(19)
(11)EP 3 480 990 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 17826853.8

(22)Date of filing:  13.06.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 5/00(2006.01)
H04L 27/18(2006.01)
H04L 27/34(2006.01)
H04L 27/26(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/088103
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/010515 (18.01.2018 Gazette  2018/03)

(54)

MULTICHANNEL-BASED SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD AND DEVICE

MULTIKANALBASIERTES SIGNALÜBERTRAGUNGSVERFAHREN UND -VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF D'ÉMISSION DE SIGNAUX MULTIVOIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.07.2016 CN 201610563156
20.09.2016 CN 201610835470
28.11.2016 CN 201611066050
16.12.2016 CN 201611173792

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/19

(60)Divisional application:
20188714.8

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WU, Tao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • CHEN, Teyan
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 326 055
CN-A- 101 521 529
CN-A- 103 493 454
WO-A1-2015/180186
CN-A- 102 916 783
US-B2- 8 259 848
  
  • CHEN, ZIQIANG et al.: "Optimized LDPC Codes for High-Order Modulation Systems", VIDEO ENGINEERING, vol. 37, no. 17, 31 December 2013 (2013-12-31), pages 193-196,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments of this application relate to the communications field, and in particular, to a multichannel-based signal transmission method and apparatus.

BACKGROUND



[0002] A wireless local area network subsystem corresponding to the 802.11ad protocol operates on a frequency band of 60 GHz, and is mainly used to transmit wireless high-definition audio and video signals inside a home, to provide a more complete high-definition video solution for a home multimedia application. However, in the current 802.11ad protocol, only one channel can be used once to transmit a signal. To improve a transmission throughput, a plurality of channels can be simultaneously used to transmit a signal in a next-generation 802.11ad protocol. Channel aggregation (Channel Aggregation) is a multichannel-based signal transmission manner. When a signal is transmitted through channel aggregation, how to further improve signal transmission reliability is a problem that needs to be resolved urgently.

[0003] EP 2 326 055 A1 describes multi-level modulation which is performed with a signal point constellation in which any three adjacent signal points on a phase plane form an equilateral triangle and at least a distance between a signal point closest to the origin of the phase plane and the origin is increased within a range that the transmission mean power remains unchanged.

[0004] US 2009 042 511 A1 describes hierarchical modulation for communication channels in single-carrier frequency division multiple access.

SUMMARY



[0005] This application provides a multichannel-based signal transmission method and apparatus as defined by the independent claims, to transmit one signal on different channels, implement signal diversity transmission, and improve signal transmission reliability. The invention is defined and limited by the scope of appended claims. In the following description, any embodiment(s) referred to and not falling within the scope of the appended claims, is (are) merely example(s) useful to the understanding of the invention.

[0006] Herein described is, a multichannel-based signal transmission method is provided, including: combining N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, where an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols includes M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1; determining N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols; and sending a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels, where k=1, 2, ..., N.

[0007] It may be understood that, each lower-order modulation symbol is corresponding to one constellation point in a constellation diagram, and each higher-order modulation symbol is corresponding to one constellation point in the constellation diagram. A plurality of groups of lower-order modulation symbols are combined into a plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and the plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols are sent by using a plurality of channels. In this way, one lower-order modulation symbol can be transmitted on different channels, and signal diversity transmission can be implemented.

[0008] Therefore, according to the multichannel-based signal transmission method in this application, a plurality of groups of lower-order modulation symbols are combined into a plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, a plurality of to-be-sent signals are determined based on the plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and the plurality of to-be-sent signals are sent by using a plurality of channels. In this way, one signal can be transmitted on different channels, signal diversity transmission can be implemented, and signal transmission reliability can be improved.

[0009] Optionally, a value of N is 2 or 3, and a value of M is 448.

[0010] Herein described is, the combining N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols includes: forming an ith column vector by using the ith lower-order modulation symbol in each of the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols; and determining a product of a row vector of an sth row in a matrix Q and the ith column vector as an ith higher-order modulation symbol in an sth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, where s=1, 2, ..., N.

[0011] The row vector of the sth row in the matrix Q is a row vector including elements in the sth row in the matrix. Generally, the first element in the sth row is used as the first element of the row vector, and an ith element in the sth row is used as an ith element of the row vector. The forming an ith column vector by using the ith lower-order modulation symbol in each of the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols may be specifically understood as follows: An ith lower-order modulation symbol in the first group is used as the first element of the ith column vector; an ith lower-order modulation symbol in the second group is used as the second element of the ith column vector; and by analogy, an ith lower-order modulation symbol in an Nth group is used as an Nth element of the ith column vector.

[0012] In addition, it is easy to learn that the matrix Q is a matrix of N rows and N columns.

[0013] To be specific, when a plurality of groups of lower-order modulation symbols are combined into a plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, the process may be specifically implemented through multiplication between matrices, so that implementation of a transmitter can be simplified.

[0014] Herein described is, the determining N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols includes: determining N first guard intervals; and inserting a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal, where t=1, 2, ..., N.

[0015] Optionally, each first guard interval is formed by a 64-bit Golay (Golay) sequence.

[0016] Herein described is, the determining N first guard intervals includes: determining N groups of first guard signals, where each of the N groups of first guard signals includes G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; and determining a sequence formed by a tth group of first guard signals in the N groups of first guard signals as the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.

[0017] Optionally, a value of G is 64.

[0018] Herein described is the determining N first guard intervals includes: determining N groups of first guard signals, where each of the N groups of first guard signals includes G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; forming an rth column vector by using an rth first guard signal in each of the N groups of first guard signals, where r=1, 2, ..., G; and determining a product of the row vector of the sth row in the matrix Q and the rth column vector as an rth first guard signal in an sth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.

[0019] To be specific, the determined N groups of guard signals are combined to obtain N groups of combined guard signals, each group of combined guard signals forms a guard interval, and the guard interval formed by each group of combined guard signals is inserted at a location following a group of higher-order modulation symbols, to form a to-be-sent signal.

[0020] Alternatively, it may be understood as follows: The N groups of lower-order modulation symbols and the determined guard signals are combined in a same manner, to respectively obtain the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols and combined guard signals, and the higher-order modulation symbols and guard intervals formed by the combined guard signals form to-be-sent signals. In this way, a receiver can perform discrete fourier transform (Discrete Fourier Transform, DFT) on received signals to obtain frequency domain signals; perform equalization processing on the frequency domain signals by using a channel matrix, to obtain frequency domain higher-order modulation symbols and frequency domain combined guard signals; and perform inverse discrete Fourier transform (Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform, IDFT) on the frequency domain higher-order modulation symbols and the frequency domain combined guard signals, to obtain time domain higher-order modulation symbols and time domain combined guard signals. Therefore, singal combining can be implemented in frequency domain, and implementation of the receiver can be simplified.

[0021] Herein described is, the inserting a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal includes: performing phase shift on an ith higher-order modulation symbol in the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, where a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

performing phase shift on an nth first guard signal in the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals, to obtain a tth phase-shifted first guard interval, where a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

and n=1, 2, ..., G; and inserting the tth phase-shifted first guard interval at a location following the tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.

[0022] Alternatively, it may be understood as follows: Each higher-order modulation symbol is multiplied by a phase shift factor

corresponding to the higher-order modulation symbol, to obtain a phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbol; and each first guard signal is multiplied by a phase shift factor

corresponding to the first guard signal, to obtain a phase-shifted first guard signal.

[0023] Herein described is, the method further includes: determining N second guard intervals; and the inserting a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal includes: inserting a tth second guard interval in the N second guard intervals at a location before the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and inserting the tth first guard interval at the location following the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.

[0024] The second guard interval is inserted at a location before each group of higher-order modulation symbols, so that multipath interference can be further reduced.

[0025] Herein described is, the N groups of first guard signals are the same.

[0026] It may be understood that, when the second guard interval is determined, N groups of second guard signals may be determined, where each of the N groups of second guard signals includes G second guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; and a sequence formed by a tth group of second guard signals in the N groups of second guard signals is determined as a tth second guard interval in the N second guard intervals. Alternatively, when the second guard interval is determined, N groups of second guard signals may be determined, where each of the N groups of second guard signals includes G second guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; an rth column vector is formed by using an rth second guard signal in each of the N groups of second guard signals; and a product of the row vector of the sth row in the matrix Q and the rth column vector is determined as an rth second guard signal in an sth second guard interval in the N second guard intervals.

[0027] Optionally, the N groups of second guard signals are the same.

[0028] Optionally, the N groups of second guard signals are the same as the N groups of first guard signals.

[0029] Herein described is, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a binary phase shift keying (Binary Phase Shift Keying, BPSK) symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a quadrature phase shift keying (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, QPSK) symbol.

[0030] Herein described is, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0031] Herein described is, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, QAM) symbol.

[0032] Herein described is, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0033] Herein described is, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 16 amplitude phase shift keying (Amplitude Phase Shift Keying, APSK) symbol.

[0034] Herein described is, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0035] With reference to the twelfth possible implementation of the first aspect, in a fourteenth possible implementation of the first aspect, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0036] Herein described isa value of θ is one of the following values: π/4, 3π/4, -π/4, and -3π/4.

[0037] Herein described is, a value of N is 3, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation QAM symbol.

[0038] Herein described is, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





and



[0039] Herein described is, a bandwidth of each of the N channels is 2.16 GHz.

[0040] Optionally, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 BPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol; or a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 16QAM symbol; or a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 16APSK symbol.

[0041] Optionally, when the value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 BPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol, the matrix Q is one of the matrices in the ninth possible implementation of the first aspect.

[0042] Optionally, when the value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 16QAM symbol, the matrix Q is one of the matrices the eleventh possible implementation of the first aspect.

[0043] Optionally, when the value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a π/2 QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a π/2 16APSK symbol, the matrix Q is one of the matrices the thirteenth possible implementation of the first aspect, or the matrix Q is one of the matrices the fourteenth possible implementation of the first aspect.

[0044] In all the foregoing possible implementations, the sending a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels includes: converting the N to-be-sent signals into N analog signals; determining, as a kth radio frequency signal, a product of a kth analog signal in the N analog signals and a carrier signal corresponding to the kth channel in the N channels; and sending the kth radio frequency signal by using the kth channel in the N channels.

[0045] The converting the N to-be-sent signals into N analog signals specifically includes: performing filtering processing on each to-be-sent signal, and then performing digital-to-analog (D/A) conversion on the digital signals on which filtering processing is performed, to obtain analog signals.

[0046] Optionally, during actual sending, N radio frequency signals are superimposed to obtain a superimposed radio frequency signal, and the superimposed radio frequency signal is sent.

[0047] Herein described is, an apparatus is provided. The apparatus is configured to perform the method in any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect. Specifically, the apparatus includes a unit configured to perform the method in any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect.

[0048] Herein described is, an apparatus is provided. The apparatus includes a processor, a memory, and a transmitter. The processor, the memory, and the transmitter are connected to each other by using a bus. The memory is configured to store an instruction. The processor is configured to invoke the instruction stored in the memory, to control the transmitter to send information, so as to enable the apparatus to perform the method in any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect.

[0049] Herein described is, a computer readable medium is provided. The computer readable medium is configured to store a computer program, where the computer program includes an instruction used to perform the method in any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0050] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of channel division according to an embodiment of this application;

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an application scenario according to an embodiment of this application;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of internal structures of a base station and user equipment in the application scenario in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a constellation diagram of QPSK modulation;

FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a principle of implementing channel aggregation according to an embodiment of this application;

FIG. 6 is a schematic flowchart of a multichannel-based signal transmission method according to an embodiment of this application;

FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission method according to a specific embodiment of this application;

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission method according to another specific embodiment of this application;

FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission method according to still another specific embodiment of this application;

FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission method according to still another specific embodiment of this application;

FIG. 11 is a schematic block diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to an embodiment of this application; and

FIG. 12 is a schematic block diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to another embodiment of this application.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0051] Technical solutions in embodiments of this application may be applied to various suitable communications systems, for example, a Long Term Evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) system, an LTE frequency division duplex (Frequency Division Duplex, FDD) system, an LTE time division duplex (Time Division Duplex, TDD) system, and a future network such as a 5G network, a device-to-device (Device to Device, D2D) system, and a machine-to-machine (Machine to Machine, M2M) system.

[0052] In the embodiments of this application, user equipment (User Equipment, UE) may also be referred to as terminal equipment (Terminal Equipment), a mobile station (Mobile Station, MS), a mobile terminal (Mobile Terminal), and the like. The user equipment may communicate with one or more core networks through a radio access network (Radio Access Network, RAN). For example, the user equipment may be a mobile phone (also referred to as a "cellular" phone), a computer with a mobile terminal, or the like. For example, the user equipment may be a portable, pocket-sized, handheld, computer built-in, or in-vehicle mobile apparatus, a terminal device in a future 5G network, a terminal device in a future evolved public land mobile network (Public Land Mobile Network, PLMN), or the like.

[0053] In the embodiments of this application, a base station may be an evolved NodeB (evolved NodeB, eNB or eNodeB) in a radio access network of the LTE system, or a base station in a radio access network of a future communications system. No limitation is imposed in this application.

[0054] It should be noted that, as shown in FIG. 1, channels in the embodiments of this application are four channels that are obtained by dividing a free frequency band of 60 GHz and that are corresponding to numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 in FIG. 1. A bandwidth of each of the four channels is 2.16 GHz, and center frequencies corresponding to the four channels are respectively 58.320 GHz, 60.480 GHz, 62.640 GHz, and 64.800 GHz.

[0055] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an application scenario according to an embodiment of this application. As shown in FIG. 2, a base station communicates with a plurality of user equipments (UE 1 to UE 3) by using a wireless signal. Usually, the wireless signal used for communication is sent and received through modulation that may be classified into single carrier modulation and multicarrier modulation.

[0056] It should be noted that, the application scenario shown in FIG. 2 shows only a case in which there is one base station (an isolated base station). However, no limitation is imposed in this application. A communications system in FIG. 2 may further include a neighboring base station that transmits a service on a same or different time-frequency resource and user equipment, and coverage of each base station may further include another quantity of user equipments.

[0057] Optionally, the communications system in which the base station and the user equipment in FIG. 2 are located may further include other network entities such as a network controller and a mobility management entity. No limitation is imposed in this embodiment of this application.

[0058] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of internal structures of a base station and user equipment in the application scenario shown in FIG. 2. As shown in FIG. 3, the base station may include an antenna or an antenna array, a duplexer, a transmitter (Transmitter, TX), a receiver (Receiver, RX) (the TX and the RX may be collectively referred to as a transceiver TRX), and a baseband processing part. The duplexer is configured to enable the antenna or the antenna array to be used to send and receive signals. The TX is configured to implement conversion between a radio frequency signal and a baseband signal. The TX may usually include a power amplifier (Power Amplifier, PA), a digital-to-analog converter (Digital-to-Analog Converter, DAC), and a frequency converter. The PA usually operates in a specific linear range. When amplitude of an input signal is significantly changed, the PA operates in a non-linear range, and consequently efficiency of the PA is reduced. The RX may usually include a low noise amplifier (Low Noise Amplifier, LNA), an analog-to-digital converter (Analog-to-Digital Converter, ADC), and a frequency converter. The baseband processing part is configured to: implement processing of a to-be-sent or received signal, such as layer mapping, precoding, modulation/demodulation, or encoding/decoding, and perform separate processing on a physical control channel, a physical data channel, a physical broadcast channel, a reference signal, and the like.

[0059] In an example, the base station may further include a control part, configured to perform multi-user scheduling and resource allocation, pilot scheduling, user physical layer parameter configuration, and the like.

[0060] The UE may include an antenna, a duplexer, a TX, an RX (the TX and the RX may be collectively referred to as a transceiver TRX), and a baseband processing part. As shown in FIG. 3, the UE has a single antenna. It should be understood that, the UE may alternatively have a plurality of antennas (namely, an antenna array). The duplexer enables the antenna or the antenna array to be used to send and receive signals. The TX is configured to implement conversion between a radio frequency signal and a baseband signal. The TX may usually include a PA, a DAC, and a frequency converter. Because power is supplied on a UE side by using a battery, the UE is more sensitive to power amplification efficiency of the PA. The RX may usually include an LNA, an ADC, and a frequency converter. The baseband processing part is configured to: implement processing of a to-be-sent or received signal, such as layer mapping, precoding, modulation/demodulation, or encoding/decoding, and perform separate processing on a physical control channel, a physical data channel, a physical broadcast channel, a reference signal, and the like.

[0061] In an example, the UE may further include a control part, configured to: request an uplink physical resource, calculate channel state information (Channel State Information, CSI) corresponding to a downlink channel, determine whether a downlink data packet is successfully received, and the like.

[0062] To facilitate understanding of the embodiments of this application, a principle of combining a plurality of lower-order modulation signals into higher-order modulation signals is first described herein. As shown in FIG. 4, the following example is used: The lower-order modulation signal is a binary phase shift keying (Binary Phase Shift Keying, BPSK) signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a quadrature phase shift keying (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, QPSK) signal. One QPSK signal may be split into a combination of two BPSK signals. It can be learned from FIG. 4 that, a value of a QPSK signal x may be the following: {







}. The QPSK signal x may be considered as a combination of two BPSK signals s1 and s2, and values of s1 and s2 are {1, -1}. A specific combination manner is expressed as

where values of α and β are shown in Table 1:
Table 1
 αβ
Combination 1 1 j
Combination 2 1 -j


[0063] Next, a principle of implementing channel aggregation (Channel Aggregation) is described. As shown in FIG. 5, three channels (channels 1, 2, and 3) are used as an example. When sending signals, a transmit end device encodes and modulates a signal on each channel, and then multiplies the signal by a corresponding carrier signal ej2πfnt, to obtain a radio frequency signal corresponding to each channel, where n=1, 2, 3, and fn is a center frequency of the channel. The transmit end device superimposes radio frequency signals from different channels, and then sends the superimposed signals.

[0064] FIG. 6 is a schematic flowchart of a multichannel-based signal transmission method 100 according to an embodiment of this application. The method may be performed by a transmit end device, and the transmit end device may be the base station or the user equipment in the foregoing description. As shown in FIG. 6, the method 100 includes the following steps:

[0065] S110. The transmit end device combines N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols.

[0066] Specifically, an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols includes M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1.

[0067] S120. The transmit end device determines N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols.

[0068] S130. The transmit end device sends the N to-be-sent signals by using N channels.

[0069] Specifically, in S130, the transmit end device sends, to a receive end device, a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in the N channels, where k=1, 2, ..., N.

[0070] The following uses an example in which a value of N is 2, to describe in detail the multichannel-based signal transmission method according to this embodiment of this application. In a process of describing this embodiment, a "modulation symbol" has a same meaning as a "modulation signal". As shown in FIG. 7, the transmit end device sends data to the receive end device by using a channel 1 and a channel 2. Lower-order modulation signals to be sent by the transmit end device are expressed as s1(n) and s2(n), where n=0, 1, ..., M-1, s1(n) may be understood as a group of lower-order modulation signals, and s2(n) may be understood as another group of lower-order modulation signals. The transmit end device determines that guard signals forming guard intervals are g1(n) and g2(n), where n=0, 1, ..., G-1, g1(n) may be understood as a group of guard signals, and g2(n) may be understood as another group of guard signals.

[0071] When the lower-order modulation signals are combined into higher-order modulation signals, a matrix Q is multiplied by a matrix including the lower-order modulation signals s1(n) and s2(n), to obtain higher-order modulation signals x(n) and y(n). The matrix Q may be expressed as



[0072] Therefore, x(n)=α1s1(n)+β1s2(n) and y(n)=α2s1(n)+β2s2(n), where x(n) may be understood as a group of higher-order modulation signals, and y(n) may be understood as another group of higher-order modulation signals. Optionally, the transmit end device and the receive end device may agree on a specific form of the matrix Q in advance, or the transmit end device informs the receive end device of a specific form of the matrix Q through explicit indication.

[0073] A sequence that is formed by g1(n) and is used as a guard interval (Guard Interval, GI) is inserted at a location following a sequence formed by x(n), to form a first digital signal. Filtering processing and digital-to-analog conversion processing are performed on the first digital signal, to obtain a first analog signal. The first analog signal is multiplied by a carrier signal ej2πfc1t corresponding to a center frequency of the channel 1, to obtain a first radio frequency signal. A sequence that is formed by g1(n) and is used as a guard interval GI is inserted at a location following a sequence formed by y(n), to form a second digital signal. Filtering processing and digital-to-analog conversion processing are performed on the second digital signal, to obtain a second analog signal. The second analog signal is multiplied by a carrier signal ej2πfc2t corresponding to a center frequency of the channel 2, to obtain a second radio frequency signal. Then, the first radio frequency signal is sent by using the channel 1, and the second radio frequency signal is sent by using the channel 2.

[0074] Optionally, in an example, when the first radio frequency signal and the second radio frequency signal are sent, superimposition processing may be performed on the first radio frequency signal and the second radio frequency signal, to obtain a to-be-sent radio frequency signal, and the to-be-sent radio frequency signal is sent.

[0075] Optionally, in another example, as shown in FIG. 8, before the higher-order modulation signals in the foregoing description are sent, phase shift processing is performed on the signals, where a phase shift factor is

Therefore,

and

Phase shift processing is also performed on corresponding guard signals, and a phase shift factor is

Therefore, the guard signals are respectively changed to

and



[0076] In an optional example, g1(n)=g2(n)=g(n), that is, when signal transmission is performed by using the channel 1 and the channel 2, a same guard interval is inserted at locations following the higher-order modulation signals.

[0077] It may be understood that, when corresponding to different lower-order modulation signals and different higher-order modulation signals, α1, β1, α2, and β2 have different values. Specifically, when the lower-order modulation signal is a BPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a QPSK signal, or when the lower-order modulation signal is a π/2 BPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a π/2 QPSK signal, the matrix Q may be specifically one of the following matrices:





























and



[0078] When the lower-order modulation signal is a QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, QAM) signal, or when the lower-order modulation signal is a π/2 QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a π/2 16QAM signal, the matrix Q may be specifically one of the following matrices:





























and



[0079] When the lower-order modulation signal is a QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a 16 amplitude phase shift keying (Amplitude Phase Shift Keying, APSK) signal, or when the lower-order modulation signal is a π/2 QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a π/2 16APSK signal, the matrix Q may be one of the following matrices:





























and



[0080] When the lower-order modulation signal is a QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a 16APSK signal, or when the lower-order modulation signal is a π/2 QPSK signal and the higher-order modulation signal is a π/2 16APSK signal, the matrix Q may be one of the following matrices:





























and



[0081] In the foregoing embodiment, optionally, a value of θ is one of the following values: π/4, 3π/4, -π/4, and -3π/4.

[0082] Correspondingly, after receiving the radio frequency signals sent by the transmit end device, the receive end device performs discrete Fourier transform (Discrete Fourier Transform, DFT) on the higher-order modulation signals and the GI parts following the higher-order modulation signals, to obtain formula (1):

where rf1(n) and rf2(n) respectively represent frequency domain signals received by the receive end device on a subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, hf1(n) and hf2(n) respectively represent corresponding frequency domain signal responses on the subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, xf(n) and yf(n) are respectively frequency domain signals on the subcarrier n that are corresponding to (n) and (n), gf1(n) and gf2(n) are respectively frequency domain signals on the subcarrier n that are corresponding to 1(n) and 2(n) (n), (n), 1(n), and 2(n) are respectively represented by formulas (2) to (5), and n in formulas (2) to (5) represents a subcarrier sequence number:



where gf1(n) and gf2(n) are respectively frequency domain signals on the subcarrier n that are corresponding to 1(n) and 2(n) :





[0083] Formula (6) may be obtained by performing channel equalization on formula (1):



[0084] Inverse discrete Fourier transform (Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform, IDFT) is performed on a result of formula (6), to obtain (n), (n),

and

Signal combining is performed on (n) and (n), to obtain s1(n) and s2(n). For details, refer to formula (7):



[0085] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the guard signals g1(n) and g2(n) are combined into guard signals

and

A specific implementation is similar to the foregoing description, that is, the matrix Q is multiplied by the guard signals g1(n) and g2(n). For details, refer to formula (8):



[0086] Correspondingly, when sending signals, the transmit end device inserts, at a location following a sequence formed by x(n), a sequence that is formed by

and is used as a GI, to form a first digital signal; performs filtering processing and digital-to-analog conversion processing on the first digital signal, to obtain a first analog signal; and multiplies the first analog signal by a carrier signal ej2πfc1t corresponding to a center frequency of the channel 1, to obtain a first radio frequency signal. The transmit end device inserts, at a location following a sequence formed by y(n), a sequence that is formed by

and is used as a GI, to form a second digital signal; performs filtering processing and digital-to-analog conversion processing on the second digital signal, to obtain a second analog signal; and multiplies the second analog signal by a carrier signal ej2πfc2t corresponding to a center frequency of the channel 2, to obtain a second radio frequency signal. The transmit end device sends the first radio frequency signal by using the channel 1, and sends the second radio frequency signal by using the channel 2.

[0087] Further, after receiving the radio frequency signals sent by the transmit end device, the receive end device performs DFT on the higher-order modulation signals and the GI parts following the higher-order modulation signals, to obtain formula (9):



[0088] Formula (10) may be obtained by performing channel equalization on formula (9):



[0089] Using Hf(n) in frequency domain may calculate sf1(n), sf2(n), gf1(n), and gf2(n) together, where sf1(n) and sf2(n) are respectively frequency domain signals corresponding to 1(n) and 2(n), gf1(n) and gf2(n) are respectively frequency domain signals corresponding to

and

and 1(n), 2(n),

and

are respectively represented by formulas (11) to (14):









[0090] IDFT is performed on the frequency domain signals f1(n) and rf2(n) obtained through equalization, to obtain 1(n), 2(n),

and

The first M signals of each of 1(n) and 2(n) are taken, to obtain s1(n) and s2(n).

[0091] Optionally, in the foregoing optional embodiments, a guard interval formed by a guard sequence is inserted at the location before each of the sequence formed by x(n) and the sequence formed by y(n). Further, the guard sequences may be combined by using the method in the foregoing embodiment, to obtain combined guard sequences, and each group of combined guard sequences forms a guard interval. Further, the guard intervals inserted at the locations before the sequence formed by x(n) and the sequence formed by y(n) are the same. Therefore, multipath interference in a signal transmission process can be reduced.

[0092] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when the value of N is 3, the lower-order modulation signal is a QPSK signal, and the higher-order modulation signal is a 64QAM signal, the matrix Q may be one of the following matrices:





and



[0093] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, as shown in FIG. 9, when the transmit end device sends signals by using two channels (the channel 1 and the channel 2), it is assumed that to-be-sent signals are s1, s2, ..., sM. The M signals form a sequence s(n)=[s1,s2,...sM] and a sequence s*(-n)= [s*M,s*M-1,...s*1]. It is known that signals g1, g2, ..., gG and signals e1, e2, ..., eE form four sequences that are used to fill guard intervals and are respectively as follows: G(n)=[g1,g2,...gG-1,gG], E(n)=[e1,e2,...eE-1,eE], G*(-n)=[g*G,g*G-1,...,g*1], and E*(-n)=[e*E,e*E-1,...e*2,e*1].

[0094] A signal x(n) sent by the transmit end device on the channel 1 is formed by using the following sequences: G(n), s(n), and E(n). Further, as shown in FIG. 9, E(n) is inserted at a location before the signal x(n), and G(n) is inserted at a location after the signal x(n). A signal y(n) sent by the transmit end device on the channel 2 is formed by using the following sequences: G*(-n), s*(-n), and E*(-n). Further, as shown in FIG. 9, G*(-n) is inserted at a location before the signal y(n), and E*(-n) is inserted at a location after the signal y(n). Therefore, multipath interference can be further reduced.

[0095] Correspondingly, after receiving the signals sent by using the channel 1 and the channel 2, the receive end device performs DFT on the received signal x(n) on the channel 1 and the received signal y(n) on the channel 2, to obtain frequency domain signals that are shown in formula (15):

where rf1(n) and rf2(n) respectively represent frequency domain signals received by the receive end device on a subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, hf1(n) and hf2(n) respectively represent corresponding frequency domain signal responses on the subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, xf(n) and yf(n) are respectively frequency domain signals on the subcarrier n that are corresponding to x(n) and y(n), n is a subcarrier sequence number, and n=0, 1, ..., (G+E+M-1).

[0096] Then, the receive end device performs maximum ratio combining on the received signals rf1(n) and rf2(n), to obtain xf(n), and transforms xf(n) to a time domain to obtain s(n), g(n), and e(n).

[0097] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, as shown in FIG. 10, when the transmit end device sends signals by using two channels (the channel 1 and the channel 2), it is assumed that to-be-sent signals are s1, s2, ..., sM. The M signals form a sequence s(n)=[s1,s2,...sM] and a sequence s*(-n)=[s*M,...s*2,s*1]. It is known that signals g1, g2, ..., gG and signals e1, e2, ..., eE form four sequences that are used to fill guard intervals and are respectively as follows:
G1(n)=[g1,g2,...gG-1,gG], G2(n)=[e1,e2,...eE], G3(n)=[e*E,e*E-1,...e*2,e*1], and G4(n)=[g*G,gG-1,...,g*1].

[0098] A signal x(n) sent by the transmit end device on the channel 1 is formed by using the following sequences: G1(n), s(n), and G2(n). Further, as shown in FIG. 10, G2(n) is inserted at a location before the signal x(n), and G1(n) is inserted at a location after the signal x(n). A signal y(n) sent by the transmit end device on the channel 2 is formed by using the following sequences: G3(n), s*(-n), and G4(n). Further, as shown in FIG. 10, G4(n) is inserted at a location before the signal y(n), and G3(n) is inserted at a location after the signal y(n). Therefore, multipath interference can be further reduced.

[0099] Correspondingly, after receiving the signals sent by using the channel 1 and the channel 2, the receive end device performs DFT on the received signal x(n) on the channel 1 and the received signal y(n) on the channel 2, to obtain frequency domain signals that are shown in formula (16):

where rf1(n) and rf2(n) respectively represent frequency domain signals received by the receive end device on a subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, hf1(n) and hf2(n) respectively represent corresponding frequency domain signal responses on the subcarrier n on the channel 1 and the channel 2, xf(n) and yf(n) are respectively frequency domain signals on the subcarrier n that are corresponding to x(n) and y(n), n is a subcarrier sequence number, and n=0, 1, ..., (G+E+M-1).

[0100] Then, the receive end device performs maximum ratio combining on the received signals rf1(n) and rf2(n), to obtain xf(n) and transforms xf(n) to a time domain to obtain s(n), g(n),.

[0101] With reference to FIG. 6 to FIG. 10, the foregoing describes in detail the multichannel-based signal transmission method according to the embodiments of this application. With reference to FIG. 11, the following describes in detail a multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to the embodiments of this application.

[0102] FIG. 11 shows a multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to an embodiment of this application. As shown in FIG. 11, an apparatus 10 includes:

a processing unit 11, configured to combine N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, where an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols includes M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1, where

the processing unit 11 is further configured to determine N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols; and

a transmission unit 12, configured to send a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels, where k=1, 2, ..., N.



[0103] Therefore, according to the multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus in this embodiment of this application, a plurality of groups of lower-order modulation symbols are combined into a plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, a plurality of to-be-sent signals are generated based on the plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and the plurality of to-be-sent signals are sent by using a plurality of channels. In this way, one lower-order modulation symbol can be transmitted on a plurality of channels, signal diversity transmission is implemented, and signal transmission reliability is improved.

[0104] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when combining the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: form an ith column vector by using the ith lower-order modulation symbol in each of the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols; and determine a product of a row vector of an sth row in a matrix Q and the ith column vector as an ith higher-order modulation symbol in an sth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, where s=1, 2, ..., N.

[0105] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when determining the N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: determine N first guard intervals; and insert a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal, where t=1, 2, ..., N.

[0106] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when determining the N first guard intervals, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: determine N groups of first guard signals, where each of the N groups of first guard signals includes G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; and determine a sequence formed by a tth group of first guard signals in the N groups of first guard signals as the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.

[0107] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when determining the N first guard intervals, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: determine N groups of first guard signals, where each of the N groups of first guard signals includes G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; form an rth column vector by using an rth first guard signal in each of the N groups of first guard signals, where r=1, 2, ..., G; and determine a product of the row vector of the sth row in the matrix Q and the rth column vector as an rth first guard signal in an sth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.

[0108] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, when inserting the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at the location following the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: perform phase shift on an ith higher-order modulation symbol in the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, where a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

perform phase shift on an nth first guard signal in the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals, to obtain a tth phase-shifted first guard interval, where a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

and n=1, 2, ..., G; and insert the tth phase-shifted first guard interval at a location following the tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.

[0109] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the processing unit 11 is further configured to determine N second guard intervals.

[0110] When inserting the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at the location following the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal, the processing unit 11 is specifically configured to: insert a tth second guard interval in the N second guard intervals at a location before the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and insert the tth first guard interval at the location following the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.

[0111] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the N groups of first guard signals are the same.

[0112] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a binary phase shift keying BPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a quadrature phase shift keying QPSK symbol.

[0113] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0114] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation QAM symbol.

[0115] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:

































[0116] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 16 amplitude phase shift keying APSK symbol.

[0117] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0118] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and



[0119] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a value of θ is one of the following values: π/4, 3π/4, -π/4, and -3π/4.

[0120] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a value of N is 3, the lower-order modulation symbol is a QPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation QAM symbol.

[0121] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:









[0122] In this embodiment of this application, optionally, a bandwidth of each of the N channels is 2.16 GHz.

[0123] For the multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to this embodiment of this application, refer to the procedure of the corresponding multichannel-based signal transmission method in the embodiments of this application. In addition, the units/modules in the apparatus and the foregoing other operations and/or functions are respectively intended to implement a corresponding procedure in the method. For brevity, details are not described herein again.

[0124] FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to another embodiment of this application. The apparatus in FIG. 12 may perform the method performed by the transmit end device in the procedures in FIG. 6 to FIG. 10. An apparatus 100 in FIG. 12 includes a transmitter 110, a processor 120, and a memory 130. The processor 120 controls an operation of the apparatus 100, and may be configured to process a signal. The memory 130 may include a read-only memory and a random access memory, and provide an instruction and data for the processor 120. Components of the apparatus 100 are coupled together by using a bus system 140. In addition to a data bus, the bus system 140 further includes a power bus, a control bus, and a status signal bus. However, for clarity of description, various buses are marked as the bus system 140 in the figure.

[0125] The method disclosed in the embodiments of this application may be applied to the processor 120, or may be implemented by the processor 120. In an implementation process, steps of the method may be implemented by using an integrated logical circuit of hardware in the processor 120 or by using an instruction in a form of software. The processor 120 may be a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor, an application-specific integrated circuit, a field programmable gate array or another programmable logic device, a discrete gate or transistor logic device, or a discrete hardware component, and may implement or perform the methods, steps, and logical block diagrams disclosed in the embodiments of this application. The general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, or any conventional processor or the like. The steps of the method disclosed with reference to the embodiments of this application may be directly performed by using a hardware processor, or may be performed by using a combination of hardware in the processor and a software module. The software module may be located in a mature storage medium in the art, such as a random access memory, a flash memory, a read-only memory, a programmable read-only memory, an electrically erasable programmable memory, or a register. The storage medium is located in the memory 130. The processor 120 reads information in the memory 130, and completes the steps of the foregoing method in combination with hardware of the processor.

[0126] Specifically, the processor 120 is configured to: combine N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, where an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols includes M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1; and determine N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols.

[0127] The transmitter 110 is configured to send a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels, where k=1, 2, ..., N.

[0128] Therefore, according to the multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus in this embodiment of this application, a plurality of groups of lower-order modulation symbols are combined into a plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, a plurality of to-be-sent signals are generated based on the plurality of groups of higher-order modulation symbols, and the plurality of to-be-sent signals are sent by using a plurality of channels. In this way, one lower-order modulation symbol is transmitted on different channels, signal diversity transmission is implemented, and signal transmission reliability is improved.

[0129] For the multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus according to this embodiment of this application, refer to the procedure of the multichannel-based signal transmission method in the embodiments of this application. In addition, the units/modules in the apparatus and the foregoing other operations and/or functions are respectively intended to implement a corresponding procedure in the method. For brevity, details are not described herein again.

[0130] It should be understood that, "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" mentioned in the whole specification means that particular features, structures, or characteristics related to this embodiment are included in at least one embodiment of this application. Therefore, "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment" appearing throughout the specification does not necessarily indicate a same embodiment. In addition, these particular features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in one or more embodiments by using any appropriate manner.

[0131] It should be understood that, the term "and/or" in this specification describes only an association relationship for describing associated objects and represents that three relationships may exist. For example, A and/or B may represent the following three cases: Only A exists, both A and B exist, and only B exists. In addition, the character "/" in this specification generally indicates an "or" relationship between the associated objects.

[0132] It should be understood that, sequence numbers of the foregoing processes do not mean execution sequences in various embodiments of this application. The execution sequences of the processes should be determined based on functions and internal logic of the processes, and should not be construed as any limitation on the implementation processes of the embodiments of this application.

[0133] A person of ordinary skill in the art may be aware that, in combination with the embodiments disclosed in this specification, method steps and units may be implemented by electronic hardware, computer software, or a combination thereof. To clearly describe interchangeability between the hardware and the software, steps and compositions of each embodiment have been generally described in the foregoing description based on functions. Whether the functions are performed by hardware or software depends on particular applications and design constraint conditions of the technical solutions. A person of ordinary skill in the art may use different methods to implement the described functions for each particular application, but it should not be considered that the implementation goes beyond the scope of this application.

[0134] In combination with the embodiments disclosed in this specification, methods or steps may be implemented by hardware, a software program executed by a processor, or a combination thereof. The software program may reside in a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), a memory, a read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), an electrically programmable read-only memory (Electrically Programmable Read-Only Memory, EPROM), an electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, EEPROM), a register, a hard disk, a removable magnetic disk, a compact disc read-only memory (Compact Disc Read-Only Memory, CD-ROM), or any other form of storage medium known in the art.

[0135] In the several embodiments provided in this application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is only an example. For example, the unit division is only logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed.

[0136] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected based on actual requirements to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0137] In addition, function units in the embodiments of this application may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit.


Claims

1. A multichannel-based signal transmission method, comprising:

combining (S110) N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, wherein an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols comprises M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1;

determining (S120) N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols; and

sending (S130) a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels, wherein k=1, 2, ..., N, wherein the combining N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols comprises:

forming an ith column vector by using the ith lower-order modulation symbol in each of the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols; and

determining a product of a row vector of an sth row in a matrix Q and the ith column vector as an ith higher-order modulation symbol in an sth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, wherein s=1, 2, ..., N, wherein the determining N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols comprises:

determining N first guard intervals; and

inserting a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal, wherein t=1, 2, ..., N;

wherein the inserting a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal comprises:

performing phase shift on an ith higher-order modulation symbol in the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, wherein a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

performing phase shift on an nth first guard signal in the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals, to obtain a tth phase-shifted first guard interval, wherein a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

and n=1, 2, ..., G; and

inserting the tth phase-shifted first guard interval at a location following the tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the determining N first guard intervals comprises:

determining N groups of first guard signals, wherein each of the N groups of first guard signals comprises G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; and

determining a sequence formed by a tth group of first guard signals in the N groups of first guard signals as the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.


 
3. The method according to any one of claims 1-2, wherein a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a binary phase shift keying BPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a quadrature phase shift keying QPSK symbol.
 
4. The method according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and


 
5. A multichannel-based signal transmission apparatus (10), comprising:

a processing unit (11), configured to combine N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, wherein an ith higher-order modulation symbol in each group of higher-order modulation symbols is obtained by combining ith lower-order modulation symbols in all the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols, each group of lower-order modulation symbols comprises M lower-order modulation symbols, i=1, 2, ..., M, N is a positive integer greater than 1, and M is a positive integer greater than 1, wherein

the processing unit is further configured to determine N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols; and

a transmission unit (12), configured to send a kth to-be-sent signal in the N to-be-sent signals by using a kth channel in N channels, wherein k=1, 2, ..., N, wherein when combining the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols into the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, the processing unit is specifically configured to:

form an ith column vector by using the ith lower-order modulation symbol in each of the N groups of lower-order modulation symbols; and

determine a product of a row vector of an sth row in a matrix Q and the ith column vector as an ith higher-order modulation symbol in an sth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, wherein s=1, 2, ..., N, wherein when determining the N to-be-sent signals based on the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, the processing unit is specifically configured to:

determine N first guard intervals; and

insert a tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at a location following a tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth to-be-sent signal, wherein t=1, 2, ..., N;

wherein when inserting the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals at the location following the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal, the processing unit is specifically configured to:

perform phase shift on an ith higher-order modulation symbol in the tth group of higher-order modulation symbols in the N groups of higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain a tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, wherein a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

perform phase shift on an nth first guard signal in the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals, to obtain a tth phase-shifted first guard interval, wherein a phase shift factor of the phase shift is

and n=1, 2, ..., G; and

insert the tth phase-shifted first guard interval at a location following the tth group of phase-shifted higher-order modulation symbols, to obtain the tth to-be-sent signal.


 
6. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein when determining the N first guard intervals, the processing unit is specifically configured to:

determine N groups of first guard signals, wherein each of the N groups of first guard signals comprises G first guard signals, and G is a positive integer greater than 1; and

determine a sequence formed by a tth group of first guard signals in the N groups of first guard signals as the tth first guard interval in the N first guard intervals.


 
7. The apparatus according to any one of claims 5 to 6, wherein a value of N is 2, the lower-order modulation symbol is a binary phase shift keying BPSK symbol, and the higher-order modulation symbol is a quadrature phase shift keying QPSK symbol.
 
8. The apparatus according to any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein the matrix Q is one of the following matrices:





























and


 
9. The apparatus according to any one of claims 5 to 8, wherein a bandwidth of each of the N channels is 2.16 GHz.
 


Ansprüche

1. Multikanalbasiertes Signalübertragungsverfahren, umfassend:

Kombinieren (S110) von N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung, wobei ein i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in jeder Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung durch Kombinieren von i. Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in allen N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung erhalten wird, jede Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung M Modulationssymbole niedrigerer Ordnung umfasst, i=1, 2, ..., M, N eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist und M eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist;

Bestimmen (S120) von N zu sendenden Signalen basierend auf den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung; und

Senden (S130) eines k. zu sendenden Signals in den N zu sendenden Signalen durch Verwenden eines k. Kanals in N Kanälen, wobei k=1, 2, ..., N, wobei das Kombinieren von N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung Folgendes umfasst:

Bilden eines i. Spaltenvektors durch Verwenden des i. Modulationssymbols niedrigerer Ordnung in jeder der N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung; und

Bestimmen eines Produkts eines Zeilenvektors einer s. Zeile in einer Matrix Q und des i. Spaltenvektors als ein i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in einer s. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung, wobei s=1, 2, ..., N, wobei das Bestimmen von N zu sendenden Signalen basierend auf den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen von N ersten Schutzintervallen; und

Einfügen eines t. ersten Schutzintervalls in den N ersten Schutzintervallen an einer Stelle, die einer t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, um ein t. zu sendendes Signal zu erhalten, wobei t=1, 2, ..., N;

wobei das Einfügen eines t. ersten Schutzintervalls in den N ersten Schutzintervallen an einer Stelle, die einer t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, um ein t. zu sendendes Signal zu erhalten, Folgendes umfasst:

Durchführen einer Phasenverschiebung an einem i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in der t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung, um eine t. Gruppe von phasenverschobenen Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung zu erhalten, wobei ein Phasenverschiebungsfaktor der Phasenverschiebung

ist;

Durchführen einer Phasenverschiebung an einem n. ersten Schutzsignal in dem t. ersten Schutzintervall in den N ersten Schutzintervallen, um ein t. phasenverschobenes erstes Schutzintervall zu erhalten, wobei ein Phasenverschiebungsfaktor der Phasenverschiebung

ist und n=1, 2, ..., G; und

Einfügen des t. phasenverschobenen ersten Schutzintervalls an einer Stelle, die der t. Gruppe von phasenverschobenen Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, um das t. zu sendende Signal zu erhalten.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Bestimmen von N ersten Schutzintervallen Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen von N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen, wobei jede von den N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen G erste Schutzsignale umfasst und G eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist; und

Bestimmen einer Sequenz, die durch eine t. Gruppe von ersten Schutzsignalen in den N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen als das t. erste Schutzintervall in den N ersten Schutzintervallen gebildet wird.


 
3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-2, wobei ein Wert von N 2 ist, das Modulationssymbol niedrigerer Ordnung ein Symbol einer binären Phasenumtastung, BPSK-Symbol, ist und das Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung ein Quadraturphasenumtastungssymbol, QPSK-Symbol, ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei die Matrix Q eine der folgenden Matrizen ist:





























und Q =


 
5. Multikanalbasierte Signalübertragungseinrichtung (10), umfassend:

eine Verarbeitungseinheit (11), die dazu ausgelegt ist, N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung zu kombinieren, wobei ein i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in jeder Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung durch Kombinieren von i. Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in allen N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung erhalten wird, jede Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung M Modulationssymbole niedrigerer Ordnung umfasst, i=1, 2, ..., M, N eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist und M eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist, wobei

die Verarbeitungseinheit ferner dazu ausgelegt ist, N zu sendende Signalen basierend auf den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung zu bestimmen; und

eine Übertragungseinheit (12), die dazu ausgelegt ist, ein k. zu sendendes Signal in den N zu sendenden Signalen durch Verwenden eines k. Kanals in N Kanälen zu senden,

wobei k=1, 2, ..., N, wobei, wenn die N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung in die N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung kombiniert werden, die Verarbeitungseinheit insbesondere ausgelegt ist zum:

Bilden eines i. Spaltenvektors durch Verwenden des i. Modulationssymbols niedrigerer Ordnung in jeder der N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen niedrigerer Ordnung; und

Bestimmen eines Produkts eines Zeilenvektors einer s. Zeile in einer Matrix Q und des i. Spaltenvektors als ein i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in einer s. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung, wobei s=1, 2, ..., N, wobei, wenn die N zu sendenden Signale basierend auf den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung bestimmt werden, die Verarbeitungseinheit insbesondere ausgelegt ist zum:

Bestimmen von N ersten Schutzintervallen; und

Einfügen eines t. ersten Schutzintervalls in den N ersten Schutzintervallen an einer Stelle, die einer t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, um ein t. zu sendendes Signal zu erhalten, wobei t=1, 2, ..., N;

wobei, wenn das t. erste Schutzintervall in den N ersten Schutzintervallen an der Stelle, die der t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, eingefügt wird, um das t. zu sendende Signal zu erhalten, die Verarbeitungseinheit insbesondere ausgelegt ist zum:

Durchführen einer Phasenverschiebung an einem i. Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung in der t. Gruppe von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung in den N Gruppen von Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung, um eine t. Gruppe von phasenverschobenen Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung zu erhalten, wobei ein Phasenverschiebungsfaktor der Phasenverschiebung

ist;

Durchführen einer Phasenverschiebung an einem n. ersten Schutzsignal in dem t. ersten Schutzintervall in den N ersten Schutzintervallen, um ein t. phasenverschobenes erstes Schutzintervall zu erhalten, wobei ein Phasenverschiebungsfaktor der Phasenverschiebung

ist und n=1, 2, ..., G; und

Einfügen des t. phasenverschobenen ersten Schutzintervalls an einer Stelle, die der t. Gruppe von phasenverschobenen Modulationssymbolen höherer Ordnung folgt, um das t. zu sendende Signal zu erhalten.


 
6. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei, wenn die N ersten Schutzintervalle bestimmt werden, die Verarbeitungseinheit insbesondere ausgelegt ist zum:

Bestimmen von N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen, wobei jede von den N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen G erste Schutzsignale umfasst und G eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 ist; und

Bestimmen einer Sequenz, die durch eine t. Gruppe von ersten Schutzsignalen in den N Gruppen von ersten Schutzsignalen als das t. erste Schutzintervall in den N ersten Schutzintervallen gebildet wird.


 
7. Einrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 6, wobei ein Wert von N 2 ist, das Modulationssymbol niedrigerer Ordnung ein Symbol einer binären Phasenumtastung, BPSK-Symbol, ist und das Modulationssymbol höherer Ordnung ein Quadraturphasenumtastungssymbol, QPSK-Symbol, ist.
 
8. Einrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 7, wobei die Matrix Q eine der folgenden Matrizen ist:





























und Q =


 
9. Einrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 8, wobei eine Bandbreite von jedem der N Kanäle 2,16 GHz ist.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de transmission de signaux basée sur des canaux multiples, comprenant :

la combinaison (S110) de N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur en N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, un ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans chaque groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur étant obtenu en combinant des ièmes symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur dans tous les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur, chaque groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur comprenant M symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur, i : 1, 2, ..., M, N étant un entier positif supérieur à 1, et M étant un entier positif supérieur à 1 ;

la détermination (S120) de N signaux à envoyer sur la base des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur ; et

l'envoi (S130) d'un kième signal à envoyer dans les N signaux à envoyer en utilisant un kième canal dans N canaux, avec k=1, 2, ..., N, la combinaison de N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur en N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur comprenant :

la formation d'un ième vecteur colonne en utilisant le ième symbole de modulation d'ordre inférieur dans chacun des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur ; et

la détermination d'un produit d'un vecteur ligne d'une sième ligne dans une matrice Q et du ième vecteur colonne comme ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans un sième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, avec s=1, 2, ..., N, la détermination de N signaux à envoyer sur la base des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur comprenant :

la détermination des N premiers intervalles de garde ; et

l'insertion d'un tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde à un emplacement suivant un tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir un tième signal à envoyer, avec t=1, 2, ..., N ;

l'insertion d'un tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde à un emplacement suivant un tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir un tième signal à envoyer, comprenant :

la réalisation d'un déphasage sur un ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans le tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir un tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur déphasés, un facteur de déphasage du déphasage étant

la réalisation d'un déphasage sur un nième premier signal de garde dans le tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde, pour obtenir un tième premier intervalle de garde déphasé, un facteur de déphasage du déphasage étant

et n=1, 2, ..., G; et

l'insertion du tième premier intervalle de garde déphasé à un emplacement suivant le tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur déphasés, pour obtenir le tième signal à envoyer.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, la détermination de N premiers intervalles de garde comprenant :

la détermination de N groupes de premiers signaux de garde, chacun des N groupes de premiers signaux de garde comprenant G premiers signaux de garde, et G étant un entier positif supérieur à 1 ; et

la détermination d'une séquence formée par un tième groupe de premiers signaux de garde dans les N groupes de premiers signaux de garde comme étant le tieme premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde.


 
3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, une valeur de N étant 2, le symbole de modulation d'ordre inférieur étant un symbole BPSK de modulation par déplacement de phase binaire, et le symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur étant un symbole QPSK de modulation par déplacement de phase en quadrature.
 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, la matrice Q étant l'une des matrices suivantes :





























et


 
5. Appareil de transmission de signaux à canaux multiples (10), comprenant :

une unité de traitement (11), configurée pour combiner N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur en N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, un ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans chaque groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur étant obtenu en combinant des ièmes symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur dans tous les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur, chaque groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur comprenant M symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur, i = 1, 2,..., M, N étant un entier positif supérieur à 1, et M étant un entier positif supérieur à 1,

l'unité de traitement étant en outre configurée pour déterminer N signaux à envoyer sur la base des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur ; et

une unité de transmission (12), configurée pour envoyer un kième signal à envoyer dans les N signaux à envoyer en utilisant un kième canal dans N canaux, avec k=1, 2, ..., N,

lors de la combinaison des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, l'unité de traitement étant spécifiquement configurée pour :

former un ième vecteur colonne en utilisant le ième symbole de modulation d'ordre inférieur dans chacun des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre inférieur ; et

déterminer un produit d'un vecteur ligne d'une sième ligne dans une matrice Q et du ième vecteur colonne comme ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans un sième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, avec s=1, 2, ..., N, lors de la détermination des N signaux à envoyer sur la base des N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, l'unité de traitement étant spécifiquement configurée pour :

déterminer N premiers intervalles de garde ; et

insérer un tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde à un emplacement suivant un tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir un tième signal à envoyer, avec t=1, 2, ..., N ;

lors de l'insertion du tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde à l'emplacement suivant le tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir le tième signal à envoyer, l'unité de traitement étant spécifiquement configurée pour :

réaliser un déphasage sur un ième symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans le tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur dans les N groupes de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur, pour obtenir un tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur déphasés, un facteur de déphasage du déphasage étant

réaliser un déphasage sur un nième premier signal de garde dans le tième premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde, pour obtenir un tième premier intervalle de garde déphasé, un facteur de déphasage du déphasage étant

et n=1, 2,..,G ; et

insérer le tième premier intervalle de garde déphasé à un emplacement suivant le tième groupe de symboles de modulation d'ordre supérieur déphasés, pour obtenir le tième signal à envoyer.


 
6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, lors de la détermination des N premiers intervalles de garde, l'unité de traitement étant spécifiquement configurée pour :

déterminer N groupes de premiers signaux de garde, chacun des N groupes de premiers signaux de garde comprenant G premiers signaux de garde, et G étant un entier positif supérieur à 1 ; et

déterminer une séquence formée par un tième groupe de premiers signaux de garde dans les N groupes de premiers signaux de garde comme étant le tieme premier intervalle de garde dans les N premiers intervalles de garde.


 
7. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 6, une valeur de N étant 2, le symbole de modulation d'ordre inférieur étant un symbole BPSK de modulation par déplacement de phase binaire, et le symbole de modulation d'ordre supérieur étant un symbole QPSK de modulation par déplacement de phase en quadrature.
 
8. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 7, la matrice Q étant l'une des matrices suivantes :





























et


 
9. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 8, une largeur de bande de chacun des N canaux étant de 2,16 GHz.
 




Drawing























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description