(19)
(11)EP 3 460 208 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 17198316.6

(22)Date of filing:  25.10.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01L 1/18  (2006.01)

(54)

LIGHTWEIGHT ROCKER ARM FRAME AND CURVED CROWN PART FORMING PROCESS THEREOF

LEICHTGEWICHTIGER KIPPHEBELRAHMEN UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES GEKRÜMMTEN KRONENTEILS DAVON

CADRE DE CULBUTEUR LÉGER ET PROCÉDÉ DE FORMATION DE COURONNE COURBE ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.09.2017 CN 201710872187

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/13

(73)Proprietor: Hangzhou XZB Tech Co., Ltd
Yuhang District Hangzhou Zhejiang (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • XU, Na
    Hangzhou, Zhejiang (CN)
  • REN, Haijun
    Hangzhou, Zhejiang (CN)

(74)Representative: Kayahan, Senem et al
Yalciner Patent and Consulting Ltd. Tunus Cad. No: 85/3-4 Kavaklidere Cankaya
06680 Ankara
06680 Ankara (TR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 056 295
US-A1- 2009 229 124
US-A1- 2009 144 977
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The invention relates to the technical field of engine accessory manufacturing, particularly to a lightweight rocker arm frame and a curved crown part forming process thereof.

    Background of the Invention



    [0002] With the increase in the driving speeds of the automobiles and the increasing attention towards environmental protection, the innovation in the engine technology is developing in the direction of making engines having light weight, high efficiency, energy conservation and emission reduction. The gas distribution mechanism is an important part of an automobile engine. Since the rocker arm frame serves as a key part of the gas distribution mechanism, improvements in the structure of the rocker arm frame have important significance on the development of the engine.

    [0003] As shown in figure 1, the rocker arm frame structure in the prior art is formed by stamping a metal plate. One end of the rocker arm frame is a ball socket, and the other end of the rocker arm frame is a curved crown part serving as a valve bearing surface. The structure of the curved crown part has a "W" shape, and the sidewall needs to be bent by 180 degrees during forming. The traditional forming process is that the plate material is firstly bent to form a "U" shape, which is then extruded and folded upwards to form a "W" shape. The defects of the existing structure are as below:
    1. 1. The local stretching and thinning phenomenon of the sidewall is serious, which influences the structural strength, resulting in the risk of fatigue fracture.
    2. 2. A gap exists between the two sidewalls which are not attached to each other, so the rigidity is poor and vibration noise can be generated during working, affecting normal operations of the engine.
    3. 3. More material is needed to fold the curved crown of the rocker arm frame, and thus the requirement for lightweight of the existing engine cannot be met.
    4. 4. The rocker arm frame forming process is complex and the cost is relatively high.


    [0004] US2009/144977A1, US2009/0229124A1 and EP3056295A1 relate to a method for manufacturing a rocker arm for opening and closing a valve in a valve gear for use in, e.g., vehicle internal combustion engines.

    [0005] D1 aims to provide a rocker arm manufacturing method capable of improving durability of a die, e.g., extending a die life, and attaining enhanced productivity.

    [0006] D2 aims to provide a rocker arm manufacturing method capable of forming a valve stem guide wall stably.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0007] The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art, and provide a novel lightweight rocker arm frame and a curved crown part forming process thereof. The structure of the curved crown part of the rocker arm frame does not need to go through U-shaped bending, extrusion, or folding. Instead, the sidewalls of the rocker arm frame are directly extruded to form the extruded sidewalls of the curved crown of the rocker arm frame. The strength of the original structure is enhanced while the light weight is achieved, greatly simplifying the forming process and saving the cost.

    [0008] In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solutions used by the invention are as follows:
    A novel lightweight rocker arm frame, comprising: two sidewalls and two bottom plates, wherein the two sidewalls are connected through the bottom plates respectively located at two ends; a ball socket protruded upwards and an oil hole are arranged at a bottom plate at one end, and a bottom surface of a bottom plate at the other end is a bearing surface; a pin shaft hole is formed in the middle of each sidewall without the bottom plates; wherein an outer side of each sidewall where the bearing surface is located is provided with a groove formed through extrusion, and extruded sidewalls are formed on two sides of a bottom of the bottom plate. The gas distribution mechanism further includes a hydraulic tappet, a cam assembly, and a valve assembly. The ball socket part is used for connecting to a ball head of the hydraulic tappet. The pin shaft hole is used for installing the roller bearing assembly through the pin shaft. The roller bearing assembly is in rolling connection with the cam assembly, and the bearing surface is in sliding connection with the valve rod in the valve assembly. Wherein, the extruded sidewall is used for preventing the valve rod from falling off during the rapid operation process of the engine, the height of the extruded sidewall can be adjusted according to the specific engine structure.

    [0009] Preferably, the bottom plates are connected to bottoms of the sidewalls, namely, the rocker arm frame is of a U-shaped structure integrally. The extruded sidewall is formed by downward flowing and extrusion of the sidewall material forming the groove, so that the whole material of the rocker arm frame is saved, the weight is lighter, and the purpose of having a lightweight structure is achieved.

    [0010] Preferably, the bearing surface is a downward-protruding curved surface structure, so that the friction is reduced when the valve rod and the bearing surface are sliding.

    [0011] Preferably, a distance between two extruded sidewalls is adjustable and smaller than a distance between the two sidewalls. Hence, the lateral displacement of the valve rod can be well limited, so that the situation that the curved crown part of an existing rocker arm frame needs to be bent and then extruded and contracted laterally is avoided, thus, simplifying the process. Meanwhile, the distance between the two extruded sidewalls can be flexibly adjusted according to the actual structure.

    [0012] Preferably, the groove is a vertically-through groove structure or a non-through groove. The length dimension of the groove can be adjusted according to actual needs.

    [0013] A forming process of the above curved crown part of a novel lightweight rocker arm frame, comprising:

    a first step: integrally forming a rocker arm frame main body by a stamping process, and forming a U-shaped basic structure on the curved crown part of the rocker arm frame after an extrusion and blanking;

    a second step: forming a preliminary extruded groove by extruding an outer surface of each sidewall of the curved crown part inwards;

    a third step: continuously extruding the preliminary extruded groove, so that material flows upwards and is stacked to form a long extruded groove, so as to form bearing surface protrusions on two sides of the bearing surface;

    a fourth step: extruding the bearing surface protrusions by a mold, so that heights of bearing surface protrusions are increased to form bearing surface sidewalls.



    [0014] In the process, the extruded long groove can finally be a vertically-through groove-shaped structure, and can also be a non-through structure.

    [0015] The invention has the following advantages:
    1. 1. The curved crown part is integrally formed, enlarging the minimum cross section width of the curved crown part, effectively enhancing the overall structural strength of the rocker arm frame, and reducing the risk of structural fatigue fracture.
    2. 2. The curved crown part is provided with an extruded groove in the sidewall. With the method of forming the extruded sidewalls by the natural flow and accumulation of the material, the gap between the sidewalls caused by folding of material can be effectively avoided.
    3. 3. The size of the extruded groove can be adjusted according to the actual structural requirements, so that the height of the extruded sidewalls formed by extrusion can be adjusted accordingly. Different sidewall heights can be set according to the actual engine structure, and the structure is more flexible. A sufficient height of the extruded sidewall can ensure that the valve is unlikely to fall off when the engine is working quickly.
    4. 4. The extruded sidewall is formed by extruding the structure, and the redundant material due to folding of material is saved, so that the material of the rocker arm frame is saved, and the overall structure is lighter. Thus, the purpose of having a lightweight structure is achieved.
    5. 5. The structure of a curved crown part of an existing rocker arm is changed, and the process in which the material is bent and lateral extruded is not used anymore.
    6. 6. The rocker arm frame has a simpler forming process and a smaller rotational inertia under the condition of the same rocker arm ratio.
    7. 7. The rocker arm frame has universality. The problem of the interference of sidewalls of the rocker arm frame is avoided, and the rocker arm frame is applicable to almost all the engines.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0016] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a rocker arm frame in the prior art;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a rocker arm frame according to the invention;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a rocker arm frame with a non-through groove according to the invention;

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the position A in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a rocker arm frame according to the invention;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a curved crown part forming process according to the invention.



    [0017] In the figures: 1, sidewall; 2, bottom plate; 3, bearing surface; 4, ball socket; 5, oil hole; 6, groove; 6.1, non-through groove; 6.2, preliminary extruded groove; 6.3, long extruded groove; 7, extruded sidewall; 7.1, bearing surface protrusion; 8, pin shaft hole.

    Detailed Description of the Invention



    [0018] The present invention is further described by the following embodiments and the accompanying drawings.

    [0019] As shown in FIG. 1, the structure of a rocker arm frame in the prior art is provided. The curved crown part of the rocker arm frame is W-shaped. The forming process is that the plate material is firstly bent to form a U shape, which is then extruded and folded upwards to form a W shape. The defects of the forming process are that the side plate of the rocker arm frame becomes much thinner at the stretching position, so that the structural strength is influenced, resulting in the risk of fatigue fracture. Further, more material is used for folding and forming, the rotational inertia is large, failing to meet the requirement of light weight. Additionally, the depth of the W-shaped valve assembly bearing surface is small and has a gap. In the working state of the engine, particularly, when the valve assembly and the roller rocker arm are cold started, the valve rod has the risk of falling off.

    [0020] According to an embodiment of the invention, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the novel lightweight rocker arm frame includes two sidewalls 1 and two bottom plates 2. The two sidewalls 1 are connected through bottom plates 2 respectively located at the bottoms of the two ends. The whole structure of the rocker arm frame is of a U shape. The bottom plates 2 and the sidewalls 1 of the rocker arm frame are integrally formed by a material. A ball socket 4 protruded upwards and an oil hole 5 are arranged at the bottom plate 2 at one end, and the bottom surface of the bottom plate 2 at the other end is a bearing surface 3. Pin shaft holes 8 are formed in the sidewalls 1 without the bottom plates 2 in the middle. The outer sides of the sidewalls 1 where the bearing surface 3 is located are provided with a groove 6 formed through extrusion in the vertical direction. Extruded sidewalls 7 are formed on the two sides of the bottom of the bottom plate 2. Hence, the distance between the two extruded sidewalls 7 is generally smaller than the distance between the two sidewalls 1. In addition, the bearing surface 3 is a downward-protruding curved surface structure, namely, the bottom plate 2 where the bearing surface 3 is located has a downward radian.

    [0021] Compared with the prior art, the extrusion forming process is simple and rapid, and the forming efficiency of the rocker arm frame is greatly improved. The material is effectively utilized, and the redundant material formed by folding the material of the W-shaped structure is avoided, so that the whole material of the rocker arm frame is saved, the weight is lighter, and the purpose of the lightweight structure is achieved. Further, the structural strength is high, and the risk of structural fatigue fracture is greatly reduced. In addition, the extruded areas of the grooves 6 on the sidewalls 1 are selected according to requirements, and the grooves 6 can go through the sidewalls 1, or fail to go through the sidewalls 1. FIG. 2 shows the sidewall 1 provided with through grooves 6, while FIG. 3 shows the sidewall 1 provided with non-through grooves 6.1, so that the heights of the extruded sidewalls 7 can be further adjusted according to the specific engine structure, which is more flexible, wide in applicability and has enough height capable of preventing the valve rod from falling off during the rapid operation process of the engine.

    [0022] As shown in FIG. 6, a forming process of a curved crown part of a novel lightweight rocker arm frame disclosed by the invention includes the following steps:

    The first step: As shown at position a in FIG. 6, a rocker arm frame main body composed of two sidewalls 1 and two bottom plates 2 is integrally formed by a stamping process. A ball socket 4, an oil hole 5, pin shaft holes 8 and the like are formed on the sidewalls 1 and the bottom plate 2.;

    The second step: As shown at position b in FIG. 6, the outer surfaces of the sidewalls 1 of the curved crown part are extruded inwards to form preliminary extruded grooves 6.2 with a smaller size;

    The third step: As shown at position c in FIG. 6, the preliminary extruded grooves 6.2 are continuously extruded, so that the material flows upwards and is stacked. The sizes of the preliminary extruded grooves 6.2 are increased to form long extruded grooves 6.3, and bearing surface protrusions 7.1 are formed on the two sides of the bearing surface 3.

    The fourth step: As shown at position d in FIG. 6, the bearing surface protrusions 7.1 are extruded by a mold, so that the heights of the bearing surface protrusions 7.1 are increased to form bearing surface sidewalls 7.



    [0023] The height of the sidewalls 7 of the extruded bearing surface is adjusted according to actual conditions, and the amount of extruded material on the sidewalls 1 of the curved crown part can be adjusted accordingly. The vertically-through groove structures 6 as shown at the position d1 in FIG. 6 can be finally formed from the long extruded grooves 6.3. Alternatively, non-through grooves structures 6.1 as shown at the position d2 in FIG. 6 can also be formed.


    Claims

    1. A novel lightweight rocker arm frame, comprising:

    two sidewalls (1), and

    two bottom plates (2),

    wherein

    the two sidewalls (1) are connected through the two bottom plates (2) respectively located at two ends;

    a ball socket (4) protruded upwards is arranged at a bottom plate (2) at one end;

    a pin shaft hole (8) is formed in the middle of each sidewall (1) without the bottom plates (2);

    extruded sidewalls (7) are formed on two sides of a bottom of the bottom plate (2) at the other end; and

    characterized in that

    an oil hole (5) is arranged at a bottom plate (2) at one end, and a bottom surface of a bottom plate (2) at the other end is a bearing surface (3);

    an outer side of each sidewall (1) where the bearing surface (3) is located is provided with a groove (6) formed through extrusion.


     
    2. The novel lightweight rocker arm frame of claim 1, characterized in that the bottom plates (2) are connected to bottoms of the sidewalls (1).
     
    3. The novel lightweight rocker arm frame of claim 1, characterized in that the bearing surface (3) is a downward-protruding curved surface structure.
     
    4. The novel lightweight rocker arm frame of claim 1, characterized in that a distance between the two extruded sidewalls (7) is adjustable and smaller than a distance between the two sidewalls (1).
     
    5. The novel lightweight rocker arm frame of claim 1, characterized in that the groove (6) is a vertically-through groove structure or a non-through groove.
     
    6. A forming process of a curved crown part of a novel lightweight rocker arm frame, comprising:

    a first step: integrally forming a rocker arm frame main body by a stamping process, and forming a U-shaped basic structure on the curved crown part of the rocker arm frame after an extrusion and blanking;

    a second step: forming a preliminary extruded groove by extruding an outer surface of each sidewall of the curved crown part inwards;

    a third step: continuously extruding the preliminary extruded groove, so that material flows upwards and is stacked to form a long extruded groove, so as to form bearing surface protrusions on two sides of the bearing surface; and

    a fourth step: extruding the bearing surface protrusions by a mold, so that heights of bearing surface protrusions are increased to form bearing surface sidewalls.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Neuartiger, leichter Kipphebelrahmen, umfassend:

    zwei Seitenwände (1), und

    zwei Bodenplatten (2),

    wobei

    die zwei Seitenwände (1) sind durch die zwei Bodenplatten (2) verbunden, die sich jeweils an zwei Enden befinden;

    eine Kugelpfanne (4), die nach oben vorsteht, ist an einer Bodenplatte (2) an einem Ende angeordnet;

    ein Stiftschaftloch (8) ist in der Mitte jeder Seitenwand (1) ohne die Bodenplatten (2) geformt ist;

    extrudierte Seitenwände (7) an zwei Seiten eines Bodens der Bodenplatte (2) am anderen Ende geformt sind; und

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    ein Ölloch (5) an einer Bodenplatte (2) an einem Ende angeordnet ist, und eine Bodenfläche einer Bodenplatte (2) an dem anderen Ende eine Lagerfläche (3) ist;

    eine Außenseite jeder Seitenwand (1), wo sich die Lagerfläche (3) befindet, ist mit einer durch Extrusion geformten Nut (6) versehen.


     
    2. Neuartiger, leichter Kipphebelrahmen nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bodenplatten (2) mit den Böden der Seitenwände (1) verbunden sind.
     
    3. Neuartiger, leichter Kipphebelrahmen nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Lagerfläche (3) eine nach unten vorstehende, gekrümmte Oberflächenstruktur ist.
     
    4. Neuartiger, leichter Kipphebelrahmen nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Abstand zwischen den zwei extrudierten Seitenwänden (7) einstellbar und kleiner als ein Abstand zwischen den zwei Seitenwänden (1) ist.
     
    5. Neuartiger, leichter Kipphebelrahmen nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Nut (6) eine vertikal durchgängige Nutstruktur oder eine nicht durchgängige Nut ist.
     
    6. Verfahren zum Formen eines gekrümmten Kronenteils eines neuartigen leichten Kipphebelrahmens, umfassend:

    ein erster Schritt: integrale Formung eines Kipphebelrahmen-Hauptkörpers durch ein Stanzprozess und Formung einer U-förmigen Grundstruktur auf dem gekrümmten Kronenteil des Kipphebelrahmens nach einem Extrusions- und Stanzprozess;

    ein zweiter Schritt: Formen einer vorläufig extrudierten Nut durch Extrusion einer Außenfläche jeder Seitenwand des gekrümmten Kronenteils nach innen;

    ein dritter Schritt: kontinuierliches Extrudieren der vorläufig extrudierten Nut, so dass das Material nach oben fließt und gestapelt wird, um eine lange extrudierte Nut zu formen, damit Vorsprünge der Lagerfläche auf zwei Seiten der Lagerfläche geformt sind; und

    ein vierter Schritt: Extrudieren der Lagerflächenvorsprünge durch eine Form, so dass die Höhe der Lagerflächenvorsprünge zur Formung von Lagerflächenseitenwänden erhöht wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. Nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur, comprenant:

    deux parois latérales (1), et

    deux plaques de fond (2),

    dans lequel

    les deux parois latérales (1) sont reliées par les deux plaques de fond (2) situées respectivement aux deux extrémités ;

    un coussinet sphérique (4) en saillie vers le haut est disposée à une extrémité d'une plaque de fond (2) ;

    un trou d'arbre de broche (8) est formé au milieu de chaque paroi latérale (1) sans les plaques de fond (2) ;

    des parois latérales extrudées (7) sont formées sur deux côtés d'un fond de la plaque de fond (2) à l'autre extrémité ; et

    caractérisé en ce que

    un trou d'huile (5) est disposé sur une plaque de fond (2) à une extrémité, et une surface de fond d'une plaque de fond (2) à l'autre extrémité est une surface d'appui (3) ;

    une face extérieure de chaque paroi latérale (1) où se trouve la surface d'appui (3) est pourvue d'une rainure (6) formée par extrusion.


     
    2. Nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les plaques de fond (2) sont reliées aux fonds des parois latérales (1).
     
    3. Nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la surface d'appui (3) est une structure de surface incurvée faisant saillie vers le bas.
     
    4. Nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'une distance entre les deux parois latérales extrudées (7) est réglable et inférieure à une distance entre les deux parois latérales (1).
     
    5. Nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la rainure (6) est une structure à rainure verticale traversante ou une rainure non traversante.
     
    6. Procédé de formage d'une partie de couronne incurvée pour un nouveau cadre léger de culbuteur, comprenant:

    une première étape : formant intégralement un corps principal de cadre de culbuteur par un procédé d'estampage, et formant une structure de base en forme de U sur la partie supérieure courbe du cadre du culbuteur après une extrusion et un découpage ;

    une deuxième étape : former une rainure extrudée préliminaire en extrudant vers l'intérieur une surface extérieure de chaque paroi latérale de la partie incurvée de la couronne ;

    une troisième étape : l'extrusion continue de la rainure extrudée préliminaire, de sorte que la matière s'écoule vers le haut et soit empilée pour former une longue rainure extrudée, de manière à former des saillies de surface d'appui sur deux côtés de la surface d'appui

    une quatrième étape : l'extrusion des saillies de la surface d'appui par un moule, de sorte que les hauteurs des saillies de la surface d'appui soient augmentées pour former des parois latérales de la surface d'appui.


     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description