(19)
(11)EP 3 477 184 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 18202872.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F21S 8/02  (2006.01)
F21V 3/04  (2018.01)
F21V 21/04  (2006.01)
F21Y 113/13  (2016.01)
F21V 3/02  (2006.01)
F21K 9/61  (2016.01)
F21Y 115/10  (2016.01)

(54)

DOWNLIGHT APPARATUS

DOWNLIGHT-VORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL D'ÉCLAIRAGE À FLUX DIRIGÉ VERS LE BAS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.10.2017 CN 201721406145 U

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/18

(73)Proprietor: Xiamen Eco Lighting Co., Ltd.
Xiamen Fujian 363999 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • HOU, Shouqiang
    Xiamen, Fujian 361010 (CN)
  • WEN, Xiaoliang
    Xiamen, Fujian 361010 (CN)
  • ZENG, Maojin
    Xiamen, Fujian 361010 (CN)
  • YI, Bin
    Xiamen, Fujian 361010 (CN)

(74)Representative: Dilg, Haeusler, Schindelmann Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Leonrodstraße 58
80636 München
80636 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-T5-112013 005 914
US-A1- 2016 116 120
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of Invention



    [0001] The present invention is related to a downlight apparatus and more particularly related to a downlight apparatus with multiple light modules.

    Background



    [0002] There are various lighting devices designed for satisfying different needs. For example, there are light bulbs to be installed on sockets. Such light bulbs are usually easy to be installed by users. For downlight devices used in normal home, it would be important to consider convenience for installation, safety and replacement.

    [0003] Among light devices, downlight devices are popular. Various downlight devices may be in lots of places around the world. Usually, there is a cavity or an installation box in a ceiling. A downlight device is installed in the cavity or the installation box. Wires are connected to an external power source, like a 110V or 220V alternating current.

    [0004] Sometimes, a control signal is also provided to the downlight device to control a luminance level of the downlight device.

    [0005] DE 11 2013 005 914 T5 and US 2016/0116120 A1 describe respective downlight apparatuses comprising a main housing, a light module, a diffusion cover and a light guide having a light escape side.

    Summary of Invention



    [0006] According to an embodiment of the present invention, a downlight apparatus includes a main housing, a light module, a diffusion cover, and a light guide.

    [0007] The downlight apparatus may be attached to a standard U.S. or European standard downlight station. The main housing may be made of plastic as a piece, e.g. made via a molding procedure to produce a one-piece component. Alternatively, the main housing may contain multiple parts to be assembled together or adding further components like driver circuit or heat sink.

    [0008] The main housing has a surrounding wall and a base part. A top end of the surrounding wall fixed to the base part forming a cup containing space. For example, a surrounding wall is extended from the base part with a surrounding curved surface. The surrounding curved surface and the base part together form a cup containing space for enclosing some components mentioned below.

    [0009] The light module may have one LED module or multiple LED modules. Where there are multiple LED modules, the multiple LED modules at different positions on a substrate or on different substrates. Some specific examples are explained as follows.

    [0010] The light module is at least partly attached to the base part, meaning that at least some component of the LED module is directly or indirectly attached to the base part of the main housing. Specifically, as an example, when the main housing is made of plastic material, a metal heat sink may be disposed between the base part of the main housing and a LED plate of the light module.

    [0011] In addition, the light module emits a first light and a second light. As mentioned above, the light module may have multiple LED modules for emitting the first light and the second light.

    [0012] The diffusion cover is fixed to a bottom end of the surrounding wall for converting the second light to a peripheral light on an exterior surface of the diffusion cover. Furthermore, the light guide has a light entrance side facing to the base part for directing the first light through the light guide to escape at a light escape side of the light guide. In other words, there are two light output from the diffusion cover and the light guide respectively.

    [0013] The light escape side of the light guide is surrounded by diffusion cover. The term "surround" does not need to limit the light escape side being at the same plane as the diffusion cover. Instead, the term "surround" refers that in a two-dimension protection aspect, the light escape side is surrounded by the diffusion cover. In other words, the light escape side may be higher than the diffusion cover while still being surrounded by the diffusion cover when being viewed from a two-dimension bottom view. The term "surround" is explained similarly for other components in this disclosure.

    [0014] The light module has a first LED module and a second LED module for emitting the first light and the second light respectively. The first LED module and the second LED module may be disposed at different positions with different emitting directions. In some embodiments, the first LED module and the second LED module emit lights may even have different optical spectrums, e.g. with different color temperatures or colors.

    [0015] The first LED module and the second LED module are mounted on two different substrates. The two different substrates are disposed at different heights with respect to the base part. Unlike an unclaimed example in which both the first LED module and the second LED module are dispose on the same substrate, the first LED module may be disposed on a substrate attached to the base part of the main housing, while the second LED module is disposed at a better position for rendering the peripheral light of the diffusion cover as requested.

    [0016] In some embodiments, the downlight apparatus further includes a driver. The driver controls the light module to emit the first light and the second light separately. In other words, the driver may be connected to a wire or wireless switch for users to manually control or for program codes to automatically control so as to turn on or turn off the first light and the second light separately. Specifically, the first light may be turned on while the second light is turned off, the first light may be turned off while the second light is turned on, or the first light and the second light are turned on at the same time. The luminance strength of the first light and the second light, when needed, may be tuned separately or with a predetermined relation, depending on different design needs.

    [0017] In some unclaimed embodiments, the light module may include a substrate, e.g. with aluminum material. The first LED module is disposed at a central portion of the substrate and the second LED module, which may include multiple sub-components, is disposed at a peripheral portion of the substrate. Specifically, the first LED module emits light to the light guide in the central position while the second LED module emits light to the diffusion cover to produce the peripheral light surrounding the light of the light guide.

    [0018] For example, the second LED module may be positioned around the bottom end of the surrounding wall, with some wires for transmitting electricity to the second LED module along the surrounding wall. The second LED module now emits light more closely to the diffusion cover and may produce a better luminance efficacy.

    [0019] The diffusion cover helps smooth output light, e.g. with roughened surface or coated with a translucent material for evenly guiding light to form a smooth effect. The diffusion cover may be a light guide plate when the light output points are carefully designed to create a light evenly distributed appearance.

    [0020] In some embodiments, the diffusion cover may include a peripheral light guide. The second LED module emits the second light into the peripheral light guide to form the peripheral light. The peripheral light guide and the light guide mentioned above may be made of various material like PMMA while adding light output paths thereon to guide light to pass through the light guide and escape at multiple predetermined positions to create desired light effect.

    [0021] In some embodiments, both sides of the peripheral light guide emit the peripheral light. In some other embodiments, the back side of the peripheral light guide is covered with a reflective cover so as the peripheral light only emits from one side of the peripheral light guide.

    [0022] In some embodiments, the light guide is an elongated column, e.g. a cylinder, a polygonal column. The light escape side may further include a three-dimension shape for producing a corresponding three-dimension luminance effect. For example, a crown, torch, letter, wire shapes may be prepared on the light escape side of the light guide to produce a corresponding three-dimension shape of the light.

    [0023] In some embodiments, the inner wall of the diffusion cover has a three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface. The inner wall refers to the surface facing toward the light guide in the middle of the downlight apparatus. The three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface is gradually extended downwardly from near the base part of the main housing to form a smooth shape. Some drawings in following disclosure explains more clearly such concept.

    [0024] In some embodiments, the diffusion cover protrudes below the bottom end of the surrounding wall. Specifically, when the downlight apparatus is placed facing its light downwardly, the diffusion cover has a portion lower than the bottom end of the surrounding wall, thus forming a luminance ring.

    [0025] In some embodiments, the three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface is corresponding to the surrounding wall so as luminance level over the diffusion cover is evenly distributed. Specifically, the surrounding wall may have a similar but different curve surface so as to reflect or to re-direct light to emit on the diffusion cover so as as luminance level over the diffusion cover is evenly distributed. Therefore, when the surrounding wall changes its curve shape, the diffusion cover is adjusted accordingly. This may be determined by using an optical analysis tool running on a computer, and then adjust the curve surface of the diffusion cover to achieve the evenly distributed effect.

    [0026] In some embodiments, an interior side of the surrounding wall has reflective material for reflecting light evenly over the diffusion cover. For example, an additional reflective component or reflective material may be applied on the interior side of the surrounding wall. Alternatively, if the interior surface of the surrounding wall is made of plastic like white PC board, the reflective effect may sufficient fit the needs.

    [0027] In some embodiments, luminance difference between any two positions of the diffusion cover is less than 30%. This means that the evenly distributed level may be controlled and adjusted by adjusting the curve surface and/or the reflective paths so that any two positions of the diffusion cover has similar luminance level, e.g. within 30% difference maximum.

    [0028] In some embodiments, instead of having only one light guide, there may be multiple light guides in the middle of the downlight apparatus. The light escape sides of the these light guides may direct to different directions to form a different visual effect, e.g. like a flower or a torch. These light guides may even have different colors, depending on different design needs.

    [0029] In some embodiments, the base part has a back structure with two sockets for selectively installing different fixing structures for fixing the downlight apparatus to different stations. For example, in U.S. downlight standard, there are two elongated strips with their center disposed with a spring to adjusting an angle of the two elongated strips. In European downlight standards, there may be two elastic clips for hooking on a standard station.

    [0030] The two sockets of the back structure may be fixed with different fixing structures like the elastic clips of European standard or elongated strips of U.S. standard, depending on where the products are sold to. In other words, such design ensures flexibility of the products, saving lots of manufacturing and storage cost.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0031] 

    Fig. 1 is an exploded view showing components of a downlight apparatus embodiment.

    Fig. 2 is a sectional view showing component relation when the components of Fig. 1 are assembled.

    Fig. 3 shows a bottom looking upwardly to the embodiment of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 shows a first fixing structure for a U.S. downlight station.

    Fig. 5 shows a second fixing structure for a European downlight station.

    Fig. 6 shows component relation in another embodiment.

    Fig. 7 shows another embodiment of a downlight apparatus.


    Detailed Description



    [0032] Please refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 together. Fig. 1 is an exploded view showing components of a downlight apparatus embodiment. Fig. 2 is a sectional view showing component relation when the components of Fig. 1 are assembled. Fig. 3 shows a bottom looking upwardly to the embodiment of Fig. 1.

    [0033] In Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the downlight apparatus has a main housing that has a back structure 101, a base part 103 and a surrounding wall 104. The back structure 101 has two sockets 102 for installing different fixing structures 1021 corresponding to different stations.

    [0034] The surrounding wall has a top end 1041 fixed to the base part 103 and a bottom end 1042 fixed to a diffusion cover 12.

    [0035] In this example, a light module 11 includes a substrate mounted with a first LED module 111 and a second LED module 112. The first LED module 111 is disposed at center portion of the substrate while the second LED module is disposed at peripheral portion of the substrate.

    [0036] There is a light guide 13 disposed at center of the downlight apparatus, surrounding by the diffusion cover 12 and the surrounding wall 104. The first LED module 111 emits a first light into the light guide 13 from a light entrance side 131. The light passes through the light guide 13 and emits from the light escape side 132 of the light guide. A three-dimension shape is formed at the light escape side 132, e.g. a crown shape, for rendering a three-dimension visual effect.

    [0037] The diffusion cover 12 is fixed to the bottom end 1042 of the surrounding wall 104. The diffusion cover 12 converts a second light from the second LED module 112 to a peripheral light emitting from the exterior surface 124 of the diffusion cover. The light effect of the diffusion cover 12 is smooth, to form a charming effect together with the light guide 13.

    [0038] The lateral side of the diffusion cover 12 has a three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface 122, corresponding to the three-dimension curve surface of the surrounding wall 104. The interior side of the surrounding wall helps reflect and guide the second light to smoothly emit on the diffusion cover 12.

    [0039] Please refer to Fig. 4, which illustrates the socket 42 may be attached to an elongated strip 41 for U.S. downlight standard.

    [0040] Please refer to Fig. 5, which illustrates the same socket 52 may be attached to an elastic clip 51 for European standard.

    [0041] According to an embodiment of the present invention, a downlight apparatus includes a main housing, a light module, a diffusion cover, and a light guide.

    [0042] The downlight apparatus may be attached to a standard U.S. or European standard downlight station. The main housing may be made of plastic as a piece, e.g. made via a molding procedure to produce a one-piece component. Alternatively, the main housing may contain multiple parts to be assembled together or adding further components like driver circuit or heat sink.

    [0043] The main housing has a surrounding wall and a base part. A top end of the surrounding wall fixed to the base part forming a cup containing space. For example, a surrounding wall is extended from the base part with a surrounding curved surface. The surrounding curved surface and the base part together form a cup containing space for enclosing some components mentioned below.

    [0044] The light module may have one LED module or multiple LED modules. Where there are multiple LED modules, the multiple LED modules at different positions on a substrate or on different substrates. Some specific examples are explained as follows.

    [0045] The light module is at least partly attached to the base part, meaning that at least some component of the LED module is directly or indirectly attached to the base part of the main housing. Specifically, as an example, when the main housing is made of plastic material, a metal heat sink may be disposed between the base part of the main housing and a LED plate of the light module.

    [0046] In addition, the light module emits a first light and a second light. As mentioned above, the light module may have multiple LED modules for emitting the first light and the second light.

    [0047] The diffusion cover is fixed to a bottom end of the surrounding wall for converting the second light to a peripheral light on an exterior surface of the diffusion cover. Furthermore, the light guide has a light entrance side facing to the base part for directing the first light through the light guide to escape at a light escape side of the light guide. In other words, there are two light output from the diffusion cover and the light guide respectively.

    [0048] The light escape side of the light guide is surrounded by diffusion cover. The term "surround" does not need to limit the light escape side being at the same plane as the diffusion cover. Instead, the term "surround" refers that in a two-dimension protection aspect, the light escape side is surrounded by the diffusion cover. In other words, the light escape side may be higher than the diffusion cover while still being surrounded by the diffusion cover when being viewed from a two-dimension bottom view. The term "surround" is explained similarly for other components in this disclosure.

    [0049] In some embodiments, the downlight apparatus further includes a driver. The driver controls the light module to emit the first light and the second light separately. In other words, the driver may be connected to a wire or wireless switch for users to manually control or for program codes to automatically control so as to turn on or turn off the first light and the second light separately. Specifically, the first light may be turned on while the second light is turned off, the first light may be turned off while the second light is turned on, or the first light and the second light are turned on at the same time. The luminance strength of the first light and the second light, when needed, may be tuned separately or with a predetermined relation, depending on different design needs.

    [0050] According to the invention, the light module has a first LED module and a second LED module for emitting the first light and the second light respectively. The first LED module and the second LED module may be disposed at different positions with different emitting directions. In some embodiments, the first LED module and the second LED module emit lights may even have different optical spectrums, e.g. with different color temperatures or colors.

    [0051] In some unclaimed embodiments, the light module may include a substrate, e.g. with aluminum material. The first LED module is disposed at a central portion of the substrate and the second LED module, which may include multiple sub-components, is disposed at a peripheral portion of the substrate. Specifically, the first LED module emits light to the light guide in the central position while the second LED module emits light to the diffusion cover to produce the peripheral light surrounding the light of the light guide. According to the invention, the first LED module and the second LED module are mounted on two different substrates. The two different substrates are disposed at different heights with respect to the base part. Unlike the example mentioned above in which both the first LED module and the second LED module are dispose on the same substrate, the first LED module may be disposed on a substrate attached to the base part of the main housing, while the second LED module is disposed at a better position for rendering the peripheral light of the diffusion cover as requested.

    [0052] For example, the second LED module may be positioned around the bottom end of the surrounding wall, with some wires for transmitting electricity to the second LED module along the surrounding wall. The second LED module now emits light more closely to the diffusion cover and may produce a better luminance efficacy.

    [0053] The diffusion cover helps smooth output light, e.g. with roughened surface or coated with a translucent material for evenly guiding light to form a smooth effect. The diffusion cover may be a light guide plate when the light output points are carefully designed to create a light evenly distributed appearance.

    [0054] In some embodiments, the diffusion cover may include a peripheral light guide. The second LED module emits the second light into the peripheral light guide to form the peripheral light. The peripheral light guide and the light guide mentioned above may be made of various material like PMMA while adding light output paths thereon to guide light to pass through the light guide and escape at multiple predetermined positions to create desired light effect.

    [0055] In some embodiments, both sides of the peripheral light guide emit the peripheral light. In some other embodiments, the back side of the peripheral light guide is covered with a reflective cover so as the peripheral light only emits from one side of the peripheral light guide.

    [0056] In some embodiments, the light guide is an elongated column, e.g. a cylinder, a polygonal column. The light escape side may further include a three-dimension shape for producing a corresponding three-dimension luminance effect. For example, a crown, torch, letter, wire shapes may be prepared on the light escape side of the light guide to produce a corresponding three-dimension shape of the light.

    [0057] In some embodiments, the inner wall of the diffusion cover has a three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface. The inner wall refers to the surface facing toward the light guide in the middle of the downlight apparatus. The three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface is gradually extended downwardly from near the base part of the main housing to form a smooth shape. Some drawings in following disclosure explains more clearly such concept.

    [0058] In some embodiments, the diffusion cover protrudes below the bottom end of the surrounding wall. Specifically, when the downlight apparatus is placed facing its light downwardly, the diffusion cover has a portion lower than the bottom end of the surrounding wall, thus forming a luminance ring.

    [0059] In some embodiments, the three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface is corresponding to the surrounding wall so as luminance level over the diffusion cover is evenly distributed. Specifically, the surrounding wall may have a similar but different curve surface so as to reflect or to re-direct light to emit on the diffusion cover so as as luminance level over the diffusion cover is evenly distributed. Therefore, when the surrounding wall changes its curve shape, the diffusion cover is adjusted accordingly. This may be determined by using an optical analysis tool running on a computer, and then adjust the curve surface of the diffusion cover to achieve the evenly distributed effect.

    [0060] In some embodiments, an interior side of the surrounding wall has reflective material for reflecting light evenly over the diffusion cover. For example, an additional reflective component or reflective material may be applied on the interior side of the surrounding wall. Alternatively, if the interior surface of the surrounding wall is made of plastic like white PC board, the reflective effect may sufficient fit the needs.

    [0061] In some embodiments, luminance difference between any two positions of the diffusion cover is less than 30%. This means that the evenly distributed level may be controlled and adjusted by adjusting the curve surface and/or the reflective paths so that any two positions of the diffusion cover has similar luminance level, e.g. within 30% difference maximum.

    [0062] In some embodiments, instead of having only one light guide, there may be multiple light guides in the middle of the downlight apparatus. The light escape sides of these light guides may direct to different directions to form a different visual effect, e.g. like a flower or a torch. These light guides may even have different colors, depending on different design needs.

    [0063] In some embodiments, the base part has a back structure with two sockets for selectively installing different fixing structures for fixing the downlight apparatus to different stations. For example, in U.S. downlight standard, there are two elongated strips with their center disposed with a spring to adjusting an angle of the two elongated strips. In European downlight standards, there may be two elastic clips for hooking on a standard station.

    [0064] The two sockets of the back structure may be fixed with different fixing structures like the elastic clips of European standard or elongated strips of U.S. standard, depending on where the products are sold to. In other words, such design ensures flexibility of the products, saving lots of manufacturing and storage cost.

    [0065] Please refer to Fig. 6. Fig. 6 is used for explaining several concepts of the features mentioned above.

    [0066] Similar to the examples mentioned above, the downlight apparatus has a base part 601, a surrounding wall 603, a first LED module 6020, a second LED module 6021, a diffusion cover 604.

    [0067] The diffusion cover 604 is fixed to the bottom end 6033 of the surrounding wall 603. The base part 601 is fixed to a top end 6032 of the surrounding wall 603. There is a protruding portion of the diffusion cover 604 below the bottom end 6033 of the surrounding wall 603. The light guide 611 has a light entrance side 6112 and a light escape side 6111.

    [0068] Some features are further explained as follows.

    [0069] First, there may be multiple light guides 611, 612, and 613, which may be curved and emits light to different directions.

    [0070] Second, the three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface 6041 of the diffusion cover 604 may be adjusted according to a curved surface 6031 of a different surrounding wall 603 so that the light may be evenly distributed and appear on interior surface of the diffusion cover 604.

    [0071] Please refer to Fig. 7, which illustrates another embodiment.

    [0072] In Fig. 7, the first LED module 701 emits a first light to the light guide 71. There is a second LED module 702 disposed at different substrates as the first LED module 701 for emitting light into a peripheral light guide 703, which is like a disk with hole in central position. The front side 7032 and the back side 7031 of the peripheral light guide may emit the peripheral light. Alternatively, the back side of the peripheral light guide may be attached with a reflective component to reflect light so as the peripheral light is emitted only from the front side 7032 of the peripheral light guide.

    [0073] In addition to the above-described embodiments, various modifications may be made.


    Claims

    1. A downlight apparatus, comprising:

    a main housing having a surrounding wall (104) and a base part (103), a top end (1041) of the surrounding wall (104) fixed to the base part (103) forming a cup containing space;

    a light module (11) at least partly attached to the base part (103) and configured for emitting a first light and a second light;

    a diffusion cover (12) fixed to a bottom end (1042) of the surrounding wall (104) and configured for converting the second light to a peripheral light on an exterior surface (124) of the diffusion cover (12); and

    a light guide (13) having a light entrance side facing to the base part (103) and configured for directing the first light through the light guide (13) to escape at a light escape side (132) of the light guide (13),

    wherein the light escape side (132) of the light guide (13) is surrounded by the diffusion cover (12),

    characterized in that the light module (11) has a first LED module (111) and a second LED module for emitting the first light and the second light respectively; and the first LED module (111) and the second LED module (112) are configured to emit lights with different optical spectrums, the first LED module (111) and the second LED module (112) are mounted on two different substrates, and the two different substrates are disposed at different heights with respect to the base part (103).


     
    2. The downlight apparatus of claim 1, characterized by further comprising a driver, wherein the driver is configured to control the light module (11) to emit the first light and the second light separately.
     
    3. The downlight apparatus of any one of claims 1-2, characterized in that the diffusion cover (12) comprises a peripheral light guide (703), and the second LED module (112) is configured to emit the second light into the peripheral light guide (703) to form the peripheral light; and both sides of the peripheral light guide (703) emit the peripheral light.
     
    4. The downlight apparatus of any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the light guide (13) is an elongated column; the light escape side (132) has a three-dimension shape for producing a corresponding three-dimension luminance effect.
     
    5. The downlight apparatus of claim 4, characterized in that the diffusion cover (12) defines an inner wall surrounding the elongated column; and the inner wall of the diffusion cover (12) has a three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface (122).
     
    6. The downlight apparatus of claim 5, characterized in that the diffusion cover (12) protrudes below the bottom end (1042) of the surrounding wall (104).
     
    7. The downlight apparatus of claim 5, characterized in that the three-dimension surrounding inwardly curve surface (122) is corresponding to the surrounding wall (104) so as luminance level over the diffusion cover (12) is evenly distributed.
     
    8. The downlight apparatus of claim 7, characterized in that an interior side of the surrounding wall (104) has reflective material for reflecting light evenly over the diffusion cover (12).
     
    9. The downlight apparatus of claim 8, characterized in that luminance difference between any two positions of the diffusion cover (12) is less than 30%.
     
    10. The downlight apparatus of any one of claims 1-9, characterized in that there are a plurality of the light guides (13); and the plurality of light guides (13) have light escape sides (132) facing to different directions.
     
    11. The downlight apparatus of any one of claims 1-10, characterized in that the first light and the second light have different color spectrums.
     
    12. The downlight apparatus of any one of claims 1-11, characterized in that the base part (103) has a back structure (101) with two sockets for selectively installing different fixing structures (1021) for fixing the downlight apparatus to different stations.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung, aufweisend:
    ein Hauptgehäuse, welches eine umgebende Wand (104) und einen Basisteil (103), ein oberes Ende (1041) der umgebenden Wand (104) fixiert an den Basisteil (103) bildend einen Becherenthaltenden Raum hat;

    ein Licht Modul (11) zumindest teilweise angebracht an dem Basisteil (103) und konfiguriert zum Emittieren eines ersten Lichts und eins zweiten Lichts;

    eine Diffusions Abdeckung (12), fixiert an ein unteres Ende (1042) der umgebenden Wand (104) und konfiguriert zum Konvertieren des zweiten Lichts in ein peripheres Licht auf eine externe Oberfläche (124) der Diffusions Abdeckung (12); und

    eine Licht Führung (13)aufweisend eine dem Basisteil (103) zugewandte Licht Eintritts Seite und konfiguriert zum Führen des ersten Lichts durch die Licht Führung (13), um auszutreten an einer Licht Austritts Seite (132) der Licht Führung (13),

    wobei die Licht Austritts Seite (132) der Licht Führung (13) umgeben ist von der Diffusions Abdeckung (12),

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Licht Modul (11) ein erstes LED Modul (111) und ein zweites LED Modul zum Emittieren des ersten und des zweiten Lichts hat; und

    das erste LED Modul (111) und das zweite LED Modul (112) konfiguriert sind, um zu emittieren Lichter mit unterschiedlichen optischen Spektra,

    wobei das erste LED Modul (111) und das zweite LED Modul (112) montiert sind auf zwei unterschiedlichen Substraten, und die zwei unterschiedlichen Substrate bezüglich des Basisteils (103) auf verschiedenen Höhen angeordnet sind.


     
    2. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch ferner aufweisend einen Treiber, wobei der Treiber konfiguriert ist zu steuern das Licht Modul (11), um getrennt zu emittieren das erste Licht und das zweite Licht.
     
    3. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Diffusions Abdeckung (12) aufweist eine periphere Licht Führung (703), und das zweite LED Modul (112) konfiguriert ist zu emittieren das zweite Licht in die periphere Licht Führung (703), um zu bilden peripheres Licht; und beide Seiten der peripheren Licht Führung (703) das periphere Licht emittieren.
     
    4. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Licht Führung (703) eine gestreckte Säule ist;
    die Licht Austritts Seite (132) eine dreidimensionale Form hat zum Produzieren eines korrespondierenden dreidimensionalen Luminanz Effekts.
     
    5. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Diffusions Abdeckung (12) eine innere Wand definiert, die die gestreckte Säule umgibt; und
    die innere Wand der Diffusions Abdeckung (12) eine dreidimensionale umgebende nach innen gekrümmte Oberfläche (122) hat.
     
    6. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Diffusions Abdeckung (12) hervorragt unterhalb des unteren Endes (1042) der umgebenden Wand (104).
     
    7. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die dreidimensionale umgebende nach innen gekrümmte Oberfläche (122) korrespondiert mit der umgebenden Wand (104), sodass das Luminanz Niveau über die Diffusions Abdeckung (12) gleichmäßig verteilt ist.
     
    8. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    eine innere Seite der umgebenden Wand (104) reflektierendes Material hat zum Reflektieren von Licht gleichmäßig über die Diffusions Abdeckung (12).
     
    9. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    Luminanz Differenz zwischen beliebigen zwei Positionen der Diffusions Abdeckung (12) weniger als 30 % ist.
     
    10. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    es eine Mehrzahl der Licht Führungen (13) gibt; und
    die Mehrzahl der Licht Führungen (13) Licht Austritts Seiten (132) haben, die in verschiedene Richtungen zeigen.
     
    11. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    das erste Licht und das zweite Licht unterschiedliche Farbspektra haben.
     
    12. Die Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Basis Teil (103) eine Rückenstruktur (101) hat, mit zwei Anschlüssen zum selektiven Installieren unterschiedlicher Fixier Strukturen (1021) zum Fixieren der Abwärts Licht Vorrichtung an unterschiedliche Stationen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas, comprenant :

    un logement principal ayant une paroi d'enceinte (104) et une partie de base (103), une extrémité supérieure (1041) de la paroi d'enceinte (104) fixée à la partie de base (103) formant un espace contenant une coupelle ;

    un module d'éclairage (11) au moins partiellement attaché à la partie de base (103) et configuré pour émettre une première lumière et une seconde lumière ;

    un capot de diffusion (12) fixé à une extrémité inférieure (1042) de la paroi d'enceinte (104) et configuré pour convertir la seconde lumière en une lumière périphérique sur une surface extérieure (124) du capot de diffusion (12) ; et

    un conduit de lumière (13) ayant un côté d'entrée de lumière faisant face à la partie de base (103) et configuré pour diriger la première lumière à travers le conduit de lumière (13) afin qu'elle s'échappe d'un côté d'échappement de lumière (132) du conduit de lumière (13),

    dans lequel le côté d'échappement de lumière (132) du conduit de lumière (13) est entouré par le capot de diffusion (12),

    caractérisé en ce que le module d'éclairage (11) présente un premier module LED (111) et un second module LED (112) pour émettre la première lumière et la seconde lumière respectivement ; et le premier module LED (111) et le second module LED (112) sont configurés pour émettre des lumières avec des spectres optiques différents, le premier module LED (111) et le second module LED (112) sont montés sur deux substrats différents, et les deux substrats différents sont disposés à des hauteurs différentes par rapport à la partie de base (103).


     
    2. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre une commande, dans lequel la commande est configurée pour contrôler le module d'éclairage (11) pour émettre la première lumière et la seconde lumière séparément.
     
    3. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, caractérisé en ce que le capot de diffusion (12) comprend un conduit de lumière périphérique (703), et le second module LED (112) est configuré pour émettre la seconde lumière dans le conduit de lumière périphérique (703) pour former la lumière périphérique ; et les deux côtés du conduit de lumière périphérique (703) émettent la lumière périphérique.
     
    4. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que le conduit de lumière (13) est une colonne allongée ; le côté d'échappement de lumière (132) présente une forme en trois dimensions pour produire un effet de luminance en trois dimensions correspondant.
     
    5. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que le capot de diffusion (12) définit une paroi interne entourant la colonne allongée ; et la paroi interne du capot de diffusion (12) présente une surface d'enceinte incurvée vers l'intérieur en trois dimensions (122).
     
    6. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que le capot de diffusion (12) fait saillie en dessous de l'extrémité inférieure (1042) de la paroi d'enceinte (104).
     
    7. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que la surface d'enceinte incurvée vers l'intérieur en trois dimensions (122) correspond à la paroi d'enceinte (104) de sorte que le niveau de luminance sur le capot de diffusion (12) est distribué de manière uniforme.
     
    8. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce qu'un côté intérieur de la paroi d'enceinte (104) présente un matériau réfléchissant pour réfléchir la lumière de manière uniforme sur le capot de diffusion (12).
     
    9. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que la différence de luminance entre deux positions quelconques du capot de diffusion (12) est inférieure à 30 %.
     
    10. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce qu'il existe une pluralité de conduits de lumière (13) ; et la pluralité de conduits de lumière (13) présentent des côtés d'échappement de lumière (132) faisant face à des directions différentes.
     
    11. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, caractérisé en ce la première lumière et la seconde lumière présentent des spectres chromatiques différents.
     
    12. Appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, caractérisé en ce la partie de base (103) présente une structure arrière (101) avec deux fiches pour installer sélectivement des structures de fixation (1021) différentes pour fixer l'appareil d'éclairage à flux dirigé vers le bas sur différentes stations.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description