(19)
(11)EP 3 431 193 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
23.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/04

(21)Application number: 18157434.4

(22)Date of filing:  19.02.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B07B 1/46(2006.01)
B07B 1/00(2006.01)
B03B 9/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 28.02.2017 GB 201703226

(71)Applicant: CDE Global Limited
County Tyrone BT80 9DG (GB)

(72)Inventor:
  • IVANOFF, Enda
    Moy, County Tyrone BT71 7EJ (GB)

(74)Representative: FRKelly 
27 Clyde Road
Dublin D04 F838
Dublin D04 F838 (IE)

 
Remarks:
Claim 16 is deemed to be abandoned due to non-payment of the claims fee (Rule 45(3) EPC).
 


(54)METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WASHING AND GRADING SAND AND AGGREGATE


(57) An apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate comprising a first vibratory screen (10) having a plurality of vertically stacked decks (12, 14, 16) for producing a plurality of aggregate products therefrom and a sump (30) for collecting undersize material comprising sand and water from said plurality of decks; a first set of hydrocyclones (34) arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump (30) of the first vibratory screen (10), said first set of hydrocyclones (34), comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the first vibratory screen; a second vibratory screen (36) having a deck (38) for producing at least one sand product and a sump (40) beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the second vibratory screen, said deck (38) of said second vibratory screen (36) receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones (34); a second set of hydrocyclones (44) arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump (40) of the second vibratory screen (36), said second set of hydrocyclones (44) comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the second vibratory screen (36); a third vibratory screen (46) having a deck (48) for producing at least one sand product and a sump (50) beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the third vibratory screen (46), said deck (48) of said third vibratory screen (46) receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the second set of hydrocyclones (54); and a further hydrocyclone (54) receiving undersize material and water from the sump (50) of the third vibratory screen (46), an underflow from the further hydrocyclone (54) being delivered onto the deck (48) of the third vibratory screen (46).




Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] This invention relates to a method and apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate, and in particular to a method and apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate with a high throughput yet low turbidity/low fines content in sand products.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] The term "aggregates" is generally used to describe a broad category of coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel and crushed stone. Aggregates are the most mined materials in the world. Aggregates are typically washed and graded on a combination of vibrating screens and hydrocyclones to produce washed aggregate products having a predetermined grain size or range of grain size. The term "aggregate" is more typically used to describe particulate material having a grain size of over 6mm while the term "sand" is typically used to describe particulate having a grain sand of between 0.075 mm and 6 mm and such terminology will be used to describe such particulate material hereinafter.

[0003] A typical vibrating screen comprises a frame, defined by a pair of substantially parallel side walls interconnected by transversely extending bridging members, upon which is mounted one or more polyurethane decks having small openings or slots for water and undersize particles to pass through. The frame is typically mounted on a base via resilient linkages and the frame, and thus the deck or decks are typically vibrated by means of a pair of counter rotating rotors defining eccentric masses, driven by one or more drive motors, to impart circular or reciprocating vibrating motion to the deck(s). Such screens can be used for grading and/or dewatering particulate material, oversize material passing over the deck(s) of the screen to be collected from a downstream end of the screen while water and undersize material is collected in a sump of the screen for subsequent processing. A hydrocyclone is a device used to separate particles in a liquid suspension based on the ratio of their centripetal force to fluid resistance. This ratio is high for coarse particles and low for fine particles. A hydrocyclone typically comprises a cylindrical section having an inlet for supplying a feed slurry into the hydrocyclone tangentially, and a conical base. Outlets are provided at upper and lower ends of the hydrocyclone. Underflow, containing the coarser fraction, passes out of the lower outlet while overflow, containing the finer fraction and most of the water, passes out of the outlet at the upper end of the hydrocyclone. Thus, as well as removing fine contaminants, a hydrocyclone also serves to reduce the water content of a sand/water slurry.

[0004] Hydrocyclones are often used in combination with vibratory screens for washing and dewatering sand, a slurry of sand and water being cleaned and dewatered in one or more hydrocyclones before the sand, contained in the underflow from said hydrocyclones, is delivered onto a deck of a vibratory screen for grading and/or further dewatering.

[0005] Most sand and aggregate washing and grading plants are very large, including different stages comprising multiple grading and dewatering screens and hydrocyclones, and typically require a large volume of water to fluidise the material in each stage of the process and to transfer the material between different stages of the process. For washing and grading plants designed to produce one or more grades of aggregate and one or more grades of sand, the throughput of the plant (in terms of tonnes of material processed per hour) is typically limited by the sand washing and grading part of the plant, typically due to limitations imposed by the pumps, hydrocyclones and screens used to wash and grade the sand. Furthermore, when adapted for high throughput (typically requiring a high volume of water), the sand washing and grading process tends to operate with a high turbidity due to difficulties in removing fines at high sand flow rates.

[0006] An object of the present invention is to provide a particularly adaptable apparatus and method of operation thereof that can produce up to three different grades of washed aggregate and one or more grade of sand with high throughput, low turbidity and low water consumption.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0007] According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided an apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate comprising a first vibratory screen having a plurality of vertically stacked decks for producing a plurality of aggregate products therefrom and a sump for collecting undersize material comprising sand and water from said plurality of decks; a first set of hydrocyclones arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump of the first vibratory screen, said first set of hydrocyclones, comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the first vibratory screen; a second vibratory screen having a deck for producing at least one sand product and a sump beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the second vibratory screen, said deck of said second vibratory screen receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones; a second set of hydrocyclones arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump of the second vibratory screen, said second set of hydrocyclones comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the second vibratory screen; a third vibratory screen having a deck for producing at least one sand product and a sump beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the second vibratory screen, said deck of said third vibratory screen receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the second set of hydrocyclones; and a further hydrocyclone receiving undersize material and water from the sump of the third vibratory screen, an underflow from the further hydrocyclone being delivered onto the deck of the third vibratory screen.

[0008] Said first vibratory screen may be mounted on a first end of the chassis and the second and third grading screens may be mounted on a second end of the chassis, opposite said first end.

[0009] In a preferred embodiment said first vibratory screen comprises a triple deck screen for producing three separate grades of aggregate. Said first vibratory screen may comprise substantially parallel upper, intermediate and lower decks mounted on a frame defined by a pair of substantially parallel side walls interconnected by transversely extending bridging members and incorporating a vibration generating means for imparting vibratory motion to the screen. Preferably each deck of said first vibratory screen is inclined downwardly from an upper receiving end to a lower discharge end at which over-sized material (relative to the screen deck concerned) can be discharged.

[0010] Each of the upper, intermediate and lower screen decks preferably incorporates a plurality of slots or apertures formed therein for water and/or undersize particles to pass through, the openings or slots in the upper deck being larger than those of the intermediate deck, which are in turn larger than those of the lower deck.

[0011] A first stockpile belt conveyor may be mounted on the chassis arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the lower deck of the first vibratory screen, the first stockpile conveyor extending laterally from the chassis to a first side of the chassis, substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first vibratory screen, a loading end of the first stockpile conveyor being located directly beneath the discharge end of the lower deck of the aggregate grading screen, a second stockpile conveyor being mounted on the chassis to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the intermediate deck of the first vibratory screen, the second stockpile conveyor extending laterally from the chassis, perpendicular to the first vibratory screen, to a second side of the chassis, opposite said first side of the chassis, such that the second stockpile conveyor extends parallel to and in an opposite direction to the first stockpile conveyor, a third stockpile conveyor being arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the upper deck of the first vibratory screen, the third stockpile conveyor extending at an angle of approximately 45° to the first stockpile conveyor and to the longitudinal axis of the chassis.

[0012] Each of said second and third vibratory screens preferably comprise a frame mounted upon the chassis via resilient mounting means and upon which is mounted a screening surface having a plurality of apertures therein for grading and dewatering aggregate, said frame being provided with vibration generating means for imparting vibration to said frame, and sump beneath the screening surface for receiving water and undersize material therefrom.

[0013] The sump of the first vibratory screen is preferably associated with at least one pump configured to pump water and undersize material therefrom to a respective inlet of each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones, the sump of the second vibratory screen being associated with a pump configured to pump water and undersize material therefrom to a respective inlet of each cyclone of said second set of hydrocyclones.

[0014] An overflow from the further hydrocyclone, being relatively clean, may be supplied to material on the first vibratory screen. The overflows from the first and second sets of hydrocyclones may be passed to a settling and/or storage tank to be recycled onto the first, second and/or third vibratory screens to reduce the overall water consumption of the apparatus.

[0015] In one embodiment the first set of hydrocyclones comprises four cyclones arranged in parallel and communicating with a common inlet, common underflow manifold and common overflow manifold.

[0016] In one embodiment the second set of hydrocyclones comprises two cyclones arranged in parallel and communicating with a common inlet, common underflow manifold and common overflow manifold.

[0017] The further hydrocyclone may be mounted adjacent said second set of hydrocyclones, above the deck of the third vibratory screen.

[0018] The apertures in the deck of the second vibratory screen may be larger than those of the third vibratory screen to increase the throughput of the second vibratory screen.

[0019] According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of washing and grading sand and aggregate material comprising passing a feed material onto a first vibratory screen having multiple decks, wherein a separate grade of washed and graded aggregate is discharged a downstream end of each deck of said first vibratory screen, pumping water and undersize material from a sump of the first vibratory screen into a first set of hydrocyclones, comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, passing the underflow from the first set of hydrocyclone onto a second vibratory screen, discharging a sand product from a downstream end of a deck of the second vibratory screen, pumping water and undersize material from a sump of the second vibratory screen into a second set of hydrocyclones, comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, and passing the underflow from the second set of hydrocyclone onto a third vibratory screen, discharging a sand product from a downstream end of a deck of the third vibratory screen, pumping water and undersize material from a sump of the third vibratory screen into a further hydrocyclone and passing the underflow from the further hydrocyclone onto the deck of the third vibratory screen.

[0020] The method may comprise the further step of passing the overflow from the further hydrocyclone to material on the first vibratory screen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0021] An apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention will now be described, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

Figure 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a further perspective view of the apparatus of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a plan view of the apparatus of Figure 1; and

Figure 4 is a schematic view of the operation of the apparatus of Figure 1..


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0022] An apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in Figures 1 to 3. The apparatus comprises an elongate chassis 2 having a multi-deck aggregate washing and grading screen 10 mounted at a first end of the chassis 2 for receiving a feed material and for producing several different grades of washed aggregate product. In the embodiment shown the multi-deck aggregate screen 10 comprises a triple deck screen for producing three separate grades of aggregate. The triple deck aggregate screen 10 may be of the type disclosed in GB 2,523,658, incorporated herein by reference, comprising substantially parallel lower 12, intermediate 14 and upper 16 decks mounted on a frame 18 defined by a pair of substantially parallel side walls interconnected by transversely extending bridging members and incorporating a vibration generating means for imparting vibratory motion to the screen 10. Each of the lower, intermediate and upper screen decks 12,14,16 may comprise polyurethane mats having a plurality of slots or apertures formed therein for water and/or undersize particles to pass through. The openings or slots in the upper deck are larger than those of the intermediate deck, which are in turn larger than those of the lower deck.

[0023] Each deck 12,14,16 of the aggregate screen 10 has a downward slope from an upper receiving end to a lower discharge end at which over-sized material (relative to the screen deck concerned) can be discharged. Material of a size in excess of the size of the screening apertures of each deck of the aggregate screen is discharged under gravity action from the lower end of the respective deck onto a respective stockpile conveyor 20,22,24, whereas under-sized material able to pass downwardly through the screening apertures of the respective screen deck falls under gravity onto the deck below, where the further screening action takes place, or into a sump in the case of the lower deck.

[0024] A first stockpile belt conveyor 20 is mounted on the chassis 2 arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the lower deck 12. The first stockpile conveyor 20 extends laterally from the chassis 2 to a first side of the chassis 2, substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the aggregate grading screen 10, a loading end of the first stockpile 20 conveyor being located directly beneath the discharge end of the lower deck 12 of the aggregate grading screen 10.

[0025] A second stockpile conveyor 22 is mounted on the chassis 2 to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the intermediate deck 14, preferably via a first delivery chute adapted to receive over-size material from the intermediate deck of the aggregate grading screen 10. The second stockpile conveyor 22 extends laterally from the chassis 2, perpendicular to the aggregate grading screen 10, to a second side of the chassis 2, opposite said first side of the chassis 2, such that the second stockpile conveyor 22 extends parallel to and in an opposite direction to the first stockpile conveyor 20.

[0026] A third stockpile conveyor 24 is arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the upper deck 16. A transfer belt conveyor 25 may be provided adjacent the discharge end of the upper deck 16, said transfer conveyor 25 being arranged to deliver over-sized material from the discharge end of the upper deck 16 onto the third stockpile conveyor 24.

[0027] The third stockpile conveyor 24 may extend at an angle of approximately 45° to the first stockpile conveyor 20 and to the longitudinal axis of the chassis 2. The angle of the third stockpile conveyor 24 may be adjustable with respect to the chassis 2.

[0028] The first, second and third stockpile conveyors 20,22,24 may be foldable against the sides of the chassis 2 for transportation and/or may be removable from the chassis 2 (in particular in the case of the third stockpile conveyor).

[0029] The feed material may be transferred onto the upper deck 16 of the aggregate screen 10 via a feed hopper 26 and associated feed conveyor 28.

[0030] Each side wall of the aggregate screen 10 may be made up of a laminated assembly of steel plates, preferably as disclosed in GB 2,505,483, incorporated herein by reference.

[0031] Spray bars 19 are mounted above the each deck 12,14,16 of the aggregate screen for adding water to the material thereon.

[0032] A pump 32 (shown schematically in Figure 4) is associated with the sump 30 beneath the lower deck 12 of the aggregate screen 10 for pumping water and undersize material to the common inlet of a first set of hydrocyclones 34 mounted at a second end of the chassis 2, opposite the first end, and above a first sand washing and grading screen 36. In the embodiment shown, the first set of hydrocyclones 34 comprises four separate cyclones arranged in parallel with a common inlet, common overflow manifold and common underflow manifold. However, more or less cyclones may be used depending upon the desired throughput. The first set of hydrocyclones 34 washes and dewaters the sand transferred from the sump 30 of the aggregate screen 10, removing a least a proportion of fine contaminants, such as silt and clay, from the sand.

[0033] Washed sand and some water passes out of the underflow of each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones 34 while water and fine contaminants pass out of the overflows thereof. In the embodiment shown the first set of hydrocyclones comprises two pairs of angles cyclones arranged symmetrically about a vertical axis.

[0034] The first set of hydrocyclones 34 is mounted above the first sand washing and grading screen 36 such that the underflow from the cyclones of the first set of hydrocyclones 34 is delivered onto the deck 38 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36. Undersize material and water passes through the deck 38 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36 and is collected in a sump 40 beneath said deck 38.

[0035] A pump 42 is associated with the sump 40 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36 for pumping the slurry of water and aggregate therefrom into the inlets of a second set of hydrocyclones 44. The second set of hydrocyclones 44 is mounted above a second sand washing and grading screen 46, mounted alongside the first sand washing and grading screen 36. In the embodiment shown the second set of hydrocyclones 44 comprises two cyclones arranged in parallel. However, more or less cyclones may be used depending upon the desired throughput.

[0036] The underflow from the cyclones of the second set of hydrocyclones 44 is delivered onto the deck 48 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46.

[0037] Undersize material and water collected in a sump 50 below the deck 48 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46 is pumped via a pump 52 to the inlet of a further hydrocyclone 54, mounted alongside the second set of hydrocyclones 44, and the underflow from the further hydrocyclone 54 is delivered back onto the deck 48 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46.

[0038] The provision of the further hydrocyclone 54 provides a further pass of the sand on the second sand washing and grading screen 46 through a cyclone, maximising the removal of unwanted fines, such as silt, from the sand product or products produced by the second sand washing and grading screen 46.

[0039] Preferably the apertures in the deck 38 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36 are larger than those of the second sand washing and grading screen 46 to reduce the load on the first sand washing and grading screen 36 by allowing a larger proportion of the sand and fines to wash through the deck 38 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36. A courser sand product may be first sand washing and grading screen 36 while a finer sand product may be produced on the second sand washing and grading screen 46.

[0040] Respective conveyor assemblies 56,58 are mounted on the chassis 2 with inlet ends located beneath a discharge ends of the decks 38,48 of the first and second sand washing and grading screens 36,46 for receiving oversize material thereon. The conveyor assemblies 56,58 comprise first and second outwardly diverging belt conveyors extending transversely from the chassis 2 in opposite directions, for delivering two sand products to separate stockpiles or a single sand product to one or both sides of the chassis 2.

[0041] At least a portion of the overflow from both the first and second sets of hydrocyclones 34,44 and/or the further hydrocyclone 54 may be passed into the sumps 40,50 of the first and second sand washing and grading screens 36,46 and also possibly the sump 30 of the aggregate screen 10, as required to maintain a sufficient water content in the material in the sumps to allow efficient operation of the pumps associated therewith. A remaining portion of the overflow from the first and second sets of hydrocyclones 34,44 may be passed to a thickener tank or settling pond, wherein the silt and other fine contaminants may be removed to allow the water to be reused or suitably disposed of.

[0042] The overflow from the further hydrocyclone 54, being relatively clean, may be passed back to the aggregate screen 10 to be supplied to the spray bars 19 of the decks 12,14,16 thereof, thus significantly reducing water consumption of the apparatus.

[0043] Each side wall of each of the first and second sand washing and grading screens 36,46 may be made up of a laminated assembly of steel plates, preferably as disclosed in GB 2,505,483, incorporated herein by reference.

[0044] Figure 4 illustrates the use of the apparatus to produce three washed aggregate products and one or two sand products.

[0045] Raw material to be processed is delivered into the feed hopper 26 and conveyed via the feed conveyor 28 onto the upper deck 26 of the triple-deck aggregate screen 20. Water is added to the material via spray bars 19 mounted over the upper deck 16 of the aggregate screen 10, preferably at least partly supplied from the overflow of the further hydrocyclone 54. Oversize material passes down and over and downstream end of the upper deck 16 to be received upon the transfer belt 25 conveyor before passing onto the third stockpile conveyor 24 to be delivered onto a stockpile as a first washed aggregate product.

[0046] Undersize material passes though the upper deck 16 onto the intermediate deck 14 of the triple-deck aggregate screen 10 for further grading, further water being added onto the intermediate deck 14 via further spray bars 19. Oversize material passes down and over the downstream end of the intermediate deck 14 and onto the second stockpile conveyor 22 to be delivered onto a respective stockpile as a second washed aggregate product having a smaller size than said first aggregate product.

[0047] Undersize material passing through the intermediate deck 14 is further graded on the lower deck 12 of the triple-deck aggregate screen 10. Oversize material from the lower deck 12 passes down and over the downstream end of the lower deck 12 and onto the first stockpile conveyor 20 to be delivered onto a respective stockpile as a third washed aggregate product having a smaller size than said second aggregate product.

[0048] Remaining undersize material, comprising sand and fine contaminants, and water is collected in the sump 30 beneath the lower deck 12 of the aggregate screen 10. This slurry of contaminated sand and water is pumped, via pump 32, to the common inlets of the cyclones of the first set of hydrocyclones 34, wherein water and a proportion of the fine contamination is removed in the overflow of the hydrocyclones and an underflow, containing sand and some of the water, drops onto the deck 38 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36. Undersize material and water passes through the apertures in the deck 38 to be collected in the sump 40 while oversize material, as a washed sand product, passes over the deck 38 and is collected on the conveyor assembly 56 to be conveyed to a stockpile.

[0049] The slurry collected in the sump 40 of the first sand washing and grading screen 36 is pumped, via pump 42, to the common inlets of the second set of hydrocyclones 44. The underflow from the second set of hydrocyclones is delivered onto the deck 48 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46, whereupon water and undersize material passes through the deck 48 to be collected in the sump 50 therebelow, such undersize material and water collected in the sump 50 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46 being pumped, via pump 52, to the inlet of the further hydrocyclone 54 to remove any remaining fine contaminants from the slurry before delivering sand from the underflow of the further hydrocyclone 54 back onto the deck 48 of the second sand washing and grading screen 46.

[0050] Cleaned and substantially dewatered sand product is delivered from the deck 48 or the second sand washing and grading screen 46 onto the conveyor assembly 58 for stockpiling.

[0051] The overflows from the first and second sets of hydrocyclones 34,44 and more especially from the further hydrocyclone 54, may be passed to a suitable settling and/or storage tank before being passed back to the spray bars 19 of the aggregate screen 10 and to the decks 38,48 of the first and second sand washing and grading screens 36,46, greatly reducing the water consumption of the apparatus.

[0052] The invention is not limited to the embodiment described herein but can be amended or modified without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.


Claims

1. An apparatus for washing and grading sand and aggregate comprising a first vibratory screen (10) having a plurality of vertically stacked decks (12,14,16) for producing a plurality of aggregate products therefrom and a sump (30) for collecting undersize material comprising sand and water from said plurality of decks; a first set of hydrocyclones (34) arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump (30) of the first vibratory screen (10), said first set of hydrocyclones (34) comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the first vibratory screen; a second vibratory screen (36) having a deck (38) for producing at least one sand product and a sump (40) beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the second vibratory screen, said deck (38) of said second vibratory screen (36) receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones (34); a second set of hydrocyclones (44) arranged to receive undersize material and water from the sump (40) of the second vibratory screen (36), said second set of hydrocyclones (44) comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, each having an inlet receiving said undersize material and water from the sump of the second vibratory screen (36) ; a third vibratory screen (46) having a deck (48) for producing at least one sand product and a sump (50) beneath said deck for receiving undersize material and water from said deck of the third vibratory screen (46), said deck (48) of said third vibratory screen (46) receiving an underflow from each cyclone of the second set of hydrocyclones (44); and a further hydrocyclone (54) receiving undersize material and water from the sump (50) of the third vibratory screen (46), an underflow from the further hydrocyclone (54) being delivered onto the deck (48) of the third vibratory screen (46).
 
2. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first vibratory screen (10) is mounted on a first end of a chassis (2) of the apparatus, the second and third grading screens (36,46) being mounted on a second end of the chassis (2), opposite said first end.
 
3. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said first vibratory screen (10) comprises a triple deck screen for producing three separate grades of aggregate.
 
4. An apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein said first vibratory screen (10) comprises substantially parallel upper (16), intermediate (14) and lower (12) decks mounted on a frame (18) defined by a pair of substantially parallel side walls interconnected by transversely extending bridging members and incorporating a vibration generating means for imparting vibratory motion to the screen (10).
 
5. An apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein each deck (12,14,16) of said first vibratory screen (10) is inclined downwardly from an upper receiving end to a lower discharge end at which over-sized material (relative to the respective screen deck) can be discharged.
 
6. An apparatus as claimed in claim 4 or claim 5, wherein each of the upper, intermediate and lower screen decks (16,14,12) incorporates a plurality of slots or apertures formed therein for water and/or undersize particles to pass through, the openings or slots in the upper deck (16) being larger than those of the intermediate deck (14), which are in turn larger than those of the lower deck (12).
 
7. An apparatus as claimed in any of claims 4 to 6, wherein a first stockpile belt conveyor (20) is mounted on the chassis (2) arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the lower deck (12) of the first vibratory screen (10), the first stockpile conveyor (20) extending laterally from the chassis (2) to a first side of the chassis, substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first vibratory screen, a loading end of the first stockpile conveyor (20) being located directly beneath the discharge end of the lower deck (12) of the first vibratory screen (10), a second stockpile conveyor (22) being mounted on the chassis (2) to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the intermediate deck (14) of the first vibratory screen (10), the second stockpile conveyor (22) extending laterally from the chassis (2), perpendicular to the first vibratory screen (10), to a second side of the chassis, opposite said first side of the chassis, such that the second stockpile conveyor (22) extends parallel to and in an opposite direction to the first stockpile conveyor (20), a third stockpile conveyor (24) being arranged to receive over-sized material from the discharge end of the upper deck (16) of the first vibratory screen (10), the third stockpile conveyor (24) extending at an angle of approximately 45° to the first stockpile conveyor (20) and to the longitudinal axis of the chassis (2).
 
8. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein each of said second and third vibratory screens (10,36,46) comprise a frame mounted upon the chassis via resilient mounting means and upon which is mounted a screening surface having a plurality of apertures therein for grading and dewatering aggregate, said frame being provided with vibration generating means for imparting vibration to said frame, and sump beneath the screening surface for receiving water and undersize material therefrom.
 
9. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the sump(30) of the first vibratory screen (10) is associated with at least one pump (32) configured to pump water and undersize material therefrom to a respective inlet of each cyclone of the first set of hydrocyclones (34), the sump (40) of the second vibratory screen (36) being associated with a pump (42) configured to pump water and undersize material therefrom to a respective inlet of each cyclone of said second set of hydrocyclones (44).
 
10. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein an overflow from the further hydrocyclone (54), being relatively clean, is supplied to material on the first vibratory screen (10).
 
11. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the first set of hydrocyclones (34) comprises four cyclones arranged in parallel and communicating with a common inlet, common underflow manifold and common overflow manifold.
 
12. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the second set of hydrocyclones (44) comprises two cyclones arranged in parallel and communicating with a common inlet, common underflow manifold and common overflow manifold.
 
13. An apparatus as claimed in claim 12, wherein said further hydrocyclone (54) is mounted adjacent said second set of hydrocyclones (44), above the deck (48) of the third vibratory screen (46).
 
14. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the apertures in the deck of the second vibratory screen (36) are larger than those of the third vibratory screen (46).
 
15. A method of washing and grading sand and aggregate material comprising passing a feed material onto a first vibratory screen (10) having multiple decks, wherein a separate grade of washed and graded aggregate is discharged a downstream end of each deck of said first vibratory screen (10), pumping water and undersize material from a sump (30) of the first vibratory screen (10) into a first set of hydrocyclones (34), comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, passing the underflow from the first set of hydrocyclones (34) onto a second vibratory screen (36), discharging a sand product from a downstream end of a deck (38) of the second vibratory screen (36), pumping water and undersize material from a sump (40) of the second vibratory screen (36) into a second set of hydrocyclones (44), comprising a plurality of cyclones arranged in parallel, and passing the underflow from the second set of hydrocyclone (44) onto a third vibratory screen (46), discharging a sand product from a downstream end of a deck (48) of the third vibratory screen (46), pumping water and undersize material from a sump (50) of the third vibratory screen (46) into a further hydrocyclone (54) and passing the underflow from the further hydrocyclone (54) onto the deck (48) of the third vibratory screen (46).
 
16. A method as claimed in claim 15, comprising the step of passing the overflow from the further hydrocyclone (54) to material on the first vibratory screen (10).
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description