(19)
(11)EP 3 488 021 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 17751117.7

(22)Date of filing:  20.07.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C22B 15/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/FI2017/050543
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/015617 (25.01.2018 Gazette  2018/04)

(54)

METHOD FOR REFINING SULFIDIC COPPER CONCENTRATE

VERFAHREN ZUM RAFFINIEREN VON SULFIDISCHEM KUPFERKONZENTRAT

PROCÉDÉ DE RAFFINEMENT D'UN CONCENTRÉ DE CUIVRE SULFURÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.07.2016 WO PCT/FI2016/050537

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/22

(73)Proprietor: Outotec (Finland) Oy
02230 Espoo (FI)

(72)Inventor:
  • JAATINEN, Akusti
    02340 Espoo (FI)

(74)Representative: Boco IP Oy Ab 
Itämerenkatu 5
00180 Helsinki
00180 Helsinki (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/077651
US-A1- 2013 269 481
WO-A1-2015/158963
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The invention relates to method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate as defined in the preamble of independent claim 1.

    [0002] Blister copper means in this context a molten impure copper product consisting mainly of metallic copper (>96%) intended for further refining in anode furnaces.

    [0003] Matte copper means in this context an impure copper product consisting mainly of copper and iron sulfides.

    [0004] Figure 1 shows block diagram of an embodiment of a direct to blister process for refining copper concentrate into anode copper.

    [0005] In the direct to blister process sulfidic copper concentrate 1, oxygen-bearing reaction gas 2, and slag forming material 3, is fed into a reaction shaft 4 of a suspension smelting furnace 5 by means of a burner 6 that is arranged on top of the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 so that sulfidic copper concentrate 1 and oxygen-bearing reaction gas 2 and slag forming material 3 react in the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 into blister copper 8 and slag 7. Slag 7 and blister copper 8 are collected in a settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 to in the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 form a blister layer 10 containing blister copper 8 and a slag layer 11 containing slag 7 on top of the blister layer 10.

    [0006] Slag 7 and blister copper 8 are separately discharged from the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5, so that slag 7 is fed into an electric furnace 12 and so that blister copper 8, that can have a copper content of 98 wt-% is fed into anode furnaces 13. Process gases 16 produced in the reactions in the suspension smelting furnace 5 are discharged from the suspension smelting furnace 5 via an uptake 14 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 to a process gas treatment arrangement 15 that normally comprises a waste heat boiler (not shown in the figures) and an electric filter (not shown in the figures).

    [0007] The slag 7 fed from the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 into the electric furnace 12 is in the electric furnace 12 reduced by feeding additionally carbon containing reducing agent 17 such as coke into the electric furnace so that in the electric furnace 12 is formed an electric furnace blister layer 18 containing electric furnace blister copper 19 and an electric furnace slag layer 20 containing electric furnace slag 21 on top of the electric furnace blister layer 18.

    [0008] Electric furnace slag 21 and electric furnace blister copper 19 are separately discharged from the electric furnace 12 so that electric furnace blister copper 19, that can have a copper content of 97 wt-%, is fed into the anode furnaces 13 where anode copper 22 is produced and so that electric furnace slag 21, that can have a copper content of 4 wt-%, is subjected to final slag cleaning process 23. From the final slag cleaning process 23, that can performed for example by flotation in a flotation arrangement (not shown in the figures) or in an additional electric furnace

    [0009] (not shown in the figures) can slag concentrate or other copper containing product 25 be fed into the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 and reject 24 such as tailings be discarded.

    [0010] A problem with the direct-to-blister process when treating concentrates with low copper grade is that it produces a lot of thermal energy, which means that the process gas treatment arrangement for treating process gases produced in the process in the suspension smelting furnace has to have a large capacity.

    [0011] Another problem is that the blister copper that is fed into the anode furnace has normally a different composition such as a different copper content on weight percentage basis than the electric furnace blister copper that is fed from the electric furnace into the anode furnace. Content of many impurities (such as arsenic) in the electric furnace blister copper can be high, causing challenges in maintaining high quality of the anode copper product.

    [0012] Recovery of copper from the electric furnace slag by using flotation is also challenging because the copper contained in slag is mostly not in sulfidic form.

    [0013] Publication US 8,771,396 presents a method for producing blister copper directly from copper concentrate, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: a) feeding copper concentrate, copper matte, slagging material, oxygen enriched air, and endothermic material together into a reaction furnace at an upper segment of the reaction furnace; b) feeding reducing agent into the reaction furnace at the lower segment of the reaction furnace, wherein furnace gas, a hot coke layer in solid state, a slag layer in liquid state, and a blister copper layer in liquid state are formed in a molten bath at the bottom of the reaction furnace; c) directing the hot coke and the slag in liquid state into an electric furnace while feeding sulfidizing agent into the electric furnace, so as to produce an electric furnace slag and copper matte in the electric furnace; d) granulating the copper matte and re-feeding it into the reaction furnace at the upper segment of the reaction furnace, wherein the sulfidizing agent in step c) is sulfide copper concentrate with a moisture content of 4% by weight to 10% by weight, the mass ratio of said sulfide copper concentrate to said slag in liquid state is 46:1. A problem with this method is that because reducing agent in the form of coke is fed into the reaction furnace and because hot coke and slag in liquid state is fed into the electric furnace, modifications or special arrangements may be needed to the reaction furnace. The reason for this is that coke floats on the surface of the slag layer and it is therefore not easy to lead coke together with slag in liquid state from the reaction furnace to the electric furnace.

    [0014] A relevant copper smelting process is also known from document WO 2009/077651 A1.

    Objective of the invention



    [0015] The object of the invention is to provide a method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate that solves the above mentioned problems.

    Short description of the invention



    [0016] The method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate of the invention is characterized by the definitions of independent claim 1.

    [0017] Preferred embodiments of the method are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0018] The invention is based on using sulfidic copper concentrate as reducing agent in the electric furnace to reduce the slag that is fed in unreduced state from the suspension smelting furnace into the electric furnace by feeding a part of the sulfidic copper concentrate that is to be refined into the electric furnace instead of into the suspension smelting furnace. The sulfidic concentrate reacts with the oxygen contained in the Direct to Blister Furnace slag, resulting in immiscible copper matte and slag products. As oxygen from the slag is consumed in the reaction, copper contained in the slag is reduced. The copper matte formed in the process is solidified, treated and fed to the Direct to Blister Furnace as a feed material. This reduces the amount of process gases produced in the suspension smelting furnace, because a smaller amount of sulfidic copper concentrate is treated in the suspension smelting furnace, and because smelting the solid matte product requires high oxygen enrichment of the process gas.

    [0019] Because blister copper is fed into the anode furnaces solely from the suspension smelting furnace, the composition of the blister copper that is treated in the anode furnace has a uniform composition and quality. Content of certain impurities, such as arsenic, in blister copper is lower because (i) in electric furnace, where impurities would enter the blister copper due to reducing conditions, they do so to lower extent because their chemical activity coefficient is higher in matte than in blister copper, (ii) all the blister fed to the anode furnaces is discharged from the direct to blister furnace, where the blister copper is in contact with a large amount of highly oxidized slag that dissolves the impurities.

    [0020] If flotation is utilized in the final slag cleaning process for recovering copper from electric furnace slag, copper recovery is better than in Direct to Blister process because the copper contained in slag is mostly in sulfidic form, which means that copper containing particles are more easily flotated.

    [0021] An advantage of discharging slag in unreduced form from the suspension smelting furnace into the electric furnace and not feed reducing agent into the suspension smelting furnace, as in the method of publication US 8,771,396, is that in the method impurities such as arsenic, lead, bismuth and antimony will be discharged from the suspension smelting furnace as components of the slag and impurities will not migrate due to reducing reaction from the slag layer into the blister layer in the suspension smelting furnace, as can be the case in the method of publication US 8,771,396. In this method, the blister copper layer will therefore contain less impurities than the blister copper layer that is formed in a method of publication US 8,771,396.

    [0022] An advantage of discharging slag in unreduced form from the suspension smelting furnace into the electric furnace and not feed reducing agent into the suspension smelting furnace, as in the method of publication US 8,771,396, is that in the method the slag, that is fed in unreduced form from the suspension smelting furnace, will more efficiently react with the sulfidic copper concentrate in the electric furnace than in the method of publication US 8,771,396. More precisely, the sulfur in the sulfidic copper concentrate will react with the oxygen in the slag. Because the slag will efficiently react with the sulfidic copper concentrate in the electric furnace in the method, this reduces the need for using other reducing agents such as coke in the electric furnace. The energy released in the exothermal reaction between sulfur in the sulfidic copper concentrate and oxygen in the slag also reduces the requirement for electric power in the electric furnace.

    [0023] In an embodiment of the method, 5 to 50 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate of the total amount of sulfidic copper concentrate, that is fed into the suspension smelting furnace and the electric furnace, is fed into the electric furnace. In this embodiment, the mass ratio of sulfidic copper concentrate that is fed into the electric furnace to slag that is fed into the electric furnace is preferably smaller than 1 to 1, more preferably between 0.25 to 1 and 0.7 to 1, even more preferably between 0.45 to 1 and 0.5 to 1. An advantage with this embodiment in comparison with the method of publication US 8,771,396, where the mass ratio of said sulfide copper concentrate to said slag in liquid state is 46:1, is that this embodiment of the method requires less electrical energy, because the mayor part of the sulfide copper concentrate is melted in the suspension smelting furnace through an exothermic reaction with reaction gas instead of melting a major part of the sulfide copper concentrate in the electric furnace by using electric energy as is the case in the method of publication US 8,771,396.

    [0024] In an embodiment of the method the moisture content of the sulfidic copper concentrate that is fed into the electric furnace is below 1%, preferably below 0.5 % by weight. An advantage with this embodiment of the method in comparison with the method of publication US 8,771,396, where the moisture content of the sulfide copper concentrate is 4 to 10 % by weight is that in this embodiment of the method a smaller amount of water vapor gases is formed in the electric furnace and the electric power requirement for vaporizing water is smaller.

    List of figures



    [0025] In the following the invention will described in more detail by referring to the figures, which
    Figure 1
    shows a block diagram of a direct to blister process,
    Figure 2
    shows a block diagram of a first embodiment of the method, and
    Figure 3
    shows a block diagram of a second embodiment of the method.

    Detailed description of the invention



    [0026] Figure 2 shows a block diagram of a first embodiment of the method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate 1 and figure 3 shows a block diagram of a second embodiment of the method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate 1.

    [0027] The method comprises feeding sulfidic copper concentrate 1 and oxygen-bearing reaction gas 2 and slag forming material 3 into a reaction shaft 4 of a suspension smelting furnace 5 by means of a burner 6 that is arranged on top of the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5, whereby sulfidic copper concentrate 1 and oxygen-bearing reaction gas 2 and slag forming material 3 react in the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 into blister copper 8 and slag 7.

    [0028] The method comprises collecting slag 7 and blister copper 8 in a settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 to in the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 form a blister layer 10 containing blister copper 8 and a slag layer 11 containing slag 7 on top of the blister layer 10.

    [0029] The method comprises discharging slag 7 in unreduced state and blister copper 8 separately from the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5, so that slag 7 in unreduced state is fed into an electric furnace 12.

    [0030] The method comprises feeding a part of the sulfidic copper concentrate 1 into the electric furnace 12.

    [0031] The method comprises reducing the slag 7, that is fed in unreduced state from the suspension smelting furnace 5, in the electric furnace 12 at least partly with the sulfidic copper concentrate 1 that is fed into the electric furnace 12 to in the electric furnace 12 form a matte layer 26 containing copper matte 27 and an electric furnace slag layer 20 containing electric furnace slag 21 on top of the matte layer 26.

    [0032] The method comprises discharging electric furnace slag 21 and matte copper separately from the electric furnace 12.

    [0033] The method comprises granulating and treating 28 the copper matte 27 that is discharged from the electric furnace 12 to obtain copper matte feed material 29.

    [0034] The method comprises feeding at least a part of said copper matte feed material 29 into the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 by means of the burner 6.

    [0035] The method may include, as shown in figures 2 and 3, feeding blister copper 8 from the settler 9 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 into an anode furnace 13 or into anode furnaces 13, and fire refining blister in the anode furnace(s) 13.

    [0036] The method may include, as shown in figure 2, subjecting the subjecting the electric furnace slag 21 to a final slag cleaning process 23 that can performed for example by flotation in a flotation arrangement (not shown in the figures) or in an additional electric furnace (not shown in the figures). From the final slag cleaning process 23 can slag concentrate or other copper containing product 25 be fed into the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 by means of the burner 6 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 and reject 24 such as tailings be discarded.

    [0037] The method may include, as shown in figure 3, feeding additionally carbon containing reducing agent 17 such as coke into the electric furnace 12.

    [0038] The method may include, as shown in figures 2 and 3, feeding process gases 16 from an uptake 14 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 to a process gas treatment arrangement 15.

    [0039] The method may include feeding process gases from the electric furnace 12 to a process gas treatment arrangement 15.

    [0040] The method may include feeding between 5 and 50 %, preferably between 10 and 40 %, more preferably between 25 and 35 %, such as about 33 %, of the sulfidic copper concentrate 1 into the electric furnace 12.

    [0041] The mass ratio of sulfidic copper concentrate 1 that is fed into the electric furnace 12 to slag 7 that is fed into the electric furnace 12 is preferably smaller than 1 to 1, more preferably between 0.25 to 1 and 0.7 to 1, even more preferably between 0.45 to 1 and 0.5 to 1.

    [0042] The moisture content of the sulfidic copper concentrate 1 that is fed into the electric furnace 12 is preferably below 1%, more preferably below 0.5 % by weight.

    [0043] The moisture content of the sulfidic copper concentrate 1 that is fed into the reaction shaft 4 of the suspension smelting furnace 5 is preferably below 1%, more preferably below 0.5 % by weight.

    Example 1



    [0044] 70 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate (containing in percentages mass 25 % Cu) was fed into the suspension smelting furnace at a feeding rate of 76 t/h and 30 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate (containing in percentages mass 25 % Cu) was fed into the electric furnace at a feeding rate of 33 t/h. From the suspension smelting furnace was discharged blister copper (containing in percentages mass 98.4 % Cu) at a discharge rate of 26 t/h and slag containing in percentages mass 24 % Cu at a rate of 73 t/h into the electric furnace. From the electric furnace was discharged copper matte (containing in percentages mass 65 % Cu) at a rate of 37 t/h and electric furnace slag (containing in percentages mass 2 % Cu) at a rate of 65 t/h into a slag cleaning process including slag flotation. The copper matte discharged from the electric furnace was granulated, grinded and fed into the suspension smelting furnace. From the slag cleaning process was slag concentrate (containing in percentages mass 20 % Cu) recycled into the suspension smelting furnace at a feed rate of 5 t/h and tailings (containing in percentages mass 0.5 % Cu) was discharged.

    Example 2



    [0045] 65 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate (containing in percentages mass 25 % Cu) was fed into the suspension smelting furnace at a feeding rate of 70 t/h and 35 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate (containing in percentages mass 25 % Cu) was fed into the electric furnace at a feeding rate of 42 t/h. From the suspension smelting furnace was discharged blister copper (containing in percentages mass 98.4 % Cu) at a discharge rate of 26 t/h and slag containing in percentages mass 24 % Cu at a rate of 83 t/h into the electric furnace. Reducing agent in the form of Coke was also fed into the electric furnace at a feeding rate of 2 t/h. From the electric furnace was discharged copper matte (containing in percentages mass 55 % Cu) at a rate of 51 t/h and electric furnace slag (containing in percentages mass <1 % Cu) at a rate of 70 t/h. The copper matte discharged from the electric furnace was granulated, grinded and fed into the suspension smelting furnace.

    [0046] It is apparent to a person skilled in the art that as technology advances, the basic idea of the invention can be implemented in various ways. The invention and its embodiments are therefore not restricted to the above examples, but they may vary within the scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A method for refining sulfidic copper concentrate (1), wherein the method comprising

    feeding sulfidic copper concentrate (1) and oxygen-bearing reaction gas (2) and slag forming material (3) into a reaction shaft (4) of a suspension smelting furnace (5) by means of a burner (6) that is arranged on top of the reaction shaft (4) of the suspension smelting furnace (5), whereby sulfidic copper concentrate (1) and oxygen-bearing reaction gas (2) and slag forming material (3) react in the reaction shaft (4) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) into blister copper (8) and slag (7),

    collecting slag (7) and blister copper (8) in a settler (9) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) to in the settler (9) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) form a blister layer (10) containing blister copper (8) and a slag layer (11) containing slag (7) on top of the blister layer (11), and

    discharging slag (7) in unreduced state and blister copper (8) separately from the settler (9) of the suspension smelting furnace (5), so that slag (7) in unreduced state is fed into an electric furnace (12),

    characterized

    by feeding a part of the sulfidic copper concentrate (1) into the electric furnace (12),

    by reducing the slag (7), that is fed in unreduced state from the suspension smelting furnace (5), in the electric furnace (12) at least partly with the sulfidic copper concentrate (1) that is fed into the electric furnace (12) to in the electric furnace (12) form a matte layer (26) containing copper matte (27) and an electric furnace slag layer (20) containing electric furnace slag (21) on top of the matte layer (26),

    by discharging electric furnace slag (21) and matte copper separately from the electric furnace (12),

    by granulating and treating (28) the copper matte (27) that is discharged from the electric furnace (12) to obtain copper matte feed material (29), and

    by feeding at least a part of said copper matte feed material (29) into the reaction shaft (4) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) by means of the burner (6).


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, characterized

    by feeding blister copper (8) from the settler (9) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) into an anode furnace (13), and

    by fire refining blister in the anode furnace (13).


     
    3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized

    by subjecting the electric furnace slag (21) to a final slag treatment process (23) to form reject (24) and slag concentrate or other copper containing product (25), and

    by feeding the slag concentrate or other copper containing product (25) by means of the burner (6) into the reaction shaft (4) of the suspension smelting furnace (5).


     
    4. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 3, characterized
    by feeding additionally carbon containing reducing agent (17) such as coke into the electric furnace (12).
     
    5. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 4, characterized
    by feeding process gases (16) from an uptake (14) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) to a process gas treatment arrangement (15).
     
    6. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 5, characterized
    by feeding process gases from the electric furnace (12) to a process gas treatment arrangement (15).
     
    7. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 6, characterized
    by feeding between 5 and 50 %, preferably between 10 and 40 %, more preferably between 25 and 35 %, such as about 33 % of the sulfidic copper concentrate (1) into the electric furnace (12).
     
    8. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 7, characterized
    by the mass ratio of sulfidic copper concentrate (1) that is fed into the electric furnace (12) to slag (7) that is fed into the electric furnace (12) being smaller than 1 to 1, preferably between 0.25 to 1 and 0.7 to 1, more preferably between 0.45 to 1 and 0.5 to 1.
     
    9. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 8, characterized
    by the moisture content of the sulfidic copper concentrate (1) that is fed into the electric furnace (12) is below 1%, preferably below 0.5 % by weight.
     
    10. The method according to any of the claims 1 to 9, characterized
    by the moisture content of the sulfidic copper concentrate (1) that is fed into the reaction shaft (4) of the suspension smelting furnace (5) is below 1%, preferably below 0.5 % by weight.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Raffination von sulfidischem Kupferkonzentrat (1), wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Eintragen von sulfidischem Kupferkonzentrat (1) und sauerstoffhaltigem Reaktionsgas (2) und schlackenbildendem Material (3) in einen Reaktionsschacht (4) eines Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) mittels eines Brenners (6), der am Kopf des Reaktionsschachtes (4) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) angeordnet ist, wodurch sulfidisches Kupferkonzentrat (1) und sauerstoffhaltiges Reaktionsgas (2) und schlackenbildendes Material (3) im Reaktionsschacht (4) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) zu Blisterkupfer (8) und Schlacke (7) reagieren,

    Sammeln von Schlacke (7) und Blisterkupfer (8) in einem Absetzbehälter (9) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5), um im Absetzbehälter (11) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) eine Blisterkupfer (8) enthaltende Blisterschicht (10) und oben auf der Blisterschicht (11) eine Schlacke (7) enthaltende Schlackenschicht (11) auszubilden, und

    separates Austragen von Schlacke (7) im unreduzierten Zustand und von Blisterkupfer (8) aus dem Absetzbehälter (9) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5), so dass Schlacke (7) im unreduzierten Zustand in einen Elektroofen (12) eingetragen wird,

    gekennzeichnet dadurch,

    dass ein Teil des sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrats (1) in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragen wird,

    dass die im unreduzierten Zustand aus dem Suspensionsschmelzofen (5) zugeführte Schlacke (7) im Elektroofen (12) zumindest teilweise mit dem in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragenen sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrat (1) reduziert wird, um im Elektroofen (12) eine Kupferstein (27) enthaltende Kupfersteinschicht (26) und oben auf der Kupfersteinschicht (26) eine Elektroofenschlacke (21) enthaltende Elektroofenschlackenschicht (20) auszubilden,

    dass Elektroofenschlacke (21) und Kupferstein separat aus dem Elektroofen (12) ausgetragen werden,

    dass der aus dem Elektroofen (12) ausgetragene Kupferstein (27) granuliert und behandelt (28) wird, um Kupferstein-Aufgabematerial (29) zu erzeugen, und

    dass mindestens ein Teil des Kupferstein-Aufgabematerials (29) in den Reaktionsschacht (4) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) mittels des Brenners (6) eingetragen wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet dadurch,

    dass Blisterkupfer (8) aus dem Absetzbehälter (9) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) in einen Anodenofen (13) eingetragen wird, und

    dass Blister im Anodenofen (13) feuerraffiniert wird.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, gekennzeichnet dadurch,

    dass die Elektroofenschlacke (21) einem abschließenden Schlackenbehandlungsprozess (23) unterzogen wird, um Ausschuss (24) und ein Schlackenkonzentrat oder ein anderes kupferhaltiges Produkt (25) auszubilden, und

    dass das Schlackenkonzentrat oder andere kupferhaltige Produkt (25) mittels des Brenners (6) in den Reaktionsschacht (4) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) eingetragen wird.


     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass zusätzlich ein kohlenstoffhaltiges Reduktionsmittel (17) wie Koks in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragen wird.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass Prozessgase (16) aus einem Abgasschacht (14) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) in eine Prozessgasbehandlungsanordnung (15) eingetragen werden.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass Prozessgase aus dem Elektroofen (12) in eine Prozessgasbehandlungsanordnung (15) eingetragen werden.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass zwischen 5 und 50 %, bevorzugt zwischen 10 und 40 %, bevorzugter zwischen 25 und 35 %, wie etwa 33 %, des sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrats (1) in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragen wird.
     
    8. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass das Massenverhältnis des in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragenen sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrats (1) zu der in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragenen Schlacke (7) kleiner als 1 zu 1, bevorzugt zwischen 0,25 zu 1 und 0,7 zu 1, bevorzugter zwischen 0,45 zu 1 und 0,5 zu 1, beträgt.
     
    9. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass der Feuchtegehalt des in den Elektroofen (12) eingetragenen sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrats (1) unter 1 Gew.-%, bevorzugt unter 0,5 Gew.-%, liegt.
     
    10. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, gekennzeichnet dadurch,
    dass der Feuchtegehalt des in den Reaktionsschacht (4) des Suspensionsschmelzofens (5) eingetragenen sulfidischen Kupferkonzentrats (1) unter 1 Gew.-%, bevorzugt unter 0,5 Gew.-%, liegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de raffinage d'un concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1), ledit procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à

    introduire un concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) et un gaz réactionnel contenant de l'oxygène (2) et une matière formant des scories (3) dans une cuve de réaction (4) d'un four de fusion en suspension (5) au moyen d'un brûleur (6) qui est disposé à la partie supérieure de la cuve de réaction (4) du four de fusion en suspension (5), ce par quoi ledit concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) et ledit gaz réactionnel contenant de l'oxygène (2) et ladite matière formant des scories (3) réagissent dans la cuve de réaction (4) du four de fusion en suspension (5) pour former du cuivre blister (8) et des scories (7),

    collecter des scories (7) et du cuivre blister (8) dans un décanteur (9) du four de fusion en suspension (5) pour former, dans le décanteur (11) du four de fusion en suspension (5), une couche blister (10) contenant du cuivre blister (8) et, sur le dessus de ladite couche blister (11), une couche scories (11) contenant des scories (7), et

    évacuer séparément du décanteur (9) du four de fusion en suspension (5) les scories (7) à l'état non réduit et le cuivre blister (8) de sorte que des scories (7) à l'état non réduit soient introduites dans un four électrique (12),

    caractérisé par les étapes consistant à

    introduire une partie du concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) dans le four électrique (12),

    réduire, dans le four électrique, les scories (7), qui sont introduites à l'état non réduit depuis le four de fusion en suspension (5), au moins partiellement avec le concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1), qui est introduit dans le four électrique (12), pour former, dans le four électrique (12), une couche matte (26) contenant de la matte de cuivre (27) et, sur le dessus de la couche matte (26), une couche scories de four électrique (20) contenant des scories de four électrique (21),

    évacuer séparément du four électrique (12) les scories de four électrique (21) et la matte de cuivre,

    granuler et traiter (28) la matte de cuivre (27) qui est évacuée du four électrique (12) pour obtenir une charge d'alimentation en matte de cuivre (29), et

    introduire au moins une partie de ladite charge d'alimentation en matte de cuivre (29) au moyen du brûleur (6) dans la cuve de réaction (4) du four de fusion en suspension (5).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé

    par l'introduction du cuivre blister (8) venant du décanteur (9) du four de fusion en suspension (5) dans un four à anodes (13), et

    par le raffinage thermique du blister dans le four à anodes (13).


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé par les étapes consistant à

    assujettir les scories de four électrique (21) à un processus de traitement de scories final (23) pour former des rejets (24) et un concentré de scories ou un autre produit cuprifère (25), et

    introduire ledit concentré de scories ou autre produit cuprifère (25) au moyen du brûleur (6) dans la cuve de réaction (4) du four de fusion en suspension (5).


     
    4. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé par l'étape consistant à
    introduire en outre un agent réducteur carboné (17) tel que le coke dans le four électrique (12).
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisé par l'étape consistant à
    introduire des gaz de processus (16) venant d'une montée (14) du four de fusion en suspension (5) dans un agencement de traitement de gaz de processus (15).
     
    6. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé par l'étape consistant à
    introduire des gaz de processus venant du four électrique (12) dans un agencement de traitement de gaz de processus (15).
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé par l'étape consistant à
    introduire entre 5 et 50 %, préférablement entre 10 et 40 %, plus préférablement entre 25 et 35 %, tel que 33 %, du concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) dans le four électrique (12).
     
    8. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisé en ce que
    le rapport de masse entre le concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) qui est introduit dans le four électrique (12) et les scories (7) qui sont introduites dans le four électrique (12) est inférieur à 1 : 1, préférablement compris entre 0,25 : 1 et 0,7 : 1, plus préférablement entre 0,45 : 1 et 0,5 : 1.
     
    9. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisé en ce que
    la teneur en humidité du concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) qui est introduit dans le four électrique (12) est inférieure à 1 %, préférablement inférieure à 0,5 % en poids.
     
    10. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que
    la teneur en humidité du concentré de cuivre sulfidique (1) qui est introduit dans la cuve de réaction (4) du four de fusion en suspension (5) est inférieure à 1 %, préférablement inférieure à 0,5 % en poids.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description