(19)
(11)EP 3 484 182 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/04

(21)Application number: 18205050.0

(22)Date of filing:  08.11.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04R 29/00  (2006.01)
H04S 3/00  (2006.01)
H04R 5/033  (2006.01)

(54)

EXTRA-AURAL HEADPHONE DEVICE AND METHOD

EXTRA-AURALE KOPFHÖRERVORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN

DISPOSITIF D'ÉCOUTEURS EXTRA-AURICULAIRES ET PROCÉDÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.11.2017 US 201715808474

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/20

(73)Proprietor: Harman International Industries, Incorporated
Stamford, CT 06901 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Welti, Todd
    Thousand Oaks, CA 91360 (US)

(74)Representative: Westphal, Mussgnug & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Werinherstrasse 79
81541 München
81541 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 684 879
US-A1- 2001 031 062
US-A- 5 696 831
  
  • Frank Schultz ET AL: "An extraaural headphone for optimized binaural reproduction (Ein extraauraler Kopfhörer für die optimierte Wie- dergabe binauraler Signale)", , 28 November 2010 (2010-11-28), XP055572574, ISBN: 978-3-9812830-1-3 Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://www2.ak.tu-berlin.de/~akgroup/ ak_pub/2011/Schultz_2011_Anextraauralheadp honeforoptimizedbinauralreproduction_26TMT .pdf [retrieved on 2019-03-21]
  • OBEREM JOSEFA ET AL: "Experiments on authenticity and plausibility of binaural reproduction via headphones employing different recording methods", APPLIED ACOUSTICS, ELSEVIER PUBLISHING, GB, vol. 114, 22 July 2016 (2016-07-22), pages 71-78, XP029698980, ISSN: 0003-682X, DOI: 10.1016/J.APACOUST.2016.07.009
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure generally relates to audio headphones.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Headphones typically seal around the ear or are physically inserted into the ear canal, forming a tight seal to reduce external noise and position acoustic drivers at a close proximity to the ear. While headphones allow a single user to listen to an audio source and provide excellent isolation from outside noise, the headphone may make the user unaware of their surroundings. Further, the listening experience for users with headphones may be unnatural so that the sound appears between the ears or inside a listener's head. Publication US 5 696 831 A discloses an arrangement allowing a headphone to be rotated in the forward and backward direction relative to the listener. Publication "An extraaural headphone for optimized binaural reproduction (Ein extraauraler Kopfhorer tor die optimierte Wiedergabe binauraler Signale)", Frank Schultz et al., 26th Tonmeistertagung, VDT International Convention, November 2010, discloses an extra-aural headphone for HRTF determination. Publication US 2001/031062A1 discloses an extra-aural headphone with rotatable and movable speakers. Publication US 5 684 879 A discloses an extra-aural headphone. Publication "Experiments on authenticity and plausibility of binaural reproduction via headphones employing different recording methods", Oberem Josefa et al., Applied Acoustics, Elsevier Publishing, GB, vol. 114, 22 July 2016, pages 71-78, pertains to individual head-related-transfer-function measurements.

SUMMARY



[0003] The invention provides extra-aural headphones according to claim 1 and a method for determining a head related transfer function according to claim 5. Further embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0004] 

FIGURE 1 illustrates a schematic top view of an extra-aural headphone assembly according to one embodiment.

FIGURE 2 illustrates the extra-aural headphone assembly of Figure 1 and the acoustic transducers at a plurality of positions.

FIGURE 3 is a flowchart illustrating a method of using the extra-aural headphone assembly of Figure 1.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0005] As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention that may be embodied in various and alternative forms. The figures are not necessarily to scale; some features may be exaggerated or minimized to show details of particular components. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present invention.

[0006] Figure 1 illustrates an extra-aural headphone assembly 10 having speakers, or acoustic drivers 12 for generating soundwaves. Typical headphone styles usually include one of three types, all having earpieces that contact the user's head or ear. For example, supra-aural headphones are positioned on top of a user's ears, circum-aural headphones surround a user's ears, or intra-aural headphones are positioned within the user's ear. However, there are drawbacks for the listener when multi-channel or stereo sound is reproduced over these typical headphones. Stereo recordings are usually meant to be reproduced over loudspeakers, such as 5.1 and 7.1 surround sound systems, or even two-channel stereo systems, instead of being played back over headphones. When stereo recordings arc rcproduccd in typical headphones, the results in the stereo panorama appearing on line in between the ears or inside a listener's head can be an unnatural and fatiguing listening experience.

[0007] Unlike these typical headphone assemblies, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 allows the sound to seem like directional stereo surround sound. The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 positions the acoustic drivers 12 at a distance spaced away from the user's ears and do not contact the user's head. Audio signals are provided to the extra-aural headphone assembly 10, which are used to drive the acoustic drivers 12 to provide audible sound to the user.

[0008] The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 includes a headband 14 for securing the extra-aural headphone assembly to the user's head. Movable struts 16 are attached to the headband 14 and the acoustic drive and allow the acoustic driver to be positioned at various locations relative to the user's head. Each movable strut 16 is connected to the headband 14 at a proximal end 18 and holds one of the pair of acoustic drivers 12 at a distal end 20. In addition, the struts 16 may be extendable to vary a length of the struts 16, thereby varying the lateral distance each of the acoustic drivers 12 is suspended away from the headband. By extending the length of the struts 16, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 can be further sized for the user's specific head dimensions. In one embodiment, the acoustic drivers 12 may be suspended eight to sixteen inches away from the user's ears. However, the acoustic drivers 12 may be spaced away from the user's ears a farther distance. In another embodiment, the acoustic drivers 12 may be spaced away from the user's ears by five to nine inches. In yet another embodiment, the acoustic drivers may be suspended away from the user's ears by two to five inches.

[0009] The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 also includes a rotation hub 26 positioned along a central portion of the headband 14, such as along the crown of the user's head. The movable struts 16 are connected at the proximal end 18 to rotate about the rotation hub 26. The rotation hub 26 may also include a motor 28 for controlling rotation of the movable struts. For example, the motor 28 may be a servo-motor or other small motor that can be attached to the headband 14 and is lightweight. The motor 28 is adapted to automatically move the movable struts 16 between the plurality of test positions. The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may also include a plurality of locking features that allow the struts to be moved manually by the user. The locking features may be detents or notches that correspond to each of the test positions.

[0010] At least one microphone 30 is also provided with the extra-aural headphone assembly 10. As shown in Figure 1, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 includes a pair of microphones 30. The pair of microphones 30 are adapted to be positioned near or in the opening of the listener's left and right ear canals 32. The microphones 30 may be connected to lower ends of the headband 14 to be positioned at or in the user's ear canals. The microphones 30 may be used to determine the user-specific head related transfer function (HRTF), as discussed below, and after such use would be able to disconnect from the headphone assembly 10 for storage.

[0011] In another embodiment, each microphone 30 may include a plurality of microphones or microphone array, such as a front microphone and a rear microphone. The microphones 30 may be omnidirectional, though other types of directional microphones having different polar patters may be used such as unidirectional or bidirectional microphones. These microphones would be placed at various locations in and around the pinna, to avoid that such microphones need to be placed in the ear canal, which may be uncomfortable for some users.

[0012] The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may also have a controller 40 that is in communication with the pair of acoustic drivers 12 and microphones for determining the user-specific HRTF. The controller 40 may be a microcontroller integrated in the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 or the control system may be implemented as or incorporated into various devices, such as a personal computer (PC), a tablet PC, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a mobile device, a palmtop computer, a laptop computer, a desktop computer, a communications device, a wireless telephone, an audio device, or any other machine capable of executing a set of instructions (sequential or otherwise) that specify actions to be taken by that machine.

[0013] The headphone assembly 10 and controller 40 may include additional control modules. The term "module" may be defined to include a plurality of executable modules. As described herein, the modules are defined to include software, hardware or some combination of hardware and software that is executable by a processor. Software modules may include instructions stored in memory that are executable by the processor or another processor. Hardware modules may include various devices, components, circuits, gates, circuit boards, and the like that are executable, directed, and/or controlled for performance by the processor.

[0014] For example, the headphone assembly 10 and controller 40 may include an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) associated with each microphone 30 to convert analog audio signals to digital format. The controller may further include a digital signal processor (DSP) for processing the digitized microphone signals and providing output signals to the acoustic drivers 12. Accordingly, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may further include a digital-to-analog converter DAC and/or speaker driver (not shown) associated with each acoustic driver 12. Further, while a single controller is illustrated, the controller may include any collection of control modules that individually or jointly execute a set, or multiple sets, of instructions to perform one or more computer or control functions, for example.

[0015] In addition, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 is in communication with an audio device or electronic audio source providing audio input signals. The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may include a wire and adaptor (not shown) connectable to the electronic audio source for receiving audio signals therefrom. Examples of audio devices include an amplifier, a compact disc player, a television, a vehicle head unit, a radio, a home theater system, an audio receiver, an MP3 player, an audio headphone, a phone, or any other device capable of generating audio signals and/or audible sound perceived by a listener. In a particular example, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may be in communication using a wireless electronic device, such as a smartphone, that provides voice, audio, video or data communication.

[0016] The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may include a left speaker 50 and a right speaker 52 for generating the sound waves in response to incoming audio signals. For instance, the left speaker 50 may receive a left headphone output signal (LH) from the DSP and the right speaker 52 may receive a right headphone output signal (RH) from the DSP. Accordingly, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may further include a digital-to-analog converter DAC and/or speaker driver (not shown) associated with each speaker 50, 52.

[0017] As shown in Figure 2 and to Figure 3, the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 may be used to determine a head-related transfer function (HRTF) that is user-specific for the listener wearing the extra-aural headphone assembly 10. A HRTF is a response that characterizes how an ear receives a sound from a point in space. A pair of HRTFs for two ears can be used to synthesize a binaural sound that seems to come from a particular point in space. For instance, the HRTFs may be designed to render sound sources in front of the listener (e.g., at ±30 degrees or ±45 degrees relative to the listener).

[0018] Existing test methods and apparatus for measuring audio signals generated by headphones often include standard ear simulators in accordance with IEC 60711 (for example GRAS 43AG). The resulting response from these test methods and apparatus is claimed to resemble the sound pressure at the ear drum of an "average" person. However, actual physical variations between users, such as the size of the user's head, distance between the user's ears, and the contour of the ear (i.e., the pinna and the ear canal) can significantly affect the perceived sound of a headphone. Therefore, measurement data of an average user does not take into account individually perceived frequency responses and variations among listeners.

[0019] Figure 2 illustrates the speakers 50, 52 at various test locations relative to the user's head and the headband 14. The test locations may be examples of loudspeaker configurations that would be emulated by the HRTF's generated using the extra-aural headphone assembly 10 according to the present disclosure. Each of the left and right speakers 50, 52 may include one or more acoustic transducers 12. In one embodiment shown in Figure 2, the speakers 50, 52 are located at test positions based on standard angles that are used for measurement and playback for surround sounds, such as standard ITU-R BS 775. For example, at a first test position 60, the speakers are oriented forward of the user's ears and the left and right speakers 50, 52 are moved from the direct forward position by an angle A. In one embodiment, angle A is approximately 30-degrees. In a second test position 62, the speakers are oriented forward of the user's ears and the left and right speakers 50, 52 are moved from the direct forward position by an angle B, greater than angle A. In one embodiment, angle B is approximately 60-degrees. A third test position 64 orients the speakers 50, 52 rearwards of the user's ears at an angle C from the direct forward position. In one embodiment, angle C is approximately 150-degrees. In another testing configuration, angle A may be 0-degrees, or directly forward, angle B may be approximately 30-degrees, and angle C may be approximately 110-degrees. Of course, the number and angle of test positions may vary based on the requirements and suitable test for defining stereo surround sound based on the input source, or other listening factors.

[0020] Figure 3, the flowchart describes a method 100. The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 and method 100 allow the HRTF to be generated for a specific listener. The process 100 begins at block 110 where the controller receives a request to set-up a headphone assembly for a specific user. The extra-aural headphone assembly 10 or audio input device may provide an input for the user to request the set-up procedure. Alternatively, the request may be provided anytime the extra-aural headphone assembly is put on the head of a user or when the headphone assembly detects a new user, for example.

[0021] At block 112, the controller 40 may command the speakers 50, 52 to move to a test position. In order to move the speakers 50, 52, the controller 40 may command the motor 28 to move the struts 16 thereby moving the speakers 50, 52 to the plurality of test positions, for example 60, 62, 64. In another embodiment, the extra aural headphone assembly 10 may also provide the user instructions for manually moving the struts 16 and speakers 50, 52 to pre-set test positions.

[0022] At block 114, the controller commands the acoustic drivers 12 in each of the left and right speakers 50, 52 to produce a stimulus.

[0023] At block 116 the controller receives test signals from the microphones 30 based on each of the test stimuli.

[0024] After the first test position, the controller 40 may move, or command the speakers 50, 52 to move to the other test positions, at block 118. The test positions may include at least one forward position and one rearward test position. The number and location of the test positions may vary based on specific application requirements. At each test position, the controller activates the acoustic drivers 12, at block 114 and receives playback signals from the microphones 30, at block 116. The motor 28 may automatically move the struts 16 and speakers 50, 52 to the plurality of test positions 60, 62, 64 without further input from the user between test positions.

[0025] After the speakers 50, 52 have been moved to the plurality of test positions, the controller determines a head related transfer function (HRTF) based on the playback signals received by the microphones, at block 120. The controller may determine a separate HRTF for the left speaker 50 and the right speaker 52. This determination may include a correction factor to account for the difference of near field HRTF measurement versus the desired far field HRTF.

[0026] Once the testing is completed, the speakers 50, 52 can be moved to the listening position, at block 122. The listening position for extra-aural headphones may position the headphone slightly forward of the user's ear at a pre-set position. The controller may also determine the optimal listening position for a specific user which may be the best playback angle for the extra-aural headphones to provide surround sound, or producing an HRTF with minimal error. The controller 40 may command the motor 28 to move the struts and speakers 50, 52 to the optimum listening position.

[0027] At block 124 the controller provides signals to the speakers 50, 52 using filters derived from all the measurements and HRTF so that sounds from all lateral directions can be emulated by the speakers at one fixed position and fully individualized for each user. For example, in simplified from, the filter for synthesizing sound arriving from direction X using headphone playback at position Y for the left speaker 50 directed to the user's left ear is:



[0028] So that when played back over the headphone at position Y, the result is:



[0029] Various flavors of up-mixing could be also used to generate directional effects and envelopment from a stereo or discrete source material.

[0030] As an enhancement to the technique, the correction factor determined separately for each of the left and right speakers, may be enhanced and optimized by including additional correction factors to the other speaker. The additional correction factor may include crosstalk cancellation, where an appropriate signal is added to the right speaker to prevent the right speaker from disrupting the correction calculated for the left speaker and left ear (and vice versa).

[0031] While exemplary embodiments are described above, it is not intended that these embodiments describe all possible forms of the invention. Rather, the words used in the specification are words of description rather than limitation, and it is understood that various changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.


Claims

1. Extra-aural headphones (10) comprising:

a headband (14);

a pair of movable struts (16) extending from the headband (14);

a pair of acoustic drivers (12), each acoustic driver (12) being connected to the headband (14) by one of the moveable struts (16) and adapted to be suspended a distance away from a listener's ears, each of the movable struts (16) being rotatable relative to the headband (14) to move the acoustic drivers (12) forward and rearward of the listener's ears between a plurality of test positions (60, 62);

a rotation hub (26) positioned along the headband (14), wherein the pair of acoustic drivers (12) are rotatable about the rotation hub (26) to a plurality of test angles relative to the listener's ears, wherein the pair of movable struts (16) are connected to rotate about the rotation hub (26); and

at least one microphone (30) adapted to be positioned adjacent one of the listener's ears,

wherein a user-specific head related transfer function (HRTF) is determined based on the signals received by the microphone (30) when the acoustic drivers (12) are driven at each of the plurality of test positions (60, 62).


 
2. The extra-aural headphones (10) of claim 1, wherein the at least one microphone (30) comprises a pair of microphones connected to the headband (14) and, one of the pair of microphones adapted to be positioned within each of the listener's ears.
 
3. The extra-aural headphones (10) of claim 1, wherein the rotation hub (26) includes a plurality of locking features, and the pair of moveable struts (16) are adapted to engage one of the plurality of locking features to move the movable struts (16) between the plurality of test positions (60, 62).
 
4. The extra-aural headphones (10) of claim 1, wherein the rotation hub (26) comprises a motor (28) connected to the headband (14) and the pair of movable struts (16), the motor (28) automatically moving the movable struts (16) between the plurality of test positions (60, 62).
 
5. A method (100) comprising:

providing a headset (10) having a pair of movable struts (16) connected to extra-aural speakers (50, 52), the movable struts (16) being connected to a rotation hub (26) positioned along the headband (14), the movable struts (16) being rotatable about the rotation hub (26) and moveable relative to a headband (14), the speakers (50, 52) being adapted to be suspended a distance away from a listener's ears, and the headset (14) having at least one microphone (30) adapted to be positioned near the listener's ears;

moving each of the movable struts (16) forward and rearward relative to the headband (14) to a plurality of test positions (60, 62);

measuring a playback test signal from the pair of speakers (50, 52) at each of the plurality of test positions (60, 62) with the microphone (30); and

determining (120) a head related transfer function (HRTF) based on the playback test signals measured by the pair of microphones (30).


 
6. The method (100) of claim 5 further comprising:
commanding (112) the pair of speakers (50, 52), by a controller (40), to move to the plurality of test positions (60, 62) when a new user is detected.
 
7. The method (100) of claim 5 further comprising:
commanding (122) the pair of speakers (50, 52), by a controller (40), to move to a listening position after the pair of speakers (50, 52) are moved to each of the plurality of test positions (60, 62).
 
8. The method (100) of claim 7 wherein determining the HRTF comprises:

determining a left HRTF for a left speaker (50) of the pair of speakers; and

determining a right HRTF for a right speaker (52) of the pair of speakers.


 
9. The method (100) of claim 8 further comprising:
determining a crosstalk cancellation factor for each of the left speaker and the right speaker (50, 52).
 
10. The method (100) of claim 5 further comprising:

determining an optimum listening position based on the playback test signals; and

commanding the pair of speakers (50, 52), by a controller (40), to move to the optimum listening position.


 


Ansprüche

1. Extra-aurale Kopfhörer (10), die Folgendes umfassen:

ein Kopfband (14);

ein Paar von bewegbaren Streben (16), die sich von dem Kopfband (14) erstrecken;

ein Paar von akustischen Treibern (12), wobei jeder akustische Treiber (12) an das Kopfband (14) durch eine von den bewegbaren Streben (16) angeschlossen und angepasst ist, um in einem Abstand zu den Ohren eines Hörers aufgehängt zu werden, wobei jede der bewegbaren Streben (16) relativ zu dem Kopfband (14) rotierbar ist, um den akustischen Treiber (12) vorwärts und rückwärts von den Ohren des Hörers zwischen einer Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) zu bewegen;

eine Rotationsnabe (26), die entlang des Kopfbands (14) positioniert ist, wobei das Paar von akustischen Treibern (12) um die Rotationsnabe (26) zu einer Vielzahl von Prüfwinkeln relativ zu den Ohren des Hörers rotierbar sind, wobei das Paar von bewegbaren Streben (16) angeschlossen ist, um um die Rotationsnabe (26) zu rotieren; und

mindestens ein Mikrofon (30), das angepasst ist, um benachbart zu einem der Ohren des Hörers positioniert zu werden,

wobei eine benutzerspezifische kopfbezogene Übertragungsfunktion (HRTF) basierend auf den Signalen bestimmt wird, die von dem Mikrofon (30) empfangen werden, wenn die akustischen Treiber (12) an jeder der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) angetrieben werden.


 
2. Extra-aurale Kopfhörer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das mindestens eine Mikrofon (30) ein Paar von Mikrofonen umfasst, die an das Kopfband (14) angeschlossen sind, und eines des Paars von Mikrofonen angepasst ist, um innerhalb jedes der Ohren des Hörers positioniert zu werden.
 
3. Extra-aurale Kopfhörer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rotationsnabe (26) eine Vielzahl von Verriegelungsfunktionen beinhaltet und wobei das Paar von bewegbaren Streben (16) angepasst ist, um mit einer der Vielzahl von Verriegelungsfunktionen in Eingriff zu treten, um die bewegbaren Streben (16) zwischen der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) zu bewegen.
 
4. Extra-aurale Kopfhörer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rotationsnabe (26) einen Motor (28) umfasst, der an das Kopfband (14) und das Paar von bewegbaren Streben (16) angeschlossen ist, wobei der Motor (28) die bewegbaren Streben (16) zwischen der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) automatisch bewegt.
 
5. Verfahren (100), das Folgendes umfasst:

Bereitstellen eines Headsets (10), das ein Paar von bewegbaren Streben (16) aufweist, die an extra-aurale Lautsprecher (50, 52) angeschlossen sind, wobei die bewegbaren Streben (16) an eine Rotationsnabe (26) angeschlossen sind, die entlang des Kopfbands (14) positioniert ist, wobei die bewegbaren Streben (16) um die Rotationsnabe (26) rotierbar und relativ zu einem Kopfband (14) bewegbar sind, wobei die Lautsprecher (50, 52) angepasst sind, um in einem Abstand zu den Ohren eines Hörers aufgehängt zu werden, und wobei das Headset (14) mindestens ein Mikrofon (30) aufweist, das angepasst ist, um in der Nähe der Ohren des Hörers positioniert zu werden;

Bewegen jeder der bewegbaren Streben (16) vorwärts und rückwärts relativ zu dem Kopfband (14) zu einer Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62);

Messen eines Wiedergabeprüfsignals von dem Paar von Lautsprechern (50, 52) an jeder der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) mit dem Mikrofon (30); und

Bestimmen (120) einer kopfbezogenen Übertragungsfunktion (HRTF) basierend auf den Wiedergabeprüfsignalen, die von dem Paar von Mikrofonen (30) gemessen werden.


 
6. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 5, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:
Geben von Befehlen (112) an das Paar von Lautsprechern (50, 52), durch eine Steuerung (40), sich zu der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) zu bewegen, wenn ein neuer Benutzer erkannt wird.
 
7. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 5, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:
Geben von Befehlen (122) an das Paar von Lautsprechern (50, 52), durch eine Steuerung (40), sich zu einer Hörposition zu bewegen, nachdem das Paar von Lautsprechern (50, 52) sich zu jeder der Vielzahl von Prüfpositionen (60, 62) bewegt hat.
 
8. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 7, wobei ein Bestimmen der HRTF Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen einer linken HRTF für einen linken Lautsprecher (50) des Paars von Lautsprechern; und

Bestimmen einer rechten HRTF für einen rechten Lautsprecher (52) des Paars von Lautsprechern.


 
9. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 8, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:
Bestimmen eines Nebensprechunterdrückungsfaktors für jeden des linken Lautsprechers und des rechten Lautsprechers (50, 52).
 
10. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 5, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen einer optimalen Hörposition basierend auf den Wiedergabeprüfsignalen; und

Geben von Befehlen an das Paar von Lautsprechern (50, 52), durch eine Steuerung (40), sich zu der optimalen Hörposition zu bewegen.


 


Revendications

1. Écouteurs extra-auriculaires (10) comprenant :

un arceau (14) ;

une paire d'entretoises mobiles (16) s'étendant depuis l'arceau (14) ;

une paire de pilotes acoustiques (12), chaque pilote acoustique (12) étant relié à l'arceau (14) par l'une des entretoises mobiles (16) et conçu pour être suspendu à une certaine distance des oreilles d'un auditeur, chacune des entretoises mobiles (16) pouvant tourner par rapport à l'arceau (14) pour déplacer les pilotes acoustiques (12) vers l'avant et vers l'arrière des oreilles de l'auditeur entre une pluralité de positions de test (60, 62) ;

un moyeu de rotation (26) positionné le long de l'arceau (14), dans lesquels la paire de pilotes acoustiques (12) peuvent tourner autour du moyeu de rotation (26) selon une pluralité d'angles de test par rapport aux oreilles de l'auditeur, dans lesquels la paire d'entretoises mobiles (16) sont reliées pour tourner autour du moyeu de rotation (26) ; et

au moins un microphone (30) conçu pour être positionné à côté de l'une des oreilles de l'auditeur,

dans lesquels une fonction de transfert liée à la tête (HRTF) spécifique à l'utilisateur est déterminée sur la base des signaux reçus par le microphone (30) lorsque les pilotes acoustiques (12) sont entraînés au niveau de chacune de la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62).


 
2. Écouteurs extra-auriculaires (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lesquels l'au moins un microphone (30) comprend une paire de microphones reliés à l'arceau (14) et, l'un de la paire de microphones étant conçu pour être positionné à l'intérieur de chacune des oreilles de l'auditeur.
 
3. Écouteurs extra-auriculaires (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lesquels le moyeu de rotation (26) comporte une pluralité d'éléments de verrouillage, et la paire d'entretoises mobiles (16) sont conçues pour venir en prise avec l'un de la pluralité d'éléments de verrouillage pour déplacer les entretoises mobiles (16) entre la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62).
 
4. Écouteurs extra-auriculaires (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lesquels le moyeu de rotation (26) comprend un moteur (28) relié à l'arceau (14) et à la paire d'entretoises mobiles (16), le moteur (28) déplaçant automatiquement les entretoises mobiles (16) entre la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62).
 
5. Procédé (100) comprenant :

la fourniture d'un casque (10) ayant une paire d'entretoises mobiles (16) reliées à des haut-parleurs extra-auriculaires (50, 52), les entretoises mobiles (16) étant reliées à un moyeu de rotation (26) positionné le long de l'arceau (14), les entretoises mobiles (16) pouvant tourner autour du moyeu de rotation (26) et étant mobiles par rapport à un arceau (14), les haut-parleurs (50, 52) étant conçus pour être suspendus à une certaine distance des oreilles d'un auditeur, et le casque (14) ayant au moins un microphone (30) conçu pour être positionné près des oreilles de l'auditeur ;

le déplacement de chacune des entretoises mobiles (16) vers l'avant et vers l'arrière par rapport à l'arceau (14) vers une pluralité de positions de test (60, 62) ;

la mesure d'un signal de test de lecture à partir de la paire de haut-parleurs (50, 52) au niveau de chacune de la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62) avec le microphone (30) ; et

la détermination (120) d'une fonction de transfert liée à la tête (HRTF) sur la base des signaux de test de lecture mesurés par la paire de microphones (30).


 
6. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre :
la commande (112) à la paire de haut-parleurs (50, 52), par un dispositif de commande (40), de se déplacer vers la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62) lorsqu'un nouvel utilisateur est détecté.
 
7. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre :
la commande (122) à la paire de haut-parleurs (50, 52), par un dispositif de commande (40), de se déplacer vers une position d'écoute après que la paire de haut-parleurs (50, 52) sont déplacés vers chacune de la pluralité de positions de test (60, 62) .
 
8. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la détermination de la HRTF comprend :

la détermination d'une HRTF gauche pour un haut-parleur gauche (50) de la paire de haut-parleurs ; et

la détermination d'une HRTF droite pour un haut-parleur droit (52) de la paire de haut-parleurs.


 
9. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre :
la détermination d'un facteur d'annulation de diaphonie pour chacun du haut-parleur gauche et du haut-parleur droit (50, 52) .
 
10. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre :

la détermination d'une position d'écoute optimale sur la base des signaux de test de lecture ; et

la commande à la paire de haut-parleurs (50, 52), par un dispositif de commande (40), de se déplacer vers la position d'écoute optimale.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description