(19)
(11)EP 3 485 147 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 17740378.9

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01D 5/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2017/067938
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/015317 (25.01.2018 Gazette  2018/04)

(54)

IMPINGEMENT COOLING OF A BLADE PLATFORM

PRALLKÜHLUNG EINER SCHAUFELPLATTFORM

REFROIDISSEMENT PAR IMPACT D'UNE PLATE-FORME D'AUBE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.07.2016 EP 16179848

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/21

(73)Proprietor: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
80333 München (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • FRACH, Dawid
    Lincoln LN6 8BD (GB)
  • LIU, Kexin
    Bracebridge Heath Lincoln LN4 2QF (GB)

(74)Representative: Maier, Daniel Oliver 
Siemens AG Postfach 22 16 34
80506 München
80506 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A1- 2 967 456
US-B2- 8 246 299
US-A- 4 573 865
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to turbomachine components having an aerofoil, and more particularly to cooling of a platform of a turbomachine component having an aerofoil, particularly a vane platform or a blade platform, in gas turbine engines.

    [0002] To effectively use cooling air for cooling of gas turbine components is a constant challenge and an important area of interest in gas turbine engine designs. For example, for cooling different parts of a turbomachine component having an aerofoil, such as a vane or a blade, conventional design uses various ways including film cooling and circulation of cooling fluid through different parts of the vane or the blade. However, the conventional designs are inefficient in effectively cooling all parts of the vane or the blade of the turbomachine, for example the conventional designs are inept at cooling certain parts of the platform of the vanes and/or the blades.

    [0003] A turbine vane generally includes an inner platform and an outer platform, whereas a turbine blade usually has only one platform and may optionally have a shroud. When installed in a gas turbine engine, the inner platform of the turbine vane is usually connected to or fixed to a stationary turbine component positioned towards the rotational axis of the turbine such as a turbine vane carrier ring or a stator. Several turbine vanes may be fixed to a given turbine vane carrier ring. Similarly, the outer platform of the turbine vane is fixed to another stationary component of the turbine towards an outer casing of the turbine. Similarly, the platform of the turbine blade is fixed to rotating disks or discs mounted on a main shaft of the turbine. Several turbine blades are fixed to a given rotating disc. To be arranged properly around a given turbine vane carrier ring or a given rotating disc, the platforms of the turbine vanes or the turbine blades are usually axially extending beyond the region of the platform required to support the aerofoil and thus forming platform overhangs next to the leading edge and/or the trailing edge of the aerofoil. Such platform overhangs are prominently present in guide vanes of a gas turbine. Usually, in a gas turbine, any platform in a turbomachine component having an aerofoil has one or more platform overhangs.

    [0004] US4,573,865 discloses a multiple-impingement cooled structure, such as for use as a turbine shroud assembly. The structure includes a plurality of baffles which define with an element to be cooled, such as a shroud, a plurality of cavities. Impingement cooling air is directed through holes in one of the baffles to impinge upon only the portion of the shroud in a first cavity. That cooling air is then directed to impinge again upon the portion of the shroud in a second cavity. FR2967456 discloses a turbomachine component according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0005] In the present description the turbine vane of a gas turbine has been used as an example of a turbomachine component having an aerofoil, however, it may be noted that for the purposes of the present technique, examples of the turbomachine component having an aerofoil also include the blade of a gas turbine. In the conventional design certain regions of the platforms of such turbomachine component having an aerofoil, hereinafter also referred to as the vane or the turbomachine component, are cooled, for example the region of the platform that is directly covered by the aerofoil has cavities through which cooling fluid flows into the aerofoil and thus the region of the platform bordering the cavity is cooled by the flow of the cooling fluid. However, the platform overhangs adjacent to the region of the platform directly beneath or above the aerofoil are not subjected to efficient cooling and thus prone to failure under the high operational temperatures and corroding effects of the hot gases coming from the combustor section when the turbine is operated. Thus there is a need to provide a technique to cool the platform overhangs, particularly side of the platform overhang that are in or towards hot gas path in the gas turbine.

    [0006] Thus the object of the present disclosure is to provide a technique wherein the platform overhangs are cooled efficiently. It is desirable to cool side of the platform overhangs that are in or towards the hot gas path in the gas turbine.

    [0007] The present invention concerns a turbomachine component according to claim 1 and an array of turbomachine components according to claim 12 of the present technique. Advantageous embodiments of the present technique are provided in dependent claims. Features of claims 1 may be combined with features of claims dependent on the claim 1, and features of dependent claims can be combined together. Similarly, features of claims 12 may be combined with features of claims dependent on the claim 12, and features of dependent claims can be combined together.

    [0008] In an aspect of the present technique, a turbomachine component, particularly a blade or a vane for a gas turbine engine, is presented. The turbomachine component includes an aerofoil and a first platform. The first platform extends both circumferentially and axially. The aerofoil has a pressure side and a suction side that meet at a trailing edge and a leading edge. The first platform includes an aerofoil side wherefrom the aerofoil extends radially, an opposite side of the aerofoil side, and a first-platform cavity positioned in a first overhang region of the first platform. The first-platform cavity extends within the first platform and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall along the aerofoil side and a plurality of impingement plates. The first platform cavity extends circumferentially and axially. The impingement plates are arranged successively in an axial direction within the first-platform cavity. Each impingement plate includes an aerofoil-side part, a flow-input-side part and a central plate. The first-platform cavity includes an opposite-side cavity wall along the opposite side of the first platform and the flow-input-side part of the impingement plate arranged within the first-platform cavity is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall.

    [0009] The aerofoil-side part extends towards and is connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall of the first-platform cavity. The flow-input-side part extends towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall of the first-platform cavity. The central plate is between the aerofoil-side part and the flow-input-side part, and is suspended by the aerofoil-side part and the flow-input-side part in the first-platform cavity. The central plate is suspended, extending circumferentially and axially, along the aerofoil-side cavity wall such that the impingement plate defines, within the first-platform cavity in a radial direction, an aerofoil-side segment and a flow-input-side segment corresponding to said impingement plate. The central plate has impingement holes such that cooling air entering the first-platform cavity flows within the first-platform cavity from the flow-input-side segment of one impingement plate through the impingement holes to the aerofoil-side segment of said impingement plate as impingement jets, and thus cooling the aerofoil-side cavity wall along the aerofoil side of the first platform, which in turn results in the cooling of the aerofoil side of the first platform. Subsequently, the cooling air from the aerofoil-side segment of said impingement plate flows to the flow-input-side segment of a following impingement plate. From the flow-input-side segment of the following impingement plate the cooling air flows through the impingement holes of said following impingement plate as impingement jets towards the aerofoil-side cavity wall of the first-platform cavity, thus cooling of the aerofoil side of the first platform, and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment of a subsequent following impingement plate.

    [0010] In the turbomachine component, particularly in the first-platform cavity, as a result of the serially arranged impingement plates, two pockets of air corresponding to each impingement plate are created in sections of the first-platform cavity corresponding to each of the serially arranged impingement plates, namely the flow-input-side segment and the aerofoil-side segment. The flow-input-side segment and the aerofoil-side segment are in fluid communication through the impingement holes of the impingement plate creating the flow-input-side and the aerofoil-side segments. As a net result of all the impingement plates, a series of flow-input-side segments and aerofoil-side segments are created i.e. for example a flow-input-side segment of a first impingement plate fluidly connected to an aerofoil-side segment of the first impingement plate which in turn is fluidly connected to a flow-input-side segment of a second impingement plate which in turn is fluidly connected to an aerofoil-side segment of the second impingement plate which in turn is fluidly connected to a flow-input-side segment of a third impingement plate and so on and so forth. As an effect of the flow of the cooling air serially flowing through the impingement plates so arranged in the first-platform cavity buildup of strong cross flow with respect to impingement jets corresponding to a given impingement plate is minimized and thus the impingement jets are able to reach the aerofoil-side cavity wall of the first-platform cavity and provide effective cooling to the aerofoil side within the first overhang region of the first platform. Furthermore, sizes of the impingement holes can be controlled individually for different impingement plates and thus parameters of the impingement jets produced by different impingement plates, such as velocity of the impingement jets, can be controlled and thereby different degrees of cooling can be achieved locally for different impingement plates.

    [0011] Moreover, since all the cooling air passes through the impingement holes of every impingement plate, individually and serially, the entire volume of the cooling air is used to serially cool each of the different sections of the aerofoil side within the first overhang region of the first platform created by the different impingement plates, and thus less cooling air is required to cool the aerofoil side within the first overhang region of the first platform.

    [0012] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the first platform includes an additional first-platform cavity positioned in a second overhang region of the first platform. The additional first-platform cavity extends circumferentially and axially within the first platform and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall along the aerofoil side and a plurality of impingement plates arranged similarly as the impingement plates are arranged in the first-platform cavity. Thus cooling is provided to second overhang region of the first platform.

    [0013] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the additional first-platform cavity includes an opposite-side cavity wall along the opposite side of the first platform and the flow-input-side part of each of the impingement plates arranged within the additional first-platform cavity is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall.

    [0014] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the first overhang region of the first platform is downstream of the trailing edge when viewed from the leading edge towards the trailing edge, and optionally the second overhang region of the first platform is upstream of the leading edge. In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the first overhang region of the first platform is downstream of the leading edge when viewed from the trailing edge towards the leading edge, and optionally the second overhang region of the first platform is upstream of the leading edge.

    [0015] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, such as when the turbomachine component is a turbine vane, the turbomachine component includes a second platform. The second platform extends circumferentially and axially. The second platform includes an aerofoil side whereto the radially extending aerofoil extends, an opposite side of the aerofoil side, and a second-platform cavity positioned in a first overhang region of the second platform. The second-platform cavity extends circumferentially and axially within the second platform and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall along the aerofoil side, and a plurality of impingement plates arranged similarly as the impingement plates are arranged in the first-platform cavity of the first platform. Thus cooling is provided to the second platform, for example the outer platform of a turbine vane.

    [0016] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the second-platform cavity includes an opposite-side cavity wall along the opposite side of the second platform and the flow-input-side part of the impingement plates arranged within the second-platform cavity is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall.

    [0017] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the second platform includes an additional second-platform cavity positioned in a second overhang region of the second platform. The additional second-platform cavity extends circumferentially and axially within the second platform and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall along the aerofoil side and a plurality of impingement plates arranged similarly as the impingement plates are arranged in the second-platform cavity.

    [0018] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the additional second-platform cavity includes an opposite-side cavity wall along the opposite side of the second platform and the flow-input-side part of each of the impingement plates arranged within the additional second-platform cavity is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall.

    [0019] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the first overhang region of the second platform is downstream of the trailing edge when viewed from the leading edge towards the trailing edge, and optionally the second overhang region of the second platform is upstream of the leading edge.

    [0020] In another embodiment of the turbomachine component, the first overhang region of the second platform is downstream of the leading edge when viewed from the trailing edge towards the leading edge, and optionally the second overhang region of the second platform is upstream of the leading edge.

    [0021] Another aspect of the present technique presents an array of turbomachine components, such as turbine vanes or turbine blades for a gas turbine. The array includes a plurality of turbomachine components having aerofoils and a turbomachine components carrying ring. Each of the turbomachine components having aerofoils is circumferentially arranged on the turbomachine components carrying ring. The plurality of turbomachine components having aerofoils includes at least one turbomachine component according to the aspect of the present technique presented hereinabove.

    [0022] In an embodiment of the array, the turbomachine components having aerofoils are blades for the gas turbine engine and the turbomachine components carrying ring is a rotor disc for the gas turbine engine.

    [0023] In another embodiment of the array, the turbomachine components having aerofoils are vanes of the gas turbine engine and the turbomachine components carrying ring is a vane carrier ring of the gas turbine engine.

    [0024] The above mentioned attributes and other features and advantages of the present technique and the manner of attaining them will become more apparent and the present technique itself will be better understood by reference to the following description of embodiments of the present technique taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
    FIG 1
    shows part of an exemplary turbine engine in a sectional view and in which an exemplary embodiment of a turbomachine component of the present technique is to be incorporated;
    FIG 2
    schematically illustrates an exemplary embodiment of a segment of the turbine engine of FIG 1 in a sectional view and in which an exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component of the present technique is to be incorporated;
    FIG 3
    schematically illustrates an exemplary embodiment of a segment of the turbine engine of FIG 2 in a sectional view and in which an exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component of the present technique is incorporated;
    FIG 4
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with a first-platform cavity according to the present technique;
    FIG 5
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with an additional first-platform cavity according to the present technique;
    FIG 6
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with the first-platform cavity having another shape as compared to the first-platform cavity of FIG 4;
    FIG 7
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with the first-platform cavity having another shape as compared to the first-platform cavity of FIG 6;
    FIG 8
    schematically illustrates a cross-sectional view of an exemplary embodiment of a first platform of the turbomachine component when viewed in a radial direction;
    FIG 9
    schematically illustrates a cross-sectional view of another exemplary embodiment of the first platform of the turbomachine component when viewed in the radial direction;
    FIG 10
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with a second-platform cavity according to the present technique;
    FIG 11
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component with an additional second-platform cavity according to the present technique;
    FIG 12
    schematically illustrates a cross-sectional view of an exemplary embodiment of a second platform of the turbomachine component when viewed in the radial direction;
    FIG 13
    schematically illustrates a cross-sectional view of another exemplary embodiment of the second platform of the turbomachine component when viewed in the radial direction;
    FIG 14
    schematically illustrates cooling air flow within the first-platform cavity of the exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component depicted in FIG 3;
    FIG 15
    schematically illustrates an exemplary embodiment of an arrangement of impingement plates within the first-platform cavity of the exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component depicted in FIG 3;
    FIG 16
    schematically illustrates an exemplary embodiment of an impingement plate from the arrangement of impingement plates within the first-platform cavity as depicted in FIG 15;
    FIG 17
    schematically illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the impingement plate;
    FIG 18
    schematically illustrates arrangement of impingement plates in the second-platform cavity and cooling air flow within the second-platform cavity of the exemplary embodiment of the turbomachine component depicted in FIG 10;
    FIG 19
    schematically illustrates an array of turbomachine components; and
    FIG 20
    schematically illustrates the first platforms of the turbomachine components of the array; in accordance with aspects of the present technique.


    [0025] Hereinafter, above-mentioned and other features of the present technique are described in details. Various embodiments are described with reference to the drawing, wherein like reference numerals are used to refer to like elements throughout. In the following description, for purpose of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of one or more embodiments. It may be noted that the illustrated embodiments are intended to explain, and not to limit the invention. It may be evident that such embodiments may be practiced without these specific details.

    [0026] FIG. 1 shows an example of a gas turbine engine 10 in a sectional view. The gas turbine engine 10 comprises, in flow series, an inlet 12, a compressor or compressor section 14, a combustor section 16 and a turbine section 18 which are generally arranged in flow series and generally about and in the direction of a rotational axis 20. The gas turbine engine 10 further comprises a shaft 22 which is rotatable about the rotational axis 20 and which extends longitudinally through the gas turbine engine 10. The shaft 22 drivingly connects the turbine section 18 to the compressor section 14.

    [0027] In operation of the gas turbine engine 10, air 24, which is taken in through the air inlet 12 is compressed by the compressor section 14 and delivered to the combustion section or burner section 16. The burner section 16 comprises a burner plenum 26, one or more combustion chambers 28 extending along a longitudinal axis 35 and at least one burner 30 fixed to each combustion chamber 28. The combustion chambers 28 and the burners 30 are located inside the burner plenum 26. The compressed air passing through the compressor 14 enters a diffuser 32 and is discharged from the diffuser 32 into the burner plenum 26 from where a portion of the air enters the burner 30 and is mixed with a gaseous or liquid fuel. The air/fuel mixture is then burned and the combustion gas 34 or working gas from the combustion is channelled through the combustion chamber 28 to the turbine section 18 via a transition duct 17. An inner surface 55 of the transition duct 17 defines a part of the hot gas path.

    [0028] This exemplary gas turbine engine 10 has a cannular combustor section arrangement 16, which is constituted by an annular array of combustor cans 19 each having the burner 30 and the combustion chamber 28, the transition duct 17 has a generally circular inlet that interfaces with the combustor chamber 28 and an outlet in the form of an annular segment. An annular array of transition duct outlets form an annulus for channelling the combustion gases to the turbine 18.

    [0029] The turbine section 18 comprises a number of blade carrying discs 36 attached to the shaft 22. In the present example, two discs 36 each carry an annular array of turbine blades 38. However, the number of blade carrying discs could be different, i.e. only one disc or more than two discs. In addition, guiding vanes 40, which are fixed to a stator 42 of the gas turbine engine 10, are disposed between the stages of annular arrays of turbine blades 38. Between the exit of the combustion chamber 28 and the leading turbine blades 38 inlet guiding vanes 44 are provided and turn the flow of working gas onto the turbine blades 38.

    [0030] The combustion gas 34 from the combustion chamber 28 enters the turbine section 18 and drives the turbine blades 38 which in turn rotate the shaft 22. The guiding vanes 40, 44, hereinafter also referred to as the vanes 40,44, serve to optimise the angle of the combustion or working gas 34 on the turbine blades 38.

    [0031] The turbine section 18 drives the compressor section 14. The compressor section 14 comprises an axial series of vane stages 46 and rotor blade stages 48. The rotor blade stages 48 comprise a rotor disc supporting an annular array of blades. The compressor section 14 also comprises a casing 50 that surrounds the rotor stages and supports the vane stages 48. The guide vane stages include an annular array of radially extending vanes that are mounted to the casing 50. The vanes are provided to present gas flow at an optimal angle for the blades at a given engine operational point. Some of the guide vane stages have variable vanes, where the angle of the vanes, about their own longitudinal axis, can be adjusted for angle according to air flow characteristics that can occur at different engine operations conditions.

    [0032] The casing 50 defines a radially outer surface 52 of the passage 56 of the compressor 14. A radially inner surface 54 of the passage 56 is at least partly defined by a rotor drum 53 of the rotor which is partly defined by the annular array of blades 48.

    [0033] The present technique is described with reference to the above exemplary turbine engine having a single shaft or spool connecting a single, multi-stage compressor and a single, one or more stage turbine. However, it should be appreciated that the present technique is equally applicable to two or three shaft engines and which can be used for industrial, aero or marine applications. Furthermore, the cannular combustor section arrangement 16 is also used for exemplary purposes and it should be appreciated that the present technique is equally applicable to annular type and can type combustion chambers.

    [0034] The terms upstream and downstream refer to the flow direction of the airflow and/or working gas flow 34 through the engine unless otherwise stated. The terms forward and rearward refer to the general flow of gas through the engine. The terms axial, axially, axial direction, radial, radially, radial direction, circumferential, circumferentially and circumferential direction are made with reference to the rotational axis 20 of the engine, unless otherwise stated. The phrase a first element "along" a second element, and like phrases, means the first element runs or extends or is arranged in the same directions as the second element, i.e. for example to explain further, if the second element is a surface or a side and extends in x-z coordinates in Cartesian coordinate system then the first element "along" the second element means the first element also extends in x-z coordinate albeit the first element may be removed by a distance from the second element in x coordinate and/or in z coordinate. Simply put, the first element "along" the second element may be understood as the first element extending in such dimensions as to be parallel or substantially parallel to the second element for example the first element and the second element may form an angle between 0 degree and 20 degree.

    [0035] FIG 2 provides a more detailed view of a region 'A' of FIG 1 and gives an exemplary position in the turbine section 18, including a junction of the combustor 16 and the turbine section 18, where the present technique may be implemented. In FIG 2, turbomachine components having aerofoil for example the inlet guiding vane 44, the turbine blade 38, and the guiding vane 40 are represented schematically in parts. In the gas turbine engine 10, the inlet guiding vane 44 is fixed to a vane carrying ring 70 which may be part of the stator 42 and the turbine blade 38 is fixed to the blade carrying disc 36. Hereinafter for purposes of explanation the inlet guiding vane 44 has been used but it may be appreciated by one skilled in the art of turbomachines that the present technique is also applicable to the turbine blade 38, and the guiding vane 40.

    [0036] The inlet guiding vane 44, hereinafter also referred to the vane 44, has an aerofoil 110 extending from an inner platform 61, arranged towards the rotational axis 20, which in turn is adapted to be connected, or is connected when the vane 44 is installed within the gas turbine engine 10, to the vane carrying ring 70. The aerofoil 110 has a leading edge 58 and a trailing edge 60. The aerofoil 110 covers a part 91 of the inner platform 61, i.e. the part of the inner platform 61 that lies directly beneath the aerofoil 110, however one or more other parts 62, 63 of the inner platform 61 extend beyond the part 91 of the inner platform 61 that lies directly beneath, or in direct contact with, the aerofoil 110 and thereby form a first overhang 62 downstream of the trailing edge 60 and a second overhang 63 upstream of the leading edge 58. Similarly the turbine blade 38 has a platform 39 and the guiding vane 40 has an inner platform 71 and one or both of the platform 39 and the inner platform 71 may have one or more overhangs (not shown). The turbine blade 38 may have a heat shield 37 on the other end.

    [0037] Conventionally, cooling air is fed from internal cooling channels (not shown) and through the platforms 61, 39, 71, into the aerofoils 110 of the vane 40, turbine blade 38 and the guiding vane 40, for example through a space 77 beneath the platform 61 and then through part 91 into the aerofoil 110 of the vane 44, though it has not been depicted in FIG 2 for sake of simplicity.

    [0038] The vane 44 also has an outer platform 64 to which the aerofoil 110 extends. The aerofoil 110 covers a part 94 of the outer platform 64, i.e. the part of the outer platform 64 that lies directly above, or in direct contact with, the aerofoil 110, however one or more other parts 65, 66 of the outer platform 64 extend beyond the part 94 of the outer platform 64 and thereby form a first overhang 65 downstream of the trailing edge 60 and a second overhang 66 upstream of the leading edge 58. Similarly the guiding vane 40 has an outer platform 72 and may have similar overhangs in the outer platform 72.

    [0039] The present technique is implemented in one or more overhangs 62,63,65,66 of the vane 44 or similar overhangs (not shown) of the platforms 39, 71, 72 of the turbine blade 38 and the guiding vane 40.

    [0040] FIG 3 in combination with FIGs 4 to 9, schematically presents an exemplary embodiment of a turbomachine component 100 according to an aspect of the present technique. The turbomachine component 100 is implemented in the one or more of the overhangs 62,63,65,66 of the vane 44 or similar overhangs (not shown) of the platforms 39, 71, 72 of the turbine blade 38 and the guiding vane 40 of FIG 2.

    [0041] As shown in FIG 4 in combination with FIG 3, the turbomachine component 100, particularly a blade or a vane for the gas turbine engine 10, includes the aerofoil 110 and a first platform 120 extending axially and circumferentially i.e. the first platform 120 extends in an axial direction shown in FIG 4 represented by an axis 98 and in a circumferential direction shown in FIG 4 represented by an axis 97 mutually perpendicular to the axis 98 and an axis 99, wherein the axis 99 represents a radial direction. The aerofoil 110 includes a generally concave side also called pressure side 114, and a generally convex side also called suction side 116. The pressure side 114 and the suction side 116 meet at a trailing edge 112 and a leading edge 118. The first platform 120 is similar to the inner platform 61 of the vane 44 of FIG 2.

    [0042] The first platform 120 has generally two sides along the radial direction 99 i.e. an aerofoil side 122 from which the aerofoil 110 extends radially and an opposite side 124 which is positioned towards the vane carrying ring 70 or the blade carrying disc 36 i.e. towards the rotational axis 20 when the turbomachine component 100, hereinafter also referred to as the component 100, is installed in the gas turbine engine 10, hereinafter also referred to as the gas turbine 10. The component 100 includes a first-platform cavity 125 positioned in a first overhang region 128 of the first platform 120. The first overhang region 128 may be understood as any of the overhangs 62,63,65,66 of the vane 44 of FIG 2, although for the purposes of the present exemplary embodiment, the first overhang region 128 of FIG 3 is similar to the overhang 62 of FIG 2 i.e. when viewed from the leading edge 118 towards the trailing edge 112, the first overhang region 128 is present downstream of the trailing edge 112. However, in FIG 4 the first overhang region 128 is similar to the overhang 63 of FIG 2 i.e. when viewed from the trailing edge 112 towards the leading edge 118, the first overhang region 128 is present downstream of the leading edge 118. As shown in FIGs 4, 6 and 7, the first-platform cavity 125 may have different configurations such as a rectangular cross-section as shown in FIG 4, having four walls i.e. one wall along the side 122, another wall along the side 124, also called as the opposite-side cavity wall 127 (also shown in FIG 3) and two side walls thereinbetween; or a semi-rectangular cross-section as shown in FIG 6, having three walls i.e. one wall along the side 122 and two side walls; or may just have one wall along the side 122 as shown in FIG 7.

    [0043] As shown in FIGs 3, 4, 6 and 7, the first-platform cavity 125 of FIG 3 extends axially i.e. along the axis 98, and circumferentially i.e. along the axis 97, within the first platform 120 and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall 126 along the aerofoil side 122. Within the first-platform cavity 125 a plurality of impingement plates 80 are arranged (not shown in FIGs 4,6 and 7). The impingement plates 80 are arranged successively in an axial direction i.e. along the axis 98 and, each impingement plate 80 extends along the axial direction 98 and the circumferential direction 97 within the first-platform cavity 125. The cooling air or any other cooling fluid is fed into the first-platform cavity 125 through a cooling fluid channel 75 that in turns receives the cooling air or the other cooling fluid from the cooling passage 77 as shown in FIG 3. The structure of the impingement plates 80 and the flow of the cooling air through the impingement plates 80 has been explained hereinafter later particularly with reference to FIG 3 and FIGs 14 to 18.

    [0044] As shown in FIG 5, the first platform 120 may also include an additional first-platform cavity 135 positioned in a second overhang region 129 of the first platform 120. The second overhang region 129 of the first platform 120 may be understood as the second overhang 63 of the inner platform 61 of the vane 44 as shown in FIG 2. As shown in FIG 5 in combination with FIG 4, the second overhang region 129 is present downstream of the trailing edge 112, as shown in FIG 5, when the first overhang region 128 is present upstream of the leading edge 118, as shown in FIG 4. In other words, there may be only one platform cavity 125 in the first platform 120 and the platform cavity 125 may be present either downstream of the trailing edge 112 or upstream of the leading edge when viewed from the leading edge 118 towards the trailing edge 112, or may have two cavities 125, 135 whereby one is present downstream of the trailing edge 112 and other is present upstream of the leading edge 118 when viewed from the leading edge 118 towards the trailing edge 112. The additional first-platform cavity 135 extends circumferentially and axially within the first platform 120 and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall 136 along the aerofoil side 122 and a plurality of impingement plates 80 arranged similarly as the impingement plates 80 are arranged in the first-platform cavity 125. The additional first-platform cavity 135 may include an opposite-side cavity wall 137 along the opposite side 124 of the first platform 120.

    [0045] FIGs 8 and 9 schematically represent the positions of the first-platform cavity 125 and the additional first-platform cavity 135 with respect to the aerofoil 110. As depicted in FIG 8, in an exemplary embodiment of the component 100, the first overhang region 128 of the first platform 120 wherein the first-platform cavity 125 is present is downstream of the trailing edge 112 when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112, and the second overhang region 129 of the first platform 120 wherein the additional first-platform cavity 135 is located, when present, is upstream of the leading edge 118, when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112. In an alternate embodiment of the component 100, as depicted in FIG 9, the first overhang region 128 of the first platform 120 wherein the first-platform cavity 125 is present is upstream of the leading edge 118 when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112, and the second overhang region 129 of the first platform 120 wherein the additional first-platform cavity 135 is located, when present, is downstream of the trailing edge 112, when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112.

    [0046] As shown in FIG 10, the turbomachine component 100 may also include a circumferentially and axially extending second platform 140. The second platform 140 includes an aerofoil side 142 whereto the radially extending aerofoil 110 extends, an opposite side 144 of the aerofoil side 142, and a second-platform cavity 145 positioned in a first overhang region 148 of the second platform 140. The first overhang region 148 of the second platform 140 may be understood as the first overhang 65 of the outer platform 64 of the vane 44 as shown in FIG 2. The second-platform cavity 145 extends axially and circumferentially within the second platform 140 and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall 146 along the aerofoil side 142, and a plurality of impingement plates 80 arranged similarly as the impingement plates 80 are arranged in the first-platform cavity 125 of the first platform 120.

    [0047] As shown in FIG 11, the second platform 140 may also include an additional second-platform cavity 155 positioned in a second overhang region 149 of the second platform 140. The second overhang region 149 of the second platform 140 may be understood as the second overhang 66 of the outer platform 64 of the vane 44 as shown in FIG 2. The additional second-platform cavity 155 extends circumferentially and axially within the second platform 140 and includes an aerofoil-side cavity wall 156 along the aerofoil side 142 and a plurality of impingement plates 80 arranged similarly as the impingement plates 80 are arranged in the first-platform cavity 125. The additional second-platform cavity 155 may include an opposite-side cavity wall 157 along the opposite side 144 of the second platform 140.

    [0048] FIGs 12 and 13 schematically represent the positions of the second-platform cavity 145 and the additional second-platform cavity 155 with respect to the aerofoil 110. As depicted in FIG 12, in an exemplary embodiment of the component 100, the first overhang region 148 of the second platform 140 wherein the second-platform cavity 145 is present is downstream of the trailing edge 112 when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112, and the second overhang region 149 of the second platform 140 wherein the additional second-platform cavity 155 is located, when present, is upstream of the leading edge 118, when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112. In an alternate embodiment of the component 100, as depicted in FIG 13, the first overhang region 148 of the second platform 140 wherein the second-platform cavity 145 is present is upstream of the leading edge 118 when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112, and the second overhang region 149 of the second platform 140 wherein the additional second-platform cavity 155 is located, when present, is downstream of the trailing edge 112, when viewed from the leading edge 118 in direction of the trailing edge 112.

    [0049] Hereinafter, the impingement plates 80 and the flow of the cooling air within the cavities 125, 135, 145, 155 is explained. The flow of the cooling air within the cavities 125, 135, 145, 155 has been depicted by arrows marked with reference numeral 9.

    [0050] As shown in FIGs 3 and 14, the component 100 further includes the plurality of impingement plates 80. The impingement plates 80 are successively arranged in the axial direction within the first-platform cavity 125, i.e. along the axis 98 of FIG 4. It may be noted that FIGs 3 and 14 represent cross-sectional views of the component 100 which has three impingement plates 80 serially arranged and spanning different sections of the first-platform cavity 125. However, the three impingement plates 80 depicted in FIGs 3 and 14 are only for exemplary purposes and the component 100 may include impingement plates 80 which are more than or less than three.

    [0051] As depicted in FIGs 15 to 17 in combination with FIGs 3 and 14, each impingement plate 80 includes an aerofoil-side part 86, a flow-input-side part 87 and a central plate 82 structurally in-between the aerofoil-side part 86 and the flow-input-side part 87. The aerofoil-side part 86 extends towards and is connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 126 of the first-platform cavity 125. The flow-input-side part 87 extends towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 126 of the first-platform cavity 125 and may be connected to the opposite-side cavity wall 127 or to a part of the vane carrying ring 70 when the opposite-side cavity wall 127 is not present. The central plate 82 is suspended by the aerofoil-side part 86 and the flow-input-side part 87 in the first-platform cavity 125 such that the central plate 82 extends along the aerofoil-side cavity wall 126. The parts 86 and 87 may be connected or joint or fixedly attached to the wall 126 and the wall 127, respectively, and may even be connected or positioned by interference fit.

    [0052] As a result of attaching the part 86 to the wall 126 and the part 87 to the wall 127 or a part of the vane carrying ring 70, the central plate 82 between the part 86 and the part 87 is suspended in the first-platform cavity 125. Referring again to FIGs 14 and 15, spatial arrangement of the central plate 82 within the first-platform cavity 125 is depicted. As a result of suspension of the central plate 82 in first-platform cavity 125, hereinafter also referred to the cavity 125, and connection of the part 86 and the part 87 to the wall 126 and the wall 127 or a part of the vane carrying ring 70, respectively, each impingement plate 80 divides a section of the cavity 125 and thus defines within the cavity 125, in the radial direction 99, an aerofoil-side segment 6 or compartment 6 and a flow-input-side segment 7 or compartment 7. In other words, one segment 6 and one segment 7 are created by each of the impingement plates 80 and are said to be corresponding to the impingement plate 80 that creates said segment 6 and said segment 7.

    [0053] The central plate 82 has impingement holes 84 as depicted in FIGs 16 and 17. In the central plate 82 the impingement holes 84 are located as the array 85. The array 85 may span entire area of the central plate 82 between the part 86 and the part 87, as shown in FIG 16. Alternatively, the array 85 may not span the entire expanse of the central plate 82 and may be limited to a portion of the central plate 82 for example a region 88 of the central plate 82. As shown in FIG 14, the cooling air entering the first-platform cavity 125 flows within the first-platform cavity 125 from the flow-input-side segment 7 of one impingement plate 80 through the impingement holes 84 to the aerofoil-side segment 6 of said impingement plate 80 as impingement jets, and then from the aerofoil-side segment 6 of said impingement plate 80 to the flow-input-side segment 7 of a following impingement plate 80. From the flow-input-side segment 7 of the following impingement plate 80 the cooling air flows through the impingement holes 84 of said following impingement plate 80 as impingement jets towards the aerofoil-side cavity wall 146 of the first-platform cavity 125 and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment 7 of a subsequent following impingement plate 80, and so on and so forth.

    [0054] Similarly for the impingement plates 80 arranged in the additional first-platform cavity 135, the aerofoil-side part 86 of the impingement plate 80 extending towards and is connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 136 of the additional first-platform cavity 135; and the flow-input-side part 87 extends towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 136 of the additional first-platform cavity 135 and is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall 137 or to a part of the vane carrying ring 70. The impingement plates 80 are similarly arranged in the additional first-platform cavity 135 as explained for the impingement plates 80 arranged in the first-platform cavity 125 and create similarly the segments 6 and 7 and have a direction of flow of cooling air similar to that of the direction of flow of cooling air explained hereinabove for FIG 14, i.e. from the segment 7 towards the segment 6 for a corresponding impingement plate 80.

    [0055] FIG 18 schematically depicts the impingement plates 80 arranged in the second-platform cavity 145. The impingement plates 80 are successively arranged in the axial direction 98 within the second-platform cavity 145, with the aerofoil-side part 86 extending towards and connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 146 of the second-platform cavity 145 and the flow-input-side part 87 extending towards and connected to the opposite-side cavity wall 147 or to another stationary part of the stator 42 when the opposite-side cavity wall 147 is not present. As a result of attaching the part 86 to the wall 146 and the part 87 to the wall 147, the central plate 82 between the part 86 and the part 87 is suspended in the second-platform cavity 145, and as a result of suspension of the central plate 82 in second-platform cavity 145, hereinafter also referred to the cavity 145, and connection of the part 86 and the part 87 to the wall 146 and the wall 147, respectively, each impingement plate 80 divides a section of the cavity 145 and thus defines within the cavity 145, in the radial direction 99, the segment 6 and the segment 7 similar to the segment 6, 7 explained hereinabove with reference to FIGs 3 and 14. The flow of cooling air within the cavity 145 is similar to the flow of cooling air explained hereinabove with reference to FIGs 3 and 14.

    [0056] Similarly for the impingement plates 80 arranged in the additional second-platform cavity 155, the aerofoil-side part 86 of the impingement plate 80 extends towards and is connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall 156 of the additional second-platform cavity 155; and the flow-input-side part 87 extends towards and is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall 157. The impingement plates 80 are similarly arranged in the additional second-platform cavity 155 as explained for the impingement plates 80 arranged in the first-platform cavity 125 and create similarly the segments 6 and 7 and have a direction of flow of cooling air similar to that of the direction of flow of cooling air explained hereinabove for FIG 14, i.e. from the segment 7 towards the segment 6 for a corresponding impingement plate 80.

    [0057] Furthermore, referring to FIG 18 another embodiment of the component 100 has been explained. The component 100 includes an array 67 of turbulators 68 positioned on the aerofoil-side cavity wall 146. The component 100 may also includes an array 67 of turbulators 68 positioned on the aerofoil-side cavity walls 136, 146 and 156. The turbulators 68 increase the turbulence in the cooling air when the cooling air passes over the aerofoil-side cavity wall 126,136,146,156 having the turbulators 68. The turbulators 68 depicted in FIG 18 are rib shaped. However, it may be noted that it is well within the scope of the present technique, that the turbulators 68 may have variety of different shapes, for example but not limited to split-rib shaped i.e. rib shapes that are split, wedge shaped, split-wedge shaped, pin fin shaped i.e. cylindrical individual protrusions, conical shaped, conical frustum shaped, spherical dome shaped, tetrahedron shaped, tetrahedral frustum shaped, pyramidal shaped, and pyramidal frustum shaped.

    [0058] FIG 18 depicts the turbulators 68 to be limited to a part 79 of the aerofoil-side cavity wall 146 whereas another part 78 of the aerofoil-side cavity wall 146 is free of the turbulators 68, however, the turbulators 68 may be present over the entire expanse of the aerofoil-side cavity wall 126 within the cavity 145.

    [0059] In an exemplary embodiment of the component 100, one or more of the cavities 125,135,145,155 is completely limited to the overhang regions 128,129,148,149, respectively does not extend to the part of the platforms 120,140 that are directly beneath or above the aerofoil 110. The advantage is that the cooling air directed to the aerofoil cavity through the part of the platforms 120,140 that are directly beneath or above the aerofoil 110 is not affected by the flow of the cooling air into the cavities 125,135,145,155. The cooling air after flowing through the cavities 125,135,145,155 is exited in the hot gas flow path from the platform 120,140 directly or into a rim seal cavity 73 as depicted in FIG 3.

    [0060] Referring now to FIGs 19 and 20, another aspect of the present technique is described according to which an array 300 of turbomachine components such as the turbine vanes 44, 40 or the turbine blades 38 is presented. The array 300 includes a plurality of turbomachine components such as the turbine vanes 44, 40 or the turbine blades 38 and a turbomachine components carrying ring such as the vane carrying ring 70 or the blade carrying disc 36. The turbine vanes 44, 40 or the turbine blades 38 are circumferentially arranged on the vane carrying ring 70 or the blade carrying disc 36, respectively to form a circular array around the rotational axis 20. The plurality of the turbine vanes 44, 40 or the turbine blades 38 includes at least one turbomachine component 110 according to the aspect of the present technique presented hereinabove with reference to FIGs 2 to 17.

    [0061] An advantage of the present cooling arrangement is that it is compact and can provide a thin impingement cooling arrangement. In other words, the present cooling arrangement is thin or has a relatively small thickness in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the surface or wall 126 being cooled. This is particularly helpful in applications such as a blade or vane where thicknesses of parts, such as wall 126 defining a gas-washed surface, are important to minimize aerodynamic losses. The thickness or the distance between the walls 126 and 127 can be a minimum whilst maintaining sufficient impingement cooling. Thus for the platform 120 shown in Fig.14 the blade's aerodynamics are not compromised, there is minimal weight increase and the surrounding engine architecture is unaffected so the blade can fit into the existing space provided and can be retrofitted.

    [0062] Another advantage of the present arrangement is that the distance from the central plate 82 to the cooled wall 126 may be an optimum distance for maximum impingement cooling effect for the impingement cooling jets. The central plate 82 may be located nearer to the wall 126, on to which the impingement jets strike, than the wall 127. In other examples, the central plate 82 may be located nearer to the wall 127 than the wall 126. Thus the wall 126 may be optimally cooled. Bespoke cooling arrangements are then possible for many different applications of the present invention. For optimum cooling the impingement jets' effectiveness can be dependent on the pressure of the cooling fluid, the size of the impingement hole and the distance from the impingement hole in the central plate 82 to the target surface such as the wall 126.

    [0063] Furthermore, each consecutive impingement plate 80 may have its central plate 82 located at a different distance from the cooled wall 126 compared to one or more of the other central plates 82. The different distances of each central plate 82 may be dependent on a number of factors such as the pressure of the cooling air 9 immediately adjacent each central plate 82 and/or the temperature of the wall 126 and/or the temperature of the cooling air 9. For example, and with respect to the direction of the cooling flow 9, a first central plate 82 is a first distance away from the cooled wall 126 and a downstream central plate 82 is a second distance from the cooled wall 126; the second distance is smaller than the first distance. Further, each consecutive central plate 82, after the first central plate 82, may be closer to the cooled wall 126 than its immediately upstream neighbour. In another example, the second distance from the cooled wall 126 is greater than the first distance. Further, each consecutive central plate 82, after the first central plate 82, may be further from the cooled wall 126 than its immediately upstream neighbour.

    [0064] Yet further the two walls 126, 127 may not be parallel and may converge or diverge such that the aerofoil-side part 86 and the flow-input-side part 87 are different lengths. Thus, where the two walls 126, 127 are converging or diverging the central plate 82 may be parallel to the cooled wall 126 and not parallel to the wall 127. Alternatively, the central plate 126 may converge or diverge with respect to the cooled wall 126.

    [0065] It should be appreciated that two, three or more impingement plates 80 may be sequentially or consecutively located to use and reuse cooling air 9.

    [0066] In the present disclosure, orientation terms such as "radial", "inner", "outer", "circumferential", "beneath" "below" and the like are to be taken relative to a turbine axis i.e. the rotational axis 20. "Inner" means radially inner, or closer to the rotational axis 20, whereas "outer" means radially outer, or away from the rotational axis 20.

    [0067] While the present technique has been described in detail with reference to certain embodiments, it should be appreciated that the present technique is not limited to those precise embodiments. Rather, in view of the present disclosure which describes exemplary modes for practicing the invention, many modifications and variations would present themselves, to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of this invention. The scope of the invention is, therefore, indicated by the following claims rather than by the foregoing description. All changes, modifications, and variations coming within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are to be considered within their scope.


    Claims

    1. A turbomachine component (100), particularly a blade or a vane for a gas turbine engine (10), the turbomachine component (100) comprising:

    - an aerofoil (110) having a pressure side (114) and a suction side (116), wherein the pressure side (114) and the suction side (116) meet at a trailing edge (112) and a leading edge (118);

    - a first platform (120) comprising an aerofoil side (122) wherefrom the aerofoil (110) extends radially, an opposite side (124) of the aerofoil side (122), and a first-platform cavity (125) positioned in a first overhang region (128) of the first platform (120), wherein the first-platform cavity (125) extends within the first platform (120) and comprises an aerofoil-side cavity wall (126) along the aerofoil side (122), characterised in that it further comprises:

    - a plurality of impingement plates (80) arranged successively along an axial direction (98) within the first-platform cavity (125), wherein each of the impingement plates (80) comprises:

    - an aerofoil-side part (86) extending towards and connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (126) of the first-platform cavity (125);

    - a flow-input-side part (87) extending towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (126) of the first-platform cavity (125); and

    - a central plate (82) between the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87);

    wherein the central plate (82) is suspended by the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87) in the first-platform cavity (125) extending along the aerofoil-side cavity wall (126) such that the impingement plate (80) defines, within the first-platform cavity (125) in a radial direction (99), an aerofoil-side segment (6) and a flow-input-side segment (7) corresponding to said impingement plate (80) and wherein the central plate (82) comprises impingement holes (84) such that cooling air entering the first-platform cavity (125) is adapted to flow within the first-platform cavity (125) from the flow-input-side segment (7) of one impingement plate (80) through the impingement holes (84) to the aerofoil-side segment (6) of said impingement plate (80) and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment (7) of a following impingement plate (80), wherein the first-platform cavity (125) comprises an opposite-side cavity wall (127) along the opposite side (124) of the first platform (120), and wherein the flow-input-side part (87) of the impingement plates (80) arranged within the first-platform cavity (125) is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall (127).
     
    2. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 1, wherein the first platform (120) comprises an additional first-platform cavity (135) positioned in a second overhang region (129) of the first platform (120), wherein the additional first-platform cavity (135) extends within the first platform (120) and comprises an aerofoil-side cavity wall (136) along the aerofoil side (122), and

    - a plurality of impingement plates (80) arranged successively along the axial direction (98) within the additional first-platform cavity (135), wherein each of the impingement plates (80) comprises:

    - an aerofoil-side part (86) extending towards and connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (136) of the additional first-platform cavity (135);

    - a flow-input-side part (87) extending towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (136) of the additional first-platform cavity (135); and

    - a central plate (82) between the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87);
    wherein the central plate (82) is suspended by the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87) in the additional first-platform cavity (135) extending along the aerofoil-side cavity wall (136) of the additional first-platform cavity (135) such that the impingement plate (80) defines, within the additional first-platform cavity (135) in the radial direction (99), an aerofoil-side segment (6) and a flow-input-side segment (7) corresponding to said impingement plate (80) and wherein the central plate (82) comprises impingement holes (84) such that cooling air entering the additional first-platform cavity (135) is adapted to flow within the additional first-platform cavity (135) from the flow-input-side segment (7) of one impingement plate (80) through the impingement holes (84) to the aerofoil-side segment (6) of said impingement plate (80) and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment (7) of a following impingement plate (80).


     
    3. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 2, wherein the additional first-platform cavity (135) comprises an opposite-side cavity wall (137) along the opposite side (124) of the first platform (120), and wherein the flow-input-side part (87) of the impingement plates (80) arranged within the additional first-platform cavity (135) is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall (137).
     
    4. The turbomachine component (100) according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first overhang region (128) of the first platform (120) is downstream of the trailing edge (112) when viewed from the leading edge (118) towards the trailing edge (112) or is downstream of the leading edge (118) when viewed from the trailing edge (112) towards the leading edge (118) .
     
    5. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 4, wherein the second overhang region (129) of the first platform (120) is upstream of the leading edge (118), when the first overhang region (128) of the first platform (120) is downstream of the trailing edge (112), or is upstream of the trailing edge (112), when the first overhang region (128) of the first platform (120) is downstream of the leading edge (118) .
     
    6. The turbomachine component (100) according to any of claims 1 to 5, comprising a second platform (140), wherein the second platform (140) comprises an aerofoil side (142) whereto the radially extending aerofoil (110) extends, an opposite side (144) of the aerofoil side (142), and a second-platform cavity (145) positioned in a first overhang region (148) of the second platform (140), wherein the second-platform cavity (145) extends within the second platform (140) and comprises an aerofoil-side cavity wall (146) along the aerofoil side (142), and

    - a plurality of impingement plates (80) arranged successively along the axial direction (98) within the second-platform cavity (145), wherein each of the impingement plates (80) comprises:

    - an aerofoil-side part (86) extending towards and connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (146) of the second-platform cavity (145);

    - a flow-input-side part (87) extending towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (146) of the second-platform cavity (145); and

    - a central plate (82) between the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87);
    wherein the central plate (82) is suspended by the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87) in the second-platform cavity (145) extending along the aerofoil-side cavity wall (146) such that the impingement plate (80) defines, within the second-platform cavity (145) in the radial direction (99), an aerofoil-side segment (6) and a flow-input-side segment (7) corresponding to said impingement plate (80) and wherein the central plate (82) comprises impingement holes (84) such that cooling air entering the second-platform cavity (145) is adapted to flow within the second-platform cavity (145) from the flow-input-side segment (7) of one impingement plate (80) through the impingement holes (84) to the aerofoil-side segment (6) of said impingement plate (80) and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment (7) of a following impingement plate (80).


     
    7. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 6, wherein the second-platform cavity (145) comprises an opposite-side cavity wall (147) along the opposite side (144) of the second platform (140), and wherein the flow-input-side part (87) of the impingement plates (80) arranged within the second-platform cavity (145) is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall (147).
     
    8. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the second platform (140) comprises an additional second-platform cavity (155) positioned in a second overhang region (149) of the second platform (140), wherein the additional second-platform cavity (155) extends within the second platform (140) and comprises an aerofoil-side cavity wall (156) along the aerofoil side (142), and

    - a plurality of impingement plates (80) arranged successively along the axial direction (98) within the additional second-platform cavity (155), wherein each of the impingement plates (80) comprises:

    - an aerofoil-side part (86) extending towards and connected to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (156) of the additional second-platform cavity (155);

    - a flow-input-side part (87) extending towards a direction opposite to the aerofoil-side cavity wall (156) of the additional second-platform cavity (155); and

    - a central plate (82) between the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87);
    wherein the central plate (82) is suspended by the aerofoil-side part (86) and the flow-input-side part (87) in the additional second-platform cavity (155) extending along the aerofoil-side cavity wall (156) of the additional second-platform cavity (155) such that the impingement plate (80) defines, within the additional second-platform cavity (155) in the radial direction (99), an aerofoil-side segment (6) and a flow-input-side segment (7) corresponding to said impingement plate (80) and wherein the central plate (82) comprises impingement holes (84) such that cooling air entering the additional second-platform cavity (155) is adapted to flow within the additional second-platform cavity (155) from the flow-input-side segment (7) of one impingement plate (80) through the impingement holes (84) to the aerofoil-side segment (6) of said impingement plate (80) and therefrom to the flow-input-side segment (7) of a following impingement plate (80).


     
    9. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 8, wherein the additional second-platform cavity (155) comprises an opposite-side cavity wall (157) along the opposite side (144) of the second platform (140), and wherein the flow-input-side part (87) of the impingement plates (80) arranged within the additional second-platform cavity (155) is connected to the opposite-side cavity wall (157).
     
    10. The turbomachine component (100) according to any of claims 6 to 8, wherein the first overhang region (148) of the second platform (140) is downstream of the trailing edge (112) when viewed from the leading edge (118) towards the trailing edge (112) or is downstream of the leading edge (118) when viewed from the trailing edge (112) towards the leading edge (118).
     
    11. The turbomachine component (100) according to claim 10, wherein the second overhang region (149) of the second platform (140) is upstream of the leading edge (118), when the first overhang region (148) of the second platform (140) is downstream of the trailing edge (112), or is upstream of the trailing edge (112), when the first overhang region (148) of the second platform (140) is downstream of the leading edge (118).
     
    12. An array (300) of turbomachine components (44,40,38) for a gas turbine (10), wherein the array (300) comprises plurality of turbomachine components (44,40,38) having aerofoils (110) and a turbomachine components carrying ring (70,36), wherein each of the turbomachine components (44,40,38) having aerofoils (110) is circumferentially arranged on the turbomachine components carrying ring (70,36) and wherein the plurality of turbomachine components (44,40,38) having aerofoils (110) comprises at least one turbomachine component (100) according to any of claims 1 to 11.
     
    13. The array (300) according to claim 12, wherein the turbomachine components (44,40,38) having aerofoils (110) are blades (38) for the gas turbine engine (10) and wherein the turbomachine components carrying ring (70,36) is a rotor disc (36) for the gas turbine engine (10).
     
    14. The array (300) according to claim 12, wherein the turbomachine components (44,40,38) having aerofoils (110) are vanes (40,44) of the gas turbine engine (10) and wherein the turbomachine components carrying ring (70,36) is a vane carrier ring (70) of the gas turbine engine (10).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100), insbesondere Lauf- oder Leitschaufel für eine Gasturbine (10), wobei die Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) Folgendes umfasst:

    - ein Schaufelprofil (110) mit einer Druckseite (114) und einer Saugseite (116), wobei die Druckseite (114) und die Saugseite (116) an einer Hinterkante (112) und einer Vorderkante (118) aufeinandertreffen,

    - eine erste Plattform (120), die eine Schaufelprofilseite (122) umfasst, von der aus sich das Schaufelprofil (110) radial erstreckt, eine der Schaufelprofilseite (122) gegenüberliegende Seite (124) und einen Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform, der in einem ersten überstehenden Bereich (128) der ersten Plattform (120) positioniert ist, wobei sich der Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform in der ersten Plattform (120) erstreckt und entlang der Schaufelprofilseite (122) eine schaufelprofilseitige Hohlraumwand (126) umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    - mehrere Prallbleche (80), die nacheinander in einer axialen Richtung (98) in dem Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform angeordnet sind, wobei jedes der Prallbleche (80) Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86), der sich zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (126) des Hohlraums (125) der ersten Plattform hin erstreckt und damit verbunden ist,

    - einen strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87), der sich in einer zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (126) des Hohlraums (125) der ersten Plattform entgegengesetzten Richtung erstreckt, und

    - ein Mittelblech (82) zwischen dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87),
    wobei das Mittelblech (82) an dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87) in dem Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform hängt, der sich an der schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (126) entlang erstreckt, so dass das Prallblech (80) in dem Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform in radialer Richtung (99) dem Prallblech (80) entsprechend ein schaufelprofilseitiges Segment (6) und ein strömungseintrittsseitiges Segment (7) definiert, und das Mittelblech (82) Pralllöcher (84) umfasst, so dass in den Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform einströmende Kühlluft so angepasst wird, dass sie in dem Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform von dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines Prallblechs (80) durch die Pralllöcher (84) zum schaufelprofilseitigen Segment (6) des Prallblechs (80) strömt und von dort zum strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines nachfolgenden Prallblechs (80),
    wobei der Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform entlang der gegenüberliegenden Seite (124) der ersten Plattform (120) eine gegenüberliegende Hohlraumwand (127) umfasst und der strömungseintrittsseitige Teil (87) der in dem Hohlraum (125) der ersten Plattform angeordneten Prallbleche (80) mit der gegenüberliegenden Hohlraumwand (127) verbunden ist.


     
    2. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die erste Plattform (120) einen zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform umfasst, der in einem zweiten überstehenden Bereich (129) der ersten Plattform (120) positioniert ist, wobei sich der zusätzliche Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform in der ersten Plattform (120) erstreckt und entlang der Schaufelprofilseite (122) eine schaufelprofilseitige Hohlraumwand (136) umfasst, und

    - mehrere Prallbleche (80), die nacheinander in axialer Richtung (98) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform angeordnet sind, wobei jedes der Prallbleche (80) Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86), der sich zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (136) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (135) der ersten Plattform hin erstreckt und damit verbunden ist,

    - einen strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87), der sich in einer zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (136) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (135) der ersten Plattform entgegengesetzten Richtung erstreckt, und

    - ein Mittelblech (82) zwischen dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87),
    wobei das Mittelblech (82) an dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform hängt, der sich an der schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (136) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (135) der ersten Plattform entlang erstreckt, so dass das Prallblech (80) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform in radialer Richtung (99) dem Prallblech (80) entsprechend ein schaufelprofilseitiges Segment (6) und ein strömungseintrittsseitiges Segment (7) definiert, und das Mittelblech (82) Pralllöcher (84) umfasst, so dass in den zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform einströmende Kühlluft so angepasst wird, dass sie in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform von dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines Prallblechs (80) durch die Pralllöcher (84) zum schaufelprofilseitigen Segment (6) des Prallblechs (80) strömt und von dort zum strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines nachfolgenden Prallblechs (80).


     
    3. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei der zusätzliche Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform entlang der gegenüberliegenden Seite (124) der ersten Plattform (120) eine gegenüberliegende Hohlraumwand (137) umfasst und der strömungseintrittsseitige Teil (87) der in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (135) der ersten Plattform angeordneten Prallbleche (80) mit der gegenüberliegenden Hohlraumwand (137) verbunden ist.
     
    4. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei sich der erste überstehende Bereich (128) der ersten Plattform (120) bei Betrachtung von der Vorderkante (118) aus hin zur Hinterkante (112) stromabwärts von der Hinterkante (112) beziehungsweise bei Betrachtung von der Hinterkante (112) aus hin zur Vorderkante (118) stromabwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet.
     
    5. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 4,
    wobei sich der zweite überstehende Bereich (129) der ersten Plattform (120) stromaufwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet, wenn sich der erste überstehende Bereich (128) der ersten Plattform (120) stromabwärts von der Hinterkante (112) befindet, beziehungsweise stromaufwärts von der Hinterkante (112) befindet, wenn sich der erste überstehende Bereich (128) der ersten Plattform (120) stromabwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet.
     
    6. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 mit einer zweiten Plattform (140),
    wobei die zweite Plattform (140) eine Schaufelprofilseite (142), zu der sich das sich radial erstreckende Schaufelprofil (110) hin erstreckt, eine der Schaufelprofilseite (142) gegenüberliegende Seite (144) und einen Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform umfasst, der in einem ersten überstehenden Bereich (148) der zweiten Plattform (140) positioniert ist, wobei sich der Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform in der zweiten Plattform (140) erstreckt und entlang der Schaufelprofilseite (142) eine schaufelprofilseitige Hohlraumwand (146) umfasst, und

    - mehrere Prallbleche (80), die nacheinander in axialer Richtung (98) in dem Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform angeordnet sind, wobei jedes der Prallbleche (80) Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86), der sich zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (146) des Hohlraums (145) der zweiten Plattform hin erstreckt und damit verbunden ist,

    - einen strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87), der sich in einer zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (146) des Hohlraums (145) der zweiten Plattform entgegengesetzten Richtung erstreckt, und

    - ein Mittelblech (82) zwischen dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87),
    wobei das Mittelblech (82) an dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87) in dem Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform hängt, der sich an der schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (146) entlang erstreckt, so dass das Prallblech (80) in dem Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform in radialer Richtung (99) dem Prallblech (80) entsprechend ein schaufelprofilseitiges Segment (6) und ein strömungseintrittsseitiges Segment (7) definiert, und das Mittelblech (82) Pralllöcher (84) umfasst, so dass in den Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform einströmende Kühlluft so angepasst wird, dass sie in dem Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform von dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines Prallblechs (80) durch die Pralllöcher (84) zum schaufelprofilseitigen Segment (6) des Prallblechs (80) strömt und von dort zum strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines nachfolgenden Prallblechs (80).


     
    7. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 6,
    wobei der Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform entlang der gegenüberliegenden Seite (144) der zweiten Plattform (140) eine gegenüberliegende Hohlraumwand (147) umfasst und der strömungseintrittsseitige Teil (87) der in dem Hohlraum (145) der zweiten Plattform angeordneten Prallbleche (80) mit der gegenüberliegenden Hohlraumwand (147) verbunden ist.
     
    8. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei die zweite Plattform (140) einen zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform umfasst, der in einem zweiten überstehenden Bereich (149) der zweiten Plattform (140) positioniert ist, wobei sich der zusätzliche Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform in der zweiten Plattform (140) erstreckt und entlang der Schaufelprofilseite (142) eine schaufelprofilseitige Hohlraumwand (156) umfasst, und

    - mehrere Prallbleche (80), die nacheinander in axialer Richtung (98) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform angeordnet sind, wobei jedes der Prallbleche (80) Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86), der sich zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (156) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (155) der zweiten Plattform hin erstreckt und damit verbunden ist,

    - einen strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87), der sich in einer zur schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (156) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (155) der zweiten Plattform entgegengesetzten Richtung erstreckt, und

    - ein Mittelblech (82) zwischen dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87),
    wobei das Mittelblech (82) an dem schaufelprofilseitigen Teil (86) und dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Teil (87) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform hängt, der sich an der schaufelprofilseitigen Hohlraumwand (156) des zusätzlichen Hohlraums (155) der zweiten Plattform entlang erstreckt, so dass das Prallblech (80) in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform in radialer Richtung (99) dem Prallblech (80) entsprechend ein schaufelprofilseitiges Segment (6) und ein strömungseintrittsseitiges Segment (7) definiert, und das Mittelblech (82) Pralllöcher (84) umfasst, so dass in den zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform einströmende Kühlluft so angepasst wird, dass sie in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform von dem strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines Prallblechs (80) durch die Pralllöcher (84) zum schaufelprofilseitigen Segment (6) des Prallblechs (80) strömt und von dort zum strömungseintrittsseitigen Segment (7) eines nachfolgenden Prallblechs (80).


     
    9. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 8,
    wobei der zusätzliche Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform entlang der gegenüberliegenden Seite (144) der zweiten Plattform (140) eine gegenüberliegende Hohlraumwand (157) umfasst und der strömungseintrittsseitige Teil (87) der in dem zusätzlichen Hohlraum (155) der zweiten Plattform angeordneten Prallbleche (80) mit der gegenüberliegenden Hohlraumwand (157) verbunden ist.
     
    10. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8,
    wobei sich der erste überstehende Bereich (148) der zweiten Plattform (140) bei Betrachtung von der Vorderkante (118) aus hin zur Hinterkante (112) stromabwärts von der Hinterkante (112) beziehungsweise bei Betrachtung von der Hinterkante (112) aus hin zur Vorderkante (118) stromabwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet.
     
    11. Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach Anspruch 10,
    wobei sich der zweite überstehende Bereich (149) der zweiten Plattform (140) stromaufwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet, wenn sich der erste überstehende Bereich (148) der zweiten Plattform (140) stromabwärts von der Hinterkante (112) befindet, beziehungsweise stromaufwärts von der Hinterkante (112) befindet, wenn sich der erste überstehende Bereich (148) der zweiten Plattform (140) stromabwärts von der Vorderkante (118) befindet.
     
    12. Anordnung (300) von Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) für eine Gasturbine (10),
    wobei die Anordnung (300) mehrere Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) mit Schaufelprofilen (110) und einen Turbomaschinenkomponenten tragenden Ring (70, 36) umfasst, wobei jede der Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) mit Schaufelprofilen (110) in Umfangsrichtung an dem Turbomaschinenkomponenten tragenden Ring (70, 36) angeordnet ist und die mehreren Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) mit Schaufelprofilen (110) mindestens eine Turbomaschinenkomponente (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 umfassen.
     
    13. Anordnung (300) nach Anspruch 12, wobei es sich bei den Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) mit Schaufelprofilen (110) um Laufschaufeln (38) für die Gasturbine (10) und bei dem Turbomaschinenkomponenten tragenden Ring (70, 36) um eine Rotorscheibe (36) für die Gasturbine (10) handelt.
     
    14. Anordnung (300) nach Anspruch 12, wobei es sich bei den Turbomaschinenkomponenten (44, 40, 38) mit Schaufelprofilen (110) um Leitschaufeln (40, 44) der Gasturbine (10) und bei dem Turbomaschinenkomponenten tragenden Ring (70, 36) um einen Leitschaufelkranz (70) der Gasturbine (10) handelt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composant (100) de turbomachine, en particulier aube mobile ou fixe pour moteur (10) à turbine à gaz, le composant (100) de turbomachine comprenant :

    - une pale (110) comportant un intrados (114) et un extrados (116), étant entendu que l'intrados (114) et l'extrados (116) se rencontrent au niveau d'un bord de fuite (112) et d'un bord d'attaque (118) ;

    - une première plate-forme (120) comprenant un côté (122) pale d'où la pale (110) s'étend radialement, un côté opposé (124) au côté (122) pale et une cavité (125) de première plate-forme positionnée dans une première zone en porte-à-faux (128) de la première plate-forme (120), étant entendu que la cavité (125) de première plate-forme s'étend à l'intérieur de la première plate-forme (120) et comprend une paroi (126) de cavité côté pale le long du côté (122) pale, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend par ailleurs :

    - une pluralité de plaques à impact (80) agencées successivement suivant une direction axiale (98) à l'intérieur de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme, étant entendu que chacune des plaques à impact (80) comprend :

    - une pièce (86) côté pale s'étendant vers, et reliée à, la paroi (126) de cavité côté pale de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme ;

    - une pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement, s'étendant dans une direction opposée à la paroi (126) de cavité côté pale de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme, et

    - une plaque centrale (82) entre la pièce (86) côté pale et la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement,
    étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) est suspendue à la pièce (86) côté pale et à la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement dans la cavité (125) de première plate-forme s'étendant le long de la paroi (126) de cavité côté pale de telle sorte que la plaque à impact (80) définisse, à l'intérieur de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme, dans une direction radiale (99), un segment (6) côté pale et un segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement correspondant à ladite plaque à impact (80) et étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) comprend des orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact de telle sorte que l'air de refroidissement entrant dans la cavité (125) de première plate-forme soit adapté en vue de s'écouler à l'intérieur de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme en partant du segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80), en passant par les orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact, en aboutissant au segment (6) côté pale de ladite plaque à impact (80) et, de là, au segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80) suivante,
    étant entendu que la cavité (125) de première plate-forme comprend une paroi (127) de cavité côté opposé le long du côté opposé (124) de la première plate-forme (120) et que la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement des plaques à impact (80) agencées à l'intérieur de la cavité (125) de première plate-forme est reliée à la paroi (127) de cavité côté opposé.


     
    2. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 1, étant entendu que la première plate-forme (120) comprend une cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme positionnée dans une deuxième zone en porte-à-faux (129) de la première plate-forme (120), étant entendu que la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme s'étend à l'intérieur de la première plate-forme (120) et comprend une paroi (136) de cavité côté pale le long du côté (122) pale, et

    - une pluralité de plaques à impact (80) agencées successivement suivant la direction axiale (98) à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme, étant entendu que chacune des plaques à impact (80) comprend :

    - une pièce (86) côté pale s'étendant vers, et reliée à, la paroi (136) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme ;

    - une pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement, s'étendant dans une direction opposée à la paroi (136) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme, et

    - une plaque centrale (82) entre la pièce (86) côté pale et la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement,
    étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) est suspendue à la pièce (86) côté pale et à la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement dans la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme s'étendant le long de la paroi (136) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme de telle sorte que la plaque à impact (80) définisse, à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme, dans la direction radiale (99), un segment (6) côté pale et un segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement correspondant à ladite plaque à impact (80) et étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) comprend des orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact de telle sorte que l'air de refroidissement entrant dans la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme soit adapté en vue de s'écouler à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme en partant du segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80), en passant par les orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact, en aboutissant au segment (6) côté pale de ladite plaque à impact (80) et, de là, au segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80) suivante.


     
    3. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 2, étant entendu que la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme comprend une paroi (137) de cavité côté opposé le long du côté opposé (124) de la première plate-forme (120) et étant entendu que la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement des plaques à impact (80) agencées à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (135) de première plate-forme est reliée à la paroi (137) de cavité côté opposé.
     
    4. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, étant entendu que la première zone en porte-à-faux (128) de la première plate-forme (120) est en aval du bord de fuite (112) quand on regarde du bord d'attaque (118) vers le bord de fuite (112), ou est en aval du bord d'attaque (118) quand on regarde du bord de fuite (112) vers le bord d'attaque (118).
     
    5. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 4, étant entendu que la deuxième zone en porte-à-faux (129) de la première plate-forme (120) est en amont du bord d'attaque (118) quand la première zone en porte-à-faux (128) de la première plate-forme (120) est en aval du bord de fuite (112), ou est en amont du bord de fuite (112) quand la première zone en porte-à-faux (128) de la première plate-forme (120) est en aval du bord d'attaque (118).
     
    6. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant une deuxième plate-forme (140), étant entendu que la deuxième plate-forme (140) comprend un côté (142) pale vers lequel la pale (110) d'extension radiale s'étend, un côté opposé (144) au côté (142) pale et une cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme positionnée dans une première zone en porte-à-faux (148) de la deuxième plate-forme (140), étant entendu que la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme s'étend à l'intérieur de la deuxième plate-forme (140) et comprend une paroi (146) de cavité côté pale le long du côté (142) pale, et :

    - une pluralité de plaques à impact (80) agencées successivement suivant la direction axiale (98) à l'intérieur de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme, étant entendu que chacune des plaques à impact (80) comprend :

    - une pièce (86) côté pale s'étendant vers, et reliée à, la paroi (146) de cavité côté pale de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme ;

    - une pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement, s'étendant dans une direction opposée à la paroi (146) de cavité côté pale de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme, et

    - une plaque centrale (82) entre la pièce (86) côté pale et la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement,
    étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) est suspendue à la pièce (86) côté pale et à la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement dans la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme s'étendant le long de la paroi (146) de cavité côté pale de telle sorte que la plaque à impact (80) définisse, à l'intérieur de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme, dans la direction radiale (99), un segment (6) côté pale et un segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement correspondant à ladite plaque à impact (80) et étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) comprend des orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact de telle sorte que l'air de refroidissement entrant dans la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme soit adapté en vue de s'écouler à l'intérieur de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme en partant du segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80), en passant par les orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact, en aboutissant au segment (6) côté pale de ladite plaque à impact (80) et, de là, au segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80) suivante.


     
    7. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 6, étant entendu que la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme comprend une paroi (147) de cavité côté opposé le long du côté opposé (144) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) et étant entendu que la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement des plaques à impact (80) agencées à l'intérieur de la cavité (145) de deuxième plate-forme est reliée à la paroi (147) de cavité côté opposé.
     
    8. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 6 ou 7, étant entendu que la deuxième plate-forme (140) comprend une cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme positionnée dans une deuxième zone en porte-à-faux (149) de la deuxième plate-forme (140), étant entendu que la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme s'étend à l'intérieur de la deuxième plate-forme (140) et comprend une paroi (156) de cavité côté pale le long du côté (142) pale, et

    - une pluralité de plaques à impact (80) agencées successivement suivant la direction axiale (98) à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme, étant entendu que chacune des plaques à impact (80) comprend :

    - une pièce (86) côté pale s'étendant vers, et reliée à, la paroi (156) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme ;

    - une pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement, s'étendant dans une direction opposée à la paroi (156) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme, et

    - une plaque centrale (82) entre la pièce (86) côté pale et la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement,
    étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) est suspendue à la pièce (86) côté pale et à la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement dans la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme s'étendant le long de la paroi (156) de cavité côté pale de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme de telle sorte que la plaque à impact (80) définisse, à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme, dans la direction radiale (99), un segment (6) côté pale et un segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement correspondant à ladite plaque à impact (80) et étant entendu que la plaque centrale (82) comprend des orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact de telle sorte que l'air de refroidissement entrant dans la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme soit adapté en vue de s'écouler à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme en partant du segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80), en passant par les orifices (84) de refroidissement par impact, en aboutissant au segment (6) côté pale de ladite plaque à impact (80) et, de là, au segment (7) côté entrée d'écoulement d'une plaque à impact (80) suivante.


     
    9. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 8, étant entendu que la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme comprend une paroi (157) de cavité côté opposé le long du côté opposé (144) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) et étant entendu que la pièce (87) côté entrée d'écoulement des plaques à impact (80) agencées à l'intérieur de la cavité additionnelle (155) de deuxième plate-forme est reliée à la paroi (157) de cavité côté opposé.
     
    10. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, étant entendu que la première zone en porte-à-faux (148) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) est en aval du bord de fuite (112) quand on regarde du bord d'attaque (118) vers le bord de fuite (112), ou est en aval du bord d'attaque (118) quand on regarde du bord de fuite (112) vers le bord d'attaque (118).
     
    11. Composant (100) de turbomachine selon la revendication 10, étant entendu que la deuxième zone en porte-à-faux (149) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) est en amont du bord d'attaque (118) quand la première zone en porte-à-faux (148) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) est en aval du bord de fuite (112), ou est en amont du bord de fuite (112) quand la première zone en porte-à-faux (148) de la deuxième plate-forme (140) est en aval du bord d'attaque (118).
     
    12. Rangée (300) de composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine pour turbine à gaz (10), étant entendu que la rangée (300) comprend une pluralité de composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine comportant des pales (110) et une couronne (70, 36) portant les composants de turbomachine, étant entendu que chacun des composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine comportant des pales (110) est agencé sur la circonférence de la couronne (70, 36) portant les composants de turbomachine et étant entendu que la pluralité de composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine comportant des pales (110) comprend au moins un composant (100) de turbomachine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11.
     
    13. Rangée (300) selon la revendication 12, étant entendu que les composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine comportant des pales (110) sont des aubes mobiles (38) destinées au moteur (10) à turbine à gaz et que la couronne (70, 36) portant les composants de turbomachine est un disque rotorique (36) destiné au moteur (10) à turbine à gaz.
     
    14. Rangée (300) selon la revendication 12, étant entendu que les composants (44, 40, 38) de turbomachine comportant des pales (110) sont des aubes fixes (40, 44) du moteur (10) à turbine à gaz et que la couronne (70, 36) portant les composants de turbomachine est une couronne porte-aubes fixes (70) du moteur (10) à turbine gaz.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description