(19)
(11)EP 3 463 709 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17722728.7

(22)Date of filing:  05.05.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B21D 43/05(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2017/060820
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/211512 (14.12.2017 Gazette  2017/50)

(54)

TRANSPORT DEVICE FOR PRESS LINES AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SUCH A TRANSPORT DEVICE

TRANSPORTVORRICHTUNG FÜR PRESSENLINIE UND VERFAHREN ZUR STEUERUNG SOLCH EINER TRANSPORTVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE TRANSPORT POUR LIGNES DE PRESSE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.06.2016 DE 102016110491

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.04.2019 Bulletin 2019/15

(73)Proprietor: Schuler Pressen GmbH
73033 Göppingen (DE)

(72)Inventor:
  • CISAR, Rolf
    91238 Engelthal (DE)

(74)Representative: Louis Pöhlau Lohrentz 
Patentanwälte Merianstrasse 26
90409 Nürnberg
90409 Nürnberg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 2 746 048
DE-A1- 19 515 606
DE-A1- 19 645 792
DE-B3-102007 051 037
JP-U- S62 118 633
US-A- 5 452 981
DE-A1- 19 506 079
DE-A1- 19 605 159
DE-B3- 10 348 643
JP-A- H01 143 731
KR-U- 20150 004 609
US-A1- 2007 051 157
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a transport device for transporting workpieces in a forming machine or press line in the workpiece transport direction, according to the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0002] Such a device for transporting workpieces is known from DE 103 48 643 B3. This transport mechanism has two parallel carrier rails on which are arranged carriages with tool grippers for transporting workpieces. These carriages are connected to each other and are driven by a common drive unit, which has a spindle drive. The carrier rails are mounted on vertical press uprights. For this purpose, two vertically movable carriages are provided on each press upright, which are connected to the carrier rail via a lever mechanism. Via the lever mechanism, the carrier rail can be actuated within the press in the lifting and/or clamping direction.

    [0003] From DE 195 06 079 A1 a workpiece transport device is known with the aid of which workpieces can be transported in a press. This device has two parallel carrier rails which are arranged on a clamping box. The clamping box is arranged on the floor of the press and has a lift and a clamping drive in order to move the transfer rails. Individual workpiece grippers are arranged on the carrier rails, which have a linear motor and can be moved along the carrier rail.

    [0004] A disadvantage of the known state of the art is that the transport devices impede access to the press since these are arranged either in the input or output window of a press or occupy part of the lateral gate area of the press. The window available for the tool transport and/or the workpiece transport, which serves as access to the working area of a press, is thereby spatially restricted.

    [0005] The object of the invention is to create a transport device for a press line or forming machine which has a low space requirement and, in particular, encroaches as little as possible on the press window or lateral gate areas available for the workpiece transport or tool transport. The transport device is to be constructed to be mechanically stable and to enable a flexible workpiece transport.

    [0006] This object is achieved according to the invention by a transport device with the features of claim 1.

    [0007] It is provided, according to the invention, that the length of the carrier rail is shorter than the distance between the uprights in the workpiece transport direction and the rocker is rotatably mounted on the lifting carriage in such a way that the carrier rail can be pivoted out of the pressing area or forming area in that the rocker can be pivoted between the vertical uprights into the gate area or through the gate area. It is thus made possible that the carrier rail or several carrier rails can be moved out of the processing area, preferably out of the pressing area or forming area, in the lateral direction, i.e. transverse to the workpiece transport direction. It is thereby prevented, for example when working in the pressing area, that the transport device or the carrier rails interfere with this work. It is further advantageously made possible that work on the carrier rails or on workpiece grippers can be carried out not within the pressing area but outside the pressing area.

    [0008] With this design, the carrier rail can be formed in an embodiment without transport carriages. This means that one or more workpiece grippers are held directly on the carrier rail or on a corresponding workpiece gripper holder of the carrier rail. Alternatively, the carrier rail can have a transport carriage with a workpiece gripper. The transport carriage can be moved along the transport rail in a driven manner. In an advantageous design, the carrier rail can have several transport carriages, which are mounted movable on the carrier rail and can be moved along the carrier rail in a driven manner. In particular, at least two transport carriages each having one workpiece gripper can be mounted on the carrier rail, wherein each transport carriage has its own drive mechanism, in order to move this transport carriage in a driven manner along the carrier rail independently of other transport carriages.

    [0009] This type of mounting of the at least one carrier rail on the vertical uprights enables a universal transport of workpieces accompanied by a very low space requirement of the transport device. The lifting carriages occupy only a little space and can additionally be moved in the vertical direction in order to free up the access to a working area of the press line or forming machine. It is not necessary to support the carrier rail via a frame standing on a press base or a floor.

    [0010] The transport device can be formed as a monotransfer, this means the transport device has only one single carrier rail. In an alternative design, the transport device can also have more than one carrier rail. In one design, the transport device can preferably have two transport rails running in the workpiece transport direction. These can be arranged running parallel to each other. The carrier rails can preferably be arranged spaced apart from each other transverse to the transport direction.

    [0011] The workpieces can be transported on the carrier rails both in the workpiece transport direction and also contrary to the workpiece transport direction via the individually driven transport carriages. A separate longitudinal drive for the carrier rails can thereby be omitted. Such a longitudinal drive is provided in the case of conventional transport systems, in order to drive the carrier rails together with the workpieces in the workpiece transport direction. In known systems, such a longitudinal drive is arranged before or after a press bed in the workpiece transport direction and occupies part of the press window due to its size. Because such a longitudinal drive can be omitted in the solution according to the invention, a larger press window is available for the workpiece transport.

    [0012] Through the individual actuation of individual transport carriages, individual workpieces each with their own movement profile can be transported at the same time with the transport device. A movement profile can comprise different parameters such as, for example, speeds and/or accelerations and/or time-dependent changes in speed and/or times, e.g. transport times and/or residence times, and/or stroke lengths and/or transport paths. For example, several workpieces each with different movement profiles can be transported at the same time. For example, one workpiece can remain stationary and be processed while a second workpiece is transported. Alternatively, two workpieces can be transported in opposite directions, that is towards one another.

    [0013] The transport device can be used together with a press line or a forming machine or a handling system or a stacking system in order to transport workpieces in the systems.

    [0014] In one design, it is further provided that a gate area is arranged to the side of a processing area, for example a pressing area or forming area. The gate area is bordered by two vertical uprights each. The vertical uprights of a gate area are spaced apart from each other in the workpiece transport direction. The gate area extends between the uprights over the entire distance between the vertical uprights in the workpiece transport direction.

    [0015] Pressing area denotes that area which is arranged between the press uprights and in which tools, such as for example a press die, driven by a press line or forming machine work. The gate area adjoins the pressing area at the side. The gate area extends over the entire width of the vertical uprights. By pivoting the carrier rail into the gate area is also meant a position of the carrier rail in which the carrier rail itself is not yet arranged between the vertical uprights but the rocker runs essentially parallel to the vertical upright. This means, when the carrier rail is in the gate area, the rocker is, relative to the upright, within an angular range of 0° (the rocker is parallel to the vertical upright) to 10°, preferably less than 15°, most preferably less than 22°.

    [0016] By means of a press line or forming machine, workpieces, in particular panel-shaped workpieces consisting of metal or plastic or fibre material or composite materials, can be processed, such as for example body panels of a motor vehicle.

    [0017] In an advantageous design, it can be provided that the carrier rails are formed as profiles or carrier beams on which transport carriages are mounted movable in the longitudinal direction. A transport carriage can have a holder on which one or more workpiece grippers are held detachably. Further, a transport carriage can comprise a drive mechanism which is arranged on the carrier rail. The drive mechanism acts between the carrier rail and the transport carriage in order to move the transport carriage relative to the carrier rail.

    [0018] In particular, the carrier rails run parallel to each other in the workpiece transport direction. It can further be provided that the transport rails are only mounted on the vertical uprights. A supplementary support of the transport rails, for example through a frame supporting the transport rails, is not necessary. This means that the space which is normally needed in the state of the art for such a frame is no longer required in the solution according to the invention and thus more space is available for transporting or processing workpieces.

    [0019] A particularly flexible control of the workpieces can be made possible in one design in that the drive mechanisms of the transport carriages are connected to a workpiece control device in such a way that, through the workpiece control device, a drive mechanism of a transport carriage can be actuated individually in that the workpiece control device defines or controls a movement profile of a transport carriage. A movement profile can comprise different parameters such as, for example, speeds and/or accelerations and/or time-dependent changes in speed and/or times, e.g. transport times and/or residence times, and/or stroke lengths and/or transport paths. For example, the workpiece control device can define a speed and a drive direction of the drive device. It is thus possible to actuate each individual drive device or an individual transport carriage individually. This means that the speed and/or the direction of travel thereof can be controlled individually independently of other transport carriages.

    [0020] In order to improve the precision of the control, in one design it can be provided that the carrier rail has a path measuring device connected to the workpiece control device. The path measuring device is, in particular, formed to determine a position of a transport carriage and/or of a workpiece gripper relative to the carrier rail and to transmit the position to the drive mechanism of the transport carriage and/or the workpiece control device.

    [0021] In an economical and space-saving design it can be provided that a drive mechanism of the transport carriages has an electric linear motor. Alternatively, several drive mechanisms of the transport carriages can each have an electric linear motor. The transport carriage can each have a rotor of a linear motor and a stator of the linear motor can be arranged on the carrier rail, or vice versa. Preferably all the transport carriages have an electric linear motor. The rotor of an electric linear motor can, for example, be formed as a magnetic plate which is arranged on the carrier carriage. The magnetic plate can have one or more permanent magnets or generate a magnetic field via an electromagnet. The stator arranged on the carrier rail can, in particular, comprise several windings of a coil which can be actuated individually in order to accurately control the magnetic fields of the stator. Through the interaction of the magnetic fields generated by the stator and the magnetic field of a rotor, a force acts on the rotor which moves the rotor and thus a transport carriage linearly along the stator.

    [0022] In an alternative design, the transport carriages can each have a linear motor which co-operates with a toothed rack via a pinion. The toothed rack can be arranged on the transport rail and the pinion with a drive motor can be arranged on the transport carriage or connected to the transport carriage. Drives with servomotors and/or toothed belts or spindle drives can also be arranged on the transport carriage or connected to the transport carriage in order to drive the transport carriage along a transport rail.

    [0023] In an advantageous design, it can be provided that the lifting carriage of a carrier rail has a rotary drive for rotating the rocker connected to the carrier rail. Preferably, the rotary drive can have an electric motor with a rotary output which co-operates with a carriage-side pivot bearing for rotating the rocker. By integrating a rotary drive, in particular an electric motor with a rotary output, into the lifting carriage, a compact design of the rotary drive of the carrier rails is made possible. The rotary drive can, for example, have an electric servomotor or a stepper motor, in order to accurately control or regulate the pivot angle of the rocker.

    [0024] In particular, it is provided that the lifting carriage can be formed in one piece. This means that the lifting carriage has only one single carriage bracket which is movable on a vertical upright.

    [0025] In one design, it can be provided that the rocker has a single rocker arm connecting the carrier rail to the lifting carriage, wherein the rocker arm is pivotably connected to the carrier rail. Through the pivotable mounting of the carrier rail, the latter can always be aligned in a defined manner independently of an angle of rotation of the rocker arm. This means the inclination of the carrier rail relative to the vertical can be set. The rocker arm can be formed as a solid profile or as a grid profile. To reduce weight, it can also be provided that the rocker arm has material-free areas.

    [0026] In an alternative design, it can also be provided that the rocker has a parallelogram linkage with two rocker arms, which are each rotatably mounted with one of their ends on the same lifting carriage and, with their other end, are pivotably connected to the carrier rail. A rotational movement of the rocker in the area of the lifting carriage can thereby be converted into an approximately linear movement in the area of the carrier rail. The two rocker arms are designed as separate retaining arms. This means the rocker arms are not directly connected to each other. The ends of these two rocker arms are each secured or mounted, at one end, on a lifting carriage and, at the other end, on a carrier rail or a connection device of the carrier rail. A relative movement between the two rocker arms is thereby made possible. Via such a relative movement, the inclination of the carrier rail relative to the vertical can be controlled, for example. In particular, it can be provided that the lifting carriage has two separate pivot bearings, wherein one pivot bearing is connected to one rocker arm each. The lifting carriage can also have a rotary drive motor with a rotary output, which is connected to one of the pivot bearings, in order to drive the rocker. Alternatively, the rotary output can be connected to one or to both pivot bearings via a gear drive or a belt drive in order to drive the rocker. It can also be provided that the lifting carriage has two rotary drive motors, wherein each rotary drive motor co-operates with one pivot bearing in order to drive one retaining arm each.

    [0027] In one design, it is preferably provided that the lifting carriage has two rotary drive motors, wherein each rotary drive motor co-operates with one pivot bearing in order to drive one retaining arm each.

    [0028] In order to enable a simple assembly of the carrier rails, in one design it can be provided that the rocker has, on its end connected to the carrier rail, a bracket for the detachable connection of the carrier rail. The bracket can have a detachable mechanical connection and a detachable electrical connection. A detachable pneumatic connection and/or a detachable hydraulic connection is also conceivable. The mechanical connection can, for example, comprise a screw connection or a catch mechanism in order to connect the rocker to the carrier rail detachably. The electrical connection of the bracket can be formed as an electrical plug connection or as a screw connection.

    [0029] In order to enable a precise positioning of a carrier rail, in one design it can be provided that the rocker has a pivot drive, which pivots the carrier rail and/or the bracket relative to the rocker in order to set a particular angle between the carrier rail and the rocker. The pivot drive can, for example, have an electric servomotor or a stepper motor in order to pivot the carrier rail by a particular angle or to set a particular angle between carrier rail and rocker. Via the pivot drive, the inclination of the carrier rail relative to the vertical can be controlled.

    [0030] In order to improve the workpiece transport or to be able to increase the speed of the workpiece transport, in one design it can be provided that, on the end connected to the carrier rail, preferably at the bracket, the rocker has a longitudinal drive in order to move the carrier rail in the workpiece transport direction. Via the longitudinal drive, the carrier rail can be moved relative to the rocker in the workpiece transport direction. The longitudinal drive is arranged on the rocker in the area of the connection of the carrier rail. It is advantageous that the longitudinal drive can be pivoted together with the carrier rail via the rocker. This has the advantage that the longitudinal drive can be pivoted out of the pressing area together with the carrier rail and the longitudinal drive does not spatially restrict the lateral gate area or the press window.

    [0031] The longitudinal drive can, for example, be designed as a spindle drive or as a toothed belt drive. Alternatively, the longitudinal drive can also have a rotary motor, the output of which is a cog wheel, which co-operates with a toothed rack. In an alternative design, it can also be provided that the longitudinal drive is formed as an electric linear motor, wherein the stator is arranged on the rocker and the rotor is arranged on the carrier rail, or that the rotor is arranged on the rocker and the stator is arranged on the carrier rail.

    [0032] In one design, the longitudinal drive can be provided as the only drive, in order to move the carrier rails in the workpiece transport direction. This means the longitudinal drive can be combined with carrier rails on which workpiece grippers are fixed in place.

    [0033] In another design, the longitudinal drive can be combined with such carrier rails in which at least two transport carriages each having one workpiece gripper are mounted on one carrier rail, wherein each transport carriage has its own drive mechanism in order to move this transport carriage in a driven manner along the carrier rail independently of other transport carriages. In this design, either individual transport carriages can be moved in the tool transport direction or a carrier rail can be moved in the tool transport direction or, at the same time, a transport carriage or several transport carriages and the carrier rail can be moved in the tool transport direction.

    [0034] In order to achieve a compact design, it can be provided that the lift drive of the lifting carriage is formed as a linear motor, preferably as an electric linear motor.

    [0035] In order also to be able to absorb high mechanical forces via the transport device, in one design it can be provided that the lifting carriage or the lift drive of the lifting carriage has a switchable locking mechanism in order to fix the lifting carriage in a vertical position on the upright. The locking mechanism can, for example, comprise a bolt which can be moved via a solenoid, which fixes the lifting carriage on the vertical upright in that the bolt engages in a recess. Alternatively, the locking mechanism can comprise a clamp which can be switched via an electromagnet, which clamps the lifting carriage in a vertical position on the upright. Alternatively, hydraulic or pneumatic locking mechanisms can also be provided in order to fix the lifting carriage in a vertical position on an upright.

    [0036] In order to make possible a precise control of the transport device, it can be provided that the lift drive and the rotary drive of a lifting carriage are connected to a control device and the control device actuates both the lift drive and the rotary drive for performing a lifting movement and/or a clamping movement of a carrier rail. The transport device can have its own control device. Alternatively, the control device can also be integrated into the press line or a control for the press line, however.

    [0037] In particular, it is provided that the longitudinal drive of a support bar is connected to the control device and the control device actuates the longitudinal drive for moving the support bar in the workpiece transport direction or contrary to the workpiece transport direction, in order to transport workpieces. The vertical uprights can be formed as carrier beams or formed as part of a framework or a frame, which is connected to the press. In particular, it is provided that the press uprights are connected to each other at their upper end via a press cross-head. The press cross-head can serve at the same time for carrying a press die.

    [0038] In one design, it can be provided that the lift drive and the rotary drive and the pivot drive of a lifting carriage are connected to a control device and the control device actuates the lift drive as well as the rotary drive and the pivot drive for performing a lifting movement and/or a clamping movement of a carrier rail. Lifting movement describes a movement along the vertical. Clamping movement describes a movement transverse to the workpiece transport direction, preferably a horizontal movement.

    [0039] In an alternative design, it can be provided that the longitudinal drive of a support bar is connected to the control device and the control device actuates the longitudinal drive for moving the support bar in the workpiece transport direction or contrary to the workpiece transport direction, in order to transport workpieces. Preferably it can be provided that the lifting carriages are arranged in the lateral gate area, wherein one lifting carriage is mounted on a vertical upright each in such a way that the lifting carriages are directly opposite each other, in particular that the lifting carriages are arranged on the directly opposite ends of the two vertical uprights.

    [0040] In order to enable a space-saving arrangement of the carrier rails, in one design it can be provided that the lifting carriage and the rocker are formed and arranged in such a way that the rocker can be rotated by the rotary drive of the lifting carriage into a position in which the rocker runs parallel to the vertical upright.

    [0041] The transport device according to the invention can be used in a press line or forming machine in order to carry out workpiece transport. It is provided that the press line or forming machine has a press bed which is arranged between four press uprights. Two of the press uprights each are arranged on the same side of the press bed spaced apart from each other in the workpiece transport direction. Between these two press uprights, that is to the side of the pressing area, a gate area of the press is arranged. Through this gate area, work can be carried out on the press or on the pressing tool. In the workpiece transport direction, the press line has an input window and an output window in order to transfer raw material or workpieces into the press or to discharge them from the press. The input window and the output window are likewise bordered by two vertical press uprights, specifically the uprights which are arranged either before the press bed or after the press bed in the workpiece transport direction.

    [0042] It is provided that the transport device according to the invention can be used for modifying or retrofitting an existing press line or forming machine. For this purpose, it is provided that, in a first step, an existing transport mechanism is removed from the press line or forming machine then, in a next step, a linear drive and a lifting carriage are each secured to the press uprights with a rocker of the transport mechanism and subsequently a carrier rail is connected to the ends of two rockers lying on the same side of the workpiece transport direction.

    [0043] In controlling the transport device, it is provided that a lifting movement of the transport device takes place in that the lifting carriages are moved in the vertical direction via the lift drives on the press uprights.

    [0044] A clamping movement of the transport device takes place in that the rotary drives of the lifting carriages of a carrier rail and, at the same time, the lift drives of the same lifting carriages are actuated in such a way that the carrier rail is moved in the horizontal direction by the rotary drives and, at the same time, the vertical movement of the carrier rail caused by the rotational movement is compensated by the lift drives. It is thus made possible that a clamping movement, i.e. a movement transverse to the workpiece transport direction, can be performed, without a vertical movement of the workpiece taking place.

    [0045] In one design of the transport device according to the invention it is provided that the latter is controlled in such a way that a lifting movement of the transport device takes place in that the lifting carriages are moved in the vertical direction via the lift drives on the press uprights and that a clamping movement of the transport device takes place in that the rotary drives of the lifting carriages of a carrier rail and the lift drives of the same lifting carriages are actuated in such a way that the carrier rail is moved in the horizontal direction by the rotary drives and, at the same time, the vertical movement of the carrier rail caused by the rotational movement is compensated by the lift drives.

    [0046] In order to manufacture a workpiece consisting of two individual workpieces or in order to process two workpieces at the same time, in a pressing station or press line it can be provided that, for transferring further raw material or a second workpiece, at least one carrier rail and at least one transport carriage of this carrier rail are moved in the workpiece transport direction and, in the area of the output window, the further raw material or a second workpiece is received via the workpiece gripper of the transport carriage.

    [0047] In order to discharge a finished workpiece from the press line, it can be provided that, for discharging a workpiece, at least one carrier rail and at least one transport carriage of this carrier rail are moved in the workpiece transport direction and, in the area of the output window, the workpiece is discharged.

    [0048] In one design it can be provided that a modification of a pressing tool takes place in that a carrier rail is pivoted via the rotary drives of the assigned lifting carriages into or out of the lateral gate area, in that the rockers of the carriages are placed parallel to the press uprights, or in that the carrier rail is pivoted via the rotary drives through the gate area and subsequently the carrier rail is moved upwards or downwards out of the lateral gate area or at least to the edge of the gate area by moving the lifting carriages in the vertical direction. The carrier rail is thereby moved out of the pressing area and also out of the lateral gate area. As a result, this means that neither the gate area nor the pressing area is spatially impeded by the transport device or the carrier rails thereof. The maximum possible space is therefore available for press-line modification of a tool of the press.

    [0049] In order to enable simple maintenance or repair or modification of the transport device, it can be provided that, for modifying workpiece grippers of a carrier rail, these are pivoted via the rotary drives of the assigned lifting carriages into the gate area or through the gate area. It is provided that the carrier rail is subsequently pivoted into a working position by the pivot drives of the rockers for changing the tool grippers, preferably that the carrier rail is pivoted in the working position into a vertically or horizontally aligned position. In the vertically or horizontally aligned position of the carrier rail, a tool can then be exchanged easily outside the press. Alternatively, maintenance on the carrier rail or on the workpiece grippers can also be carried out.

    [0050] Further advantageous designs of the invention are shown in the figures and described in the following description of the figures.

    [0051] There are shown in:
    Figs. 1a, 1b:
    the transport device with a press line,
    Fig. 2:
    a schematic top view of a variant of the press line with transport device,
    Figs. 3a, 3b:
    a detailed representation of a variant of the transport device in the area of a lifting carriage,
    Figs. 4a, 4b:
    a detailed representation of an alternative variant of the transport device in the area of a lifting carriage,
    Fig. 5:
    a schematic representation of a turning circle of a lifting carriage,
    Figs. 6a, 6b:
    a schematic representation of a lifting movement of a variant of the transport device in the area of a vertical press upright.


    [0052] In Figures 1 to 6b different embodiments of the invention are represented. Essentially, the structures of the individual designs agree. Differences between the embodiments are explained in each case in the description of the figures. The same components are, in each case, provided with the same reference numbers.

    [0053] In Figures 1a and 1b, a press line 1 is shown. The press line 1 has a transport device 2 in order to transport workpieces in the workpiece transport direction W. The press line 1 has a press base 12 at the bottom on which a press bed 11 is arranged. The press bed 11 is arranged in the centre of the working area of the press. The press line 1 has four vertically running press uprights 13a, 13b, 13c and 13d. The press uprights 13a to 13d are formed as supporting profiles and arranged in the area of the corners of the press base. The press uprights stand on the base 12 of the press line 1 and support a press cross-head. A press die with a pressing tool is secured to the press cross-head. In the figures, for the purposes of better clarity, the press cross-head with the press die and the pressing tool is not shown.

    [0054] The transport device 2 has two carrier rails 21 and 22 running in the workpiece transport direction. Each carrier rail 21 or 22 is mounted, in the area of their ends, on a vertical press upright 13a to 13d by means of a rocker 36 and a lifting carriage 3.

    [0055] Several transport carriages 24 are arranged on each carrier rail 21 or 22. The transport carriages 24 can be moved relative to the carrier rail 21 or 22. For this purpose, the transport carriages 24 each have a drive mechanism 241 which has an electric linear motor 242 in order to move the transport carriages 24 along the carrier rail 21 or 22 in a driven manner. The drive mechanisms 241 can be actuated selectively via a control device, i.e. each transport carriage can be actuated or moved independently. The transport carriages 24 each have a tool gripper 25. The tool grippers 25 are each detachably mounted on a transport carriage and can be exchanged easily. With the aid of the tool grippers, individual workpieces can be received and subsequently processed in the press. After the processing procedure, the workpiece is transported out of the pressing area and transferred to the next processing station.

    [0056] The two carrier rails 21 and 22 are each connected to lifting carriages 3 via rockers 36. The lifting carriages 3 have a lifting bracket, which is secured to a vertically running rail 32. The vertically running rail 32 is each connected to a vertical press upright 13a to 13d. The lifting carriage 3 can be moved in the vertical direction, i.e. up or down, on the vertical press upright 13a to 13d via a lift drive 31. In this movement, the respective carrier rail 21 or 22 is carried along with the result that the carrier rail can be adjusted in the vertical direction via the lifting carriage 3. The lifting carriage 3 has a lifting motor 33, which acts between the lifting carriage and lift rail, in order to move the lifting carriage along the rail 32. The lifting motor 33 can be formed as an electric servomotor, or as a stepper motor or as an electric linear motor.

    [0057] The rocker 36 is rotatably mounted on the lifting carriage 3. Between the rocker 36 and the lifting carriage 3 a rotary drive 34 is arranged for this purpose, by means of which the rocker 36 can be rotated relative to the lifting carriage 3. The rotary drive 34 has a rotary motor 341, which can be formed as an electric servomotor or as a stepper motor. In Figure 5, a turning area of a rotary drive 34 is represented by way of example.

    [0058] At its end facing away from the lifting carriage 3, the rocker 36 is connected to a carrier rail via a bracket 38. In the area of the bracket, a longitudinal drive 39 is arranged, which drives the carrier rail in the longitudinal direction, i.e. in the workpiece transport direction W. Via the longitudinal drive 39, the carrier rail 21 or 22 can be moved in the workpiece transport direction W or contrary to the workpiece transport direction W.

    [0059] The bracket 38 for connecting a carrier rail is optional. In one design not represented in the figures, the carrier rail can be secured directly, i.e. without an intermediary bracket, to the rocker.

    [0060] The longitudinal drive 39 is also optional. In one design not represented in the figures, the carrier rail can be formed without a longitudinal drive. In this case, the carrier rail cannot be moved in the workpiece transport direction. A workpiece transport in the workpiece transport direction takes place in this case solely via the transport carriages.

    [0061] In Figure 2 a top view onto the press line 1 is represented. In this representation, the range of movement of the transport rails in the workpiece transport direction W is outlined. In the representation of Figure 2, a press input window F1 is represented in the upper area. In this area, workpieces or raw material are transferred to the press line 1. For this purpose, the two carrier rails 21 and 22 each are moved via the longitudinal drive 39 contrary to the workpiece transport direction W with the result that they extend into the press input window F1. There, a workpiece or raw material can now be received via workpiece grippers 25.

    [0062] As represented in Figures 1a and 1b, the workpiece grippers 25 are movably mounted via transport carriages 24 on the carrier rails 21 and 22. This enables additional flexibility in that, not only can the carrier rails 21 and 22 be moved in the workpiece transport direction W, but in addition the transport carriages 24 and the workpiece grippers 25 respectively can also be moved in the workpiece transport direction W or contrary to the workpiece transport direction W, respectively.

    [0063] In an alternative variant, which is not represented in the figures, it can be provided that the workpiece grippers are held directly on the carrier rail 21 or 22 via fixed holders. In this case, the workpiece transport takes place solely through the longitudinal drive 39 of the carrier rails 21 or 22.

    [0064] After the workpieces have been received in the press input window F1, they are moved in the workpiece transport direction W into the pressing area. There, the workpiece can be processed. Subsequently, the workpiece can be moved via the longitudinal drive 39 and/or the transport carriages 24 into the output press window F2. In the output press window F2, the processed workpiece can be removed or supplied to a further processing station.

    [0065] In the variants represented in Figures 1a and 1b, with the transport carriages 24 movably mounted on the carrier rails 21 and 22, advantageously not only one workpiece can be taken over in the press input window F1. In addition, by selective actuation of the transport carriages 24, another workpiece can be taken over in the press output window F2. Subsequently, the transport carriages 24 can be moved, contrary to the workpiece transport direction W, into the pressing area together with the workpiece taken over in the press output window F2. This makes it possible for two workpieces to be processed in parallel in the pressing area. Alternatively, it can be provided that the two workpieces can be joined to each other in the pressing area. Subsequently, the workpieces can be transported out of the pressing area by actuating the transport carriages 24 in the workpiece transport direction and there removed or transferred to a further processing station.

    [0066] The longitudinal drive 39 can be formed as an electric linear motor, as represented in Figure 1a. The stator of the electric linear motor is arranged on the rocker 36 or a bracket 38. The rotor of the electric linear motor is arranged on the carrier rail 21 or 22, respectively and connected to the carrier rail and can be moved relative to the rocker 36 in the workpiece transport direction W.

    [0067] In an alternative design, as represented in Figure 1a, the longitudinal drive 39 can have a drive motor 391 co-operating with a toothed rack 392, in order to drive the carrier rails 21 or 22 in the workpiece transport direction W.

    [0068] In an alternative design, the longitudinal drive can also have a toothed belt drive or a spindle drive.

    [0069] In a simple design, the transport device 2 can also have carrier rails 21 and 22, which are connected directly, i.e. without a longitudinal drive 39, to the rocker 36. In this variant, the workpiece transport takes place solely via the individually actuatable transport carriages 24. During the transfer of workpieces or raw material in the area of the press window F1 or F2, in this variant, the workpieces are transported into the press window or transported out of the press window with a separate handling device.

    [0070] The carrier rails 21 and 22 are pivotably connected to the rocker 36. In Figures 1a, 1b as well as in Figures 2, 3a, 3b and 5, a pivot drive 37 is provided on the end of the rocker 36 each, in order to pivot the carrier rail relative to the rocker. With the aid of this pivot drive 37, the carrier rail can be aligned relative to the rocker 36, for example be pivoted into a horizontally running position.

    [0071] In Figures 4a and 4b, as well as 6a and 6b, an embodiment is shown in which the rocker 36 is formed as a parallel guide and has two rocker arms 361 and 362. Via this parallel guide, in this design the attached carrier rail 21 or 22 always has a horizontally running position.

    [0072] The transport device 2 can move the carrier rails preferably in or contrary to the workpiece transport direction W, and transverse to the transport direction, i.e. in the clamping direction and vertically, i.e. in the lifting direction. A clamping movement, i.e. a movement transverse to the workpiece transport direction can take place through a combined actuation of the rotary drive 34 and the pivot drive 37 as follows. The rocker 36 is rotated via the rotary drive 34. Through the rotational movement, the carrier rail 21 or 22 realizes a first movement component transverse to the workpiece transport direction and a second movement component in the vertical direction. The movement component in the vertical direction is compensated by contrary actuation of the lifting carriage 3 with the result that the height of the carrier rail 21 or 22 remains unchanged. At the same time, the alignment of the carrier rail 21 or 22 is corrected via the pivot drive 37 or the parallel guide of the rocker 36 with the result that an alignment of the carrier rail 21 or 22 is not changed by the rotational movement. In this way, it is possible to perform a linear horizontal movement in the clamping direction with the carrier rails which are rotatably mounted via the rocker 36. The pivot drive 37, the rotary drive 34, as well as the lift drive 3 are actuated via a control device which is connected to the pivot drive 37, the rotary drive 34 and the lift drive 31 respectively.

    [0073] The rocker 36 rotatably mounted on the lifting carriage 3 can be formed, in a variant, as a one-piece rocker 36, as represented for example in Figures 3a and 3b. In this variant, the rocker 36 is rotatably connected to the lifting carriage 3 with one end via a pivot bearing. In the area of the pivot bearing, a rotary drive motor 341 of the rotary drive 34 is arranged, with the aid of which the rocker 36 can be rotated. On its other end, the rocker 36 has a pivot drive 37 with a pivot drive motor 371. The pivot drive motor 371 can be formed as an electric servomotor or as a stepper motor.

    [0074] In the area of its end, the rocker 36 has a bracket 38 in order to detachably hold a carrier rail 21 or 22. The bracket 38 has a detachable mechanical holder, not shown, and an electrical plug connection. With the aid of the mechanical holder, a carrier rail 21 or 22 can be detachably secured to the bracket 38, for example screwed. Via the electrical plug connection, electrical power supply lines as well as control lines can be guided from the rocker to the carrier rail. Via the power supply lines, a power supply of the drive mechanisms 241 of the transport carriages 24 is ensured. Via control lines, the transport carriages 24 or the drive mechanisms 241 thereof can be selectively actuated. For this purpose, each drive mechanism 241 has an individual address, via which an electric linear motor 242 of the drive mechanism 241 can be selectively actuated. Both the speed and the drive direction of an individual drive mechanism 241 can be controlled in a targeted manner.

    [0075] In Figures 4a and 4b, the transport device 2 is shown with an alternative design of the rocker 26 as parallel guide. The rocker 36 is formed in two parts, preferably as a parallelogram guide rod. This means, the rocker 36 has a first rocker arm 361 and a second rocker arm 362. The two rocker arms 361 and 362 are not directly connected to each other. One end of both rocker arms 361 and 362 is each rotatably mounted on the lifting carriage 3 via a pivot bearing 351 or 352, respectively. The first pivot bearing 351 has a rotary drive 34, in order to rotate the rocker 36 relative to the lifting carriage 3.

    [0076] The rocker 36 has a bracket 38 at its end facing the carrier rail. The end of each rocker arm 361 and 362 is secured to the bracket 38 and mounted there rotatably. In this design of the rocker 36 consisting of two rocker arms 361 and 362, a pivot drive between bracket and carrier rail can be omitted. Because of the parallelogram linkage of the bracket 38 via the two rockers 361 and 362 which are offset with respect to each other in the vertical direction, it is automatically achieved, on rotating the rocker 36, that the bracket 38 remains in a horizontal alignment with the carrier rail. This emerges from the representation of Figures 4a and 4b, in which two different positions of the carrier rail 21 are represented. Figure 4b shows the carrier rail in the maximum deflection in the clamping direction. In Figure 4a, the carrier rail is arranged at the same vertical height but in the opened position, i.e. moved contrary to the clamping direction.

    [0077] In the representations of Figures 6a and 6b, a further representation of the transport device is represented with a divided rocker 36. Figure 6a shows the rocker 36 with a first rocker arm 361 and a second rocker arm 362, wherein the driven rocker arm 361 is arranged below the non-driven rocker arm 362 in the vertical direction. In the representation of Figure 6b in contrast, the only difference is that the rocker 36 is formed in such a way that the non-driven second rocker arm 362 is arranged below the driven rocker arm 361 in the vertical direction.

    [0078] The representation of Figure 6a shows a variant of the actuation, in which the lifting carriage 3 is arranged below the carrier rails. The representation 6b shows a variant of the actuation, in which the lifting carriage 3 is arranged above the carrier rails. By utilizing the entire length of the lift rail 32, the position of the lifting carriage can thus be adapted to the respective space requirement. If the lower gate area is required for the workpiece transport, the position of the lifting carriage represented in Figure 6b is used for the actuation. If, in contrast, the upper area of the press gate is required for the workpiece transport, the position of the lifting carriage 3 represented in Figure 6a is used for the actuation.

    [0079] In Figure 5 the movement range of the rotary drive 34 is represented by way of example. The one-part rocker 36 can be pivoted through 360° via the rotary motor 341. Thereby, the carrier rail 21 or 22 respectively can be pivoted out of the pressing area through the gate area T. Outside the pressing area, adjustments or repair work can then be carried out on the carrier rails 21 or 22 and/or the transport carriages 24 and/or the workpiece grippers 25. Outside the pressing area means, at the same time, outside the danger area of the press. After carrying out the assembly work or adjustments, the carrier rail 21 or 22 respectively can then be moved back into the pressing area again via the rotary drive 24. In this way, the utilization of the installation space of the press line is optimized. No additional installation space needs to be provided within the pressing area in order to change tools. At the same time, it is not necessary for a technician to work inside the pressing area, i.e. inside the danger area of the press die, during maintenance work. Through the transport device according to the invention, a press line can thus be created which is constructed as compactly as possible and with which, at the same time, the safety during maintenance of the line is increased.

    List of reference numbers



    [0080] 
    1
    Press line
    11
    Press bed
    12
    Press base
    13a
    Press upright
    13b
    Press upright
    13c
    Press upright
    13d
    Press upright
    T1, T2
    Gate area
    F1, F2
    Press window
    W
    Workpiece transport direction
    2
    Transport device
    21
    First carrier rail
    22
    Second carrier rail
    24
    Transport carriage
    241
    Drive mechanism
    242
    Electric linear motor
    25
    Workpiece gripper
    3
    Lifting carriage
    31
    Lift drive
    32
    Lift rail
    33
    Lifting motor
    34
    Rotary drive
    341
    Rotary motor
    351
    First pivot bearing
    352
    Second pivot bearing
    36
    Rocker
    361
    First rocker arm
    362
    Second rocker arm
    37
    Pivot drive
    371
    Pivot motor
    38
    Bracket
    39
    Longitudinal drive
    391
    Longitudinal drive motor
    392
    Toothed strip
    393
    Electric linear motor



    Claims

    1. Transport device for transporting workpieces in a workpiece transport direction (W) in a forming machine or press line (1),
    having a gate area (T1, T2) arranged to the side of the pressing area or forming area, which is bordered by two vertical uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d),
    having a carrier rail (21, 22) running in the workpiece transport direction, wherein the carrier rail (21, 22) is mounted on one of the vertically running uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d), in the area of its ends each, via a lifting carriage (3) displaceably driven in the vertical direction by a lift drive (31), and the lifting carriage (3) rotatably mounts a rocker (36), which is connected at its end to the carrier rail (21, 22),
    characterized in that,
    the length of a carrier rail (21, 22) is shorter than the distance between the vertical uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in the workpiece transport direction (W) and the rocker (36) is rotatably mounted on the lifting carriage (3) in such a way that the carrier rail (21, 22) can be pivoted out of the pressing area or forming area in that it can be pivoted between two vertical uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) into a gate area (T1, T2) or through a gate area (T1, T2).
     
    2. Transport device according to claim 1,
    characterized in that,
    the lifting carriage (3) has a rotary drive (34) for rotating the rocker (36), preferably in that the rotary drive (34) has a rotary output which co-operates with a carriage-side pivot bearing (351, 352) for rotating the rocker (36).
     
    3. Transport device according to claim 1 or 2,
    characterized in that,
    the angle between the rocker (36) and the vertical upright (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) connected to it is within an angular range of 0° to 10°, preferably within an angular range of 0° to 15°, most preferably within an angular range of 0° to 22°, when the carrier rail (21, 22) is located in the gate area (T1, T2).
     
    4. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the transport carriage (24) has a holder for exchangeably holding a workpiece gripper (25), preferably that
    on the carrier rail (21, 22), at least two transport carriages (24) each having a workpiece gripper (25) are mounted, wherein each transport carriage (24) has its own drive mechanism (241) in order to move this transport carriage (24) in a driven manner along the carrier rail (21, 22) independently of other transport carriages.
     
    5. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the rocker (36) has a single rocker arm connecting the carrier rail (21, 22) to the lifting carriage (3), wherein the rocker arm is pivotably connected to the carrier rail (21, 22), or that
    the rocker (36) has two rocker arms (361, 362), which are each rotatably mounted with one of their ends on the same lifting carriage (3) and, with their other end, are pivotably connected to the carrier rail (21, 22), preferably that
    the lifting carriage (3) has two separate pivot bearings (351, 352), wherein one pivot bearing (351, 352) is connected to one rocker arm (361, 362) each, and/or that either
    the lifting carriage (3) has a rotary drive motor (341) with a rotary output, which is connected to one of the pivot bearings (351, 352) in order to drive the rocker (36), or in that the rotary output is connected to one or to both pivot bearings (351, 352) via a gear drive or a belt drive in order to drive the rocker (36), or that
    the lifting carriage (3) has two rotary drive motors, wherein each rotary drive motor co-operates with one pivot bearing (351, 352) in order to drive one rocker arm (361, 362) each.
     
    6. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the rocker (36) has, on its end connected to the carrier rail (21, 22), a bracket (38) for the detachable connection of the carrier rail, wherein the bracket has a detachable mechanical connection and a detachable electrical connection.
     
    7. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the rocker (36) has a pivot drive (37), which pivots the carrier rail (21, 22) and/or the bracket (38) relative to the rocker (36) in order to set a particular angle between the carrier rail and the rocker, and/or that on its end connected to the carrier rail (21, 22), preferably at the bracket (38), the rocker (36) has a longitudinal drive (39) in order to move the carrier rail (21, 22) in the workpiece transport direction (W), whereby preferably
    the longitudinal drive (39) has an electric linear motor, wherein the stator is arranged on the rocker (36) or the bracket (38) and the rotor is arranged on the carrier rail (21, 22), or in that the rotor is arranged on the rocker (36) or the bracket (38) and the stator is arranged on the carrier rail (21, 22).
     
    8. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the lift drive (31) of the lifting carriage (3) is formed as a linear motor, preferably as an electric linear motor, and/or whereby the lifting carriage (3) or the lift drive (31) of the lifting carriage has a switchable locking mechanism in order to fix the lifting carriage (3) in a vertical position on a vertical upright (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d).
     
    9. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the lift drive (31) and the rotary drive (34) of a lifting carriage (3) are connected to a control device and the control device actuates both the lift drive (31) and the rotary drive (34) for performing a clamping movement of the carrier rail (21, 22), or that
    the lift drive (31) and the rotary drive (34) and the pivot drive (37) are connected to a control device and the control device actuates the lift drive (31) as well as the rotary drive (34) and the pivot drive (37) for performing a clamping movement of the carrier rail (21, 22).
     
    10. Transport device according to claim 9,
    characterized in that,
    the longitudinal drive (39) of a support bar (21, 22) is connected to the control device and the control device actuates the longitudinal drive (39) for moving the support bar (21, 22) in the workpiece transport direction (W) or contrary to the workpiece transport direction, in order to transport workpieces.
     
    11. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    two carrier rails (21, 22) running in the workpiece transport direction are provided, wherein each of the two carrier rails (21, 22) is mounted, in the area of its ends, on a vertically running upright (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) via a lifting carriage (3).
     
    12. Transport device according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that,
    the lifting carriages (3) are arranged in the lateral gate area (T1, T2), wherein one lifting carriage (3) is mounted on a vertical upright (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) each in such a way that the lifting carriages are directly opposite each other, in particular that the lifting carriages (3) are arranged on the directly opposite ends of two vertical uprights.
     
    13. Press line or forming machine with a press bed and four press uprights, wherein two of the press uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) are arranged on one side of the press bed each, spaced apart from each other in the workpiece transport direction,
    characterized in that,
    a transport device (2) according to one of the preceding claims is secured to the press uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d).
     
    14. Method for modifying or retrofitting an existing press line (1) or forming machine with a transport device (2) according to one of claims 1 to 12, wherein, in a first step, an existing transport mechanism is removed from the press line (1) or forming machine,
    then, in a next step, one lifting carriage (3) is secured to the press uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) each with a rocker (36) of the transport mechanism (2),
    and subsequently a carrier rail (21, 22) is connected to the ends of two rockers (36) lying on the same side of the workpiece transport direction (W).
     
    15. Method for controlling a transport device according to one of claims 1 to 12,
    characterized in that,
    a lifting movement of the transport device (2) takes place in that the lifting carriages (3) are moved in the vertical direction via the lift drives on the press uprights (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d),
    and in that a clamping movement of the transport device (2) takes place in that the rotary drives (34) of the lifting carriages (3) of a carrier rail (21, 22) and the lift drives of the same lifting carriages (3) are actuated in such a way that the carrier rail (21, 22) is moved in the horizontal direction by the rotary drives and, at the same time, the vertical movement of the carrier rail (21, 22) caused by the rotational movement is compensated by the lift drives.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Transportvorrichtung zum Transportieren von Werkstücken in einer Werkstücktransportrichtung (W) in einer Formmaschine oder Pressenlinie (1), die Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Torbereich (T1, T2), der an den Seiten des Pressbereichs oder Formbereichs angeordnet ist, der durch zwei vertikale Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) begrenzt ist, und

    eine Tragschiene (21, 22), die in der Werkstücktransportrichtung verläuft, wobei die Tragschiene (21, 22) an einem der vertikal verlaufenden Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in dem Bereich ihrer Enden über einen durch einen Hubantrieb (31) in der vertikalen Richtung verlagerbar angetriebenen Hubträger (3) montiert ist und der Hubträger (3) eine Schwenkanordnung (36) drehbar aufnimmt, die an seinem Ende mit der Tragschiene (21, 22) verbunden ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Länge einer Tragschiene (21, 22) kürzer ist als der Abstand zwischen den vertikalen Ständern (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in der Werkstücktransportrichtung (W) und die Schwenkanordnung (36) auf eine solche Weise an den Hubträger (3) drehbar montiert ist, dass die Tragschiene (21, 22) aus dem Pressbereich oder Formbereich geschwenkt werden kann, und dass sie zwischen zwei vertikale Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in einen Torbereich (T1, T2) oder durch einen Torbereich (T1, T2) geschwenkt werden kann.


     
    2. Transportvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Hubträger (3) einen Drehantrieb zum Drehen der Schwenkanordnung (36) aufweist, und dass der Drehantrieb (34) vorzugsweise einen Drehabtrieb aufweist, der zum Drehen der Schwenkanordnung (36) mit einem Drehlager (351, 352) auf der Trägerseite zusammenwirkt.
     
    3. Transportvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Winkel zwischen der Schwenkanordnung (36) und dem mit ihr verbundenen vertikalen Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in einem Winkelbereich von 0° bis 10° liegt, vorzugsweise in einem Winkelbereich von 0° bis 15°, am stärksten bevorzugt in einem Winkelbereich von 0° bis 22°, wenn sich die Tragschiene (21, 22) in dem Torbereich (T1, T2) befindet.
     
    4. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Transportträger (24) einen Halter zum auswechselbaren Halten eines Werkstückgreifers (25) aufweist, und dass vorzugsweise
    an die Tragschiene (21, 22) mindestens zwei Transportträger (24), die jeweils einen Werkstückgreifer (25) aufweisen, montiert sind, wobei jeder Transportträger (24) seinen eigenen Antriebsmechanismus (241) aufweist, um diesen Transportträger (24) auf eine angetriebene Weise entlang der Tragschiene (21, 22) unabhängig von anderen Transportträgern zu bewegen.
     
    5. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Schwenkanordnung (36) einen einzigen Schwingarm aufweist, der die Tragschiene (21, 22) mit dem Hubträger (3) verbindet, wobei der Schwingarm mit der Tragschiene (21, 22) schwenkbar verbunden ist, oder dass
    die Schwenkanordnung (36) zwei Schwingarme (361, 362) aufweist, die jeweils mit einem ihrer Enden an den gleichen Hubträger (3) drehbar montiert sind und mit ihrem anderen Ende mit der Tragschiene (21, 22) schwenkbar verbunden sind, dass vorzugsweise
    der Hubträger (3) zwei getrennte Drehlager (351, 352) aufweist, wobei ein Drehlager (351, 352) jeweils mit einem Schwingarm (361, 362) verbunden ist, und/oder dass entweder
    der Hubträger (3) einen Drehantriebsmotor (341) mit einem Drehabtrieb aufweist, der mit einem der Drehlager (351, 352) verbunden ist, um die Schwenkanordnung (36) anzutreiben, oder dass der Drehabtrieb über einen Zahnradantrieb oder einen Riemenantrieb mit einem oder mit beiden Drehlagern (351, 352) verbunden ist, um die Schwenkanordnung (36) anzutreiben, oder dass
    der Hubträger (3) zwei Drehantriebsmotoren aufweist, wobei jeder Drehantriebsmotor mit einem Drehlager (351, 352) zusammenwirkt, um jeweils einen Schwingarm (361, 362) anzutreiben.
     
    6. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Schwenkanordnung (36) an ihrem mit der Tragschiene (21, 22) verbundenen Ende einen Lagerbock (38) für die lösbare Verbindung der Tragschiene aufweist, wobei der Lagerbock eine lösbare mechanische Verbindung und eine lösbare elektrische Verbindung aufweist.
     
    7. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Schwenkanordnung (36) einen Schwenkantrieb (37) aufweist, der die Tragschiene (21, 22) und/oder den Lagerbock (38) relativ zu der Schwenkanordnung (36) schwenkt, um einen bestimmten Winkel zwischen der Tragschiene und der Schwenkanordnung einzustellen, und/oder dass
    die Schwenkanordnung (36) an ihrem mit der Tragschiene (21, 22) verbundenen Ende vorzugsweise an dem Lagerbock (38) einen Längsantrieb (39) aufweist, um die Tragschiene (21, 22) in die Werkstücktransportrichtung (W) zu bewegen, wobei vorzugsweise
    der Längsantrieb (39) einen elektrischen Linearmotor aufweist, wobei der Stator auf der Schwenkanordnung (36) oder dem Lagerbock (38) angeordnet ist und der Rotor auf der Tragschiene (21, 22) angeordnet ist, oder dass der Rotor auf der Schwenkanordnung (36) oder dem Lagerbock (38) angeordnet ist und der Stator auf der Tragschiene (21, 22) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Hubantrieb (31) des Hubträgers (3) als ein Linearmotor gebildet ist, vorzugsweise als ein elektrischer Linearmotor, und/oder wobei
    der Hubträger (3) oder der Hubantrieb (31) des Hubträgers einen schaltbaren Verschlussmechanismus aufweist, um den Hubträger (3) in einer vertikalen Position an einem vertikalen Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) zu befestigen.
     
    9. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Hubantrieb (31) und der Drehantrieb (34) eines Hubträgers (3) mit einer Steuervorrichtung verbunden sind und die Steuervorrichtung sowohl den Hubantrieb (31) als auch den Drehantrieb (34) zum Durchführen einer Klemmbewegung der Tragschiene (21, 22) betätigt oder dass
    der Hubantrieb (31) und der Drehantrieb (34) und der Schwenkantrieb (37) mit einer Steuervorrichtung verbunden sind und die Steuervorrichtung sowohl den Hubantrieb (31) als auch den Drehantrieb (34) und den Schwenkantrieb (37) zum Durchführen einer Klemmbewegung der Tragschiene (21, 22) betätigt.
     
    10. Transportvorrichtung nach Anspruch 9,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Längsantrieb (39) eines Tragstabs (21, 22) mit der Steuervorrichtung verbunden ist und die Steuervorrichtung den Längsantrieb (39) zum Bewegen des Tragstabs (21, 22) in die Werkstücktransportrichtung (W) oder entgegengesetzt zu der Werkstücktransportrichtung betätigt, um Werkstücke zu transportieren.
     
    11. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    zwei in der Werkstücktransportrichtung verlaufende Tragschienen (21, 22) bereitgestellt sind, wobei jede der beiden Tragschienen (21, 22) im Bereich ihrer Enden über einen Hubträger (3) an einem vertikal verlaufenden Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) montiert ist.
     
    12. Transportvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Hubträger (3) in dem seitlichen Torbereich (T1, T2) angeordnet sind, wobei ein Hubträger (3) jeweils auf eine solche Weise an einen vertikalen Ständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) montiert ist, dass die Hubträger einander direkt gegenüberliegen, und dass insbesondere die Hubträger (3) auf den direkt gegenüberliegenden Enden von zwei vertikalen Ständern angeordnet sind.
     
    13. Pressenlinie oder Formmaschine mit einem Pressenbett und vier Pressenständern, wobei zwei der Pressenständer (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) jeweils auf einer Seite des Pressenbetts in gegenseitigem Abstand in der Werkstücktransportrichtung angeordnet sind,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    eine Transportvorrichtung (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche an den Pressenständern (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) angebracht ist.
     
    14. Verfahren zum Modifizieren oder Nachrüsten einer bestehenden Pressenlinie (1) oder Formmaschine mit einer Transportvorrichtung (2) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12,
    wobei in einem ersten Schritt ein bestehender Transportmechanismus aus der Pressenlinie (1) oder Formmaschine entfernt wird,
    dann in einem nächsten Schritt ein Hubträger (3) mit jeweils einer Schwenkanordnung (36) des Transportmechanismus (2) an den Pressenständern (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) angebracht wird,
    und anschließend eine Tragschiene (21, 22) mit den Enden zweier Schwenkanordnungen (36), die auf derselben Seite der Werkstücktransportrichtung (W) liegen, verbunden wird.
     
    15. Verfahren zum Steuern einer Transportvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    eine Hubbewegung der Transportvorrichtung (2) dadurch stattfindet, dass die Hubträger (3) über die Hubantriebe an den Pressenständern (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) in vertikaler Richtung bewegt werden,
    und dass eine Klemmbewegung der Transportvorrichtung (2) dadurch stattfindet, dass die Drehantriebe (34) der Hubträger (3) einer Tragschiene (21, 22) und die Hubantriebe derselben Hubträger (3) auf eine solche Weise betätigt werden, dass die Tragschiene (21, 22) durch die Drehantriebe in der horizontalen Richtung bewegt wird und zur selben Zeit die durch die Drehbewegung bewirkte vertikale Bewegung der Tragschiene (21, 22) durch die Hubantriebe ausgeglichen wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des pièces à usiner dans une direction de transport de pièce à usiner (W) dans une machine de formage ou une ligne de presse (1),
    ayant une zone de porte (T1, T2) agencée sur le côté de la zone de pressage ou de la zone de formage, qui est bordée par deux montants verticaux (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d),
    ayant un rail porteur (21, 22) s'étendant dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner,
    dans lequel le rail porteur (21, 22) est monté sur l'un des montants s'étendant verticalement (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d), dans la zone de ses extrémités, via un chariot de levage (3) entraîné, de manière déplaçable dans la direction verticale, par un entraînement de levage (31), et le chariot de levage (3) permet de monter, en rotation, un culbuteur (36) qui est raccordé, au niveau de son extrémité, au rail porteur (21, 22),
    caractérisé en ce que :
    la longueur d'un rail porteur (21, 22) est plus courte que la distance entre les montants verticaux (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner (W) et le culbuteur (36) est monté, en rotation, sur le chariot de levage (3) de sorte que le rail porteur (21, 22) peut être pivoté hors de la zone de pressage ou la zone de formage dans laquelle il peut être pivoté entre deux montants verticaux (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) dans une zone de porte (T1, T2) ou à travers une zone de porte (T1, T2).
     
    2. Dispositif de transport selon la revendication 1,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    le chariot de levage (3) a un entraînement rotatif (34) pour faire tourner le culbuteur (36), de préférence en ce que l'entraînement rotatif (34) a une sortie rotative qui coopère avec un palier de pivot du côté du chariot (351, 352) pour faire tourner le culbuteur (36).
     
    3. Dispositif de transport selon la revendication 1 ou 2,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    l'angle entre le culbuteur (36) et le montant vertical (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) raccordé à ce dernier, est dans une plage angulaire de 0° à 10°, de préférence dans une plage angulaire de 0° à 15°, de manière préférée entre toutes dans une plage angulaire de 0° à 22°, lorsque le rail porteur (21, 22) est positionné dans la zone de porte (T1, T2).
     
    4. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que :

    le chariot de transport (24) a un support pour maintenir, de manière échangeable, un dispositif de préhension de pièce à usiner (25), de préférence en ce que, sur le rail porteur (21, 22), au moins deux chariots de transport (24) ayant chacun un dispositif de préhension de pièce à usiner (25) sont montés, dans lequel chaque chariot de transport (24) a son propre mécanisme d'entraînement (241) afin de déplacer ce chariot de transport (24) d'une manière entraînée le long du rail porteur (21, 22) indépendamment des autres chariots de transport.
     
    5. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    le culbuteur (36) a un unique bras culbuteur raccordant le rail porteur (21, 22) au chariot de levage (3), dans lequel le bras culbuteur est raccordé, de manière pivotante, au rail porteur (21, 22), ou en ce que :

    le culbuteur (36) a deux bras culbuteurs (361, 362) qui sont chacun montés en rotation avec l'une de leurs extrémités sur le même chariot de levage (3) et, avec leur autre extrémité, sont raccordés, de manière pivotante, au rail porteur (21, 22),

    de préférence en ce que :

    le chariot de levage (3) a deux paliers de pivot (351, 352) séparés,

    dans lequel un palier de pivot (351, 352) est raccordé à un bras culbuteur (361, 362), et/ou en ce que :
    le chariot de levage (3) a un moteur d'entraînement rotatif (341) avec une sortie rotative, qui est raccordé à l'un des paliers de pivot (351, 352) afin d'entraîner le culbuteur (36), ou bien en ce que la sortie rotative est raccordée à un ou deux paliers de pivot (351, 352) via un entraînement par engrenage ou un entraînement par courroie afin d'entraîner le culbuteur (36), ou bien en ce que :
    le chariot de levage (3) a deux moteurs d'entraînement rotatifs, dans lequel chaque moteur d'entraînement rotatif coopère avec un palier de pivot (351, 352) afin d'entraîner un bras culbuteur (361, 362) chacun.


     
    6. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    le culbuteur (36) a, sur son extrémité raccordée au rail porteur (21, 22), une console (38) pour le raccordement détachable du rail porteur, dans lequel la console a un raccordement mécanique détachable et un raccordement électrique détachable.
     
    7. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    le culbuteur (36) a un entraînement de pivot (37), qui fait pivoter le rail porteur (21, 22) et/ou la console (38) par rapport au culbuteur (36) afin de déterminer un angle particulier entre le rail porteur et le culbuteur, et/ou en ce que sur son extrémité raccordée au rail porteur (21, 22), de préférence au niveau de la console (38), le culbuteur (36) a un entraînement longitudinal (39) afin de déplacer le rail porteur (21, 22) dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner (W), moyennant quoi de préférence :
    l'entraînement longitudinal (39) a un moteur linéaire électrique, dans lequel le stator est agencé sur le culbuteur (36) ou la console (38) et le rotor est agencé sur le rail porteur (21, 22) ou en ce que le rotor est agencé sur le culbuteur (36) ou la console (38) et le stator est agencé sur le rail porteur (21, 22).
     
    8. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    l'entraînement de levage (31) du chariot de levage (3) est formé comme étant un moteur linéaire, de préférence comme un moteur linéaire électrique, et/ou moyennant quoi :
    le chariot de levage (3) ou l'entraînement de levage (31) du chariot de levage a un mécanisme de verrouillage commutable afin de fixer le chariot de levage (3) dans une position verticale sur un montant vertical (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d).
     
    9. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    l'entraînement de levage (31) et l'entraînement rotatif (34) d'un chariot de levage (3) sont raccordés à un dispositif de commande et le dispositif de commande actionne à la fois l'entraînement de levage (31) et l'entraînement rotatif (34) pour réaliser un mouvement de serrage du rail porteur (21, 22), ou bien en ce que :
    l'entraînement de levage (31) et l'entraînement rotatif (34) et l'entraînement de pivot (37) sont raccordés à un dispositif de commande et le dispositif de commande actionne l'entraînement de levage (31) ainsi que l'entraînement rotatif (34) et l'entraînement de pivot (37) pour réaliser un mouvement de serrage du rail porteur (21, 22).
     
    10. Dispositif de transport selon la revendication 9,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    l'entraînement longitudinal (39) d'une barre de support (21, 22) est raccordé au dispositif de commande et le dispositif de commande actionne l'entraînement longitudinal (39) pour déplacer le barre de support (21, 22) dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner (W) ou dans le sens inverse de la direction de transport de pièce à usiner, afin de transporter les pièces à usiner.
     
    11. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    deux rails porteurs (21, 22) s'étendant dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner sont prévus, dans lequel chacun des deux rails porteurs (21, 22) est monté, dans la zone de ses extrémités, sur un montant s'étendant verticalement (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) via un chariot de levage (3).
     
    12. Dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications précédentes,
    caractérisé en ce que :
    les chariots de levage (3) sont agencés dans la zone de porte latérale (T1, T2), dans lequel un chariot de levage (3) est monté sur un montant vertical (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) chacun de sorte que les chariots de levage sont directement opposés entre eux, en particulier en ce que les chariots de levage (3) sont agencés sur les extrémités directement opposés des deux montants verticaux.
     
    13. Ligne de presse ou machine de formage avec un lit de presse et quatre montants de presse, dans laquelle deux des montants de presse (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) sont agencés d'un côté du lit de presse chacun, espacés l'un de l'autre dans la direction de transport de pièce à usiner,
    caractérisée en ce que :
    un dispositif de transport (2) selon l'une des revendications précédentes est fixé sur les montants de presse (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d).
     
    14. Méthode pour modifier ou moderniser une ligne de presse existante (1) ou machine de formage avec un dispositif de transport (2) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 12, dans laquelle, dans une première étape, un mécanisme de transport existant est retiré de la ligne de presse (1) ou de la machine de formage,
    ensuite, à une étape suivante, un chariot de levage (3) est fixé sur les montants de presse (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d) chacun avec un culbuteur (36) du mécanisme de transport (2),
    et ensuite un rail porteur (21, 22) est raccordé aux extrémités des deux culbuteurs (36) se trouvant du même côté de la direction de transport de pièce à usiner (W).
     
    15. Méthode pour commander un dispositif de transport selon l'une des revendications 1 à 12,
    caractérisé en ce que :

    un mouvement de levage du dispositif de transport (2) a lieu, en ce que les chariots de levage (3) sont déplacés dans la direction verticale via les entrainements de levage sur les montants de presse (13a, 13b, 13c, 13d),

    et en ce qu'un mouvement de serrage du dispositif de transport (2) a lieu, en ce que les entrainements rotatifs (34) des chariots de levage (3) d'un rail porteur (21, 22) et les entrainements de levage des mêmes chariots de levage (3) sont actionnés de sorte que le rail porteur (21, 22) est déplacé dans la direction horizontale par les entrainements rotatifs et, en même temps, le mouvement vertical du rail porteur (21, 22) provoqué par le mouvement de rotation, est compensé par les entraînement de levage.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description