(19)
(11)EP 3 450 032 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 18190694.2

(22)Date of filing:  24.08.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B08B 1/00  (2006.01)
B22D 17/20  (2006.01)
B08B 9/00  (2006.01)
B24B 27/033  (2006.01)

(54)

AUTOMATIC HUB FORGING DIE CLEANING DEVICE

AUTOMATISCHE REINIGUNGSVORRICHTUNG FÜR NABENSCHMIEDENDE MATRIZEN

DISPOSITIF DE NETTOYAGE AUTOMATIQUE DE MATRICE DE FORGEAGE DE MOYEU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Validation States:
MA

(30)Priority: 27.08.2017 CN 201710746860

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/10

(73)Proprietor: Citic Dicastal Co., Ltd.
066011 Quinhuangdao, Heibei (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • Yang, Jinling
    Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066011 (CN)
  • Yang, Li
    Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066011 (CN)
  • Su, Baomin
    Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066011 (CN)
  • Li, Haifeng
    Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066011 (CN)
  • Ding, Bicheng
    Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066011 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gong, Jinping 
CocreateIP Eggenfeldenerstraße 56
81929 München
81929 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
AT-B- 281 321
CN-A- 106 826 455
CN-A- 105 921 723
CN-U- 207 126 869
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to an automatic hub forging die cleaning device, specifically to a graphite lubricant cleaning device.

    Background of the Invention



    [0002] When a hub is forged, an oil graphite lubricant needs to be sprayed onto the surface of a forged product forming die to meet effective flowing of forging materials. The oil graphite lubricant is high in surface viscosity, strong in adhesion and difficult to clean. At present, the oil graphite lubricant is cleaned by personnel using manual tools, and the forging die is high in temperature, so the labor intensity of workers in cleaning is high, much time and effort are required and the efficiency is low.

    [0003] The document CN-A-106826455 discloses a prior art hub forging die cleaning device.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0004] The present invention is defined by the automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device in accordance with claim 1.

    [0005] An improved automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device includes a lifting hydraulic cylinder, a limiting block, a hinge, a hydraulic piston rod, a fixed connecting rod, a hinge shaft, a connecting plate, a hydraulic cylinder, a further hinge, a hydraulic cylinder fixing seat, a lubricant cleaning scraper, a main body frame, a support crossbeam, a die supporting tray, a servo motor, a foundation crossbeam, bases, rolling bearings, a left lubricant cleaning scraper, a bolt, a left hydraulic cylinder assembly, a guide post, a guide sleeve, a plugging lock pin, a lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam, a brush lifting hydraulic cylinder, a lifting bracket, a brush servo motor, a linear guide rail, a translation hydraulic cylinder, a horizontal bracket, a connecting key, a further bolt, a connecting sleeve, a ball brush fixer, a steel ball brush, a detergent storage tank, a nozzle, a middle upright post and a fixed plate.

    [0006] The main body frame is of a structure including four upright posts and an upper cross beam, a middle crossbeam and a lower crossbeam, the support crossbeam is the middle crossbeam, and the foundation crossbeam is the lower crossbeam. The servo motor is fixed below a large plate of the support crossbeam, the shaft of the servo motor is connected with the lower rotating shaft of the die supporting tray, and the die supporting tray is attached to the bottom of a die. Two positioning pins are arranged on the die supporting tray, and the positioning pins are connected with bottom positioning holes of the die to ensure that the die supporting tray drives the die to rotate. The rolling bearings are arranged below the die supporting tray and on the large plate of the support crossbeam to ensure the die supporting tray rotates at a low speed. The left hydraulic cylinder assembly is arranged on an upright post plate on the left side of an upright post of the main body frame via a connecting screw, and the left lubricant cleaning scraper is connected with the piston rod of the left hydraulic cylinder assembly. The hydraulic cylinder fixing seat is fixed in the middle of the right side of the main body frame, the hydraulic cylinder is connected with the hydraulic cylinder fixing seat via the hinge shaft, the hydraulic piston rod is connected with the fixed connecting rod via the hinge, the fixed connecting rod is fixedly connected with the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam, the fixed connecting rod rotates under the action of the hydraulic cylinder by using the hinge shaft as a shaft, the limiting block is connected to the guide post, the guide post is connected with the connecting plate, and the connecting plate is connected with the lubricant cleaning scraper.

    [0007] The guide sleeve is arranged in the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam; when the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam is horizontal, the plugging lock pin is plugged into the left upright post of the main body frame; and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam is horizontally fixed to keep stable. The brush lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with the lifting bracket and arranged on the horizontal bracket, and the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the brush servo motor to be dragged up and down along the linear guide rail. The translation hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the fixed plate and the middle upright post, and the translation hydraulic cylinder is connected with the horizontal bracket and horizontally dragged along the linear guide rail. The connecting sleeve is connected with the main shaft of the servo motor by the connecting key and the further bolt. The steel ball brush is arranged below the ball brush fixer, the ball brush fixer is connected with the connecting sleeve, the nozzle is connected with the detergent storage tank via a rubber tube, and the nozzle is arranged in the middle of the upright post in a manner of tilting degrees to just spray a detergent to the working surface of the die.

    [0008] In actual use, the fixed connecting rod is fixed with the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam, the switch of the hydraulic cylinder is shifted to a state that the hydraulic piston rod retracts, and the fixed connecting rod and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam rotate degrees and are opened, taking the hinge shaft as a shaft, as shown in Fig.2.

    [0009] The die to be cleaned is placed on the supporting tray in tight fit. Two positioning pins on the die supporting tray are inserted into the bottom positioning holes of the die to ensure that the rotation of the supporting tray drives the die to rotate, and the rolling bearings are arranged below the die supporting tray and on the large plate of the support crossbeam to ensure the die supporting tray rotates steadily. Then, the detergent spray switch of the detergent storage tank is opened, the nozzle sprays a detergent to the working surface of the die. The switch of the servo motor is turned on, and the motor shaft rotates to drive the die to rotate. Later, the detergent is sprayed to the surface of the die, minutes is waited for appropriately softening the lubricant on the surface of the die, the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam is switched to a closed state, the hydraulic piston rod stretches out under the action of the hydraulic cylinder, and the fixed connecting rod and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam rotate degrees; when the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam is horizontal, the plugging lock pin is plugged into the left upright post of the main body frame, and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam is horizontally fixed to keep stable, as shown in Fig.1 .

    [0010] The piston of the lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the connecting plate and the lubricant cleaning scraper to descend under the guiding effects of the guide post and the guide sleeve and to gradually contact the surface of the die, the main shaft of the servo motor drives the die to rotate, and in the whole process, the lubricant cleaning scraper downward gradually contacts the surface of the die to clean the lubricant thereon till the cleaning ends. Meanwhile, the piston rod of the left hydraulic cylinder assembly and the left lubricant cleaning scraper on the side stretch out to scrape the lubricant on the side surface of the die till the cleaning ends. The working profiles of the lubricant cleaning scrapers are formed by linear cutting along with the surface shape of the die to ensure that the lubricant on the surface of the die can be scraped.

    [0011] In next working step, the servo motor is turned off, and the die stops rotating. The lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the lubricant cleaning scraper to upward retract to the top, the fixed connecting rod and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam are welded into a whole, and taking the hinge shaft as a rotating shaft, under the condition that the switch of the hydraulic cylinder is shifted to ensure the hydraulic piston rod retracts, the fixed connecting rod and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam rotate degrees and are opened, as shown in Fig.2 . The switch of the servo motor is turned on, and the servo motor drives the die to rotate. The motor of the detergent storage tank is turned on, and the detergent is sprayed to the working surface of the die via the rubber tube and the nozzle. The translation hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the fixed plate and the middle upright post, the translation hydraulic cylinder is connected with the horizontal bracket, and the horizontal bracket is horizontally dragged along the linear guide rail to enter the space above the die. The brush lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with the lifting bracket and arranged on the horizontal bracket, the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the brush servo motor via the lifting bracket to be dragged down along the linear guide rail, and the connecting sleeve is connected with the main shaft of the servo motor by the connecting key and the bolt B. The servo motor is switched to be turned on, the main shaft rotates and drives the ball brush fixer to be connected with the connecting sleeve, the steel ball brush rotates to clean the surface of the die, the whole process is controlled by a PLC to realize horizontal and up-down feeding or retraction of the head of the steel ball brush, the purpose of cleaning the surface of the die is fulfilled, rotation of all the motors is stopped under the control of the PLC after cleaning, and the die is wiped with cotton cloth and then taken down.

    [0012] Compared with existing manual cleaning, the present invention has the advantages that the labor efficiency is improved, the production intensity is reduced, and the generality is strong; corresponding cleaning scrapers can be set according to the surface shapes of different hub dies and only need to be replaced via general bolt connectors, so that the cost of equipment is reduced; and the positioning pins on the supporting tray and the bottom positioning holes of the die are standard, so that different types of dies can be commonly used and positioned.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0013] 

    Fig. 1 is a front schematic diagram of an improved automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a side schematic diagram of the improved automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of an upper opened state of the improved automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device of the present invention.



    [0014] In which: 1-lifting hydraulic cylinder, 2-limiting block, 3-hinge, 4-hydraulic piston rod, 5-fixed connecting rod, 6-hinge shaft, 7-connecting plate, 8-hydraulic cylinder, 9-further hinge, 10-hydraulic cylinder fixing seat, 11-lubricant cleaning scraper, 12-main body frame, 13-die, 14-support crossbeam, 15-die supporting tray, 16-servo motor, 17-foundation crossbeam, 18-base, 19-rolling bearing, 20-left lubricant cleaning scraper, 21-bolt, 22-left hydraulic cylinder assembly, 23-guide post, 23-1-guide sleeve, 24-plugging lock pin, 25-lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam, 26-brush lifting hydraulic cylinder, 27-lifting bracket, 28-brush servo motor, 29-linear guide rail, 30-translation hydraulic cylinder, 30-1-horizontal bracket, 31-connecting key, 32-further bolt, 33-connecting sleeve, 34-ball brush fixer, 35-steel ball brush, 36-detergent storage tank, 37-nozzle, 38-middle upright post, 39-fixed plate.

    Detailed Description of the Embodiments



    [0015] Details and works of a specific device provided by the present invention will be described in detail below in combination with the accompanying drawings.

    [0016] An improved automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device includes a lifting hydraulic cylinder 1, a limiting block 2, a hinge 3, a hydraulic piston rod 4, a fixed connecting rod 5, a hinge shaft 6, a connecting plate 7, a hydraulic cylinder 8, a hinge 9, a hydraulic cylinder fixing seat 10, a lubricant cleaning scraper 11, a main body frame 12,a support crossbeam 14, a die supporting tray 15, a servo motor 16, a foundation crossbeam 17, bases 18, rolling bearings 19, a left lubricant cleaning scraper 20, a bolt 21, a left hydraulic cylinder assembly 22, a guide post 23, a guide sleeve 23-1, a plugging lock pin 24, a lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25, a brush lifting hydraulic cylinder 26, a lifting bracket 27, a brush servo motor 28, a linear guide rail 29, a translation hydraulic cylinder 30, a horizontal bracket 30-1, a connecting key 31, a further bolt 32, a connecting sleeve 33, a ball brush fixer 34, a steel ball brush 35, a detergent storage tank 36, a nozzle 37, a middle upright post 38 and a fixed plate 39.

    [0017] The main body frame 12 is of a structure including four upright posts and an upper cross beam, a middle cross beam and a lower crossbeam, the support crossbeam 14 is the middle crossbeam, and the foundation crossbeam 17 is the lower crossbeam. The servo motor 16 is fixed below a large plate of the support crossbeam 14, the shaft of the servo motor 16 is connected with the lower rotating shaft of the die supporting tray 15, and the die supporting tray 15 is attached to the bottom of a die 13. Two positioning pins are arranged on the die supporting tray 15, and the positioning pins are connected with bottom positioning holes of the die 13 to ensure that the die supporting tray 15 drives the die 13 to rotate. The rolling bearings 19 are arranged below the die supporting tray 15 and on the large plate of the support crossbeam 14 to ensure the die supporting tray 15 rotates at a low speed. The left hydraulic cylinder assembly 22 is arranged on an upright post plate on the left side of an upright post of the main body frame 12 via a connecting screw, and the left lubricant cleaning scraper 20 is connected with the piston rod of the left hydraulic cylinder assembly 22. The hydraulic cylinder fixing seat 10 is fixed in the middle of the right side of the main body frame 12, the hydraulic cylinder 8 is connected with the hydraulic cylinder fixing seat 10 via the hinge shaft 6, the hydraulic piston rod 4 is connected with the fixed connecting rod 5 via the hinge 3, the fixed connecting rod 5 is fixedly connected with the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25, the fixed connecting rod 5 rotates under the action of the hydraulic cylinder 8 by using the hinge shaft 6 as a shaft, the limiting block 2 is connected to the guide post 23, the guide post 23 is connected with the connecting plate 7, and the connecting plate 7 is connected with the lubricant cleaning scraper 11.

    [0018] The guide sleeve 23-1 is arranged in the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25; when the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 is horizontal, the plugging lock pin 24 is plugged into the left upright post of the main body frame 12; and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 is horizontally fixed to keep stable. The brush lifting hydraulic cylinder 26 is connected with the lifting bracket 27 and arranged on the horizontal bracket 30-1, and the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder 26 drives the brush servo motor 28 to be dragged up and down along the linear guide rail. The translation hydraulic cylinder 30 is arranged on the fixed plate 39 and the middle upright post 38, and the translation hydraulic cylinder 30 is connected with the horizontal bracket 30-1 and horizontally dragged along the linear guide rail 29. The connecting sleeve 33 is connected with the main shaft of the servo motor 28 by the connecting key 31 and the further bolt 32. The steel ball brush 35 is arranged below the ball brush fixer 34, the ball brush fixer 34 is connected with the connecting sleeve 33, the nozzle 37 is connected with the detergent storage tank 36 via a rubber tube, and the nozzle 37 is arranged in the middle of the upright post in a manner of tilting 45 degrees to just spray a detergent to the working surface of the die 13. In actual use, the fixed connecting rod 5 is fixed with the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25, the switch of the hydraulic cylinder 8 is shifted to a state that the hydraulic piston rod 4 retracts, and the fixed connecting rod 5 and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 rotate 90 degrees and are opened, taking the hinge shaft 6 as a shaft, as shown in Fig. 3.

    [0019] The die 13 to be cleaned is placed on the supporting tray 15 in tight fit. Two positioning pins on the die supporting tray 15 are inserted into the bottom positioning holes of the die 13 to ensure that the rotation of the supporting tray 15 drives the die 13 to rotate, and the rolling bearings 19 are arranged below the die supporting tray 15 and on the large plate of the support crossbeam 14 to ensure the die supporting tray 15 rotates steadily. Then, the detergent spray switch of the detergent storage tank 36 is opened, the nozzle 37 sprays a detergent to the working surface of the die 13. The switch of the servo motor 16 is turned on, and the motor shaft rotates to drive the die 13 to rotate. Later, the detergent is sprayed to the surface of the die 13, 10 minutes is waited for appropriately softening the lubricant on the surface of the die 13, the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 is switched to a closed state, the hydraulic piston rod 4 stretches out under the action of the hydraulic cylinder 8, and the fixed connecting rod 5 and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 rotate 90 degrees; when the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 is horizontal, the plugging lock pin 24 is plugged into the left upright post of the main body frame 12, and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 is horizontally fixed to keep stable, as shown in Fig. 1.

    [0020] The piston 1 of the lifting hydraulic cylinder 1 drives the connecting plate 7 and the lubricant cleaning scraper 11 to descend under the guiding effects of the guide post 23 and the guide sleeve 23-1 and to gradually contact the surface of the die 13, the main shaft of the servo motor 16 drives the die 13 to rotate, and in the whole process, the lubricant cleaning scraper 11 downward gradually contacts the surface of the die 13 to clean the lubricant thereon till the cleaning ends. Meanwhile, the piston rod of the left hydraulic cylinder assembly 22 and the left lubricant cleaning scraper 20 on the side stretch out to scrape the lubricant on the side surface of the die till the cleaning ends. The working profiles of the lubricant cleaning scrapers are formed by linear cutting along with the surface shape of the die 13 to ensure that the lubricant on the surface of the die 13 can be scraped. In next working step, the servo motor 16 is turned off, and the die 13 stops rotating. The lifting hydraulic cylinder 1 drives the lubricant cleaning scraper 11 to upward retract to the top, the fixed connecting rod 5 and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 are welded into a whole, and taking the hinge shaft 6 as a rotating shaft, under the condition that the switch of the hydraulic cylinder 8 is shifted to ensure the hydraulic piston rod 4 retracts, the fixed connecting rod 5 and the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam 25 rotate 90 degrees and are opened, as shown in Fig. 2.

    [0021] The switch of the servo motor 16 is turned on, and the servo motor 16 drives the die 13 to rotate. The motor of the detergent storage tank 36 is turned on, and the detergent is sprayed to the working surface of the die 13 via the rubber tube and the nozzle 37. The translation hydraulic cylinder 30 is arranged on the fixed plate 39 and the middle upright post 38, the translation hydraulic cylinder 30 is connected with the horizontal bracket 30-1, and the horizontal bracket 30-1 is horizontally dragged along the linear guide rail 29 to enter the space above the die. The brush lifting hydraulic cylinder 26 is connected with the lifting bracket 27 and arranged on the horizontal bracket 30-1, the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder 26 drives the brush servo motor 28 via the lifting bracket 27 to be dragged down along the linear guide rail, and the connecting sleeve 33 is connected with the main shaft of the servo motor 28 by the connecting key 31 and the further bolt 32. The servo motor 28 is switched to be turned on, the main shaft rotates and drives the ball brush fixer 34 to be connected with the connecting sleeve 33, the steel ball brush 35 rotates to clean the surface of the die 13, the whole process is controlled by a PLC to realize horizontal and up-down feeding or retraction of the head of the steel ball brush 35, the purpose of cleaning the surface of the die 13 is fulfilled, rotation of all the motors is stopped under the control of the PLC after cleaning, and the die 13 is wiped with cotton cloth and then taken down.

    [0022] Compared with existing manual cleaning, the present invention has the advantages that the labor efficiency is improved, the production intensity is reduced, and the generality is strong; corresponding cleaning scrapers can be set according to the surface shapes of different hub dies and only need to be replaced via general bolt connectors, so that the cost of equipment is reduced; and the positioning pins on the supporting tray 15 and the bottom positioning holes of the die are standard, so that different types of dies can be commonly used and positioned.


    Claims

    1. An automatic hub forging die lubricant cleaning device, comprising a lifting hydraulic cylinder (1), a limiting block (2), a hinge (3), a hydraulic piston rod (4), a fixed connecting rod (5), a hinge shaft (6), a connecting plate (7), a hydraulic cylinder (8), a further hinge (9), a hydraulic cylinder fixing seat (10), a lubricant cleaning scraper (11), a main body frame (12), a support crossbeam (14), a die supporting tray (15), a servo motor (16), a foundation crossbeam (17), bases (18), rolling bearings (19), a left lubricant cleaning scraper (20), a bolt (21), a left hydraulic cylinder assembly (22), a guide post (23), a guide sleeve (23-1), a plugging lock pin (24), a lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam (25), a brush lifting hydraulic cylinder (26), a lifting bracket (27), a brush servo motor (28), a linear guide rail (29), a translation hydraulic cylinder (30), a horizontal bracket (30-1), a connecting key (31), a further bolt (32), a connecting sleeve (33), a ball brush fixer (34), a steel ball brush (35), a detergent storage tank (36), a nozzle (37), a middle upright post (38) and a fixed plate (39), wherein : the main body frame (12) is of a structure comprising four upright posts and an upper cross beam, a middle cross beam and a lower crossbeam, the support crossbeam (14) is the middle crossbeam, and the foundation crossbeam (17) is the lower crossbeam; the servo motor (16) is fixed below a large plate of the support crossbeam (14), the shaft of the servo motor (16) is connected with the lower rotating shaft of the die supporting tray (15), and the die supporting tray (15) is attached to the bottom of a die (13); two positioning pins are arranged on the die supporting tray (15), and the positioning pins are connected with bottom positioning holes of the die (13) to ensure that the supporting tray (15) drives the die (13) to rotate; the rolling bearings (19) are arranged below the die supporting tray (15) and on the large plate of the support crossbeam (14) to ensure the die supporting tray (15) rotates at a low speed; the left hydraulic cylinder assembly (22) is arranged on an upright post plate on the left side of an upright post of the main body frame (12) via a connecting screw, and the left lubricant cleaning scraper (20) is connected with the piston rod of the left hydraulic cylinder assembly (22); the hydraulic cylinder fixing seat (10) is fixed in the middle of the right side of the main body frame (12), the hydraulic cylinder (8) is connected with the hydraulic cylinder fixing seat (10) via the hinge shaft (6), the hydraulic piston rod (4) is connected with the fixed connecting rod (5) via the hinge (3), the fixed connecting rod (5) is fixedly connected with the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam (25), the fixed connecting rod (5) is configured to rotate under the action of the hydraulic cylinder (8) by using the hinge shaft (6) as a shaft, the limiting block (2) is connected to the guide post (23), the guide post (23) is connected with the connecting plate (7), and the connecting plate (7) is connected with the lubricant cleaning scraper (11); the guide sleeve (23-1) is arranged in the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam (25); when the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam (25) is horizontal, the plugging lock pin (24) is plugged into the left upright post of the main body frame (12); the lifting hydraulic cylinder supporting crossbeam (25) is horizontally fixed to keep stable; the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder (26) is connected with the lifting bracket (27) and arranged on the horizontal bracket (30-1), and the brush lifting hydraulic cylinder (26) is configured to drive the brush servo motor (28) to be dragged up and down along the linear guide rail; the translation hydraulic cylinder (30) is arranged on the fixed plate (39) and the middle upright post (38), and the translation hydraulic cylinder (30) is connected with the horizontal bracket (30-1) and configured to be horizontally dragged along the linear guide rail (29); the connecting sleeve (30) is connected with the main shaft of the servo motor (28) by the connecting key (31) and the further bolt (32); the steel ball brush (35) is arranged below the ball brush fixer (34), the ball brush fixer (34) is connected with the connecting sleeve (33), the nozzle (37) is connected with the detergent storage tank (36) via a rubber tube, and the nozzle (37) is arranged in the middle of the upright post in a manner of tilting 45 degrees to just spray a detergent to the working surface of the die (13).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Automatische Schmiermittelreinigungsvorrichtung für die Nabenschmiedematrize, umfassend einen Hubhydraulikzylinder (1), einen Begrenzungsblock (2), ein Scharnier (3), eine Hydraulikkolbenstange (4), eine feste Pleuelstange (5), eine Scharnierwelle (6), eine Verbindungsplatte (7), einen Hydraulikzylinder (8), ein weiteres Scharnier (9), einen Hydraulikzylinder-Befestigungssitz (10), einen Schmiermittelreinigungsschaber (11), einen Hauptkörperrahmen (12), einen Stützquerträger (14), eine Matrizenstützschale (15), einen Servomotor (16), einen Fundamentquerträger (17), Sockel (18), Wälzlager (19), einen linken Schmiermittelreinigungsschaber (20), einen Bolzen (21), eine linke Hydraulikzylinder-anordnung (22), einen Führungspfosten (23), eine Führungshülse (23-1), einen Verriegelungsstift (24), einen den Hubhydraulikzylinder tragende Querträger (25), einen hydraulischen Bürstenhubzylinder (26), eine Hubhalterung (27), einen Bürstenservomotor (28), eine lineare Führungsschiene (29), einen Translationshydraulikzylinder (30), eine horizontale Halterung (30-1), einen Verbindungsschlüssel (31), einen weiteren Bolzen (32), eine Verbindungshülse (33), einen Kugelbürstenfixierer (34), eine Stahlkugelbürste (35), ein Waschmittelspeichertank (36), eine Düse (37), ein mittlerer aufrechter Pfosten (38) und eine feste Platte (39),
    wobei der Hauptkörperrahmen (12) eine Struktur aufweist, die vier aufrechte Pfosten und einen oberen Querträger, einen mittleren Querträger und einen unteren Querträger umfasst; wobei der Stützquerträger (14) der mittlere Querträger ist und der Fundamentquerträger (17) der unterer Querträger ist; wobei der Servomotor (16) unter einer großen Platte des Stützquerträgers (14) befestigt ist; wobei die Welle des Servomotors (16) mit der unteren rotierenden Welle der Matrizenstützschale (15) verbunden ist und der Matrizenstützschale am Boden einer Matrize (13) angebracht ist; wobei zwei Positionierungsstifte auf der Matrizenstützschale (15) angeordnet sind und die Positionierstifte mit den unteren Positionierungslöchern der Matrize (13) verbunden sind, um sicherzustellen: wobei die Stützschale (15) die Matrize (13) zum Drehen antreibt; wobei die Wälzlager (19) unterhalb der Matrizenstützschale (15) und auf der großen Platte des Stützquerträgers (14) angeordnet sind, um sicherzustellen: wobei sich die Matrizenstützschale (15) mit niedriger Geschwindigkeit dreht; wobei die linke Hydraulikzylinderanordnung (22) über eine Verbindungsschraube auf einer aufrechten Pfostenplatte auf der linken Seite eines aufrechten Pfostens des Hauptkörperrahmens (12) angeordnet ist, und wobei der linke Schmiermittelreinigungsschaber (20) mit dem Kolbenstange der linken Hydraulikzylinderanordnung (22) verbunden ist; wobei der Hydraulikzylinder-Befestigungssitz (10) in der Mitte der rechten Seite des Hauptkörperrahmens (12) befestigt ist; wobei der Hydraulikzylinder (8) über die Scharnierwelle (6) mit dem Hydraulikzylinder-Befestigungssitz (10) verbunden ist; wobei die Hydraulikkolbenstange (4) über das Scharnier (3) mit der festen Pleuelstange (5) verbunden ist; wobei die feste Pleuelstange (5) fest mit dem den Hubhydraulikzylinder tragende Querträger (25) verbunden ist; wobei die feste Pleuelstange (5) konfiguriert ist, um sich unter der Wirkung des Hydraulikzylinders (8) unter Verwendung der Scharnierwelle (6) als Welle zu drehen; und wobei der Begrenzungsblock (2) mit dem Führungspfosten (23) verbunden ist und der Führungspfosten (23) mit der Verbindungsplatte (7) und die Verbindungsplatte (7) mit dem Schmiermittelreinigungsschaber (11) verbunden ist;
    wobei die Führungshülse (23-1) in dem Querträger (25) angeordnet ist, und wobei der Verriegelungsstift (24) in den linken aufrechten Pfosten des Hauptkörperrahmens (12) eingesteckt ist, wenn der den Hubhydraulikzylinder tragende Querträger (25) horizontal ist; wobei der den Hubhydraulikzylinder tragende Querträger (25) horizontal befestigt ist, um stabil zu bleiben; wobei der hydraulische Bürstenhubzylinder (26) mit der Hubhalterung (27) verbunden und an der horizontalen Halterung (30-1) angeordnet ist; und wobei der Bürstenhubhydraulikzylinder (26) konfiguriert ist, um den Bürsten-Servomotor (28) anzutreiben, so dass der Bürsten-Servomotor auf und ab entlang der linearen Führungsschiene gezogen wird; wobei der Translationshydraulikzylinder (30) auf der festen Platte (39) und dem mittleren aufrechten Pfosten (38) angeordnet ist, und wobei der Translationshydraulikzylinder (30) mit der horizontalen Halterung (30-1) verbunden und konfiguriert ist, um horizontal entlang der Linearlinie Führungsschiene (29) gezogen zu werden; wobei die Verbindungshülse (30) mit der Hauptwelle des Servomotors (28) durch den Verbindungsschlüssel (31) und den weiteren Bolzen (32) verbunden ist; wobei die Stahlkugelbürste (35) unterhalb des Kugelbürstenfixierers (34) angeordnet ist; wobei der Kugelbürstenfixierers (34) mit der Verbindungshülse (33) verbunden ist; wobei die Düse (37) mit dem Waschmittelspeichertank (36) über einen Gummischlauch verbunden ist; und wobei die Düse (37) in der Mitte des aufrechten Pfostens so angeordnet ist, wobei sie um 45 Grad geneigt ist, um nur ein Reinigungsmittel auf die Arbeitsfläche der Düse (13) zu sprühen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif automatique de nettoyage de lubrifiant de matrice de forgeage de moyeu, comprenant un cylindre hydraulique de levage (1), un bloc de limitation (2), une charnière (3), une tige de piston hydraulique (4), une bielle fixe (5), un arbre de charnière (6), une plaque de raccordement (7), un cylindre hydraulique (8), une charnière supplémentaire (9), un siège de fixation de cylindre hydraulique (10), un grattoir de nettoyage de lubrifiant (11), un cadre de corps principal (12), une traverse de support (14), un plateau de support de matrice (15), un servomoteur (16), une traverse de fondation (17), des bases (18), des roulements à billes (19), un grattoir de nettoyage de lubrifiant gauche (20), un boulon (21), un ensemble de cylindre hydraulique gauche (22), un poteau de guidage (23), un manchon de guidage (23-1), une goupille de verrouillage de bouchage (24), une traverse de support de cylindre hydraulique de levage (25), un cylindre hydraulique de levage de brosse (26), un support de levage (27), un servomoteur à balais (28), un rail de guidage linéaire (29), un cylindre hydraulique de translation (30), un support horizontal (30-1), une clé de raccordement (31), un boulon supplémentaire (32), un manchon de raccordement (33), un fixation de brosse à billes (34), une brosse à billes en acier (35), un réservoir de stockage de détergent (36), une buse (37), un poteau droit médian (38) et une plaque fixe (39), dans lequel: le cadre de corps principal (12) est d'une structure comprenant quatre poteau droit et une traverse supérieure, une traverse médiane et une traverse inférieure, la traverse de support (14) est la traverse médiane et la traverse de fondation (17) est la traverse inférieure; le servomoteur (16) est fixé sous une plaque grande de la traverse de support (14), l'arbre du servomoteur (16) est connecté à l'arbre rotatif infé rieur du plateau de support de matrice (15), et le plateau de support de matrice (15) est attaché au fond d'une matrice (13); deux goupilles de positionnement sont disposées sur le plateau de support de matrice (15), et les goupilless de positionnement sont connectées à des trous de positionnement inférieurs de la matrice (13) pour assurer que le plateau de support (15) entraîne la matrice (13) en rotation; les paliers à roulement (19) sont disposés sous le plateau de support de matrice (15) et sur la plaque grande de la traverse de support (14) pour assurer que le plateau de support de matrice (15) tourne à basse vitesse; l'ensemble de cylindre hydraulique gauche (22) est disposé sur une plaque de poteau droit sur le côté gauche d'un poteau droit du cadre de corps principal (12) via une vis de raccordement, et le grattoir de nettoyage de lubrifiant gauche (20) est connecté à la tige de piston de l'ensemble de cylindre hydraulique gauche (22); le siège de fixation de cylindre hydraulique (10) est fixé au milieu du côté droit du cadre de corps principal (12), le cylindre hydraulique (8) est connecté au siège de fixation de cylindre hydraulique (10) via l'arbre de charniè re (6), la tige de piston hydraulique (4) est connectée à la bielle fixe (5) via la charnière (3), la bielle fixe (5) est connectée de manière fixe à la traverse de support de cylindre hydraulique de levage (25), la bielle fixe (5) est configuré pour tourner sous l'action du cylindre hydraulique (8) en utilisant l'arbre de charnière (6) comme arbre, le bloc de limitation (2) est connecté au poteau de guidage (23), le poteau de guidage (23) est connecté à la plaque de raccordement (7) et la plaque de raccordement (7) est connectée au grattoir de nettoyage de lubrifiant (11); le manchon de guidage (23-1) est disposé dans la traverse de support de cylindre hydraulique de levage (25); lorsque la traverse de support de cylindre hydraulique de levage (25) est horizontale, la goupille de verrouillage de bouchage (24) est branchée dans le poteau droit gauche du cadre de corps principal (12); la traverse de support de cylindre hydraulique de levage (25) est fixé horizontalement pour rester stable; le cylindre hydraulique de levage de brosse (26) est connecté au support de levage (27) et disposé sur le support horizontal (30-1), et le cylindre hydraulique de levage de brosse (26) est configuré pour entraîner le servomoteur à balais (28) à faire traîner de haut en bas le long du rail de guidage linéaire; le cylindre hydraulique de translation (30) est disposé sur la plaque fixe (39) et le poteau droit médiane (38), et le cylindre hydraulique de translation (30) est connecté au support horizontal (30-1) et est configuré pour traîner horizontalement le long du rail de guidage lin éaire (29); le manchon de raccordement (30) est connecté à l'arbre principal du servomoteur (28) par la clé de raccordement (31) et le boulon supplémentaire (32); la brosse à billes en acier (35) est disposée sous le fixation de brosse à billes (34), la fixation de brosse à billes (34) est connecté e au manchon de raccordement (33), la buse (37) est connectée au réservoir de stockage de dé tergent (36) via un tube en caoutchouc et la buse (37) est disposée au milieu du poteau droit d'une manière d'inclinaison de 45 degrés pour simplement pulvériser un détergent sur la surface de travail de la matrice (13).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description