connecting piece 138. Referring to FIG 3a and FIG 3b, in this embodiment of the present invention, the insertion core 150, the connecting piece 138, the elastic component 134, and the outer sleeve element 130 are sequentially sleeved onto the optical cable 110.

    [0043] Referring to FIG. 3c, the insertion core 150 is sleeved onto the optical cable 110. In this implementation manner, the insertion core 150 is a circular cylinder having a plurality of steps. The optical cable 110 passes through the insertion core 150. The insertion core 150 includes two oppositely arranged ends 150a and 150b, and the optical cable 110 is exposed at the end 150b that is of the insertion core 150 and far from the connecting piece 138. The connecting piece 138 is sleeved onto the end 150a of the insertion core 150. Inner aramid yarn of the optical cable 110 is fastened to the connecting piece 138 by using the snap ring 126. The tail ferrule 120 may be prefabricated and finally sleeved onto the optical cable, or may be cast in an integral injection manner.

    [0044] The connecting piece 138 includes two oppositely arranged ends 138a and 138b. The end 138a of the connecting piece 138 is thread-connected to the end 150b of the insertion core 150. The other end 138b of the connecting piece 138 is fixed at outer aramid yarn of the optical cable 110 by using the snap ring 126. The end 138a of the connecting piece 138 is sleeved with O-shaped sealing rings 132 and 136 for purpose of sealing. The end 138a of the connecting piece 138 includes a shaft shoulder 138c. The shaft shoulder 138c is configured to abut against the elastic component 134.

    [0045] The elastic component 134 includes two oppositely arranged ends 134a and 134b. The end 134a of the elastic component 134 abuts against the end 138a that is of the connecting piece 138 and close to the insertion core 150. In this implementation manner, the elastic component 134 is a spring, and the elastic component 134 is sleeved onto the connecting piece 138. The end 134a of the elastic component 134 abuts against the shaft shoulder 138c of the connecting piece 138.

    [0046] The outer sleeve element 130 includes two oppositely arranged ends 130a and 130b. The outer sleeve element 130 is sleeved onto the connecting piece 138 and the insertion core 150. The end 130a of the outer sleeve element 130 is slidingly connected to the connecting piece 138, and abuts against the end 134b of the elastic component 134. The elastic component 134 is configured to provide elasticity against the insertion core 150 for the outer sleeve element 130, thereby preventing a loose connection. Symmetric locking points 1304 (referring to 1304 in FIG. 4a and FIG. 4b) are placed in an inner wall of the end 130b of the outer sleeve element 130, and the locking points 1304 are cylindrical projections.

    [0047] In this implementation manner, the outer sleeve element 130 is a circular cylinder having steps. The end 130a of the outer sleeve element 130 inwardly forms a flange 130d configured to abut against the end 134b of the elastic component 134. The elastic component 134 is clamped between the flange 130d and the shaft shoulder 138c. Two opposite locking points 1304 are placed in an inner wall of the end 130b of the outer sleeve element 130, and the locking points 1304 are cylindrical projections. Certainly, in other implementation manners, a plurality of locking points 1304 may be arranged along the circumference of the outer sleeve element 130.

    [0048] An outer surface of the other end 130b of the outer sleeve element 130 has an arrow alignment identifier for indicating connection and disconnection states of the optical fiber connector 10. An outer surface of the outer sleeve element 130 has symmetric cut planes, and there are vertical shallow grooves in the planes to enhance operation feeling.

    [0049] The inner sleeve element 140 extends along an axial direction of the insertion core 150, where the end 150b that is of the insertion core 150 and far from the connecting piece 138 is held in the inner sleeve element 140. In this embodiment, one end of the inner sleeve element 140 is fixed at a snap ring, where the snap ring is sleeved onto the end 150b of the insertion core 150. The inner sleeve element 140 has a sleeve protruding forward, the sleeve is C-shaped, and protrudes out of a ceramic insertion core end face of the insertion core 150, so as to implement a protection function for the insertion core, prevent contamination to the insertion core end face due to contact with other components during inserting and removing operations of the optical fiber joint, or protect the insertion core from damage due to a drop. From a longitudinal perspective, the sleeve has a horn-shaped opening, where the horn-shaped opening is configured to socket into the locating key 2014 (referring to FIG. 5a) on the optical fiber adapter 200 when the optical fiber joint 100 is inserted into the optical fiber adapter 200, so that the optical fiber joint 100 is accurately aligned with the optical fiber adapter 200.

    [0050] Further, an opening angle of the horn-shaped opening is equal to or larger than 10 degrees, and is smaller than or equal to 30 degrees. The opening angle is an angle formed between a direction along the axial direction of the sleeve and an edge direction of the horn-shaped opening, as shown in FIG. 6, which may be specifically 10 degrees, 15 degrees, 22.5 degrees, or 30 degrees.

    [0051] The end 130b of the outer sleeve element 130 is fixed at and sealed with the optical cable 110 by using the ferrule 122.

    [0052] The tail ferrule 120 is sleeved onto the ferrule 122, and is fixed by using the snap ring 126, thereby enhancing tensile intensity and sealing performance of the optical fiber joint 100. The tail ferrule 120 may be prefabricated and finally sleeved onto the optical cable, or may be cast in an integral injection manner.

    [0053] The optical fiber joint 100 includes a joint dust-proof cap 170. Referring to FIG. 3a, the joint dust-proof dust 170 is tied on the optical fiber joint 100 by using the rope 160. A joint holding cavity is placed at one end of the joint dust-proof cap 170, where the joint holding cavity extends axially along the joint dust-proof cap 170, and the joint holding cavity holds the insertion core 150 and the inner sleeve element 140. The joint dust-proof cap 170 has the O-shaped sealing ring 172.

    [0054] In FIG. 3a, at least one first sliding slot 1704 is arranged on the periphery of the joint dust-proof cap 170, where the number of sliding slots 1704 is equal to the number of locking points 1304 (referring to FIG. 4a and FIG 4b for the locking points 1304). The sliding slot 1704 cooperates with the locking point 1304 of the outer sleeve element 130, where the sliding slot 1704 is in a spiral shape, the sliding slot 1704 extends from one end of the joint dust-proof cap 170 to circumference of the joint dust-proof cap 170, and the extended tail end of the sliding slot 1704 is fastened to the locking point 1304. In this implementation manner, the extended tail end of the sliding slot 1704 is in an arc shape matching the shape of the locking point 1304. An outer surface of the joint dust-proof cap 170 has an arrow identifier and identifiers "0" and "1". When the optical fiber joint 100 is inserted into the joint dust-proof cap 170, the arrow identifier on the outer sleeve element 130 aligns with the arrow identifier on the joint dust-proof cap 170. When the joint dust-proof cap 170 is turned towards the direction of "0", the optical fiber joint 100 enters a locking state, and when the joint dust-proof cap 170 is turned towards the direction of "1", the optical fiber joint 100 enters a release state. A double locking manner is used, thereby ensuring long and reliable optical performance of the optical fiber connector.

    [0055] When the joint dust-proof cap 170 is fastened to the optical fiber joint 100, the insertion core 150 and the inner sleeve element 140 are inserted into the holding cavity. The locking point 1304 of the optical fiber joint 100 slides into the sliding slot 1704 of the joint dust-proof cap 170, and the joint dust-proof cap 170 is turned from the direction of "1" to the direction of "0", so that the locking point 1304 slides to the tail end of the sliding slot 1704, thereby implementing locking. By using the foregoing operations, the joint dust-proof cap 170 is fastened to the optical fiber joint 100.

    [0056] FIG. 4a and FIG. 4b are front projection diagrams of the optical fiber joint 100, where an internal fastener unlocking structure of the optical fiber joint 100 is illustrated. FIG 4a illustrates an internal unlocking structure when the insertion core 150 does not have a snap-lock wing. The left part (a) in FIG. 4a illustrates an initial state of the inner fastener of the optical fiber joint 100, and the right part (b) in FIG. 4a illustrates a locked state of the inner fastener of the optical fiber joint 100. FIG 4b illustrates an internal unlocking structure when the insertion core 150 has a snap-lock wing. The left part (a) in FIG. 4b illustrates an initial state of the inner fastener of the optical fiber joint 100, and the right part (b) in FIG 4b illustrates a locked state of the inner fastener of the optical fiber joint 100.

    [0057] As shown in FIG 4b, an inner surface of the outer sleeve element 130 has a sloped boss 1302. When the optical fiber joint 100 and the optical fiber adapter 200 are in a connection and locking state, the sloped boss 1302 bypasses the snap-lock wing 1502 on the insertion core 150, and in this case, the snap-lock wing 1502 is fastened to a snap on the socket 201 (referring to FIG 5a), thereby implementing connection and locking.

    [0058] It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the insertion core 150 that does not have a snap-lock wing may also be adopted, and in this case, the inner surface of the outer sleeve element 130 does not have a corresponding sloped boss.

    [0059] Further, the two symmetric locking points 1304 on the inner surface of the outer sleeve element 130 are fastened to the two symmetric second sliding slots 2015 on the outer surface of the socket 201 (referring to FIG. 5a), thereby implementing double locking and connection. When the optical fiber joint 100 needs to be removed from the optical fiber adapter 200, the outer sleeve element 130 is turned to change from the state illustrated in the left part (a) in FIG. 4b to the state illustrated in the right part (b) in FIG. 4b. In this case, the snap-lock wing 1502 on the insertion core 150 is pressed down by the sloped boss 1302 of the outer sleeve element 130, thereby implementing fastening unlocking. Meanwhile, the two symmetric locking points 1304 on the inner surface of the outer sleeve element 130 are also turned and released from the two symmetric second sliding slots 2015 on the outer surface of the socket 201, and in this case, the optical fiber joint 100 may be removed from the optical fiber adapter 200.

    [0060] Further, in this embodiment, the outer sleeve element 130 may be turned by 45 degrees to implement a process of locking and unlocking of the connector. To limit the turning angle of the outer sleeve element 130, a limiting column 1504 is arranged on the insertion core 150, and left and right limiting stages 1306 are designed on the outer sleeve element 130. When the connector is in the connected and locking state as illustrated in the left part (a) in FIG 4b, the limiting column 1504 is limited by the left limiting stage 1306 and cannot be turned further; and when the connector is in the released state as illustrated in the right part (b) in FIG. 4b, the limiting column 1504 is limited by the right limiting stage 1306 and cannot be turned further.

    [0061] FIG. 5a is a schematic structural diagram of the optical fiber adapter 200. FIG 5b is an exploded diagram of the optical fiber adapter 200. As shown in FIG. 5a and FIG. 5b, the socket 201 is placed at one end of the optical fiber adapter 200.

    [0062] Further, a socket 202 may be further placed at the other end of the optical fiber adapter 200. The two sockets 201 and 202, and the ceramic ferrule 212 that is arranged at the center of the adapter may be welded together using ultrasound.

    [0063] The socket 201 has the cavity 2011 and the slot 2012, where the cavity 2011 is located at the middle part of the socket 201, and the cavity 2011 and the slot 2012 axially extends along the socket 201. The slot 2012 surrounds the periphery of the cavity 2011. The cavity 2011 cooperates with the insertion core 150, the slot 2012 cooperates with the inner sleeve element 140, and a locating key 2014 is placed in the slot 2012. The locating key 2014 is a strip-like projection extending axially along the socket 201, so that the slot 2012 forms a C-shaped section and seamlessly connects to the sleeve that has a C-shaped opening in the optical fiber joint. In this way, blind insertion of the optical fiber joint may be implemented, and the operation is simpler, thereby implementing plug and play of the optical fiber connector.

    [0064] From the perspective reverse to the axial direction of the socket 201, the C-shaped slot 2012 is a circle or an ellipse with an opening. When the optical fiber joint 100 is inserted into the optical fiber adapter 200, the C-shaped inner sleeve element cooperates with the locating key 2014, and is inserted into the slot 2012. In this embodiment, the sockets 201 and 202 are cylindrical. The cavity 210 is a square cavity or a circular cavity. The slot 2012 is a C-shaped slot.

    [0065] The slot 2012 that has a C-shaped section is configured to hold a C-shaped tail end of the sleeve 180 of the optical fiber joint 100 that matches the optical fiber adapter 200. The locating key 2014 is configured to connect to the opening of the sleeve of the optical fiber joint 100 that matches the optical fiber adapter 200. The width of the locating key 2014 is equivalent to the width of the opening of the sleeve 180 of the optical fiber joint 100.

    [0066] As shown in FIG 5a, the second sliding slot 2015 is placed on the periphery of the socket 201, where the second sliding slot 2015 is in a spiral shape, and the second sliding slot 2015 circumferentially extends along the socket from one end of the socket 201, and the tail end to which the second sliding slot 2015 extends is fastened to the locking point 1304. In this embodiment, the second sliding slot 2015 is in the same shape as the sliding slot 1704 (referring to FIG. 3a) of the joint dust-proof cap 170.

    [0067] As shown in FIG. 5b, the optical fiber adapter 200 includes an O-shaped sealing ring 222, a locking nut 220, an O-shaped sealing ring 240, a socket body 210, and a ceramic ferrule 212. The O-shaped sealing ring 240, the locking nut 220, and the O-shaped sealing ring 240 are sequentially sleeved onto the socket body 210, and the ceramic ferrule 212 is inserted into the other end of the socket body 210, and is fixed by using the O-shaped sealing ring 222.

    [0068] The optical fiber adapter 200 includes an adapter dust-proof cap 230, where one end of the adapter dust-proof cap 230 has an adapter holding cavity for holding the optical fiber adapter 200. The holding cavity is configured to hold the socket 201 when the optical fiber adapter 200 is inserted into the dust-proof cap 230.

    [0069] When the optical fiber joint 100 is inserted into the optical fiber adapter 200, the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve of the inner sleeve element 140 is targeted at and inserted into the locating key 2014 in the sliding slot, the inner sleeve element 140 is inserted into the sliding slot 2012 so that the insertion core 150 is inserted into the cavity 2011, the locking point 1304 of the optical fiber joint slides into the second sliding slot 2015 of the optical fiber adapter, and the optical fiber socket 201 is turned so that the locking point 1304 slides to the tail end of the second sliding slot 2015, thereby implementing locking.

    [0070] Based on the foregoing technical solutions, the optical fiber connector provided by this embodiment of the present invention is seamlessly connected to the C-shaped slot of the optical fiber adapter by using the sleeve having the C-shaped opening of the optical fiber joint. In this way, blind insertion of the optical fiber joint may be implemented, and the operation is simpler, thereby implementing plug and play of the optical fiber connector. The optical fiber connector provided by the embodiment of the present invention further achieves the highest water-proof grade.

    [0071] The foregoing descriptions are merely exemplary specific embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. An optical fiber joint (100), comprising:

    an optical cable (110);

    an insertion core (150) sleeved onto the optical cable (110);

    a connecting piece (138) sleeved onto the insertion core (150), wherein the optical cable (110) passes through the insertion core (150), the insertion core including oppositely arranged first and second ends (150a, 150b), and the optical cable (110) is exposed at the first end (150b) of the insertion core (150) far from the connecting piece (138), the connecting piece (138) sleeved on the second end (150a) of the insertion core (150);

    an inner sleeve element (140) with a cavity inside, wherein an optical fiber extending out of the optical cable (110) is held in the cavity, one end of the inner sleeve element (140) is fixed at the optical cable (110), and a sleeve (180) is placed at the other end of the inner sleeve element (140), wherein the inner sleeve element (140) extends along an axial direction of the insertion core (150), where the first end (150b) of the insertion core (150) far from the connecting piece (138) is held in the inner sleeve element (140); and

    an outer sleeve element (130) sleeved onto the connecting piece (138) and the insertion core (150), wherein the outer sleeve element (130) sleeved onto an outer side of the inner sleeve element (140), and the outer sleeve element (130) is capable of axially rotating around the sleeve (180);

    wherein the sleeve (180) of the inner sleeve element (140) at least partially protrudes out of the outer sleeve element (130), and a tail end of the sleeve (180) protruding out of the outer sleeve element (130) has an opening, so that the tail end of the sleeve (180) forms a C-shaped section;

    wherein one end of the connecting piece (138) has a shaft shoulder (138c), an elastic component (134) sleeved onto the connecting piece (138), wherein the shaft shoulder (138c) is configured to abut against an end (134a) of the elastic component (134);

    wherein an end (130a) of the outer sleeve element (130) is slidingly connected to the connecting piece (138), and inwardly forms a flange (130d) that abuts against the other end (134b) of the elastic component (134), wherein the elastic component (134) is clamped between the flange (130d) and the shaft shoulder (138c) and is configured to provide elasticity against the insertion core (150) for the outer sleeve element (130) for preventing a loose connection,

    wherein the opening of the C-shaped tail end of the sleeve (180) is horn-shaped;

    wherein an external end of the outer sleeve element (130) has an arrow alignment identifier for indicating connection and disconnection states.


     
    2. The optical fiber joint (100) according to claim 1, wherein the C-shaped tail end of the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a C-shaped slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100).
     
    3. The optical fiber joint (100) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the opening of the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a locating key (2014) of the optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100).
     
    4. The optical fiber joint (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the sleeve (180) is configured to connect to a slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200) that matches the optical fiber joint (100), wherein the C-shaped section at the tail end of the sleeve (180) matches a C-shaped section of the slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200).
     
    5. The optical fiber joint (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein an opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve (180) is equal to or larger than 10 degrees, and is smaller than or equal to 30 degrees.
     
    6. The optical fiber joint (100) according to claim 5, wherein the opening angle of the horn-shaped opening of the sleeve (180) is 15 degrees or 22.5 degrees.
     
    7. An optical fiber connector (10), comprising the optical fiber joint (100) of one of claims 1-6 and an optical fiber adapter (200), wherein:

    the sleeve (180) having a C-shaped opening is connected to a C-shaped slot (2012) of the optical fiber adapter (200); and

    the optical fiber adapter (200) comprising:
    a socket (201) placed at one end of the optical fiber adapter (200), wherein a cavity (2011) configured to receive an optical fiber, and a slot (2012) are placed in the socket (201), wherein the cavity (2011) is located in a middle part of the socket (201) and is configured to cooperate with the insertion core (150), the slot (2012) surrounds a periphery of the cavity (2011), and a locating key (2014) is placed in the socket (201), so that the slot (2012) forms a C-shaped section.


     
    8. The optical fiber connector (10) according to claim 7, wherein an inner wall of the outer sleeve element (130) of the optical fiber joint (100) has at least one projection (1304).
     
    9. The optical fiber connector (10) according to claim 7, wherein at least one sliding slot (2015) is placed on an outer surface of the socket (201) of the optical fiber adapter (200).
     
    10. The optical fiber connector (10) according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the optical fiber joint (100) is inserted into the optical fiber adapter (200), and the projection (1304) is connected to the sliding slot (2015).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Optikfaserverbindung (100), die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein optisches Kabel (110);

    einen Einführungskern (150), der auf das optische Kabel (110) aufgeschoben ist;

    ein Verbindungsstück (138), das auf den Einführungskern (150) aufgeschoben ist, wobei das optische Kabel (110) durch den Einführungskern (150) hindurchläuft, der Einführungskern ein gegenüberliegend angeordnetes erstes und zweites Ende (150a, 150b) beinhaltet und das optische Kabel (110) an dem ersten Ende (150b) des Einführungskerns (150) weit entfernt von dem Verbindungsstück (138) freigelegt ist, das Verbindungsstück (138) auf das zweite Ende (150a) des Einführungskerns (150) aufgeschoben ist;

    ein Innenhüllenelement (140) mit einem Hohlraum darin, wobei eine optische Faser, die sich aus dem optischen Kabel (110) heraus erstreckt, in dem Hohlraum gehalten wird, ein Ende des Innenhüllenelements (140) an dem optischen Kabel (110) befestigt ist und eine Hülle (180) an dem anderen Ende des Innenhüllenelements (140) platziert ist, wobei sich das Innenhüllenelement (140) entlang einer Axialrichtung des Einführungskerns (150) erstreckt, wobei das erste Ende (150b) des Einführungskerns (150) weit entfernt von dem Verbindungsstück (138) in dem Innenhüllenelement (140) gehalten wird; und

    ein Außenhüllenelement (130), das auf das Verbindungsstück (138) und den Einführungskern (150) aufgeschoben ist, wobei das Außenhüllenelement (130) auf eine Außenseite des Innenhüllenelements (140) aufgeschoben ist und das Außenhüllenelement (130) zum axialen Rotieren um die Hülle (180) fähig ist;

    wobei die Hülle (180) des Innenhüllenelements (140) wenigstens teilweise aus dem Außenhüllenelement (130) herausragt und ein hinteres Ende der Hülle (180), das aus dem Außenhüllenelement (130) herausragt, eine Öffnung aufweist, so dass das hintere Ende der Hülle (180) einen C-förmigen Abschnitt bildet,

    wobei ein Ende des Verbindungsstücks (138) eine Schaftschulter (138c), eine elastische Komponente (134), die auf das Verbindungsstück (138) aufgeschoben ist, aufweist,

    wobei die Schaftschulter (138c) dazu konfiguriert ist, gegen ein Ende (134a) der elastischen Komponente (134) zu stoßen;

    wobei ein Ende (130a) des Außenhüllenelements (130) gleitend mit dem Verbindungsstück (138) verbunden ist und nach innen einen Flansch (130d) bildet, der gegen das andere Ende (134b) der elastischen Komponente (134) stößt, wobei die elastische Komponente (134) zwischen den Flansch (130d) und die Schaftschulter (138c) geklemmt ist und dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Elastizität entgegen des Einführungskerns (150) für das Außenhüllenelement (130) bereitzustellen, um eine lockere Verbindung zu verhindern,

    wobei die Öffnung des C-förmigen hinteren Endes der Hülle (180) hornförmig ist;

    wobei ein externes Ende des Außenhüllenelements (130) eine Pfeilausrichtungskennzeichnung zum Anzeigen von einem Verbindungs- und einem Trennungszustand aufweist.


     
    2. Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das C-förmige hintere Ende der Hülle (180) dazu konfiguriert ist, mit einem C-förmigen Schlitz (2012) des Optikfaseradapters (200) verbunden zu werden, der mit der Optikfaserverbindung (100) zusammenpasst.
     
    3. Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Öffnung der Hülle (180) dazu konfiguriert ist, mit einem Lokalisierungsschlüssel (2014) des Optikfaseradapters (200) verbunden zu werden, der mit der Optikfaserverbindung (100) zusammenpasst.
     
    4. Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Hülle (180) dazu konfiguriert ist, mit einem Schlitz (2012) des Optikfaseradapters (200) verbunden zu werden, der mit der Optikfaserverbindung (100) zusammenpasst, wobei der C-förmige Abschnitt an dem hinteren Ende der Hülle (180) mit einem C-förmigen Abschnitt des Schlitzes (2012) des Optikfaseradapters (200) zusammenpasst.
     
    5. Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ein Öffnungswinkel der hornförmigen Öffnung der Hülle (180) gleich oder größer als 10 Grad ist und kleiner als oder gleich 30 Grad ist.
     
    6. Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Öffnungswinkel der hornförmigen Öffnung der Hülle (180) 15 Grad oder 22,5 Grad beträgt.
     
    7. Optikfaserverbinder (10), der die Optikfaserverbindung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6 und einen Optikfaseradapter (200) umfasst, wobei
    die Hülle (180), die eine C-förmige Öffnung aufweist, mit einem C-förmigen Schlitz (2012) des Optikfaseradapters (200) verbunden ist; und
    der Optikfaseradapter (200) Folgendes umfasst:
    einen Sockel (201), der an einem Ende des Optikfaseradapters (200) platziert ist, wobei ein Hohlraum (2011), der zum Empfangen einer optischen Faser konfiguriert ist, und ein Schlitz (2012) in dem Sockel (201) platziert sind, wobei sich der Hohlraum (2011) in einem mittleren Teil des Sockels (201) befindet und dazu konfiguriert ist, mit dem Einführungskern (150) zusammenzuwirken, der Schlitz (2012) eine Peripherie des Hohlraums (2011) umgibt und ein Lokalisierungsschlüssel (2014) in dem Sockel (201) platziert ist, so dass der Schlitz (2012) einen C-förmigen Abschnitt bildet.
     
    8. Optikfaserverbinder (10) nach Anspruch 7, wobei eine Innenwand des Außenhüllenelements (130) der Optikfaserverbindung (100) wenigstens eine Ausbuchtung (1304) aufweist.
     
    9. Optikfaserverbinder (10) nach Anspruch 7, wobei wenigstens ein Gleitschlitz (2015) auf einer Außenoberfläche des Sockels (201) des Optikfaseradapters (200) platziert ist.
     
    10. Optikfaserverbinder (10) nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei die Optikfaserverbindung (100) in den Optikfaseradapter (200) eingeführt ist und die Ausbuchtung (1304) mit dem Gleitschlitz (2015) verbunden ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Joint de fibre optique (100), comprenant :

    un câble optique (110) ;

    un cœur d'insertion (150) gainé sur le câble optique (110) ;

    une pièce de connexion (138) enfilée sur le cœur d'insertion (150), où le câble optique (110) passe à travers le cœur d'insertion (150), le cœur d'insertion comprenant des première et seconde extrémités disposées de manière opposée (150a, 150b), et le câble optique (110) est exposé au niveau de la première extrémité (150b) du cœur d'insertion (150) à distance de la pièce de connexion (138), la pièce de connexion (138) étant enfilée sur la seconde extrémité (150a) du cœur d'insertion (150) ;

    un élément de gaine interne (140) présentant une cavité interne, où une fibre optique s'étendant hors du câble optique (110) est maintenue dans la cavité, une extrémité de l'élément de gaine interne (140) est fixée au câble optique (110), et une gaine (180) est placée à l'autre extrémité de l'élément de gaine interne (140), où l'élément de gaine interne (140) s'étend le long d'une direction axiale du cœur d'insertion (150), où la première extrémité (150b) du cœur d'insertion (150) éloignée de la pièce de connexion (138) est maintenue dans l'élément de gaine interne (140) ; et

    un élément de gaine externe (130) gainé sur la pièce de connexion (138) et le cœur d'insertion (150), où l'élément de gaine externe (130) est gainé sur un côté externe de l'élément de gaine interne (140), et l'élément de gaine externe (130) est capable de tourner axialement autour de la gaine (180) ;

    où la gaine (180) de l'élément de gaine interne (140) fait au moins partiellement saillie hors de l'élément de gaine externe (130), et une queue de la gaine (180) faisant saillie hors de l'élément de gaine externe (130) présente une ouverture, de sorte que la queue de la gaine (180) présente une section en forme de C, où une extrémité de la pièce de connexion (138) présente un épaulement d'arbre (138c), un composant élastique (134) enfilé sur la pièce de connexion (138), où l'épaulement d'arbre (138c) est configuré pour venir en butée contre une extrémité (134a) du composant élastique (134) ;

    où une extrémité (130a) de l'élément de gaine externe (130) est raccordée de manière coulissante à la pièce de connexion (138), et forme vers l'intérieur une bride (130d) qui vient en butée contre l'autre extrémité (134b) du composant élastique (134), où le composant élastique (134) est serré entre la bride (130d) et l'épaulement d'arbre (138c) et est configuré pour assurer un contact élastique avec le cœur d'insertion (150) pour l'élément de gaine externe (130) afin d'empêcher une connexion desserrée,

    où l'ouverture de la queue en forme de C de la gaine (180) a une forme de corne ;

    où une extrémité externe de l'élément de gaine externe (130) présente un identifiant d'alignement de flèche pour indiquer les états de connexion et de déconnexion.


     
    2. Joint de fibre optique (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la queue en forme de C de la gaine (180) est configurée pour se connecter à une fente en forme de C (2012) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200) qui correspond au joint de fibre optique (100) .
     
    3. Joint de fibre optique (100) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel l'ouverture de la gaine (180) est configurée pour se connecter à une clé de repérage (2014) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200) qui correspond au joint de fibre optique (100).
     
    4. Joint de fibre optique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la gaine (180) est configurée pour se connecter à une fente (2012) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200) qui correspond au joint de fibre optique (100), où la section en forme de C située au niveau de la queue de la gaine (180) correspond à une section en forme de C de la fente (2012) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200).
     
    5. Joint de fibre optique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel un angle d'ouverture de l'ouverture en forme de corne de la gaine (180) est égal ou supérieur à 10 degrés, et est inférieur ou égal à 30 degrés.
     
    6. Joint de fibre optique (100) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'angle d'ouverture de l'ouverture en forme de corne de la gaine (180) est de 15 degrés ou 22,5 degrés.
     
    7. Connecteur de fibre optique (10), comprenant le joint de fibre optique (100) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6 et un adaptateur de fibre optique (200), dans lequel :

    la gaine (180) ayant une ouverture en forme de C est connectée à une fente en forme de C (2012) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200) ; et

    l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200) comprend :
    une douille (201) placée à une extrémité de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200), où une cavité (2011) configurée pour recevoir une fibre optique et une fente (2012) sont placées dans la douille (201), où la cavité (2011) est située dans une partie centrale de la douille (201) et est configurée pour s'accorder avec le cœur d'insertion (150), la fente (2012) entoure une périphérie de la cavité (2011), et une clé de repérage (2014) est placée dans la douille (2014) de manière à ce que la fente (2012) forme une section en forme de C.


     
    8. Connecteur de fibre optique (10) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel une paroi interne de l'élément de gaine externe (130) du joint de fibre optique (100) présente au moins une saillie (1304).
     
    9. Connecteur de fibre optique (10) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel au moins une fente coulissante (2015) est placée sur une surface externe de la douille (201) de l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200).
     
    10. Connecteur de fibre optique (10) selon la revendication 8 ou la revendication 9, dans lequel le joint de fibre optique (100) est inséré dans l'adaptateur de fibre optique (200), et la saillie (1304) est connectée à la fente coulissante (2015).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description