(19)
(11)EP 3 431 525 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/47

(21)Application number: 17766303.6

(22)Date of filing:  24.02.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08G 73/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/007183
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/159298 (21.09.2017 Gazette  2017/38)

(54)

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING POLYIMIDE BACKBONE STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING POLYIMIDE

VERFAHREN ZUR STEUERUNG EINER POLYIMIDBACKBONESTRUKTUR UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON POLYIMID

PROCÉDÉ DE RÉGULATION DE STRUCTURE DE SQUELETTE DE POLYIMIDE, ET PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION DE POLYIMIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.03.2016 JP 2016049532

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/04

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.
Tokyo 100-8324 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MATSUMARU, Teruhisa
    Hiratsuka-shi Kanagawa 254-0016 (JP)
  • ABIKO, Yohei
    Hiratsuka-shi Kanagawa 254-0016 (JP)
  • SUENAGA, Shuya
    Hiratsuka-shi Kanagawa 254-0016 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2006 037 079
JP-A- 2013 184 943
JP-A- 2009 286 706
US-A1- 2015 225 523
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure and a method for producing a polyimide.

    Background Art



    [0002] A polyimide having characteristics including a sufficient film toughness, a low dielectric constant, and a high glass transition temperature has been widely applied to a liquid crystal orientation film, an electric insulation film for various electric devices, an interlayer dielectric film and a protective film for a semiconductor device, a substrate for a liquid crystal display device, a substrate for an organic electroluminescent (EL) display device, a substrate for electronic paper, a substrate for a solar cell, a substrate for an optical waveguide, a conveying belt for a heated article, a fixing belt and an intermediate transfer belt for an electrophotographic system, and the like.

    [0003] One of compounds useful as a polyimide raw material is 1,2,4,5-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride. A polyimide produced by using the compound can easily have a high transparency, a low dielectric constant, and a high toughness.

    [0004] While 1,2,4,5-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride has been obtained by various methods, (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, which is a cis-isomer, represented by the following formula (A) is easily formed by any of the methods. It is considered that this is because (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride has the thermodynamically most stable steric structure (see, for example, PTL 1).



    [0005] A polyimide obtained through reaction of (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride and a diamine eventually has a backbone structure derived from (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride represented by the following formula (B) (which may be referred to as a "cis-structure").



    [0006] In the above formula, R represents a divalent organic group derived from the diamine component.

    [0007] Patent document US 2015/0225523 A1 discloses a polyimide resin composition and a method for producing the same.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0008] PTL 1: JP 2009-286706 A

    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0009]  A polyimide having a cis-structure has a low viscosity and thus has limitation in thickness of the film capable of being formed therewith. Specifically, a coating liquid is necessarily further diluted for forming a thin film, but the dilution rate is limited due to the low viscosity. A coating liquid is necessarily concentrated for forming a thick film, but this is not practical.

    [0010] In the case where a coating liquid having a high viscosity to some extent can be obtained, on the other hand, the variation of the dilution rate can be broadened, or the coating liquid can be coated in a high viscosity state, thereby solving the aforementioned problem.

    [0011] In other words, a polyimide produced by using 1,2,4,5-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride that has a high viscosity without changing the composition and the molecular weight thereof can have a wider range of application fields thereof including thin films and thick films.

    [0012] Under the circumstances, a problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a method for producing a polyimide that is capable of preparing a polyimide having a desired viscosity of from a low viscosity to a high viscosity with the same composition and the same molecular weight, and a method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure, which is applied to the method for producing a polyimide.

    Solution to Problem



    [0013] The present inventors have found that the problem can be solved by a method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure including, in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, which is a cis-isomer, in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, and optionally adjusting one or more reaction conditions of a reaction temperature, a reaction time, and an amount of the aprotic amide solvent, and thus the present invention has been completed.

    [0014] The present invention relates to the following items [1] to [12].

    [1] A method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure, including:
    in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, adjusting one or more of reaction conditions of a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, so as to convert a cis-structure derived from the (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in the formed polyimide to a trans-structure derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride corresponding to the reaction conditions, thereby controlling a proportion of the trans-structure.

    [2] The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to the item [1], including:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more.

    [3]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to the item [1] or [2], comprising:
    keeping the reaction time constant within a range of from 3 to 72 hours.

    [4]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [1] to [3], comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant within a range of from 190 to 200°C.

    [5]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [1] to [4], comprising:
    keeping the amount of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent constant within a range of from 25 to 60% by mass.

    [6]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [1] to [5], wherein the diamine component contains an aromatic diamine compound having from 6 to 28 carbon atoms or an aliphatic diamine compound having from 2 to 28 carbon atoms.

    [7] A method for producing a polyimide, including:
    in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, adjusting one or more of reaction conditions of a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, so as to convert a cis-structure derived from the (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in the formed polyimide to a trans-structure derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride corresponding to the reaction conditions, thereby controlling a proportion of the trans-structure.

    [8] The method for producing a polyimide according to the item [7], including:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more.

    [9]. The method for producing a polyimide according to item [7] or [8], comprising:
    keeping the reaction time constant within a range of from 3 to 72 hours.

    [10]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [7] to [9], comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant within a range of from 190 to 200°C.

    [11]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [7] to [10], comprising:
    keeping the amount of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent constant within a range of from 25 to 60% by mass.

    [12]. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of the items [7] to [11], wherein the diamine component contains an aromatic diamine compound having from 6 to 28 carbon atoms or an aliphatic diamine compound having from 2 to 28 carbon atoms.


    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0015] According to the present invention, a method for producing a polyimide that is capable of preparing a polyimide having a desired viscosity of from a low viscosity to a high viscosity with the same composition and the same molecular weight, and a method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure, which is applied to the method for producing a polyimide, can be provided

    Description of Embodiments


    [Method for controlling Polyimide Backbone Structure]



    [0016] The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure of the present invention includes, in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, and optionally adjusting one or more of reaction conditions of a reaction temperature, a reaction time, and an amount of the aprotic amide solvent, so as to convert a cis-structure derived from the (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in the formed polyimide to a trans-structure derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride corresponding to the reaction conditions, thereby controlling a proportion of the trans-structure.

    [0017] The reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride generally provides a polyimide having a cis-structure represented by the following formula (B) derived from (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride.



    [0018] In the above formula, R represents a divalent organic group derived from the diamine component.

    [0019] In the present invention, in the organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, and optionally one or more of reaction conditions of the reaction temperature, the reaction time, and the amount of the aprotic amide solvent is/are adjusted so as to convert the cis-structure in the formed polyimide to the trans-structure (represented by the following formula (D)) derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, which is a trans-isomer, represented by the following formula (C) corresponding to the reaction conditions, and thus the proportion of the trans-structure can be controlled.

    [0020] By increasing the proportion of the trans-structure, the viscosity of the polyimide can be increased corresponding thereto.





    [0021] In the above formula, R represents a divalent organic group derived from the diamine component.

    [0022] The mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) in the reaction performed is kept constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20. The larger the proportion of the aprotic amide solvent is, the larger the proportion of the trans-structure is.

    [0023] The term "constant" in the expression "kept constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20" herein means that the mass ratio is in a range of ±3 of a set value selected from a range of from 30:70 to 80:20. For example, in the case where the ratio (aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent) is set to 30:70, the mass ratio within a range of (from 27 to 33):(from 73 to 67) corresponds to the "constant".

    [0024] The reaction temperature is preferably kept constant within a range of from 170 to 200°C while depending on the boiling point of the solvent. The higher the reaction temperature is, the larger the proportion of the trans-structure is.

    [0025] The term "constant" in the expression "kept constant within a range of from 170 to 200°C" herein means that the reaction temperature is in a range of ±5°C of a set value selected from a range of from 170 to 200°C. For example, in the case where the reaction temperature is set to 180°C, the actual temperature within a range of from 175 to 185°C corresponds to the "constant".

    [0026] The reaction time is preferably kept constant within a range of from 1 to 72 hours. The longer the reaction time is, the larger the proportion of the trans-structure is.

    [0027] The "reaction time" herein means a period of time where the temperature is retained within ±5°C of the set temperature, from the reaction start time when the temperature reaches the target temperature, to the reaction end when the temperature is decreased lower by 6°C than the set temperature after completing the reaction. The term "constant" in the expression "kept constant within a range of from 1 to 72 hours" herein means that the reaction time is in a range of ±5 minutes of a set time selected from a range of from 1 to 72 hours. For example, in the case where the reaction time is set to 3 hours, the actual reaction time within a range of from 2 hours and 55 minutes to 3 hours and 5 minutes corresponds to the "constant".

    [0028] The amount of the aprotic amide solvent is preferably kept constant within a range of from 20 to 60% by mass in the organic solvent. The larger the concentration of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent is, the larger the proportion of the trans-structure is.

    [0029] The term "constant" in the expression "kept constant within a range of from 20 to 60% by mass in the organic solvent" herein means that the amount of the aprotic amide solvent is in a range of ±3% by mass of a set value selected from a range of from 20 to 60% by mass. For example, in the case where the amount of the aprotic amide solvent is set to 30% by mass, the amount thereof within a range of from 27 to 33% by mass corresponds to the "constant".

    [0030]  Among the conditions described above, it is preferable to adjust the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, and keep the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more, from the standpoint of converting to the trans-structure efficiently.

    [0031] In the present invention, the proportion of the trans-structure in the formed polyimide can be controlled by adjusting one or more of reaction conditions of the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, the reaction temperature, the reaction time, and the amount of the aprotic amide solvent. From the standpoint of increasing the viscosity of the formed polyimide, it is preferable to control the reaction conditions so as to increase the proportion of the trans-structure, and specifically, it is preferable to control the proportion of the trans-structure to 10% by mol or more, more preferable to control it to 25% by mol or more, and further preferable to control it to 50% by mol or more.

    [0032] From the standpoint of increasing the proportion of the trans-structure, the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) is kept constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20.

    [0033] From the standpoint of increasing the proportion of the trans-structure, it is preferable to keep the reaction temperature constant within a range of from 170 to 200°C, more preferable to keep it constant within a range of from 180 to 200°C, and further preferable to keep it constant within a range of from 190 to 200°C.

    [0034] From the standpoint of increasing the proportion of the trans-structure, it is preferable to keep the reaction time constant within a range of from 1 to 72 hours, more preferable to keep it constant within a range of from 3 to 72 hours, and further preferable to keep it constant within a range of from 5 to 72 hours.

    [0035] From the standpoint of increasing the proportion of the trans-structure, it is preferable to keep the amount of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent constant within a range of from 20 to 60% by mass, more preferable to keep it constant within a range of from 25 to 60% by mass, and further preferable to keep it within a range of from 30 to 60% by mass.

    [0036] The ratio of the cis-structure and the trans-structure can be obtained by the method described in the Examples section later.

    [0037] Examples of the aprotic amide solvent include N,N-dimethylisobutylamide (DMIB), N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N-methylcaprolactam, 1,3-dimethylimidazolidinone, and tetramethylurea.

    [0038] Examples of the lactone solvent include γ-butyrolactone and γ-valerolactone.

    [0039] An organic solvent other than the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent suffices to be a solvent that does not inhibit the imidization reaction and dissolves the formed polyimide resin. Examples thereof include an aprotic solvent other than the amide solvent and the lactone solvent, a phenol solvent, an ether solvent, and a carbonate solvent.

    [0040] Specific examples of the aprotic solvent other than the amide solvent and the lactone solvent include a phosphorus-containing amide solvent, such as hexamethylphosphoric amide and hexamethylphosphine triamide, a sulfur-containing solvent, such as dimethylsulfone, dimethylsulfoxide, and sulfolane, a ketone solvent, such as acetone, cyclohexanone, and methylcyclohexanone, an amine solvent, such as picoline and pyridine, and an ester solvent, such as (2-methoxy-1-methylethyl) acetate.

    [0041] Specific examples of the phenol solvent include phenol, o-cresol, m-cresol, p-cresol, 2,3-xylenol, 2,4-xylenol, 2,5-xylenol, 2,6-xylenol, 3,4-xylenol, and 3,5-xylenol.

    [0042] Specific examples of the ether solvent include 1,2-dimethoxyethane, bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether, 1,2-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)ethane, bis(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl) ether, tetrahydrofuran, and 1,4-dioxane.

    [0043] Specific examples of the carbonate solvent include diethyl carbonate, methyl ethyl carbonate, ethylene carbonate, and propylene carbonate.

    [0044] These solvents may be used alone or as a mixture of two or more kinds thereof.

    [0045] The total content of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent in the organic solvent is preferably from 20 to 100% by mass, and more preferably from 40 to 100% by mass.

    [0046] The diamine component becomes, through the reaction, the divalent organic group represented by R in the formula. The diamine component is not particularly limited, and an aromatic diamine compound having from 6 to 28 carbon atoms and an aliphatic diamine compound having from 2 to 28 carbon atoms may be used.

    [0047] Examples of the aromatic diamine compound include such aromatic diamine compounds as p-phenylenediamine, m-phenylenediamine, 4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 4,4'-diamino-2,2'-dimethylbiphenyl, 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl, 4,4'-diamino-2,2'-ditrifluoromethylbiphenyl, 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine, 3,3'-dimethylbenzidine, 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine, 3,3'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether, 3,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 4,4'-diaminobenzophenone, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfide, 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, 1,3-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, 4,4'-bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)sulfone, 2,2-bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)-1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane, bis(4-(3-aminophenoxy)phenyl)sulfone, and 9,9-bis(4-aminophenyl)fluorene.

    [0048] Examples of the aliphatic diamine compound include such aliphatic diamine compounds as ethylenediamine, hexamethylenediamine, polyethylene glycol bis(3-aminopropyl) ether, polypropylene glycol bis(3-aminopropyl) ether, 1,3-bis(aminomethyl)cyclohexane, 1,4-bis(aminomethyl)cyclohexane, 4,4'-diaminodicyclohexylmethane, 3(4),8(9)-bis(aminomethyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane, m-xylylenediamine, p-xylylenediamine, isophoronediamine, norbornanediamine, and a siloxane diamine compound.

    [0049] These compounds may be used alone or as a mixture of two or more kinds thereof. Among the diamine compounds, preferred examples of the aromatic diamine compound include 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl, 4,4'-diamino-2,2'-ditrifluoromethylbiphenyl, 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine, 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, 1,3-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, 4,4'-bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, 2,2-bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)propane, and 2,2-bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)-1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane.

    [0050] Preferred examples of the aliphatic diamine compound include 4,4'-diaminodicyclohexylmethane and 3(4),8(9)-bis(aminomethyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane.

    [0051] The charged amount ratio of (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride and the diamine component is preferably from 0.9 to 1.1 mol of the diamine component per 1 mol of (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride.

    [0052] An end capping agent may be used in addition to (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride and the diamine component. The end capping agent is preferably a monoamine compound or a dicarboxylic acid compound. The amount of the end capping agent charged is preferably from 0.0001 to 0.1 mol, and more preferably from 0.001 to 0.06 mol, per 1 mol of (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride. Recommended examples of the monoamine end capping agent include methylamine, ethylamine, propylamine, butylamine, benzylamine, 4-methylbenzylamine, 4-ethylbenzylamine, 4-dodecylbenzylamine, 3-methylbenzylamine, 3-ethylbenzylamine, aniline, 3-methylaniline, and 4-methylaniline. Among these, benzylamine and aniline are preferably used. The dicarboxylic acid end capping agent is preferably a dicarboxylic acid compound, and a part thereof may be ring-closed. Recommended examples thereof include phthalic acid, phthalic anhydride, 4-chlorophthalic acid, tetrafluorophthalic acid, 2,3-benzophenonedicarboxylic acid, 3,4-benzophenonedicarboxylic acid, cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid, cyclopentane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid, and 4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid. Among these, phthalic acid and phthalic anhydride are preferably used.

    [0053] The operation procedure until reacting (imidization reaction) (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride and the diamine component is not particularly limited, and a known method may be used.

    [0054] Specific examples of the reaction method include (1) a method, in which the diamine component and the organic solvent are charged in a reactor and are dissolved, and then stirred at room temperature to 80°C depending on necessity, (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride is charged therein, and then the temperature is increased to perform the imidization reaction, (2) a method, in which (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, the diamine component, and the organic solvent are charged in a reactor, and stirred at room temperature to 80°C, and then the temperature is increased to perform the imidization reaction, and (3) a method, in which (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, the diamine component, and the organic solvent are charged in a reactor, and immediately the temperature is increased to perform the imidization reaction.

    [0055] The imidization reaction is preferably performed while water formed in the production is removed with a Dean-Stark apparatus or the like. The operation performed may accelerate the imidization reaction, and the polymerization degree may be further increased.

    [0056] In the imidization reaction, a known imidization catalyst may be used. Examples of the imidization catalyst include a base catalyst and an acid catalyst.

    [0057] Examples of the base catalyst include an organic base catalyst, such as pyridine, quinoline, isoquinoline, α-picoline, β-picoline, 2,4-lutidine, 2,6-lutidine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine, tributylamine, imidazole, N,N-dimethylaniline, and N,N-diethylaniline, and an inorganic base catalyst, such as potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, and sodium hydrogen carbonate.

    [0058] Examples of the acid catalyst include crotonic acid, acrylic acid, trans-3-hexenoic acid, cinnamic acid, benzoic acid, methylbenzoic acid, oxybenzoic acid, terephthalic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, and naphthalenesulfonic acid. These imidization catalysts may be used alone or as a combination of two or more kinds thereof.

    [0059] Among these, a base catalyst is preferably used, an organic base catalyst is more preferably used, and triethylamine is further preferably used, from the standpoint of the handleability.

    [Method for producing Polyimide]



    [0060] The method for producing a polyimide, including: preparing a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent; and in the preparing step, using the method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure of the present invention described above.

    [0061] The aprotic amide solvent, the lactone solvent, the organic solvent other than these, the diamine component, and the like are as described for [Method for controlling Polyimide Backbone Structure].

    [0062] As described in the method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure, it is preferable to adjust the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, and keep the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more in the preparation of a polyimide.

    [0063] The preferable proportion of the trans-structure from the standpoint of increasing the viscosity of the formed polyimide is also as described for [Method for controlling Polyimide Backbone Structure]. The preferable ranges of the mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent, the reaction temperature, the reaction time, and the amount of the aprotic amide solvent are also as described for [Method for controlling Polyimide Backbone Structure].

    [0064] The polyimide obtained by the production method of the present invention may be a polyimide composition, with which various additives are mixed in such a range that does not impair the effects of the present invention. Examples of the additive include an antioxidant, a light stabilizer, a surfactant, a flame retardant, a plasticizer, and a polymer compound other than the polyimide described above.

    [0065] The polyimide obtained by the production method of the present invention and the polyimide composition containing the polyimide can have a desired viscosity of from a low viscosity to a high viscosity with the same composition and the same molecular weight, and thus can be applied not only to a thin film, but also to a thick film, such as a substrate for a liquid crystal display device, a substrate for an organic electroluminescent (EL) display device, a substrate for electronic paper, a substrate for a solar cell, a substrate for an optical waveguide, a conveying belt for a heated article, and a fixing belt and an intermediate transfer belt for an electrophotographic system.

    Examples



    [0066] The present invention will be described with reference to examples below. However, the present invention is not limited to the examples.

    <Comparative Example 1>



    [0067] In a 0.3 L five-neck round bottom glass flask equipped with stainless half-moon-shaped stirring blades, a nitrogen introducing tube, a Dean-Stark apparatus having a condenser tube attached thereto, a thermometer, and an glass end cap, 16.10 g (0.076 mol) of 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 6.07 g (0.019 mol) of 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 44.10 g of γ-butyrolactone (produced by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation), and 4.78 g of triethylamine (produced by Kanto Chemical Co., Inc.) as a catalyst were stirred at 200 rpm under a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature in the reaction system of 70°C, so as to provide a solution. 21.25 g (0.095 mol) of (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) and 11.03 g of N,N-dimethylacetamide (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) each were added at one time thereto, and the mixture was heated with a mantle heater to increase the temperature in the reaction system to 180°C over approximately 20 minutes. The temperature in the reaction system was retained to 190°C for 3 hours while the components distilled away were collected, and the stirring rotation number was adjusted depending on increase of the viscosity. After adding 104.9 g of N,N-dimethylacetamide thereto, the mixture was stirred at approximately 100°C for approximately 2 hours to form a uniform solution, thereby providing a polyimide resin solution having a solution viscosity at a solid concentration of 20% by mass of 39.9 Pa·s (20% by weight) and a logarithmic viscosity described later of 1.22 dL/g.

    [0068] As a result of analysis of the polyimide resin solution by 1H-NMR, the proportion of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine with respect to the total of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine and the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine in the resulting polyimide resin was 20% by mol. The disappearance of the peaks of the raw materials and the appearance of the peaks derived from the imide backbone were confirmed by FT-IR (Spectrum 100, produced by Perkin-Elmer Corporation).

    [0069] The resulting polyimide resin solution was coated on a glass substrate, and the solvent was evaporated under conditions of 60°C for 30 minutes and 100°C for 1 hour to provide a self-supporting film. Thereafter, the self-supporting film was released from the glass substrate, the end of the film was fixed, and the solvent was removed by drying at 280°C under a nitrogen atmosphere for 2 hours, so as to provide a polyimide film having a thickness of 65 µm.

    [0070] The measurement of the polyimide film by NMR revealed that the structures derived from 1,2,3,4-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic anhydride included 71% by mol of the cis-structure and 29% by mol of the trans-structure.

    <Example 2>



    [0071] In the same 0.3 L five-neck round bottom glass flask as in Comparative Example 1, 20.15 g (0.095 mol) of 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 7.60 g (0.024 mol) of 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 44.54 g of γ-butyrolactone (produced by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation), and 5.99 g of triethylamine (produced by Kanto Chemical Co., Inc.) as a catalyst were stirred at 200 rpm under a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature in the reaction system of 70°C, so as to provide a solution. 26.56 g (0.118 mol) of 1,2,4,5-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) and 19.1 g of N,N-dimethylacetamide (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) each were added at one time thereto, and the mixture was heated with a mantle heater to increase the temperature in the reaction system to 180°C over approximately 20 minutes. The temperature in the reaction system was retained to 190°C for 5.0 hours while the components distilled away were collected, and the stirring rotation number was adjusted depending on increase of the viscosity. After adding 136.4 g ofN,N-dimethylacetamide thereto, the mixture was stirred at approximately 100°C for approximately 3 hours to form a uniform solution, thereby providing a polyimide resin solution having a solution viscosity at a solid concentration of 20% by mass of 75.1 Pa·s and a logarithmic viscosity described later of 1.18 dL/g.

    [0072] As a result of analysis of the polyimide resin solution by the same manner as in Comparative Example 1, the proportion of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine with respect to the total of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine and the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine in the resulting polyimide resin was 20% by mol. The disappearance of the peaks of the raw materials and the appearance of the peaks derived from the imide backbone were confirmed by FT-IR.

    [0073] A polyimide film was produced with the polyimide resin solution in the same manner as in Comparative Example 1, and the polyimide film was measured by NMR. The NMR measurement revealed that the structures derived from 1,2,3,4-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic anhydride included 37% by mol of the cis-structure and 63% by mol of the trans-structure.

    <Example 3>



    [0074] In the same five-neck round bottom glass flask as in Comparative Example 1, 16.1 g (0.076 mol) of 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 6.070 g (0.019 mol) of 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine (produced by Wakayama Seika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), 25.45 g of γ-butyrolactone (produced by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation), and 4.795 g of triethylamine (produced by Kanto Chemical Co., Inc.) as a catalyst were stirred at 200 rpm under a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature in the reaction system of 70°C, so as to provide a solution. 21.25 g (0.095 mol) of 1,2,4,5-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) and 25.45 g of N,N-dimethylacetamide (produced by Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co., Inc.) each were added at one time thereto, and the mixture was heated with a mantle heater to increase the temperature in the reaction system to 180°C over approximately 20 minutes. The temperature in the reaction system was retained to 180°C for 5 hours while the components distilled away were collected, and the stirring rotation number was adjusted depending on increase of the viscosity, so as to provide a polyimide solution. Finally, after adding 83.3 g of N,N-dimethylacetamide and 25.8 g of γ-butyrolactone thereto, the mixture was stirred at approximately 100°C for approximately 3 hours to form a uniform solution, thereby providing a polyimide resin solution having a solution viscosity at a solid concentration of 20% by mass of 100.0 Pa·s and a logarithmic viscosity described later of 1.23 dL/g.

    [0075] As a result of analysis of the polyimide resin solution by the same manner as in Comparative Example 1, the proportion of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine with respect to the total of the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-dimethylbenzidine and the constitutional unit derived from 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine in the resulting polyimide resin was 20% by mol. The disappearance of the peaks of the raw materials and the appearance of the peaks derived from the imide backbone were confirmed by FT-IR.

    [0076] A polyimide film was produced with the polyimide resin solution in the same manner as in Comparative Example 1, and the polyimide film was measured by NMR. The NMR measurement revealed that the structures derived from 1,2,3,4-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic anhydride included 41% by mol of the cis-structure and 59% by mol of the trans-structure.
    Table 1
     Amounts of organic solvents in reaction (g)Reaction temperature (°C)Reaction time (hour)Solution viscosity (Pa·s (20% by weight))Logarithmic viscosity (dL/g)cis-Structure (% by mol)trans- Structure (% by mol)
    N,N-dimethylacetamide (a)γ-butyrolactone (b)Mass ratio (a):(b)
    Comp. Example 1 11.03 44.10 20:80 190 3 39.9 1.22 71 29
    Example 2 19.1 44.54 30:70 190 5 75.1 1.18 37 63
    Example 3 25.45 25.45 50:50 180 5 100.0 1.23 41 59


    [0077] The measurements were performed in the following manners.

    <Ratio of cis-Structure and trans-Structure (1H-NMR Spectrum)>



    [0078] The 1H-NMR spectrum of the polyimide was measured in deuterated dimethylsulfoxide by using an NMR spectrophotometer, produced by Bruker Corporation (ASCEnd™ 500). The identifications of the protons were as follows.

    1H-NMR (DMSO-d6)



    [0079] δ 7.5 ppm to 8.0 ppm (trifluoromethylbenzidine aromatic protons, 6H)
    δ 7.0 ppm to 7.5 ppm (2,2'dimethylbenzidine aromatic protons, 6H)
    δ 3.2 ppm (trans-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid protons (1,2,4,5-positions), 4H)
    δ 3.3 ppm (cis-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid protons (1,2,4,5-positions), 4H)
    δ 2.2 ppm (trans-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid protons (3,6-positions), 4H)
    δ 2.1 ppm, 2.3 ppm (cis-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid protons (3,6-positions), 4H)
    δ 1.9 ppm to 2.1 ppm (2,2'-dimethylbenzidine methyl group protons, 6H)

    [0080] The isomerization rate was calculated from the integrated values of the peaks derived from the cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid moiety appearing at δ 2.2 ppm, 2.1 ppm, and 2.3 ppm according to the following expressions.




    <Logarithmic Viscosity>



    [0081] A polyimide solution having a concentration of 0.5% by mass was measured at 30°C with a Cannon-Fenske viscometer. A larger value of the logarithmic viscosity means a larger molecular weight. The solvent used for the solution was N-methylpyrrolidone.

    <Solution Viscosity>



    [0082] A polyimide solution having a solid concentration of 20% by mass (solvents: γ-butyrolactone and dimethylacetamide) was measured at 25°C with a solution viscometer (TV-20), produced by Toki Sangyo Co., Ltd.). The cone rotor used was the standard.

    [0083] As shown in Comparative Example 1 and Example 2, the proportion of the trans-structure can be controlled by keeping the reaction temperature constant at 190°C and changing the mass ratio of N,N-dimethylacetamide (which is an aprotic amide solvent) and γ-butyrolactone (which is a lactone solvent).

    [0084] As shown in Example 3, in the case where the reaction temperature is 180°C, which is lower than 190°C, a proportion of the trans-structure equivalent to Example 2 can be obtained by increasing the proportion of N,N-dimethylacetamide.


    Claims

    1. A method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure, comprising:
    in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, so as to convert a cis-structure derived from the (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in the formed polyimide to a trans-structure derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride corresponding to the reaction conditions, thereby controlling a proportion of the trans-structure.
     
    2. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to claim 1, comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more.
     
    3. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to claim 1 or 2, comprising:
    keeping the reaction time constant within a range of from 3 to 72 hours.
     
    4. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant within a range of from 190 to 200°C.
     
    5. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, comprising:
    keeping the amount of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent constant within a range of from 25 to 60% by mass.
     
    6. The method for controlling a polyimide backbone structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the diamine component contains an aromatic diamine compound having from 6 to 28 carbon atoms or an aliphatic diamine compound having from 2 to 28 carbon atoms.
     
    7. A method for producing a polyimide, comprising:
    in preparation of a polyimide through reaction of a diamine component and (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in an organic solvent containing an aprotic amide solvent and a lactone solvent, keeping a mass ratio of the aprotic amide solvent and the lactone solvent ((aprotic amide solvent):(lactone solvent)) constant within a range of from 30:70 to 80:20, so as to convert a cis-structure derived from the (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride in the formed polyimide to a trans-structure derived from (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetetracarboxylic dianhydride corresponding to the reaction conditions, thereby controlling a proportion of the trans-structure.
     
    8. The method for producing a polyimide according to claim 7, comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant at 170°C or more.
     
    9. The method for producing a polyimide according to claim 7 or 8, comprising:
    keeping the reaction time constant within a range of from 3 to 72 hours.
     
    10. The method for producing a polyimide according to any one of claims 7 to 9, comprising:
    keeping the reaction temperature constant within a range of from 190 to 200°C.
     
    11. The method for producing a polyimide according to any one of claims 7 to 10, comprising:
    keeping the amount of the aprotic amide solvent in the organic solvent constant within a range of from 25 to 60% by mass.
     
    12. The method for producing a polyimide according to any one of claims 7 to 11, wherein the diamine component contains an aromatic diamine compound having from 6 to 28 carbon atoms or an aliphatic diamine compound having from 2 to 28 carbon atoms.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur, umfassend:
    bei der Herstellung eines Polyimids durch Reaktion einer Diaminkomponente und (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid in einem organischen Lösungsmittel, das ein aprotisches Amidlösungsmittel und ein Laktonlösungsmittel enthält, das Konstanthalten eines Masseverhältnisses des aprotischen Amidlösungsmittels und des Laktonlösungsmittels ((aprotisches Amidlösungsmittel):(Laktonlösungsmittel)) innerhalb eines Bereiches von 30:70 bis 80:20, so dass eine von dem (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid abgeleitete cis-Struktur in dem gebildeten Polyimid zu einer von (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid abgeleiteten trans-Struktur entsprechend den Reaktionsbedingungen umgewandelt wird, wodurch ein Anteil der trans-Struktur gesteuert wird.
     
    2. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur gemäß Anspruch 1, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionstemperatur bei 170°C oder höher.
     
    3. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionszeit innerhalb eines Bereichs von 3 bis 72 Stunden.
     
    4. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionstemperatur innerhalb eines Bereichs von 190 bis 200°C.
     
    5. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Menge des aprotischen Amidlösungsmittels in dem organischen Lösungsmittel innerhalb eines Bereichs von 25 bis 60 Masse-%.
     
    6. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer Polyimidgerüststruktur gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Diaminkomponente eine aromatische Diaminverbindung mit 6 bis 28 Kohlenstoffatomen oder eine aliphatische Diaminverbindung mit 2 bis 28 Kohlenstoffatomen enthält.
     
    7. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids, umfassend:
    bei der Herstellung eines Polyimids durch Reaktion einer Diaminkomponente und (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid in einem organischen Lösungsmittel, das ein aprotisches Amidlösungsmittel und ein Laktonlösungsmittel enthält, das Konstanthalten eines Masseverhältnisses des aprotischen Amidlösungsmittels und des Laktonlösungsmittels ((aprotisches Amidlösungsmittel):(Laktonlösungsmittel)) innerhalb eines Bereiches von 30:70 bis 80:20, so dass eine von dem (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid abgeleitete cis-Struktur in dem gebildeten Polyimid zu einer von (1S,2R,4S,5R)-Cyclohexantetracarbonsäuredianhydrid abgeleiteten trans-Struktur entsprechend den Reaktionsbedingungen umgewandelt wird, wodurch ein Anteil der trans-Struktur gesteuert wird.
     
    8. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids gemäß Anspruch 7, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionstemperatur bei 170°C oder höher.
     
    9. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids gemäß Anspruch 7 oder 8, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionszeit innerhalb eines Bereichs von 3 bis 72 Stunden.
     
    10. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Reaktionstemperatur innerhalb eines Bereichs von 190 bis 200°C.
     
    11. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 7 bis 10, umfassend:
    Konstanthalten der Menge des aprotischen Amidlösungsmittels in dem organischen Lösungsmittel innerhalb eines Bereichs von 25 bis 60 Masse-%.
     
    12. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Polyimids gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 7 bis 11, wobei die Diaminkomponente eine aromatische Diaminverbindung mit 6 bis 28 Kohlenstoffatomen oder eine aliphatische Diaminverbindung mit 2 bis 28 Kohlenstoffatomen enthält.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide, comprenant :
    lors de la préparation d'un polyimide par la réaction d'un composant diamine et dianhydride de (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique dans un solvent organique contenant un solvent amide aprotique et un solvant lactone, le maintien d'un rapport de masse du solvent amide aprotique et du solvant lactone ((solvant amide aprotique):(solvant lactone)) constant dans un domaine de 30:70 à 80:20, de sorte à convertir une structure cis dérivée du dianhydride de (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique dans le polyimide formé en une structure trans dérivée du dianhydride de (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique correspondant aux conditions de réaction, afin de contrôler une proportion de la structure trans.
     
    2. Le procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide selon la revendication 1, comprenant :
    le maintien de la température de réaction constante à 170°C ou plus.
     
    3. Le procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant :
    le maintien du temps de réaction dans un domaine de 3 à 72 heures.
     
    4. Le procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant :
    le maintien de la température de réaction constante dans un domaine de 190 à 200°C.
     
    5. Le procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant :
    le maintien de la quantité du solvent amide aprotique dans le solvent organique constante dans un domaine de 25 à 60% en masse.
     
    6. Le procédé de contrôle de structure de squelette de polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le composant diamine contient un composé diamine aromatique ayant de 6 à 28 atomes de carbone ou un composé diamine aliphatique ayant de 2 à 28 atomes de carbone.
     
    7. Procédé de production d'un polyimide, comprenant :
    lors de la préparation d'un polyimide par la réaction d'un composant diamine et dianhydride de (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique dans un solvent organique contenant un solvent amide aprotique et un solvant lactone, le maintien d'un rapport de masse du solvent amide aprotique et du solvant lactone ((solvant amide aprotique):(solvant lactone)) constant dans un domaine de 30:70 à 80:20, de sorte à convertir une structure cis dérivée du dianhydride de (1S,2R,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique dans le polyimide formé en une structure trans dérivée du dianhydride de (1R,2S,4S,5R)-cyclohexanetétracarboxylique correspondant aux conditions de réaction, afin de contrôler une proportion de la structure trans.
     
    8. Le procédé de production d'un polyimide selon la revendication 7, comprenant :
    le maintien de la température de réaction constante à 170°C ou plus.
     
    9. Le procédé de production d'un polyimide selon la revendication 7 ou 8, comprenant :
    le maintien du temps de réaction dans un domaine de 3 à 72 heures.
     
    10. Le procédé de production d'un polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, comprenant :
    le maintien de la température de réaction constante dans un domaine de 190 à 200°C.
     
    11. Le procédé de production d'un polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 10, comprenant :
    le maintien de la quantité du solvent amide aprotique dans le solvent organique constante dans un domaine de 25 à 60% en masse.
     
    12. Le procédé de production d'un polyimide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 11, dans lequel le composant diamine contient un composé diamine aromatique ayant de 6 à 28 atomes de carbone ou un composé diamine aliphatique ayant de 2 à 28 atomes de carbone.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description