(19)
(11)EP 3 454 489 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16902746.3

(22)Date of filing:  27.05.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04J 3/16(2006.01)
H04L 12/413(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/083757
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/201757 (30.11.2017 Gazette  2017/48)

(54)

SERVICE TRANSMISSION METHOD AND FIRST TRANSMISSION DEVICE

DIENSTÜBERTRAGUNGSVERFAHREN UND ERSTE ÜBERTRAGUNGSVORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ DE TRANSMISSION DE SERVICE ET PREMIER DISPOSITIF DE TRANSMISSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/11

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • SU, Wei
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WU, Qiuyou
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Thun, Clemens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 101 217 334
CN-A- 101 827 285
US-A1- 2016 119 075
CN-A- 101 267 386
CN-A- 104 426 631
  
  • SEBASTIEN GAREAU CIENA CANADA: "G.709.1 Draft Text v0.11;CD11-F01", ITU-T DRAFT ; STUDY PERIOD 2013-2016, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION, GENEVA ; CH , vol. 11/15 2 May 2016 (2016-05-02), pages 1-23, XP044178936, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://www.itu.int/ifa/t/2013/sg15/ex change/wp3/q11/G.709.1/Mar1-May20-2016/CD1 1-F01-G.709.1-draft-text-v0.11.docx [retrieved on 2016-05-02]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a service transmission method and a first transmission device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] An Optical transport network (OTN) is a core technology in a transport network. The OTN has a great Operation Administration and Maintenance (OAM) capability, a strong Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) capability, and an out-of-band Forward Error Correction (FEC) capability, and can implement flexible grooming and management of a large-capacity service.

[0003] With the growth and diversification of service traffic, an OTN with a fixed-rate interface can no longer meet an interconnection requirement. Currently, the International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector ITU-T) is formulating an n×100 G Flexible OTN (FlexO) group interface. Based on n 100 G optical modules, the FlexO group interface provides a flexible-rate interface to carry a signal of an Optical Transport Unit-Cn (OTUCn), so as to implement an interconnection between OTUCn signal inter-domain interfaces. The n×100 G FlexO group interface includes n 100 G FlexO lanes, and a rate of each FlexO lane is equal to an OTU4 rate. In this case, each 100 G FlexO lane can directly use a standard and low-cost 100 G optical module (such as CFP4 or QSFP28) for sending. As shown in FIG. 1, an OTUCn is first divided into n OTUC client signals, and the n OTUC client signals are marked as #1, ..., and #n; a one-to-one correspondence is established between the n OTUC client signals and n lanes of FlexO frame signals (the OTUC client signals #1, ..., and #n are respectively and synchronously mapped to payload areas of FlexO frames #1, ..., and #n); a physical channel identifier (PID) of FlexO frame overheads is used to indicate a location of a current FlexO lane in a FlexO group, and correspondingly, a location, in an OTUCn, of an OTUC client signal carried in the current FlexO lane can be obtained (an OTUC instance in the diagram is an OTUC client signal). FIG. 2 shows a corresponding frame structure.
Further, prior art document by Sebastien Gareau: "G.709.1 Draft Text v0.11; CD11-F01", ITU-T DRAFT ; STUDY PERIOD 2013-2016, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION, GENEVA ; CH, vol. 11/15 2 May 2016 (2016-05-02), pages 1-23, refers to a flexible OTN inter-domain interface for B100G applications.

[0004] A defect in the prior art is that, a service cannot be flexibly transmitted due to one-to-one mapping between the n OTUC client signals and the n lanes of FlexO frames.

SUMMARY



[0005] Embodiments of the present invention disclose a service transmission method according to claim 1 and a first transmission device according to claim 7, so as to flexibly transmit a service. This problem is solved by the subject matter of the independent claims. Further implemenation forms are provided in the dependent claims. The invention is defined by the appended claims. Embodiments or aspects of the invention that do not fall within the scope of the appended claims are to be understood merely as examples useful for understanding the invention.

[0006] According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a service transmission method, and the method includes:

mapping, by a first transmission device, n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, where each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers;

configuring, by the first transmission device, FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and

transmitting, by the first transmission device, the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s.



[0007] By performing the foregoing steps, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0008] With reference to the first aspect, in a possible implementation of the first aspect, the second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.

[0009] With reference to the first aspect or the possible implementation of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation of the first aspect, the method further includes:
when n < ms/t, filling a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0010] With reference to the first aspect, the first possible implementation of the first aspect, or the second possible implementation of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation of the first aspect, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0011] With reference to the third possible implementation of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0012] Specifically, the first transmission device enables client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates to be carried on a same group of FlexO group interfaces, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0013] With reference to the third possible implementation of the first aspect or the fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the first aspect, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0014] Specifically, a plurality of load subareas of one lane of FlexO frame can carry client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0015] With reference to all aspects of the invention, before the transmitting, by the first transmission device, the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s, the method further includes:
configuring, by the first transmission device, quantity overhead information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.

[0016] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a first transmission device, and the first transmission device includes a processor, a memory, and a line board. The memory is configured to store a program, and the processor invokes the program in the memory and is configured to perform the following operations:

mapping n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, where each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers;

configuring FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and

transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s and by using the line board.



[0017] By performing the foregoing operations, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0018] With reference to the second aspect, in a first possible implementation of the second aspect, the second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.

[0019] With reference to the second aspect or the first possible implementation of the second aspect, in a second possible implementation of the second aspect, the processor is further configured to: when n < ms/t, fill a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0020] With reference to the second aspect, the first possible implementation of the second aspect, or the second possible implementation of the second aspect, in a third possible implementation of the second aspect, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0021] Specifically, the first transmission device enables client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates to be carried on a same group of FlexO group interfaces, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0022] With reference to the third possible implementation of the second aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the second aspect, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0023] Specifically, a plurality of load subareas of one lane of FlexO frame can carry client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0024] With reference to the third possible implementation of the second aspect or the fourth possible implementation of the second aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the second aspect, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0025] With reference to all aspects of the invention, before the transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s and by using the line board, the processor is further configured to:
configure quantity overhead information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.

[0026] An example implementation provides a first transmission device, and the first transmission device includes functional units for performing all or some steps in the first aspect.

[0027] According to the embodiments of the present invention, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0028] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for the embodiments.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a scenario in which a client signal is sent in the prior art;

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a FlexO frame in the prior art;

FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a service transmission method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a FlexO frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of overheads of a FlexO frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of another FlexO frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a "client timeslot" field according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a "client timeslot" field according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a correspondence between overhead indication information and a load subarea according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of another scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of a correspondence between each load subarea and each overhead field according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of still another scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a first transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of another first transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a second transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of another second transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of a service transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0029] The technical solutions according to embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0030] Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a service transmission method according to an embodiment of the present invention, and the method includes the following procedure.

[0031] Step S301: A first transmission device maps n client signals with a rate of t to a plurality of load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0032] Composition manners of the n client signals with the rate of t include but are not limited to the following cases:

Case 1: The n client signals are obtained by dividing an Optical Transport Unit-Cn (OTUCn) into n client signals. For example, an optical channel transport unit (OTUCn) is divided, at an interval of a preset length (for example, 16 bytes), into n client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, ..., OTUCx(j-1), OTUCxj, ..., OTUCx(n-1), and OTUCxn with the rate of t, where j and n are both even numbers.

Case 2: The n client signals include client signals in a plurality of optical channel transport units. For example, an optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) is divided into five client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, OTUCx3, OTUCx4, and OTUCx5, and an optical channel transport unit (OTUC3) is divided into three client signals OTUCy1, OTUCy2, and OTUCy3. The n client signals are specifically the client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, OTUCx3, OTUCx4, OTUCx5, OTUCy1, OTUCy2, and OTUCy3.

Case 3: The n client signals are an odd quantity of client signals, that is, n is an odd number. For example, an optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) is divided, at an interval of a preset length (for example, 16 bytes), into five client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, OTUCx3, OTUCx4, and OTUCx5 with the rate of t.



[0033] A common rate of the client signal is 100 G. In the future, there may be client signals with other rates, such as 25 G, 50 G, 75 G, 125 G, 150 G, 175 G, and 225 G. The first transmission device includes a FlexO group interface, a FlexO group interface signal of the FlexO group interface includes FlexO frames of m FlexO lanes with a transmission rate of s, and each FlexO lane is used to transmit one lane of FlexO frame. For example, a FlexO frame 1 (FlexO frame 1) is transmitted on a first FlexO lane, and a FlexO frame 2 (FlexO frame 2) is transmitted on a second FlexO lane. The rest may be deduced by analogy. A payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into s/t load subareas, payload areas of the m lanes of FlexO frames are divided into ms/t load subareas, and each client signal is mapped to one load subarea. A specific load subarea to which a client signal is mapped is not limited herein. The common transmission rate s of the FlexO lane is 100 G, 200 G, 400 G, or the like. A specific transmission rate is determined by an optical module disposed on the first transmission device, where n, s, and t are all positive numbers, and a value of s/t is an integer. Generally, the transmission rate s of the FlexO lane is set to an integral multiple of a rate of a client signal. Therefore, the value of s/t is an integer.

[0034] For example, it is assumed that a transmission rate of each FlexO lane is 200 G, and a rate of a client signal is 100 G, then s/t = 2. As shown in FIG. 4, a structure of each lane of FlexO frame may be configured to include 128 rows and 5440 columns (a width of each column is 1 bit). All the first 5140 columns except an AM/OH field and an FS field in the columns are a payload area, and the payload area may be divided into a load subarea #1 and a load subarea #2 in sequence according to a 128-bit granularity.

[0035] For example, it is assumed that a transmission rate of each FlexO lane is 400 G, and a rate of a client signal is 100 G, then s/t = 4. As shown in FIG. 6, a structure of each lane of FlexO frame may be configured to include 128 rows and 10880 columns (a width of each column is 1 bit). Two 200 G FlexO frames form the structure by means of 16-byte interleaving. All the first 10280 columns except an AM/OH field and an FS field are a payload area, and the payload area may be divided into a load subarea #1, a load subarea #2, a load subarea #3, and a load subarea #4 in sequence according to a 128-bit granularity.

[0036] In the case 1, ms/t = n, the n client signals are from one optical channel transport unit, the n client signals are mapped to the ms/t load subareas, and one client signal is mapped to each load subarea. For example, n client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, ..., OTUCx(j-1), OTUCxj, ..., OTUCx(n-1), and OTUCxn from an optical channel transport unit (OTUCn) are respectively mapped to a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 1, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1, ..., a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame j/2, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame j/2, ..., a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame n/2, and a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame n/2.

[0037] In the case 2, ms/t = n, the n client signals are from a plurality of optical channel transport units, the n client signals are mapped to the ms/t load subareas, and one client signal is mapped to each load subarea. Client signals in different optical channel transport units may be mapped to different load subareas of FlexO frames of a same FlexO lane. For example, five client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, OTUCx3, OTUCx4, and OTUCx5 from an optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) are respectively mapped to a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 1, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1, a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 2, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 2, and a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 3. Three client signals OTUCy1, OTUCy2, and OTUCy3 from an optical channel transport unit (OTUC3) are respectively mapped to a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 3, a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 4, and a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 4. The client signals in the two optical channel transport units are transmitted by using a same lane of FlexO frame. In this way, a FlexO group interface can support a slicing mode of an OTUCn chip, thereby improving flexibility of the FlexO group interface. For example, an OTUCn chip in the slicing mode and supporting a maximum bandwidth of n×100 G can support both independent transmission of one optical channel transport unit OTUCn, and transmission of a plurality of optical channel transport units OTUCn1, OTUCn2, ..., and OTUCni, where n1 + n2 + ... + ni = n.

[0038] In the case 3, ms/t > n, the n client signals are mapped to n load subareas in the ms/t load subareas, and no client signal is mapped to (ms/t-n) load subareas in the ms/t load subareas. In this case, an OTUC stuff frame may be filled in the (ms/t-n) load subareas. A format of the OTUC stuff frame is similar to a format of a client signal, but the OTUC stuff frame is used to transmit a replacement signal. For example, the OTUC stuff frame carries an OTUC FAS frame header, and other areas are filled with a PRBS sequence. For another example, the OTUC stuff frame is an OTUC LCK frame. For example, the five client signals OTUCx1, OTUCx2, OTUCx3, OTUCx4, and OTUCx5 are respectively mapped to a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 1, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1, a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame 2, a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame2, and a load subarea #1 of a FlexO frame3. In addition, an OTUC stuff frame is filled in a load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 3, so as to improve service bearer flexibility.

[0039] It should be noted that a specific load subarea to which a client signal is mapped is not limited herein. A preconfigured algorithm may be used to calculate a specific load subarea to which a client signal is mapped, so that a client signal can be flexibly mapped.

[0040] Step S302: The first transmission device configures FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame.

[0041] Specifically, a plurality of FlexO frames of each lane of FlexO frame form a FlexO multiframe, and each FlexO frame corresponds to overhead information of a load subarea carrying this lane of FlexO frame. This lane of FlexO frame includes FlexO type information, and a group of overhead indication information that is corresponding to each load subarea and that includes timeslot overhead information, signal mapping information, and the like. The group of overhead indication information is used to indicate statuses of the lane of FlexO frame and the corresponding load subarea. Therefore, the lane of FlexO frame includes at least the FlexO type information, and s/t groups of overhead indication information that are in a one-to-one correspondence to s/t load subareas of the lane of FlexO frame.

[0042] For example, a FlexO frame 0, a FlexO frame 1, ..., and a FlexO frame 7 of each lane of FlexO frame form one FlexO multiframe. The lane of FlexO frame includes a load subarea #1 and a load subarea #2. It may be specified that the FlexO frame 0 carries FlexO type information and overhead information of the load subarea #1, and the FlexO frame 1 carries overhead information of the load subarea #2. Specifically, the FlexO type information, overheads of the load subarea #1, and overheads of the load subarea #2 may be carried in an "AM/OH" field of the lane of FlexO frame. Specifically, the overheads of the load subarea #1 of the lane of FlexO frame are defined in a row 0 in eight rows of overheads (40 bytes per row) shown in FIG. 5, the overheads of the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame are defined in a row 1 in the eight rows of overheads (40 bytes per row) shown in FIG. 5, and a row 2 to a row 7 of overheads are reserved bytes. A load subarea corresponding to each of the FlexO frame 0 to the FlexO frame 6 includes 2560 16-byte blocks, and a load subarea corresponding to the FlexO frame 7 includes 2565 16-byte blocks.

[0043] FIG. 9 shows a one-to-one correspondence between a plurality of groups of overhead indication information and a plurality of load subareas. The first column is a Multiframe Alignment Signal (MFAS). In the second column, when a transmission rate of a FlexO frame lane corresponding to this lane of FlexO frame is 100 G and a rate of a client signal is 100 G, a payload area of this lane of FlexO frame is not divided into a plurality of load subareas. In the third column, when a transmission rate of a FlexO frame lane corresponding to this lane of FlexO frame is 200 G and a rate of a client signal is 100 G, a payload area of this lane of FlexO frame is divided into a load subarea #1 and a load subarea #2. In addition, overheads of the load subarea #1 are defined by an overhead indication in a row (group) whose "MFAS" number is 0 in FIG. 5, and overheads of the load subarea #2 are defined by an overhead indication in a row (group) whose "MFAS" number is 1 in FIG. 5. The rest may be deduced by analogy.

[0044] FlexO type information: FlexO type information of each lane of FlexO frame is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type of a FlexO group interface to which this lane of FlexO frame belongs. Currently, there is an m×100 G FlexO group interface type. As technologies of 200 G and 400 G client-side optical modules become mature, an m×200 G FlexO group interface type and an m×400 G FlexO group interface type may appear subsequently. The FlexO group interface type indicates a transmission rate of a FlexO lane for transmitting this lane of FlexO frame and a load subarea division status of a payload area of this lane of FlexO frame. For example, the m×200 G FlexO group interface type indicates that the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting this lane of FlexO frame is 200 G. If a rate of a client signal carried in this lane of FlexO frame is 100 G, the payload area of this lane of FlexO frame may be divided into 200 G/100 G = 2 load subareas. The FlexO type information may also be referred to as a FlexO payload type indication. For example, type information of a FlexO frame 1 is used to indicate a type of a FlexO group interface that transmits the FlexO frame 1.

[0045] Optionally, the FlexO type information of this lane of FlexO frame may be an identifier corresponding to the FlexO group interface that corresponds to this lane of FlexO frame. It is assumed that an identifier of the m× 100 G FlexO group interface type is preset to 1, an identifier of the m×200 G FlexO group interface type is preset to 2, and an identifier of the m×400 G FlexO group interface type is preset to 3. In this case, when this lane of FlexO frame corresponds to the m×200 G FlexO group interface type, a value 2 is included in the FlexO type information of this lane of FlexO frame to indicate that this lane of FlexO frame corresponds to the m×200 G FlexO group interface type. The FlexO type information may be encapsulated into an "FOGT" field shown in FIG. 5. Optionally, the FlexO type information of this lane of FlexO frame may be a specific value of the FlexO group interface type corresponding to this lane of FlexO frame. Assuming that this lane of FlexO frame corresponds to the m×200 G FlexO group interface type, the FlexO type information of this lane of FlexO frame includes a value 200 G.

[0046] Timeslot overhead information: Each of the n client signals corresponds to a client signal identifier of the client signal, and timeslot overhead information of each lane of FlexO frame includes a client signal identifier of a client signal carried in each load subarea of this lane of FlexO frame. For example, if a payload area of this lane of FlexO frame includes a load subarea #1 and a load subarea #2, the timeslot overhead information of this lane of FlexO frame includes a client signal identifier x1 of a client signal x1 mapped to the load subarea #1 and a client signal identifier x2 of a client signal x2 mapped to the load subarea #2.

[0047] If the n client signals include client signals in a plurality of optical channel transport units (that is, the "case 2"), the timeslot overhead information may further include an optical channel transport unit identifier. For example, the plurality of optical channel transport units are specifically a first optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) and a second optical channel transport unit (OTUC3). An optical channel transport unit identifier of the first optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) is 1, the first optical channel transport unit (OTUC5) is divided into five client signals, and client signal identifiers corresponding to the five client signals are x1, x2, x3, x4, and x5. An optical channel transport unit identifier of the second optical channel transport unit (OTUC3) is 2, the second optical channel transport unit (OTUC3) is divided into three client signals, and client signal identifiers corresponding to the three client signals are y1, y2, and y3. If a load subarea #1 of this lane of FlexO frame carries a client signal x3 of the first optical channel transport unit (OTUC5), the timeslot overhead information configured for this lane of FlexO frame includes the optical channel transport unit identifier 1 and the client signal identifier x3.

[0048] Optionally, the timeslot overhead information may further include a resource occupation identifier, and the resource occupation identifier is used to indicate whether a client signal is mapped to each load subarea of this lane of FlexO frame. For example, if one of the n client signals is mapped to the load subarea #1 of this lane of FlexO frame, a resource occupation identifier corresponding to the load subarea #1 in the timeslot overhead information may be set to 1, to indicate that the load subarea #1 of this lane of FlexO frame is occupied. If no client signal in the n client signals is mapped to the load subarea #1 of this lane of FlexO frame, a resource occupation identifier corresponding to the load subarea #1 in the timeslot overhead information may be set to 0, to indicate that the load subarea #1 of this lane of FlexO frame is not occupied.

[0049] The timeslot overhead information may be encapsulated into a "client timeslot" field shown in FIG. 5. When the timeslot overhead information includes a client signal identifier and a resource occupation identifier, a structure of the "client timeslot" field may be shown in FIG. 7. When the timeslot overhead information includes a client signal identifier, an optical channel transport unit identifier, and a resource occupation identifier, a structure of the "client timeslot" field may be shown in FIG. 8. The resource occupation identifier is encapsulated into an "OCCU" field, the client signal identifier is encapsulated into an "OTUC ID" field, and the optical channel transport unit identifier is encapsulated into an "OTUCn ID" field.

[0050] Signal mapping information: Signal mapping information of each lane of FlexO frame is used to indicate mapping information of a client signal carried in each load subarea of this lane of FlexO frame, the mapping information may generally include a quantity of client signals mapped to corresponding load subareas (the quantity is obtained by performing division at a predetermined granularity), clock information of a client signal, and the like, and the signal mapping information may be filled in a "MON" field in FIG. 4.

[0051] In an optional solution, each of a FlexO frame 0 to a FlexO frame 7 of this lane of FlexO frame may be configured to use a 14-byte "FCC" field (for example, an "FCC" field shown in FIG. 5) to represent FCC overheads, so that information about the FCC overheads can be more evenly distributed. This facilitates management of real-time continuous transmission of lane information.

[0052] In another optional solution, each of a FlexO frame 0 to a FlexO frame 7 of this lane of FlexO frame may be configured to use a 2-byte "OSMC" field (for example, an "OSMC" field shown in FIG. 5) to carry information about an optical transport network synchronization messaging channel (OTN synchronization messaging channel), so as to implement a FlexO lane time synchronization capability.

[0053] In still another optional solution, each of a FlexO frame 0 to a FlexO frame 7 of this lane of FlexO frame may be configured to use a "PIG" field to indicate a FlexO frame identifier of this lane of FlexO frame.

[0054] In yet another optional solution, overhead quantity information may be configured for this lane of FlexO frame. For example, an "AVAIL" field may be set in the "AM/OH" field, and the "AVAIL" field indicates a quantity of load subareas that are of this lane of FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped. For example, the "AVAIL" field may be set to 1, to indicate that a client signal is mapped to one load subarea; the "AVAIL" field may be set to 2, to indicate that client signals are mapped to two load subareas.

[0055] It should be noted that, a sequence of performing step S301 and step S302 is not limited herein. Step 301 may be performed before step 302, or step 302 may be performed before step 301, or step 301 and step 302 may be simultaneously performed. "This lane of FlexO frame" is described by using one of the m lanes of FlexO frames as an example. A principle of another lane of FlexO frame in the m lanes of FlexO frames is the same as a principle of "this lane of FlexO frame".

[0056] Step S303: The first transmission device sends the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device.

[0057] Specifically, the first transmission device transmits the FlexO frames by using m FlexO lanes, and each FlexO lane is used to transmit one lane of FlexO frame.

[0058] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted in the case 1. In the example in the case 1, a rate of each client signal is 100 G and a transmission rate of each of the n/2 FlexO lanes is 200 G. The load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx1, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx2, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame j/2 carries the client signal OTUCx(j-1), the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame j/2 carries the client signal OTUCxj, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame n/2 carries the client signal OTUCx(n-1), and the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame n/2 carries the client signal OTUCxn. The rest may be deduced by analogy.

[0059] FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of a scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted in the case 2. In the example in the case 2, a rate of each client signal is 100 G and a transmission rate of each of the four FlexO lanes is 200 G. In the example in the case 2, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx1, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx2, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 2 carries the client signal OTUCx3, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 2 carries the client signal OTUCx4, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 3 carries the client signal OTUCx5, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 3 carries the client signal OTUCy1, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 4 carries the client signal OTUCy2, and the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 4 carries the client signal OTUCy3. The rest may be deduced by analogy. FIG. 12 shows information about "client timeslot" and "MOH" fields corresponding to four lanes (optional) of FlexO frames.

[0060] FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of a scenario in which a FlexO frame is transmitted in the case 3. In the example in the case 3, a rate of each client signal is 100 G and a transmission rate of each of the three FlexO lanes is 200 G. The load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx1, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 1 carries the client signal OTUCx2, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 2 carries the client signal OTUCx3, the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 2 carries the client signal OTUCx4, the load subarea #1 of the FlexO frame 3 carries the client signal OTUCx5, and the load subarea #2 of the FlexO frame 3 carries the OTUC stuff frame (replacement signal). The rest may be deduced by analogy.

[0061] Step S304: The second transmission device receives the m lanes of FlexO frames sent by the first transmission device.

[0062] Step S305: The second transmission device parses, according to FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information of the received m lanes of FlexO frames, client signals carried in the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0063] Specifically, client signals of FlexO frames sent from FlexO lanes of different FlexO group interface types may have different parsing policies. Therefore, the second transmission device may determine, by using the FlexO type information, a specific parsing policy for parsing the received FlexO frame. Further, when parsing the client signal from the FlexO frame, the second transmission device needs to learn a client-signal-carrying situation of each load subarea, and the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate which client signal is carried in each load subarea of the FlexO frame. Further, after learning a specified client signal carried in each load subarea of the FlexO frame, the second transmission device further needs to learn distribution of a client signal in a load subarea, and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution of each client signal in the payload area.

[0064] According to the method shown in FIG. 3, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0065] The method in the embodiments of the present invention is described in detail above. For ease of better implementing the foregoing solution in the embodiments of the present invention, an apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention is correspondingly provided below.

[0066] Referring to FIG. 14, FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a first transmission device 140 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The first transmission device 140 may include a processor (for example, a main board) 1401, a memory 1402, an OTN line board 1403, a cross-connect board 1404, and an OTN tributary board 1405. A service may be transmitted from a client side to a line side or from a line side to a client side. A service sent or received on the client side is referred to as a client-side service, and a service received or sent on the line side is referred to as a WDM-side service. Service processing procedures in the two directions are reverse to each other.

[0067] The processor 1401 is connected to the memory 1402, the OTN line board 1403, the cross-connect board 1404, and the OTN tributary board 1405 directly or by using a bus, and is configured to control and manage the OTN line board 1403, the cross-connect board 1404, and the OTN tributary board 1405.

[0068] The OTN tributary board 1405 is configured to encapsulate and map a client signal (a service signal). The client signal includes a plurality of service types, such as an Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) service, an Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) service, an Ethernet service, a Common Public Radio Interface, common public radio interface (CPRI) service, and a storage service. Specifically, the tributary board 1405 is configured to: receive a signal from the client side, encapsulate and map the received client signal into an ODU signal, and add corresponding OTN management and monitoring overheads. On the OTN tributary board 1405, the ODU signal may be a lower-order ODU signal, such as an ODU0, ODU1, ODU2, ODU3, or ODUflex signal. The OTN management and monitoring overheads may be ODU overheads. Different types of client signals are encapsulated and mapped into different ODU signals in different manners.

[0069] The cross-connect board 1404 is configured to implement a full cross-connection between the tributary board 1405 and the line board 1403, thereby implementing flexible cross-connect grooming of an ODU signal. Specifically, the cross-connect board 1404 can transmit an ODU signal from any tributary board to any line board, or transmit an OTU signal from any line board to any line board, or transmit a client signal from any tributary board to any tributary board.

[0070] The OTN line board 1403 is configured to: generate an Optical Transport Unit-Cn (OTUCn) signal from an ODU signal, and send the optical channel transport unit signal to the line side. Before the OTU signal is generated from the ODU signal, the OTN line board 1403 may multiplex a plurality of lower-order ODU signals to a higher-order ODU signal. Then, corresponding OTN management and monitoring overheads are added to the higher-order ODU signal to generate the OTU signal and the OTU signal is sent to an optical transport channel on the line side. On the OTN line board 1403, the higher-order ODU signal may be an ODU1, ODU2, ODU3, or ODU4 signal, or the like. The OTN management and monitoring overheads may be OTU overheads.

[0071] The processor 1401 invokes a program in the memory 1402 and is configured to perform the following operations:

mapping n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, where each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers;

configuring FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and

transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s and by using the line board 1403, where the second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.



[0072] By performing the foregoing operations, the first transmission device 140 configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0073] In an optional solution, the processor 1401 is further configured to: when n < ms/t, fill a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0074] In another optional solution, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0075] Specifically, the first transmission device enables client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates to be carried on a same group of FlexO group interfaces, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0076] In still another optional solution, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0077] Specifically, a plurality of load subareas of one lane of FlexO frame can carry client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0078] In yet another optional solution, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0079] In the solution according to the invention, before the transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s and by using the line board 1403, the processor 1401 is further configured to:
configure quantity overhead information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.

[0080] It should be noted that, for specific implementation of the first transmission device 140, reference can be made to the corresponding description in the method embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

[0081] According to the first transmission device 140 shown in FIG. 14, the first transmission device 140 configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0082] FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of another first transmission device 150 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The first transmission device includes a mapping unit 1501, a configuration unit 1502, and a sending unit 1503. Each unit is described in detail below.

[0083] The mapping unit 1501 is configured to map n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, where each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers.

[0084] The configuration unit 1502 is configured to configure FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame.

[0085] The sending unit 1503 is configured to transmit the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s. The second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.

[0086] By running the foregoing units, the first transmission device 150 configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0087] In an optional solution, the mapping unit 1501 is further configured to: when n < ms/t, fill a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0088] In another optional solution, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0089] Specifically, the first transmission device enables client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates to be carried on a same group of FlexO group interfaces, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0090] In still another optional solution, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0091] Specifically, a plurality of load subareas of one lane of FlexO frame can carry client signals of optical channel transport units with a plurality of rates, thereby improving flexibility of carrying a client signal in a FlexO frame.

[0092] In yet another optional solution, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0093] In still yet another optional solution, the configuration unit 1502 is further configured to configure quantity overhead information for each lane of FlexO frame, where the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.

[0094] It should be noted that, for specific implementation of the first transmission device 150, reference can be made to the corresponding description in the method embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

[0095] According to the first transmission device 150 shown in FIG. 15, the first transmission device 150 configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0096] Referring to FIG. 16, FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a second transmission device 160. The second transmission device 160 may include a processor (for example, a main board) 1601, a memory 1602, an OTN line board 1603, a cross-connect board 1604, and an OTN tributary board 1605. A service transmission direction may be from a client side to a line side or from a line side to a client side. A service sent or received on the client side is referred to as a client-side service, and a service received or sent on the line side is referred to as a WDM-side service. Service processing procedures in the two directions are reverse to each other.

[0097] The processor 1601 is connected to the memory 1602, the OTN line board 1603, the cross-connect board 1604, and the OTN tributary board 1605 directly or by using a bus, and is configured to control and manage the OTN line board 1603, the cross-connect board 1604, and the OTN tributary board 1605.

[0098] The OTN tributary board 1605 is configured to encapsulate and map a client signal (a service signal). The client signal includes a plurality of service types, such as an ATM service, an SDH service, an Ethernet service, a CPRI service, and a storage service. Specifically, the tributary board 1605 is configured to: receive a signal from the client side, encapsulate and map the received client signal into an ODU signal, and add corresponding OTN management and monitoring overheads. On the OTN tributary board 1605, the ODU signal may be a lower-order ODU signal, such as an ODU0, ODU1, ODU2, ODU3, or ODUflex signal. The OTN management and monitoring overheads may be ODU overheads. Different types of client signals are encapsulated and mapped into different ODU signals in different manners.

[0099] The cross-connect board 1604 is configured to implement a full cross-connection between the tributary board 1605 and the line board 1603, thereby implementing flexible cross-connect grooming of an ODU signal. Specifically, the cross-connect board 1604 can transmit an ODU signal from any tributary board to any line board, or transmit an OTU signal from any line board to any line board, or transmit a client signal from any tributary board to any tributary board.

[0100] The OTN line board 1603 is configured to: generate an OTUCn signal from an ODU signal, and send the optical channel transport unit signal to the line side. Before the OTU signal is generated from the ODU signal, the OTN line board 1603 may multiplex a plurality of lower-order ODU signals to a higher-order ODU signal. Then, corresponding OTN management and monitoring overheads are added to the higher-order ODU signal to generate the OTU signal and the OTU signal is sent to an optical transport channel on the line side. On the OTN line board 1603, the higher-order ODU signal may be an ODU1, ODU2, ODU3, or ODU4 signal, or the like. The OTN management and monitoring overheads may be OTU overheads.

[0101] The processor 1601 invokes a program in the memory 1602 and is configured to perform the following operations:

receiving, by using the line board 1603, m lanes of FlexO frames sent by a first transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with a transmission rate of s, where each of the m lanes of FlexO frames includes a client signal, FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information, where n client signals with a rate of t are mapped to the m lanes of FlexO frames, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each client signal is mapped to one load subarea; the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates a transmission rate of a FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers; and

parsing, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.



[0102] By performing the foregoing operations, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0103] In an optional solution, when n < ms/t, a replacement signal is filled in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0104] In another optional solution, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0105] In still another optional solution, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0106] In yet another optional solution, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0107] It should be noted that, for specific implementation of the second transmission device 160 shown in FIG. 16, reference can be made to the corresponding implementation of the method embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

[0108] According to the second transmission device 160 shown in FIG. 16, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0109] Referring to FIG. 17, FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of another second transmission device 170. The second transmission device 170 includes a receiving unit 1701 and a parsing unit 1702. The receiving unit 1701 and the parsing unit 1702 are described in detail below:
The receiving unit 1701 is configured to receive m lanes of FlexO frames sent by a first transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with a transmission rate of s, where each of the m lanes of FlexO frames includes a client signal, FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information, where n client signals with a rate of t are mapped to the m lanes of FlexO frames, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each client signal is mapped to one load subarea; the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates a transmission rate of a FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame, where s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers.

[0110] The parsing unit 1702 is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.

[0111] By running the foregoing units, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0112] In an optional solution, when n < ms/t, a replacement signal is filled in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.

[0113] In another optional solution, the n client signals with the rate of t include client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit includes at least one client signal.

[0114] In still another optional solution, s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame includes a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.

[0115] In yet another optional solution, the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.

[0116] It should be noted that, for specific implementation of the second transmission device 170 shown in FIG. 17, reference can be made to the corresponding implementation of the method embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

[0117] According to the second transmission device 170 shown in FIG. 17, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0118] Referring to FIG. 18, FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of a service transmission system 180 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The system 180 includes a first transmission device 1801 and a second transmission device 1802. The first transmission device 1801 is the first transmission device 140 described in FIG. 14 or the first transmission device 150 described in FIG. 15. The second transmission device 1802 is the second transmission device 160 described in FIG. 16 or the second transmission device 170 shown in FIG. 17.

[0119] In conclusion, according to this embodiment of the present invention, the first transmission device configures each of different load subareas of a payload area of a FlexO frame to carry one client signal, and can flexibly configure, according to a requirement, a specific load subarea for carrying a specific client signal, thereby improving service transmission flexibility.

[0120] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or a part of the processes of the methods in the embodiments may be implemented by a computer program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program runs, the processes of the methods in the embodiments are performed. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a ROM, a RAM, a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

[0121] What is disclosed above is merely example embodiments of the present invention, and certainly is not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or some of processes that implement the foregoing embodiments and equivalent modifications made in accordance with the claims of the present invention shall fall within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A service transmission method, comprising:

• mapping, by a first transmission device, n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, wherein each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, wherein s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers (S301);

• configuring, by the first transmission device, FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, wherein the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame (S302); and

• transmitting, by the first transmission device, the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s (S303),

characterized in that

before the transmitting, by the first transmission device, the m lanes of FlexO frames to the second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s, the method further comprises:

configuring, by the first transmission device, quantity overhead information for each lane of the FlexO frame, wherein the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of the FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the method further comprises:
when n < ms/t, filling a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.
 
4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the n client signals with the rate of t comprise client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit comprises at least one client signal.
 
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame comprises a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.
 
6. The method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.
 
7. A first transmission device, wherein the first transmission device comprises a processor, a memory, and a line board, the memory is configured to store a program, and the processor invokes the program in the memory and is configured to perform the following operations:

• mapping n client signals with a rate of t to ms/t load subareas of m lanes of FlexO frames, wherein each client signal is mapped to one load subarea, a payload area of each of the m lanes of FlexO frames is divided into s/t load subareas, and each lane of FlexO frame is transmitted by using a FlexO lane with a transmission rate of s, wherein s, t, m, and s/t are all positive integers (S301);

• configuring FlexO type information, timeslot overhead information, and signal mapping information for each lane of FlexO frame, wherein the FlexO type information is used to indicate a FlexO group interface type, and the FlexO group interface type indicates the transmission rate of the FlexO lane for transmitting each lane of FlexO frame and indicates that the payload area of each lane of FlexO frame is divided into the s/t load subareas; the timeslot overhead information is used to indicate client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame; and the signal mapping information is used to indicate distribution, in each load subarea, of a client signal carried in each of the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame (S302); and

• transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to a second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s and by using the line board (S303),

characterized in that
before transmitting the m lanes of FlexO frames to the second transmission device by using m FlexO lanes with the transmission rate of s, the method further comprises:
configuring quantity overhead information for each lane of the FlexO frame, wherein the quantity overhead information is used to indicate a quantity of load subareas that are in the load subareas of each lane of the FlexO frame and to which client signals are mapped.
 
8. The first transmission device according to claim 7, wherein the second transmission device is configured to parse, according to the FlexO type information, the timeslot overhead information, and the signal mapping information, the client signals carried in the ms/t load subareas.
 
9. The first transmission device according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the processor is further configured to: when n < ms/t, fill a replacement signal in a load subarea that is in the ms/t load subareas and to which no client signal is mapped.
 
10. The first transmission device according to any one of claims 7 to 9, wherein the n client signals with the rate of t comprise client signals in at least two optical channel transport units, and each optical channel transport unit comprises at least one client signal.
 
11. The first transmission device according to claim 10, wherein s/t > 2, each lane of FlexO frame comprises a first load subarea and a second load subarea, and client signals in different optical channel transport units in the at least two optical channel transport units are separately mapped to a first load subarea and a second load subarea of at least one of the m lanes of FlexO frames.
 
12. The first transmission device according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the timeslot overhead information is further used to indicate an optical channel transport unit to which the client signals mapped to the s/t load subareas of each lane of FlexO frame belong.
 


Ansprüche

1. Dienstübertragungsverfahren, umfassend:

• Abbilden, durch eine erste Übertragungseinrichtung, von n Client-Signalen mit einer Rate von t auf ms/t Lastunterbereiche von m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen, wobei jedes Client-Signal auf einen Lastunterbereich abgebildet wird, ein Nutzdatenbereich von jeder der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen in s/t Lastunterbereiche unterteilt ist und jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens unter Verwendung einer FlexO-Bahn mit einer Übertragungsrate von s übertragen wird, wobei s, t, m und s/t sämtlich positive Ganzzahlen sind (S301);

• Einrichten, durch die erste Übertragungseinrichtung, von FlexO-Typinformation, Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information und Signalabbildungsinformation für jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens, wobei die FlexO-Typinformation verwendet wird, um einen FlexO-Gruppenschnittstellentyp anzugeben und der FlexO-Gruppenschnittstellentyp die Übertragungsrate der FlexO-Bahn zum Übertragen jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens angibt und angibt, dass der Nutzdatenbereich jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens in die s/t Lastunterbereiche unterteilt ist; die Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information verwendet wird, um auf die s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens abgebildete Client-Signale anzugeben; und die Signalabbildungsinformation verwendet wird, um die Verteilung eines in jedem der s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens geführten Client-Signals in jedem Lastunterbereich anzugeben (S302); und

• Übertragen, durch die erste Übertragungseinrichtung, der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen zu einer zweiten Übertragungseinrichtung unter Verwendung von m FlexO-Bahnen mit der Übertragungsrate s (S303),

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
das Verfahren vor dem Übertragen der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen durch die erste Übertragungseinrichtung zur zweiten Übertragungseinrichtung unter Verwendung von m FlexO-Bahnen mit der Übertragungsrate s ferner umfasst:
Einrichten von Mengen-Overhead-Information durch die erste Übertragungseinrichtung für jede Bahn des FlexO-Rahmens, wobei die Mengen-Overhead-Information verwendet wird, um eine Menge von Lastunterbereichen anzugeben, die sich in den Lastunterbereichen jeder Bahn des FlexO-Rahmens befinden und auf die Client-Signale abgebildet werden.
 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite Übertragungseinrichtung ausgelegt ist zum Parsen, entsprechend der FlexO-Typinformation, der Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information und der Signalabbildungsinformation auf die in den ms/t Lastunterbereichen geführten Client-Signale.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:
Wenn n < ms/t, Füllen eines Ersatzsignals in einem Lastunterbereich, der sich in den ms/t Lastunterbereichen befindet und auf den kein Client-Signal abgebildet wird.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die n Client-Signale mit der Rate t Client-Signale in mindestens zwei optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten umfassen und jede optische Kanaltransporteinheit mindestens ein Client-Signal umfasst.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei s/t > 2, jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens einen ersten Lastunterbereich und einen zweiten Lastunterbereich umfasst und Client-Signale in unterschiedlichen optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten in den mindestens zwei optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten getrennt auf einen ersten Lastunterbereich und einen zweiten Lastunterbereich von mindestens einer der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen abgebildet werden.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei die Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information ferner verwendet wird, um eine optische Kanaltransporteinheit anzugeben, zu der die auf die s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens abgebildeten Client-Signale gehören.
 
7. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung, wobei die erste Übertragungseinrichtung einen Prozessor, einen Speicher und eine Leitungskarte umfasst, der Speicher zum Speichern eines Programms ausgelegt ist und der Prozessor das Programm in dem Speicher aufruft und dafür ausgelegt ist, die folgenden Operationen durchzuführen:

• Abbilden von n Client-Signalen mit einer Rate von t auf ms/t-Lastunterbereiche von m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen, wobei jedes Client-Signal auf einen Lastunterbereich abgebildet wird, ein Nutzdatenbereich von jeder der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen in s/t Lastunterbereiche unterteilt ist und jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens unter Verwendung einer FlexO-Bahn mit einer Übertragungsrate von s übertragen wird, wobei s, t, m und s/t sämtlich positive Ganzzahlen sind (S301);

• Einrichten von FlexO-Typinformation, Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information und Signalabbildungsinformation für jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens, wobei die FlexO-Typinformation verwendet wird, um einen FlexO-Gruppenschnittstellentyp anzugeben und der FlexO-Gruppenschnittstellentyp die Übertragungsrate der FlexO-Bahn zum Übertragen jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens angibt und angibt, dass der Nutzdatenbereich jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens in die s/t Lastunterbereiche unterteilt ist; die Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information verwendet wird, um auf die s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens abgebildete Client-Signale anzugeben; und die Signalabbildungsinformation verwendet wird, um die Verteilung eines in jedem der s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens geführten Client-Signals in jedem Lastunterbereich anzugeben (S302); und

• Übertragen der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen zu einer zweiten Übertragungseinrichtung unter Verwendung von m FlexO-Bahnen mit der Übertragungsrate s und unter Verwendung der Leitungskarte (S303),

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
das Verfahren vor dem Übertragen der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen zur zweiten Übertragungseinrichtung unter Verwendung von m FlexO-Bahnen mit der Übertragungsrate s ferner umfasst:
Einrichten von Mengen-Overhead-Information für jede Bahn des FlexO-Rahmens, wobei die Mengen-Overhead-Information verwendet wird, um eine Menge von Lastunterbereichen anzugeben, die sich in den Lastunterbereichen jeder Bahn des FlexO-Rahmens befinden und auf die Client-Signale abgebildet werden.
 
8. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die zweite Übertragungseinrichtung ausgelegt ist zum Parsen, entsprechend der FlexO-Typinformation, der Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information und der Signalabbildungsinformation auf die in den ms/t Lastunterbereichen geführten Client-Signale.
 
9. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei der Prozessor ferner dafür ausgelegt ist: wenn n < ms/t, ein Ersatzsignal in einem Lastunterbereich, der sich in den ms/t Lastunterbereichen befindet und auf den kein Client-Signal abgebildet wird, zu füllen.
 
10. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, wobei die n Client-Signale mit der Rate t Client-Signale in mindestens zwei optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten umfassen und jede optische Kanaltransporteinheit mindestens ein Client-Signal umfasst.
 
11. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei s/t > 2, jede Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens einen ersten Lastunterbereich und einen zweiten Lastunterbereich umfasst und Client-Signale in unterschiedlichen optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten in den mindestens zwei optischen Kanaltransporteinheiten getrennt auf einen ersten Lastunterbereich und einen zweiten Lastunterbereich von mindestens einer der m Bahnen von FlexO-Rahmen abgebildet werden.
 
12. Erste Übertragungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei die Zeitschlitz-Overhead-Information ferner verwendet wird, um eine optische Kanaltransporteinheit anzugeben, zu der die auf die s/t Lastunterbereiche jeder Bahn eines FlexO-Rahmens abgebildeten Client-Signale gehören.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de transmission de service, comprenant :

• le mappage, par un premier dispositif de transmission, de n signaux clients avec une vitesse de t à ms/t sous-zones de charge de m couloirs de trames FlexO, dans lequel chaque signal client est mappé à une sous-zone de charge, une zone de charge utile de chacun des m couloirs de trames FlexO est divisée en s/t sous-zones de charge, et chaque couloir de trame FlexO est transmis en utilisant un couloir FlexO avec une vitesse de transmission de s, dans lequel s, t, m, et s/t sont tous des nombres entiers positifs (S301) ;

• la configuration, par le premier dispositif de transmission, d'une information de type FlexO, d'une information de surdébit de créneau temporel, et d'une information de mappage de signal pour chaque couloir de trame FlexO, dans lequel l'information de type FlexO est utilisée pour indiquer un type d'interface de groupe FlexO, et le type d'interface de groupe FlexO indique la vitesse de transmission du couloir FlexO pour transmettre chaque couloir de trame FlexO et indique que la zone de charge utile de chaque couloir de trame FlexO est divisée en les s/t sous-zones de charge ; l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel est utilisée pour indiquer des signaux clients mappés aux s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO ; et l'information de mappage de signal est utilisée pour indiquer une distribution, dans chaque sous-zone de charge, d'un signal client acheminé dans chacune des s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO (S302) ; et

• la transmission, par le premier dispositif de transmission, des m couloirs de trames FlexO à un second dispositif de transmission en utilisant m couloirs FlexO avec la vitesse de transmission de s (S303),

caractérisé en ce que
avant la transmission, par le premier dispositif de transmission, des m couloirs de trames FlexO au second dispositif de transmission en utilisant m couloirs FlexO avec la vitesse de transmission de s, le procédé comprend en outre :
la configuration, par le premier dispositif de transmission, d'une information de surdébit de quantité pour chaque couloir de la trame FlexO, dans lequel l'information de surdébit de quantité est utilisée pour indiquer une quantité de sous-zones de charge qui sont dans les sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de la trame FlexO et auxquelles des signaux clients sont mappés.
 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le second dispositif de transmission est configuré pour analyser syntaxiquement, selon l'information de type FlexO, l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel, et l'information de mappage de signal, les signaux clients acheminés dans les ms/t sous-zones de charge.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :
lorsque n < ms/t, le remplissage d'un signal de remplacement dans une sous-zone de charge qui est dans les ms/t sous-zones de charge et à laquelle aucun signal client n'est mappé.
 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel les n signaux clients avec la vitesse de t comprennent des signaux clients dans au moins deux unités de transport de canal optique, et chaque unité de transport de canal optique comprend au moins un signal client.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel s/t > 2, chaque couloir de trame FlexO comprend une première sous-zone de charge et une seconde sous-zone de charge, et des signaux clients dans des unités de transport de canal optique différentes dans les au moins deux unités de transport de canal optique sont mappés séparément à une première sous-zone de charge et une seconde sous-zone de charge d'au moins l'un des m couloirs de trames FlexO.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel est en outre utilisée pour indiquer une unité de transport de canal optique à laquelle appartiennent les signaux clients mappés aux s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO.
 
7. Premier dispositif de transmission, dans lequel le premier dispositif de transmission comprend un processeur, une mémoire, et une carte de ligne, la mémoire est configurée pour stocker un programme, et le processeur invoque le programme dans la mémoire et est configuré pour réaliser les opérations suivantes :

• le mappage de n signaux clients avec une vitesse de t à ms/t sous-zones de charge de m couloirs de trames FlexO, dans lequel chaque signal client est mappé à une sous-zone de charge, une zone de charge utile de chacun des m couloirs de trames FlexO est divisée en s/t sous-zones de charge, et chaque couloir de trame FlexO est transmis en utilisant un couloir FlexO avec une vitesse de transmission de s, dans lequel s, t, m et s/t sont tous des nombres entiers positifs (S301) ;

• la configuration d'une information de type FlexO, d'une information de surdébit de créneau temporel, et d'une information de mappage de signal pour chaque couloir de trame FlexO, dans lequel l'information de type FlexO est utilisée pour indiquer un type d'interface de groupe FlexO, et le type d'interface de groupe FlexO indique la vitesse de transmission du couloir FlexO pour transmettre chaque couloir de trame FlexO et indique que la zone de charge utile de chaque couloir de trame FlexO est divisée en les s/t sous-zones de charge ; l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel est utilisée pour indiquer des signaux clients mappés aux s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO ; et l'information de mappage de signal est utilisée pour indiquer une distribution, dans chaque sous-zone de charge, d'un signal client acheminé dans chacune des s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO (S302) ; et

• la transmission des m couloirs de trames FlexO à un second dispositif de transmission en utilisant m couloirs FlexO avec la vitesse de transmission de s et en utilisant la carte de ligne (S303),

caractérisé en ce que
avant la transmission des m couloirs de trames FlexO au second dispositif de transmission en utilisant m couloirs FlexO avec la vitesse de transmission de s, le procédé comprend en outre :
la configuration d'une information de surdébit de quantité pour chaque couloir de la trame FlexO, dans lequel l'information de surdébit de quantité est utilisée pour indiquer une quantité de sous-zones de charge qui sont dans les sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de la trame FlexO et auxquelles des signaux clients sont mappés.
 
8. Premier dispositif de transmission selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le second dispositif de transmission est configuré pour analyser syntaxiquement, selon l'information de type FlexO, l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel, et l'information de mappage de signal, les signaux clients acheminés dans les ms/t sous-zones de charge.
 
9. Premier dispositif de transmission selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel le processeur est en outre configuré pour : lorsque n < ms/t, remplir un signal de remplacement dans une sous-zone de charge qui est dans les ms/t sous-zones de charge et à laquelle aucun signal client n'est mappé.
 
10. Premier dispositif de transmission selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, dans lequel les n signaux clients avec la vitesse de t comprennent des signaux clients dans au moins deux unités de transport de canal optique, et chaque unité de transport de canal optique comprend au moins un signal client.
 
11. Premier dispositif de transmission selon la revendication 10, dans lequel s/t > 2, chaque couloir de trame FlexO comprend une première sous-zone de charge et une seconde sous-zone de charge, et des signaux clients dans des unités de transport de canal optique différentes dans les au moins deux unités de transport de canal optique sont mappés séparément à une première sous-zone de charge et une seconde sous-zone de charge d'au moins l'un des m couloirs de trames FlexO.
 
12. Premier dispositif de transmission selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel l'information de surdébit de créneau temporel est en outre utilisée pour indiquer une unité de transport de canal optique à laquelle appartiennent les signaux clients mappés aux s/t sous-zones de charge de chaque couloir de trame FlexO.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description