(19)
(11)EP 3 437 933 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 18178461.2

(22)Date of filing:  19.06.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60R 13/10(2006.01)
B62D 25/16(2006.01)
B60Q 1/56(2006.01)

(54)

LICENSE PLATE SUPPORT MECHANISM AND WORK VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH LICENSE PLATE SUPPORT MECHANISM

NUMMERNSCHILD-UNTERSTÜTZUNGSMECHANISMUS UND ARBEITSFAHRZEUG MIT NUMMERNSCHILD-UNTERSTÜTZUNGSMECHANISMUS AUSGESTATTET

MÉCANISME DE SUPPORT DE PLAQUE D'IMMATRICULATION ET VÉHICULE DE TRAVAIL ÉQUIPÉ D'UN MÉCANISME DE SUPPORT DE PLAQUE DE LICENCE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.08.2017 JP 2017149861

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.02.2019 Bulletin 2019/06

(73)Proprietor: KUBOTA CORPORATION
Osaka-shi, Osaka 556-8601 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TSUJI, Kenichiro
    Sakai-shi, Osaka 590-0082 (JP)
  • SAKAMOTO, Shigeo
    Sakai-shi, Osaka 590-0082 (JP)

(74)Representative: Global IP Europe Patentanwaltskanzlei 
Pfarrstraße 14
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2013 147 151
JP-U- S56 136 846
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a license plate support mechanism and a work vehicle equipped with the license plate support mechanism.

    Background



    [0002] Conventionally, technology relating to a license plate support mechanism is known, such as that described in Japanese Patent No. 5785104.

    [0003] In the technology described in Japanese Patent No. 5785104, a work vehicle is disclosed that includes a right-left pair of rear wheel fenders covering a right-left pair of rear wheels from above and a cross frame linking inner side wall portions of the rear wheel fenders. The license plate (number plate) can be attached to a center portion of the cross frame.

    [0004] When the license plate is attached in this way, there is a chance that the license plate may become more difficult to see from the rear when a work apparatus (such as a rotary tiller, for example) is mounted to a rear portion of a vehicle body.

    [0005] Given this, instead of positioning the license plate at the center of the vehicle body (center of the cross frame), the license plate could also be positioned on a side portion of the vehicle body (further outward than the inner side wall portions of the rear wheel fenders). However, when the license plate is positioned at a side portion of the vehicle body, there is a chance that the license plate could interfere with crops (surrounding objects) such as fruit trees during work, damaging the crops.

    [0006] JP 2013-147151 A discloses a work vehicle having a frame, a pair of rear fenders, and cross frame connecting the pair of rear fenders. The cross frame has a connecting plate which extends between the pair of rear fenders. The connecting plate has a surface oriented toward the rear direction which supports a license plate thereon.

    [0007] JP S56-136846 A discloses a tractor having a bracket arranged between a pair of fenders and a holder fixed to the bracket and configured to support a license plate.

    Summary



    [0008] The above-mentioned problem is solved by a mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle defined in the appended claim 1. The advantageous effects can be achieved by the preferred embodiments defined in the appended dependent claims. A work vehicle comprising such a mechanism for supporting a license plate is defined in the appended claim 14

    [0009] A first aspect of the present invention provides a mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle, comprising: an attachment portion configured to support the license plate; a fixing portion fixing the attachment portion to a vehicle body of the work vehicle; and a switching mechanism coupling the attachment portion to the fixing portion in a manner such that the attachment portion moves relative to the fixing portion, and that the attachment portion is movable between a storage position and a display position; wherein at the storage position, the attachment portion is positioned between a pair of rear wheel fenders of the work vehicle, and at the display position, the attachment portion is positioned outward of the pair of rear wheel fenders with respect to the right-left direction of the work vehicle.

    [0010] With the configuration above, visibility of the license plate can be ensured while still constraining the attachment portion and a license plate attached thereto from interfering with surrounding objects such as crops. In other words, when there is no need to display the license plate, the attachment portion can be stored on the inward side of the rear wheel fenders by shifting the attachment portion to the storage position, and interference with objects around the vehicle body can be constrained.

    [0011] Reference(s) to "embodiment(s)" throughout the description which are not under the scope of the appended claims merely represent possible exemplary executions and are therefore not part of the present invention.

    [0012] According to a preferred embodiment of the mechanism mentioned-above for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle, the attachment portion has a flat-plate-like shape including an attachment surface where the license plate is attached.

    [0013] The flat-plate-like shape is preferable to store the attachment portion in a limited space such as between a safety frame and a rear wheel fender of the vehicle.

    [0014] According to a further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms mentioned-above for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles, the attachment portion has a rectangular-like form at least a rearward part of a top edge of which inclines rearward and downward in a state where the attachment portion is located at the storage position, in use.

    [0015] With the configuration above, the field of view for a passenger can be more readily ensured. In other words, when a driver of the vehicle, who is sitting at a driver seat forward of and upward of the attachment portion, looks to the rear, the attachment portion is unlikely to obstruct the field of the driver's view.

    [0016] According to another further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms mentioned-above for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles, the attachment portion has a rectangular-like form at least a part of the top edge of which inclines downward and outward in the right-left direction of the work vehicle in a state where the attachment portion is located at the display position, in use.

    [0017] With the configuration above, the attachment portion can be constrained from interfering with surrounding objects such as crops even when the attachment portion is located at the display position. In other words, by forming at least a part of the top edge of the attachment portion to incline downward and outward in the right-left direction when the attachment portion is at the display position, interference between the attachment portion and surrounding objects is more readily avoided.

    [0018] According to another further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the switching mechanism:

    supports the attachment portion at the storage position such that the attachment surface is oriented sideways of the work vehicle; and

    supports the attachment portion at the display position such that the attachment surface is oriented rearward of the work vehicle.



    [0019] With the configuration above, interference between the attachment portion and surrounding objects can be effectively constrained in the storage position, and visibility of the license plate can be ensured in the display position.

    [0020] According to another preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the switching mechanism has:

    a right-left rotation mechanism configured to rotate the attachment portion along the right-left direction of the work vehicle, in use; and

    a vertical rotation mechanism configured to rotate the attachment portion along the up-down direction of the work vehicle, in use.



    [0021] With the configuration above, the attachment portion can be rotated in two different directions at two stages. Therefore. when the position of the attachment portion is changed, interference with surrounding objects or the vehicle body is more readily avoided.

    [0022] According to another preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the right-left rotation mechanism is further configured to rotate the attachment portion around a first rotation axis extending along a substantially vertical direction, in use; and the vertical rotation mechanism is further configured to rotate the attachment portion around a second rotation axis extending along a substantially horizontal direction, in use.

    [0023] With the configuration above, the attachment portion rotates around two different rotation axes which substantially intersect with each other. Thereby, the storage space for storing the attachment portion can be minimized.

    [0024] According to a further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the vertical rotation mechanism includes a guide plate to which the attachment portion is fixed; and the guide plate is configured to rotate along the up-down direction of the work vehicle, in use.

    [0025] With the configuration above, the guide plate enables the attachment portion to smoothly rotate.

    [0026] According to another further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, a guide groove is formed within the guide plate, the guide groove extending along an arc-like shape; the vertical rotation mechanism includes a protrusion rotatably supported by the right-left rotation mechanism; and the protrusion is configured to slidably engage with the guide groove in a manner such that the guide plate rotates along the up-down direction.

    [0027] With the configuration above, the attachment portion rotates together with the guide plate the groove of which engages with the protrusion. The protrusion slides in the groove relative to the guide plate. Thereby, the guide plate rotates around a rotation axis. Preferably, the arc-like shape of the groove has a center angle of substantially 90 degree. The arc-like shape of the groove has its center on the rotation axis.

    [0028] According to another preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the mechanism further comprises a regulating mechanism configured to regulate a downward rotation of the attachment portion located at the display position, in use.

    [0029] In another aspect of the present invention, the attachment portion located at the display position can be prevented from falling downward. Accordingly, visibility of the license plate in the display position can be ensured.

    [0030] According to another further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the regulating mechanism includes a first member and a second member, the first member being fixed to the fixing portion, and the second member being fixed to the attachment portion; and the regulating mechanism is configured such that the first member supports the second member in a state where the attachment portion is located at the display position, in use.

    [0031] With the configuration above, the attachment portion can be supported at the display position without falling downward therefrom by a simple structure.

    [0032] According to another further preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the attachment portion has a flat-plate-like shape including an attachment surface where the license plate is attached; and the second member is fixed to a surface opposite to the attachment surface.

    [0033] With the configuration above, the second member is fixed to the surface of the attachment portion opposite to the attachment surface. Preferably, the second member engages with the first member attached to the right-left rotation mechanism. The right rotation mechanism rotatably supports the attachment portion around a first rotation axis extending along a substantially vertical direction in use.

    [0034] According to another preferred embodiment of the mechanism according to any one of the mechanisms for supporting a license plate of a work vehicles mentioned above, the fixing portion is configured to be mounted on a safety frame of the work vehicle that is arranged between the pair of rear wheel fenders of the work vehicle.

    [0035] With the configuration above, the attachment portion can be strongly supported.

    [0036] Another preferred embodiment of the present invention provides a work vehicle comprising: the mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of the mechanisms mentioned-above; a pair of front wheels; a pair of rear wheels; a body frame supported by the pair of front wheels and the pair of rear wheels; a pair of rear wheel fenders covering each rear wheel at least partially; a driver seat for a driver; and a rear safety frame arranged behind the driver seat and between the pair of rear wheel fenders.

    [0037] With the configuration above, a license plate of the work vehicle attached to the attachment portion can be constrained from interfering with surrounding objects such as crops.

    [0038] According to a further preferred embodiment of the work vehicle mentioned-above, any one of the mechanisms mentioned-above is mounted onto a portion of the rear safety frame, the portion protruding above the pair of rear wheel fenders.

    [0039] With the configuration above, the attachment portion can be securely mounted onto a work vehicle while being capable of being switched between the display position and the storage position.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0040] The present invention is further described in the detailed description which follows, in reference to the noted plurality of drawings by way of non-limiting examples of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, in which like reference numerals represent similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings, and wherein:

    Fig. 1 is a schematic side view of a tractor equipped with a support mechanism according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 2 is a schematic rear view illustrating the support mechanism mounted on the tractor;

    Fig. 3 is a schematic side view illustrating the support mechanism mounted on the tractor;

    Fig. 4 is a perspective view illustrating the support mechanism mounted on the tractor;

    Fig. 5 is a perspective view illustrating the support mechanism when an attachment portion is in a display position;

    Fig. 6 is a front view illustrating the attachment portion;

    Fig. 7 is an exploded perspective view primarily illustrating a vertical rotation mechanism;

    Fig. 8 is an exploded perspective view primarily illustrating a right-left rotation mechanism;

    Fig. 9 is a perspective view illustrating the support mechanism in the midst of switching between the display position and a storage position;

    Fig. 10 is a perspective view illustrating the support mechanism when the attachment portion is in the storage position;

    Fig. 11 is a rear view illustrating the attachment portion in the storage position;

    Fig. 12 is a rear view illustrating a first modification;

    Fig. 13A is a rear view illustrating a second modification; and

    Fig. 13B is a perspective view illustrating a guide portion according to the second modification.


    Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments



    [0041] The particulars shown herein are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the embodiments of the present invention only and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the present invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the present invention in more detail than is necessary for the fundamental understanding of the present invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the forms of the present invention may be embodied in practice.

    [0042] In the following, directions indicated in the drawings by arrows U, D, F, B, L, and R shall be defined in the description as an upward direction, a downward direction, a forward (front) direction, a rearward (back) direction, a left direction, and a right direction, respectively. The forward direction and the rearward direction are the forward-traveling direction and rearward-traveling direction of the work vehicle, respectively. The right direction and left direction are the right direction and left direction with respect to the front-back direction of the work vehicle, respectively. The upward direction and downward direction are the upward direction and downward direction with respect to the work vehicle, respectively.

    [0043] First, an overall configuration of a tractor 1 equipped with a license plate support mechanism (hereafter referred to simply as a "support mechanism") 100 according to a first embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to Figs. 1 to 4.

    [0044] The tractor 1 is primarily equipped with a vehicle frame 2, front wheels 3, a transmission device 4, rear wheels 5, rear wheel fenders 6, an engine 7, a hood 8, a steering wheel 9, a seat 10, a front safety frame 11, a rear safety frame 12, and the support mechanism 100.

    [0045] The vehicle frame 2 is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in a front/back direction. A front portion of the vehicle frame 2 is supported by the right-left pair of front wheels 3. The transmission device 4 is provided in a rear portion of the vehicle frame 2. A rear portion of the transmission device 4 is supported by the right-left pair of rear wheels 5. The right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6 cover above and forward of the rear wheels 5. The engine 7 is provided in a front/back-direction midway portion of the vehicle frame 2. The engine 7 is covered by the hood 8. Behind the engine 7, a driving/operation portion is provided that includes the steering wheel 9, various operation tools, and the seat 10, for example.

    [0046] The front safety frame 11 and the rear safety frame 12 are provided to the front and rear of the driving/operation portion, respectively. The front safety frame 11 is provided to the front of the driving/operation portion so as to be capable of pivoting forward and backward. The rear safety frame 12 is provided on an inward side of inner side surfaces (side surfaces facing inward) 6a of the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6.

    [0047] The support mechanism 100 supports a license plate (number plate) mounted on the tractor 1. The support mechanism 100 is provided to the rear safety frame 12. Details of the configuration of the support mechanism 100 are described below.

    [0048] In the tractor 1 having this configuration, drive power from the engine 7 undergoes a speed change in the transmission device 4, after which the drive power can be transmitted to the front wheels 3 and the rear wheels 5 via an appropriate drive power transmission mechanism. The front wheels 3 and the rear wheels 5 are rotationally driven by the drive power of the engine 7, and this enables the tractor 1 to travel. The steering wheel 9 can adjust (modify) a turning angle of the right-left pair of front wheels 3 in response to an amount of rotational operation of the steering wheel 9, and can steer the tractor 1.

    [0049] Next, the configuration of the support mechanism 100 is described.

    [0050] The support mechanism 100 illustrated in Figs. 2 to 6 supports a license plate mounted on the tractor 1. The support mechanism 100 can switch the position of an attachment portion 110 (the license plate), described below, between a display position that is visible from the rear and a storage position that is stored inward toward the vehicle body (inward compared to the display position). Figs. 1 through 8 illustrate the license plate switched to the display position. Hereafter, the configuration of the support mechanism 100 is described with reference to this state. The support mechanism 100 is primarily equipped with the attachment portion 110, a fixing portion 120, a switching mechanism 130, a regulating mechanism 160, and a cover member 170.

    [0051] The attachment portion 110 allows the attachment of the license plate (not shown in the drawings). The attachment portion 110 is formed in a flat plate shape with a thickness direction oriented in the front/back direction. The license plate can be attached to a rear surface of the attachment portion 110. The attachment portion 110 is primarily equipped with an exterior inclined portion 111, an interior inclined portion 112, and a lamp 113.

    [0052] The exterior inclined portion 111 is an inclined portion formed so as to cut away a left top edge portion of an exterior circumference of the attachment portion 110. The exterior inclined portion 111 is formed so as to face left and upward (outward and upward; i.e., so as to incline from a right upper side toward a left lower side).

    [0053] The interior inclined portion 112 is an inclined portion formed so as to cut away a right top edge portion of the exterior circumference of the attachment portion 110. The interior inclined portion 112 is formed so as to face right and upward (inward and upward; i.e., so as to incline from a left upper side toward a right lower side).

    [0054] In this way, the attachment portion 110 is formed in a hexagonal shape in a front view, with the exterior inclined portion 111 and the interior inclined portion 112 each forming one edge.

    [0055] The lamp 113 shines light on the license plate. The lamp 113 is provided to a top end portion of the rear surface of the attachment portion 110. The lamp 113 is equipped with an illumination portion capable of shining light downward (onto the rear surface of the attachment portion 110). Visibility of the license plate attached to the attachment portion 110 can be improved by the lamp 113 providing this illumination. In the following, the surface of the attachment portion 110 to which the lamp 113 is provided (surface to which the license plate is provided) may also be referred to simply as an "attachment surface."

    [0056] The fixing portion 120 illustrated in Figs. 3 to 5 fixes the attachment portion 110 to the vehicle body of the tractor 1. By having both top and bottom end portions of a plate member bend inward toward the vehicle body (rightward), the fixing portion 120 is formed in substantially a "C" shape in a rear view. The fixing portion 120 is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in the front/back direction. A front end portion of the fixing portion 120 is fixed by an appropriate method (for example, welding) to a left side surface of the rear safety frame 12. Thus, the fixing portion 120 is positioned so as to project rearward from the rear safety frame 12.

    [0057] The switching mechanism 130 depicted in Figs. 5, 7, and 8 switches the position of the attachment portion 110 between the display position and the storage position. The switching mechanism 130 is primarily equipped with a right-left rotation mechanism 140 and a vertical rotation mechanism 150.

    [0058] The right-left rotation mechanism 140 depicted in Figs. 5 and 8 rotates the attachment portion 110 to the left and right (centered on a vertical axis line). The right-left rotation mechanism 140 is primarily equipped with a support member 141, a rotating member 142, an engagement pin 143, a spring 144, a spring receiving washer 145, a nut 146, a washer 147, a pin 148, and a cover 149, for example.

    [0059] The support member 141 rotatably supports the rotating member 142, which is described below. The support member 141 is primarily equipped with a cylindrical portion 141a and a fixing portion 141b.

    [0060] The cylindrical portion 141a forms a primary structural body (main body) of the support member 141. The cylindrical portion 141a is formed in a cylindrical shape having an axis line oriented in the vertical direction. The cylindrical portion 141a is formed such that the inner diameter of a lower portion of the cylindrical portion 141a increases as compared to the inner diameter of an upper portion. The lower portion of the cylindrical portion 141a accommodates the spring 144, for example, described below. An engagement groove 141c is formed on an upper surface of the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0061] The engagement groove 141c is a groove formed so as to create a recess in the upper surface of the cylindrical portion 141a. In a plan view, engagement grooves 141c are formed so as to extend in directions parallel to the front/back direction and the right-left direction (a "+" shape) passing through the center of the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0062] The fixing portion 141b is a portion fixing the cylindrical portion 141a to the vehicle body of the tractor 1. The fixing portion 141b is formed in substantially a rectangular plate shape with a thickness direction oriented in the right-left direction. A rear end portion of the fixing portion 141b is fixed to a front side surface of the cylindrical portion 141a. The fixing portion 141b is fixed to the rear end portion of the fixing portion 120 using an appropriate bolt, for example (see Fig. 5). In this way, the cylindrical portion 141a (support member 141) is fixed to the vehicle body (rear safety frame 12) of the tractor 1 via the fixing portion 120.

    [0063] The rotating member 142 rotates relative to the support member 141. The rotating member 142 is primarily equipped with a shaft 142a, a cylindrical portion 142b, and an arm 142c.

    [0064] The shaft 142a is a substantially circular columnar portion with an axial direction oriented in the vertical direction. By inserting the shaft 142a into the cylindrical portion 141a of the support member 141, the shaft 142a is supported so as to be capable of rotating relative to the support member 141. Through-holes 142d and 142e which run through the shaft 142a in the front/back direction are formed in the vicinity of a top end portion and a bottom end portion of the shaft 142a, respectively.

    [0065] The cylindrical portion 142b is a substantially cylindrical portion with an axial direction oriented in the front/back direction. The cylindrical portion 142b is fixed to the top end of the shaft 142a by an appropriate method.

    [0066] The arm 142c is formed in a plate shape with a thickness direction oriented in substantially the front/back direction. The arm 142c is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in substantially the right-left direction. One end (right end) of the arm 142c is fixed by an appropriate method to a left side surface of the top end portion of the shaft 142a. This fixes the arm 142c such that the arm 142c extends leftward from the shaft 142a. A right-left-direction midway portion of the arm 142c is suitably bent. This forms the left end portion of the arm 142c so as to be positioned further rearward than the right end portion of the arm 142c. A through-hole 142f running through the arm 142c in the front/back direction is formed on the left end portion of the arm 142c.

    [0067] The engagement pin 143 illustrated in Fig. 8 is capable of engaging with the engagement grooves 141c formed on the cylindrical portion 141a. The engagement pin 143 is formed in a substantially cylindrical shape. The length of the engagement pin 143 is configured to be substantially identical to the outer diameter of the cylindrical portion 141a. The engagement pin 143 is inserted through the through-hole 142d of the shaft 142a and fixed, above the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0068] The spring 144 biases the rotating member 142 downward. The spring 144 is formed by a compression coil spring. The spring 144 is arranged with an axis line oriented in the vertical direction. The shaft 142a is inserted through the spring 144 on an interior of the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0069] The spring receiving washer 145 supports the spring 144 from below. The spring receiving washer 145 is formed in an annular plate shape. The spring receiving washer 145 is arranged so as to abut a bottom end of the spring 144. The shaft 142a is inserted through the spring receiving washer 145 on the interior of the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0070] The spring receiving washer 145 is fitted to the shaft 142a of the rotating member 142 by the nut 146, the washer 147, and the pin 148. Specifically, the nut 146 is fastened to the shaft 142a below the spring receiving washer 145. The shaft 142a is inserted through the washer 147, below the nut 146. Then, the pin 148 is inserted through the through-hole 142e of the shaft 142a below the washer 147. The pin 148 can prevent the nut 146, for example, from falling.

    [0071] In this way, the spring receiving washer 145 is fitted to the shaft 142a so as to not fall off of the shaft 142a. The spring 144 is arranged, in a compressed state, between the spring receiving washer 145 and the cylindrical portion 141a. Thus, the spring 144 constantly biases the rotating member 142 downward via the spring receiving washer 145. Due to this biasing force, the engagement pin 143 provided to the rotating member 142 can maintain a state of engagement with the engagement groove 141c of the support member 141.

    [0072] In addition, both the top and bottom end portions of the cylindrical portion 141a are covered by a cover 149. This can prevent foreign matter such as dust from infiltrating the interior of the cylindrical portion 141a (a sliding area between the cylindrical portion 141a and the shaft 142a).

    [0073] The vertical rotation mechanism 150 depicted in Figs. 5 to 7 rotates the attachment portion 110 vertically (centered on a horizontal axis line). The vertical rotation mechanism 150 is primarily equipped with a cylindrical member 151, a bolt 152, a guide member 153, a switching bolt 154, and a nut 155.

    [0074] The cylindrical member 151 is formed in a cylindrical shape having an axis line oriented in the front/back direction. A rear end of the cylindrical member 151 is fixed in the vicinity of the right end portion on the front surface of the attachment portion 110 using an appropriate method. Thus, the cylindrical member 151 is positioned so as to project forward from the front surface of the attachment portion 110.

    [0075] The bolt 152 couples the attachment portion 110 to the rotating member 142 so as to allow rotation. The bolt 152 is arranged with an axis line oriented in the front/back direction. The bolt 152 is inserted from forward of the cylindrical portion 142b of the rotating member 142. In addition, a rear end portion of the bolt 152 is fastened to the cylindrical member 151. This couples the attachment portion 110 to the rotating member 142 so as to allow rotation centered on the bolt 152.

    [0076] The guide member 153 guides the rotation of the attachment portion 110 when the attachment portion 110 rotates relative to the rotating member 142. The guide member 153 is formed by bending a substantially rectangular plate-shaped member as appropriate. Specifically, the guide member 153 is formed by a substantially rectangular plate-shaped member having a thickness direction oriented in the front/back direction and bending both longitudinal direction ends of the member rearward. The guide member 153 is arranged to the upper left of the cylindrical member 151 such that the longitudinal direction of the guide member 153 is inclined from the upper right to the lower left. Two end portions of the guide member 153 (the two bent end portions) are fixed to the front surface of the attachment portion 110 using an appropriate method. Thus, the guide member 153 is arranged with a gap between a front surface of the guide member 153 and the front surface of the attachment portion 110. A guide hole 153a is formed on the guide member 153.

    [0077] The guide hole 153a is formed so as to run through the front surface of the guide member 153 in the front/back direction. In a front view, the guide hole 153a is formed in an arc shape centered on the cylindrical member 151. A center angle of the arc (guide hole 153a) is formed to be approximately 90°. The guide hole 153a is formed to span from the vicinity of one longitudinal end of the front surface of the guide member 153 to the vicinity of the other longitudinal end. The guide hole 153a may be formed to have a substantially constant width along the entire guide hole 153a, but in the present embodiment, the guide hole 153a is formed such that a single portion (a substantially central portion) has a broader width. This portion allows the nut 155 (described below) to be inserted when assembling the support mechanism 100.

    [0078] The switching bolt 154 regulates the rotation of the attachment portion 110 relative to the rotating member 142. The switching bolt 154 is arranged with an axis line oriented in the front/back direction. The switching bolt 154 is inserted from the front through the through-hole 142f of the arm 142c and through the guide hole 153a of the guide member 153. The switching bolt 154 includes a lever 154a.

    [0079] The lever 154a is formed in a substantially circular columnar shape. The lever 154a is fixed to a front end of the switching bolt 154 with a longitudinal direction oriented in the right-left direction. A worker can readily rotate the switching bolt 154 by gripping and turning the lever 154a.

    [0080] Together with the switching bolt 154, the nut 155 regulates the rotation of the attachment portion 110 relative to the rotating member 142. The nut 155 is formed in a polygonal shape having an outer circumferential portion that is linear in a front view. In the present embodiment, the nut 155 is formed in a rectangular shape (square shape) in a front view. The rear end portion of the switching bolt 154, which is inserted through the guide hole 153a, is inserted into the nut 155.

    [0081] When the switching bolt 154 is inserted into the nut 155, in order to prevent the nut 155 from falling off the switching bolt 154, a stopper (not shown in the drawings) is fitted to the rear end portion of the switching bolt 154. From a viewpoint of improving ease of work when the switching bolt 154 is to be inserted through the guide hole 153a, the switching bolt 154 is first inserted into the nut 155 (the stopper is attached), after which the switching bolt 154 is inserted through the guide hole 153a. When doing this, the nut 155 can be passed through the guide hole 153a via the wider portion (portion where the width is formed to be broader) formed at the midway portion of the guide hole 153a.

    [0082] The regulating mechanism 160 illustrated in Figs. 5 to 8 regulates the rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the display position. The regulating mechanism 160 is primarily equipped with a first regulating member 161 and a second regulating member 162.

    [0083] The first regulating member 161 is formed in substantially a rectangular plate shape with a thickness direction oriented in the right-left direction. The first regulating member 161 is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in the front/back direction. A front end portion of the first regulating member 161 is fixed to a left side surface of the cylindrical portion 141a of the support member 141 using an appropriate method. Thus, the regulating member 161 is positioned so as to project rearward from the cylindrical portion 141a.

    [0084] The second regulating member 162 is formed in substantially a rectangular plate shape with a thickness direction oriented in the vertical direction. The second regulating member 162 is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in the right-left direction. A rear end portion of the second regulating member 162 is fixed to a lower right portion on the front surface of the attachment portion 110 using an appropriate method. Thus, the second regulating member 162 is positioned so as to project forward from the front surface of the attachment portion 110.

    [0085] The cover member 170 illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5 covers a portion of the attachment portion 110 when the attachment portion 110 is in the storage position (described below). The cover member 170 is formed in substantially a box shape that is open inward toward the vehicle body (rightward) by appropriately bending a plate member. The cover member 170 is arranged with a longitudinal direction oriented in the front/back direction. The front/back direction length of the cover member 170 is configured to be substantially identical to the front/back direction length of the fixing portion 120. The cover member 170 is arranged directly above the fixing portion 120. The cover member 170 is fixed to the rear end portion of the fixing portion 120 using an appropriate bolt, for example.

    [0086] Next, a description is given of switching the attachment portion 110 (license plate) between the display position and the storage position using the support mechanism 100 configured as described above.

    [0087] First, the attachment portion 110 in the display position is described.

    [0088] When the attachment portion 110 is in the display position, as illustrated in Figs. 2 to 4, at least a portion of the attachment portion 110 is positioned further outward than the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6 (more specifically, further outward than the inner surface 6a of the rear wheel fender 6). More specifically, the attachment portion 110 is positioned more or less above the left rear wheel fender 6 in a state where the surface provided with the lamp 113 (attachment surface) faces rearward. In this state, even when a work apparatus is mounted to the rear portion (right-left-direction center) of the tractor 1, visibility of the attachment portion 110 (license plate) can be ensured.

    [0089] When the attachment portion 110 is in the display position, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the exterior inclined portion 111 is positioned on an upper portion of the attachment portion 110 toward the exterior of the vehicle body. By providing the inclined portion toward the exterior of the vehicle body (exterior inclined portion 111) in this way, interference with surrounding objects (such as fruit trees, for example) can be constrained. Moreover, by providing such an exterior inclined portion 111, a left-rearward field of view for the worker (passenger) seated in the seat 10 can be more readily ensured.

    [0090] When the attachment portion 110 is in the display position, the switching bolt 154 is inserted through one end portion of the guide hole 153a (bottom left end portion of the guide hole 153a depicted in Figs. 5 and 7). When the attachment portion 110 is fixed in the display position, the switching bolt 154 is fastened with the nut 155 (see Fig. 7). Accordingly, vertical direction rotation of the attachment portion 110 can be regulated. Specifically, the arm 142c and the guide member 153 are held between the switching bolt 154 and the nut 155, and therefore the rotation of the attachment portion 110 centered on the bolt 152 is regulated.

    [0091] When the switching bolt 154 is fastened by the nut 155, rotation of the nut 155 must be regulated to prevent corotation of the nut 155 with the switching bolt 154 (the nut rotating together with the switching bolt 154). In the present embodiment, rotation of the nut 155 can be regulated by an outer circumferential portion (portion formed in a straight line in a front view) of the nut 155 abutting a side surface (two end portions bent rearward) of the guide member 153. Accordingly, in the present embodiment, the switching bolt 154 can be fastened by the nut 155 only when the nut 155 is positioned such that the nut 155 can abut the side surface of the guide member 153 (is in the vicinity of the two end portions of the guide member 153), i.e., only when the switching bolt 154 is inserted in the vicinity of the two end portions of the guide hole 153a. With such a configuration, fixing the attachment portion 110 in an unintended rotation position can be prevented.

    [0092] In addition, when the attachment portion 110 is in the display position, the engagement pin 143 (see Fig. 8) engages with the engagement groove 141c that extends in the front/back direction, of the engagement grooves 141c of the cylindrical portion 141a. This enables rotation of the rotating member 142 relative to the support member 141 to be regulated, which consequently enables rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the right-left direction to be regulated.

    [0093] Moreover, when the attachment portion 110 is in the display position, the second regulating member 162 abuts the first regulating member 161 from above (see Fig. 5). With the regulating mechanism 160 configured in this way, downward rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the display position is regulated. For example, even when the worker loosens the switching bolt 154, the downward rotation of the attachment portion 110 is regulated by the regulating mechanism 160, and therefore the attachment portion 110 can be prevented from interfering with the rear wheel fender 6 below it.

    [0094] Next, a method of switching the position of the attachment portion 110 from the display position to the storage position is described.

    [0095] When the attachment portion 110 is switched from the display position to the storage position, first, the attachment portion 110 is rotated counterclockwise in a plan view, as illustrated in Fig. 9. Specifically, the worker applies a force to the attachment portion 110 and causes the rotating member 142 to rotate relative to the support member 141. At this point, when the worker applies at least a certain amount of force to the attachment portion 110, the engagement pin 143 (see Fig. 8) escapes the engagement groove 141c extending in the front/back direction, enabling the rotating member 142 to rotate. When the attachment portion 110 (rotating member 142) is rotated in this state, the engagement pin 143 engages with the engagement groove 141c extending in the right-left direction. This once again regulates the rotation of the attachment portion 110 (rotating member 142). In this state, the thickness direction of the attachment portion 110 is oriented in the right-left direction, as illustrated in Fig. 9. When the attachment portion 110 is rotated in this way, the first regulating member 161 and the second regulating member 162 of the regulating mechanism 160 move away from each other and the restriction on the rotation of the attachment portion 110 applied by the regulating mechanism 160 is released.

    [0096] Next, the attachment portion 110 is rotated downward (clockwise in a left side view), as illustrated in Fig. 10. Specifically, the worker loosens the switching bolt 154 and releases the restriction on the vertical rotation of the attachment portion 110. Then, the worker rotates the attachment portion 110 downward by approximately 90°. This causes the switching bolt 154 to be inserted through the other end portion of the guide hole 153a (upper right end portion of the guide hole 153a depicted in Figs. 5 and 7). In this state, the worker fastens the switching bolt 154 with the nut 155. Accordingly, the vertical direction rotation of the attachment portion 110 can be regulated. In this way, the attachment portion 110 is held in the storage position.

    [0097] When the attachment portion 110 is in the storage position, as illustrated in Fig. 11, the entire attachment portion 110 is positioned further inward than the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6 (more specifically, further inward than the inner surface 6a of the rear wheel fender 6). The inner surface 6a of the rear wheel fender 6 refers to a side surface portion on an inward side of the rear wheel fender 6 toward the vehicle body.

    [0098] More specifically, when the attachment portion 110 is in the storage position, the attachment portion 110 is positioned behind (to the rear of) the rear safety frame 12 in a state where the surface provided with the lamp 113 (attachment surface) faces sideways (inward (rightward)). In this state, the attachment portion 110 is arranged so as to overlap with the rear safety frame 12 (so as to not stick out past the rear safety frame 12) in a rear view. In this state, the attachment portion 110 (license plate) does not project to the side or upward from the vehicle body of the tractor 1, and therefore interference with crops (surrounding objects) such as fruit trees, for example, can be constrained. In particular, in the present embodiment, by turning the attachment surface inward, the lamp 113 (which protrudes from the attachment surface) and the license plate mounted on the attachment surface can be turned inward and interference with surrounding objects can be more effectively constrained. When performing work that uses the tractor 1 in a field with a large number of obstacles such as fruit trees in the area, switching the attachment portion 110 to the storage position is desirable.

    [0099] In addition, when the attachment portion 110 is in the storage position, the front top portion of the attachment portion 110 is covered by the cover member 170 from an outward side, as illustrated in Fig. 10. Therefore, fruit trees or other obstacles can be prevented from catching on the front top portion of the attachment portion 110.

    [0100] When the attachment portion 110 is in the storage position, the interior inclined portion 112 is positioned on an upper rear portion of the attachment portion 110. By providing an inclined portion (interior inclined portion 112) that inclines rearward in the storage position in this way, a down-and-rearward field of view for the worker (passenger) seated in the seat 10 can be more readily ensured.

    [0101] A method of switching the attachment portion 110 from the storage position to the display position is substantially the reverse of the above-described method of switching to the storage position.

    [0102] Specifically, the attachment portion 110 in the storage position is first rotated upward approximately 90°, and downward rotation of the attachment portion 110 is regulated by the switching bolt 154. Then, by rotating the attachment portion 110 outward, the attachment portion can be switched to the display position.

    [0103] As noted above, the license plate support mechanism 100 according to the present embodiment is equipped with the attachment portion 110 to which the license plate can be attached, the fixing portion 120 fixing the attachment portion 110 to the vehicle body, and the switching mechanism 130. The switching mechanism 130 couples the attachment portion 110 to the fixing portion 120 such that the attachment portion 110 is capable of displacing relative to the fixing portion 120. The switching mechanism 130 also enables the attachment portion 110 to switch between the storage position, in which the attachment portion 110 is stored on the right-left direction inward side of the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6, and the display position, in which the attachment portion 110 is positioned on the right-left direction outward side of the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6. With such a configuration, visibility of the license plate can be ensured while still constraining the attachment portion 110 (license plate) from interfering with surrounding objects (for example, crops). In other words, when there is no need to display the license plate, the attachment portion 110 can be stored on the inward side of the rear wheel fenders 6 by shifting the attachment portion 110 to the storage position, and interference with objects around the vehicle body (for example, crops such as fruit trees) can be constrained.

    [0104] In addition, the attachment portion 110 is formed in a flat plate shape having the attachment surface where the license plate is attached. The switching mechanism 130 supports the attachment portion 110 in the storage position such that the attachment surface is oriented sideways, and supports the attachment portion 110 in the display position such that the attachment surface is oriented rearward. With such a configuration, interference between the attachment portion 110 and surrounding objects can be effectively constrained in the storage position, and visibility of the license plate can be ensured in the display position.

    [0105] In addition, the switching mechanism 130 is equipped with the right-left rotation mechanism 140, which rotates the attachment portion 110 left and right relative to the fixing portion 120, and the vertical rotation mechanism 150, which rotates the attachment portion 110 up and down relative to the fixing portion 120. With such a configuration, the attachment portion 110 can be rotated in two directions (two stages), and therefore when the position of the attachment portion 110 is changed, interference with surrounding objects or the vehicle body is more readily avoided. For example, as in the present embodiment, the position of the attachment portion 110 can be changed without interfering with the rear wheel fenders 6 or the rear safety frame 12.

    [0106] The support mechanism 100 is further equipped with the regulating mechanism 160, which regulates the downward rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the display position. With such a configuration, the attachment portion 110 can be prevented from falling in the display position. Accordingly, visibility of the license plate in the display position can be ensured.

    [0107] In addition, the attachment portion 110 is configured such that at least a portion of the top end portion thereof (interior inclined portion 112) inclines rearward and downward in the storage position. With such a configuration, the field of view for the passenger can be more readily ensured. In other words, when the worker (passenger) riding forward and upward from the attachment portion 110 looks to the rear, the attachment portion 110 is unlikely to obstruct the field of view.

    [0108] In addition, the attachment portion 110 is configured such that at least a portion of the top end portion thereof (exterior inclined portion 111) inclines downward and outward in the right-left direction in the display position. With such a configuration, the attachment portion 110 can be constrained from interfering with surrounding objects (for example, crops) even in the display position. In other words, by providing the inclined portion to the right-left direction exterior of the top end portion of the attachment portion 110, interference with surrounding objects is more readily avoided. Furthermore, the field of view for the passenger can be more readily ensured.

    [0109] Also, the fixing portion 120 is provided to the rear safety frame 12 (safety frame), which is provided between the right-left pair of rear wheel fenders 6. With such a configuration, the license plate can be strongly supported.

    [0110] In addition, the tractor 1 is equipped with the license plate support mechanism 100 described above. With such a configuration, the attachment portion 110 (license plate) can be constrained from interfering with surrounding objects (for example, crops).

    [0111] The embodiment of the present invention is as described above; however, the present invention is not limited to the above configuration and various changes may be made within the scope of the invention disclosed in the claims.

    [0112] For example, in the embodiment described above, the tractor 1 is given as an example of a work vehicle. However, the present invention can be applied to various other types of work vehicle (such as an agricultural vehicle, construction vehicle, or industrial vehicle).

    [0113] In addition, the support mechanism 100 according to the above embodiment is configured to rotate the attachment portion 110 right-left and vertically when the attachment portion 110 (license plate) switches positions, but the present invention is not limited to this. Specifically, in the present invention, so long as the attachment portion 110 is capable of switching between the display position and the storage position, the specific configuration for doing so is not limited. For example, the attachment portion 110 can also be configured to rotate in only one direction (for example, the right-left direction) to change position (switch between the display position and the storage position).

    [0114] Also, in the embodiment described above, an example is given of regulating the vertical rotation of the attachment portion 110 by fastening the switching bolt 154 with the nut 155, as illustrated in Fig. 7. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and a structure regulating the vertical rotation of the attachment portion 110 can be modified as appropriate. For example, instead of the switching bolt 154, a circular columnar pin can be inserted through the rotating member 142 and the guide member 153, and a foremost end portion of the pin can engage with a hole formed in the attachment portion 110, thereby enabling rotation of the attachment portion 110 to be regulated. Accordingly, rotation of the attachment portion 110 can be regulated or freed simply by removing or inserting the pin from/to the hole in the attachment portion 110. In this case, the regulation of the attachment portion 110 by the pin can be further facilitated by provided a biasing member (for example, a spring) that biases the pin toward the attachment portion 110.

    [0115] In addition, the support mechanism 100 according to the embodiment described above is configured to include the regulating mechanism 160, which regulates the downward rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the display position. However, other mechanisms to appropriately regulate the rotation of the attachment portion 110 can also be provided.

    [0116] For example, Fig. 12 illustrates a modification (first modification) provided with a regulating portion 171 that regulates the right-left direction rotation of the attachment portion 110 in the storage position. The regulating portion 171 is configured by bending an interior end portion (right end portion) of the top surface of the cover member 170 downward. With such a configuration, the regulating portion 171 is positioned immediately to the right of the top end portion of the attachment portion 110.

    [0117] In the first modification configured in this way, when the worker mistakenly attempts to rotate the attachment portion 110 in the storage position (see Fig. 10 as well) outward (leftward), the attachment portion 110 strikes the regulating portion 171 and the rotation is regulated. Accordingly, the attachment portion 110 can be prevented from rotating outward from the storage position and interfering with the rear wheel fenders 6, for example. As in the first modification, a mechanism can be provided that appropriately regulates the rotation of the attachment portion 110 such that the attachment portion 110 does not rotate in an unintended direction.

    [0118] Furthermore, as in a modification (second modification) illustrated in Fig. 13, the support mechanism 100 can also be provided with a guide portion 141d that guides the attachment portion 110 when the attachment portion 110 rotates. The guide portion 141d guides the attachment portion 110 such that the attachment portion 110 rotates upward when switching from the storage position to the display position.

    [0119] Specifically, the guide portion 141d is formed in substantially a triangular plate shape having an inclined portion 141e. The guide portion 141d is fixed to the rear side surface of the support member 141. The inclined portion 141e is positioned so as to incline from a lower rear right side toward an upper front left side. The inclined portion 141e can guide the attachment portion 110 upward by abutting the bottom end portion of the attachment portion 110 from below when the attachment portion 110 is rotated leftward (outward).

    [0120] For example, when the attachment portion 110 switches from the storage position to the display position, as described above, the attachment portion 110 first must be rotated upward approximately 90° (see Fig. 9). Thus, when the attachment portion 110 is not rotated sufficiently (approximately 90°) upward and is then rotated outward, the attachment portion 110 may interfere with the rear wheel fenders 6. In view of this, when the guide portion 141d described in the second modification is provided, even when the attachment portion 110 is rotated outward in a state of insufficient upward rotation, the inclined portion 141e of the guide portion 141d guides the bottom end portion of the attachment portion 110 upward and interference with the rear wheel fender 6 can be avoided.

    [0121] The configuration of the guide portion 141d according to the second modification is merely exemplary, and the configuration thereof is not limited so long as the portion can guide the attachment portion 110 upward (that is, toward the display position) in conjunction with outward rotation of the attachment portion 110.

    [0122] It is noted that the foregoing examples have been provided merely for the purpose of explanation and are in no way to be construed as limiting of the present invention. While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is understood that the words which have been used herein are words of description and illustration, rather than words of limitation. Changes may be made, within the purview of the appended claims, as presently stated and as amended, without departing from the scope of the present invention in its aspects. Although the present invention has been described herein with reference to particular structures, materials and embodiments, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the particulars disclosed herein.


    Claims

    1. A mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle, comprising:

    an attachment portion (110) configured to support the license plate; and

    a fixing portion (120) configured to fix the attachment portion to a vehicle body of the work vehicle;

    characterized in that

    a switching mechanism (130) coupling the attachment portion to the fixing portion (120) in a manner such that the attachment portion moves relative to the fixing portion, and that the attachment portion is movable between a storage position and a display position, wherein

    at the storage position, the attachment portion (110) is positioned between a pair of rear wheel fenders of the work vehicle, in use, and

    at the display position, the attachment portion (110) is positioned outward of the pair of rear wheel fenders with respect to the right-left direction of the work vehicle, in use.


     
    2. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to claim 1, wherein
    the attachment portion (110) has a flat-plate-like shape including an attachment surface where the license plate is attached.
     
    3. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to claim 2, wherein
    the attachment portion (110) has a rectangular-like form at least a rearward part of a top edge of which inclines rearward and downward in a state where the attachment portion is located at the storage position, in use.
     
    4. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 2 to 3, wherein
    the attachment portion (110) has a rectangular-like form at least a part of the top edge of which inclines downward and outward in the right-left direction of the work vehicle in a state where the attachment portion is located at the display position, in use.
     
    5. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein
    the switching mechanism (130):

    supports the attachment portion (110) at the storage position such that the attachment surface is oriented sideways of the work vehicle; and

    supports the attachment portion (110) at the display position such that the attachment surface is oriented rearward of the work vehicle.


     
    6. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein
    the switching mechanism (130) has:

    a right-left rotation mechanism configured to rotate the attachment portion (110) along the right-left direction of the work vehicle, in use; and

    a vertical rotation mechanism configured to rotate the attachment portion (110) along the up-down direction of the work vehicle, in use.


     
    7. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein

    the right-left rotation mechanism is further configured to rotate the attachment portion (110) around a first rotation axis extending along a substantially vertical direction, in use; and

    the vertical rotation mechanism is further configured to rotate the attachment portion (110) around a second rotation axis extending along a substantially horizontal direction, in use.


     
    8. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 6 to 7, wherein
    the vertical rotation mechanism includes a guide plate (153) to which the attachment portion (110) is fixed; and
    the guide plate (153) is configured to rotate along the up-down direction of the work vehicle, in use.
     
    9. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to claim 8, wherein
    a guide groove (153a) is formed within the guide plate (153), the guide groove extending along an arc-like shape;
    the vertical rotation mechanism includes a protrusion (154) rotatably supported by the right-left rotation mechanism; and
    the protrusion (154) is configured to slidably engage with the guide groove (153a) in a manner such that the guide plate (153) rotates along the up-down direction.
     
    10. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising:
    a regulating mechanism (161, 162) configured to regulate a downward rotation of the attachment portion (110) located at the display position, in use.
     
    11. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to claim 10, wherein
    the regulating mechanism includes a first member (161) and a second member (162),

    the first member (161) being fixed to the fixing portion (120), and

    the second member (162) being fixed to the attachment portion (110); and

    the regulating mechanism is configured such that the first member (161) supports the second member (162) in a state where the attachment portion (110) is located at the display position, in use.
     
    12. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to claim 11, wherein
    the attachment portion (110) has a flat-plate-like shape including an attachment surface where the license plate is attached; and
    the second member (162) is fixed to a surface opposite to the attachment surface.
     
    13. The mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein
    the fixing portion (120) is configured to be mounted on a safety frame of the work vehicle that is arranged between the pair of rear wheel fenders of the work vehicle.
     
    14. A work vehicle comprising:

    the mechanism for supporting a license plate of a work vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 12;

    a pair of front wheels (3);

    a pair of rear wheels (5);

    a body frame (2) supported by the pair of front wheels and the pair of rear wheels;

    a pair of rear wheel fenders (6) covering each rear wheel at least partially;

    a driver seat (10) for a driver; and

    a rear safety frame (12) arranged behind the driver seat (10) and between the pair of rear wheel fenders (6).


     
    15. The work vehicle according to claim 14, wherein
    the mechanism according to claims 1 to 12 is mounted onto a portion of the rear safety frame (12), the portion protruding above the pair of rear wheel fenders (6).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs mit:

    einem Anbauabschnitt (110), der konfiguriert ist, das Kennzeichen zu halten; und

    einem Befestigungsabschnitt (120), der konfiguriert ist, den Anbauabschnitt an einer Fahrzeugkarosserie des Arbeitsfahrzeugs zu befestigen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    ein Schaltmechanismus (130) den Anbauabschnitt mit dem Befestigungsabschnitt (120) in einer solchen Weise koppelt,

    dass der Anbauabschnitt sich relativ zum Befestigungsabschnitt bewegt, und dass der Anbauabschnitt zwischen einer Aufbewahrungsposition und einer Anzeigeposition beweglich ist, wobei

    in der Aufbewahrungsposition der Anbauabschnitt (110) im Gebrauch zwischen einem Paar Hinterradkotflügel des Arbeitsfahrzeugs angeordnet ist, und

    in der Anzeigeposition der Anbauabschnitt (110) im Gebrauch bezüglich der Links-Rechts-Richtung des Arbeitsfahrzeugs außerhalb des Paars der Hinterradkotflügel angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Anbauabschnitt (110) eine zu einer flachen Platte ähnliche Form aufweist, die eine Anbaufläche aufweist, wo das Kennzeichen angebaut ist.
     
    3. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Anbauabschnitt (110) eine zu einem Rechteck ähnliche Form aufweist, von der mindestens ein rückwärtiger Teil einer Oberkante in einem Zustand, wo der Anbauabschnitt im Gebrauch in der Aufbewahrungsposition angeordnet ist, nach hinten und nach unten geneigt ist.
     
    4. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 3, wobei der Anbauabschnitt (110) eine zu einem Rechteck ähnliche Form aufweist, von der mindestens ein Teil der Oberkante in einem Zustand, wo der Anbauabschnitt im Gebrauch in der Anzeigeposition angeordnet ist, nach unten und in die Links-Rechts-Richtung des Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach außen geneigt ist.
     
    5. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 4, wobei der Schaltmechanismus (130):

    den Anbauabschnitt (110) in der Aufbewahrungsposition hält, so dass die Anbaufläche seitwärts vom Arbeitsfahrzeug ausgerichtet ist; und

    den Anbauabschnitt (110) in der Anzeigeposition so hält, dass die Anbaufläche vom Arbeitsfahrzeug nach hinten ausgerichtet ist.


     
    6. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Schaltmechanismus (130) aufweist:
    einen Links-Rechts-Drehmechanismus, der konfiguriert ist, im Gebrauch den Anbauabschnitt (110) längs der Links-Rechts-Richtung des Arbeitsfahrzeugs zu drehen; und einen vertikalen Drehmechanismus, der konfiguriert ist, im Gebrauch den Anbauabschnitt (110) längs der Aufwärts-Abwärts-Richtung des Arbeitsfahrzeugs zu drehen.
     
    7. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Links-Rechts-Drehmechanismus ferner konfiguriert ist, den Anbauabschnitt (110) im Gebrauch um eine erste Drehachse zu drehen, die sich längs einer im Wesentlichen vertikalen Richtung erstreckt; und
    der vertikale Drehmechanismus ferner konfiguriert ist, den Anbauabschnitt (110) im Gebrauch um eine zweite Drehachse zu drehen, die sich längs einer im Wesentlichen horizontalen Richtung erstreckt.
     
    8. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 7, wobei der vertikale Drehmechanismus eine Führungsplatte (153) aufweist, an der der Anbauabschnitt (110) befestigt ist; und
    die Führungsplatte (153) konfiguriert ist, sich im Gebrauch längs der Aufwärts-Abwärts-Richtung des Arbeitsfahrzeugs zu drehen.
     
    9. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach Anspruch 8, wobei eine Führungsnut (153a) in der Führungsplatte (153) ausgebildet ist, wobei sich die Führungsnut längs einer bogenähnlichen Form erstreckt;
    der vertikale Drehmechanismus einen Vorsprung (154) aufweist, der durch den Links-Rechts-Drehmechanismus drehbar gehalten wird; und
    der Vorsprung (154) konfiguriert ist, verschiebbar mit der Führungsnut (153a) in einer solchen Weise in Eingriff zu treten, dass sich die Führungsplatte (153) längs der Aufwärts-Abwärts-Richtung dreht.
     
    10. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, der ferner aufweist:
    eine Regelmechanismus (161, 162), der konfiguriert ist, im Gebrauch eine Abwärtsdrehung des Anbauabschnitts (110) zu regeln, der in der Anzeigeposition angeordnet ist.
     
    11. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach Anspruch 10, wobei
    der Regelmechanismus ein erstes Element (161) und ein zweites Element (162) aufweist,
    wobei das erste Element (161) am Befestigungsabschnitt (120) befestigt ist, und
    wobei das zweite Element (162) am Anbauabschnitt (110) befestigt ist; und
    der Regelmechanismus so konfiguriert ist, dass im Gebrauch das erste Element (161) das zweite Element (162) in einem Zustand hält, wo der Anbauabschnitt (110) in der Anzeigeposition angeordnet ist.
     
    12. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach Anspruch 11, wobei
    der Anbauabschnitt (110) eine zu einer flachen Platte ähnliche Form aufweist, die eine Anbaufläche aufweist, wo das Kennzeichen angebaut ist; und
    das zweite Element (162) an eine zur Anbaufläche gegenüberliegenden Fläche befestigt ist.
     
    13. Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, wobei der Befestigungsabschnitt (120) konfiguriert ist, an einem Sicherheitsrahmen des Arbeitsfahrzeugs montiert zu werden, der zwischen dem Paar der Hinterradkotflügel des Arbeitsfahrzeugs angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Arbeitsfahrzeug, das aufweist:

    den Mechanismus zum Halten eines Kennzeichens eines Arbeitsfahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12;

    ein Paar Vorderräder (3);

    ein Paar Hinterräder (5);

    einen Karosserierahmen (2), der durch das Paar der Vorderräder und das Paar der Hinterräder gestützt wird;

    ein Paar Hinterradkotflügel (6), die jedes Hinterrad mindestens teilweise abdecken;

    einen Fahrersitz (10) für einen Fahrer; und

    einen hinteren Sicherheitsrahmen (12), der hinter dem Fahrersitz (10) und zwischen dem Paar der Hinterradkotflügel (6) angeordnet ist.


     
    15. Arbeitsfahrzeug nach Anspruch 14, wobei
    der Mechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12 an einen Abschnitt des hinteren Sicherheitsrahmens (12) montiert ist, wobei der Abschnitt über das Paar der Hinterradkotflügel (6) vorsteht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail, comprenant :

    une partie de support (110) prévue pour supporter la plaque d'immatriculation ; et

    une partie de fixation (120) prévue pour fixer la partie de support à la caisse du véhicule de travail ;

    caractérisé

    en ce qu'un mécanisme de commutation (130) raccorde la partie de support à la partie de fixation (120) de sorte que la partie de support est mobile par rapport à la partie de fixation, et que la partie de support est mobile entre une position de stockage et une position d'affichage, la partie de support (110) étant disposée, en position de stockage, entre les deux pare-boue arrière du véhicule de travail en service, et

    la partie de support (110) étant disposée, en position d'affichage, extérieurement aux deux pare-boue arrière dans le sens gauche-droite du véhicule de travail en service.


     
    2. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 1, où la partie de support (110) a une forme de plaque plane avec une surface de fixation où est fixée la plaque d'immatriculation.
     
    3. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 2, où la partie de support (110) a une forme rectangulaire, au moins une partie arrière du bord supérieur de celle-ci étant inclinée vers l'arrière et vers le bas dans un état où la partie de support est en position de stockage en service.
     
    4. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 2 ou la revendication 3, où
    la partie de support (110) a une forme rectangulaire, au moins une partie arrière du bord supérieur de celle-ci étant inclinée vers le bas et vers l'extérieur dans le sens gauche-droite du véhicule de travail dans un état où la partie de support est en position d'affichage en service.
     
    5. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 2 à 4, où
    le mécanisme de commutation (130) :

    supporte la partie de support (110) en position de stockage de telle manière que la surface de fixation est orientée vers le côté du véhicule de travail ; et

    supporte la partie de support (110) en position d'affichage de telle manière que la surface de fixation est orientée vers l'arrière du véhicule de travail.


     
    6. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, où
    le mécanisme de commutation (130) comprend :

    un mécanisme de pivotement gauche-droite prévu pour pivoter la partie de support (110) dans le sens gauche-droite du véhicule de travail en service ; et

    un mécanisme de pivotement vertical prévu pour pivoter la partie de support (110) dans le sens haut-bas du véhicule de travail en service.


     
    7. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, où
    le mécanisme de pivotement gauche-droite est en outre prévu pour pivoter la partie de support (110) autour d'un premier axe de pivotement s'étendant dans une direction sensiblement verticale en service ; et où le mécanisme de pivotement vertical est en outre prévu pour pivoter la partie de support (110) autour d'un deuxième axe de pivotement s'étendant dans une direction sensiblement horizontale en service.
     
    8. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendications 6 ou la revendication 7, où
    le mécanisme de pivotement vertical comprend une plaque de guidage (153) à laquelle la partie de support (110) est fixée ; et où
    la plaque de guidage (153) est prévue pour pivoter dans le sens haut-bas du véhicule de travail en service.
     
    9. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 8, où
    une rainure de guidage (153a) est formée à l'intérieur de la plaque de guidage (153), ladite rainure de guidage s'étendant en forme d'arc ;
    le mécanisme de pivotement vertical présente une saillie (154) supportée de manière pivotante par le mécanisme de pivotement gauche-droite ; et
    la saillie (154) est prévue pour s'engager par coulissement dans la rainure de guidage (153a), de manière telle que la plaque de guidage (153) pivote dans le sens haut-bas.
     
    10. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, comprenant en outre :
    un mécanisme de régulation (161, 162) prévu pour réguler un pivotement vers le bas de la partie de support (110) en position d'affichage, en service.
     
    11. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 10, où
    le mécanisme de régulation comprend un premier élément (161) et un deuxième élément (162),
    le premier élément (161) est fixé à la partie de fixation (120), et
    le deuxième élément (162) est fixé à la partie de support (110) ; et où
    le mécanisme de régulation est prévu de telle manière que le premier élément (161) supporte le deuxième élément (162) dans un état où la partie de support (110) est en position d'affichage, en service.
     
    12. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon la revendication 11, où
    la partie de support (110) a une forme de plaque plane avec une surface de fixation où est fixée la plaque d'immatriculation ; et
    le deuxième élément (162) est fixé sur une surface opposée à la surface de fixation.
     
    13. Mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 1 à 12, où
    la partie de fixation (120) est prévue pour être montée sur un cadre de sécurité du véhicule de travail disposé entre la paire de pare-boue arrière du véhicule de travail.
     
    14. Véhicule de travail, comprenant :

    le mécanisme de support de plaque d'immatriculation d'un véhicule de travail selon l'une des revendications 1 à 12 ;

    une paire de roues avant (3) ;

    une paire de roues arrière (5) ;

    un châssis de caisse (2) supporté par la paire de roues avant et la paire de roues arrière ;

    une paire de pare-boue arrière (6) couvrant chaque roue arrière au moins en partie ;

    un siège de conducteur (10) pour un conducteur ; et

    un cadre de sécurité arrière (12) disposé derrière le siège de conducteur (10) et entre les deux pare-boue arrière (6).


     
    15. Véhicule de travail selon la revendication 14, où
    le mécanisme selon les revendications 1 à 12 est monté sur une partie du cadre de sécurité arrière (12), ladite partie étant en saillie au-dessus de la paire de pare-boue arrière (6) .
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description