(19)
(11)EP 3 431 018 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 18189960.0

(22)Date of filing:  14.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/072  (2006.01)
A61B 17/00  (2006.01)

(54)

SURGICAL STAPLER WITH EXPANDABLE JAW

CHIRURGISCHE KLAMMERVORRICHTUNG MIT EXPANDIERBARER BACKE

AGRAFEUSE CHIRURGICALE À MÂCHOIRE EXTENSIBLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2013 US 201361793065 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/04

(60)Divisional application:
20157713.7

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
14762896.0 / 2967559

(73)Proprietor: Applied Medical Resources Corporation
Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • COVACH, Jonathan
    Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688 (US)
  • BECERRA, Matthew M
    Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688 (US)
  • JOHNSON, Gary M
    Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688 (US)

(74)Representative: Dolleymores 
9 Rickmansworth Road
Watford, Hertfordshire WD18 0JU
Watford, Hertfordshire WD18 0JU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 759 812
US-A1- 2012 248 169
US-B1- 6 716 232
US-A- 5 697 542
US-A1- 2013 056 521
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present application relates to surgical staplers.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART



    [0002] Surgical staplers, such as that disclosed in EP 1 759 812 A1, are used to approximate or clamp tissue and to staple the clamped tissue together. As such, surgical staplers have mechanisms to ensure that tissue is properly positioned and captured and to drive staples through the tissue. As a result, this has produced, for example, multiple triggers and handles in conjunction with complex mechanisms to provide proper stapling of the clamped tissue. With these complex mechanisms, surgical staplers can have increased manufacturing burdens, as well as potential sources for device failure and confusion for the user. Thus, reliable stapling of clamped tissue without complex mechanisms is desired.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] According to the present invention there is provided a surgical stapler as recited in claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0004] 

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of a surgical stapling device with the jaws in an open configuration;

    Figure 2 is a perspective view of a cartridge including an elongate shaft and a jaw assembly for the surgical stapling device of Figure 1 with the jaws in a closed configuration;

    Figure 3 is a top view of a jaw assembly for use in a surgical stapler with the jaws in a closed configuration;

    Figure 4 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 5 is a detailed cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 6 is a detailed cross-sectional end view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 7 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3 with the jaws in an open configuration;

    Figure 8 is a detailed cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3 with the jaws in the open configuration;

    Figure 9 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3 with the jaws in a firing configuration;

    Figure 10 is a detailed cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 3 with the jaws in the firing configuration;

    Figure 11 is a top view of an embodiment of jaw assembly for use in a surgical stapler with the jaws in a closed configuration;

    Figure 12 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 11;

    Figure 13 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly Figure 11;

    Figure 14 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 11 with the jaws in an open configuration;

    Figure 15 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 11 with the jaws in the open configuration;

    Figure 16 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 11 with the jaws in a firing configuration;

    Figure 17 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 11 with the jaws in a firing configuration;

    Figure 18 is a top view of an embodiment of jaw assembly for use in a surgical stapler in accordance with the present invention, with the jaws in a closed configuration;

    Figure 19 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 18;

    Figure 20 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 18;

    Figure 21 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 18 with the jaws in an open configuration;

    Figure 22 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly Figure 18 with the jaws in the open configuration;

    Figure 23 is a side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 18 with the jaws in a firing configuration; and

    Figure 24 is a cross-sectional side view of the jaw assembly of Figure 18 with the jaws in the firing configuration.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] With reference to Figures 1-2, an embodiment of surgical stapling device is illustrated. The illustrated embodiment of surgical stapler 10 comprises an elongate shaft 20, a jaw assembly 30, and a handle assembly 40. Figure 1 illustrates the surgical stapler 10 with the jaw assembly 30 in an open configuration. Figure 2 illustrates a removable cartridge of the surgical stapler 10 with a jaw assembly 30 in a closed configuration.

    [0006] With continued reference to Figures 1 and 2, the illustrated embodiment of surgical stapler 10 can be sized and configured for use in laparoscopic surgical procedures. For example, the elongate shaft 20 and jaw assembly 30 can be sized and configured to be introduced into a surgical field through an access port or trocar cannula. In some embodiments, the elongate shaft 20 and jaw assembly 30 can be sized and configured to be inserted through a trocar cannula having a relatively small working channel diameter, such as, for example, less than 8 mm. In other embodiments, elongate shaft 20 and jaw assembly 30 can be sized and configured to be inserted through a trocar cannula having a larger working channel diameter, such as, for example, 10 mm, 11 mm, 12 mm, or 15 mm. In other embodiments, it is contemplated that certain aspects of the surgical staplers described herein can be incorporated into a surgical stapling device for use in open surgical procedures.

    [0007] With continued reference to Figures 1 and 2, as illustrated, the elongate shaft 20 comprises a generally tubular member. The elongate shaft 20 extends from a proximal end 22 to a distal end 24. Elongate shaft 20 defines a central longitudinal axis, L. of the surgical stapler 10 extending between the proximal end 22 and the distal end 24.

    [0008] With continued reference to Figures 1 and 2, in the illustrated embodiment, the jaw assembly 30 is coupled to the elongate shaft 20 at the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20. The jaw assembly 30 comprises a first jaw 32 and a second jaw 34 pivotally coupled to the first jaw 32. In the illustrated embodiment, the first jaw 32 is fixed to the distal end 24 of elongate shaft 20 such that it extends distally along the central longitudinal axis, L and remains stationary with respect to the elongate shaft 20. In other embodiments, it is contemplated that both the first and second jaws 32, 34 are pivotable with respect to the elongate shaft. In certain embodiments, it is contemplated that the jaw assembly 30 is articulable with respect to the elongate shaft 20. In an initial configuration, the first jaw 32 includes a plurality of staples 36 disposed therein. In some embodiments, staples can be initially positioned in the second jaw 34.

    [0009] With continued reference to Figures 1 and 2, in the illustrated embodiment, the jaw assembly 30 can be actuated from an open configuration (Figure 1) to a closed configuration (Figure 2) to a stapling configuration by an actuation member or beam that is longitudinally slideable within the elongate shaft. In an initial position, the beam can be positioned at the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20. With the beam in the initial position, the second jaw 34 is pivoted away from the first jaw 32 such that the jaw assembly 30 is in the open configuration. The actuation beam engages the second jaw 34 upon translation of the actuation member or beam distally along the longitudinal axis L. Translation of the actuation beam distally from the initial position a first distance can actuate the jaw assembly from the open configuration to the closed configuration. With the jaw assembly 30 in the closed configuration, the actuation beam can be returned proximally the first distance to return the jaw assembly 30 to the open configuration. A distal end of the actuation beam can advance a staple slider configured to deploy staples from the first jaw 32 such that further translation of the actuation beam distally past the first distance deploys the plurality of staples 36 from the first jaw 32. In embodiments with staples initially positioned in the second jaw 34, translation of the actuation beam deploys the plurality of staples from the second jaw 34.

    [0010] With continued reference to Figures 1 and 2, in the illustrated embodiment, the handle assembly is coupled to the elongate shaft 20 at the proximal end 22 of the elongate shaft 20. As illustrated, the handle assembly 40 has a pistol grip configuration with a housing defining a stationary handle 42 and a movable handle 44 or trigger pivotably coupled to the stationary handle 42. It is contemplated that in other embodiments, surgical stapler devices including aspects described herein can have handle assemblies with other configurations such as, for example, scissors-grip configurations, or in-line configurations. As further described in greater detail below, the handle assembly 40 houses an actuation mechanism configured to selectively advance an actuation shaft responsive to movement of the movable handle 44. In some embodiments, the actuation mechanism can comprise a powered actuation mechanism such as an electric motor that can be actuated to selectively advance an actuation shaft. Actuation of the electric motor can be initiated through movement of the movable handle 44 or actuation of a trigger, button, switch, or another actuator electrically coupled to the electric motor.

    [0011] In some embodiments, the surgical stapler 10 can include the plurality of staples 36 positioned in a disposable cartridge while the handle assembly 40 is configured to be reused with multiple staple cartridges. In the illustrated embodiment, the elongate shaft 20 and jaw assembly 30 define a disposable cartridge that is removably couplable to the handle assembly 40. Accordingly, in the illustrated embodiment the handle assembly 40 includes a coupler 46 at the distal end thereof. The coupler 46 is adapted to engage the elongate shaft 20 of the surgical stapler 10 The coupler 46 can a bayonet connection having an outer connector that can removably couple to handle assembly 42 the elongate shaft 20, and an inner connector that can removably couple the actuation shaft of the handle assembly 42 to the actuation member of the elongate shaft 20. Accordingly, the surgical stapler 10 can be configured such that the handle assembly 40 can be reused with multiple disposable cartridges during a surgical procedure. It is contemplated that in other embodiments, the handle assembly and some portion of the elongate shaft can be reusable while a remainder of the elongate shaft in the jaw assembly define a disposable cartridge. In certain other embodiments, the handle assembly and the elongate shaft can be reusable while the jaw assembly defines a disposable cartridge. In still other embodiments, a jaw insert housing a plurality of staples can define a disposable cartridge while the remainder of the surgical stapler is reusable.

    [0012] As discussed above, surgical staplers 10 described herein can be sized and configured for insertion into a surgical site through a relatively small diameter trocar cannula such as a so-called 5 mm trocar cannula having a working channel inner diameter smaller than about 8 mm. Desirably, jaw assemblies configured for insertion through a 5 mm trocar cannula efficiently employ the relatively limited working space to position both jaws, a plurality of staples, and staple firing elements. In a jaw assembly for a typical laparoscopic surgical stapler, with the jaw assembly in a closed or firing configuration, the first jaw is spaced apart from the second jaw by a gap to accommodate tissue clamped therebetween when the stapler is in use. However, in a jaw assembly configured for insertion through 5 mm trocar cannula, this spacing of the first jaw from the second jaw in the closed position can undesirably be wasted working space. Accordingly, it can be desirable to configure operation of a jaw assembly configured for insertion through a 5 mm trocar cannula such that the gap that would otherwise be wasted working space is repurposed to enhance stapling performance. For example, in a jaw assembly configured to eliminate the gap, the otherwise wasted working space can be repurposed to provide larger staples or more robust staple driving hardware. In various embodiments, jaw assemblies are provided herein that reduce or eliminate the gap between the first jaw and the second jaw in a closed configuration such that the working space of a relatively small diameter surgical stapler can be maximized. Accordingly, in the surgical staplers described herein, in a closed configuration, the first jaw can be positioned a first distance from the second jaw, and in a stapling configuration, the first jaw can be positioned a second distance from the second jaw, the second distance larger than the first distance.

    [0013] With reference to Figures 3-10, an embodiment of jaw assembly 130 is illustrated. Figure 3 illustrates a top view of the jaw assembly 130 with the jaws in a closed configuration, and Figures 4-6 illustrate cross-sectional views of the jaw assembly 130 in the closed configuration. In the illustrated embodiment, the jaw assembly 130 comprises a first jaw 102 having a first clamping surface 104, a second jaw 106 having a second clamping surface 108, and a link 112. The first jaw 102 extends distally from the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20 (Figures 1-2) and is fixed to the elongate shaft 20. The second jaw 106 is pivotably coupled to the first jaw 102. In the illustrated embodiment, the second jaw 106 is pivotably coupled to the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20 by the link 112. For example, the link 112 can extend from a proximal end, which is pivotably coupled to the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20, such as with a pinned connection to a distal end, which is pivotably coupled to the second jaw 106, such as with a pinned connection.

    [0014] An actuation mechanism is operably coupled to the handle assembly 40 and actuatable by the movable trigger 44 to actuate the jaw assembly 130 in an open/closed mode, in a firing mode, and in a reverse mode. The jaws 102, 106 of the jaw assembly 130 are thus actuatable between a closed configuration in which the first clamping surface 104 of the first jaw 102 is in contact with or is immediately adjacent to the second clamping surface 108 of the second jaw 106, an open configuration in which the second clamping surface 108 extends at an angle transverse to the longitudinal axis L away from the first clamping surface 104, and a stapling or firing configuration in which the second clamping surface 108 is substantially parallel to the first clamping surface 104 and is spaced therefrom. With the jaws in the stapling or firing configuration, a plurality of staples can be deployed from the first jaw 102 through tissue positioned between the first and second jaws 102, 106 and formed against the second clamping surface 108 of the second jaw 106. In some embodiments, the actuation mechanism includes an actuation member such as an actuation beam 150 that is longitudinally slideable in the elongate shaft 20. The actuation beam 150 can include a first guide 114 and a second guide 116 formed thereon.

    [0015] With reference to Figure 6, in some embodiments, a distal end of the actuation beam 150 comprises an 'I-beam' cross sectional profile with the first and second guides 114, 116 being defined by the horizontal segments of the 'I,' and the vertical segment of the 'I' comprising the actuation beam 150. In other embodiments, the actuation member or beam can have another guide configuration. For example, the guides can comprise posts, tabs, or other projections extending from the actuation member.

    [0016] With reference to Figures 4-5, the first jaw 102 can comprise a first guide slot 118 configured to receive the first guide 114 of the actuation beam 150 in sliding engagement. As illustrated, the first guide slot 118 can extend generally longitudinally distally from the distal end 24 of the elongate shaft 20.

    [0017] With continued reference to Figures 4-5, in the illustrated embodiment, the link 112 can comprise a second guide slot 120 formed therein. The second guide slot 120 can extend from a proximal end to a distal end of the link 112 and can include an initial closed segment at the proximal end of the link 112, an opening segment distal the closed segment, and a firing transition segment at the distal end of the link 112.

    [0018] With reference to Figures 4-8, the open segment has a curved or angular profile oriented such that distal sliding of the second guide 116 through the second guide slot 120 distal of the initial closed segment pivots the link 112 (and the second jaw 106 pivotably coupled thereto) away from the first jaw 102 to actuate the jaw assembly 130 from an initial closed position in which the jaw assembly has a relatively low diameter for insertion into a surgical port to an open position for receiving tissue between the first and second jaws 102, 106. In some embodiments, the link 112 can be biased away from the first jaw 102. For example, as illustrated, the jaw assembly 130 can comprise at least one spring 160 biasing the link 112 away from the first jaw 102. This bias can tend to engage the second guide 116 with the opening segment of the second guide slot 120 and position the second jaw 106 in the open position (Figures 7-8).

    [0019] With reference to Figures 9-10, once tissue has been positioned between the first jaw 102 and the second jaw 106 in the open configuration at a desired stapling position, the actuation member 150 can be further advanced distally to position the jaws 102, 106 of the jaw assembly 130 in a stapling or firing configuration. Further distal movement of the actuation beam 150 advances the second guide 116 over the firing transition segment of the second guide slot 120 of the link 112 to pivot the second jaw to a position spaced apart from the first jaw a predetermined distance. The predetermined distance can be selected based on a desired tissue type for stapling in a procedure or a given staple geometry. Further distal movement of the actuation member 150 causes the second guide 116 to be received in a third guide slot 122 disposed in the second jaw 106. The third guide slot 122 can include a chamfer, radiused edge, or another transition feature to facilitate the translation of the second guide 116 distally from the second guide slot 120 to the third guide slot 122. Movement of the second guide 116 over the transition feature can further pivot the second jaw 106 such that the second clamping surface 108 is parallel to the first clamping surface 104.

    [0020] As illustrated, the third guide slot 122 extends generally longitudinally along the second jaw 106 generally parallel to the second clamping surface 108 such that further distal advancement of the second guide 116 within the third guide slot 122 maintains the parallel orientation of the first and second clamping surfaces 104, 108 in the firing configuration. In other embodiments, it is contemplated that the third guide slot can extend along a curvilinear path or a path extending transversely to the second clamping surface 108 to generate a clamping force between the first and second clamping surfaces 104, 108 as the actuation member 150 is advanced distally.

    [0021] With reference to Figures 9-10, in some embodiments, a distal end of the actuation member 150 can engage a staple driver. As the actuation member 150 is advanced distally with the jaws 102, 106 of the jaw assembly 130 in the firing position, the staple driver can deploy staples from the first jaw 102. The staple driver can include a cutting blade configured to cut tissue between rows of staples deployed by the jaw assembly.

    [0022] With reference to Figures 11-17, another embodiment of jaw assembly 230 for use with a surgical stapler 10 is illustrated. In the illustrated embodiment, the jaw assembly 230 comprises a first jaw 202 having a first clamping surface 204 and comprising a first guide slot 218, a link 212 comprising a second guide slot 220, and a second jaw 206 having a second clamping surface 208 and comprising a third guide slot 222. An actuation member 250 or beam comprising a first guide 214 and a second guide 216 can actuate the jaw assembly 230 from the closed configuration (Figures 11-13), to the open configuration (Figures 14-15) to the firing or stapling configuration (Figures 16-17) in a sequence of operation substantially as described above with respect to the jaw assembly 130 of Figures 3-10.

    [0023] With reference to Figure 14, unlike the jaw assembly 130 of Figures 3-10, the second jaw 206 of the jaw assembly 230 is directly biased away from the first jaw 202. For example, in the illustrated embodiment a spring 260 is coupled to the first jaw 202 and the second jaw 206 to bias the second jaw 206 away from the first jaw. Additionally, the jaw assembly 230 includes a pivotal stop preventing excess pivoting of the second jaw 206 relative to the first jaw 202. In the illustrated embodiment, the second jaw 206 can comprise an extension such as an arm that extends proximally past the pivotal coupling of the second jaw 206 to the link 212. The extension can be sized and configured to engage the first jaw 202 when the jaw assembly 230 is positioned in the open configuration to interfere with further pivoting of the second jaw 206 away from the first jaw 202.

    [0024] With reference to Figures 18-24, an embodiment of jaw assembly 330 for use with a surgical stapler 10 having a sliding pivot point is illustrated. In the illustrated embodiment, the jaw assembly 330 comprises a first jaw 302 having a first clamping surface 304 and comprising a first guide slot 318 and a second jaw 306 having a second clamping surface 308 and comprising a second guide slot 320. An actuation member 350 or beam comprising a first guide 314 and a second guide 316 can actuate the jaw assembly 330 from the closed configuration (Figures 18-20), to the open configuration (Figures 21-22) to the firing or stapling configuration (Figures 23-24) in a sequence of operation similar to those described above with respect to the jaw assemblies 130, 230.

    [0025] With reference to Figures 20-23, in the illustrated embodiment of jaw assembly 330, the second jaw 306 is coupled to the first jaw 302 without an intercoupled link 112, 212 therebetween. Rather, the jaw assembly 330 includes a sliding pivot joint 312 that allows the second jaw 306 to pivot about a point that is translatable with respect to the first jaw 302. For example, the sliding pivot joint 312 can comprise a pivoting pin disposed in a slot formed in the first jaw 302. In other embodiments, the sliding pivot joint 312 can comprise a pivoting pin disposed in a slot formed in the second jaw. Accordingly, translation of the pivoting pin from a first end of the slot to a second end of the slot can reposition the jaw assembly from a closed configuration in which the first jaw is adjacent the second jaw to the open and stapling configuration in which the first and second jaws are spaced apart from one another.

    [0026] With continued reference to Figures 20-23, the second guide slot 320 disposed in the second jaw 306 can comprise an opening segment adjacent a proximal end of the second guide slot and a firing transition segment distal the opening segment. Distal movement of the actuation member 350 distally advances the second guide 316 along the opening segment of the second guide slot 320 to slide the second jaw 306 away from the first jaw 302 and pivot the second jaw 306 into the open configuration (Figures 21-22). Further distal movement of the actuation member distally advances the second guide 316 past the firing transition segment and into a firing segment extending generally longitudinally along the second jaw 306 to position the jaw assembly 330 in a firing configuration (Figures 23-24).

    [0027] Although this application discloses certain preferred embodiments and examples, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present inventions extend beyond the specifically disclosed embodiments to other alternative embodiments and/or uses of the invention and obvious modifications and equivalents thereof. Further, the various features of these inventions can be used alone, or in combination with other features of these inventions other than as expressly described above. Thus, it is intended that the scope of the present inventions herein disclosed should not be limited by the particular disclosed embodiments described above, but should be determined only by the claims which follow.


    Claims

    1. A surgical stapler (10) comprising:

    an elongate shaft (20) having a proximal end (22) and a distal end (24) and defining a longitudinal axis (L) between the proximal end (22) and the distal end (24);

    a handle assembly (40) disposed at the proximal end (22) of the elongate shaft (20);

    an actuation mechanism actuatable by the handle assembly (40), the actuation mechanism comprising an actuation member (350) extending through at least a portion of the elongate shaft (20), the actuation member (350) comprising a first guide (314) and a second guide (316) thereon;

    a jaw assembly (330) disposed at the distal end of the elongate shaft (20), the jaw assembly (330) comprising:

    a first jaw (302) extending distally from the distal end of the elongate shaft (20), the first jaw (302) comprising a first guide slot (318) extending longitudinally therein and a first clamping surface (304);

    a second jaw (306) comprising:

    a second guide slot (320) extending therein, the second guide slot (320) having an opening segment with a ramped profile and a stapling segment extending generally longitudinally distal of the opening segment; and

    a second clamping surface (308);

    wherein the second jaw (306) is slideably coupled to the distal end of the elongate shaft (20) such that it is movable between a closed position in which the first clamping (304) surface is positioned adjacent the second clamping surface (308) and a stapling position in which the first clamping surface (306) is parallel to and spaced from the second clamping surface (308); and

    wherein the second jaw (306) is pivotably coupled to the distal end of the elongate shaft (20) such that the second jaw (306) is pivotable from the closed position to an open position in which the second clamping surface (308) extends at an angle transverse to the first clamping surface (304); and

    a plurality of staples;

    wherein the first guide (314) is slideable in the first guide slot (318) and the second guide (316) is slideable in the second guide slot (320) such that translation of the second guide (316) distally through the opening segment of the second guide slot (320) slides and pivots the second jaw (306) from the closed position to the open position, and translation of the second guide (316) distally through the stapling segment positions the second jaw (306) in the stapling position.


     
    2. The surgical stapler (10) of Claim 1, wherein the plurality of staples is disposed in the first jaw (302).
     
    3. The surgical stapler (10) of any of the preceding claims, wherein the second jaw (306) is slideably coupled to the elongate shaft (20) such that with the second jaw (306) in the closed position, the first clamping surface (304) contacts the second clamping surface (308).
     
    4. The surgical stapler (10) of any of the preceding claims, wherein the second jaw (306) is slideably coupled to the elongate shaft (20) at a sliding pivot joint comprising a slot formed in the distal end of the elongate shaft, and the second jaw comprises a pin pivotally and translatably disposed in the slot.
     
    5. The surgical stapler (10) of any of the preceding claims, wherein the slot of the sliding pivot joint has a first end defining the closed position of the second jaw when the pin is disposed at the first end and a second end defining the open position and stapling position of the second jaw when the pin is disposed at the second end.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Chirurgisches Klammerinstrument (10), das Folgendes umfasst:

    einen länglichen Schaft (20), der ein proximales Ende (22) und ein distales Ende (24) aufweist und eine Längsachse (L) zwischen dem proximalen Ende (22) und dem distalen Ende (24) definiert;

    eine Griffanordnung (40), die an dem proximalen Ende (22) des länglichen Schafts (20) angeordnet ist;

    einen Betätigungsmechanismus, der durch die Griffanordnung (40) betätigbar ist, wobei der Betätigungsmechanismus ein Betätigungselement (350) umfasst, das sich über zumindest einen Teil des länglichen Schafts (20) erstreckt, das Betätigungselement (350) eine erste Führung (314) und eine zweite Führung (316) darauf umfasst;

    eine Backenanordnung (330), die an dem distalen Ende des länglichen Schafts (20) angeordnet ist, wobei die Backenanordnung (330) Folgendes umfasst:

    eine erste Backe (302), die sich distal von dem distalen Ende des länglichen Schafts (20) erstreckt, wobei die erste Backe (302) eine erste Führungsrinne (318), die sich längs darin erstreckt, und eine erste Klemmfläche (304) umfasst;

    eine zweite Backe (306), die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine zweite Führungsrinne (320), die sich darin erstreckt, wobei die zweite Führungsrinne (320) Folgendes aufweist: einen Öffnungsabschnitt mit einem abgeschrägten Profil und einen Klammerabschnitt, der sich allgemein längs distal des Öffnungsabschnitts erstreckt; und

    eine zweite Klemmfläche (308);

    wobei die zweite Backe (306) mit dem distalen Ende des länglichen Schafts (20) derart verschiebbar verbunden ist, dass sie zwischen einer geschlossenen Position, in der die erste Klemmfläche (304) angrenzend an die zweite Klemmfläche (308) positioniert ist, und einer Klammerposition, in der die erste Klemmfläche (306) parallel zu der zweiten Klemmfläche (308) vorliegt und davon beabstandet ist, beweglich ist; und

    wobei die zweite Backe (306) mit dem distalen Ende des länglichen Schafts (20) derart schwenkbar verbunden ist, dass die zweite Backe (306) von der geschlossenen Position zu einer geöffneten Position, in der sich die zweite Klemmfläche (308) in einem Winkel quer zu der ersten Klemmfläche (304) erstreckt, schwenkbar ist; und

    eine Vielzahl von Klammern;

    wobei die erste Führung (314) in der ersten Führungsrinne (318) verschiebbar ist und die zweite Führung (316) in der zweiten Führungsrinne (320) verschiebbar ist, sodass eine Versetzung der zweiten Führung (316) distal durch den Öffnungsabschnitt der zweiten Führungsrinne (320) die zweite Backe (306) von der geschlossenen Position zu der geöffneten Position verschiebt und schwenkt und eine Versetzung der zweiten Führung (316) distal durch den Klammerabschnitt die zweite Backe (306) in der Klammerposition positioniert.


     
    2. Chirurgisches Klammerinstrument (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vielzahl von Klammern in der ersten Backe (302) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Chirurgisches Klammerinstrument (10) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite Backe (306) mit dem länglichen Schaft (20) derart verschiebbar verbunden ist, dass, wenn die zweite Backe (306) in der geschlossenen Position vorliegt, die erste Klemmfläche (304) mit der zweiten Klemmfläche (308) im Kontakt ist.
     
    4. Chirurgisches Klammerinstrument (10) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite Backe (306) mit dem länglichen Schaft (20) an einer verschiebenden Schwenkverbindung verschiebbar verbunden ist, die eine Rinne umfasst, die in dem distalen Ende des länglichen Schafts ausgebildet ist, und die zweite Backe einen Stift umfasst, der schwenkbar und versetzbar in der Rinne angeordnet ist
     
    5. Chirurgisches Klammerinstrument (10) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Rinne der verschiebenden Schwenkverbindung Folgendes aufweist: ein erstes Ende, das die geschlossene Position der zweiten Backe definiert, wenn der Stift an dem ersten Ende angeordnet ist, und ein zweites Ende, das die geöffnete Position und Klammerposition der zweiten Backe definiert, wenn der Stift an dem zweiten Ende angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Agrafeuse chirurgicale (10) comprenant :

    une tige allongée (20) ayant une extrémité proximale (22) et une extrémité distale (24) et définissant un axe longitudinal (L) entre l'extrémité proximale (22) et l'extrémité distale (24) ;

    un ensemble de poignée (40) disposé à l'extrémité proximale (22) de la tige allongée (20) ;

    un mécanisme d'actionnement pouvant être actionné par l'ensemble de poignée (40), le mécanisme d'actionnement comprenant un élément d'actionnement (350) s'étendant à travers au moins une partie de l'arbre allongé (20), l'élément d'actionnement (350) comprenant un premier guide (314) et un deuxième guide (316) sur celui-ci ;

    un ensemble de mâchoires (330) disposé à l'extrémité distale de l'arbre allongé (20), l'ensemble de mâchoires (330) comprenant :

    une première mâchoire (302) s'étendant distalement depuis l'extrémité distale de la tige allongée (20), la première mâchoire (302) comprenant une première fente de guidage (318) s'étendant longitudinalement dans celle-ci et une première surface de serrage (304) ;

    une deuxième mâchoire (306) comprenant :

    une deuxième fente de guidage (320) s'étendant dans celle-ci, la deuxième fente de guidage (320) ayant un segment d'ouverture avec un profil en rampe et un segment d'agrafage s'étendant généralement longitudinalement de façon distale par rapport au segment d'ouverture ; et

    une deuxième surface de serrage (308) ;

    dans laquelle la deuxième mâchoire (306) est couplée de manière coulissante à l'extrémité distale de la tige allongée (20) de telle sorte qu'elle est mobile entre une position fermée dans laquelle la première surface de serrage (304) est positionnée de manière adjacente à la deuxième surface de serrage (308) et une position d'agrafage dans laquelle la première surface de serrage (306) est parallèle à la deuxième surface de serrage (308) et espacée de celle-ci ; et

    dans laquelle la deuxième mâchoire (306) est couplée de manière pivotante à l'extrémité distale de l'arbre allongé (20) de telle sorte que la deuxième mâchoire (306) peut pivoter de la position fermée à une position ouverte dans laquelle la deuxième surface de serrage (308) s'étend selon un angle transversal à la première surface de serrage (304) ; et

    une pluralité d'agrafes ;

    dans laquelle le premier guide (314) peut coulisser dans la première fente de guidage (318) et le deuxième guide (316) peut coulisser dans la deuxième fente de guidage (320) de telle sorte que la translation du deuxième guide (316) de manière distale à travers le segment d'ouverture de la deuxième fente de guidage (320) fait coulisser et pivote la deuxième mâchoire (306) de la position fermée à la position ouverte, et la translation du deuxième guide (316) de manière distale à travers le segment d'agrafage positionne la deuxième mâchoire (306) dans la position d'agrafage.


     
    2. Agrafeuse chirurgicale (10) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la pluralité d'agrafes est disposée dans la première mâchoire (302).
     
    3. Agrafeuse chirurgicale (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la deuxième mâchoire (306) est couplée de manière coulissante à la tige allongée (20) de telle sorte que, lorsque la deuxième mâchoire (306) est en position fermée, la première surface de serrage (304) est en contact avec la deuxième surface de serrage (308).
     
    4. Agrafeuse chirurgicale (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la deuxième mâchoire (306) est couplée de manière coulissante à la tige allongée (20) au niveau d'une articulation pivotante coulissante comprenant une fente formée dans l'extrémité distale de la tige allongée, et la deuxième mâchoire comprend une broche disposée de manière pivotante et translatable dans la fente.
     
    5. Agrafeuse chirurgicale (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la fente de l'articulation pivotante coulissante a une première extrémité définissant la position fermée de la deuxième mâchoire lorsque la broche est disposée à la première extrémité et une deuxième extrémité définissant la position ouverte et la position d'agrafage de la deuxième mâchoire lorsque la broche est disposée à la deuxième extrémité.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description