(19)
(11)EP 3 427 913 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 17763349.2

(22)Date of filing:  09.03.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29B 9/14  (2006.01)
B29C 43/34  (2006.01)
C08L 101/00  (2006.01)
B29K 105/12  (2006.01)
B29B 7/90  (2006.01)
C08K 7/02  (2006.01)
B29K 101/12  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/009353
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/155009 (14.09.2017 Gazette  2017/37)

(54)

RESIN-IMPREGNATED FIBER BUNDLE, COMPRESSION MOLDED ARTICLE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

HARZIMPRÄGNIERTES FASERBÜNDEL, FORMGEPRESSTER ARTIKEL UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG DAVON

FAISCEAU DE FIBRES IMPRÉGNÉ DE RÉSINE, ARTICLE MOULÉ PAR COMPRESSION ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.03.2016 JP 2016048232
01.04.2016 JP 2016074008

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/03

(73)Proprietor: Daicel Polymer Ltd.
Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOSAKA, Shigeyuki
    Himeji-shi Hyogo 671-1123 (JP)
  • SHIBATA, Satoru
    Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 546 409
WO-A1-2014/030633
JP-A- 2012 153 109
JP-A- 2015 147 428
US-A1- 2010 291 388
EP-A1- 2 924 164
JP-A- 2000 210 933
JP-A- 2013 107 979
JP-A- 2016 020 465
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a resin-impregnated fiber bundle containing a thermoplastic resin and a reinforcing fiber, a compression molded article, and a method for producing the same.

    Background Art



    [0002] A method for obtaining a molded article by molding by injection a pellet composed of a thermoplastic resin and a reinforcing fiber is generally used.

    [0003] However, when an injection-molding method is employed, there occurs a problem in which reinforcing fibers are broken and shortened during the process of injection molding, and thus the reinforcing effect is deteriorated.

    [0004] Patent Literature 1 (JP-B 3631994) and Patent Literature 2 (JP-B 4743592) disclose an invention wherein a press molding method is employed instead of an injection molding method.

    [0005] Patent Literature 1 discloses an invention on an long-fiber-reinforced thermoplastic resin (hereinafter, referred to as L-FRTP) sheet, wherein wire rods, each of which has a width of from 0.2 to 5 mm and a length of from 10 to 150 mm and is made of an unidirectionally L-FRTP, are oriented at random and fixed together at intersections thereof, and the sheet has a basis weight of 30 to 500 g/m2 and a thickness of 0.1 to 1 mm and is provided with openings therein; and also an invention on a composite structure, wherein the L-FRTP sheet is arranged on at least one surface or an interior of a specific base material (Claims).

    [0006] The section for Advantages of the Invention (paragraph 0051) describes that the surface rigidity of an L-FRTP sheet can be improved.

    [0007] Patent Literature 1 describes that the L-FRTP has a circular or elliptical cross-sectional shape, and a long diameter/short diameter ratio of the cross-section is 3 or less (paragraph 0016). However, those used in Example are only L-FRTP having a circular cross-sectional shape and not L-FRTP having an elliptical cross-sectional shape. This means that Patent Literature 1 discloses that those with a circular cross-section are preferred to obtain the advantages of the invention.

    [0008] Patent Literature 2 discloses an invention on a long fiber reinforced thermoplastic resin linear molding material and a method for producing a long fiber reinforced thermoplastic resin molded article (Claims).

    [0009] Regarding the cross-sectional shape of the long fiber reinforced thermoplastic resin linear molding material, Patent Literature 2 describes that "(a) The cross-sectional shape is close to a circle or an ellipse. This makes it easy to spray the linear molding material in a three-dimensional orientation, and press-molding of thus sprayed material can provide a sheet material or a molded article having reinforcement fibers oriented in a three-dimensional manner (paragraph 0028)." However, Examples, Reference Examples and Comparative Examples thereof do not refer to the cross-sectional shape, so it is considered that the cross-sectional shape is circular like the invention of Patent Literature 1.

    [0010] Document EP2546409 discloses a resin-impregnated fiber bundle prepared by impregnating and integrating 100 parts by mass of a bundle of a fiber material with 1 to 10 parts by mass of a thermoplastic resin, wherein:the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a flattened shape with a lateral cross-sectional shape having a major axis and a minor axis (length of the major axis > length of the minor axis);an average length of the major axis is 0.5 to 2.0 mm; an average flatness ratio determined from the average length of the major axis and an average length of the minor axis is 1.2 to 8.0; the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a length of 3 to 10 mm and a ratio between the length and the major axis is less than 10; and a bulk density is 0.1 to 0.4 glcm3.

    Summary of Invention



    [0011] The present invention has an object of providing a resin-impregnated fiber bundle capable of providing a molded article with a high surface impact strength, a compression molded article obtained from the resin-impregnated fiber bundle, and a production method thereof.

    [0012] The present invention provides:
    a resin-impregnated fiber bundle prepared by impregnating and integrating 100 parts by mass of a bundle of a fiber material (A) with 25 to 300 parts by mass of a thermoplastic resin (B), wherein:
    the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a flattened shape with a lateral cross-sectional shape having a major axis and a minor axis (length of the major axis > length of the minor axis);

    an average length (D1) of the major axis is 0.5 to 2.0 mm;

    an average flatness ratio (D1/D2) determined from the average length (D1) of the major axis and an average length (D2) of the minor axis is 1.2 to 8.0;

    the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a length (L) of 11 to 50 mm and a ratio (L/D1) between L and D1 is 10 to 50; and

    a bulk density is 0.1 to 0.4 g/cm3;

    a compression molded article obtained therefrom; and
    a method for producing the compression molded article.

    [0013] The compression molded article obtained from the resin-impregnated fiber bundle of the present invention especially has a high surface impact strength.

    [0014] Further, the method for producing a compression molded article of the present invention combines a pre-heating process utilizing a non-contact heater with a subsequent compression process, thereby making it easy to adjust the density of an obtained compression molded article.

    Embodiments of the Invention


    <Resin-impregnated fiber bundle>



    [0015] The fiber material used for a bundle of fiber material (Component A) is preferably selected from carbon fibers, glass fibers and aramid fibers, but it is not limited thereto.

    [0016] The number of bundles of fiber material is adjusted by taking into consideration the outer diameter (major axis length and minor axis length) of a resin-impregnated fiber bundle.

    [0017] As the thermoplastic resin (Component B), usable is one selected from polyamide resins (Polyamide 6, Polyamide 66, Polyamide 12, etc.), olefin resins (polypropylene, high-density polyethylene, acid-modified polypropylene, etc.), polyphenylene sulfide resins, polyesters (polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, etc.), thermoplastic urethane resins (TPU), polyoxymethylene resins (POM), ABS resins, polycarbonate resins, an alloy of a polycarbonate resin and an ABS resin, and others.

    [0018] As the thermoplastic resin (Component B), an alloy composed of two or more resins may be used; and in that case, an appropriate compatibilizing agent may be contained.

    [0019] Regarding the content ratio of the bundle of fiber material (Component A) and the thermoplastic resin (Component B), 25 to 300 parts by mass, preferably 30 to 150 parts by mass, and more preferably 40 to 100 parts by mass of Component B are used relative to 100 parts by mass of Component A.

    [0020] The resin-impregnated fiber bundle may contain a publicly-known additive for resin in accordance with the use. Examples of the additive for resin include a flame retardant, a heat stabilizer, a light stabilizer, a coloring agent, an antioxidant, an antistatic agent, a lubricant, and others.

    [0021] The resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a flattened shape with a lateral cross-sectional shape having a major axis and a minor axis (length of the major axis > length of the minor axis).

    [0022] The major axis of the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has an average length (D1) of 0.5 to 2.0 mm, preferably 0.5 to 1.5 mm.

    [0023] The average flatness ratio (D1/D2) of the resin-impregnated fiber bundle is determined from the average length (D1) of the major axis and the average length (D2) of the minor axis, and the ratio is 1.2 to 8.0, preferably 1.5 to 5.0, and more preferably 1.5 to 3.0.

    [0024] The length (L) of the resin-impregnated fiber bundle is 11 to 50 mm, and preferably 15 to 40 mm.

    [0025] The ratio between L and D1 (L/D1) is 10 to 50, preferably 15 to 50, and more preferably 20 to 40.

    [0026] The resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a bulk density of 0.1 to 0.4 g/cm3, preferably 0.1 to 0.3 g/cm3, and more preferably 0.1 to 0.2 g/cm3.

    [0027] The bulk density mentioned herein is a packing density (m/vo), which can be calculated by gently charging a weighed resin-impregnated glass fiber bundle (mass: m) into a measuring container such as a graduated cylinder without compaction, and reading a loose bulk volume (v0) in a (loosened) state without tapping.

    [0028] The resin-impregnated fiber bundle includes a bundle having an elliptical lateral cross-sectional shape and a bundle having a non-elliptical lateral cross-sectional shape.

    [0029] In the bundle having an elliptical lateral cross-sectional shape, all surfaces are curved. In the bundle having a non-elliptical lateral cross-sectional shape, some of surfaces are flat, and for example, all or a part of surfaces facing the minor axis are flat.

    [0030] If resin-impregnated fiber bundles have the same major axis, one having a shorter minor axis (having a flat surface) is preferred since it is easy to enter a narrow gap.

    [0031] As a method for producing a resin-impregnated fiber bundle, a method using a crosshead die is publicly known, and the production may be carried out in accordance with a method described in, for example, JP-A 2013-107979 (Production Example 1, Production of a resin-impregnated glass long fiber bundle), JP-A 2013-121988 (Production Example 1, Production of a resin-impregnated glass long fiber bundle), JP-A 2012-52093 (Examples 1 to 9), JP-A 2012-131104 (Production Example 1, Production of a resin-impregnated glass long fiber bundle; Production Example 2, Production of a resin-impregnated carbon fiber long fiber bundle), JP-A 2012-131918 (Production Example 1, Production of a resin-impregnated carbon fiber bundle; Production Example 2, Production of a resin-impregnated glass fiber bundle), JP-A 2011-162905 (Example 1), and JP-A 2004-14990 (Example 1 to 7).

    [0032] For producing a resin-impregnated fiber bundle having the above-described flatness ratio, applicable is a method for controlling an exit shape of a crosshead die, or a method wherein a bundle is passed between two rollers (forming rollers) arranged above and below the bundle at a stage after being discharged from an exit of a crosshead die and before being cooled.

    <Compression molded article>



    [0033] A compression molded article of the present invention is in a form that, in a state where a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is randomly arranged, contacting resin-impregnated fiber bundles are fused with each other.

    [0034] The required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is a total number of resin-impregnated fiber bundles to be used in accordance with the size (volume) and the density of a compression molded article of interest.

    [0035] The required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles can be calculated by determining the size (volume) and the density of a reference compression molded article and finding the total number of resin-impregnated fiber bundles required therefor by means of prototyping.

    [0036] The size (volume) and the density of a compression molded article of interest can be determined in accordance with the use.

    [0037] The compression molded article of the present invention may be, for example:
    1. (I) in such a form that, in a state where a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is randomly arranged only in a plane direction (for example, horizontal plane or vertical plane) (in a two-dimensionally arranged state), contacting resin-impregnated fiber bundles are fused with each other; or
    2. (II) in such a form that, in a state where a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is randomly arranged in a plane direction and in a direction oblique to the plane direction (in a three-dimensionally arranged state), contacting resin-impregnated fiber bundles are fused with each other.


    [0038] Since the resin-impregnated fiber bundle of the present invention has the above flatness ratio in the range of 1.2 to 8.0, contiguous resin-impregnated fiber bundles easily come into contact with each other thereby to provide an increased contact area in both of the above forms (I) and (II) compared to the case where the cross-sectional shape is circular or elliptical close thereto. Thus, the resin-impregnated fiber bundles are easily fused with each other when they are placed in a heating atmosphere.

    [0039] Further, since the resin-impregnated fiber bundle of the present invention has the above flatness ratio of in the range of 1.2 to 8.0, it is preferred as it easily turns into the form (II) compared to the case where the cross-sectional shape is circular or elliptical close thereto. For example, when there are gaps among resin-impregnated fiber bundles, it is difficult for bundles with a circular cross-sectional shape to enter the gaps, but it is easy for bundles with a flattened cross-sectional shape to enter the gaps, thereby making it easy to provide a three-dimensional arrangement.

    [0040] Especially, use of resin-impregnated fiber bundles of the present invention having a flat surface is preferred because the form (II) is more easily achieved.

    [0041] The compression molded article of the present invention preferably has a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm and a density of 1.10 to 1.80 g/cm3.

    [0042] The compression molded article of the present invention includes not only those having a planar shape but also those having a curved surface shape.

    [0043] The compression molded article of the present invention has especially a high surface impact strength; and therefore, when it is formed in an article with a plate shape, it can possess a largely extended working life.

    <Method for producing a compression molded article>



    [0044] A method for producing a compression molded article of the present invention will be described.

    [0045] At a first process, a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is charged in a heating container in a state where they are randomly arranged, and preferably in a state where they are three-dimensionally and randomly arranged in a plane direction and in a direction oblique to the plane direction. Since the resin-impregnated fiber bundles have as small as a bulk density of 0.1 to 0.4 g/cm3, the unevenness in the thickness of the resin-impregnated fiber bundles charged into the heating container is small and the thickness is nearly even.

    [0046] Please note that addition of vibrations to the heating container if necessary enables leveling of the thickness after the resin-impregnated fiber bundles are charged.

    [0047] When the vibrations are added, three methods including adding vertical vibrations, adding horizontal vibrations and adding both vertical and horizontal vibrations to the heating container may be applied. A method for adding vertical vibrations or both vertical and horizontal vibrations is preferred as the thickness of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is controlled for a shorter time period.

    [0048] At a next process, the resin-impregnated fiber bundles in the heating container are pre-heated by a non-contact heater.

    [0049] The non-contact heater preferably has a heat source selected from infrared radiation, near infrared radiation, induction heating (IH) and hot-air.

    [0050] The pre-heating is carried out until the resin-impregnated fiber bundles charged into the heating container are fused and integrated with each other in such a degree that the entire thereof does not move.

    [0051] The resin-impregnated fiber bundles used at the previous process have as small as a bulk density of 0.1 to 0.4 g/cm3 and many gaps are present among the resin-impregnated fiber bundles, Thus, use of even a non-contact heater enables quick diffusion of heat over the entire of the resin-impregnated fiber bundles in the heating container, and thus, the bundles can be integrated by a short period of treatment.

    [0052] At a next process, the pre-heated resin-impregnated fiber bundles are compressed while being heated, thereby providing a compression molded article.

    [0053] In this compression process, the integrated product of the resin-impregnated fiber bundles obtained at the previous process is placed into a press metal mold, and then, compressed while being heated.

    [0054] The heating temperature during compression is a temperature lower than a softening point of the thermoplastic resin contained in the resin-impregnated fiber bundles, preferably lower than the pre-heating temperature.

    [0055] In the compression process, a heat and cool molding method may be applied in order to shorten a molding cycle period or enhance a surface appearance.

    [0056] The heat and cool molding method is a method, which includes molding in a state where a mold temperature is quickly increased before compression molding, and then cooling rapidly.

    [0057] Further, the above-described pre-heating treatment is conducted again on an article molded by compression molding, and then compression molding is conducted again. This improves the dispersibility of fibers in the molded article and enhances the homogeneity of the molded article. Therefore, a further stable product (good dispersibility of fibers in the molded article allows the molded article to have stable mechanical properties) can be obtained.

    [0058] The compression is carried out so that the compression molded article has a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm and a density of 1.10 to 1.80 g/cm3.

    Examples


    Example 1 (Production of a resin-impregnated glass fiber bundle)



    [0059] A fiber bundle or Component A (glass fiber 1: a bundle of about 1600 glass fibers with a diameter of 13 µm) composed of glass long fibers bundled with a binder was passed through a crosshead die.

    [0060] At that time, a molten product of polypropylene or Component B (PMB02A manufactured by SunAllomer Ltd.) was fed to the crosshead die from other biaxial extruder (having a cylinder temperature of 290°C), so that the glass long fiber bundle was impregnated therewith.

    [0061] Thereafter, the bundle was shaped by a shaping nozzle at an exit of the crosshead die and the shape thereof was adjusted by shaping rollers; and then, it was cut into a predetermined length by a pelletizer, so that resin-impregnated fiber bundles shown in Table 1 were obtained.

    [0062] When the thus-obtained resin-impregnated fiber bundle was cut and checked, glass long fibers were almost parallel in a lengthwise direction and up to the center thereof was impregnated with the resin.

    [0063] Measurement of the average length (D1) of the major axis and the average length (D2) of the minor axis was carried out by the following method.

    [0064] 10 resin-impregnated glass fiber bundles were taken out; their major axis length and minor axis length of the cross-section (the end face) were measured by use of a scanning electron microscope; and averages thereof were obtained. Specifically, among straight lines crossing the cross-section, a straight line having the longest length between two intersections where the straight line crosses the periphery of the cross-section is referred to as the major axis; and among straight lines vertically crossing the major axis, a straight line having the longest length between two intersections where the straight line crosses the periphery of the cross-section is referred to as the minor axis.

    (Method for measuring a bulk density)



    [0065] About 200 g of resin-impregnated glass fiber bundle (mass: m) weighed with the accuracy of 0.1% was gently charged into a dried 1000-ml graduated cylinder (minimum scale unit: 2 ml) without compaction, and a loose bulk volume (vo) thereof in a (loosened) state without tapping was read in the minimum scale unit. Thereafter, the value for m/v0 was used to acquire a bulk density (g/cm3).

    Examples 1 and 2, Comparative Example 1, Reference Example 1



    [0066] About 150 g of the above-described resin-impregnated glass fiber bundles was prepared, and charged into a stainless flat-bottomed container so that it had almost the same thickness from a position at height of 15 to 20 cm.

    [0067] Thereafter, heating (non-contact heating) at 200°C for 100 seconds in a furnace (INFRASTEIN N7GS manufactured by NGK Insulators, Ltd.; equipped with an infrared heater as a heat source) was conducted three times in total. This heating treatment allows the glass fiber bundles in the flat-bottomed container to be integrated by fusion of polypropylene.

    [0068] Thereafter, the integrated product of the resin-impregnated glass fiber bundles was pressed for 10 seconds by a pressing machine (STI-1.6-220VF manufactured by Sanyu Industries Co., Ltd.) (at a temperature of 170°C and a pressure of 2 t during pressing).

    [0069] Then, the product was cooled to room temperature, so that a compression molded article having a rectangular planar shape (length: 200 mm, width: 200 mm, thickness: 2 mm; density: 1.50 g/cm3) was obtained.

    (Method for measuring a surface impact strength)



    [0070] Drop-weight impact test

    Measuring equipment: Graphic Impact Tester B-type (manufactured by Toyo Seiki Seisaku-sho, Ltd.)

    Specification:

    striker diameter = φ12.7 mm

    sample holder diameter = φ76 mm

    Dropping height: 80 cm

    Mass of a weight: 6.5 kg

    Temperature for measurement: 23°C

    Sample for measurement: a sample cut into a size of 100 mm per side



    [0071] Measurement was conducted by adding an impact on the center of a sample for measurement and measuring a maximum load N and a total absorption energy J at that time.



    [0072] A comparison between Examples 1 and 2, and Comparative Example 1 shows that compression molded articles obtained by using the resin-impregnated fiber bundle of the present invention and by applying the production method of the present invention were excellent in the surface impact strength.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0073] A compression molded article obtained from the resin-impregnated fiber bundle of the present invention is thin and has a high surface impact strength, and thus, it can used for automobile parts, machine parts, construction materials, tableware or trays for household use and business use, various daily necessities, parts for safety footwear, and others.


    Claims

    1. A resin-impregnated fiber bundle prepared by impregnating and integrating 100 parts by mass of a bundle of a fiber material (A) with 25 to 300 parts by mass of a thermoplastic resin (B), wherein:

    the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a flattened shape with a lateral cross-sectional shape having a major axis and a minor axis (length of the major axis > length of the minor axis);

    an average length (D1) of the major axis is 0.5 to 2.0 mm;

    an average flatness ratio (D1/D2) determined from the average length (D1) of the major axis and an average length (D2) of the minor axis is 1.2 to 8.0;

    the resin-impregnated fiber bundle has a length (L) of 11 to 50 mm and a ratio (L/D1) between L and D1 is 10 to 50; and

    a bulk density is 0.1 to 0.4 g/cm3.


     
    2. The resin-impregnated fiber bundle according to Claim 2, wherein the average flatness ratio (D1/D2) is 1.5 to 8.0.
     
    3. The resin-impregnated fiber bundle according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the fiber material (A) is selected from a carbon fiber, a glass fiber and an aramid fiber.
     
    4. A compression molded article composed of the resin-impregnated fiber bundles according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein:

    the compression molded article is in such a form that, in a state where a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is randomly arranged, contacting resin-impregnated fiber bundles are fused with each other; and

    the compression molded article has a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm and a density of 1.10 to 1.80 g/cm3.


     
    5. A compression molded article composed of the resin-impregnated fiber bundle according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein:

    the compression molded article is in such a form that, in a state where a required amount of resin-impregnated fiber bundles is three-dimensionally and randomly arranged in a plane direction and in a direction oblique to the plane direction, contacting resin-impregnated fiber bundles are fused with each other;

    the compression molded article has a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm and a density of 1.10 to 1.80 g/cm3.


     
    6. A method for producing the compression molded article according to Claim 4 or 5, the method comprising the steps of:

    randomly charging a required amount of the resin-impregnated fiber bundles into a heating container;

    pre-heating the resin-impregnated fiber bundles in the heating container by a non-contact heater; and

    heating and compressing the pre-heated resin-impregnated fiber bundles.


     
    7. The method for producing a compression molded article according to Claim 6, wherein the non-contact heater uses, as a heat source, one selected from infrared radiation, near infrared radiation, induction heating (IH) and hot-air.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Harzimprägniertes Faserbündel, hergestellt durch Imprägnieren und Integrieren von 100 Massenteilen eines Bündels aus einem Fasermaterial (A) mit 25 bis 300 Massenteilen eines thermoplastischen Harzes (B), wobei:

    das harzimprägnierte Faserbündel eine abgeflachte Form mit einer seitlichen Querschnittsform aufweist, die eine große Achse und eine kleine Achse hat (Länge der großen Achse > Länge der kleinen Achse);

    eine mittlere Länge (D1) der großen Achse 0,5 bis 2,0 mm beträgt;

    eine mittleres Querschnittsverhältnis (D1/D2), bestimmt aus der mittleren Länge (D1) der großen Achse und einer mittleren Länge (D2) der kleinen Achse 1,2 bis 8,0 beträgt;

    das harzimprägnierte Faserbünde eine Länge (L) von 11 bis 50 mm aufweist und ein Verhältnis (L/D1) zwischen L und D1 10 bis 50 beträgt und

    eine Rohdichte 0,1 bis 0,4 g/cm3 beträgt.


     
    2. Harzimprägniertes Faserbündel gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei das mittlere Querschnittsverhältnis (D1/D2) 1,5 bis 8,0 beträgt.
     
    3. Harzimprägniertes Faserbündel gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Fasermaterial (A) ausgewählt ist aus einer Carbonfaser, einer Glasfaser und einer Aramidfaser.
     
    4. Formgepresster Gegenstand, bestehend aus den harzimprägnierten Faserbündeln gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei:

    der formgepresste Gegenstand in einer solchen Form vorliegt, dass in einem Zustand, in dem eine benötigte Menge harzimprägnierter Faserbündel zufällig angeordnet ist, harzimprägnierte Faserbündel, die sich berühren, miteinander fusioniert sind, und

    der formgepresste Gegenstand eine Dicke von 1,5 bis 10 mm und eine Dichte von 1,10 bis 1,80 g/cm3 aufweist.


     
    5. Formgepresster Gegenstand, bestehend aus dem harzimprägnierten Faserbündel gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei:

    der formgepresste Gegenstand in einer solchen Form vorliegt, dass in einem Zustand, in dem eine benötigte Menge harzimprägnierter Faserbündel dreidimensional und zufällig in einer Richtung der Ebene und in einer Richtung, die schräg zur Richtung der Ebene verläuft, angeordnet ist, harzimprägnierte Faserbündel, die sich berühren, miteinander fusioniert sind;

    der formgepresste Gegenstand eine Dicke von 1,5 bis 10 mm und eine Dichte von 1,10 bis 1,80 g/cm3 aufweist.


     
    6. Verfahren zum Herstellen des formgepressten Gegenstands gemäß Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte umfasst:

    zufälliges Laden einer benötigten Menge der harzimprägnierten Faserbündel in einen Heizbehälter;

    Vorwärmen der harzimprägnierten Faserbündel im Heizbehälter durch eine kontaktlose Heizvorrichtung und

    Erhitzen und Pressen der vorgewärmten harzimprägnierten Faserbündel.


     
    7. Verfahren zum Herstellen eines formgepressten Gegenstands gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei die kontaktlose Heizvorrichtung als Wärmequelle eine verwendet, ausgewählt aus Infrarotstrahlung, nahe Infrarotstrahlung, Induktionsheizung (IH) und Heißluft.
     


    Revendications

    1. Faisceau de fibres imprégné de résine préparé par imprégnation et intégration de 100 parties en masse d'un faisceau d'un matériau fibreux (A) avec 25 à 300 parties en masse d'une résine thermoplastique (B), dans lequel :

    le faisceau de fibres imprégné de résine présente une forme aplatie avec une forme transversale latérale présentant un axe majeur et un axe mineur (longueur de l'axe majeur > longueur de l'axe mineur) ;

    une longueur moyenne (D1) de l'axe majeur est de 0,5 à 2,0 mm ;

    un taux de planéité moyen (D1/D2) déterminé à partir de la longueur moyenne (D1) de l'axe majeur et une longueur moyenne (D2) de l'axe mineur est de 1,2 à 8,0 ;

    le faisceau de fibres imprégné de résine présente une longueur (L) de 11 à 50 mm et un rapport (L/D1) entre L et D1 est de 10 à 50 ; et

    une masse volumique est de 0,1 à 0,4 g/cm3.


     
    2. Le faisceau de fibres imprégné de résine selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le taux de planéité moyen (D1/D2) est de 1,5 à 8,0.
     
    3. Le faisceau de fibres imprégné de résine selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le matériau fibreux (A) est sélectionné à partir d'une fibre de carbone, une fibre de verre et une fibre aramide.
     
    4. Article moulé par compression constitué des faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel :

    l'article moulé par compression présente une forme telle que, dans un état où une quantité requise de faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine est disposée aléatoirement, des faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine en contact sont fusionnés l'un avec l'autre ; et

    l'article moulé par compression présente une épaisseur de 1,5 à 10 mm et une densité de 1,10 à 1,80 g/cm3.


     
    5. Un article moulé par compression constitué des faisceaux de fibres imprégné de résine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel :

    l'article moulé par compression présente une forme telle que, dans un état où une quantité requise de faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine est disposée tridimensionnellement et aléatoirement dans une direction plane et dans une direction oblique à la direction plane, des faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine en contact sont fusionnés l'un avec l'autre ;

    l'article moulé par compression présente une épaisseur de 1,5 à 10 mm et une densité de 1,10 à 1,80 g/cm3.


     
    6. Procédé pour produire l'article moulé par compression selon la revendication 4 ou 5, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

    chargement aléatoire d'une quantité requise de faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine dans un conteneur chauffant ;

    préchauffage des faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine dans le conteneur chauffant par un dispositif de chauffage sans contact ; et

    chauffage et compression des faisceaux de fibres imprégnés de résine préchauffés.


     
    7. Le procédé pour produire un article moulé par compression selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le dispositif de chauffage sans contact utilise, en tant que source de chauffage, un sélectionné à partir d'un rayonnement infrarouge, un rayonnement proche infrarouge, un chauffage par induction (M) et de l'air chaud.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description