(19)
(11)EP 3 447 035 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/52

(21)Application number: 16899220.4

(22)Date of filing:  21.10.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C03B 37/012  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/102796
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/181636 (26.10.2017 Gazette  2017/43)

(54)

METHOD FOR EFFICIENTLY PREPARING DOPED OPTICAL FIBRE PREFORM AND DOPED OPTICAL FIBRE PREFORM

VERFAHREN ZUR EFFIZIENTEN HERSTELLUNG EINER DOTIERTEN OPTISCHEN FASERVORFORM UND DOTIERTE OPTISCHE FASERVORFORM

PROCÉDÉ DE PRÉPARATION DE MANIÈRE EFFICACE D'UNE PRÉFORME EN FIBRE OPTIQUE DOPÉE ET PRÉFORME EN FIBRE OPTIQUE DOPÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.04.2016 CN 201610251260

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.02.2019 Bulletin 2019/09

(73)Proprietor: Fiberhome Telecommunication Technologies Co., Ltd
Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • DU, Cheng
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • LUO, Wenyong
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • YAN, Lei
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Tao
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • CHEN, Chao
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • KE, Yili
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • KONG, Ming
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Jie
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • LIU, Zhijian
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)
  • LIU, Lifeng
    Wuhan Hubei 430074 (CN)

(74)Representative: Casalonga 
Casalonga & Partners Bayerstraße 71/73
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 1 629 664
CN-A- 103 224 325
JP-A- 2005 255 502
US-A1- 2010 251 771
CN-A- 103 224 325
CN-A- 105 837 025
US-A1- 2007 145 332
  
  • DATABASE WPI Week 198206 7 August 1975 (1975-08-07) Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 1982-11114E XP002795012, -& JP S50 99342 A (FUJIKURA CABLE WORKS LTD) 18 January 1982 (1982-01-18)
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The invention relates to the field of optical fibre preforms, in particular to a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform and a doped optical fibre preform.

BACKGROUND



[0002] The laser technique can introduce higher quality and precision to value chains and is an important means to promote the upgrade of the industrial structure of the manufacturing industry. In the laser application field, optical fibre lasers characterized by high conversion efficiency, good heat dissipation performance and stability and the like have become one of the mainstream lasers. Similar to other diode pumped lasers, the optical fibre lasers adopt pump light to achieve a high power density in optical fibres, so that laser-level population inversion of laser operating substances is generated, and oscillatory laser output can be achieved by properly adding a positive feedback circuit (constituting a resonant cavity). The optical fibre lasers essentially convert low-quality pump laser light into high-quality laser light output, and the high-quality laser light output can be applied to various fields such as the medical field, the material processing field and the laser weapon field.

[0003] At present, the rare earth doped optical fibre serving as the core component of the optical fibre lasers is the key factor determining the laser characteristic of the optical fibre lasers. Rare earth doped optical fibre preforms are prepared mainly through the porous layer liquid-phase doping method, the sol-gel method, the high-temperature flashing method, and the direct nanoparticle deposition method. However, all existing techniques cannot overcome the defects of poor doping uniformity of rare earth particles in optical fibres, high impurity content and the like. In addition, due to process limitations, the core diameter of optical fibre preforms and the doping concentration of rare earth ions are at a low level, and consequentially, the cost of laser optical fibres is high; and meanwhile, usage and system debugging are more difficult, and the requirements for commercialization and industrialization of optical fibre lasers cannot be met.

[0004] In the prior art, the rare earth doped optical fibre preforms are prepared mainly through the porous layer liquid-phase doping method, the sol-gel method, the high-temperature flashing method rarely used for experimental studies, and the direct nanoparticle deposition method. As for the sol-gel method and the high-temperature flashing method, equipment requirements are high, and the process is complex. The direct nanoparticle deposition method has high raw material requirements and is not beneficial to large-scale preparation. As for the porous layer liquid-phase doping method which is most widely used currently, a porous core layer is deposited on the inner surface of a quartz deposition tube and then is soaked in a solution containing rare earth elements so that the rare earth elements in the solution can be adsorbed into pores of the porous core layer; afterwards, the deposition tube is disposed on a sintering device to dry the porous core layer with inert gases, and the porous core layer is then sintered into a glass layer; and finally, the deposition tube is collapsed into a solid preform.

[0005] The porous layer liquid-phase doping method is complex in process, repeated deposition is needed to obtain a doped fiber core structure meeting drawing requirements, and as the doped fiber core structure has to be taken out of an airtight device between the deposition, soaking and drying procedures, impurities are likely to be introduced, and the laser performance of the rare earth doped optical fibre core is affected; and meanwhile, the local soaking effect of the liquid-phase doping method is inconsistent so that the problem of nonuniform longitudinal doping of preforms cannot be solved, and the longitudinal absorption coefficient of rare earth doped optical fibres is inconsistent, which is not beneficial to nonlinear effect control and batch application. Since the four methods mentioned above are all limited by the internal space of reaction tubes, prepared rare earth doped optical fibre cores are small, the number of optical fibres drawn in each batch is limited, and consequentially, the unit cost of optical fibres is high, and the requirement of the laser market for high-uniformity rare earth doped optical fibres cannot be met.

[0006] Another method for preparing an optical fiber preform which uses plasma spray deposition, is described in JP S5099342.

[0007] In the optical communication field, a large number of devices are externally provided with metal ion doped optical fibres, such as high-attenuation optical fibres used as the key materials of optoelectronic devices such as optical fibre attenuators. Similar to the laser optical fibre technique, the high-attenuation optical fibre doping technique has been mastered only by Coractive Company in Canada and OptoNet Company in Korea internationally at present. The high-attenuation optical fibre doping technique is based on the porous layer liquid-phase doping method and has the problems of poor doping uniformity and low production efficiency caused by dimension and process limitations of optical fibre preforms.

SUMMARY



[0008] To overcome the defects of the related art, the invention provides a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform and a doped optical fibre preform. The method is simple in process and can effectively reduce impurity introduction and improve the doping uniformity of optical fibre preforms. The method breaks through dimensional limitations, caused by in-tube deposition, to doped fiber cores and can remarkably improve the production efficiency of doped optical fiber preforms, reduce the development cost of the doped optical fiber preforms and meet the industrialization requirement for laser optical fibres and optical fibres for special communication devices.

[0009] The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform comprises the following steps:

S1, mixing a rare earth material or a functional metal material with a co-doping agent in a certain proportion, and adding a solvent to formulate a doping solution; evenly mixing a high-purity quartz powder having a purity of over 99% with the doping solution to obtain a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a temperature of 100°C-150°C for 12-48 hours, crushing the doped precursor, and screening the crushed precursor through a mesh sieve with over 150 meshes to obtain a doped quartz powder;

S2, disposing a target rod in a plasma outward spraying deposition device, introducing the doped quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances into a plasma heating zone in the plasma outward spraying deposition device, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto the surface of the target rod in a certain proportion to form a doped core layer; stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the surface of the doped core layer to form a quartz outer cladding; and

S3, removing the target rod, and gradually collapsing the entirety formed from the doped core layer and the quartz outer cladding at a high temperature of 900°C-1800°C to obtain the doped optical fibre preform.



[0010] Based on the above technical scheme, the rare earth material is at least one of the compounds of ytterbium, thulium, erbium, holmium, dysprosium, terbium, gadolinium, europium, samarium, promethium, neodymium, praseodymium, cerium and lanthanum.

[0011] Based on the above technical scheme, the rare earth material is at least one of ytterbium chloride, thulium chloride and erbium chloride.

[0012] Based on the above technical scheme, the functional metal material is at least one of the compounds of cobalt, ferrum, calcium, potassium, magnesium, vanadium, germanium and bismuth.

[0013] Based on the above technical scheme, the functional metal material is cobalt chloride and/or ferric chloride.

[0014] Based on the above technical scheme, the co-doping agent is at least one of aluminum chloride, cerium chloride and ferric chloride.

[0015] Based on the above technical scheme, the granularity of the high-purity quartz powder is smaller than 100 µm.

[0016] Based on the above technical scheme, other gaseous co-doping substances are hexafluoroethane or phosphorus oxychloride.

[0017] Based on the above technical scheme, the solvent in step S1 is water or ethyl alcohol.

[0018] The invention further provides a doped optical fibre preform prepared through the method mentioned above.

[0019] Based on the above technical scheme, in the doped optical fibre preform, the refractivity of the doped core layer is greater than that of the quartz outer cladding, and the percent of the refractivity difference is 0.1%-1.2%.

[0020] Based on the above technical scheme, in the doped optical fibre preform, the ratio of the cross sectional area of the quartz outer cladding to the cross sectional area of the doped core layer is 3.0-1275.5.

[0021] Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
  1. (1) The doping uniformity is the key performance of optical fibres in the application of laser optical fibres and special optical fibres such as high-attenuation optical fibres. In the invention, the doped precursor is prepared by cladding the surface of high-purity quartz powder particles with dopants, the dopants make full contact with the high-purity quartz powder particles serving as an optical fibre deposition matrix, and thus high-concentration doping of rare earth ions or functional metal ions is achieved. The method is suitable for co-doping various co-doping agents and can effectively avoid the micropore permeability difference of various co-doping agents and dopants in traditional processes and the solution concentration difference caused by the gravity factor in the soaking process, thereby improving the axial doping uniformity.
  2. (2) In the invention, the high-frequency plasma outward spraying technique is adopted to deposit the doped precursor on the target rod, so that a complex multi-pass deposition doping process is avoided, impurity introduction is effectively reduced, and the doping uniformity of the rare earth ions or the functional metal ions in the optical fibre preforms is fundamentally improved. The method is based on an extra-tube deposition technique, thereby being simple in preparation process, capable of breaking through dimension limitations, caused by intra-tube deposition technique, to doped fiber cores, remarkably improving the production efficiency of rare earth-doped optical fibre preforms, reducing the development cost of laser optical fibres, achieving low-cost, efficient and large-scale production of doped optical fibre preforms and meeting the industrialization requirement for laser optical fibres and optical fibres of special communication devices.


[0022] In conclusion, the doped precursor is prepared by cladding the surface of the high-purity quartz powder particles with dopants, and the high-frequency plasma outward spraying technique is adopted, so that high-concentration doping of the rare earth ions or the functional metal ions in the optical fibre preform is achieved, and axial doping uniformity is improved. By adoption of the method, the development cost of doped optical fibres can be reduced, core diameters of prepared doped optical fibre preforms are not limited, and efficient, low-cost and large-scale production of laser optical fibres and high-added value special optical fibres such as high-attenuation optical fibres is achieved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0023] 

FIG.1 is a preparation flow diagram of a doped optical fibre preform in one embodiment of the invention;

FIG.2 is a deposition process diagram of a doped optical fibre preform in one embodiment of the invention;

FIG.3 is a structural diagram after the deposition process in one embodiment of the invention;

FIG.4 is a structural diagram of a doped optical fibre preform after collapsing in one embodiment of the invention;

FIG.5 is a structural diagram of the end face of a doped optical fibre in one embodiment of the invention.

Reference Signs: 1-target rod, 2-doped core layer, 3-quartz outer cladding.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0024] A detailed description of the invention is given with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments as follows.

[0025] As is shown in FIG.1, a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform is provided. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform comprises the following steps:
  1. (1) Mixing a rare earth material or a functional metal material with a co-doping agent in a certain proportion, and slowly adding a solvent after the above compositions are evenly stirred; promoting dissolution of the rare earth material or the functional metal material by means of a large quantity of heat released in the reaction of the co-doping agent and the solvent; making the mixture stand for 40-80 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the mixture is cooled, and setting the volume in a required proportion after filtration to obtain a doping solution;
    The rare earth material can be at least one of compounds of ytterbium, thulium, erbium, holmium, dysprosium, terbium, gadolinium, europium, samarium, promethium, neodymium, praseodymium, cerium and lanthanum, for instance, the rare earth material can be at least one of ytterbium chloride, thulium chloride and erbium chloride; the functional metal material can be at least one of the compounds of cobalt, ferrum, calcium, potassium, magnesium, vanadium, germanium and bismuth, for instance, the functional metal material can be cobalt chloride and/or ferric chloride; the co-doping agent can be at least one of aluminum chloride, cerium chloride and ferric chloride; the solvent can be water or ethyl alcohol;
  2. (2) Screening a high-purity quartz powder with a purity of over 99% through a metal mesh sieve with 150-400 meshes, evenly mixing the undersize ultrafine high-purity quartz powder having the granularity smaller than 100 µm with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 0.2-7.0, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor;
  3. (3) Drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 100°C-150°C for 12-48 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, and finally screening the doped precursor through a metal mesh sieve with 150-400 meshes to obtain a doped quartz powder;
  4. (4) As is shown in FIG.2, disposing a target rod 1 in a plasma outward spraying deposition device, introducing the doped quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances into the plasma heating zone in the plasma outward spraying deposition device, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto the surface of the target rod 1 in a certain proportion to form a doped core layer 2, wherein other gaseous co-doping substances can be hexafluoroethane or phosphorus oxychloride;
    As is shown in FIG.3, after the doped core layer 2 is obtained through deposition on the target rod 1, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, selectively introducing the high-purity quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the surface of the doped core layer 2 in a certain proportion to form a quartz outer cladding 3; and
  5. (5) After deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, polishing the entirety with flames, and gradually collapsing the entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3 at a high temperature of 900°C-1800°C and a controlled pressure to form the doped optical fibre preform shown in FIG.4.


[0026] A doped optical fibre preform is also provided. The doped optical fibre preform is prepared through the method mentioned above. In the doped optical fibre preform, the refractivity of the doped core layer 2 is greater than that of the quartz outer cladding 3, the percent of the refractivity difference is 0.1%-1.2%, and the ratio of the cross sectional area of the quartz outer cladding 3 to the cross sectional area of the doped core layer 2 is 3.0-1275.5.

[0027] The doped optical fibre preform is drawn into a doped optical fibre and then tested. The specific process is as follows:

[0028] The doped optical fibre preform is processed to a required outline, melted in a high-temperature furnace of a drawing tower at a temperature of 1800°C-2200°C, and drawn at a drawing speed of 1.5 m/min-2200 m/min with a drawing tension of 25 g-200 g to form the doped optical fibre of the required model. As is shown in FIG.5, the doped optical fibre sequentially comprises, from inside to outside, a fiber core (the black round zone in FIG.5), an optical fibre cladding, an inner coating and an outer coating.

[0029] A further explanation of the invention is given through 41 specific embodiments as follows.

First Embodiment



[0030] This embodiment provides a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform. The method comprises the following steps:

[0031] Mixing 737.28 g of ytterbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 510.72 g of anhydrous aluminum chloride crystal powder and 71.42 g of cerium chloride hydrous crystal powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 60min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;

[0032] Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 200-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 1:5, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 150°C for 12 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 200-mesh metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of the deposition raw materials;

[0033] Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, simultaneously introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 8000 ml/min and phosphorus oxychloride at the flow rate of 500 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 314.16 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125349.50 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, and afterwards, gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1700°C and a controlled pressure to form the ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform.

[0034] The ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform is drawn into an optical fibre and then tested. The specific process is as follows:

[0035] The ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform is processed into an octagonal structure, then melted in a high-temperature furnace of a drawing tower at a temperature of 1950°C, and finally drawn at a drawing speed of 25 m/min with a drawing tension of 150 g to form a ytterbium-doped optical fibre (20/400 ytterbium-doped optical fibre) with a cladding diameter of 402 µm and a coating diameter of 564 µm. The key test indicators of the optical fibre are shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Test Results of the 20/400 Ytterbium-doped Optical Fibre
ItemIndicator RangeUnit
Optical Performance Operating Wavelength 1070 nm
Core Numerical Aperture 0.065 -
Cladding Numerical Aperture 0.47 -
1064nm Attenuation 0.02 dB/m
Slope Efficiency 72 %
Cladding Absorptivity 0.41 (915 nm) dB/m
Geometric Parameters Cladding Diameter (edge to edge) 402 µm
Core Diameter 20.2 µm
Coating Diameter 564 µm
Core Cladding Concentricity 1.4 µm
Paint Type of Inner Cladding Low-refractivity Paint -

Second Embodiment



[0036] This embodiment provides a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform. The method comprises the following steps:

[0037] Mixing 481.32 g of thulium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 574.56 g of anhydrous aluminum chloride crystal powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 40 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;

[0038] Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 200-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 6:1, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 150°C for 48 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 106 µm (150-mesh) metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of the deposition raw materials;

[0039] Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 9500 ml/min and hexafluoroethane at the flow rate of 700 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 490.87 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125172.80 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, and afterwards, gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1750°C and a controlled pressure to form the thulium-doped optical fibre preform.

[0040] The thulium-doped optical fibre preform is drawn into an optical fibre and then tested. The specific process is as follows:
The thulium-doped optical fibre preform is processed into an octagonal structure, then melted in a high-temperature furnace of a drawing tower at a temperature of 2100°C, and finally drawn at a drawing speed of 12 m/min with a drawing tension of 80 g to form a thulium-doped optical fibre (25/400 thulium-doped optical fibre) with a cladding diameter of 401 µm and a coating diameter of 568 µm, The key test indicators of the optical fibre are shown in Table 2.
Table 2. Test Results of the 25/400 Thulium-doped Optical fibre
ItemIndicator RangeUnit
Optical Performance Operating Wavelength 1985 nm
Core Numerical Aperture 0.092 -
Cladding Numerical Aperture 0.46 -
1064nm Attenuation 0.03 dB/m
Slope Efficiency 41 %
Cladding Absorptivity 1.67 (793 nm) dB/m
Geometric Parameters Cladding Diameter (edge to edge) 401 µm
Core Diameter 25.5 µm
Coating Diameter 568 µm
Core Cladding Concentricity 1.6 µm
Paint Type of Inner Cladding Low-refractivity Paint -

Third Embodiment



[0041] This embodiment provides a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform. The method comprises the following steps:

Mixing 212.94 g of cobalt chloride hydrous crystal powder, 438.90 g of anhydrous aluminum chloride crystal powder and 167.10 g of spectral-purity ferric chloride powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 80 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;

Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 200-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 7:1, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 100°C for 48 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 300-mesh metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of deposition raw materials;

Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 8200 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 63.62 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 12208.23 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, and afterwards, gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1500°C and a controlled pressure to form the high-attenuation doped optical fibre preform.



[0042] The high-attenuation optical fibre preform is drawn into an optical fibre and then tested. The specific process is as follows:
The high-attenuation optical fibre preform is processed into an octagonal structure, then melted in a high-temperature furnace of a drawing tower at a temperature of 2200°C, and finally drawn at a drawing speed of 1700 m/min with a drawing tension of 180 g to form a high-attenuation optical fibre which has a cladding diameter of 125.2 µm and a coating diameter of 246 µm and serves as the key component of an attenuator. The key test indicators of the optical fibre are shown in Table 3.
Table 3. Test Results of the High-attenuation Optical fibre
ItemIndicator RangeUnit
Optical Performance Operating Wavelength 1550 nm
Core Numerical Aperture 0.14 -
Attenuation Performance 170 (1550 nm) dB/m
192 (1310 nm) dB/m
Geometric Parameters Cladding Diameter 125.2 µm
Core Diameter 9.04 µm
Coating Diameter 246 µm

Fourth Embodiment



[0043] This embodiment provides a method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform. The method comprises the following steps:

Mixing 737.28 g of ytterbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 766.08 g of anhydrous aluminum chloride crystal powder and 458.40 g of erbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, slowly adding ethyl alcohol into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 80 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;

Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 200-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 1:1, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 120°C for 24 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 200-mesh metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of deposition raw materials;

Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 9500 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 314.16 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125349.50 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, afterwards, gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1700°C and a controlled pressure to form an erbium-ytterbium co-doped optical fibre preform, and sleeving the preform on this basis to make sure that the ratio of the core diameter to the cladding diameter on the cross section of the optical fibre preform is 1 :43.72.



[0044] The erbium-ytterbium co-doped optical fibre preform is drawn into an optical fibre and then tested. The specific process is as follows:
The erbium-ytterbium co-doped optical fibre preform is melted in a high-temperature furnace of a drawing tower at a temperature of 1950°C, and drawn at a drawing speed of 70 m/min with a drawing tension of 120 g to form an ytterbium-doped optical fibre (erbium-ytterbium co-doped optical fibre) which has a cladding diameter of 125 µm and coating diameter of 245 µm. The key test indicators of the optical fibre are shown in Table 4.


Fifth Embodiment



[0045] Mixing 737.28 g of holmium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 71.42 g of cerium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 167.10 g of spectral-purity ferric chloride powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 60 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;
Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 150-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 1:5, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 150°C for 12 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 150-mesh metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of deposition raw materials;
Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, simultaneously introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 8000 ml/min and phosphorus oxychloride at the flow rate of 500 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 314.16 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125349.50 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, afterwards, and gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 900°C and a controlled pressure to form the ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform.

Sixth Embodiment



[0046] Mixing 737.28 g of dysprosium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 71.42 g of cerium chloride hydrous crystal powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 60 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;
Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 400-mesh metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 1:5, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 150°C for 12 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 38 µm (400-mesh) metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of deposition raw materials;
Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, simultaneously introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 8000 ml/min and phosphorus oxychloride at the flow rate of 500 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 314.16 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125349.50 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, afterwards, and gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1000°C and a controlled pressure to form the ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform.

Seventh Embodiment



[0047] Mixing and evenly stirring 737.28 g of terbium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 167.10 g of spectral-purity ferric chloride powder, slowly adding deionized water into the mixture after the mixture is evenly stirred, making the mixture stand for 60 min after the mixture is completely dissolved, filtering the solution through medium speed filter paper after the solution is cooled, and setting the volume to 6000 ml after filtration to obtain a doping solution;
Evenly mixing an ultrafine high-purity quartz powder screened by a 400-mesl metal sieve with the doping solution at the volume ratio of 1:5, and rapidly stirring the same through a mechanical device to form a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a high temperature of 150°C for 12 hours, then mechanically crushing and grinding the doped precursor, screening the doped precursor through a 400-mesh metal sieve, and taking the undersize doped quartz powder as one of deposition raw materials;
Gradually blanking the doped quartz powder prepared in the above process through a plasma outward spraying device, simultaneously introducing oxygen at the flow rate of 8000 ml/min and phosphorus oxychloride at the flow rate of 500 ml/min into a plasma heating zone together with the doped quartz powder, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto a target rod 1 within an area of 314.16 mm2 at a set ratio to form a doped core layer 2; after the doped core layer 2 is deposited, stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder and oxygen at the flow rate of 12000 ml/min only, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the outer side of the doped core layer 2 within an area of 125349.50 mm2 to form a quartz outer cladding 3; after deposition, removing the target rod 1 through a drilling process to obtain the cylindrical entirety formed from the doped core layer 2 and the quartz outer cladding 3, cleaning the inner wall of the entirety, then polishing the entirety with flames, and afterwards, gradually collapsing the entirety at a high temperature of 1200°C and a controlled pressure to form the ytterbium-doped optical fibre preform.

Eighth Embodiment



[0048] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of gadolinium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Ninth Embodiment



[0049] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of europium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Tenth Embodiment



[0050] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of samarium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Eleventh Embodiment



[0051] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of promethium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Twelfth Embodiment



[0052] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of neodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Thirteenth Embodiment



[0053] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of praseodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Fourteenth Embodiment



[0054] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of cerium nitrate hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Fifteenth Embodiment



[0055] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of lanthanum nitrate hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the second embodiment.

Sixteenth Embodiment



[0056] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of ytterbium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of thulium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Seventeenth Embodiment



[0057] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of holmium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of dysprosium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Eighteenth Embodiment



[0058] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of gadolinium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of neodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Nineteenth Embodiment



[0059] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of praseodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of lanthanum chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twentieth Embodiment



[0060] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of terbium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of promethium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-first Embodiment



[0061] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of europium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of lanthanum chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of thulium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-second Embodiment



[0062] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of ytterbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of holmium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of thulium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-third Embodiment



[0063] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of dysprosium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of europium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of neodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-fourth Embodiment



[0064] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of dysprosium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of europium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of neodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.4 0g of lanthanum chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-fifth Embodiment



[0065] Except for the rare earth material and, by mass, 737.28 g of ytterbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of erbium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 458.40 g of neodymium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 458.40 g of cerium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the fourth embodiment.

Twenty-sixth Embodiment



[0066] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of ferric chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Twenty-seventh Embodiment



[0067] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of calcium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Twenty-eighth Embodiment



[0068] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of potassium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Twenty-ninth Embodiment



[0069] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of magnesium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirtieth Embodiment



[0070] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of vanadium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-first Embodiment



[0071] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of germanium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-second Embodiment



[0072] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of bismuth chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-third Embodiment



[0073] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of cobalt chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of ferric chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-fourth Embodiment



[0074] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of potassium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of magnesium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-fifth Embodiment



[0075] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of vanadium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of germanium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-sixth Embodiment



[0076] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of vanadium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of bismuth chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-seventh Embodiment



[0077] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of cobalt chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of vanadium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-eighth Embodiment



[0078] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of calcium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of germanium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Thirty-ninth Embodiment



[0079] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of calcium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 212.94 g of germanium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of vanadium chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Fortieth Embodiment



[0080] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of calcium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 212.94 g of cobalt chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of ferric chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

Forth-first Embodiment



[0081] Except for the functional metal material and, by mass, 212.94 g of calcium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 212.94 g of magnesium chloride hydrous crystal powder, 212.94 g of germanium chloride hydrous crystal powder and 212.94 g of bismuth chloride hydrous crystal powder thereof, this embodiment is the same as the third embodiment.

[0082] Content not explained in detail in the description is the prior art known to those skilled in the field.


Claims

1. A method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform, the method comprising the following steps:

S1, mixing a rare earth material or a functional metal material with a co-doping agent in a certain proportion, and adding a solvent to formulate a doping solution; mixing and evenly stirring a high-purity quartz powder having a purity of over 99% with the doping solution to obtain a doped precursor; drying the doped precursor at a temperature of 100°C-150°C for 12-48 hours, crushing the doped precursor, and screening the crushed precursor through a mesh sieve with over 150 meshes to obtain a doped quartz powder;

S2, disposing a target rod (1) in a plasma outward spraying deposition device, introducing the doped quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances into a plasma heating zone in the plasma outward spraying deposition device, and depositing the doped quartz powder onto the surface of the target rod (1) in a certain proportion to form a doped core layer (2); stopping introduction of the doped quartz powder, introducing the high-purity quartz powder, oxygen and/or other gaseous co-doping substances, and depositing the high-purity quartz powder onto the surface of the doped core layer (2) in a predetermined proportion to form a quartz outer cladding (3); and

S3, removing the target rod (1), and gradually collapsing the entirety formed from the doped core layer (2) and the quartz outer cladding (3) at a high temperature of 900°C-1800°C to obtain the doped optical fibre preform.


 
2. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the rare earth material is at least one selected from the group consisting of compounds of ytterbium, thulium, erbium, holmium, dysprosium, terbium, gadolinium, europium, samarium, promethium, neodymium, praseodymium, cerium and lanthanum.
 
3. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 2, wherein the rare earth material is at least one selected from the group consisting of ytterbium chloride, thulium chloride and erbium chloride.
 
4. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the functional metal material is at least one selected from group consisting of compounds of cobalt, ferrum, calcium, potassium, magnesium, vanadium, germanium and bismuth.
 
5. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 4, wherein the functional metal material is cobalt chloride and/or ferric chloride.
 
6. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the co-doping agent is at least one selected from the group consisting of aluminum chloride, cerium chloride and ferric chloride.
 
7. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the granularity of the high-purity quartz powder is smaller than 100 µm.
 
8. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the other gaseous co-doping substances are hexafluoroethane or phosphorus oxychloride.
 
9. The method for efficiently preparing a doped optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the solvent in step S1 is water or ethyl alcohol.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

S1: Mischen eines Seltenerdmaterials oder eines funktionellen Metallmaterials mit einem Codotierungsmittel in einem bestimmten Verhältnis und Zugabe eines Lösungsmittels zum Formulieren einer Dotierlösung; Mischen und gleichmäßiges Rühren eines hochreinen Quarzpulvers, das eine Reinheit von über 99% besitzt, mit der Dotierlösung, um einen dotierten Vorläufer zu erhalten; Trocknen des dotierten Vorläufers bei einer Temperatur von 100°C-150°C für 12-48 Stunden, Zerkleinern des dotierten Vorläufers und Sieben des zerkleinerten Vorläufers durch ein Maschensieb mit über 150 Maschen, um ein dotiertes Quarzpulver zu erhalten;

S2: Anordnen einer Targetstange (1) in einer Plasma nach außen sprühenden Abscheidevorrichtung, Einleiten des dotierten Quarzpulvers, von Sauerstoff und/oder anderen gasförmigen Codotierungssubstanzen in eine Plasmaheizzone in der Plasma nach außen sprühenden Abscheidevorrichtung, und Abscheiden des dotierten Quarzpulvers auf die Oberfläche der Targetstange (1) in einem bestimmten Verhältnis, um eine dotierte Kernschicht (2) zu bilden; Beenden der Einleitung des dotierten Quarzpulvers, der Einleitung des hochreinen Quarzpulvers, der Einleitung von Sauerstoff und/oder anderen gasförmigen Codotierungssubstanzen, und Abscheiden des hochreinen Quarzpulvers auf die Oberfläche der dotierten Kernschicht (2) in einem vorbestimmten Verhältnis, um eine äußere Quarzummantelung (3) zu bilden; und

S3: Entfernen der Targetstange (1) und alles, was aus der dotierten Kernschicht (2) und der äußeren Quarzummantelung (3) gebildet wurde, bei einer hohen Temperatur von 900°C-1800°C allmählich zusammenfallen lassen, um die dotierte Glasfaservorform zu erhalten.


 
2. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei dem Seltenerdmaterial um mindestens eines handelt, das aus der aus Verbindungen von Ytterbium, Thulium, Erbium, Holmium, Dysprosium, Terbium, Gadolinium, Europium, Samarium, Promethium, Neodym, Praseodym, Cer und Lanthan bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist.
 
3. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 2, wobei es sich bei dem Seltenerdmaterial um mindestens eines handelt, das aus der aus Ytterbiumchlorid, Thuliumchlorid und Erbiumchlorid bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist.
 
4. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei dem funktionellen Metallmaterial um mindestens eines handelt, das aus der aus Verbindungen von Cobalt, Eisen, Calcium, Kalium, Magnesium, Vanadium, Germanium und Wismut bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist.
 
5. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 4, wobei es sich bei dem funktionellen Metallmaterial um Cobaltchlorid und/oder Eisen(III)chlorid handelt.
 
6. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei dem Codotierungsmittel um mindestens eines handelt, das aus der aus Aluminiumchlorid, Cerchlorid und Eisen(III)chlorid bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist.
 
7. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Granularität des hochreinen Quarzpulvers kleiner ist als 100 µm.
 
8. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei den anderen gasförmigen Codotierungssubstanzen um Hexafluorethan oder Phosphoroxychlorid handelt.
 
9. Verfahren zur effizienten Herstellung einer dotierten Glasfaservorform nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei dem Lösungsmittel in Schritt S1 um Wasser oder Ethylalkohol handelt.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

S1, le mélange d'un matériau de terres rares ou d'un matériau de métal fonctionnel avec un agent de codopage dans une certaine proportion, et l'addition d'un solvant pour formuler une solution de dopage ; le mélange et l'agitation uniforme d'une poudre de quartz de haute pureté ayant une pureté de plus de 99 % avec la solution de dopage pour obtenir un précurseur dopé ; le séchage du précurseur dopé à une température de 100 °C à 150 °C pendant 12 à 48 heures, le concassage du précurseur dopé, et le tamisage du précurseur concassé à travers un tamis à mailles de plus de 150 mesh pour obtenir une poudre de quartz dopée ;

S2, la disposition d'une tige cible (1) dans un dispositif de dépôt par pulvérisation extérieure par plasma, l'introduction de la poudre de quartz dopée, d'oxygène et/ou d'autres substances de codopage gazeuses dans une zone de chauffage au plasma dans le dispositif de dépôt par pulvérisation extérieure par plasma, et le dépôt de la poudre de quartz dopée sur la surface de la tige cible (1) dans une certaine proportion pour former une couche principale dopée (2) ; l'arrêt de l'introduction de la poudre de quartz dopée, l'introduction de la poudre de quartz de haute pureté, d'oxygène et/ou d'autres substances de codopage gazeuses, et le dépôt de la poudre de quartz de haute pureté sur la surface de la couche principale dopée (2) dans une proportion prédéterminée pour former un placage externe au quartz (3) ; et

S3, le retrait de la tige cible (1) et l'affaissement progressif de l'ensemble formé de la couche principale dopée (2) et du placage externe au quartz (3) à une haute température de 900 °C à 1 800 °C pour obtenir la préforme en fibre optique dopée.


 
2. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le matériau de terres rares est au moins l'un sélectionné dans le groupe constitué de composés d'ytterbium, de thulium, d'erbium, d'holmium, de dysprosium, de terbium, de gadolinium, d'europium, de samarium, de prométhium, de néodyme, de praséodyme, de cérium et de lanthane.
 
3. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le matériau de terres rares est au moins l'un sélectionné dans le groupe constitué du chlorure d'ytterbium, du chlorure de thulium et du chlorure d'erbium.
 
4. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le matériau de métal fonctionnel est au moins l'un sélectionné dans le groupe constitué de composés de cobalt, de fer, de calcium, de potassium, de magnésium, de vanadium, de germanium et de bismuth.
 
5. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le matériau de métal fonctionnel est le chlorure de cobalt et/ou le chlorure ferrique.
 
6. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'agent de codopage est au moins l'un sélectionné dans le groupe constitué du chlorure d'aluminium, du chlorure de cérium et du chlorure ferrique.
 
7. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la granularité de la poudre de quartz de haute pureté est inférieure à 100 µm.
 
8. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les autres substances de codopage gazeuses sont l'hexafluoroéthane ou l'oxychlorure de phosphore.
 
9. Procédé de préparation de manière efficace d'une préforme en fibre optique dopée selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le solvant à l'étape S1 est l'eau ou l'alcool éthylique.
 




Drawing












REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description