(19)
(11)EP 3 420 294 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/48

(21)Application number: 17728289.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.02.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F41A 19/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SI2017/000004
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/146654 (31.08.2017 Gazette  2017/35)

(54)

LATERALLY PIVOTING TRIGGER LEVER

SEITLICH SCHWENKBARER BETÄTIGUNGSHEBEL

GÂCHETTE À PIVOTEMENT LATÉRAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.02.2016 US 201662299301 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/01

(73)Proprietor: Marin, Rok
3000 Celje (SI)

(72)Inventor:
  • Marin, Rok
    3000 Celje (SI)

(74)Representative: Jersan, Tatjana 
ITEM d.o.o. Patent and Trademark Agency Resljeva cesta 16
1000 Ljubljana
1000 Ljubljana (SI)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-U1- 29 703 375
IT-A1- PI20 110 004
FR-A5- 2 163 178
US-A1- 2005 121 013
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention falls into the category small arms with projectiles, triggered by pressing the trigger with a finger, for example single-shot, repeating or semi-automatic firearms, shotguns, pistols, revolvers, irrespective of the propelling mechanism, e.g. powder or compressed air/gas or crossbows. More specifically, the invention relates to an improved trigger mechanism, which includes a trigger.

    [0002] Trigger mechanisms in the current state of the art are used by the shooter, by pressing the trigger which forms part of the trigger mechanism, to activate the projectile, so that the latter is released in the pointed direction. In firearms using powder, the shooter presses the trigger, which ignites the explosive filling in the ammunition through the trigger mechanism and activation of the firing pin, causing the projectile to be released through the barrel of the firearm in the pointed direction. According to the current state of the art, the trigger, when pressed, moves with respect to the remaining trigger mechanism, either as a lever, which means that it is with one point pivotally mounted into the trigger mechanism, or linearly, meaning that the mechanism moves in a straight line when pressed, e.g. the Colt 1911. When the trigger is mounted in the trigger mechanism as a lever, i.e. lever mounted trigger, and when the trigger is mounted in the trigger mechanism linearly, i.e. linearly mounted trigger, the trigger moves preferably in the plane, which is the same or parallel to the plane P, defined by the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm and the longitudinal axis of the handle of the firearm, which is located so close to the trigger that the shooter holds the handle and reaches and actuates the trigger with the finger of the same hand. In firearms with a barrel, through which the projectile is released, the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory corresponds to the longitudinal axis of the barrel of the firearm. In crossbows, the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory in the firearm corresponds to the longitudinal axis of the arrow placed in the crossbow or chamber along which the arrow travels when ejected.

    [0003] When shooting with such a firearm, for example shooting at a target, one of the key requirements is to facilitate solid and simple trigger control and shooting with the highest possible precision, ensuring that the pressure a finger places on the trigger, which must be strong enough to trigger the firearm, does not cause a change in direction in which the firearm is aimed. Due to the anatomic characteristics of a human hand or fingers, when a shooter uses their finger to press the trigger, a force is released in the firearm which may cause undesirable movement of the firearm away from the aimed direction, which leads to poorer shooting accuracy. By pressing the trigger, the shooter merely wishes to actuate the trigger without changing the direction of the barrel, which would be possible if the direction of the finger's force through the trigger applied to the firearm was completely aligned with longitudinal axis A of the trajectory in the firearm. A human hand contains bones and joints, which essentially enable the rotation of bones around joints, and not linear movement. Because of this movement and as a result of the existing construction of the firearm, the direction of the finger's force applied to the trigger cannot be linear and fully aligned with the longitudinal axis A, which at the time of pressing the trigger causes the undesirable movement of the firearm away from the aimed direction.

    [0004] With this invention, the trigger and the trigger mechanism try to reduce or eliminate the above mentioned drawback of the existing trigger mechanisms.

    [0005] In order to eliminate this problem, patent application no. US 13/317,823 proposes a trigger mechanism with a trigger lever that is formed as a cylindrical shaft that is attached to the trigger mechanism through the upper and/or lower part. A sleeve which freely rotates around the shaft is fitted to the cylindrical shaft by adequate means. The proposed trigger mechanism assembly compensates for or transforms the automatic rotation of the finger, mostly, into linear movement, but does not resolve sufficiently the automatic lateral movement of the finger.

    [0006] A trigger and a trigger mechanism is also known from document ITPI20110004 A, where the pivotally mounting of the pivotal part to the fixed part of the trigger is configured with a screw and a spring.

    [0007] The above-mentioned drawbacks are eliminated with a trigger and trigger mechanism according to claim 1 and is further described below and illustrated in the figures as follows:

    FIG. 1 shows the pistol in the current state of the art with the linearly mounted trigger

    FIG. 2 shows the trigger with the trigger mechanism in the current state of the art, which is lever mounted into the trigger mechanism

    FIG. 3 shows the lever mounted trigger with a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention

    FIG. 4 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is lever mounted to the trigger mechanism (detail)

    FIG. 5 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly wherein the mounting of the pivotal part of the trigger is in the part closest to the axis A

    FIG. 6 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly (B-B cross section as in Fig. 5)

    FIG. 7 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly in the deviated L and R position and in the neutral position

    FIG. 8 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly in the deviated position and in the neutral position (A-A cross section as in Fig. 5)

    FIG. 9 shows a trigger mechanism not forming part of the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly with the integration of the limiting means and the spring element (A-A cross section as in Fig. 5)

    FIG. 10 shows the trigger according to the invention, where the fixed part of the trigger is connected to the trigger mechanism linearly wherein the mounting of the pivotal part of the trigger is furthest from the axis A and with a rotating plate on the pivotal part.



    [0008] The trigger 1 shown in Fig. 3 through 9, differs from the triggers according to the current state of the art, shown in Fig. 1 and 2, in that it consists of a fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 and a pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1. The fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 is connected to the remaining trigger mechanism 2 either with a lever or linerarly in ways that are standard and recognised in the current state of the art. The detailed construction of this fixing, which is not a novelty, depends on the type of the firearm. The pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 is pivotally mountable to the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1, whereby the axis 13 of the pivotally mounting, around which the pivotal part 12 can swing, lies in plane P, which is defined with the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm and the longitudinal axis of the handle 3 of the firearm, which is positioned so close to the trigger 1 that it enables the shooter to hold the handle 3 with his arm and also reaches the pivotal part 12 with the finger of the same hand. Axis 13 of the pivotally mounting with respect to the longitudinal axis A is at an angle in one or the other direction, which is less than 80 degrees, preferably less than 45 degrees, most preferably between 0 to 5 degrees. In the most preferred embodiment the axis 13 of pivotally mounting is parallel to the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm.

    [0009] If a version of the firearm has multiple barrels, e.g. in two barrel shotguns, the longitudinal axis A within the meaning of this invention is parallel to the individual axes of the trajectory in each individual barrel of the firearm and placed as symmetrically as possible to the central position vis-à-vis the mentioned individual axes of the trajectories.

    [0010] The pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 in its neutral position, when no pressure from the shooter's finger is applied, essentially extends in the plane P. When the shooter presses on the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1, part of the force is transmitted through the pivotally mounting to the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1, which actuates the triggering of the firearm through the entire trigger mechanism 2. However, due to the construction of the trigger 1 according to this invention, part of the force of the finger, which would otherwise contribute to the movement of the firearm barrel away from the aimed direction, only causes a swing movement of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 around the axis 13 of the pivotally mounting outside the plane P by the angle of divergence α.

    [0011] The maximum possible angle of divergence α of the pivotal part 12 from its neutral position into one or the other direction is less than 90 degrees, preferably is up to 45 degrees, more preferably is up to 20 degrees.

    [0012] The mounting of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 to the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 can be located on the pivotal part 12, either in the area that is closest to the longitudinal axis A of the trajectory in the firearm, which is a preferred embodiment, and is shown in Fig. 3 through 9, or in the area that is furthest from the longitudinal axis A and is shown in Fig. 10.

    [0013] When the shooter presses the trigger, the undesired component of the force that is applied perpendicularly to the plane P is eliminated or reduced, given that the finger, due to the swing movement of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1, can move freely also in the directions that are essentially perpendicular to the plane P.

    [0014] Optionally between the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 and the remaining firearm, preferably the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1, the spring system 4, 5 is positioned, which works in such a way that it holds the pivotal part 12 in a neutral position, when no pressure of the finger is applied to it, irrespective of the position of the firearm. In addition, the spring system 4, 5 returns the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 to the neutral position, when the pressure of the finger is no longer applied to the pivotal part 12, e.g. after triggering the firearm. It is desirable the force of the spring system 4, 5 to be as weak as possible, so that it does not represent a significant counter force to the finger, when the latter is pressing the trigger 1, but strong enough to return the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 to the neutral position, when the pressure of the finger subsides, even if the firearm is tilted. This enables the shooter to always find the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 with their finger in the same position relative to the position of the firearm.

    [0015] In one embodiment shown in Fig. 4, when the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 is connected to the remaining trigger mechanism 2 with a lever, the spring system 4 consists of a chamber 42, drilled into the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1, wherein a spiralling compression spring 43 with a ball 44 is located. The ball 44 partly protrudes out of the chamber 42. The spring 43 is placed in the chamber 42 behind the ball 44, thus being able to push the ball 44 from the chamber. The internal diameter of the chamber 42 is at least equal to the diameter of the ball 44.

    [0016] In the second of multiple embodiments, e.g. when the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 is connected to the remaining trigger mechanism 2 linearly and is shown in Figures 5, 6, 8 through 10, the spring system 5 consists of a groove 51 in the form of the letters V, U or another concave form, grooved in the pivotal part 12 on the side that is directed toward the fixed part 11, and a chamber 52 in the fixed part 11, which is implemented opposite the described groove 51 and in which a spiral compression spring 53 with a ball 54 is located. The ball 54 partly protrudes out of the chamber 52. The spring 53 is placed in the chamber 52 behind the ball 54 thus being able to push the ball 54 from the chamber 52. In the neutral position of the pivotal part 12, the ball 54 rests in the groove 51 in its deepest possible resting position. When the pivotal part 12 moves from its neutral position, the inner surface of the groove 51 pushes the ball 54 deeper into the chamber 52, to which the opposite force of spring 53 provides resistance. The internal diameter of the chamber 52 is at least equal to the diameter of the ball 54.

    [0017] The dimension and the form of the groove 51 define the force that will be applied in the direction towards the neutral position to the pivotal part 12 by the spring element 53 at a certain divergence from its neutral position into one or other direction.

    [0018] Optionally between the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 and the remaining firearm, preferably the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1, limiting means 6 are provided in order to prevent deviation of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 over the maximum possible angle of divergence α of the pivotal part 12. It is desirable that limiting means 6 have no impact on the movement of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 within the defined swing angle of divergence α, or their impact is limited to the lowest extent possible. In one of the possible embodiments, limiting means 6 is formed as a channel 61 configured on the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 and a pin 62 configured on the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1, as shown in Figures 5, 6 and 10. During the swinging of the pivotal part 12 up to the largest possible angle of divergence α, the pin 62 moves freely within the channel 61. When the pin 62 reaches the end of the channel 61, further swinging is prevented. The length of the channel 61 defines the largest possible angle of divergence α of the pivotal part 12. The opposite version is also possible - the channel 61 is configured on the fixed part 11 and the pin 61 is configured on the pivotal part 12. Versions with multiple channels and pins are also possible.

    [0019] In Fig. 8 the ball 54 is located in the middle of the groove 51 which is configured on the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1. If the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 is deviated by an angle of divergence α greater than 60 degrees from its vertical position, the ball 54 will fall out of the chamber 52. Limiting means are used to prevent the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 from deviating by greater angles of diversion α. Fig. 6 shows the manner in which the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 returns to the neutral position. The ball 54 is located in the left side of the groove 51 (seen from the direction of triggering of the firearm). Under the ball 54 the channel 61 is seen, within which the pin 62 moves and thus prevents the ball 54 from falling out of the groove 51, as it limits the deviation of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 over the largest possible angle of divergence α. The force of the finger pushes the ball 54 into the chamber 52 in the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 and thus contracts (squeezes) the spring 53. When the force subsides, the spring 53 in the chamber 52 pushes out the ball 54 and forces the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 back to its neutral position.

    [0020] In one of the possible embodiments, the pivotally mounting of the pivotal part 12 to the fixed part 11 of the trigger 1 is configured with a screw 31 and a bearing 33, whereby the longitudinal axis of the screw 31 is simultaneously also the axis 13 of the pivotally mounting. In this embodiment which is shown in Figures 4, 5 and 10, a hole 34 is made through the fixed part 11 and the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1, through which the screw 31 with a nut 35 is placed, whereby the nut 35 can be integrated either to the fixed part 11 or the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1. A bearing 33 is placed between the fixed part 11 and the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1. This reduces friction between both parts, so that the pivotal part 12 can move freely during its swinging motion.

    [0021] In one of the embodiments, limiting means 6 and the spring system 5 can be integrated as shown in Fig. 9. The spring system 5 may function simultaneously as the limiting means 6 when it is comprised of the groove 51 and the chamber 52 with the ball 54 and the spring 53, as described above. In this case a part 55 of the chamber under the ball 54 has a narrower diameter compared to the ball 54, which prevents the ball 54 from being pushed entirely into the chamber 52, resulting in part of the ball 54 with the protrusion 56 always protruding out of the chamber 52. The spacing between the pivotal part 12 and the fixed part 11 in the area around the extreme left and right point of the groove 51 has to be smaller than the minimum protrusion 56 of the ball out of the chamber 52. In this way the pivotal part 12 cannot exceed the highest possible angle of divergence α, as the groove 51 with the extreme left or right point rests on the minimum protrusion 56 of the ball 54 and thus prevents further divergence of the pivotal part 12.

    [0022] Fig. 10 shows an example according to the invention where the mounting of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 to the fixed part 11 of the trigger is located on the pivotal part 12, in an area that is furthest from the longitudinal axis A. In this embodiment, an additional rotating plate 7 is built-into the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1. The rotating plate 7 comprises a chamber 71, which is preferably configured in the upper part of the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 above the spring element 5, into which a rotating plug 72 is inserted, rotation of which is enabled by bearings 73. A rotating plate 7 additionally reduces lateral force caused by the shooter when pressing the trigger 1. If the shooter's finger rests on the rotating plate 7 or the rotating plug 72, the pivotal part 12 of the trigger 1 may bend left or right at even smaller lateral force.


    Claims

    1. A trigger (1) suitable for being part of a trigger mechanism (2) of small arms with projectiles, whereby the firearm has a handle (3) that is able to be located so close to the trigger (1) that a shooter holds the handle (3) in their hand, and with a finger of the same hand is able to reach the trigger (1), which is triggered by pressing of their finger, whereby the trigger (1) is able to be lever mounted or linearly mounted to the trigger mechanism (2), wherein the trigger (1) consists of a fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) and a pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), whereby the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) is able to be either lever mounted or linearly mounted to the remaining trigger mechanism (2), whereby the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) is pivotally mounted to the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) and an axis (13) of the pivotally mounting, around which the pivotal part (12) is swinging, lies in a plane (P), which is defined by a longitudinal axis (A) of a trajectory of a projectile in the firearm and a longitudinal axis of the handle (3), whereby the axis (13) of the pivotally mounting with respect to the longitudinal axis (A) is at an angle in one or another direction, which is less than 80 degrees, preferably the axis (13) of the pivotally mounting is parallel to the longitudinal axis (A) of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm, whereby the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) in its neutral position, when no force of the shooter's finger is applied to it, essentially extends in the plane (P), and the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), when the force of the shooter's finger is applied to it, swings from its neutral position around the axis (13) of the pivotally mounting outside the plane (P) by an angle of divergence (α), and wherein the pivotally mounting of the pivotal part (12) to the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) is configured with a screw (31) with a nut (35) and a bearing (33), whereby a longitudinal axis of the screw (31) is simultaneously also the axis (13) of the pivotally mounting and a hole (34) is made through the fixed part (11) and the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), through which the screw (31) with the nut (35) is placed, that is integrated in the fixed part (11) or the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), and the bearing (33) is placed between the fixed (11) and the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), which reduces friction between both parts, so that the pivotal part (12) is able to move freely during its swinging motion and wherein said trigger further comprises a spring system (4, 5) that holds the pivotal part (12) in its neutral position, when no force of the shooter's finger is applied, irrespective of the position of the firearm, and returns the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) to the neutral position, when the pressure of the finger on the pivotal part (12) subsides, wherein an additional rotating plate (7) is integrated in the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), said additional rotating plate (7) including a chamber (71), to which a rotating plug (72) is inserted, and the rotating of which is enabled with bearings (73).
     
    2. The trigger according to claim 1, characterised in that the pivotally mounting of the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) to the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) is located on the pivotal part (12) in an area that is closest to the longitudinal axis (A) of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm.
     
    3. The trigger according to claim 1, characterised in that the pivotally mounting of the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) to the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) is located on the pivotal part (12) in an area that is furthest from the longitudinal axis (A) of the trajectory of the projectile in the firearm.
     
    4. The trigger according to claims 1 through 3, characterised in that the spring system (4) consists of a chamber (42) drilled in the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1), where a spiral compression spring (43) with a ball (44) is located, whereby the ball (44) partly protrudes out of the chamber (42) and the spring (43) in the chamber (42) is positioned behind the ball (44).
     
    5. The trigger according to claims 1 through 3, characterised in that the spring system (5) consists of a groove (51) in the form of the letters V, U or another concave form, grooved in the pivotal part (12) on a side facing toward the fixed part (11), and a chamber (52) in the fixed part (11) implemented opposite the described groove (51) and in which a spiral compression spring (53) with a ball (54) is located, whereby the ball (54) partly protrudes out of the chamber (52) and the spring (53) in the chamber (52) is placed behind the ball (54), whereby the dimension and the form of the groove (51) define the force that will be applied in the direction towards the neutral position to the pivotal part (12) by the spring element (53) at a certain divergence from its neutral position into one or other direction.
     
    6. The trigger according to claims 1 through 5, characterised in that it includes limiting means (6) that prevent the deviation of the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) over the maximum possible angle of divergence (α) of the pivotal part (12).
     
    7. The trigger according to claim 6, characterised in that the limiting means (6) is formed as a channel (61) configured on the pivotal part (12) of the trigger (1) and a pin (62) configured on the fixed part (11) of the trigger (1) or vice-versa, whereby the pin (62) during the swinging of the pivotal part (12) up to the largest possible angle of divergence (α) moves freely within the channel (61) and the largest possible angle of divergence (α) of the pivotal part (12) is defined by the length of the channel (61).
     
    8. The trigger according to claim 6, characterised in that the spring system (5), when it consists of the groove (51) and the chamber (52) with the ball (54) and the spring (53), is simultaneously the limiting means (6), whereby a part (55) of the chamber under the ball (54) has a narrower diameter than the diameter of the ball (54), to prevent the ball (54) from being pushed entirely into the chamber (52), so that part of the ball (54) with the protrusion (56) always protrudes out of the chamber (52), so that the extreme part of the groove (51) rests on the minimum protrusion (56) of the ball (54) and thus prevents further divergence of the pivotal part (12).
     
    9. A trigger mechanism that contains the trigger according to claims 1 through 8.
     
    10. A firearm that contains the trigger according to claims 1 through 8.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Abzug (1), der geeignet ist, Teil eines Auslösemechanismus (2) von Kleinwaffen mit Geschossen zu sein, wobei die Schusswaffe einen Handgriff (3) aufweist, der so nahe am Abzug (1) angeordnet werden kann, dass ein Schütze den Handgriff (3) in seiner Hand hält, und mit einem Finger derselben Hand in der Lage ist, den Abzug (1) zu erreichen, der durch Drücken seines Fingers ausgelöst wird, wobei der Abzug (1), mit einem Hebel am Auslösemechanismus (2) oder linear montiert werden kann, wobei der Abzug (1) aus einem feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) und einem Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) besteht, wobei der feststehende Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) entweder am restlichen Auslösemechanismus (2) schwenkbar oder linear gelagert ist, wobei der Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) an dem feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) schwenkbar gelagert ist und eine Achse (13) der schwenkbaren Lagerung, um die das Schwenkteil (12) schwenkbar ist, in einer Ebene (P) liegt, die durch eine Längsachse (A) einer Geschossbahn eines Projektils in der Schusswaffe und einer Längsachse des Handgriffs (3) definiert ist, wobei die Achse (13) der Schwenklagerung bezüglich der Längsachse (A) einen Winkel in der einen oder anderen Richtung aufweist, der kleiner als 80 Grad ist, vorzugsweise die Achse (13) der Schwenklagerung parallel zur Längsachse (A) der Geschossbahn des Geschosses in der Schusswaffe ist, wobei der Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) in seiner Neutralposition, wenn durch den Schützen keine Kraft darauf ausgeübt wird, sich im Wesentlichen in der Ebene (P) erstreckt und der Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) bei Druck durch den Finger des Schützens aus seiner Neutralstellung um die Achse (13) der schwenkbaren Lagerung außerhalb der Ebene (P) um einen Divergenzwinkel (a) schwenkt, und wobei die schwenkbare Lagerung des Schwenkteils (12) an dem feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) mit einer Schraube (31) mit Mutter (35) und einem Lager (33) ausgebildet ist, wobei eine Längsachse der Schraube (31) gleichzeitig auch die Achse (13) der Schwenklagerung ist und durch das feststehende Teil (11) und das Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) ein Loch (34) eingebracht wird, durch das die Schraube mit einer Mutter (35) eingelegt wird, die entweder im feststehenden Teil (11) oder dem Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) integriert ist, und das Lager (33) zwischen dem feststehenden Teil (11) und dem Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) angeordnet ist, wodurch die Reibung zwischen den beiden Teilen reduziert wird, so dass das Schwenkteil während seiner Schwenkbewegung frei beweglich ist, und wobei der Abzug ferner ein Federsystem (4, 5) umfasst, das das Schwenkteil (12) in seiner Neutralposition hält, wenn unabhängig von der Stellung der Schusswaffe keine Kraft durch den Finger des Schützens ausgeübt wird, und das Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) in die Neutralposition zurückführt, wenn der Druck des Fingers auf dem Schwenkteil (12) nachlässt, wobei im Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) eine zusätzliche Drehplatte (7) integriert ist, die eine Kammer (71) aufweist, in die ein Drehzapfen (72) eingesetzt ist, und deren Drehung mit Lagern (73) ermöglicht.
     
    2. Abzug nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die schwenkbare Lagerung des Schwenkteils (12) des Abzugs (1) mit dem feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) am Schwenkteil (12) in einem von der Längsachse (A) der Geschossbahn des Geschosses in der Schusswaffe am nächsten Bereich angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Abzug nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die schwenkbare Lagerung des Schwenkteils (12) des Abzugs (1) mit dem feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) am Schwenkteil (12) in einem, von der Längsachse (A) der Geschossbahn des Geschosses in der Schusswaffe am weitesten entfernten Bereich angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Abzug nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Federsystem (4) aus einer im Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) gebohrten Kammer (42) besteht, wobei eine Spiraldruckfeder (43) mit einer Kugel (44) angeordnet ist, wobei die Kugel (44) teilweise aus der Kammer (42) herausragt und die Feder (43) in der Kammer (42) hinter der Kugel (44) positioniert ist.
     
    5. Abzug nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Federsystem (5) aus einer Nut (51) in Form der Buchstaben V, U oder einer anderen konkaven, im Schwenkteil (12) auf einer dem feststehenden Teil (11) zugewandten Seite genuteten Form und einer der genannten Nut (51) gegenüberliegenden Kammer (52) im feststehenden Teil (11) besteht, in der sich eine Spiraldruckfeder (53) mit einer Kugel (54) befindet, wobei die Kugel (54) teilweise aus der Kammer (52) herausragt und die Feder (53) in der Kammer (52) hinter der Kugel (54) angeordnet ist, wobei die Abmessung und die Form der Nut (51) die Kraft definieren, die durch das Federelement (53) mit einer bestimmten Divergenz aus ihrer neutralen Position in die eine oder andere Richtung in Richtung auf die neutrale Position ausgeübt wird.
     
    6. Abzug nach Ansprüchen 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er Begrenzungsmittel (6) aufweist, die die Abweichung des Schwenkteils (12) des Abzugs (1) über den maximal möglichen Divergenzwinkel (a) des Schwenkteils (12) verhindern.
     
    7. Abzug nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Begrenzungsmittel (6) als ein am Schwenkteil (12) des Abzugs (1) ausgebildeter Kanal (61) und ein am feststehenden Teil (11) des Abzugs (1) ausgebildeter Stift (62) ausgebildet ist oder umgekehrt, wobei sich der Stift (62) beim Schwenken des Schwenkteils (12) bis zum größtmöglichen Divergenzwinkel (a) frei innerhalb des Kanals (61) bewegt und der größtmögliche Divergenzwinkel (a) des Schwenkteils (12) durch die Länge des Kanals (61) definiert ist.
     
    8. Abzug nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Federsystem (5), wenn es aus der Nut (51) und der Kammer (52) mit der Kugel (54) und der Feder (53) besteht, gleichzeitig das Begrenzungsmittel (6) ist, wobei ein Teil (55) der Kammer unter der Kugel (54) einen schmaleren Durchmesser aufweist als der Durchmesser der Kugel (54), um zu verhindern, dass die Kugel (54) vollständig in die Kammer (52) geschoben wird, so dass ein Teil der Kugel (54) mit dem Vorsprung (56) immer aus der Kammer (52) herausragt, so dass der äußerste Teil der Nut (51) auf dem minimalen Vorsprung (56) der Kugel (54) aufliegt und somit eine weitere Divergenz des Schwenkteils (12) verhindert.
     
    9. Auslösemechanismus, der den Abzug nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 8 enthält.
     
    10. Schusswaffe, die den Abzug nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 8 enthält.
     


    Revendications

    1. Gâchette (1) adaptée pour faire partie d'un mécanisme de déclenchement (2) d'armes légères avec des projectiles, l'arme à feu ayant une poignée (3) qui peut être si proche de la gâchette (1) qu'un tireur tient la poignée (3) dans sa main, et, avec un doigt de la même main, est capable d'atteindre la gâchette (1), qui est déclenchée par pression de son doigt, moyennant quoi la gâchette (1) peut être montée par levier ou montée linéairement sur le mécanisme de déclenchement (2), la gâchette (1) consistant en une partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) et une partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) pouvant être montée par levier ou montée linéairement sur le mécanisme de déclenchement restant (2), la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) étant montée de façon pivotante sur la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) et un axe (13) du montage pivotant, autour duquel pivote la partie pivotante (12), se trouve dans un plan (P), qui est défini par un axe longitudinal (A) d'une trajectoire d'un projectile dans l'arme à feu et un axe longitudinal de la poignée (3), l'axe (13) du montage pivotant se trouve, par rapport à l'axe longitudinal (A), à un angle dans l'une ou l'autre direction, qui est inférieur à 80 degrés, l'axe (13) du montage pivotant est de préférence parallèle à l'axe longitudinal (A) de la trajectoire du projectile dans l'arme à feu, la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) dans sa position neutre, lorsqu'aucune force du doigt du tireur n'est appliquée à celle-ci, s'étend essentiellement dans le plan (P), et la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), lorsque la force du doigt du tireur est appliquée à celle-ci, pivote de sa position neutre autour de l'axe (13) du montage pivotant à l'extérieur du plan (P) selon un angle de divergence (a), et le montage pivotant de la partie pivotante (12) à la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) est configuré avec une vis (31) avec un écrou (35) et un palier (33), un axe longitudinal de la vis (31) étant aussi simultanément l'axe (13) du montage pivotant et un trou (34) est réalisé à travers la partie fixe (11) et la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), à travers laquelle est placée la vis (31) avec un écrou (35), qui est intégrée soit dans la partie fixe (11) soit dans la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), et le palier (33) est placé entre la partie fixe (11) et la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), qui réduit le frottement entre les deux parties, de sorte que la partie pivotante (12) peut se déplacer librement pendant son mouvement pivotant et ladite gâchette comprenant en outre un système de ressort (4, 5) qui maintient la partie pivotante (12) dans sa position neutre, lorsque aucune force du doigt du tireur n'est appliquée, quelle que soit la position de l'arme à feu, et renvoie la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) en position neutre, lorsque la pression du doigt sur la partie pivotante (12) décroit, une plaque rotative supplémentaire (7) étant intégrée dans la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), ladite plaque rotative supplémentaire (7) comprenant une chambre (71), à laquelle est insérée une fiche rotative (72), et dont la rotation est activée par des paliers (73).
     
    2. Gâchette selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le montage pivotant de la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) à la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) est situé sur la partie pivotante (12) dans une zone qui est la plus proche de l'axe longitudinal (A) de la trajectoire du projectile dans l'arme à feu.
     
    3. Gâchette selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le montage pivotant de la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) à la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) est situé sur la partie pivotante (12) dans une zone qui est la plus éloignée de l'axe longitudinal (A) de la trajectoire du projectile dans l'arme à feu.
     
    4. Gâchette selon les revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que le système de ressort (4) est constitué d'une chambre (42) percée dans la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1), où se trouve un ressort de compression en spirale (43) avec une bille (44), la bille (44) faisant partiellement saillie hors de la chambre (42) et le ressort (43) dans la chambre (42) étant positionné derrière la bille (44).
     
    5. Gâchette selon les revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que le système de ressort (5) est constitué d'une rainure (51) sous la forme de lettres V, U ou une autre forme concave, rainurée dans la partie pivotante (12) sur un côté tourné vers la partie fixe (11), et une chambre (52) dans la partie fixe (11) mise en œuvre en face de la rainure (51) décrite et dans laquelle est situé un ressort de compression en spirale (53) avec une bille (54), la bille (54) faisant partiellement saillie hors de la chambre (52) et le ressort (53) dans la chambre (52) étant placé derrière la bille (54), la dimension et la forme de la rainure (51) définissant la force qui sera appliquée dans la direction de la position neutre vers la partie pivotante (12) par l'élément ressort (53) selon une certaine divergence par rapport à sa position neutre dans une direction ou dans une autre direction.
     
    6. Gâchette selon les revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend des moyens de limitation (6) qui empêchent la partie pivotante (12) de la détente (1) de s'écarter au-delà de l'angle de divergence (a) maximal possible de la partie pivotante (12).
     
    7. Gâchette selon la revendication 6, caractérisée en ce que les moyens de limitation (6) prennent la forme d'un canal (61) configuré sur la partie pivotante (12) de la gâchette (1) et d'une broche (62) configurée sur la partie fixe (11) de la gâchette (1) ou vice-versa, la broche (62), pendant le balancement de la partie pivotante (12) jusqu'à l'angle de divergence (a) le plus grand possible, pouvant se déplacer librement à l'intérieur du canal (61) et l'angle de divergence (a) le plus grand possible de la partie pivotante (12) étant défini par la longueur du canal (61).
     
    8. Gâchette selon la revendication 6, caractérisée en ce que le système à ressort (5), lorsqu'il comprend la rainure (51) et la chambre (52) avec la bille (54) et le ressort (53), constitue simultanément les moyens de limitation (6), moyennant quoi une partie (55) de la chambre sous la bille (54) a un diamètre plus étroit que le diamètre de la bille (54), pour empêcher la bille (54) d'être entièrement poussée dans la chambre (52), de telle sorte qu'une partie de la bille (54) avec la saillie (56) fait toujours saillie hors de la chambre (52), de telle sorte que la partie extrême de la rainure (51) repose sur la saillie minimale (56) de la bille (54) et empêche ainsi une autre divergence de la partie pivotante (12).
     
    9. Mécanisme de déclenchement qui contient la gâchette selon les revendications 1 à 8.
     
    10. Arme à feu qui contient la gâchette selon les revendications 1 à 8.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description