(19)
(11)EP 3 429 000 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 17800353.9

(22)Date of filing:  24.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01M 4/505(2010.01)
H01M 4/139(2010.01)
H01M 4/525(2010.01)
H01M 10/052(2010.01)
H01M 10/0525(2010.01)
H01M 4/04(2006.01)
H01M 4/36(2006.01)
H01M 4/58(2010.01)
H01M 4/485(2010.01)
H01M 4/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/098785
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/209837 (22.11.2018 Gazette  2018/47)

(54)

MODIFIED POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

MODIFIZIERTES POSITIVES AKTIVMATERIAL UND HERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN DAFÜR SOWIE ELEKTROCHEMISCHE ENERGIESPEICHERVORRICHTUNG

MATÉRIAU ACTIF POSITIF MODIFIÉ ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRÉPARATION, ET DISPOSITIF DE STOCKAGE D'ÉNERGIE ÉLECTROCHIMIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.05.2017 CN 201710338992

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/03

(73)Proprietor: Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Limited
Jiaocheng District Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • DU, Rui
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • LIU, Na
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • LIU, Yongchao
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • WANG, Sihui
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • XU, Zhongling
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • YANG, Chao
    Ningde City Fujian 352100 (CN)

(74)Representative: Boult Wade Tennant LLP 
Salisbury Square House 8 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8AP
London EC4Y 8AP (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2017/025007
CN-A- 102 569 775
CN-A- 103 441 255
CN-A- 106 328 925
US-A1- 2002 071 991
US-A1- 2016 336 595
CN-A- 1 731 605
CN-A- 102 931 384
CN-A- 104 600 282
JP-A- 2014 127 235
US-A1- 2014 087 259
  
  • TAE EUN HONG ET AL: "Nano SIMS characterization of boron- and aluminum-coated LiNiCoMnOcathode materials for lithium secondary ion batteries", JOURNAL OF APPLIED ELECTROCHEMISTRY, KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS, DO, vol. 42, no. 1, 7 December 2011 (2011-12-07), pages 41-46, XP019988825, ISSN: 1572-8838, DOI: 10.1007/S10800-011-0369-X
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The disclosure relates to the field of energy storage devices, and more particularly, to a modified positive electrode active material and a method for preparing the same as well as an electrochemical energy storage device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] In recent years, with the rapid growth of intelligent electronic products, the development of lithium-ion batteries having high energy density and high safety performance has become a focus of research and development (R & D) personnel. Among others, lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary materials (nickel-rich LiNixCoyMnzO2 cathode materials, also referred to as "Ni-rich NCM ternary materials") have been widely concerned due to high capacity and low cost. However, in practical applications, Ni-rich NCM ternary materials have unstable surface structure, and side reactions are accelerated on the Ni-rich cathode/electrolyte interface due to the high oxidative activity of Ni4+ ions, leading to gas generation especially at high temperatures and impacting the safety performance of lithium-ion battery.

[0003] Currently, the main solution to solve these problems is to cover the surface of Ni-rich NCM ternary material with a coating layer and form a coating on its surface. The coating layer can effectively reduce the direct contact of Ni-rich NCM ternary materials with electrolyte, and inhibit the side reactions. However, it is difficult to uniformly cover the surface of Ni-rich NCM ternary materials by conventional coating methods. As a result, the coating has very limited inhibition effects on the side reaction between Ni-rich NCM ternary materials and electrolyte, and thus cannot fundamentally solve the problem.

[0004] WO 2017/025007 A1 describes positive electrode active material for lithium-ion secondary battery, and particularly discloses a cathode active material with a spinel structure having the first and second metal oxides. However, it is totally silent about high temperature storage performance, especially gas generation at high temperatures and the safety performance of lithium-ion battery.

[0005] No prior art document is found to solve the problems of gas generation at high temperatures without deterioration of cycling performance of the electrochemical energy storage device.

SUMMARY



[0006] In view of the problems in the background art, it is an object of the present disclosure to provide a modified positive electrode active material and a method for preparing the same as well as an electrochemical energy storage device, wherein the modified positive electrode active material has good structural stability and after application in an electrochemical energy storage device, the modified positive electrode active material can reduce the side reaction between the positive electrode active material substrate and the electrolyte, reduce the gas production capacity of the electrochemical energy storage device, improve the high temperature storage performance of the electrochemical energy storage device, and thus improve the safety performance of the electrochemical energy storage device, meanwhile improving cycling performance of the electrochemical energy storage device and extending the service life of the electrochemical energy storage device.

[0007] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a modified positive electrode active material comprising a positive electrode active material substrate, a first oxide layer, and a second oxide layer. The first oxide layer is coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate. The first oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M, wherein the element M is selected from the group consisting of one or more of Al and Ti. The second oxide layer is coated on the surface of the first oxide layer and has a continuous layered structure. The second oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M', wherein the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P, wherein the B containing second oxide layer is combined with the Al containing first oxide layer and/or the P containing second oxide layer is combined with the Ti containing first oxide layer. The first oxide layer is different from the second oxide layer in terms of composition.

[0008] In another aspect of the present disclosure, the disclosure provides a process for preparing a modified positive electrode active material for use in the preparation of a modified positive electrode active material according to one aspect of the present disclosure, the process comprising the steps of: (i) mixing homogeneously a positive electrode active material substrate with first oxide layer itself or the precursor thereof followed by sintering, to coat the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate with the first oxide layer selected from one or more of the oxides of element M, wherein the element M is selected from the group consisting of one or more of Al and Ti; (ii) mixing homogeneously the substance obtained in step (i) with second oxide layer itself or the precursor thereof followed by sintering, so that the formed second oxide layer is coated on the surface of the first oxide layer, and has a continuous layered structure, wherein the second oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M', wherein the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P, and wherein the first oxide layer is different from the second oxide layer in terms of composition.

[0009] In another aspect of the present disclosure, the disclosure provides an electrochemical energy storage device comprising the modified positive electrode active material according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

[0010] As compared with the prior art, the present disclosure has the following advantages:

[0011] The modified positive electrode active material according to the disclosure has good structural stability and after application in an electrochemical energy storage device, the modified positive electrode active material can reduce the side reaction between the positive electrode active material substrate and electrolyte, reduce the gas production capacity of the electrochemical energy storage device, improve the high temperature storage performance of the electrochemical energy storage device, and thus improve the safety performance of the electrochemical energy storage device, meanwhile improving cycling performance of the electrochemical energy storage device and extending the service life of the electrochemical energy storage device.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0012] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a modified positive electrode active material according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a SEM image (1000 times) of the positive electrode active material substrate of Example 1;

FIG. 3 is a SEM image (50000 times) of the positive electrode active material substrate of Example 1,

FIG. 4 is a SEM image of the modified positive electrode active material of Example 1;

FIG. 5 is a SEM image of the modified positive electrode active material of Comparative Example 3.



[0013] In the drawing, the reference signs are described as follows:
1
first oxide layer
2
second oxide layer
3
positive electrode active material substrate.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0014] The modified positive electrode active material according to the present disclosure, the preparation method thereof, and the electrochemical energy storage device will be described in details below.

[0015] First, the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure will be described.

[0016] The modified positive electrode active material comprises a positive electrode active material substrate, a first oxide layer, and a second oxide layer. The first oxide layer is coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate. The first oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M, wherein the element M is selected from the group consisting of one or more of Al and Ti. In other words, the oxide of element M is an oxide comprising one or more elements of Al and Ti. The second oxide layer is coated on the surface of the first oxide layer and has a continuous layered structure. The second oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M', wherein the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P. In other words, the oxide of element M' is an oxide comprising one or more elements of B and P. FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a modified positive electrode active material according to the present disclosure, wherein "1" represents first oxide layer, "2" represents second oxide layer, and "3" represents positive electrode active material substrate.

[0017] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the first oxide layer is different from the second oxide layer in terms of composition.

[0018] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the first oxide layer formed from first oxide layer substance itself or from the precursor of the first oxide layer substance after the high-temperature heat treatment is firmly bonded to the positive electrode active material substrate and is stably coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate, functioning as a first protection to the positive electrode active material substrate. The second oxide layer is softened, after heat treatment at high temperature during the preparation process due to the low melting point of the second oxide layer substance itself or its precursor, thereby forming a continuous and compact coating. The coating covers the surface of the first oxide layer and functions as an overall second protection to the positive electrode active material substrate. Especially when the first oxide layer is distributed on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate in an island-like or continuous island shape, the second oxide layer can comprehensively and effectively cover the positive electrode active material substrate, thereby preventing the positive electrode active material substrate from being exposed to electrolyte. As a result, the modified positive electrode active material according to the disclosure has good interfacial stability. The double protections of the first oxide layer and the second oxide layer can greatly avoid the contact of the positive electrode active material substrate with electrolyte and avoid undergoing side reactions, thereby reducing the gas production capacity of the electrochemical energy storage device at a high temperature, improving the high temperature storage performance of the electrochemical energy storage device, and thus improving the safety performance of the electrochemical energy storage device. Meanwhile, under the double protections of the first oxide layer and the second oxide layer, the electrochemical energy storage device has an improved cycling performance and an extended service life.

[0019] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the element M is present in an amount of 0.01% to 2% in the first oxide layer and the element M' is present in an amount of 0.01% to 1% in the second oxide layer, based on the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. Excessively high amounts of element M and/or element M' will lead to the formation of excessively thick coating, thereby resulting in the increased polarization of electrochemical energy storage device and affecting the electrochemical performance of electrochemical energy storage device.

[0020] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the first oxide layer coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate has an island-like or continuous island shape.

[0021] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the positive electrode active material substrate is selected from the group consisting of one or more of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium iron phosphate, lithium manganese oxide, lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material, lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminum-based oxide ternary material.

[0022] In the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, the positive electrode active material substrate comprises primary particles as well as secondary particles formed by agglomeration of the primary particles as shown in FIGS 2 and 3; and wherein the primary particles of the positive electrode active material substrate have a particle diameter of 0.2 µm to 1 µm and the secondary particles have a particle diameter of 5 µm to 18 µm.

[0023] Second, a method for preparing a modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure will be described.

[0024] The method for preparing a modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure is used for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure. The method comprises the steps of: (i) mixing homogeneously a positive electrode active material substrate with first oxide layer substance itself or the precursor thereof, followed by sintering, to coat the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate with the first oxide layer, wherein the first oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M, and the element M is selected from the group consisting of one or more of Al and Ti; (ii) mixing homogeneously the substance obtained in step (i) with second oxide layer substance itself or the precursor thereof, followed by sintering, so that the formed second oxide layer is coated on the surface of the first oxide layer and has a continuous layered structure, wherein the second oxide layer is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M' and the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P, thus yielding the modified positive electrode active material; wherein the first oxide layer is different from the second oxide layer in terms of composition.

[0025] In an embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is equal to or greater than the melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance.

[0026] In an embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the melting point of the first oxide layer substance itself is higher than that of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance, so that when the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is equal to or greater than the melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance, the first oxide layer is still stably coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate, and meanwhile the precursor of the second oxide layer substance after being softened is uniformly coated on the surface of the first oxide layer, thereby forming a compact and continuous second oxide layer. In this case, as long as the melting point of the first oxide layer substance itself is higher than the melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance, the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is higher than or equal to the melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance, regardless of the melting point of the second oxide layer substance formed after sintering.

[0027] In another embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is equal to or greater than the melting point of the second oxide layer substance itself.

[0028] In another embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the melting point of the first oxide layer substance itself is higher than that of the second oxide layer substance itself, so that when the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is equal to or greater than the melting point of the second oxide layer substance itself, the first oxide layer is still stably coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate, and meanwhile the second oxide layer substance after being softened is uniformly coated on the surface of the first oxide layer, thereby forming a compact and continuous second oxide layer.

[0029] In another embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is lower than that in step (i).

[0030] In another embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the temperature of sintering in step (i) is 600 °C to 700 °C, with the heating rate of 5 °C/min to 15 °C/min and the sintering time of 0.5h to 8h.

[0031] In another embodiment, in the method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to the second aspect of the present disclosure, the temperature of sintering in step (i) is 400 °C to 600 °C, with the heating rate of 5 °C/min to 15 °C/min and the sintering time of 0.5h to 8h.

[0032] Third, an electrochemical energy storage device according to the third aspect of the present disclosure will be described.

[0033] The electrochemical energy storage device according to the third aspect of the present disclosure comprises the modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure.

[0034] In the electrochemical energy storage device according to the third aspect of the present disclosure, it is to be noted that the electrochemical energy storage device may be a supercapacitor, a lithium ion battery or a sodium ion battery. In Examples of the present disclosure, examples of the electrochemical energy storage device are just shown as examples of a lithium ion battery, but the present disclosure is not limited thereto.

[0035] In a lithium ion battery, the positive electrode plate includes a positive electrode current collector and a positive electrode film on the positive electrode current collector. The positive electrode film comprises a modified positive electrode active material according to the first aspect of the present disclosure. The positive electrode current collector is an aluminum foil.

[0036] In a lithium ion battery, the negative electrode sheet includes a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode film on the negative electrode current collector. The negative electrode current collector is a copper foil.

[0037] In a lithium ion battery, the negative electrode active material is selected from the group consisting of artificial graphite and natural graphite. The conductive agent for negative electrode is selected from one or more of acetylene black, conductive carbon black (Super P, Super S, 350G), carbon fiber (VGCF), carbon nanotube (CNT), Ketjen black.

[0038] In a lithium ion battery, the electrolyte may be a liquid electrolyte, and the electrolyte may include a lithium salt and an organic solvent.

[0039] In a lithium ion battery, the specific type of the lithium salt is not limited. In particular, the lithium salt may be selected from the group consisting of LiPF6, LiBF4, LiN (SO2F)2 (abbreviated as LiFSI), LiN(CF3SO2)2 (abbreviated as LiTFSI), LiClO4, LiAsF6, LiB(C2O4)2 (abbreviated as LiBOB), LiBF2C2O4 (abbreviated as LiDFOB).

[0040] In a lithium ion battery, the specific type of the organic solvent is not particularly limited and can be selected depending on the actual requirements. Preferably, a nonaqueous organic solvent is used. The nonaqueous organic solvent may comprise any kinds of carbonates and/or carboxylates. The carbonates may comprise cyclic carbonates or chain carbonates. The nonaqueous organic solvent may further comprise a halogenated compound of a carbonate. In particular, the organic solvent is selected from the group consisting of one or more of ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC), butylene carbonate, pentylene carbonate, fluoroethylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, diethyl carbonate (DEC), dipropyl carbonate, methyl ethyl carbonate, γ-butyrolactone, methyl formate, ethyl formate, ethyl propionate, propyl propionate, and tetrahydrofuran.

[0041] In a lithium ion battery, the type of the separator is not specifically limited and can be selected according to actual requirements.

[0042] The invention will be further described with reference to the following examples. It is to be understood that these examples are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. In Examples, the electrochemical energy storage device is just shown as a lithium ion battery, but the present invention is not limited there to.

[0043] In the following examples, the reagents, materials and apparatus used, if not specifically described, are commercially available.

Example 1


(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0044] First, 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (containing primary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 0.4µm and secondary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 12µm) and 0.57g of aluminum oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer, wherein the amount of elemental aluminum is 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 600 °C, to coat the first oxide layer on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material. In other words, a layer of aluminum oxide was coated on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material.

[0045] The sample of the above lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer was then mixed homogeneously with 0.65 g of boron oxide, wherein the amount of elemental boron was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, a modified positive electrode active material was obtained, i.e. a modified lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer and the boron oxide-containing layer.

(2) Preparation of the positive electrode plate



[0046] The above-mentioned modified positive electrode active material, the positive electrode conductive agent Super P and the binder polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) at a mass ratio of 97:2:1 were mixed homogeneously with the solvent N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) to prepare a positive electrode paste. Then the positive electrode paste was uniformly coated on a positive current collector aluminum foil having a thickness of 12 µm and oven dried at 85°C, followed by cold pressing, edge cutting, cutting, and slitting. Then the resulting samples were oven dried for 4h under vacuum at 85°C again. After tab welding, the preparation of the positive electrode plate was completed.

(3) Preparation of the negative electrode plate



[0047] The negative electrode active material, the negative electrode conductive agent Super P, the thickening agent CMC and the binder SBR at a mass ratio of 97:1:1:1 were mixed homogeneously with the solvent deionized water to prepare a negative electrode paste. Then the negative electrode paste was uniformly coated on a current collector copper foil and oven dried at 85°C, followed by cold pressing, edge cutting, cutting, and slitting. Then the resulting samples were oven dried for 4h under vacuum at 110°C. After tab welding, the preparation of the negative electrode plate was completed.

(4) Preparation of electrolyte



[0048] In an argon atmosphere glove box having a water content of < 10 ppm, ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC) and dimethyl carbonate (DEC) were mixed in a volume ratio of EC:PC:DEC = 1:1:1. Then, the fully dried lithium salt LiPF6 was dissolved in a mixed organic solvent. The mixture was homogeneously mixed to obtain an electrolyte in which the concentration of LiPF6 was 1 mol/L.

(5) Preparation of separator



[0049] A polypropylene film was used as the separator.

(6) Preparation of lithium ion battery



[0050] The obtained positive electrode plate, the separator and the negative electrode plate were stacked in order, so that the separator was set between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate. After winding, a bare battery core was obtained. The bare battery core was placed in the outer packaging for the battery core. The electrolyte was then injected. After the steps of sealing, standing, forming, and shaping, the preparation of lithium ion battery was completed. The capacity of the lithium ion battery was also tested.

Example 2



[0051] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0052] The amount of Al2O3 was 0.02 g, wherein the amount of the elemental aluminum is 0.01% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

[0053] The amount of B2O3 was 0.03 g, wherein the amount of the elemental boron is 0.01% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Example 3



[0054] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0055] The amount of Al2O3 was 0.02 g, wherein the amount of the elemental aluminum is 0.01% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

[0056] The amount of B2O3 was 3.23 g, wherein the amount of the elemental boron is 1% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Example 4



[0057] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0058] The amount of Al2O3 was 3.77 g, wherein the amount of the elemental aluminum is 2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

[0059] The amount of B2O3 was 0.03 g, wherein the amount of the elemental boron is 0.01% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Example 5



[0060] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0061] The amount of Al2O3 was 3.77 g, wherein the amount of the elemental aluminum is 3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

[0062] The amount of B2O3 was 3.22 g, wherein the amount of the elemental boron is 1% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Example 6



[0063] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0064] First, 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (containing primary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 0.4µm and secondary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 12µm) and 0.50g of TiO2 were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer, wherein the amount of elemental titanium is 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 600 °C, to coat the first oxide layer on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material. In other words, a layer of titanium oxide was coated on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material.

[0065] The sample of the above lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the titanium oxide-containing layer was then mixed homogeneously with 0.46 g of P2O5, wherein the amount of elemental phosphorus was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, a modified positive electrode active material was obtained, i.e. a modified lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the titanium oxide-containing layer and the phosphorous oxide-containing layer.

Example 7



[0066] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0067] First, 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (containing primary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 0.4µm and secondary particles having a particle diameter D50 of 12µm) and 0.57g of aluminum oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer, wherein the amount of elemental aluminum is 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 600 °C, to coat the first oxide layer on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material. In other words, a layer of aluminum oxide was coated on the surface of the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material.

[0068] The sample of the above lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer was then mixed homogeneously with 1.11g of H3BO3, wherein the amount of elemental boron was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate. After heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, a modified positive electrode active material was obtained, i.e. a modified lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer and the boron oxide-containing layer.

Comparative Example 1



[0069] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0070] Powders of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 were directly used as a positive electrode active material, without coating modification treatment.

Comparative Example 2



[0071] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0072] 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 and 0.57g of aluminum oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 600 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer.

Comparative Example 3



[0073] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0074] 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 and 0.65 g of boron oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the boron oxide-containing layer.

Comparative Example 4



[0075] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0076] 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 and 0.65 g of boron oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the boron oxide-containing layer.

[0077] The sample of the above lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the boron oxide-containing layer was then mixed homogeneously with 0.57g of aluminum oxide. The mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 600 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. a modified lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer and the boron oxide-containing layer, wherein the amount of elemental aluminum was 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate and the amount of elemental boron was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Comparative Example 5



[0078] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0079] 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2, 0.65 g of boron oxide and 0.57g of aluminum oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment by sintering at 450 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer and the boron oxide-containing layer, wherein the amount of elemental aluminum was 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate and the amount of elemental boron was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

Comparative Example 6



[0080] The lithium ion battery was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that,

(1) Preparation of the modified positive electrode active material



[0081] 100 g of a positive electrode active material substrate of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2, 0.65 g of boron oxide and 0.57g of aluminum oxide were mixed homogeneously through high-speed mixer. After dry mixing for 4h, the mixture was subjected to heat-treatment sintering at 600 °C, to obtain the modified positive electrode active material, i.e. the lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material coated with the aluminum oxide-containing layer and the boron oxide-containing layer, wherein the amount of elemental aluminum was 0.3% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate and the amount of elemental boron was 0.2% of the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate.

[0082] Next, the procedure for testing the lithium ion battery will be described.

(1) cycling performance test of lithium ion battery



[0083] At 25°C, the lithium ion battery was charged to 4.3 V at a constant current of 1C, and then charged to a current of 0.05 C at a constant voltage of 4.3 V, then discharged at a constant current of 1C until the final voltage was 2.8 V. The discharge capacity of the first cycle was recorded, and then the charging and discharging cycles were performed to detect the discharge capacity at the 50th cycle.

[0084] Capacity retention rate (%) of lithium ion battery after 50 cycles at 25°C = [Discharge capacity at the 50th cycle / Discharge capacity at the first cycle] × 100%.

(2) high temperature storage performance test of lithium ion battery



[0085] At 25°C, the lithium ion battery was charged to 4.3 V at a constant current of 0.5C, and then charged to a current of 0.025 C at a constant voltage of 4.3 V. The initial volume of the lithium ion battery was then measured by using the water displacement method in the deionized water. The lithium ion battery was placed and stored at 85 °C for 7 days. After storage, the volume variation of the lithium-ion battery after high temperature storage was measured.

Table 1. Parameters in Examples 1-7 and Comparative Examples 1-6
 CoatingAmount of element M (%)Amount of element M' (%)Volume expansion ratio after storage at 85 °C (%)Capacity retention rate after 50 cycles at 25 °C /%
Element MElement M'
Example 1 Al B 0.3 0.2 62 96
Example 2 Al B 0.01 0.01 106 94
Example 3 Al B 0.01 1 75 97
Example 4 Al B 2 0.01 55 97
Example 5 Al B 2 1 35 97
Example 6 Ti P 0.3 0.2 80 95
Example 7 Al B 0.3 0.2 65 96
Comparative Example 1 \ \ \ 125 91
Comparative Example 2 Al 0.3 88 93
Comparative Example 3 B 0.2 97 93
Comparative Example 4 B Al 0.2 0.3 88 93
Comparative Example 5 Al, B (Low temperature) 0.3 0.2 102 93
Comparative Example 6 Al, B (high temperature) 0.3 0.2 89 93


[0086] Based on the analysis of the related data in Table 1, it was found in Examples 1-7 and Comparative Example 1 that the high temperature storage performance of the lithium ion battery using the modified positive electrode active material of the present disclosure was remarkably improved. In addition, after the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate is coated with the first oxide layer and the second oxide layer, the lithium ion battery has a remarkably improved cycling performance and a prolonged service life.

[0087] In Comparative Examples 2-3, the high temperature storage performances of the lithium ion batteries obtained by using just either the aluminum oxide or the boron oxide as coating layer were deteriorated. Because when the aluminum oxide is just used as coating layer, the aluminum oxide is usually coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate in an island-like or continuous island shape. It is difficult to form a uniform and continuous coating layer. The coating effect is not satisfactory, and the contact between the electrolyte and the positive electrode active material substrate cannot be effectively prevented. Therefore, the high temperature storage performance and the cycling performance of the lithium ion battery are not improved. When the boron oxide is just used as coating layer, the resulting coating layer is not stable at high temperature. Therefore, the improvement of the high temperature storage performance and the cycling performance of the lithium ion battery are adversely affected. See FIGS. 4 and 5, which show SEM images of the modified positive electrode active materials of Example 1 and Comparative Example 3, respectively. In FIG. 4, the particles having the island-like structure are aluminum oxide, and a thin layer of boron oxide is also coated on the surface of the aluminum oxide. In FIG. 5, just boron oxide is coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate. It can be seen from Example 1 and Comparative Examples 4-6 that in case the first oxide layer substance and the second oxide layer substance in coatings are sequentially interchanged and/or in case the first oxide layer substance and the second oxide layer substance are directly mixed and sintered to obtain a mixed coating layer, the coating effects are deteriorated, thereby adversely affecting the improvement of high temperature storage performance and cycling performance of lithium ion battery.


Claims

1. A modified positive electrode active material, comprising:

a positive electrode active material substrate (3);

a first oxide layer (1), coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate (3) and selected from one or more of oxides of element M, wherein the element M is selected from the group of one or more of Al and Ti; and

a second oxide layer (2) having a continuous layered structure, coated on the surface of the first oxide layer (1) and selected from one or more of oxides of element M', wherein the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P;

wherein the B containing second oxide layer is combined with the Al containing first oxide layer and/or the P containing second oxide layer is combined with the Ti containing first oxide layer; and

said first oxide layer (1) is different from said second oxide layer (2) in terms of composition.


 
2. The modified positive electrode active material according to claim 1, characterized in that, based on the mass of the positive electrode active material substrate (3), the element M is present in an amount of 0.01% to 2% in the first oxide layer (1) and the element M' is present in an amount of 0.01% to 1% in the second oxide layer (2).
 
3. The modified positive electrode active material according to claim 1, characterized in that, the first oxide layer (1) coated on the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate (3) has an island-like or continuous island shape.
 
4. The modified positive electrode active material according to claim 1, characterized in that, the positive electrode active material substrate (3) is selected from the group consisting of one or more of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium iron phosphate, lithium manganese oxide, lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-based oxide ternary material, lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminum-based oxide ternary material.
 
5. The modified positive electrode active material according to claim 1, characterized in that, the positive electrode active material substrate (3) comprises primary particles and secondary particles formed by agglomeration of primary particles; and wherein the primary particles have a particle diameter of 0.2 µm to 1 µm and the secondary particles have a particle diameter of 5 µm to 18 µm.
 
6. A method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising the steps of:

(i) mixing homogeneously a positive electrode active material substrate (3) with first oxide layer substance itself or the precursor thereof, followed by sintering, to coat the surface of the positive electrode active material substrate (3) with the first oxide layer (1) selected from one or more of the oxides of element M, wherein the element M is selected from the group consisting of one or more of Al and Ti;

(ii) mixing homogeneously the substance obtained in step (i) with second oxide layer substance itself or the precursor thereof, followed by sintering, so that the formed second oxide layer (2) is coated on the surface of the first oxide layer (1) and has a continuous layered structure, wherein the second oxide layer (2) is selected from one or more of the oxides of element M' and the element M' is selected from one or more of B and P, thus yielding the modified positive electrode active material;
wherein the B containing second oxide layer is combined with the Al containing first oxide layer and/or the P containing second oxide layer is combined with the Ti containing first oxide layer; and
wherein said first oxide layer (1) is different from said second oxide layer (2) in terms of composition.


 
7. The method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to claim 6, characterized in that, melting point of the first oxide layer substance is higher than melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance, so that the second oxide layer (2) after sintering is uniformly coated on the surface of the first oxide layer (1); and wherein the formed second oxide layer (2) has a continuous layered structure.
 
8. The method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to claim 6, characterized in that, melting point of the first oxide layer substance is higher than melting point of the second oxide layer substance itself, so that the second oxide layer (2) after sintering is uniformly coated on the surface of the first oxide layer (1); and wherein the formed second oxide layer (2) has a continuous layered structure.
 
9. The method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to claim 7, characterized in that,
the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is lower than that in step (i) and is equal to or greater than the melting point of the precursor of the second oxide layer substance;
the temperature of sintering in step (i) is 600 °C to 750 °C;
the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is 400 °C to 600 °C.
 
10. The method for preparing the modified positive electrode active material according to claim 8, characterized in that,
the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is lower than that in step (i) and is equal to or greater than the melting point of the second oxide layer substance itself;
the temperature of sintering in step (i) is 600 °C to 750 °C;
the temperature of sintering in step (ii) is 400 °C to 600 °C.
 
11. An electrochemical energy storage device, comprising the modified positive electrode active material according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
 


Ansprüche

1. Modifiziertes elektrodenpositives aktives Material, umfassend:

ein elektrodenpositives aktives Materialsubstrat (3);

eine erste Oxidschicht (1), die auf die Oberfläche des elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materialsubstrates (3) aufgetragen und aus einem oder mehreren Oxiden des Elements M ausgewählt ist, wobei das Element M aus der Gruppe von einem oder mehreren von Al und Ti ausgewählt ist; und

eine zweite Oxidschicht (2) mit einer kontinuierlichen Schichtstruktur, die auf die Oberfläche der ersten Oxidschicht (1) aufgetragen und aus einem oder mehreren Oxiden des Elements M' ausgewählt ist, wobei das Element M' aus einem oder mehreren von B und P ausgewählt ist;

wobei die B enthaltende zweite Oxidschicht mit der Al enthaltenden ersten Oxidschicht kombiniert ist und/oder die P enthaltende zweite Oxidschicht mit der Ti enthaltenden ersten Oxidschicht kombiniert ist; und

die erste Oxidschicht (1) sich von der zweiten Oxidschicht (2) hinsichtlich der Zusammensetzung unterscheidet.


 
2. Modifiziertes elektrodenpositives aktives Material nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Element M bezogen auf die Masse des elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materialsubstrates (3) in einer Menge von 0,01% bis 2% in der ersten Oxidschicht (1) vorhanden ist und das Element M' in einer Menge von 0,01% bis 1% in der zweiten Oxidschicht (2) vorhanden ist.
 
3. Modifiziertes elektrodenpositives aktives Material nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Oxidschicht (1), die auf die Oberfläche des elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materialsubstrates (3) aufgetragen ist, eine inselartige oder kontinuierliche Inselform aufweist.
 
4. Modifiziertes elektrodenpositives aktives Material nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das elektrodenpositive aktive Materialsubstrat (3) aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem oder mehreren Lithiumkobaltoxid, Lithiumeisenphosphat, Lithiummanganoxid, Lithium-Nickel-Mangan-KobaltOxid-ternäres Material, Lithium-Nickel-Kobalt-Aluminium-Oxid-ternäres Material ausgewählt ist.
 
5. Modifiziertes elektrodenpositives aktives Material nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das elektrodenpositive aktive Materialsubstrat (3) Primärteilchen und durch Agglomeration von Primärteilchen gebildete Sekundärteilchen umfasst; und wobei die Primärteilchen einen Teilchendurchmesser von 0,2µm bis 1µm und die Sekundärteilchen einen Teilchendurchmesser von 5µm bis 18µm haben.
 
6. Verfahren zur Herstellung des modifizierten elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materiales nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, umfassend die Schritte:

(i) homogenes Mischen eines elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materialsubstrates (3) mit der ersten Oxidschichtsubstanz selbst oder deren Präkursor, gefolgt von Sintern, um auf die Oberfläche des elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materialsubstrates (3) die aus einem oder mehreren der Oxide des Elements M ausgewählte erste Oxidschicht (1) aufzutragen, wobei das Element M aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem oder mehreren von Al und Ti ausgewählt ist;

(ii) homogenes Mischen der in Schritt (i) erhaltenen Substanz mit der zweiten Oxidschichtsubstanz selbst oder deren Präkursor, gefolgt von Sintern, so dass die gebildete zweite Oxidschicht (2) auf die Oberfläche der ersten Oxidschicht (1) aufgetragen ist und eine kontinuierliche Schichtstruktur aufweist, wobei die zweite Oxidschicht (2) aus einem oder mehreren der Oxide des Elements M' ausgewählt ist und das Element M' aus einem oder mehreren von B und P ausgewählt ist, wodurch das elektrodenpositive aktive Materialsubstrat erhalten wird;
wobei die B enthaltende zweite Oxidschicht mit der Al enthaltenden ersten Oxidschicht kombiniert ist und/oder die P enthaltende zweite Oxidschicht mit der Ti enthaltenden ersten Oxidschicht kombiniert ist; und
wobei sich die erste Oxidschicht (1) hinsichtlich der Zusammensetzung von der zweiten Oxidschicht (2) unterscheidet.


 
7. Verfahren zur Herstellung des modifizierten elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materiales nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schmelzpunkt der ersten Oxidschichtsubstanz höher als der Schmelzpunkt des Präkursors der zweiten Oxidschichtsubstanz ist, so dass die zweite Oxidschicht (2) nach dem Sintern auf die Oberfläche der ersten Oxidschicht (1) gleichmäßig aufgetragen ist; und wobei die gebildete zweite Oxidschicht (2) eine kontinuierliche Schichtstruktur aufweist.
 
8. Verfahren zur Herstellung des modifizierten elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materiales nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schmelzpunkt der ersten Oxidschichtsubstanz höher als der Schmelzpunkt der zweiten Oxidschichtsubstanz selbst ist, so dass die zweite Oxidschicht (2) nach dem Sintern auf die Oberfläche der ersten Oxidschicht (1) gleichmäßig aufgetragen ist; und wobei die gebildete zweite Oxidschicht (2) eine kontinuierliche Schichtstruktur aufweist.
 
9. Verfahren zur Herstellung des modifizierten elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materiales nach Anspruch 7, gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (ii) niedriger als die in Schritt (i) ist und gleich oder größer als der Schmelzpunkt des Präkursors der zweiten Oxidschichtsubstanz ist;
die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (i) 600°C bis 750°C beträgt;
die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (ii) 400°C bis 600°C beträgt.
 
10. Verfahren zur Herstellung des modifizierten elektrodenpositiven aktiven Materiales nach Anspruch 8, gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass
die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (ii) niedriger als die in Schritt (i) und gleich oder größer als der Schmelzpunkt der zweiten Oxidschichtsubstanz selbst ist;
die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (i) 600°C bis 750°C beträgt;
die Sintertemperatur in Schritt (ii) 400°C bis 600°C beträgt.
 
11. Elektrochemische Energiespeichervorrichtung, umfassend das modifizierte elektrodenpositive aktive Material nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5.
 


Revendications

1. Matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié, comprenant :

un substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) ;

une première couche d'oxyde (1), déposée sur la surface du substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) et choisie parmi un ou plusieurs des oxydes d'élément M, où l'élément M est choisi dans le groupe consistant en un ou plusieurs de Al et Ti ; et

une deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) présentant une structure stratifiée continue, déposée sur la surface de la première couche d'oxyde (1) et choisie parmi un ou plusieurs des oxydes d'élément M', où l'élément M' est choisi parmi un ou plusieurs de B et P ;

dans lequel la deuxième couche d'oxyde contenant du B est combinée avec la première couche d'oxyde contenant du Al et/ou la deuxième couche d'oxyde contenant du P est combinée avec la première couche d'oxyde contenant du Ti ; et

ladite première couche d'oxyde (1) est différente de ladite deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) en termes de composition.


 
2. Matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que, sur la base de la masse du substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3), l'élément M est présent en une quantité de 0,01 % à 2 % dans la première couche d'oxyde (1) et l'élément M' est présent en une quantité de 0,01 % à 1 % dans la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2).
 
3. Matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que, la première couche d'oxyde (1) déposée sur la surface du substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) présente une forme d'îlot continu ou de type îlot.
 
4. Matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que, le substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) est choisi dans le groupe consistant en un ou plusieurs de l'oxyde de lithium-cobalt, du phosphate de lithium-fer, de l'oxyde de lithium-manganèse, d'un matériau ternaire d'oxyde à base de lithium-nickel-manganèse-cobalt, d'un matériau ternaire d'oxyde à base de lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminium.
 
5. Matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que, le substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) comprend des particules primaires et des particules secondaires formées par agglomération de particules primaires ; et où les particules primaires ont un diamètre de particule de 0,2 µm à 1 µm et les particules secondaires ont un diamètre de particule de 5 µm à 18 µm.
 
6. Procédé de préparation du matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

(i) mélanger de manière homogène un substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) avec la substance de première couche d'oxyde elle-même ou son précurseur, puis effectuer un frittage, pour revêtir la surface du substrat de matériau actif d'électrode positive (3) avec la première couche d'oxyde (1) choisie parmi un ou plusieurs des oxydes d'élément M, où l'élément M est choisi dans le groupe consistant en un ou plusieurs de Al et Ti ;

(ii) mélanger de manière homogène la substance obtenue à l'étape (i) avec la substance de deuxième couche d'oxyde elle-même ou son précurseur, puis effectuer un frittage, de sorte que la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) formée soit déposée sur la surface de la première couche d'oxyde (1) et présente une structure stratifiée continue, où la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) est choisie parmi un ou plusieurs des oxydes d'élément M' et l'élément M' est choisi parmi un ou plusieurs de B et P, obtenant ainsi le matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié ;
dans lequel la deuxième couche d'oxyde contenant du B est combinée avec la première couche d'oxyde contenant du Al et/ou la deuxième couche d'oxyde contenant du P est combinée avec la première couche d'oxyde contenant du Ti ; et
dans lequel ladite première couche d'oxyde (1) est différente de ladite deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) en termes de composition.


 
7. Procédé de préparation du matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que, le point de fusion de la substance de première couche d'oxyde est supérieur au point de fusion du précurseur de la substance de deuxième couche d'oxyde, de sorte que la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) après frittage soit uniformément déposée sur la surface de la première couche d'oxyde (1) ; et dans lequel la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) formée présente une structure stratifiée continue.
 
8. Procédé de préparation du matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que, le point de fusion de la substance de première couche d'oxyde est supérieur au point de fusion de la substance de deuxième couche d'oxyde elle-même, de sorte que la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) après frittage soit uniformément déposée sur la surface de la première couche d'oxyde (1) ; et dans lequel la deuxième couche d'oxyde (2) formée présente une structure stratifiée continue.
 
9. Procédé de préparation du matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que,
la température de frittage à l'étape (ii) est inférieure à celle à l'étape (i) et est supérieure ou égale au point de fusion du précurseur de la substance de deuxième couche d'oxyde ;
la température de frittage à l'étape (i) est de 600°C à 750°C ;
la température de frittage à l'étape (ii) est de 400°C à 600°C.
 
10. Procédé de préparation du matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que,
la température de frittage à l'étape (ii) est inférieure à celle à l'étape (i) et est supérieure ou égale au point de fusion de la substance de deuxième de couche d'oxyde elle-même ;
la température de frittage à l'étape (i) est de 600°C à 750°C ;
la température de frittage à l'étape (ii) est de 400°C à 600°C.
 
11. Dispositif de stockage d'énergie électrochimique, comprenant le matériau actif d'électrode positive modifié selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5.
 




Drawing




















Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description