(19)
(11)EP 3 428 164 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
16.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/03

(21)Application number: 17181353.8

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 405/14(2006.01)
H01L 51/50(2006.01)
C07D 403/14(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(71)Applicant: CYNORA GMBH
76646 Bruchsal (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZINK, Daniel
    76646 Bruchsal (DE)
  • DANZ, Michael
    76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (DE)
  • BERGMANN, Larissa
    76199 Karlsruhe (DE)

(74)Representative: Hoppe, Georg Johannes 
Darani Anwaltskanzlei Beuckestrasse 20
14163 Berlin
14163 Berlin (DE)

  


(54)ORGANIC MOLECULES, IN PARTICULAR FOR USE IN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES


(57) The invention relates to an organic molecule, in particular for the application in organic optoelectronic devices. According to the invention, the organic molecule has
- a first chemical moiety with a structure of Formula I,

and
- one second chemical moiety with a structure of Formula II,

# represents the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to the second chemical moiety;
wherein at least one variable of X1, X2 is N, and at least one variable of X3, X4 is N.


Description


[0001] The invention relates to organic molecules and their use in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and in other organic optoelectronic devices.

Description



[0002] The object of the present invention is to provide molecules which are suitable for use in optoelectronic devices.

[0003] This object is achieved by the invention which provides a new class of organic molecules.

[0004] According to the invention, the organic molecules are purely organic molecules, i.e. they do not contain any metal ions in contrast to metal complexes known for use in organic optoelectronic devices.

[0005] According to the present invention, the organic molecules exhibit emission maxima in the blue, sky-blue or green spectral range. The organic molecules exhibit in particular emission maxima between 420 nm and 520 nm, preferably between 440 nm and 495 nm, more preferably between 450 nm and 470 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yields of the organic molecules according to the invention are, in particular, 20 % or more. The molecules according to the invention exhibit in particular thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). The use of the molecules according to the invention in an optoelectronic device, for example an organic light-emitting diode (OLED), leads to higher efficiencies of the device. Corresponding OLEDs have a higher stability than OLEDs with known emitter materials and comparable color.

[0006] The organic light-emitting molecules according to the invention comprise or consist of a first chemical moiety comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula I,

and
  • one second chemical moiety comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula II,


wherein the first chemical moiety is linked to the second chemical moiety via a single bond.

# represents the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to the second chemical moiety.

X1 and X2 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of CR21 and N.

X3 and X4 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of CR22 and N.

Z is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: a direct bond, CR3R4, C=CR3R4, C=O, C=NR3, NR3, O, SiR3R4, S, S(O) and S(O)2.

R11 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, C1-C5-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C6-C18-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R12 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C6-C18-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R21 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C6-C18-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R22 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C6-C18-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

RII, RIII and RIV is independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; and C6-C18-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5 , CF3, CN, F, Br, I,
C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C6-C60-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5.

R5 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, N(R6)2, OR6, Si(R6)3, B(OR6)2, OSO2R5 , CF3, CN, F, Br, I, C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C6-C60-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R6 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, OPh, CF3, CN, F,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C1-C5-alkoxy,
wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C1-C5-thioalkoxy,
wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C2-C5-alkenyl,
wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C2-C5-alkynyl,
wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more C1-C5-alkyl substituents;
C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more C1-C5-alkyl substituents;
N(C6-C18-aryl)2;

N(C3-C17-heteroaryl)2; and

N(C3-C17-heteroaryl)(C6-C18-aryl).



[0007] The substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5, independently from each other, optionally form a mono- or polycyclic, aliphatic, aromatic and/or benzo-fused ring system with one or more substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5.

[0008] According to the invention, at least one variable selected from the group consisting of X1, X2 is N, and at least one variable selected from the group consisting of X3, X4 is N.

[0009] In one embodiment, R11, R12, R21, R22, RII, RIII, and RIV is independently from each other at each occurrence selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and phenyl.

[0010] In one embodiment, R11 and R12 is Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

[0011] In one embodiment of the organic molecule, X1, X2, X3, and X4 is N.

[0012] In one embodiment, X1, X2, and X3 is N and X4 is CR22.

[0013] In one embodiment, X1, X2, and X4 is N and X3 is CR22.

[0014] In one embodiment, X2, X3, and X4 is N and X1 is CR21.

[0015] In one embodiment, X1, X3, and X4 is N and X2 is CR21.

[0016] In one embodiment, X1 and X3 is N, X2 is CR21, and X4 is CR22.

[0017] In one embodiment, X1 and X4 is N, X2 is CR21 and X3 is CR22.

[0018] In one embodiment, X2 and X3 is N, X1 is CR21, and X4 is CR22.

[0019] In one embodiment, X2 and X4 is N, X1 is CR21 and X3 is CR22.

[0020] In one embodiment, RII is hydrogen.

[0021] In one embodiment, RIII is hydrogen.

[0022] In one embodiment, RIV is hydrogen.

[0023] In a further embodiment of the invention, the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIa:

wherein # and Ra are defined as above.

[0024] In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of:

hydrogen,

Me,

iPr,

tBu,

CN,

CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu,CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu,CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu,CN, CF3, and Ph,

carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu,CN, CF3, and Ph,

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu,CN, CF3, and Ph,

and N(Ph)2.



[0025] In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of:

hydrogen,

Me,

iPr,

tBu,

CN,

CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph, and

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph.



[0026] In a further embodiment of the invention, the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIb, a structure of Formula IIb-2, a structure of Formula IIb-3 or a structure of Formula IIb-4:

wherein

Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5 , CF3, CN, F, Br, I, C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C6-C60-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5.



[0027] Apart from that, the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0028] In an additional embodiment of the invention, the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIc, a structure of Formula IIc-2, a structure of Formula IIc-3 or a structure of Formula IIc-4:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0029] In a further embodiment of the invention, Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of:

Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

and N(Ph)2.



[0030] In a further embodiment of the invention, Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of:

Me,

iPr,

tBu,

CN,

CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph, and

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph.



[0031] Below, examples for a second chemical moiety are shown:





















wherein for #, Z, Ra, R3, R4 and R5 the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0032] In one embodiment, Ra and R5 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen (H), methyl (Me), i-propyl (CH(CH3)2) (iPr), t-butyl (tBu), phenyl (Ph), CN, CF3, and diphenylamine (NPh2).

[0033] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula III:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0034] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IIIa:

wherein

Rc is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: Me,

iPr,

tBu,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph,
and

N(Ph)2,

and wherein R11, R12, RII, RIII and RIV are defined as above.



[0035] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecule comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IIIb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0036] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IIIc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0037] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IIId:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0038] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula IV:

wherein R21 and R22 are defined as described above and the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0039] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IVa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0040] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IVb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0041] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IVc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0042] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IVd:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0043] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula V:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0044] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecule comprises or consists of a structure of Formula Va:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0045] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecule comprises or consists of a structure of Formula Vb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0046] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0047] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vd:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0048] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula VI:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0049] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0050] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0051] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0052] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VId:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0053] In another embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula VII:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0054] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0055] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIb:



wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0056] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0057] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIId:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0058] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula VIII:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0059] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIIa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0060] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIIb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0061] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIIc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0062] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VIIId:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0063] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula IX:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0064] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IXa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0065] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IXb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0066] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IXc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0067] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula IXd:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0068] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula X:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0069] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Xa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0070] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Xb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0071] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Xc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0072] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Xd:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0073] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of Formula XI:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0074] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula XIa:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0075] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula XIb:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0076] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula XIc:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0077] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula XId:

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

[0078] As used above and herein, the terms "aryl" and "aromatic" may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic aromatic moieties. Accordingly, an aryl group contains 6 to 60 aromatic ring atoms, and a heteroaryl group contains 5 to 60 aromatic ring atoms, of which at least one is a heteroatom. Notwithstanding, throughout the application the number of aromatic ring atoms may be given as subscripted number in the definition of certain substituents. In particular, the heteroaromatic ring includes one to three heteroatoms. Again, the terms "heteroaryl" and "heteroaromatic" may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic hetero-aromatic moieties that include at least one heteroatom. The heteroatoms may at each occurrence be the same or different and be individually selected from the group consisting of N, O and S. Accordingly, the term "arylene" refers to a divalent substituent that bears two binding sites to other molecular structures and thereby serving as a linker structure. In case, a group in the exemplary embodiments is defined differently from the definitions given here, for example, the number of aromatic ring atoms or number of heteroatoms differs from the given definition, the definition in the exemplary embodiments is to be applied. According to the invention, a condensed (annulated) aromatic or heteroaromatic polycycle is built of two or more single aromatic or heteroaromatic cycles, which formed the polycycle via a condensation reaction.

[0079] In particular, as used throughout the present application the term aryl group or heteroaryl group comprises groups which can be bound via any position of the aromatic or heteroaromatic group, derived from benzene, naphthaline, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene, dihydropyrene, chrysene, perylene, fluoranthene, benzanthracene, benzphenanthrene, tetracene, pentacene, benzpyrene, furan, benzofuran, isobenzofuran, dibenzofuran, thiophene, benzothiophene, isobenzothiophene, dibenzothiophene; pyrrole, indole, isoindole, carbazole, pyridine, quinoline, isoquinoline, acridine, phenanthridine, benzo-5,6-quinoline, benzo-6,7-quinoline, benzo-7,8-quinoline, phenothiazine, phenoxazine, pyrazole, indazole, imidazole, benzimidazole, naphthoimidazole, phenanthroimidazole, pyridoimidazole, pyrazinoimidazole, quinoxalinoimidazole, oxazole, benzoxazole, napthooxazole, anthroxazol, phenanthroxazol, isoxazole, 1,2-thiazole, 1,3-thiazole, benzothiazole, pyridazine, benzopyridazine, pyrimidine, benzopyrimidine, 1,3,5-triazine, quinoxaline, pyrazine, phenazine, naphthyridine, carboline, benzocarboline, phenanthroline, 1,2,3-triazole, 1,2,4-triazole, benzotriazole, 1,2,3-oxadiazole, 1,2,4-oxadiazole, 1,2,5-oxadiazole, 1,2,3,4-tetrazine, purine, pteridine, indolizine and benzothiadiazole or combinations of the abovementioned groups.

[0080] As used throughout the present application the term cyclic group may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic moieties.

[0081] As used above and herein, the term alkyl group may be understood in the broadest sense as any linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl substituent. In particular, the term alkyl comprises the substituents methyl (Me), ethyl (Et), n-propyl (nPr), i-propyl (iPr), cyclopropyl, n-butyl (nBu), i-butyl (tBu), s-butyl (sBu), t-butyl (tBu), cyclobutyl, 2-methylbutyl, n-pentyl, s-pentyl, t-pentyl, 2-pentyl, neo-pentyl, cyclopentyl, n-hexyl, s-hexyl, t-hexyl, 2-hexyl, 3-hexyl, neo-hexyl, cyclohexyl, 1-methylcyclopentyl, 2-methylpentyl, n-heptyl, 2-heptyl, 3-heptyl, 4-heptyl, cycloheptyl, 1-methylcyclohexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, cyclooctyl, 1-bicyclo[2,2,2]octyl, 2-bicyclo[2,2,2]-octyl, 2-(2,6-dimethyl)octyl, 3-(3,7-dimethyl)octyl, adamantyl, 2,2,2-trifluorethyl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-hex-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-hept-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-oct-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-dec-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-dodec-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-tetradec-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-hexadec-1-yl, 1,1-dimethyl-n-octadec-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-hex-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-hept-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-oct-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-dec-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-dodec-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-tetradec-1-yl, 1,1-diethyln-n-hexadec-1-yl, 1,1-diethyl-n-octadec-1-yl, 1-(n-propyl)-cyclohex-1-yl, 1-(n-butyl)-cyclohex-1-yl, 1-(n-hexyl)-cyclohex-1-yl, 1-(n-octyl)-cyclohex-1-yl and 1-(n-decyl)-cyclohex-1-yl.

[0082] As used above and herein, the term alkenyl comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkenyl substituents. The term alkenyl group exemplarily comprises the substituents ethenyl, propenyl, butenyl, pentenyl, cyclopentenyl, hexenyl, cyclohexenyl, heptenyl, cycloheptenyl, octenyl, cyclooctenyl or cyclooctadienyl.

[0083] As used above and herein, the term alkynyl comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkynyl substituents. The term alkynyl group exemplarily comprises ethynyl, propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, hexynyl, heptynyl or octynyl.

[0084] As used above and herein, the term alkoxy comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkoxy substituents. The term alkoxy group exemplarily comprises methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, i-propoxy, n-butoxy, i-butoxy, s-butoxy, t-butoxy and 2-methylbutoxy.

[0085] As used above and herein, the term thioalkoxy comprises linear, branched, and cyclic thioalkoxy substituents, in which the O of the exemplarily alkoxy groups is replaced by S.

[0086] As used above and herein, the terms "halogen" and "halo" may be understood in the broadest sense as being preferably fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

[0087] Whenever hydrogen (H) is mentioned herein, it could also be replaced by deuterium at each occurrence.

[0088] It is understood that when a molecular fragment is described as being a substituent or otherwise attached to another moiety, its name may be written as if it were a fragment (e.g. naphtyl, dibenzofuryl) or as if it were the whole molecule (e.g. naphthalene, dibenzofuran). As used herein, these different ways of designating a substituent or attached fragment are considered to be equivalent.

[0089] In one embodiment, the organic molecules according to the invention have an excited state lifetime of not more than 150 µs, of not more than 100 µs, in particular of not more than 50 µs, more preferably of not more than 10 µs or not more than 7 µs in a film of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with 10% by weight of organic molecule at room temperature.

[0090] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention represent thermally-activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, which exhibit a ΔEST value, which corresponds to the energy difference between the first excited singlet state (S1) and the first excited triplet state (T1), of less than 5000 cm-1, preferably less than 3000 cm-1, more preferably less than 1500 cm-1, even more preferably less than 1000 cm-1 or even less than 500 cm-1.

[0091] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention have an emission peak in the visible or nearest ultraviolet range, i.e., in the range of a wavelength of from 380 to 800 nm, with a full width at half maximum of less than 0.50 eV, preferably less than 0.48 eV, more preferably less than 0.45 eV, even more preferably less than 0.43 eV or even less than 0.40 eV in a film of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with 10% by weight of organic molecule at room temperature.

[0092] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention have an emission peak in the visible or nearest ultraviolet range, i.e., in the range of a wavelength of from 380 to 800 nm, with a full width at half maximum of less than 0.40 eV in a film of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with 10% by weight of organic molecule at room temperature.

[0093] In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention have a "blue material index" (BMI), calculated by dividing the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) in % by the CIEy color coordinate of the emitted light, of more than 150, in particular more than 200, preferably more than 250, more preferably of more than 300 or even more than 500.

[0094] Orbital and excited state energies can be determined either by means of experimental methods or by calculations employing quantum-chemical methods, in particular density functional theory calculations. The energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital EHOMO is determined by methods known to the person skilled in the art from cyclic voltammetry measurements with an accuracy of 0.1 eV. The energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital Elumo is calculated as EHOMO + Egap, wherein Egap is determined as follows: For host compounds, the onset of the emission spectrum of a film with 10% by weight of host in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is used as Egap, unless stated otherwise. For emitter molecules, Egap is determined as the energy at which the excitation and emission spectra of a film with 10% by weight of emitter in PMMA cross.

[0095] The energy of the first excited triplet state T1 is determined from the onset of the emission spectrum at low temperature, typically at 77 K. For host compounds, where the first excited singlet state and the lowest triplet state are energetically separated by > 0.4 eV, the phosphorescence is usually visible in a steady-state spectrum in 2-Me-THF. The triplet energy can thus be determined as the onset of the phosphorescence spectrum. For TADF emitter molecules, the energy of the first excited triplet state T1 is determined from the onset of the delayed emission spectrum at 77 K, if not otherwise stated measured in a film of PMMA with 10% by weight of emitter. Both for host and emitter compounds, the energy of the first excited singlet state S1 is determined from the onset of the emission spectrum, if not otherwise stated measured in a film of PMMA with 10% by weight of host or emitter compound.

[0096] The onset of an emission spectrum is determined by computing the intersection of the tangent to the emission spectrum with the x-axis. The tangent to the emission spectrum is set at the high-energy side of the emission band and at the point at half maximum of the maximum intensity of the emission spectrum.

[0097] A further aspect of the invention relates to a process for preparing the organic molecules (with an optional subsequent reaction) of the invention, wherein a palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reaction is used:





[0098] According to the invention, a 1-fluorobenzene, which is substituted with a coupling group CG1 in 2-position and which is substituted with a coupling group CG2 in 4-position, is used as a reactant, which is reacted with two heterocycles, one substituted with a coupling group CG3 (reactant E3) and one with a coupling group CG4 (reactant E4). The coupling groups CG1 and CG4 are chosen as a reaction pair to introduce the heterocycle of E4 at the position of CG1. Accordingly, coupling groups CG2 and CG3 are chosen reaction pair for introducing the heterocycle of E3 at the position of CG2. Preferably, a so-called Suzuki coupling reaction is used. Here, either CG1 is chosen from Cl, Br or I, and CG4 is a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group, in particular a boronic acid pinacol ester group, or CG1 is a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group, in particular a boronic acid pinacol ester group, and CG4 is chosen from Cl, Br or I. Analogously, either CG2 is chosen from Cl, Br or I, and CG3 is a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group, in particular a boronic acid pinacol ester group, or CG2 is a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group, in particular a boronic acid pinacol ester group, and CG3 is chosen from Cl, Br or I. The person skilled in the art is aware that in order to introduce different heterocycles via the coupling reactions of E3 with E2 and E4 with E2, either first E2 is reacted with E3 and the resulting intermediate is subsequently reacted with E4 to yield E1, or first E2 is reacted with E4 and the resulting intermediate is subsequently reacted with E3 to yield E1. In this constellation, either CG1 and CG3 are independently from each other a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group and CG2 and CG4 are independently from each other chosen from Cl, Br or I, or CG2 and CG4 are independently from each other a boronic acid group or a boronic acid ester group and CG1 and CG3 are independently from each other chosen from Cl, Br or I.

[0099] For the reaction of a nitrogen heterocycle in a nucleophilic aromatic substitution with an aryl halide, preferably an aryl fluoride, typical conditions include the use of a base, such as tribasic potassium phosphate or sodium hydride, for example, in an aprotic polar solvent, such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), for example.

[0100] An alternative synthesis route comprises the introduction of a nitrogen heterocycle via copper- or palladium-catalyzed coupling to an aryl halide or aryl pseudohalide, preferably an aryl bromide, an aryl iodide, aryl triflate or an aryl tosylate.

[0101] A further aspect of the invention relates to the use of an organic molecule according to the invention as a luminescent emitter or as an absorber, and/or as host material and/or as electron transport material, and/or as hole injection material, and/or as hole blocking material in an organic optoelectronic device.

[0102] The organic electroluminescent device may be understood in the broadest sense as any device based on organic materials that is suitable for emitting light in the visible or nearest ultraviolet (UV) range, i.e., in the range of a wavelength of from 380 to 800 nm. More preferably, organic electroluminescent device may be able to emit light in the visible range, i.e., of from 400 to 800 nm.

[0103] In the context of such use, the organic optoelectronic device is more particularly selected from the group consisting of:
  • organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs),
  • light-emitting electrochemical cells,
  • OLED sensors, especially in gas and vapour sensors not hermetically externally shielded,
  • organic diodes,
  • organic solar cells,
  • organic transistors,
  • organic field-effect transistors,
  • organic lasers and
  • down-conversion elements.


[0104] In a preferred embodiment in the context of such use, the organic electroluminescent device is a device selected from the group consisting of an organic light emitting diode (OLED), a light emitting electrochemical cell (LEC), and a light-emitting transistor.

[0105] In the case of the use, the fraction of the organic molecule according to the invention in the emission layer in an organic optoelectronic device, more particularly in OLEDs, is 1 % to 99 % by weight, more particularly 5 % to 80 % by weight. In an alternative embodiment, the proportion of the organic molecule in the emission layer is 100 % by weight.

[0106] In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises not only the organic molecules according to the invention but also a host material whose triplet (T1) and singlet (S1) energy levels are energetically higher than the triplet (T1) and singlet (S1) energy levels of the organic molecule.

[0107] A further aspect of the invention relates to a composition comprising or consisting of:
  1. (a) at least one organic molecule according to the invention, in particular in the form of an emitter and/or a host, and
  2. (b) one or more emitter and/or host materials, which differ from the organic molecule according to the invention and
  3. (c) optional one or more dyes and/or one or more solvents.


[0108] In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises (or essentially consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:
  1. (a) at least one organic molecule according to the invention, in particular in the form of an emitter and/or a host, and
  2. (b) one or more emitter and/or host materials, which differ from the organic molecule according to the invention, and
  3. (c) optionally, one or more dyes and/or one or more solvents.


[0109] Particularly preferably the light-emitting layer EML comprises (or essentially consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:
  1. (i) 1-50 % by weight, preferably 5-40 % by weight, in particular 10-30 % by weight, of one or more organic molecules according to the invention;
  2. (ii) 5-99 % by weight, preferably 30-94.9 % by weight, in particular 40-89% by weight, of at least one host compound H; and
  3. (iii) optionally, 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0.1-65 % by weight, in particular 1-50 % by weight, of at least one further host compound D with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention; and
  4. (iv) optionally, 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0-65 % by weight, in particular 0-50 % by weight, of a solvent; and
  5. (v) optionally, 0-30 % by weight, in particular 0-20 % by weight, preferably 0-5 % by weight, of at least one further emitter molecule F with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention.


[0110] Preferably, energy can be transferred from the host compound H to the one or more organic molecules according to the invention, in particular transferred from the first excited triplet state T1 (H) of the host compound H to the first excited triplet state T1 (E) of the one or more organic molecules according to the invention and/ or from the first excited singlet state S1 (H) of the host compound H to the first excited singlet state S1(E) of the one or more organic molecules according to the invention.

[0111] In a further embodiment, the light-emitting layer EML comprises (or essentially consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:
  1. (i) 1-50 % by weight, preferably 5-40 % by weight, in particular 10-30 % by weight, of one organic molecule according to the invention;
  2. (ii) 5-99 % by weight, preferably 30-94.9 % by weight, in particular 40-89% by weight, of one host compound H; and
  3. (iii) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0.1-65 % by weight, in particular 1-50 % by weight, of at least one further host compound D with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention; and
  4. (iv) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0-65 % by weight, in particular 0-50 % by weight, of a solvent; and
  5. (v) optionally 0-30 % by weight, in particular 0-20 % by weight, preferably 0-5 % by weight, of at least one further emitter molecule F with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention.


[0112] In one embodiment of the invention, the host compound H has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) having an energy EHOMO(H) in the range of from -5 to -6.5 eV and the at least one further host compound D has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(D) having an energy EHOMO(D), wherein EHOMO(H) > EHOMO(D).

[0113] In a further embodiment, the host compound H has a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(H) having an energy ELUMO(H) and the at least one further host compound D has a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) having an energy ELUMO(D), wherein ELUMO(H) > ELUMO(D).

[0114] In another embodiment, the host compound H has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) having an energy EHOMO(H) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(H) having an energy ELUMO(H), and

the at least one further host compound D has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(D) having an energy EHOMO(D) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) having an energy ELUMO(D),

the organic molecule according to the invention has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(E) having an energy EHOMO(E) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(E) having an energy ELUMO(E), wherein



[0115] EHOMO(H) > EHOMO(D) and the difference between the energy level of the highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(E) of organic molecule according to the invention (EHOMO(E)) and the energy level of the highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) of the host compound H (EHOMO(H)) is between -0.5 eV and 0.5 eV, more preferably between -0.3 eV and 0.3 eV, even more preferably between -0.2 eV and 0.2 eV or even between -0.1 eV and 0.1 eV; and ELUMO(H) > ELUMO(D) and the difference between the energy level of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(E) of organic molecule according to the invention (ELUMO(E)) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) of the at least one further host compound D (ELUMO(D)) is between -0.5 eV and 0.5 eV, more preferably between -0.3 eV and 0.3 eV, even more preferably between -0.2 eV and 0.2 eV or even between -0.1 eV and 0.1 eV.

[0116] In a further aspect, the invention relates to an organic optoelectronic device comprising an organic molecule or a composition as described herein, more particularly in the form of a device selected from the group consisting of organic light-emitting diode (OLED), light-emitting electrochemical cell, OLED sensor, more particularly gas and vapour sensors not hermetically externally shielded, organic diode, organic solar cell, organic transistor, organic field-effect transistor, organic laser and down-conversion element.

[0117] In a preferred embodiment, the organic optoelectronic device is a device selected from the group consisting of an organic light emitting diode (OLED), a light emitting electrochemical cell (LEC), and a light-emitting transistor.

[0118] In one embodiment of the organic optoelectronic device of the invention, the organic molecule according to the invention is used as emission material in a light-emitting layer EML.

[0119] In one embodiment of the organic optoelectronic device of the invention, the light-emitting layer EML consists of the composition according to the invention described herein.

[0120] When the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, it may, for example, exhibit the following layer structure:
  1. 1. substrate
  2. 2. anode layer A
  3. 3. hole injection layer, HIL
  4. 4. hole transport layer, HTL
  5. 5. electron blocking layer, EBL
  6. 6. emitting layer, EML
  7. 7. hole blocking layer, HBL
  8. 8. electron transport layer, ETL
  9. 9. electron injection layer, EIL
  10. 10. cathode layer,
wherein the OLED comprises each layer only optionally, different layers may be merged and the OLED may comprise more than one layer of each layer type defined above.

[0121] Furthermore, the organic electroluminescent device may optionally comprise one or more protective layers protecting the device from damaging exposure to harmful species in the environment including, exemplarily moisture, vapor and/or gases.

[0122] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which exhibits the following inverted layer structure:
  1. 1. substrate
  2. 2. cathode layer
  3. 3. electron injection layer, EIL
  4. 4. electron transport layer, ETL
  5. 5. hole blocking layer, HBL
  6. 6. emitting layer, B
  7. 7. electron blocking layer, EBL
  8. 8. hole transport layer, HTL
  9. 9. hole injection layer, HIL
  10. 10. anode layer A
wherein the OLED with an inverted layer structure comprises each layer only optionally, different layers may be merged and the OLED may comprise more than one layer of each layer types defined above.

[0123] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which may exhibit stacked architecture. In this architecture, contrary to the typical arrangement, where the OLEDs are placed side by side, the individual units are stacked on top of each other. Blended light may be generated with OLEDs exhibiting a stacked architecture, in particular white light may be generated by stacking blue, green and red OLEDs. Furthermore, the OLED exhibiting a stacked architecture may optionally comprise a charge generation layer (CGL), which is typically located between two OLED subunits and typically consists of a n-doped and p-doped layer with the n-doped layer of one CGL being typically located closer to the anode layer.

[0124] In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which comprises two or more emission layers between anode and cathode. In particular, this so-called tandem OLED comprises three emission layers, wherein one emission layer emits red light, one emission layer emits green light and one emission layer emits blue light, and optionally may comprise further layers such as charge generation layers, blocking or transporting layers between the individual emission layers. In a further embodiment, the emission layers are adjacently stacked. In a further embodiment, the tandem OLED comprises a charge generation layer between each two emission layers. In addition, adjacent emission layers or emission layers separated by a charge generation layer may be merged.

[0125] The substrate may be formed by any material or composition of materials. Most frequently, glass slides are used as substrates. Alternatively, thin metal layers (e.g., copper, gold, silver or aluminum films) or plastic films or slides may be used. This may allow a higher degree of flexibility. The anode layer A is mostly composed of materials allowing to obtain an (essentially) transparent film. As at least one of both electrodes should be (essentially) transparent in order to allow light emission from the OLED, either the anode layer A or the cathode layer C is transparent. Preferably, the anode layer A comprises a large content or even consists of transparent conductive oxides (TCOs). Such anode layer A may exemplarily comprise indium tin oxide, aluminum zinc oxide, fluorine doped tin oxide, indium zinc oxide, PbO, SnO, zirconium oxide, molybdenum oxide, vanadium oxide, wolfram oxide, graphite, doped Si, doped Ge, doped GaAs, doped polyaniline, doped polypyrrol and/or doped polythiophene.

[0126] Preferably, the anode layer A (essentially) consists of indium tin oxide (ITO) (e.g., (InO3)0.9(SnO2)0.1). The roughness of the anode layer A caused by the transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) may be compensated by using a hole injection layer (HIL). Further, the HIL may facilitate the injection of quasi charge carriers (i.e., holes) in that the transport of the quasi charge carriers from the TCO to the hole transport layer (HTL) is facilitated. The hole injection layer (HIL) may comprise poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene (PEDOT), polystyrene sulfonate (PSS), MoO2, V2O5, CuPC or Cul, in particular a mixture of PEDOT and PSS. The hole injection layer (HIL) may also prevent the diffusion of metals from the anode layer A into the hole transport layer (HTL). The HIL may exemplarily comprise PEDOT:PSS (poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene: polystyrene sulfonate), PEDOT (poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene), mMTDATA (4,4',4"-tris[phenyl(m-tolyl)amino]triphenylamine), Spiro-TAD (2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(n,n-diphenylamino)-9,9'-spirobifluorene), DNTPD (N1,N1'-(biphenyl-4,4'-diyl)bis(N1-phenyl-N4,N4-di-m-tolylbenzene-1,4-diamine), NPB (N,N'-nis-(1-naphthalenyl)-N,N'-bisphenyl-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine), NPNPB (N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-di-[4-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)phenyl]benzidine), MeO-TPD (N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)benzidine), HAT-CN (1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylen-hexacarbonitrile) and/orSpiro-NPD (N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis-(1-naphthyl)-9,9'-spirobifluorene-2,7-diamine).

[0127] Adjacent to the anode layer A or hole injection layer (HIL) typically a hole transport layer (HTL) is located. Herein, any hole transport compound may be used. Exemplarily, electron-rich heteroaromatic compounds such as triarylamines and/or carbazoles may be used as hole transport compound. The HTL may decrease the energy barrier between the anode layer A and the light-emitting layer EML. The hole transport layer (HTL) may also be an electron blocking layer (EBL). Preferably, hole transport compounds bear comparably high energy levels of their triplet states T1. Exemplarily the hole transport layer (HTL) may comprise a star-shaped heterocycle such as tris(4-carbazoyl-9-ylphenyl)amine (TCTA), poly-TPD (poly(4-butylphenyl-diphenyl-amine)), [alpha]-NPD (poly(4-butylphenyl-diphenyl-amine)), TAPC (4,4'-cyclohexyliden-bis[N,N-bis(4-methylphenyl)benzenamine]), 2-TNATA (4,4',4"-tris[2-naphthyl(phenyl)amino]triphenylamine), Spiro-TAD, DNTPD, NPB, NPNPB, MeO-TPO, HAT-CN and/or TrisPcz (9,9'-diphenyl-6-(9-phenyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)-9H,9'H-3,3'-bicarbazole). In addition, the HTL may comprise a p-doped layer, which may be composed of an inorganic or organic dopant in an organic hole-transporting matrix. Transition metal oxides such as vanadium oxide, molybdenum oxide or tungsten oxide may exemplarily be used as inorganic dopant. Tetrafluorotetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ), copper-pentafluorobenzoate (Cu(l)pFBz) or transition metal complexes may exemplarily be used as organic dopant.

[0128] The EBL may exemplarily comprise mCP (1,3-bis(carbazol-9-yl)benzene), TCTA, 2-TNATA, mCBP (3,3-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)biphenyl), tris-Pcz, CzSi (9-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)-3,6-bis(triphenylsilyl)-9H-carbazole), and/or DCB (N,N'-dicarbazolyl-1,4-dimethylbenzene).

[0129] Adjacent to the hole transport layer (HTL), typically, the light-emitting layer EML is located. The light-emitting layer EML comprises at least one light emitting molecule. Particular, the EML comprises at least one light emitting molecule according to the invention. In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises only the organic molecules according to the invention. Typically, the EML additionally comprises one or more host material. Exemplarily, the host material is selected from CBP (4,4'-Bis-(N-carbazolyl)-biphenyl), mCP, mCBP Sif87 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yltriphenylsilane), CzSi, Sif88 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl)diphenylsilane), DPEPO (bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether oxide), 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, T2T (2,4,6-tris(biphenyl-3-yl)-1,3,5-triazine), T3T (2,4,6-tris(triphenyl-3-yl)-1,3,5-triazine) and/or TST (2,4,6-tris(9,9'-spirobifluorene-2-yl)-1,3,5-triazine). The host material typically should be selected to exhibit first triplet (T1) and first singlet (S1) energy levels, which are energetically higher than the first triplet (T1) and first singlet (S1) energy levels of the organic molecule.

[0130] In one embodiment of the invention, the EML comprises a so-called mixed-host system with at least one hole-dominant host and one electron-dominant host. In a particular embodiment, the EML comprises exactly one light emitting molecule according to the invention and a mixed-host system comprising T2T as electron-dominant host and a host selected from CBP, mCP, mCBP, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole and 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole as hole-dominant host. In a further embodiment the EML comprises 50-80 % by weight, preferably 60-75 % by weight of a host selected from CBP, mCP, mCBP, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole and 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole; 10-45 % by weight, preferably 15-30 % by weight of T2T and 5-40 % by weight, preferably 10-30 % by weight of light emitting molecule according to the invention.

[0131] Adjacent to the light-emitting layer EML an electron transport layer (ETL) may be located. Herein, any electron transporter may be used. Exemplarily, compounds poor of electrons such as, e.g., benzimidazoles, pyridines, triazoles, oxadiazoles (e.g., 1,3,4-oxadiazole), phosphinoxides and sulfone, may be used. An electron transporter may also be a star-shaped heterocycle such as 1,3,5-tri(1-phenyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)phenyl (TPBi). The ETL may comprise NBphen (2,9-bis(naphthalen-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline), Alq3 (Aluminum-tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)), TSPO1 (diphenyl-4-triphenylsilylphenyl-phosphinoxide), BPyTP2 (2,7-di(2,2'-bipyridin-5-yl)triphenyle), Sif87 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yltriphenylsilane), Sif88 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl)diphenylsilane), BmPyPhB (1,3-bis[3,5-di(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl]benzene) and/or BTB (4,4'-bis-[2-(4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazinyl)]-1,1'-biphenyl). Optionally, the ETL may be doped with materials such as Liq. The electron transport layer (ETL) may also block holes or a holeblocking layer (HBL) is introduced.

[0132] The HBL may, for example, comprise BCP (2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline = Bathocuproine), BAlq (bis(8-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline)-(4-phenylphenoxy)aluminum), NBphen (2,9-bis(naphthalen-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline), Alq3 (Aluminum-tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)), TSPO1 (diphenyl-4-triphenylsilylphenyl-phosphinoxide), T2T (2,4,6-tris(biphenyl-3-yl)-1,3,5-triazine), T3T (2,4,6-tris(triphenyl-3-yl)-1,3,5-triazine), TST (2,4,6-tris(9,9'-spirobifluorene-2-yl)-1,3,5-triazine), and/or TCB/TCP (1,3,5-tris(N-carbazolyl)benzol/ 1,3,5-tris(carbazol)-9-yl) benzene).

[0133] A cathode layer C may be located adjacent to the electron transport layer (ETL). For example, the cathode layer C may comprise or may consist of a metal (e.g., Al, Au, Ag, Pt, Cu, Zn, Ni, Fe, Pb, LiF, Ca, Ba, Mg, In, W, or Pd) or a metal alloy. For practical reasons, the cathode layer may also consist of (essentially) intransparent metals such as Mg, Ca or Al. Alternatively or additionally, the cathode layer C may also comprise graphite and or carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Alternatively, the cathode layer C may also consist of nanoscalic silver wires.

[0134] An OLED may further, optionally, comprise a protection layer between the electron transport layer (ETL) and the cathode layer C (which may be designated as electron injection layer (EIL)). This layer may comprise lithium fluoride, cesium fluoride, silver, Liq (8-hydroxyquinolinolatolithium), Li2O, BaF2, MgO and/or NaF.

[0135] Optionally, also the electron transport layer (ETL) and/or a hole blocking layer (HBL) may comprise one or more host compounds.

[0136] In order to modify the emission spectrum and/or the absorption spectrum of the light-emitting layer EML further, the light-emitting layer EML may further comprise one or more further emitter molecule F. Such an emitter molecule F may be any emitter molecule known in the art. Preferably such an emitter molecule F is a molecule with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention. The emitter molecule F may optionally be a TADF emitter. Alternatively, the emitter molecule F may optionally be a fluorescent and/or phosphorescent emitter molecule which is able to shift the emission spectrum and/or the absorption spectrum of the light-emitting layer EML. Exemplarily, the triplet and/or singlet excitons may be transferred from the emitter molecule according to the invention to the emitter molecule F before relaxing to the ground state S0 by emitting light typically red-shifted in comparison to the light emitted by emitter molecule E. Optionally, the emitter molecule F may also provoke two-photon effects (i.e., the absorption of two photons of half the energy of the absorption maximum).

[0137] Optionally, an organic electroluminescent device (e.g., an OLED) may exemplarily be an essentially white organic electroluminescent device. Exemplarily such white organic electroluminescent device may comprise at least one (deep) blue emitter molecule and one or more emitter molecules emitting green and/or red light. Then, there may also optionally be energy transmittance between two or more molecules as described above.

[0138] As used herein, if not defined more specifically in the particular context, the designation of the colors of emitted and/or absorbed light is as follows:
violet:
wavelength range of >380-420 nm;
deep blue:
wavelength range of >420-480 nm;
sky blue:
wavelength range of >480-500 nm;
green:
wavelength range of >500-560 nm;
yellow:
wavelength range of >560-580 nm;
orange:
wavelength range of >580-620 nm;
red:
wavelength range of >620-800 nm.


[0139] With respect to emitter molecules, such colors refer to the emission maximum. Therefore, exemplarily, a deep blue emitter has an emission maximum in the range of from >420 to 480 nm, a sky-blue emitter has an emission maximum in the range of from >480 to 500 nm, a green emitter has an emission maximum in a range of from >500 to 560 nm, a red emitter has an emission maximum in a range of from >620 to 800 nm.

[0140] A deep blue emitter may preferably have an emission maximum of below 480 nm, more preferably below 470 nm, even more preferably below 465 nm or even below 460 nm. It will typically be above 420 nm, preferably above 430 nm, more preferably above 440 nm or even above 450 nm.

[0141] Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which exhibits an external quantum efficiency at 1000 cd/m2 of more than 8%, more preferably of more than 10%, more preferably of more than 13%, even more preferably of more than 15% or even more than 20% and/or exhibits an emission maximum between 420 nm and 500 nm, preferably between 430 nm and 490 nm, more preferably between 440 nm and 480 nm, even more preferably between 450 nm and 470 nm and/or exhibits a LT80 value at 500 cd/m2 of more than 100 h, preferably more than 200 h, more preferably more than 400 h, even more preferably more than 750 h or even more than 1000 h. Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, whose emission exhibits a CIEy color coordinate of less than 0.45, preferably less than 0.30, more preferably less than 0.20 or even more preferably less than 0.15 or even less than 0.10.

[0142] A further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which emits light at a distinct color point. According to the present invention, the OLED emits light with a narrow emission band (small full width at half maximum (FWHM)). In one aspect, the OLED according to the invention emits light with a FWHM of the main emission peak of less than 0.50 eV, preferably less than 0.48 eV, more preferably less than 0.45 eV, even more preferably less than 0.43 eV or even less than 0.40 eV.

[0143] A further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which emits light with CIEx and CIEy color coordinates close to the CIEx (= 0.131) and CIEy (= 0.046) color coordinates of the primary color blue (CIEx = 0.131 and CIEy = 0.046) as defined by ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020 (Rec. 2020) and thus is suited for the use in Ultra High Definition (UHD) displays, e.g. UHD-TVs. Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, whose emission exhibits a CIEx color coordinate of between 0.02 and 0.30, preferably between 0.03 and 0.25, more preferably between 0.05 and 0.20 or even more preferably between 0.08 and 0.18 or even between 0.10 and 0.15 and/ or a CIEy color coordinate of between 0.00 and 0.45, preferably between 0.01 and 0.30, more preferably between 0.02 and 0.20 or even more preferably between 0.03 and 0.15 or even between 0.04 and 0.10.

[0144] In a further aspect, the invention relates to a method for producing an optoelectronic component. In this case an organic molecule of the invention is used.

[0145] The organic electroluminescent device, in particular the OLED according to the present invention can be fabricated by any means of vapor deposition and/ or liquid processing. Accordingly, at least one layer is
  • prepared by means of a sublimation process,
  • prepared by means of an organic vapor phase deposition process,
  • prepared by means of a carrier gas sublimation process,
  • solution processed or printed.


[0146] The methods used to fabricate the organic electroluminescent device, in particular the OLED according to the present invention are known in the art. The different layers are individually and successively deposited on a suitable substrate by means of subsequent deposition processes. The individual layers may be deposited using the same or differing deposition methods.

[0147] Vapor deposition processes exemplarily comprise thermal (co)evaporation, chemical vapor deposition and physical vapor deposition. For active matrix OLED display, an AMOLED backplane is used as substrate. The individual layer may be processed from solutions or dispersions employing adequate solvents. Solution deposition process exemplarily comprise spin coating, dip coating and jet printing. Liquid processing may optionally be carried out in an inert atmosphere (e.g., in a nitrogen atmosphere) and the solvent may optionally be completely or partially removed by means known in the state of the art.

Examples



[0148] 


General procedure for synthesis AAV1:



[0149] 



[0150] 2-fluorophenyl-1,4-diboronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalents), 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (2.50 equivalents), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (0.12 equivalent), and tribasic potassium phosphate (6.00 equivalents) are stirred under nitrogen atmosphere in a tetrahydrofuran (THF)/water mixture (ratio of 3:1) at 100 °C for 16 h. After cooling down to room temperature (rt), the reaction mixture is poured into water, the product is filtered and washed with ethanol (EtOH).

General procedure for synthesis AAV2:



[0151] 



[0152] 2-fluorophenyl-1,4-diboronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent), 4-chloro-2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (2.25 equivalents), Pd2(dba)3 (0.06 equivalents), Tricyclohexylphosphine (PCy3, 0.14 equivalents), and tribasic potassium phosphate (6.00 equivalents) are stirred under nitrogen atmosphere in a dioxane/toluene/water mixture (ratio: 3:1:1) at 100°C overnight. After cooling down to room temperature (rt), the reaction mixture is poured into water, the product is filtered and washed with EtOH.

General procedure for synthesis AAV3:



[0153] 



[0154] The synthesis of Z3 is carried out according to AAV2, wherein 2-fluorophenyl-1,4-diboronic acid pinacol ester reacts with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine.

General procedure for synthesis AAV4:



[0155] 



[0156] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (1.25 equivalents) to yield intermediate I1 employing similar conditions as in AAV1. Subsequently the intermediate I1 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-4-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV2 to yield Z4.

General procedure for synthesis AAV4-2:



[0157] 



[0158] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4-chloro-2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I2 employing similar conditions as in AAV2. Subsequently the intermediate I2 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.25 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV1 to yield Z4.

General procedure for synthesis AAV5:



[0159] 



[0160] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (1.25 equivalents) to yield intermediate I1 employing similar conditions as in AAV1. Subsequently the intermediate I1 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV3 to yield Z5.

General procedure for synthesis AA V5-2:



[0161] 



[0162] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I3 employing similar conditions as in AAV3. Subsequently the intermediate I3 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.25 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV1.

General procedure for synthesis AAV6:



[0163] 



[0164] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4-chloro-2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I4 employing similar conditions as in AAV2. Subsequently the intermediate I4 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.25 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV1 to yield Z6.

General procedure for synthesis AA V6-2:



[0165] 



[0166] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (1.25 equivalents) to yield intermediate I5 employing similar conditions as in AAV1. Subsequently the intermediate I5 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-4-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV2 to yield Z6.

General procedure for synthesis AAV7:



[0167] 



[0168] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4-chloro-2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I4 employing similar conditions as in AAV2. Subsequently the intermediate I4 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV3 to yield Z7.

General procedure for synthesis AA V7-2:



[0169] 



[0170] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I3 employing similar conditions as in AAV3. Subsequently the intermediate I3 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-4-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV2 to yield Z7.

General procedure for synthesis AAV8:



[0171] 



[0172] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I6 employing similar conditions as in AAV3. Subsequently the intermediate I6 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.25 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV1 to yield Z8.

General procedure for synthesis AAV8-2:



[0173] 



[0174] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (1.25 equivalents) to yield intermediate I5 employing similar conditions as in AAV1. Subsequently the intermediate I5 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV3 to yield Z8.

General procedure for synthesis AAV9:



[0175] 



[0176] 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2-chloro-4,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I6 employing similar conditions as in AAV3. Subsequently the intermediate I6 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine-4-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV2 to yield Z9.

General procedure for synthesis AA V9-2:



[0177] 



[0178] 5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4-chloro-2,6-diphenyl-1,3-pyrimidine (1.10 equivalents) to yield intermediate I2 employing similar conditions as in AAV2. Subsequently the intermediate I2 (1.00 equivalent) is reacted with 4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents) employing similar conditions as in AAV3 to yield Z9.

[0179] In a further alternative, the two respective reaction steps described in AAV4 to AAV9-2 can be performed in a one-pot reaction. In that case, the solvent mixture of either one of the two reaction steps is used for both reactions and the reactant, the base and the catalyst of the second reaction step are added after the first reaction is completed.

General procedure for synthesis AAV10:



[0180] 



















[0181] Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8 or Z9 (1 equivalent each), the corresponding donor molecule D-H (1.00 equivalents) and tribasic potassium phosphate (2.00 equivalents) are suspended under nitrogen atmosphere in DMSO and stirred at 120 °C (16 h). After chilling to rt the reaction mixture is poured into water in order to precipitate the organics. The precipitate is filtered off (fiber glass filter) and subsequently dissolved in dichloromethane. The resulting solution is added to brine and the phases were separated. After drying over MgSO4, the crude product is purified by recrystallization or by flash chromatography. The product is obtained as a solid.

[0182] In particular, the donor molecule D-H is a 3,6-substituted carbazole (e.g., 3,6-dimethylcarbazole, 3,6-diphenylcarbazole, 3,6-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 2,7-substituted carbazole (e.g., 2,7-dimethylcarbazole, 2,7-diphenylcarbazole, 2,7-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 1,8-substituted carbazole (e.g., 1,8-dimethylcarbazole, 1,8-diphenylcarbazole, 1,8-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 1-substituted carbazole (e.g., 1-methylcarbazole, 1-phenylcarbazole, 1-tert-butylcarbazole), a 2-substituted carbazole (e.g., 2-methylcarbazole, 2-phenylcarbazole, 2-tert-butylcarbazole), or a 3-substituted carbazole (e.g., 3-methylcarbazole, 3-phenylcarbazole, 3-tert-butylcarbazole).

[0183] Exemplarily a halogen-substituted carbazole, particularly 3-bromocarbazole, can be used as D-H.

[0184] In a subsequent reaction a boronic acid ester functional group or boronic acid functional group may be exemplarily introduced at the position of the one or more halogen substituents, which was introduced via D-H, to yield the corresponding carbazol-3-ylboronic acid ester or carbazol-3-ylboronic acid, e.g., via the reaction with bis(pinacolato)diboron (CAS No. 73183-34-3). Subsequently, one or more substituents Ra may be introduced in place of the boronic acid ester group or the boronic acid group via a coupling reaction with the corresponding halogenated reactant Ra-Hal, preferably Ra-Cl and Ra-Br.

[0185] Alternatively, one or more substituents Ra may be introduced at the position of the one or more halogen substituents, which was introduced via D-H, via the reaction with a boronic acid of the substituent Ra [Ra-B(OH)2] or a corresponding boronic acid ester.

HPLC-MS:



[0186] HPLC-MS spectroscopy is performed on a HPLC by Agilent (1100 series) with MS-detector (Thermo LTO XL). A reverse phase column 4,6mm x 150mm, particle size 5,0 µm from Waters (without pre-column) is used in the HPLC. The HPLC-MS measurements are performed at room temperature (rt) with the solvents acetonitrile, water and THF in the following concentrations:
solvent A: H2O (90%) MeCN (10%)
solvent B: H2O (10%) MeCN (90%)
solvent C: THF (100%)


[0187] From a solution with a concentration of 0.5mg/ml an injection volume of 15 µL is taken for the measurements. The following gradient is used:
Flow rate [ml/min]time [min]A[%]B[%]D[%]
3 0 40 50 10
3 10 10 15 75
3 16 10 15 75
3 16.01 40 50 10
3 20 40 50 10


[0188] lonisation of the probe is performed by APCI (atmospheric pressure chemical ionization).

Cyclic voltammetry



[0189] Cyclic voltammograms are measured from solutions having concentration of 10-3 mol/l of the organic molecules in dichloromethane or a suitable solvent and a suitable supporting electrolyte (e.g. 0.1 mol/l of tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate). The measurements are conducted at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere with a three-electrode assembly (Working and counter electrodes: Pt wire, reference electrode: Pt wire) and calibrated using FeCp2/FeCp2+ as internal standard. The HOMO data was corrected using ferrocene as internal standard against SCE.

Density functional theory calculation



[0190] Molecular structures are optimized employing the BP86 functional and the resolution of identity approach (RI). Excitation energies are calculated using the (BP86) optimized structures employing Time-Dependent DFT (TD-DFT) methods. Orbital and excited state energies are calculated with the B3LYP functional. Def2-SVP basis sets (and a m4-grid for numerical integration are used. The Turbomole program package is used for all calculations.

Photophysical measurements



[0191] Sample pretreatment: Spin-coating
Apparatus: Spin150, SPS euro.
The sample concentration is 10 mg/ml, dissolved in a suitable solvent.
Program: 1) 3 s at 400 U/min; 20 s at 1000 U/min at 1000 Upm/s. 3) 10 s at 4000 U/min at 1000 Upm/s. After coating, the films are tried at 70 °C for 1 min.

[0192] Photoluminescence spectroscopy and TCSPC (Time-correlated single-photon counting) Steady-state emission spectroscopy is measured by a Horiba Scientific, Modell FluoroMax-4 equipped with a 150 W Xenon-Arc lamp, excitation- and emissions monochromators and a Hamamatsu R928 photomultiplier and a time-correlated single-photon counting option. Emissions and excitation spectra are corrected using standard correction fits.

[0193] Excited state lifetimes are determined employing the same system using the TCSPC method with FM-2013 equipment and a Horiba Yvon TCSPC hub.
Excitation sources:

NanoLED 370 (wavelength: 371 nm, puls duration: 1,1 ns)

NanoLED 290 (wavelength: 294 nm, puls duration: <1 ns)

SpectraLED 310 (wavelength: 314 nm)

SpectraLED 355 (wavelength: 355 nm).



[0194] Data analysis (exponential fit) is done using the software suite DataStation and DAS6 analysis software. The fit is specified using the chi-squared-test.

Photoluminescence quantum yield measurements



[0195] For photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) measurements an Absolute PL Quantum Yield Measurement C9920-03G system (Hamamatsu Photonics) is used. Quantum yields and CIE coordinates are determined using the software U6039-05 version 3.6.0.

[0196] Emission maxima are given in nm, quantum yields Φ in % and CIE coordinates as x,y values. PLQY is determined using the following protocol:
  1. 1) Quality assurance: Anthracene in ethanol (known concentration) is used as reference
  2. 2) Excitation wavelength: the absorption maximum of the organic molecule is determined and the molecule is excited using this wavelength
  3. 3) Measurement
    Quantum yields are measured for sample of solutions or films under nitrogen atmosphere. The yield is calculated using the equation:

    wherein nphoton denotes the photon count and Int. the intensity.

Production and characterization of organic electroluminescence devices



[0197] OLED devices comprising organic molecules according to the invention can be produced via vacuum-deposition methods. If a layer contains more than one compound, the weight-percentage of one or more compounds is given in %. The total weight-percentage values amount to 100 %, thus if a value is not given, the fraction of this compound equals to the difference between the given values and 100%.

[0198] The not fully optimized OLEDs are characterized using standard methods and measuring electroluminescence spectra, the external quantum efficiency (in %) in dependency on the intensity, calculated using the light detected by the photodiode, and the current. The OLED device lifetime is extracted from the change of the luminance during operation at constant current density. The LT50 value corresponds to the time, where the measured luminance decreased to 50 % of the initial luminance, analogously LT80 corresponds to the time point, at which the measured luminance decreased to 80 % of the initial luminance, LT 95 to the time point, at which the measured luminance decreased to 95 % of the initial luminance etc.

[0199] Accelerated lifetime measurements are performed (e.g. applying increased current densities). Exemplarily LT80 values at 500 cd/m2 are determined using the following equation:

wherein L0 denotes the initial luminance at the applied current density.

[0200] The values correspond to the average of several pixels (typically two to eight), the standard deviation between these pixels is given. Figures show the data series for one OLED pixel.

Example 1



[0201] 



[0202] Example 1 was synthesized according to AAV1 (95% yield) and AAV10 (45% yield).
MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (13.80 min): 781
Figure 1 depicts the emission spectrum of example 1 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 484 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 81%, the full width at half maximum is 0.39 eV, and the emission lifetime is 35 µs. The CIEx value is 0.19 and CIEy value is 0.37.

Example 2



[0203] 



[0204] Example 2 was synthesized according to AAV1 (95% yield) and AAV10 (19% yield).
1H-NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): d = 10.02 (d, 1H), 9.16 (dd, 1H), 8.88-8.90 (m, 4H), 8.14-8.16 (m, 4H), 8.02 (d, 2H), 7.91 (d, 1 H), 7.61-7.68 (m, 6H), 7.49-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.34-7.38 (m, 5H), 7.18 (d, 2H), 1.56 (s, 18H) ppm.

[0205] Figure 2 depicts the emission spectrum of example 2 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 487 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 87%, the full width at half maximum is 0.37 eV, and the emission lifetime is 26 µs. The CIEx value is 0.20 and CIEy value is 0.43.

Example 3



[0206] 



[0207] Example 3 was synthesized according to AAV1 (95% yield) and AAV10 (84% yield).
Figure 3 depicts the emission spectrum of example 3 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 491 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 85%, the full width at half maximum is 0.37 eV, and the emission lifetime is 20 µs. The CIEx value is 0.20 and CIEy value is 0.42.

Example 4



[0208] 



[0209] Example 4 was synthesized according to AAV2 (96% yield) and AAV10 (87% yield). MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (12.06 min): 779

[0210] Figure 4 depicts the emission spectrum of example 4 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 447 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 49% and the full width at half maximum is 0.43 eV. The CIEx value is 0.15 and CIEy value is 0.11.

Example 5



[0211] 



[0212] Example 5 was synthesized according to AAV2 (96% yield) and AAV10 (84% yield).
MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (14.86 min): 815
Figure 5 depicts the emission spectrum of example 5 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 453 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 62% and the full width at half maximum is 0.42 eV. The CIEx value is 0.15 and CIEy value is 0.12.

Example 6



[0213] 



[0214] Example 6 was synthesized according to AAV2 (96% yield) and AAV10 (79% yield). MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (12.90 min): 855

[0215] Figure 6 depicts the emission spectrum of example 6 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 457 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 54% and the full width at half maximum is 0.41 eV. The CIEx value is 0.15 and CIEy value is 0.14.

Example 7



[0216] 



[0217] Example 7 was synthesized according to AAV1 (95% yield) and AAV10 (87% yield).
MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (12.77 min): 706
Figure 7 depicts the emission spectrum of example 7 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 458 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 79%, the full width at half maximum is 0.40 eV, and the emission lifetime is 33 µs. The CIEx value is 0.15 and CIEy value is 0.14.

Example 8



[0218] 



[0219] Example 8 was synthesized according to AAV2 (96% yield) and AAV10 (99% yield).
MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (11.94 min): 793
The emission maximum of the emission spectrum of example 8 (10% by weight in PMMA) is at 449 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 51% and the full width at half maximum is 0.44 eV. The CIEx value is 0.15 and CIEy value is 0.13.

Example 9



[0220] 



[0221] Example 9 was synthesized according to AAV2 (96% yield) and AAV10 (76% yield).
MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (11.31 min): 869
The emission maximum of the emission spectrum of example 9 (10% by weight in PMMA) is at 471 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 77% and the full width at half maximum is 0.46 eV. The CIEx value is 0.17 and CIEy value is 0.23.

Example D1



[0222] Example 3 was tested in the OLED D1, which was fabricated with the following layer structure:
LayerThicknessD1
9 100 nm Al
8 2 nm Liq
7 20 nm NBPhen
6 10 nm T2T
5 50 nm Example 3 (10%): mCBP (90%)
4 10 nm mCBP
3 10 nm TCTA
2 100 nm NPB
1 130 nm ITO
substrate   glass


[0223] Device D1 yielded an external quantum efficiency (EQE) at 1000 cd/m2 of 15.3%. The emission maximum is at 485 nm with a FWHM of 58 nm at 5 V. The corresponding CIEx value is 0.17 and CIEy is 0.40.

Additional Examples of organic molecules according to the invention



[0224] 
























































































































































































































































Figures



[0225] 
Figure 1
Emission spectrum of example 1 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 2
Emission spectrum of example 2 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 3
Emission spectrum of example 3 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 4
Emission spectrum of example 4 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 5
Emission spectrum of example 5 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 6
Emission spectrum of example 6 (10% by weight) in PMMA.
Figure 7
Emission spectrum of example 7 (10% by weight) in PMMA.



Claims

1. Organic molecule, comprising or consisting of

- a first chemical moiety comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula I,

and

- one second chemical moiety comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula II,



wherein the first chemical moiety is linked to the second chemical moiety via a single bond; wherein

# represents the binding site of the first chemical moiety to the second chemical moiety;

X1 and X2 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of CR21 and N;

X3 and X4 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of CR22 and N;

Z is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of a direct bond, CR3R4, C=CR3R4, C=O, C=NR3, NR3, O, SiR3R4, S, S(O) and S(O)2;

R11 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

R12 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

R21 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

R22 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

RII, RIII and RIV is independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;
C2-C8-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; and C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

Ra, R3 and R4 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I, C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C6-C60-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and
C3-C57-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5;

R5 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, N(R6)2, OR6, Si(R6)3, B(OR6)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I,
C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C=C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C=C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C=C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C=C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C=C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=O)(R6), SO, SO2, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C6-C60-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6;

R6 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, OPh, CF3, CN, F,
C1-C5-alkyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally, independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C1-C5-alkoxy,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally, independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C1-C5-thioalkoxy,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally, independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C2-C5-alkenyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally, independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C2-C5-alkynyl,
wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally, independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;
C6-C18-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more C1-C5-alkyl substituents ;
C3-C17-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more C1-C5-alkyl substituents ;
N(C6-C18-aryl)2;
N(C3-C17-heteroaryl)2, and N(C3-C17-heteroaryl)(C6-C18-aryl);

wherein the substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5 independently from each other optionally form a mono- or polycyclic, aliphatic, aromatic and/or benzo-fused ring system with one or more substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5;

wherein at least one variable selected from the group consisting of X1, X2 is N, and at least one variable selected from the group consisting of X3, X4 is N.


 
2. The organic molecule according to claim 1, wherein R11, R12, R21, R22, RII, RIII and RIV is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and phenyl.
 
3. The organic molecule according to claim 1 or 2, wherein X1, X2, X3, and X4 is N at each occurrence.
 
4. The organic molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 3, wherein the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIa:

wherein # and Ra are defined as in claim 1.
 
5. The organic molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 4, wherein the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIb:

wherein

Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I, C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C6-C60-aryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,
which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5;
and wherein apart from that the definitions in claim 1 apply.


 
6. The organic molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 4, wherein the second chemical moiety comprises or consists of a structure of Formula IIc:

wherein

Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I, C1-C40-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C1-C40-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C40-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C=C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=O, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=O)(R5), SO, SO2, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C6-C60-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5;

and wherein apart from that the definitions in claim 1 apply.


 
7. The organic molecule according to claim 5 or 6, wherein Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of:

- Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3,

- Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3 and Ph;

- pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3 and Ph;

- pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3 and Ph;

- carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3 and Ph;

- triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, iPr, tBu, CN, CF3, and Ph; and

- N(Ph)2.


 
8. Use of molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 7 as luminescent emitter and/or a host material and/or an electron transport material and/or a hole injection material and/or a hole blocking material in an organic optoelectronic device.
 
9. The use according to claim 8, wherein the organic optoelectronic device is selected from the group consisting of:

• organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDS),

• light-emitting electrochemical cells,

• OLED-sensors, in particular in non-hermetically shielded gas and vapor sensors,

• organic diodes,

• organic solar cells,

• organic transistors,

• organic field-effect transistors,

• organic lasers and

• down-conversion elements.


 
10. Composition, comprising or consisting of:

(a) at least one organic molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 8, in particular in the form of an emitter and/or a host, and

(b) one or more emitter and/or host materials, which differ from the organic molecule of one or more of claims 1 to 8 and

(c) optional one or more dyes and/or one or more solvents.


 
11. Organic optoelectronic device, comprising one organic molecule according to one or more of claims 1 to 7 or a composition according to claim 10, in particular in form of a device selected from the group consisting of organic light-emitting diode (OLED), light-emitting electrochemical cell OLED-sensor, in particular in non-hermetically shielded gas and vapor sensors, organic diode, organic solar cell, organic transistor, organic field-effect transistor, organic laser and down-conversion element.
 
12. Organic optoelectronic device according to claim 11, comprising

- a substrate,

- an anode and

- a cathode, wherein the anode or the cathode are disposed on the substrate and

- at least one light-emitting layer, which is arranged between anode and cathode and which comprises the organic molecule according to claims 1 to 7 or a composition according to claim 11.


 
13. Process for producing an optoelectronic device, wherein an organic molecule according to any one of claims 1 to 7 or a composition according to claim 10 is used, in particular comprising the processing of the organic compound using a vacuum evaporation method or from a solution.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description