(19)
(11)EP 3 458 636 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 17735623.5

(22)Date of filing:  15.05.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
D06B 3/04  (2006.01)
D06B 17/00  (2006.01)
D06C 7/04  (2006.01)
D06B 3/18  (2006.01)
D06B 19/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2017/052845
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/199154 (23.11.2017 Gazette  2017/47)

(54)

CONTINUOUS DYEING PLANT FOR WARP THREADS COMPRISING AN OXIDATION APPARATUS HAVING VARIABLE AND RECOVERABLE CAPACITY

ANLAGE ZUR KONTINUIERLICHEN FÄRBEN VON KETTFÄDEN MIT EINER OXIDATIONSVORRICHTUNG MIT VARIABLER UND WIEDERHERSTELLBARER KAPAZITÄT

INSTALLATION DE TEINTURE EN CONTINU POUR FILS DE CHAÎNE COMPRENANT UN APPAREIL D'OXYDATION À CAPACITÉ VARIABLE ET RÉCUPÉRABLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.05.2016 IT UA20163460

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/13

(73)Proprietor: KARL MAYER R&D GmbH
63179 Obertshausen (DE)

(72)Inventor:
  • RONCHI, Francesco
    20845 Sovico (MB) (IT)

(74)Representative: Frasson, Luca et al
Barzanò & Zanardo Milano S.p.A. Via Borgonuovo, 10
20121 Milano
20121 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 103 938 387
DE-A1- 4 342 313
US-B1- 6 355 073
CN-A- 105 463 730
JP-B2- 3 706 689
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention refers in general to a dyeing plant of threads and, in particular, to an oxidation apparatus applicable to continuous dyeing plants, in plane and with indigo dye, of warp threads for denim fabrics. The oxidation apparatus is configured to oxidise the threads passed through the dyeing plant after each single dyeing and with variable and recoverable capacity.

    [0002] Denim is the most produced fabric in the world, since it is used to make jeans. As known, indeed, jeans are trousers of practically universal use and availability.

    [0003] Denim is produced by weaving a chain of warp threads, already dyed with indigo, with an unbleached weft thread. Both the threads are made of cotton. The warp chains are dyed, continuously, with indigo. Indigo is a dye having very special characteristics, which requires a special method of application. This dye, having relatively small molecules, has very little affinity with cellulose fibre, such as cotton, and for the application thereof it needs not only to be reduced in alkaline solution, but also to be subjected to a plurality of impregnations separated by dehydration and subsequent oxidation with air. In practice, a medium or dark colour tone is obtained only by subjecting the thread to a first dye in a suitable tank, immediately followed by many overdyes in successive tanks.

    [0004] The plants that carry out this particular dyeing should be built respecting certain base parameters, relative to the immersion and oxidation times of the thread. This is to allow the thread to have optimal absorption of the dyeing bath and, after squeezing, a complete oxidation before entering the next tank, so as to be able to "rise", i.e. darken its colour tone. In practice, however, every manufacturer of dyeing plants applies different parameters from its competitors and therefore these parameters are highly variable. Moreover, very often users require specific parameters to adapt the obtainable results to their particular requirements.

    [0005] In a generic dyeing plant the number of dyeing tanks varies from 6 to 8, the immersion time of the thread in the dyeing bath varies from about 8 seconds to about 20 seconds, whereas the time for the oxidation of the thread itself, after squeezing, varies from about 60 seconds to about 80 seconds. This means that the thread must remain exposed to air for about 60-80 seconds before being reimmersed in the next dyeing tank. This time of exposure to air is repeated for all of the tanks of the dyeing plant.

    [0006] The average dyeing speed can be considered variable from 25 to 40 metres per minute. Consequently, for every dyeing tank, the amount of thread immersed in the respective dyeing bath is on average equal to about 4-11 metres, whereas the amount of thread exposed to air between one dyeing tank and the next ranges from about 30 to 40 metres.

    [0007] Thus, taking a standard plant with eight dyeing tanks as an example, the thread passed through just the dyeing tanks and the relative groups of oxidation cylinders can reach a substantial length. The maximum length of the thread, in this case, is equal to 408 metres based on the following formula: [(11 metres x 8 tanks = 88 metres) + (40 metres x 8 oxidation apparatuses = 320 metres)]. This amount of thread, with the addition of smaller amounts due to the passing of the other parts of the dyeing plant (pre-treatment and final washing tanks of the thread, sizer to which the dyeing plant is connected, etc.), in reality reaches a total of about 500/600 metres, which contributes to making the plant itself more difficult to control.

    [0008] A big drawback encountered in conventional dyeing plants is caused by the large amount of thread that is lost at each change of batch. In this operating condition, indeed, the entire aforementioned amount of thread, which constitutes the tail end of the batch of thread, the dyeing of which is finished and which remains in the plant after it has stopped, must be considered lost, since it is not evenly dyed. Similarly, the same amount of thread that constitutes the start of the new bath and that, connected to the tail end thread, replaces it in passing the dyeing plant (carried out at low speed for technical and safety requirements), is also not evenly dyed and must thus be eliminated.

    [0009] It should be specified that a reduction of the aforementioned amount of thread is already possible in very few plants that have the new dyeing technology in an inert environment, which allows the reduction of the number of dyeing tanks. This dyeing technology in an inert environment is described in documents EP 1771617 B1 and EP 1971713 B1 to the same Applicant. A reduction of the aforementioned amount of thread is also possible in the few plants that have oxidation intensifiers, like for example the one described in document EP 0533286 B1 again to the same Applicant.

    [0010] However, industrial history tells of the difficulties and reluctance following the introduction of new technologies. Dyeing plants under nitrogen, therefore, by conformity, uniformity of production, technological inertia, particular market conditions, fashion, etc., have also only been manufactured in a few units.

    [0011] Oxidation intensifiers, on the other hand, have had much greater success, but the number of dyeing plants that are equipped with them represents a negligible part of all operating dyeing plants and also newly produced ones, which mostly still adopt the classic groups of air cylinders as oxidation apparatuses. Oxidation intensifiers have allowed a reduction, not significant but partial, of the amount of thread exposed to air. This reduction of the amount of thread exposed to air is in any case obtained with the application of mechanical apparatuses that require not only a certain economic investment, but also a continuous energy cost and constant cleaning operations of the filters, as well as the necessary maintenance.

    [0012] Further prior art documents include document US 6355073 B1, which however does not illustrate an oxidation apparatus with variable and recoverable capacity, but rather a module for continuously dyeing warp chains with indigo and other dyes, commercially called "Reactor". Document JP 3706689 B2 illustrates a device for the continuous application of a product on bands of fabric or threads. In practice, a pump feeds the product to a collector, which deposits such a product on a deflector which, in an alternate manner, transfers such a product on the bands. Document DE 4342313 A1 illustrates an indigo dyeing module in an inert environment. Document CN 103938387 A finally concerns a conventional continuous indigo dyeing machine, in cords, with a vaporizer placed at the exit of the dyeing section.

    [0013] CN 105463730 A discloses a continuous dyeing plant with the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0014] In light of the above, there is clearly a need to be able to drastically reduce the amount of thread exposed to air in oxidation apparatuses, which is the cause of the relative deterioration both during the end of batch operations, i.e. before the stopping of the dyeing plant necessary for the introduction of the new batch of thread, and during the starting operations of the new batch of thread, i.e. when the plant is started up at low speed. This possibility, in the above operations, would lead to a substantial economic saving, prudently quantifiable in the recovery of at least 400/500 metres of warp chain, and moreover it would also give a worthwhile contribution to environmental protection and sustainability.

    [0015] The purpose of the present invention is therefore to make a dyeing plant of threads, in particular an oxidation apparatus applicable to continuous indigo dyeing plants, which is capable of overcoming the aforementioned drawbacks of the prior art in an extremely simple, cost-effective and particularly rational and functional manner.

    [0016] In detail, a purpose of the present invention is to make an oxidation apparatus for continuous indigo dyeing plants that makes it possible to drastically reduce, both at the end of each batch of thread, i.e. before the stopping of the plant for the introduction of the new batch of thread, and at the start of a new batch of thread, the amount of thread exposed to oxidation in air.

    [0017] In this way there would be the advantage, secondary but not of little importance, of having the possibility, without having to change the pass as standard oxidation apparatuses require, of varying the amount of thread chain exposed to air by oxidation, bringing it to the minimum necessary according to the requirements of the dyeing process, the count of the thread, the work speed, etc., to facilitate the control of the plant. A further advantage consists of the possibility of using the oxidation apparatus, suitably complete with the necessary actuator devices, to carry out the adjustment function of the synchrony between one dyeing group and the next, replacing the classic dandy roll, to keep the tension of the thread constant.

    [0018] This and other purposes according to the present invention are accomplished by making a dyeing plant of threads, in particular an oxidation apparatus applicable to continuous indigo dyeing plants, as outlined in claim 1.

    [0019] Further characteristics of the invention are highlighted by the dependent claims, which are an integral part of the present description.

    [0020] The characteristics and advantages of an oxidation apparatus for continuous indigo dyeing plants according to the present invention will become clearer from the following description, given as an example and not for limiting purposes, referring to the attached schematic drawings, in which:

    figure 1 is a side elevational view of a generic continuous indigo dyeing plant, provided with a plurality of dyeing/squeezing groups, on which it is possible to mount an oxidation apparatus having variable and recoverable capacity according to the present invention;

    figure 2 is a schematic view of a part of a generic dyeing plant, provided with three dyeing/squeezing groups, between which an oxidation apparatus having fixed capacity according to the prior art is arranged;

    figure 3 is a schematic view of a part of a generic dyeing plant, provided with three dyeing/squeezing groups, between which an oxidation apparatus having variable and recoverable capacity according to the present invention is arranged, shown in the position of maximum capacity;

    figure 4 is a schematic view of a part of a generic dyeing plant, provided with three dyeing/squeezing groups, between which an oxidation apparatus having variable and recoverable capacity according to the present invention is arranged, shown in the position of minimum capacity;

    figure 5 is a perspective view of a particular embodiment of the oxidation apparatus having variable and recoverable capacity according to the present invention, shown in the position of maximum capacity; and

    figure 6 is a perspective view of the oxidation apparatus having variable and recoverable capacity of figure 5, shown in the position of minimum capacity.



    [0021] With reference in particular to figure 1, a generic continuous dyeing plant for threads is shown, wholly indicated with reference numeral 10. In particular, the plant 10 is a plant configured to operate according to the open width dyeing system.

    [0022] The plant 10 comprises a plurality of dyeing/squeezing groups 12 arranged in line, each of which is provided with a respective impregnation or dyeing tank 14A, 14B, 14C in which a warp thread 100, which advances from left to right with reference to the representation of the plant of figure 1, is immersed in a dyeing bath containing a dyeing substance. The dyeing bath can, for example, consist of an alkaline solution of indigo dye.

    [0023] As shown in figures 2-4, the warp thread 100 arrives in each tank 14A, 14B, 14C passing over a respective guide roller 16 and then immerses in the tank 14A, 14B, 14C itself winding onto a plurality of return rollers 18. At the exit of each tank 14A, 14B, 14C the warp thread 100 undergoes a squeezing passing between a pair of squeezing cylinders 40 that constitute the so-called squeezing padder.

    [0024] The oxidation of the warp thread 100 is carried out in the area of the dyeing plant 10 arranged between the pair of squeezing cylinders 40 at the exit of a first tank 14A and the guide roller 16 associated with the next tank 14B. The oxidation of the warp thread 100 is thus carried out by a suitable oxidation apparatus 20 that comprises a plurality of return rollers 22A, 22B configured to arrange the warp thread 100, which is in continuous movement, on a plurality of vertical planes parallel to one another (see figures 2-4), so as to increase the surface thereof exposed to air.

    [0025] Conventional oxidation apparatuses 20, for example like the one shown in figure 2, consist of a support frame 24 on which the return rollers 22A, 22B are rotatably mounted. The support frame 24 is normally placed downstream of the dyeing/squeezing groups 12 and consists of a laterally, downwardly and upwardly open structure to allow the oxidation of the dyeing substance by means of the contact of the dyed warp thread 100 with the maximum possible amount of air. The support frame 24 thus comprises at least one upper strut 26 and at least one lower strut 28 on which a plurality of upper return rollers 22A and a plurality of lower return rollers 22B are respectively mounted. The distance between the upper strut 26 and the lower strut 28 and, therefore, between the upper return rollers 22A and the lower return rollers 22B is fixed. Consequently, the conventional oxidation apparatus 20 has a fixed capacity or, in other words, the amount of thread 100 exposed to air between two contiguous tanks 14A, 14B, 14C is constant.

    [0026] The oxidation apparatus 20 according to the present invention, schematically illustrated in figures 3 and 4, also comprises a support frame 24 placed downstream of the dyeing/squeezing groups 12 and consisting of a laterally, downwardly and upwardly open structure to allow the oxidation of the dyeing substance by means of the contact of the dyed warp thread 100 with the maximum possible amount of air. The support frame 24 again consists of at least one upper strut 26 and at least one lower strut 28. On the upper strut 26 a plurality of upper return rollers 22A are mounted, whereas at least one part of the lower return rollers 22B is rotatably mounted on at least one respective movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C. In detail, each support device 30A, 30B, 30C is movable in the vertical direction between a first operating position (figure 3), in which such a movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C is arranged close to the lower strut 28 of the support frame 24 to keep the lower return rollers 22B at a maximum predefined distance from the corresponding upper return rollers 22A, and a second operating position (figure 4), in which such a movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C is arranged close to the upper strut 26 of the support frame 24 to keep the lower return rollers 22B at a minimum predefined distance from the corresponding upper return rollers 22A.

    [0027] In other words, the oxidation apparatus 20 according to the present invention is provided with a plurality of movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C that operate from movable platforms for at least one part of the lower return rollers 22B. Each movable platform 30A, 30B, 30C, suitably guided and tensioned, can rise and fall inside the support frame 24 of the oxidation apparatus 20, thus making it possible to vary the capacity of use of the oxidation apparatus 20 itself and drastically reduce, in the change of batch step of the warp thread 100 (stopping/restarting of the dyeing plant 10), the amount of thread 100 contained in the dyeing plant 10 to avoided discarding it.

    [0028] With reference to the particular embodiment of figures 5 and 6, each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C of the oxidation apparatus 20 according to the present invention can be moved vertically along a plurality of linear guide uprights 32, integral at the bottom to a pair of lower struts 28, parallel to one another, of the support frame 24 and integral at the top to a pair of upper struts 26, parallel to one another and to the lower struts 28, of such a support frame 24. In other words, the upper struts 26 and the lower struts 28 of the support frame 24, together with the linear guide uprights 32 of each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C, constitute the perimeter of a parallelepiped-shaped cage that supports the upper return rollers 22A and the lower return rollers 22B.

    [0029] Each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C of the oxidation apparatus 20 can also be provided with upper struts 26 separate from the corresponding upper struts 26 of the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C contiguous to it, so as to make the entire oxidation apparatus 20 modular. In other words, the linear guide uprights 32 of each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C can be made integral to the lower struts 28 by means of reversible fixing means 46, like for example bolts.

    [0030] Each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C of the oxidation apparatus 20 can be provided with at least one movement means 34, operatively associated with the support frame 24 of the oxidation apparatus 20 and with the electronic control unit 50 of the dyeing plant 10. Alternatively, a single movement means 34 or a plurality of movement means 34 can be provided, operatively associated on one side with the support frame 24 of the oxidation apparatus 20 and on the other side, by means of corresponding movement transmission means (not shown but consisting for example of belts, chains or transmission shafts), with a plurality of movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C that are separate from one another.

    [0031] Each movement means 34 can without distinction be of the pneumatic, hydraulic, electric or mechanical type, or it can consist of a combination of such systems. In the embodiment shown in figures 5 and 6, the movement means 34 is of the pneumatic type and consists of a pneumatic actuator cylinder 36, integral to a fixed portion of the support frame 24, the stem 38 of which is integral to a respective movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C by means of the interposition of a guide rod 42.

    [0032] The oxidation apparatus 20 according to the present invention makes it possible to vary the amount of thread 100 exposed to air for oxidation with a process that has the following steps. During the indigo dyeing process, all of the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C of the dyeing plant 10 are normally placed at the bottom, in other words in their first operating position of figure 3, on the respective support frame 24. The warp thread 100, in a per se known way, is tensioned according to requirements by weights, by one or more pneumatic pistons or other. In this first operating position of the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C there is the maximum amount of thread 100 exposed to air for oxidation.

    [0033] By means of a position transducer 48 it is also possible to place one or more movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C at a predefined intermediate height between the lower struts 28 and the upper struts 26 of the support frame 24. This intermediate height can be set and/or modified automatically and/or manually to increase or reduce the amount of thread 100 passed through the dyeing plant 10, adapting it to possible production requirements.

    [0034] At the end of each batch of thread intended for dyeing, the warp thread 100 that feeds the dyeing plant 10 is practically all passed through, with the exception of the few metres of reserve that are necessary to tie it to that of the new batch of thread. In this operating condition all of the traction motors of the warp thread 100 from the driving calandar up to the squeezing cylinders 40 of the first dyeing tank 14A stop, leaving in operation all of the remaining motors of the part of dyeing plant 10 placed downstream of such a first dyeing tank 14A.

    [0035] The stopping of all of the traction motors of the warp thread 100 that are placed upstream of the first dyeing tank 14A, as well as of the traction motors of the warp thread 100 that belong to the first dyeing tank 14A itself, forces the dyeing plant 10 to be fed with the warp thread 100 passed through the portion of oxidation apparatus 20 placed immediately downstream of the first dyeing tank 14A. Consequently, the first movable support device 30A arranged between the first dyeing tank 14A and the second dyeing tank 14B is lifted proportionally to the decrease in the amount of thread 100 passed through the aforementioned portion of oxidation apparatus 20 placed immediately downstream of the first dyeing tank 14A.

    [0036] The lifting of the first movable support device 30A continues until the respective second operating position of figure 4 is reached, in other words until the maximum limit of the upper end-stroke with reference to the upper struts 26 of the support frame 24 is reached. The electronic control unit 50 of the dyeing plant 10 is operatively connected to at least one sensor 52 provided on each movable support device 30A, 30B, 30C. Consequently, once it has been identified through the sensor 52 that the maximum limit of the upper end-stroke has been reached by the first movable support device 30A, the electronic control unit 50 stops the actuation motors of the squeezing cylinders 40 of the second dyeing tank 14B.

    [0037] The operations described above will be repeated for the second movable support device 30B arranged between the second dyeing tank 14B and the third dyeing tank 14C as well as, in an identical and sequential manner, for all of the next dyeing tanks. The emptying of the end portion of the oxidation apparatus 20, in other words of the last movable support device, will stop all of the remaining motors of the dyeing plant 10 still operating, i.e. those of the washing tanks 44 placed downstream of all of the dyeing/squeezing groups 12.

    [0038] It has thus been seen that the oxidation apparatus 20 applicable to the continuous indigo dyeing plants according to the present invention achieves the purposes highlighted earlier. The clear advantage of being able to recover two times, and thus of being able to use, conservatively, at least 80% of the amount of thread 100 passed through the oxidation apparatus 20, which in dyeing plants equipped with conventional oxidation apparatuses is discarded, is added to with the advantage of a substantial reduction of the time necessary for the change of batch operation.

    [0039] The fact that the amount of thread 100 contained in the dyeing section is reduced to the minimum, by positioning the movable platforms that constitute the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C of the return rollers 22A, 22B of the oxidation apparatus 20 at the maximum upper limit, drastically reduces the time needed for passing the joining knots of the two batches of thread 100 and of the combs that adjust the width thereof, during the change of batch operations, which must be carried out at reduced speed for technical and safety reasons.

    [0040] Moreover, the same advantages described above and referring to the end of dyeing operations are also obtained in the subsequent starting operations of the new batch of thread 100. These operations are carried out in the opposite direction, i.e. introducing into the dyeing plant 10, at low speed, the new batch of thread 100 with all of the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C passed through with the minimum amount of thread 100, in other words in the second operating position of figure 4. Thereafter, the total capacity of the oxidation apparatus 20 is restored by moving the movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C downwards in sequence, starting from that of the first dyeing tank 14A up to that of the last dyeing tank, to then proceed with the dyeing operations of the thread 100 in a conventional manner. In this case, the electronic control unit of the dyeing plant 10 is configured to identify that the maximum limit of the lower end-stroke (with reference to the lower struts 28 of the support frame 24) has been reached by the various movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C, so as to start in sequence the actuation motors of the dyeing/squeezing groups 12.

    [0041] The oxidation apparatus 20 having variable and recoverable capacity according to the present invention can be inserted in any conventional indigo dyeing plant. In the same dyeing plant 10, a variable number of movable support devices 30A, 30B, 30C can also be provided according to requirements.

    [0042] The oxidation apparatus applicable to the continuous indigo dyeing plants of the present invention thus conceived can in any case undergo numerous modifications and variants, all of which are covered by the same inventive concept; moreover, all of the details can be replaced by technically equivalent elements. In practice, the materials used, as well as the shapes and sizes, can be whatever according to the technical requirements.

    [0043] The scope of protection of the invention is therefore defined by the attached claims.


    Claims

    1. Continuous dyeing plant (10) with a dyeing substance for a warp thread (100), the dyeing plant (10) comprising:

    - a plurality of dyeing/squeezing groups (12) arranged in line, each of said dyeing/squeezing groups (12) being provided with a respective impregnation or dyeing tank (14A, 14B, 14C) into which the warp thread (100) is immersed;

    an oxidation apparatus (20) that comprises a plurality of upper and lower return rollers (22A, 22B), which are configured to place the warp thread (100) onto a plurality of vertical planes parallel to each other, and a support frame (24) placed downstream of said plurality of dyeing/squeezing groups (12), said support frame (24) consisting of at least an upper strut (26) and of at least a lower strut (28) forming a laterally, downwardly and upwardly open structure to allow the oxidation of the dyeing substance by means of the contact of the dyed warp thread (100) with the maximum possible amount of air, a plurality of upper return rollers (22A) being mounted on said at least one upper strut (26);
    the dyeing plant (10) being characterised in that at least one part of the lower return rollers (22B) is rotatably mounted on at least one respective support device (30A, 30B, 30C) that is movable in a vertical direction between a first operating position, wherein said movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is placed at said at least one lower strut (28) in order to keep the lower return rollers (22B) at a maximum predefined distance from the corresponding upper return rollers (22A), and a second operating position, wherein said movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is placed at said at least one upper strut (26) in order to keep the lower return rollers (22B) at a minimum predefined distance from the corresponding upper return rollers (22A) .
     
    2. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 1, characterised in that each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is vertically moved along a plurality of linear guide uprights (32), said linear guide uprights (32) being integral at the bottom to a pair of lower struts (28), parallel to one another, and integral at the top to a pair of upper struts (26), parallel to one another and to said lower struts (28), wherein said upper struts (26) and said lower struts (28), together with said linear guide uprights (32) of each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C), constitute the perimeter of a parallelepiped-shaped cage that supports the upper return rollers (22A) and the lower return rollers (22B).
     
    3. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is provided with upper struts (26) separated from the corresponding upper struts (26) of the movable support devices (30A, 30B, 30C) that are contiguous thereto.
     
    4. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 3, characterised in that the linear guide uprights (32) of each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) are made integral to the lower struts (28) by means of reversible fixing means (46).
     
    5. Dyeing plant (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is provided with at least one movement means (34) that is operatively associated with the support frame (24) and with an electronic control unit (50) of the dyeing plant (10).
     
    6. Dyeing plant (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that it comprises one or more movement means (34) operatively associated on one side, with the support frame (24) and, on the other side, by means of corresponding movement transmission means, with a plurality of movable support devices (30A, 30B, 30C) that are separated from each other.
     
    7. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 5 or 6, characterised in that each movement means (34) is selected from the group consisting of:

    - movement means of the pneumatic type;

    - movement means of the hydraulic type;

    - movement means of the electric type; and

    - movement means of the mechanical type.


     
    8. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 5 or 6, characterised in that each movement means (34) is of the pneumatic type and consists of a pneumatic actuator cylinder (36), which is integral with a fixed portion of the support frame (24), the stem (38) of which is integral with a respective movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C).
     
    9. Dyeing plant (10) according to claim 8, characterised in that each stem (38) is integral with a respective movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) by means of the interposition of a guide rod (42).
     
    10. Dyeing plant (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is placed downstream of a first impregnation or dyeing tank (14A) and upstream of the following impregnation or dyeing tank (14B).
     
    11. Dyeing plant (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it comprises a position transducer (48) configured to place one or more movable support devices (30A, 30B, 30C) at a predefined intermediate height between said least one lower strut (28) and said at least one upper strut (26) of the support frame (24).
     
    12. Dyeing plant (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C) is provided with at least one sensor (52) operatively connected to an electronic control unit (50) of the dyeing plant (10), said at least one sensor (52) being configured to identify the achievement of the maximum limit of the upper and/or lower end stroke, with reference to the upper struts (26) and to the lower struts (28) of the support frame (24) respectively, by each movable support device (30A, 30B, 30C).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kontinuierliche Färbeanlage (10) mit einer Färbesubstanz für einen Kettfaden (100), wobei die Färbeanlage (10) Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine Vielzahl von Färbe-/Abquetschgruppen (12), die in Reihe angeordnet sind, wobei jede der Färbe-/Abquetschgruppen (12) mit einem jeweiligen Imprägnier- oder Färbetank (14A, 14B, 14C) versehen ist, in den der Kettfaden (100) eingetaucht ist;

    eine Oxidationsvorrichtung (20), die eine Vielzahl von oberen und unteren Umlenkwalzen (22A, 22B), die so ausgebildet sind, dass sie den Kettfaden (100) auf eine Vielzahl von vertikalen Ebenen parallel zueinander legen, und einen Tragrahmen (24) umfasst, der der Vielzahl von Färbe-/Abquetschgruppen (12) nachgeschaltet ist, wobei der Tragrahmen (24) aus mindestens einer oberen Strebe (26) und mindestens einer unteren Strebe (28) besteht, die eine seitlich, nach unten und nach oben offene Struktur bilden, um die Oxidation der Färbesubstanz durch den Kontakt des gefärbten Kettfadens (100) mit der größtmöglichen Luftmenge zu ermöglichen, wobei eine Vielzahl von oberen Umlenkrollen (22A) auf der mindestens einen oberen Strebe (26) montiert ist;
    wobei die Färbeanlage (10) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass mindestens ein Teil der unteren Umlenkrollen (22B) drehbar auf mindestens einer jeweiligen Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) montiert ist, die in vertikaler Richtung zwischen einer ersten Betriebsposition, wobei die bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) an der mindestens einen unteren Strebe (28) angeordnet ist, um die unteren Umlenkrollen (22B) in einem maximalen vordefinierten Abstand von den entsprechenden oberen Umlenkrollen (22A) zu halten, und einer zweiten Betriebsposition, wobei die bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) an der mindestens einen oberen Strebe (26) angeordnet ist, um die unteren Umlenkrollen (22B) in einem minimalen vordefinierten Abstand von den entsprechenden oberen Umlenkrollen (22A) zu halten, beweglich ist.
     
    2. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) vertikal entlang einer Vielzahl von linearen Führungspfosten (32) bewegt wird, wobei die linearen Führungspfosten (32) einstückig an der Unterseite mit einem Paar von unteren Streben (28), parallel zueinander, und einstückig an der Oberseite mit einem Paar von oberen Streben (26), parallel zueinander und zu den unteren Streben (28), sind, wobei die oberen Streben (26) und die unteren Streben (28) zusammen mit den linearen Führungspfosten (32) jeder beweglichen Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) den Umfang eines quaderförmigen Käfigs bilden, der die oberen Umlenkrollen (22A) und die unteren Umlenkrollen (22B) trägt.
     
    3. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) mit oberen Streben (26) versehen ist, die von den entsprechenden oberen Streben (26) der daran angrenzenden beweglichen Tragvorrichtungen (30A, 30B, 30C) getrennt sind.
     
    4. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die linearen Führungspfosten (32) jeder beweglichen Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) mittels reversibler Befestigungsmittel (46) mit den unteren Streben (28) einstückig sind.
     
    5. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) mit mindestens einem Bewegungsmittel (34) versehen ist, das mit dem Tragrahmen (24) und mit einer elektronischen Steuereinheit (50) der Färbeanlage (10) in Wirkverbindung steht.
     
    6. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ein oder mehrere Bewegungsmittel (34) umfasst, die einerseits mit dem Tragrahmen (24) und anderseits mittels entsprechender Bewegungsübertragungsmittel mit einer Vielzahl von beweglichen Tragvorrichtungen (30A, 30B, 30C), die voneinander getrennt sind, in Wirkverbindung stehen.
     
    7. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 5 oder 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jedes Bewegungsmittel (34) aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus Folgendem besteht:

    - Bewegungsmitteln des pneumatischen Typs;

    - Bewegungsmitteln des hydraulischen Typs;

    - Bewegungsmitteln des elektrischen Typs; und

    - Bewegungsmittel des mechanischen Typs.


     
    8. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 5 oder 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jedes Bewegungsmittel (34) vom pneumatischen Typ ist und aus einem pneumatischen Betätigungszylinder (36) besteht, der mit einem feststehenden Abschnitt des Tragrahmens (24) einstückig ist, dessen Schaft (38) mit einer jeweiligen beweglichen Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) einstückig ist.
     
    9. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Schaft (38) durch Zwischenschaltung einer Führungsstange (42) einstückig mit einer jeweiligen beweglichen Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) ist.
     
    10. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) einem ersten Imprägnier- oder Färbetank (14A) nachgeschaltet und dem folgenden Imprägnier- oder Färbetank (14B) vorgeschaltet ist.
     
    11. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie einen Positionsgeber (48) umfasst, der so ausgebildet ist, dass er eine oder mehrere bewegliche Tragvorrichtungen (30A, 30B, 30C) in einer vordefinierten Zwischenhöhe zwischen der mindestens einen unteren Strebe (28) und der mindestens einen oberen Strebe (26) des Tragrahmens (24) anordnet.
     
    12. Färbeanlage (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) mit mindestens einem Sensor (52) versehen ist, der mit einer elektronischen Steuereinheit (50) der Färbeanlage (10) in Wirkverbindung steht, wobei der mindestens eine Sensor (52) so ausgebildet ist, dass er das Erreichen der maximalen Grenze des oberen und/oder unteren Endhubs jeweils in Bezug auf die oberen Streben (26) und auf die unteren Streben (28) des Tragrahmens (24) durch jede bewegliche Tragvorrichtung (30A, 30B, 30C) identifiziert.
     


    Revendications

    1. Installation de teinture en continu (10) avec une substance de teinture pour un fil de chaîne (100), l'installation de teinture (10) comprenant :

    - une pluralité de groupes de teinture/exprimage (12) agencés en ligne, chacun desdits groupes de teinture/exprimage (12) étant muni d'un bac d'imprégnation ou de teinture respectif (14A, 14B, 14C) dans lequel le fil de chaîne (100) est immergé ;

    un appareil d'oxydation (20) qui comprend une pluralité de rouleaux de retour supérieurs et inférieurs (22A, 22B), qui sont configurés pour placer le fil de chaîne (100) sur une pluralité de plans verticaux parallèles les uns aux autres, et un châssis de support (24) placé en aval desdits groupes de teinture/exprimage (12), ledit châssis de support (24) étant constitué d'au moins une traverse supérieure (26) et d'au moins une traverse inférieure (28) formant une structure ouverte latéralement, vers le bas et vers le haut pour permettre l'oxydation de la substance de teinture au moyen du contact du fil de chaîne teint (100) avec la quantité d'air maximale possible, une pluralité de rouleaux de retour supérieurs (22A) étant montés sur ladite au moins une traverse supérieure (26) ;
    l'installation de teinture (10) étant caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une partie des rouleaux de retour inférieurs (22B) est montée de manière rotative sur au moins un dispositif de support respectif (30A, 30B, 30C) qui est mobile dans une direction verticale entre une première position de fonctionnement, dans laquelle ledit dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est placé au niveau de ladite au moins une traverse inférieure (28) afin de maintenir les rouleaux de retour inférieurs (22B) à une distance maximale prédéfinie des rouleaux de retour supérieurs correspondants (22A), et une seconde position de fonctionnement, dans laquelle ledit dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est placé au niveau de ladite au moins une traverse supérieure (26) afin de maintenir les rouleaux de retour inférieurs (22B) à une distance minimale prédéfinie des rouleaux de retour supérieurs correspondants (22A).
     
    2. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est déplacé verticalement le long d'une pluralité de montants de guidage linéaires (32), lesdits montants de guidage linéaires (32) étant solidaires, en bas, d'une paire de traverses inférieures (28), parallèles l'une à l'autre, et solidaires, en haut, d'une paire de traverses supérieures (26), parallèles l'une à l'autre et auxdites traverses inférieures (28), dans laquelle lesdites traverses supérieures (26) et lesdites traverses inférieures (28), conjointement avec lesdits montants de guidage linéaires (32) de chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C), constituent le périmètre d'une cage de forme parallélépipédique qui porte les rouleaux de retour supérieurs (22A) et le rouleaux de retour inférieurs (22B).
     
    3. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisée en ce que chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est muni de traverses supérieures (26) séparées des traverses supérieures correspondantes (26) des dispositifs de support mobiles (30A, 30B, 30C) qui lui sont contigus.
     
    4. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que les montants de guidage linéaires (32) de chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) sont rendus solidaires des traverses inférieures (28) au moyen de moyens de fixation réversibles (46).
     
    5. Installation de teinture (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce que chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est muni d'au moins un moyen de mouvement (34) qui est associé de manière fonctionnelle avec le châssis de support (24) et avec une unité de commande électronique (50) de l'installation de teinture (10).
     
    6. Installation de teinture (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend un ou plusieurs moyens de mouvement (34) associés de manière fonctionnelle sur un côté, avec le châssis de support (24) et, sur l'autre côté, au moyen de moyens de transmission de mouvement correspondants, avec une pluralité de dispositifs de support mobiles (30A, 30B, 30C) qui sont séparés les uns des autres.
     
    7. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 5 ou 6, caractérisée en ce que chaque moyen de mouvement (34) est sélectionné parmi le groupe constitué de :

    - moyens de mouvement du type pneumatique ;

    - moyens de mouvement du type hydraulique ;

    - moyens de mouvement du type électrique ; et

    - moyens de mouvement du type mécanique.


     
    8. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 5 ou 6, caractérisée en ce que chaque moyen de mouvement (34) est du type pneumatique et est constitué d'un vérin d'actionneur pneumatique (36), qui est solidaire d'une partie fixe du châssis de support (24), dont la tige (38) est solidaire d'un dispositif de support mobile respectif (30A, 30B, 30C).
     
    9. Installation de teinture (10) selon la revendication 8, caractérisée en ce que chaque tige (38) est solidaire d'un dispositif de support mobile respectif (30A, 30B, 30C) au moyen de l'interposition d'une bielle de guidage (42).
     
    10. Installation de teinture (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est placé en aval d'un premier bac d'imprégnation ou de teinture (14A) et en amont du bac d'imprégnation ou de teinture suivant (14B).
     
    11. Installation de teinture (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend un transducteur de position (48) configuré pour placer un ou plusieurs dispositifs de support mobiles (30A, 30B, 30C) à une hauteur intermédiaire prédéfinie entre ladite au moins une traverse inférieure (28) et ladite au moins une traverse supérieure (26) du châssis de support (24).
     
    12. Installation de teinture (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C) est muni d'au moins un capteur (52) connecté de manière fonctionnelle à une unité de commande électronique (50) de l'installation de teinture (10), ledit au moins un capteur (52) étant configuré pour identifier l'atteinte de la limite maximale de la course d'extrémité supérieure et/ou inférieure, en référence aux traverses supérieures (26) et aux traverses inférieures (28) du châssis de support (24) respectivement, par chaque dispositif de support mobile (30A, 30B, 30C).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description