(19)
(11)EP 3 441 648 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/39

(21)Application number: 17795911.1

(22)Date of filing:  19.04.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16J 15/3292(2016.01)
F01D 25/00(2006.01)
F16J 15/22(2006.01)
F01D 11/00(2006.01)
F02C 7/28(2006.01)
F16J 15/44(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/015738
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/195550 (16.11.2017 Gazette  2017/46)

(54)

SEAL SEGMENT AND ROTARY MACHINE

DICHTUNGSSEGMENT UND DREHMASCHINE

SEGMENT DE JOINT D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ ET MACHINE TOURNANTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.05.2016 JP 2016093904

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.02.2019 Bulletin 2019/07

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YOSHIDA Azumi
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • UEHARA Hidekazu
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • NISHIMOTO Shin
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)
  • TATSUMI Naoya
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)
  • OZAKI Kohei
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2008 275 157
JP-A- 2015 140 844
US-A1- 2013 181 412
JP-A- 2013 092 205
US-A1- 2013 170 965
US-A1- 2013 200 569
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a seal segment.

    [0002] Priority is claimed on Japanese Patent Application No. 2016-093904, filed May 9, 2016.

    [Background Art]



    [0003] Around a rotor in a rotary machine such as a gas turbine and a steam turbine, a shaft seal device is provided to reduce a leakage amount of a working fluid flowing from a high-pressure side to a low-pressure side. As an example of this shaft seal device, for example, a shaft seal device described in WO2013/062040 described in the following.

    [0004] The shaft seal device includes a housing provided in a stator, and a seal body made up of a plurality of thin plate seal pieces, and a high-pressure side plate and a low-pressure side plate which are divided into a plurality of plates in a circumferential direction of the rotor and provided to extend along the high-pressure side and the low-pressure side of the seal body. Further, the low-pressure side plate and the high-pressure side plate restrict the flow of the working fluid to small gaps of the thin plate seal pieces.

    [0005] Further sealing assemblies for use with a rotary machine are known from US 2013/0170965 A1 and US 2013/0200569 A1. The shaft sealing apparatus according to US 2013/0181412 A1 is arranged in an annular space between a rotor and a stator in a rotating machine and represents the closest prior art.

    [Summary of Invention]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0006] Incidentally, in a rotary machine, a swirling flow may occur in a rotational direction. When applying the aforementioned shaft seal device to such a part in which a speed of the swirling flow is high, due to the swirling flow on a fluid high-pressure region side and the non-uniform flow in the vicinity of a divided portion of the high-pressure side plate and the low-pressure side plate, a pressure fluctuation occurs at the high-pressure side plate. As a result, fluttering may occur in the high-pressure side plate.

    [0007] In contrast, in the shaft seal device described in WO2013/062040, a rigidity imparting means is provided on the high-pressure side plate to suppress fluttering. However, when the rigidity imparting means is provided on the high-pressure side plate, since contact of the high-pressure side plate with a side surface of the seal body is hindered, there is a possibility that the shaft seal device described in WO2013/062040 affects sealing characteristics.

    [0008] The present invention provides a seal segment and a rotary machine which hardly affect the sealing characteristics and can suppress fluttering.

    [Solution to Problem]



    [0009] This object is solved by a seal segment with the features of claim 1 or 5. Preferred embodiments follow from the other claims. A seal segment according to a first aspect includes a seal body having a plurality of thin plate seal pieces which extend forward in a rotational direction of a rotary shaft toward an inner side of the rotary shaft in the radial direction and are laminated in a partial region of the rotary shaft in a circumferential direction; and a high-pressure side plate extending in the circumferential direction to cover the seal body from a high-pressure side of the rotary shaft in an axial direction.

    [0010] The high-pressure side plate includes an outer diameter side edge portion which is an outer edge portion in the radial direction and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction, an inner diameter side edge portion which is an inner edge portion in the radial direction and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction, and a front edge portion which is an edge portion on a front side in the rotational direction, extends to the front side in the rotational direction from the outer diameter side edge portion toward the inner side in the radial direction and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion.

    [0011] The high-pressure side plate further includes a reinforcing portion only in a region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction.

    [0012] In this aspect, since rigidity is reinforced only in the region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction of the high-pressure side plate where fluttering easily occurs, the seal segment can maintain the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece.

    [0013] Therefore, the seal segments hardly affect sealing characteristics and can suppress fluttering.

    [0014] According to the seal segment of a second aspect in the first aspect, when a line segment extending from an end portion of the outer diameter side edge portion on the front side in the rotational direction toward the inner diameter side edge portion in the radial direction is defined as a boundary line, the reinforcing portion is provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction from the front edge portion side and straddle the boundary line.

    [0015] In this aspect, the reinforcing portion reinforces at least a portion of the high-pressure side plate on a front side in a rotational direction from a boundary line where fluttering easily occurs.

    [0016] According to the seal segment of a third aspect in the second aspect, the reinforcing portion includes a thick plate portion provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction from the front edge portion side and straddle the boundary line, only in a region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction.

    [0017] In this aspect, since rigidity can be adjusted by the thickness and the area of the thick plate portion, the rigidity of the reinforcing portion can be easily adjusted.

    [0018] According to the seal segment of a fourth aspect in the second or third aspect, the reinforcing portion includes a rib structure provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction from the front edge portion side and straddle the boundary line, only in a region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction.

    [0019] In this aspect, the rigidity of the reinforcing portion can be increased even after processing of the high-pressure side plate.

    [0020] A seal segment according to a fifth aspect includes a seal body having a plurality of thin plate seal pieces which extend forward in a rotational direction of a rotary shaft toward an inner side of the rotary shaft in the radial direction and are laminated in a partial region of the rotary shaft in a circumferential direction; and a high-pressure side plate extending in the circumferential direction to cover the seal body from a high-pressure side of the rotary shaft in an axial direction.

    [0021] The high-pressure side plate includes an outer diameter side edge portion which is an outer edge portion in the radial direction and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction, an inner diameter side edge portion which is an inner edge portion in the radial direction and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction, and a front edge portion which is an edge portion on a front side in the rotational direction, extends to the front side in the rotational direction from the outer diameter side edge portion toward the inner side in the radial direction and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion.

    [0022] The high-pressure side plate further includes a bent plate portion only in a region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction.

    [0023] In this aspect, due to the reinforcement and restoring force of the bent plate portion of the high-pressure side plate, the seal segment can maintain the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece. For this reason, the seal segments hardly affect sealing characteristics and can suppress fluttering.

    [0024] According to the seal segment of a sixth aspect in the fifth aspect, when a line segment extending from an end portion of the outer diameter side edge portion on the front side in the rotational direction toward the inner diameter side edge portion in the radial direction is defined as a boundary line, the bent plate portion is bent to overlap each other from the front edge portion to the boundary line.

    [0025] In this aspect, the bent plate portion reinforces at least a portion of the high-pressure side plate on a front side in a rotational direction from a boundary line where fluttering easily occurs.

    [0026] The seal segment of a seventh aspect is the seal segment of the fifth or sixth aspect, wherein the bent plate portion is bent at the front edge portion.

    [0027] In this aspect, the seal segment can form a thin bent plate portion, and can maintain the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece. For this reason, the seal segments hardly affect sealing characteristics, and can suppress fluttering.

    [0028] In this aspect, the sealing performance of the thin plate seal pieces in the seal segments of the rotary machine is maintained. Therefore, the seal segments hardly affect sealing characteristics, and fluttering is suppressed.

    [Advantageous Effects of Invention]



    [0029] The sealing segments described above hardly affect sealing characteristics and fluttering can be suppressed.

    [Brief Description of Drawings]



    [0030] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic overall configuration diagram of a gas turbine (a rotary machine) according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of a shaft seal device according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view in a circumferential direction of a seal segment and a housing according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 4 is a side view of essential parts of the seal segment according to the first embodiment of the present invention as seen from an axial direction.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line V-V in Fig. 4.

    Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line VI-VI in Fig. 4.

    Fig. 7 is a side view of essential parts of a seal segment according to a second embodiment of the present invention as seen from the axial direction.

    Fig. 8 is a side view of essential parts of a seal segment according to a third embodiment of the present invention as seen from the axial direction.

    Fig. 9 is a side view of essential parts of a seal segment according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention as seen from the axial direction.

    Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view in the circumferential direction of the seal segment and the housing according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention.


    [Description of Embodiments]



    [0031] Hereinafter, various embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

    First embodiment



    [0032] Hereinafter, the first embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail. In the present embodiment, an example in which a shaft seal device 10 is applied to a gas turbine (a rotary machine) 1 is shown.

    [0033] The gas turbine 1 shown in Fig. 1 has a compressor 2 that takes in and compresses a large amount of air, and a combustor 3 that mixes the fuel with the air compressed by the compressor 2 and combusts the mixture. The gas turbine 1 further has a rotating turbine 4, and a rotor 5 (rotary shaft) that transmits a part of the rotating power of the turbine 4 to the compressor 2 to rotate the compressor 2.

    [0034] A combustion gas generated in the combustor 3 is introduced into the turbine 4, and thermal energy of the combustion gas is converted into rotational energy to rotate the turbine 4.

    [0035] In the following description, a direction in which an axis Ax of the rotor 5 extends is defined as an "axial direction Da," a circumferential direction of the rotor 5 is defined as a "circumferential direction Dc," a radial direction of the rotor 5 is defined as a "radial direction Dr," and a rotational direction of the rotor 5 is defined as a "rotational direction Bc."

    [0036] In the gas turbine 1 having the above-described configuration, the turbine 4 converts thermal energy of the combustion gas into mechanical rotational energy to generate power by blowing the combustion gas to the turbine blades 7 provided on the rotor 5. In addition to the plurality of turbine blades 7 on the rotor 5 side of the turbine 4, a plurality of turbine vanes 6 are provided on a casing 8 side of the turbine 4, and the turbine blades 7 and the turbine vanes 6 are alternately arranged in the axial direction Da.

    [0037] The turbine blades 7 receive the pressure of the combustion gas flowing in the axial direction Da to rotate the rotor 5 around the axis, and the rotational energy applied to the rotor 5 is used by being taken out from a shaft end. Between the turbine vanes 6 and the rotor 5, the shaft seal device 10 is provided as a shaft seal for reducing the leakage amount of combustion gas leaking from the high-pressure side to the low-pressure side.

    [0038] The compressor 2 is coaxially connected to the turbine 4 by the rotor 5, compresses outside air using the rotation of the turbine 4, and supplies the compressed air to the combustor 3. Like the turbine 4, in the compressor 2, a plurality of turbine blades 7 are provided on the rotor 5 and a plurality of turbine vanes 6 are provided on the casing 9 side of the compressor 2, and the turbine blades 7 and the turbine vanes 6 are alternately arranged in the axial direction Da. Furthermore, the shaft seal device 10 for reducing the leakage amount of compressed air leaking from the high-pressure side to the low-pressure side is also provided between the turbine vanes 6 and the rotor 5.

    [0039] In addition, the shaft seal device 10 for preventing the compressed air or the combustion gas from leaking from the high-pressure side to the low-pressure side is also provided in a bearing portion 9a by which the casing 9 of the compressor 2 supports the rotor 5, and a bearing portion 8a by which the casing 8 of the turbine 4 supports the rotor 5.

    [0040] Here, the shaft seal device 10 according to the present embodiment is not limited to application to the gas turbine 1. For example, the shaft seal device 10 can be widely adopted in general rotary machines that convert energy into work by rotation of a shaft and flow of a fluid, like a large-scale fluid machine such as a steam turbine, a compressor, a water wheel, a refrigerator or a pump. In this case, the shaft seal device 10 can also be widely used to suppress the flow of a fluid in the axial direction Da.

    [0041] Next, the configuration of the shaft seal device 10 provided in the gas turbine 1 configured as described above will be described with reference to the drawings. Fig. 2 is a diagram as seen from the axial direction Da. As shown in Fig. 2, the shaft seal device 10 includes a plurality of (eight in this embodiment) seal segments 11 extending in a circular arc shape. The plurality of seal segments 11 are annularly disposed in the circumferential direction Dc. A gap t is formed between the circumferential end portions 12 and 12 of the adjacent seal segments 11 disposed in this manner.

    [0042] The configuration of each seal segment 11 will be described with reference to Fig. 3. A cut position of the cross section of the seal segment 11 shown in Fig. 3 corresponds to a position of the line III-III shown in the seal segment 11 of Fig. 2.

    [0043] Each seal segment 11 is inserted into a housing (corresponding to the turbine vanes 6, the turbine blades 7 and the bearing portions 8a and 9a) 30 and installed to prevent leakage of a working fluid in the annular space between the rotor 5 and a housing 30.

    [0044] The seal segment 11 includes a seal body 13, retainers 21 and 22, a high-pressure side plate 23, and a low-pressure side plate 24.

    [0045] The seal body 13 includes a plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 which are metallic members laminated in multiple layers at small intervals in the circumferential direction Dc. The plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 are laminated in the circumferential direction Dc (the rotational direction Bc) in a partial region of the rotor 5 in the circumferential direction Dc, and have a circular arc band shape as a whole when viewed in the axial direction Da.

    [0046] The retainers 21 and 22 are configured to sandwich the thin plate seal pieces 20 from both sides at outer circumferential side proximal ends 27 of the thin plate seal pieces 20. The cross-sections of the retainers 21 and 22 in the circumferential direction Dc are formed in substantially a C shape. Further, the cross-sections of the retainers 21 and 22 in the axial direction Da are formed in a circular arc band shape.

    [0047] The high-pressure side plate 23 is sandwiched between an edge end on the high-pressure side facing the high-pressure side region of the thin plate seal piece 20 and the retainer 21. Therefore, the high-pressure side plate 23 extends in the radial direction Dr and the circumferential direction Dc to cover the high-pressure side surface of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 from the high-pressure side in the axial direction Da.

    [0048] The low-pressure side plate 24 is sandwiched between an edge end on the low-pressure side facing the low-pressure side region of the thin plate seal pieces 20 and the retainer 22. Therefore, the low-pressure side plate 24 extends in the radial direction Dr and the circumferential direction Dc to cover the low-pressure side surfaces of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 from the low-pressure side in the axial direction Da.

    [0049] In the seal body 13 configured as described above, the thin plate seal pieces 20 are made of thin steel plates having substantially T shapes in which a width (a width in the axial direction Da) on the inner circumferential side is smaller than a width (a width in the axial direction Da) of the outer circumferential side proximal end 27. At both side edges thereof, notched portions 20a and 20b are formed at positions at which the width is small.

    [0050] A plurality of adjacent thin plate seal pieces 20 are fixedly connected to each other at the outer circumferential side proximal end 27 by, for example, welding.

    [0051] The thin plate seal pieces 20 have a predetermined rigidity based on the plate thickness in the circumferential direction Dc. Further, the thin plate seal pieces 20 are fixed to the retainers 21 and 22 so that an angle formed between the thin plate seal pieces 20 and the circumferential surface of the rotor 5 toward the rotational direction Bc is an acute angle.

    [0052] Therefore, the thin plate seal pieces 20 extend toward the front side in the rotational direction Bc toward the inner side in the radial direction Dr.

    [0053] In the seal segment 11 configured as described above, when the rotor 5 is stationary, the leading ends of the respective thin plate seal pieces 20 come into contact with the rotor 5. When the rotor 5 rotates, due to the dynamic pressure effect generated by the rotation of the rotor 5, the leading ends of the thin plate seal pieces 20 float from the outer periphery of the rotor 5 and come out of contact with the rotor 5. Therefore, in the seal segment 11, abrasion of each thin plate seal piece 20 is suppressed, and the life of the seal is prolonged.

    [0054] The high-pressure side plate 23 has a fitting stepped portion 23a on the outer circumferential side. The width of the fitting stepped portion 23a in the axial direction Da is greater than the width of the high-pressure side plate 23 in the axial direction Da on the inner circumferential side.

    [0055] The low-pressure side plate 24 has a fitting stepped portion 24a on the outer circumferential side. The width of the fitting stepped portion 24a in the axial direction Da is greater than the width of the low-pressure side plate 24 in the axial direction Da on the inner circumferential side.

    [0056] The fitting stepped portions 23a and 24a are fitted into the notched portions 20a and 20b of the thin plate seal pieces 20, respectively.

    [0057] Further, the retainer 21 has a recessed groove 21a on the surface facing one side edge (the side edge on the high-pressure side) of the outer circumferential side proximal end 27 of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20. The retainer 22 has a recessed groove 22a on the surface facing the other side edge (the side edge on the low-pressure side) of the outer circumferential side proximal end 27 of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20. The fitting stepped portion 23a of the high-pressure side plate 23 and the fitting stepped portion 24a of the low-pressure side plate 24 are fitted into the notched portions 20a and 20b, respectively. One side edge (the side edge on the high-pressure side) on the outer circumferential side of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 fitted with the fitting stepped portion 23a and the fitting stepped portion 24a is fitted into the recessed groove 21a of the retainer 21. Further, the other side edge (the side edge on the low-pressure side) on the outer circumferential side thereof is fitted into the recessed groove 22a of the retainer 22. With such a configuration, the respective thin plate seal pieces 20 are fixed to the retainers 21 and 22.

    [0058] An annular recessed groove 31 is formed in the inner circumferential wall surface of the housing 30. The annular recessed groove 31 has a shape in which a stepped portion is provided on the side surface facing one side edge (side edge on the high-pressure side) of the thin plate seal pieces 20 and the other side edge (the side edge on the low-pressure side) such that the width on the outer circumferential side is greater than the width on the inner circumferential side in the axial direction of the rotor 5. Further, the thin plate seal pieces 20, the retainers 21 and 22, the high-pressure side plate 23 and the low-pressure side plate 24 are fitted into the recessed groove 31 of the housing 30 such that surfaces facing the inner circumferential side of the retainers 21 and 22 is brought into contact with surfaces facing the outer circumferential side in the step. Inner circumferential side end portions 26 of the thin plate seal pieces 20 protrude toward the rotor 5 side from the high-pressure side plate 23. On the other hand, the inner circumferential side end portions 26 of the thin plate seal pieces 20 protrude toward the rotor 5 side from the low-pressure side plate 24, but a protruding amount thereof is set to be greater than that of the high-pressure side. That is, the thin plate seal pieces 20 are more greatly exposed to the working fluid G on the low-pressure side than on the high-pressure side. In other words, the high-pressure side plate 23 shields a wider range on the side surface of the thin plate seal pieces 20 from the working fluid G.

    [0059] The high-pressure side plate 23 is brought into close contact with side surfaces 20c of the thin plate seal pieces 20 by the pressure caused by the flow of the working fluid G, thereby preventing the working fluid G from greatly flowing into the gaps between the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20. Therefore, the high-pressure side plate 23 creates an upward flow from the inner circumferential side end portion 26 toward the outer circumferential side proximal end 27 in the gap portion between the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20, thereby causing the inner circumferential side end portion 26 of the thin plate seal pieces 20 to float by the fluid force and come out of contact.

    [0060] Further, the low-pressure side plate 24 is pushed by the high-pressure side plate 23 and the thin plate seal pieces 20 to come into close contact with a low-pressure side wall surface 32 of the inner circumferential wall surface of the housing 30. Since an inner diameter of the low-pressure side plate 24 is greater than that of the high-pressure side plate 23, the flow in the gap between the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 has flowing conditions that make floating easy.

    [0061] The detailed structure of the high-pressure side plate 23 of the seal segment 11 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 4 to 6.

    [0062] Fig. 4 shows only the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 and the high-pressure side plate 23 of each seal segment 11, for convenience of explanation.

    [0063] On the other hand, Figs. 5 and 6 show the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20, the retainers 21, 22, the high-pressure side plate 23 and the low-pressure side plate 24 of each seal segment 11.

    [0064] As shown in Fig. 4, the high-pressure side plate 23 extends in the radial direction Dr and the circumferential direction Dc to cover the high-pressure side surfaces of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 as described above. Further, the high-pressure side plate 23 has an outer diameter side edge portion 23b which is an edge portion on the outer side in the radial direction Dr and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction Dc, and an inner diameter side edge portion 23c which is an edge portion on the inner side in the radial direction Dr and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction Dc.

    [0065] Further, the high-pressure side plate 23 has a front edge portion 23d which is an edge portion on the front side in the rotational direction Bc, extends forward in the rotational direction Bc from the outer diameter side edge portion 23b toward the inner side in the radial direction Dr, and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion 23c.

    [0066]  Although it is not shown in Fig. 4, the low-pressure side plate 24 also extends in the radial direction Dr and the circumferential direction Dc to cover the high-pressure side surfaces of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 as described above. Furthermore, the low-pressure side plate 24 also has an outer diameter side edge portion which is an outer edge portion in the radial direction Dr and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction Dc, and an inner diameter side edge portion which is an inner edge portion in the radial direction Dr and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction Dc.

    [0067] Further, the low-pressure side plate 24 also has a front edge portion which is a front edge portion in the rotational direction Bc, extends forward in the rotational direction Bc from the outer diameter side edge portion toward the inner side in the radial direction Dr, and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion.

    [0068] The high-pressure side plate 23 further includes a thick plate portion 40 as a reinforcing portion. The thick plate portion 40 is provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction Bc from the front edge portion 23d side and straddle a boundary line Lb only in a region on the front side of the high-pressure side plate 23 in the rotational direction Bc. Further, the boundary line Lb of the present embodiment is defined as a line segment extending from an end portion 23bf of the outer diameter side edge portion 23b on the front side in the rotational direction Bc toward the inner diameter side edge portion 23c along the radial direction Dr.

    [0069] In the present embodiment, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the thick plate portion 40 is provided from the inner side of the fitting stepped portion 23a in the radial direction Dr to the inner diameter side edge portion 23c in the radial direction Dr.

    [0070] The thick plate portion 40 has a plate thickness thicker than the plate thickness on the rear side in the rotational direction Bc, and extends rearward in the rotational direction Bc from the front edge portion 23d side to straddle the boundary line Lb.

    [0071] Therefore, the high-pressure side plate 23 is provided with the thick plate portion 40 only in the region on the front side of the high-pressure side plate 23 in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0072] On the other hand, as shown in Figs. 4 and 6, the high-pressure side plate 23 has a plate thickness smaller than that of the thick plate portion 40 in a region on the rear side of the thick plate portion 40. Therefore, the high-pressure side plate 23 is configured with a small plate thickness in a region on the rear side of the thick plate portion 40, and is easily brought into close contact with the side surface 20c of the thin plate seal piece 20.

    [0073] As shown in Figs. 5 and 6, a plate thickness t2 of the thick plate portion 40 is greater than a plate thickness t1 around the thick plate portion 40.

    [0074] The operation and effect of the high-pressure side plate 23 provided with the thick plate portion 40 will be described.

    [0075] As described above, the high-pressure side plate 23 is held by the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 and the retainer 21.

    [0076] It is hard for the portion of the high-pressure side plate 23 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc to come into close contact with the side surface 20c of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20. Further, since the portion of the high-pressure side plate 23 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc from the boundary line Lb does not have a fitting stepped portion 23a, the portion is not held by the retainer 21 or the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20.

    [0077] Therefore, when the entire high-pressure side plate 23 is made of a plate having a small plate thickness to easily come into close contact with the side surface 20c of the thin plate seal piece 20, fluttering easily occurs in the portion of the high-pressure side plate 23 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc from the boundary line Lb.

    [0078] In the present embodiment, only in the region of the high-pressure side plate 23 on the front side of the high-pressure side plate 23 in the rotational direction Bc, the thick plate portion 40 having a large thickness is provided to extend to the rear side in the rotational direction Bc from the front edge portion 23d side and to straddle the boundary line Lb. Therefore, only the region of the high-pressure side plate 23 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc is reinforced so that rigidity increases.

    [0079] On the other hand, since the region on the rear side in the rotational direction Bc from the reinforced region of the high-pressure side plate 23 is formed by a plate having a small thickness to easily come into close contact with the side surface 20c of the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20, the adherence performance of the high-pressure side plate 23 is maintained.

    [0080] Therefore, since the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece 20 can be maintained, the seal segment 11 hardly affects sealing characteristics and can suppress fluttering.

    [0081] In the present embodiment, since the reinforcement is performed using the rigidity of the thick plate portion, the rigidity can be adjusted by the thickness and the area of the thick plate portion. Therefore, it is possible to easily adjust the rigidity of the reinforcing portion.

    [0082]  In the present embodiment, the length in the circumferential direction Dc of the region on the front side in the rotational direction Bc of the high-pressure side plate 23 on which the thick plate portion 40 is provided is set to three times or less of a distance from the point on which the inner diameter side edge portion 23c is connected to the front edge portion 23d to the boundary line Lb. For example, the length may be about two times. However, as long as the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece 20 is maintained and fluttering can be suppressed, it is not limited to three times or less.

    [0083] The thick plate portion 40 of the present embodiment includes the front edge portion 23d and extends rearward from the front edge portion 23d in the rotational direction Bc. However, as a modified example, the thick plate portion 40 may have a configuration which does not include the front edge portion 23d. That is, the thick plate portion may be provided to straddle the boundary line Lb from the rear side of the front edge portion 23d in the rotational direction Bc and from the front side of the boundary line Lb in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0084] In the present embodiment, the thick plate portion 40 is formed in the radial direction Dr from the inner side of the fitting stepped portion 23a in the radial direction Dr to the inner diameter side edge portion 23c.

    [0085] As a modified example, the thick plate portion 40 may be provided over the entire radial direction Dr except the fitting stepped portion 23a.

    [0086] As another modified example, the thick plate portion 40 may be provided over the entire radial direction Dr including the fitting stepped portion 23a.

    [0087] In the thick plate portion 40 of the present embodiment, the plate thickness is constant from the rear side to the front side in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0088] As a modified example, the thick plate portion 40 having a constant plate thickness may be provided via a gradually increasing portion in which the plate thickness gradually increases from the rear side to the front side in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0089] As another modified example, the plate thickness of the thick plate portion 40 itself may be formed not to be constant, but to gradually increase from the rear side to the front side in the rotational direction Bc.

    Second embodiment



    [0090] Hereinafter, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Fig. 7.

    [0091] The seal segment of the present embodiment is basically the same as the first embodiment, but a structure of the reinforcing portion of the high-pressure side plate is different.

    [0092] A detailed structure of a high-pressure side plate 123 of a seal segment 111 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Fig. 7.

    [0093] Fig. 7 shows only the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 and the high-pressure side plate 123 of each seal segment 111, for convenience of explanation.

    [0094] The high-pressure side plate 123 includes a rib structure 140 as a reinforcing portion. The rib structure 140 has a single rod shape and can be attached to the main surface of the high-pressure side plate 123 by welding, brazing or the like. When it is attached by welding, brazing or the like, the rib structure 140 can be provided even when the high-pressure side plate 123 itself is formed. If the rib structure 140 is provided when the high-pressure side plate 123 itself is formed, the rib structure 140 may be integrally formed on the main surface of the high-pressure side plate 123.

    [0095] The rib structure 140 is provided to extend from a front edge portion 123d side to the rear side in the rotational direction Bc to straddle the boundary line Lb, only in the region of the high-pressure side plate 123 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc. The boundary line Lb of the present embodiment is defined as a line segment extending from an end portion 123bf of an outer diameter side edge portion 123b on the front side in the rotational direction Bc toward an inner diameter side edge portion 123c along the radial direction Dr.

    [0096] Furthermore, as shown in Fig. 7, the rib structure 140 of the present embodiment obliquely extends in the circumferential direction Dc from an intersection between the inner diameter side edge portion 123c and the front edge portion 123d to a stepped edge portion 123e on the inner diameter side of a fitting stepped portion 123a on the rear side in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0097] In the present embodiment, by providing the rib structure 140 on the high-pressure side plate 123, the rigidity of the portion of the high-pressure side plate 123 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc is reinforced to increase. In particular, it is possible to increase the rigidity of the portion of the high-pressure side plate 123 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc along an extending direction of the rod shape of the rib structure 140 and it is possible to suppress fluttering of the high-pressure side plate 123 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc from the boundary line Lb.

    [0098] In the present embodiment, the length in the circumferential direction Dc of the region on the front side in the rotational direction Bc of the high-pressure side plate 123 on which the rib structure 140 is provided is set to three times or less of the distance from the point on which the inner diameter side edge portion 123c is connected to the front edge portion 123d to the boundary line Lb. For example, the length may be about two times the distance. However, as long as the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece 20 can be maintained and fluttering can be suppressed, the length is not limited to three times or less.

    [0099] The rib structure 140 of the present embodiment extends rearward in the rotational direction Bc from the position including the front edge portion 123d. However, as a modified example, the rib structure 140 may be configured to not include the front edge portion 123d. That is, the rib structure 140 may be provided to straddle the boundary line Lb from the rear side of the front edge portion 123d in the rotational direction Bc and from the front side of the boundary line Lb in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0100] Further, in the present embodiment, the rib structure 140 is provided in the radial direction Dr over the entire radial direction Dr except the fitting stepped portion 123a.

    [0101] As a modified example, the rib structure 140 may be provided in the radial direction Dr from the inner side of the fitting stepped portion 123a in the radial direction Dr to the inner diameter side edge portion 123c.

    [0102] As another modified example, the rib structure 140 may be provided in the radial direction Dr over the entire radial direction Dr including the fitting stepped portion 123a.

    Third embodiment



    [0103] Hereinafter, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described.

    [0104] A seal segment of the present embodiment is basically the same as that of the second embodiment, but the rib structure is different.

    [0105] The detailed structure of a high-pressure side plate 223 of a seal segment 211 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Fig. 8.

    [0106] Fig. 8 shows only the plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 and the high-pressure side plate 223 of each seal segment 211, for convenience of explanation.

    [0107] The high-pressure side plate 223 of the present embodiment includes a rib structure 240 as a reinforcing portion. The rib structure 240 includes a main rib portion 240a having a single rod shape, and a plurality of sub rib portions 240b having a rod shape and extending on both sides in the extending direction of the main rib portion 240a.

    [0108] The main rib portion 240a is provided to extend rearward from a front edge portion 223d side in the rotational direction Bc to straddle the boundary line Lb, only in the region of the high-pressure side plate 223 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0109] Also, the main rib portion 240a extends obliquely with respect to the circumferential direction Dc from the intersection between an inner diameter side edge portion 223c and a front edge portion 223d to a stepped edge portion 223e on the inner diameter side of a fitting stepped portion 223a on the rear side in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0110] In the present embodiment, one main rib portion 240a and three sub rib portions 240b are provided.

    [0111] If the main rib portion 240a and the plurality of sub rib portions 240b are provided as the reinforcing portion as in the present embodiment, the rigidity of the portion of the high-pressure side plate 223 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc increases in a plurality of different directions. Furthermore, fluttering in different directions is suppressed.

    [0112] In the present embodiment, the length in the circumferential direction Dc of the region on the front side in the rotational direction Bc of the high-pressure side plate 223 on which the rib structure 240 is provided is set to three times or less of the distance from the point on which the inner diameter side edge portion 223c is connected to the front edge portion 223d to the boundary line Lb. For example, the length may be about two times the distance. However, as long as the sealing performance of the thin plate seal piece 20 can be maintained and fluttering can be suppressed, the length is not limited to three times or less.

    [0113] As shown in Fig. 8, the rib structure 240 of the present embodiment has a structure in which the sub rib portion 240b passes through and intersects the main rib portion 240a. The main rib portion 240a may be fixed to the main surface of the high-pressure side plate 223 by welding, brazing or the like, or the rib structure 240 may be integrally formed on the main surface of the high-pressure side plate 223.

    [0114] As a modified example, the main rib portion may be configured to pass through and intersect the sub rib portion. As another modified example, the main rib portion and the plurality of sub rib portions may be integrally formed.

    [0115] In a case where the main rib portion and the sub rib portion are integrally formed, the rib structure may be fixed to the main surface of the high-pressure side plate by welding, brazing or the like, or the rib structure may be integrally formed on the main surface of the high-pressure side plate.

    [0116] In the present embodiment, one main rib portion 240a and three sub rib portions 240b are provided.

    [0117] As a modified example, two sub rib portions 240b or four or more sub rib portions 240b may be provided for one main rib portion 240a.

    [0118] As another modified example, a rib structure provided with a plurality of main rib portions 240a extending in parallel to the rear side in the rotational direction Bc from the front edge portion 223d side and provided to straddle the boundary line Lb, and a sub rib portion 240b extending to intersect the plurality of main rib portions 240a may be provided.

    Fourth embodiment



    [0119] Hereinafter, a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Fig. 9.

    [0120] The seal segment of the present embodiment is basically the same as that of the first embodiment, but the structure of the reinforcing portion of the high-pressure side plate is different.

    [0121] A detailed structure of a high-pressure side plate 323 of a seal segment 311 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 9 and 10.

    [0122] Fig. 9 shows only a plurality of thin plate seal pieces 20 and a high-pressure side plate 323 of the seal segment 311, for the sake of convenience of explanation.

    [0123] The high-pressure side plate 323 includes a bent plate portion 340 as a reinforcing portion. The bent plate portion 340 is bent so that a part of the bent plate portion 340 and the other part overlap each other from a front edge portion 323d to the boundary line, only in the front region of the high-pressure side plate 323 in the rotational direction Bc.

    [0124] The specific configuration will be described below.

    [0125] The bent plate portion 340 includes a superimposed portion 341 formed by a triangular plate surrounded by the boundary line Lb, an inner diameter side edge portion 323c and the front edge portion 323d with the bent front edge portion 323d as a boundary, and a superimposing portion 342 formed by a triangular plate corresponding to the above-mentioned triangular shape.

    [0126] The bent plate portion 340 of the present embodiment has a shape in which the superimposing portion 342 is bent rearward in the rotational direction Bc at the front edge portion 323d. The bent plate portion 340 overlaps such that a triangular surface of the superimposing portion 342 follows a triangular surface of the superimposed portion 341 by bending at the front edge portion 323d.

    [0127] In the present embodiment, the bent plate portion 340 can be made thin by configuring the bent plate portion 340 by bending at the front edge portion 323d.

    [0128] By including the bent plate portion 340, the high-pressure side plate 323 is reinforced so that the rigidity of the portion of the high-pressure side plate 323 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc increases.

    [0129] In addition, the bent plate portion 340 of the high-pressure side plate 323 has the following actions depending on an operation (restoring force) of a spring in the bending of the front edge portion 323d.

    [0130] A cut position of the cross-section of the seal segment 311 shown in Fig. 10 is the same position as a cut position of the cross-section of the seal segment 11 shown in Fig. 3.

    [0131] As shown in Fig. 10, the superimposing portion 342 of the bent plate portion 340 of the high-pressure side plate 323 presses the high-pressure side wall surface 33 of the inner circumferential wall surface of the housing 30, while pressing the superimposed portion 341 of the high-pressure side plate 323 against the side surface 20c of the thin plate seal piece 20. Therefore, it is difficult for the pressed superimposed portion 341 to be deformed, and the rigidity increases.

    [0132] Furthermore, since the pressed bent plate portion 340 adheres to the side surface 20c of the thin plate seal piece 20, sealing performance is also improved.

    [0133] Therefore, since the portion of the high-pressure side plate 323 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc is reinforced to increase rigidity and sealing performance is improved, it is possible to suppress fluttering of the high-pressure side plate 323 on the front side in the rotational direction Bc from the boundary line Lb.

    [0134] The bent plate portion 340 having such a bent shape is formed, for example, by bending a surplus portion 342' of Fig. 9 to the rear side in the rotational direction Bc at the front edge portion 323d, but it is also possible to form the bent plate by attaching using welding, brazing or the like.

    [0135] Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the drawings, specific configurations are not limited to the above embodiments, and design changes and the like within the scope not departing from the scope of the claims are also included.

    [0136] The number of the seal segments 11 included in the shaft seal device 10 of the present embodiment is eight, but the number may be any one of two to seven, or even nine or more.

    [0137] In each of the embodiments and modifications, the region of the high-pressure side plate on the front side in the rotational direction is reinforced by the thick plate portion, the rib, and the bent plate, but the region may be reinforced by the combination of the thick plate portion, the rib, and the bent plate.

    [Industrial Applicability]



    [0138] The sealing segment and the rotary machine described above hardly affect sealing characteristics and can suppress fluttering.

    [Reference Signs List]



    [0139] 
    1
    Gas turbine
    2
    Compressor
    3
    Combustor
    4
    Turbine
    5
    Rotor
    6
    Turbine vane
    7
    Turbine blade
    8
    Casing
    8a
    Bearing portion
    9
    Casing
    9a
    Bearing portion
    10
    Shaft seal device
    11
    Seal segment
    12
    Circumferential end portion
    13
    Seal body
    20
    Thin plate seal piece
    20a
    Notched portion
    20b
    Notched portion
    20c
    Side surface
    21
    Retainer
    21a
    Recessed groove
    22
    Retainer
    22a
    Recessed groove
    23
    High-pressure side plate
    23a
    Fitting stepped portion
    23b
    Outer diameter side edge portion
    23bf
    End portion
    23c
    Inner diameter side edge portion
    23d
    Front edge portion
    24
    Low-pressure side plate
    24a:
    Fitting stepped portion
    26
    Inner circumferential side end portion
    27
    Outer circumferential side proximal end
    30
    Housing
    31
    Recessed groove
    32
    Low-pressure side wall surface
    33
    High-pressure side wall surface
    40
    Thick plate portion
    111
    Seal segment
    123
    High-pressure side plate
    123a
    Fitting stepped portion
    123b
    Outer diameter side edge portion
    123bf
    End portion
    123c
    Inner diameter side edge portion
    123d
    Front edge portion
    123e
    Stepped edge portion
    140
    Rib structure
    211
    Seal segment
    223
    High-pressure side plate
    223a
    Fitting stepped portion
    223c
    Inner diameter side edge portion
    223d
    Front edge portion
    223e
    Stepped edge portion
    240
    Rib structure
    240a
    Main rib portion
    240b
    Sub rib portion
    311
    Seal segment
    323
    High-pressure side plate
    323c
    Inner diameter side edge portion
    323d
    Front edge portion
    340
    Bent plate portion
    341
    Superimposed portion
    342
    Superimposing portion
    342'
    Surplus portion
    Ax
    Axis
    Bc
    Rotational direction
    Da
    Axial direction
    Dc
    Circumferential direction
    Dr
    Radial direction
    G
    Working fluid
    Lb
    Boundary line
    t
    Gap
    t1
    Plate thickness
    t2
    Plate thickness



    Claims

    1. A seal segment (11, 111, 211) comprising:

    a seal body (13) having a plurality of thin plate seal pieces (20) which extend forward in a rotational direction (Bc) of a rotary shaft (5) toward an inner side of the rotary shaft (5) in the radial direction (Dr) and are laminated in a partial region of the rotary shaft (5) in a circumferential direction (Dc); and

    a high-pressure side plate (23, 123, 223) extending in the circumferential direction (Dc) to cover the seal body (13) from a high-pressure side of the rotary shaft (5) in an axial direction (Da),

    wherein the high-pressure side plate (23, 123, 223) includes:

    an outer diameter side edge portion (23b, 123b, 223b) which is an outer edge portion in the radial direction (Dr) and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction (Dc);

    an inner diameter side edge portion (23c, 123c, 223c) which is an inner edge portion in the radial direction (Dr) and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction (Dc); and

    a front edge portion (23d, 123d, 223d) which is an edge portion on a front side in the rotational direction (Bc), extends to the front side in the rotational direction (Bc) from the outer diameter side edge portion (23b, 123b, 223b) toward the inner side in the radial direction (Dr) and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion (23c, 123c, 223c),

    characterized in that

    the high-pressure side plate (23, 123, 223) further includes a reinforcing portion (40, 140, 240) only in a region of the high-pressure side plate (23, 123, 223) on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc) out of a whole region of the high-pressure side plate (23, 123, 223), and

    the reinforcing portion (40, 140, 240) is provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction (Bc) from the front edge portion (23d, 123d, 223d) side and straddle a boundary line (Lb), wherein a line segment extending from an end portion (23bf) of the outer diameter side edge portion (23b, 123b, 223b) on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc) toward the inner diameter side edge portion (23c, 123c, 223c) in the radial direction (Dr) is defined as the boundary line (Lb).


     
    2. The seal segment (11) according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcing portion (40) includes a thick plate portion (40) provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction (Bc) from the front edge portion (23d) side and straddle the boundary line (Lb), only in a region of the high-pressure side plate (23) on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc).
     
    3. The seal segment (111, 211) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the reinforcing portion (140, 240) includes a rib structure (140, 240) provided to extend rearward in the rotational direction (Bc) from the front edge portion (123d, 223d) side and straddle the boundary line (Lb), only in a region of the high-pressure side plate (123, 223) on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc).
     
    4. A seal segment (311) comprising:

    a seal body (13) having a plurality of thin plate seal pieces (20) which extend forward in a rotational direction (Bc) of a rotary shaft (5) toward an inner side of the rotary shaft (5) in the radial direction (Dr) and are laminated in a partial region of the rotary shaft (5) in a circumferential direction (Dc); and

    a high-pressure side plate (323) extending in the circumferential direction (Dc) to cover the seal body (13) from a high-pressure side of the rotary shaft (5) in an axial direction (Da),

    wherein the high-pressure side plate (323) includes:

    an outer diameter side edge portion which is an outer edge portion in the radial direction (Dr) and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction (Dc);

    an inner diameter side edge portion (323c) which is an inner edge portion in the radial direction (Dr) and extends in a circular arc shape in the circumferential direction (Dc); and

    a front edge portion (323d) which is an edge portion on a front side in the rotational direction (Bc), extends to the front side in the rotational direction (Bc) from the outer diameter side edge portion toward the inner side in the radial direction (Dr) and is connected to the inner diameter side edge portion (323c),

    characterized in that

    the high-pressure side plate (323) further includes a bent plate portion (340) only in a region of the high-pressure side plate (323) on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc).


     
    5. The seal segment (311) according to claim 4, wherein, the bent plate portion (340) is bent to overlap each other from the front edge portion (323d) to a boundary line (Lb), wherein a line segment extending from an end portion of the outer diameter side edge portion on the front side in the rotational direction (Bc) toward the inner diameter side edge portion (323c) in the radial direction (Dr) is defined as the boundary line (Lb).
     
    6. The seal segment (311) according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the bent plate portion (340) is bent at the front edge portion (323d).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dichtungssegment (11, 111, 211), umfassend:

    einen Dichtungskörper (13), der eine Vielzahl von dünnen Plattendichtungsstücken (20) aufweist, die sich in einer Drehrichtung (Bc) einer Drehwelle (5) nach vorne zu einer Innenseite der Drehwelle hin (5) in der radialen Richtung (Dr) erstrecken und in einem Teilbereich der Drehwelle (5) in einer Umfangsrichtung (Dc) laminiert sind; und

    eine Hochdruckseitenplatte (23, 123, 223), die sich in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt, um den Dichtungskörper (13) von einer Hochdruckseite der Drehwelle (5) in einer axialen Richtung (Da) abzudecken,

    wobei die Hochdruckseitenplatte (23, 123, 223) einschließt:

    einen außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (23b, 123b, 223b), der ein Außenrandabschnitt in der radialen Richtung (Dr) ist und sich in einer Kreisbogenform in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt;

    einen innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (23b, 123b, 223b), der ein Innenrandabschnitt in der radialen Richtung (Dr) ist und sich in einer Kreisbogenform in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt; und

    einen Vorderrandabschnitt (23d, 123d, 223d), der ein Randabschnitt auf einer Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) ist, sich zu der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) von dem außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (23b, 123b, 223b) zu der Innenseite hin in der radialen Richtung (Dr) erstreckt und mit dem innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (23c, 123c, 223c) verbunden ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Hochdruckseitenplatte (23, 123, 223) weiter einen Verstärkungsabschnitt (40, 140, 240) nur in einem Bereich der Hochdruckseitenplatte (23, 123, 223) auf der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) aus einem gesamten Bereich der Hochdruckseitenplatte (23, 123, 223) einschließt, und

    der Verstärkungsabschnitt (40, 140, 240) bereitgestellt ist, um sich in der Drehrichtung (Bc) von der Seite des Vorderrandabschnitts (23d, 123d, 223d) nach hinten zu erstrecken und eine Begrenzungslinie (Lb) überspannt, wobei ein Liniensegment, das sich von einem Endabschnitt (23bf) des außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitts (23b, 123b, 223b) auf der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) zu dem innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (23c, 123c, 223c) in der radialen Richtung (Dr) erstreckt, als die Begrenzungslinie (Lb) definiert ist.


     
    2. Dichtungssegment (11) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Verstärkungsabschnitt (40) einen dicken Plattenabschnitt (40) einschließt, der bereitgestellt ist, um sich in der Drehrichtung (Bc) von der Seite des Vorderrandabschnitts (23d) nach hinten zu erstrecken und die Begrenzungslinie (Lb) nur in einem Bereich der Hochdruckseitenplatte (23) auf der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) zu überspannen.
     
    3. Dichtungssegment (111, 211) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Verstärkungsabschnitt (140, 240) eine Rippenstruktur (140, 240) einschließt, die bereitgestellt ist, um sich von der Seite des Vorderrandabschnitts (123d, 223d) in der Drehrichtung (Bc) nach hinten zu erstrecken, und die Begrenzungslinie (Lb) nur in einem Bereich der Hochdruckseitenplatte (123, 223) auf der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) zu überspannen.
     
    4. Dichtungssegment (311), umfassend:

    einen Dichtungskörper (13), der eine Vielzahl von dünnen Plattendichtungsstücken (20) aufweist, die sich in einer Drehrichtung (Bc) einer Drehwelle (5) nach vorne zu einer Innenseite der Drehwelle hin (5) in der radialen Richtung (Dr) erstrecken und in einem Teilbereich der Drehwelle (5) in einer Umfangsrichtung (Dc) laminiert sind; und

    eine Hochdruckseitenplatte (323), die sich in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt, um den Dichtungskörper (13) von einer Hochdruckseite der Drehwelle (5) in einer axialen Richtung (Da) abzudecken,

    wobei die Hochdruckseitenplatte (323) einschließt:

    einen außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt, der ein Außenrandabschnitt in der radialen Richtung (Dr) ist und sich in einer Kreisbogenform in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt;

    einen innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (323c), der ein Innenrandabschnitt in der radialen Richtung (Dr) ist und sich in einer Kreisbogenform in der Umfangsrichtung (Dc) erstreckt; und

    einen Vorderrandabschnitt (323d), der ein Randabschnitt auf einer Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) ist, sich zu der Vorderseite in der Drehrichtung (Bc) von dem außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt zu der Innenseite hin in der radialen Richtung (Dr) erstreckt und mit dem innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (323c) verbunden ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Hochdruckseitenplatte (323) weiter einen gebogenen Plattenabschnitt (340) nur in einem Bereich der Hochdruckseitenplatte (323) auf der Vorderseite in Drehrichtung (Bc) einschließt.


     
    5. Dichtungssegment (311) nach Anspruch 4, wobei der gebogene Plattenabschnitt (340) so gebogen ist, dass er einander von dem Vorderrandabschnitt (323d) bis zu einer Begrenzungslinie (Lb) überlappt, wobei ein Liniensegment, das sich von einem Endabschnitt des außendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitts auf der Vorderseite in Drehrichtung (Bc) zu dem innendurchmesserseitigen Randabschnitt (323c) in radialer Richtung (Dr) erstreckt, als die Begrenzungslinie (Lb) definiert ist.
     
    6. Dichtungssegment (311) nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei der gebogene Plattenabschnitt (340) am Vorderrandabschnitt (323d) gebogen ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (11, 111, 211) comprenant :

    un corps de joint d'étanchéité (13) ayant une pluralité de pièces de joint d'étanchéité lamellaires minces (20) qui s'étendent vers l'avant dans une direction de rotation (Bc) d'un arbre rotatif (5) vers un côté intérieur de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans la direction radiale (Dr) et sont stratifiées dans une région partielle de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans une direction circonférentielle (Dc) ; et

    une plaque côté haute pression (23, 123, 223) s'étendant dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) pour couvrir le corps de joint d'étanchéité (13) depuis un côté haute pression de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans une direction axiale (Da),

    dans lequel la plaque côté haute pression (23, 123, 223) inclut :

    une partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur (23b, 123b, 223b) qui est une partie de bord extérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et s'étend en forme d'arc de cercle dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) ;

    une partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (23c, 123c, 223c) qui est une partie de bord intérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et s'étend en forme d'arc de cercle dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) ; et

    une partie de bord avant (23d, 123d, 223d) qui est une partie de bord sur un côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc), s'étend vers le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc) à partir de la partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur (23b, 123b, 223b) vers le côté intérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et est connectée à la partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (23c, 123c, 223c),

    caractérisé en ce que

    la plaque côté haute pression (23, 123, 223) inclut en outre une partie de renforcement (40, 140, 240) uniquement dans une région de la plaque côté haute pression (23, 123, 223) sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc) hors d'une région entière de la plaque côté haute pression (23, 123, 223), et

    la partie de renforcement (40, 140, 240) est prévue pour s'étendre vers l'arrière dans la direction de rotation (Bc) à partir du côté de la partie de bord avant (23d, 123d, 223d) et chevaucher une ligne de délimitation (Lb), dans lequel un segment de ligne s'étendant depuis une partie d'extrémité (23bf) de la partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur (23b, 123b, 223b) sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc) vers la partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (23c, 123c, 223c) dans la direction radiale (Dr) est défini comme la ligne de délimitation (Lb).


     
    2. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (11) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de renforcement (40) inclut une partie lamellaire épaisse (40) prévue pour s'étendre vers l'arrière dans la direction de rotation (Bc) depuis le côté de la partie de bord avant (23d) et chevaucher la ligne de délimitation (Lb), uniquement dans une région de la plaque côté haute pression (23) sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc).
     
    3. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (111, 211) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la partie de renforcement (140, 240) inclut une structure de nervure (140, 240) prévue pour s'étendre vers l'arrière dans la direction de rotation (Bc) depuis le côté de la partie de bord avant (123d, 223d) et chevaucher la ligne de délimitation (Lb), uniquement dans une région de la plaque côté haute pression (123, 223) sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc).
     
    4. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (311) comprenant :

    un corps de joint d'étanchéité (13) ayant une pluralité de pièces de joint d'étanchéité lamellaires minces (20) qui s'étendent vers l'avant dans une direction de rotation (Bc) d'un arbre rotatif (5) vers un côté intérieur de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans la direction radiale (Dr) et sont stratifiées dans une région partielle de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans une direction circonférentielle (Dc) ; et

    une plaque côté haute pression (323) s'étendant dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) pour couvrir le corps de joint d'étanchéité (13) depuis un côté haute pression de l'arbre rotatif (5) dans une direction axiale (Da),

    dans lequel la plaque côté haute pression (323) inclut :

    une partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur qui est une partie de bord extérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et s'étend en forme d'arc de cercle dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) ;

    une partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (323c) qui est une partie de bord intérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et s'étend en forme d'arc de cercle dans la direction circonférentielle (Dc) ; et

    une partie de bord avant (323d) qui est une partie de bord sur un côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc), s'étend vers le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc) à partir de la partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur vers le côté intérieur dans la direction radiale (Dr) et est connectée à la partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (323c),

    caractérisé en ce que

    la plaque côté haute pression (323) inclut en outre une partie lamellaire incurvée (340) uniquement dans une région de la plaque côté haute pression (323) sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc).


     
    5. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (311) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la partie lamellaire incurvée (340) est incurvée pour un chevauchement mutuel à partir de la partie de bord avant (323d) vers une ligne de délimitation (Lb), dans lequel un segment de ligne s'étendant depuis une partie d'extrémité de la partie de bord côté diamètre extérieur sur le côté avant dans la direction de rotation (Bc) vers la partie de bord côté diamètre intérieur (323c) dans la direction radiale (Dr) est défini comme la ligne de délimitation (Lb).
     
    6. Segment de joint d'étanchéité (311) selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel la partie lamellaire incurvée (340) est incurvée au niveau de la partie de bord avant (323d).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description