(19)
(11)EP 3 461 066 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 17193147.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.09.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/26  (2006.01)
H04L 12/703  (2013.01)
H04L 12/24  (2006.01)

(54)

A METHOD AND A DEVICE FOR GENERATING REPORT DATA RELATED TO AN INTERFACE STATUS

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR ERZEUGUNG VON BERICHTSDATEN IM ZUSAMMENHANG MIT EINEM SCHNITTSTELLENSTATUS

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF DE GÉNÉRATION DE DONNÉES DE RAPPORT ASSOCIÉES À UN ÉTAT D'INTERFACE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/13

(73)Proprietor: Coriant Oy
02630 Espoo (FI)

(72)Inventors:
  • HALLIVUORI, Ville
    02610 Espoo (FI)
  • SILVOLA, Mika
    90450 Kempele (FI)
  • LINDGREN, Mika
    02660 Espoo (FI)
  • VÄÄNÄNEN, Jarkko
    00200 Helsinki (FI)

(74)Representative: Finnpatent Oy 
Smart Chemistry Park Raisionkaari 55
21200 Raisio
21200 Raisio (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
US-B2- 7 580 418
US-B2- 8 422 358
  
  • WILTON R ET AL: "Common Interface Extension YANG Data Models; draft-ietf-netmod-intf-ext-yang-05.txt", COMMON INTERFACE EXTENSION YANG DATA MODELS; DRAFT-IETF-NETMOD-INTF-EXT-YANG-05.TXT; INTERNET-DRAFT: INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE, INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE, IETF; STANDARDWORKINGDRAFT, INTERNET SOCIETY (ISOC) 4, RUE DES FALAISES CH- 1205 GE, no. 5, 4 July 2017 (2017-07-04), pages 1-27, XP015120895, [retrieved on 2017-07-04]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the disclosure



[0001] The disclosure relates generally to producing report data suitable for informing a control-plane and/or another entity about a status of an interface of a network element. More particularly, the disclosure relates to a method and to a device for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element. Furthermore, the disclosure relates to a computer program for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element. Furthermore, the disclosure relates to a network element such as e.g. a router.

Background



[0002] In a data transfer network, there is often a need to communicate statuses of interfaces of a network element to a control plane which run e.g. routing protocols. Furthermore, there can be a need to communicate the statuses of the interfaces to other physical and/or logical entities which run e.g. protection and/or other functionalities dependent on the statuses of the interfaces. The network element can be for example an Internet Protocol "IP" router, a MultiProtocol Label Switching "MPLS" router "LSR", a packet optical switch, an Ethernet switch, and/or a software-defined networking "SDN" controlled network element. Typically, it would be however disadvantageous to communicate the status of an interface as such because the status can flap frequently between an on-state where the interface is utilizable and an off-state where the interface is not utilizable. For example, the packet optical convergence leads in many cases to situations where there is a packet optical network on a route between two network elements. When the packet optical network carries out e.g. re-routing, this causes that each of the above-mentioned network elements sees that an interface connected to a link providing an access to the other network element has a temporally isolated burst of status changes between the on-state and the off-state. For example, the control plane would be heavily loaded if it were forced to react to all these status changes. Thus, there is a need to generate report data for communicating the status of an interface to the control plane and/or to other appropriate entities so that status flapping is filtered out from the report data but it still provides sufficient information about the status of the interface.

[0003] Carrier delay and interface flap dampening are two commonly known methods for generating report data that informs the control-plane and/or other appropriate entities about a status of an interface of a network element. The carrier delay is based on a delay timer which is activated when the status of the interface changes and the delay timer is inactive. The above-mentioned report data is set to express the status of the interface prevailing at the end of a delay determined by the delay-timer. Thus, status flapping occurring during the delay is filtered out from the report data. A general problem of the carrier delay is that its delay timer may be in synchronism with repeating on-off status changes so that it erroneously expresses the on-state even if there are the repeating on-off status changes and thereby the interface is not utilizable. The interface flap dampening is based on penalty accumulation with a decay mechanism to keep the report data indicative of the off-state when a status of an interface flaps frequently. A problem of the interface flap dampening is that the penalty may reach a high value during a temporally isolated burst of on-off status changes and, after the burst, it may take a long time for the decay mechanism to decrease the penalty so much that the report data gets indicative of the on-state. Thus, the interface flap dampening may express the off-state for a too long time after the burst. Straightforward parallel and series connections of the interface flap dampening and the carrier delay do not solve the above-mentioned problems. For example, in a case of a parallel connection with the AND-logic, the interface flap dampening reports the off-state for a too long time after a burst of on-off status changes and thereby the result of the AND-logic also reports the off-state for the too long time after the above-mentioned burst.

[0004] Publication US7580418 describes a router device that comprises virtual interfaces which manage state-changes of real interfaces. Each virtual interface can be in an up-state in which a connection continues for not less than a predetermined time, a down-state in which a disconnection continues for not less than a predetermined time, and a hit-state in which the connection and the disconnection repeat. In the case of the hit-state, the virtual interface does not notify a routing processing unit about state-changes of the respective real interface.

[0005] Publication Wilton R. et al.: "Common Interface Extension YANG Data Models", draft-ietf-netmod-i ntf-ext-yang-05.txt, IETF describes an interface flap dampening mechanism that uses a counter that is nominally increased by a predetermined number of units every time an underlying interface link state changes from up to down. If the counter increases above a suppress threshold, the interface is kept down i.e. and out of service until either the maximum suppression time is reached, or the counter has reduced below the reuse threshold. The maximum suppress time represents the maximum amount of time an interface can remain dampened when a penalty is assigned to the interface.

Summary



[0006] According to the present invention there is provided: according to claim 1, a device for generating report data; according to claim 12, a network element for a data transfer network; according to claim 14, a method for generating report data; and according to claim 15, a computer program for generating report data. Embodiments are further defined by the dependent claims.

[0007] The following presents a simplified summary in order to provide a basic understanding of some aspects of various invention embodiments. The summary is not an extensive overview of the invention. It is neither intended to identify key or critical elements of the invention nor to delineate the scope of the invention. The following summary merely presents some concepts in a simplified form as a prelude to a more detailed description of exemplifying embodiments of the invention.

[0008] In accordance with the invention, there is provided a new device for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data. A device according to the invention comprises a delay timer and a processor system configured to:
  • receive status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,
  • initialize, in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,
  • activate the delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,
  • set, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise set the dampening-based data to have the off-value, and
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise set the report data to have the off-value.


[0009] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value, the processor system is configured to:
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length,
  • increase, regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value, and
  • decrease, regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time.


[0010] As the penalty value is allowed to be increased only when the increasing during the time window does not exceed the predetermined limit, the increase rate of the penalty value is limited. This limits the increase of the penalty value during for example a temporally isolated burst of on-off status changes. Therefore, the above-described device can be tuned by selecting appropriate values for the limit related to increasing the penalty value, for the decrease rate of the penalty value, and for the temporal length of the time-window so that the device does not report the off-state for a too long time after the burst. The increasing the penalty value can be measured in many ways. For example, an amount added to the penalty value during a time window can be used as a quantity indicative of the increasing the penalty value. For another example, the number of times the penalty value has been increased during a time window can be used as a quantity indicative of the increasing the penalty value.

[0011] In this document, the "increase the penalty value" means increasing the absolute value of a difference between the penalty value and a fixed bottom value, e.g. zero, of the penalty value. Correspondingly, the "decrease the penalty value" means decreasing the absolute value of the difference between the penalty value and the fixed bottom value. It is a question of interpretation whether e.g. a voltage signal having a given polarity or a digital signal having a given bit vector is deemed to be negative or positive. Thus, the above-presented definition for a device according to the invention covers analog implementations irrespective of polarity and a bottom value of an analog signal corresponding to the penalty value as well as digital implementations irrespective of a method for encoding the penalty value into a bit vector. For the sake of clarity and brevity, the penalty value is handled in this document as a non-negative number whose fixed bottom value is zero irrespective of the implementation of a device according to the invention.

[0012] In accordance with the invention, there is provided also a new network element that can be for example an Internet Protocol "IP" router, a multiprotocol label switching "MPLS" router "LSR", a packet optical switch, an Ethernet switch, and/or a software-defined networking "SDN" controlled network element. The network element comprises:
  • interfaces for connecting to a data transfer network,
  • a processing system for running a control plane for configuring the network element to operate as a part of the data transfer network and for running a data plane for forwarding data, and
  • a device according to the invention for generating report data so as to inform at least the control plane about a status of at least one of the interfaces of the network element.


[0013] In accordance with the invention, there is provided also a new method for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data. A method according to the invention comprises:
  • receiving status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,
  • initializing, in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,
  • activating a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,
  • setting, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,
  • setting, regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise setting the dampening-based data to have the off-value, and
  • setting, regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise setting the report data to have the off-value.


[0014] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value, the method comprises:
  • setting, regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length,
  • increasing, regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value, and
  • decreasing, regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time.


[0015] In accordance with the invention, there is provided also a new computer program for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data. A computer program according to the invention comprises computer executable instructions for controlling a programmable processor to:
  • receive status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,
  • initialize, in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,
  • activate a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,
  • set, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise set the dampening-based data to have the off-value, and
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise set the report data to have the off-value.


[0016] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value, the computer program comprises computer executable instructions for controlling the programmable processor to:
  • set, regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length,
  • increase, regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value, and
  • decrease, regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time.


[0017] In accordance with the invention, there is provided also a new non-transitory computer readable medium, e.g. a compact disc "CD". A non-transitory computer readable medium according to the invention is encoded with a computer program according to the invention.

[0018] Various exemplifying and non-limiting embodiments of the invention are described in accompanied dependent claims.

[0019] Various exemplifying and non-limiting embodiments of the invention both as to constructions and to methods of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific exemplifying and non-limiting embodiments when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0020] The verbs "to comprise" and "to include" are used in this document as open limitations that neither exclude nor require the existence of also un-recited features.

[0021] The features recited in dependent claims are mutually freely combinable unless otherwise explicitly stated. Furthermore, it is to be understood that the use of "a" or "an", i.e. a singular form, throughout this document does not exclude a plurality.

Brief description of the figures



[0022] Exemplifying and non-limiting embodiments of the invention and their advantages are explained in greater detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

figure 1 shows a schematic illustration of a network element according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, and

figure 2 shows a flowchart of a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element.


Description of exemplifying and non-limiting embodiments



[0023] The specific examples provided in the description below should not be construed as limiting the scope and/or the applicability of the accompanied claims. Lists and groups of examples provided in the description below are not exhaustive unless otherwise explicitly stated.

[0024] Figure 1 shows a schematic illustration of a network element 101 according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention. The network element 101 can be for example an Internet Protocol "IP" router, a multiprotocol label switching "MPLS" switch, a packet optical switch, an Ethernet switch, and/or a software-defined networking "SDN" controlled network element. The network element 101 comprises interfaces 109 for receiving data from a data transfer network 111 and for transmitting data to the data transfer network 111. The network element 101 comprises a processing system 102 for running control plane functionalities for configuring the network element 101 to operate together with the data transfer network 111 and for running data plane functionalities for forwarding data. The control plane runs e.g. routing protocols which are dependent on statuses of the interfaces 109. For example, there can be a need for re-routing if the status of a given interface changes from the on-state in which the interface is operable for data transfer to the off-state in which the interface is no more operable for data transfer. Furthermore, the processing system 102 can be configured to run protection and/or other functionalities which are dependent on the statuses of the interfaces 109.

[0025] The network element 101 comprises a device 103 according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention for generating report data R based on the statuses of the interfaces 109 and for communicating the report data R to the control plane and to possible other entities which are implemented with the processing system 102 and which are dependent on the statuses of the interfaces 109. The device 103 comprises a processor system 104 and a delay timer 110. In figure 1, the processor system 104 and the delay timer 110 are presented as separate entities but in a practical implementation the delay timer can be implemented with the processor system 104. Furthermore, it is also possible that the processing system 102 and the processor system 104 are implemented with same hardware elements. In this exemplifying case, the processing system 102, the processor system 104, and the delay timer 110 are mere logical entities.

[0026] The processor system 104 of the device 103 is configured to receive, for each interface, status data S having an on-value when the interface under consideration is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable. The processor system 104 is configured to activate the delay timer 110 in response to a situation in which the status data S changes while the delay timer 110 is inactive. The processor system 104 is configured to wait for a delay determined by the delay timer and then set, at the end of the delay, delay-based data DE to have the value of the status data S occurring at the end of the delay. Thus, possible flapping of the status data S during the delay is filtered out from the delay-based data DE. The processor system 104 is configured to set dampening-based data DM to have the value of the status data S if a penalty value P fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise to set the dampening-based data DM to have the off-value. Examples of the condition defined with the one or more penalty thresholds are presented later in this document. The processor system 104 is configured to set the report data R to have the value of the delay-based data DE if the dampening-based data DM has the on-value, and otherwise to set the report data R to have the off-value.

[0027] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value P, the processor system 104 is configured to carry out the following actions: a) setting penalty control data PC to have a preventive value if an amount exceeding an increase limit has been added to the penalty value P during a time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length, b) increasing the penalty value with a penalty increment ΔP in response to a situation in which the status data S changes from the on-value to the off-value and the penalty control data PC has a value other than the preventive value, and c) decreasing the penalty value P in accordance with a predetermined rule over time. As the amount allowed to be added to the penalty value P within the time-window is limited, the increase rate of the penalty value P is limited. This limits the increase of the penalty value P during for example a temporally isolated burst of on-off changes in the status data S. The above-mentioned predetermined rule for decreasing the penalty value P can be for example such that the penalty value P is multiplied the with a coefficient α less than one at successive moments of time, i.e. Pi+1 = αPi, where Pi is the penalty value when time = ti and Pi+1 is the penalty value when time = ti+1 = ti + Δt, where Δt is a time increment.

[0028] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to set the penalty control data PC to have the preventive value if the penalty value P has been increased a pre-determined number of times during the time-window. The pre-determined number can be for example but not necessarily 1, 2, or 3.

[0029] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to begin a new time-window at each time when a change of the status data S from the on-value to the off-value causes an activation of the delay timer 110. The temporal length of the time-window is advantageously the temporal length of the delay determined by the delay timer. The above-mentioned change of the status data S can be deemed to belong to the time-window which is started due to the change of the status data S. In this exemplifying case, the processor system 104 increases the penalty value P at the beginning of the time-window. The increase of the penalty value carried out at the beginning of the time-window represents at least a part of the amount being added to the penalty value during the started time-window.

[0030] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to begin a new time-window at each time when a change of the status data S from the off-value to the on-value causes an activation of the delay timer 101. The temporal length of the time-window is advantageously the temporal length of the delay determined by the delay timer.

[0031] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to begin a new time-window at each time when a change of the status data S from the on-value to the off-value or from the off-value to the on-value causes an activation of the delay timer 101. The temporal length of the time-window is advantageously the temporal length of the delay determined by the delay timer.

[0032] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to set the time-window to be a sliding time-window so that the current moment of time is the end-point of the sliding time-window and the time-window slides forward along time. In this exemplifying case, the processor system 104 is configured to check whether or not an amount added to the penalty value P during a time interval from t - TW to t exceeds the increase limit, where t is the current moment of time and TW is the temporal length of the time-window.

[0033] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to set the time-window to be a step-wise proceeding time-window so that the time-window is shifted step-wise forward by the temporal length TW of the time-window when the current moment of time reaches the end-point of the time-window. In this exemplifying case, the processor system 104 is configured to check whether or not an amount added to the penalty value P during a time interval from t - TWelapsed to t exceeds the increase limit, where t is the current moment of time, and TWelapsed is the temporal length of the elapsed part of the current time-window.

[0034] In a device according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to set the dampening-based data DM to have the value of the status data S if the penalty value P is less than a penalty threshold Pth, and otherwise to set the dampening-based data DM to have the off-value.

[0035] In a device according to another exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the processor system 104 is configured to set the dampening-based data DM to have the value of the status data S if one of the following conditions a) and b) is fulfilled, and otherwise to set the dampening-based data to have the off-value:
  1. a) the penalty value P is less than a lower penalty threshold PthL, or
  2. b) the penalty value P is at least the lower penalty threshold PthL and less than a higher penalty threshold PthH > PthL, and the penalty value P has not reached the higher penalty threshold PthH after a most recent time when the penalty value P was less than the lower penalty threshold PthL.


[0036] An advantage of the above-described approach based on the two penalty thresholds PthL and PthH is that a situation where the penalty value P oscillates around one of the thresholds does make the dampening-based data DM to oscillate between the off-value and the on-value when the status data S happens to have the on-value.

[0037] The processing system 102 of the network element 101 comprises one or more processors 105 each of which can be for example a programmable processor provided with appropriate software, a dedicated hardware processor such as for example an application specific integrated circuit "ASIC", or a configurable hardware processor such as for example a field programmable gate array "FPGA". The processing system 102 may comprise one or more memory circuits 106 each of which can be e.g. a random-access memory circuit "RAM" or a content-access memory circuit "CAM". The processor system 104 may comprise one or more processors 107, each of which can be a programmable processor provided with appropriate software, a dedicated hardware processor such as for example an application specific integrated circuit "ASIC", or a configurable hardware processor such as for example a field programmable gate array "FPGA". The processor system 104 may comprise one or more memory circuits 108 each of which can be e.g. a random-access memory circuit "RAM". It is also possible that the processing system 102 and the processor system 104 are implemented with same hardware elements.

[0038] Figure 2 shows a flowchart of a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element. A method according to the invention comprises the following actions:
  • action 201: receiving status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,
  • action 202: activating a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,
  • action 203: setting, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,
  • action 204: setting dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise action 205: setting the dampening-based data to have the off-value, and
  • action 206: setting the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise action 207: setting the report data to have the off-value.


[0039] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value, the method comprises the following actions:
  • action 208: setting penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length,
  • action 209: increasing the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value, and
  • action 210: decreasing the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time.


[0040] A method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises setting the penalty control data to have the preventive value if the penalty value has been increased a pre-determined number of times during the time-window. The pre-determined number can be e.g. 1, 2, or 3.

[0041] In a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, a change of the status data from the on-value to the off-value and causing an activation of the delay timer corresponds to a beginning of a new time-window whose temporal length is the temporal length of the delay. The penalty value can be increased at the beginning of the time-window. In this exemplifying case, the increase of the penalty value carried out at the beginning of the time-window represents at least a part of the amount being added to the penalty value during the time-window.

[0042] In a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, a change of the status data from the off-value to the on-value and causing an activation of the delay timer corresponds to a beginning of a new time-window whose temporal length is a temporal length of the delay.

[0043] In a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the time-window is a sliding time-window so that the current moment of time is the end-point of the sliding time-window.

[0044] In a method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention, the time-window is a step-wise proceeding time-window so that the time-window is shifted step-wise forward by the temporal length of the time-window when the current moment of time reaches the end-point of the time-window.

[0045] A method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises multiplying the penalty value with a coefficient less than one at successive moments of time so as to decrease the penalty value.

[0046] A method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises setting the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if the penalty value is less than a penalty threshold, and otherwise setting the dampening-based data to have the off-value.

[0047] A method according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises setting the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if one of the following conditions a) and b) is fulfilled, and otherwise setting the dampening-based data to have the off-value:
  1. a) the penalty value is less than a lower penalty threshold, or
  2. b) the penalty value is at least the lower penalty threshold and less than a higher penalty threshold and the penalty value has not reached the higher penalty threshold after a most recent time when the penalty value was less than the lower penalty threshold.


[0048] A computer program according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises computer executable instructions for controlling a programmable processor to carry out actions related to a method according to any of the above-described exemplifying embodiments of the invention.

[0049] A computer program according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises software modules for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element. The software modules comprise computer executable instructions for controlling a programmable processor to:
  • receive status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,
  • activate a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,
  • set, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,
  • set dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise set the dampening-based data to have the off-value, and
  • set the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise set the report data to have the off-value.


[0050] In order to manage the above-mentioned penalty value, the software modules comprise computer executable instructions for controlling the programmable processor to:
  • set penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including the current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length,
  • increase the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value, and
  • decrease the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time.


[0051] The above-mentioned software modules can be e.g. subroutines or functions implemented with a suitable programming language and with a compiler suitable for the programming language and the programmable processor under consideration. It is worth noting that also a source code corresponding to a suitable programming language represents the computer executable software modules because the source code contains the information needed for controlling the programmable processing system to carry out the above-presented modification actions and compiling changes only the format of the information. Furthermore, it is also possible that the programmable processing system is provided with an interpreter so that a source code implemented with a suitable programming language does not need to be compiled prior to running.

[0052] A computer program product according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention comprises a computer readable medium, e.g. a compact disc "CD", encoded with a computer program according to an embodiment of invention.

[0053] A signal according to an exemplifying and non-limiting embodiment of the invention is encoded to carry information defining a computer program according to an embodiment of invention. In this exemplifying case, the computer program can be downloadable from a server that may constitute e.g. a part of a cloud service.

[0054] The specific examples provided in the description given above should not be construed as limiting the scope and/or the applicability of the appended claims, where the scope of the invention which is defined solely by the appended claims. Lists and groups of examples provided in the description given above are not exhaustive unless otherwise explicitly stated.


Claims

1. A device (103) for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data, the device comprising a delay timer (110) and a processor system (104) configured to:

- receive status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,

- initialize, in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,

- activate the delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,

- set, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,

- set, regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise set the dampening-based data to have the off-value,

- set, regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise set the report data to have the off-value, and

- decrease, regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time,

characterized in that the processor system is further configured to:

- set, regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including a current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length, and

- increase, regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value.


 
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the processor system is configured to set the penalty control data to have the preventive value if an amount exceeding an increase limit has been added to the penalty value during the time-window.
 
3. A device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the processor system is configured to set the penalty control data to have the preventive value if the penalty value has been increased a pre-determined number of times during the time-window.
 
4. A device according to any of claims 1-3, wherein a change of the status data from the on-value to the off-value and causing an activation of the delay timer corresponds to a beginning of a new time-window whose temporal length is a temporal length of the delay determined by the delay timer that was activated.
 
5. A device according to claim 4, wherein the processor system is configured to increase the penalty value at the beginning of the new time-window, the increase of the penalty value carried out at the beginning of the new time-window representing at least a part of an amount being added to the penalty value during the new time-window.
 
6. A device according to any of claims 1-5, wherein a change of the status data from the off-value to the on-value and causing an activation of the delay timer corresponds to a beginning of a new time-window whose temporal length is a temporal length of the delay.
 
7. A device according to any of claims 1-3, wherein the processor system is configured to set the time-window to be a sliding time-window so that the current moment of time is an end-point of the sliding time-window.
 
8. A device according to any of claims 1-3, wherein the processor system is configured to set the time-window to be a step-wise proceeding time-window so that the time-window is shifted step-wise forward by the temporal length of the time-window when the current moment of time reaches an end-point of the time-window.
 
9. A device according to any of claims 1-8, wherein the processor system is configured to multiply the penalty value with a coefficient less than one at successive moments of time so as to decrease the penalty value.
 
10. A device according to any of claims 1-9, wherein the processor system is configured to set the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if the penalty value is less than a penalty threshold, and otherwise to set the dampening-based data to have the off-value.
 
11. A device according to any of claims 1-9, wherein the processor system is configured to set the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if one of the following conditions a) and b) is fulfilled, and otherwise to set the dampening-based data to have the off-value:

a) the penalty value is less than a lower penalty threshold, or

b) the penalty value is at least the lower penalty threshold and less than a higher penalty threshold and the penalty value has not reached the higher penalty threshold after a most recent time when the penalty value was less than the lower penalty threshold.


 
12. A network element (101) for a data transfer network, the network element comprising:

- interfaces (109) for connecting to the data transfer network,

- a processing system (102) for running a control plane for configuring the network element to operate as a part of the data transfer network and for running a data plane for forwarding data, and

- a device (103) according to any of claims 1-8 for generating report data so as to inform at least the control plane about a status of at least one of the interfaces of the network element.


 
13. A network element according to claim 12, wherein the network element is at least one of the following: an Internet Protocol IP router, a MultiProtocol Label Switching MPLS switch, a packet optical switch, an Ethernet switch, a software-defined networking "SDN" controlled network element.
 
14. A method for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data, the method comprising:

- receiving (201) status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,

- initializing (201), in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,

- activating (202) a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,

- setting (203), at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,

- setting (204), regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise setting (205) the dampening-based data to have the off-value,

- setting (206), regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise setting (207) the report data to have the off-value, and

- decreasing (210), regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time,

characterized in that the method further comprises:

- setting (208), regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including a current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length, and

- increasing (209), regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value.


 
15. A computer program for generating report data related to a status of an interface of a network element, the report data being suitable for informing a control plane about the status of the interface so that flapping between utilizable and non-utilizable states of the interface is filtered out from the report data, the computer program comprising computer executable instructions for controlling a programmable processor to:

- receive status data having an on-value when the interface is utilizable and an off-value when the interface is non-utilizable,

- initialize, in response to a situation which the status data is received for a first time, delay-based data to have a value of the status data and dampening-based data to have the value of the status data,

- activate a delay timer in response to a situation in which the status data changes while the delay timer is inactive,

- set, at an end of a delay determined by the delay timer, the delay-based data to have a value of the status data occurring at the end of the delay,

- set, regardless of the delay timer, the dampening-based data to have the value of the status data if a penalty value fulfils a condition defined with one or more penalty thresholds, and otherwise set the dampening-based data to have the off-value,

- set, regardless of the delay timer, the report data to have a value of the delay-based data if the dampening-based data has the on-value, and otherwise set the report data to have the off-value, and

- decrease, regardless of the delay timer and in response to a situation in which the penalty value is greater than zero, the penalty value in accordance with a predetermined rule over time,

characterized in that the computer program further comprises computer executable instructions for controlling the programmable processor to:

- set, regardless of the delay timer, penalty control data to have a preventive value in response to a situation in which increasing the penalty value during a time window exceeds a predetermined limit, the time-window including a current moment of time and having a pre-determined temporal length, and

- increase, regardless of the delay timer, the penalty value in response to a situation in which i) the status data changes from the on-value to the off-value and ii) the penalty control data has a value other than the preventive value.


 


Ansprüche

1. Vorrichtung (103) zum Erzeugen von Berichtsdaten in Bezug auf einen Status einer Schnittstelle eines Netzwerkelements, wobei die Berichtsdaten zum Informieren einer Steuerebene über den Status der Schnittstelle geeignet sind, so dass ein Flattern zwischen nutzbaren und nicht nutzbaren Zuständen der Schnittstelle aus den Berichtsdaten herausgefiltert wird, wobei die Vorrichtung einen Verzögerungszeitgeber (110) und ein Prozessorsystem (104) umfasst, das konfiguriert ist zum:

- Empfangen von Statusdaten mit einem On-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nutzbar ist, und einem Off-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nicht nutzbar ist,

- als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten zum ersten Mal empfangen werden, Initialisieren von verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, und dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen,

- Aktivieren des Verzögerungszeitgebers als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten sich ändern, während der Verzögerungszeitgeber inaktiv ist,

- zu einem Ende einer Verzögerung, die von dem Verzögerungszeitgeber bestimmt wird, Einstellen der verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, der zum Ende der Verzögerung auftritt,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, wenn ein Strafwert eine Bedingung erfüllt, die mit einem oder mehreren Strafgrenzwerten definiert ist, und andernfalls Einstellen der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen der Berichtsdaten, um einen Wert der verzögerungsbasierten Daten aufzuweisen, wenn die dämpfungsbasierten Daten den On-Wert aufweisen, und andernfalls Einstellen der Berichtsdaten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers und als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der der Strafwert größer als null ist, Verringern des Strafwerts gemäß einer vorherbestimmten Regel mit der Zeit,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Prozessorsystem weiterhin konfiguriert ist zum:

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen von Strafsteuerdaten, um einen präventiven Wert aufzuweisen, als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der ein Erhöhen des Strafwerts während eines Zeitfensters eine vorherbestimmte Grenze überschreitet, wobei das Zeitfenster einen aktuellen Zeitpunkt beinhaltet und eine vorherbestimmte zeitliche Länge aufweist, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Erhöhen des Strafwerts als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der i) die Statusdaten sich von dem On-Wert zu dem Off-Wert ändern und ii) die Strafsteuerdaten einen Wert aufweisen, bei dem es sich nicht um den präventiven Wert handelt.


 
2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, die Strafsteuerdaten einzustellen, um den präventiven Wert aufzuweisen, wenn eine Menge, die eine Erhöhungsgrenze überschreitet, dem Strafwert während des Zeitfensters hinzugefügt wurde.
 
3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, die Strafsteuerdaten einzustellen, um den präventiven Wert aufzuweisen, wenn der Strafwert eine vorherbestimmte Anzahl von Malen während des Zeitfensters erhöht wurde.
 
4. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei eine Änderung der Statusdaten von dem On-Wert zu dem Off-Wert und ein Bewirken einer Aktivierung des Verzögerungszeitgebers einem Beginn eines neuen Zeitfensters entsprechen, dessen zeitliche Länge eine zeitliche Länge der Verzögerung ist, die von dem Verzögerungszeitgeber bestimmt wird, der aktiviert wurde.
 
5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, den Strafwert zum Beginn des neuen Zeitfensters zu erhöhen, wobei die Erhöhung des Strafwerts, die zum Beginn des neuen Zeitfensters durchgeführt wird, zumindest einen Teil einer Menge darstellt, die dem Strafwert während des neuen Zeitfensters hinzugefügt wird.
 
6. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei eine Änderung der Statusdaten von dem Off-Wert zu dem On-Wert und ein Bewirken einer Aktivierung des Verzögerungszeitgebers einem Beginn eines neuen Zeitfensters entsprechen, dessen zeitliche Länge eine zeitliche Länge der Verzögerung ist.
 
7. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, das Zeitfenster als ein Gleitzeitfenster einzustellen, so dass der aktuelle Zeitpunkt ein Endpunkt des Gleitzeitfensters ist.
 
8. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, das Zeitfenster als ein schrittweise fortschreitendes Zeitfenster einzustellen, so dass das Zeitfenster um die zeitliche Länge des Zeitfenster schrittweise vorwärts verschoben wird, wenn der aktuelle Zeitpunkt einen Endpunkt des Zeitfensters erreicht.
 
9. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-8, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, den Strafwert zu aufeinanderfolgenden Zeitpunkten mit einem Koeffizienten, der kleiner als eins ist, zu multiplizieren, um den Strafwert zu verringern.
 
10. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, die dämpfungsbasierten Daten einzustellen, um den Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, wenn der Strafwert kleiner als ein Strafgrenzwert ist, und andernfalls die dämpfungsbasierten Daten einzustellen, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen.
 
11. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei das Prozessorsystem dazu konfiguriert ist, die dämpfungsbasierten Daten einzustellen, um den Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, wenn eine der folgenden Bedingungen a) und b) erfüllt ist, und andernfalls die dämpfungsbasierten Daten einzustellen, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen:

a) der Strafwert kleiner als ein unterer Strafgrenzwert ist oder

b) der Strafwert mindestens der untere Strafgrenzwert ist und kleiner als ein höherer Strafgrenzwert ist und der Strafwert den höheren Strafgrenzwert nach einer jüngsten Zeit nicht erreicht hat, wenn der Strafwert kleiner als der untere Strafgrenzwert war.


 
12. Netzwerkelement (101) für ein Datenübertragungsnetzwerk, wobei das Netzwerkelement umfasst:

- Schnittstellen (109) zum Verbinden mit dem Datenübertragungsnetzwerk,

- ein Verarbeitungssystem (102) zum Ausführen einer Steuerebene zum Konfigurieren des Netzwerkelements, um als ein Teil des Datenübertragungsnetzwerks zu arbeiten, und zum Ausführen einer Datenebene zum Weiterleiten von Daten und

- eine Vorrichtung (103) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-8 zum Erzeugen von Berichtsdaten, um zumindest die Steuerebene über einen Status von mindestens einer der Schnittstellen des Netzwerkelements zu informieren.


 
13. Netzwerkelement nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Netzwerkelement mindestens einer bzw. eines der folgenden ist: ein Internet-Protokoll-IP-Router, ein MultiProtocol-Label-Switching-MPLS-Switch, ein optischer Paket-Switch, ein Ethernet-Switch, ein durch softwaredefiniertes Networking "SDN" gesteuertes Netzwerkelement.
 
14. Verfahren zum Erzeugen von Berichtsdaten in Bezug auf einen Status einer Schnittstelle eines Netzwerkelements, wobei die Berichtsdaten zum Informieren einer Steuerebene über den Status der Schnittstelle geeignet sind, so dass ein Flattern zwischen nutzbaren und nicht nutzbaren Zuständen der Schnittstelle aus den Berichtsdaten herausgefiltert wird, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

- Empfangen (201) von Statusdaten mit einem On-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nutzbar ist, und einem Off-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nicht nutzbar ist,

- als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten zum ersten Mal empfangen werden, Initialisieren (201) von verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, und dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen,

- Aktivieren (202) eines Verzögerungszeitgebers als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten sich ändern, während der Verzögerungszeitgeber inaktiv ist,

- zu einem Ende einer Verzögerung, die von dem Verzögerungszeitgeber bestimmt wird, Einstellen (203) der verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, der zum Ende der Verzögerung auftritt,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen (204) der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, wenn ein Strafwert eine Bedingung erfüllt, die mit einem oder mehreren Strafgrenzwerten definiert ist, und andernfalls Einstellen (205) der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen (206) der Berichtsdaten, um einen Wert der verzögerungsbasierten Daten aufzuweisen, wenn die dämpfungsbasierten Daten den On-Wert aufweisen, und andernfalls Einstellen (207) der Berichtsdaten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers und als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der der Strafwert größer als null ist, Verringern (210) des Strafwerts gemäß einer vorherbestimmten Regel mit der Zeit,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren weiterhin umfasst:

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen (208) von Strafsteuerdaten, um einen präventiven Wert aufzuweisen, als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der ein Erhöhen des Strafwerts während eines Zeitfensters eine vorherbestimmte Grenze überschreitet, wobei das Zeitfenster einen aktuellen Zeitpunkt beinhaltet und eine vorherbestimmte zeitliche Länge aufweist, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Erhöhen (209) des Strafwerts als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der i) die Statusdaten sich von dem On-Wert zu dem Off-Wert ändern und ii) die Strafsteuerdaten einen Wert aufweisen, bei dem es sich nicht um den präventiven Wert handelt.


 
15. Computerprogramm zum Erzeugen von Berichtsdaten in Bezug auf einen Status einer Schnittstelle eines Netzwerkelements, wobei die Berichtsdaten zum Informieren einer Steuerebene über den Status der Schnittstelle geeignet sind, so dass ein Flattern zwischen nutzbaren und nicht nutzbaren Zuständen der Schnittstelle aus den Berichtsdaten herausgefiltert wird, wobei das Computerprogramm computerausführbare Anweisungen zum Steuern eines programmierbaren Prozessors zu Folgendem umfasst:

- Empfangen von Statusdaten mit einem On-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nutzbar ist, und einem Off-Wert, wenn die Schnittstelle nicht nutzbar ist,

- als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten zum ersten Mal empfangen werden, Initialisieren von verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, und dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen,

- Aktivieren eines Verzögerungszeitgebers als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der die Statusdaten sich ändern, während der Verzögerungszeitgeber inaktiv ist,

- zu einem Ende einer Verzögerung, die von dem Verzögerungszeitgeber bestimmt wird, Einstellen der verzögerungsbasierten Daten, um einen Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, der zum Ende der Verzögerung auftritt,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Wert der Statusdaten aufzuweisen, wenn ein Strafwert eine Bedingung erfüllt, die mit einem oder mehreren Strafgrenzwerten definiert ist, und andernfalls Einstellen der dämpfungsbasierten Daten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen,

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen der Berichtsdaten, um einen Wert der verzögerungsbasierten Daten aufzuweisen, wenn die dämpfungsbasierten Daten den On-Wert aufweisen, und andernfalls Einstellen der Berichtsdaten, um den Off-Wert aufzuweisen, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers und als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der der Strafwert größer als null ist, Verringern des Strafwerts gemäß einer vorherbestimmten Regel mit der Zeit,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Computerprogramm weiterhin computerausführbare Anweisungen zum Steuern eines programmierbaren Prozessors zu Folgendem umfasst:

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Einstellen von Strafsteuerdaten, um einen präventiven Wert aufzuweisen, als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der ein Erhöhen des Strafwerts während eines Zeitfensters eine vorherbestimmte Grenze überschreitet, wobei das Zeitfenster einen aktuellen Zeitpunkt beinhaltet und eine vorherbestimmte zeitliche Länge aufweist, und

- ungeachtet des Verzögerungszeitgebers Erhöhen des Strafwerts als Reaktion auf eine Situation, in der i) die Statusdaten sich von dem On-Wert zu dem Off-Wert ändern und ii) die Strafsteuerdaten einen Wert aufweisen, bei dem es sich nicht um den präventiven Wert handelt.


 


Revendications

1. Dispositif (103) pour générer des données de rapport relatives à un statut d'une interface d'un élément de réseau, les données de rapport étant appropriées pour informer un plan de commande du statut de l'interface de sorte que le battement entre des états utilisables et non utilisables du l'interface soit filtré des données de rapport, le dispositif comprenant un temporisateur de retard (110) et un système de processeur (104) configuré pour:

- recevoir des données de statut ayant une valeur d'activation lorsque l'interface est utilisable et une valeur de désactivation lorsque l'interface est non utilisable,

- initialiser, en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut sont reçues pour une première fois, des données basées sur le retard pour avoir une valeur des données de statut et des données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut,

- activer le temporisateur de retard en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut changent alors que le temporisateur de retard est inactif,

- définir, à la fin d'un retard déterminé par le temporisateur de retard de retard, les données basées sur le retard d'avoir une valeur des données de statut survenant à la fin du retard,

- définir, quel que soit le temporisateur, les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données basées sur l'état si une valeur de pénalité remplit une condition définie avec un ou plusieurs seuils de pénalité, et sinon définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur de désactivation,

- définir, quel que soit le temporisateur, les données de rapport pour avoir une valeur des données basées sur le retard si les données basées sur l'amortissement ont la valeur d'activation, et sinon définir les données de rapport pour avoir la valeur de désactivation, et

- diminuer, quel que soit le temporisateur de retard et en réponse à une situation dans laquelle la valeur de pénalité est supérieure à zéro, la valeur de pénalité conformément à avec une règle prédéterminée dans le temps,

caractérisé en ce que le système de processeur est en outre configuré pour:

- définir, quelle que soit la temporisation, des données de contrôle de pénalité pour avoir une valeur préventive en réponse à une situation dans laquelle l'augmentation de la valeur de pénalité pendant une fenêtre temporelle dépasse une limite prédéterminée, la fenêtre temporelle comprenant un instant actuel et ayant une longueur temporelle prédéterminée, et

- augmenter, quelle que soit la temporisation, la valeur de pénalité en réponse à une situation dans laquelle i) les données de statut passent de la valeur d'activation à la valeur de désactivation et ii) les données de contrôle de pénalité ont une valeur autre que la valeur préventive.


 
2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir les données de contrôle de pénalité pour avoir la valeur préventive si une quantité dépassant une limite d'augmentation a été ajouté à la valeur de pénalité pendant la fenêtre temporelle.
 
3. Dispositif selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir les données de contrôle de pénalité pour avoir la valeur préventive si la valeur de pénalité a été augmentée un nombre prédéterminé de fois pendant la fenêtre temporelle.
 
4. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel un changement des données de statut de la valeur d'activation à la valeur de désactivation et provoquant une activation du temporisateur de retard correspond à un début d'une nouvelle fenêtre temporelle dont la longueur temporelle est une longueur temporelle du retard déterminée par le temporisateur de retard qui a été activé.
 
5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour augmenter la valeur de pénalité au début de la nouvelle fenêtre temporelle, l'augmentation de la valeur de pénalité effectuée au début de la nouvelle fenêtre temporelle représentant au moins une partie d'une quantité ajouté à la valeur de pénalité pendant la nouvelle fenêtre temporelle.
 
6. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel un changement des données de statut de la valeur de désactivation à la valeur d'activation et provoquant une activation du temporisateur de retard correspond au début d'une nouvelle fenêtre temporelle dont la longueur temporelle est une longueur temporelle du retard.
 
7. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir la fenêtre temporelle pour être une fenêtre temporelle coulissante de sorte que l'instant actuel soit un point final de la fenêtre temporelle coulissante.
 
8. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir la fenêtre temporelle pour être une fenêtre temporelle procédant pas à pas de sorte que la fenêtre temporelle soit décalée pas à pas en avant par la durée temporelle de la fenêtre temporelle lorsque le moment actuel atteint un point final de la fenêtre temporelle.
 
9. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour multiplier la valeur de pénalité avec un coefficient inférieur à un des moments successifs de manière à diminuer la valeur de pénalité.
 
10. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut si la valeur de pénalité est inférieure à un seuil de pénalité, et sinon pour définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur de désactivation.
 
11. Dispositif selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel le système de processeur est configuré pour définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut si une des conditions suivantes a) et b) est remplie, et sinon pour définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur de désactivation:

a) la valeur de la pénalité est inférieure à un seuil de pénalité inférieur, ou

b) la valeur de pénalité est au moins le seuil de pénalité inférieur et inférieur à un seuil de pénalité plus élevé et la valeur de pénalité n'a pas atteint le seuil de pénalité plus élevé après un temps plus récent lorsque la valeur de pénalité était inférieure au seuil de pénalité inférieur.


 
12. Élément de réseau (101) pour un réseau de transfert de données, l'élément de réseau comprenant:

- des interfaces (109) pour se connecter au réseau de transfert de données,

- un système de traitement (102) pour exécuter un plan de commande pour configurer l'élément de réseau afin de fonctionner en tant que partie du réseau de transfert de données et exécuter un plan de données pour acheminer des données, et

- un dispositif (103) selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 pour générer des données de rapport de manière à informer au moins le plan de commande d'un état d'au moins une des interfaces de l'élément de réseau.


 
13. Elément de réseau selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'élément de réseau est au moins un des éléments suivants: un routeur IP à protocole Internet, un commutateur MPLS à commutation multiprotocoles par étiquettes, un commutateur optique par paquets, un commutateur Ethernet, un élément de réseau commandé par réseau « SDN » défini en réseau.
 
14. Procédé pour générer des données de rapport liées à un état d'une interface d'un élément de réseau, les données de rapport étant appropriées pour informer un plan de commande du statut de l'interface de sorte que le battement entre les états utilisables et non utilisables de l'interface soit filtré des données de rapport, le procédé comprenant de:

- recevoir (201) des données de statut ayant une valeur d'activation lorsque l'interface est utilisable et une valeur de désactivation lorsque l'interface est non utilisable,

- initialiser (201), en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut sont reçues pour la première fois, des données basées sur le retard pour avoir une valeur des données de statut et des données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut,

- activer (202) un temporisateur de retard en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut changent alors que le temporisateur de retard est inactif,

- régler (203), à la fin d'un retard déterminé par le temporisateur de retard, les données basées sur le retard pour avoir une valeur des données de statut se produisant à la fin du retard,

- régler (204), quel que soit le temporisateur, les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut si une valeur de pénalité remplit une condition définie avec un ou plusieurs seuils de pénalité, et sinon régler (205) les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur de désactivation,

- régler (206), quel que soit le temporisateur de retard, les données de rapport pour avoir une valeur des données basées sur le retard si les données basées sur l'amortissement ont la valeur d'activation, et sinon régler (207) les données de rapport pour qu'elles aient la valeur de désactivation, et

- diminuer (210), quelle que soit la temporisation et en réponse à une situation dans laquelle la valeur de pénalité est supérieure à zéro, la valeur de pénalité selon une règle prédéterminée dans le temps,

caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre de:

- régler (208), quelle que soit la temporisation, des données de contrôle de pénalité pour avoir une valeur préventive en réponse à une situation dans laquelle l'augmentation de la valeur de pénalité pendant une fenêtre temporelle dépasse une limite prédéterminée, la fenêtre temporelle comprenant un instant actuel et ayant une longueur temporelle prédéterminée, et

- augmenter (209), quelle que soit la temporisation, la valeur de pénalité en réponse à une situation dans laquelle i) les données de statut passent de la valeur d'activation à la valeur de désactivation et ii) les données de contrôle de pénalité ont une valeur autre que la valeur préventive.


 
15. Programme informatique pour générer des données de rapport liées à un statut d'une interface d'un élément de réseau, les données de rapport étant appropriées pour informer un plan de commande de statut de l'interface de sorte que le battement entre les états utilisables et non utilisables de l'interface soit filtré des données de rapport, le programme informatique comprenant des instructions exécutables par ordinateur pour commander un processeur programmable pour:

- recevoir des données de statut ayant une valeur d'activation lorsque l'interface est utilisable et une valeur de désactivation lorsque l'interface est non utilisable,

- initialiser, en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut sont reçues pour la première fois, des données basées sur le retard pour avoir une valeur des données de statut et des données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut,

- activer un temporisateur de retard en réponse à une situation dans laquelle les données de statut changent alors que le temporisateur de retard est inactif,

- définir, à la fin d'un retard déterminé par le temporisateur, les données basées sur le retard pour avoir une valeur des données de statut se produisant à la fin du retard,

- définir, quelle que soit la temporisation, les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur des données de statut si une valeur de pénalité remplit une condition définie avec un ou plusieurs seuils de pénalité, et sinon définir les données basées sur l'amortissement pour avoir la valeur de désactivation,

- définir, quel que soit le temporisateur de retard, les données de rapport pour avoir une valeur des données basées sur le retard si les données basées sur l'amortissement ont la valeur d'activation, et autrement définir les données de rapport pour avoir la valeur de désactivation, et

- diminuer, quel que soit le temporisateur de retard et en réponse à une situation dans laquelle la valeur de pénalité est supérieure à zéro, la valeur de pénalité conformément à une règle prédéterminée dans le temps,

caractérisé en ce que le programme informatique comprend en outre des instructions exécutables par ordinateur pour commander le processeur programmable pour:

- définir, quelle que soit la temporisation, les données de contrôle de pénalité pour avoir une valeur préventive en réponse à une situation dans laquelle l'augmentation de la valeur de pénalité pendant une fenêtre temporelle dépasse une limite prédéterminée, la fenêtre temporelle comprenant un instant actuel et ayant une longueur temporelle prédéterminée, et

- augmenter, quelle que soit la temporisation, la valeur de pénalité en réponse à une situation dans laquelle i) les données de statut passent de la valeur d'activation à la valeur de désactivation et ii) les données de contrôle de pénalité ont une valeur autre que la valeur préventive.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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