(19)
(11)EP 3 476 705 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18202529.6

(22)Date of filing:  25.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62J 15/00(2006.01)
B62K 5/05(2013.01)
B62K 5/10(2013.01)
B62K 5/027(2013.01)
B62K 5/08(2006.01)

(54)

FENDER STRUCTURE FOR LEAN VEHICLE

KOTFLÜGELANORDNUNG FÜR NEIGEFAHRZEUG

GARDE-BOUE POUR VÉHICULE À INCLINAISON


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.10.2017 JP 2017206641

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/18

(73)Proprietor: Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha
Iwata-shi, Shizuoka 438-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SASAKI, Takahiro
    Shizuoka, Shizuoka 4388501 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 921 388
WO-A1-2015/002169
US-A- D 656 435
EP-A2- 3 162 680
CN-Y- 201 325 522
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a leaning vehicle including two front wheels that are aligned side by side in a left-and-right direction.

    [0002] International Patent Publication WO2015/002169 describes a leaning vehicle that includes a right front wheel and a left front wheel that are aligned side by side in a left-and-right direction and shock absorbing devices provided between the right front wheel and the left front wheel. This leaning vehicle includes a parallelogram-type link mechanism and leans to the right of the vehicle when turning right, while leaning to the left of the vehicle when turning left. The document WO2015/002169 shows the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0003] Incidentally, in a leaning vehicle like the one described above that has a right front wheel and a left front wheel as well as a parallelogram link mechanism, to suppress an interference between the right front wheel and the left front wheel, a space is provided directly below a cross member of the link mechanism and between the right front wheel and the left front wheel (hereinafter, referred to as a steering allowable space).

    [0004] When this leaning vehicle runs on a wet road surface, water on the road surface is splashed up by the right front wheel and the left front wheel. Part of the water that the right front wheel and the left front wheel splash up enters the steering allowable space. The inventor of the invention has studied thoroughly this phenomenon.

    [0005] As described in WO2015/002169, in the case where the shock absorbing devices are provided between the right front wheel and the left front wheel, water splashed up towards the left by the right front wheel adheres to a right shock absorbing device or a stay that extends therefrom to fall downwards. In addition, water splashed up to the right by the left front wheel adheres to a left shock absorbing device or a stay that extends therefrom to fall downwards. Due to this, it does not become a problem that a rider is splashed with water that the right front wheel and the left front wheel splash up.

    [0006] The inventor of the invention has studied about a leaning vehicle that differs from the leaning vehicle described in WO2015/002169 in that a right shock absorbing device is provided to the right of a right front wheel and a left shock absorbing device is provided to the left of a left shock absorbing device. Then, the inventor has come to notice that the leaning vehicle so studied tends to cause easily a problem in that a rider of the leaning vehicle is splashed with water that the right front wheel and the left front wheel splash up.

    [0007] Initially, the inventor assumed that water that entered the steering allowable space would fall by virtue of its own weight to flow from below the steering allowable space to the ground. However, it has been found out that as a result of water being kept splashed up towards the steering allowable space from the right front wheel and the left front wheel at all times, although water falls down, at least part of water that stays within the steering allowable space passes in front of the vehicle to be scattered to the upper portion of the front portion of the vehicle including the headlamp, the front fairing and the like. Additionally, as a result of water scattered to the left from the right front wheel striking water scattered to the right from the left front wheel within the steering allowable space, the scattered water is formed into minute particles within the steering allowable space. It has also been found out that the water that takes the form of minute particles passes in front of the leaning vehicle to be scattered to the upper portion of the front portion of the vehicle.

    [0008] Then, it is considered that a cover is provided over and at the front of the steering allowable space to suppress the scattering of water to the upper portion of the front portion of the vehicle. However, in the case where this approach is adopted, the design of the vehicle is limited, and an enlargement in size of the vehicle may be called for.

    [0009] It is an object of the invention is to provide a leaning vehicle in which water splashed up by a left front wheel and a right front wheel is prevented from passing in front of the vehicle so that the water is prevented from being scattered to an upper portion of a front portion of the vehicle while restraining an enlargement in size of the vehicle. According to the present invention, said object is solved by a vehicle having the features of independent claim 1. Preferred embodiments are laid down in the dependent claims.

    [0010] According to the invention, there is provided a leaning vehicle having:

    a body frame configured to lean to the right of the vehicle when the vehicle turns to the right and lean to the left of the vehicle when the vehicle turns to the left;

    a right front wheel configured to be displaced relative to the body frame as the body frame leans and turn about a right axle member that extends in a right axle axis direction;

    a left front wheel configured to be displaced relative to the body frame as the body frame leans and turn about a left axle member that extends in a left axle axis direction;

    a link mechanism configured to change relative positions of the right front wheel and the left front wheel in an up-and-down direction of the body frame as the body frame leans;

    a right shock absorbing device supporting a right portion of the right axle member at a lower portion thereof and configured to absorb a displacement of the lower portion relative to an upper portion in the direction of a right extension and contraction axis that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame; and

    a left shock absorbing device supporting a left portion of the left axle member at a lower portion thereof and configured to absorb a displacement of the lower portion relative to an upper portion in the direction of a left extension and contraction axis that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame;

    wherein the link mechanism has:

    a right side member supporting an upper portion of the right shock absorbing device so as to turn about a right steering axis that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame;

    a left side member supporting an upper portion of the left shock absorbing device so as to turn about a left steering axis that is parallel to the right steering axis;

    an upper cross member supporting an upper portion of the right side member at a right end portion thereof so as to turn about a right upper axis that extends in a front-and-rear direction of the body frame, supporting an upper portion of the left side member at a left end portion thereof so as to turn about a left upper axis that is parallel to the right upper axis and supported on the body frame at a middle portion thereof so as to turn about a middle upper axis that is parallel to the right upper axis and the left upper axis; and

    a lower cross member supporting a lower portion of the right side member at a right end portion thereof so as to turn about a right lower axis that is parallel to the right upper axis, supporting a lower portion of the left side member at a left end portion thereof so as to turn about a left lower axis that is parallel to the left upper axis and supported on the body frame at a middle portion thereof so as to turn about a middle lower axis that is parallel to the middle upper axis,

    wherein with the vehicle staying in an upright state, a lower end of the lower cross member is positioned above an upper end of the right front wheel and an upper end of the left front wheel in relation to the up-and-down direction of the body frame,

    wherein the right front wheel and the left front wheel are provided so as to be spaced apart from each other in a left-and-right direction of the vehicle with a steering allowable space defined therebetween in such a way that the right front wheel can turn about the right steering axis and the left front wheel can turn about the left steering axis.

    wherein the right shock absorbing device is provided at a side of the right front wheel that lies opposite to a side facing the steering allowable space in relation to a left-and-right direction of the body frame,

    wherein the left shock absorbing device is provided at a side of the left front wheel that lies opposite to a side facing the steering allowable space in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame,

    wherein a right fender is provided at a lower portion of the right shock absorbing device so as to be displaced together with the right front wheel as the right shock absorbing device operates,

    wherein an outer edge of the right fender is positioned radially outwards of an outer edge of the right front wheel when the right fender and the right front wheel are seen from the left in the right axle axis direction,

    wherein when the right front wheel is imaginarily divided into four uniform area as seen from the left in the right axle axis direction by a straight line that extends in a perpendicular direction while intersecting the right axle axis and a straight line that extends in a horizontal direction while intersecting the right axle axis, the right fender has in an upper rear area of the right front wheel a right guide wall portion that extends inwards towards the right axle axis from the outer edge on a left side of the right front wheel,

    wherein a left fender is provided at a lower portion of the left shock absorbing device so as to be displaced together with the left front wheel as the left shock absorbing device operates, wherein an outer edge of the left fender is positioned radially outwards of an outer edge of the left front wheel when the left fender and the left front wheel are seen from the right in the left axle axis direction, and

    wherein when the left front wheel is imaginarily divided into four uniform area as seen from the right in the left axle axis direction by a straight line that extends in a perpendicular direction while intersecting the left axle axis and a straight line that extends in a horizontal direction while intersecting the left axle axis, the left fender has in an upper rear area of the left front wheel a left guide wall portion that extends inwards towards the left axle axis from the outer edge on a right side of the left front wheel.



    [0011] The inventor of the invention has considered that an amount of water that enters the steering allowable space is reduced to reduce water that scatters to the front from the steering allowable space.
    Providing a cover that covers the right front wheel when seen in the right axle axis direction at the left side of the right front wheel and a cover that covers the left front wheel when seen in the left axle axis direction at the right of the left front wheel can cut off water that attempts to enter the steering allowable space from the right front wheel and the left front wheel. However, this approach restricts greatly the design of the leaning vehicle. Additionally, the covers move greatly as the right front wheel and the left front wheel are turned, leading to an enlargement in size of the vehicle in relation to the left-and-right direction.

    [0012] Then, the inventor of the invention has observed thoroughly how water splashed by the front wheels scatters or flies. Water on the road surface adheres to a ground contact surface of a tire first. An inertial force is given to the water that adheres to the ground contact surface of the tire as the tire rotates. It has been found out that due to the effect of the inertial force, the water that adheres to the ground contact surface of the tire leaves from the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation at an earliest timing, and that almost no water leaves from the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a half of one rotation.

    [0013] Water that leaves from a ground contact point flies substantially towards a tangential direction of the ground contact surface when seen from the axle axis direction. Namely, water leaving the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation flies upwards, and water leaving the ground contact surface at a point in time later than the point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation flies further forwards than the water that flew at the point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation. When looking at the front wheels from their traveling direction, water that leaves from the ground contact surface also flies to the right or left of the vehicle although a main stream thereof flies in a direction that is contained in an imaginary rotational plane of the front wheels.

    [0014] Then, water that scatters to the left from the right front wheel and water that scatters to the right from the left front wheel are brought into collision with each other to scatter further in the steering allowable space, whereby the scattering water is formed into minute particles, and it takes some time before the minute particles of water fall on the ground. In addition, it is a normal practice to provide a fender to suppress a scattering of the main stream of water that flies in the direction contained in the imaginary rotational plane of the front wheels. Water received by the fender flows on an inner surface of the fender to fall downwards from an edge portion of the fender. When the water falling downwards hits the rotating front wheels, the water is formed into minute particles of water to stay afloat in the steering allowable space.

    [0015] Then, the inventor of the invention has arrived at an idea that a right guide wall portion and a left guide wall portion are provided in upper rear areas on sides of the front wheels when the front wheels are imaginarily divided into four uniform areas in the up-and-down direction and the front-and-rear direction when seen in the axle axis direction.

    [0016] According to the vehicle of the invention, water splashed up by the right front wheel hits the right guide wall portion to adhere to the right guide wall portion. The water that adheres to the right guide wall portion then flows directly downwards over the right guide wall portion without entering the steering allowable space. Similarly, water splashed up by the left front wheel hits the left guide wall portion to flow directly downwards over the left guide wall portion without entering the steering allowable space.

    [0017] An amount of water that enters the steering allowable space can be reduced in the way described above, and therefore, water is made difficult to be formed into minute particles of water in the steering allowable space. Thus, water is prevented from passing in front of the vehicle from the steering allowable space to adhere to the upper portion of the front portion of the vehicle. This configuration obviates the necessity of providing a large cover at the front portion and the upper portion of the vehicle, whereby an enlargement in size of the vehicle is prevented.

    [0018] In addition, providing the right guide wall portion only at part of the right fender can prevent water from entering the steering allowable space and can also prevent an enlargement in size of the right fender. Similarly, an enlargement in size of the left fender can also be prevented. This can also prevent an enlargement in size of the vehicle.

    [0019] In the leaning vehicle according to the invention, at least part of a lower edge of the right guide wall portion may be positioned on the left in the right axle axis direction of a leftmost edge in the right axle axis direction of part of the right front wheel, and at least part of a lower edge of the left guide wall portion may be provided on the right in the left axle axis direction of a rightmost edge in the left axle axis direction of part of the left front wheel.

    [0020] According to the vehicle of the invention, even though water that adheres to the guide wall portions fall downwards from the lower edges of the left and right guide wall portions, the water never splashes the front wheels, whereby the water is allowed to fall directly on the ground in an ensured fashion.

    [0021] In the leaning vehicle according to the invention, the right fender may have in an upper front area of the right front wheel a right gradually changing wall portion that connects to the right guide wall portion and in which a dimension that extends inwards towards the right axle axis gradually increase so as to come close to a dimension that extends inwards of the right guide wall portion, and the left fender may have in an upper front area of the left front wheel a left gradually changing wall portion that connects to the left guide wall portion and in which a dimension that extends inwards towards the left axle axis increases gradually so as to come close to a dimension that extends inwards of the left guide wall portion.

    [0022]  According to the leaning vehicle of the invention, the left and right gradually changing wall portions contribute to improving rigidities of the left and right guide wall portions so as to suppress a deformation of the left and right guide wall portions, thereby making it possible to allow water to fall down onto the ground in an ensured fashion.

    [0023] In the leaning vehicle according to the invention, a right guide groove may be provided on a left surface of the right guide wall portion so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards, and a left guide groove may be provided on a right surface of the left guide wall portion so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards.

    [0024] According to the leaning vehicle of the invention, water is allowed to guide downwards along the right guide groove and the left guide groove so as to fall down onto the ground in an ensured fashion.

    [0025] In the leaning vehicle according to the invention, the right guide wall portion may extend from the outer edge of the right front wheel further inwards than a shoulder portion of the right front wheel when seen from the left in the right axle axis direction, and the left guide wall portion may extend from the outer edge of the left front wheel further inwards than a shoulder portion of the left front wheel when seen from the right in the left axle axis direction.

    [0026] According to the leaning vehicle of the invention, water adhering to the right guide wall portion and the left guide wall portion is allowed to guide downwards so as to fall down onto the ground in a more ensured fashion.

    [0027] According to the invention, it is possible to provide the leaning vehicle in which water splashed up by the left front wheel and the right front wheel is prevented from passing in front of the vehicle so that the water is prevented from being scattered to the upper portion of the front portion of the vehicle while restraining an enlargement in size of the vehicle.

    [0028] 

    Fig. 1 is a side view showing the whole of a leaning vehicle according to an embodiment of the invention as seen from a left side thereof.

    Fig. 2 is a front view showing a front portion of the leaning vehicle shown in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a side view showing a left shock absorbing device and a left front wheel.

    Fig. 4 is a plan view showing the front portion of the leaning vehicle shown in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 5 is a plan view showing the front portion of the leaning vehicle shown in Fig. 1 when the vehicle is steered.

    Fig. 6 is a front view showing the front portion of the leaning vehicle shown in Fig. 1 when the vehicle is caused to lean.

    Fig. 7 is a front view showing the front portion of the leaning vehicle shown in Fig. 1 when the vehicle is steered while being caused to lean.

    Fig. 8 is a side view of the left front wheel and a left fender when seen from the right in a left axle axis direction.

    Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along a line IX-IX and seen in a direction indicated by arrows shown in Fig. 8.


    [Mode for Carrying out the Invention]



    [0029] Referring to accompanying drawings, a preferred embodiment will be described in detail below.

    [0030] In the accompanying drawings, an arrow F denotes ahead of a vehicle. An arrow B denotes behind of the vehicle. An arrow U denotes above the vehicle. An arrow D denotes below the vehicle. An arrow R denotes on the right of the vehicle. An arrow L denotes on the left of the vehicle.

    [0031]  A vehicle turns with a body frame leaning in a left-and-right direction of the vehicle relative to a vertical direction. Then, in addition to the directions based on the vehicle, directions based on the vehicle body frame are defined. In the accompanying drawings, an arrow FF denotes a front of the vehicle body frame. An arrow FB denotes a behind of the vehicle body frame. An arrow FU denotes above the vehicle body frame. An arrow FD denotes below the vehicle body frame. An arrow FR denotes on the right of the vehicle body frame. An arrow FL denotes on the left of the vehicle body frame.

    [0032] In this description, a "front-and-rear direction of the body frame," a "left-and-right direction of the body frame" and an "up-and-down direction of the body frame" means a front-and-rear direction, a left-and-right direction and an up-and-down direction based on the body frame as viewed from a rider who rides the vehicle. "The side of the body frame" denotes on the right or the on the left of the body frame.

    [0033] When referred to in this description, an expression reading "something extends in the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle body frame" includes a situation in which something extends in the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle body frame while being inclined in relation to the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle body frame and means that something extends with a gradient which is closer to the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle body frame rather than the left-and-right direction and the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame.

    [0034] In this description, an expression reading "something extends in the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame" includes a situation in which something extends in the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame while being inclined in relation to the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame and means that something extends with a gradient which is closer to the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame rather than the front-and-rear direction and the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame.

    [0035] In this description, an expression reading "something extends in the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame" includes a situation in which something extends in the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame while being inclined in relation to the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame and means that something extends with a gradient which is closer to the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame rather than the front-and-rear direction and the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame.

    [0036] In this description, an "upright state of the vehicle" or the "vehicle stands upright" means a state in which the vehicle remains not steered and the up-and-down direction of the body frame coincides with a vertical direction, In this state, the direction based on the vehicle coincides with the direction based on the body frame. When the vehicle is turning with the body frame caused to lean to the left or right from the vertical direction, the left-and-right direction of the vehicle does not coincide with the left-and-right direction of the body frame. The up-and-down direction of the vehicle does not coincide with the up-and-down direction of the body frame, too However, the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle coincides with the front-and-rear direction of the body frame.

    [0037] In this description, "rotation or rotating" means that a member is displaced at an angle of 360 degrees or more about a center axis thereof. In this description, "turn or turning" means that a member is displaced at an angle of less than 360 degrees about a center axis thereof.

    [0038] Referring to Figs. 1 to 7, a leaning vehicle 1 according to an embodiment of the invention will be described. A leaning vehicle 1 is a vehicle that is driven by means of power generated from a power source and that includes a body frame that can lean and two front wheels that are aligned side by side in a left-and-right direction of the body frame.

    [0039]  Fig. 1 is a left side view of the whole of the leaning vehicle 1 as seen from the left thereof. The leaning vehicle 1 includes a vehicle main body portion 2, a pair of left and right front wheels 3, a rear wheel 4, a link mechanism 5 and a steering force transmission mechanism 6.

    [0040] The vehicle main body portion 2 includes a body frame 21, a body cover 22, a seat 24 and an engine unit 25. In Fig. 1, the leaning vehicle 1 is standing in an upright state. The following description which will be made by reference to Fig. 1 is based on the premise that the leaning vehicle 1 is standing or staying in the upright state.

    [0041] The body frame 21 extends in a front-and-rear direction of the leaning vehicle 1. The body frame 21 includes a headpipe 211 and a link supporting portion 212.

    [0042] The headpipe 211 supports an upstream side steering shaft 60, which will be described later, so as to turn. The headpipe 211 extends in an up-and-down direction of the body frame 21.

    [0043] The link supporting portion 212 is provided ahead of the headstock 211 in the front-and-rear direction of the leaning vehicle 1. The link supporting portion 212 supports the link mechanism 5 so as to turn.

    [0044] The body frame 21 supports the engine unit 25 behind the headstock 211 in the front-and-rear direction of the leaning vehicle 1. The engine unit 25 supports the rear wheel 4 so as to swing up and down. The engine unit 25 includes a power source such as an engine or an electric motor with a battery and a device such as a transmission. The power source generates a force by which the leaning vehicle 1 is driven.

    [0045] The body cover 22 includes a front cover 221, a pair of left and right front fenders 223 and a rear fender 224. The body cover 22 is a body part that covers at least part of body parts that are mounted on the leaning vehicle 1 such as the pair of left and right front wheels 3, the body frame 21, the link mechanism 5 and the like.

    [0046] The front cover 221 is disposed ahead of the seat 24. The front cover 221 covers the link mechanism 5 and at least part of the steering force transmission mechanism 6.

    [0047] At least portions of the pair of left and right front fenders 223 are individually disposed directly below the front cover 221. At least the portions of the pair of left and right front fenders 223 are disposed directly above the pair of left and right front wheels 3, respectively.

    [0048] At least portion of the rear fender 224 is disposed directly above the rear wheel 4.

    [0049] At least portions of the pair of left and right front wheels 3 are disposed directly below the front cover 221.

    [0050] At least a portion of the rear wheel 4 is disposed below the seat 24. At least a portion of the rear wheel 4 is disposed directly below the rear fender 224.

    [0051] Fig. 2 is a front view of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 as viewed from the front of the body frame 21. In Fig. 2, the leaning vehicle 1 is standing in the upright state. The following description which will be made by reference to Fig. 2 is based on the premise that the leaning vehicle 1 is standing or staying in the upright state. Fig. 2 shows the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 as it were seen through the front cover 221 that is indicated by dashed lines.

    [0052] The pair of left and right front wheels 3 include a left front wheel 31 and a right front wheel 32. The left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 are provided in the left-and-right direction of the vehicle body frame 21. The right front wheel 32 is provided on the right of the left front wheel 31 on the body frame 21.

    [0053] The leaning vehicle 1 includes a left shock absorbing device 33, a right shock absorbing device 34, a left bracket 317 and a right bracket 327.

    [0054] Fig. 3 is a side view showing the left shock absorbing device 33 and the left front wheel 31. Since the right shock absorbing device 34 has a structure symmetrical with the left shock absorbing device 33 in the left-right symmetrical manner, the reference numbers showing the elements of the right shock absorbing device 34 are also added in Fig 3.

    [0055] As shown in Fig. 3, the left shock absorbing device 33 is a so-called telescopic shock absorbing device, The left shock absorbing device 33 has a left front telescopic element 331, a left rear telescopic element 332 and a left inner connecting element 337.

    [0056] The left front telescopic element 331 has a left front outer tube 333 and a left front inner tube 334. A lower portion of the left front inner tube 334 is connected to a left inner connecting element 337, An upper portion of the left front inner tube 334 is inserted into the left front outer tube 333. An upper portion of the left front outer tube 333 is connected to the left bracket 317. The left front inner tube 334 is displaced relative to the left front outer tube 333 along a left extension and contraction axis c which extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The left front telescopic element 331 can extend and contract in the direction of the left extension and contraction axis c as a result of the left front inner tube 334 being displaced relative to the left front outer tube 333 along the left extension and contraction axis c.

    [0057] At least a portion of the left rear telescopic element 332 is provided behind the left front telescopic element 331. The left rear telescopic element 332 has a left rear outer tube 335 and a left rear inner tube 336. The left rear outer tube 335 and the left front outer tube 333 are connected together so as not to move relative to each other.

    [0058] A lower portion of the left rear inner tube 336 is connected to a left inner connecting element 337. An upper portion of the left rear inner tube 336 is inserted into the left rear outer tube 335. An upper portion of the left rear outer tube 335 is connected to the left bracket 317.

    [0059] The left rear inner tube 336 is displaced relative to the left rear outer tube 335 along the left extension and contraction axis c which extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The left rear telescopic element 332 can extend and contract in the direction of the left extension and contraction axis c as a result of the left rear inner tube 336 being displaced relative to the left rear outer tube 335 along the left extension and contraction axis c.

    [0060] The left inner connecting element 337 supports a left axle member 311 of the left front wheel 31 rotatably. The left inner connecting element 337 connects a lower portion of the left front inner tube 334 and a lower portion of the left rear inner tube 336 together.

    [0061] The left shock absorbing device 33 attenuates or absorbs a displacement of the left front wheel 31 relative to the left front outer tube 333 and the left rear outer tube 335 along the left extension and contraction axis c by an extending or contracting action of the left front telescopic element 331 and an extending or contracting action of the left rear telescopic element 332.

    [0062] As shown in Fig. 3, the right shock absorbing device 34 is a so-called telescopic shock absorbing device. The right shock absorbing device 34 has a right front telescopic element 341, a right rear telescopic element 342 and a right inner connecting element 347.

    [0063] The right front telescopic element 341 has a right front outer tube 343 and a right front inner tube 344. A lower portion of the right front inner tube 344 is connected to a right inner connecting element 347. An upper portion of the right front inner tube 344 is inserted to a right front outer tube 343. An upper portion of the right front outer tube 343 is connected to the right bracket 327. With respect to the right front outer tube 343, the right inner tube 344 displaces along with a right extension and contraction axis d which extends in the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame 21. The right front telescopic element 341 can extend and contract in the direction of the right extension and contraction axis d as a result of the right front inner tube 344 being displaced relative to the right front outer tube 343 along the right extension and contraction axis d.

    [0064] At least a portion of the right rear telescopic element 342 is provided behind the right front telescopic element 341. The right rear telescopic element 342 has a right rear outer tube 345 and a right rear inner tube 346. The right rear outer tube 345 and the right front outer tube 343 are connected together so as not to move relative to each other.

    [0065] A lower portion of the right rear inner tube 346 is connected to a rear inner connecting element 347. An upper portion of the right rear inner tube 346 is inserted to the right rear outer tube 345. An upper portion of the right rear outer tube 345 is connected to the right bracket 327.

    [0066] With respect to the right rear outer tube 345, the right rear inner tube 346 displaces along with the right extension and contraction axis d which extends in the up-and-down direction of the vehicle body frame 21. The right rear telescopic element 342 can extend and contract in the direction of the right extension and contraction axis d as a result of the right rear inner tube 346 being displaced relative to the right rear outer tube 345 along the right extension and contraction axis d.

    [0067] The right inner connecting element 347 supports a right axle member 321 of the right front wheel 32 rotatably. The right inner connecting element 347 connects a lower portion of the right front inner tube 344 and a lower portion of the right rear inner tube 346 together.

    [0068]  The right shock absorbing device 34 attenuates or absorbs the displacement of the right front wheel 32 relative to the right front outer tube 343 and the right rear outer tube 345 along the right extension and contraction axis d by an extending or contracting action of the right front telescopic element 341 and an extending or contracting action of the right rear telescopic element 342.

    [0069] As shown in Fig. 4, the leaning vehicle 1 includes the steering force transmission mechanism 6. The steering force transmission mechanism 6 includes a handlebar 23 (an example of a steering force input portion), the upstream side steering shaft 60 (an example of a rear shaft member), a connecting member 80, and a downstream side steering shaft 68 (an example of a front shaft member).

    [0070] The body frame 21 includes the headpipe 211 that supports the upstream side steering shaft 60 so as to turn and the link supporting portion 212 that supports the downstream side steering shaft 68 so as to turn. As shown in Fig. 2, the link supporting portion 212 extends in the direction of a middle steering axis Z which extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. In this embodiment, a turning center (a central steering axis) of the handlebar 23 coincides with a turning center (a rear axis) of the upstream side steering shaft.

    [0071] A steering force is inputted into the handlebar 23. The upstream side steering shaft 60 is connected to the handlebar 23. The upper portion of the upstream side steering shaft 60 is positioned behind the lower portion of the upstream side steering shaft 60 in the front-and-rear direction of the vehicle body frame 21. The upstream side steering shaft 60 is supported in the headpipe 211 so as to turn therein.

    [0072] The connecting member 80 connects the upstream side steering shaft 60 and the downstream side steering shaft 68 together. The connecting member 80 is displaced as the upstream side steering shaft 60 turns. The connecting member 80 transmits the turning of the upstream side steering shaft 60 to the downstream side steering shaft 68.

    [0073] The downstream side steering shaft 68 is supported in the link supporting portion 212 so as to turn therein. The downstream side steering shaft 68 is connected to the connecting member 80. The downstream side steering shaft 68 is provided ahead of the upstream side steering shaft 60 in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21. The downstream side steering shaft 68 turns in accordance with the displacement of the connecting member 80. As a result of the downstream side steering shaft 68 turning, the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 are steered or turned via a tie-rod 67.

    [0074] The steering force transmission mechanism 6 transmits a steering force exerted on a handlebar 23 by the rider when operating the handlebar 23 to the left bracket 317 and the right bracket 327. A specific configuration will be described in detail later.

    [0075] In the leaning vehicle 1 according to this embodiment, the link mechanism 5 adopts a four parallel joint link system (also referred to as a parallelogram link).

    [0076] As shown in Fig. 2, the link mechanism 5 is disposed above the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32. The link mechanism 5 includes an upper cross member 51, a lower cross member 52, a left side member 53 and a right side member 54. The link mechanism 5 is turnably supported on the link supporting portion 212 which extends to the middle steering axis Z. Even though the upstream side steering shaft 60 is turned as a result of the operation of the handlebar 23, the link mechanism 5 is prevented from following the turning of the upstream side steering shaft 60 and hence does not turn.

    [0077]  The upper cross member 51 includes a plate member 512. The plate member 512 is provided ahead of the link supporting portion 212. The plate member 512 extends in a left-and-right direction of the body frame 21.

    [0078] A middle portion of the upper cross member 51 is connected to the link supporting portion 212 by a connecting portion C. The upper cross member 51 can turn relative to the link supporting portion 212 about a middle upper axis Mu that passes through the connecting portion C to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21.

    [0079] A left end portion of the upper cross member 51 is connected to the left side member 53 by a connecting portion A. The upper cross member 51 can turn relative to the left side member 53 about a left upper axis which passes through the connecting portion A to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21.

    [0080] A right end portion of the upper cross member 51 is connected to the right side member 54 by a connecting portion E. The upper cross member 51 can turn relative to the right side member 54 about a right upper axis that passes through the connecting portion E to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21.

    [0081] Fig. 4 is a plan view of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 as viewed from above the body frame 21. In Fig. 4, the leaning vehicle 1 is standing in the upright state. The following description which will be made by reference to Fig. 4 is based on the premise that the leaning vehicle 1 is standing or staying in the upright state.

    [0082] As shown in Fig. 4, the lower cross member 52 includes a lower front cross element 522a and a lower rear cross element 522b. The lower front cross element 522a is provided ahead of the link supporting portion 212. The lower rear cross element 522b is provided behind the link supporting portion 212. The lower front cross element 522a and the lower rear cross member 522b extend in the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The lower front cross element 522a and the lower rear cross member 522b are connected together by a left connecting block 523a and a right connecting block 532b. The left connecting block 523a is disposed on the left of the link supporting portion 212. The right connecting block 523b is disposed on the right of the link supporting portion 212.

    [0083] Returning to Fig. 2, the lower cross member 52 is disposed below the upper cross member 51. The lower cross member 52 extends parallel to the upper cross member 51. A middle portion of the lower cross member 52 is connected to the link supporting portion 212 by a connecting portion I. The lower cross member 52 can turn about a middle down or lower axis Md that passes through the connecting portion I to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21.

    [0084] A left end portion of the lower cross member 52 is connected to the left side member 53 by a connecting portion G. The lower cross member 52 can turn about a left lower axis which passes through the connecting portion G to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21.

    [0085] A right end portion of the lower cross member 52 is connected to the right side member 54 by a connecting portion H. The lower cross member 52 can turn about a right lower axis which passes through the connecting portion H to extend in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21. A length of the upper cross member 51 from the connecting portion E to the connecting portion A is substantially equal to a length of the lower cross member from the connecting portion H to the connecting portion G.

    [0086] The middle upper axis Mu, the right upper axis, the left upper axis, the middle lower axis Md, the right lower axis and the left lower axis extend parallel to one another. The middle upper axis Mu, the right upper axis, the left upper axis, the middle lower axis Md, the right lower axis and the left lower axis are disposed above the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32.

    [0087] As shown in Figs. 2 and 4, the left side member 53 is disposed on the left of the link supporting portion 212. The left side member 53 is disposed above the left front wheel 31. The left side member 53 extends parallel to the middle steering axis Z of the link supporting portion 212. An upper portion of the left side member 53 is disposed behind a lower portion thereof.

    [0088] A lower portion of the left side member 53 is connected to the left bracket 317. The left bracket 317 can turn about a left steering axis X relative to the left side member 53. The left steering axis X extends parallel to the middle steering axis Z of the link supporting portion 212.

    [0089] As shown in Figs. 2 and 4, the right side member 54 is disposed on the right of the link supporting portion 212. The right side member 54 is disposed above the right front wheel 32. The right side member 54 extends parallel to the middle steering axis Z of the link supporting portion 212. An upper portion of the right side member 54 is disposed behind a lower portion thereof.

    [0090] A lower portion of the right side member 54 is connected to the right bracket 327. The right bracket 327 can turn about a right steering axis Y relative to the right side member 54. The right steering axis Y extends parallel to the middle steering axis Z of the link supporting portion 212,

    [0091] Thus, as has been described above, the upper cross member 51, the lower cross member 52, the left side member 53 and the right side member 54 are supported by the link supporting portion 212 so that the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52 are held in postures which are parallel to each other and so that the left side member 53 and the right side member 54 are held in postures which are parallel to each other.

    [0092] As shown in Figs. 2 and 4, the steering force transmission mechanism 6 includes a middle transmission plate 61, a left transmission plate 62, a right transmission plate 63, a middle joint 64, a left joint 65, a right joint 66, and the tie-rod 67.

    [0093] The middle transmission plate 61 is connected to a lower portion of the downstream side steering shaft 68. The middle transmission plate 61 cannot turn relative to the downstream side steering shaft 68. The middle transmission plate 61 can turn about the middle steering axis Z relative to the link supporting portion 212.

    [0094] The left transmission plate 62 is disposed on the left of the middle transmission plate 61. The left transmission plate 62 is connected to the left bracket 317. The left transmission plate 62 cannot turn relative to the left bracket 317. The left transmission plate 62 can turn about the left steering axis X relative to the left side member 53.

    [0095] The right transmission plate 63 is disposed on the right of the middle transmission plate 61. The right transmission plate 63 is connected to the right bracket 327. The right transmission plate 63 cannot turn relative to the right bracket 327. The right transmission plate 63 can turn about the right steering axis Y relative to the right side member 54.

    [0096] As shown in Fig. 4, the middle joint 64 is connected to a front portion of the middle transmission plate 61 via a shaft portion that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The middle transmission plate 61 and the middle joint 64 are allowed to turn relative to each other about this shaft portion.

    [0097] The left joint 65 is disposed directly on the left of the middle joint 64. The left joint 65 is connected to a front portion of the left transmission plate 62 via a shaft that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The left transmission plate 62 and the left joint 65 are allowed to turn relative to each other about this shaft portion.

    [0098] The right joint 66 is disposed directly on the right of middle joint 64. The right joint 66 is connected to a front portion of the right transmission plate 63 via a shaft that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The right transmission plate 63 and the right joint 66 are allowed to turn relative to each other about this shaft portion.

    [0099] A shaft portion that extends in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21 is provided at a front portion of the middle joint 64. A shaft portion that extends in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21 is provided at a front portion of the left joint 65. A shaft portion that extends in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21 is provided at a front portion of the right joint 66.

    [0100] The tie-rod 67 extends in the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The tie-rod 67 is connected to the middle joint 64, the left joint 65 and the right joint 66 via those shaft portions. The tie rod 67 and the intermediate joint 64 can turn relatively about the shaft portion which is provided at the front portion of the intermediate joint 64. The tie-rod 67 and the left joint 65 can turn relative to each other about the shaft portion that is provided at the front portion of the left joint 65. The tie rod 67 and the right joint 66 can turn relative to each other about the shaft portion that is provided at the front portion of the right joint 66.

    [0101] Next, referring to Figs. 4 and 5, a steering operation of the leaning vehicle 1 will be described. Fig. 5 is a plan view, as seen from above the body frame 21, of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 with the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 steered or turned to the left.

    [0102] When the rider operates the handlebar 23, the upstream side steering shaft 60 turns. The turn of the upstream side steering shaft 60 is transmitted to the downstream side steering shaft 68 via the connecting member 80. The downstream side steering shaft 68 turns relative to the link supporting portion 212 about a front steering axis b. In the case of the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 being turned to the left as shown in Fig. 5, as the handlebar 23 is operated, the middle transmission plate 61 turns relative to the link supporting portion 212 in a direction indicated by an arrow T about the front steering axis b.

    [0103] In association with the turning of the middle transmission plate 61 in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the middle joint 64 of the tie-rod 67 turns relative to the middle transmission plate 61 in a direction indicated by an arrow S. This moves the tie-rod 67 left rear with its posture kept unchanged.

    [0104] As the tie-rod 67 moves left rear, the left joint 65 and the right joint 66 of the tie-rod 67 turn in the direction indicated by the arrow S relative to the left transmission plate 62 and the right transmission plate 63, respectively. This causes the left transmission plate 62 and the right transmission plate 63 to turn in the direction indicated by the arrow T with the tie rod 67 maintaining its posture unchanged.

    [0105] When the left transmission plate 62 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the left bracket 317, which cannot turn relative to the left transmission plate 62, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the left steering axis X relative to the left side member 53.

    [0106]  When the right transmission plate 63 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the right bracket 327, which cannot turn relative to the right transmission plate 63, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the right steering axis Y relative to the right side member 54.

    [0107] When the left bracket 317 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the left shock absorbing device 33, which is connected to the left bracket 317 via the left front outer tube 333 and the left rear outer tube 335, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the left steering axis X relative to the left side member 53. When the left shock absorbing device 33 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the left front wheel 31, which is supported on the left shock absorbing device 33, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the left steering axis X relative to the left side member 53.

    [0108] When the right bracket 327 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the right shock absorbing device 34, which is connected to the right bracket 327 via the right front outer tube 343 and the right rear outer tube 345, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the right steering axis Y relative to the right side member 54. When the right shock absorbing device 34 turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T, the right front wheel 32, which is supported on the right shock absorbing device 34, turns in the direction indicated by the arrow T about the right steering axis Y relative to the right side member 54.

    [0109] When the rider operates the handlebar 23 so as to turn the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 to the right, the elements described above turn in the direction indicated by the arrow S. Since the elements move the other way around in relation to the left-and-right direction, the detailed description thereof will be omitted here.

    [0110] Thus, as has been described heretofore, as the rider operates the handlebar 23, the steering force transmission mechanism 6 transmits the steering force accordingly to the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32. The left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 turn about the left steering axis X and the right steering axis Y, respectively, in the direction corresponding to the direction in which the handlebar 23 is operated by the rider.

    [0111] Next, referring to Figs. 2 and 6, a leaning operation of the leaning vehicle 1 will be described. Fig. 6 is a front view, as seen from the front of the body frame 21, of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 with the body frame 21 caused to lean to the left of the leaning vehicle 1. Fig. 6 shows a state in which the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 is seen as through the front cover 221 that is indicated by dashed lines.

    [0112] As shown in Fig. 2, with the leaning vehicle 1 standing in the upright state, when looking at the leaning vehicle 1 from the front of the body frame 21, the link mechanism 5 looks like having a rectangular shape. As shown in Fig. 6, with the leaning vehicle 1 leaning to the left, when looking at the leaning vehicle 1 from the front of the body frame 21, the link mechanism 5 looks like having a parallelogram shape.

    [0113] The link mechanism 5 deforms as the body frame 21 leans in the left-and-right direction of the leaning vehicle 1. The operation of the link mechanism 5 means that the upper cross member 51, the lower cross member 52, the left side member 53 and the right side member 54 that make up the link mechanism 5 turn relatively about turning axes which pass through the corresponding connecting portions A, C, E, G, H, I, whereby the shape of the link mechanism 5 changes.

    [0114] For example, as shown in Fig. 6, when the rider causes the leaning vehicle 1 to lean to the left, the link supporting portion 212 leans to the left relative to the perpendicular direction. When the link supporting portion 212 leans, the upper cross member 51 turns counterclockwise as seen from the front of the leaning vehicle 1 about the middle upper axis Mu that passes through the connecting portion C relative to the link supporting portion 212. Similarly, the lower cross member 52 turns counterclockwise as seen from the front of the leaning vehicle 1 about the middle lower axis Md that passes through the connecting portion I relative to the link supporting portion 212. This causes the upper cross member 51 to move to the left relative to the lower cross member 52.

    [0115] As the upper cross member 51 moves to the left, the upper cross member 51 turns counterclockwise as seen from the front of the leaning vehicle 1 about the left upper axis that passes through the connecting portion A and the right upper axis that passes through the connecting portion E relative to the left side member 53 and the right side member 54, respectively, Similarly, the lower cross member 52 turns counterclockwise as seen from the front of the leaning vehicle 1 about the left lower axis that passes through the connecting portion G and the right lower axis that passes through the connecting portion H relative to the left side member 53 and the right side member 54, respectively. This causes the left side member 53 and the right side member 54 to lean to the left relative to the perpendicular direction with their postures kept parallel to the link supporting portion 212.

    [0116] As this occurs, the lower cross member 52 moves to the left relative to the tie- rod 67. As the lower cross member 52 moves to the left, the shaft portions that are provided at the respective front portions of the middle joint 64, the left joint 65 and the right joint 66 turn relative to the-tie rod 67. This allows the tie-rod 67 to hold a parallel posture to the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52.

    [0117] As the left side member 53 leans to the left, the left bracket 317, which is connected to the left side member 53, leans to the left. As the left bracket 317 leans to the left, the left shock absorbing device 33, which is connected to the left bracket 317, leans to the left. As the left shock absorbing device 33 leans to the left, the left front wheel 31, which is supported on the left shock absorbing device 33, leans to the left with its posture kept parallel to the link supporting portion 212.

    [0118] As the right side member 54 leans to the left, the right bracket 327, which is connected to the right side member 54, leans to the left. As the right bracket 327 leans to the left, the right shock absorbing device 34, which is connected to the right bracket 327, leans to the left. As the right shock absorbing device 34 leans to the left, the right front wheel 32, which is supported on the right shock absorbing device 34, leans to the left with its posture kept parallel to the link supporting portion 212.

    [0119] The leaning operations of the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 are described based on the perpendicular direction. However, when the leaning vehicle 1 leans (when the link mechanism 5 is activated to operate), the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21 does not coincide with the perpendicular up-and-down direction. In a case where the leaning operations are described based on the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21, when the link mechanism 5 is activated to operate, the relative positions of the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 to the body frame 21 change. In other words, the link mechanism 5 changes the relative positions of the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 to the body frame 21 in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21 to thereby cause the body frame 21 to lean relative to the perpendicular direction.

    [0120] When the rider causes the leaning vehicle 1 to lean to the right, the elements lean to the right. Since the elements move the other way around in relation to the left-and-right direction, the detailed description thereof will be omitted here.

    [0121] Fig. 7 is a front view of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1 with the leaning vehicle 1 caused to lean and steered. Fig. 7 shows a state in which the leaning vehicle 1 is steered to the left while being caused to lean to the left. The steering operation turns the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 to the left, and the leaning operation causes the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 to lean to the left together with the body frame 21. Namely, in this state, the link mechanism 5 exhibits the parallelogram shape, and the tie-rod 67 moves towards the left and rear of the body frame 21 from its position that the tie-rod 67 takes when the body frame 21 stays in the upright state.

    [0122] Thus, as has been described heretofore, the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment has:

    the body frame 21 that can lean to the right of the leaning vehicle 1 when the leaning vehicle 1 turns right and can lean to the left of the leaning vehicle 1 when the leaning vehicle 1 turns left;

    the right front wheel 32 that can turn about the right steering axis that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21;

    the left front wheel 31 that is provided on the left of the right front wheel 32 in the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21 and that can turn about the left steering axis that is parallel to the right steering axis;

    the right shock absorbing device 34 that supports the right front wheel 32 at the lower portion thereof and that absorbs the displacement of the right front wheel 32 towards the upper portion thereof in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21;

    the left shock absorbing device 33 that supports the left front wheel 31 at the lower portion thereof and that absorbs the displacement of the left front wheel 31 towards the upper portion thereof in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21; and

    the link mechanism 5 that supports the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 so as to be displaced relative to each other in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21.



    [0123] The link mechanism 5 has:

    the right side member 54 that supports the upper portion of the right shock absorbing device 34 so as to turn about the right steering axis;

    the left side member 53 that supports the upper portion of the left shock absorbing device 33 so as to turn about the left steering axis;

    the upper cross member 51 that supports the upper portion of the right side member 54 at the right end portion thereof so as to turn about the right upper axis that extends in the front-and-rear direction of the body frame 21 and supports the upper portion of the left side member 53 at the left end portion thereof so as to turn about the left upper axis that is parallel to the right upper axis and that is supported on the body frame 21 at the middle portion thereof so as to turn about the middle upper axis Mu that is parallel to the right upper axis and the left upper axis; and

    the lower cross member 52 that supports the lower portion of the right side member 54 at the right end portion thereof so as to turn about the right lower axis that is parallel to the right upper axis and supports the lower portion of the left side member 53 so as to turn about the left lower axis that is parallel to the left upper axis and that is supported on the body frame 21 at the middle portion thereof so as to turn about the middle lower axis Md that is parallel to the middle upper axis Mu.


    <Construction of the Circumference of the Front Wheels 3>



    [0124] Next, the construction of the circumference of the front wheels 3 of the leaning vehicle 1 will be described in detail by reference to Fig. 2.

    [0125] With the leaning vehicle 1 staying in the upright state, a lower end of the lower cross member 52 is positioned above an upper end of the right front wheel 32 and an upper end of the left front wheel 31.

    [0126] The right front wheel 32 can turn about the right steering axis Y. The left front wheel 31 can turn about the left steering axis X. The right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 are displaced in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21 as the link mechanism 5 operates. The right front wheel 32 can turn about the right steering axis Y even when the right front wheel 32 is located in an uppermost position in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21, The right front wheel 32 can turn about the right steering axis Y even when the right front wheel 32 is located in a lowermost position in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The left front wheel 31 can turn about the left steering axis X even when the left front wheel 31 is located in an uppermost position in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21. The left front wheel 31 can turn about the left steering axis X even when the left front wheel 31 is located in a lowermost position in the up-and-down direction of the body frame 21.

    [0127] To enable the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 to be displaced in the ways described above, the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 are provided so as to be spaced apart from each other with a steering allowable space SS defined therebetween in relation to the left-and-right direction of the leaning vehicle 1. The steering allowable space SS is a space that is defined directly below the lower cross member 52 of the link mechanism 5 and between the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31. As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, this steering allowable space SS is a space that is designed so that as few parts as possible are provided therein. This enables the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 to be displaced freely without interfering with other members. In the event that a member is disposed within this steering allowable space SS, the steering allowable space SS is enlarged to avoid the interference of the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 with the member provided. Thus, the steering allowable space SS is a space where to dispose almost no member.

    [0128] The right shock absorbing device 34 is provided at a side of the right front wheel 32 that lies opposite to a side thereof that faces the steering allowable space SS in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The right shock absorbing device 34 is provided on the right of the right front wheel 32 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The lower portion of the right shock absorbing device 34 supports a right portion of the right axle member 321. The right front wheel 32 is supported at a left portion of the right axle member 321.

    [0129] The left shock absorbing device 33 is provided at a side of the left front wheel 31 that lies opposite to a side thereof that faces the steering allowable space SS in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The left shock absorbing device 33 is provided on the left of the left front wheel 31 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. The lower portion of the left shock absorbing device 33 supports a left portion of the left axle member 311. The left front wheel 31 is supported at a right portion of the left axle member 311.

    [0130] The right fender 90R is provided at a lower portion of the right shock absorbing device 34. The right fender 90R is displaced together with the right front wheel 32 as the right shock absorbing device 34 operates. The right fender 90R is fixed to a member that is displaced together with the right front inner tube 344, the right inner connecting element 347, or the right rear inner tube 346 of the right shock absorbing device 34 when those of the right shock absorbing device 34 or the right shock absorbing device 34 operates. The right fender 90R may be fixed directly to the right shock absorbing device 34 or may be fixed thereto via a stay.

    [0131] The left fender 90L is provided at a lower portion of the left shock absorbing device 33. The left fender 90L is displaced together with the left front wheel 31 as the left shock absorbing device 33 operates. The left fender 90L is fixed to a member that is displaced together with the left front inner tube 334, the left inner connecting element 337, or the left rear inner tube 336 of the left shock absorbing device 33 when those of the left shock absorbing device 33 or the left shock absorbing device 33 operates. The left fender 90 may be fixed directly to the left shock absorbing device 33 or may be fixed thereto via a stay.

    <Left fender 90L>



    [0132] Next, using Figs. 8 and 9, the left fender 90L will be described.

    [0133] Fig. 8 is a drawing showing the left front wheel 31 and the left fender 90L. Fig. 8 is a side view of the left front wheel 31 and the left fender 90L when seen from the right in a left axle axis WL direction. Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along a line IX-IX and seen in a direction indicated by arrows shown in Fig. 8.

    [0134] As shown in Fig. 8, when looking at the left fender 90L from the right in the left axle axis WL direction, an outer edge 91L of the left fender 90L is positioned further radially outwards than an outer edge 315 of the left front wheel 31.

    [0135] As shown in Fig. 9, the left fender 90L has integrally a left-right wall portion 92L (an example of a left guide wall portion), a left-upper wall portion 97L and a left-left wall portion 98L.

    [0136] The left-upper wall portion 97L is positioned directly above the left front wheel 31. The left-upper wall portion 97L extends along the left-and-right direction and a tire surface of the left front wheel 31.

    [0137] The left-right wall portion 92L is positioned on the right of the left front wheel 31. The left-right wall portion 92L extends in the up-and-down direction and the front-and-rear direction. An upper portion of the left-right wall portion 92L connects to a right portion of the left-upper wall portion 97L.

    [0138] The left-left wall portion 98L is positioned on the left of the left front wheel 31. The left-left wall portion 98L extends in the up-and-down direction and the front-and-rear direction. An upper portion of the left-left wall portion 98L connects to a left portion of the left-upper wall portion 97L.

    [0139] The left-upper wall portion 97L, the left-right wall portion 92L and the left-left wall portion 98L are formed through an integral molding of a resin. The left-upper wall portion 97L, the left-right wall portion 92L and the left-left wall portion 98L may be configured so as to connect together smoothly.

    [0140] In this embodiment, an outer surface of the left-upper wall portion 97L makes up an outer edge 91 L of the left fender 90L when seen from the right in the left axle axis WL direction.

    [0141] As shown in Fig. 8, when seen from the right in the left axle axis WL direction, a straight line Lv that extends in the perpendicular direction while intersecting the left axle axis WL and a straight line Lh that extends in the horizontal direction while intersecting the left axle axis WL will be defined. The left front wheel 31 is divided imaginarily into four uniform areas, which are an upper front area UF, an upper rear area UR, a lower front area DF and a lower rear area DR, by the straight line Lv and the straight line Lh. The upper front area UF is an area that lies above the straight line Lh and ahead of the straight line Lv. The upper rear area UR is an area that lies above the straight line Lh and behind the straight line Lv. The lower front area DF is an area that lies below the straight line Lh and ahead of the straight line Lv. The lower rear area DR is an area that lies below the straight line Lh and behind the straight line Lv.

    [0142] When the left front wheel 31 is divided in the way described above, the left-right wall portion 92L of the left fender 90L extends at least from the outer edge 91L inwards towards the left axle axis WL in the upper rear area UR on the right of the left front wheel 31.

    <Right fender 90R>



    [0143] Since the right fender 90R has a laterally symmetrical configuration with the left fender 90L, a detailed description thereof will be omitted. However, the right fender 90R has the following configuration.

    [0144] When looking at the right fender 90R from the left in a right axle axis WL direction, an outer edge 91R of the right fender 90R is positioned further radially outwards than an outer edge 325 of the right front wheel 32.

    [0145] The right fender 90R has a right-left wall portion 92R (an example of a right guide wall portion). When seen from the left in the right axle axis WR direction, a straight line Lv that extends in the perpendicular direction while intersecting the right axle axis WR and a straight line Lh that extends in the horizontal direction while intersecting the right axle axis WR will be defined. The right front wheel 32 is divided imaginarily into four uniform areas, which are an upper front area UF, an upper rear area UR, a lower front area DF and a lower rear area DR, by the straight line Lv and the straight line Lh. In this division, the right-left wall portion 92R of the right fender 90R extends from an outer edge 91R inwards towards the right axle axis WR in the upper rear area UR of the right front wheel 32 on the left of the right front wheel 32.

    [0146] In the leaning vehicle 1 configured as described above, the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 are provided so as to be spaced apart from each other in the left-and-right direction with the steering allowable space SS defined therebetween. In the leaning vehicle 1 having the steering allowable space SS described above, the inventor of the invention has considered that an amount of water that enters the steering allowable space SS is reduced to reduce water that scatters to the front from the steering allowable space SS.

    [0147] Providing a cover that covers the right front wheel 32 when seen in the right axle axis WR direction at the right side of the right front wheel 32 and a cover that covers the left front wheel 31 when seen in the left axle axis WL direction at the right of the left front wheel 31 can cut off water that attempts to enter the steering allowable space SS from the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31. However, this approach restricts greatly the design of the leaning vehicle 1. Additionally, the covers move greatly as the right front wheel 32 and the left front wheel 31 are turned, and this requires an enlargement in size of the steering allowable space SS, resulting in an enlargement in size of the leaning vehicle 1 in the left-and-right direction.

    [0148] Then, the inventor of the invention has observed thoroughly how water splashed by the front wheels 3 scatters or flies. Water on the road surface adheres to a ground contact surface of a tire first. An inertial force is given to the water that adheres to the ground contact surface of the tire as the tire rotates. It has been found out that due to the effect of the inertial force, the water that adheres to the ground contact surface of the tire leaves from the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation at an earliest timing, and that almost no water leaves from the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a half of one rotation.

    [0149] Water that leaves from a ground contact point flies substantially towards a tangential direction of the ground contact surface when seen from the axle axis direction. Namely, water leaving the ground contact surface at a point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation flies upwards, and water leaving the ground contact surface at a point in time later than the point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation flies further forwards than the water that flew at the point in time when the tire rotates a quarter of one rotation. When looking at the front wheels 3 from their traveling direction, water that leaves from the ground contact surface also flies to the right or left of the leaning vehicle 1 although a main stream thereof flies in a direction that is contained in an imaginary rotational plane of the front wheels 3. Then, water that scatters to the left from the right front wheel 32 and water that scatters to the right from the left front wheel 31 collide with each other in the steering allowable space SS, whereby the scattering water is formed into minute particles of water, and it takes some time before the resulting minute particles of water fall down onto the ground.

    [0150] Being different from this embodiment, In a two-wheeled vehicle, it is a known practice to provide a fender to suppress the scattering of water mainly in a direction that is contained in the imaginary rotational plane of a front wheel. When applying the fender of the two-wheeled vehicle to the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, water that is received by the fender flows over an inner surface of the fender to fall downwards from an outer edge portion thereof. When the water falling downwards hits the rotating front wheels 3, the water is formed into minute particles of water to stay afloat in the steering allowable space SS.

    [0151] Then, the inventor of the invention has arrived at an idea that the right-left wall portion 92R and the left-right wall portion 92L are provided in the upper rear areas UR that result when dividing imaginarily the front wheels 3 in the up-and-down and front-and-rear directions into the four uniform areas when seen in the axle axis directions.

    [0152] According to the leaning vehicle 1 of the invention, water splashed up by the right front wheel 32 hits the right-left wall portion 92R to adhere to the right-left wall portion 92R. The water that adheres to the right-left wall portion 92R then flows directly downwards over the right-left wall portion 92R without entering the steering allowable space SS. Similarly, water splashed up by the left front wheel 31 flows over the left-right wall portion 92L to fall directly downwards without entering the steering allowable space SS.

    [0153] Similarly, water splashed up by the left front wheel 31 hits the left-right wall portion 92L to adhere to the left-right wall portion 92L. The water adhering to the left-right wall portion 92L flows over the left-right wall portion 92L to fall downwards without entering the steering allowable space SS. Similarly, water splashed up by the left front wheel 31 flows over the left-right wall portion 92L to fall directly downwards without entering the steering allowable space SS.

    [0154] In this way, the amount of water that enters the steering allowable space SS can be reduced or suppressed. This makes it difficult for water to be formed into minute particles of water in the steering allowable space SS, whereby water in the steering allowable space SS is prevented from passing in front of the leaning vehicle 1 to adhere to the upper portion of the front portion of the leaning vehicle 1. This obviates the necessity of providing a large cover at the front portion and the upper portion of the leaning vehicle 1, whereby an enlargement in size of the leaning vehicle 1 is suppressed.

    [0155] In a vehicle including a double wishbone (DWB) type link mechanism, a space between a right front wheel and a left front wheel tends to be wide, when compared with the vehicle described above that includes the parallelogram type link mechanism. Due to this, even though water enters the steering allowable space SS, a risk of water hitting each other near a center of the steering allowable space is small. Alternatively, even though water hits each other in the relevant space, water so hits when the velocity thereof is reduced to a slower level, and therefore, water is not formed into minute particles of water. Thus, the water falls down onto the ground from the vicinity of the center of the steering allowable space SS. This makes it difficult for the problem described above to occur.

    [0156] Further, in the vehicle including the double-wishbone (DWB) type link mechanism, the link mechanism is positioned on the left of the right front wheel and the right of the left front wheel in many cases. Namely, an opportunity of water splashed up by the right front wheel and the left front wheel being formed into minute particles of water is small. In this way, it is difficult for the problem discussed about above to be caused in the vehicle including the double wishbone (DWB) type link mechanism.

    [0157] In a vehicle like the vehicle including the double wishbone (DWB) type link mechanism in which shock absorbing devices are provided between a right front wheel and a left front wheel, water splashed up by the right front wheel and the left front wheel adhere to the shock absorbing devices, and it becomes difficult for the water to be scattered to an upper portion of a front portion of the vehicle by scattering around the front of the vehicle.

    [0158] In the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 9, at least part of a lower edge 93L of the left-right wall portion 92L of the left fender 90L is positioned on the right of a rightmost edge in the left axle axis WL direction of part of the left front wheel 31 in relation to the left axle axis WL direction.

    [0159] At least part of a lower edge 93R of the left-right wall portion 92R of the right fender 90R is positioned on the left of a leftmost edge in the right axle axis WR direction of part of the right front wheel 32 in relation to the right axle axis WR direction.

    [0160] According to the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, even though water adhering to the left-right wall portion 92L falls downwards from the lower edge 93L of the left-right wall portion 92L, the water never splashes the front wheel 3 again. Similarly, even though water adhering to the right-left wall portion 92R falls downwards from the lower edge 93R of the right-left wall portion 92R, the water never splashes the front wheel 3 again. This makes it easy to allow water to fall down onto the ground.

    [0161] In the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 8, the left fender 90L has in the upper front area UF of the left front wheel 31 a left gradually changing wall portion 94L that connects to the left-right wall portion 92L and in which a dimension extending inwards in the left axle axis WL direction gradually increases so as to approach a dimension extending inwards of the left-right wall portion 92L.

    [0162] The right fender 90R has in the upper front area UF of the right front wheel 32 a right gradually changing wall portion 94R that connects to the right-left wall portion 92R and in which a dimension extending inwards in the right axle axis WR direction gradually increases so as to approach a dimension extending inwards of the right-left wall portion 92R.

    [0163] According to the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, the left gradually changing wall portion 94L contributes to improving the rigidity of the left-right wall portion 92L, thereby making it possible to suppress the deformation of the left-right wall portion 92L. Similarly, the right gradually changing wall portion 94R contributes to improving the rigidity of the right-left wall portion 92R, thereby making it possible to suppress the deformation of the right-left wall portion 92R. This makes it easy to allow water to fall down onto the ground.

    [0164] In the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, as shown in Figs. 8 and 9, a left guide groove 96L is provided on a right surface 92La of the left-right wall portion 92L of the left fender 90L so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards. A plurality of left guide grooves 96L are formed along the perpendicular direction.

    [0165] A right guide groove 96R is provided on a left surface 92Ra of the right-left wall portion 92R of the right fender 90R so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards. A plurality of right guide grooves 96R are formed along the perpendicular direction.

    [0166] Water adhering to the right surface 92La of the left-right wall portion 92L has an inertial force that forces it to move upwards and forwards as a result of being splashed up by the left front wheel 31. In addition, water adhering to the right surface 92La of the left-right wall portion 92L is exposed to running air, whereby a force forcing it to move rearwards is also added thereto. In this way, forces of various directions and magnitudes act on water adhering to the right surface 92La of the left-right wall portion 92L depending on running conditions of the leaning vehicle 1.

    [0167] According to the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, however, water can be guided downwards at all times by the left guide grooves 96L and the right guide grooves 96R irrespective of the running state of the vehicle. This enables water to fall down onto the ground in every situation.

    [0168] In the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 8, the left-right wall portion 92L of the left fender 90L extends from the outer edge 315 of the left front wheel 31 further inwards than the shoulder portion 316 of the left front wheel 31 when seen from the right in the left axle axis WL direction.

    [0169] The right-left wall portion 92R of the right fender 90R extends from the outer edge 325 of the right front wheel 32 further inwards than the shoulder portion 326 of the right front wheel 32 when seen from the left in the right axle axis WR direction.

    [0170] According to the leaning vehicle 1 of this embodiment, since the left-right wall portion 92L is long enough, it is easy for water falling downwards to fall down onto the ground without causing it to adhere to the left front wheel 31. Similarly, since the right-left wall portion 92R is long enough, it is easy for water falling downwards to fall down onto the ground without causing it to adhere to the right front wheel 32.

    [0171] In this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 8, when seen from the right in the left axle axis direction, the left guide wall portion does not extend further inwards than the shoulder portion of the left front wheel in any area of the upper front arear UF, the lower front area DF, and the lower rear area DR. Similarly, when seen from the right in the right axle axis direction, the right guide wall portion does not extend further inwards than the shoulder portion of the right front wheel in any area of the upper front arear UF, the lower front area DF, and the lower rear area DR.

    [0172] In this way, providing the right-left wall portion 92R only on part of the right fender 90R can prevent water from entering the steering allowable space SS, thereby making it possible to suppress an enlargement in size of the right fender 90R. Similarly, it is possible to suppress an enlargement in size of the left fender 90L. Thus, it is possible to suppress an enlargement in size of the leaning vehicle 1.

    [0173] In the embodiment that has been described heretofore, the leaning vehicle 1 includes one rear wheel 4. However, the number of rear wheels may be plural.

    [0174] In the embodiment described above, the center of the rear wheel 4 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21 coincides with the center of the distance defined between the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21. Although the configuration described above is preferable, the center of the rear wheel 4 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21 may not coincide with the center of the distance defined between the left front wheel 31 and the right front wheel 32 in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame 21.

    [0175] In the embodiment described above, the link mechanism 5 includes the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52. However, the link mechanism 5 may include a cross member other than the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52. The "upper cross member" and the "lower cross member" are merely so called based on their relative positional relationship in the up-and-down direction. The upper cross member is not intended to imply an uppermost cross member in the link mechanism 5. The upper cross member means a cross member that lies above a cross member that lies therebelow. The lower cross member is not intended to imply a lowermost cross member in the link mechanism 5. The lower cross member means a cross member that lies below another cross member that lies thereabove. At least one of the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52 may be made up of two members of a right cross member and a left cross member. In this way, the upper cross member 51 and the lower cross member 52 may be made up of a plurality of cross members as long as they maintain the link function.

    [0176]  When the word of "parallel" is used in this description, it means that "parallel" also includes two straight lines which do not intersect each other as members while they are inclined within an angular range of ± 40 degrees. When "along" is used in relation to a direction or a member in this specification, it means that a case is also included where the direction or the member is inclined within an angular range of ± 40 degrees. When the expression reading "something extends in a certain direction" is used in this specification, it means that a case is also included where something extends in the certain direction while being inclined within an angular range of ± 40 degrees with respect to the certain direction.

    [0177] The terms and expressions that are used herein are used to describe the embodiment of the invention and hence should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be understood that any equivalents to the characteristic matters which are shown and described herein should not be excluded and that various modifications within the scope of claims to be made later are permitted. The invention can be embodied in many different forms,

    [0178] This disclosure should be understood to provide the embodiment according to the principle of the invention. The embodiment of the invention is described herein based on the understanding that the invention is not intended to be limited to the preferred embodiment so described and/or illustrated herein. The invention is not limited to the embodiment that has been described heretofore. The invention also includes every embodiment that includes equivalent elements, modifications, deletions, combinations, improvements and/or alternations that those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains can recognize based on the disclosure herein. The limitative matters of claims should be construed widely based on terms used in the claims and hence should not be limited by the embodiments described in this specification or the prosecution of this patent application.

    [Description of Reference Numerals and Characters]



    [0179] 
    1
    LEANING VEHICLE
    5
    Link mechanism
    21
    Body frame
    31
    Left front wheel
    32
    Right front wheel
    33
    Left shock absorbing device
    34
    Right shock absorbing device
    51
    Upper cross member
    52
    Lower cross member
    53
    Left side member
    54
    Right side member
    90L
    Left fender
    90R
    Right fender
    91L
    Outer edge of left fender
    91R
    Outer edge of right fender
    92L
    Left-right wall portion (Left guide wall portion)
    92R
    Right-left wall portion (Right guide wall portion)
    92La
    Right surface of left-right wall portion
    92Ra
    Left surface of right-left wall portion
    93L
    Lower edge of left-right wall portion
    93R
    Lower edge of right-left wall portion
    94L
    Left gradually changing wall portion
    94R
    Right gradually changing wall portion
    96L
    Left guide groove
    96R
    Right guide groove
    97L
    Left-upper wall portion
    97R
    Right-upper wall portion
    98L
    Left-left wall portion
    98R
    Right-right wall portion
    311
    Left axle member
    321
    Right axle member
    315
    Outer edge of left front wheel
    325
    Outer edge of right front wheel
    316
    Shoulder portion of left front wheel
    326
    Shoulder portion of right front wheel
    c
    Left extension and contraction axis
    d
    Right extension and contraction axis
    Lv
    Straight line extending in perpendicular direction
    Lh
    Straight line extending in horizontal direction
    Mu
    Middle upper axis
    SS
    Steering allowable space
    UF
    Upper front area
    UR
    Upper rear area
    DF
    Lower front area
    DR
    Lower rear area
    WL
    Left axle axis
    WR
    Right axle axis
    X
    Left steering axis
    Y
    Right steering axis



    Claims

    1. A leaning vehicle (1) comprising:

    a body frame (21) configured to lean to the right of the vehicle (1) when the vehicle (1) turns to the right and lean to the left of the vehicle (1) when the vehicle (1) turns to the left;

    a right front wheel (32) configured to be displaced relative to the body frame (21) as the body frame (21) leans and turn about a right axle member (321) that extends in a right axle axis direction;

    a left front wheel (31) configured to be displaced relative to the body frame (21) as the body frame (21) leans and turn about a left axle member (311) that extends in a left axle axis direction;

    a link mechanism (5) configured to change relative positions of the right front wheel (32) and the left front wheel (31) in an up-and-down direction of the body frame (21) as the body frame (21) leans;

    a right shock absorbing device (34) supporting a right portion of the right axle member (321) at a lower portion thereof and configured to absorb a displacement of the lower portion relative to an upper portion in the direction of a right extension and contraction axis (d) that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame (21); and

    a left shock absorbing device (33) supporting a left portion of the left axle member (311) at a lower portion thereof and configured to absorb a displacement of the lower portion relative to an upper portion in the direction of a left extension and contraction axis (c) that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame (21);

    wherein the link mechanism (5) comprises:

    a right side member (54) supporting an upper portion of the right shock absorbing device (34) so as to turn about a right steering axis (Y) that extends in the up-and-down direction of the body frame (21);

    a left side member (53) supporting an upper portion of the left shock absorbing device (33) so as to turn about a left steering axis (X) that is parallel to the right steering axis (Y);

    an upper cross member (51) supporting an upper portion of the right side member (54) at a right end portion thereof so as to turn about a right upper axis that extends in a front-and-rear direction of the body frame (21), supporting an upper portion of the left side member (53) at a left end portion thereof so as to turn about a left upper axis that is parallel to the right upper axis and supported on the body frame (21) at a middle portion thereof so as to turn about a middle upper axis (Mu) that is parallel to the right upper axis and the left upper axis; and

    a lower cross member (52) supporting a lower portion of the right side member (54) at a right end portion thereof so as to turn about a right lower axis that is parallel to the right upper axis, supporting a lower portion of the left side member (53) at a left end portion thereof so as to turn about a left lower axis that is parallel to the left upper axis and supported on the body frame (21) at a middle portion thereof so as to turn about a middle lower axis (Md) that is parallel to the middle upper axis (Mu),

    wherein with the vehicle (1) staying in an upright state, a lower end of the lower cross member (52) is positioned above an upper end of the right front wheel (32) and an upper end of the left front wheel (31) in relation to the up-and-down direction of the body frame (21),

    wherein the right front wheel (32) and the left front wheel (31) are provided so as to be spaced apart from each other in a left-and-right direction of the vehicle (1) with a steering allowable space (SS) defined therebetween in such a way that the right front wheel (32) can turn about the right steering axis (Y) and the left front wheel (31) can turn about the left steering axis (X),

    wherein a right fender (90R) is provided at a lower portion of the right shock absorbing device (34) so as to be displaced together with the right front wheel (32) as the right shock absorbing device (34) operates,

    wherein an outer edge of the right fender (91R) is positioned radially outwards of an outer edge of the right front wheel (32) when the right fender (90R) and the right front wheel (32) are seen from the left in the right axle axis (WR) direction,

    wherein when the right front wheel (32) is imaginarily divided into four uniform area as seen from the left in the right axle axis (WR) direction by a straight line (Lv) that extends in a perpendicular direction while intersecting the right axle axis (WR) and a straight line (Lh) that extends in a horizontal direction while intersecting the right axle axis (WR), the right fender (90R) has in an upper rear area (UR) of the right front wheel (32) a right guide wall portion (92R) that extends inwards towards the right axle axis (WR) from the outer edge on a left side of the right front wheel (32),

    wherein a left fender (90L) is provided at a lower portion of the left shock absorbing device (33) so as to be displaced together with the left front wheel (31) as the left shock absorbing device (33) operates,

    wherein an outer edge of the left fender (91L) is positioned radially outwards of an outer edge of the left front wheel (315) when the left fender (90L) and the left front wheel (31) are seen from the right in the left axle axis (WL) direction, and

    wherein when the left front wheel (31) is imaginarily divided into four uniform area as seen from the right in the left axle axis (WL) direction by a straight line (Lv) that extends in a perpendicular direction while intersecting the left axle axis (WL) and a straight line (Lh) that extends in a horizontal direction while intersecting the left axle axis (WL), the left fender (90L) has in an upper rear area (UR) of the left front wheel (31) a left guide wall portion (92L) that extends inwards towards the left axle axis (WL) from the outer edge on a right side of the left front wheel (31), characterised in that

    the right shock absorbing device (34) is provided at a side of the right front wheel (32) that lies opposite to a side facing the steering allowable space (SS) in relation to a left-and-right direction of the body frame (21), and the left shock absorbing device (33) is provided at a side of the left front wheel (31) that lies opposite to a side facing the steering allowable space (SS) in relation to the left-and-right direction of the body frame (21).


     
    2. A leaning vehicle (1) according to Claim 1,
    wherein at least part of a lower edge (93R) of the right guide wall portion (92R) is positioned on the left in the right axle axis (WR) direction of a leftmost edge in the right axle axis (WR) direction of part of the right front wheel (32), and
    wherein at least part of a lower edge (93L) of the left guide wall portion (92L) is provided on the right in the left axle axis (WL) direction of a rightmost edge in the left axle axis (WL) direction of part of the left front wheel (31).
     
    3. A leaning vehicle (1) according to Claim 1 or 2,
    wherein the right fender (90R) has in an upper front area (UF) of the right front wheel (32) a right gradually changing wall portion (94R) that connects to the right guide wall portion (92R) and in which a dimension that extends inwards towards the right axle axis (WR) gradually increase so as to come close to a dimension that extends inwards of the right guide wall portion (92R), and
    wherein the left fender (90L) has in an upper front area (UF) of the left front wheel (31) a left gradually changing wall portion (94L) that connects to the left guide wall portion (92L) and in which a dimension that extends inwards towards the left axle axis (WL) increases gradually so as to come close to a dimension that extends inwards of the left guide wall portion (92L).
     
    4. A leaning vehicle (1) according to any one of Claims 1 to 3,
    wherein a right guide groove (96R) is provided on a left surface (92Ra) of the right guide wall portion (92R) so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards, and
    wherein a left guide groove (96L) is provided on a right surface (92La) of the left guide wall portion (92L) so as to guide water adhering thereto to flow downwards.
     
    5. A leaning vehicle (1) according to any one of Claims 1 to 4,
    wherein the right guide wall portion (92R) extends from the outer edge of the right front wheel (32) further inwards than a shoulder portion of the right front wheel (326) when seen from the left in the right axle axis (WR) direction, and
    wherein the left guide wall portion (92L) extends from the outer edge of the left front wheel (31) further inwards than a shoulder portion of the left front wheel (316) when seen from the right in the left axle axis (WL) direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Neige-Fahrzeug (1), das umfasst:

    einen Karosserierahmen (21), der so eingerichtet ist, dass er sich zur rechten Seite des Fahrzeugs (1) neigt, wenn das Fahrzeug (1) nach rechts abbiegt, und sich zur linken Seite des Fahrzeugs (1) neigt, wenn das Fahrzeug (1) nach links abbiegt;

    ein rechtes Vorderrad (32), das so eingerichtet ist, dass es relativ zu dem Karosserierahmen (21) verschoben wird, wenn sich der Karosserierahmen (21) neigt, und sich um ein rechtes Radachsen-Element (321) herum dreht, das sich in einer Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse erstreckt;

    ein linkes Vorderrad (31), das so eingerichtet ist, dass es relativ zu dem Karosserierahmen (21) verschoben wird, wenn sich der Karosserierahmen (21) neigt, und sich um ein linkes Radachsen-Element (311) herum dreht, das sich in einer Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse erstreckt;

    einen Gelenk-Mechanismus (5), der so eingerichtet ist, dass er relative Positionen des rechten Vorderrades (32) und des linken Vorderrades (31) in einer vertikalen Richtung des Karosserierahmens (21) zueinander ändert, wenn sich der Karosserierahmen (21) neigt;

    eine rechte Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (34), die einen rechten Abschnitt des rechten Radachsen-Elementes (321) an einem unteren Abschnitt derselben trägt und so eingerichtet ist, dass sie eine Verschiebung des unteren Abschnitts relativ zu einem oberen Abschnitt in der Richtung einer rechten Ausfahr-und Einfahr-Achse (d) absorbiert, die sich in der vertikalen Richtung des Karosserierahmens (21) erstreckt; sowie

    eine linke Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (33), die einen linken Abschnitt des linken Radachsen-Elementes (311) an einem unteren Abschnitt derselben trägt und so eingerichtet ist, dass sie eine Verschiebung des unteren Abschnitts relativ zu einem oberen Abschnitt in der Richtung einer linken Ausfahr-und Einfahr-Achse (c) absorbiert, die sich in der vertikalen Richtung des Karosserierahmens (21) erstreckt;

    wobei der Gelenk-Mechanismus (5) umfasst:

    ein rechtes Seiten-Element (54), das einen oberen Abschnitt der rechten Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (34) so trägt, dass es sich um eine rechte Lenkachse (Y) herum dreht, die sich in der vertikalen Richtung des Karosserierahmens (21) erstreckt;

    ein linkes Seiten-Element (53), das einen oberen Abschnitt der linken Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (33) so trägt, dass es sich um eine linke Lenkachse (X) herum dreht, die parallel zu der rechten Lenkachse (Y) ist;

    ein oberes Quer-Element (51), das einen oberen Abschnitt des rechten Seiten-Elementes (54) an einem rechten Endabschnitt desselben so trägt, dass es sich um eine rechte obere Achse herum dreht, die sich in einer Längsrichtung des Karosserierahmens (21) erstreckt, einen oberen Abschnitt des linken Seiten-Elementes (53) an einem linken Endabschnitt desselben so trägt, dass es sich um eine linke obere Achse herum dreht, die parallel zu der rechten oberen Achse ist, und an dem Karosserierahmen (21) an einem mittleren Abschnitt desselben so gelagert ist, dass es sich um eine mittlere obere Achse (Mu) herum dreht, die parallel zu der rechten oberen Achse und zu der linken oberen Achse ist; sowie

    ein unteres Quer-Element (52), das einen unteren Abschnitt des rechten Seiten-Elementes (54) an einem rechten Endabschnitt desselben so trägt, dass es sich um eine rechte untere Achse herum dreht, die parallel zu der rechten oberen Achse ist, einen unteren Abschnitt des linken Seiten-Elementes (53) an einem linken Endabschnitt desselben so trägt, dass es sich um eine linke untere Achse herum dreht, die parallel zu der linken oberen Achse ist, und an einem mittleren Abschnitt des Karosserierahmens (21) so gelagert ist, dass es sich um eine mittlere untere Achse (Md) herum dreht, die parallel zu der mittleren oberen Achse (Mu) ist,

    wobei, wenn das Fahrzeug (1) in einem aufrechten Zustand verbleibt, ein unteres Ende des unteren Quer-Elementes (52) oberhalb eines oberen Endes des rechten Vorderrades (32) und eines oberen Endes des linken Vorderrades (31) in Bezug auf die vertikale Richtung des Karosserierahmens (21) positioniert ist,

    das rechte Vorderrad (32) und das linke Vorderrad (31) so angeordnet sind, dass sie in einer Querrichtung des Fahrzeugs (1) voneinander beabstandet sind, und zwischen ihnen ein zulässiger Raum (SS) zum Lenken so ausgebildet ist, dass sich das rechte Vorderrad (32) um die rechte Lenkachse (Y) herum drehen kann und sich das linke Vorderrad (31) um die linke Lenkachse (X) herum drehen kann,

    ein rechter Kotflügel (90R) an einem unteren Abschnitt der rechten Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (34) so angeordnet ist, dass er bei Funktion der rechten Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (34) zusammen mit dem rechten Vorderrad (32) verschoben wird,

    wobei eine Außenkante des rechten Kotflügels (91R), bei Sicht auf den rechten Kotflügel (90R) und das rechte Vorderrad (32) von links in der Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse (WR), radial außerhalb einer Außenkante des rechten Vorderrades (32) positioniert ist,

    wenn das rechte Vorderrad (32),von der linken Seite in der Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse (WR) gesehen, durch eine gerade Linie (Lv), die in einer senkrechten Richtung verläuft und dabei die Achse der rechten Radachse (WR) schneidet, sowie eine gerade Linie (Lh), die in einer horizontalen Richtung verläuft und dabei die Achse der rechten Radachse (WR) schneidet, imaginär in vier einheitliche Bereiche, geteilt wird, der rechte Kotflügel (90R) in einem oberen hinteren Bereich (UR) des rechten Vorderrades (32) einen rechten Führungswandabschnitt (92R) aufweist, der sich von der Außenkante an einer linken Seite des rechten Vorderrades (32) nach innen auf die Achse der rechten Radachse (WR) zu erstreckt,

    ein linker Kotflügel (90L) an einem unteren Abschnitt der linken Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (33) so angeordnet ist, dass er bei Funktion der linke Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (33)zusammen mit dem linken Vorderrad (31) verschoben wird,

    eine Außenkante des linken Kotflügels (91L), bei Sicht auf den linken Kotflügel (90L) und das linke Vorderrad (31) von rechts in der Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse (WL), radial außerhalb einer Außenkante des linken Vorderrades (315) positioniert ist, und

    wenn das linke Vorderrad (31), von der rechten Seite in der Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse (WL) gesehen, durch eine gerade Linie (Lv), die in einer senkrechten Richtung verläuft und dabei die Achse der linken Radachse (WL) schneidet, sowie eine gerade Linie (Lh), die in einer horizontalen Richtung verläuft und dabei die Achse der linken Radachse (WL) schneidet, imaginär in vier einheitliche Bereiche geteilt wird, der linke Kotflügel (90L) in einem oberen hinteren Bereich (UR) des linken Vorderrades (31) einen linken Führungswandabschnitt (92L) aufweist, der sich von der Außenkante an einer rechten Seite des linken Vorderrades (31) nach innen auf die Achse der linken Radachse (WL) zu erstreckt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die rechte Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (34) an einer Seite des rechten Vorderrades (32) vorhanden ist, die einer Seite gegenüberliegt, die dem zulässigen Raum (SS) zum Lenken in Bezug auf eine Querrichtung des Karosserierahmens (21) zugewandt ist, und die linke Stoßdämpf-Vorrichtung (33) an einer Seite des linken Vorderrades (31) vorhanden ist, die einer Seite gegenüberliegt, die dem zulässigen Raum (SS) zum Lenken in Bezug auf die Querrichtung des Karosserierahmens (21) zugewandt ist.


     
    2. Neige-Fahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei wenigstens ein Teil einer Unterkante (93R) des rechten Führungswandabschnitts (92R) an der in der Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse (WR) linken Seite einer in der Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse (WR) am weitesten links liegenden Kante eines Teils des rechten Vorderrades (32) positioniert ist, und
    wenigstens ein Teil einer Unterkante (93L) des linken Führungswandabschnitts (92L) an der in der Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse (WL) rechten Seite einer in der Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse (WL) am weitesten rechts liegenden Kante eines Teils des linken Vorderrades (31) vorhanden ist.
     
    3. Neige-Fahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    wobei der rechte Kotflügel (90R) in einem oberen vorderen Bereich (UF) des rechten Vorderrades (32) einen rechten, sich allmählich verändernden Wandabschnitt (94R) aufweist, der mit dem rechten Führungswandabschnitt (92R) verbunden ist und bei dem eine Abmessung, die sich nach innen auf die rechte Radachse (WR) zu erstreckt, allmählich zunimmt und sich einer Abmessung nähert, die sich zur Innenseite des rechten Führungswandabschnitts (92R) erstreckt, und
    der linke Kotflügel (90L) in einem oberen vorderen Bereich (UF) des linken Vorderrades (31) einen linken, sich allmählich verändernden Wandabschnitt (94L) aufweist, der mit dem linken Führungswandabschnitt (92L) verbunden ist und bei dem eine Abmessung, die sich nach innen in Richtung auf die linke Radachse (WL) zu erstreckt, allmählich zunimmt, und sich einer Abmessung nähert, die sich zur Innenseite des linken Führungswandabschnitts (92L) erstreckt.
     
    4. Neige-Fahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei eine rechte Führungsnut (96R) an einer linken Fläche (92Ra) des rechten Führungswandabschnitts (92R) vorhanden ist und daran haftendes Wasser so leitet, dass es nach unten fließt, und
    eine linke Führungsnut (96L) an einer rechten Fläche (92La) des linken Führungswandabschnitts (92L) vorhanden ist und daran haftendes Wasser so leitet, dass es nach unten fließt.
     
    5. Neige-Fahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    wobei der rechte Führungswandabschnitt (92R) sich von der Außenkante des rechten Vorderrades (32), von der linken Seite in der Achsen-Richtung der rechten Radachse (WR) gesehen, weiter nach innen erstreckt als ein Schulterabschnitt des rechten Vorderrades (326), und
    der linke Führungswandabschnitt (92L) sich von der Außenkante des linken Vorderrades (31), von der rechten Seite in der Achsen-Richtung der linken Radachse (WL) gesehen, weiter nach innen erstreckt als ein Schulterabschnitt des linken Vorderrades (316).
     


    Revendications

    1. Véhicule à inclinaison (1) comprenant :

    un châssis (21) configuré pour s'incliner sur la droite du véhicule (1) lorsque le véhicule (1) tourne à droite et s'incliner sur la gauche du véhicule (1) lorsque le véhicule (1) tourne à gauche ;

    une roue avant droite (32) configurée pour être déplacée par rapport au châssis (21) tandis que le châssis (21) s'incline et tourner autour d'un élément d'essieu droit (321) qui s'étend dans une direction d'axe d'essieu droit ;

    une roue avant gauche (31) configurée pour être déplacée par rapport au châssis (21) tandis que le châssis (21) s'incline et tourner autour d'un élément d'essieu gauche (311) qui s'étend dans une direction d'axe d'essieu gauche ;

    un mécanisme de liaison (5) configuré pour changer des positions relatives de la roue avant droite (32) et de la roue avant gauche (31) dans une direction haut-bas du châssis (21) tandis que le châssis (21) s'incline ;

    un dispositif amortisseur droit (34) soutenant une partie droite de l'élément d'essieu droit (321) sur une partie inférieure de celui-ci et configuré pour absorber un déplacement de la partie inférieure par rapport à une partie supérieure dans la direction d'un axe droit d'extension et de contraction (d) qui s'étend dans la direction haut-bas du châssis (21) ; et

    un dispositif amortisseur gauche (33) soutenant une partie gauche de l'élément d'essieu gauche(311) sur une partie inférieure de celui-ci et configuré pour absorber un déplacement de la partie inférieure par rapport à une partie supérieure dans la direction d'un axe gauche d'extension et de contraction (c) qui s'étend dans la direction haut-bas du châssis (21) ;

    dans lequel le mécanisme de liaison (5) comprend :

    un élément latéral droit (54) soutenant une partie supérieure du dispositif amortisseur droit (Y) qui s'étend dans la direction haut-bas du châssis (21) ;

    un élément latéral gauche (53) soutenant une partie supérieure du dispositif amortisseur gauche (33) de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe de direction gauche (X) qui est parallèle à l'axe de direction droit (Y) ;

    un élément transversal supérieur (51) soutenant une partie supérieure de l'élément latéral droit (54) sur une partie d'extrémité droite de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe droit supérieur qui s'étend dans une direction avant-arrière du châssis (21), soutenant une partie supérieure de l'élément latéral gauche (53) sur une partie d'extrémité gauche de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe gauche supérieur qui est parallèle à l'axe droit supérieur et soutenu sur le châssis (21) sur une partie médiane de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe médian supérieur (Mu) qui est parallèle à l'axe droit supérieur et l'axe gauche supérieur ; et

    un élément transversal inférieur (52) soutenant une partie inférieure de l'élément latéral droit (54) sur une partie d'extrémité droite de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe droit inférieur qui est parallèle à l'axe droit supérieur, soutenant une partie inférieure de l'élément latéral gauche (53) sur une partie d'extrémité gauche de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe gauche inférieur qui est parallèle à l'axe gauche supérieur et soutenu sur le châssis (21) sur une partie médiane de celui-ci de sorte à tourner autour d'un axe médian inférieur (Md) qui est parallèle à l'axe médian supérieur (Mu),

    dans lequel avec le véhicule (1) reposant dans une position verticale, une extrémité inférieure de l'élément transversal inférieur (52) est positionnée au-dessus d'une extrémité supérieure de la roue avant droite (32) et une extrémité supérieure de la roue avant gauche (31) par rapport à la direction haut-bas du châssis (21),

    dans lequel la roue avant droite (32) et la roue avant gauche (31) sont disposées de sorte à être espacées l'une de l'autre dans une direction gauche-droite du véhicule (1) avec un espace admissible de direction (SS) défini entre celles-ci de telle manière que la roue avant droite (32) puisse tourner autour de l'axe de direction droit (Y) et la roue avant gauche (31) puisse tourner autour de l'axe de direction gauche (X),

    dans lequel un garde-boue droit (90R) est disposé sur une partie inférieure du dispositif amortisseur droit (34) de sorte à être déplacé ensemble avec la roue avant droite (32) tandis que le dispositif amortisseur droit (34) fonctionne,

    dans lequel une arête extérieure du garde-boue droit (91R) est positionnée radialement vers l'extérieur d'une arête extérieure de la roue avant droite (32) lorsque le garde-boue droit (90R) et la roue avant droite (32) sont visualisés depuis la gauche dans la direction d'axe d'essieu droit (WR),

    dans lequel lorsque la roue avant droite (32) est divisée de manière imaginaire en quatre zones uniformes telles que visualisées depuis la gauche dans la direction d'axe d'essieu droit (WR) par une ligne droite (Lv) qui s'étend dans une direction perpendiculaire tout en coupant l'axe d'essieu droit (WR) et une ligne droite (H) qui s'étend dans une direction horizontale tout en coupant l'axe d'essieu droit (WR), le garde-boue droit (90R) présente dans une zone arrière supérieure (UR) de la roue avant droite (32) une partie de paroi guide droite (92R) qui s'étend vers l'intérieur vers l'axe d'essieu droit (WR) depuis l'arête extérieure sur un côté gauche de la roue avant droite (32),

    dans lequel un garde-boue gauche (90L) est disposé sur une partie inférieure du dispositif amortisseur gauche (33) de sorte à être déplacé ensemble avec la roue avant gauche (31) tandis que le dispositif amortisseur gauche (33) fonctionne,

    dans lequel une arête extérieure du garde-boue gauche (91L) est positionnée radialement vers l'extérieur d'une arête extérieure de la roue avant gauche (315) lorsque le garde-boue gauche (90L) et la roue avant gauche (32) sont visualisés depuis la droite dans la direction d'axe d'essieu gauche (WL), et

    dans lequel lorsque la roue avant gauche (31) est divisée de manière imaginaire en quatre zones uniformes telles que visualisées depuis la droite dans la direction d'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) par une ligne droite (Lv) qui s'étend dans une direction perpendiculaire tout en coupant l'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) et une ligne droite (H) qui s'étend dans une direction horizontale tout en coupant l'axe d'essieu gauche (WL), le garde-boue gauche (90L) présente dans une zone arrière supérieure (UR) de la roue avant gauche (31) une partie de paroi guide gauche (92L) qui s'étend vers l'intérieur vers l'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) depuis l'arête extérieure sur un côté droit de la roue avant gauche (31), caractérisé en ce que

    le dispositif amortisseur droit (34) est disposé sur un côté de la roue avant droite (32) qui se situe à l'opposé d'un côté orienté vers l'espace admissible de direction (SS) par rapport à une direction gauche-droite du châssis (21) et le dispositif amortisseur gauche (33) est disposé sur un côté de la roue avant gauche (31) qui se situe à l'opposé d'un côté orienté vers l'espace admissible de direction (SS) par rapport à la direction gauche-droite du châssis (21).


     
    2. Le véhicule à inclinaison (1) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel au moins une partie d'une arête inférieure (93R) de la partie de paroi guide droite (92R) est positionnée sur la gauche dans la direction d'axe d'essieu droit (WR) d'une arête la plus à gauche dans la direction d'axe d'essieu droit (WR) d'une partie de la roue avant droite (32), et
    dans lequel au moins une partie d'une arête inférieure (93L) de la partie de paroi guide gauche (92L) est positionnée sur la droite dans la direction d'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) d'une arête la plus à droite dans la direction d'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) d'une partie de la roue avant gauche (31).
     
    3. Le véhicule à inclinaison (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2,
    dans lequel le garde-boue droit (90R) présente dans une zone avant supérieure (UF) de la roue avant droite (32) une partie de paroi droite évoluant graduellement (94R) qui se connecte à la partie de paroi guide droite (92R) et dans laquelle une dimension qui s'étend vers l'intérieur vers l'axe d'essieu droit (WR) augmente graduellement de sorte à s'approcher d'une dimension qui s'étend vers l'intérieur de la partie de paroi guide droite (92R), et
    dans lequel le garde-boue gauche (90L) présente dans une zone avant supérieure (UF) de la roue avant gauche (31) une partie de paroi gauche évoluant graduellement (94L) qui se connecte à la partie de paroi guide gauche (92L) et dans laquelle une dimension qui s'étend vers l'intérieur vers l'axe d'essieu gauche (WL) augmente graduellement de sorte à s'approcher d'une dimension qui s'étend vers l'intérieur de la partie de paroi guide gauche (92L).
     
    4. Le véhicule à inclinaison (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,
    dans lequel une gorge de guidage droite (96R) est présente sur une surface gauche (92Ra) de la partie de paroi guide droite (92R) de sorte à guider l'eau vers celle-ci pour un écoulement vers le bas, et
    dans lequel une gorge de guidage gauche (96L) est présente sur une surface droite (92La) de la partie de paroi guide gauche (92L) de sorte à guider l'eau vers celle-ci pour un écoulement vers le bas.
     
    5. Le véhicule à inclinaison (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,
    dans lequel la partie de paroi guide droite (92R) s'étend depuis l'arête extérieure de la roue avant droite (32) plus avant vers l'intérieur qu'une partie d'épaulement de la roue avant droite (326) lorsque visualisée depuis la gauche dans la direction d'axe d'essieu droit (WR), et
    dans lequel la partie de paroi guide gauche (92L) s'étend depuis l'arête extérieure de la roue avant gauche (31) plus avant vers l'intérieur qu'une partie d'épaulement de la roue avant gauche (316) lorsque visualisée depuis la droite dans la direction d'axe d'essieu gauche (WL).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description