(19)
(11)EP 3 488 728 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 18168140.4

(22)Date of filing:  19.04.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A45D 19/10  (2006.01)
A45D 19/04  (2006.01)
A45D 19/06  (2006.01)
A45D 19/14  (2006.01)

(54)

WASHING STATION WITH COVER

REINIGUNGSSTATION MIT ABDECKUNG

STATION DE LAVAGE AVEC COUVERTURE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.11.2017 IT 201700135947

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/22

(73)Proprietor: Maletti S.p.A.
42019 Scandiano (RE) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • MALETTI, Guido
    42019 Scandiano (Reggio Emilia) (IT)

(74)Representative: Casadei, Giovanni 
Bugnion S.p.A. Via Vellani Marchi, 20
41124 Modena
41124 Modena (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 371 235
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a station for hair treatment.

    [0002] Hair treatment, and in particular colouring, is increasingly making use of compounds based on natural products. Hair colouring makes use of colourants based on natural pigments, which are considerably less aggressive and polluting than more conventional products. Since they are less aggressive, natural colourants have a lesser tendency to fix and adhere to the hair. To promote the fixing of the colourants, the hair is preferably treated by heating it with water steam. This treatment opens the structure of the hairs, so that the colourant is able to penetrate more effectively into the hairs and fix itself to them.

    [0003] In the prior art, stations comprising a washbasin equipped with a nozzle to dispense the steam are known (see document EP2371235). The washbasin has a seat on which the neck rests, so that the head and hair are substantially inside the washbasin itself. The washbasin is equipped with a cover which can assume at least one closed position in which it is superposed over the washbasin itself, closing it partially so as to contain the top of the head and the hair, leaving the face free. The cover retains a substantial amount of the steam, preventing it from dispersing, and hence reducing the amount needed to be dispensed for effective treatment.

    [0004] In current stations, the cover obstructs access to the hair when it is in the closed position. This means that, whenever the operator must touch the hair or head, for example to apply a product or rub a product in, the cover must be raised to an open position, dispersing the enclosed steam. Furthermore, the repeated movement of the cover between the open and closed positions is somewhat inconvenient.

    [0005] The aim of the present invention is to provide a station for hair treatment which obviates the drawbacks of currently available stations.

    [0006] An advantage of the station according to the present invention is that it considerably reduces the dispersal of steam.

    [0007] Another advantage of the station according to the present invention is that it considerably facilitates the work of the operator.

    [0008] Further characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent in the following detailed description of an embodiment of the present invention, illustrated by way of non-limiting example in the attached figures, in which:

    Figure 1 is a front perspective view of a washing station with cover according to the present invention;

    Figures 2-4 are perspective views of the washing station with the cover raised to better illustrate some components of the station.

    Figure 5 is a lateral view of the washing station of figure 1.

    Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of the washing station according to the V-V plane of figure 5.

    Figure 7 is an enlarged detailed view of a constructional detail of the washing station.



    [0009] The station for hair treatment according to the present invention comprises a washbasin (2), provided with a seat (21) for enabling a user to rest his/her neck and a drain (9) for draining the water from the washbasin (2). In substance, the washbasin (2) is delimited by a side wall which, in a front zone, forms a U-shaped cavity which, in a known way in the art, supports the back of the neck, with the face facing upwards. In a known way, the washbasin (2) may be associated with a chair (not illustrated).

    [0010] The washbasin (2) comprises a spray head (8) with an attached mixer tap (81) for dispensing hot or cold water.

    [0011] The washbasin (2) also comprises, located at the seat (21), a headrest (10) equipped with rubber or gel inserts (101) of anatomic shape.

    [0012] The station further comprises a dispenser, pivotable by means of rotation through 360° (3), predisposed for dispensing steam into the washbasin (2). The dispenser (3) may be associated to an inner surface of the washbasin (2). A supply pipe, not illustrated, connects the dispenser (3) to an external source of steam, not illustrated.

    [0013] The possibility of pivoting the dispenser enables the flow of steam to be directed to particular areas.

    [0014] A cover (4) is associated to the washbasin (2) to assume at least a closed position, in which it defines, together with the washbasin (2), a working space (V). The cover (4) has a rounded conformation, with the concavity facing towards the washbasin (2).

    [0015] In the illustrated embodiment, the cover (4) comprises a concave lower edge (44) which defines a seat (45) that is complementarily shaped to an upper edge (22) of the washbasin (2). In the closed position, the cover (4) is thus arranged above the washbasin (2), delimiting, together with the latter, the space (V) which is substantially closed, with the exception of the opening delimited by the seat (21) of the washbasin, necessary to enable the insertion of the user's head. In the closed position of the cover (4), the upper edge (22) of the washbasin (2) is disposed inside the seat (45), forming a barrier against the discharge of liquid from the working space (V). The seat (45) may potentially be fitted with a gasket.

    [0016] The cover (4) further comprises a window (41), substantially aligned with the seat (21), to enable the face of the user to face upwards and protrude out of the cover (4) itself.

    [0017] Unlike currently available stations, in the station according to the present invention the cover (4) comprises a pair of openings (42) arranged to enable insertion of an operator's hands inside the space (V). In substance, thanks to the presence of the openings (42) passing through the cover (4), the operator may access the inside of the space (V) even when the cover (4) is in the closed position. This enables the operator to work directly with the hair of the user without needing to raise or move the cover (4) into an open position, and thus considerably limits the dispersal of the steam inside the space (V).

    [0018] To further limit the dispersal of steam, the openings (42) are provided with a flexible membrane (43) that has an at-rest configuration in which it occludes the openings (42). For example, the flexible membrane (43) may be composed of a layer of elastomeric material provided with one or more through cuts. When not subjected to force, the flexible membrane (43) remains in a substantially flat configuration, in which the optional cuts are adjacent to each other and closed, thus occluding the relative opening (42). When a hand is inserted through the opening (42), the membrane (43) is deformed, allowing the hand to pass through but remaining attached to the hand and wrist. Even when the hands are inserted through the openings (42) the dispersal of steam is extremely limited, due to the presence of the flexible membrane (43).

    [0019] The dispenser (3) may be provided with a reservoir configured to release an essential oil or an oil of another nature into the flow of steam. The reservoir may be in the form of a ring, configured so that the flow of steam passes through it, and predisposed to be moistened or impregnated with an essential oil.

    [0020] The openings (42) are preferably arranged in a position opposite to the window (41). In this way, the operator is located substantially behind the user, and can thus approach the cover (4) without impediment. The operator can thus work in comfort, while the user is not inconvenienced by the operator in any way.

    [0021] To further facilitate the work of the operator, the washbasin (2) comprises a recess (23), located in an intermediate position with respect to the openings (42). In other words, the recess (23) is defined by a concave portion facing towards the interior of the washbasin (2), which enables the operator to further approach the cover (4).

    [0022] The presence of the cover (4) provided with openings (42) makes it possible to provide a nozzle (5) for dispensing a fluid at high pressure inside the washbasin (2). The nozzle (5) may be used to direct a high pressure jet of water towards the hair or head of the user, for deep washing or massage, for example.

    [0023] The nozzle (5) may be associated, for example, with a mobile tap, connected to a pump by means of a flexible pipe which passes, in a known way, through an opening in the washbasin (2). The operator can introduce his/her hands through the openings (42) to access the nozzle (5) and grip and/or manoeuvre it inside the space (V). The cover (4) retains the inevitable splashes inside the washbasin (2). Thanks to the presence of the concave lower edge (44) of the cover (4), which defines a seat (45) complementarily shaped to an upper edge (22) of the washbasin (2), the flow of water along the inner wall of the cover (4) is also retained inside the washbasin (2). With reference to figure 7 it can be seen that the lower edge (44) has a first contour (46), resting on the upper edge (22) of the washbasin, from which a lip (47) extends away from the first contour (46) towards the interior of the washbasin (2).

    [0024] In this way, the lower edge (44) acts as a drip retainer both for the splashes of water, which do not exit the space V, and for the steam condensation which from the lip (47) cannot rise over the first contour (46).

    [0025] In this way the cover (4) protects the operator from any contact with chemical products or water.

    [0026] The station according to the present invention may further be provided with a light source (6), applied to an inner wall of the washbasin (2). The light source (6) enables a clear view of the head and hair of the user even when there is steam inside the cover (4) and the working space (V).

    [0027] To further increase the energy efficiency of the station, a heat exchanger (7) may be interposed between a drain pipe (24) of the washbasin (2) and a supply pipe to the nozzle (5). The heat exchanger (7) may preferably be made in a conductive metal material, for example copper or titanium.

    [0028] The heat exchanger (7) may be made in the form of a pipe wound in a spiral (carrying the cold water supply to the washbasin's mixer tap) around the washbasin's drain pipe (24), as shown in the figures. The steam which condenses in contact with the cover (4) and the washbasin (2) retains a certain amount of heat which is transferred, at least in part, to the fluid running through the heat exchanger (7). The heat exchanger (7) may be inserted along the supply pipe to the nozzle (5) so that the fluid, i.e. water, can be heated before being dispensed.


    Claims

    1. A station for hair treatment, comprising: a washbasin (2) provided with a seat (21) for enabling a user to rest his/her neck and a drain (9) for draining the water from the washbasin (2); a spray head (8) with an attached mixer tap (81) for dispensing hot or cold water; a pivotable dispenser (3) for dispensing steam inside the washbasin; a cover (4) associated with the washbasin (2) to take on at least a closed position, in which it defines, together with the washbasin (2) a working space (V), and an open position; wherein the cover (4) comprises a window (41) to enable the user's face to protrude outside of the working space (V); characterized in that the cover (4) comprises a pair of openings (42) arranged to enable insertion of an operator's hands inside the space (V).
     
    2. A station according to claim 1, wherein the openings (42) are provided with a flexible membrane (43) that has an at-rest configuration in which it occludes the openings (42).
     
    3. A station according to claim 2, wherein the openings (42) are arranged in a position opposite the window (41).
     
    4. The station according to claim 1, comprising a nozzle (5) for dispensing a fluid at high pressure.
     
    5. The station according to claim 1, wherein the cover (4) comprises a concave lower edge (44) that defines a seat (45) that is complementarily shaped to an upper edge (22) of the washbasin (2).
     
    6. The station according to claim 1, wherein the washbasin (2) comprises a recess (23) located in an intermediate position with respect to the openings (42).
     
    7. The station according to claim 1, wherein the dispenser (3) comprises a reservoir configured to release an essential oil or an oil of another nature into the flow of steam.
     
    8. The station according to claim 1, comprising a light source (2) applied to an inner wall of the washbasin (2).
     
    9. The station according to claim 1, comprising a heat exchanger (7) interposed between a drain pipe (24) of the washbasin (2) and a supply pipe to the nozzle (5).
     
    10. The station according to claim 1, comprising an armchair with which the washbasin (2) is associated.
     
    11. The station according to claim 1, comprising a headrest (10) located in the proximity of the seat (21) of the washbasin (2), said headrest (10) being rotatable and equipped with anatomic inserts (101).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Station zur Haarbehandlung, umfassend: ein Waschbecken (2), das mit einem Sitz (21) versehen ist, damit ein Benutzer seinen/ihren Nacken ruhen kann, und einen Abfluss (9) zum Ablauf des Wassers aus dem Waschbecken (2); einen Sprühkopf (8) mit einer angebrachten Mischbatterie (81) zur Abgabe von heißem oder kaltem Wasser; eine schwenkbare Abgabevorrichtung (3) zum Abgeben von Dampf im Waschbecken; eine Abdeckung (4), die mit dem Waschbecken (2) assoziiert ist, um zumindest eine geschlossene Position einzunehmen, in der sie zusammen mit dem Waschbecken (2) einen Arbeitsraum (V) und eine offene Position definiert; wobei die Abdeckung (4) ein Fenster (41) umfasst, damit das Gesicht des Benutzers aus dem Arbeitsraum (V) herausragen kann;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Abdeckung (4) ein Paar Öffnungen (42) umfasst, die angeordnet sind, um das Einführen der Hände eines Bedieners in den Raum (V) zu ermöglichen.
     
    2. Station nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Öffnungen (42) mit einer flexiblen Membran (43) versehen sind, die eine Ruhekonfiguration aufweist, in der sie die Öffnungen (42) verschließt.
     
    3. Station nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Öffnungen (42) in einer Position gegenüber dem Fenster (41) angeordnet sind.
     
    4. Station nach Anspruch 1, umfassend eine Düse (5) zum Abgeben eines Fluids mit hohem Druck.
     
    5. Station nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Abdeckung (4) eine konkave untere Kante (44) umfasst, die einen Sitz (45) definiert, der komplementär zu einer oberen Kante (22) des Waschbeckens (2) geformt ist.
     
    6. Station nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Waschbecken (2) eine Aussparung (23) umfasst, die sich in einer Zwischenposition zu den Öffnungen (42) befindet.
     
    7. Station nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Abgabevorrichtung (3) ein Reservoir umfasst, das konfiguriert ist, um ein ätherisches Öl oder ein Öl einer anderen Art in den Dampfstrom freizusetzen.
     
    8. Station nach Anspruch 1, umfassend eine Lichtquelle (2), die an einer Innenwand des Waschbeckens (2) angewandt ist.
     
    9. Station nach Anspruch 1, umfassend einen Wärmetauscher (7), der zwischen einem Abflussrohr (24) des Waschbeckens (2) und einem Zuführrohr zur Düse (5) angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Station nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch einen Sessel, mit dem das Waschbecken (2) assoziiert ist.
     
    11. Station nach Anspruch 1, umfassend eine Kopfstütze (10), die sich in der Nähe des Sitzes (21) des Waschbeckens (2) befindet, wobei die Kopfstütze (10) drehbar und mit anatomischen Einsätzen (101) ausgestattet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Station pour le traitement des cheveux, comprenant : un lavabo (2) avec un siège (21) pour qu'un utilisateur puisse appuyer le cou et une évacuation (9) pour vider l'eau du lavabo (2) ; une douchette (8) avec un robinet mitigeur raccordé (81) pour distribuer de l'eau chaude ou de l'eau froide ; un distributeur pivotant (3) pour distribuer de la vapeur à l'intérieur du lavabo ; une couverture (4) associée au lavabo (2) pour adopter au moins une position de fermeture, dans laquelle elle forme, avec le lavabo (2), un espace de travail (V), et une position d'ouverture ; dans laquelle la couverture (4) comprend une fenêtre (41) pour permettre au visage de l'utilisateur de dépasser à l'extérieur de l'espace de travail (V) ; caractérisée en ce que la couverture (4) comprend une paire d'ouvertures (42) disposées pour permettre à l'opérateur d'introduire les mains à l'intérieur de l'espace (V).
     
    2. Station selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les ouvertures (42) sont fournies d'une membrane flexible (43) qui a une configuration de repos dans laquelle elle ferme les ouvertures (42).
     
    3. Station selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle les ouvertures (42) sont disposées dans une position opposée à la fenêtre (41).
     
    4. Station selon la revendication 1, comprenant une buse (5) pour distribuer un fluide à haute pression.
     
    5. Station selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la couverture (4) comprend un bord inférieur concave (44) qui forme un siège (45) façonné de manière complémentaire à un bord supérieur (22) du lavabo (2).
     
    6. Station selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le lavabo (2) comprend un renfoncement (23) situé dans une position intermédiaire par rapport aux ouvertures (42).
     
    7. Station selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le distributeur (3) comprend un réservoir configuré pour libérer une huile essentielle ou une huile d'une autre nature dans le flux de vapeur.
     
    8. Station selon la revendication 1, comprenant une source lumineuse (2) appliquée sur une paroi interne du lavabo (2).
     
    9. Station selon la revendication 1, comprenant un échangeur thermique (7) interposé entre une canalisation d'évacuation (24) du lavabo (2) et une canalisation d'alimentation à la buse (5).
     
    10. Station selon la revendication 1, comprenant un fauteuil associé au lavabo (2).
     
    11. Station selon la revendication 1, comprenant un appuie-tête (10) situé à proximité du siège (21) du lavabo (2), ledit appuie-tête (10) étant pivotable et équipé d'inserts anatomiques (101).
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description