(19)
(11)EP 3 424 790 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17180036.0

(22)Date of filing:  06.07.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60W 50/12(2012.01)
B60W 30/09(2012.01)
B60W 30/12(2020.01)
G06K 9/00(2006.01)

(54)

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HANDLING LIGHT SOURCE IMPAIRMENT

SYSTEM UND VERFAHREN ZUR HANDHABUNG VON LICHTQUELLENSTÖRUNGEN

SYSTÈME ET PROCÉDÉ DE GESTION DE DÉGRADATION DE SOURCE LUMINEUSE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/02

(73)Proprietor: Volvo Car Corporation
40 531 Göteborg (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • Söderlind, André
    422 43 Hisings Backa (SE)

(74)Representative: Kransell & Wennborg KB 
P.O. Box 2096
403 12 Göteborg
403 12 Göteborg (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/195821
US-A1- 2009 168 185
US-A1- 2006 140 502
US-A1- 2014 091 989
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a system, a method, and a vehicle at least partly comprising the system. More particularly the present invention relates to handling light source impairment.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] When being subject to bright light, humans may experience difficulty in seeing things. This may also be referred to as glare or dazzle. The bright light received may be perceived as uncomfortable by the person. Several car accidents are caused by a user that was distracted by the sun, oncoming headlights or other light sources. Some figures say that 2,575 accidents out of 108,211 are caused by dazzling sun. With active safety systems in the vehicles, several of these accidents are prevented today.

    [0003] If a user of the vehicle is dazzled by e.g. the sun, the sun can be blocked at the particular windscreen position where it is visible to the user. For example, the windscreen may be a smart windscreen where a selectable part can be darkened in order to block the sun at the particular position. Another counter measure may be to activate another suitable safety system that is deactivated.

    [0004] After a blinding glare is removed, an after-image remains on the eye's retina that creates a blind spot for the user. This phenomenon, known as the Troxler Effect, has been found to postpone user reaction time by up to 1.4 seconds.

    [0005] Therefore, there is a need to at least mitigate or solve the issue that users' vision are impaired by light sources in order to reduce the amount of accidents caused by this.

    [0006] WO 2014195821 A1 discloses a glare prevention system for use with or in an item comprising a transparent window through which light is transmitted towards eyes of a user. The glare prevention system comprises a light monitoring system and a dynamic light intensity filter for arrangement in between the light source which might cause glare and the position of the eyes of the user. The dynamic light intensity filter is configured to reduce a light intensity transmitted through the dynamic light intensity filter in response to a dimming signal. The glare prevention system is configured to reduce the glare perceived by the user by at least partially reducing the light intensity transmitted through the dynamic light intensity filter when the light monitoring system determines that the user experiences glare.

    [0007] US 20060140502 A1 discloses a product that will automatically minimize severe oncoming glare from mobile light sources and reflective surfaces using an active and transparent LCD screen acting as a dynamically controllable visor.

    [0008] US 20090168185 A1 discloses an electrochromic windshield utilized to reduce glare that can be distracting to a driver or an automobile, a pilot of an airplane, or an operator of any other type of machinery that requires the operator to closely monitor the physical space in front of him or her. The electrochromic windshield includes an array of electrochromic pixels, and the opacity of a select electrochromic pixel can be changed when glare is detected.

    [0009] US 20140091989 A1 discloses to selectively project graphical images upon a transparent windscreen head up display of a vehicle based upon visual information present in a peripheral zone of vision.

    SUMMARY



    [0010] An objective of the present invention is therefore to obviate at least one of the above disadvantages and to provide improved handling of light source impairment in a vehicle. According to a first aspect, the object is achieved by a method for handling light source impairment performed by a system at least partly comprised in a vehicle. The position of a user's eye(s) when the user is inside a vehicle is obtained. A position of a light source outside the vehicle and an intensity of light from the light source in relation to the position of the user's eye(s) are also obtained. Then, it is determined whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source. The determining is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source and the user's eye(s), and also based on the intensity of the light at the user's eye. A decision is taken by the vehicle whether at least one safety measure should be performed based on whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source.

    [0011] According to a second aspect, the object is achieved by a system at least partly comprised in a vehicle for handling light source impairment. The system is configured to obtain a position of a user's eye(s) when the user is inside a vehicle. The system is further configured to obtain a position of a light source outside the vehicle and an intensity of light from the light source in relation to the position of the user's eye(s). The system is also configured to determine whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source. Determination is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of the light at the user's eye. The system is configured to determine whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle based on whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source.

    [0012] According to a third aspect, the object is achieved by a vehicle at least partly comprising the system according to the second aspect.

    [0013] Since it is determined whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of the light at the user's eye(s), it is possible to determine whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle. Thus handling of light source impairment in a vehicle is improved.

    [0014] Embodiments herein afford many advantages, of which a non-exhaustive list of examples follows:
    An advantage of the embodiments herein is that the vehicle can perform at least one safety measure if the user's vision is impaired by the light source in order to avoid accidents and to provide a comfortable ride.

    [0015] Another advantage of the embodiments is that by combining both the eye(s) position the light source position and light intensity, the decision regarding impairment is improved compared to using only one of the parameters.

    [0016] The embodiments herein are not limited to the features and advantages mentioned above. A person skilled in the art will recognize additional features and advantages upon reading the following detailed description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] The embodiments herein will now be further described in more detail in the following detailed description by reference to the appended drawings illustrating the embodiments and in which:
    Fig. 1
    is a schematic drawing illustrating a vehicle.
    Fig. 2
    is a schematic drawing illustrating light source elevation.
    Fig. 3
    is a schematic drawing illustrating light source azimuth.
    Fig. 4
    is a flow chart illustrating embodiments of a method.
    Fig. 5
    is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a system.


    [0018] The drawings are not necessarily to scale and the dimensions of certain features may have been exaggerated for the sake of clarity. Emphasis is instead placed upon illustrating the principle of the embodiments herein.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0019] Figure 1 illustrates a user 101 of a vehicle 103. The user 101 is illustrated in figure 1 as to be located inside the vehicle 103. The vehicle 103 may be any arbitrary vehicle, for instance a car, truck, lorry, van, bus, motorcycle etc. The vehicle 103 may be at least partly autonomous or self-driven, it may be non-autonomous, or it may be completely autonomous etc. The vehicle 103 has a windscreen which is at least partly transparent, and through which the user 101 looks forward and through which it also can receive light from a light source 105. The light source 105 is located outside the vehicle 103. The light source 105 may be the sun, oncoming headlights from other vehicles, other light sources in the surroundings outside the vehicle 130 etc.

    [0020] The user 101 may be a driver of the vehicle 103 or he may be a passenger or occupant of the vehicle 103. The user 101 may also be referred to as an operator of the vehicle 103.

    [0021] Figure 1 also illustrates a coordinate system having an x and y axis. When the surface on which the vehicle 103 is positioned is flat, the x-axis follows the surface (e.g. the road) on which the vehicle 103 is positioned. Increasing x coordinates represent the forward moving direction of the vehicle 103. The y-axis is perpendicular to the x-axis. This coordinate system is also illustrated in some of the other figures.

    [0022] The vehicle 103 comprises one or more user monitoring devices 107 and one or more forward looking devices 109. These devices 107, 109 may also be referred to as sensors, measuring devices, instruments, apparatus', camera, image capturing device, monitoring device etc.

    [0023] The user monitoring device 107 is mounted inside and/or outside the vehicle 103 and in a position such that it can monitor (e.g. by filming, by taking pictures etc.) the user 101, and in particular at one or both of the user's 101 eyes, or any other suitable point in relation to the eye(s), e.g. a point between the eyes. The user monitoring device 107 may be mounted for example on the steering wheel inside the vehicle 103, it may be mounted in the roof, it may be mounted inside or outside the windscreen etc. In case there are two or more user monitoring devices 107, the may be positioned at different positions in the vehicle 103 in order to monitor the user 101 from different angles. α in figure 1 represents the recording angle of the user monitoring device 107 with respect to the x-axis.

    [0024] The forward looking device 109 is in a position such that it can monitor at least what happens in the forward driving direction of the vehicle 103. The forward looking device 109 may also be adapted to monitor at least part of what happens at the sides of the vehicle 103, e.g. when the forward looking device is a 109 wide angle camera. Thus, the forward looking device 109 may be arranged to obtain data from any direction(s) with respect to the vehicle 103 and need to necessarily be permanently forward looking. The forward looking device 109 may be mounted inside or outside the vehicle 103. The forward looking device 109 may be mounted for example on the vehicle's grill, on the roof of the vehicle 103, inside or outside the windscreen etc. In case there are two or more forward looking devices 109, they may be mounted at different positions, for example one on the left side of the grill and the other on the right side of the grill.

    [0025] In some embodiments, the user monitoring device 107 and the forward looking device 109 are co-located in one device, where one part of the device is adapted to monitor the user and another part of the device is adapted to look forward of the vehicle 103.

    [0026] The forward looking device 109 is adapted to detect at least one of the following parameters of the light source 105:
    • Light source position (Light source elevation and/or light source azimuth).
    • Light source intensity.


    [0027] Figure 2 illustrates the light source altitude as detected by the forward looking device 109, where the θ represents the elevation angle between the light and the horizon when it is recorded by the forward looking device 109. In other words, θ represents how high the sun is above the surface on which the vehicle 103 is positioned.

    [0028] Figure 3 illustrates the light source azimuth that represents the horizontal angle between the light source and the direction of the vehicle 103 when it is recorded by the forward looking device 109. In other words β in figure 3 represents the azimuth.

    [0029] The light source elevation and the light source azimuth together provide the position of the light source 105 in relation to the vehicle 103.

    [0030] The light source intensity may be detected and measured in any suitable scale, e.g. lumen, W/m2 etc. Intensity may also be described as a measure of how bright the light from the light source 105 is perceived by the user 101. The light source intensity is associated with the distance between the light source 105 and the vehicle 103 and its user 101. For example, a light source 105 which is far away from the vehicle 103 may have an intensity which is perceived by the user 101 as lower compared to a light source 105 which is close to the vehicle 103.

    [0031] As mentioned above, with the user monitoring device 107, it is possible to detect the eye position in space, to detect a tired user 101, based on e.g. eye opening size and blinking. However, with only the user monitoring device 107, it is hard to distinguish between a tired user 101 and user 101 who is squinting because of a light source 105. By combining information about user's eye(s) position in space and the light source position and intensity, is it possible to determine if the user's 101 vision is impaired by the light source 105.

    [0032] With information about the light source's position and the user's eye(s) position it is possible to calculate exactly the light source location in regards to the user's eye(s). This may be done constantly, periodically or on demand. With information about that and the light intensity it is possible to determine if the light source 105 is a disturbance or not to the user 101.

    [0033] Combining information about the light intensity and position with information about the user's eye(s) position it is possible to determine that the user's vision is impaired by the light source 105 and perform at least one safety measure such as enabling the vehicles Lane Keeping Aid if not enabled, increase the parameter user reaction time that is used as input for Collision Mitigation by Braking and therefore have earlier interventions etc.

    [0034] The method for handling light source 105 impairment, according to some embodiments will now be described with reference to the flowchart in figure 4. The method comprises at least one of the following steps, which steps may as well be carried out in another suitable order than described below.

    Step 301



    [0035] The position of a user's 101 eye(s) when the user 101 is inside a vehicle 103 is obtained. The position may be of one of the user's eyes or both, or a position associated with the eye(s) (e.g. a position between the eyes). The position may be in relation to the vehicle 101. The position may be in the form of points in the xy-coordinate system illustrated in figures 1-3.

    [0036] The position of the user's 101 eye(s) may be obtained from a user monitoring device 107 comprised in the vehicle 103.

    Step 302



    [0037] A position of a light source 105 outside the vehicle 103 is obtained, and also the intensity of light from the light source 105 in relation to the position of the user's eye(s) is obtained.

    [0038] The position of the light source 105 may comprise at least one of azimuth and elevation information of the light source 105 in relation to the position of the user's eye(s).

    [0039] The position of the light source 105 and the intensity of light from the light source 105 may be obtained from a forward looking device 109 comprised in the vehicle 103.

    Step 303



    [0040] It is determined whether the user's 101 vision is impaired by the light source 105. Determination is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source 105 and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of the light at the user's eye(s). In order to determine this, the eye(s) position is compared with the light source position. It is determined whether there is a line of sight from the light source 105 to the user's eye(s), i.e. whether electromagnetic waves can travel in a line from the light source 105 to the user's eye(s). The line of sight may be a direct line of sight or a partly-direct line of sight. In addition, the light intensity at the user's eye(s) is compared to a threshold. If the light intensity is on or above a threshold, the light from the light source 105 is so strong that it is deemed to be uncomfortable for the user 101. If the light intensity is below the threshold, the light from the light source is not uncomfortable for the user 101.

    [0041] Table 1 below provides an overview of some example scenarios that may occur:
    Table 1
    Line of sight?Is light intensity on or above intensity threshold?Is user's vision impaired?
    Yes On or above Yes
    Yes Below Yes
    Yes Below No
    No On or above Yes
    No Below No

    Step 304



    [0042] Based on whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source 105 (i.e. based on the decision in step 303), it is determined whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle 103. For example, at least one safety measure should be performed if the user's 101 vision is impaired, and at least one safety measures should not be performed if the user's 101 vision is not impaired.
    Table 2
    Line of sight?Is light intensity on or above intensity threshold?Is user's vision impaired?Perform safety measure?
    Yes On or above Yes Yes
    Yes Below Yes Yes
    Yes Below No No
    No On or above Yes Yes
    No Below No No


    [0043] In another example, a degree of impairment may be evaluated in order to determine whether at least one safety measure should be performed, for example if the impairment is on, above or below an impairment threshold. Some example scenarios are provided in Table 3 below.
    Table 3
    Line of sight?Is light intensity on or above intensity threshold?Is user's vision impaired?Is impairment on, above or below threshold?Perform safety measures?
    Yes On or above Yes On or above Yes
    Yes Below Yes On or above Yes
    Yes Below No Below No
    No On or above Yes On or above Yes
    No Below No Below No


    [0044] It may also be determined which at least one safety measure that should be performed, or which class the performed safety measure should belong to. Thus, the safety measures may be divided into classes, e.g. a first class and a second class. For example, the first class may comprise at least one safety measure that can be performed by the vehicle 103 because the user's 101 vision is impaired to the degree that he is not able to see due to the dazzle. The second class may comprise at least one safety measure that can be performed because the user's vision is impaired to the degree that the light is only uncomfortable, but he is still able to see with his eye(s). Table 4 below provides an overview of some examples of whether or not to perform at least one safety measure, and the class of the measure.
    Table 4
    Line of sight?Is light intensity on or above intensity threshold?Is user's vision impaired?Perform safety measure?Which safety measure?
    Yes On or above Yes Yes Class 1
    Yes Below Yes Yes Class 1
    Yes Below No Maybe Class 2 or no
    No On or above Yes Yes Class 1
    No Below No Maybe Class 2 or no


    [0045] The at least one safety measure comprises at least one of: enabling a lane keeping aid in the vehicle 103, increasing a user reaction time parameter used by a collision mitigation system in the vehicle 103, and denying handing control of the vehicle 103 back to the user 101 when the vehicle 103 is an autonomous vehicle.

    [0046] To perform the method steps shown in figure 4 for handling light source 105 impairment, a system may comprise an arrangement as shown in figure 5. The system may be at least partly comprised in the vehicle 103.

    [0047] The system is configured to, e.g. by means of an obtaining module 501, obtain a position of a user's 101 eye(s) when the user 101 is inside a vehicle 103. The position of the user's 101 eye(s) may be obtained from a user monitoring device 107 comprised in the vehicle 103, for example by receiving position information. The obtaining module 501 may also be referred to as an obtaining unit, an obtaining means, an obtaining circuit, means for obtaining, etc. The obtaining module 501 may be a processor 503 of the system.

    [0048] The system is further configured to, e.g. by means of the obtaining module 501, obtain a position of a light source 105 outside the vehicle 103 and an intensity of light from the light source 105 in relation to the position of the user's 101 eye(s). The position of the light source 105 may comprise at least one of azimuth and/or elevation information of the light source 105 in relation to the position of the user's eye(s). The position of the light source 105 and the intensity of light from the light source 105 may be obtained from a forward looking device 109 comprised in the vehicle 103, e.g. by receiving position and intensity information from the forward looking device 109.

    [0049] The system is further configured to, e.g. by means of a determining module 505, determine whether the user's 101 vision is impaired by the light source 105. The determining is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source 105 and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of the light at the user's eye(s). The determining module 505 may also be referred to as a determining unit, a determining means, a determining circuit, means for determining, etc. The determining module 505 may be the processor 503 of the system.

    [0050] The system is further configured to, e.g. by means of the determining module 505, determine whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle 103 based on whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source 105. The at least one safety measure may comprise at least one of: enabling a lane keeping aid in the vehicle 103, increasing a user reaction time parameter used by a collision mitigation system in the vehicle 103, and denying handing control of the vehicle back to the user 101 when the vehicle 103 is an autonomous vehicle. The at least one safety measure may be performed if the user's 101 vision is impaired by the light source 105 to a degree which is equal to or above a threshold. The at least one safety measure may not be performed if the user's 101 vision is not impaired by the light source 105 or if it is impaired by the light source 105 to a degree below a threshold.

    [0051] In some embodiments, the system comprises a memory 508. The memory 508 comprises instructions executable by the processor 503. The memory 508 is arranged to be used to store data, position information, intensity information, safety measure information, match information, threshold values, time periods, configurations, schedulings, and applications to perform the methods herein when being executed in the system.

    [0052] The present mechanism for handling light source 105 impairment may be implemented through one or more processors, such as a processor 503 in the system depicted in Figure 5, together with computer program code for performing the functions of the embodiments herein. The processor may be for example a Digital Signal Processor (DSP), Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) processor, Field-programmable gate array (FPGA) processor or microprocessor. The program code mentioned above may also be provided as a computer program product, for instance in the form of a data carrier carrying computer program code for performing the embodiments herein when being loaded into the system. One such carrier may be in the form of a CD ROM disc. It is however feasible with other data carriers such as a memory stick. The computer program code can furthermore be provided as pure program code on a server and downloaded to the system.

    [0053] In some embodiments, a computer program may comprise instructions which, when executed on at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to carry out the method steps in figure 3. A carrier may comprise the computer program, and the carrier is one of an electronic signal, optical signal, radio signal or computer readable storage medium.

    [0054] Summarized, when a light source 105 such as the sun is standing low and in front of the user's 101 vision will be impaired by sun glare. The user 101 can also be dazzled by other strong light sources, like an oncoming vehicle at night with high beams on. By using a vehicle sensor that detects light source intensity and location in addition to a user monitoring device 107, it is possible to determine that the user's 101 vision is impaired by the light source 105 and perform at least one safety measure. With this, it also possible to differ if user 101 is tired or squinting because of the light source 105. The impairment may also be described as the user 101 being "unavailable" due to the light. Sensors, such as the user monitoring device 107 and the forward looking device 109 are not impaired by the light. It is the user's vision that is impaired. The user's 101 unavailability is used to determine if the user 101 is in the loop (can make correct decisions), if he is determined to be out of the loop due to being dazzled by the light source 106, at least one safety measure is performed. In addition, if the vehicle 103 is driving autonomously and control of the vehicle 103 has to be returned to the user 101, the fact that if his vision is impaired by the light source 105 may have to be considered as a risk.

    [0055] The embodiments herein are not limited to the above described embodiments. Various alternatives, modifications and equivalents may be used. Therefore, the above embodiments should not be taken as limiting the scope of the embodiments, which is defined by the appending claims. A feature from one embodiment may be combined with one or more features of any other embodiment.

    [0056] It should be emphasized that the term "comprises/comprising" when used in this specification is taken to specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps or components, but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, components or groups thereof. It should also be noted that the words "a" or "an" preceding an element do not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The terms "consisting of" or "consisting essentially of" may be used instead of the term comprising.

    [0057] The term "configured to" used herein may also be referred to as "arranged to", "adapted to", "capable of" or "operative to".

    [0058] It should also be emphasised that the steps of the methods defined in the appended claims may, without departing from the embodiments herein, be performed in another order than the order in which they appear in the claims.


    Claims

    1. A method for handling light source (105) impairment performed by a system at least partly comprised in a vehicle (103), the method comprising:

    obtaining (301) a position of a user's (101) eye(s) when the user (101) is inside the vehicle (103);

    obtaining (302) a position of a light source (105) outside the vehicle (103) and an intensity of light from the light source (105) in relation to the position of the user's (101) eye(s);

    determining (303) whether the user's (101) vision is impaired by the light source (105), wherein the determining is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source (105) and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of light at the user's eye(s); and

    determining (304) whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle (103) based on whether the user's vision is impaired by the light source (105),

    characterised in that

    the performed at least one safety measure comprise at least one of: enabling a lane keeping aid in the vehicle (103), increasing a user reaction time parameter used by a collision mitigation system in the vehicle (103), and denying handing control of the vehicle back to the user (101) when the vehicle (103) is an autonomous vehicle.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the at least one safety measure should be performed if the user's (101) vision is impaired by the light source (105) to a degree which is equal to or above a threshold.
     
    3. The method according to any one of claims 1-2, wherein the at least one safety measure is not performed if the user's (101) vision is not impaired by the light source (105) or if it is impaired by the light source (105) to a degree below a threshold.
     
    4. The method according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the position of the light source (105) is obtained by obtaining at least one of azimuth and/or elevation information of the light source (105) in relation to the position of the user's (101) eye(s).
     
    5. The method according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein the position of the user's (101) eye(s) is obtained from a user monitoring device (107) comprised in the vehicle (103).
     
    6. The method according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein the position of the light source (105) and the intensity of light from the light source (105) are obtained from a forward looking device (109) comprised in the vehicle (103).
     
    7. A system at least partly comprised in a vehicle (103) for handling light source (105) impairment, the system being configured to:

    obtain a position of a user's (101) eye(s) when the user (101) is inside a vehicle (103);

    obtain a position of a light source (105) outside the vehicle (103) and an intensity of light from the light source (105) in relation to the position of the user's (101) eye; and to

    determine whether the user's (101) vision is impaired by the light source (105), wherein determination is done based on whether there is a line of sight between the light source (105) and the user's eye(s), and based on the intensity of light at the user's eye(s);

    determine whether at least one safety measure should be performed by the vehicle (103) based on whether the user's (101) vision is impaired by the light source (105), characterised in that

    the performed at least one safety measure comprise at least one of: enabling a lane keeping aid in the vehicle (103), increasing a user reaction time parameter used by a collision mitigation system in the vehicle (103), and denying handing control of the vehicle back to the user (101) when the vehicle (103) is an autonomous vehicle.


     
    8. A vehicle (103) at least partly comprising the system according to claim 7.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Handhaben einer Beeinträchtigung durch eine Lichtquelle (105), das durch ein System durchgeführt wird, das wenigstens teilweise in einem Fahrzeug (103) enthalten ist, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Erhalten (301) einer Position eines Auges (von Augen) eines Benutzers (101), wenn sich der Benutzer (101) innerhalb des Fahrzeugs (103) befindet;

    Erhalten (302) einer Position einer Lichtquelle (105) außerhalb des Fahrzeugs (103) und einer Intensität von Licht von der Lichtquelle (105) in Bezug auf die Position des Auges (der Augen) des Benutzers (101);

    Bestimmen (303), ob die Sicht des Benutzers (101) durch die Lichtquelle (105) beeinträchtigt wird, wobei das Bestimmen basierend darauf, ob es eine Sichtlinie zwischen der Lichtquelle (105) und dem Auge (den Augen) des Benutzers gibt, und basierend auf der Intensität des Lichts bei dem Auge (den Augen) des Benutzers erfolgt; und

    Bestimmen (304), ob wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme durch das Fahrzeug (103) durchgeführt werden soll, basierend darauf, ob die Sicht des Benutzers durch die Lichtquelle (105) beeinträchtigt wird,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die durchgeführte wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme wenigstens eines von Folgendem umfasst: Aktivieren eines Spurhalteassistenten in dem Fahrzeug (103), Erhöhen eines Benutzerreaktionszeitparameters, der durch ein Kollisionsabschwächungssystem in dem Fahrzeug (103) verwendet wird, und Verweigern des Zurückgebens der Steuerung des Fahrzeugs an den Benutzer (101), wenn das Fahrzeug (103) ein autonomes Fahrzeug ist.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme durchgeführt werden sollte, falls die Sicht des Benutzers (101) durch die Lichtquelle (105) zu einem Grad beeinträchtigt wird, der gleich oder oberhalb einer Schwelle ist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-2, wobei die wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme nicht durchgeführt wird, falls die Sicht des Benutzers (101) nicht durch die Lichtquelle (105) beeinträchtigt wird oder falls sie durch die Lichtquelle (105) zu einem Grad unterhalb einer Schwelle beeinträchtigt wird.
     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei die Position der Lichtquelle (105) durch Erhalten von Azimut- und/oder Elevationsinformationen der Lichtquelle (105) mit Bezug auf die Position des Auges (der Augen) des Benutzers (101) erhalten wird.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, wobei die Position des Auges (der Augen) des Benutzers (101) von einer Benutzerüberwachungsvorrichtung (107) erhalten wird, die in dem Fahrzeug (103) enthalten ist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei die Position der Lichtquelle (105) und die Intensität von Licht von der Lichtquelle (105) von einer nach vorne gerichteten Vorrichtung (109) erhalten werden, die in dem Fahrzeug (103) enthalten ist.
     
    7. System, das wenigstens teilweise in einem Fahrzeug (103) enthalten ist, zum Handhaben einer Beeinträchtigung (105) durch eine Lichtquelle, wobei das System zu Folgendem konfiguriert ist:

    Erhalten einer Position eines Auges (von Augen) eines Benutzers (101), wenn sich der Benutzer (101) innerhalb eines Fahrzeugs (103) befindet;

    Erhalten einer Position einer Lichtquelle (105) außerhalb des Fahrzeugs (103) und einer Intensität von Licht von der Lichtquelle (105) in Bezug auf die Position des Auges (der Augen) des Benutzers (101); und zum

    Bestimmen, ob die Sicht des Benutzers (101) durch die Lichtquelle (105) beeinträchtigt wird, wobei die Bestimmung basierend darauf, ob es eine Sichtlinie zwischen der Lichtquelle (105) und dem Auge (den Augen) des Benutzers gibt, und basierend auf der Intensität des Lichts bei dem Auge (den Augen) des Benutzers erfolgt; und

    Bestimmen, ob wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme durch das Fahrzeug (103) durchgeführt werden soll, basierend darauf, ob die Sicht des Benutzers (101) durch die Lichtquelle (105) beeinträchtigt wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die durchgeführte wenigstens eine Sicherheitsmaßnahme wenigstens eines von Folgendem umfasst: Aktivieren eines Spurhalteassistenten in dem Fahrzeug (103), Erhöhen eines Benutzerreaktionszeitparameters, der durch ein Kollisionsabschwächungssystem in dem Fahrzeug (103) verwendet wird, und Verweigern des Zurückgebens der Steuerung des Fahrzeugs an den Benutzer (101), wenn das Fahrzeug (103) ein autonomes Fahrzeug ist.


     
    8. Fahrzeug (103), das das System nach Anspruch 7 wenigstens teilweise umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé destiné à la gestion de dégradation de source lumineuse (105) mis en œuvre par un système au moins partiellement contenu dans un véhicule (103), le procédé comprenant :

    l'obtention (301) d'une position d'un œil ou des yeux d'un utilisateur (101) lorsque l'utilisateur (101) se trouve à l'intérieur du véhicule (103) ;

    l'obtention (302) d'une position d'une source lumineuse (105) à l'extérieur du véhicule (103) et d'une intensité de la lumière provenant de la source lumineuse (105) par rapport à la position de l'œil ou des yeux de l'utilisateur (101) ;

    la détermination (303) du fait de savoir si la vision de l'utilisateur (101) est dégradée par la source lumineuse (105), dans lequel la détermination est effectuée sur la base de l'existence ou non d'une ligne de visée entre la source lumineuse (105) et l'œil ou les yeux de l'utilisateur, et sur la base de l'intensité de la lumière au niveau de l'œil ou des yeux de l'utilisateur ; et

    la détermination (304) du fait de savoir si au moins une mesure de sécurité doit être mise en œuvre par le véhicule (103) sur la base du fait que la vision de l'utilisateur est ou non dégradée par la source lumineuse (105),

    caractérisé en ce que

    ladite au moins une mesure de sécurité mise en œuvre comprend au moins l'une des suivantes : l'activation d'une aide au maintien de la trajectoire dans le véhicule (103), l'augmentation d'un paramètre de temps de réaction de l'utilisateur utilisé par un système anticollision dans le véhicule (103), et le refus de rendre le contrôle du véhicule à l'utilisateur (101) lorsque le véhicule (103) est un véhicule autonome.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel au moins une mesure de sécurité doit être mise en œuvre si la vision de l'utilisateur (101) est dégradée par la source lumineuse (105) à un degré qui est égal ou supérieur à un seuil.
     
    3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel ladite au moins une mesure de sécurité n'est pas mise en œuvre si la vision de l'utilisateur (101) n'est pas dégradée par la source lumineuse (105) ou si elle est dégradée par la source lumineuse (105) à un degré inférieur à un seuil.
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-3, dans lequel la position de la source lumineuse (105) est obtenue en obtenant au moins l'une d'informations d'azimut et/ou d'élévation de la source lumineuse (105) par rapport à la position de l'œil ou des yeux de l'utilisateur (101).
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la position de l'œil ou des yeux de l'utilisateur (101) est obtenue à partir d'un dispositif de surveillance de l'utilisateur (107) contenu dans le véhicule (103).
     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la position de la source lumineuse (105) et l'intensité de la lumière provenant de la source lumineuse (105) sont obtenues à partir d'un dispositif de vision vers l'avant (109) contenu dans le véhicule (103) .
     
    7. Système au moins partiellement contenu dans un véhicule (103) et destiné à la gestion de dégradation de source lumineuse (105), le système étant configuré pour :

    obtenir une position d'un œil ou des yeux d'un utilisateur (101) lorsque l'utilisateur (101) se trouve à l'intérieur d'un véhicule (103) ;

    obtenir une position d'une source lumineuse (105) à l'extérieur du véhicule (103) et une intensité de la lumière provenant de la source lumineuse (105) par rapport à la position de l'œil de l'utilisateur (101) ; et pour

    déterminer si la vision de l'utilisateur (101) est dégradée par la source lumineuse (105), dans lequel la détermination est effectuée sur la base de l'existence ou non d'une ligne de visée entre la source lumineuse (105) et l'œil ou les yeux de l'utilisateur, et sur la base de l'intensité de la lumière au niveau de l'œil ou des yeux de l'utilisateur ;

    déterminer si au moins une mesure de sécurité doit être mise en œuvre par le véhicule (103) sur la base du fait que la vision de l'utilisateur (101) est ou non dégradée par la source lumineuse (105), caractérisé en ce que ladite au moins une mesure de sécurité mise en œuvre comprend au moins l'une des suivantes :
    l'activation d'une aide au maintien de la trajectoire dans le véhicule (103), l'augmentation d'un paramètre de temps de réaction de l'utilisateur utilisé par un système anticollision dans le véhicule (103), et le refus de rendre le contrôle du véhicule à l'utilisateur (101) lorsque le véhicule (103) est un véhicule autonome.


     
    8. Véhicule (103) comprenant au moins partiellement le système selon la revendication 7.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description