(19)
(11)EP 3 453 187 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 16727350.7

(22)Date of filing:  25.05.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04R 3/04  (2006.01)
H04R 3/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/061782
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/202460 (30.11.2017 Gazette  2017/48)

(54)

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING STAGE, AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS AND AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

AUDIOSIGNALVERARBEITUNGSSTUFE, AUDIOSIGNALVERARBEITUNGSVORRICHTUNG UND AUDIOSIGNALVERARBEITUNGSVERFAHREN

ÉTAGE DE TRAITEMENT DE SIGNAL AUDIO, APPAREIL DE TRAITEMENT DE SIGNAL AUDIO ET PROCÉDÉ DE TRAITEMENT DE SIGNAL AUDIO


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/11

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • FALLER, Christof
    8610 Uster (CH)
  • FAVROT, Alexis
    8610 Uster (CH)
  • GROSCHE, Peter
    80992 Munich (DE)
  • POLLOW, Martin
    80992 Munich (DE)
  • GEIGER, Jürgen
    80992 Munich (DE)

(74)Representative: Kreuz, Georg Maria 
Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH Riesstraße 25
80992 München
80992 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 278 707
WO-A1-2013/076223
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The invention relates to the field of audio signal processing. In particular, the invention relates to an audio signal processing stage, an audio signal processing apparatus and an audio signal processing method which allow enhancing an audio signal for reproduction by a loudspeaker.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Many loudspeakers, especially smaller ones, are not capable of faithfully reproducing low-frequency content of an input audio signal. A reason is that the excursion (i.e. displacement) of the membrane is limited. Generally, the sound pressure level L of a loudspeaker depends on the geometry of the loudspeaker and on the frequency f of the electrical excitation signal according to the following relation:

    wherein xm denotes the excursion of the loudspeaker membrane, Sm denotes the area of the loudspeaker membrane, ρ0 denotes the density of air and p0 denotes the reference sound pressure, commonly equal to 20 µPa. From equation 1, it follows that loudspeakers of small size, i.e. small Sm, will have a limited sound pressure level. Especially at low frequencies the sound pressure level can be degraded, having the effect that the reproduction of music with bass can suffer from distortions. Furthermore, overdriven loudspeakers tend to be less power-efficient in that they have a lower ratio of the input power to the output acoustic power.

    [0003] One approach to avoiding or reducing loudspeaker saturation or distortion, especially at low frequencies, involves frequency attenuation techniques. For example, US 7,233,833 discloses a method which uses a static filter (high-pass or low-shelving) to truncate an audio signal below a predefined frequency. The low-passed signal is fed to a virtual bass unit to generate harmonics of the low-passed signal. The harmonics are added to the truncated signal, and the resulting signal is passed on to the loudspeaker.

    [0004] Another approach uses an amplitude-adaptive attenuation method in which low frequencies are dynamically attenuated in such a way that the loudspeaker does not saturate. An amplitude-adaptive attenuation is known in the art as compression. Similarly, a compressor is a device for compressing a signal, i.e., for dynamically controlling a gain of the signal (or gains of selected spectral components of the signal). US 5,832,444, for instance, discloses a compressor which is applied to a low frequency band.

    [0005] Existing solutions for preventing loudspeaker saturation or overdrive effects have some deficiencies. Notably, a static cut-off filter will often attenuate the low frequency spectrum more strongly than necessary. Existing adaptive equalization methods, on the other hand, can result in a perceivable loss of low frequency content.

    [0006] EP 2278707 A1 discloses an audio processor for generating an audio output signal with a spectral component that is enhanced compared to an audio input signal.

    [0007] WO 2013/076223 A1 discloses a system and a method for enhancing the real and/or perceived bass band of an audio signal.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] It is an object of the invention to provide for improved audio signal processing devices and methods, in particular, devices and methods which prevent saturation or overdrive effects of loudspeakers, especially at low frequencies.

    [0009] The foregoing and other objects are achieved by the subject matter of the independent claims. Further implementation forms are apparent from the dependent claims, the description and the figures.

    [0010] According to a first aspect, the invention relates to an audio signal processing stage for processing an input audio signal into an output audio signal, for preventing overdriving a loudspeaker. The audio signal processing stage comprises: a filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, the filter bank being configured to separate the input audio signal into two or more input audio signal components, each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the two or more frequency bands; a set of two or more band branches configured to provide two or more output audio signal components, wherein each of the band branches is configured to provide a respective one of the output audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising a compressor configured to compress the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch to provide the output audio signal component of the respective compressor branch; an inverse filter bank configured to generate a summed audio signal by summing the two or more output audio signal components; a residual audio signal generating unit (also referred to as summation unit) configured to generate a residual audio signal, the residual audio signal being a difference between the input audio signal and the summed audio signal; a virtual bass unit configured to generate a virtual bass signal which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal, the virtual bass unit comprising a harmonics generator (e.g., a frequency multiplier) configured to generate the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal; and a summation unit configured to generate the output audio signal by summing the summed audio signal and the virtual bass signal. The one or more compressor branches have the effect of making it less likely for the output signal to produce overdrive effects when the output signal is fed to a loudspeaker.

    [0011] According to a second aspect, the invention relates to an audio signal processing stage for processing an input audio signal into an output audio signal, for preventing overdriving a loudspeaker. The audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect comprises: a filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, the filter bank being configured to separate the input audio signal into two or more input audio signal components, each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the two or more frequency bands; a set of two or more band branches configured to provide two or more output audio signal components, wherein each of the band branches is configured to process a respective one of the input audio signal components to provide a respective one of the output audio signal components; and an inverse filter bank configured to generate the output audio signal by summing the two or more output audio signal components. The set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the compressor branches comprising: a compressor configured to generate a compressed audio signal component by compressing the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch; a residual audio signal component generating unit (also referred to as summation unit) configured to generate a residual audio signal component, the residual audio signal component being a difference between the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch and the compressed audio signal component; a virtual bass unit configured to generate a virtual bass signal component which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal component, the virtual bass unit comprising a harmonics generator (e.g., a frequency multiplier) configured to generate the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal component; and a summation unit configured to generate the output audio signal component of the respective compressor branch by summing the compressed audio signal component and the virtual bass signal component. The one or more compressor branches have the effect of making it less likely for the output signal to produce overdrive effects when the output signal is fed to a loudspeaker.

    [0012] In a first implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect as such, the set of two or more band branches further comprises one or more non-compressive branches. In the present disclosure, a non-compressive branch is defined as a branch that does not compress the input audio signal component of that branch. A non-compressive branch may also be referred to as a neutral branch. A non-compressive (or neutral) branch may be implemented, for example, in the form of a direct conductive connection, e.g., a wire connection. A non-compressive branch provides an economic implementation for processing an input audio signal component that does not require compression.

    [0013] In a second implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or the first implementation form thereof or the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect as such or the first implementation form thereof, the set of two or more band branches comprises precisely one, i.e. only one, not more than one compressor branch. Such design may be particularly economic, in particular when the audio signal processing stage is one of several (i.e. two or more) stages connected in series. In operation, the stages connected in series process the audio signal sequentially, e.g., performing compression and virtual bass compensation for precisely one frequency band in each stage. The frequency bands thus associated with the various stages (one frequency band being subjected to compression in each stage) may increase in frequency in the order of the stages to ensure that harmonics generated in the first stage (or in a later stage) will not overdrive the loudspeaker.

    [0014] In a third implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or the first or second implementation form thereof or the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect as such or the first or second implementation form thereof, the virtual bass unit further comprises a timbre correction filter configured to apply a timbre correction to the one or more harmonics. The perceived audio quality of the output audio signal can thus be improved.

    [0015] In a fourth implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or any one of the first to third implementation form thereof or the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect as such or any one of the first to third implementation form thereof, the compressor comprises a compressor gains unit, a compressor threshold unit and a loudspeaker modelling unit. The audio signal processing stage can thus be adapted to certain loudspeaker characteristics by an appropriate configuration of the compressor gains unit, the compressor threshold unit, and the loudspeaker modeling unit, e.g., at a factory. Preferably, these units are programmable; in this case, they can be re-configured for different loudspeaker characteristics, e.g., at the initiative of a user.

    [0016] In a fifth implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or any one of the first to fourth implementation form thereof or the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect as such or any one of the first to fourth implementation form thereof, the harmonics of the residual audio signal or the harmonics of the residual audio signal component comprise one or more even harmonics. This can be achieved by an appropriate design of the harmonics generator. Such design can be simpler compared to one for generating even as well as odd harmonics. For example, the harmonics generator may comprise or consist of a second order multiplier. Preferably, the harmonics of the residual audio signal or the harmonics of the residual audio signal component comprise at least the second harmonic (i.e. the lowest possible harmonic) of the residual audio signal or residual audio signal component, respectively.

    [0017] In a sixth implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the fifth implementation form of the first aspect or the audio signal processing stage according to the fifth implementation form of the second aspect, the harmonics of the residual audio signal or the harmonics of the residual audio signal component comprise one or more odd harmonics. For example, the harmonics generator may be configured to generate the one or more odd harmonics of the residual audio signal or the residual audio signal component on the basis of the even harmonics using a soft clipping algorithm. The perceived audio quality can thus be improved.

    [0018] In a seventh implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or any one of the first to sixth implementation forms thereof, the virtual bass unit further comprises one or both of a low pass filter and a high pass filter, wherein the low pass filter is connected between the residual audio signal generating unit and the harmonics generator and wherein the high pass filter is connected between the harmonics generator and the summation unit. The perceived audio quality can thus be improved.

    [0019] In an eighth implementation form of the audio signal processing stage according to the seventh implementation form of the first aspect, the compressor is configured to adjust one or both of a cut-off frequency of the low pass filter or a cut-off frequency of the high pass filter. The perceived audio quality can thus be optimized.

    [0020] According to a third aspect the invention relates to an audio signal processing apparatus comprising a first and a second audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect as such or any one of its implementation forms or according to the second aspect as such or any one of its implementation forms, wherein the first and second audio signal processing stages are connected in series, the output audio signal of the first audio signal processing stage (first stage) being the input audio signal of the second audio signal processing stage (second stage). More generally, several (i.e. two or more) audio signal processing stages may be connected in series, for a sequential processing of the audio signal. In one example, which may be particularly economic and performant, each stage applies compression and virtual bass compensation to precisely one frequency band. That frequency band (i.e. the one in which compression is performed) may be referred to as the compression band of the respective stage. The compression bands thus associated with the various stages may increase in frequency in the order of the series of stages. In other words, the compression band of a given stage may be higher than the compression band of the preceding stage. It can thus be ensured that harmonics generated in a given stage will be compressed in one of the subsequent stages. Overdriving the loudspeaker by the harmonics can thus be avoided.

    [0021] In a first implementation form of the audio signal processing apparatus according to the third aspect of the invention, the one or more frequency bands defined by the filter bank of the second audio signal processing stage comprise all or some of the harmonics generated in the first audio signal processing stage. Overdriving the loudspeaker by harmonics from the first audio signal processing stage can thus be avoided. In one example, the set of band branches of the first stage comprises a compressor branch configured to compress the input audio signal of the first stage in a first frequency band [f1, f2] (with a lower frequency limit f1 and an upper frequency limit f2); the harmonics generator of the virtual bass unit of the first stage comprises a frequency doubler; and the set of band branches of the second stage comprises a compressor branch configured to compress the input audio signal of the second stage in a second frequency band [2f1, 2f2].

    [0022] According to a fourth aspect the invention relates to an audio signal processing method for processing an input audio signal into an output audio signal, wherein the audio signal processing method comprises: separating the input audio signal into two or more input audio signal components by means of a filter bank, the filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, each input audio signal component being limited to a respective one of the frequency bands; providing two or more output audio signal components on the basis of the two or more input audio signal components by means of two or more band branches, wherein each of the two or more band branches provides a respective one of the output audio signal components on the basis of a respective one of the input audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising a compressor that compresses the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch to provide the output audio signal component of the respective compressor branch; generating a summed audio signal by summing the two or more output audio signal components; generating a residual audio signal, the residual audio signal being a difference between the input audio signal and the summed audio signal; generating a virtual bass signal which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal by generating the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal; and generating the output audio signal by summing the summed audio signal and the virtual bass signal. Using the two or more compressor branches in this manner has the effect of making it less likely for the output signal to produce overdrive effects when the output signal is fed to a loudspeaker.

    [0023] The audio signal processing method according to the fourth aspect of the invention can be performed by the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect of the invention. Further features of the audio signal processing method according to the fourth aspect of the invention result directly from the functionality of the audio signal processing stage according to the first aspect of the invention and its various implementation forms.

    [0024] According to a fifth aspect the invention relates to an audio signal processing method for processing an input audio signal into an output audio signal, wherein the audio signal processing method comprises: separating the input audio signal into two or more input audio signal components by means of a filter bank, the filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, each of the two or more input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the two or more frequency bands; providing two or more output audio signal components on the basis of the two or more input audio signal components by means of a set of two or more band branches, wherein each of the band branches provides a respective one of the output audio signal components on the basis of a respective one of the input audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising: a compressor which generates a compressed audio signal component by compressing the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch; a residual audio signal component generating unit which generates a residual audio signal component, the residual audio signal component being a difference between the input audio signal component of the respective compressor branch and the compressed audio signal component of the respective compressor branch; a virtual bass unit which generates a virtual bass signal component comprising one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal component, by generating the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal component; and a summation unit which generates the output audio signal component of the respective compressor branch by summing the compressed audio signal component and the virtual bass signal component; and generating the output audio signal by summing the two or more output audio signal components. Using the more or more compressor branches in this manner has the effect of making it less likely for the output signal to produce overdrive effects when the output signal is fed to a loudspeaker.

    [0025] The audio signal processing method according to the fifth aspect of the invention can be performed by the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect of the invention. Further features of the audio signal processing method according to the fifth aspect of the invention result directly from the functionality of the audio signal processing stage according to the second aspect of the invention and its various implementation forms.

    [0026] According to a sixth aspect the invention relates to a computer program or a data carrier carrying the computer program. The computer program comprises program code for performing the method according to the fourth aspect or the fifth aspect of the invention when executed on a computer.

    [0027] The invention can be implemented in hardware, in software, and in a combination of hardware and software.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0028] Further embodiments of the invention will be described with respect to the following figures, wherein:

    Fig. 1 shows a schematic diagram of an audio signal processing stage, comprising a low frequency control unit and a virtual bass unit;

    Fig. 2 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage comprising a low frequency control unit, which however is not covered by the appended claims;

    Fig. 3 shows an exemplary dependence of a compression threshold on frequency, which can be implemented in a low frequency control unit of an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment;

    Fig. 4 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage comprising a virtual bass unit, which however is not covered by the appended claims;

    Fig. 5 shows schematic diagrams illustrating exemplary characteristics of a compression scheme, which can be implemented in a virtual bass unit of an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment;

    Fig. 6 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment;

    Fig. 7 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment;

    Fig. 8 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment;

    Fig. 9 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing apparatus comprising a plurality of audio signal processing stages according to an embodiment and implementing an iterative processing scheme.



    [0029] In the figures, identical reference signs will be used for identical or functionally equivalent features.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0030] In the following description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form part of the disclosure, and in which are shown, by way of illustration, specific aspects in which the present invention may be placed. It will be appreciated that the invention may be placed in other aspects and that structural or logical changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention. The following detailed description, therefore, is not to be taken in a limiting sense, and the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

    [0031] For instance, it will be appreciated that a disclosure in connection with a described method will generally also hold true for a corresponding device or system configured to perform the method and vice versa. For example, if a specific method step is described, a corresponding device may comprise a unit to perform the described method step, even if such unit is not explicitly described or illustrated in the figures.

    [0032] Moreover, in the following detailed description as well as in the claims, embodiments with functional blocks or processing units are described, which are connected with each other or exchange signals. It will be appreciated that the invention also covers embodiments which include additional functional blocks or processing units, such as pre- or post-filtering and/or pre- or post-amplification units, that are arranged between the functional blocks or processing units of the embodiments described below.

    [0033] Finally, it is understood that the features of the various exemplary aspects described herein may be combined with each other, unless specifically noted otherwise.

    [0034] Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of an audio signal processing stage 100 configured to process an input audio signal. More specifically, the audio signal processing stage 100 is configured to process the input audio signal x(t) 101 into an output audio signal z(t) 103. The audio signal processing stage 100 comprises a low frequency control unit 105, which is configured to compress the input audio signal x(t) 101, at least within a low-frequency range, thereby generating a compressed audio signal y(t) 102a. Feeding the compressed audio signal y(t) 102a, rather than the input audio signal x(t) 101, to a loudspeaker 111 can reduce or eliminate distortions of the loudspeaker 111. The low-frequency range may, for example, be the range of frequencies below 300 Hz, below 200 Hz, or below 100 Hz.

    [0035] The audio signal processing stage 100 further comprises a virtual bass unit 107, which is configured to compensate, at least partially, for the amplitude loss at low frequencies that results from compressing the input audio signal x(t) 101. More specifically, the virtual bass unit 107 is configured to receive as input a residual signal v(t) 102b, which is the difference between the compressed signal y(t) 102a and the input audio signal x(t) 101, i.e. v(t) = x(t) - y(t), and is configured to produce new signal components, e.g., using a harmonics generator, for creating the perception of a "virtual bass". For example, as indicated by the dashed line in figure 1, the virtual bass unit 107 may be configured to create the perception of a "virtual bass" on the basis of, e.g., one or more of a cut-off frequency and a plurality of weighting coefficients provided by the low frequency control unit 105. The output signal w(t) from the virtual bass unit 107 is summed with the output signal y(t) from the low frequency control unit 105 in a summation unit 109. The resulting output audio signal z(t) 103 can be reproduced by the loudspeaker 111.

    [0036] Figure 2 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage 200 comprising a low frequency control unit 105. The low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 200 shown in figure 2, or at least parts thereof, can be implemented in an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention. In the example of figure 2, the low frequency control unit 105 comprises a filter bank 105a configured to separate the input audio signal 101 into a plurality of spectral audio signal components X(k,b) (referred to in this application as the input audio signal components), where k is the time and b is a band index. Depending on the details of the implementation, each spectral audio signal component may be provided in the form of an analog signal (e.g., a bandlimited signal output from a respective band-pass filter of the filter bank 105a) or digitally, e.g., in the form of digital samples or Fourier coefficients of the spectral audio signal component. The low frequency control unit 105 further comprises a plurality of band branches 105e for providing a corresponding plurality of output audio signal components Y(k,b). Only one of the band branches 105e is shown in the figure; the others (all connected parallel to the shown branch) are not represented for the sake of graphical simplicity. Each of the band branches 105e is configured to provide a respective one of the output audio signal components Y(k,b) on the basis of a respective one of the input audio signal components X(k,b). In other words, each band branch 105e processes an input audio signal component X(k,b) into a corresponding output audio signal component Y(k,b). Each input audio signal component X(k,b) is limited to a respective frequency band. In other words, the filter bank 105a makes a spectral decomposition of the input audio signal x(t), i.e. it decomposes x(t) (a time-domain signal) into the set of input audio signal components (which are time-domain signals, too).

    [0037] In a variant (not shown), the filter bank 105a is instead configured to provide a set of spectral coefficients (input Fourier coefficients) rather than a set of time-domain signals. In this variant, the input Fourier coefficients are multiplied by respective compressor factors (or compressor gains) to produce a set of modified Fourier coefficients (output Fourier coefficients). An inverse filter bank 105d then synthesizes a time-domain signal on the basis of the output Fourier coefficients. Such variant may be implemented efficiently in a digital circuit, e.g., using a hard-coded fast Fourier transform (FFT).

    [0038] Proceeding now with the description of the low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 200 shown in Figure 2, each spectral component X(k,b) from the filter bank 105a is provided, as control input, to a compressor 105b. In the shown embodiment the compressor 105b comprises a loudspeaker modelling unit 105b-1 (referred to as "SPK modelling" in figure 2), a compressor threshold unit 105b-2 and a compressor gains unit 105b-3. A gain G(k,b) determined by the compressor gains unit 105b-3 adaptively for each band branch 105e is provided to a multiplication unit 105c. The multiplication unit 105c applies the gain to the input audio signal component X(k,b), thereby producing the output audio signal component Y(k,b), i.e. a boosted or attenuated spectral audio signal component. The output audio signal components from the plurality of band branches are summed in the inverse filter bank 105d, thus producing the output audio signal y(t). The output audio signal y(t) can be fed to the loudspeaker 111.

    [0039] The low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 200 shown in figure 2 or at least parts thereof can be implemented in an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention. In an embodiment, the input audio signal components X(k,b) correspond to spectral partitions b with respective bandwidths, e.g., mimicking the frequency resolution of the human auditory system. The partitions may be non-overlapping. In an embodiment, in order to adjust the level of the input audio signal within each partition b, a compression scheme can be applied in the compressor threshold unit 105b-2 of the compressor 105b shown in figure 2, e.g., making use of an estimate of a root-mean-square (RMS) value Px(k,b) for each partition b of the input audio signal x 101 (wherein Px(k,b) denotes the integral of the input audio signal components X(k,b) over the corresponding frequency range) and of a compression threshold value CT. The compression threshold value CT may be based, for example, on the maximum sound pressure level (SPL) of the loudspeaker 111, e.g., according to the following equation:

    wherein ψSPK denotes a constant representing properties of the physical components of the loudspeaker 111, γ denotes an exponent applied to the center frequency fb of partition b (in an embodiment an adjustable parameter γ can be used instead of setting it to a fixed value, such as a fixed value of 2, in order to keep more flexibility in the pressure versus frequency model), and CT0 denotes a constant for further adjusting the compression threshold. Making use of the RMS value Px(k,b) and of equation 2, the compression gains (in decibel) can be determined in the compressor gains unit 105b-3 on the basis of the following equation:

    wherein CS denotes the compression slope. As already mentioned above, each output audio signal component Y(k,b), i.e. each compressed audio input signal component, is obtained by multiplying the respective gain factor G(k,b) with the respective input audio signal component X(k,b), e.g., in the multiplication unit 105c, i.e. Y(k,b) = G(k,b). X(k, b).

    [0040] Figure 3 shows an exemplary dependence of the compression threshold on the center frequency of a partition, using the following exemplary values: ψSPK = 0.5, γ = 2, and CT0 =-30 dB, which could be implemented in the compressor threshold unit 105b-2 of the compressor 105b of an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention. The curve shows the frequency dependence of the required compression threshold for an exemplified compact loudspeaker model using equation 2 with the given exemplary values.

    [0041] Figure 4 shows a schematic diagram illustrating an audio signal processing stage 400 comprising a virtual bass unit 107. The virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal processing stage 400 shown in figure 4 or at least parts thereof can be implemented in an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention.

    [0042] The audio signal processing stage 400 comprises a high-pass filter branch having a high-pass filter 107a and a low-pass filter branch having a low-pass filter 107b. The low-pass filter branch further comprises a harmonics generator 107c, a timbre correction filter 107d, a further high-pass filter 107e and a multiplication unit 107f connected in series in this order. These components of the virtual bass unit 107 can be configured to operate in the following way.

    [0043] The input audio signal x(t) 101 shown in figure 4 is split into two sub-band signals v(t) and y(t), e.g., by means of the low-pass filter 107b and the high-pass filter 107a, respectively. The low-pass filter 107b and the high-pass filter 107a can have the same cut-off frequency fvb. In this case the residual signal is given by v(t) = x(t) - y(t).

    [0044] The residual signal v(t) is further processed in a non-linear way in the harmonics generator 107c in order to generate harmonics of the residual signal v(t). The harmonics generator 107c can be configured to generate even harmonics, odd harmonics, or even and odd harmonics of the residual signal v(t).

    [0045] Even harmonics can be generated, for example, using a second order multiplier on the basis of, for instance, the following equation:

    wherein geven denotes an adjustable gain related to the amount or the power of the even harmonics and n denotes a discrete frequency index. On the basis of the fundamentals and the even harmonics, odd harmonics can then be generated using an odd harmonic generator based, for instance, on a soft clipping algorithm, as will be described in the following.

    [0046] In a first step, two time estimates of the residual signal v(t) can be computed simultaneously, namely, for instance, an RMS (Root Mean Square) estimate vrms and a peak estimate vpeak.

    [0047] The RMS estimate can be computed using the following equation:

    with



    [0048] The peak estimate can be computed using the following equation:

    with



    [0049] Both signal estimates vrms and vpeak can be used to derive a compression curve, where the compression threshold can be adaptively defined as:

    wherein µCT0 denotes an additional threshold to adjust the effect of compression.

    [0050] The compression gain (in decibel) can be computed using the following equation, for example:

    wherein ηCS0 denotes the compression slope as illustrated in figure 5, which shows characteristics of the compression scheme described above, which can be implemented in an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention. Panel (a) of figure 5 shows the relation between the input level VdB in decibels and the output level WdB in decibels, whereas panel (b) of figure 5 shows the relation between the input level VdB in decibels and the output gain HdB.

    [0051] The output signal of the harmonics generator 107c shown in figure 4 can be computed according to the following equation:

    wherein the factor 10

    is used to normalize the output signal with respect to the residual signal v and h[n] is the linear value of hdB[n]. The output signal wc given in equation 11 contains all the harmonics of the residual signal v. Thus, the compression scheme described above, which can be implemented in an audio signal processing stage according to an embodiment of the invention, is not used to reduce the dynamic range of the signal, but rather to generate harmonics. The gains h defined in equation 10 can be smoothed over time to prevent artifacts due to values fluctuating over time.

    [0052] As shown in figure 4, the output signal from the harmonics generator 107c can be supplied as input to the timbre correction filter 107d. The timbre correction filter 107d can be configured to further process the signal on the basis of the following equation:

    wherein htimbre denotes an equalization filter. Thus a more pleasant timbre of the output audio signal z(t) can be achieved.

    [0053] In order to suppress signal components with frequencies f < fvb, the output signal from the timbre correction filter 107d can be filtered by means of the high-pass filter 107e using a low-cut filter hhigh with the cut-off frequency fvb, i.e.



    [0054] Appropriate gains gvb can be applied to the filtered signal wH in the multiplication unit 107f, e.g., so as to obtain the loudness of the residual signal v, i.e.



    [0055] The gains gvb can be further smoothed over time and be limited to prevent any extreme values.

    [0056] Figure 6 shows an audio signal processing stage 600 according to an embodiment of the invention, comprising a low frequency control unit 105 and a virtual bass unit 107. The low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 600 comprises essentially the same arrangement of components as the low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 200 shown in figure 2, namely the filter bank 105a, the compressor 105b, the summation unit 105c and the inverse filter bank 105d. The compressor 105b comprises the loudspeaker modelling unit 105b-1, the compressor threshold unit 105b-2 and the compressor gains unit 105b-1. The virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal processing stage 600 comprises similar components as the virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal processing stage 400 shown in figure 4. More specifically, the virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal processing stage 600 comprises a low-pass filter 107b', a harmonics generator 107c, a timbre correction filter 107d, a high-pass filter 107e and a multiplication unit 107f. It should be noted, however, that none of the initial low-pass filter 107b', the timbre correction filter 107d, and the further high-pass filter 107e is essential for implementing the invention and that in a variant of the shown example, one or more of these components is absent.

    [0057] Thus, the processing of the input audio signal x(t) 101 by the low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 600 shown in figure 6 is similar or identical to the processing of the input audio signal x(t) 101 by the low frequency control unit 105 of the audio signal processing stage 200 shown in figure 2. Therefore, in order to avoid repetitions, reference is made to the above detailed description of the low frequency control unit 105 in the context of figure 2.

    [0058] As can be taken from figure 6, the output signal y(t) provided by the inverse filter bank 105d of the low frequency control unit 105 is fed into a first input port of a residual audio signal generating unit 613. The residual audio signal generating unit 613 may be implemented as a summation unit or as subtraction unit. The input audio signal x(t) 101 is fed into another input port of the residual audio signal generating unit 613. The residual audio signal generating unit 613 generates as output a difference of these signals, i.e. the residual signal v(t) = y(t) - x(t). The residual signal v(t) is fed to the virtual bass unit 107. The virtual bass unit 107 processes the residual signal v(t) similarly to the way in which the virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal proessing stage 400 shown in figure 4 processes the input audio signal x(t) 101 of figure 4, with the distinction that in the example shown in figure 6, the low frequency control unit 105 determines a frequency fvb and sets fvb as the cut-off frequency of one or both of the low-pass filter 107b' and the high-pass filter 107e of the virtual bass unit 107. In one embodiment, the low frequency control unit 105 determines the cut-off frequency fvb on the basis of the compression gains G(k,b), as indicated by the dashed arrows in figure 6 In a particular embodiment, the low frequency control unit 105 determines the frequency fvb as



    [0059] The cut-off frequency of the high-cut filter 107b' and similarly the cut-off frequency of the low-cut filter 107e can thus be controlled through the threshold value ξvb. In an embodiment, the threshold value is chosen as ξvb = -6 dB. In a further embodiment, the cut-off frequency fvb is limited to a maximum value (e.g., fvb <= 500 Hz). The virtual bass unit 107 can thus be effectively disabled for frequencies above that maximum value.

    [0060] In an embodiment, the multiplication unit 107f applies a gain gvb to the audio signal from the harmonics generator 107c, e.g., to the audio signal w(t) from the low-cut filter 107e. The gain gvb can be adjusted so as to preserve the loudness of the input signal v(t).

    [0061] The summation unit 109 generates the final output signal z(t) 103 as the sum of the signals from the low frequency control unit 105 and the virtual bass unit 107. The output signal z(t) 103 can be fed to the loudspeaker 111 so as to drive the loudspeaker 111.

    [0062] Figure 7 shows an audio signal processing stage 700 according to a further embodiment comprising a low frequency control unit 105 and a virtual bass unit 107. In this embodiment the input signal x(t) 101 is provided to the filter bank 105a of the low frequency control unit 105 to generate the plurality of input audio signal components X(k,b). In this embodiment, each band branch 105e (i.e. each branch 105e from the filter bank 105a to the inverse filter bank 105d) comprises its own component of the virtual bass unit 107. In this embodiment, no cut-off frequency fvb is supplied from the low frequency control unit 105 to the virtual bass unit 107.

    [0063] More specifically, the residual audio signal generating unit 613 of the audio signal processing stage 700 is configured to generate a plurality of residual audio signal components V(k,b) on the basis of the plurality of input audio signal components X(k,b) provided by the filter bank 105a and the plurality of output audio signal components Y(k,b) provided by the multiplication unit 105c of the low frequency control unit 105. As in the other embodiments, any of these audio signal components can be provided in various forms, analog as well as digital, depending on the details of the implementation, as already mentioned above with reference to figure 2. Note that each residual audio signal component V(k,b) is limited to the frequency band of the respective input audio signal component X(k,b). The virtual bass unit 107 of the audio signal processing stage 700 comprises the harmonics generator 107c, the timbre correction filter 107d and the multiplication unit 107f. These components operate essentially in the same way as the components of the virtual bass units 107 shown in figures 4 and 6, the exception being that the components of the virtual bass unit 107 shown in figure 7 operate on the residual audio signal components V(k,b) and not on the whole residual audio signal v(t).

    [0064] Figure 8 shows an audio signal processing stage 800 according to a further embodiment, comprising a low frequency control unit 105 and a virtual bass unit 107. In this embodiment, there are only two band branches. In the shown example, the filter bank 105a of the low frequency control unit 105 is implemented in the form of a band-pass filter 105a and a band-stop filter 105a' complementary to the band-pass filter 105a. The band-pass filter 105a is configured to extract a first spectral audio signal component X(k,b) from the input signal xb(t) 101. The first spectral audio signal component is to a first frequency band. The band-stop filter 105a' is configured to extract a second spectral audio signal component from the input signal xb(t). The second spectral audio signal component comprises frequencies outside of the first frequency band.

    [0065] Operation of the compressor 105b and the multiplication unit 105c of the low frequency control unit 105 shown in figure 8 is similar or identical to that of the compressor 105b and the multiplication unit 105c of the embodiment shown in figure 7. Similarly, operation of the residual signal generating unit 613 and the virtual bass unit 107 shown in figure 8 is similar or identical to the operation of the residual signal generating unit 613 and the virtual bass unit 107 shown in figure 7, with the exception that the virtual bass unit 107 shown in figure 8 comprises (in addition to the harmonics generator 107c and the timbre correction filter 107d) the high-pass filter 107e but not the multiplication unit 107f.

    [0066] The summation unit 109 is configured to sum the attenuated spectral audio signal component or coefficient Y(k,b) from the multiplication unit 105c and the spectral audio signal component W(k,b) from the high-pass filter 107e. A further summation unit 815 is configured to sum the output of the summation unit 109 and the output of the band-stop filter 105a'. The summation units 109 and 815 together form a combining unit 109, 815 which sums the output audio signal component of the first band branch (connected to the band-pass filter 105a) and the output audio signal component of the second band branch (connected to the band-stop filter 105a').

    [0067] In an embodiment, a further audio signal processing stage (not shown in figure 8) is connected to the output of the audio signal processing stage 800, the output signal xb+1(t) of the audio signal processing stage 800 (first stage) becoming the input signal of the further audio signal processing stage (second stage). The second stage may be similar to the first stage 800 shown in figure 8, with the difference that the second stage compresses the audio signal and adds a virtual bass signal in a higher frequency band than the first stage.

    [0068] An embodiment of an audio signal processing apparatus 900 comprising several audio signal processing stages 800-1, ..., 800-n connected in series and operating in frequency bands with increasing frequencies is illustrated in figure 9. The audio signal processing stages 800-1, ..., 800-n can each be similar or identical to the audio signal processing stage 800 shown in figure 8. In an embodiment, the first stage 800-1 processes the audio input signal 101 in a frequency range [f0, β• f0], the second stage 800-2 processes the audio signal from the first stage 800-1 in a frequency range [β• f0, β2• f0], and so on, wherein f0 denotes a predefined lower boundary frequency, such as 20, 50 or 100 Hz, and β denotes a width parameter greater than 1, in particular 1 < β ≤ 2. Thus, each frequency band can be chosen sufficiently narrow so that all second (and higher) harmonics will lie in higher bands and can thus be processed by the subsequent audio signal processing stage of the apparatus 900. Choosing a value of β close to 2, such as 1.8 ≤ β ≤ 2, may be particularly economic, as less audio signal processing stages may then be necessary to cover the whole frequency spectrum of the input audio signal 101. In an embodiment, the total number of audio signal processing stages 800-1, ..., 800-n of the audio signal processing apparatus 900 is adapted or adaptable to the Nyquist frequency.

    [0069] Embodiments of the present invention allow for controlling the level of the output audio signal depending on the geometry or size of the loudspeaker. This will directly influence the rendition of the signal at a particular frequency. Furthermore, the gain of the output audio signal is adjusted so that it will not exceed the maximum sound pressure level of the loudspeaker.

    [0070] Moreover, embodiments of the present invention allow for enhancing the perception of low frequency audio signals by compressing low frequency components and generating harmonics of that part of the input audio signal that is suppressed by the compression treatment. In particular, the virtual bass unit can ensure an acceptable level of perceived bass in loudspeakers that have not been designed for low frequencies.

    [0071] Moreover, embodiments of the present invention allow for an adaptive setting of the cut-off frequency in accordance with the signal content and loudspeaker capability.

    [0072] Moreover, there will be no or less perceived loss of low frequency content compared to many earlier methods, due to the use of a virtual bass bandwidth extension, which substitutes the low frequencies by the corresponding higher harmonics. The virtual bass bandwidth extension performance is improved by driving it with the help of the low frequency control unit.

    [0073] Moreover, embodiments of the invention allow for a serial implementation of the low frequency control unit and the virtual bass unit, involving a series of two or more audio signal processing stages. An advantage of the serial implementation is that overshoots of the loudspeaker limits by harmonics can be avoided. Note that some earlier virtual bass bandwidth extension methods can be problematic in that the generated harmonics which are added to the original signal may overdrive the loudspeaker. In the serial scheme, in contrast, the generated harmonics are attenuated as required in a subsequent stage. Furthermore, the iterative implementation has the advantage that the cutoff frequency does not need to be set explicitly by the low frequency control unit.

    [0074] While a particular feature or aspect of the disclosure may have been disclosed with respect to only one of several implementations or embodiments, such feature or aspect may be combined with one or more other features or aspects of the other implementations or embodiments as may be desired and advantageous for any given or particular application. Furthermore, to the extent that the terms "include", "have", "with", or other variants thereof are used in either the detailed description or the claims, such terms are intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term "comprise". Also, the terms "exemplary", "for example" and "e.g." are merely meant as an example, rather than the best or optimal. The terms "coupled" and "connected", along with derivatives may have been used. It should be understood that these terms may have been used to indicate that two elements cooperate or interact with each other regardless whether they are in direct physical or electrical contact, or they are not in direct contact with each other.

    [0075] Although specific aspects have been illustrated and described herein, it will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that a variety of alternate and/or equivalent implementations may be substituted for the specific aspects shown and described.

    [0076] Although the elements in the following claims are recited in a particular sequence with corresponding labeling, unless the claim recitations otherwise imply a particular sequence for implementing some or all of those elements, those elements are not necessarily intended to be limited to being implemented in that particular sequence.

    [0077] Many alternatives, modifications, and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light of the above teachings. Of course, those skilled in the art readily recognize that there are numerous applications of the invention beyond those described herein. While the present invention has been described with reference to one or more particular embodiments, those skilled in the art recognize that many changes may be made thereto without departing from the scope of the present invention. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described herein.


    Claims

    1. An audio signal processing stage (600) for processing an input audio signal (101) into an output audio signal (103), wherein the audio signal processing stage (600) comprises:

    a filter bank (105a) defining two or more frequency bands, the filter bank being configured to separate the input audio signal (101) into two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)), each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the two or more frequency bands;

    a set of two or more band branches (105e) configured to provide two or more output audio signal components (Y(k,b)), wherein each of the band branches (105e) is configured to process a respective one of the input audio signal components to provide a respective one of the output audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches (105e) comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising a compressor (105b) configured to compress the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch to provide the output audio signal component (Y(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch;

    an inverse filter bank (105d) configured to generate a summed audio signal (y(t)) by summing the two or more output audio signal components (Y(k,b));

    a residual audio signal generating unit (613) configured to generate a residual audio signal (v(t)), the residual audio signal being a difference between the input audio signal (101) and the summed audio signal(y(t));

    a virtual bass unit (107) configured to generate a virtual bass signal (w(t)) which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal (v(t)), the virtual bass unit comprising a harmonics generator (107c) configured to generate the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal (v(t)); and

    a summation unit (109) configured to generate the output audio signal (103) by summing the summed audio signal (y(t)) and the virtual bass signal (w(t)).


     
    2. An audio signal processing stage (700) for processing an input audio signal (101) into an output audio signal (103), wherein the audio signal processing stage (700) comprises:

    a filter bank (105a) defining two or more frequency bands, the filter bank (105a) being configured to separate the input audio signal (101) into two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)), each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the two or more frequency bands;

    a set of two or more band branches (105e) configured to provide two or more output audio signal components (Z(k,b)), wherein each of the band branches is configured to process a respective one of the input audio signal components (X(k,b)) to provide a respective one of the output audio signal components (Z(k,b)); and

    an inverse filter bank (105d) configured to generate the output audio signal (103) by summing the two or more output audio signal components (Z(k,b));

    wherein the set of two or more band branches (105e) comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the compressor branches comprising:

    a compressor (105b) configured to generate a compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b)) by compressing the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch;

    a residual audio signal component generating unit (613) configured to generate a residual audio signal component (V(k,b)), the residual audio signal component being a difference between the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch and the compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b));

    a virtual bass unit (107) configured to generate a virtual bass signal component (W(k,b)) which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal component (V(k,b)), the virtual bass unit comprising a harmonics generator (107c) configured to generate the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal component (V(k,b)); and

    a summation unit (109) configured to generate the output audio signal component (Z(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch (105e) by summing the compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b)) and the virtual bass signal component (W(k,b)).


     
    3. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the set of two or more band branches (105e) further comprises one or more non-compressive branches.
     
    4. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the set of two or more band branches (105e) comprises precisely one compressor branch.
     
    5. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the virtual bass unit (107) comprises a timbre correction filter (107d) configured to apply a timbre correction to the one or more harmonics.
     
    6. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the compressor (105b) comprises one or more of a compressor gains unit (105b-3), a compressor threshold unit (105b-2), and a loudspeaker modelling unit (105b-1).
     
    7. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the one or more harmonics comprise one or more even harmonics of the residual audio signal (v(t)) or residual audio signal component (V(k,b)).
     
    8. The audio signal processing stage (600; 700) of claim 7, wherein the one or more harmonics comprise one or more odd harmonics of the residual audio signal (v(t)) or residual audio signal component (V(k,b)).
     
    9. The audio signal processing stage (600) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the virtual bass unit (107) comprises one or both of a low pass filter (107b') and a high pass filter (107e), wherein the low pass filter (107b') is connected between the residual audio signal generating unit (613) and the harmonics generator (107c) and wherein the high pass filter (107e) is connected between the harmonics generator (107c) and the summation unit (109).
     
    10. The audio signal processing stage (600) of claim 9, wherein the compressor (105b) is configured to adjust one or both of a cut-off frequency of the low pass filter (107b') and a cut-off frequency of the high pass filter (107e).
     
    11. An audio signal processing apparatus (900) comprising a first and a second audio signal processing stage (800-1, 800-2), wherein each of the first audio signal processing stage (800-1) and the second audio signal processing stages (800-2) is an audio signal processing stage as set forth in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and second audio signal processing stages are connected in series, the output audio signal of the first audio signal processing stage being the input audio signal of the second audio signal processing stage.
     
    12. The audio signal processing apparatus (900) of claim 11, wherein the one or more frequency bands defined by the filter bank (105a) of the second audio signal processing stage comprise all or some of the harmonics generated in the first audio signal processing stage.
     
    13. An audio signal processing method for processing an input audio signal (101) into an output audio signal (103), wherein the audio signal processing method comprises:

    separating the input audio signal (101) into two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)) by means of a filter bank (105a), the filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the frequency bands;

    providing two or more output audio signal components (Y(k,b)) on the basis of the two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)) by means of a set of two or more band branches (105e), wherein each of the two or more band branches provides a respective one of the output audio signal components on the basis of a respective one of the input audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising a compressor (105b) that compresses the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch to provide the output audio signal component (Y(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch;

    generating a summed audio signal (y(t)) by summing the two or more output audio signal components (Y(k,b));

    generating a residual audio signal (v(t)), the residual audio signal being a difference between the input audio signal (101) and the summed audio signal (y(t));

    generating a virtual bass signal (w(t)) which comprises one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal (v(t)), by generating the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal (v(t)); and

    generating the output audio signal (103) by summing the summed audio signal (y(t)) and the virtual bass signal (w(t)).


     
    14. An audio signal processing method for processing an input audio signal (101) into an output audio signal (103), wherein the audio signal processing method comprises:

    separating the input audio signal (101) into two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)) by means of a filter bank (105a), the filter bank defining two or more frequency bands, each of the input audio signal components being limited to a respective one of the frequency bands;

    providing two or more output audio signal components (Z(k,b)) on the basis of the two or more input audio signal components (X(k,b)) by means of a set of two or more band branches (105e), wherein each of the band branches provides a respective one of the output audio signal components on the basis of a respective one of the input audio signal components, wherein the set of two or more band branches comprises one or more compressor branches, each of the one or more compressor branches comprising a compressor (105b) which generates a compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b)) by compressing the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch, a residual audio signal component generating unit (613) which generates a residual audio signal component (V(k,b)), the residual audio signal component being a difference between the input audio signal component (X(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch and the compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b)), a virtual bass unit (107) which generates a virtual bass signal component (W(k,b)) comprising one or more harmonics of the residual audio signal component (V(k,b)), by generating the one or more harmonics on the basis of the residual audio signal component (V(k,b)), and a summation unit (109) which generates the output audio signal component (Z(k,b)) of the respective compressor branch by summing the compressed audio signal component (Y(k,b)) and the virtual bass signal component (W(k,b)); and

    generating the output audio signal (103) by summing the two or more output audio signal components (Z(k,b)).


     
    15. A computer program comprising program code for performing the method of claim 13 or the method of claim 14 when executed on a computer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600) zum Verarbeiten eines Eingangsaudiosignals (101) zu einem Ausgangsaudiosignal (103), wobei die Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600) umfasst:

    eine Filterbank (105a), die zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder definiert, wobei die Filterbank dafür ausgelegt ist, das Eingangsaudiosignal (101) in zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) zu trennen, wobei jede der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf ein dazugehöriges der zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder beschränkt ist;

    eine Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e), dafür ausgelegt, zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Y(k,b)) bereitzustellen, wobei jeder der Bandzweige (105e) dafür ausgelegt ist, eine dazugehörige der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten zu verarbeiten, um eine dazugehörige der Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten bereitzustellen, wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e) ein oder mehrere Kompressorzweige umfasst, wobei jeder der ein oder mehreren Kompressorzweige einen Kompressor (105b) umfasst, ausgelegt zum Komprimieren der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs, um die Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs bereitzustellen;

    eine inverse Filterbank (105d), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen eines summierten Audiosignals (y(t)) mittels Summierens der zwei oder mehreren Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Y(k,b));

    eine Restaudiosignal-Erzeugungseinheit (613), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen eines Restaudiosignals (v(t)), wobei das Restaudiosignal eine Differenz zwischen dem Eingangsaudiosignal (101) und dem summierten Audiosignal (y(t)) ist;

    eine virtuelle Basseinheit (107), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen eines virtuellen Basssignals (w(t)), das eine oder mehrere Oberwellen des Restaudiosignals (v(t)) umfasst, wobei die virtuelle Basseinheit einen Oberwellengenerator (107c) umfasst, ausgelegt zum Erzeugen der einen oder mehreren Oberwellen auf der Basis des Restaudiosignals (v(t)); und

    eine Summierungseinheit (109), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen des Ausgangsaudiosignals (103) mittels Summierens des summierten Audiosignals (y(t)) und des virtuellen Basssignals (w(t)).


     
    2. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (700) zum Verarbeiten eines Eingangsaudiosignals (101) zu einem Ausgangsaudiosignal (103), wobei die Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (700) umfasst:

    eine Filterbank (105a), die zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder definiert, wobei die Filterbank (105a) dafür ausgelegt ist, das Eingangsaudiosignal (101) in zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) zu trennen, wobei jede der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf ein dazugehöriges der zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder beschränkt ist;

    eine Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e), dafür ausgelegt, zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Z(k,b)) bereitzustellen, wobei jeder der Bandzweige dafür ausgelegt ist, eine dazugehörige der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) zu verarbeiten, um eine dazugehörige der Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Z(k,b)) bereitzustellen; und

    eine inverse Filterbank (105d), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen des Ausgangsaudiosignals (103) mittels Summierens der zwei oder mehreren Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Z(k,b));

    wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e) einen oder mehrere Kompressorzweige umfasst, wobei jeder der Kompressorzweige umfasst:

    einen Kompressor (105b), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen einer komprimierten Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) mittels Komprimierens der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs;

    eine Restaudiosignalkomponenten-Erzeugungseinheit (613), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen einer Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)), wobei die Restaudiosignalkomponente eine Differenz zwischen der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs und der komprimierten Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) ist;

    eine virtuelle Basseinheit (107), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen einer virtuellen Basssignalkomponente (W(k,b)), die eine oder mehrere Oberwellen der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) umfasst, wobei die virtuelle Basseinheit einen Oberwellengenerator (107c) umfasst, ausgelegt zum Erzeugen der einen oder mehreren Oberwellen auf der Basis der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)); und

    eine Summierungseinheit (109), ausgelegt zum Erzeugen der Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponente (Z(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs (105e) mittels Summierens der komprimierten Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) und der virtuellen Basssignalkomponente (W(k,b)).


     
    3. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e) ferner einen oder mehrere nicht komprimierende Zweige umfasst.
     
    4. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e) genau einen Kompressorzweig umfasst.
     
    5. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die virtuelle Basseinheit (107) ein Timbre-Korrekturfilter (107d) umfasst, ausgelegt zum Anwenden einer Timbre-Korrektur auf die eine oder mehreren Oberwellen.
     
    6. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kompressor (105b) eine oder mehrere von einer Kompressorverstärkungseinheit (105b-3), einer Kompressor-Schwellenwerteinheit (105b-2) und einer Lautsprecher-Modelliereinheit (105b-1) umfasst.
     
    7. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die eine oder mehreren Oberwellen einen oder mehrere geradzahlige Obertöne des Restaudiosignals (v(t)) oder der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) umfassen.
     
    8. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600; 700) nach Anspruch 7, wobei die eine oder mehreren Oberwellen einen oder mehrere ungerade Obertöne des Restaudiosignals (v(t)) oder der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) umfassen.
     
    9. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die virtuelle Basseinheit (107) einen oder beide von einem Tiefpassfilter (107b') und einem Hochpassfilter (107e) umfasst, wobei das Tiefpassfilter (107b') zwischen der Restaudiosignal-Erzeugungseinheit (613) und dem Oberwellengenerator (107c) angeschlossen ist und wobei das Hochpassfilter (107e) zwischen dem Oberwellengenerator (107c) und der Summierungseinheit (109) angeschlossen ist.
     
    10. Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (600) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Kompressor (105b) dafür ausgelegt ist, eine oder beide von einer Abschaltfrequenz des Tiefpassfilters (107b') und einer Abschaltfrequenz des Hochpassfilters (107e) anzupassen.
     
    11. Audiosignalverarbeitungsvorrichtung (900), umfassend eine erste und eine zweite Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (800-1, 800-2), wobei jede der ersten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (800-1) und der zweiten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe (800-2) eine Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe entsprechend den Ausführungen in einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche ist, wobei die erste und zweite Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe in Reihe angeschlossen sind, wobei das Ausgangsaudiosignal der ersten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe das Eingangsaudiosignal der zweiten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe ist.
     
    12. Audiosignalverarbeitungsvorrichtung (900) nach Anspruch 11, wobei die durch die Filterbank (105a) der zweiten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe definierten ein oder mehreren Frequenzbänder alle oder einige der in der ersten Audiosignalverarbeitungsstufe erzeugten Oberwellen umfassen.
     
    13. Audiosignalverarbeitungsverfahren zum Verarbeiten eines Eingangsaudiosignals (101) zu einem Ausgangsaudiosignal (103), wobei das Audiosignalverarbeitungsverfahren umfasst:

    Trennen des Eingangsaudiosignals (101) in zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) mittels einer Filterbank (105a), wobei die Filterbank zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder definiert, wobei jede der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf ein dazugehöriges der Frequenzbänder beschränkt ist;

    Bereitstellen von zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Y(k,b)) auf der Basis der zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) mittels einer Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e), wobei jeder der zwei oder mehr Bandzweige eine dazugehörige der Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf der Basis einer entsprechenden der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten bereitstellt, wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen einen oder mehrere Kompressorzweige umfasst, wobei jeder der ein oder mehreren Kompressorzweige einen Kompressor (105b) umfasst, der die Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs komprimiert, um die Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs bereitzustellen;

    Erzeugen eines summierten Audiosignals (y(t)) durch Summieren der zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Y(k,b));

    Erzeugen eines Restaudiosignals (v(t)), wobei das Restaudiosignal eine Differenz zwischen dem Eingangsaudiosignal (101) und dem summierten Audiosignal (y(t)) ist; Erzeugen eines virtuellen Basssignals (w(t)), das eine oder mehrere Oberwellen des Restaudiosignals (v(t)) umfasst, durch Erzeugen der einen oder mehreren Oberwellen auf der Basis des Restaudiosignals (v(t)); und

    Erzeugen des Ausgangsaudiosignals (103) mittels Summierens des summierten Audiosignals (y(t)) und des virtuellen Basssignals (w(t)).


     
    14. Audiosignalverarbeitungsverfahren zum Verarbeiten eines Eingangsaudiosignals (101) zu einem Ausgangsaudiosignal (103), wobei das Audiosignalverarbeitungsverfahren umfasst:

    Trennen des Eingangsaudiosignals (101) in zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) mittels einer Filterbank (105a), wobei die Filterbank zwei oder mehr Frequenzbänder definiert, wobei jede der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf ein dazugehöriges der Frequenzbänder beschränkt ist;

    Bereitstellen von zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Z(k,b)) auf der Basis der zwei oder mehr Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten (X(k,b)) mittels einer Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen (105e), wobei jeder der Bandzweige eine dazugehörige der Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten auf der Basis einer entsprechenden der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponenten bereitstellt, wobei die Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Bandzweigen einen oder mehrere Kompressorzweige umfasst, jeder der ein oder mehreren Kompressorzweige einen Kompressor (105b) umfasst, der durch Komprimieren der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs eine komprimierte Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) erzeugt; eine Restaudiosignalkomponenten-Erzeugungseinheit (613), die eine Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) erzeugt, wobei die Restaudiosignalkomponente eine Differenz zwischen der Eingangsaudiosignalkomponente (X(k,b)) des dazugehörigen Kompressorzweigs und der komprimierten Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) ist; eine virtuelle Basseinheit (107), die mittels Erzeugens der einen oder mehreren Oberwellen auf der Basis der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) eine virtuelle Basssignalkomponente (W(k,b)) erzeugt, die eine oder mehrere Oberwellen der Restaudiosignalkomponente (V(k,b)) umfasst; und eine Summierungseinheit (109), die die Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponente (Z(k,b)) des entsprechenden Kompressorzweigs mittels Summierens der komprimierten Audiosignalkomponente (Y(k,b)) und der virtuellen Basssignalkomponente (W(k,b)) erzeugt; und

    Erzeugen des Ausgangsaudiosignals (103) mittels Summierens der zwei oder mehr Ausgangsaudiosignalkomponenten (Z(k,b)).


     
    15. Rechnerprogramm, umfassend Programmcode zum Durchführen des Verfahrens nach Anspruch 13 oder des Verfahrens nach Anspruch 14 bei Ausführung durch einen Rechner.
     


    Revendications

    1. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600) pour traiter un signal audio d'entrée (101) en un signal audio de sortie (103), l'étage de traitement de signal audio (600) comprenant :

    un banc de filtres (105a) définissant deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences, le banc de filtres étant configuré pour séparer le signal audio d'entrée (101) en deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)), chacune des composantes de signal audio d'entrée étant limitée à une bande respective parmi les deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences ;

    un ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) configurées pour fournir deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)), dans lequel chacune des branches de bande (105e) est configurée pour traiter une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio d'entrée afin de fournir une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio de sortie, dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) comprend une ou plusieurs branches de dispositif de compression, la branche ou chacune des branches de dispositif de compression comprenant un dispositif de compression (105b) configuré pour comprimer la composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective afin de fournir la composante de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective ;

    un banc de filtres inverses (105d) configuré pour générer un signal audio sommé (y(t)) en sommant les deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)) ;

    une unité de génération de signal audio résiduel (613) configurée pour générer un signal audio résiduel (v(t)), le signal audio résiduel étant une différence entre le signal audio d'entrée (101) et le signal audio sommé (y(t)) ;

    une unité de basse virtuelle (107) configurée pour générer un signal de basse virtuelle (w(t)) qui comprend une ou plusieurs harmoniques du signal audio résiduel (v(t)), l'unité de basse virtuelle comprenant un générateur d'harmoniques (107c) configuré pour générer l'harmonique ou les harmoniques sur la base du signal audio résiduel (v(t)) ; et

    une unité de sommation (109) configurée pour générer le signal audio de sortie (103) en sommant le signal audio sommé (y(t)) et le signal de basse virtuelle (w(t)).


     
    2. Étage de traitement de signal audio (700) pour traiter un signal audio d'entrée (101) en un signal audio de sortie (103), l'étage de traitement de signal audio (700) comprenant :

    un banc de filtres (105a) définissant deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences, le banc de filtres (105a) étant configuré pour séparer le signal audio d'entrée (101) en deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)), chacune des composantes de signal audio d'entrée étant limitée à une bande respective parmi les deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences ;

    un ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) configurées pour fournir deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)), dans lequel chacune des branches de bande est configurée pour traiter une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) afin de fournir une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)) ; et

    un banc de filtres inverses (105d) configuré pour générer le signal audio de sortie (103) en sommant les deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)) ;

    dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) comprend une ou plusieurs branches de dispositif de compression, chacune des branches de dispositif de compression comprenant :

    un dispositif de compression (105b) configuré pour générer une composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)) en comprimant la composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective ;

    une unité de génération de composante de signal audio résiduel (613) configurée pour générer une composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)), la composante de signal audio résiduel étant une différence entre la composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective et la composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)) ;

    une unité de basse virtuelle (107) configurée pour générer une composante de signal de basse virtuelle (W(k, b)) qui comprend une ou plusieurs harmoniques de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)), l'unité de basse virtuelle comprenant un générateur d'harmoniques (107c) configuré pour générer l'harmonique ou les harmoniques sur le base de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)) ; et

    une unité de sommation (109) configurée pour générer la composante de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective (105e) en sommant la composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)) et la composante de signal de basse virtuelle (W(k, b)).


     
    3. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) comprend en outre une ou plusieurs branches non compressives.
     
    4. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e) comprend précisément une branche de dispositif de compression.
     
    5. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'unité de basse virtuelle (107) comprend un filtre de correction de timbre (107d) configuré pour appliquer une correction de timbre à l'harmonique ou aux harmoniques.
     
    6. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le dispositif de compression (105b) comprend une unité de gain de dispositif de compression (105b-3) et/ou une unité de seuil de dispositif de compression (105b-2) et/ou une unité de modélisation de haut-parleur (105b-1).
     
    7. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'harmonique ou les harmoniques comprennent une ou plusieurs harmoniques paires du signal audio résiduel (v(t)) ou de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)).
     
    8. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600 ; 700) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'harmonique ou les harmoniques comprennent une ou plusieurs harmoniques impaires du signal audio résiduel (v(t)) ou de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)).
     
    9. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'unité de basse virtuelle (107) comprend soit un filtre passe-bas (107b'), soit un filtre passe-haut (107e), soit les deux, dans lequel le filtre passe-bas (107b') est connecté entre l'unité de génération du signal audio résiduel (613) et le générateur d'harmoniques (107c) et dans lequel le filtre passe-haut (107e) est connecté entre le générateur d'harmoniques (107c) et l'unité de sommation (109).
     
    10. Étage de traitement de signal audio (600) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le dispositif de compression (105b) est configuré pour régler soit une fréquence de coupure du filtre passe-bas (107b'), soit une fréquence de coupure du filtre passe-haut (107e), soit les deux.
     
    11. Appareil de traitement de signal audio (900) comprenant un premier et un second étage de traitement de signal audio (800-1, 800-2), dans lequel chacun parmi le premier étage de traitement de signal audio (800-1) et le second étage de traitement de signal audio (800-2) est un étage de traitement de signal audio selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les premier et second étages de traitement de signal audio sont connectés en série, le signal audio de sortie du premier étage de traitement de signal audio constituant le signal audio d'entrée du second étage de traitement de signal audio.
     
    12. Appareil de traitement de signal audio (900) selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la ou les bandes de fréquences définies par le banc de filtres (105a) du second étage de traitement de signal audio comprennent toutes les harmoniques ou une partie des harmoniques générées dans le premier étage de traitement de signal audio.
     
    13. Procédé de traitement de signal audio pour traiter un signal audio d'entrée (101) en un signal audio de sortie (103), le procédé de traitement de signal audio comprenant :

    la séparation du signal audio d'entrée (101) en deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) au moyen d'un banc de filtres (105a), le banc de filtres définissant deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences, chacune des composantes de signal audio d'entrée étant limitée à une bande respective parmi les bandes de fréquences ;

    la fourniture de deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)) sur la base des deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) au moyen d'un ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e), dans lequel chacune des deux, ou plus, branches de bande fournit une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio de sortie sur la base d'une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio d'entrée, dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande comprend une ou plusieurs branches de dispositif de compression, la branche ou chacune des branches de dispositif de compression comprenant un dispositif de compression (105b) qui comprime la composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective afin de fournir la composante de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective ;

    la génération d'un signal audio sommé (y(t)) en sommant les deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Y(k, b)) ;

    la génération d'un signal audio résiduel (v(t)), le signal audio résiduel étant une différence entre le signal audio d'entrée (101) et le signal audio sommé (y(t)) ;

    la génération d'un signal de basse virtuelle (w(t)) qui comprend une ou plusieurs harmoniques du signal audio résiduel (v(t)), en générant l'harmonique ou les harmoniques sur la base du signal audio résiduel (v(t)) ; et

    la génération du signal audio de sortie (103) en sommant le signal audio sommé (y(t)) et le signal de basse virtuelle (w(t)).


     
    14. Procédé de traitement de signal audio pour traiter un signal audio d'entrée (101) en un signal audio de sortie (103), le procédé de traitement de signal audio comprenant :

    la séparation du signal audio d'entrée (101) en deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) au moyen d'un banc de filtres (105a), le banc de filtres définissant deux, ou plus, bandes de fréquences, chacune des composantes de signal audio d'entrée étant limitée à une bande respective parmi les bandes de fréquences ;

    la fourniture de deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)) sur la base des deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) au moyen d'un ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande (105e), dans lequel chacune des branches de bande fournit une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio de sortie sur la base d'une composante respective parmi les composantes de signal audio d'entrée, dans lequel l'ensemble de deux, ou plus, branches de bande comprend une ou plusieurs branches de dispositif de compression, la branche ou chacune des branches de dispositif de compression comprenant un dispositif de compression (105b) qui génère une composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)) en comprimant une composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective, une unité de génération de composante de signal audio résiduel (613) qui génère une composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)), la composante de signal audio résiduel étant une différence entre la composante de signal audio d'entrée (X(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective et la composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)), une unité de basse virtuelle (107) qui génère une composante de signal de basse virtuelle (W(k, b)) comprenant une ou plusieurs harmoniques de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b), en générant l'harmonique ou les harmoniques sur la base de la composante de signal audio résiduel (V(k, b)), et une unité de sommation (109) qui génère la composante de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)) de la branche de dispositif de compression respective en sommant la composante de signal audio comprimée (Y(k, b)) et la composante de signal de basse virtuelle (W(k, b)) ; et

    la génération du signal audio de sortie (103) en sommant les deux, ou plus, composantes de signal audio de sortie (Z(k, b)).


     
    15. Programme informatique comprenant un code de programme pour mettre en œuvre le procédé de la revendication 13 ou le procédé de la revendication 14 lorsqu'il est exécuté sur un ordinateur.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description