(19)
(11)EP 3 427 788 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.10.2022 Bulletin 2022/42

(21)Application number: 17762870.8

(22)Date of filing:  17.02.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61M 39/12(2006.01)
A61M 25/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61M 39/12; A61M 39/08; A61M 2205/0238; A61M 2207/00; A61M 2202/0413; A61M 1/3673; A61M 1/3666; A61L 29/085; A61L 29/16; A61L 2300/42; A61L 33/064
 
C-Sets:
  1. A61L 29/085, C08L 33/08;
  2. A61L 33/064, C08L 33/08;

(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/005982
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/154527 (14.09.2017 Gazette  2017/37)

(54)

MEDICAL INSTRUMENT

MEDIZINISCHES INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT MÉDICAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.03.2016 JP 2016044663

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/03

(73)Proprietor: Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 151-0072 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • ANZAI, Takao
    Ashigarakami-gun Kanagawa 259-0151 (JP)

(74)Representative: Casalonga 
Casalonga & Partners Bayerstraße 71/73
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-90/12607
WO-A1-2014/123077
JP-A- S61 213 057
US-A- 4 064 619
WO-A1-90/12607
JP-A- S61 213 057
JP-A- 2001 000 533
US-A- 4 806 182
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument.

    Background Art



    [0002] In the medical field, a medical instrument may be used as a blood circuit constituting an extracorporeal circulation circuit or the like in some cases. The medical instrument includes a tube body (hereinafter, referred to as a first tube body) which is flexible and a tube body (hereinafter, referred to as a second tube body) such as a connector, which has a rigidity higher than that of the first tube body and is fitted in the first tube body. When the medical instrument is used, blood circulates through a lumen of the first tube body and a lumen of the second tube body. Therefore, an inner peripheral surface of each tube body is provided with a coating layer having biocompatibility.

    [0003] The coating layer is made of various types of materials which are available, and a medical instrument disclosed in PTL 1 uses a synthetic polymer having biocompatibility and antithrombotic.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0004] 

    PTL 1: JP-A-4-152952

    PTL 2: JP S61 213057 A.

    PTL 2 discloses a tube connector for a blood pump, comprising a rigid tube that is inserted into the blood conduits.


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0005] According to a general medical instrument, a part with which blood or body fluids come into contact is provided with a coating layer, and thereby a function of the coating layer is considered to be sufficiently maintained. However, in a medical instrument in which a second tube body is inserted into a first tube body such that both tube bodies are joined to each other, a level difference portion is formed between an inner peripheral surface of the first tube body and an inner peripheral surface of the second tube body, depending on a thickness of a tube wall of the second tube body. In addition, when the first tube body and the second tube body have different rigidity from each other, and the medical instrument is curved or the like in a state in which both tube bodies are joined to each other, stress is concentrated on the periphery of the level difference portion, and thus there the coating layer can be broken with the periphery of the level difference portion as a starting point.

    [0006] The present invention is made in consideration of such a problem, and an object thereof is to provide a medical instrument that includes a first tube body and a second tube body which have different rigidity from each other, in which it is possible to prevent a coating layer in a level difference portion, which is formed between the tube bodies, from being broken.

    Solution to Problem



    [0007] A medical instrument according to the present invention includes: a first tube body that has a lumen; a second tube body that has a lumen and has rigidity higher than that of the first tube body; and a coating layer made of a biocompatible material, the coating layer being disposed on an inner peripheral surface of the first tube body and an inner peripheral surface of the second tube body. The first tube body is joined to the second tube body in a state in which a distal end opening portion of the second tube body is inserted into the lumen of the first tube body. A level difference portion is formed between the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion of the second tube body and the inner peripheral surface of the first tube body. The coating layer is disposed in the lumen of the first tube body and the lumen of the second tube body so as to coat the level difference portion. A thickness of a part of the coating layer, which coats the level difference portion, is larger than a thickness of the level difference portion.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0008] According to the medical instrument having the above described a configuration, even when the medical instrument is curved or the like and stress acts on the vicinity of the level difference portion, the coating layer is unlikely to be broken. Therefore, it is possible to help suitably suppress forming of a thrombus or the like in the vicinity of a joint portion between the first tube body and the second tube body.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0009] 

    [Fig. 1] Fig. 1(A) is a view showing an overall configuration of a medical instrument according to an embodiment, and Fig. 1(B) is an enlarged sectional view in an axial direction of a part surrounded by dashed line portion 1B in Fig. 1(A).

    [Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is a sectional view illustrating an example of a relationship between the thickness of a level difference portion and the thickness of a coating layer that coats the level difference portion of the medical instrument.

    [Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a sectional view for describing an example of an operation of the medical instrument.

    [Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a sectional view for describing a medical instrument according to a comparative example.

    [Fig. 5] Fig. 5(A) is a sectional view showing a state when a first tube body and a second tube body are joined to each other according to the embodiment, and Fig. 5(B) is a sectional view showing a state when a distal end opening portion of the second tube body is inserted into the first tube body.

    [Fig. 6] Fig. 6 illustrates an outline of a thrombogenicity test.

    [Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is an enlarged photograph of a medical instrument according to an example.

    [Fig. 8] Fig. 8 is an enlarged photograph of the medical instrument according to the comparative example.



    [0010] Hereinafter, a medical instrument 100 according to an embodiment will be described with reference to the figures. Figs. 1 to 3 are views describing a configuration and an operation of the medical instrument 100, Fig. 4 is a view showing a medical instrument 200 according to a comparative example, and Fig. 5 is a view showing an example of a joining method (connecting method) of a first tube body 110 and a second tube body 120 of the medical instrument 100. A dimension ratio in the figures is enlarged depending on the description and the ratio is different from an actual ratio in some cases.

    [0011] With reference to Fig. 1, the medical instrument 100 according to the embodiment is configured as a tube assembly that is used for transferring a body fluid or the like including blood. For example, the medical instrument 100 can be used as a part of an extracorporeal circulation circuit that is used in an artificial heart-lung system or the like.

    [0012] As shown in Figs. 1(A) and 1(B), the medical instrument 100 is outlined to include the first tube body 110 that has a lumen 115, the second tube body 120 that has a lumen 125 and has rigidity higher than that of the first tube body 110; and a coating layer 160 made of a biocompatible material, which is disposed on an inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and an inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120.

    [0013] The first tube body 110 is configured of an elongated tube-shaped member having flexibility.

    [0014] The first tube body 110 has a distal portion 111 (refer to Fig. 1(A)) provided with a distal end opening portion 111a and a proximal portion 113 (refer to Fig. 5(A)) provided with a proximal end opening portion 113a. The lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 extends in an axial direction of the first tube body 110 so as to be continuous to the distal end opening portion 111a and the proximal end opening portion 113a.

    [0015] In the description of the embodiment, for descriptive purposes, an end portion of the first tube body 110 on a side, on which the second tube body 120 is joined to the first tube body, is referred to as the proximal portion 113, and an end portion positioned on the opposite side to the proximal portion 113 is referred to as the distal portion 111. However, the distal portion 111 and the proximal portion 113 of the first tube body 110 have substantially no difference in structure, and thus it is possible to use the distal portion 111 as the proximal portion and the proximal portion 113 as the distal portion. In addition, in the description of the embodiment, a direction (left-right direction in Fig. 1(B)), in which the first tube body 110 extends in a state in which no external force is applied, is referred to as the axial direction.

    [0016] The second tube body 120 is configured as a medical connector that connects the first tube body 110 to another medical instrument or the like (for example, a medical tube, a pump, various types of measuring instruments, a collection container, or the like).

    [0017] The second tube body 120 has a distal portion 121 (as shown in Fig. 1(B)) provided with a distal end opening portion 121a and a proximal portion 123 (as shown in Fig. 5(A)) provided with a proximal end opening portion 123a. The lumen 125 of the second tube body 120 extends in an axial direction of the second tube body 120 so as to be continuous to the distal end opening portion 121a and the proximal end opening portion 123a.

    [0018] As shown in Fig. 1(B), the first tube body 110 is joined to the second tube body 120 in a state in which the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110. A predetermined range from the distal portion 121 of the second tube body 120 toward the side of the proximal end is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110, thereby being fitted in the first tube body 110. In addition, the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 and the lumen 125 of the second tube body 120 are coaxially disposed in a state in which both of the lumens communicate with each other.

    [0019]  A cross-sectional shape of the lumen 115 of the tube body 110 and a cross-sectional shape of the lumen 125 of the second tube body 120 are a circle; however, the shape is not particularly limited, and the cross-sectional shape may be a rectangle, a triangle, an ellipse, or the like. In addition, an inner diameter and an outer diameter of the first tube body 110, an inner diameter and an outer diameter of the second tube body 120, and the like are not particularly limited as long as the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 in the vicinity of the proximal portion 113 of the first tube body 110, and thereby the second tube body 120 is fitted in the first tube body 110. In addition, the first tube body 110 does not need to be formed to have the constant inner diameter and outer diameter in the axial direction, the second tube body 120 does not need to be formed to have the constant inner diameter and outer diameter in the axial direction.

    [0020] A level difference portion 150 and the coating layer 160 are described with reference to Fig. 2. Note that, in order to clearly show the level difference portion 150, the coating layer 160 is represented by a two-dot chain line.

    [0021] As shown in Fig. 2, the level difference portion 150 is formed between the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 (the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120) and the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110.

    [0022] The coating layer 160 is disposed in the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 and the lumen 125 of the second tube body 120 so as to coat the level difference portion 150.

    [0023] The coating layer 160 has a first region 161 disposed in the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110, a second region 162 disposed in the lumen 125 of the second tube body 120, a third region 163 that is disposed between the first region 161 and the second region 162 and covers the level difference portion 150 (corresponding to a part of the coating layer 160 which covers the level difference portion 150), and a fourth region 164 interposed between in the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and an outer peripheral surface of a tapered portion 122 of the second tube body 120.

    [0024] There is no clear boundary between the regions 161, 162, 163, and 164, the coating layer 160 is continuously formed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120, in the state in which the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110. In addition, although not shown, a distal end of the first region 161 extends to the distal end opening portion 111a of the first tube body (refer to Fig. 1(A)), and a proximal end of the second region 162 extends to the proximal end opening portion 123a of the second tube body 120 (refer to Fig. 1(A)).

    [0025] As shown in Fig. 2, a thickness d1 of the third region in a direction (up-down direction in Fig. 2) which is orthogonal to the axial direction of the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 is formed to be larger than a thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150. Preferably, the thickness d1 of the coating layer 160 is the thickness of the coating layer 160 on a cross section orthogonal to the axial direction of the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 at the most distal end of the second tube body 120. In addition, the thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150 is a length formed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120 at the cross section orthogonal to the axial direction of the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 on the most distal end of the second tube body 120.

    [0026] In the embodiment, the third region 163 of the coating layer 160 forms a convex portion in the level difference portion 150. For example, the convex portion formed on the coating layer 160 can be formed to have a cross-sectional shape which is curved into a convex shape toward the side of the axial core (an inward side in a radial direction) of the tube bodies 110 and 120 as shown in Fig. 2. In the embodiment, forming the cross-sectional shape can reduce a possibility of breaking the coating layer 160 in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150. Therefore, blood or the like can smoothly flow even in the vicinity of the third region 163, and it is possible to suitably prevent flowing of the blood from being stagnant in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150 and thrombus from being formed. Note that, regarding the flowing of the blood, a cross-sectional shape of the third region 163 has a certain extent of length in the axial direction, and it is more preferable to have a gently curved shape (for example, a streamline shape) in the axial direction; however, the shape is not limited.

    [0027] The thickness d1 of the third region can be, for example, formed to be 0.5 mm to 2 mm when the thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150 is 0.1 mm to 1 mm. However, the thickness d1 of the third region is not particularly limited as long as the thickness d1 of the third region is larger than the thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150. In addition, a length dimension (dimension in the axial direction) of the third region is not particularly limited as long as the length dimension of the third region is set to the extent that it is possible to coat the level difference portion 150. In addition, thicknesses of the other regions 161, 162, and 163 of the coating layer 160 are not particularly limited but can be formed to have any dimensions.

    [0028] Note that, in the embodiment, "to cover the level difference portion with the coating layer (third region) " means that a part of the coating layer 160 is disposed to fill the level difference portion (gap) 150 formed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120, thereby forming a state in which both of the lumens 115 and 125 of the tube bodies 110 and 120 do not directly communicate with the level difference portion 150.

    [0029] Note that, in the coating layer 160, the thickness of the first region 161 of the coating layer 160 disposed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 may be larger than the thickness of the second region 162 of the coating layer 160 disposed on the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120. Based on this configuration, the coating layer 160 can more simply cover the level difference portion 150. In this case, specific dimensions of the thickness of the first region 161 and the thickness of the second region 162 are not particularly limited as long as the coating layer 160 can cover the level difference portion 150.

    [0030] As shown in Fig. 2, the distal portion 121 of the second tube body 120 forms the tapered portion 122 in which the outer peripheral surface is inclined from a proximal side to a distal side. The tapered portion 122 is formed to have a shape that is tapered toward the distal side of the second tube body 120.

    [0031] The fourth region 164 of the coating layer 160 is interposed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the outer peripheral surface of the tapered portion 122, when the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 (a state in which the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 are joined to each other).

    [0032] The second tube body 120 further has a plurality of tapered portions proximal to the tapered portion 122. The tapered portion 122 and the tapered portions formed proximal to the tapered portion 122 improve insertability of the second tube body 120 into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110. In addition, the distal portion 121 of the second tube body 120 forms the tapered portion 122, and thereby it is possible to reduce the thickness of the distal portion 121 of the second tube body 120. Therefore, it is possible to reduce the thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150 formed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120.

    [0033] The specific cross-sectional shape, size, and the like of the tapered portion 122 are not particularly limited. In addition, as shown in Fig. 1(A), it is possible to provide the tapered portion 122 and a plurality of other tapered portions on the proximal portion 123 of the second tube body 120.

    [0034] Materials of the first tube body 110, the second tube body 120, and the coating layer 160 are described next.

    [0035] The material of the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 is not particularly limited, and it is possible to use the same material as the material used for a common tube body (for example, a tube, a connector, or the like). Specifically, examples of the material include polyvinyl chloride; polycarbonate; polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC); a polyolefin or a modified polyolefin such as polyethylene, polypropylene, or ethylene-α-olefin copolymers; polystyrene; polyamide; polyimide; polyamide-imides; polyurethane; polyester such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polycyclohexane terephthalate, or polyethylene-2,6-naphthalate; fluororesin such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), an ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer (ETFE), a tetrafluoroethylene·perfluoroalkyl vinyl ether copolymer (PFA), or polyvinylidene fluoride; polyether; aromatic polyether ketone such as polyether ketone (PEK) or polyether ether ketone (PEEK); polyetherimide; ABS resin (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer resin); AS resin (a acrylonitrile-styrene copolymer); a butadiene-styrene copolymer; acrylic resin; polymethylmethacrylate; polyacetal (POM); polyphenylene oxide; modified polyphenylene oxide; polysulfone; polyethersulfone; polyphenylene sulfide; polyarylate; aromatic polyester (liquid crystal polymer); polyamide-based thermoplastic elastomer; an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA); poly-(4-methylpentene-1); ionomer; silicone rubber; or the like. In addition, a blend, a polymer alloy, or the like containing one or more selected from the materials described above may be used. In addition to those described above, various types of glass materials, ceramic materials, or metal materials may be used.

    [0036] The first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 may be formed of the same material as each other or may be formed of different materials from one another. However, the second tube body 120 has rigidity higher than that of the first tube body 110. As described above, the rigidity of the first tube body 110 and the rigidity of the second tube body 120 are set so that the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 are brought into close contact with each other such that fitting is performed. It is thus possible to increase a joining force of both of the tube bodies 110 and 120.

    [0037] The first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 (particularly, the first tube body 110) are preferably substantially transparent. An operator can thus easily and reliably visually recognize a state (for example, flowing or color) of a transferred substance (for example, blood) through the first tube body 110. A combination of materials, of which the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 are configured, in the preferable state described above is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can appropriately select the materials. Examples of a combination of materials used to form the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 include a combination of soft polyvinyl chloride and polycarbonate, a combination of soft polyvinyl chloride and hard polyvinyl chloride, a combination of a resin material and a metal material, a combination of a resin material and a ceramic material, or a combination of a resin material and a glass material.

    [0038] A biocompatible material, of which the coating layer 160 is formed, is not particularly limited as long as the biocompatible material has biocompatibility (particularly, antithrombotic), and it is possible to use a known material in the same manner. Specifically, examples of the known materials can include polyalkoxyalkyl (meth)acrylate, polyalkylene glycol, polyalkyl(meth)acrylamide, polyvinylpyrrolidone, mucopolysaccaride (for example, heparin, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, dextran sulfate, keratan sulfate, heparan sulfate, dermatan sulfate, a derivative thereof (for example, heparin salt such as heparin sodium, heparin potassium, or heparin calcium, or epoxidized heparin) or the like), an artificial heparinoid which is a hydrophilic polymer having a sulfo group and a derivative thereof (for example, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid) or polyvinyl sulfate), elastin, or the like. The material described above may be used by one or may be used as a combination of two or more selected from the materials.

    [0039] In addition, The coating layer 160 may be formed without being chemically bonded to the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120. In this case, a molecular weight of the coating layer (biocompatible material) 160 is not particularly limited as long as desired biocompatibility (particularly, the antithrombotic) is obtained. When the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120 are formed of a hydrophobic material, it is preferable that the coating layer 160 is made of a hydrophobic material that has the biocompatibility and a weight-average molecular weight of 400,000 or heavier, more preferably 500,000 or heavier and 1,000,000 or lighter. For example, the hydrophobic material having the biocompatibility may be poly(2-methoxyethyl acrylate) (PMEA) having the antithrombotic. The weight-average molecular weight of the coating layer 160 is regulated as described above and, the coating layer 160 is formed to have relatively high viscosity, and thus the coating layer 160 is unlikely to shift or peel. Further, it is possible to easily perform coating with the coating layer 160, and the coating layer 160 can be more strongly attached·fixed to a surface of the first tube body 110 or the second tube body 120. In addition to this, since it is possible to further improve a cohesion force of the biocompatible material, it is possible to improve durability more uniformly and with respect to blood.

    [0040] Next, an operation at the third region 163 of the coating layer 160 is described.

    [0041] For example, as shown in Fig. 3, when deformation such as curvature, twist, or the like as represented by an arrow a occur in a state in which the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 are joined to each other, stress f acts in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150. Since the fracture resistance of the coating layer 160 according to the embodiment locally increases in the vicinity of the third region 163 that covers the level difference portion 150, it is possible to prevent the coating layer 160 from being broken in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150 even in a case where the stress f or the like acts thereon.

    [0042] Fig. 4 shows the medical instrument 200 according to the comparative example.

    [0043] Similar to the medical instrument 200 according to the comparative example, when a portion having a thickness larger than the thickness of a level difference portion 250 is not formed in a coating layer 260, the coating layer 260 is easily broken when deformation such as bending occurs in the medical instrument 200. When the coating layer 260 is broken, a gap is formed between an inner peripheral surface of a first tube body 210 and an outer peripheral surface of a second tube body 220, and blood flow or the like may stagnate around the gap. Therefore, the thrombus is likely to be formed. In contrast to the comparative example, the medical instrument 100 according to the embodiment is capable of suitably preventing the coating layer 160 from being broken in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150 as described above, and thus it is possible to prevent the thrombus from being formed, which is formed due to the break of the coating layer 260.

    [0044] Next, an example of a work procedure of joining the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 to each other is described.

    [0045] As shown in Fig. 5(A), before the joining, a part 161a constituting the first region 161 of the coating layer 160 is disposed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 in advance. On the other hand, a part 162a constituting the second region 162 of the coating layer 160 and a part 163a constituting the third region 163 of the coating layer 160 are disposed on the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120 in advance.

    [0046] After both of the tube bodies 110 and 120 are prepared as described above, the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 via the proximal end opening portion 113a of the first tube body 110.

    [0047] When the second tube body 120 is pushed into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110, the part 161a constituting the first region 161 of the coating layer 160 and the part 163a constituting the third region 163 of the coating layer 160 come into contact with each other and are united while being mixed together. In addition, when the pushing work is performed, a part of the coating layer 160 enter a space between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the outer peripheral surface of the tapered portion 122 of the second tube body 120, and thereby the fourth region 164 of the coating layer 160 is formed. When the second tube body 120 is further pushed into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110, and the second tube body 120 is inserted by a predetermined length, the second tube body 120 is fitted in the first tube body 110 such that both of the tube bodies 110 and 120 are joined to each other.

    [0048] As described above, the medical instrument 100 according to the embodiment includes the first tube body 110 that has a lumen 115, the second tube body 120 that has a lumen 125 and is more rigid than the first tube body 110, and the coating layer 160 made of the biocompatible material. The biocompatible coating layer 160 is disposed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120. In addition, when the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110, the first tube body 110 is joined to the second tube body 120, and the level difference portion 150 is formed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120. The coating layer 160 is disposed in the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110 and the lumen 125 of the second tube body 120 so as to cover the level difference portion 150. The thickness d1 of a part (third region163) of the coating layer 160, which covers the level difference portion 150, is formed to be larger than the thickness d2 of the level difference portion 150.

    [0049] According to the medical instrument 100 having the above-described configuration, even when the medical instrument 100 is curved or the like and the stress acts on the vicinity of the level difference portion 150, the coating layer 160 is unlikely to be broken, and thus it is possible to suitably suppress forming of the thrombus or the like in the vicinity of a joint portion between the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120.

    [0050] In addition, the thickness of the coating layer 160 disposed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 is larger than the thickness of the coating layer 160 disposed on the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120. Therefore, the coating layer 160 can simply cover the vicinity of the level difference portion 150, and it is possible to improve the fracture resistance of the coating layer 160 in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150.

    [0051] In addition, the coating layer 160 includes the convex portion at the level difference portion 150. Therefore, it is possible to still further improve the fracture resistance of the coating layer 160 in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150.

    [0052] In addition, the distal portion 121 of the second tube body 120 forms the tapered portion 122 in which the outer peripheral surface is inclined from the proximal side to the distal side. The coating layer 160 is interposed between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the outer peripheral surface of the tapered portion 122, in the state in which the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110. In this manner, an area of a surface of the coating layer 160 that is brought into contact with the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 is increased. Further, since a part in which the coating layer 160 is sandwiched between the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the outer peripheral surface of the tapered portion 122 is formed, the coating layer 160 is unlikely to shift or the like even when deformation such as bending occurs in the medical instrument 100. Therefore, it is possible to more suitably prevent the coating layer 160 from being broken.

    [0053] In addition, the coating layer 160 is continuously formed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface of the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120, in the state in which the distal end opening portion 121a of the second tube body 120 is inserted into the lumen 115 of the first tube body 110. Therefore, it is possible to further improve the fracture resistance of the entire coating layer 160.

    [0054] In addition, since the biocompatible material, of which the coating layer 160 is formed, is the antithrombotic material, it is possible to suitably prevent the thrombus from being formed on the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120.

    [0055] In addition, the coating layer 160 is not chemically bonded to the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 made of the hydrophobic material and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120 made of the hydrophobic material, and the coating layer 160 has hydrophobicity and is formed of the antithrombotic material having the weight-average molecular weight of 400,000 or heavier. Preferably, the antithrombotic material is poly(2-methoxyethyl acrylate) (PMEA) having the antithrombotic. When this configuration is employed, the coating layer 160 is formed to have relatively high viscosity, and thus the coating layer 160 is unlikely to shift or peel, even when the coating layer 160 is not chemically bonded to the inner peripheral surface 110b of the first tube body 110 and the inner peripheral surface 120b of the second tube body 120. Accordingly, it is possible to suitably maintain the function of the coating layer 160 over a long term.

    [0056] The advantageous effects of the present invention are described by using the following example and comparative example. However, the scope of the present invention is not limited to only the following examples. Note that, in the following example, an operation is performed at room temperature (25°C). In addition, unless otherwise specified, "%" and "part" mean "% by weight" and "part by weight", respectively.

    <Example>



    [0057] 1. PMEA (weight-average molecular weight = 600,000) was dispersed in methanol such that the concentration of PMEA was 0.1% by weight, and a coating solution (1) was prepared.

    [0058] 2. PMEA (weight-average molecular weight = 600,000) was dispersed in methanol such that the concentration of PMEA was 30% by weight, and a coating solution (2) was prepared.

    [0059] 3. After the inner peripheral surface of the first tube body (a soft polyvinyl chloride tube having an inner diameter of 9.5 mm) was dip-coated with the coating solution (1) prepared as described above, at room temperature for ten seconds, the coated first tube body was raised and remained still to be dried at room temperature for 24 hours.

    [0060] 4. After the inner peripheral surface of the second tube body (a polycarbonate straight connector having an inner diameter of 10 mm) was immersed (dipped) in the coating solution (1) prepared as described above, at room temperature for ten seconds, the coated second tube body was raised and remained still to be dried at room temperature for 24 hours.

    [0061] 5. Next, after the distal portion of the second tube body (the vicinity of the distal end opening portion) was immersed (dipped) for ten seconds in the coating solution (2) prepared as described above, the coated second tube body was raised, positioned in an oven heated to 40°C, and dried. The operation was repeated for total three times, and the part 163a (refer to Fig. 5(A)) constituting the third region of the coating layer was formed on the second tube body.

    [0062] 6. The distal end opening portion of the second tube body was inserted into the first tube body, and the third region 163 was formed on the coating layer (refer to Fig. 5(B)). Then, the vicinity of the level difference portion (the vicinity of the joint portion) was curved ten times in a direction (up-down direction) symmetrical about a bending angle of 45°, with an axial core of the first tube body and the second tube body as a reference. A sample (1) was prepared in accordance with such a procedure described above.

    <Comparative Example>



    [0063] 1. PMEA (weight-average molecular weight = 600,000) was dispersed in methanol such that the concentration of PMEA was 0.1% by weight, and a coating solution (1) was prepared.

    [0064] 2. After the inner peripheral surface of the first tube body (a soft polyvinyl chloride tube having an inner diameter of 9.5mm) was dip-coated with the coating solution (1) prepared as described above, at room temperature for ten seconds, the coated first tube body was raised and remained still to be dried at room temperature for 24 hours.

    [0065] 3. After the inner peripheral surface of the second tube body (a polycarbonate straight connector having an inner diameter of 10 mm) was immersed (dipped) in the coating solution (1) prepared as described above, at room temperature for ten seconds, the coated second tube body was raised and remained still to be dried at room temperature for 24 hours.

    [0066] 4. The distal end opening portion of the second tube body was inserted into the first tube body. Then, the vicinity of the level difference portion (the vicinity of the joint portion) was curved ten times in a direction (up-down direction) symmetrical about a bending angle of 45°, with the axial core of the first tube body and the second tube body as a reference. A sample (2) was prepared in accordance with such a procedure described above.

    [Antithrombotic Test]



    [0067] The antithrombotic test was conducted on the samples (1) and (2) prepared as described above in accordance with the following method.

    [0068] After the lumens of the samples were filled with swine fresh blood (circulation blood) to which heparin was added such that the concentration thereof was 1 unit/ml, both end portions of the second tube body 120 were inserted into and were joined to both of the end portions 111 and 113 of the first tube body 110, as shown in Fig. 6, and a blood circulation circuit 500 was formed. A blood circulation circuit 500 was fixed to a cylindrical rotating device and rotation (circulation) was performed at 20 rpm for two hours.

    [0069] After the circulation of the swine fresh blood under such conditions described above was ended, the first tube body 110 was cut in any cutting portion c shown in Fig. 6, the cut portion is cleaned with a physiological solution, and the vicinity of the level difference portion (the vicinity of the joint portion) of the first tube body 110 and the second tube body 120 was observed.

    [0070] Fig. 7 shows test results of the sample in the example, and Fig. 8 shows test results of the sample of the comparative example. Fig. 7 is a photograph of the medical instrument 100 after the antithrombotic test and a photograph obtained by enlarging and imaging a vicinity 155 of the level difference portion (a vicinity of the joint portion). In addition, Fig. 8 is a photograph of a medical instrument 300 after the antithrombotic test and a photograph obtained by enlarging and imaging a vicinity 355 of a level difference portion (vicinity of a joint portion).

    [0071] In the example, the antithrombotic test was conducted on two samples of a medical instrument 100A having a first tube body 110A and a second tube body 120A and a medical instrument 100B having a first tube body 110B and a second tube body 120B. In addition, in the comparative example, the antithrombotic test was conducted on two samples of a medical instrument 300A having a first tube body 310A and a second tube body 320A and a medical instrument 300B having a first tube body 310B and a second tube body 320B.

    [0072] From the results shown in Fig. 7, it is possible to check that few thrombi were formed in the vicinity 155 of the level difference portion of each of the medical instruments 100A and 100B which were the samples of the example. From the results shown in Fig. 8, it is possible to check that many thrombi b (less bright parts in Fig. 8) were formed in the vicinity 355 of the level difference portion of each of the medical instruments 300A and 300B which were the samples of the comparative example, compared to the example.

    [0073] From the results described above, since each of the medical instruments 100A and 100B according to the example was provided with the third region 163 that covered the level difference portion 150 of the coating layer 160, and thus it was possible to check that it was possible to satisfactorily suppress forming of the thrombus in the vicinity of the level difference portion 150.

    [0074] As described above, the medical instrument according to the present invention is described in the embodiment; however, the present invention is not limited to the configuration described in the embodiment, and it is possible to perform appropriate modifications based on the claims.

    [0075] For example, in the embodiment, the medical instrument is configured to have the hollow tube-shaped first tube body and the hollow second tube body having the function of the connector; however, a structure of each of the tube bodies is not particularly limited as long as the second tube body is inserted into the first tube body, thereby making it possible to join (connect) the tube bodies to each other, and it is possible to appropriately change the specific shape or the like described in the figures or the like. In addition, the use of the medical instrument is not particularly limited as long as the medical instrument is used for transferring the blood.

    [0076] For example, the coating layer may be disposed to cover at least the level difference portion in the lumen of the first tube body and the lumen of the second tube body, may not be formed along the entire length of the lumen of the first tube body in the axial direction, or may not be formed along the entire length of the lumen of the second tube body in the axial direction.

    [0077] This application is based upon Japanese Patent Application No. 2016-044663; filed March 8, 2016.

    Reference Signs List



    [0078] 
    100:
    medical instrument
    110:
    first tube body
    110b:
    inner peripheral surface
    111:
    distal portion
    111a:
    distal end opening portion
    113:
    proximal portion
    113a:
    proximal end opening portion
    115:
    lumen
    120:
    second tube body
    120b:
    inner peripheral surface
    121:
    distal portion
    121a:
    distal end opening portion
    122:
    tapered portion
    123:
    proximal portion
    123a:
    proximal end opening portion
    125:
    lumen
    150:
    level difference portion
    160:
    coating layer
    161:
    first region
    161a:
    part constituting first region
    162:
    second region
    162a:
    part constituting second region
    163:
    third region (part covering level difference portion)
    163a:
    part constituting third region
    164:
    fourth region



    Claims

    1. A medical instrument (100) comprising:

    a first tube body (110) that has a lumen (115);

    a second tube body (120) that has a lumen (125) and has rigidity higher than that of the first tube body (110); and

    a coating layer (160) made of a biocompatible material,

    wherein the first tube body (110) being joined to the second tube body (120) in a state in which a distal end opening portion (121a) of the second tube body (120) is inserted into the lumen (115) of the first tube body (110),

    characterized by

    the coating layer (160) being disposed on an inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110) and an inner peripheral surface (120b) of the second tube body (120),

    a level difference portion (150) being formed between an inner peripheral surface (120b) of the distal end opening portion (121a) of the second tube body (120) and the inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110),

    the coating layer (160) being disposed in the lumen (115) of the first tube body (110) and the lumen (125) of the second tube body (120) so as to coat the level difference portion (150), and

    a thickness of a part of the coating layer (160) which coats the level difference portion (150) being larger than a thickness of the level difference portion (150).


     
    2. The medical instrument (100) according to Claim 1,
    wherein the thickness of the coating layer (160) disposed on the inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110) is larger than the thickness of the coating layer (160) disposed on the inner peripheral surface (120b) of the second tube body (120).
     
    3. The medical instrument (100) according to Claim 1 or 2,
    wherein the coating layer (160) is provided with a convex portion in the level difference portion (150).
     
    4. The medical instrument (100) according to any one of Claims 1 to 3,

    wherein a distal portion (121) of the second tube body (120) forms a tapered portion (122) in which an outer peripheral surface is inclined from a proximal side to a distal side, and

    the coating layer (160) is interposed between the inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110) and the outer peripheral surface (120b) of the tapered portion (122), in a state in which the distal end opening portion (121a) of the second tube body (120) is inserted into the lumen (115) of the first tube body (110).


     
    5. The medical instrument (100) according to any one of Claims 1 to 4,
    wherein the coating layer (160) is continuously formed on the inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110) and the inner peripheral surface (120b) of the distal end opening portion (121a) of the second tube body (120), in the state in which the distal end opening portion (121a) of the second tube body (120) is inserted into the lumen (115) of the first tube body (110).
     
    6. The medical instrument (100) according to any one of Claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the biocompatible material is an antithrombotic material.
     
    7. The medical instrument (100) according to Claim 6,

    wherein the coating layer (160) is not chemically bonded to the inner peripheral surface (110b) of the first tube body (110) made of a hydrophobic material and the inner peripheral surface (120b) of the second tube body (120) made of a hydrophobic material, and

    the coating layer (160) has hydrophobicity and is formed of the antithrombotic material having a weight-average molecular weight of 400,000 Da or heavier.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Medizinisches Instrument (100), umfassend:

    einen ersten Schlauchkörper (110), der ein Lumen (115) aufweist;

    einen zweiten Schlauchkörper (120), der ein Lumen (125) aufweist und eine höhere Steifigkeit als der erste Schlauchkörper (110) aufweist; und

    eine Beschichtungsschicht (160), die aus einem biokompatiblen Material hergestellt ist,

    wobei der erste Schlauchkörper (110) mit dem zweiten Schlauchkörper (120) in einem Zustand verbunden ist, in dem ein distaler Endöffnungsabschnitt (121a) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) in das Lumen (115) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) eingeführt ist,

    gekennzeichnet dadurch

    dass die Beschichtungsschicht (160) auf einer inneren Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) und einer inneren Umfangsfläche (120b) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) angeordnet ist,

    dass ein Höhenunterschiedsabschnitt (150) zwischen einer inneren Umfangsfläche (120b) des distalen Endöffnungsabschnitts (121a) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) und der inneren Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) ausgebildet ist,

    dass die Beschichtungsschicht (160) in dem Lumen (115) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) und dem Lumen (125) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) so angeordnet ist, dass sie den Höhenunterschiedsabschnitt (150) beschichtet, und

    dass eine Dicke eines Teils der Beschichtungsschicht (160), die den Höhenunterschiedsabschnitt (150) beschichtet, größer ist als eine Dicke des Höhenunterschiedsabschnitts (150).


     
    2. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Dicke der Beschichtungsschicht (160), die auf der inneren Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) angeordnet ist, größer ist als die Dicke der Beschichtungsschicht (160), die auf der inneren Umfangsfläche (120b) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    wobei die Beschichtungsschicht (160) in dem Höhenunterschiedsabschnitt (150) mit einem konvexen Abschnitt versehen ist.
     
    4. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei ein distaler Abschnitt (121) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) einen sich verjüngenden Abschnitt (122) bildet, in welchem eine äußere Umfangsfläche von einer proximalen Seite zu einer distalen Seite geneigt ist, und die Beschichtungsschicht (160) zwischen der inneren Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) und der äußeren Umfangsfläche (120b) des sich verjüngenden Abschnitts (122) in einem Zustand angeordnet ist, in welchem der distale Endöffnungsabschnitt (121a) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) in das Lumen (115) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) eingeführt ist.
     
    5. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    wobei die Beschichtungsschicht (160) kontinuierlich auf der inneren Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) und der inneren Umfangsfläche (120b) des distalen Endöffnungsabschnitts (121a) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) in dem Zustand ausgebildet ist, in welchem der distale Endöffnungsabschnitt (121a) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120) in das Lumen (115) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110) eingeführt ist.
     
    6. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das biokompatible Material ein antithrombotisches Material ist.
     
    7. Medizinisches Instrument (100) nach Anspruch 6,

    wobei die Beschichtungsschicht (160) nicht chemisch an die innere Umfangsfläche (110b) des ersten Schlauchkörpers (110), die aus einem hydrophoben Material hergestellt ist, und die innere Umfangsfläche (120b) des zweiten Schlauchkörpers (120), die aus einem hydrophoben Material hergestellt ist, gebunden ist, und

    die Beschichtungsschicht (160) Hydrophobizität aufweist und aus dem antithrombotischen Material, das ein Gewichtsmittel des Molekulargewichts von 400.000 Da oder mehr aufweist, gebildet ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Instrument médical (100) comprenant :

    un premier corps tubulaire (110) qui a une lumière (115) ; un deuxième corps tubulaire (120) qui a une lumière (125) et a une rigidité supérieure à celle du premier corps tubulaire (110) ; et

    une couche de revêtement (160) composée d'un matériau biocompatible,

    dans lequel le premier corps tubulaire (110) est joint au deuxième corps tubulaire (120) dans un état dans lequel une partie ouverture d'extrémité distale (121a) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) est insérée dans la lumière (115) du premier corps tubulaire (110),

    caractérisé en ce que

    la couche de revêtement (160) est disposée sur une surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110) et une surface périphérique interne (120b) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120),

    une partie de différence de niveaux (150) est formée entre une surface périphérique interne (120b) de la partie ouverture d'extrémité distale (121a) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) et la surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110),

    la couche de revêtement (160) est disposée dans la lumière (115) du premier corps tubulaire (110) et la lumière (125) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) de manière à revêtir la partie de différence de niveaux (150), et

    une épaisseur d'une partie de la couche de revêtement (160) qui revêt la partie de différence de niveaux (150) est plus importante qu'une épaisseur de la partie de différence de niveaux (150).


     
    2. Instrument médical (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'épaisseur de la couche de revêtement (160) disposée sur la surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110) est plus importante que l'épaisseur de la couche de revêtement (160) disposée sur la surface périphérique interne (120b) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120).
     
    3. Instrument médical (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la couche de revêtement (160) est dotée d'une partie convexe dans la partie de différence de niveaux (150) .
     
    4. Instrument médical (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,

    dans lequel une partie distale (121) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) forme une partie conique (122) dans laquelle une surface périphérique externe est inclinée depuis un côté proximal vers un côté distal, et

    la couche de revêtement (160) est interposée entre la surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110) et la surface périphérique externe (120b) de la partie conique (122), dans un état dans lequel la partie ouverture d'extrémité distale (121a) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) est insérée dans la lumière (115) du premier corps tubulaire (110).


     
    5. Instrument médical (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,
    dans lequel la couche de revêtement (160) est formée de manière continue sur la surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110) et la surface périphérique interne (120b) de la partie ouverture d'extrémité distale (121a) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120), dans l'état dans lequel la partie ouverture d'extrémité distale (121a) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) est insérée dans la lumière (115) du premier corps tubulaire (110).
     
    6. Instrument médical (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
    dans lequel le matériau biocompatible est un matériau antithrombotique.
     
    7. Instrument médical (100) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la couche de revêtement (160) n'est pas chimiquement liée à la surface périphérique interne (110b) du premier corps tubulaire (110) composée d'un matériau hydrophobe et à la surface périphérique interne (120b) du deuxième corps tubulaire (120) composée d'un matériau hydrophobe, et
    la couche de revêtement (160) a une hydrophobie et est formée du matériau antithrombotique ayant un poids moléculaire moyen en poids de 400 000 Da ou plus.
     




    Drawing























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description