(19)
(11)EP 3 434 547 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 16895389.1

(22)Date of filing:  24.03.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B61B 1/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/059335
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/163353 (28.09.2017 Gazette  2017/39)

(54)

FALL PREVENTION DEVICE

FALLSCHUTZVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF ANTICHUTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/05

(73)Proprietor: KYOSAN ELECTRIC MFG. CO., LTD.
Tsurumi-ku Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 230-0031 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SAKURAI, Ikuo
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 230-0031 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2011 105 193
JP-A- 2014 125 060
JP-A- 2015 143 052
JP-A- 2011 105 193
JP-A- 2015 143 052
US-A- 1 149 759
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a gap filler that is installed at a platform in a railroad station to fill the gap between a train and the platform.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] In recent years, gap fillers have been installed at platforms in an increasing number of stations. The platform gap filler is a device that protrudes a gap filler plate from the platform to reduce the gap between a train and the platform at the time of passengers' getting on and off. The platform gap filler stores the gap filler plate on the platform side at times other than during passengers' getting on and off, and protrudes the same to the railway track side at the time of passengers' getting on and off to narrow the gap between the platform and the train and prevent passengers' falling (for example, refer to Patent Document 1). Further, Patent Document 2 is concerned with a fall prevention device.

    CITATION LIST


    Patent Document



    [0003] 

    Patent Document 1: JP-A-2005-14805

    Patent Document 2 : JP-A-2015-143052


    SUMMARY



    [0004] A platform gap filler includes a brake mechanism and a lock mechanism that prevent displacement of a gap filler plate by reaction force of passengers' treading on the gap filler plate when the gap filler plate protrudes from the platform at the time of passengers' getting on and off.

    [0005] The lock mechanism is operated by electromagnetic force as described in Patent Document 1 and thus changing the locked state requires electric power. In addition, when power supply is shut off before the gap filler plate is fully protruded or fully stored, the brake in the electric drive mechanism is activated to make manual driving disabled. The train cannot be started with the gap filler plate in a position not fully protruded or stored. That is, the train cannot be started until the power supply recovers. To avoid such a situation, there is a need for a backup power supply enabling the release of the brake such that an instruction for releasing the brake can be issued in the event of a fault or power discontinuity.

    [0006] Further, a platform may be located in not only a linear section but also a curve section of a railway track. To install the gap filler in the curve section of the platform, it is necessary to decide the amount of protrusion of the gap filler plate at each of installation positions because the gap between a train and the platform varies depending on the position of the door. Accordingly, it is necessary to design and manufacture the gap filler suited to the installation position. In this case, larger numbers of unique components and devices are used to cause a price increase. In addition, there may occur erroneous orders and wrong assembly at installation sites. Patent Document 1 describes a method for avoiding this problem by which the brake is applied in the fully protruded position to fix the gap filler plate by braking force. In this case, however, if braking force is decreased due to the wear of the brake, the gap filler plate no longer can be fixed and the brake needs inspection.

    [0007] The present invention is devised in consideration to such a background. An object of the present invention is to provide a gap filler that includes a lock mechanism simpler in structure, inexpensive, and excellent in durability without needing electric power, and is structured to be capable of adjusting the protrusion amount of a gap filler plate.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0008] A first aspect of invention that achieves the above object provides a gap filler as defined in claim 1. In the gap filler according to a second aspect of the invention, the guide groove may be inclined with respect to the forward and backward movement directions such that a far end is closer to a storage direction of the gap filler plate and a near end is closer to a protrusion direction of the gap filler plate as seen from a swing axis of the second link lever section.

    [0009] The gap filler according to a third aspect of the invention may further comprise a movement restriction section that, for a forward and backward movable range of the gap filler plate, restricts variably a protrusion limit position according to an installation position of the roller section and restricts fixedly a storage limit position.

    [0010] In the gap filler according to a fourth aspect of the invention, the output end section may have a plurality of bolt holes into which a through bolt inserted into a rotation shaft of the roller section is screwed, the bolt holes being aligned in the predetermined direction.

    [0011] In the gap filler according to a fifth aspect of the invention, the output end section may have a long hole and fitting concave-convex section, the long hole being longer in the predetermined direction into which the through bolt is inserted via the roller section and the roller seat, the fitting concave-convex section fitting to the roller seat provided around the long hole.

    EFFECT OF INVENTION



    [0012] According to any of the first to fifth inventions, it is possible to implement the gap filler that, when the gap filler plate is in either the fully protruded state or the fully stored state, converts swing motion into linear motion only by forward power transfer from the drive mechanism section through the first link lever section to the second link lever section to protrude/store the gap filler plate. Specifically, without having to provide a brake requiring power supply, the gap filler plate can be locked when an attempt is made to store forcedly the gap filler plate in the fully protruded state or protrude forcedly the gap filler plate in the fully stored state. This makes it possible to produce the lock mechanism with durability in a simpler and inexpensive manner, without the use of electric and electronic parts or electronic control. In addition, changing the installation position of the roller section makes it possible to alter the rate of conversion from swing motion to linear motion in the link mechanism including the first link lever section and the second link lever section. Accordingly, the protrusion amount of the gap filler plate can be easily changed. Accordingly, it is possible to provide the gap filler that includes the lock mechanism inexpensive and excellent in durability as compared with conventional one without needing electric power, and is capable of adjusting the protrusion amount of the gap filler plate.

    [0013] According to the third invention, it is possible to limit the movable range of the gap filler plate with further improved safety. The direction in which the installation position of the roller section is changeable and the direction of the guide groove are parallel to each other in the fully stored state, which makes it possible to fix the storage limit position at any time regardless of the installation position of the roller section. Accordingly, the movement restriction section can be adjusted only by making an adjustment to the protrusion limit position side.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0014] 

    FIG. 1(1) is a top view of a configuration example of a platform gap filler in an installed state and FIG. 1(2) is a side view of the same.

    FIG. 2(1) is a top view of an example of internal structure of the platform gap filler in a fully protruded state, and FIG. 2(2) is an enlarged partial view of the same.

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 2 taken along line A-A.

    FIG. 4(1) is a top view of a configuration example of a second link lever section and FIG. 4(2) is a side perspective view of the same as seen from a roller contact surface side.

    FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a principle mechanism, and FIG. 5(1) illustrates the fully protruded state, FIG. 5(2) illustrates an intermediate state (midpoint state) between the fully protruded state and a fully stored state, and FIG. 5(3) illustrates the fully stored state.

    FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the principle mechanism when the attachment position of an output end roller is changed from the state illustrated in FIG. 5, and FIG. 6(1) illustrates the fully protruded state, FIG. 6(2) illustrates an intermediate state (midpoint state) between the fully protruded state and the fully stored state, and FIG. 6(3) illustrates the fully stored state.

    FIG. 7 is a diagram for describing manual operation of a drive mechanism section.

    FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating a modification of an adjustment structure for the attachment position of the output end roller.

    FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a modification of a movement restriction structure for limiting the forward and backward movement range of a gap filler plate.

    FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating a modification of a movement restriction structure for limiting the forward and backward movement range of a gap filler plate.


    DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0015] A platform gap filler as an example of an embodiment to which the present invention is applied will be described in outline.

    [0016] FIG. 1(1) is a top view of a configuration example of a platform gap filler 10 in an installed state and FIG. 1(2) is a side view of the same. The platform gap filler 10 is fixed in an installation space that is recessed on the top of a side edge of a platform 2 in a station.

    [0017] The platform gap filler 10 defines a thin cuboid internal space opened to the track side by a main frame 14 fixed in the installation space and a top plate 12 acting as a cover of the main frame 14, and has a gap filler plate 16 supported in an almost horizontally slidable manner in the internal space by a ball-bearing slide rail 18. The platform gap filler 10 can move the gap filler plate 16 forward and backward to the track side and the platform side by a drive mechanism section 20.

    [0018] At times other than during passengers' getting on and out a train 4, the entire gap filler plate 16 is stored in the internal space and kept in a movement suppressed state so that the track-side end of the gap filler plate 16 does not protrude to the railway track side. This state will be called "fully stored state".

    [0019] At times of passengers' getting on and out the train 4, as the drive mechanism section 20 is activated, the gap filler plate 16 is automatically shifted to a movable state. The gap filler plate 16 is protruded to the track side to reduce a gap D between the platform and the train 4 and prevent passengers from falling between the platform and the train. This state will be called "fully protruded state". FIGS. 1(1) and 1(2) both illustrate the "fully protruded state".

    [0020] In the fully protruded state, the gap filler plate 16 is automatically switched from the movable state to the movement suppressed state. The gap filler plate 16 is kept in the current position against an input from the gap filler plate 16 side (for example, reaction force or the like generated during passengers' treading on the gap filler plate 16 and getting on the train). That is, the gap filler plate 16 is brought into a locked state.

    [0021] Then, after passengers' getting on and off, the drive mechanism section 20 operates inversely. Even though the gap filler plate 16 is in the movement suppressed state, when the forward transfer of driving force is started by the activation of the drive mechanism section 20, the gap filler plate 16 is automatically switched to the movable state. Then, the gap filler plate 16 is moved to the platform side and returned to the "fully stored state" by the transferred power. The gap filler plate 16 is automatically brought into the movement suppressed state.

    [0022] Next, the internal structure of the platform gap filler 10 will be described in detail.

    [0023] FIGS. 2 and 3 are diagrams illustrating the internal structure of the platform gap filler 10 stored in the internal space according to the present embodiment, which illustrate the fully protruded state. FIG. 2(1) is a perspective top view of the top plate 12, the main frame 14, and the gap filler plate 16, and FIG. 2(2) is an enlarged perspective partial view of the same. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 2 taken along line A-A.

    [0024] The drive mechanism section 20 includes an electric motor 21 that is electrically controlled by a control device not illustrated, a deceleration mechanism 22 that decelerates appropriately the rotation of an output shaft of the electric motor 21, a ball screw section 23 that is coupled to an output shaft of the deceleration mechanism 22, a driving slider 24 that is slid by the rotation of the ball screw section 23, and a bearing 25 that supports pivotally the leading end of the ball screw section 23. That is, the electric motor 21 and the deceleration mechanism 22 act as a driving section that drives rotationally the ball screw section 23. That is, the ball screw section 23 and the driving slider 24 act as a linear motion mechanism. The driving slider 24 is also part of a first link mechanism section 40.

    [0025] In relation to the drive mechanism section 20, the main frame 14 is provided as appropriate with detection sensors to detect the position of the driving slider 24 along the ball screw section 23. In the present embodiment, there are provided a fully protrusion detection sensor 30 to detect the position of the driving slider 24 when the gap filler plate 16 is in the fully protruded state and a fully storage detection sensor 32 to detect the position of the driving slider 24 when the gap filler plate 16 is in the fully stored state. The fully protrusion detection sensor 30 and the fully storage detection sensor 32 are implemented by limit switches, for example, that output detection signals to the control device (not illustrated) of the electric motor 21 for use in rotational control of the electric motor 21.

    [0026] The drive mechanism section 20 and the gap filler plate 16 cooperate with each other via the first link mechanism section 40 and a second link mechanism section 60.

    [0027] The first link mechanism section 40 is a mechanism section that converts linear motion of the driving slider 24 driven by the drive mechanism section 20 into swing motion and has a roller guide 42 provided in the driving slider 24 and a first link lever section 43 as a swing body. The first link lever section 43 as a swing body is driven and operated by the drive mechanism section 20 to produce swing motion.

    [0028] The first link lever section 43 is linear in shape in a top view, and is rotatably pivoted by a swing shaft 44 erected almost vertically from the main frame 14. The first link mechanism section 40 has a driving end roller 45 that rolls in the guide groove in the roller guide 42 and is coupled to one end (driving end) on the drive mechanism section 20 side, and has a swing end roller 46 at the other end (driven end) on the opposite side with the swing shaft 44 therebetween.

    [0029] The second link mechanism section 60 is a mechanism section that converts swing motion produced by the first link mechanism section 40 driven by the drive mechanism section 20 into linear motion of a driven slider 62 to move the gap filler plate 16 in forward and backward movement directions, and has a second link lever section 61 and the driven slider 62.

    [0030] The second link lever section 61 is an almost L-shaped crank in a top view, and is rotatably pivoted by a swing shaft 63 erected almost vertically from the main frame 14. The second link lever section 61 has a roller contact surface 64 where the swing end roller 46 of the first link mechanism section 40 contacts and rolls at one end on the drive mechanism section 20 (the end closer to the first link lever section 43: input end section). The second link lever section 61 has an output end roller 67 that rolls in the guide groove in the roller guide 66 on the lower surface of the driven slider 62 at the other end (output end section). The attachment position of the output end roller 67 is changeable.

    [0031] The driven slider 62 is fixed by a bolt or the like to the back side of the gap filler plate 16. The roller guide 66 forms a guide groove in a direction crossing the forward and backward movement directions of the gap filler plate 16.

    [0032] Specifically, the guide groove in the roller guide 66 is inclined with respect to the forward and backward movement directions of the gap filler plate 16 such that the far end is closer to the storage direction of the gap filler plate 16 (rightward in FIG. 2) and the near end is closer to the protrusion direction of the gap filler plate 16 (leftward in FIG. 2) as seen from the swing shaft 63 of the second link lever section 61.

    [0033] As illustrated in the enlarged view of FIG. 2(2), the roller contact surface 64 of the second link lever section 61 has a changeover surface 64a almost U-shaped in a top view and a fully protruded state lock surface 64b and a fully stored state lock surface 64c that run in a line from the both ends of the changeover surface in the rotation direction of the lever.

    [0034] The fully protruded state lock surface 64b has a curve surface around the swing shaft 44 of the first link lever section 43 in the positional relationship between the first link lever section 43 and the second link lever section 61 in the fully protruded state. The fully protruded state lock surface 64b is designed to satisfy a geometric condition for a predetermined pairing relationship between the first link mechanism section 40 and the second link mechanism section 60 in the fully protruded state. The contact position of the swing end roller 46 on the fully protruded state lock surface 64b resides on a straight line (or almost on a straight line) connecting the swing end roller 46 and the swing shaft 44.

    [0035] As a result, in the fully protruded state, the gap filler plate 16 can be brought into the movement suppressed state. Specifically, when there occurs acting force F1 (thick white arrow in FIG. 2(2)) for moving the gap filler plate 16 in the storage direction, the driven slider 62 presses the output end roller 67 in the storage direction (platform direction). The second link lever section 61 develops a counterclockwise torque, and the roller contact surface 64 presses the swing end roller 46 of the first link lever section 43 by acting force F2 (thick black arrow in FIG. 2(2)). However, due to the geometric relationship described above, the direction of the acting force F2 aligns with the straight line connecting the swing end roller 46 and the swing shaft 44. Accordingly, the acting force F2 is borne by the swing shaft 44 so that the first link lever section 43 is not rotated. That is, the gap filler plate 16 is brought into a locked state.

    [0036] Similarly, the fully stored state lock surface 64c has a curve surface around the swing shaft 44 of the first link lever section 43 in the positional relationship between the first link lever section 43 and the second link lever section 61 in the fully stored state. The fully stored state lock surface 64c is designed to satisfy a geometric condition for a predetermined pairing relationship between the first link mechanism section 40 and the second link mechanism section 60 in the fully stored state. The contact position of the swing end roller 46 on the fully stored state lock surface 64c resides on a straight line (or almost on a straight line) connecting the swing end roller 46 and the swing shaft 44. That is, in the fully stored state, the gap filler plate 16 can be kept in the movement suppressed state (see FIG. 5(3)).

    [0037] FIG. 4(1) is a top view of a configuration example of the second link lever section 61 in the present embodiment and FIG. 4(2) is a side perspective view of the same as seen from the roller contact surface 64 side.

    [0038] The output end section of the second link lever section 61 has a plurality of bolt holes 612 different in distance from an insertion hole 611 in the swing shaft 63 provided in series along a displacement installation-capable direction L. In the present embodiment, there are three bolt holes 612. However, the number of the bolt holes 612 may be any number other than one. The intervals between the bolt holes 612 can be set as appropriate. The output end roller 67 is inserted into any one of the plurality of bolt holes 612.

    [0039] The output end roller 67 is installed such that a roller body 671 with a resin ring fitted to the outer periphery of a bearing and a roller seat 672 for height adjustment are coaxially inserted and screwed into the bolt hole 612 by a through bolt 673. Changing the bolt hole 612 for fixing the output end roller 67 makes it possible to change the lever ratio of the second link mechanism section 60 (that is, the rate of conversion from swing motion to linear motion) and change the protrusion amount of the gap filler plate 16.

    [0040] In correspondence with the capability of adjustment of the protrusion amount of the gap filler plate 16 by changing the lever ratio of the second link mechanism section 60, in the present embodiment, a movement restriction section is also made adjustable for limiting the forward and backward movable range of the gap filler plate 16.

    [0041] Specifically, as illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, as the movement restriction section, a track-side stopper 72k and a platform-side stopper 72h are erected on the lower surface of the top plate 12 along the movement directions (forward and backward movement directions) of the gap filler plate 16. In addition, a track-side engagement projection 76k and a platform-side engagement projection 76h are provided on the upper surface of the gap filler plate 16 (specifically, the upper surface of a portion of the gap filler plate 16 positioned in the main frame 14 even in the fully protruded state) along the movement directions (forward and backward movement directions) of the gap filler plate 16. However, only the track-side engagement projection 76k is position-adjusted and the platform-side engagement projection 76h is provided in a fixed position.

    [0042] The position adjustment of the track-side engagement projection 76k is implemented by the following structure. Specifically, as illustrated in a circled enlarged part of FIG. 3, there is provided a bolt hole group including bolt holes 161 at different positions along the forward and backward movement directions of the gap filler plate 16. The number and relative position of the bolt holes 161 in the bolt hole group can be set as appropriate. The track-side engagement projection 76k to engage with the track-side stopper 72k is tightened and fixed by a bolt 77 in any one of the bolt holes 161 in the bolt hole group.

    [0043] The installation position of the track-side engagement projection 76k is adjusted according to the setting of the lever ratio of the second link mechanism section 60. That is, in the fully protruded state, the track-side engagement projection 76k abuts with (or comes close to) the track-side stopper 72k from the platform-side. That is, the track-side engagement projection 76k restricts the protrusion limit position.

    [0044] The platform-side engagement projection 76h is fixed at a predetermined position on the upper surface of the gap filler plate 16. In the fully stored state, regardless of the setting of the lever ratio of the second link mechanism section 60, the platform-side engagement projection 76h abuts with (or comes closer to) the platform-side stopper 72h from the track side to restrict the storage limit position.

    [0045] Operations of the platform gap filler 10 will be described below.

    [0046] FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a principle mechanism for moving the gap filler plate 16, and FIG. 5(1) illustrates the fully protruded state, FIG. 5(2) illustrates an intermediate state (midpoint state) between the fully protruded state and the fully stored state, and FIG. 5(3) illustrates the fully stored state.

    [0047] As illustrated in FIG. 5(1), in the platform gap filler 10 in the fully protruded state, the swing end roller 46 of the first link lever section 43 is abutment with the fully protruded state lock surface 64b of the roller contact surface 64. As described above, in this state, the link mechanism is not activated by inverse power transfer from the second link lever section 61 to the first link lever section 43.

    [0048] When the electric motor 21 is rotationally driven in a predetermined direction to store the gap filler plate 16, the driving slider 24 is moved (downward in FIG. 5) and the driving end roller 45 engaged with the roller guide 42 is also moved. Accordingly, the first link lever section 43 rotates clockwise, and the swing end roller 46 moves from the fully protruded state lock surface 64b to the changeover surface 64a. That is, the link mechanism in the fully protruded state is unlocked automatically and smoothly, and the gap filler plate 16 shifts to the state illustrated in FIG. 5(2).

    [0049] When the swing end roller 46 moves to the changeover surface 64a, the swing end roller 46 fits in the inner space almost U-shaped in a top view formed by the changeover surface 64a, and the rotational motion of the first link lever section 43 rotates the second link lever section 61 counterclockwise. When the second link lever section 61 rotates counterclockwise, the output end roller 67 moves relatively to the platform side to move the driven slider 62 and the gap filler plate 16 to the platform side.

    [0050] As the rotational driving of the electric motor 21 continues, the swing end roller 46 comes out of the changeover surface 64a and moves to the fully stored state lock surface 64c. When the driving slider 24 moves to a predetermined fully stored position, the electric motor 21 is stopped and brought into the state illustrated in FIG. 5(3).

    [0051] In the fully stored state, the gap filler plate 16 is brought into the movement suppressed state. Specifically, when there occurs acting force F3 for moving the gap filler plate 16 to a protrusion direction (track direction: leftward in FIG. 5), the driven slider 62 presses the output end roller 67 in the protrusion direction. The second link lever section 61 develops a torque for clockwise rotation, and the fully stored state lock surface 64c presses the swing end roller 46 of the first link lever section 43 by acting force F4. However, due to the geometric relationship, the direction of the acting force F4 aligns with the straight line connecting the swing end roller 46 and the swing shaft 44. Accordingly, the acting force F4 is borne by the swing shaft 44 so that the first link lever section 43 is not rotated. That is, the gap filler plate 16 is brought into a locked state.

    [0052] That is, in the fully stored state, the alignment direction of the plurality of bolt holes 612 in the second link lever section 61 (the displacement installation-capable direction L) and the direction of the guide groove in the roller guide 66 of the driven slider 62 are parallel or almost parallel to each other.

    [0053] When the electric motor 21 is rotationally driven in the direction opposite to the foregoing direction to protrude the gap filler plate 16, the driving slider 24 is moved (upward in FIG. 5) and the driving end roller 45 engaged with the roller guide 42 is also moved. Accordingly, the first link lever section 43 rotates counterclockwise, and the swing end roller 46 moves from the fully stored state lock surface 64c to the changeover surface 64a. Accordingly, the link mechanism in the fully stored state is unlocked automatically and smoothly, and the gap filler plate 16 shifts to the state illustrated in FIG. 5(2) and then returns to the fully protruded state illustrated in FIG. 5(1).

    [0054] FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a principle mechanism for moving the gap filler plate 16 when the attachment position of the output end roller 67 is changed from that illustrated in FIG. 5, and FIG. 6(1) illustrates the fully protruded state, FIG. 6(2) illustrates an intermediate state (midpoint state) between the fully protruded state and the fully stored state, and FIG. 6(3) illustrates the fully stored state.

    [0055] In a comparison between FIG. 6(1) and FIG. 5(1), the posture of the second link lever section 61 in the fully protruded state is the same. However, the protrusion amount of the driven slider 62 illustrated in FIG. 6 is larger due to the change of the attachment position of the output end roller 67. Accordingly, to change the attachment position of the output end roller 67 in this manner, the attachment position of the track-side engagement projection 76k needs to be shifted to the platform side according to the increase in the protrusion amount.

    [0056] On the other hand, in a comparison between FIG. 6(3) and FIG. 5(3), the posture of the second link lever section 61 in the fully stored state is the same. In addition, in the fully stored state as described above, the alignment direction of the plurality of bolt holes 612 in the second link lever section 61 (the displacement installation-capable direction L) and the direction of the guide groove in the roller guide 66 of the driven slider 62 are parallel or almost parallel to each other. Thus, even when the attachment position of the output end roller 67 is changed, the storage position of the driven slider 62 in the fully stored state remains unchanged. Accordingly, the platform-side engagement projection 76h remains in the fixed position and restricts the storage limit position of the gap filler plate 16 together with the platform-side stopper 72h.

    [0057] In the platform gap filler 10 in the present embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 7, a hand-turned handle 90 can be attached to the deceleration mechanism 22 to rotate manually a gear mechanism 92. Specifically, when power supply to the platform gap filler 10 is shut off, inserting and coupling the hand-turned handle 90 into a coupling hole 94 in the gear mechanism 92 allows the ball screw section 23 to be rotated without electric power. Further preferably, a small door is installed in the top plate 12 (see FIG. 1) to provide an access to the coupling hole 94 without having to remove the top plate 12.

    [0058] According to the present embodiment, the movement suppressed state (locked state) and the movable state (unlocked state) of the gap filler plate 16 can be implemented by the mechanical structure. This eliminates the need for an electromagnetic brake and electric power for changing the locked state. Implementing the lock/unlock mechanism makes it possible to identify the degree of parts deterioration at a glance, thereby achieving reduction in the man-hours of maintenance checkup and improvement in the durability of the platform gap filler 10.

    [0059] In addition, the position of the output end roller 67 at the output end section of the second link lever section 61 can be changed, and the position of the track-side engagement projection 76k can be changed as well. This makes it possible to adjust individually the protrusion amounts of the gap filler plates 16 in the platform gap fillers 10 under the same specifications. When the platform 2 is installed in the curve section of the railway track, the clearance between the platform 2 and the train 4 varies depending on the installation position. Performing the foregoing adjustments makes it possible to respond to different protrusion amounts at installation sites and contribute significantly to reduced cost for manufacturing the platform gap filler 10.

    [Modifications]



    [0060] The mode of the present invention is not limited to the present embodiment but constituent elements can be added, omitted, and changed as appropriate.
    1. [1] For example, the linear motion mechanism formed by the ball screw section 23 and the driving slider 24 in the foregoing embodiment can be replaced by a rack-and-pinion linear motion mechanism or a belt-driven linear motion mechanism.
    2. [2] The structure for adjusting the attachment position of the output end roller 67 is not limited to the scheme based on the number and position of the bolt holes 612. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 8, a long hole 613 into which the through bolt 673 can be inserted is provided in the installation range of the output end roller 67 such that the longitudinal direction (the displacement installation-capable direction L) is parallel or almost parallel to the direction of the guide groove in the roller guide 66 of the driven slider 62 in the fully stored state. In addition, a fitting concave-convex section 614 is provided around the long hole 613. The through bolt 673 is inserted into the long hole 613 via the roller body 671 and the roller seat 672. The roller seat 672 may also have projections 674 to fit with the concave and convex portions in the fitting concave-convex section 614 such that the installation position of the output end roller 67 can be adjusted by the fitting position of the fitting concave-convex section 614 and the projections 674. In this case, the position of the output end roller 67 can be adjusted more finely than in the foregoing embodiment, depending on the pitch of the concave and convex portions in the fitting concave-convex section 614.


    [0061] In correspondence with this configuration, the position of the track-side engagement projection 76k is preferably made capable of fine adjustment by a screw. Specifically, as illustrated in FIG. 9, the track-side engagement projection 76k has a base 761, a spacer 762, and an engagement body 763.

    [0062] The base 761 is fixed to the upper surface of the gap filler plate 16. A plurality of bases 761 are prepared in advance according to the adjustment amount of the spacer 762 and any one of them is selected. The engagement body 763 is a main body that abuts and engage with the track-side stopper 72k and includes integrally a bolt 763a. The base 761 and the spacer 762 have an insertion hole for the bolt 763a. The spacer 762 is sandwiched between the base 761 and the engagement body 763 and fixed integrally by the bolt 763a and a nut 765. Alternatively, as illustrated in FIG. 10, the spacer 762 may be omitted from the configuration illustrated in FIG. 9 so that the engagement body 763 is fixed to the base by two nuts 765.

    Reference Sign List



    [0063] 
    2
    Platform
    10
    Platform gap filler
    12
    Top plate
    14
    Main frame
    16
    Gap filler plate
    18
    Slide rail
    20
    Drive mechanism section
    21
    Electric motor
    22
    Deceleration mechanism
    23
    Ball screw section
    24
    Driving slider
    25
    Bearing
    40
    First link mechanism section
    42
    Roller guide
    43
    First link lever section
    44
    Swing shaft
    45
    Driving end roller
    46
    Swing end roller
    60
    Second link mechanism section
    61
    Second link lever section
    611
    Insertion hole
    612
    Bolt hole
    613
    Long hole
    614
    Fitting concave-convex section
    62
    Driven slider
    63
    Swing shaft
    64
    Roller contact surface
    64a
    Changeover surface
    64b
    Fully protruded state lock surface
    64c
    Fully stored state lock surface
    66
    Roller guide
    67
    Output end roller
    671
    Roller body
    672
    Roller seat
    673
    Through bolt
    90
    Hand-turned handle
    92
    Gear mechanism
    94
    Coupling hole
    L
    Displacement installation-capable direction



    Claims

    1. A gap filler that protrudes a gap filler plate (16) to a track side to prevent passengers' falling from a platform, comprising:

    a drive mechanism section (20);

    a first link lever section (43) in which a driving end is driven and moved by the drive mechanism section (20) to swing a driven end;

    a second link lever section (61) that has an input end section with a contact surface (64) to contact the driven end and an output end section (67) swinging when the input end section is moved, the output end section (67) being with a roller section (67) that is changeable in installation position in a predetermined displacement installation-capable direction; and

    a driven slider (62) that has a guide groove (66) in which the roller section (67) is capable of rolling and converts swing motion of the output end section into linear motion to move the gap filler plate in protrusion and storage directions,

    wherein

    an engagement relationship between the first link lever section (43) and the second link lever section (61) constitutes an inverse operation preventive structure that, when the gap filler plate (16) is in a fully protruded state and a fully stored state, enables only forward motion transfer from the first link lever section (43) to the second link lever section (61), and

    the displacement installation-capable direction and the direction of the guide groove (66) are parallel to each other in the fully stored state.


     
    2. The gap filler as defined in claim 1, the guide groove (66) being inclined with respect to the protrusion and storage directions such that a far end is closer to a storage direction of the gap filler plate (16) and a near end is closer to a protrusion direction of the gap filler plate (16) as seen from a swing axis of the second link lever section (61).
     
    3. The gap filler as defined in claim 1 or 2, further comprising a movement restriction section (72k, 72h) that, for a protrusion and storage movable range of the gap filler plate (16), restricts variably a protrusion limit position according to an installation position of the roller section and restricts fixedly a storage limit position.
     
    4. The gap filler as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3, the output end section (67) having a plurality of bolt holes (612) into which a through bolt inserted into a rotation shaft of the roller section (67) is screwed, the bolt holes (612) being aligned in the displacement installation-capable direction.
     
    5. The gap filler as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3, the output end section (67) having a long hole (613) and a fitting concave-convex section (614), the long hole (613) being longer in the displacement installation-capable direction into which the through bolt is inserted via the roller section (67) and a roller seat (672), the fitting concave-convex section (614) fitting to the roller seat (672) provided around the long hole (613).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Lückenfüller, der aus einer Lückenfüllerplatte (16) zu einer Schienenseite übersteht, um das Fallen von Fahrgästen von einer Plattform zu verhindern, der umfasst:

    einen Antriebsmechanismusteilabschnitt (20);

    einen ersten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (43), in dem ein Antriebsende angetrieben und von dem Antriebsmechanismusteilabschnitt (20) bewegt wird, um ein angetriebenes Ende zu schwenken;

    einen zweiten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (61), der einen Eingangsendteilabschnitt mit einer Kontaktoberfläche (64) aufweist, um das angetriebene Ende zu kontaktieren, und einen Ausgangsendteilabschnitt (67), der schwenkt, wenn der Eingangsendteilabschnitt bewegt wird, wobei der Ausgangsendteilabschnitt (67) mit einem Walzenteilabschnitt (67) vorliegt, der in einer Installationsposition in eine vorbestimmte installationsfähige Verlagerungsrichtung wechselbar ist; und

    eine angetriebene Gleitvorrichtung (62), die eine Führungsnut (66) aufweist, in der der Walzenteilabschnitt (67) imstande ist, zu rollen und Schwenkbewegung des Ausgangsendteilabschnitts in lineare Bewegung umwandelt, um die Lückenfüllerplatte in Überstand- und in Lagerrichtung zu bewegen,

    wobei

    eine Eingriffsbeziehung zwischen dem ersten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (43) und dem zweiten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (61) eine Struktur zum Schutz vor umgekehrtem Betrieb bildet, die, wenn die Lückenfüllerplatte (16) in einem vollständig überstehenden Zustand und in einem vollständig gelagerten Zustand ist, nur Vorwärtsbewegungstransfer von dem ersten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (43) zu dem zweiten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitt (61) ermöglicht, und

    die installationsfähige Verlagerungsrichtung und die Richtung der Führungsnut (66) zueinander in dem vollständig gelagerten Zustand parallel sind.


     
    2. Lückenfüller nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Führungsnut (66) in Bezug auf die Überstands- und die Lagerrichtung derart schräggestellt ist, dass ein entferntes Ende einer Lagerrichtung der Lückenfüllerplatte (16) näher ist, und ein nahes Ende einer Überstandrichtung der Lückenfüllerplatte (16) aus einer Schwenkachse des zweiten Verbindungshebelteilabschnitts (61) betrachtet näher ist.
     
    3. Lückenfüller nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, der weiter einen Bewegungseinschränkungsteilabschnitt (72k, 72h) umfasst, der für einen bewegungsfähigen Überstand- und Lagerbereich der Lückenfüllerplatte (16) eine Überstandgrenzposition gemäß einer Installationsposition des Walzenteilabschnitts variabel einschränkt und eine Lagergrenzposition unveränderlich einschränkt.
     
    4. Lückenfüller nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Ausgangsendteilabschnitt (67) eine Vielzahl von Bolzenlöchern (612) aufweist, in die ein Durchgangsbolzen, der in eine Rotationswelle des Walzenteilabschnitts (67) eingesetzt ist, geschraubt ist, wobei die Bolzenlöcher (612) in die installationsfähige Verlagerungsrichtung ausgerichtet sind.
     
    5. Lückenfüller nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Ausgangsendteilabschnitt (67) ein Langloch (613) und einen dazu passenden konkavkonvexen Teilabschnitt (614) aufweist, wobei das Langloch (613) in die installationsfähige Verlagerungsrichtung, in die der Durchgangsbolzen über den Walzenteilabschnitt (67) und einen Walzensitz (672) eingesetzt wird, länger ist, wobei der dazu passende konkavkonvexe Teilabschnitt (614) zu dem Walzensitz (672), der um das Langloch (613) bereitgestellt ist, passt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Comble-lacunes qui fait dépasser une plaque comble-lacunes (16) vers un côté quai pour empêcher des passagers de tomber d'une plateforme, comprenant :

    une section de mécanisme d'entraînement (20) ;

    une première section de levier de liaison (43) dans laquelle une extrémité d'entraînement est entraînée et bougée par la section de mécanisme d'entraînement (20) pour faire osciller une extrémité entraînée ;

    une seconde section de levier de liaison (61) qui présente une section d'extrémité d'entrée avec une surface de contact (64) pour entrer en contact avec l'extrémité entraînée et une section d'extrémité de sortie (67) oscillant lorsque la section d'extrémité d'entrée est bougée, la section d'extrémité de sortie (67) comportant une section de galet (67) qui peut changer de position d'installation dans une direction d'installation à possibilité de déplacement ; et

    une glissière entraînée (62) qui présente une rainure de guidage (66) dans laquelle la section de galet (67) peut rouler et convertit un mouvement d'oscillation de la section d'extrémité de sortie en mouvement linéaire pour faire bouger la plaque comble-lacunes dans des directions de saillie et de stockage,

    dans lequel

    une relation de mise en prise entre la première section de levier de liaison (43) et la seconde section de levier de liaison (61) constitue une structure d'empêchement d'opération inverse qui, lorsque la plaque comble-lacunes (16) est dans un état complètement en saillie et un état complètement stocké, permet uniquement un transfert de mouvement vers l'avant depuis la première section de levier de liaison (43) jusqu'à la seconde section de levier de liaison (61), et

    la direction d'installation à possibilité de déplacement et la direction de la rainure de guidage (66) sont parallèles l'une à l'autre dans l'état complètement stocké.


     
    2. Comble-lacunes selon la revendication 1, la rainure de guidage (66) étant inclinée par rapport aux directions de saillie et de stockage de sorte qu'une extrémité éloignée soit plus près d'une direction de stockage de la plaque comble-lacunes (16) et une extrémité proche soit plus près d'une direction de saillie de la plaque comble-lacunes (16) vues depuis un axe d'oscillation de la seconde section de levier de liaison (61).
     
    3. Comble-lacunes selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre une section de restriction de mouvement (72k, 72h) qui, pour une plage mobile de saillie et de stockage de la plaque comble-lacunes (16), restreint une variabilité d'une position de limite de saillie conformément à une position d'installation de la section de galet et restreint de manière fixe une position de limite de stockage.
     
    4. Comble-lacunes selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, la section d'extrémité de sortie (67) présentant une pluralité de trous de boulon (612) dans lesquels un boulon traversant inséré dans un arbre tournant de la section de galet (67) est vissé, les trous de boulon (612) étant alignés dans la direction d'installation à possibilité de déplacement.
     
    5. Comble-lacunes selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, la section d'extrémité de sortie (67) présentant un trou long (613) et une section concave-convexe d'assemblage (614), le trou long (613) étant plus long dans la direction d'installation à possibilité de déplacement dans laquelle le boulon traversant est inséré via la section de galet (67) et un siège de galet (672), la section concave-convexe d'assemblage (614) s'assemblant avec le siège de galet (672) prévu autour du trou long (613).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description