(19)
(11)EP 3 450 705 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 18187055.1

(22)Date of filing:  02.08.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01K 23/10  (2006.01)

(54)

GAS TURBINE COMBINED CYCLE SYSTEM EQUIPPED WITH CONTROL DEVICE AND ITS CONTROL METHOD

MIT STEUERUNGSVORRICHTUNG AUSGESTATTETES GASTURBINEN-KOMBIKRAFTWERK UND DESSEN STEUERUNGSVERFAHREN

SYSTÈME À CYCLE COMBINÉ À TURBINE À GAZ ÉQUIPÉ D'UN DISPOSITIF DE COMMANDE ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE COMMANDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.08.2017 JP 2017167217

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/10

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • Sekiguchi, Tatsuya
    Hitachi-shi, Ibaraki 317-8585 (JP)

(74)Representative: MERH-IP Matias Erny Reichl Hoffmann Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Paul-Heyse-Strasse 29
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 351 915
US-A1- 2011 016 870
EP-A2- 0 931 911
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a control device suitable for a gas turbine combined cycle system equipped with a fuel gas heater, a gas turbine combined cycle system equipped therewith, a program, and a control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] In adopting a dual pressure heat recovery steam boiler, in order to achieve an improvement in terms of plant efficiency without involving a reduction in plant output, JP-2015-68314-A discloses a combined cycle plant including fuel gas heating equipment having: a water extraction line extracting heated water from a heated water outlet of an intermediate pressure economizer installed in a heat recovery steam boiler; a low temperature fuel heater heating a fuel gas used in a gas turbine plant by using the heated water extracted through the water extraction line; a water extraction line extracting heated water from a heated water outlet of a high pressure secondary economizer situated on the upstream side in an exhaust gas flow path of the intermediate pressure economizer installed in the heat recovery steam boiler; a high temperature fuel heater for further heating the fuel gas heated by the low temperature fuel heater by using the heated water extracted through the water extraction line; and a heated water return line returning the heated water after the heating of the fuel gas at the high temperature fuel heater to the heated water outlet of the intermediate pressure economizer. US 2011/016870 A1 shows a method and apparatus which employs a combustion turbine for electrical or mechanical power generation in a simple or combined power generation cycle which contains an air-to-fuel heat exchanger. The heat exchanger cools down a portion of hot compressor discharge air utilized for cooling of hot gas turbine components, such as vanes and blades. Simultaneously the heat exchanger preheats natural gas utilized for driving the gas turbine unit prior to entering a combustor of the gas turbine. EP 2 351 915 A1 discloses a combined cycle power plant comprising a system for preheating inlet air to gas turbine compressor and/or fuel preheating.
    EP 0 931 911 A2 shows a combined cycle power plant including a burner, a gas turbine to generate power by expanding high temperature combustion gas from the burner, an exhaust heat recovery boiler to generate steam by heating feed water by exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine and a steam turbine to generate power by expanding the steam supplied from the exhaust heat recovery boiler.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] In recent years, in order to improve the generation efficiency of the gas turbine combined cycle system, there has been developed a generation system equipped with a fuel gas heater for heating the fuel gas of the gas turbine by utilizing the high temperature water supplied from the economizer outlet of the heat recovery steam boiler.

    [0004] On the other hand, from the viewpoint of consideration for the environment, there is a demand for reducing the nitrogen oxides (NOx) discharged from the gas turbine, and many premix combustion systems capable of reducing the NOx have been adopted for the combustor of the gas turbine.

    [0005] In a gas turbine combustor with the ordinary premix combustion system, one combustor is provided with a plurality of burners, and, in the plant start-up, the combination of burners supplying the fuel gas is determined in accordance with the load of the gas turbine. Thus, in the plant start-up, the burners supplying the fuel gas are changed as appropriate in accordance with the increase in the gas turbine load (combustion mode change), thereby achieving a reduction in NOx.

    [0006] In this combustion mode change operation, it is necessary to properly control the temperature, specific weight, and heat generation amount of the fuel gas in accordance with the combustion mode in order to prevent combustion instability. An index called modified wobbe index (MWI) is used as the index for controlling the temperature, specific weight, and heat generation amount of the fuel gas. Equation (1) is used for the calculation of MWI.



    [0007] Here, LHV represents the lower heating value of the fuel gas, SG represents the specific weight of the fuel, and Tg represents the temperature of the fuel gas.

    [0008] Generally speaking, the heat capacity of the heat recovery steam boiler is large, so that, in the plant start-up, the increase in the temperature of the heated water supplied to the fuel gas heater takes time. Thus, in the conventional gas turbine combined cycle system as disclosed in JP-2015-68314-A, there have been cases where the temperature of the fuel gas has not been raised sufficiently with respect to the load of the gas turbine and where the MWI of the fuel gas is not within the range of the control value for the combustion mode change.

    [0009] In this case, it is necessary to retain the load of the gas turbine until the MWI of the fuel gas enters the range of the control value by the temperature of the heated water supplied from the heat recovery steam boiler being increased and the temperature of the fuel gas being increased, and the MWI of the fuel gas enters the range of the control value, or to diminish the load up rate of the gas turbine. In both methods, it is difficult to shorten the plant start-up time.

    [0010] It is an object of the present invention to provide a control device capable of shortening the plant start-up time as compared with the prior art, a gas turbine combined cycle system equipped with the same, a program, and a control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system.

    [0011] The present invention includes a plurality of means for solving the above problem set forth by the appended claims. An example of which is a control device for controlling a gas turbine combined cycle system having: a turbine; a compressor; a heat recovery steam boiler; a first fuel gas heater that uses as a heat source a heated water led out of the heat recovery steam boiler to perform heat exchange between the heated water and a fuel gas guided to a combustor; a first valve provided in a line sending the heated water to the first fuel gas heater; a second fuel gas heater using as a heat source bleed air from the compressor to perform heat exchange between the bleed air and the fuel gas guided to the combustor; and/or a second valve provided in a line sending the bleed air to the second fuel gas heater. The control device executes control to open the second valve at a time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system.

    [0012] According to the present invention, it is possible to shorten the start-up time of the gas turbine combined cycle plant. Other problems, structure, and effects will become apparent from the following description of an embodiment.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0013] 

    Fig. 1 is a system diagram illustrating the outline of a gas turbine, a heat recovery steam boiler, and a fuel gas in a gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 2 is a system diagram illustrating the outline of the gas turbine, a compressor air bleed system, and a fuel gas heater in the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 3 is a diagram illustrating a control flow in the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating the start trend in a conventional gas turbine combined cycle plant; and

    Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating the start trend in the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0014] A control device, a gas turbine combined cycle system equipped with the same, a program, and a control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Figs. 1 through 5.

    [0015] First, the outline of the gas turbine combined cycle system will be described with reference to Figs. 1 and 2. The description will center on the gas turbine, the heat recovery steam boiler, and the fuel gas line. Fig. 1 is a system diagram illustrating the outline of a gas turbine, a heat recovery steam boiler, and a fuel gas in a gas turbine combined cycle system according to an embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a system diagram illustrating the outline of the gas turbine, a compressor air bleed system, and a fuel gas heater in the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0016] In Figs. 1 and 2, a gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 is equipped with a gas turbine 1, a steam turbine 14, a condenser 15, a heat recovery steam boiler 8, a stack 18, a fuel gas line 200, a feed water line 201, a steam line 202, a fuel gas heated water system 203, a bleed line 204, a control device 30, a thermometer 41, a thermometer 43, etc.

    [0017] As shown in Fig. 1, the gas turbine 1 is composed of a compressor 2, a combustor 3, a turbine 4, and a generator 5.

    [0018] The compressor 2 compresses external air through rotational drive to generate compressed air. The combustor 3 burns a fuel gas 100 in the compressed air generated by the compressor 2 to attain higher temperature and higher pressure. Connected to this combustor 3 is the fuel gas line 200 supplying the fuel gas 100. The turbine 4 is rotationally driven by the high-temperature/high-pressure fuel gas generated in the combustor 3. The generator 5 generates power through rotation of the turbine 4 and through rotation of the steam turbine 14 described below.

    [0019] The fuel gas line 200 is formed by a first fuel gas heater 6, a second fuel gas heater 7, and piping, and connects a fuel gas supply source (not shown) and the combustor 3. The fuel gas 100 passes through the first fuel gas heater 6 and the second fuel gas heater 7, preferably in this order from the viewpoint of the temperature attained (which is approximately 100°C at the first fuel gas heater 6 and approximately 200°C at the second fuel gas heater 7). The order, however, may be reversed.

    [0020] The first fuel gas heater 6 uses as the heat source the heated water led out from the heat recovery steam boiler 8 described below, and heats the fuel gas 100 guided to the combustor 3 through heat exchange between the heated water and the fuel gas 100.

    [0021] The second fuel gas heater 7 uses as the heat source the bleed air from the compressor 2, and heats the fuel gas 100 guided to the combustor 3 through heat exchange between the bleed air and the fuel gas 100.

    [0022] The bleed line 204 shown in Fig. 2 connects the intermediate stage of the compressor 2 and the second fuel gas heater 7. It is piping for bleeding compressed air from the intermediate stage of the compressor 2 and sending the bleed air to the second fuel gas heater 7. This bleed line 204 is provided with a bleed air control valve (second valve) 17. It is not necessary for the bleed line 204 to be provided at the intermediate stage of the compressor 2. It may be provided at the front stage on the upstream side or at the rear stage on the downstream side.

    [0023] The steam turbine 14 is rotationally driven by the superheated steam generated at the heat recovery steam boiler 8.

    [0024] The condenser 15 condenses the steam that has been used to drive the steam turbine 14 to water.

    [0025] The heat recovery steam boiler 8 is provided on the downstream side of the turbine 4 in order to recover the energy of the exhaust gas led out of the turbine 4 of the gas turbine 1, and generates heated compressed water and steam through heat exchange with the exhaust gas. Connected to this heat recovery steam boiler 8 are the feed water line 201 and the steam line 202.

    [0026] The feed water line 201 is piping connecting the condenser 15 and the heat recovery steam boiler 8. At some midpoint thereof, there is installed a feed water pump 9.

    [0027] The steam line 202 is formed by an economizer 10, a steam drum 11, an evaporator 12, a superheater 13, and piping, and is connected to the condenser 15 via the steam turbine 14.

    [0028] The economizer 10 heats water by utilizing the heat of the exhaust gas. The steam drum 11 separates the steam generated at the evaporator 12 and the water from each other. Here, the water means the water within the steam drum 11. The evaporator 12 further superheats the water heated by the economizer 10 by utilizing the heat of the exhaust gas to generate steam. The superheater 13 further heats the steam generated at the evaporator 12 by utilizing the heat of the exhaust gas to generate superheated steam of higher temperature.

    [0029] Inside the steam drum 11, there is provided the thermometer 41 for measuring the temperature of the heated water on the inner side thereof.

    [0030] Connected to the steam line 202 is a fuel gas heated water line 203 for branching off the heated water from the steam line 202 at the outlet of the economizer 10 and sending the heated water to the first fuel gas heater 6. Provided in this fuel gas heated water line 203 are a heated water control valve (first valve) 16 and the thermometer 43 for measuring the temperature of the heated water in the fuel gas heated water line 203.

    [0031] The control device 30 controls the operation of each apparatus of the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000. In the present embodiment, in particular, the control device 30 executes control to open the bleed air control valve 17 at the time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000. In particular, the control device 30 of the present embodiment is configured to execute control such that the bleed air control valve 17 is opened at the time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 in the case where the temperature of the heated water is equal to or lower than a set value (second predetermined value), and that the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 is started in the normal fashion without opening the bleed air control valve 17 in the case where the temperature is higher than the set value. Further, when the temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than another set value (first predetermined value), the control device 30 executes control to close the bleed air control valve 17.

    [0032] The flow of air, fuel gas, water, and steam in the present embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 1 and 2.

    [0033] In the gas turbine 1 shown in Fig. 1, the compressor 2 compresses air sucked in from the atmosphere, and supplies it to the combustor 3. The combustor 3 burns the compressed air and the fuel gas 100 to generate a high temperature combustion gas, and supplies it to the turbine 4.

    [0034] Through the supply of the high pressure combustion gas, rotational power is imparted to the turbine 4, and the rotational power of the turbine 4 is transmitted to the compressor 2 and the generator 5. The rotational power transmitted to the compressor 2 is utilized as the compression power for the air, and the rotational power transmitted to the generator 5 is converted to electric energy.

    [0035] The exhaust gas discharged from the turbine 4 is discharged from the stack 18 after having passed through the heat recovery steam boiler 8.

    [0036] At the heat recovery steam boiler 8, the water is increased in pressure by the feed water pump 9 through the feed water line 201. The water flows into the economizer 10 and is increased in temperature through heat exchange with the fuel gas before flowing into the steam drum 11. The water in the steam drum 11 flows into the evaporator 12, and is turned into steam through heat exchange with the exhaust gas discharged from the turbine 4, and flows into the steam drum 11 again.

    [0037] The steam in the steam drum 11 flows into the superheater 13, and undergoes heat exchange with the exhaust gas, whereby it becomes superheated steam, and flows into the steam turbine 14. Through the supply of the superheated steam, rotational power is imparted to the steam turbine 14, and the rotational power is transmitted to the generator 5 to be converted to electric energy.

    [0038] The steam discharged from the steam turbine 14 flows into the condenser 15, and is cooled to be condensed to water. Then, it flows again into the heat recovery steam boiler 8 through the feed water pump 9.

    [0039] Here, the fuel gas 100 passes through the heat sources of the first fuel gas heater 6 and the second fuel gas heater 7 in this order, and is heated to a predetermined temperature before being supplied to the combustor 3.

    [0040] As described above, at the first fuel gas heater 6, as the heat source for heating the fuel gas 100, there is used the high temperature heated water branched off from the outlet of the economizer 10 of the heat recovery steam boiler 8. The heated water supplied to the first fuel gas heater 6 undergoes heat exchange with the fuel gas 100 to attain low temperature. Then, it is discharged from the first fuel gas heater 6 and is recovered by the condenser 15.

    [0041] On the other hand, as described above, as the heat source for heating the fuel gas 100, the second fuel gas heater 7 uses the bleed air bled from the intermediate stage of the compressor 2. In the process of being compressed, the bleed air is increased in temperature, so that it can be used as the heat source for heating the fuel gas 100 at the second fuel gas heater 7. The bleed air supplied to the second fuel gas heater 7 undergoes heat exchange with the fuel gas 100 to attain low temperature. Then, it is discharged from the second fuel gas heater 7, and joins the exhaust gas at the outlet of the turbine 4 before being discharged from the stack 18.

    [0042] Next, the control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 by the control device 30 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a diagram illustrating the control flow in the gas turbine combined cycle system according to the embodiment of the present invention. The control flow shown in Fig. 3 is executed at the time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system.

    [0043] In Fig. 3, the control device 30 first receives the input of the temperature of the heated water in the steam drum 11 as measured by the thermometer 41 (step S101).

    [0044] Next, the control device 30 determines whether the temperature of the heated water in the steam drum 11 measured in step S101 is equal to or lower than the set value (second predetermined value) (step S102).

    [0045] When it is determined that the temperature of the heated water is higher than the set value in this step S102, the temperature of the heated water within the steam drum 11 is high, and the fuel gas 100 can be sufficiently heated solely by the heated water sent to the first fuel gas heater 6. Thus, there is no need to heat the fuel gas 100 by utilizing the bleed of the compressor 2, so that the procedure advances to step S103, and the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 is started in the normal fashion (step S103).

    [0046] In contrast, when it is determined that the temperature of the heated water is equal to or lower than the set value in step S102, the procedure advances to step S104, and the control device 30 opens the bleed air control valve 17, and the system is started (step S104).

    [0047] This step S104 corresponds to a procedure to open the bleed air control valve 17, which procedure being included in a program executed by the control device 30. The step S104 also corresponds to a process for opening the bleed air control valve 17, which process being included in a control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000.

    [0048] Further, these steps S102, S103, and S104 correspond to a procedure to open the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is equal to or lower than a second predetermined value and not to open the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value, which procedure being included in the program executed by the control device 30. The steps S102, S103, and S104 also correspond to a process for opening the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is equal to or lower than the second predetermined value and not opening the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value, which process being included in the control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000.

    [0049]  Next, the control device 30 receives the input of the temperature, measured by the thermometer 43, of the heated water flowing within the fuel gas heated water line 203 (step S105).

    [0050] Next, the control device 30 determines whether the temperature, measured in step S105, of the heated water flowing within the fuel gas heated water line 203 is equal to or higher than the set value (first predetermined value) (step S106).

    [0051] When some time has elapsed since the start of the plant, the heat recovery steam boiler 8 is warmed, whereby the temperature of the heated water rises. When it is determined in this step S106 that the temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than the set value, the heated water in the steam drum 11 has attained a sufficiently high temperature, making it possible to sufficiently heat the fuel gas 100 solely by the heated water sent to the first fuel gas heater 6. Thus, there is no need to heat the fuel gas 100 by utilizing the bleed air of the compressor 2. Thus, the procedure advances to step S107, and the control device 30 closes the bleed air control valve 17 (step S107). On the other hand, when it is determined that the temperature is lower than the set value, the procedure returns to step S105.

    [0052] This step S107 corresponds to a procedure to close the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water becomes equal to or higher than the first predetermined value, which procedure being included in the program executed by the control device 30. The step S107 also corresponds to a process for closing the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water becomes equal to or higher than the first predetermined value, which process being included in the control method for the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000.

    [0053] It is desirable for the second predetermined value used in step S102 and the first predetermined value used in step S106 to be set on the basis of the temperature allowing control of the MWI of the fuel gas solely by the heating by the first fuel gas heater 6 (the combustion mode change lower limit temperature shown in Fig. 5).

    [0054] The start trend of the gas turbine combined cycle system of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 4 and 5.

    [0055] First, the trends of the generator output power, the heated water temperature, and the fuel gas temperature in the cold start of the conventional gas turbine combined cycle system will be described with reference to Fig. 4. Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating the start trend in the conventional gas turbine combined cycle plant. In Fig. 4, the vertical axes indicate the output power of the generator 5, the temperature of the heated water sent to the first fuel gas heater 6, and the temperature of the fuel gas 100 in that order from above, and all the horizontal axes indicate time.

    [0056] In the prior art technique shown in Fig. 4, as indicated by the trend of the generator output power, after the plant has been started and the load up is performed to attain a partial load, a plan load is retained for a fixed period of time to warm up the steam turbine and the heat recovery steam boiler. As the heat recovery steam boiler is warmed up, the temperature of the heated water and the temperature of the fuel gas are gradually raised.

    [0057] When the fuel gas temperature continues to be raised to attain a level equal to or higher than a lower limit temperature at which the plan load retention is completed, the load up is started again.

    [0058] In the prior art technique, when the load at which combustion mode change is to be effected is attained in the load up process, there may be a shortage in heating fuel gas due to the insufficiency of the temperature rise of the heat recovery steam boiler and the fuel gas temperature has not risen to a sufficient degree, resulting in the fuel gas temperature being equal to or lower than the lower temperature limit necessary for combustion mode change. In this case, the combustion mode change cannot be started until the fuel gas temperature has risen, and the load up cannot be performed.

    [0059] To cope with this problem, it is necessary to effect an out-of-plan load retention until the fuel gas temperature attains a level equal to or higher than the combustion mode change lower temperature limit, or to diminish the load up rate from the plan load retention completion onward. Both methods take time, resulting in a rather long start-up time.

    [0060] Next, the trends of the generator output power, the heated water temperature, the fuel gas temperature, the bleed air temperature, and the bleed air flow rate in the cold start of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Fig. 5. Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating the start trend in the gas turbine combined cycle system in the present embodiment. In Fig. 5, the vertical axes indicate the output power of the generator 5, the temperature of the heated water sent to the first fuel gas heater 6, the temperature of the fuel gas 100, the temperature of the bleed air bled from the compressor 2, and the flow rate of the bleed air sent to the second fuel gas heater 7 in that order from above, and all the horizontal axes indicate time.

    [0061] As described above, in the present embodiment, the bleeding from the compressor 2 is started after the start of the plant, and bleed air is supplied to the second fuel gas heater 7.

    [0062] As shown in Fig. 5, the bleed air from the compressor 2 is raised in temperature substantially simultaneously with the load up of the gas turbine 1, so that the rising of the increase in the temperature of the fuel gas 100 is earlier than in the prior art technique shown in Fig. 4, and the fuel gas temperature during the plan load retention is higher than in the prior art technique.

    [0063] Thus, the fuel gas temperature becomes, much earlier, equal to or higher than the lower limit temperature at which the plan load retention is completed, so that the requisite warming-up time for the combustion mode change can be shortened as compared with the prior art technique.

    [0064] Thus, when, in the load up process, the load at which the combustion mode change is executed is attained, there is no need to wait for the fuel gas temperature to attain a level equal to or higher than the combustion mode change lower limit temperature. Thus, there is no need to perform an out-of-plan load retention or diminish the load up rate as in the prior art technique, thereby shortening the start-up time.

    [0065] At the time when the fuel gas temperature becomes equal to or higher than the combustion mode change lower limit temperature in the prior technique, that is, when there is attained a temperature at which the fuel gas 100 can be heated solely by the heating by the first fuel gas heater 6, the bleed air control valve 17 is closed.

    [0066] Next, the effect of the present embodiment will be described.

    [0067] In the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 of the present embodiment described above, in addition to the first fuel gas heater 6 utilizing the hot water from the outlet of the economizer 10 of the heat recovery steam boiler 8, there is provided the second fuel gas heater 7 utilizing as the heat source the bleed air of the compressor 2 of the gas turbine 1, and the control device 30 opens the bleed air control valve 17 of the piping for supplying the bleed intake air to the second fuel gas heater 7 at the time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 to thereby execute the heating control of the fuel gas 100 by the bleed air.

    [0068] The heat capacity of the heat recovery steam boiler 8 is large, so that, immediately after the start of the plant, the temperature of the heated water supplied to the first fuel gas heater 6 has not risen to a sufficient degree. On the other hand, the bleed air bled from the intermediate stage of the compressor 2 is of higher responsiveness in terms of temperature as compared with the heated water, and undergoes a temperature rise simultaneously with the load up of the gas turbine 1. Thus, in addition to the heated water control valve 16 supplying the heat source to the first fuel gas heater 6, the bleed air control valve 17 is opened, whereby it is possible to enhance the responsiveness of the temperature of the fuel gas 100. As a result, it is possible to expedite the temperature rise of the fuel gas 100 in the plant start-up as compared with the prior art, and there is no need to retain the load of the gas turbine in order to wait for the temperature rise of the fuel gas and there is no need to effect the load up at low rate in the start-up as in the conventional plant, making it possible to shorten the start-up time.

    [0069] Further, the control device 30 executes control to close the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than the first predetermined value, so that it is possible to prevent a reduction in the output power and efficiency of the gas turbine due to the bleeding of the bleed air from the compressor 2 under the rated load condition from the high load condition of the plant, making it possible to operate the plant at high output power and high efficiency.

    [0070] Further, the control device 30 executes control to open the bleed air control valve 17 at the time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system 1000 when the temperature of the heater water is equal to or lower than the second predetermined value, and does not execute control to open the bleed air control valve 17 when the temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value, whereby it is possible to prevent a reduction in the output power and efficiency of the gas turbine due to the bleeding of the bleed air in the case where the heating of the fuel gas 100 by the bleed air is not necessary at the time of start-up, making it possible to operate the plant at high output power and at high efficiency.

    [Others]



    [0071] The above embodiment, which has been described in detail in order to facilitate the understanding of the present invention, is not always restricted to structure equipped with all the components mentioned above.

    [0072] For example, immediately after the start-up of the plant, the control device 30 may open the heated water control valve 16 and the bleed air control valve 17 without measuring the temperature within the steam drum 11, and supply heat source to both the first fuel gas heater 6 and the second fuel gas heater 7 to heat the fuel gas 100.

    DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE CHARACTERS



    [0073] 
    1:
    Gas turbine
    2:
    Compressor
    3:
    Combustor
    4:
    Turbine
    5:
    Generator
    6:
    First fuel gas heater
    7:
    Second fuel gas heater
    8:
    Heat recovery steam boiler
    9:
    Feed water pump
    10:
    Economizer
    11:
    Steam drum
    12:
    Evaporator
    13:
    Superheater
    14:
    Steam turbine
    15:
    Condenser
    16:
    Heated water control valve (first valve)
    17:
    Bleed air control valve (second valve)
    18:
    Stack
    30:
    Control device
    41:
    Thermometer
    43:
    Thermometer
    100:
    Fuel gas
    200:
    Fuel gas line
    201:
    Feed water line
    202:
    Steam line
    203:
    Fuel gas heated water line
    204:
    Bleed line
    1000:
    Gas turbine combined cycle system



    Claims

    1. A control device (30) for controlling a gas turbine combined cycle system (1000) having: a turbine (4); a compressor (2); a heat recovery steam boiler (8); a first fuel gas heater (6) that uses as a heat source a heated water led out of the heat recovery steam boiler (8) to perform heat exchange between the heated water and a fuel gas guided to a combustor (3); a first valve (16) provided in a line (203) sending the heated water to the first fuel gas heater (6); a second fuel gas heater (7) using as a heat source bleed air from the compressor (2) to perform heat exchange between the bleed air and the fuel gas guided to the combustor (3); and a second valve (17) provided in a line (204) sending the bleed air to the second fuel gas heater (7),
    characterized in that the control device (30) executes control to open the second valve (17) at a time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system (1000) when a temperature of the heated water is equal to or lower than a second predetermined value, and does not execute control to open the second valve (17) when the temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value.
     
    2. The control device (30) according to claim 1, wherein the control device (30) executes control to close the second valve (17) when a temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than a first predetermined value when the control to open the second valve (17) is executed.
     
    3. A gas turbine combined cycle system (1000) comprising:

    a combustor (3) burning a fuel gas;

    a turbine (4) rotationally driven by the fuel gas led out of the combustor (3);

    a compressor (2) that rotationally drives to compress air;

    a heat recovery steam boiler (8) performing heat exchange with exhaust gas led out of the turbine (4) to generate heated compressed water and steam;

    a steam turbine (14) rotationally driven by the steam generated by the heat recovery steam boiler (8);

    a first fuel gas heater (6) that uses as a heat source heated water led out of the heat recovery steam boiler (8) to perform heat exchange between the heated water and a fuel gas guided to the combustor (3);

    a first valve (16) provided in a line (203) sending the heated water to the first fuel gas heater (6);

    a second fuel gas heater (7) that uses as a heat source bleed air from the compressor (2) to perform heat exchange between the bleed air and the fuel gas guided to the combustor (3);

    a second valve (17) provided in a line (204) sending the bleed air to the second fuel gas heater (7); and

    a control device (30) as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2.


     
    4. A program executed by the control device of claim 1, characterized in that the program comprising a procedure to open, at a time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system (1000), a valve (17) provided in a line (204) for sending a bleed air from a compressor (2) to a second fuel gas heater (7) that performs heat exchange between the bleed air as a heat source and a fuel gas guided to a combustor (3), so as to supply the heat source to the second fuel gas heater (7) to heat the fuel gas in a case where temperature of a heated water that is led out of a heat recovery steam boiler (8) to serve as a heat source in the first fuel gas heater (6) performing heat exchange between the heat source and fuel gas guided to the combustor (3) is equal to or lower than a second predetermined value, and not to open the valve (17) in a case where temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value.
     
    5. The program according to claim 4, further comprising a procedure to close the valve (17) when temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than a first predetermined value when the control to open the valve (17) is executed.
     
    6. A control method performed by the control device of claim 1, characterized in that the method comprising a step of opening, at a time of starting the gas turbine combined cycle system (1000), a valve (17) provided in a line (204) for sending a bleed air from a compressor (2) to a second fuel gas heater (7) that performs heat exchange between the bleed air as a heat source and a fuel gas guided to a combustor (3), in order to supply the heat source to the second fuel gas heater (7) to heat the fuel gas in a case where temperature of a heated water that is led out of a heat recovery steam boiler (8) to serve as a heat source in the first fuel gas heater (6) performing heat exchange between the heat source and a fuel gas guided to the combustor (3) is equal to or lower than a second predetermined value, and not opening the valve (17) in a case where the temperature of the heated water is higher than the second predetermined value.
     
    7. The control method according to claim 6, further comprising a step of closing the valve when temperature of the heated water is equal to or higher than a first predetermined value when the control to open the valve (17) is executed.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Steuereinrichtung (30) zum Steuern eines Gasturbinensystems (1000) mit kombiniertem Zyklus, das folgendes enthält: eine Turbine (4); einen Kompressor (2); einen Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8); einen ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6), der als eine Wärmequelle erhitztes Wasser verwendet, das aus dem Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8) geführt wird, um einen Wärmeaustausch zwischen dem erhitzten Wasser und einem Brennstoffgas, das zu einer Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geleitet wird, durchzuführen; ein erstes Ventil (16), das in einer Leitung (203), die das erhitzte Wasser zum ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6) schickt, vorgesehen ist; einen zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7), der als eine Wärmequelle Zapfluft vom Kompressor (2) verwendet, um einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Zapfluft und dem Brennstoffgas, das zur Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geführt wird, durchzuführen; und ein zweites Ventil (17), das in einer Leitung (204), die die Zapfluft zum zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7) schickt, vorgesehen ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steuereinrichtung (30) eine Steuerung ausführt, um das zweite Ventil (17) zu einer Zeit des Startens des Gasturbinensystems (1000) mit kombiniertem Zyklus zu öffnen, wenn eine Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers gleich oder niedriger als ein zweiter vorgegebener Wert ist, und keine Steuerung ausführt, um das zweite Ventil (17) zu öffnen, wenn die Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers höher als ein zweiter vorgegebener Wert ist.
     
    2. Steuereinrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuereinrichtung (30) eine Steuerung ausführt, um das zweite Ventil (17) zu schließen, wenn eine Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers gleich oder höher als ein erster vorgegebener Wert ist, wenn die Steuerung zum Öffnen des zweiten Ventils (17) ausgeführt wird.
     
    3. Gasturbinensystem (1000) mit kombiniertem Zyklus, das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3), die ein Brennstoffgas verbrennt;

    eine Turbine (4), die durch das Brennstoffgas, das aus der Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geleitet wird, rotatorisch angetrieben wird;

    einen Kompressor (2), der rotatorisch angetrieben wird, um Luft zu verdichten;

    einen Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8), der einen Wärmeaustausch mit einem Abgas, das aus der Turbine (4) geführt wird, durchführt, um erhitztes komprimiertes Wasser und Dampf zu erzeugen;

    eine Dampfturbine (14), die durch den Dampf, der durch den Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8) erzeugt wird, rotatorisch angetrieben wird;

    einen ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6), der als eine Wärmequelle erhitztes Wasser verwendet, das aus dem Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8) geführt wird, um einen Wärmeaustausch zwischen dem erhitzten Wasser und einem Brennstoffgas, das zu einer Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geleitet wird, durchzuführen;

    ein erstes Ventil (16), das in einer Leitung (203), die das erhitzte Wasser zum ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6) schickt, vorgesehen ist;

    einen zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7), der als eine Wärmequelle Zapfluft vom Kompressor (2) verwendet, um einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Zapfluft und dem Brennstoffgas, das zur Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geführt wird, durchzuführen;

    ein zweites Ventil (17), das in einer Leitung (204), die die Zapfluft zum zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7) schickt, vorgesehen ist; und

    eine Steuereinrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2.


     
    4. Programm, das durch die Steuereinrichtung von Anspruch 1 ausgeführt wird, wobei das Programm gekennzeichnet ist durch eine Prozedur zum Öffnen zu einer Zeit des Startens des Gasturbinensystems (1000) mit kombiniertem Zyklus eines Ventils (17), das in einer Leitung (204) zum Schicken von Zapfluft von einem Kompressor (2) zu einem zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7), der einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Zapfluft als eine Wärmequelle und einem Brennstoffgas, das zu einer Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geleitet wird, durchführt, vorgesehen ist, um die Wärmequelle zum zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7) zu liefern, um das Brennstoffgas in einem Fall zu erhitzen, in dem die Temperatur von erhitztem Wasser, das aus einem Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8) geführt wird, um als eine Wärmequelle im ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6), der einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Wärmequelle und dem Brennstoffgas, das zur Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geführt wird, zu dienen, gleich oder niedriger als ein zweiter vorgegebener Wert ist, und das Ventil (17) nicht zu öffnen, wenn die Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers höher als der zweite vorgegebene Wert ist.
     
    5. Programm nach Anspruch 4, das ferner eine Prozedur umfasst, um das Ventil (17) zu schließen, wenn die Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers gleich oder höher als ein erster vorgegebener Wert ist, wenn die Steuerung zum Öffnen des Ventils (17) ausgeführt wird.
     
    6. Steuerverfahren, das durch die Steuereinrichtung von Anspruch 1 durchgeführt wird, wobei das Verfahren gekennzeichnet ist durch einen Schritt des Öffnens zu einer Zeit des Startens des Gasturbinensystems (1000) mit kombiniertem Zyklus eines Ventils (17), das in einer Leitung (204) zum Schicken von Zapfluft von einem Kompressor (2) zu einem zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7), der einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Zapfluft als eine Wärmequelle und einem Brennstoffgas, das zu einer Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geleitet wird, durchführt, vorgesehen ist, um die Wärmequelle zum zweiten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (7) zu liefern, um das Brennstoffgas in einem Fall zu erhitzen, in dem die Temperatur eines erhitzten Wassers, das aus einem Wärmerückgewinnungsdampfkessel (8) geführt wird, um als eine Wärmequelle im ersten Brennstoffgaserhitzer (6), der einen Wärmetausch zwischen der Wärmequelle und dem Brennstoffgas, das zur Verbrennungsvorrichtung (3) geführt wird, durchzuführen, zu dienen, gleich oder niedriger als ein zweiter vorgegebener Wert ist, und das Ventil (17) nicht zu öffnen, wenn die Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers höher als der zweite vorgegebene Wert ist.
     
    7. Steuerverfahren nach Anspruch 6, das ferner einen Schritt des Schließens des Ventils umfasst, wenn die Temperatur des erhitzten Wassers gleich oder höher als ein erster vorgegebener Wert ist, wenn die Steuerung zum Öffnen des Ventils (17) ausgeführt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de commande (30) pour commander un système à cycle combiné à turbine à gaz (1000) ayant : une turbine (4) ; un compresseur (2) ; une chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) ; un premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) qui utilise à titre de source de chaleur de l'eau chauffée menée hors de la chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) pour effectuer un échange de chaleur entre l'eau chauffée et un combustible gazeux guidé vers une unité de combustion (3) ; une première vanne (16) prévue dans un conduit (203) qui envoie l'eau chauffée au premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) ; un second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) utilisant à titre de source de chaleur de l'air soufflé hors du compresseur (2) pour effectuer un échange de chaleur entre l'air soufflé et le combustible gazeux guidé vers l'unité de combustion (3) ; et une seconde vanne (17) prévue dans un conduit (204) qui envoie l'air soufflé vers le second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7),
    caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de commande (30) exécute une commande pour ouvrir la seconde vanne (17) au moment du démarrage du système à cycle combiné à turbine à gaz (1000) quand une température de l'eau chauffée est égale ou inférieure à une seconde valeur prédéterminée, et n'exécute pas une commande pour ouvrir la seconde vanne (17) quand la température de l'eau chauffée est plus élevée que la seconde valeur prédéterminée.
     
    2. Dispositif de commande (30) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de commande (30) exécute une commande pour fermer la seconde vanne (17) quand une température de l'eau chauffée est égale ou supérieure à une première valeur prédéterminée quand la commande pour ouvrir la seconde vanne (17) est exécutée.
     
    3. Système à cycle combiné à turbine à gaz (1000) comprenant :

    une unité de combustion (3) qui fait brûler un combustible gazeux ;

    une turbine (4) entraînée en rotation par le combustible gazeux mené hors de l'unité de combustion (3) ;

    un compresseur (2) qui effectue un entraînement en rotation afin de comprimer de l'air ;

    une chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) qui effectue un échange de chaleur avec les gaz d'échappement menés hors de la turbine (4) pour générer de l'eau comprimée chauffée et de la vapeur ;

    une turbine à vapeur (14) entraînée en rotation par la vapeur générée par la chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) ;

    un premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) qui utilise à titre de source de chaleur de l'eau chauffée menée hors de la chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) pour effectuer un échange de chaleur entre l'eau chauffée et un combustible gazeux guidé vers l'unité de combustion (3) ;

    une première vanne (16) prévue dans une conduite (203) qui envoie l'eau chauffée au premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) ;

    un second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) qui utilise à titre de source de chaleur de l'air soufflé hors du compresseur (2) pour effectuer un échange de chaleur entre l'air soufflé et le combustible gazeux guidé vers l'unité de combustion (3) ;

    une seconde vanne (17) prévue dans une conduite (204) qui envoie l'air soufflé vers le second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) ;

    et

    un dispositif de commande (30) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2.


     
    4. Programme exécuté par le dispositif de commande selon la revendication 1,
    caractérisé en ce que le programme comprend une procédure pour ouvrir, au moment du démarrage du système à cycle combiné à turbine à gaz (1000), une vanne (17) prévue dans une conduite (204) pour envoyer de l'air soufflé depuis un compresseur (2) vers un second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) qui effectue un échange de chaleur entre l'air soufflé à titre de source de chaleur et un combustible gazeux guidé vers une unité de combustion (3), de manière à fournir la source de chaleur au second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) afin de chauffer le combustible gazeux dans le cas où la température d'une eau chauffée qui est menée hors d'une chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) pour servir de source de chaleur dans le premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) en effectuant un échange de chaleur entre la source de chaleur et le combustible gazeux guidé vers l'unité de combustion (3) est égale ou inférieure à une seconde valeur prédéterminée, et pour ne pas ouvrir la vanne (17) dans un cas où la température de l'eau chauffée est plus élevée que la seconde valeur prédéterminée.
     
    5. Programme selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre une procédure pour fermer la vanne (17) quand la température de l'eau chauffée est égale ou supérieure à une première valeur prédéterminée quand la commande pour ouvrir la vanne (17) est exécutée.
     
    6. Procédé de commande exécuté par le dispositif de commande selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend une étape consistant à ouvrir, au moment du démarrage du système à cycle combiné à turbine à gaz (1000), une vanne (17) prévue dans une conduite (204) pour envoyer de l'air soufflé depuis un compresseur (2) vers un second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) qui effectue un échange de chaleur entre l'air soufflé à titre de source de chaleur et un combustible gazeux guidé vers une unité de combustion (3), pour fournir la source de chaleur au second dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (7) afin de chauffer le combustible gazeux dans un cas où la température d'une eau chauffée qui est menée hors d'une chaudière à vapeur à récupération de chaleur (8) pour servir de source de chaleur dans le premier dispositif de chauffage pour combustible gazeux (6) qui effectue un échange de chaleur entre la source de chaleur et un combustible gazeux guidé vers l'unité de combustion (3) est égale ou inférieure à une seconde valeur prédéterminée, et à ne pas ouvrir la vanne (17) dans un cas où la température de l'eau chauffée est plus élevée que la seconde valeur prédéterminée.
     
    7. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre une étape consistant à fermer la vanne quand la température de l'eau chauffée est égale ou supérieure à une première valeur prédéterminée quand la commande pour ouvrir la vanne (17) est exécutée.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description