(19)
(11)EP 3 421 792 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 18184023.2

(22)Date of filing:  23.10.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04B 35/04  (2006.01)
F04B 39/06  (2006.01)
F04C 29/00  (2006.01)
F04D 29/40  (2006.01)
H02G 15/04  (2006.01)
F04B 39/12  (2006.01)
F04C 23/00  (2006.01)
F04D 25/06  (2006.01)
F04C 18/16  (2006.01)
H02G 15/013  (2006.01)

(54)

SEMI-HERMETIC COMPRESSOR MOTOR FOR AMMONIA SERVICE

SEMI-HERMETISCH GEKAPPSELTER VERDICHTER ZUM BETRIEB MIT AMMONIAK

COMPRESSEUR SEMI-HERMÉTIQUE POUR UTILISATION AVEC DE L'AMMONIAC


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 05.11.2012 US 201261722400 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/01

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13785794.2 / 2914851

(73)Proprietor: Johnson Controls Technology Company
Milwaukee, WI 53209 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • NEMIT, Paul, Jr.
    Greencastle, PA 17225 (US)
  • HARRINGTON, Dennis Andrew
    Mount Airy, MD 21771 (US)
  • HUBER, Paul A.
    Marion, PA 17235 (US)

(74)Representative: Trinks, Ole et al
Meissner Bolte Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Postfach 10 26 05
86016 Augsburg
86016 Augsburg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 121 747
DE-A1- 1 750 095
JP-A- 2003 074 484
US-A- 3 055 972
EP-A2- 1 291 528
GB-A- 1 468 808
JP-A- 2005 171 943
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This patent application claims the benefit of and priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/722,400 filed November 5, 2012, entitled SEMI HERMETIC COMPRESSOR MOTOR FOR AMMONIA SERVICE.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] The application generally relates to a semi-hermetic compressor motor for use with ammonia refrigerant. The application relates more specifically to a semi-hermetic compressor motor having copper field windings, for use with ammonia refrigerant.

    [0003] Ammonia is a common, naturally occurring compound in the environment that breaks down naturally into hydrogen and nitrogen. Ammonia refrigeration is a cost effective and energy efficient method of processing and storing frozen and unfrozen foods. Ammonia refrigeration is also used in the chemical industry. Air conditioning has been provided by ammonia refrigeration systems in office buildings, parks, and small buildings such as convenience stores.

    [0004] Ammonia is electrically conductive under some conditions, and corrosive to many materials, e.g., copper wire used in high efficiency electric motors. Electrical connections, e.g., motor terminations of multiple conductors, which are exposed to ammonia in the environment, can present a risk of short circuit or other failure. Electrical conductors must be electrically insulated and sealed from ammonia vapor or liquid.

    [0005] Semi-hermetic motors are not widely used in refrigeration or HVAC applications where ammonia is the refrigerant because the winding insulation and the ammonia refrigerant are incompatible. In the past it was believed that copper and other yellow metals used in manufacturing motor windings could not be used in an ammonia refrigerant system because such metals would be corroded by the refrigerant in the presence of water. Document GB 1 468 808 A discloses a semi-hermetic compressor comprising a compressor portion and a motor, the compressor portion being configured to compress a working fluid, the motor comprising a plurality of stator windings, wherein a plurality of motor leads are connected to the stator windings, and wherein the plurality of motor leads extend from an interior of a housing portion to an exterior of the housing portion.

    [0006] Aluminum wire has been used in some motors employed to reduce problems associated with potential exposure to ammonia. Aluminum wire is used, for example, in shipboard applications, as aluminum is more corrosion resistant in the presence of ammonia and water. Aluminum wire results in reduced motor efficiency due to the higher resistance of aluminum wire than that of copper wire. Because of the electrical conductivity of ammonia, there can be no exposure of metal conductors to the gas stream. To avoid electrical faults, in some instances the motor stator may be encased with a sealed enclosure, or the motor windings encapsulated. These isolation measures reduce the benefit of a semi-hermetic motor as the heat dissipation capacity of the windings is reduced, and external cooling may be required, or the size of the motor increased. Either method results in reduced heat dissipation and correspondingly higher motor winding temperatures. Current semi-hermetic motors using aluminum windings experience a loss in efficiency of about 4% to 5%.

    [0007] Intended advantages of the disclosed systems and/or methods satisfy one or more of these needs or provide other advantageous features. Other features and advantages will be made apparent from the present specification. The teachings disclosed extend to those embodiments that fall within the scope of the claims, regardless of whether they accomplish one or more of the aforementioned needs.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] A semi-hermetic compressor is applied to a refrigeration system with ammonia as the working fluid. The motor is exposed to ammonia refrigerant within a semi-hermetic housing, and is cooled by the ammonia refrigerant moving through the compressor. Ammonia may be used in refrigeration and air-conditioning systems because it is an environmentally compatible, natural refrigerant. Ammonia has a very good cycle efficiency and low power-to-cooling ratio. Using a semi-hermetic motor for this purpose has the benefit of economy, throughput, and the elimination of a shaft seal which is a potential leakage source to the atmosphere. The semi-hermetic motor may be operated at greater speeds than a conventional air cooled motor because the motor rotor can be installed over-hung on the existing compressor bearings. Since these bearings are normally oil mist lubricated instead of grease lubricated as would normally be the case in a separate air cooled motor, they can operate to much higher speeds, thereby reducing the size and cost required for the compressor and motor. The compressor therefore may have a more compact packaging arrangement than open drive motors and compressors, which requires more space and cost. So the semi-hermetic motor reduces the size, weight, and cost of the compressor and motor. The semi-hermetic motor is suitable for variable frequency drive (VFD) operation as a result of the increased operating speeds and reduced costs associated with semi-hermetic motors.

    [0009] The invention according to claim 1 is directed to a semi-hermetic compressor comprising a compressor portion and a motor encased in a housing portion, the housing portion containing a working fluid, wherein the working fluid is ammonia, the compressor portion configured to compress the working fluid, and being driven by the motor.

    [0010] According to the invention the motor includes a plurality of field windings. Motor leads are connected to the motor field windings. The motor leads extend from an interior of the housing portion through an annular pass-through assembly mounted in the housing portion. The pass-through assembly comprising a base portion, a first isolation portion, a second isolation portion, and a cap portion. The base portion forms an airtight seal between the housing portion and an external periphery of the base portion. Each of the first and second isolation portions includes at least one aperture for receiving and compressing an insulated motor lead passing through the base portion.

    [0011] The pass-through assembly for passing electrical leads through a semi-hermetic compressor housing includes a base portion, a first isolation portion, a second isolation portion, and a cap portion.

    [0012] The pass-through assembly the base portion forms an airtight seal between the housing portion and an external periphery of the base portion. Each of the first and second isolation portions includes at least one aperture for receiving and compressing an insulated motor lead passing through the base portion.

    [0013] The compressor may be a semi-hermetic screw compressor for use in ammonia compression with copper field wiring used in the motor. The motor requires an insulation system that will maintain an ammonia tight seal around the copper wires.

    [0014] Wiring from the motor to the outside electrical connection may be through a pass-through assembly that will maintain the complete electrical isolation of the copper field wiring to the system and the atmosphere.

    [0015] Certain advantages of the embodiments described herein include the use of copper windings in the semi-hermetic motor with ammonia environment to increase the motor efficiency.

    [0016] Another advantage is that the semi-hermetic motor with copper windings may be used for various HVAC or refrigeration applications, including ammonia-charged chillers.

    [0017] Alternative exemplary embodiments relate to other features and combinations of features as may be generally recited in the claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES



    [0018] 

    FIG. 1 shows an exemplary semi-hermetic compressor cross-sectional view having a sealed motor connector.

    FIG. 2 shows an enlarged cross-sectional partial detail of the semi-hermetic compressor indicated by section B in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 shows an enlarged cross-sectional partial view of electrical penetration seal indicated by section C in FIG. 2.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0019] Referring first to FIGS. 1 and 2, a semi-hermetic compressor 10 includes a motor 12 and a compressor portion 14. A semi-hermetic housing 16 encases both compressor portion 14 and motor 12. Motor 12 includes a stator 20 arranged about a magnetic core or rotor 18. Rotor 18 is made of steel laminations that generate magnetic fields when motor 12 is energized. When three phase AC power is applied, the magnetic field advances from one stator winding to the next, causing the magnetic field to rotate and drive rotor 18. An electrical pass-through assembly 30 is provided at one end of semi-hermetic compressor 10 adjacent motor 12. Pass-through assembly 30 provides a sealed conduit for field coil wires 22 to pass through housing 16 to the external atmosphere, where the individual field coil wires can be crimped or otherwise joined to form various wye, delta or wye-delta winding configurations. The external connections are able to be made in a non-corrosive or less corrosive atmosphere than the ammonia refrigerant 24 contained within housing 16.

    [0020] Referring next to FIG. 3, an exemplary pass-through assembly 30 is shown. In one embodiment, pass-through assembly 30 may be a compression-type fitting that seals air passages around the outside of the wire and also compresses the wire insulation around the individual wires to prevent refrigerant leakage along the path of the wire where it passes through assembly 30 to the external atmosphere. Field coil wires 22 extend from stator 20 through pass-through assembly 30, first into a cylindrical first isolator portion 26 disposed within an annular base 28. First isolator portion 26 provides an airtight seal between an outer surface of isolator portion 26 and an inner annulus 29 of base 28. First isolator portion 26 includes apertures 32 for receiving field coil wires 22 there through. Base 28 is removably secured to housing 16 by an airtight connection, e.g., by screw thread attachment, quick-disconnect fitting or similar attachment that are well known in the art. Base 28 may include a hexagonal or rectangular middle segment 34, internal connector portion 38 and external connector portion 36. Middle segment 34 provides a surface for applying a tool for connecting or removing base 28. Internal connector portion 38 extends into housing 12 and external connector portion 36 extends from middle segment 34 to receive a cap portion 40. Cap portion 40 attaches to external connection portion 36, e.g., by screw thread attachment, quick-disconnect or similar attachment means. A second isolator portion 42 fits snugly within the annular opening 44 through second isolator portion 42 to provide an airtight seal there between. Second isolator portion 42 includes a plurality of apertures 46 corresponding with the apertures 32 in first isolator portion 26.

    [0021] In one embodiment, a sealant 48, e.g., epoxy, silicone, putty, or other suitable material may be applied in the space between isolators 42, 26 to seal any gaps that may be present around the field coil wires 22 or inner annulus 29. Further, an anti-rotation element 50 may be provided adjacent cap portion 40 to prevent rotation of cap portion 40 relative to base 28.

    [0022] A conventional three phase motor may have multiple individual field winding leads (not shown) that are crimped together to form motor lead 22 that extends from motor 12. External power connections are made to motor lead 22, e.g., in a junction box or other connection enclosure outside of housing 16. In the case of a three phase motor at least three motor leads 22 are present, depending upon the configuration of the motor windings. Wye connection, delta connection, or wye/delta connection are examples of various stator winding configurations. Electrical connections inside motor 12 to the external power source results in at least a portion of motor leads 22 being potentially exposed to a working fluid, e.g., ammonia refrigerant. All power connections may be made outside of the pressure boundary defined by housing 16 to prevent exposure of the wire to the refrigerant.

    [0023] Working fluids or refrigerants that have low electrical conductivity do not present a problem with electrical short circuits through exposure to motor leads 22 or other electrical conductors. However, ammonia is characterized by a higher electrical conductivity than other working fluids and refrigerants, such that when ammonia is used for the working fluid, exposed motor leads or connections will result in a short circuit to ground.

    [0024] The wire insulation used for stator 20 and motor leads 22 must be suitable for use with ammonia liquid, ammonia gas, and lubricant used in the refrigeration system. This effectively isolates the individual field coil wires and allows the motor to function in the ammonia environment, but also give the added benefit of using yellow metals, e.g., copper, in the motor windings. The motor would then have the same efficiency as is seen in use with other more common HCFC, HFC or HFO refrigerants.

    [0025] Copper motor windings and wire may be used with the pass through connector described above, provided the electrical insulation is adequate to prevent exposure of the motor wire to ammonia and the motor wires can be secured to prevent infiltration of the wire itself from expose to the ammonia. If the insulation is permeable and a small amount of ammonia finds its way to the surface of the wire, the wire itself will not disintegrate. The copper wire may start to corrode, but the corrosion does not inhibit the current carrying capacity of the motor conductors or windings. If corrosion occurs, there is only a light patina of corrosion buildup, and as such no degradation of the wire, or the conductive quality of the wire or its magnetic properties. If water is allowed to mix with the ammonia, even in relatively small percentages, the mixture will corrode the copper wire quickly. So it is important that the insulation system protect the wire from exposure to any water and ammonia mixture circulating in the system. Filter dryers may be used in the ammonia system to capture and contain any water that is mixed with the ammonia during normal charging with refrigerant and servicing. This will reduce any potential for corrosion of the copper wire. However, once the insulation system is breached the electrical conductivity of wet ammonia may generally cause safeties in the motor control to prevent operation due to shorting of the electrical input to the motor.

    [0026] It should be understood that the application is not limited to the details or methodology set forth in the following description or illustrated in the figures. It should also be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description only and should not be regarded as limiting.

    [0027] While the exemplary embodiments illustrated in the figures and described herein are presently preferred, it should be understood that these embodiments are offered by way of example only. Accordingly, the present application is not limited to a particular embodiment, but extends to various modifications that nevertheless fall within the scope of the appended claims. The order or sequence of any processes or method steps may be varied or re-sequenced according to alternative embodiments.

    [0028] It is important to note that the construction and arrangement of the semi-hermetic ammonia compressor with sealed pass through connector as shown in the various exemplary embodiments is illustrative only. Although only a few embodiments have been described in detail in this disclosure, those who review this disclosure will readily appreciate that many modifications are possible (e.g., variations in sizes, dimensions, structures, shapes and proportions of the various elements, values of parameters, mounting arrangements, use of materials, colors, orientations, etc.) without materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the subject matter recited in the claims. For example, elements shown as integrally formed may be constructed of multiple parts or elements, the position of elements may be reversed or otherwise varied, and the nature or number of discrete elements or positions may be altered or varied.


    Claims

    1. A semi-hermetic compressor (40) comprising a compressor portion (14) and a motor (12) encased in a housing portion (16); the housing portion containing a working fluid (24), wherein the working fluid is ammonia; the compressor portion (14) configured to compress the working fluid (24), and being driven by the motor (12); the motor (12) comprising a plurality of insulated copper wires (22); the plurality of insulated copper wires (22) forming a stator (20) of the motor (12) and extending from the stator (20) within an interior of the housing portion (16) to an exterior of the housing portion (16) through an annular pass-through assembly (30) mounted in the housing portion (16); characterized in that the pass-through assembly (30) comprises a base portion (28), a first isolation portion (26), a second isolation portion (42), and a cap portion (40); wherein the base portion (28) forms an airtight seal between the housing portion (16) and an external periphery of the base portion (28); each of the first and second isolation portions (26, 42) comprising at least one aperture for receiving and compressing an insulated copper wire (22) passing through the base portion (28).
     
    2. The compressor of claim 1, wherein:

    - the first isolation portion (26) is configured to fit within an annular opening in the base portion (28); or

    wherein the cap portion (40) is removably attachable to the base portion (28); or
    wherein the pass-through assembly (30) is a compression-type fitting configured to seal around an outer surface of the insulated copper wire (22) and to compress a wire insulation around an individual wire of the insulated copper wire (22) to prevent refrigerant leakage along the insulated copper wire (22)where the insulated copper wire (22) passes through the pass-through assembly (30) to an external atmosphere.
     
    3. The compressor of claim 1, further comprising an anti-rotation element disposed between the cap portion (40) and the base portion (28) to prevent relative rotation between the cap portion (40) and the base portion (28); or a sealant disposed between the first and second isolation portion (26, 42) within the base portion (28).
     
    4. The system of claim 1,
    wherein the plurality of insulated copper wires (22) that extends from the stator (20) of the motor (12) through the pass-through assembly (30) further extend into the first isolation portion (26) disposed within the base portion (28).
     
    5. The compressor of claim 1, wherein
    the base portion (28) is removably securable to the housing portion (16) by a threaded attachment or a quick-disconnect fitting.
     
    6. The compressor of claim 5, wherein
    the base portion (28) further comprises a middle segment (34), an internal connector portion (38) and an external connector portion (36), and wherein the middle segment (34) comprises a hexagonal or rectangular configuration with at least one surface for applying a tool for connecting or removing the base portion (28); or wherein the internal connector portion (38) extends into the housing portion (16) and the external connector portion (36) extends from the middle segment (34) and receives the cap portion (40).
     
    7. The compressor of claim 6,
    wherein the cap portion (40) is configured to mate with the external connector portion (35) by a threaded attachment or a quick-disconnect fitting.
     
    8. The compressor of claim 1,
    wherein the second isolation portion includes a plurality of apertures corresponding with the apertures in the first isolation portion.
     
    9. The compressor of claim 1, further comprising an anti-rotation element (50) adjacent to the cap portion (40), the anti-rotation element (50) configured to prevent rotation of the cap portion (40) relative to the base portion (28).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Semi-hermetisch gekapselter Verdichter (40), umfassend einen Verdichterabschnitt (14) und einen Motor (12), der in einem Gehäuseabschnitt (16) umhüllt ist;
    wobei der Gehäuseabschnitt ein Arbeitsfluid (24) enthält,
    wobei das Arbeitsfluid Ammoniak ist;
    wobei der Verdichterabschnitt (14) dazu konfiguriert ist, das Arbeitsfluid (24) zu verdichten und durch den Motor (12) angetrieben zu werden; wobei der Motor (12) mehrere isolierte Kupferdrähte (22) umfasst;
    wobei die mehreren isolierten Kupferdrähte (22) einen Stator (20) des Motors (12) bilden und sich von dem Stator (20) in einem Inneren des Gehäuseabschnitts (16) durch eine ringförmige Durchführeinheit (30), die in dem Gehäuseabschnitt (16) montiert ist, zu einem Äußeren des Gehäuseabschnitts (16) erstrecken;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Durchführeinheit (30) einen Basisabschnitt (28), einen ersten Isolationsabschnitt (26), einen zweiten Isolationsabschnitt (42) und einen Kappenabschnitt (40) umfasst;
    wobei der Basisabschnitt (28) eine luftdichte Dichtung zwischen dem Gehäuseabschnitt (16) und einem externen Äußeren des Basisabschnitts (28) ausbildet; der erste und der zweite Isolationsabschnitt (26, 42) jeweils mindestens eine Öffnung zum Aufnehmen und Komprimieren eines isolierten Kupferdrahts (22) umfassen, der durch den Basisabschnitt (28) passiert.
     
    2. Verdichter nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der erste Isolationsabschnitt (26) dazu konfiguriert ist, in eine ringförmige Öffnung in dem Basisabschnitt (28) zu passen; oder
    wobei der Kappenabschnitt (40) trennbar an den Basisabschnitt (28) montierbar ist; oder
    wobei die Durchführeinheit (30) ein Passstück vom Kompressionstyp ist, das dazu konfiguriert ist, um eine Außenfläche des isolierten Kupferdrahts (22) herum zu dichten und eine Drahtisolation um einen Einzeldraht des isolierten Kupferdrahts (22) herum zu komprimieren, um zu verhindern, dass Kältemittel entlang des isolierten Kupferdrahts (22) leckt, wo der isolierte Kupferdraht (22) durch die Durchführeinheit (30) zu einer äußeren Atmosphäre passiert.
     
    3. Verdichter nach Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend ein Antirotationselement, das zwischen dem Kappenabschnitt (40) und dem Basisabschnitt (28) angeordnet ist, um eine relative Rotation zwischen dem Kappenabschnitt (40) und dem Basisabschnitt (28) zu verhindern; oder ein Dichtungsmaterial, das zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Isolationsabschnitt (26, 42) innerhalb des Basisabschnitts (28) angeordnet ist.
     
    4. System nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei sich die mehreren isolierten Kupferdrähte (22), die sich von dem Stator (20) des Motors (12) durch die Durchführeinheit (30) erstrecken, weiter in den ersten Isolationsabschnitt (26) erstrecken, der innerhalb des Basisabschnitts (28) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Verdichter nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der Basisabschnitt (28) durch eine mit Gewinde versehene Befestigung oder ein Schnelltrennpassstück trennbar an dem Gehäuseabschnitt (16) fixierbar ist.
     
    6. Verdichter nach Anspruch 5,
    wobei der Basisabschnitt (28) weiterhin ein Mittensegment (34), einen internen Verbindungsabschnitt (38) und einen externen Verbindungsabschnitt (36) umfasst, und
    wobei das Mittensegment (34) eine sechseckige oder rechteckige Konfiguration mit mindestens einer Oberfläche zum Ansetzen eines Werkzeugs zum Verbinden oder Entfernen des Basisabschnitts (28) umfasst; oder
    wobei sich der interne Verbindungsabschnitt (38) in den Gehäuseabschnitt (16) erstreckt und sich der externe Verbindungsabschnitt (36) von dem Mittensegment (34) erstreckt und den Kappenabschnitt (40) aufnimmt.
     
    7. Verdichter nach Anspruch 6,
    wobei der Kappenabschnitt (40) dazu konfiguriert ist, durch eine mit Gewinde versehene Befestigung oder ein Schnelltrennpassstück mit dem externen Verbindungsabschnitt (35) zusammengefügt zu werden.
     
    8. Verdichter nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der zweite Isolationsabschnitt mehrere Öffnungen umfasst, die den Öffnungen in dem ersten Isolationsabschnitt entsprechen.
     
    9. Verdichter nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend ein Antirotationselement (50) benachbart zu dem Kappenabschnitt (40),
    wobei das Antirotationselement (50) dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Rotation des Kappenabschnitts (40) relativ zu dem Basisabschnitt (28) zu verhindern.
     


    Revendications

    1. Compresseur semi-hermétique (40) comprenant une partie compresseur (14) et un moteur (12) enfermés dans une partie boîtier (16);
    la partie boîtier contenant un fluide de travail (24), le fluide de travail étant l'ammoniac;
    la partie compresseur (14) étant configurée pour comprimer le fluide de travail (24), et étant entraînée par le moteur (12);
    le moteur (12) comprenant une pluralité de fils de cuivre isolés (22);
    la pluralité de fils de cuivre isolés (22) formant un stator (20) du moteur (12) et s'étendant depuis le stator (20) dans un intérieur de la partie boîtier (16) jusqu'à un extérieur de la partie boîtier (16) par un ensemble traversée annulaire (30) monté dans la partie boîtier (16);
    caractérisé en ce que
    l'ensemble traversée (30) comprend une partie de base (28), une première partie d'isolation (26), une deuxième partie d'isolation (42), et une partie capuchon (40);
    la partie de base (28) formant un joint étanche à l'air entre la partie boîtier (16) et une périphérie externe de la partie de base (28); chacune des première et deuxième parties d'isolation (26, 42) comprenant au moins une ouverture destinée à recevoir et comprimer un fil de cuivre isolé (22) traversant la partie de base (28).
     
    2. Compresseur de la revendication 1,
    dans lequel:

    la première partie d'isolation (26) est configurée pour s'installer à l'intérieur d'une ouverture annulaire dans la partie de base (28);

    ou dans lequel la partie capuchon (40) peut être attachée de façon amovible à la partie de base (28);

    ou dans lequel l'ensemble traversée (30) est un raccord de type compression configuré pour se sceller autour d'une surface extérieure du fil de cuivre isolé (22) et pour comprimer une isolation de fil autour d'un fil individuel du fil de cuivre isolé (22) pour empêcher une fuite de réfrigérant le long du fil de cuivre isolé (22) là où le fil de cuivre isolé (22) traverse l'ensemble traversée (30) jusqu'à une atmosphère externe.


     
    3. Compresseur de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un élément antirotation disposé entre la partie capuchon (40) et la partie de base (28) pour empêcher une rotation relative entre la partie capuchon (40) et la partie de base (28); ou un produit d'étanchéité disposé entre la première et la deuxième partie d'isolation (26, 42) à l'intérieur de la partie de base (28).
     
    4. Système de la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la pluralité de fils de cuivre isolés (22) qui s'étend depuis le stator (20) du moteur (12) par l'ensemble traversée (30) s'étend en outre jusque dans la première partie d'isolation (26) disposée à l'intérieur de la partie de base (28).
     
    5. Compresseur de la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la partie de base (28) peut être fixée de façon amovible à la partie boîtier (16) par une fixation filetée ou un raccord à clémontage rapide.
     
    6. Compresseur de la revendication 5,
    dans lequel la partie de base (28) comprend en outre un segment central (34), une partie connecteur interne (38) et une partie connecteur externe (36), et
    dans lequel le segment central (34) comprend une configuration hexagonale ou rectangulaire avec au moins une surface destinée à appliquer un outil pour raccorder ou retirer la partie de base (28); ou dans lequel la partie connecteur interne (38) s'étend à l'intérieur de la partie boîtier (16) et la partie connecteur externe (36) s'étend depuis le segment central (34) et reçoit la partie capuchon (40).
     
    7. Compresseur de la revendication 6,
    dans lequel la partie capuchon (40) est configurée pour s'accoupler avec la partie connecteur externe (35) par une fixation filetée ou un raccord à démontage rapide.
     
    8. Compresseur de la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la deuxième partie d'isolation comporte une pluralité d'ouvertures correspondant aux ouvertures dans la première partie d'isolation.
     
    9. Compresseur de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un élément antirotation (50) adjacent à la partie capuchon (40),
    l'élément antirotation (50) configuré pour empêcher la rotation de la partie capuchon (40) par rapport à la partie de base (28).
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description