(19)
(11)EP 3 487 050 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 18207210.8

(22)Date of filing:  20.11.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 41/03(2006.01)
B64C 27/68(2006.01)
H02K 5/167(2006.01)
H02K 5/128(2006.01)
B64C 13/50(2006.01)
H02K 5/15(2006.01)
H02K 15/14(2006.01)

(54)

LINEAR MOTOR TRANSLATOR

LINEARMOTORANTRIEB

TRADUCTEUR DE MOTEUR LINÉAIRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.11.2017 US 201715817674

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/21

(73)Proprietor: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
Charlotte, NC 28217-4578 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • CARBONE, Michael
    Rockford, IL 61107 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 618 467
WO-A2-2005/067674
US-A1- 2011 025 136
EP-A2- 2 052 968
JP-A- S58 163 262
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The subject matter disclosed herein generally relates to the field of rotary-winged aircraft, and more particularly to actuation of control surfaces of rotary-winged aircraft rotor blades.

    [0002] Existing helicopter designs may use manual cables and linkages to transfer pilots' flight commands to hydraulic actuators controlling the main and tail rotors. It is desired to convert the manual cables and linkages into a fly-by-wire design. EP 2052 968 relates to flight control systems.

    BRIEF SUMMARY



    [0003] This problem is addressed with a linear motor translator assembly for use is an electromagnetic actuator as defined in claim 1 which comprises: a cylindrical housing having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, a flanged portion at the second end, and a blind hole initiating at the second end and extending into the cylindrical housing to a blind hole base; a tubular body located within the blind hole, the tubular body including a plurality of permanent magnets; and an end cap securely fastened to the flanged portion.

    [0004] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the end cap encloses the blind hole such that the tubular body is encapsulated within the enclosed blind hole.

    [0005] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the flange portion includes a plurality of first orifices circumferentially oriented around the blind hole; the end cap includes a plurality of second orifices aligned with the plurality of first orifices; and the end cap is securely fastened to the flange portion through a plurality of fasteners, each of the fasteners being located through a first orifice and a second orifice.

    [0006] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the cylindrical housing further comprises: an outer cylindrical surface between the first end and the second end; and the outer cylindrical surface is coated with a selected coating up to but not including the flanged portion, wherein the selected coating includes tungsten carbide or electroless nickel plating.

    [0007] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include a spherical bearing located in the end cap.

    [0008] It is further disclosed a a method of manufacturing a linear motor translator assembly for use in an electromagnetic actuator, which is not claimed, the method comprising: forming a cylindrical housing having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, a flanged portion at the second end, and a blind hole initiating at the second end and extending into the cylindrical housing to a blind hole base; forming a tubular body; attaching a plurality of permanent magnets to the tubular body; inserting the tubular body into the blind hole; forming an end cap; and fastening the end cap to the flanged portion.

    [0009] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming a cylindrical housing comprises: obtaining a cylindrical bar of material having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, and an outer cylindrical surface between the first end and the second end; and drilling a blind hole at the second end into a cylindrical bar of material towards the first end and forming a blind hole base at a first selected distance away from the second end.

    [0010] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming a cylindrical housing further comprises: machining the outer cylindrical surface of the cylindrical bar of material from the first end to an intermediate point located in between the first end and the second end; wherein a flanged portion is formed between the intermediate point and the second end.

    [0011] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming a cylindrical housing further comprises: drilling a plurality of first orifices through the flanged portion from the second end to the intermediate point, the plurality of first orifices being circumferentially oriented around the blind hole.

    [0012] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming an end cap comprises: drilling a plurality of second orifices through an end cap, the plurality of second orifices being configured to align with the plurality of first orifices when the end cap is securely fastened to the flanged portion.

    [0013] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming an end cap further comprises: drilling a single through hole in the end cap; and inserting a spherical bearing in the through hole.

    [0014] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the fastening the end cap to the flanged portion comprises: inserting a fastener through each of the plurality of first orifices and each of the plurality of second orifices; and tightening each fastener.

    [0015] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming a tubular body comprises: obtaining a tubular body of material having a first side, a second side, opposite the first side, and an outer surface between the first side and the second side; and machining a first groove in the outer surface, the first groove extending from the first side to a first intermediate segment of the tubular body between the first side and the second side.

    [0016] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the plurality of magnets are attached circumferentially around first groove, the plurality of permanent magnets extending from the first side to the first intermediate segment.

    [0017] In addition to one or more of the features described above, or as an alternative, further embodiments may include where the forming a tubular body further comprises: machining a second groove in the outer surface, the second groove extending from the first intermediate segment to a second intermediate segment of the tubular body between the first intermediate segment and the second side.

    [0018] According to another embodiment, an electromagnetic actuator is provided. The electromagnetic actuator comprises: a housing assembly including a plurality of stator windings; and a linear motor translator assembly located partially within the housing assembly, the linear motor translator assembly comprises: a cylindrical housing having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, a flanged portion at the second end, and a blind hole initiating at the second end and extending into the cylindrical housing to a blind hole base; a tubular body located within the blind hole, the tubular body including a plurality of permanent magnets located opposite the plurality of stator windings, wherein the plurality of stator windings are located radially outward from the plurality of permanent magnets; and an end cap securely fastened to the flanged portion.

    [0019] DELETED

    [0020] The foregoing features and elements may be combined in various combinations without exclusivity, unless expressly indicated otherwise. These features and elements as well as the operation thereof will become more apparent in light of the following description and the accompanying drawings. It should be understood, however, that the following description and drawings are intended to be illustrative and explanatory in nature and non-limiting.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0021] The following descriptions should not be considered limiting in any way. With reference to the accompanying drawings, like elements are numbered alike:

    FIG. 1 illustrates a schematic of a rotary wing aircraft;

    FIG. 2 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an electromagnetic actuator, in accordance with an embodiment of the disclosure;

    FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a linear motor translator assembly, in accordance with an embodiment of the disclosure;

    FIG. 4 illustrates an exploded view of a linear motor translator assembly, in accordance with an embodiment of the disclosure; and

    FIG. 5 illustrates a flow diagram illustrating a method of manufacturing a linear motor translator assembly, in accordance with an embodiment of the disclosure.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0022] A detailed description of one or more embodiments of the disclosed apparatus and method are presented herein by way of exemplification and not limitation with reference to the Figures.

    [0023] Shown in FIG. 1 is a schematic of a rotary wing aircraft, in this embodiment, a helicopter 10. The helicopter 10 includes a main rotor assembly 12, and an airframe 14 having an extending tail 16 at which is mounted an anti-torque rotor 18 having a plurality of tail rotor blades 19. Although the aircraft illustrated is a helicopter 10, it is to be appreciated that other machines, such as turbo props or tilt-rotor aircraft or coaxial or tandem rotor helicopters or other actuated structures may also benefit from the system of the present disclosure. The main rotor assembly 12 includes a plurality of main rotor blades 20 located about a rotor axis 22 via a rotor hub assembly 24. Each of the tail rotor blades 19 and the main rotor blades 20 may be actuated by an electromagnetic actuator 100 (seen below in FIG. 2). It is appreciated that the actuators described herein may be applied to other actuation systems not described herein. For example, actuation of the main rotor axis 22 may be accomplished in a fore-aft direction and/or a left-right direction.

    [0024] Referring to FIG. 2, an embodiment of an electromagnetic actuator 100 of the present disclosure is illustrated. The electromagnetic actuator 100 may be used to change collectively and/or individually the pitch of the tail rotor blades 19 and/or the main rotor blades 20. The electromagnetic actuator 100 includes a housing assembly 110 and a linear motor translator assembly 200 located partially within the housing assembly 110. The housing assembly 110 includes a plurality of stator windings 162 surrounding a portion of the linear motor translator assembly 200. The linear motor translator assembly 200 includes a plurality of permanent magnets 260 opposite the plurality of stator windings 162 as seen in FIG. 2. As also seen in FIG. 2, the plurality of stator windings 162 are radially outward from the plurality of permanent magnets 260. The plurality of stator windings 162 are configured to drive the linear translation of the plurality of permanent magnets 260 along axis X. When the electromagnetic actuator 100 is activated, current is applied to the plurality of stator windings 162 such that a flux field is generated, which causes the plurality of permanent magnets 260 to linearly translate along axis X. The linear motor translator assembly 200 may be operably connected to the tail rotor blades 19 and the main rotor blades 20 of the helicopter 10 (See FIG. 1).

    [0025] Referring now to FIGs. 3 and 4, a linear motor translator assembly 200 in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure is illustrated. The linear motor translator assembly 200 comprises a cylindrical housing 210, a tubular body 230, and an end cap 280. The cylindrical housing 210 has a first end 212, a second end 214 opposite the first end 212, a flanged portion 220 at the second end 214, and a blind hole 216 initiating at the second end 214 and extending into the cylindrical housing 210 to a blind hole base 217. The blind hole base 217 is located at a first selected distance D1 away from the second end 214. The flanged portion 220 is formed between an intermediate point 221 and the second end 214. The flange portion 220 includes a plurality of first orifices 222 circumferentially oriented around the blind hole 216, as seen in FIG 4. In an embodiment, each of the plurality of first orifices 222 may be a threaded hole. The cylindrical housing 210 further includes an outer cylindrical surface 211 between the first end 212 and the second end 214. The outer cylindrical surface 211 may be coated with a selected coating up to but not including the flanged portion 220. The selected coating may include but is not limited to tungsten carbide, electroless nickel plating, or any other similar coating known to one of skill in the art. In an embodiment, the selected coating includes tungsten carbide or electroless nickel plating. In an embodiment, the outer cylindrical surface 211 is coated with tungsten carbide up to but not including the flanged portion 220. In another embodiment, the outer cylindrical surface 211 is coated with electroless nickel plating up to but not including the flanged portion 220. The electroless nickel plating has a plated hardness of about 44Rc but may be post baked up to a hardness of 65Rc. Once the outer cylindrical surface 211 is coated up to but not including the flanged portion 220 with the selected coating, the selected coating may need to be post baked and then finish ground to a selected smooth surface texture. In an embodiment, the selected coating may have a hardness greater than 60Rc and a surface finish better than 4 Ra.

    [0026] The tubular body 230 is located within the blind hole 216, as seen in FIG. 3. The tubular body 230 includes a first side 232 and a second side 234 opposite the first side 232. The first side 232 abutting the blind hole base 217 when the tubular body is located within the blind hole 216. The tubular body 230 includes a first groove 242 in an outer surface 231 of the tubular body 230. The first groove 242 extending from the first side 232 to a first intermediate segment 236 of the tubular body 230 between the first side 232 and the second side 234. The tubular body 230 includes a plurality of permanent magnets 260. In an embodiment, the plurality of permanent magnets 260 are located circumferentially around first groove 242 as seen in FIG. 3. The plurality of permanent magnets 260 extend from the first side 232 to the first intermediate segment 236. The tubular body 230 may also include a second groove 244 in the outer surface 231 of the tubular body 230. As seen in FIG. 3, the second groove 244 extends from the first intermediate segment 236 to a second intermediate segment 238 between the first intermediate segment 236 and the second side 234. The second groove 244 includes a plurality of orifices 246. Advantageously, the plurality of orifices 246 help reduce the weight of the tubular body, while maintaining structural strength.

    [0027] The end cap 280 is securely fastened to the flanged portion 220. As seen in FIG. 3, the end cap 280 encloses the blind hole 216 such that the tubular body 230 is encapsulated within the enclosed blind hole 216. Referring to Fig. 4, the end cap 280 includes a plurality of second orifices 282 aligned with the plurality of first orifices 222 when the end cap 280 is securely fastened to the flanged portion 220. The end cap 280 is securely fastened to the flange portion 220 through a plurality of fasteners 290. Each of the fasteners 290 being located through a first orifice 222 and a second orifice 282. In an embodiment, each of the plurality of fasteners 290 may be self-locking helicoils. Also, the fasteners 290 may include a second retention method, such as, for example, safety wire. The end cap 280 also includes a spherical bearing 286 located in a bearing head 288 of the end cap 280. The spherical bearing 286 may be inserted into a through hole 284 in the end cap 280.

    [0028] Components of the linear motor translator assembly 200 may be formed from raw material 202, as seen in FIG. 4. The cylindrical housing 210 may be formed from a cylindrical bar of material 210a having the first end 212, the second end 214, and the outer cylindrical surface 211. The tubular body 230 may be formed from a tubular body of material 230a having the first side 232, the second side 234, and the outer surface 231.

    [0029] Referring now to FIG. 5, with continued reference to FIGs. 1-4. FIG. 5 shows a flow chart of method 500 of manufacturing a linear motor translator assembly 200 for use in an electromagnetic actuator 100, in accordance with an embodiment of the disclosure.

    [0030] At block 504, a cylindrical housing 210 is formed having a first end 212, a second end 214 opposite the first end 212, a flanged portion 220 at the second end 214, and a blind hole 216 initiating at the second end 214 and extending into the cylindrical housing 210 to a blind hole base 217. The cylindrical housing 210 may be formed from a cylindrical bar of material 210a. The cylindrical housing 210 may be formed by obtaining a cylindrical bar of material 210a having a first end 212, a second end 214 opposite the first end 212, and an outer cylindrical surface 211 between the first end 212 and the second end 214. The cylindrical housing 210 may be further formed by drilling a blind hole 216 at the second end 214 into a cylindrical bar of material 210a towards the first end 212 and forming a blind hole base 217 at a first selected distance D1 away from the second end 214. The cylindrical housing 210 may be further formed by machining the outer cylindrical surface 211 of the cylindrical bar of material 210a from the first end 212 to an intermediate point located 221 in between the first end 212 and the second end 214. The outer cylindrical surface 211 between the first end 212 and the second end 214 may be coated with a selected coating up to but not including the flanged portion 220. The selected coating may include but is not limited to tungsten carbide, electroless nickel plating, or any other similar coating known to one of skill in the art. The selected coating may be further baked and/or ground smooth.

    [0031] The flanged portion 220 is formed between the intermediate point 221 and the second end 214. The cylindrical housing 210 may be further formed by drilling a plurality of first orifices 222 through the flanged portion 220 from the second end 214 to the intermediate point 221. The plurality of first orifices 222 being circumferentially oriented around the blind hole 216.

    [0032] At block 506, a tubular body 230 is formed. The tubular body 230 may be formed by obtaining a tubular body of material 230a having a first side 232, a second side 234 opposite the first side 232, and an outer surface 231 between the first side 232 and the second side 234. The tubular body 230 may be further formed by machining a first groove 242 in the outer surface 231. The first groove 242 extending from the first side 232 to a first intermediate segment 236 of the tubular body 230 between the first side 232 and the second side 234. The tubular body 230 may be further formed by machining a second groove 244 in the outer surface 231. The second groove 244 extending from the first intermediate segment 236 to a second intermediate segment 238 of the tubular body 230 between the first intermediate segment 236 and the second side 234. The tubular body 230 may be further formed by machining a plurality of orifices 246 in the second groove 244. At block 508, a plurality of permanent magnets 260 are attached to the tubular body. The plurality of magnets 260 may be attached circumferentially around first groove 242. The plurality of permanent magnets 260 extending from the first side 232 to the first intermediate segment 236. The permanent magnets may be attached via an epoxy. At block 510, the tubular body 230 is inserted into the blind hole 216.

    [0033] At block 512, an end cap 280 is formed. The end cap 280 may be formed by drilling a plurality of second orifices 282 through the end cap 280. The plurality of second orifices 282 being configured to align with the plurality of first orifices 222 when the end cap 282 is securely fastened to the flanged portion 220. The end cap 280 may be further formed by drilling a single through hole 284 in the end cap 280 and inserting a spherical bearing 286 in the through hole 284.

    [0034] At block 514, the end cap 280 is securely fastened to the flanged portion 220. The end cap 280 may be securely fastened by obtaining a plurality of fasteners 290 and inserting a fastener 290 through each of the plurality of first orifices 222 and each of the plurality of second orifices 282. The fasteners 290 may each be tightened. In an embodiment, each of the plurality of first orifices 222 may be self-locking helicoils. Also, the fasteners 290 may include a second retention method, such as, for example, safety wire.

    [0035] While the above description has described the flow process of FIG. 5 in a particular order, it should be appreciated that unless otherwise specifically required in the attached claims that the ordering of the steps may be varied.

    [0036] The term "about" is intended to include the degree of error associated with measurement of the particular quantity based upon the equipment available at the time of filing the application. For example, "about" can include a range of ± 8% or 5%, or 2% of a given value.

    [0037] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the present disclosure. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, element components, and/or groups thereof.

    [0038] DELETED


    Claims

    1. A linear motor translator assembly (200) for use in an electromagnetic actuator, the linear motor translator assembly comprising:

    a cylindrical housing (210) having a first end (212), a second end (214) opposite the first end (212), a flanged portion (220) at the second end (214), and a blind hole (216) initiating at the second end (214) and extending into the cylindrical housing (210) to a blind hole base (217); and

    an end cap (280) securely fastened to the flanged portion (220),

    a tubular body (230) located within the blind hole (216), the tubular body (230) further comprising:

    a first side (232), the first side (232) abutting the blind hole base (217);

    a second side (234) opposite the first side (232);

    a first groove (242) in an outer surface of the tubular body, the first groove (242) extending from a first side to a first intermediate segment (236) of the tubular body between the first side (232) and the second side (234);

    a plurality of permanent magnets (260) attached to the tubular body (230) circumferentially around first groove (242), the plurality of permanent magnets (260) extending from the first side to the first intermediate segment; and

    a second groove (244) in the outer surface of the tubular body, the second groove (244) extending from the first intermediate segment (236) to a second intermediate segment (238) of the tubular body between the first intermediate segment (236) and the second side (234),

    wherein the second groove (244) includes a plurality of orifices (246).


     
    2. The linear motor translator assembly of claim 1, wherein:
    the end cap (280) encloses the blind hole (216) such that the tubular body (230) is encapsulated within the enclosed blind hole (216).
     
    3. The linear motor translator assembly of claims 1 or 2, wherein:

    the flange portion (220) includes a plurality of first orifices (222) circumferentially oriented around the blind hole (216);

    the end cap includes a plurality of second orifices (282) aligned with the plurality of first orifices (222); and

    the end cap (280) is securely fastened to the flange portion (220) through a plurality of fasteners (290), each of the fasteners (290) being located through a first orifice (222) and a second orifice (282).


     
    4. The linear motor translator assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the cylindrical housing (210) further comprises:
    an outer cylindrical surface (211) between the first end (212) and the second end (214); and the outer cylindrical surface (211) is coated with a selected coating up to but not including the flanged portion (220), wherein the selected coating includes tungsten carbide or electroless nickel plating.
     
    5. The linear motor translator assembly of claim 1, further comprising:
    a spherical bearing located in the end cap.
     
    6. An electromagnetic actuator (100) comprising:

    a housing assembly (110) including a plurality of stator windings (162); and

    a linear motor translator assembly (200), as required by claim 1, located partially within the housing assembly, wherein:
    the plurality of permanent magnets are located opposite the plurality of stator windings (162), wherein the plurality stator windings (162) are located radially outward from the plurality of permanent magnets (260).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe (200) zur Verwendung in einem elektromagnetischen Aktor, wobei die Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe Folgendes umfasst:

    ein zylindrisches Gehäuse (210), das ein erstes Ende (212), ein zweites Ende (214) gegenüber dem ersten Ende (212), einen geflanschten Abschnitt (220) am zweiten Ende (214) und ein Sackloch (216) aufweist, das am zweiten Ende (214) anfängt und sich in das zylindrisches Gehäuse (210) bis zu einer Sacklochbasis (217) erstreckt; und

    eine Endkappe (280), die sicher am geflanschten Abschnitt (220) befestigt ist,

    einen Rohrkörper (230), der innerhalb des Sacklochs (216) platziert ist, wobei der Rohrkörper (230) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine erste Seite (232), wobei die erste Seite (232) an die Sacklochbasis (217) angrenzt;

    eine zweite Seite (234) gegenüber der ersten Seite (232);

    eine erste Nut (242) in einer Außenfläche des Rohrkörpers, wobei sich die erste Nut (242) von einer ersten Seite zu einem ersten Zwischensegment (236) des Rohrkörpers zwischen der ersten Seite (232) und der zweiten Seite (234) erstreckt;

    eine Vielzahl von Permanentmagneten (260), die am Rohrkörper (230) in Umfangsrichtung um die erste Nut (242) herum angebracht sind, wobei sich die Vielzahl von Permanentmagneten (260) von der ersten Seite zum ersten Zwischensegment erstreckt; und

    eine zweite Nut (244) in der Außenfläche des Rohrkörpers, wobei sich die zweite Nut (244) vom ersten Zwischensegment (236) zu einem zweiten Zwischensegment (238) des Rohrkörpers zwischen dem ersten Zwischensegment (236) und der zweiten Seite (234) erstreckt,

    wobei die zweite Nut (244) eine Vielzahl von Öffnungen (246) beinhaltet.


     
    2. Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei:
    die Endkappe (280) das Sackloch (216) so umschließt, dass der Rohrkörper (230) innerhalb des umschlossenen Sacklochs (216) eingekapselt ist.
     
    3. Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei:

    der geflanschte Abschnitt (220) eine Vielzahl von ersten Öffnungen (222) beinhaltet, die in Umfangsrichtung um das Sackloch (216) herum ausgerichtet sind;

    die Endkappe eine Vielzahl von zweiten Öffnungen (282) beinhaltet, die der Vielzahl von ersten Öffnungen (222) angeglichen sind; und

    die Endkappe (280) sicher am geflanschten Abschnitt (220) durch eine Vielzahl von Befestigungsmitteln (290) befestigt ist, wobei jedes der Befestigungsmittel (290) durch eine erste Öffnung (222) und eine zweite Öffnung (282) platziert ist.


     
    4. Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zylindrische Gehäuse (210) ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    eine zylindrische Außenfläche (211) zwischen dem ersten Ende (212) und dem zweiten Ende (214); und wobei die zylindrische Außenfläche (211) mit einer ausgewählten Beschichtung bis zum, jedoch nicht einschließlich des geflanschten Abschnitts (220) beschichtet ist, wobei die ausgewählte Beschichtung Wolframkarbid oder Chemisch Nickel beinhaltet.
     
    5. Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, die ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    ein Gelenklager, das in der Endkappe platziert ist.
     
    6. Elektromagnetischer Aktor (100), der ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Gehäusebaugruppe (110), die eine Vielzahl von Statorwicklungen (162) beinhaltet; und

    eine Linearmotorantriebbaugruppe (200) nach Anspruch 1, die teilweise innerhalb der Gehäusebaugruppe platziert ist, wobei:
    die Vielzahl von Permanentmagneten gegenüber der Vielzahl von Statorwicklungen (162) platziert ist, wobei die Vielzahl von Statorwicklungen (162) radial nach außen von der Vielzahl von Permanentmagneten (260) platziert ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire (200) destiné à être utilisé dans un actionneur électromagnétique, l'ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire comprenant :

    un boîtier cylindrique (210) ayant une première extrémité (212), une seconde extrémité (214) opposée à la première extrémité (212), une partie à bride (220) au niveau de la seconde extrémité (214) et un trou borgne (216) commençant au niveau de la seconde extrémité (214) et s'étendant dans le boîtier cylindrique (210) jusqu'à une base de trou borgne (217) ; et un capuchon d'extrémité (280) solidement fixé à la partie à bride (220),

    un corps tubulaire (230) situé à l'intérieur du trou borgne (216), le corps tubulaire (230) comprenant en outre :

    un premier côté (232), le premier côté (232) venant en butée contre la base de trou borgne (217) ;

    un second côté (234) opposé au premier côté (232) ;

    une première rainure (242) dans une surface externe du corps tubulaire, la première rainure (242) s'étendant d'un premier côté à un premier segment intermédiaire (236) du corps tubulaire entre le premier côté (232) et le second côté (234) ;

    une pluralité d'aimants permanents (260) fixés au corps tubulaire (230) circonférentiellement autour de la première rainure (242), la pluralité d'aimants permanents (260) s'étendant du premier côté au premier segment intermédiaire ; et

    une seconde rainure (244) dans la surface externe du corps tubulaire, la seconde rainure (244) s'étendant du premier segment intermédiaire (236) à un second segment intermédiaire (238) du corps tubulaire entre le premier segment intermédiaire (236) et le second côté (234),

    dans lequel la seconde rainure (244) comporte une pluralité d'orifices (246).


     
    2. Ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :
    le capuchon d'extrémité (280) renferme le trou borgne (216) de sorte que le corps tubulaire (230) est encapsulé à l'intérieur du trou borgne renfermé (216).
     
    3. Ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel :

    la partie de bride (220) comporte une pluralité de premiers orifices (222) orientés circonférentiellement autour du trou borgne (216) ;

    le capuchon d'extrémité comporte une pluralité de seconds orifices (282) alignés avec la pluralité de premiers orifices (222) ; et

    le capuchon d'extrémité (280) est solidement fixé à la partie de bride (220) à travers une pluralité d'attaches (290), chacune des attaches (290) étant située à travers un premier orifice (222) et un second orifice (282).


     
    4. Ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le boîtier cylindrique (210) comprend en outre :
    une surface cylindrique externe (211) entre la première extrémité (212) et la seconde extrémité (214) ; et la surface cylindrique externe (211) est revêtue d'un revêtement sélectionné jusqu'à mais ne comprenant pas la partie à bride (220), dans lequel le revêtement sélectionné comporte du carbure de tungstène ou un nickelage autocatalytique.
     
    5. Ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un palier sphérique situé dans le capuchon d'extrémité.
     
    6. Actionneur électromagnétique (100) comprenant :

    un ensemble boîtier (110) comportant une pluralité d'enroulements de stator (162) ; et

    un ensemble traducteur de moteur linéaire (200), tel que requis selon la revendication 1, situé partiellement à l'intérieur de l'ensemble boîtier, dans lequel :
    la pluralité d'aimants permanents sont situés en face de la pluralité d'enroulements de stator (162), dans lequel la pluralité d'enroulements de stator (162) sont situés radialement vers l'extérieur de la pluralité d'aimants permanents (260).


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description