(19)
(11)EP 3 462 023 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 18196078.2

(22)Date of filing:  21.09.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04B 39/02(2006.01)

(54)

LUBRICATING OIL SUPPLY APPARATUS AND COMPRESSOR USING LUBRICATING OIL SUPPLY APPARATUS

SCHMIERÖLVERSORGUNGSVORRICHTUNG UND VERDICHTER MIT SCHMIERÖLVERSORGUNGSVORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL D'ALIMENTATION EN HUILE DE LUBRIFICATION ET COMPRESSEUR AU MOYEN D'UN APPAREIL D'ALIMENTATION EN HUILE DE LUBRIFICATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.09.2017 KR 20170126547

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.04.2019 Bulletin 2019/14

(73)Proprietor: LG Electronics Inc.
Yeongdeungpo-gu Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Ki Yeon
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • KIM, Seungwook
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • KIM, Young Hwan
    08592 Seoul (KR)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/092147
US-A- 5 221 199
US-B1- 6 287 099
KR-A- 20060 097 215
US-A1- 2006 222 549
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] A lubricating oil supply apparatus and a compressor using a lubricating oil supply apparatus are disclosed herein.

    [0002] A compressor is an apparatus to increase pressure by compressing gas. The compressor is categorized into a reciprocating type compressor in which gas suctioned into a cylinder is compressed and discharged by a piston, and a scroll type compressor in which gas is compressed by rotating two scrolls relative to each other based on how gas is compressed.

    [0003] The compressor is provided with a rotational shaft to supply a force for compressing gas. Also, as the compressor includes a large number of mechanical components that are subject to mutual friction, it is required to lubricate the mechanical components.

    [0004] Referring to FIG. 1, the reciprocating type compressor may have a structure in which a frame 20 is accommodated in a housing 10. The frame 20 may support the rotational shaft 50. A lubricating oil supply path 53 may be provided in the rotational shaft 50, and a lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be provided at a lower end of the rotational shaft 50. Lubricating oil may be stored in a lower portion of an inner space of the housing 10, and a lower end of the lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be submerged in the lubricating oil.

    [0005] The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may include a portion that rotates together with the rotational shaft 50 and a portion that is fixed to the frame 20. As the rotational shaft 50 rotates, the lubricating oil stored in the lower portion of the housing 10 may be pumped upward by the lubricating oil supply portion 60 along the lubricating oil supply path 53 of the rotational shaft 50, and may be supplied to a portion where lubrication is required.

    [0006] The above-described oil pump structure supplies oil by means of a rotational force of the rotational shaft 50, and thus an oil (lubricating oil) supply amount increases in proportion to an operation speed, as shown in FIG. 2. This tendency is applied to both a centrifugal pump and a viscous pump.

    [0007] In order to ensure efficiency and reliability of an inverter compressor, an oil supply amount needs to be set high in a low speed operation mode. However, in the inverter compressor having the above-described oil pump structure, when an oil supply amount is set high in a low speed operation mode, the oil supply amount becomes excessively high in a high speed operation mode. In a high speed operation mode, the excessively high oil supply amount causes a fall in efficiency.

    [0008] Us6287099 discloses a a prior art oil supply.

    [0009] The present invention is defined by the appended claims. Embodiments disclosed herein provide a lubricating oil supply apparatus capable of lowering an oil supply amount in a high speed operation mode while having an oil pump structure in which the oil (lubricating oil) supply amount increases in proportion to an operation speed.

    [0010] The lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments disclosed herein may include a rotational shaft 50, a hollow lubricating oil supply path 53 formed along a longitudinal direction of the rotational shaft 50, a lubricating oil supply portion 60 installed at a lower end of the rotational shaft 50 to supply lubricating oil to the lubricating oil supply path 53, a bypass hole 55 provided on or at a side surface of the rotational shaft 50 to allow an outer space of the rotational shaft 50 and the lubricating oil supply path 53 to communicate with each other therethrough, and a valve body 70 installed on the rotational shaft 50 to open or close the bypass hole 55. The valve body 70 may include a valve 71 provided at a location that closes the bypass hole 55, and a spring 73 to elastically press the valve 71 in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft 50. A degree of opening of the bypass hole 55 may be determined based on a degree of the valve 71, which is subjected to a centrifugal force generated by rotation of the rotational shaft 50, moving in a direction away from the center of the rotational shaft 50 while overcoming an elastic force of the spring 73.

    [0011] The valve body 70 may further include a valve housing 72 fixed to the rotational shaft 50. One or a first end of the spring 73 may be supported by the valve housing 72, and the other or a second end of the spring 73 may be supported by the valve 71. The valve housing 72 may be provided with a leakage hole 722 through which lubricating oil discharged from the lubricating oil supply path 53 through the bypass hole 55 may be discharged.

    [0012] The spring 73 may include a coil spring. The valve housing 72 may be provided with a second supporting portion or support 723 to support one or a first end of the coil spring. The valve 71 may be provided with a first supporting portion or support 712 to support the other or a second end of the coil spring.

    [0013] The valve housing 72 may be provided with a stopper 724 that extends in a direction in which the stopper 724 is inserted into the coil spring at a location surrounded by the second supporting portion 723. The valve 71 may be provided with a head portion 711 that extends in a direction in which the head portion 711 is inserted into the coil spring at a location surrounded by the first supporting portion 712. A moving amount of the valve 71 may be restricted due to the head portion 711 being interfered by the stopper 724.

    [0014] The leakage hole 722 may include a hole that is formed through a central portion of the stopper 724 to extend in parallel with an extending direction of the stopper 724.

    [0015] The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may include a rotational portion 62 fixed to the rotational shaft 50 to rotate together with the rotational shaft 50. The rotational portion 62 may be provided with the valve housing 72.

    [0016] The valve 71 may include an inserting portion 713 which slidably moves in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft 50 or an opposite direction thereof while contacting an inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55 in a state of being inserted into the bypass hole 55, a first opening portion or opening 714 recessed from an end of the inserting portion 713 located close to the center of the rotational shaft 50 into the inserting portion 713, and a second opening portion or opening 715 provided on or at a side surface of the inserting portion 713 in contact with an inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55 to communicate with the first opening portion 714. In a state in which the bypass hole 55 is closed by the valve 71, the second opening portion 715 may be blocked by the inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55 to prevent lubricating oil in the rotational shaft 50 from leaking to the outside of the rotational shaft 50 through the bypass hole 55. In a state in which the bypass hole 55 is opened by the valve 71, at least portion of the second opening portion 715 may not be blocked by the inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55 but may be exposed to the outside of the rotational shaft 55 so that the lubricating oil in the rotational shaft 55 leaks to the outside of the rotational shaft 55 through the first opening portion 174 and the second opening portion 175.

    [0017] An end of the inserting portion 713 located far from the center of the rotation rotational shaft 50 may be provided with a first supporting portion or support 712 having a larger cross section than the inserting portion 713. A surface of the first supporting portion 712 that faces the rotational shaft 50 may have a shape of being in close contact with the rotational shaft 50. An opposite surface of the surface of the first supporting portion 712 that faces the rotational shaft 50 may support the spring 73.

    [0018] The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may include a rotational portion 62 fixed to the rotational shaft 50 to rotate together with the rotational shaft 50, and a fixed portion 61 fastened to the rotational portion 62 to be rotatable relative to the rotational portion 62. The rotational portion 62 may be provided with at least one of an outer wall 622 that is in contact with an outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft 50 or an inner wall 621 that is in contact with an inner circumferential surface of the rotational shaft 50. The outer wall 622 and the inner wall 612 each may be provided with a communicating portion 623 that faces the bypass hole 55 and communicates with the bypass hole 55.

    [0019] The valve body 70 may further include a valve housing 72 provided on the outer wall 622. The valve 71 and the spring 73 may be embedded in a chamber 721 defined by the valve housing 72.

    [0020] A degree of opening of the bypass hole 55 may become larger as a rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases.

    [0021] Also, embodiments disclosed herein further provide a compressor provided with the above-described lubricating oil supply apparatus.

    [0022] The compressor may include a housing 10, a frame 20 installed in the housing 10, a rotation supporting portion 25 provided on the frame 20 to support the rotation of the rotational shaft 50, and lubricating oil stored in a lower portion of an inner space of the housing 10.

    [0023] The rotation of the rotational portion 62 relative to the fixed portion 61 may pump lubricating oil upward.

    [0024] The lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments of the present disclosure may secure a sufficient oil (lubricating oil) supply amount in a low speed operation mode even when an oil pump structure in which the oil (lubricating oil) supply amount increases in proportion to an operation speed is applied thereto, and may adjust the oil supply amount in a high speed operation mode so that oil is not supplied more than necessary, thereby enhancing the efficiency and reliability of the inverter compressor.

    [0025] Also, the lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments of the present disclosure may adjust an oil supply amount by means of a spring constant of the spring, a mass of the valve, a cross sectional area and a length of an opening portion of the valve, and the like, thereby easily setting a desired oil supply amount in response to an operation speed.

    [0026] Specific effects of the embodiments of the present disclosure in addition to the above-described effects will be described together with the following details for carrying out the embodiments of the present disclosure.

    [0027] Embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the following drawings in which like reference numerals refer to like elements, and wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a side sectional view showing a reciprocating type compressor according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 2 is a graph showing a change in an oil supply amount versus operation speed in a centrifugal pump or a viscous pump;

    FIG. 3 is a side sectional view showing a reciprocating type compressor according to another embodiment;

    FIG. 4 is a side sectional view showing an internal configuration of a compressor equipped with a lubricating oil supply apparatus according an embodiment;

    FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the valve body portion of FIG. 4;

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a valve housing of the valve body of FIG. 5;

    FIG. 7 is a side sectional view of the valve housing of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the valve of FIG. 5;

    FIG. 9 is a side sectional view of the valve of FIG. 8;

    FIG. 10 is a see-through perspective view of the rotational shaft of FIG. 4;

    FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of the valve body portion of FIG. 5 when a valve is closed;

    FIG. 12 is an enlarged view of the valve body portion of FIG. 5 at a time when a valve is opened and oil begins to leak;

    FIG. 13 is an enlarged view of the valve body portion of FIG. 5 when the valve is fully opened;

    FIG. 14 is a graph showing a degree of opening of a valve versus an operation speed of a compressor;

    FIG. 15 is a graph showing an oil supply amount versus an operation speed of a compressor, depending on whether a lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments is installed or not.



    [0028] Hereinafter, embodiments will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Where possible, the same or similar reference numerals have been used to indicate the same or similar elements and repetitive disclosure has been omitted.

    [0029] Embodiments are not limited to the embodiments disclosed herein but may be implemented in various different forms. The embodiments are provided to make the description thorough and to fully convey the scope to those skilled in the art.

    [A Structure of a Compressor]



    [0030] A structure of a compressor using a lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 3. A compressor 1 exemplified in embodiments is a reciprocating type compressor.

    [0031] Each component element of the compressor 1 may be installed in the housing 10. The housing 10 may include a main housing 11 having a shape of a deep container, and a cover housing or cover 12 to cover and seal an upper portion of the main housing 11. A leg 13 may be provided at a lower portion of the main housing 11. The leg 13 may be configured to fix the compressor 1 to an installation location.

    [0032] A protrusion 15 may be provided at a bottom of an inner space of the housing 10. The protrusion 15 may fix an elastic device 16 such as, for example, a coil spring. The frame 20 may be fixed to an upper portion of the elastic device 16. The elastic device 16 may fix the frame 20 to the housing 10 while preventing the housing 10 and the frame 20 from being directly connected to each other. Therefore, it is possible to prevent vibration of the frame 20 from being transferred to the housing 10, by means of the elastic device 16.

    [0033] A rotation supporting portion or support 25 of the frame 20 may support rotation of a rotational shaft 50. The rotational shaft 50 may extend in a vertical direction, and may be rotatably supported by the frame 20 at two points. The rotational shaft 50 of the compressor of FIG. 1 may be supported at two points of a lower portion of a crank pin 51. The rotational shaft 50 of the compressor of FIG. 3 may be supported at two points which respectively correspond to upper and lower portions of the crank pin 51.

    [0034] The rotational shaft 50 may rotate in a motor driving manner, and may be inverter-controlled. A stator 21 may be fixed to the frame 20, and a rotor 52 may be fixed to the rotational shaft 50. The rotational shaft 50 may be rotated by inverter control.

    [0035] The crank pin 51 may be provided at an upper portion of the rotational shaft 50. The crank pin 51 may extend parallel with the rotational shaft 50 while being eccentrically located with respect to a center of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0036] A cylinder 30 which extends in a horizontal direction may be provided at a height corresponding to a height of the crank pin 51. The cylinder 30 of the compressor of FIG. 1 may be constructed integrally with the rotation supporting portion 25 of the frame 20. The cylinder 30 of the compressor of FIG. 3 may be constructed as a separate component from the rotation supporting portion 25 and assembled with the rotation supporting portion 25.

    [0037] The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be installed at a lower portion of the rotational shaft 50. Lubricating oil may be stored in the lower portion of the inner space of the housing 10. The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be submerged in the lubricating oil. The lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be provided with a fixed portion 61 fixed to the frame 20 and a rotational portion 62 which rotates together with the rotational shaft 50. The rotation of the rotational portion 62 relative to the fixed portion 61 may pump the lubricating oil upward.

    [0038] FIG. 1 shows a structure in which the fixed portion 61 having a spiral protruding portion formed on an outer circumferential surface thereof is fixed to the frame 20, and the rotational portion 62 that surrounds the fixed portion 61 is fixed to the rotational shaft 50 to rotate together with the rotational shaft 50. When the rotational portion 62 rotates, lubricating oil may be supplied upward in a spiral direction along the protruding portion of the fixed portion 61 by the viscosity of the lubricating oil. Therefore, the higher the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50, the greater the amount of the lubricating oil supplied upward.

    [0039] FIG. 3 shows a trochoid type lubricating oil supply portion 60. This trochoid type lubricating oil supply portion 60 may include the fixed portion 61 with a lower end thereof partially open, and the rotational portion 62 fixed to the rotational shaft 50 to rotate within the fixed portion 61. Oil introduced from a lower portion of the fixed portion 61 is pressurized and supplied upward by rotation of the rotational portion 62.

    [0040] The rotational shaft 50 may be provided with hollow lubricating oil supply path 53. The lubricating oil supply path 53 may be formed to extend from a lower end of the rotational shaft 50 to a vicinity of a location where lubrication is required. Oil (lubricating oil) may be supplied to a friction portion between cylinder 30 and a piston 40, a connecting portion between crank pin 51 and a connecting rod 46, a connecting portion between the connecting rod 46 and the piston 40, and a supporting portion of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0041] The lubricating oil supplied to where lubricating oil is needed may flow down or fall back to a bottom of the housing 10 by gravity after wetting a relevant portion.

    [A Lubricating Oil Supply Apparatus]



    [0042] The lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments may ensure that a lubricating oil supply amount is not proportional to a rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 even when the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases. Thus, embodiments are based on a principle that oil is bypassed before going to a destination via the lubricating oil supply path 53 and returned to the bottom of the inner space of the housing. The higher the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50, the greater the amount of oil to be bypassed. This principle may increase an amount of oil to be bypassed in response to an amount of oil supplied to the lubricating oil supply path 53 of the rotational shaft 50 that increases as the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases, thereby preventing an oil supply amount from increasing even when the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases.

    [0043] In order to increase an amount of oil to be bypassed in response to the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50, embodiments may use a centrifugal force generated by a rotational motion. Embodiments may apply a structure in which a bypass hole 55 is formed in the rotational shaft 50 and the bypass hole 55 is opened and closed by a valve 71. A degree of opening of the valve 71 may be determined by the centrifugal force. That is, as the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases, the valve 71 may be further opened.

    [0044] This principle may be applied to an oil supply structure in which an oil supply amount tends to increase as the rotation speed of the rotational shaft 50 increases.

    [0045] Hereinafter, the lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 3 described above and FIGS. 4 to 10.

    [0046] The hollow lubricant supply path 53 may be provided in the rotational shaft 50 along a longitudinal direction of the rotational shaft 50. The lubricating oil supply path 53 may be opened downward, and may extend upward to where oil is needed. In the embodiments of FIGS. 1, 4 and 10, a structure in which a spiral lubricating oil supply path 53 is branched along an outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft 50 is exemplified. On the other hand, in the embodiment of FIG. 3, a structure in which two paths extend to each of two point supporting portions of the rotational shaft 50 is exemplified.

    [0047] A lower portion of the lubricating oil supply path 53 may have a wider space. This space may be a space in which the lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be installed, and a valve body 70 may be also installed around the space. A lower portion of the rotational shaft 50 may be exposed at a lower portion of the frame 20, and may have a spatial margin in comparison to an upper portion of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0048] The lubricating oil supply portion 60 needs be submerged in lubricating oil. In this regard, the lubricating oil supply portion 60 and the valve body 70 may be provided at the lower portion of the rotational shaft 50. Therefore, it should be understood that, when there is another spatial margin, the valve body 70 may be installed at a location other than the lower portion of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0049] The bypass hole 55 may be formed in a lower portion of an outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft 50. The bypass hole 55 may allow the lubricating oil supply path 53 provided in the rotational shaft 50 to communicate with a space outside of the rotational shaft 50. Therefore, some of the oil contained in the lubricating oil supply path 53 may be discharged through the bypass hole 55 and fall back to the bottom of the housing 10.

    [0050] The outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft 50 may form a curved surface, however, a periphery of the outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft at which the bypass hole 55 is formed may be machine-processed to be flat to improve a sealing force of the valve 71.

    [0051] The bypass hole 55 may be opened and closed by the valve 71. Referring to FIGS. 8 and 9, the valve 71 may include a cylindrical head portion or head 711, a first supporting portion or support 712 and an inserting portion 713 centers of which may be sequentially arranged in parallel.

    [0052] Among these components, the first supporting portion 712 may have a largest diameter, and a diameter of the head portion 711 may be slightly smaller than the diameter of the first supporting portion 712. The diameter of the first supporting portion 712 may correspond to a diameter of a spring 73 described hereinafter. The head portion 711 may have a diameter that allows the head portion 711 to be inserted into the spring 73 to regulate a location of the spring 73.

    [0053] A first surface of the first supporting portion 712 may face the head portion 711, and a second surface of the first supporting portion 712 may face the inserting portion 713. The second surface of the first supporting portion 712 may be a surface corresponding to a flat processed surface around the bypass hole 55. The second surface of the first supporting portion 712 may be in close contact with a flat processed outer circumferential surface portion of the rotational shaft 50, thereby assisting sealing of the bypass hole 55.

    [0054] The inserting portion 713 of the valve 71 may be inserted into the bypass hole 55. An outer circumferential surface of the inserting portion 713 may be in contact with an inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55, and may slidably move in a direction toward or away from the center of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0055] The inserting portion 713 may be provided with a hollow first opening portion or opening 714 recessed inward from an end thereof. A second opening portion or opening 715 that communicates with the first opening portion 714 may be provided on or at a side surface of the inserting portion 713. Therefore, oil in the rotational shaft 50 may be discharged to the outside of the rotational shaft 50 through the first opening portion 714 and the second opening portion 715.

    [0056] According to one embodiment, the first opening portion 714 may have a shape of a cylindrical groove, and the second opening portion 715 may have a shape of a circular hole; however, the shapes of the first and second opening portions are not limited thereto. That is, any shape may be used as long as a path through which oil is discharged from an end of the inserting portion 713 to a side surface of the inserting portion 713 is provided. For example, the opening portion may have a shape of a groove that extends from an outer circumferential side surface of the inserting portion to the end of the inserting portion along a longitudinal direction.

    [0057] By adjusting various design factors such as, for example, a cross sectional area of the bypass hole 55, volumes of hollow portions of the opening portions 714 and 715, and a location of the second opening portion 715, for example, it is possible to adjust a leakage amount of oil.

    [0058] The above-described valve 71 may be installed in a valve housing 72 of FIGS. 6 and 7. In one embodiment, a structure in which the valve housing 72 is integrally constructed with the rotational portion 62 of the lubricating oil supply portion 60 is exemplified. This structure may be applied not only to the rotational portion 62 of the lubricating oil supply portion 60 of FIG. 1, but also to the lubricating oil supply portion 60 of FIG. 3. The embodiment will be described based on the lubricating oil supply portion 60 of FIG. 1.

    [0059] The rotational portion 62 of the lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be fastened to a lower end of the rotational shaft 50 to rotate together with the rotational shaft 50. A lower portion of the rotational portion 62 may be submerged in oil stored in a lower portion of the compressor housing 10. An outer wall 622 and an inner wall 621 may be provided at an upper portion of the rotational portion 62, and a space in which the lower end of the rotational shaft 50 is inserted and fixed may be formed between the two walls 621 and 622.

    [0060] In the outer wall 622 and the inner wall 621, a communicating portion 623 may be provided at a location corresponding to the bypass hole 55 of the rotational shaft 50. An inner space of the rotational shaft 50 may communicate with the outside through the bypass hole 55 and the communicating portion 623.

    [0061] The valve housing 72 defining a hollow portion 721 that extends in a radial direction may be provided on or at an outer side of the communicating portion 623. In one embodiment, a structure in which the valve housing 72 is constructed integrally with the lubricating oil supply portion 60 is exemplified. This structure is advantageous in that installation of the valve body is completed merely by installing the lubricating oil supply portion 60 without the need to additionally install the valve body 70. But, it should be apparent that embodiments do not exclude a structure in which the valve body 70 and the lubricating oil supply portion 60 are separately installed.

    [0062] A central axis of the valve housing 72 may be arranged horizontally, and may cross the center of the rotational shaft 50. An inner diameter of a cylindrical hollow portion of the valve housing 72 may be slightly larger than a diameter of the first supporting portion 712 of the valve 71 to guide a movement of the valve 71.

    [0063] A second supporting portion or support 723 having a shape of an annular groove that supports the spring 73 may be provided at an outer end of the valve housing 72. The second supporting portion 723 may have a diameter corresponding to a diameter of the spring 73 described hereinafter.

    [0064] A stopper 724 inserted into the spring 73 described hereinafter may be provided at a portion surrounded by the second supporting portion 723. The stopper 724 may interfere with the head portion 711 of the valve 71 to regulate a maximum opening amount of the valve 71.

    [0065] The valve housing 72 may be provided with a leakage hole 722 to discharge oil that leaks through the communicating portion 623. The leakage hole 722 may be formed at each of an outer end and a lower portion of the valve housing 72. In one embodiment, the leakage hole 722 of the outer end may be provided in a shape to pass through the stopper 724.

    [0066] The spring 73 may be a coil spring. One or a first end of the spring 73 may be supported by the first supporting portion 712 of the valve 71, and the other or a second end of the spring 73 may be supported by the second supporting portion 723 of the valve housing 72. The head portion 711 and the stopper 724 may be respectively inserted into opposite ends of the spring 73 to regulate a location of the spring.

    [0067] The spring 73 may press the valve 71 in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0068] It is possible to adjust an opening amount of the valve 71 by adjusting a spring constant of the spring 73, lengths of the stopper 724 and the head portion 711, and a mass of the valve 71, for example.

    [0069] In the illustrated embodiment, a structure in which one valve body is installed is exemplified. However, in order to prevent eccentricity, the valve body 70 may be provided at opposite sides of the rotational shaft 50. It is also possible to install a counterweight.

    [0070] Hereinafter, an operation of the valve will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 to 13.

    [0071] A centrifugal force acting on the valve 71 in an initial start-up process of the compressor or in a low speed operation mode may be very small. Therefore, the valve 71 may not overcome an elastic force of the spring 73, and thereby almost not be opened. In this state, as shown in FIG. 11, the second opening portion 715 may be closed in a state in which the second opening portion 715 faces an inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole 55, and thus oil in the rotational shaft 50 may not be discharged through the valve 71. Therefore, in a low speed operation mode, all of the oil supplied to the lubricating oil supply portion 60 may be supplied to where lubricating oil needed along the lubricating oil supply path 53 of the rotational shaft 50.

    [0072] When an operation speed of the compressor begins to increase, the centrifugal force of the valve 71 may overcome the elastic force of the spring 73, and the valve 71 may slidably move in a direction away from the rotational shaft 50, as shown in FIG. 12. And, a portion of the second opening portion 715 may be withdrawn from the bypass hole 55 and exposed to the outside of the rotational shaft 50, that is, toward the hollow portion 721 of the valve housing 72.

    [0073] Then, as shown in FIG. 12, oil in the rotational shaft 50 may flow toward the hollow portion of the valve housing 72 through the first opening portion 714 and the second opening portion 715 of the valve 71, and may be discharged to the outside through the leakage hole 722.

    [0074] When the compressor operates at a high speed, the centrifugal force of the valve 71 may largely overcome the elastic force of the spring 73, and thereby may slidably move further outward. Referring to FIG. 13, the valve 71 may slidably move to a location at which the head portion 711 interferes with the stopper 724. At least a portion of the inserting portion 713 of the valve 71 may remain inserted into the bypass hole 55 even when the valve 71 is withdrawn out to a maximum. As a result, the valve 71 may not be completely withdrawn from the bypass hole 55, whereby the valve 71 may be smoothly reinserted. In a state in which the valve 71 is withdrawn out to the maximum, the second opening portion 715 may be completely exposed to the outside, and the valve 71 may be opened to the maximum.

    [0075] As described above, a degree of opening of the valve 71 may be determined based on the operation speed of the compressor.

    [0076] As shown in FIG. 14, when the lubricating oil supply apparatus according to embodiments is applied, an opening degree of the valve may increase as an operating frequency of the compressor (a rotation speed of the rotational shaft of the compressor) increases. Therefore, as in Structure (b) of FIG. 15, an oil supply amount may not increase in line with an increase in the operation frequency, as compared with Structure (a) in which the bypass hole 55 and the valve 71 are not applied.

    [0077] In another embodiment (not shown in the drawings), the bypass hole (55) may be provided on the rotational portion (62) of the lubricating oil supply portion (60), not on the rotational shaft (50). In other words, the rotational portion (62) comprising structures corresponding to the bypass hole (55) and the valve body (70) in the former embodiment may be connected to a lower end of the rotational shaft (50). This embodiment is more beneficial in terms of manufacturing cost than the former embodiment, since there is no need to drill a hole on the rotational shaft, and the rotational shaft (50) can be formed shorter due to the rotational portion (62) connected to the end of the rotational shaft (50) and thus replacing an original part of the rotational shaft (50).

    [0078] In the embodiments above, the fixed portion (61) of the lubricating oil supply portion (60) may be replaced with a centrifugal blade pump which is mounted on an inner circumferential surface of the rotational portion (62) and pumps up locating oil into the lubricating oil supply path (53) by its rotation together with the rotational portion (62).

    [Description of Symbols]



    [0079] 
    1:
    Compressor (reciprocating type compressor)
    10:
    Housing
    11:
    Main housing
    12:
    Cover housing
    13:
    Leg
    15:
    Protrusion
    16:
    Elastic device
    20:
    Frame
    21:
    Stator
    25:
    Rotation supporting portion
    30:
    Cylinder
    40:
    Piston
    46:
    Connecting rod
    50:
    Rotational shaft
    51:
    Crank pin
    52:
    Rotor
    53:
    Lubricating oil supply path
    55:
    Bypass hole
    60:
    Lubricating oil supply portion
    61:
    Fixed portion
    62:
    Rotational portion
    621:
    Inner wall
    622:
    Outer wall
    623:
    Communicating portion
    70:
    Valve body
    71:
    Valve
    711:
    Head portion
    712:
    First supporting portion
    713:
    Inserting portion
    714:
    First opening portion
    715:
    Second opening portion
    72:
    Valve housing
    721:
    Chamber
    722:
    Leakage hole
    723:
    Second supporting portion
    724:
    Stopper
    73:
    Spring



    Claims

    1. A lubricating oil supply apparatus, comprising:

    a rotational shaft (50) including a hollow lubricating oil supply path (53) formed along a longitudinal direction of the rotational shaft;

    a lubricating oil supply portion (60) installed at a lower end of the rotational shaft (50) to supply lubricating oil to the lubricating oil supply path (53);

    a bypass hole (55) provided on a side surface of the rotational shaft (50) to allow an outer space of the rotational shaft (50) and the lubricating oil supply path (53) to communicate with each other therethrough; and

    a valve body (70) installed on the rotational shaft (50) to open or close the bypass hole (55),

    wherein the valve body (70) comprises:

    a valve (71) provided at a location for opening or closing the bypass hole (55);

    a valve housing (72) fixed to the rotational shaft (50) and including a leakage hole (722) through which lubricating oil having passed through the bypass hole (55) is discharged; and

    a spring (73) supported by the valve housing (72) and elastically pressing the valve (71) in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft (50), wherein the valve (71) and the spring (73) are embedded in a chamber (721) defined by the valve housing (72), and

    wherein a degree of opening of the bypass hole (55) by the valve (71) is determined at least based on a degree of a centrifugal force applied to the valve (71), and wherein the centrifugal force is generated by rotation of the rotational shaft (50) and a weight of the valve (71), and allows the valve (71) to move in a direction away from the center of the rotational shaft (50) while overcoming an elastic force of the spring (73),

    characterized in that the lubricating oil supply portion (60) comprises a rotational portion (62) fixed to the rotational shaft (50) to rotate together with the rotational shaft (50), and

    the rotational portion (62) is provided with the valve housing (72).


     
    2. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of claim 1,
    wherein one end of the spring (73) is supported by the valve housing (72), and the other end of the spring (73) is supported by the valve (71).
     
    3. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of claim 2,
    wherein the spring comprises a coil spring,
    wherein the valve housing (72) is provided with a second supporting portion (723) to support one end of the coil spring, and
    wherein the valve (71) is provided with a first supporting portion (712) to support the other end of the coil spring.
     
    4. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of claim 3,
    wherein the valve housing (72) is provided with a stopper (724) that extends from the second supporting portion (723) in a direction in which the stopper (724) is inserted into the coil spring,
    wherein the valve (71) is provided with a head portion (711) that extends from the first supporting portion (712) in a direction in which the head portion (711) is inserted into the coil spring, and
    wherein a moving amount of the valve (71) is restricted by interference between the head portion (711) and the stopper (724).
     
    5. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 4,
    wherein the leakage hole (722) comprises a hole that is formed to extend in a radial direction of the rotational shaft (50).
     
    6. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the rotational portion (62) is provided with at least one of an outer wall (622) that is in contact with an outer circumferential surface of the rotational shaft (50) and an inner wall (621) that is in contact with an inner circumferential surface of the rotational portion (62), and
    wherein the outer wall (622) and the inner wall (612) each are provided with a communicating portion (623) that faces the bypass hole (55) and communicates with the bypass hole (55).
     
    7. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of any one of the preceding claims,
    wherein the valve (71) comprises:

    an inserting portion (713) which slidably moves in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft (50) or an opposite direction thereof while contacting an inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole (55) when being inserted into the bypass hole (55);

    a first opening portion (714) recessed from an end of the inserting portion (713) located close to the center of the rotational shaft (50); and

    a second opening portion (715) provided on a side surface of the inserting portion (713), and communicating with the first opening portion (714), and

    wherein, in a state where the bypass hole (55) is closed by the valve (71), the second opening portion (715) is blocked by the inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole (55) to prevent lubricating oil in the rotational shaft (50) from leaking to the outside of the rotational shaft (50) through the bypass hole (55), and

    wherein, in a state where the bypass hole (55) is opened by the valve (71), a least portion of the second opening portion (715) is not blocked by the inner circumferential surface of the bypass hole (55) so that the lubricating oil in the rotational shaft (50) leaks to the outside of the rotational shaft (50) through the first opening portion (174) and the second opening portion (175).


     
    8. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of claim 7,
    wherein an end of the inserting portion (713) located far from the center of the rotational shaft (50) is provided with a first supporting portion (712) having a larger cross section than the inserting portion (713),
    wherein a surface of the first supporting portion (712) that faces the rotational shaft (50) has a shape of being in close contact with the rotational shaft (50), and
    wherein another surface opposite to the surface of the first supporting portion (712) supports the spring (73).
     
    9. A lubricating oil supply apparatus, comprising:

    a rotational shaft (50) including a hollow lubricating oil supply path (53) formed along a longitudinal direction of the rotational shaft;

    a lubricating oil supply portion (60) installed at a lower end of the rotational shaft (50) to supply lubricating oil to the lubricating oil supply path (53);

    a bypass hole (55) arranged to allow an outer space of the rotational shaft (50) and the lubricating oil supply path (53) to communicate with each other therethrough; and

    a valve body (70) installed on the rotational portion (62) to open or close the bypass hole (55),

    wherein the valve body (70) comprises:

    a valve (71) provided at a location for opening or closing the bypass hole (55);

    a valve housing (72) fixed to the rotational portion (62) and including a leakage hole (722) through which lubricating oil having passed through the bypass hole (55) is discharged; and

    a spring (73) supported by the valve housing (72) and elastically pressing the valve (71) in a direction toward the center of the rotational shaft (50), wherein the valve (71) and the spring (73) are embedded in a chamber (721) defined by the valve housing (72), and

    wherein a degree of opening of the bypass hole (55) by the valve (71) is determined at least based on a degree of a centrifugal force applied to the valve (71), and wherein the centrifugal force is generated by rotation of the rotational shaft (50) and a weight of the valve (71), and allows the valve (71) to move in a direction away from the center of the rotational shaft (50) while overcoming an elastic force of the spring (73),

    characterized in that the lubricating oil supply portion (60) comprises a rotational portion (62) fixed to the rotational shaft (50) to rotate together with the rotational shaft (50),

    the rotational portion (62) is provided with the valve housing (72), and

    the bypass hole (55) is disposed on a side surface of the rotational portion (62).


     
    10. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of claim 9, wherein the lubricating oil supply portion (60) further includes a centrifugal blade pump which is mounted on an inner circumferential surface of the rotational portion (62) and pumps up locating oil into the lubricating oil supply path (53) by rotation thereof together with the rotational portion (62) .
     
    11. The lubricating oil supply apparatus of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the valve body (70) is integrally formed with the rotational portion (62).
     
    12. A compressor comprising the lubricating oil supply apparatus of any one of the preceding claims.
     
    13. The compressor of claim 12, further comprises:

    a housing (10);

    a frame (20) installed in the housing (10);

    a rotation supporting portion (25) provided on the frame (20) to support rotation of the rotational shaft (50); and

    lubricating oil stored in a lower portion of an inner space of the housing (10), and

    wherein at least a portion of the lubricating oil supply portion (60) is submerged in the lubricating oil.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung, mit:

    einer Drehwelle (50), die einen hohlen Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) aufweist, der längs einer Längsrichtung der Drehwelle ausgebildet ist;

    einem Schmierölversorgungsabschnitt (60), der an einem unteren Ende der Drehwelle (50) installiert ist, um dem Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) Schmieröl zuzuführen;

    einem Umgehungsloch (55), das an einer Seitenfläche der Drehwelle (50) vorgesehen ist, um es zu ermöglichen, dass ein Außenraum der Drehwelle (50) und der Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) dort hindurch miteinander in Verbindung stehen; und

    einem Ventilkörper (70), der an der Drehwelle (50) installiert ist, um das Umgehungsloch (55) zu öffnen oder zu schließen, wobei der Ventilkörper (70) aufweist:

    ein Ventil (71), das an einer Stelle zum Öffnen oder Schließen des Umgehungslochs (55) vorgesehen ist;

    ein Ventilgehäuse (72), das an der Drehwelle (50) befestigt ist und ein Austrittsloch (722) aufweist, durch das Schmieröl, das durch das Umgehungsloch (55) gegangen ist, ausgestoßen wird; und

    eine Feder (73), die durch das Ventilgehäuse (72) gehalten wird und das Ventil (71) elastisch in einer Richtung zur Mitte der Drehwelle (50) drückt, wobei das Ventil (71) und die Feder (73) in einer Kammer (721) eingebettet sind, die durch das Ventilgehäuse (72) definiert wird, und

    wobei ein Öffnungsgrad des Umgehungslochs (55) durch das Ventil (71) mindestens beruhend auf einem Grad einer Zentrifugalkraft bestimmt wird, die auf das Ventil (71) ausgeübt wird, und wobei die Zentrifugalkraft durch die Drehung der Drehwelle (50) und ein Gewicht des Ventils (71) erzeugt wird und es dem Ventil (71) ermöglicht, sich in eine Richtung weg von der Mitte der Drehwelle (50) zu bewegen, während sie eine Federkraft der Feder (73) überwindet,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schmierölversorgungsabschnitt (60) einen Drehabschnitt (62) aufweist, der an der Drehwelle (50) befestigt ist, um sich zusammen mit der Drehwelle (50) zu drehen, und

    der Drehabschnitt (62) mit dem Ventilgehäuse (72) versehen ist.


     
    2. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei ein Ende der Feder (73) durch das Ventilgehäuse (72) gehalten wird und das andere Ende der Feder (73) durch das Ventil (71) gehalten wird.
     
    3. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die Feder eine Schraubenfeder aufweist,
    wobei das Ventilgehäuse (72) mit einem zweiten Halteabschnitt (723) versehen ist, um ein Ende der Schraubenfeder zu halten, und
    wobei das Ventil (71) mit einem ersten Halteabschnitt (712) versehen ist, um das andere Ende der Schraubenfeder zu halten.
     
    4. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3,
    wobei das Ventilgehäuse (72) mit einem Anschlag (724) versehen ist, der sich vom zweiten Halteabschnitt (723) in einer Richtung erstreckt, in der der Anschlag (724) in die Schraubenfeder eingesetzt ist,
    wobei das Ventil (71) mit einem Kopfabschnitt (711) versehen ist, der sich vom ersten Halteabschnitt (712) in einer Richtung erstreckt, in der der Kopfabschnitt (711) in die Schraubenfeder eingesetzt ist, und
    wobei ein Bewegungsbetrag des Ventils (71) durch einen störendem Eingriff zwischen dem Kopfabschnitt (711) und dem Anschlag (724) beschränkt ist.
     
    5. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    wobei das Austrittsloch (722) ein Loch aufweist, dass so ausgebildet ist, dass es sich in einer radialen Richtung der Drehwelle (50) erstreckt.
     
    6. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
    wobei der Drehabschnitt (62) mit einer Außenwand (622), die mit einer Außenumfangsfläche der Drehwelle (50) in Kontakt steht, und/oder einer Innenwand (621) versehen ist, die mit einer Innenumfangsfläche des Drehabschnitts (62) in Kontakt steht, und
    wobei die Außenwand (622) und die Innenwand (612) jeweils mit einem Verbindungsabschnitt (623) versehen sind, der zum Umgehungsloch (55) weist und mit dem Umgehungsloch (55) in Verbindung steht.
     
    7. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei das Ventil (71) aufweist:

    einen Einsatzabschnitt (713), der sich verschiebbar in einer Richtung zur Mitte der Drehwelle (50) oder in deren entgegengesetzte Richtung bewegt, während er eine Innenumfangsfläche des Umgehungslochs (55) berührt, wenn er in das Umgehungsloch (55) eingesetzt ist;

    einen ersten Öffnungsabschnitt (714), der von einem Ende des Einsatzabschnitts (713) ausgespart ist, das nahe der Mitte der Drehwelle (50) angeordnet ist; und

    einen zweiten Öffnungsabschnitt (715), der an einer Seitenfläche des Einsatzabschnitts (713) vorgesehen ist und mit dem ersten Öffnungsabschnitt (714) in Verbindung steht, und

    wobei in einem Zustand, in dem das Umgehungsloch (55) durch das Ventil (71) verschlossen ist, der zweite Öffnungsabschnitt (715) durch die Innenumfangsfläche des Umgehungslochs (55) blockiert ist, um zu verhindern, dass Schmieröl in der Drehwelle (50) aus der Drehwelle (50) durch das Umgehungsloch (55) nach außen austritt, und

    wobei in einem Zustand, in dem das Umgehungsloch (55) durch das Ventil (71) geöffnet ist, mindestens ein Abschnitt des zweiten Öffnungsabschnitts (715) nicht durch die Innenumfangsfläche des Umgehungslochs (55) blockiert ist, so dass das Schmieröl in der Drehwelle (50) aus der Drehwelle (50) durch den ersten Öffnungsabschnitt (174) und den zweiten Öffnungsabschnitt (175) nach außen austritt.


     
    8. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 7,
    wobei eine Ende des Einsatzabschnitts (713), das entfernt von der Mitte der Drehwelle (50) angeordnet ist, mit einem ersten Halteabschnitt (712) versehen ist, der einen größeren Querschnitt als der Einsatzabschnitt (713) aufweist,
    wobei eine Oberfläche des ersten Halteabschnitts (712), die zur Drehwelle (50) weist, eine Form aufweist, mit der sich in engem Kontakt mit der Drehwelle (50) steht, und
    wobei eine andere Oberfläche gegenüber der Oberfläche des ersten Halteabschnitts (712) die Feder (73) hält.
     
    9. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung, mit:

    einer Drehwelle (50), die einen hohlen Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) aufweist, der längs einer Längsrichtung der Drehwelle ausgebildet ist;

    einem Schmierölversorgungsabschnitt (60), der an einem unteren Ende der Drehwelle (50) installiert ist, um dem Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) Schmieröl zuzuführen;

    einem Umgehungsloch (55), das so angeordnet ist, dass es ermöglicht, dass ein Außenraum der Drehwelle (50) und der Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) dort hindurch miteinander in Verbindung stehen; und

    einem Ventilkörper (70), der am Drehabschnitt (62) installiert ist, um das Umgehungsloch (55) zu öffnen oder zu schließen,

    wobei der Ventilkörper (70) aufweist:

    ein Ventil (71), das an einer Stelle zum Öffnen oder Schließen des Umgehungslochs (55) vorgesehen ist;

    ein Ventilgehäuse (72), das am Drehabschnitt (62) befestigt ist und ein Austrittsloch (722) aufweist, durch das Schmieröl, das durch das Umgehungsloch (55) gegangen ist, ausgestoßen wird; und

    eine Feder (73), die durch das Ventilgehäuse (72) gehalten wird und das Ventil (71) elastisch in einer Richtung zur Mitte der Drehwelle (50) drückt, wobei das Ventil (71) und die Feder (73) in einer Kammer (721) eingebettet sind, die durch das Ventilgehäuse (72) definiert wird, und

    wobei ein Öffnungsgrad des Umgehungslochs (55) durch das Ventil (71) mindestens beruhend auf einem Grad einer Zentrifugalkraft bestimmt wird, die auf das Ventil (71) ausgeübt wird, und wobei die Zentrifugalkraft durch die Drehung der Drehwelle (50) und ein Gewicht des Ventils (71) erzeugt wird und es dem Ventil (71) ermöglicht, sich in eine Richtung weg von der Mitte der Drehwelle (50) zu bewegen, während sie eine Federkraft der Feder (73) überwindet,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schmierölversorgungsabschnitt (60) einen Drehabschnitt (62) aufweist, der an der Drehwelle (50) befestigt ist, um sich zusammen mit der Drehwelle (50) zu drehen,

    der Drehabschnitt (62) mit dem Ventilgehäuse (72) versehen ist, und

    das Umgehungsloch (55) an einer Seitenfläche des Drehabschnitts (62) angeordnet ist.


     
    10. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Schmierölversorgungsabschnitt (60) ferner eine Zentrifugalflügelpumpe aufweist, die an einer Innenumfangsfläche des Drehabschnitts (62) angeordnet ist und durch deren Drehung zusammen mit dem Drehabschnitt (62) das Schmieröl nach oben in den Schmierölversorgungsweg (53) pumpt.
     
    11. Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Ventilkörper (70) integral mit dem Drehabschnitt (62) ausgebildet ist.
     
    12. Verdichter, der die Schmierölversorgungsvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche aufweist.
     
    13. Verdichter nach Anspruch 12, der ferner aufweist:

    ein Gehäuse (10);

    einen in das Gehäuse (10) eingebauten Rahmen (20);

    einen Drehungshalteabschnitt (25), der am Rahmen (20) vorgesehen ist, um die Drehung der Drehwelle (50) zu halten; und

    Schmieröl, das in einem unteren Abschnitt eines Innenraums des Gehäuses (10) gespeichert ist, und

    wobei mindestens ein Abschnitt des Schmierölversorgungsabschnitts (60) in das Schmieröl eingetaucht ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante, comprenant :

    un arbre rotatif (50) comportant un chemin creux d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante formé dans le sens de la longueur de l'arbre rotatif ;

    une section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante présentée à une extrémité inférieure de l'arbre rotatif (50) pour refouler de l'huile lubrifiante vers le chemin d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante ;

    un orifice de dérivation (55) prévu sur une surface latérale de l'arbre rotatif (50) pour permettre la communication entre un espace extérieur de l'arbre rotatif (50) et le chemin d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante ; et

    un corps (70) de vanne monté sur l'arbre rotatif (50) pour ouvrir ou fermer l'orifice de dérivation (55), ledit corps (70) de vanne comprenant :

    une vanne (71) prévue à un emplacement permettant l'ouverture ou la fermeture de l'orifice de dérivation (55) ;

    un boîtier (72) de vanne fixé à l'arbre rotatif (50) et présentant un orifice de fuite (722) par lequel est évacuée l'huile lubrifiante écoulée par l'orifice de dérivation (55) ; et

    un ressort (73) supporté par le boîtier (72) de vanne et comprimant élastiquement la vanne (71) vers le centre de l'arbre rotatif (50), la vanne (71) et le ressort (73) étant incorporés à une chambre (721) définie par le boîtier (72) de vanne, et

    où un degré d'ouverture de l'orifice de dérivation (55) par la vanne (71) est déterminé au moins sur la base d'un degré d'une force centrifuge appliquée sur la vanne (71), et où la force centrifuge est générée par rotation de l'arbre rotatif (50) et par un poids de la vanne (71), et permet à la vanne (71) de se déplacer en s'éloignant du centre de l'arbre rotatif (50) en surmontant une force élastique du ressort (73),

    caractérisé en ce que la section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante comprend une partie rotative (62) fixée à l'arbre rotatif (50) pour tourner solidairement à l'arbre rotatif (50), et en ce que la partie rotative (62) est prévue avec le boîtier (72) de vanne.


     
    2. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon la revendication 1,
    où une extrémité du ressort (73) est supportée par le boîtier (72) de vanne, et l'autre extrémité du ressort (73) est supportée par la vanne (71).
     
    3. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon la revendication 2, où le ressort comprend un ressort hélicoïdal,
    où le boîtier (72) de vanne est prévu avec une deuxième partie de support (723) pour supporter une extrémité du ressort hélicoïdal, et
    où la vanne (71) est prévue avec une première partie de support (712) pour supporter l'autre extrémité du ressort hélicoïdal.
     
    4. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon la revendication 3,
    où le boîtier (72) de vanne est pourvu d'une butée (724) s'étendant depuis la deuxième partie de support (723) dans une direction d'insertion de la butée (724) dans le ressort hélicoïdal,
    où la vanne (71) présente une section de tête (711) s'étendant depuis la première partie de support (712) dans une direction d'insertion de la section de tête (711) dans le ressort hélicoïdal, et
    où une longueur de déplacement de la vanne (71) est limitée par interférence entre la section de tête (711) et la butée (724).
     
    5. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4,
    où l'orifice de fuite (722) comprend un trou formé de manière à s'étendre dans une direction radiale de l'arbre rotatif (50).
     
    6. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5,
    où la partie rotative (62) est pourvue d'une paroi extérieure (622) en contact avec une surface circonférentielle extérieure de l'arbre rotatif (50) et/ou d'une paroi intérieure (621) en contact avec une surface circonférentielle intérieure de la partie rotative (62), et
    où la paroi extérieure (622) et la paroi intérieure (612) sont pourvues chacune d'une section de communication (623) faisant face à l'orifice de dérivation (55) et communiquant avec l'orifice de dérivation (55).
     
    7. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon l'une des revendications précédentes, où la vanne (71) comprend :

    une section d'insertion (713) se déplaçant par coulissement vers le centre de l'arbre rotatif (50) ou dans une direction opposée en contactant une surface circonférentielle intérieure de l'orifice de dérivation (55) quand elle est insérée dans l'orifice de dérivation (55) ;

    une première partie d'ouverture (714) ménagée depuis une extrémité de la section d'insertion (713) située à proximité du centre de l'arbre rotatif (50) ; et

    une deuxième partie d'ouverture (715) prévue sur une surface latérale de la section d'insertion (713), et communiquant avec la première partie d'ouverture (714), et

    où, dans un état où l'orifice de dérivation (55) est fermé par la vanne (71), la deuxième partie d'ouverture (715) est bloquée par la surface circonférentielle intérieure de l'orifice de dérivation (55) pour empêcher huile lubrifiante de l'arbre rotatif (50) de fuir vers l'extérieur de l'arbre rotatif (50) par l'orifice de dérivation (55), et

    où, dans un état où l'orifice de dérivation (55) est ouvert par la vanne (71), au moins une partie de la deuxième partie d'ouverture (715) n'est pas bloquée par la surface circonférentielle intérieure de l'orifice de dérivation (55), de sorte que l'huile lubrifiante de l'arbre rotatif (50) s'écoule vers l'extérieur de l'arbre rotatif (50) par la première partie d'ouverture (174) et la deuxième partie d'ouverture (175).


     
    8. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon la revendication 7,
    où une extrémité de la section d'insertion (713) distante du centre de l'arbre rotatif (50) est pourvue d'une première partie de support (712) dont la section transversale est de grandeur supérieure à la section d'insertion (713),
    où une surface de la première partie de support (712) faisant face à l'arbre rotatif (50) a une forme lui permettant d'être en contact étroit avec l'arbre rotatif (50), et
    où une autre surface opposée à la surface de la première partie de support (712) supporte le ressort (73).
     
    9. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante, comprenant :

    un arbre rotatif (50) comportant un chemin creux d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante formé dans le sens de la longueur de l'arbre rotatif ;

    une section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante présentée à une extrémité inférieure de l'arbre rotatif (50) pour refouler de l'huile lubrifiante vers le chemin d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante ;

    un orifice de dérivation (55) prévu pour permettre la communication entre un espace extérieur de l'arbre rotatif (50) et le chemin d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante ; et

    un corps (70) de vanne monté sur la partie rotative (62) pour ouvrir ou fermer l'orifice de dérivation (55),

    ledit corps (70) de vanne comprenant :

    une vanne (71) prévue à un emplacement permettant l'ouverture ou la fermeture de l'orifice de dérivation (55) ;

    un boîtier (72) de vanne fixé à la partie rotative (62) et présentant un orifice de fuite (722) par lequel est évacuée l'huile lubrifiante écoulée par l'orifice de dérivation (55) ; et

    un ressort (73) supporté par le boîtier (72) de vanne et comprimant élastiquement la vanne (71) vers le centre de l'arbre rotatif (50), la vanne (71) et le ressort (73) étant incorporés à une chambre (721) définie par le boîtier (72) de vanne, et

    où un degré d'ouverture de l'orifice de dérivation (55) par la vanne (71) est déterminé au moins sur la base d'un degré d'une force centrifuge appliquée sur la vanne (71), et où la force centrifuge est générée par rotation de l'arbre rotatif (50) et par un poids de la vanne (71), et permet à la vanne (71) de se déplacer en s'éloignant du centre de l'arbre rotatif (50) en surmontant une force élastique du ressort (73),

    caractérisé en ce que la section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante comprend une partie rotative (62) fixée à l'arbre rotatif (50) pour tourner solidairement à l'arbre rotatif (50), et la partie rotative (62) est prévue avec le boîtier (72) de vanne, et

    en ce que l'orifice de dérivation (55) est disposé sur une surface latérale de la partie rotative (62).


     
    10. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon la revendication 9, où la section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante comprend en outre une pompe centrifuge à pales montée sur une surface circonférentielle intérieure de la partie rotative (62) et refoulant de l'huile lubrifiante dans le chemin d'alimentation (53) en huile lubrifiante par rotation avec la partie rotative (62).
     
    11. Dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon l'une des revendications précédentes, où le corps (70) de vanne est formé d'un seul tenant avec la partie rotative (62).
     
    12. Compresseur, comprenant le dispositif d'alimentation en huile lubrifiante selon l'une des revendications précédentes.
     
    13. Compresseur selon la revendication 12, comprenant en outre :

    un carter (10) ;

    un châssis (20) monté dans le carter (10) ;

    une partie de support rotative (25) prévue sur le châssis (20) pour supporter la rotation de l'arbre rotatif (50) ; et

    de l'huile lubrifiante stockée dans une partie inférieure d'un espace intérieur du carter (10), et

    où au moins une partie de la section d'alimentation (60) en huile lubrifiante est plongée dans l'huile lubrifiante.


     




    Drawing