(19)
(11)EP 3 425 602 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 17179978.6

(22)Date of filing:  06.07.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G07F 19/00(2006.01)
H04W 12/08(2009.01)
H04L 29/06(2006.01)

(54)

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF PERFORMING AN AUTHORIZATION MECHANISM BETWEEN A SERVICE TERMINAL SYSTEM AND A HELPDESK SYSTEM

VERFAHREN UND SYSTEM ZUR DURCHFÜHRUNG EINES AUTORISIERUNGSMECHANISMUS ZWISCHEN EINEM SERVICETERMINAL-SYSTEM UND EINEM HELPDESK-SYSTEM

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME DE MISE EN OEUVRE D'UN MÉCANISME D'AUTORISATION ENTRE UN SYSTÈME DE TERMINAL DE SERVICE ET SYSTÈME D'ASSISTANCE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/02

(73)Proprietor: Wincor Nixdorf International GmbH
33106 Paderborn (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Dr. rer. nat. Dipl. Inf. Priesterjahn, Steffen
    33100 Paderborn (DE)
  • Lübeck, Dirk
    63065 Offenbach (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 321 242
US-A1- 2016 104 140
US-A1- 2012 314 862
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a method and a system of performing an authorization mechanism between a service terminal system and a helpdesk system, in particular to a system wherein the service terminal system is a service-terminal or automated teller machine which is subject of maintenance work.

    [0002] Such a system is disclosed by EP 2 849 142 A1 describing a method and a equipment for providing a smartphone-assisted maintenance of a self-service terminal. In particular, the document describes a method and a system that are provided for maintaining a self-service terminal, wherein the maintenance is effected using a mobile terminal, such as a smartphone. A server application that can communicate first via a communication link with a terminal application that is executed on the mobile terminal and second via a network connection with the self-service terminal is executed on a server. Direct communication between the mobile terminal and the self-service terminal is not necessary. The mobile terminal uses a still picture production apparatus to capture both an identifier for the self-service terminal and an identifier for a maintained component of the self-service terminal, and transmits corresponding data to the server. On the basis of this, the server application can ascertain update data and communicate them to the self-service terminal. Thus, identifying hardware the document describes to send identifiers (e.g. for self-terminal and the maintained component) via a mobile communications link. However, the document does not address the problem of performing an authorization mechanism to allow or deny users/maintenance personnel to perform certain applications at the self-service terminal.

    [0003] US 2016/104140 A1 discloses a method and devices for providing service or maintenance access to a self-service terminal (SST), such as an Automated Teller Machine (ATM), in particular for providing secure access to only authenticated personnel. The document discloses an SST which facilitates authentication of a user through an external service via a mobile device operated by the user. The SST also obtains independent verification of an access command sent from a server through a cryptographic peripheral module integrated into the SST before sending a command to grant authenticated access to the SST in response to the access command.

    [0004] It is known in general for enhancing maintenance in network environment to provide a helpdesk ticketing-system. However, it would desirable to have a ticketless passcode mechanism, such as a challenge-response mechanism that enables access rights on the terminal system without the need to create the actual ticket and copy it to the client's system. More generally, it would be desirable to provide a ticketless method and system of performing an authorization mechanism between a service terminal system and a helpdesk system.

    [0005] The problem is solved by a method comprising the features of claim 1 and by a system comprising the features of claim 9.

    [0006] Accordingly, the present invention provides a method of performing an authorization mechanism between a service terminal system (e.g. an automated teller machine) and a helpdesk system comprising the steps of:
    • Sending from the service terminal system or a user (e.g. a technician) a request message to the helpdesk system or to an operator thereof, the request message comprising a one-time code (e.g. a challenge), an identifier for the service terminal system and a set of access right data about rights for using said service terminal system by said user;
    • Creating at the helpdesk system a response message by using the one-time code, the right data and an ident key derived from an operation on the identifier and a base key, the base key being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system and the service terminal system;
    • Sending from the helpdesk system or the operator thereof said response message to the service terminal system or to the user thereof;
    • Creating at the service terminal system a reference response message by using the one-time code, the right data and the ident key derived thereof; and
    • Comparing at the service terminal system the response message with the reference response message to authorize the user to use the service terminal system according to the rights being represented by said access right data.


    [0007] The system provided by the present invention comprises said service terminal system and said helpdesk system, wherein the system is configured to execute said method of performing an authorization mechanism, as follows:
    • the user sends or the service terminal system is configured to send said request message to the helpdesk system or to the operator;
    • the helpdesk system is configured to create said response message;
    • the operator sends or the helpdesk system is further configured to send said response message;
    • the service terminal system is configured to create said reference response message; and
    • the service terminal system is further configured to compare the response message with the reference response message to authorize the user to use the service terminal system according to the rights being represented by said right data.


    [0008] The invention also provides by further independent claims said service terminal system and said helpdesk system.

    [0009] According to the claimed subject-matter of the independent claims the invention provides a user-friendly method and system for performing a secure and advantageous authorization mechanism that helps the user / technician to ask by request for access to and authorization for performing maintenance work at the self-service terminal. The method can be understood to be a ticketless challenge-response mechanism, wherein the mechanisms security is qualified by a request message including at least three different and independent parameters, namely a one-time code (e.g. a challenge) which secures that the challenge-response can be performed only once, an identifier for the service terminal system which secures that the correct hardware is used, and right data which represent only those rights which can be authorized to the user / technician for using / maintaining said service terminal system. The user / technician does not need to use any password or hardware key (dongle) or the like to get full access to the helpdesk and to those components (HW and/or SW) of the service terminal which he/she is authorized to use. Moreover, the invention provides a secure authorization mechanism without the need to establish a ticketing system.

    [0010] Preferred embodiments are defined by the sub-claims and are characterized as follows:
    The method of performing an authorization mechanism between the service terminal system and the helpdesk system can be enhanced by further providing that the request message from the terminal and/or the response message from the helpdesk is configured to be communicated via a public audio or text communications link, in particular a communications link providing phone calls, SMS, Email, and/or Instant Messaging. Accordingly, the user / technician can send his request (including said one-time code, said identifier for the service terminal system and said set of access right data, to the helpdesk / operator e.g. via phone as a manageable string of some hexagonal characters, e.g. 16 characters. The helpdesk / operators can answer with a response having the same or similar structure, e.g. 16 characters. Thus, the communication of request and/or response can be safely performed via public communications, i.e. by any standard device such as smartphone without running the risk of being hacked by eavesdropping.

    [0011] Preferably, the one-time code is a random generated token or a challenge created by a random process being performed by the service terminal system, in particular on request of the user. This means that the challenge-response mechanism can be executed only once; more attempts are not allowed or can only be initiated by request of the user/technician asking for a new token/challenge. This makes the whole system resistant to fraud or manipulation attempts, such as brute force attacks.

    [0012] For many applications, it is advantageous to have the ident key created as terminal key by helpdesk system in that the identifier is concatenated with the base key and the result is then processed by a hash function to obtain said terminal key. This means that the base key, as a common secret, can be stored in the helpdesk, whereas in the terminal the terminal key is stored being derived from said base key. Thus, no user or fraudster can directly read the common secret (base key) from the terminal. Beside this, the terminal as such is secured from access from outside.

    [0013] Preferably, a session key is created by the helpdesk system in that the one-time code, in particular the challenge, is concatenated with the terminal key and with the access right data, all being provided at the help desk system, and the result of the concatenation is then processed by a hash function to obtain said session key. This means that all characteristic data, namely the one-time code, the terminal key (derived from the base key) and the access right data, are represented by a single key, the session key. Even if a fraudster would know the session key he/she cannot decode this key to get the characteristic data.

    [0014] Even more preferably, the response message is created by helpdesk system in that a portion of the session key, in particular the portion including the first N bytes (e.g. N = 8), is extracted from the session key to represent said response message. Since the session key is created by a hash function, Applicant has found that it is sufficient to take only a portion from the session key, preferably the first N bytes, to have a nearly unambiguous representation of the session key and that this representation can be easily communicated as a response via a public communication link, such as a telephone line, a SMS, Email et cetera. Consequently, the operator of the helpdesk can easily communicate the response to the user / technician of the terminal. In a preferred embodiment the response message is configured to be input by a human, such as the technician, into a man-machine-interface of the terminal.

    [0015] At the terminal there is preferably created a reference session key in that the one-time code, in particular the challenge, is concatenated with the terminal key and with the access right data, all being provided at the service terminal system, and the result of the concatenation is then processed by a hash function to obtain said reference session key. This means that the terminal takes those characteristic data, namely the one-time code / challenge, the terminal key (both provided by the terminal) and the access right data (received from the user) to create a reference session key in analogous manner to that session key being created by the helpdesk. Accordingly, the extract of this reference session key can be compared to the response received from the helpdesk in order to verify the validity of the response and thus authorize the user / technician to access the terminal according to those rights which are admitted to be used by him/her.

    [0016] The invention will now be described in detail by making reference to the attached schematic drawings which show the following:
    Fig. 1
    shows a schematic overview of the system including a graphical representation of the steps being performed during the method of performing an authorization mechanism according to the present invention;
    Fig. 2
    shows a flowchart comprising the steps of said method; and
    Fig. 3a-3d
    show screenshots of the man-machine interfaces while running an application performing said method on a terminal and a helpdesk.


    [0017] Referring to Fig. 1 there is shown in a schematic drawing a system comprising a service terminal system ATM for being used by a user TN and a helpdesk system HD for being operated by an operator OP. In the shown embodiment the terminal system is an automated teller machine ATM which shall be subject of a maintenance operation performed by a person/user who is a technician who stays in contact with the helpdesk, in particular with the operator OP thereof.

    [0018] The system is configured to execute a method of performing an authorization mechanism as it will be explained in more detail by referring also to the flow chart of Fig. 2:
    The method 100 starts with a step 111 wherein the user / technician TN triggers the terminal ATM to create a challenge / one-time code CL. The trigger CC or instruction in step 111 is called "Create Challenge". This step is also illustrated by Fig. 3a showing a graphical user interface (GUI) having a button "GET CHALLENGE" for executing the step 111. The challenge is then created in step 112 and displayed to the user. As it can be seen in Fig. 3a the challenge is just a string having 16 characters in hexadecimal format "AA BB CC ... 11" and thus can easily be communicated by the user via any public communications link or service, such as phone line, SMS, instant messaging.

    [0019] In step 113 (see Figs. 1 and 2) the challenge CL is communicated together with other information to the helpdesk, namely with the computer name CN which is in ID for the terminal ATM and the so-called access right data TD. The data TD are also entered by the technician TN into the GUI at the terminal ATM (see Fig. 3a and 3b). All these characteristic data CL, CN and TD are communicated as a request message RQ from the technician TN to the operator OP of the helpdesk HD. In the preferred embodiment the technician TN tells this data to the operator OP via a standard communications, such as a phone line.

    [0020] After having received this request message RQ, the helpdesk HD can create the following keys:
    In a step 121 there is created a terminal key TK in that the identifier / computer name CN is concatenated with the base key BK which is actually the common secret between terminal ATM and helpdesk HD. Please note that the base key BK is stored at the helpdesk HD only, whereas the terminal key TK is stored at the terminal ATM. Moreover, also in step 121, the helpdesk creates a session key SK in that the one-time code / challenge CL is concatenated with the terminal key TK and with the right data TD and then the result of the concatenation is processed by a hash function. This is only a pre-step for obtaining the response message RS which is an extract of said session key SK. Preferably the first 8 bytes are taken which is sufficiently safe to nearly unambiguously represent the session key. And further to this, the obtained response message RS is quite short (e.g. 16 characters) so that it can be communicated to the terminal via any public communications link. In Fig. 3c the GUI for the operator OP at the helpdesk HD is shown to illustrate how the response RS is created. First the base key is loaded from the helpdesk system. Then the operator OP inputs the data CL (challenge), CN (computer name) and those access right data TD which have been told him by the technician TN via phone. Then the helpdesk system HD can create the response RS as mentioned above. As it can be seen in Fig. 3c, the response RS is again a short 16 characters long string in hexadecimal format, here e.g. "5C A4 21 D4 F9 2B 51 85" which can be communicated via simple communication links.

    [0021] Then in a step 122 the response message RS is communicated via such a link, in his example via the same phone line, to the user TN of the terminal system ATM.

    [0022] The user / technician can then enter in step 131 said response RS (see also Fig. 3d showing the GUI at the terminal ATM) and further can enter the access right data TD which represent those right which the user aims to become authorized for use.

    [0023] In the next step 132 the terminal ATM itself will create a reference session key SK* by using the known data CL (has been by the ATM before in steps 112) and TK (is stored in the ATM and further by the using the data TD inputted by the user. The resulting session key SK* then serves a basis for extracting a reference response message RS* which should be (at best) identical to the received response message RS. Therefore, the terminal makes a comparison of both responses SK* with SK in a step 133. If both responses are equal the terminal ATM authorizes the user /technician to make use of the requested rights (represented by the set of access rights TD).

    [0024] In the above described embodiment, the service terminal system is an automated teller machine ATM which is under maintenance and the user is a technician TN who shall make maintenance work.

    [0025] Of course, the system and method can be applied to any configuration where the operation of a terminal system shall be supported by a helpdesk. Thus, the service terminal system can also be e.g. a self-service terminal, a point-of-sale terminal or the like.

    [0026] Moreover, the helpdesk HD, when being asked for support, needs not to be operated by a person / operator OP. The helpdesk can also be configured to provide a roboter-like Input-Output (I/O) function that simulates a real person or operator.

    [0027] In addition to the above the invention shall be further explained by the following considerations:
    The disclosed system and method can also be characterized as a "ticketless authorization mechanism". This mechanism is based on a challenge-response mechanism that enables a set of access rights TD on the terminal system ATM without the need to create an actual ticket and copy it to the user's terminal system. To authorize the use and enabling the set of access right data TD a random generated token (the one-time code or challenge) combined with the access right's data is verified by a Helpdesk. The Helpdesk decides to authorize or refuse the requested access rights.

    [0028] Reference is made again to Fig. 1: At first, a person, let's say a technician TN, at the terminal system ATM initiates the system to generate a challenge CL which is short enough to be told using a telephone (also see Figs. 3a and 3b).
    Then, the technician TN calls the Helpdesk HD, identifies in a certain way, and tells the operator OP the challenge and all the data of the requested access rights (see RQ in Fig. 1).

    [0029] The operator OP generates with the help of the helpdesk HD a response RS (also see Fig. 3c) using the session key SK and tells the technician TN the result. There are many access right data / information the technician may needs to tell the operator:
    • Computer name (may be in Unicode, may be already known by the operator)
    • Ticket duration (in minutes)
    • Number of reboots
    • Switch into the installer mode (yes/no)
    • Name of Auto-Logon-User if required
    • Automatic reboot after the ticket is accepted (yes/no)
    • Unblock time manipulation
    • Unblock keyboard filtering


    [0030] The above listed data can be understood to represent typical data being communicated in a ticketing systems.

    [0031] Further to these data the user / technician communicates also information such as:
    • Version number of the used mechanism (for future compatibility)
    • Challenge


    [0032] Then the technician enters the response RS (also see Fig. 3d) and the access right data TD and the access is applied.

    [0033] While conventional passcode systems offer a comfortable way to authorize a single permission, the ticketless authorization mechanism of the present invention goes much further. The response RS authorizes not only the permission, but also a set of access right attributes, secured by a cryptographic technique. The technician TN gets only the permission he/she asks for. The challenge CL and response RS are preferably each 16 characters long and coded hexadecimal. No check values need to be included. If the activation of the access rights TD fails because of typos, the whole process must be repeated from the beginning by creating a new challenge.

    [0034] A generated challenge expires after 1 hour, after an attempt to activate the access (successful or not) and by a system's restart. Of course, the policy on the system should preferably permit the challenge-response-tool (dialog tool or command line tool) to be run. More advanced techniques to exchange the data between terminal system and helpdesk (just like QR-Codes, for example) could also be planned. Since the computer name CN is involved in the cryptographic techniques renaming the computer (e.g. after a system installation via disk image) needs a new configuration of the used base key. (Details see further below.)

    As to the implementation preferred by the applicant:



    [0035] All cryptographic mechanism can preferably be implemented in C++ by using OpenSSL. Since there is no encryption and decryption of data needed, but only cryptographic checks, hashing is used instead of encryption and decryption. The hash algorithm SHA256 is preferably used by the applicant. The base key BK is e.g. a 256-bit random value generated by OpenSSL.

    [0036] The BK is stored as a plain binary file on the Helpdesk HD (see Fig. 3c "Load Base Key"). The terminal system ATM stores a terminal key TK, derived from the BK.

    [0037] The TK is the hash of the BK concatenated with the computer name (Note that the BK is not stored by the ATM! If the computer is renamed the TK becomes invalid.). For each access right authorization the helpdesk HD generates first the TK using the BK and the computer name. In a next step the helpdesk generates the temporary session key SK. The SK is the hash of TK concatenated with the terminal's challenge and the data of the requested access rights TD. The response RS is the hexadecimal view of the first 8 bytes of the SK (16 characters). When the technician TN enters the access right data TD and the response RS. (see Fig. 3d) Then the terminal ATM generates the SK* in the same way like the helpdesk HD has generated the SK and compares the first 8 byte of the SK* (which is the reference response RS*) against the response RS.

    As to the applicant's preferred way of generating the base key BK:



    [0038] There is preferably an editor being extended to support the generation of the BK. The BK is stored as a plain binary file (*.hdk) and is added to the configuration. The editor should also be able to import an existing BK file into the configuration.

    [0039] Further to this, there is an applicator which extracts the BK from the configuration, creates the TK and stores it as "terminal key" in the Terminal Security Store. A new key overwrites an existing key. If the configuration does not contain a BK, the applicator deletes an existing TK.

    As to the applicant's preferred embodiment of the Service Terminal System



    [0040] On the terminal side the application/program tsserv.exe is responsible for generation the challenge, verifying the response, applying the access rights and handling them.

    [0041] tsctrl.exe is extended by three new commands:
    • get the challenge CL from tsserv.exe
    • pass the access right data TD and response RS to tserv.exe for verifying and for switching in access mode
    • open a dialog window to get the challenge CL and to enter access right data TD and response RS


    [0042] As a first step a command line version is implemented in tsstrl.exe. For more user friendliness a dialog mask can be implemented later on.

    [0043] To support the integration in an external application (like a SOP) tsserv.exe will implement a command line with all necessary data for challenge generation, ticket data and verification can be given in one go. The calling application will need to parse the output result.
     
    getchallenge This command returns the 32 bit random token in hexadecimal format.
    startticket This command, followed by a list of parameters, activates a ticket. Possible parameters are:
    -d, --duration Duration in minutes
    -n, --reboots Number of reboots
    -p, --unprotectedmode Switch to Unprotected Mode
    -u, --autologonuser AutoLogonUser
    -a, --autoreboot AutomaticReboot
    -m, --resettimemanipulation Reset time manipulation
    -k, --unblockmousekeyboard filtering Disable mouse and keyboard
    -r, --response 16 characters response, hexadecimal format
    Dialog Opens a dialog window to get the challenge and to enter access right data and response.


    [0044] Additionally, a dialog will be implemented where the technician can enter the information.

    [0045] In multiscreen systems the dialog automatically selects the appropriate screen (which is the largest screen which does not start with coordinates x,y at 0,0). Additionally, the coordinates of the screen can be set at the command line.

    (also see Screenshots shown in Fig. 3a-d)


    tsserv.exe



    [0046] 
    • access the Store to extract the TK
    • generate the challenge and hold it in memory as long it is valid
    • verify access right data and response and apply the right / access

    As to the applicant's preferred embodiment of the Helpdesk Tool



    [0047] The helpdesk tool (tshelpdesk.exe) can be implemented in C++ using QT for the user dialog and OpenSSL for cryptographic tasks.

    Functionality:



    [0048] 
    • Read BK-file
    • Display an input mask to enter the challenge CL, computer name CN and access right "ticket" data TD
    • Create TK and SK and display the response RS

    (See Screenshot in Fig. 3c)



    [0049] In summary, there is disclosed a method 100 of performing an authorization mechanism between a service terminal system ATM and a helpdesk system HD comprising the steps of:

    Step 113: Sending a request message RQ comprising a one-time code CL, an identifier CN for the service terminal system ATM and a set of access right data TD about rights for using said service terminal system ATM by said user TN;

    Step 121: Creating a response message RS by using the one-time code CL, the access right data TD and an ident key TK derived from an operation on the identifier CN and a base key BK, the base key BK being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system HD and the service terminal system ATM;

    Step 122: Sending said response message RS;

    Step 132: Creating a reference response message RS* by using the one-time code CL, the access right data TD and the ident key TK;

    Step 133: Comparing the response message RS with the reference response message RS* to authorize the user TN to use the service terminal system ATM according to the rights being represented by said access right data TD.


    List of reference signs



    [0050] 
    100
    method with steps 111-133
    ATM
    service terminal system, e.g. an automated teller machine
    TN
    user, in particular technician for maintaining the service terminal system
    HD
    helpdesk system
    OP
    operator at the helpdesk system
    COM
    communications link
    CC
    user demand for creating a one-time code (create challenge)
    CL
    one-time code (in particular a challenge)
    RQ
    request message
    CN
    identifier of service terminal system (e.g. computer name)
    TD
    access right data (no conventional ticket data)
    BK
    basic key
    TK
    terminal key
    SK
    session key
    SK*
    reference session key
    RS
    response message
    RS*
    reference response message



    Claims

    1. A method (100) of performing an authorization mechanism between a service terminal system (ATM) and a helpdesk system (HD) comprising the steps of:

    Step 113: Sending from the service terminal system (ATM) or a user (TN) thereof a request message (RQ) to the helpdesk system (HD) or an operator (OP) thereof, the request message (RQ) comprising a one-time code (CL), an identifier (CN) for the service terminal system (ATM) and a set of access right data (TD) about rights for using said service terminal system (ATM) by said user (TN);

    Step 121: Creating at the helpdesk system (HD) a response message (RS) by using the one-time code (CL), the access right data (TD) and an ident key (TK) derived from an operation on the identifier (CN) and a base key (BK), the base key (BK) being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system (HD) and the service terminal system (ATM);

    Step 122: Sending from the helpdesk system (HD) or the operator (OP) thereof said response message (RS) to the service terminal system (ATM) or to the user (TN) thereof;

    Step 132: Creating at the service terminal system (ATM) a reference response message (RS*) by using the one-time code (CL), the access right data (TD) and the ident key (TK);

    Step 133: Comparing at the service terminal system (ATM) the response message (RS) with the reference response message (RS*) to authorize the user (TN) to use the service terminal system (ATM) according to the rights being represented by said access right data (TD).


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein in the step 113 the request message (RQ) and/or in the step 121 the response message (RS) is configured to be communicated via a public audio or text communications link (COM), in particular a communications link providing phone calls, SMS, Email, and/or Instant Messaging.
     
    3. The method (100) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the one-time code is a random generated token or a challenge (CL) created in a step 112 by a random process being performed by the service terminal system (ATM), in particular on request (CC) of the user (TN) in a step 111.
     
    4. The method (100) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the ident key is a terminal key (TK) created in the step 121 by helpdesk system (HD) in that the identifier (CN) is concatenated with the base key (BK) and the result is then processed by a hash function to obtain said terminal key (TK).
     
    5. The method (100) of claim 4, wherein in step 121 a session key (SK) is created by the helpdesk system (HD) in that the one-time code, in particular the challenge (CL), is concatenated with the terminal key (TK) and with the right data (TD), all being provided at the help desk system (HD), and the result of the concatenation is then processed by a hash function to obtain said session key (SK).
     
    6. The method (100) of claim 5, wherein in step 121 the response message (RS) is created by helpdesk system (HD) in that a portion of the session key (SK), in particular the portion including the first N bytes, is extracted from the session key (SK) to represent said response message (RS).
     
    7. The method (100) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the response message (RS) is configured to be input by a human being into a man-machine-interface and wherein in a step 131 the response message (RS) and the access right data (TD) are input into the service terminal system (ATM) by the user (TN).
     
    8. The method (100) of one of the preceding claims, wherein in a step 132 a reference session key (SK*) is created by the service terminal system (ATM) in that the one-time code, in particular the challenge (CL), is concatenated with the terminal key (TK) and with the access right data (TD), all being provided at the service terminal system (ATM), and the result of the concatenation is then processed by a hash function to obtain said reference session key (SK*).
     
    9. A system comprising a service terminal system (ATM) for being used by a user (TN) and a helpdesk system (HD) for being operated by an operator (OP), the system being configured to execute the method (100) of performing an authorization mechanism according to claims 1 to 8,

    wherein the user (TN) sends or the service terminal system (ATM) is configured to send (Step 113) a request message (RQ) to the helpdesk system (HD) or to the operator (OP), the request message (RQ) comprising a one-time code (CL), an identifier (CN) for the service terminal system (ATM) and a set of access right data (TD) about rights for using said service terminal system (ATM) by said user (TN);

    wherein the helpdesk system (HD) is configured to create (Step 121) a response message (RS) by using the one-time code (CL), the access right data (TD) and an ident key (TK) derived from an operation on the identifier (CN) and a base key (BK), the base key (BK) being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system (HD) and the service terminal system (ATM);

    wherein the operator (TN) sends or the helpdesk system (HD) is further configured to send (Step 122) said response message (RS) to the service terminal system (ATM) or to the user (TN) thereof;

    wherein the service terminal system (ATM) is further configured to compare (Step 133) the response message (RS) with the reference response message (RS*) to authorize the user (TN) to use the service terminal system (ATM) according to the rights being represented by said access right data (TD).


     
    10. A service terminal system (ATM) for being used by a user (TN) and for communicating with a helpdesk system (HD) being operated by an operator (OP), the service terminal system (ATM) system being part of the system of claim 9 and being configured to execute steps of the method (100) of performing an authorization mechanism according to claims 1 to 8,

    wherein the service terminal system (ATM) is further configured to create (Step 132) a reference response message (RS*) by using the one-time code (CL), the access right data (TD) and the ident key (TK) derived from an operation on the identifier (CN) and a base key (BK), the base key (BK) being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system (HD) and the service terminal system (ATM); and

    wherein the service terminal system (ATM) is further configured to compare (Step 133) the response message (RS) with the reference response message (RS*) to authorize the user (TN) to use the service terminal system (ATM) according to the rights being represented by said access right data (TD).


     
    11. The service terminal system of claim 10, wherein the service terminal system is a self-service terminal, a point-of-sale terminal oran automated teller machine (ATM), and the user is in particular a technician of a maintenance personnel for maintaining or repairing the service terminal.
     
    12. A helpdesk system (HD) for being operated by an operator (OP) and for communicating with service terminal system (ATM) being used by a user (TN), the helpdesk system (HD) system being part of the system of claim 9 and being configured to execute steps of the method (100) of performing an authorization mechanism according to claims 1 to 8,

    wherein the helpdesk system (HD) is configured to create (Step 121) a response message (RS) by using the one-time code (CL), the access right data (TD) and the ident key (TK) derived from an operation on the identifier (CN) and a base key (BK), the base key (BK) being a common secret of both, the helpdesk system (HD) and the service terminal system (ATM); and

    wherein the helpdesk system (HD) is further configured to send (Step 122) said response message (RQ) to the service terminal system (ATM) or to the user (TN) thereof.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren (100) zum Durchführen eines Autorisierungsmechanismus zwischen einem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) und einem Helpdesk-System (HD), das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Schritt 113: Senden einer Anforderungsnachricht (RQ) von dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) oder einem Benutzer (TN) davon zu dem Helpdesk-System (HD) oder einem Bediener (OP) davon, wobei die Anforderungsnachricht (RQ) einen einmaligen Code (CL), eine Kennung (CN) für das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) und eine Menge von Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) über Rechte zur Verwendung des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) durch den Benutzer (TN) umfasst;

    Schritt 121: Erzeugen einer Antwortnachricht (RS) in dem Helpdesk-System (HD) durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und eines aus einer Operation an der Kennung (CN) und einem Basisschlüssel (BK) abgeleiteten Ident-Schlüssels (TK), wobei der Basisschlüssel (BK) ein gemeinsames Geheimnis sowohl des Helpdesk-Systems (HD) als auch des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) ist;

    Schritt 122: Senden der Antwortnachricht (RS) von dem Helpdesk-System (HD) oder dem Bediener (OP) davon zu dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) oder dem Benutzer (TN) davon;

    Schritt 132: Erzeugen einer Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*) in dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und des Ident-Schlüssels (TK);

    Schritt 133: Vergleichen der Antwortnachricht (RS) mit der Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*) in dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM), um den Benutzer (TN) gemäß den durch die Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) repräsentierten Rechten für die Verwendung des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) zu autorisieren.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei in Schritt 113 die Anforderungsnachricht (RQ) und/oder in Schritt 121 die Antwortnachricht (RS) dafür ausgelegt ist, über eine öffentliche Audio- oder Textkommunikationsverbindung (COM), insbesondere eine Kommunikationsverbindung, die Telefonanrufe, SMS, Email und/oder Instant Messaging bereitstellt, übermittelt zu werden.
     
    3. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der einmalige Code ein zufällig erzeugtes Token oder ein Challenge (CL) ist, das in Schritt 112 durch einen Zufallsprozess erzeugt wird, der durch das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) ausgeführt wird, insbesondere auf Anforderung (CC) des Benutzers (TN) in einem Schritt 111.
     
    4. Verfahren (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Ident-Schlüssel ein Endgeräteschlüssel (TK) ist, der in Schritt 121 durch das Helpdesk-System (HD) insofern erzeugt wird, dass die Kennung (CN) mit dem Basisschlüssel (BK) verkettet und das Ergebnis dann durch eine Hash-Funktion verarbeitet wird, um den Endgeräteschlüssel (TK) zu erhalten.
     
    5. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei in Schritt 121 ein Sitzungsschlüssel (SK) insofern durch das Helpdesk-System (HD) erzeugt wird, dass der einmalige Code, insbesondere das Challenge (CL), mit dem Endgeräteschlüssel (TK) und mit den Rechtedaten (TD) verkettet wird, alles dem Helpdesk-System (HD) bereitgestellt wird und das Ergebnis der Verkettung dann durch eine Hash-Funktion verarbeitet wird, um den Sitzungsschlüssel (SK) zu erhalten.
     
    6. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 5, wobei in Schritt 121 die Antwortnachricht (RS) insofern durch das Helpdesk-System (HD) erzeugt wird, dass ein Teil des Sitzungsschlüssels (SK), insbesondere der die ersten N Byte umfassende Teil, aus dem Sitzungsschlüssel (SK) extrahiert wird, um die Antwortnachricht (RS) zu repräsentieren.
     
    7. Verfahren (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Antwortnachricht (RS) dafür ausgelegt ist, durch einen Menschen in eine Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle eingegeben zu werden, und wobei in einem Schritt 131 die Antwortnachricht (RS) und die Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) durch den Benutzer (TN) in das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) eingegeben werden.
     
    8. Verfahren (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei in einem Schritt 132 ein Referenzsitzungsschlüssel (SK*) insofern durch das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) erzeugt wird, dass der einmalige Code, insbesondere das Challenge (CL), mit dem Endgeräteschlüssel (TK) und mit den Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) verkettet wird, alles in dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) bereitgestellt wird und das Ergebnis der Verkettung dann durch eine Hash-Funktion verarbeitet wird, um den Referenzsitzungsschlüssel (SK*) zu erhalten.
     
    9. System, das ein Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) zur Verwendung durch einen Benutzer (TN) und ein Helpdesk-System (HD) zur Bedienung durch einen Bediener (OP) umfasst, wobei das System dafür ausgelegt ist, das Verfahren (100) zum Durchführen eines Autorisierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1 bis 8 auszuführen,
    wobei der Benutzer (TN) eine Anforderungsnachricht (RQ) zu dem Helpdesk-System (HD) oder dem Bediener (OP) sendet oder das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) zum Senden dieser zu dem Helpdesk-System (HD) oder zu dem Bediener (OP) ausgelegt ist (Schritt 113), wobei die Anforderungsnachricht (RQ) einen einmaligen Code (CL), eine Kennung (CN) für das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) und eine Menge von Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) über Rechte zur Verwendung des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) durch den Benutzer (TN) umfasst;
    wobei das Helpdesk-System (HD) ausgelegt ist zum Erzeugen (Schritt 121) einer Antwortnachricht (RS) durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und eines aus einer Operation an der Kennung (CN) und einem Basisschlüssel (BK) abgeleiteten Ident-Schlüssels (TK), wobei der Basisschlüssel (BK) ein gemeinsames Geheimnis sowohl des Helpdesk-Systems (HD) als auch des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) ist;
    wobei der Bediener (TN) die Antwortnachricht (RS) zu dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) oder dem Benutzer (TN) davon sendet oder das Helpdesk-System (HD) ferner dafür ausgelegt ist, diese zu dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) oder dem Benutzer (TN) davon zu senden (Schritt 122) ;
    wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) dafür ausgelegt ist, durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und des Ident-Schlüssels (TK) eine Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*) zu erzeugen (Schritt 132); und
    wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Vergleichen (Schritt 133) der Antwortnachricht (RS) mit der Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*), um den Benutzer (TN) gemäß den durch die Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) repräsentierten Rechten für die Verwendung des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) zu autorisieren.
     
    10. Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) zur Verwendung durch einen Benutzer (TN) und zum Kommunizieren mit einem Helpdesk-System (HD), das von einem Bediener (OP) bedient wird, wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) Teil des Systems von Anspruch 9 ist und dafür ausgelegt ist, Schritte des Verfahrens (100) zum Durchführen eines Autorisierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1 bis 8 auszuführen,
    wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Erzeugen (Schritt 132) einer Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*) durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und des aus einer Operation an der Kennung (CN) und einem Basisschlüssel (BK) abgeleiteten Ident-Schlüssels (TK), wobei der Basisschlüssel (BK) ein gemeinsames Geheimnis sowohl des Helpdesk-Systems (HD) als auch des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) ist; und
    wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Vergleichen (Schritt 133) der Antwortnachricht (RS) mit der Referenzantwortnachricht (RS*) zur Autorisierung des Benutzers (TN) für die Verwendung des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) gemäß den durch die Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) repräsentierten Rechten.
     
    11. Dienst-Endgerätesystem nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Dienst-Endgerätesystem ein Selbstbedienungsendgerät, ein Kassenendgerät oder ein Geldautomat (ATM) ist und der Benutzer insbesondere ein Techniker eines Wartungspersonals zum Warten oder Reparieren des Dienstendgerätes ist.
     
    12. Helpdesk-System (HD) zur Bedienung durch einen Bediener (OP) oder zum Kommunizieren mit dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM), das von einem Benutzer (TN) benutzt wird, wobei das Helpdesk-System (HD) Teil des Systems von Anspruch 9 ist und dafür ausgelegt ist, Schritte des Verfahrens (100) des Durchführens eines Autorisierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1 bis 8 auszuführen,
    wobei das Helpdesk-System (HD) ausgelegt ist zum Erzeugen (Schritt 121) einer Antwortnachricht (RS) durch Verwendung des einmaligen Codes (CL), der Zugangsrechtedaten (TD) und des aus einer Operation an der Kennung (CN) und einem Basisschlüssel (BK) abgeleiteten Ident-Schlüssels (TK), wobei der Basisschlüssel (BK) ein gemeinsames Geheimnis sowohl des Helpdesk-Systems (HD) als auch des Dienst-Endgerätesystems (ATM) ist; und
    wobei das Helpdesk-System (HD) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Senden (Schritt 122) der Antwortnachricht (RQ) zu dem Dienst-Endgerätesystem (ATM) oder zu dem Benutzer (TN) davon.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé (100) de mise en œuvre d'un mécanisme d'autorisation entre un système de terminal de service (ATM) et un système d'assistance (HD) comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    Étape 113 : l'envoi, à partir du système de terminal de service (ATM) ou d'un utilisateur (TN) de celui-ci, d'un message de demande (RQ) au système d'assistance (HD) ou à un opérateur (OP) de celui-ci, le message de demande (RQ) comprenant un code à usage unique (CL), un identifiant (CN) pour le système de terminal du dispositif (ATM) et un ensemble de données de droit d'accès (TD) concernant les droits d'utilisation dudit système de terminal de service (ATM) par ledit utilisateur (TN) ;

    Étape 121 : la création, au niveau du système d'assistance (HD), d'un message de réponse (RS) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), des données de droit d'accès (TD) et d'une clé ident (TK) déduite à partir d'une opération sur l'identifiant (CN) et une clé de base (BK), la clé de base (BK) étant un secret commun des deux, du système d'assistance (HD) et du système de terminal de service (ATM) ;

    Étape 122 : l'envoi, à partir du système d'assistance (HD) ou de l'opérateur (OP) de celui-ci, dudit message de réponse (RS) au système de terminal de service (ATM) ou à l'utilisateur (TN) de celui-ci ;

    Étape 132 : la création, au niveau du système de terminal de service (ATM), d'un message de réponse de référence (RS*) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), des données de droit d'accès (TD) et de la clé ident (TK) ;

    Étape 133 : la comparaison, au niveau du système de terminal de service (ATM), du message de réponse (RS) au message de réponse de référence (RS*) pour autoriser l'utilisateur (TN) à utiliser le système de terminal de service (ATM) en fonction des droits qui sont représentés par lesdites données de droit d'accès (TD).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel dans l'étape 113 le message de demande (RQ) et/ou dans l'étape 121 le message de réponse (RS) sont configurés pour être communiqués par le biais d'une liaison de télécommunication textuelle ou audio publique (COM), en particulier une liaison de communication fournissant des appels téléphoniques, des SMS, des e-mails et/ou une messagerie instantanée.
     
    3. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le code à usage unique est un jeton généré de manière aléatoire ou un défi (CL) créé dans une étape 112 par un traitement aléatoire qui est mis en œuvre par le système de terminal de service (ATM), en particulier à la demande (CC) de l'utilisateur (TN) dans une étape 111.
     
    4. Procédé (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la clé ident est une clé de terminal (TK) créée dans l'étape 121 par un système d'assistance (HD), en ce que l'identifiant (CN) est concaténé avec la clé de base (BK) et le résultat est ensuite traité par une fonction de hachage pour obtenir ladite clé de terminal (TK).
     
    5. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel dans l'étape 121, une clé de session (SK) est créée par le système d'assistance (HD), en ce que le code à usage unique, en particulier le défi (CL), est concaténé avec la clé de terminal (TK) et avec les données de droit (TD), tout étant fourni au niveau du système d'assistance (HD), et le résultat de la concaténation est ensuite traité par une fonction de hachage pour obtenir ladite clé de session (SK).
     
    6. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel dans l'étape 121, le message de réponse (RS) est créé par un système d'assistance (HD), en ce qu'une partie de la clé de session (SK), en particulier la partie incluant les premiers N octets, est extraite de la clé de session (SK) pour représenter ledit message de réponse (RS).
     
    7. Procédé (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le message de réponse (RS) est configuré pour être entré par un humain se trouvant dans une interface homme-machine, et dans lequel dans une étape 131, le message de réponse (RS) et les données de droit d'accès (TD) sont entrés dans le système de terminal de service (ATM) par l'utilisateur (TN) .
     
    8. Procédé (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel dans une étape 132, une clé de session de référence (SK*) est créée par le système de terminal de service (ATM), en ce que le code à usage unique, en particulier le défi (CL), est concaténé avec la clé de terminal (TK) et avec les données de droit d'accès (TD), le tout étant fourni au système de terminal de service (ATM), et le résultat de la concaténation est ensuite traité par une fonction de hachage pour obtenir ladite clé de session de référence (SK*).
     
    9. Système comprenant un système de terminal de service (ATM) destiné à être utilisé par un utilisateur (TN) et un système d'assistance (HD) en vue d'être actionné par un opérateur (OP), le système étant configuré pour exécuter le procédé (100) de mise en œuvre d'un mécanisme d'autorisation selon les revendications 1 à 8,
    dans lequel l'utilisateur (TN) envoie, ou le système de terminal de service (ATM) est configuré pour envoyer (étape 113), un message de demande (RQ) au système d'assistance (HD) ou à l'opérateur (OP), le message de demande (RQ) comprenant un code à usage unique (CL), un identifiant (CN) pour le système de terminal de service (ATM) et un ensemble de données de droit d'accès (TD) concernant les droits d'utilisation dudit système de terminal de service (ATM) par ledit utilisateur (TN) ; dans lequel le système d'assistance (HD) est configuré pour créer (étape 121) un message de réponse (RS) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), les données de droit d'accès (TD) et une clé ident (TK) déduite à partir d'une opération sur l'identifiant (CN) et une clé de base (BK), la clé de base (BK) étant un secret commun des deux, du système d'assistance (HD) et du système de terminal de service (ATM) ;
    dans lequel l'opérateur (TN) envoie, ou le système d'assistance (HD) est configuré en outre pour envoyer (étape 122), ledit message de réponse (RS) au système de terminal de service (ATM) ou à l'utilisateur (TN) de celui-ci ;
    dans lequel le système de terminal de service (ATM) est configuré pour créer (étape 132) un message de réponse de référence (RS*) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), des données de droit d'accès (TD) et de la clé ident (TK) ; et
    dans lequel le système de terminal de service (ATM) est configuré en outre pour comparer (étape 133) le message de réponse (RS) au message de réponse de référence (RS*) pour autoriser l'utilisateur (TN) à utiliser le système de terminal de service (ATM) en fonction des droits qui sont représentés par lesdites données de droit d'accès (TD) .
     
    10. Système de terminal de service (ATM) destiné à être utilisé par un utilisateur (TN) et à communiquer avec un système d'assistance (HD) qui est utilisé par un opérateur (OP), le système du système de terminal de service (ATM) faisant partie du système selon la revendication 9 et étant configuré pour exécuter les étapes du procédé (100) de mise en œuvre d'un mécanisme d'autorisation selon les revendications 1 à 8,
    dans lequel le système de terminal de service (ATM) est configuré en outre pour créer (étape 132) un message de réponse de référence (RS*) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), des données de droit d'accès (TD) et de la clé ident (TK) déduite à partir d'une opération sur l'identifiant (CN) et une clé de base (BK), la clé de base (BK) étant un secret commun des deux, du système d'assistance (HD) et du système de terminal de service (ATM) ; et
    dans lequel le système de terminal de service (ATM) est configuré en outre pour comparer (étape 133) le message de réponse (RS) au message de réponse de référence (RS*) pour autoriser l'utilisateur (TN) à utiliser le système de terminal de service (ATM) en fonction des droits qui sont représentés par lesdites données de droit d'accès (TD) .
     
    11. Système de terminal de service selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le système de terminal de service est un terminal en libre-service, un terminal de point de vente ou un distributeur automatique de billets (ATM), et l'utilisateur est en particulier un technicien d'un personnel de maintenance pour le maintien ou la réparation du terminal de service.
     
    12. Système d'assistance (HD) destiné à être actionné par un opérateur (OP) ou à communiquer avec un système de terminal de service (ATM) qui est utilisé par un utilisateur (TN), le système du système d'assistance (HD) faisant partie du système selon la revendication 9 et étant configuré pour exécuter les étapes du procédé (100) de mise en œuvre d'un mécanisme d'autorisation selon les revendications 1 à 8,
    dans lequel le système d'assistance (HD) est configuré pour créer (étape 121) un message de réponse (RS) à l'aide du code à usage unique (CL), les données de droit d'accès (TD) et la clé ident (TK) déduite à partir d'une opération sur l'identifiant (CN) et une clé de base (BK), la clé de base (BK) étant un secret commun des deux, du système d'assistance (HD) et du système de terminal de service (ATM) ; et
    dans lequel le système d'assistance (HD) est configuré en outre pour envoyer (étape 122) ledit message de réponse (RQ) au système de terminal de service (ATM) ou à l'utilisateur (TN) de celui-ci.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description