(19)
(11)EP 3 427 067 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 17762638.9

(22)Date of filing:  08.03.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01P 5/00  (2006.01)
G01P 5/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IL2017/050282
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/153987 (14.09.2017 Gazette  2017/37)

(54)

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ACCURATE WIND MEASUREMENT

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR GENAUEN WINDMESSUNG

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ POUR LA MESURE PRÉCISE DU VENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.03.2016 IL 24450316

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/03

(73)Proprietor: First Airborne Limited
4069600 Ein Vered (IL)

(72)Inventors:
  • KERETH, Yefim
    76568 Rehovot (IL)
  • PELED, Boaz
    4069600 Ein Vered (IL)

(74)Representative: Fabiano, Piero et al
Fabiano, Franke & MGT Sagl Piazzetta San Carlo, 2
6900 Lugano
6900 Lugano (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/111429
JP-A- S59 136 658
US-A- 4 152 933
US-A1- 2014 163 884
DE-U1- 8 814 788
JP-A- 2005 345 180
US-A- 4 449 400
  
  • H. P. GUNNLAUGSSON ET AL: "Telltale wind indicator for the Mars Phoenix lander", JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, vol. 113, no. null, 1 January 2008 (2008-01-01), XP055560828, US ISSN: 0148-0227, DOI: 10.1029/2007JE003008
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to an accurate wind measurement device and method, and more particularly, to a device and method for accurate wind measurement onboard an aerial vehicle.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] It is a common practice to utilize aerial vehicles for measurement of various environmental parameters. Typical wind measurement devices onboard aerial vehicles, particularly helicopter or multi-rotors, are affected by the vehicle's body or propulsion systems, and therefore have a limited level of accuracy. Due to the high distribution and increasing utility of low-cost small and medium size aerial vehicles (UAVs), there are evident benefits to a compact, low-weight and accurate wind measurement device, capable of being carried by these type of vehicles. One of several possible applications is the external performance monitoring of wind-turbine power production. The ability to position the accurate wind measurement device according to the invention directly in front of wind turbine rotors enables wind resource characteristics (predominantly direction and speed) detected by the measurement instrumentation mounted on the wind turbines (the logged data of which are often biased due to the positioning of the instruments behind the rotor-blades) to be compared with the data taken by an external, unbiased device, mounted on an unmanned aerial vehicle. The device's better accuracy enables corrections to the alignment of the wind turbine nacelle towards the prevailing wind direction among other corrections, thereby optimizing power production. The scale, mobility and autonomous capabilities of unmanned aerial vehicles carrying the device enable scheduled, sporadic, unmanned and on-demand, external and unbiased power production performance monitoring of wind turbines. This enables constant monitoring and immediate or post flight corrections to the wind turbine alignment, all of which capabilities are currently non-existent and very much required.

[0003] WO 2013/111429 discloses a system wherein the apex of a wind receiving body consistently face windward. A thread is attached to a first attachment point of a conical wind receiving body having an apex, with the wind receiving body hanging by the thread, and a thread which supports a weight is attached to a second attachment point which is opposite the first attachment point in the vertical direction with respect to the center axis of the cone and nearer to the apex of the wind receiving body than the first attachment point. The weight is image captured from below with a camera, and wind speed and wind direction are derived from the distance and direction which the weight has moved from a reference location due to the wind.

[0004] Reference is also made to "Telltale wind indicator for the Mars Phoenix lander" by H. P. Gunnlaugsson et al. appearing in the Journal of Geophysical Research vol. 113 Issue E3, January 1, 2008. This paper discloses a telltale wind indicator in the form of a mechanical anemometer consisting of a lightweight cylinder suspended by Kevlar fibers and deflected under the action of wind.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0005] The present invention describes an accurate wind measurement device carried by an aerial vehicle.

[0006] The wind measurement is based on the photographing of an object's behavior under the force of gravity and the aerodynamic force generated by the wind. The behavior of some predefined shapes (e.g. sphere) has been widely explored, and has a broad theoretical basis. Such behavior, once calibrated against other high accuracy measurement technologies, can provide a valid and accurate measurement.

[0007] In accordance with the present invention provided herein are a device and method for accurate wind measurement, which are the subject matter of independent claims presented below.

[0008] The device deploys an object that is carried by a low cross-section string. The deployment space of the object is continuously monitored by a camera, thus enabling measurement of the string's spatial angles relative to the axis of the camera's optics. The string length, defined as a distance between the object and the camera's sensor, allows calculating the accurate location of the object relative to the camera sensor. The object location measured by the camera based on the string length, is then converted into the aerodynamic forces (e.g. drag) vector generated by the wind. The string tension is continiousely measured in order to deduce the aerodynamic forces in the vertical and horizontal planes. The weighted result of the horizontal and vertical aerodynamic forces provides a well-defined wind speed spatial vector. The object can be of different aerodynamic shapes (e.g. sphere), or can be an anemometer of any known technology, to provide dual technology measurement.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0009] In order to understand the invention and to see how it may be carried out in practice, embodiments will now be described, by way of non-limiting example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a basic device according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a basic device according to an embodiment of the invention under the influence of gravity and aerodynamic forces;

Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a basic device according to an embodiment of the invention, carried by a mast;

Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a basic device according to an embodiment of the invention, carried by an aerial vehicle;

Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a stabilized device according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a device carried by an aerial vehicle monitoring the wind resources in front of the rotor of a wind turbine, and

Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of dual technology measurement device according to an embodiment of the invention, carried by an aerial vehicle.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0010] Figs. 1 and 2 are schematic diagrams of a basic wind measurement device shown generally as 2 having a bench 4 carrying a camera 6 which is generally directed downward and monitoring the position of a remote object 8 impacted by gravity and aerodynamic forces, generated by the wind and/or airflow (Fig. 2). Object 8 has a predefined aerodynamic shape, preferably a sphere, at least indirectly connected to the bench 4 by a low cross-section string 10 of predefined length. At the upper side, string 10 is crossing the centerline 12 of the camera optics. The string 10 tension is measured by the tension sensor 14, which may be located directly along the string 10, at the upper side or close to the object 6 (as shown in Fig. 1), or indirectly, elsewhere (not shown). The video signal of camera 6 streams to a digital signal processor (hereinafter: "DSP") 16 or to a computer 18. DSP 16 or computer 18 is connected to a temperature sensor 20 and a pressure sensor 22, both measuring the ambient air conditions. In addition, DSP 16 or computer 18 is connected to a compass 24 and to GPS 26, in order to define the bench location and azimuth. The algorithm (not shown) running onboard the DSP 16 or computer 18 has inputs of location from GPS 26, azimuth from compass 24, altitude and air pressure from pressure sensor 22, ambient temperature from temperature senor 20 and string 10 length. The algorithm 28 decodes the images taken by the camera 6 and based on the string 10 length finds the location of the object 8, relative to the camera 6, and calculates the string 10 spatial angles. Tension sensor 14 measures the tension of string 10, which is needed in order to balance the object 8 against the gravity and aerodynamic forces. The tension force vector can be represented by horizontal and vertical forces. These forces are calculated by the algorithm 28 based on length of the string 10 and the spatial angle, which are generated by the algorithm's 28 decoding of the camera 6 images. Now, knowing the weight of the object 8 and the length of the string 10, and spatial angles, the aerodynamic forces in the vertical and horizontal planes can be calculated. The vertical and horizontal aerodynamic forces are calculated based on the following inputs: (a) spatial angle of the string 10; (b) length of the string 10; (c) tension force in the string 10 measured by sensor 14; (d) weight of the object 8. The aerodynamic force vector is the weighted result of both the horizontal and vertical forces. The aerodynamic force vector can be converted to a wind vector (airflow vector) based on look-up tables generated via the calibration of the device 2 measurements against the measurements of other high accuracy measurement technology or based on a mathematical model, or based on the merging of both. To achieve accurate measurements based on the abovementioned description, the centerline 12 of the camera optics should be perpendicular to the ground collinear with the gravity force vector (hereinafter: "first condition"). Alternatively, the spatial angle of the centerline 12 of the camera optics relative to the gravity force vector should be measured and the spatial angle of the string 10 should be corrected based on this measurement (hereinafter: "second condition"). Whenever device 2 is static and coupled for example, to the top of mast 30 (Fig. 3), the first condition may be simply achieved by calibrating the centerline 12 of the camera optics to fit the gravity force vector. Whenever device 2 is mobile and coupled for example, to an aerial vehicle body 32 (Fig. 4), the second condition may be simply achieved by measuring the centerline of the camera optics relative to the gravity force vector by the sensor 34 (e.g. three axis gyro or any other suitable sensor based on any appropriate technology). Another option to allow operation of the device 2 while coupled to the aerial vehicle body 32 is by stabilizing the centerline of the camera optics in order to meet the first condition. This can be done either by the existing stabilization capability of the aerial vehicle, as is shown in Fig. 4, or by a stabilization system 36, as is shown in Fig. 5. In this case, one side of the stabilization system 36 is coupled to the vehicle body 32, and the other side is coupled to the bench 4 of the device 2.

[0011] To fit the aerial vehicle characteristics, the length of string 10 and the parameters of the object 8 should be optimized. For example, large and powerful aerial vehicles will require a longer string 10 to minimize the aerial vehicle impact (e.g. propellers airflow, which can reduce the measurement accuracy) on the object 8 of device 2.

[0012] To monitor the power production performance of a wind turbine generator, the device 2 can be positioned directly in front of a wind turbine rotor 38, to enable comparison of the wind resource characteristics (predominantly, direction and speed) detected by the commonplace measurement instruments 40 mounted behind the wind turbine rotor 38 (Fig. 6). The data received from the instruments 40 are often biased due to their positioning behind the rotor 38 and the resulting influence of the rotor on the wind flow. By comparing the instruments 40 detected data against the data accumulated by the device 2 coupled to the vehicle body 32, the alignment of the rotor 38 towards the prevailing wind direction can be corrected, thus enabling optimal power production.

[0013] The scale and mobile potential of the device 2 in the case at hand, will enable periodic, sporadic, unmanned, on demand, external non-biased performance monitoring of wind turbines-capability, currently non-existent and very much required.

[0014] Whenever higher level of accuracy and confidence is required, dual technology measurement can be implemented based on the above-mentioned device and method. In device 2, shown in Fig. 7, the object 8 is an anemometer of any known technology (e.g. cup anemometer 8a with wind vane 8b). In this case, object 8 provides two types of measurements: first, based on the above-mentioned description; second, direct readings from anemometer 8a. The merge of two types of measurements allows achieving higher level of accuracy and confidence. The direction of anemometer 8a is controlled by the wind vane 8b, and therefore can be monitored by the camera 6. This direction can be measured by the algorithm 28 and can be used as an additional, independent measurement.

[0015] It should be noted that features that are described with reference to one or more embodiments are described by way of example rather than by way of limitation to those embodiments.


Claims

1. A device (2) for accurate wind measurement, the device comprising:

a bench (4) carrying a camera having camera optics;

a moving object (8a,8b) connected to said camera by a string (10); and

a digital signal processor (DSP) (16) or a computer (18);

characterized by:

said camera being generally directed downward and taking images of said object's movement while influenced by gravity and aerodynamic forces;

said camera being configured to stream the images to a digital signal processor or computer, and

said digital signal processor or computer being adapted to decode the images and compute the object location and spatial angles.


 
2. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein an upper side of said string crosses the centerline of the camera optics.
 
3. The device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein: a predetermined length of the string provides a first input to the DSP or computer; a predetermined weight of the object provides a second input to the DSP or computer; the string is at least indirectly connected to a tension sensor (14) and the tension sensor provides to the DSP or computer a third input of tension force along said string needed to balance the object against the gravity and aerodynamic forces; at least one sensor (20, 22, 24, 26) is coupled to the DSP or computer for providing a fourth input indicative of at least one physical condition, and the DSP or computer is responsive to camera images depicting movement of the moving object for decoding said images based on said first input so as calculate the spatial location of the object relative to the bench, and the DSP or computer is configured to calculate aerodynamic force based on said location in conjunction with the second, third and fourth inputs..
 
4. The device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the at least one sensor is any one or more in a group consisting of a temperature sensor (20), a pressure sensor (22), a compass (24) and a GPS (26).
 
5. The device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said DSP or computer is configured to calculate from the camera images the spatial angle between a centerline of the camera optics and the string vector.
 
6. The device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the moving object is an anemometer (8a) whose direction is controlled by a wind vane (8b) and which is monitored by the camera, and wherein the DSP or computer is configured to receive additional wind speed and direction measurements from the anemometer (8a) used by the DSP or computer to improve accuracy..
 
7. A method for accurate wind measurement, the method comprising:

coupling the device of claim 1 to an aerial vehicle;

obtaining a first input of string length;

obtaining a second input of object weight;

obtaining a third input of tension force along said string needed to balance the object against the gravity and aerodynamic forces;

obtaining a fourth input from a sensor measuring at least one physical condition;

obtaining camera images depciting movement of the aerial vehicle and decoding said images based on said first input so as calculate the location of the object relative to spatial angles of the string that connects the object to the camera, and

calculating aerodynamic force based on said location in conjunction with the second, third and fourth inputs.


 
8. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein said fourth input is any one of: (i) a location from a GPS sensor (26), (ii) an azimuth from a compass, (24) (iii) an altitude and air pressure from a pressure sensor (22), (iv) an ambient temperature from a temperature senor (20), (v) a spatial angle between the camera optics centerline and the gravity force vector.
 
9. A method of monitoring power production performance of a wind turbine, the method comprising;

positioning the device according to claim 1 in front of a rotor of said wind turbine;

measuring wind properties using the device in order to obtain first wind measurements;

comparing said first wind measurements with second wind measurements detected by conventional wind turbine wind measurement instruments;

determining wind turbine wind measurement bias based on differences between the first wind measurements and the second wind measurements; and

applying the wind properties measured by the device to a respective wind turbine power curve for said turbine in order to calculate power production loss due to wind turbine wind measurement bias.


 


Ansprüche

1. Vorrichtung (2) zur genauen Windmessung, wobei die Vorrichtung umfasst:

eine Bank (4), die eine Kamera mit Kameraoptik trägt;

ein sich bewegendes Objekt (8a, 8b), das durch eine Schnur (10) mit der Kamera verbunden ist; und

einen digitalen Signalprozessor (DSP) (16) oder einen Computer (18);
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

die Kamera im Allgemeinen nach unten gerichtet ist und Bilder der Bewegung des Objekts aufnimmt, während dieses durch die Schwerkraft und die aerodynamischen Kräfte beeinflusst wird;

wobei die Kamera konfiguriert ist, um die Bilder zu einem digitalen Signalprozessor oder Computer zu streamen, und

der digitale Signalprozessor oder Computer angepasst ist, um die Bilder zu dekodieren und den Objektort und die räumlichen Winkel zu berechnen.


 
2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Oberseite der Schnur die Mittellinie der Kameraoptik kreuzt.
 
3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei: eine vordefinierte Länge der Schnur einen ersten Input an den DSP oder Computer bereitstellt; ein vordefiniertes Gewicht des Objektes einen zweiten Input an den DSP oder Computer bereitstellt; die Schnur zumindest indirekt mit einem Spannungssensor (14) verbunden ist und der Spannungssensor einen dritten Input der Spannungskraft entlang der Schnur bereitstellt, die zum Ausgleich des Objektes gegen die die Schwerkraft und die aerodynamischen Kräfte benötigt wird; mindestens ein Sensor (20, 22, 24, 26) mit dem DSP oder Computer verbunden ist, um einen vierten Input bereitzustellen, der mindestens einen physikalischen Zustand anzeigt, und der DSP oder Computer auf eine bildgebende Kamerabewegung der Bewegung des Objektes zum Dekodieren der Bilder auf Grundlage des ersten Inputs reaktionsaktiv ist, so dass der räumliche Ort des Objektes im Verhältnis zu der Bank berechnet wird, und der DSP oder Computer konfiguriert ist, um die aerodynamische Kraft auf der Grundlage des Ortes in Verbindung mit dem zweiten, dritten und vierten Input zu berechnen.
 
4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei der mindestens eine Sensor ein oder mehrere Sensoren, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Temperatursensor (20), Drucksensor (22), Kompass (24) oder ein GPS (26), ist.
 
5. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der DSP oder Computer konfiguriert ist, um aus den Kamerabildern den räumlichen Winkel zwischen einer Mittellinie der Kameraoptik und dem Schnurvektor zu berechnen.
 
6. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das sich bewegende Objekt ein Anemometer (8a) ist, dessen Richtung durch eine Windfahne (8b) gesteuert wird und das durch eine Kamera beobachtet wird, und wobei der DSP oder Computer konfiguriert ist, um zusätzliche Windgeschwindigkeits- und Richtungsmessungen von dem Anemometer (8a), die durch den DSP oder Computer zur Verbesserung der Genauigkeit verwendet werden, zu empfangen.
 
7. Verfahren zur genauen Windmessung, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Koppeln der Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 an ein Luftfahrzeug;

Erhalten eines ersten Inputs einer Schnurlänge;

Erhalten eines zweiten Inputs des Objektgewichts;

Erhalten eines dritten Inputs der Spannungskraft entlang der Schnur, die erforderlich ist, um das Objekt gegen die Schwerkraft und die aerodynamischen Kräfte auszugleichen;

Erhalten eines vierten Inputs von einem Sensor, der mindestens einen physikalischen Zustand misst;

Erhalten von Kamerabildern, die die Bewegung des Luftfahrzeugs zeigt, und Dekodieren der Bilder auf der Grundlage des ersten Inputs, um den Ort des Objekts relativ zu den räumlichen Winkeln der Schnur zu berechnen, die das Objekt mit der Kamera verbindet, und

Berechnen der aerodynamischen Kraft auf der Grundlage des Ortes in Verbindung mit dem zweiten, dritten und vierten Input.


 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei der vierte Input aus der folgenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist: (i) ein Ort von dem GPS-Sensor (26), (ii) ein Azimuth von einem Kompass (24), (iii) ein Höhe und Luftdruck von einem Drucksensor (22), (iv) eine Umgebungstemperatur von einem Temperatursensor (20), (v) ein räumlicher Winkel zwischen der Mittellinie der Kameraoptik und dem Schwerkraftvektor.
 
9. Verfahren zur Überwachung der Stromerzeugungsleistung einer Windkraftanlage, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Positionieren der Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 vor einem Rotor der Windkraftanlage;

Messen der Windeigenschaften unter Verwendung der Vorrichtung, um erste Windmessungen zu erhalten;

Vergleichen der ersten Windmessungen mit zweiten Windmessungen, die von herkömmlichen Windmessgeräten für Windkraftanlagen erfasst wurden;

Bestimmen der Windmessvorspannung der Windkraftanlage auf der Grundlage von Unterschieden zwischen den ersten Windmessungen und den zweiten Windmessungen; und

Anwenden der von der Vorrichtung gemessenen Windeigenschaften auf eine jeweilige Windkraftanlagenleistungskurve für die Turbine, um den Stromerzeugungsverlust aufgrund der Windmessvorspannung der Windkraftanlage zu berechnen.


 


Revendications

1. Dispositif (2) pour une mesure précise de vent, le dispositif comprenant :

un banc (4) comportant une caméra présentant des optiques de caméra ;

un objet mobile (8a, 8b) raccordé à ladite caméra par un fil (10) ; et

un processeur de signal numérique (DSP) (16) ou un ordinateur (18) ;
caractérisé par :

ladite caméra étant généralement dirigée vers le bas et prenant des images du mouvement dudit objet tout en étant influencé par la pesanteur et les forces aérodynamiques ;

ladite caméra étant configurée pour diffuser les images sur un processeur de signal numérique ou ordinateur, et

ledit processeur de signal numérique ou ordinateur étant adapté pour décoder les images et calculer l'emplacement de l'objet et les angles dans l'espace.


 
2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un côté supérieur dudit fil croise la ligne centrale des optiques de caméra.
 
3. Dispositif selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel : une longueur prédéterminée du fil fournit une première entrée au DSP ou à l'ordinateur ; un poids prédéterminé de l'objet fournit une deuxième entrée au DSP ou à l'ordinateur ; le fil est au moins indirectement raccordé à un capteur de tension (14) et le capteur de tension fournit au DSP ou à l'ordinateur une troisième entrée de force de tension le long dudit fil nécessaire pour équilibrer l'objet contre la pesanteur et les forces aérodynamiques ; au moins un capteur (20, 22, 24, 26) est couplé au DSP ou à l'ordinateur pour fournir une quatrième entrée indicative d'au moins une condition physique, et le DSP ou l'ordinateur est réactif à des images de caméra représentant un mouvement de l'objet mobile pour décoder lesdites images sur la base de ladite première entrée de manière à calculer l'emplacement spatial de l'objet par rapport au banc, et le DSP ou l'ordinateur est configuré pour calculer une force aérodynamique sur la base dudit emplacement conjointement avec les deuxième, troisième et quatrième entrées.
 
4. Dispositif selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'au moins un capteur est un ou plusieurs quelconques dans un groupe consistant en un capteur de température (20), un capteur de pression (22), une boussole (24) et un GPS (26).
 
5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit DSP ou ordinateur est configuré pour calculer, à partir des images de caméra, l'angle dans l'espace entre une ligne centrale des optiques de caméra et le vecteur de fil.
 
6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'objet mobile est un anémomètre (8a) dont la direction est commandée par une girouette (8b) et qui est surveillé par la caméra, et dans lequel le DSP ou l'ordinateur est configuré pour recevoir des mesures de direction et de vitesse de vent supplémentaires depuis l'anémomètre (8a) utilisé par le DSP ou l'ordinateur pour améliorer la précision.
 
7. Procédé pour une mesure précise de vent, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

coupler le dispositif selon la revendication 1 à un véhicule aérien ;

obtenir une première entrée de longueur de fil ;

obtenir une deuxième entrée de poids d'objet ;

obtenir une troisième entrée de force de tension le long dudit fil nécessaire pour équilibrer l'objet contre la pesanteur et les forces aérodynamiques ;

obtenir une quatrième entrée d'un capteur mesurant au moins une condition physique ;

obtenir des images de caméra représentant un mouvement du véhicule aérien et décoder lesdites images sur la base de ladite première entrée de manière à calculer l'emplacement de l'objet par rapport à des angles dans l'espace du fil qui raccorde l'objet à la caméra, et

calculer une force aérodynamique sur la base dudit emplacement conjointement avec les deuxième, troisième et quatrième entrées.


 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ladite quatrième entrée est l'une quelconque parmi : (i) un emplacement d'un capteur GPS (26), (ii) un azimut d'une boussole (24), (iii) une altitude et une pression d'air d'un capteur de pression (22), (iv) une température ambiante d'un capteur de température (20), (v) un angle dans l'espace entre la ligne centrale d'optiques de caméra et le vecteur de force de pesanteur.
 
9. Procédé de surveillance d'une performance de production d'énergie d'une éolienne, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

positionner le dispositif selon la revendication 1 devant un rotor de ladite éolienne ;

mesurer des propriétés de vent en utilisant le dispositif afin d'obtenir des premières mesures de vent ;

comparer lesdites premières mesures de vent avec des secondes mesures de vent détectées par des instruments traditionnels de mesure de vent d'éolienne ;

déterminer une déviation de mesure de vent d'éolienne sur la base de différences entre les premières mesures de vent et les secondes mesures de vent ; et

appliquer les propriétés de vent mesurées par le dispositif à une courbe d'énergie d'éolienne respective pour ladite éolienne afin de calculer une perte de production d'énergie en raison d'une déviation de mesure de vent d'éolienne.


 




Drawing















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description