(19)
(11)EP 3 489 742 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.03.2021 Bulletin 2021/10

(21)Application number: 17203363.1

(22)Date of filing:  23.11.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G02F 1/1335  (2006.01)
G02C 7/08  (2006.01)
G02F 1/29  (2006.01)
G02F 1/1345  (2006.01)

(54)

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR FOR AN OPTICAL DEVICE

ELEKTRISCHER VERBINDER FÜR EINE OPTISCHE VORRICHTUNG

CONNECTEUR ÉLECTRIQUE POUR DISPOSITIF OPTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/22

(73)Proprietor: Morrow N.V.
9052 Gent (BE)

(72)Inventors:
  • De Smet, Jelle
    9300 Aalst (BE)
  • Marchal, Paul Wilfried Cecile
    9000 Gent (BE)
  • Ekkels, Philip
    9000 Gent (BE)

(74)Representative: Philippaerts, Yannick et al
Arnold & Siedsma Bezuidenhoutseweg 57
2594 AC The Hague
2594 AC The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/013501
US-A1- 2011 317 120
US-A1- 2003 214 695
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a method for establishing an electrical connection in an optical device between a conductive element and a light transmitting electrode layer carried by a light transmitting carrier.

    [0002] US 2010/0225834 describes an adaptive liquid crystal lens system. In this lens system, a transparent substrate is provided as a light transmitting carrier. Onto this light transmitting carrier, a conductive layer is provided. The conductive layer forms the light transmitting electrode layer. The adaptive liquid crystal lens system is used in a pair of glasses for vision correction.

    [0003] In such optical device, it is advantageous to have an extremely thin electrode layer, as it improves the visual appearance of the optical device and improves the perception of transparency for a user. A drawback of having a thin electrode layer relates to realizing an electrical connection to this layer. In US 2010/0225834, the electrical connection is schematically illustrated and is shown in line with the electrode layers. However, when using extremely thin electrode layers, such connection in line with the layer is practically impossible or at least extremely cumbersome. Therefore, in conventional Liquid Crystal Displays or other adaptive liquid crystal lenses, these thin electrode layers are generally exposed at the side of the device by shifting the carriers they are placed on laterally with respect to one another, allowing an external connector to be fixed on top of the electrode layers. This is illustrated in figure 10, wherein the exposed area of the electrode layers are indicated with reference number 21. Since the electrodes are only exposed at the sides of the device, the location for an external connector is only limited to these specific exposed areas. When one thus wants to integrate an adaptive liquid crystal lens in an optical device such as a pair of glasses, the limited locations for placing the external connector greatly reduces the design variations, such as the distance between the connector and the lens, and the position of the lens with respect to the eyeglass frame. Since typical eyeglass users desire to select their preference out of a large set of frames with changing dimensions, and each lens position should be personalized to the user's pupil position for optimal performance, design variations are essential for a commercially viable product. Alternatively, one could manufacture various design variations upfront, but this leads to a large required stock to serve a significant portion of the population.

    [0004] An additional difficulty, when realizing an electrical connection, is minimizing the visual impact of the connection. In optical devices such as a pair of glasses, the electrical connection preferably has a minimal visual impact on the device.

    [0005] WO 2008/013501 A1 discloses an electrochromic device comprising a typical five layer stack between two substrates and connections means to the electron conducting layers. The connections means may be arranged through the substrate. The points where the connection means penetrate the substrates may be situated at different lateral positions. The substrates may typically be plastic substrates.

    [0006] It is an object of the present disclosure to connect the electrode layer in the optical device with a conductive element when the electrode layer is extremely thin, while still allowing for many design variations. It is also an object of the present disclosure to provide a particularly reliable electrical connection.

    [0007] At least one of the objects of the invention is achieved at least partially in a method and an optical device as claimed in the appended claims 1 and 7, respectively.

    [0008] The method of claim 1 is a method for establishing an electrical connection in an optical device between a conductive element and a light transmitting electrode layer carried by a light transmitting carrier, the optical device having a connecting area, wherein the method inter alia comprises the steps of:
    • applying a conductive surface onto the electrode layer in the connecting area, the conductive surface having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer;
    • perforating the carrier in the connecting area;
    • perforating the electrode layer in the connecting area;
    • after applying the conductive surface, perforating the conductive surface in the connecting area;
      and wherein the method subsequently comprises the step of:
      • at least partially filling the perforation with a conductive material and connecting the conductive element to the conductive material thereby establishing an electric connection between the electrode layer and the conductive element via the conductive surface and the conductive material.


    [0009] The connection between the electrode layer and the conductive element is realized via the conductive surface and the conductive material, so that two steps can be recognized in the connection. In a first step, an electrical connection is realized between the electrode layer and a conductive surface. The conductive surface is applied to the electrode layer in a connection area of the optical device. By applying the conductive surface to the electrode layer, a reliable electrical connection can be realized since the surface area where contact is made between the conductive surface and the electrode layer is sufficiently large. In other words, the connection is realized in a direction transverse to the electrode layer. It is noted that in practice, the thickness of the electrode layer is insufficient to realize an electrical connection over a similar surface area, even if the electrical connection would extend over the complete circumference of the electrode layer.

    [0010] The conductive layer has a thickness that is significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer. This allows to realize a further electrical connection in a direction parallel to the conductive surface. Therefore, in a second step of the electrical connection, a conductive material is provided in a perforation. The perforation perforates both the carrier and the electrode layer in the connecting area where the conductive surface is applied. As a result, the conductive material realizes a reliable connection with the conductive surface, due to the significantly larger thickness thereof, despite the parallel direction of the connection. A conductive element can easily be connected to the conductive material at an outer surface of the carrier. In this manner, a reliable electrical connection can be obtained between an external conductive element and an extremely thin electrode layer in the optical device. Using the electrical connection, an external electronic circuit and power source can be connected to the electrode layer for controlling the optical device.

    [0011] It is noted that the invention is defined to allow changing the sequence of at least some steps. The steps of perforating can be combined and simultaneously executed, or can be sequentially executed. The carrier and the electrode layer could be perforated before applying the conductive surface, after which the conductive surface is perforated. After the applying of the conductive surface, and after perforating carrier and electrode layer and conductive surface, the conductive material is introduced in the perforation to at least partially fill the latter. Multiple examples will be given in the detailed description of how the different steps in the method can be re-ordered.

    [0012] It is further noted that the carrier is preferably interpreted broadly as the layer directly in contact with the electrode layer, onto which the electrode layer is deposited. In practice, a polymer layer can be provided to carry the electrode layers in the manufacturing process of the adaptive liquid crystal lenses, in which the polymer layer forms the carrier. Alternatively, the electrode layer is directly applied to the eyeglass or lens material of a lens system, in which case the eyeglass or lens material forms the carrier. In some embodiments, an adaptive liquid crystal lens is first manufactured with a polymer layer carrying the electrode layer, which is then integrated in a larger lens system by connecting or sandwiching the adaptive liquid crystal lens system to/between eyeglass or lens material. According to a more narrow interpretation, the carrier is defined as the combination of the polymer layer directly in contact with the electrode layer and the eyeglass or lens material. In such interpretation, the carrier is extended with the lens or lens halve in which the liquid crystal lens is integrated. Since adaptive liquid crystal lenses, their carriers and the complete optical device can be made out of polymers, perforating either of them can be easily obtained by e.g. drilling, laser cutting, punching or cutting with a sharp tool.

    [0013] Preferably the optical device has a functional area, and the optical device comprises at least one further light transmitting electrode layer provided at a distance from the first electrode layer, and the method further comprises providing an electrical interruption in the at least one further electrode layer between the connecting area and the functional area.

    [0014] For example in an optical device formed as an adaptive liquid crystal lens system, the optical device comprises two electrode layers substantially parallel to each other. In practice, these electrode layers extend close to each other. Because these layers extend close to each other, it is likely that when the first electrode layer is perforated, the second electrode layer is equally perforated. Even when the second electrode layer would not be provided with a conductive surface, it cannot be guaranteed that the conductive material makes no contact at all with the second electrode layer. Therefore, to assure that no electrical connection is realized between the conductive material and the second electrode layer, an electrical interruption is provided in the further electrode layer between the connecting area and the functional area. Due to the electrical interruption, it is guaranteed that the conductive element is isolated from the second electrode layer in the functional area while being connected to the first electrode layer in the functional area. Using this method, a selected one of the electrode layers can be reliably connected to a conductive element external from the optical device while other layers are isolated from this electrical element.

    [0015] Preferably the optical device has a further connecting area, and method comprises for each of the at least one further electrode layer the further steps:
    • applying a further conductive surface onto the further electrode layer in the further connecting area, the further conductive surface having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the further electrode layer
    • further perforating the carrier in the further connecting area;
    • further perforating the further electrode layer in the further connecting area;
    • providing a further electrical interruption in the electrode layer between the further connecting area and the functional area;
      and wherein the method subsequently comprises the step of:
      • at least partially filling the further perforation with a further conductive material and connecting a further conductive element to the further conductive material thereby establishing an electric connection between the further electrode layer and the further conductive element via the further conductive surface and the further conductive material.


    [0016] The mechanism to connect the second layer to the second conductive element is similar to the above described method to connect the first electrode layer to the first connecting element. According to the preferred method, two electrode layers can be independently connected to respective conductive elements, even when the electrode layers are extremely thin and even when the electrode layers lay physically close to each other. Such connection allows an electronic circuit and a power source to control the voltage between the electrode layers. Preferably the further connecting area is located adjacent to the connecting area, and the further connecting area shows no overlap with the connecting area.

    [0017] Preferably the electrical interruption is obtained by cutting away the further electrode layer in the connecting area, and the further electrical interruption is obtained by cutting away the electrode layer in the further connecting area. The visual impact of the cutaway is negligible since the other electrode layer is provided with a connecting surface in the same area. Cutting away the electrode layer is highly effective since it takes away the possibility to realize an unwanted connection with that layer in that area.

    [0018] Preferably the conductive surface is applied in according to a pattern and wherein the method further comprises the step of assembling the carrier, the electrode layer and the conductive surface before the perforating steps. This means that the carrier, the electrode layer and the conductive surface are only perforated after being assembled. Due to its significantly larger thickness, the conductive surface is in practice easily visually recognizable. Therefore the location where to perforate can be detected after assembly.

    [0019] Preferably the method further successively comprises after the step of assembling, determining multiple locations for perforating based on the pattern, selecting one of the multiple locations and simultaneously perforating the carrier, the electrode layer and the conductive surface at the selected location. This implies that the pattern extends over a surface area being at least larger than the cross-section of the perforation. Due to the surface area being larger than the cross-section of the perforation, the perforation can be made in multiple locations of the optical device. To establish a reliable electrical connection, it is required that the perforation at least partly perforates the conductive surface. By providing the conductive surface according to a pattern, an operator can choose where to perforate the optical device, as long as the perforation at least partially perforates the patterned conductive surface. This gives a freedom to the operator to integrate the optical device in a larger system, for example a pair of glasses, while having a predetermined freedom regarding the location of connection of the electrode layers. Furthermore, it is noted that the design freedom for integrating an optical device in for example a pair of glasses is significantly improved by connecting the optical device via a perforation. It will be clear that a connection realized at an edge of the optical device would inevitably limit the design freedom.

    [0020] The invention further relates to an optical device according to claim 7 and inter alia comprising a light transmitting electrode layer provided onto a light transmitting carrier, wherein a conductive surface is provided on the first electrode layer, the conductive surface establishing a connecting area, the conductive surface having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer, and wherein the electrode layer and carrier show a perforation in the connecting area, the perforation being at least partially filled with a conductive material which is further connected to a conductive element thereby establishing an electrical connection between the electrode layer and the conductive element via the conductive surface and the conductive material.

    [0021] In the optical device of the invention, the electrode layer is connected to the conductive element, for example a wire, via a perforation in the optical device. This perforation extends transverse to the optical device and transverse to the electrode layer. Since electrode layers, in practice, can be extremely thin, a reliable electrical connection is realized by first providing a conductive surface onto the electrode layer. The conductive surface has a thickness that is significantly larger than the thickness of the electrical layer. This allows to obtain a reliable connection wherein two steps can be recognized. In a first step, connection is realized between the conductive material filling the perforation and the conductive surface which is applied to the electrode layer. In a second step, a reliable electrical connection is realized between the conductive surface and the electrode layer. Hence, a reliable electrical connection is realized between the conductive element, via the conductive material and via the conductive surface, with the electric layer.

    [0022] Manufacturing of the optical device, and integrating the optical device into a larger structure, such as a pair of glasses, can be standardized while increasing the design freedom for the integrator of the optical device. The integrator of the optical device is not bound to connect the optical device with an edge to a further conductive element so that the edges of the optical device can be freely manipulated. Furthermore, depending on how the conductive surface is applied to the electrode layer, freedom is given to the integrator to choose the location of perforation.

    [0023] Preferably at least one further light transmitting electrode layer is provided in the optical device at a distance from the electrode layer, the at least one further electrode layer being provided with an electrical interruption between the connecting area and a functional area. As explained above in relation to the method of the invention, providing a further or second electrode layer allows to create, for example, an adaptive liquid crystal lens system. The electrical interruption ensures that the conductive material only electrically connects to the first electrode layer, and not to the second or further electrode layers.

    [0024] Preferably, a further conductive surface is provided on the further electrode layer, the further conductive surface establishing a further connecting area, the further conductive surface having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the further electrode layer, and wherein the further electrode layer and carrier show a further perforation in the further connecting area, the further perforation being at least partially filled with a further conductive material which is further connected to a further conductive element thereby establishing a further electrical connection between the further electrode layer and the further conductive element via the further conductive surface and the further conductive material.

    [0025] In the preferred optical device, the first electrode layer is connected to a first conductive element in a reliable way, as explained above. The further or second electrode layer is connected to a further or second conductive element in a similar, reliable way. This allows to connect the first and second electrode layer to an electronic circuit and a power source so that a voltage can be controlled between the electrode layers. In this manner, the optical device can be operated. The advantages of efficient manufacturing and improved design freedom are equally maintained when the two electrode layers are connected to respective conductive elements.

    [0026] Preferably the conductive surface and further conductive surface are provided according to a pattern, the pattern extending over a surface being at least twice as large as the cross-section of the perforation. In this context, the surface is defined as the total area where a perforation can be made in order to establish a connection, via the patterned conductive surface, with the electrode layer. According to this definition, the surface extends over a larger area than the conductive surface since a connection can be realized when the conductive surface is only partly perforated, for example on a side edge of the conductive surface. Also according to this definition, the surface area of the pattern can be significantly smaller than the surface where a connection can be realized, for example when the pattern is formed by one or a number of thin lines. Particularly when the perforation is made in the carrier device, electrode layer and conductive surface after these elements have been assembled, a freedom is given to the integrator of the optical device in a larger structure to choose where the perforation is made. The perforation can be made over the entire conductive surface and also at edges of the conductive surface. To obtain a reliable electrical connection, the perforation should at least partially perforate the conductive surface.

    [0027] Preferably the first side of the electrode layer is provided with the conductive surface while the second side of the electrode layer lies against the light transmitting carrier. The conductive surface adds a thickness to the electrode layer in a connecting zone. By laying this connecting surface on an opposite side than the carrier, the carrier and electrode layer can optimally and closely lay against each other. The electrode layer has a flat side which can be laid against the carrier. Opposite to this flat side, the conductive surface is added to the electrode layer, locally adding an extra thickness to this layer.

    [0028] The invention further relates to a light transmitting electrode layer for using an optical device of the invention, when the light transmitting electrode layer is provided with a conductive surface having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer. Further preferably, the conductive surface is patterned on the light transmitting electrode layer. The light transmitting electrode layer with the conductive surface can be integrated in an optical device and allows an integrator to realize an electrical connection between an external conductive element and the electrode layer by perforating the electrode layer and the conductive surface. Such light transmitting electrode layer may be separately manufactured and sold for integration in optical devices.

    [0029] The invention will now be described in more details with respect to the drawings illustrating some preferred embodiments of the invention. In the drawings:

    figure 1 illustrates a cross section of a first embodiment of the invention;

    figure 2 illustrates a cross section of a second embodiment of the invention;

    figure 3 illustrates the steps in the electrical connection;

    figure 4 illustrates a frontal view of the second embodiment of the invention, showing how the integration into a larger structure is flexible;

    figure 5 illustrates multiple patterns of the connecting surface;

    figures 6 - 9 illustrate different embodiments of the method of the invention; and

    figure 10 illustrates a prior art situation.



    [0030] In the drawings a same reference number has been allocated to a same or analogous element.

    [0031] Figure 1 illustrates an electrode layer 2 on a carrier 15. The carrier 15 is light transmitting and is preferably formed as a polymer layer or sheet that is used in the manufacturing process for supporting the electrode layer. Alternatively, the carrier 15 is formed as a lens or at least part of a lens. In this context, it is noted that the electrode layer 2 may be directly applied to the lens or part of a lens. Alternatively, the electrode layer 2 may be first manufactured onto a polymer sheet, which is then applied to the lens or part of a lens together with the polymer sheet. In such situation, the carrier is extended and can be defined as the polymer sheet in combination with the lens or part of the lens. The lens can be integrated in a larger structure, for example in a pair of glasses or in a lens system of a camera or in another lens system. The carrier 15 can be formed in one part, referred to as (single) carrier, or in multiple parts, referred to as extended carrier. The carrier 15 can be made of glass or plastic. The technique of extending the carrier 15 may be used to sandwich multiple electrode layers, together forming an optical device, between two glass or plastic parts thereby integrating the optical device in a larger lens structure. The embodiment in figure 2 shows such situation.

    [0032] The electrode layer 2 is supported by the carrier 15. The electrode layer 2 can be connected to, for example glued to or otherwise attached to, the carrier 15. The electrode layer 2 is extremely thin and in practice may have a thickness of about 100 nm. To connect the electrode layer 2 to an external conductive element 1, a conductive surface 6 is applied to the electrode layer 2. A perforation is made in the carrier and in the electrode layer and in the conductive surface 6. A conductive material 7 at least partially extends through the perforation. The conductive material 7 can be connected to the conductive element 1 thereby interconnecting, via the conductive surface 6, the electrode layer 2 with the conductive element 1. The conductive material 7 can be formed by a liquid applied material, which cures in the perforation after application. Alternatively, the conductive material can be formed by a pin or a rivet or other element that can be pushed or clamped or otherwise forced into the perforation to establish the connection. In case the conductive material is formed by a pin, rivet or other element, the latter could be hollow.

    [0033] The electrode layer 2 and carrier 15 together form the optical device 3. In the optical device 3 a connecting area 4 and a functional area 5 can be distinguished. The connecting area 4 and functional area 5 may have highly similar properties and structures without a clear border between the areas 4 and 5. The connecting area 4 and functional area 5 may be physically separate or may alternatively be distinguished only by their intended function. In the connecting area 4, the connection between the conductive element 1 and the electrode layer 2 is realized. This electrical connection requires at least some elements to be present that disturb the transparency of the optical device 3. Namely, the conductive surface 6 is typically not transparent. Also the conductive material 7 filling the perforation in the carrier and electrode layer is typically not transparent. The electrode layer 2 is integrally formed in both areas 4 and 5 so that a single electrode layer 2 can be connected in the connecting area 4 and can perform its function in the functional area 5.

    [0034] In the functional area 5 of the optical device 3, the transparency is optimized due to the minimization of influence of visually disturbing elements. In this functional area 5, the electrode layer 2 can be powered so that the electrode layer 2 can perform its function. An example of this function is described further in this description and preferably relates to a controllable Fresnel lens wherein the lens function can be activated or deactivated using liquid crystal technology. Alternatively, electronic components can be connected to the electrode layer to perform one or more predetermined functions in the functional area 5. Examples or such components are LEDs that can be switched on and off.

    [0035] Figure 2 illustrates an optical device 3 according to a preferred embodiment of the invention. In the optical device 3 of figure 2, a liquid crystal lens system is sandwiched between two carriers 15. The liquid crystal lens system comprises an electrode layer 2 and a further electrode layer 8 provided at a distance between each other. In a functional area 5, a Fresnel lens 19 is arranged between the electrode layer 2 and the further electrode layer 8. The Fresnel lens 19 is in the embodiment of figure 2 provided adjacent to the further electrode layer 8. Between the electrode layer 2 and the Fresnel lens 19, liquid crystals are provided. The Fresnel lens, liquid crystals and electrode layers 2, 8 are provided such that by powering and depowering the liquid crystals, the Fresnel lens 19 can be activated or deactivated. In this manner, a switchable lens system is obtained.

    [0036] In the optical device of figure 2, a connecting area 4 is provided wherein the electrode layer 2 is connected to a conductive element 1. The basic principles for connecting the electrode layer 2 and the conductive element 1 are the same as described above in relation to figure 1. In the embodiment of figure 2, the perforation and the conductive material 7 not only extends through the electrode layer 2, but also extends though the further electrode layer 8. Although in the connecting area 4, only the electrode layer is provided with a conductive surface, it cannot be excluded that an electrical connection is realized between the conductive material 7 and the further electrode layer 8. To ensure that no unwanted connection is realized, an electrical interruption 9 is provided between the connecting area 4 and the functional area 5 in the further electrode layer. This interruption 9 ensures that even if the conductive material 7 would make contact with the further electrode layer 8, which is unlikely due to the further electrode layer 8 being extremely thin, there is no connection between the conductive material 7 and the further electrode layer 8 in the functional area 5.

    [0037] The connecting area 4 in which the electrode layer 2 is connected to a conductive element 1, is shown on the left-hand side of the figure. On the right-hand side of the figure a highly similar connection is shown, interconnecting the further electrode layer 8 with a further conductive element 13. This further connection is realized using the same techniques as described above. In particular, a further conductive surface 11 is provided against the further electrode layer 8. The carrier 15 and the further electrode layer 8 and the further conductive surface 11 are perforated and a further conductive material 12 at least partially fills the perforation. The further conductive element 13 can be connected to the further conductive material 12. The further conductive material 12 interconnects with the further conductive surface 11, which in its turn connects to the further electrode layer 8. In this manner, the further electrode layer 8 is connected to the further conductive element 13 via the further conductive material 12 and the further conductive surface 11. To ensure that no electrical connection is realized between the further conductive material and the electrode layer 2, a further electrical interruption 14 is provided between the functional area 5 and the further connecting area 10. In the embodiment of figure 2 a functional area is shown, and two connecting areas 4 and 10 are shown. In the embodiment of figure 2, the functional area 5 is formed in between the connecting areas 4, 10. However, the skilled person will realize that the connecting areas can be freely arranged in the optical device 3 as a beneficial for the application.

    [0038] Based on the description above, a skilled person could add yet further electrode layers, arriving at an optical device comprising a stack of electrode layers each of which is connected with a distinct conductive element.

    [0039] Figure 3 illustrates how the electrical connection between the conductive element 1 and the electrode layer 2 is realized. The conductive material 7 at least partially fills a perforation of the optical device 3. The perforation typically extends transverse to the carrier 15 and the electrode layer 2. Since the conductive material 7 extends transverse to the electrode layer, only a very thin slice of the circumference of the conductive material 7 lays directly in line with the electrode layer 2. Tests have revealed that obtaining a reliable electrical connection directly between the electrode layer 2 and the conductive material 7 in a manufacturing setting is very difficult. To obtain the reliable connection, the conductive surface 6 is applied to the electrode layer 2. The conductive surface can be for example formed by a silver ink, which is known for its good conductive properties. Such ink can be printed onto the electrode layer without damaging the layer. In the context of optical devices, particularly lenses, it is noted that these lenses are typically made of a plastic material and cannot withstand high temperatures. In other words, the carrier in the invention is typically made of a plastic material which cannot withstand high temperatures.

    [0040] The thickness of the conductive surface 6 is significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer. The conductive surface for example has a thickness higher than 0.5 micron, preferably higher than 1 micron, more preferably higher than 5 micron and has a thickness smaller than 50 micron, preferably smaller than 40 micron more preferably smaller than 30 micron. Most preferably, the conductive surface has a thickness of about 10 micron. The electrical connection between the conductive element 1 and the electrode layer 2 is realized via the conductive surface 6. In this electrical connection 6, two steps can be recognized. In a first step 16, an electrical connection between the conductive material 7 and the conductive surface 6 is realized. In a second step 17, an electrical connection between the conductive surface and the electrode layer is realized. It will be clear that a two-step connection is a simplified theoretical explanation of the electrical connection. From this explanation, it is clear that the conductive surface may be partially perforated or perforated at an edge of the conductive surface so that the conductive material 7 only touches the conductive surface along a part of its circumference.

    [0041] Figure 4 an optical device 3 with a larger carrier 15 that is adapted for integration into a larger structure. Furthermore, in figure 4, it is illustrated how the connecting area 4 and the further connecting area 10 are positioned with respect to the functional area 5. The conductive surface 6 and the further conductive surface 11 in the embodiment of figure 4 have an elongated shape. This shape extends from the functional area 5 towards an edge of the carrier 15. The conductive surface 6 and the further conductive surface 11 extend substantially parallel to each other. The functional area 5 is provided in a center part of the carrier. This set-up has significant advantages when integrating the carrier 15 into a larger structure. The elongated connecting areas give a design freedom to the integrator to choose where to perforate the carrier. The perforation can be made anywhere along the conductive surface 6 and further conductive surface 11. As long as the perforation at least partially perforates the conductive surface 6, 11, a connection can be realized.

    [0042] The set-up of figure 4A creates a carrier manipulation zone 18 around the functional area 5 in which the carrier 15 can be cut. This allows the carrier of figure 4 to be integrated in a pair of glasses having a large frame, as well as in a pair of glasses having a small frame. This allows to standardize the manufacturing process for the optical device. Upon integration, the standard optical device is customized depending on the larger structure. This enhances the design freedom as well as it optimizes the manufacturing of the optical device 3. Figures 4B and 4C illustrate how the carrier manipulation zone 18 provides freedom relating to the final location in the pair of glasses where the functional area 5 of the liquid crystal lens system is positioned. Figure 4D illustrates how the carrier manipulation zone 18 further allows to integrate the liquid crystal lens system into a pair of glasses having a different form. Based on these examples, it will be clear that this set-up gives a design freedom when integrating the lens into a larger structure.

    [0043] Figure 5 shows multiple patterns for the conductive surface 6/11. In figure 5A, a straight and continuous layer is provided. When the conductive material is silver ink, it is not possible to see through the layer of figure 5A, and therefore the visual impact of the conductive layer is high. Figures 5B, 5C and 5D show alternative patterns which are formed as discontinuous layers so that it remains possible to at least partially see through the conductive surface 6. In figure 5B, the conductive surface is formed as a grid. In figure 5C, the conductive surface is formed as a number of adjacent rings. Thereby, the rings are designed with an inner diameter that is smaller than the perforation diameter and an outer diameter that is larger than the perforation diameter. It is noted that it is not necessary to perforate exactly in or on a ring, but that it is also possible to perforate in between two rings. In figure 5D, a pattern of short lines is provided. Each one of these patterns allows to realize a reliable electrical connection, and facilitates a two-step connection that is described in relation to figure 3. The electrical connection between the conductive surface 6/11 and the conductive material 7/12 will, when a conductive surface of figure 5B, 5C or 5D is used, be significantly smaller compared to the continuous layer of figure 5A. The connection cannot be realized continuous along the periphery of the conductive material 7/12. However, tests have shown that such pattern is sufficient to realize a reliable connection.

    [0044] Figures 6 - 9 show different embodiments of the method to manufacture the optical device 3 of figure 2 and 3. In step 1, the electrode layer 2, 8 is provided. This electrode layer is practice, to allow manipulation of the extremely thin layer, provided on a transparent sheet. The transparent sheet forms the carrier. Onto the electrode layer 2, 8, a conductive surface 6/11 is applied. This conductive surface is preferably applied by printing. Furthermore, an electrical interruption 9/14 is created in step 3.

    [0045] In step 4, two electrode layers with the conductive surfaces and the electrical interruptions are assembled with a Fresnel lens 19 in between. During assembling, alignment of the electrode layers 2, 8 is important to ensure that the conductive surface 6 of the electrode layer is aligned with the electrical interruption 9 of the further electrode layer 8. Equally, the conductive surface 11 on the further electrode layer 8 is aligned with the electrical interruption 14 of the electrode layer 2. In step 4, the liquid crystal lens system is formed. This liquid crystal lens system is preferably formed as a foil. In step 5, this foil is integrated between two lens halves, thereby extending the carrier 15. Step 5 could be performed at a remote facility, for example by an optician.

    [0046] In step 6, the carriers are perforated so that a hole 20 is formed. The hole 20 extends substantially transverse to the carrier and electrode layers. The hole 20 is situated at the conductive surfaces 6, 11 to at least partially perforate these conductive surfaces 6, 11. In step 7, the holes 20 are at least partially filled with conductive material 7/12 thereby also connecting the external conductive element 1, 13 (not shown in figures 6-8).

    [0047] Figure 7 shows an alternative method that largely corresponds to the method of figure 6, but wherein the carrier 15 is perforated in two steps. In step 5, the electrode layers are sandwiched between extending parts of the carriers 15 which are pre-perforated. In this step 5, the pre-perforated extending parts of the carriers 15 are aligned with the liquid crystal lens system. In step 6, the electrode layers and carriers are perforated and in step 7, the conductive material is added to the holes. In the embodiment of figure 7, the holes are blind holes whereas in the embodiment of figure 6, the holes are through holes.

    [0048] Figure 8 shows yet another embodiment wherein in step 2, two holes are cut into the electrode layer and carrier. In step 3, a connecting area is printed over one of the holes, particularly over the edges of one of the holes. In step 4, two electrode layers and carriers are assembled into a lens system. In step 5, the assembly is sandwiched between two lens halves, thereby extending the carriers 15. In step 6, holes are created through the conductive surfaces 6 and in step 7, the conductive material is added.

    [0049] The different methods of figures 6, 7 and 8 show that the sequence of the steps can be changed without departing from the scope of the invention. The skilled person will realize that these figures only show a limited number of embodiments, and that other sequences might have the same or a similar result.

    [0050] Figure 9 illustrates another preferred method. Tests have shown that the method of figure 9 provides the most reliable electrical connection. In figure 9, in a first step, the electrode layers 2, 8 are provided on polymer carriers 15. The electrode layers 2, 8 are provided with respective conducive surfaces 6, 11, and with corresponding interruptions 9, 14. These electrode layers 2, 8 are assembled with a diffractive structure such as Fresnel lens in between, and with liquid crystals in between. By this assembly, a stack is formed that is considered the liquid crystal lens system. This lens system is, due to the polymer carriers 15, flexible and can be integrated into a larger structure such as between lens halves of a pair of glasses.

    [0051] Before integrating the flexible lens system into a larger structure, the lens system is perforated, as is shown in step 2 of figure 9. Step 2 of figure 9 shows two holes 20 at the locations of the conductive surfaces 6, 11. In step 3, these holes are filled with conductive material 7. The conductive material can be applied in liquid form, or can be in the form of a plug.

    [0052] In a fourth step, the flexible lens system is integrated into a larger structure. In particular, in step 4, the stack with the filled holes is sandwiched between two lens halves of a lens of a pair of glasses. These lens halves extend the carriers.

    [0053] In step 5, the extended carriers are perforated at the location of the conductive material, and the perforation is filled in step 6 to establish an external connection with the electrode layers 2, 8.

    [0054] Based on the figures and the description, the skilled person will be able to understand the operation and advantages of the invention as well as different embodiments thereof. It is however noted that the description and figures are merely intended for understanding the invention, and not for limiting the invention to certain embodiments or examples used therein. Therefore it is emphasized that the scope of the invention will only be defined in the claims.


    Claims

    1. A method for establishing an electrical connection in an optical device (3) between a conductive element (1) and a light transmitting electrode layer (2) carried by and provided onto a light transmitting carrier (15), the optical device (3) having a connecting area (4), wherein the method comprises the steps of:

    - applying a conductive layer (6) onto the electrode layer (2) in the connecting area (4), the conductive layer (6) having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer (2);

    - perforating the carrier (15) in the connecting area;

    - perforating the electrode layer (2) in the connecting area;

    - after applying the conductive layer (6), perforating the conductive layer (6) in the connecting area;

    resulting in a perforation extending through the carrier (15), electrode layer (2) and conductive layer (6) ;
    and wherein the method subsequently comprises the step of:

    - at least partially filling the perforation extending through the carrier (15), electrode layer (2) and conductive layer (6) with a conductive material (7) and connecting the conductive element (1) to the conductive material (7) thereby establishing an electric connection between the electrode layer (2) and the conductive element (1) via the conductive layer (6) and the conductive material (7).


     
    2. The method of claim 1, the optical device (3) having a functional area (5), wherein the optical device (3) comprises at least one further light transmitting electrode layer (8) carried by a further light transmitting carrier (15) and provided at a distance (d) from the electrode layer (2), the method further comprising:

    - providing an electrical interruption (9) in the at least one further electrode layer (8) between the connecting area (4) and the functional area (5).


     
    3. The method of claim 2, the optical device (3) having a further connecting area (10), the method comprising for each of the at least one further electrode layer (8) carried by the further light transmitting carrier (15) the further steps:

    - applying a further conductive layer (11) onto the further electrode layer (8) in the further connecting area (10), the further conductive layer (11) having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the further electrode layer (8);

    - further perforating the carrier (15) and the further carrier (15) in the further connecting area (10);

    - further perforating the further electrode layer (8) in the further connecting area (10);

    - providing a further electrical interruption (14) in the electrode layer (2) between the further connecting area (10) and the functional area (5);

    and wherein the method subsequently comprises the step of:

    - at least partially filling the further perforation with a further conductive material (12) and connecting a further conductive element (13) to the further conductive material (12) thereby establishing an electric connection between the further electrode layer (8) and the further conductive element (13) via the further conductive layer (11) and the further conductive material (12).


     
    4. The method according claim 2 or 3, wherein the electrical interruption is obtained by cutting away the further electrode layer in the connecting area, and wherein the further electrical interruption is obtained by cutting away the electrode layer in the further connecting area.
     
    5. The method of any one of the previous claims, wherein the conductive layer (6) is applied according to a pattern and wherein the method further comprises the step of assembling the carrier (15), the electrode layer (2) and the conductive layer (6) before the perforating steps.
     
    6. The method of claim 4, wherein the method further successively comprises, after the step of assembling, determining multiple locations for perforating based on the pattern, selecting one of the multiple locations and simultaneously perforating the carrier (15), the electrode layer (2) and the conductive layer (6) at the selected location.
     
    7. An optical device (3) comprising a light transmitting electrode layer (2) provided onto a light transmitting carrier (15), wherein a conductive layer (6) is provided on the electrode layer (2), the conductive layer (6) establishing a connecting area (4), the conductive layer (6) having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the electrode layer (2), and wherein the electrode layer (2), carrier (15) and conductive layer (6) show a perforation in the connecting area, the perforation extending through the carrier (15), electrode layer (2) and conductive layer (6)) being at least partially filled with a conductive material (7) which is further connected to a conductive element (1) thereby establishing an electrical connection between the electrode layer (2) and the conductive element (1) via the conductive layer (6) and the conductive material (7).
     
    8. The optical device (3) of the previous claim, comprising at least one further light transmitting electrode layer (8) carried by a further light transmitting carrier (15) and provided at a distance (d) from the electrode layer (2), the at least one further electrode layer (8) being provided with an electrical interruption (9) between the connecting area (4) and a functional area (5).
     
    9. The optical device of claim 8, wherein a further conductive layer (11) is provided on the further electrode layer (8), the further conductive layer (11) establishing a further connecting area (10), the further conductive layer (11) having a thickness being significantly larger than the thickness of the further electrode layer (8), and wherein the further electrode layer (8), carrier (15) and further carrier (15) show a further perforation in the further connecting area, the further perforation being at least partially filled with a further conductive material (12) which is further connected to a further conductive element (13) thereby establishing a further electrical connection between the further electrode layer (8) and the further conductive element (13) via the further conductive layer (11) and the further conductive material (12).
     
    10. The optical device according to any one of the claims 7-9, wherein the conductive layer (6) and further conductive layer (11) are provided according to a pattern, the pattern extending over a surface area being at least twice as large as the cross section of the perforation.
     
    11. The optical device of any one of the claims 7 - 10, wherein a first side of the electrode layer is provided with the conductive layer (6) while a second side of the electrode layer lays against the light transmitting carrier (15).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Errichten einer elektrischen Verbindung in einer optischen Vorrichtung (3) zwischen einem leitfähigen Element (1) und einer Licht übertragenden Elektrodenschicht (2), die an einem Licht übertragenden Träger (15) getragen und darauf vorgesehen ist, wobei die optische Vorrichtung (3) einen Verbindungsbereich (4) hat, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte aufweist:

    - Auftragen einer leitfähigen Schicht (6) auf die Elektrodenschicht (2) im Verbindungsbereich (4), wobei die leitfähige Schicht (6) eine Dicke hat, die wesentlich größer ist als die Dicke der Elektrodenschicht (2);

    - Perforieren des Trägers (15) im Verbindungsbereich;

    - Perforieren der Elektrodenschicht (2) im Verbindungsbereich;

    - nach Auftragen der leitfähigen Schicht (6), Perforieren der leitfähigen Schicht (6) im Verbindungsbereich;

    was zu einer Perforierung führt, die sich durch den Träger (15), die Elektrodenschicht (2) und die leitfähige Schicht (6) erstreckt;
    und wobei das Verfahren nachfolgend den Schritt aufweist:

    - wenigstens teilweises Auffüllen der Perforierung, die durch den Träger (15), die Elektrodenschicht (2) und die leitfähige Schicht (6) verläuft, mit einem leitfähigen Material (7) und Verbinden des leitfähigen Elements (1) mit dem leitfähigen Material (7), wodurch eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen der Elektrodenschicht (2) und dem leitfähigen Element (1) über die leitfähige Schicht (6) und das leitfähige Material (7) errichtet wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die optische Vorrichtung (3) einen Funktionsbereich (5) hat, wobei die optische Vorrichtung (3) wenigstens eine weitere Licht übertragende Elektrodenschicht (8) hat, die von einem weiteren Licht übertragenden Träger (15) getragen wird und die an einem Abstand (d) von der Elektrodenschicht (2) vorgesehen ist, wobei das Verfahren weiterhin aufweist:

    - Vorsehen einer elektrischen Unterbrechung (9) in der wenigstens einen weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) zwischen dem Verbindungsbereich (4) und dem Funktionsbereich (5).


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die optische Vorrichtung (3) einen weiteren Verbindungsbereich (10) hat, wobei das Verfahren für eine jede von der wenigstens einen weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8), die von dem weiteren Licht übertragenen Träger (15) getragen wird, die weiteren Schritte aufweist:

    - Auftragen einer weiteren leitfähigen Schicht (11) auf der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) im weiteren Verbindungsbereich (10), wobei die weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) eine Dicke hat, die wesentlich größer ist als die Dicke der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8);

    - weiteres Perforieren des Trägers (15) und des weiteren Trägers (15) in dem weiteren Verbindungsbereich (10);

    - weiteres Perforieren der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) im weiteren Verbindungsbereich;

    - Vorsehen einer weiteren elektrischen Unterbrechung (14) in der Elektrodenschicht (2) zwischen dem weiteren Verbindungsbereich (10) und dem Funktionsbereich (5);

    und wobei das Verfahren nachfolgend den Schritt aufweist:

    - wenigstens teilweises Ausfüllen der weiteren Perforierung mit einem weiteren leitfähigen Material (12) und Verbinden eines weiteren leitfähigen Elements (13) mit dem weiteren leitfähigen Material (12), wodurch eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) und dem weiteren leitfähigen Element (13) über die weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) und das weitere leitfähige Material (12) errichtet wird.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei die elektrische Unterbrechung erhalten wird, indem die weitere Elektrodenschicht im Verbindungsbereich weggeschnitten wird, und wobei die weitere elektrische Unterbrechung erhalten wird, indem die Elektrodenschicht im weiteren Verbindungsbereich weggeschnitten wird.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die leitfähige Schicht (6) gemäß einem Muster aufgetragen wird und wobei das Verfahren weiterhin den Schritt des Montierens des Trägers (15), der Elektrodenschicht (2) und der leitfähigen Schicht (6) vor den Perforierungsschritten aufweist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Verfahren weiterhin nach dem Schritt des Montierens nacheinander aufweist, das Bestimmen von mehreren Positionen zur Perforierung basierend auf dem Muster, Auswählen von einer von mehreren Positionen und gleichzeitiges Perforieren des Trägers (15), der Elektrodenschicht (2) und der leitfähigen Schicht (6) an der ausgewählten Position.
     
    7. Optische Vorrichtung (3), die eine Licht übertragende Elektrodenschicht (2) aufweist, die auf einem Licht übertragenden Träger (15) vorgesehen ist, wobei eine leitfähigen Schicht (6) auf der Elektrodenschicht (2) vorgesehen ist, wobei die leitfähige Schicht (6) einen Verbindungsbereich (4) errichtet, die leitfähige Schicht (6) eine Dicke hat, die wesentlich größer als die Dicke der Elektrodenschicht (2) ist, und wobei die Elektrodenschicht (2), der Träger (15) und die leitfähigen Schicht (6) eine Perforierung im Verbindungsbereich zeigen, wobei die Perforierung durch den Träger (15), die Elektrodenschicht (2) und die leitfähigen Schicht (6) verläuft, wobei sie wenigstens teilweise mit einem leitfähigen Material (7) gefüllt ist, das weiterhin mit einem leitfähigen Element (1) verbunden ist, wodurch eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen der Elektrodenschicht (2) und dem leitfähigen Element (1) über die leitfähige Schicht (6) und das leitfähige Material (7) errichtet wird.
     
    8. Optische Vorrichtung (3) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, die wenigstens eine weitere Licht übertragende Elektrodenschicht (8) aufweist, die von einem weiteren Licht übertragenden Träger (15) getragen wird, und an einem Abstand (d) von der Elektrodenschicht (2) vorgesehen ist, wobei die wenigstens eine weitere Elektrodenschicht (8) mit einer elektrischen Unterbrechung (9) zwischen dem Verbindungsbereich (4) und einem Funktionsbereich (5) vorgesehen ist.
     
    9. Optische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei eine weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) an der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) vorgesehen ist, wobei die weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) einen weiteren Verbindungsbereich (10) errichtet, die weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) eine Dicke hat, die wesentlich größer als die Dicke der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) ist, und wobei die weitere Elektrodenschicht (8), der weitere Träger (15) und die weitere leitfähige Schicht (6) eine weitere Perforierung im weiteren Verbindungsbereich zeigen, wobei die weitere Perforierung wenigstens teilweise mit einem weiteren leitfähigen Material (12) gefüllt ist, das weiterhin mit einem weiteren leitfähigen Element (13) verbunden ist, wodurch eine weitere elektrische Verbindung zwischen der weiteren Elektrodenschicht (8) und dem weiteren leitfähigen Element (13) über die weitere leitfähigen Schicht (6) und das weitere leitfähige Material (12) errichtet wird.
     
    10. Optische Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, wobei die leitfähige Schicht (6) und die weitere leitfähige Schicht (11) gemäß einem Muster vorgesehen werden, wobei sich das Muster über einen Flächenbereich erstreckt, der wenigstens zweimal so groß ist wie der Querschnitt der Perforierung.
     
    11. Optische Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 10, wobei eine erste Seite der Elektrodenschicht mit der leitfähigen Schicht (6) vorgesehen ist, während eine zweite Seite der Elektrodenschicht gegen den Licht übertragenden Träger (15) anliegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'établissement d'une liaison électrique sur un dispositif optique (3) entre un élément conducteur (1) et une couche d'électrode transmettant la lumière (2) supportée par un support transmettant la lumière (15) et agencée sur celui-ci, le dispositif optique (3) comportant un zone de liaison (4), dans lequel le procédé comprend les étapes de :

    application d'une couche conductrice (6) sur la couche d'électrode (2) dans la zone de liaison (4), la couche conductrice (6) présentant une épaisseur qui est sensiblement supérieure à l'épaisseur de la couche d'électrode (2) ;

    perforation du support (15) dans la zone de liaison ;

    perforation de la couche d'électrode (2) dans la zone de liaison ;

    après application de la couche conductrice (6), perforation de la couche conductrice (6) dans la zone de liaison ;

    conduisant à une perforation s'étendant à travers le support (15), la couche d'électrode (2) et la couche conductrice (6) ;

    et dans lequel le procédé comprend ensuite l'étape de :
    remplissage au moins partiel de la perforation s'étendant à travers le support (15), la couche d'électrode (2) et la couche conductrice (6) avec un matériau conducteur (7) et couplage de l'élément conducteur (1) au matériau conducteur (7) établissant ainsi une liaison électrique entre la couche d'électrode (2) et l'élément conducteur (1) par l'intermédiaire de la couche conductrice (6) et du matériau conducteur (7).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le dispositif optique (3) comportant une surface fonctionnelle (5), dans lequel le dispositif optique (3) comprend au moins une couche d'électrode transmettant la lumière supplémentaire (8) supportée par un support transmettant la lumière supplémentaire (15) et agencée à une distance (d) de la couche d'électrode (2), le procédé comprenant, en outre :
    la formation d'une discontinuité électrique (9) sur la au moins une couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) entre la zone de liaison (4) et la zone fonctionnelle (5).
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, le dispositif optique (3) comportant une zone de liaison supplémentaire (10), le procédé comprenant, pour chacune de la ou des couches d'électrode supplémentaires (8) supportées par le support transmettant la lumière supplémentaire (15), les étapes supplémentaires :

    d'application d'une couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) sur la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) dans la zone de liaison supplémentaire (10), la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) présentant une épaisseur qui est sensiblement supérieure à l'épaisseur de la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) ;

    de perforation supplémentaire du support (15) et du support supplémentaire (15) dans la zone de liaison supplémentaire (10) ;

    de perforation supplémentaire la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) dans la zone de liaison supplémentaire (10) ;

    de formation d'une discontinuité électrique supplémentaire (14) sur la couche d'électrode (2) entre la zone de liaison supplémentaire (10) et la zone fonctionnelle (5) ; et

    dans lequel le procédé comprend ensuite l'étape de :
    remplissage au moins partiel de la perforation supplémentaire avec un matériau conducteur supplémentaire (12) et de couplage d'un élément conducteur supplémentaire (13) au matériau conducteur supplémentaire (12) établissant ainsi une liaison électrique entre la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) et l'élément conducteur supplémentaire (13) par l'intermédiaire de la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) et du matériau conducteur supplémentaire (12).


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel la discontinuité électrique est obtenue par découpe de la couche d'électrode supplémentaire dans la zone de liaison, et dans lequel la discontinuité électrique supplémentaire est obtenue par découpe de la couche d'électrode dans la zone de liaison supplémentaire.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la couche conductrice (6) est appliquée suivant un motif et dans lequel le procédé comprend, en outre, l'étape d'assemblage du support (15), de la couche d'électrode (2) et de la couche conductrice (6) avant les étapes de perforation.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le procédé comprend, en outre, successivement, après l'étape d'assemblage, la détermination d'emplacements de perforation multiples sur la base du motif, la sélection d'un ou plusieurs emplacements multiples et simultanément la perforation du support (15), de la couche d'électrode (2) et de la couche conductrice (6) au niveau de l'emplacement sélectionné.
     
    7. Dispositif optique (3) comprenant une couche d'électrode transmettant la lumière (2) agencée sur un support transmettant la lumière (15), dans lequel une couche conductrice (6) est agencée sur la couche d'électrode (2), la couche conductrice (6) établissant une zone de liaison (4), la couche conductrice (6) présentant une épaisseur qui est sensiblement supérieure à l'épaisseur de la couche d'électrode (2), et dans lequel la couche d'électrode (2), le support (15) et la couche conductrice (6) présentent une perforation dans la zone de liaison, la perforation s'étendant à travers le support (15), la couche d'électrode (2) et la couche conductrice (6) étant au moins partiellement remplie avec un matériau conducteur (7) qui est, en outre, couplé à un élément conducteur (1) établissant ainsi une liaison électrique entre la couche d'électrode (2) et l'élément conducteur (1) par l'intermédiaire de la couche conductrice (6) et du matériau conducteur (7).
     
    8. Dispositif optique (3) selon la revendication précédente, comprenant au moins une couche d'électrode transmettant la lumière supplémentaire (8) supportée par un support transmettant la lumière supplémentaire (15) et formée à une distance (d) par rapport à la couche d'électrode (2), la au moins une couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) comportant une discontinuité électrique (9) entre la zone de liaison (4) et la zone fonctionnelle (5).
     
    9. Dispositif optique selon la revendication 8, dans lequel une couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) est agencée sur la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8), la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) établissant une zone de liaison supplémentaire (10), la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) présentant une épaisseur qui est sensiblement supérieure à l'épaisseur de la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8), et dans lequel la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8), le support (15) et le support supplémentaire (15) présentent une perforation supplémentaire dans la zone de liaison supplémentaire, la perforation supplémentaire étant au moins partiellement remplie par un matériau conducteur supplémentaire (12) qui est, en outre, couplé à un élément conducteur supplémentaire (13) établissant ainsi une liaison électrique supplémentaire entre la couche d'électrode supplémentaire (8) et l'élément conducteur supplémentaire (13) par l'intermédiaire de la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) et du matériau conducteur supplémentaire (12).
     
    10. Dispositif optique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, dans lequel la couche conductrice (6) et la couche conductrice supplémentaire (11) sont formées suivant un motif, le motif s'étendant sur une surface efficace qui est au moins deux fois plus grande que la section transversale de la perforation.
     
    11. Dispositif optique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 10, dans lequel une première face de la couche d'électrode comporte une couche conductrice (6) alors qu'une seconde face de la couche d'électrode est situé contre le support transmettant la lumière (15).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description