(19)
(11)EP 3 492 474 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.08.2021 Bulletin 2021/32

(21)Application number: 18203369.6

(22)Date of filing:  22.11.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 498/04(2006.01)
C07D 209/08(2006.01)
C07D 403/12(2006.01)

(54)

INTERMEDIATES USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF DIACYLGLYCEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE INHIBITORS

ZWISCHENPRODUKTE FÜR DIE HERSTELLUNG VON DIACYLGLYCEROL-ACYLTRANSFERASE-HEMMER

INTERMEDIARES POUR LA PROCUCTION D'INHIBITEURS DE DIACYLGLYCÉROL ACYLTRANSFÉRASE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 23.11.2012 IN 3593DE2012
14.03.2013 IN 750DE2013
25.10.2013 IN 3172DE2013

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/23

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13856479.4 / 2922551

(73)Proprietor: GlaxoSmithKline LLC
Wilmington, DE 19808 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHEUNG, Mui
    King Of Prussia, PA 19406 (US)
  • TANGIRALA, Raghuram, S.
    King of Prussia, PA 19406 (US)

(74)Representative: Oates, Edward Christopher 
Carpmaels & Ransford LLP One Southampton Row
London WC1B 5HA
London WC1B 5HA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/121350
US-A1- 2009 036 425
WO-A1-2012/162129
US-A1- 2010 204 119
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION



    [0001] This invention relates to methods of preparing compounds. This disclosure relates to novel compounds which are inhibitors of acyl coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT-1), to pharmaceutical compositions containing them, to processes for their preparation, and to their use in therapy, alone or in combination with weight management therapies or other triglyceride lowering therapy, for the prevention or treatment of diseases related to DGAT-1 dysfunction or where modulation of DGAT-1 activity may have therapeutic benefit including but not limited to obesity, obesity related disorders, genetic (Type 1, Type 5 hyperlipidemia) and acquired forms of hypertriglyceridemia or hyperlipoproteinemia-related disorders, caused by but not limited to lipodystrophy, hypothyroidism, medications (beta blockers, thiazides, estrogen, glucocorticoids, transplant) and other factors (pregnancy, alcohol intake), hyperlipoproteinemia, chylomicronemia, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular outcomes, angina, excess hair growth (including syndromes associated with hirsutism), nephrotic syndrome, fibrosis such as myocardial, renal and liver fibrosis, hepatitis C virus infection and acne or other skin disorders.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Obesity is a medical condition that is reaching epidemic proportions among humans in a number of countries throughout the world. It is a condition that is also associated with or induces other diseases or conditions that disrupt life activities and lifestyles. Obesity is recognized as a serious risk factor for other diseases and conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis. It is also known that increased body weight due to obesity can place a burden on joints, such as knee joints, causing arthritis, pain, and stiffness.

    [0003] Because overeating and obesity have become such a problem in the general population, many individuals are now interested in losing weight, reducing weight, and maintaining a healthy body weight and desirable lifestyle. One approach to treating obesity is to reduce food intake and/or hyperlipidemia. It has been suggested that molecules which are developed to prevent the accumulation of triglyceride would not only reduce obesity but also have the additional beneficial effect of reducing insulin resistance, a primary factor contributing to the development of diabetes.

    [0004] Acyl coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT-1) is one of two known DGAT enzymes that catalyze the final step in mammalian triglyceride synthesis. DGAT-1 is an enzyme that is implicated in the development of both diabetes and insulin resistance. Studies of DGAT-1 deficient mice show that DGAT-1 deficiency protects against insulin resistance and obesity, see Chen, H.C. et al., J Clin Invest., 109(8), 1049-1055 (2002). Therefore, inhibitors of DGAT-1 should be useful for the treatment of metabolic disorders, e.g. obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance syndrome (or metabolic syndrome) and other associated or related diseases and conditions.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] This invention relates to a method of preparing a compound of formula (I):

    wherein said method comprises treating an intermediate of formula (II):

    with:
    1. (i) ammonia in dioxane at room temperature for 2 hours, when R1 is hydrogen and R2 is - CH2-C(CH3)2OH; or
    2. (ii) ammonia in dioxane at room temperature for 3 hours, when R1 is cyclopropyl and R2 is - CH2CH2CH3.


    [0006] This invention also relates to a method of preparing a compound of formula (II):

    wherein said method comprises treating an intermediate of formula (III)

    with:
    1. (i) triethylamine in CH3CN at 80°C for 6 hours or at 90°C for 12 hours when R1 is hydrogen and R2 is -CH2-C(CH3)2OH; or
    2. (ii) triethylamine in CH3CN at 80°C for 16 hours when R1 is cyclopropyl and R2 is - CH2CH2CH3.


    [0007] This invention also relates to a method of preparing a compound of formula (IV):

    wherein said method comprises reducing an intermediate of formula (V):

    in ethanol using palladium on carbon and H2 at room temperature for 16 hours.

    [0008] The invention also relates to the following compounds:







    [0009] The invention also relates to the following compounds:





    [0010] Also disclosed are compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

    wherein:

    X is CH, CR2, or N;

    R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, (C3-C7)cycloalkyl, 4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl, phenyl, or 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl, wherein said (C1-C4)alkyl is optionally substituted by hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, -CO2H, or -CO2(C1-C4)alkyl, and wherein said phenyl or 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl is optionally substituted by -O(C1-C2)alkylO- or optionally substituted with one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, cyano, oxo, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, phenyl(C1-C2)alkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, halo(C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, -CO2H, and -CO2(C1-C4)alkyl; and

    R2 is halogen, (C1-C4)alkyl, halo(C1-C4)alkyl, (C3-C7)cycloalkyl, 4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl, -NHC(O)(C1-C4)alkyl, or -NHC(O)(C3-C7)cycloalkyl;

    provided that the compound is not 4-amino-6-(1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-cyclopropyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 3-(5-(4-amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1H-indol-1-yl)propanoic acid, 4-amino-6-(1-(3-methoxypropyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-isopropyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-propyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-cyclohexyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-isopropyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-cyclopropyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazcpin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-phenyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5 ,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3-chlorophenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 6-amino-4-(7-(2-methoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-3-yl)-3,4-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-phenyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(2-fluorophenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-(difluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, 4-amino-6-(1-(4-(difluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one, or 4-amino-6-(1-(4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one.



    [0011] Also disclosed is a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

    [0012] Also disclosed is a method of treating obesity comprising administering to a human in need thereof an effective amount of a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

    DETAIL DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0013] Disclosed herein are compounds of the Formula (I) as defined above.

    [0014] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein X is CH or CR2. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein X is CH. In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein X is N.

    [0015] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is (C3-C7)cycloalkyl, 4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl, or -NHC(O)(C3-C7)cycloalkyl. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl,
    tetrahydropyranyl, -NHC(O)cyclopropyl, -NHC(O)cyclobutyl, -NHC(O)cyclopentyl,
    or -NHC(O)cyclohexyl. In a more specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is cyclopropyl, morpholinyl, or -NHC(O)cyclopropyl.

    [0016] In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl. In a more specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is cyclopropyl.

    [0017] In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, or tetrahydropyranyl. In a more specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is morpholinyl.

    [0018] In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is -NHC(O)cyclopropyl, -NHC(O)cyclobutyl, -NHC(O)cyclopentyl, or -NHC(O)cyclohexyl. In a more specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R2 is -NHC(O)cyclopropyl.

    [0019] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is n-propyl, isopropyl, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-prop-1-yl, cyclobutyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydropyranyl, 2-ethylphenyl, 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 3,5-dichlorophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl, 2-methoxyphenyl, 2-ethoxyphenyl, 2-isopropyloxyphenyl, 3-isobutyloxyphenyl, 3-difluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 3-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-trifluoromethylphenyl, 3-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl, 2-bromo-3-methoxyphenyl, 2-cyclopentyloxyphenyl, 5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl, 5-methyl-1,3,4-triazol-2-yl, 6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 2-methoxy-6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 1-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl, 2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl, 2-ethylpyrimidin-5-yl, 2-methoxypyrimidin-5-yl, or 5-methylpyrazin-2-yl. In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is n-propyl, isopropyl, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-prop-1-yl, cyclobutyl, oxetanyl, 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 3,5-dichlorophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl, 2-methoxyphenyl, 2-ethoxyphenyl, 2-isopropyloxyphenyl, 3-isobutyloxyphenyl, 3-difluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 3-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-trifluoromethylphenyl, 2-cyclopentyloxyphenyl, 5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl, 6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 1-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl, or 2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl.

    [0020] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl which is optionally substituted by hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, -CO2H, or -CO2(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl or hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is n-propyl, isopropyl, or 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-prop-1-yl.

    [0021] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is (C3-C7)cycloalkyl or 4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, or tetrahydropyranyl. In another specific embodiment, this invent disclosure ion relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is cyclobutyl, oxetanyl, or tetrahydropyranyl. In a more specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is cyclobutyl or oxetanyl.

    [0022] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, each of which is optionally substituted by -O(C1-C2)alkylO- or optionally substituted with one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, cyano, oxo, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, phenyl(C1-C2)alkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, halo(C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, -CO2H, and -CO2(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy.

    [0023] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl which is optionally substituted by -O(C1-C2)alkylO- or optionally substituted with one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, cyano, oxo, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, phenyl(C1-C2)alkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, halo(C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, -CO2H, and -CO2(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl which is optionally substituted by -O(C1-C2)alkylO- or optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from fluorine, chlorine, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, and halo(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is phenyl which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 2-ethylphenyl, 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 3,5-dichlorophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl, 2-methoxyphenyl, 2-ethoxyphenyl, 2-isopropyloxyphenyl, 3-isobutyloxyphenyl, 3-difluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 3-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-trifluoromethylphenyl, 3-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl, 2-bromo-3-methoxyphenyl, or 2-cyclopentyloxyphenyl. In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 3,5-dichlorophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl, 2-methoxyphenyl, 2-ethoxyphenyl, 2-isopropyloxyphenyl, 3-isobutyloxyphenyl, 3-difluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 3-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-trifluoromethylphenyl, or 2-cyclopentyloxyphenyl.

    [0024] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, or isothiazolyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, and halo(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, or isothiazolyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl or 5-methyl-1,3,4-triazol-2-yl. In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl.

    [0025] In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, or pyrimidinyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from oxo, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)alkoxy, halo(C1-C4)alkoxy, (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, (C1-C4)alkyl, and halo(C1-C4)alkyl. In another embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, or pyrimidinyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, oxo, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy. In a specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 2-methoxy-6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 1-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl, 2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl, 2-ethylpyrimidin-5-yl, 2-methoxypyrimidin-5-yl, or 5-methylpyrazin-2-yl. In another specific embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 6-methylpyridin-3-yl, 1-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl, or 2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl.

    [0026] In a particular embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof wherein:

    X is CH or CR2;

    R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy; and

    R2 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl,
    tetrahydropyranyl, -NHC(O)cyclopropyl, -NHC(O)cyclobutyl, -NHC(O)cyclopentyl, or -NHC(O)cyclohexyl.



    [0027] In a particular embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof wherein:

    X is CH or CR2;

    R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy; and

    R2 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl,
    tetrahydropyranyl, -NHC(O)cyclopropyl, -NHC(O)cyclobutyl, -NHC(O)cyclopentyl, or -NHC(O)cyclohexyl.



    [0028] In a particular embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof wherein:

    X is CH; and

    R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy.



    [0029] In a particular embodiment, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof wherein:

    X is N;

    R1 is (C1-C4)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl, wherein said phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or triazinyl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, oxo, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropyloxy, isobutyloxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and cyclopentyloxy.



    [0030] Also disclosed are compounds that are exemplified in the Experimental section.
    Specific compounds of this disclosure include:

    4-amino-6-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-cyclobutyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3-isobutoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5 ,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-isopropoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5 ,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5 ,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(1-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-ethoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    N-(5-(4-amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide;

    4-amino-6-(1-isopropyl-7-morpholino-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    N-(5-(4-amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1-isopropyl-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide;

    4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-ethylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(3-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5 ,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxy-6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxypyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-ethylphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(5-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(5-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-bromo-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(1-(2-methoxy-2-methylpropyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one; and

    4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f] [1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one;

    or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

    [0031] A person of ordinary skills in the art recognizes that compounds of the present disclosure may have alternative names when different naming software is used.

    [0032] This disclosure also relates to compounds of Formula (I) or any of the exemplified compounds, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, for use in therapy. In particular, for use in the treatment of diseases mediated by Acyl coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT-1), such as obesity, obesity related disorders, genetic (Type 1, Type 5 hyperlipidemia) and acquired forms of hypertriglyceridemia or hyperlipoproteinemia-related disorders, hyperlipoproteinemia, chylomicronemia, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular outcomes, angina, excess hair growth (including syndromes associated with hirsutism), nephrotic syndrome, fibrosis such as mycocardial, renal and liver fibrosis, hepatitis C virus infection and acne or other skin disorders. In particular, this disclosure relates to compounds of Formula (I), or any of the exemplified compounds, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, for use in the treatment of obesity.

    [0033] This disclosure also relates to compounds of Formula (I) or any of the exemplified compounds, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, for use as a medicament. This disclosure also relates to compounds of Formula (I) or any of the exemplified compounds, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, in the manufacture of a medicament for use in the treatment of obesity.

    [0034] Typically, but not absolutely, the salts of the present disclosure are pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Salts encompassed within the term "pharmaceutically acceptable salts" refer to non-toxic salts of the compounds. Salts of the disclosed compounds containing a basic amine or other basic functional group may be prepared by any suitable method known in the art, including treatment of the free base with an inorganic acid, such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, and the like, or with an organic acid, such as acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid, mandelic acid, fumaric acid, malonic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, pyranosidyl acid, such as glucuronic acid or galacturonic acid, alpha-hydroxy acid, such as citric acid or tartaric acid, amino acid, such as aspartic acid or glutamic acid, aromatic acid, such as benzoic acid or cinnamic acid, sulfonic acid, such as p-toluenesulfonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid or the like. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include sulfates, pyrosulfates, bisulfates, sulfites, bisulfites, phosphates, chlorides, bromides, iodides, acetates, propionates, decanoates, caprylates, acrylates, formates, isobutyrates, caproates, heptanoates, propiolates, oxalates, malonates succinates, suberates, sebacates, fumarates, maleates, butyne-1,4-dioates, hexyne-1,6-dioates, benzoates, chlorobenzoates, methylbenzoates, dinitrobenzoates, hydroxybenzoates, methoxybenzoates, phthalates, phenylacetates, phenylpropionates, phenylbutrates, citrates, lactates, γ-hydroxybutyrates, glycolates, tartrates mandelates, and sulfonates, such as xylenesulfonates, methanesulfonates, propanesulfonates, naphthalene-1-sulfonates and naphthalene-2-sulfonates.

    [0035] Salts of the disclosed compounds containing a carboxylic acid or other acidic functional group can be prepared by reacting with a suitable base. Such a pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be made with a base which affords a pharmaceutically acceptable cation, which includes alkali metal salts (especially sodium and potassium), alkaline earth metal salts (especially calcium and magnesium), aluminum salts and ammonium salts, as well as salts made from physiologically acceptable organic bases such as trimethylamine, triethylamine, morpholine, pyridine, piperidine, picoline, dicyclohexylamine, N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine, 2-hydroxyethylamine, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, tri-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, procaine, dibenzylpiperidine, dehydroabietylamine, N,N'-bisdehydroabietylamine, glucamine, N-methylglucamine, collidine, choline, quinine, quinoline, and basic amino acid such as lysine and arginine.

    [0036] Other salts, which are not pharmaceutically acceptable, may be useful in the preparation of compounds of this disclosure and these should be considered to form a further aspect of the disclosure. These salts, such as oxalic or trifluoroacetate, while not in themselves pharmaceutically acceptable, may be useful in the preparation of salts useful as intermediates in obtaining the compounds of the disclosure and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts.

    [0037] As used herein, the term "a compound of Formula (I)" or "the compound of Formula (I)" refers to one or more compounds according to Formula (I). The compound of Formula (I) may exist in solid or liquid form. In the solid state, it may exist in crystalline or noncrystalline form, or as a mixture thereof. The skilled artisan will appreciate that pharmaceutically acceptable solvates may be formed for crystalline or non-crystalline compounds. In crystalline solvates, solvent molecules are incorporated into the crystalline lattice during crystallization. Solvates may involve non-aqueous solvents such as, but not limited to, ethanol, isopropanol, DMSO, acetic acid, ethanolamine, or ethyl acetate, or they may involve water as the solvent that is incorporated into the crystalline lattice. Solvates wherein water is the solvent incorporated into the crystalline lattice are typically referred to as "hydrates." Hydrates include stoichiometric hydrates as well as compositions containing variable amounts of water. The disclosure includes all such solvates.

    [0038] The skilled artisan will further appreciate that certain compounds of the disclosure that exist in crystalline form, including the various solvates thereof, may exhibit polymorphism (i.e. the capacity to occur in different crystalline structures). These different crystalline forms are typically known as "polymorphs." The disclosure includes all such polymorphs. Polymorphs have the same chemical composition but differ in packing, geometrical arrangement, and other descriptive properties of the crystalline solid state. Polymorphs, therefore, may have different physical properties such as shape, density, hardness, deformability, stability, and dissolution properties. Polymorphs typically exhibit different melting points, IR spectra, and X-ray powder diffraction patterns, which may be used for identification. The skilled artisan will appreciate that different polymorphs may be produced, for example, by changing or adjusting the reaction conditions or reagents, used in making the compound. For example, changes in temperature, pressure, or solvent may result in polymorphs. In addition, one polymorph may spontaneously convert to another polymorph under certain conditions.

    [0039] The compound of Formula (I) or a salt thereof may exist in stereoisomeric forms (e.g., it contains one or more asymmetric carbon atoms). The individual stereoisomers (enantiomers and diastereomers) and mixtures of these are included within the scope of the present disclosure. Likewise, it is understood that a compound or salt of Formula (I) may exist in tautomeric forms other than that shown in the formula and these are also included within the scope of the present disclosure. It is to be understood that the present disclosure includes all combinations and subsets of the particular groups defined hereinabove. The scope of the present disclosure includes mixtures of stereoisomers as well as purified enantiomers or enantiomerically/diastereomerically enriched mixtures. It is to be understood that the present disclosure includes all combinations and subsets of the particular groups defined hereinabove.

    [0040] The subject disclosure also includes isotopically-labelled compounds, which are identical to those recited in Formula (I) and following, but for the fact that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, sulphur, fluorine, iodine, and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 11C, 13C, 14C, 15N, 17O, 18O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, 36Cl, 123I, and 125I.

    [0041] Compounds of the present disclosure and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of said compounds that contain the aforementioned isotopes and/or other isotopes of other atoms are within the scope of the present disclosure. Isotopically-labelled compounds of the present disclosure, for example those into which radioactive isotopes such as 3H or 14C are incorporated, are useful in drug and/or substrate tissue distribution assays. Tritiated, i.e., 3H, and carbon-14, i.e., 14C, isotopes are particularly preferred for their ease of preparation and detectability. 11C and 18F isotopes are particularly useful in PET (positron emission tomography), and 125I isotopes are particularly useful in SPECT (single photon emission computerized tomography), all useful in brain imaging. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium, i.e., 2H, can afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements and, hence, may be preferred in some circumstances. Isotopically labelled compounds of Formula (I) and following of this disclosure can generally be prepared by carrying out the procedures disclosed in the Schemes and/or in the Examples below, by substituting a readily available isotopically labelled reagent for a non-isotopically labelled reagent.

    DEFINITIONS



    [0042] Terms are used within their accepted meanings. The following definitions are meant to clarify, but not limit, the terms defined.

    [0043] As used herein, the term "alkyl" represents a saturated, straight or branched hydrocarbon moiety having the specified number of carbon atoms. The term "(C1-C4)alkyl" refers to an alkyl moiety containing from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Exemplary alkyls include, but are not limited to methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, s-butyl, and t-butyl.

    [0044] When the term "alkyl" is used in combination with other substituent groups, such as "halo(C1-C4)alkyl" or "hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl", the term "alkyl" is intended to encompass a divalent straight or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical, wherein the point of attachment is through the alkyl moiety. "halo(C1-C4)alkyl" is intended to mean a radical having one or more halogen atoms, which may be the same or different, at one or more carbon atoms of an alkyl moiety containing from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, which is a straight or branched-chain carbon radical. Examples of "halo(C1-C4)alkyl" groups include, but are not limited to, -CHF2 (difluoromethyl), -CF3 (trifluoromethyl), -CCl3 (trichloromethyl), 1,1-difluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, and hexafluoroisopropyl. Examples of "hydroxy(C1-C4)alkyl" groups include, but are not limited to, hydroxymethyl, hydroxyethyl, and hydroxyisopropyl.

    [0045] As used herein, the term "cycloalkyl" refers to a non-aromatic, saturated, cyclic hydrocarbon ring containing the specified number of carbon atoms. The term "(C3-C7)cycloalkyl" refers to a non-aromatic cyclic hydrocarbon ring having from three to seven ring carbon atoms. Exemplary "(C3-C7)cycloalkyl" groups include, but are not limited to, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, and cycloheptyl.

    [0046] "Alkoxy" refers to a group containing an alkyl radical, defined hereinabove, attached through an oxygen linking atom. The term "(C1-C4)alkoxy" refers to a straight- or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical having at least 1 and up to 4 carbon atoms attached through an oxygen linking atom. Exemplary "(C1-C4)alkoxy" groups include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, s-butoxy, isobutoxy, and t-butoxy.

    [0047] The term "halo(C1-C4)alkoxy" refers to a straight- or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical, having at least 1 and up to 4 carbon atoms with one or more halogen atoms, which may be the same or different, attached to one or more carbon atoms, which radical is attached through an oxygen linking atom. Exemplary "halo(C1-C4)alkoxy" groups include, but are not limited to, - OCHF2 (difluoromethoxy), -OCF3 (trifluoromethoxy), and -OCH(CF3)2 (hexafluoroisopropoxy).

    [0048] "Cycloalkoxy" refers to a group containing a cycloalkyl radical, defined hereinabove, attached through an oxygen linking atom. The term "(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy" refers to a non-aromatic, saturated, cyclic hydrocarbon ring having from three to seven ring carbon atoms attached through an oxygen linking atom. Exemplary "(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy" groups include, but are not limited to, cyclopropyloxy, cyclobutyloxy, cyclopentyloxy, cyclohexyloxy, and cycloheptyloxy.

    [0049] As used herein, "halogen" or "halo" refers to F, Cl, Br, or I. "Oxo" represents a double-bonded oxygen moiety; for example, if attached directly to a carbon atom forms a carbonyl moiety (C = O). "Hydroxy" or "hydroxyl" is intended to mean the radical -OH. As used herein, the term "cyano" refers to the group -CN.

    [0050] As used herein, "4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl" represents a group or moiety comprising a non aromatic, monovalent monocyclic radical, which is saturated or partially unsaturated, containing 4, 5, or 6 ring atoms, which includes one or two heteroatoms selected independently from oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen. Illustrative examples of 4- to 6-membered heterocycloalkyl groups include, but are not limited to azetidinyl, oxetanyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrazolidinyl, pyrazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, imidazolinyl, oxazolinyl, thiazolinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydrofuranyl, 1,3-dioxolanyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, dihydropyranyl, 1,3-dioxanyl, 1,4-dioxanyl, 1,3-oxathiolanyl, 1,3-oxathianyl, and 1,3-dithianyl.

    [0051] As used herein, "5- or 6-membered heteroaryl" represents a group or moiety comprising an aromatic monovalent monocyclic radical, containing 5 or 6 ring atoms, including at least one carbon atom and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. Selected 5-membered heteroaryl groups contain one nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur ring heteroatom, and optionally contain 1, 2, or 3 additional nitrogen ring atoms. Selected 6-membered heteroaryl groups contain 1, 2, or 3 nitrogen ring heteroatoms. Illustrative examples of 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl groups include, but are not limited to furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, and triazinyl.

    [0052] As used herein, the term "optionally" means that the subsequently described event(s) may or may not occur, and includes both event(s) that occur and event(s) that do not occur.

    [0053] The term "independently" means that where more than one substituent is selected from a number of possible substituents, those substituents may be the same or different. The alternative definitions for the various groups and substituent groups of Formula (I) provided throughout the specification are intended to particularly describe each compound species disclosed herein, individually, as well as groups of one or more compound species. The scope of this disclosure includes any combination of these group and substituent group definitions.

    PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS



    [0054] The disclosure further provides a pharmaceutical composition (also referred to as pharmaceutical formulation) comprising a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and one or more excipients (also referred to as carriers and/or diluents in the pharmaceutical arts). The excipients are pharmaceutically acceptable in the sense of being compatible with the other ingredients of the formulation and not deleterious to the recipient thereof (i.e., the patient).

    [0055] In accordance with another aspect of the disclosure there is provided a process for the preparation of a pharmaceutical composition comprising mixing (or admixing) a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, with at least one excipient.

    [0056] Pharmaceutical compositions may be in unit dose form containing a predetermined amount of active ingredient per unit dose. Such a unit may contain a therapeutically effective dose of the compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a fraction of a therapeutically effective dose such that multiple unit dosage forms might be administered at a given time to achieve the desired therapeutically effective dose. Preferred unit dosage formulations are those containing a daily dose or sub-dose, as herein above recited, or an appropriate fraction thereof, of an active ingredient. Furthermore, such pharmaceutical compositions may be prepared by any of the methods well-known in the pharmacy art.

    [0057] Pharmaceutical compositions may be adapted for administration by any appropriate route, for example, by oral (including buccal or sublingual), rectal, nasal, topical (including buccal, sublingual, or transdermal), vaginal, or parenteral (including subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, or intradermal) routes. Such compositions may be prepared by any method known in the art of pharmacy, for example, by bringing into association the active ingredient with the excipient(s).

    [0058] When adapted for oral administration, pharmaceutical compositions may be in discrete units such as tablets or capsules, powders or granules, solutions or suspensions in aqueous or non-aqueous liquids, edible foams or whips, oil-in-water liquid emulsions or water-in-oil liquid emulsions. The compound or salt thereof or the pharmaceutical composition may also be incorporated into a candy, a wafer, and/or tongue tape formulation for administration as a "quick-dissolve" medicine.

    [0059] For instance, for oral administration in the form of a tablet or capsule, the active drug component can be combined with an oral, non-toxic pharmaceutically acceptable inert carrier such as ethanol, glycerol, water, and the like. Powders or granules are prepared by comminuting the compound to a suitable fine size and mixing with a similarly comminuted pharmaceutical carrier such as an edible carbohydrate, as, for example, starch or mannitol. Flavoring, preservative, dispersing, and coloring agents can also be present.

    [0060] Capsules are made by preparing a powder mixture, as described above, and filling formed gelatin or non-gelatinous sheaths. Glidants and lubricants such as colloidal silica, talc, magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, solid polyethylene glycol can be added to the powder mixture before the filling operation. A disintegrating or solubilizing agent such as agar-agar, calcium carbonate, or sodium carbonate can also be added to improve the availability of the medicine when the capsule is ingested.

    [0061] Moreover, when desired or necessary, suitable binders, lubricants, disintegrating agents, and coloring agents can also be incorporated into the mixture. Suitable binders include starch, gelatin, natural sugars, such as glucose or beta-lactose, corn sweeteners, natural and synthetic gums such as acacia, tragacanth, sodium alginate, carboxymethylcellulose, polyethylene glycol, waxes, and the like. Lubricants used in these dosage forms include sodium oleate, sodium stearate, magnesium stearate, sodium benzoate, sodium acetate, sodium chloride, and the like. Disintegrators include, without limitation, starch, methylcellulose, agar, bentonite, xanthan gum, and the like.

    [0062] Tablets are formulated, for example, by preparing a powder mixture, granulating or slugging, adding a lubricant and disintegrant, and pressing into tablets. A powder mixture is prepared by mixing the compound, suitably comminuted, with a diluent or base as described above, and optionally, with a binder such as carboxymethylcellulose, and aliginate, gelatin, or polyvinyl pyrrolidone, a solution retardant such as paraffin, a resorption accelerator such as a quaternary salt, and/or an absorption agent such as bentonite, kaolin, or dicalcium phosphate. The powder mixture can be granulated by wetting a binder such as a syrup, starch paste, acadia mucilage, or solutions of cellulosic or polymeric materials and forcing through a screen. As an alternative to granulating, the powder mixture can be run through a tablet machine, resulting in imperfectly formed slugs broken into granules. The granules can be lubricated to prevent sticking to the tablet forming dies by means of the addition of stearic acid, a stearate salt, talc, or mineral oil. The lubricated mixture is then compressed into tablets. The compound or salt can also be combined with a free-flowing inert carrier and compressed into tablets

    [0063] directly without going through the granulating or slugging steps. A clear opaque protective coating consisting of a sealing coat of shellac, a coating of sugar, or polymeric material, and a polish coating of wax can be provided. Dyestuffs can be added to these coatings to distinguish different dosages.

    [0064] Oral fluids such as solutions, syrups, and elixirs can be prepared in dosage unit form so that a given quantity contains a predetermined amount of active ingredient. Syrups can be prepared by dissolving the compound or salt thereof in a suitably flavoured aqueous solution, while elixirs are prepared through the use of a non-toxic alcoholic vehicle. Suspensions can be formulated by dispersing the compound or salt in a non-toxic vehicle. Solubilizers and emulsifiers, such as ethoxylated isostearyl alcohols and polyoxyethylene sorbitol ethers, preservatives, flavor additives such as peppermint oil, natural sweeteners, saccharin, or other artificial sweeteners, and the like, can also be added.

    [0065] Where appropriate, dosage unit formulations for oral administration can be microencapsulated. The formulation can also be prepared to prolong or sustain the release as, for example, by coating or embedding particulate material in polymers, wax, or the like.

    [0066] In the present disclosure, tablets and capsules are preferred for delivery of the pharmaceutical composition.

    [0067] As used herein, the term "treatment" refers to alleviating the specified condition, eliminating or reducing one or more symptoms of the condition, slowing or eliminating the progression of the condition, and preventing or delaying the reoccurrence of the condition in a previously afflicted or diagnosed patient or subject.

    [0068] The present disclosure provides a method of treatment in a mammal, especially a human, suffering from obesity, diabetes, hypertension, depression, anxiety, drug addiction, substance addiction, or a combination thereof. Such treatment comprises the step of administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to said mammal, particularly a human. Treatment can also comprise the step of administering a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition containing a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to said mammal, particularly a human.

    [0069] As used herein, the term "effective amount" means that amount of a drug or pharmaceutical agent that will elicit the biological or medical response of a tissue, system, animal, or human that is being sought, for instance, by a researcher or clinician.

    [0070] The term "therapeutically effective amount" means any amount which, as compared to a corresponding subject who has not received such amount, results in improved treatment, healing, prevention, or amelioration of a disease, disorder, or side effect, or a decrease in the rate of advancement of a disease or disorder. The term also includes within its scope amounts effective to enhance normal physiological function. For use in therapy, therapeutically effective amounts of a

    [0071] compound of Formula (I), as well as salts thereof, may be administered as the raw chemical. Additionally, the active ingredient may be presented as a pharmaceutical composition. While it is possible that, for use in therapy, a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be administered as the raw chemical, it is typically presented as the active ingredient of a pharmaceutical composition or formulation.

    [0072] The precise therapeutically effective amount of a compound or salt thereof will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the age and weight of the subject (patient) being treated, the precise disorder requiring treatment and its severity, the nature of the pharmaceutical formulation/composition, and route of administration, and will ultimately be at the discretion of the attending physician or veterinarian. Typically, a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, will be given for the treatment in the range of about 0.1 to 100 mg/kg body weight of recipient (patient, mammal) per day and more usually in the range of 0.1 to 10 mg/kg body weight per day. Acceptable daily dosages may be from about 0.1 to about 1000 mg/day, and preferably from about 1 to about 100 mg/day. This amount may be given in a single dose per day or in a number (such as two, three, four, five, or more) of sub-doses per day such that the total daily dose is the same. An effective amount of a salt thereof may be determined as a proportion of the effective amount of the compound of Formula (I) per se. Similar dosages should be appropriate for treatment of the other conditions referred herein for treatment. In general, determination of appropriate dosing can be readily arrived at by one skilled in medicine or the pharmacy art.

    [0073] Additionally, the present disclosure provides the use of a compound of the disclosure in combination with weight management therapies or other triglyceride lowering therapy. In particular, the present disclosure provides a combination of a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof with at least one other therapeutically active agent, including another anti-obesity drug and/or an anti-diabetes drug. Such other therapeutically active agent can include, for example, metformin (Glucophage®), CB1 receptor antagonists, GLP-1 agonists, opioid antagonists, and neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitors. When a compound of the disclosure is employed in combination with another anti-obesity drug or anti-diabetes drug, it is to be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the dose of each compound or drug of the combination may differ from that when the drug or compound is used alone. Appropriate doses will be readily appreciated and determined by those skilled in the art. The appropriate dose of the compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and the other therapeutically active agent(s) and the relative timings of administration will be selected in order to achieve the desired combined therapeutic effect, and are within the expertise and discretion of the attending doctor or clinician.

    COMPOUNDS PREPARATION


    Generic Synthesis Schemes



    [0074] The compounds of this disclosure may be made by a variety of methods, including well-known standard synthetic methods. Illustrative general synthetic methods are set out below and then specific compounds of the disclosure are prepared in the working examples. The skilled artisan will appreciate that if a substituent described herein is not compatible with the synthetic methods described herein, the substituent may be protected with a suitable protecting group that is stable to the reaction conditions. The protecting group may be removed at a suitable point in the reaction sequence to provide a desired intermediate or target compound. In all of the schemes described below, protecting groups for sensitive or reactive groups are employed where necessary in accordance with general principles of synthetic chemistry. Protecting groups are manipulated according to standard methods of organic synthesis (T.W. Green and P.G.M. Wuts, (1991) Protecting Groups in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons). These groups are removed at a convenient stage of the compound synthesis using methods that are readily apparent to those skilled in the art. The selection of processes as well as the reaction conditions and order of their execution shall be consistent with the preparation of compounds of the present disclosure.

    [0075] The synthesis of the compounds of the general Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives and salts thereof may be accomplished as outlined below in Schemes 1 - 5 by those skilled in the art. In the following description, the groups are as defined above for compounds of Formula (I) unless otherwise indicated. Starting materials are commercially available or are made from commercially available materials using methods known to those skilled in the art.

    [0076] Compounds of Formula (I) may be prepared as illustrated in Scheme 1. An appropriately substituted 5-bromo indole or azaindole derivative A can be treated with an aptly substituted alkyl (or cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl) or a phenyl (or heteroaryl) coupling precursor such as a bromide, iodide, or triflate under suitable conditions to effect the corresponding alkylation or arylation to afford the indole or azaindole derivative B. Indole or azaindole B can be subjected to amination under Buchwald conditions using an appropriately protected ethanolamine in the presence of reagents such as palladium acetate, a ligand such as X-Phos, and a base such as cesium carbonate in toluene at 110 °C. Intermediate C thus obtained can then be coupled to 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride to afford D. Desilylation of intermediate D under standard TBAF conditions leads to E which is then subjected to ring closure by heating the reaction mixture in acetonitrile at 80 °C in the presence of a base such as triethylamine to give F. Substitution of the chloro residue in intermediate F with an amino group by treatment with ammonia at room temperature results in compounds of Formula (I) (1a).



    [0077] Compounds of Formula (I) may also be prepared as illustrated in Scheme 2. An appropriately substituted 5-bromo indole or azaindole derivative A can be treated with 1-(benzyloxy)-2-bromobenzene to effect the corresponding arylation affording compound G. Compound G can be subjected to amination under Buchwald conditions using an appropriately protected ethanolamine in the presence of reagents such as palladium acetate, a ligand such as X-Phos, and a base such as cesium carbonate in toluene at 110 °C. Intermediate H thus obtained can then be coupled to 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride to afford I. Desilylation of intermediate I under standard TBAF conditions leads to J which is then subjected to ring closure by heating the reaction mixture in acetonitrile at 80 °C in the presence of a base such as triethylamine to give K. Substitution of the chloro residue in intermediate K with an amino group by treatment with ammonia at room temperature results in the amino pyrimidine L. The masked phenol in L is then revealed under palladium on carbon catalyzed hydrogenolysis conditions to give the phenol M which now can be alkylated with suitable alkyl bromides R-Br under standard conditions to give compounds of Formula (I) (1b).



    [0078] Compounds of Formula (I) may also be synthesized as illustrated in Scheme 3. An appropriately substituted 5-bromo indole or azaindole derivative A is treated first with phosgene at 0 °C to convert it into a reactive acyl intermediate which then is treated with a suitably substituted acyl hydrazine in the presence of triethylamine at room temperature to afford the diacyl hydrazine N. The conversion of N to oxadiazole derivative O can be achieved by treatment with POCl3 in refluxing toluene. Aryl bromide O can be subjected to amination under Buchwald conditions using an appropriately protected ethanolamine in the presence of reagents such as palladium acetate, a ligand such as X-Phos, and a base such as cesium carbonate in toluene at 110 °C. Intermediate P thus obtained can then be coupled to 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride to afford Q. Desilylation of intermediate Q under standard acidic conditions leads to R which is then subjected to ring closure by heating the reaction mixture in acetonitrile at 80 °C in the presence of a base such as triethylamine to give S. Substitution of the chloro residue in intermediate S with an amino group by treatment with ammonia at room temperature results in compounds of Formula (I) (1c).



    [0079] Compounds of Formula (I) may also be synthesized as illustrated in Scheme 4. The nitro indoline derivative T is brominated in the first step using bromine in acetic acid to afford the meta-brominated product U. Indoline U is now oxidized to the more stable indole V which is then alkylated (or arylated accordingly) with an appropriate bromide reagent R1-Br in the presence of cesium carbonate and DMF to give indole W. The bromine in W can now undergo coupling reaction with an appropriate boronic acid (or boronate ester) under standard Suzuki conditions (or an amine under Buchwald conditions) to give 7-substituted indole derivative AA. The nitro group is reduced to the corresponding amine by hydrogenolysis in the presence of palladium on carbon to afford AB. Aniline AB can then be alkylated with a suitably substituted bromide under heating conditions to afford intermediate C which can be converted to compounds of Formula (I) (1d) as described in Scheme 1.



    [0080] Compounds of Formula (I) may also be synthesized as illustrated in Scheme 5. Indole AC can be acylated by treatment with an appropriate acid chloride R"COCl to give indole AD. N-Alkylation or arylation provides intermediate AE. Coupling of bromoindole AE with an appropriately protected ethanolamine under standard Buchwald conditions gives indole derivative AF. Intermediate AF can be converted to compounds of Formula (I) (1e) as described in Scheme 1.


    EXPERIMENTALS



    [0081] Example 4, which was prepared using a procedure analogous to those described in examples 1 and 2 with appropriate starting materials, and example 22 illustrate the invention. The other examples are provided for reference. These examples are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, but rather to provide guidance to the skilled artisan to prepare and use the compounds, compositions, and methods of the present disclosure. While particular embodiments of the present invention are described, the skilled artisan will appreciate that various changes and modifications can be made. Unless otherwise noted, reagents are commercially available or are prepared according to procedures in the literature. The symbols and conventions used in the descriptions of processes, schemes, and examples are consistent with those used in the contemporary scientific literature, for example, the Journal of the American Chemical Society or the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

    [0082] In the Examples:
    Chemical shifts are expressed in parts per million (ppm) units. Coupling constants (J) are in units of hertz (Hz). Splitting patterns describe apparent multiplicities and are designated as s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), q (quartet), dd (double doublet), dt (double triplet), m (multiplet), br (broad).

    [0083] Flash column chromatography was performed on silica gel.

    [0084] The naming program used is ChemDraw®.

    Abbreviations:



    [0085] 
    Ac
    acetyl
    ACN
    acetonitrile
    AcOH
    acetic acid
    Cs2CO3
    cesium carbonate
    DCE
    dichloroethane
    DCM
    dichloromethane
    DDQ
    2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone
    DMF
    dimethylformamide
    DMSO
    dimethylsulfoxide
    Et3N
    triethylamine
    EtOH
    ethanol
    g
    gram(s)
    h
    hour(s)
    m/z
    mass to charge ratio
    MeOH
    methanol
    mmol
    millimoles
    NMR
    nuclear magnetic resonance
    Oxz
    oxazepinones
    Pd
    palladium
    Pd/C
    palladium on carbon
    Pd(Cl2)dppf
    [1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene] dichloropalladium(II)
    Pd(OAc)2
    palladium acetate
    Py
    pyridine
    rt
    room temperature
    TBAF
    tetrabutylammonium fluoride
    TBDMS (TBS)
    tert-butyldimethylsilyl
    Tf2O
    trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride
    TFA
    trifluoroacetic acid
    TFAA
    trifluoroacetic anhydride
    THF
    tetrahydrofuran
    X-Phos
    2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl

    Example 1:



    [0086] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) Oxetan-3-yl-methanesulfonate, Cs2CO3, DMF, 70 °C, 1h; b) NH2(CH2)2OTBDMS, Pd(OAc)2, Cs2CO3, X-Phos, toluene, 110 °C, 12 h; c) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, DCM, Et3N, RT, 4 h; d) TBAF, THF, RT, 2 h e) CH3CN, Et3N, 80 °C, 6 h; f) NH3, dioxane, RT, 2 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    5-Bromo-1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (1A):



    [0087] 



    [0088] Oxetan-3-yl methanesulfonate (1.397 g, 9.18 mmol) was added to a solution of 5-bromo-1H-indole (1.5 g, 7.65 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) followed by cesium carbonate (3.74 g, 11.48 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 1 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, the filtrate was concentrated and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by flash chromatography using 5% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.6 g, 30.5%) as an oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.77 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 5.58 - 5.45 (m, 1H), 5.17 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 5.05 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 252 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (1B):



    [0089] 



    [0090] A mixture of Example 1A (0.6 g, 2.38 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (0.501 g, 2.86 mmol), cesium carbonate (1.163 g, 3.57 mmol), palladium acetate (0.0534 g, 0.238 mmol) and X-Phos (0.113 g, 0.238 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) was refluxed at 110 °C under argon for 12 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water (2 x 20 mL). The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.45 g, 33%) as an oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.40 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.34 - 7.30 (m, 2H), 7.02 - 6.87 (m, 1H), 6.43 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 5.49 (m, 1H), 5.13 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 5.05 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.27 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H), 0.89 (s, 9H), 0.06 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 347 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (1C):



    [0091] 



    [0092] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.276 g, 1.558 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 1B (0.45 g, 1.299 mmol) and triethylamine (0.543 mL, 3.90 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.45 g, 62%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.46 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.47 (m, 1H), 5.12 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.97 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.89 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 0.85 (s, 9H), 0.05 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 521 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (1D):



    [0093] 



    [0094] TBAF (0.301 g, 1.151 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added to a solution of Example 1C (0.3 g, 0.575 mmol) in THF (5 mL) and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. THF was removed in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.21 g, 46%) as a solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.49 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (m, 1H), 7.33 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 10.4 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 5.49 (m, 1H), 5.14 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 4.99 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 4.14 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 407 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (1E):



    [0095] 



    [0096] A slurry of Example 1D (0.21 g, 0.516 mmol) and triethylamine (0.216 mL, 1.547 mmol) in acetonitrile (8 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.16 g, 73%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.77 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (dd, J1 = 1.6 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 5.57 (m, 1H), 5.20 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 5.07 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 4.80 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 371 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(oxetan-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (1):



    [0097] 



    [0098] A solution of Example 1E (0.15 g, 0.405 mmol), in 0.5M ammonia in 1,4-dioxane (8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in reduced pressure to afford the title compound (0.08 g, 52.3%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.81 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.65 - 7.58 (m, 3H), 7.55 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.58 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 5.78 (m, 1H), 5.06 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.93 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 352 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 94%.

    Example 2:



    [0099] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) 1-Iodo-4-(trifluoromethoxy)benzene, CuBr, Cu(OAc)2, K2CO3, NaOH, DMF, 105 °C, 16 h; b) NH2(CH2)2OTBDMS, Pd(OAc)2, Cs2CO3, X-Phos, toluene, 110 °C, 4 h; c) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, DCM, Et3N, RT, 2 h; d) 1M HCl-MeOH, RT, 2 h; e) CH3CN, Et3N, 90 °C, 12 h; f) NH3, dioxane, RT, 2 h.

    Procedures 4-Amino-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    5-Bromo-1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indole (2A):



    [0100] 

    1-Iodo-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene (2.204 g, 7.65 mmol) was added to a solution of 5-bromo-1H-indole (1.5 g, 7.65 mmol) and copper(I) bromide (0.110 g, 0.765 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) followed by potassium carbonate (2.115 g, 15.30 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 10 min. NaOH (0.0131 g, 0.765 mmol) and copper(II) acetate (0.138 g, 0.765 mmol) were then added at 110 °C, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 16 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, the filtrate was concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.8 g, 29%), which was carried on to the next step without any further purification. ESI-MS m/z = 356 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-amine (2B):



    [0101] 



    [0102] A mixture of Example 2A (0.8 g, 2.246 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (0.394 g, 2.246 mmol), cesium carbonate (1.098 g, 3.37 mmol), palladium acetate (50.4 mg, 0.225mmol) and X-Phos (0.107 g, 0.225 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) under argon was refluxed at 110 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.4 g, 39.5%) as a syrup. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.50 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.41 - 7.36 (m, 2H), 7.24 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (dd, J1 = 1.6 Hz, J2= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 3.97 (bs, 1H), 3.86 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.27 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H), 0.94 (s, 9H), 0.07 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 451 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (2C):



    [0103] 



    [0104] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.188 g, 0.888 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 2B (0.4 g, 0.888 mmol) and triethyl amine (0.188 mL, 3.55 mmol) in DCM (25 mL), and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 h. This was then concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 12% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.3 g, 54%) as a syrup. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.50 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 738 - 7.30 (m, 5H), 7.22 (s, 1H), 6.62 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.06 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 0.88 (s, 9H), 0.07 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 626 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (2D):



    [0105] 



    [0106] HCl (0.12 mL, 3.29 mmol) was added to a solution of Example 2C (0.3 g, 0.480 mmol) in methanol (15 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate, washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.2 g, 82%) as a solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. ESI-MS m/z = 511 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (2E):



    [0107] 



    [0108] A slurry of Example 2D (0.2 g, 0.391mmol) and triethylamine (0.156 mL, 1.565 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 90 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.15 g, 81%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.77 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 - 7.55 (m, 3H), 7.46 - 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.40 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.23 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 475 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (2):



    [0109] 



    [0110] A solution of Example 2E (0.15 g, 0.316 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1,4-dioxane (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (0.095 g, 59%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.72 - 7.57 (m, 7H), 7.39 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.62 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 456 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 91%.

    [0111] Examples 3 - 12 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described in Examples 1 - 2 with appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    3

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.22 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.96 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (bs, 2H), 6.53 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 5.29 (m, 1H), 4.67 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 2.62 - 2.35 (m, 4H), 1.91 - 1.80 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 351 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 93%.
    4

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.60 (bs, 2H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 7.38 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 4.64 (m, 3H), 4.08 (s, 2H), 3.98 (m, 2H), 1.09 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 368 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 96.9%.
    5

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.67 - 7.60 (m, 7H), 7.55 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.14 - 7.10 (m, 2H), 6.72 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 456 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 94%.
    6

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.68 - 7.58 (m, 5H), 7.56 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (dd, J1 = 8.8 Hz, J2 = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 470 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 93.7%.
    7

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.70 - 7.59 (m, 5H), 7.52 (dd, J1 = 1.6 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (t, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 7.22 (dt, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.75 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 438 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 96%.
    8

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.73 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.7 - 7.6 (m, 3H), 7.48 (t, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.2 - 7.1 (m, 4H), 6.99 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.05 (m, 1H), 1.01 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 444 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 91.6%.
    9

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.59 (bs, 2H), 7.55 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.45 - 7.35 (m, 2H), 7.27 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (t, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (m, 2H), 6.62 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.52 (m, 1H), 3.97 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 1.10 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 430 (M+H)+. LCMS purity: 96.4%.
    10

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.82 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.70 - 7.55 (m, 5H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (m, 2H), 4.01 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 440 (M+H)+, HPLC purity: 94.4%.
    11

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.42 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.22 - 8.15 (m, 5H), 7.67 (bs, 2H), 7.59 (t, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.83 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.70 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (t, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 441 (M+H)+. HPLC purity: 97.8%.
    12

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.86 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.65 - 7.56 (m, 6H), 7.14 (d, J1 = 8.7 Hz, J2 = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.02 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z: 440 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 95%.

    Example 13:



    [0112] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) 5-bromo-2-methylpyrimidine, CuBr, Cu(OAc)2, K2CO3, NaOH, DMF, 130 °C, 12 h; b) NH2(CH2)2OTBS, Pd(OAc)2, Cs2CO3, X-Phos, toluene, 80 °C, 12 h; c) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, DCM, Et3N, RT, 4 h; d) 1 M HCl-MeOH, RT, 2 h; e) CH3CN, Et3N, 85 °C, 6 h; f) NH3, dioxane, rt, 2 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    5-Bromo-1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indole (13A):



    [0113] 



    [0114] 5-Bromo-2-methyl pyrimidine (0.971 g, 5.61 mmol) was added to a solution of 5-bromo-1H-indole (1 g, 5.1 mmol) and copper(I) bromide (0.073 g, 0.51 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) followed by potassium carbonate (1.762 g, 12.75 mmol), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 10 min. NaOH (0.153 g, 3.83 mmol) and copper(II) acetate (0.009 g, 0.051 mmol) were added at 110 °C, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 16 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.25 g, 16%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3):δ 8.81 (s, 2H), 7.83 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.33 - 7.26 (m, 2H), 6.71 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.82 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 288 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (13B):



    [0115] 



    [0116] A mixture of Example 13A (0.25 g, 0.868 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (0.183 g, 1.041 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.424 g, 1.301 mmol), palladium acetate (0.019g, 0.087 mmol) and X-Phos (0.0414 g, 0.087 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) under argon was refluxed at 110 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.15 g, 32%) as a pale yellow syrup. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.82 (s, 2H), 7.31 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (dd, J1 = 2.1 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.0 (bs, 1H), 3.86 (t, J= 5.1 Hz, 2H), 3.27 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.81 (s, 3H), 0.92 (s, 9H), 0.08 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 383 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (13C):



    [0117] 



    [0118] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.099 g, 0.47 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 13B (0.15 g, 0.392 mmol) and triethylamine (0.164 mL, 1.176 mmol) in DCM (8 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted into ethyl acetate and washed with water (2x15 mL). The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.1 g, 36%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.78 (s, 2H), 8.50 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.28 - 7.26 (m, 2H), 6.68 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.06 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.83 (s, 3H),0.88 (s, 9H), 0.07 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 557 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (13D):



    [0119] 



    [0120] A solution of Example 13C (0.1 g, 0.179 mmol) in 5 mL of methanolic solution of HCl (1M) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, and the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.07 g, 87%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3):δ 8.76 (s, 2H), 8.53 (s, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.32 - 7.24 (m, 3H), 6.71 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.16 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 3.95 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.83 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 443 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (13E):



    [0121] 



    [0122] A slurry of Example 13D (0.07 g, 0.158 mmol) and triethylamine (0.066 mL, 0.474 mmol) in acetonitrile (6 mL) was stirred at 85 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.055 g, 86%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3):δ 8.85 (s, 2H), 8.77 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.87 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 407 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (13):



    [0123] 



    [0124] A solution of Example 13E (0.055 g, 0.135 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1,4-dioxane (6 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous brine, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.035 g, 60%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.03 (s, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.81 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.68 - 7.58 (m, 4H), 7.21 (dd, J1 = 1.5 Hz, J2 = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 2.73 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 388 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 98.8%.

    [0125] Examples 14 - 15 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described in Example 13 using appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    14

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.95 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.31 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.20 (dd, J1 = 8.4 Hz, J2 = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 8.10 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.03 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (s, 2H), 7.43 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 2H), 2.52 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 388 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 99%.
    15

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 8.13 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.66 - 7.58 (m, 3H), 7.54 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (dd, J1 = 2.1 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.51 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 403 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 95.7%.

    Examples 16 & 17:



    [0126] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) 1-(Benzyloxy)-2-bromobenzene, CuBr, ethane-1,2-diamine, K2CO3, DMF, 100 °C, 14 h; b) NH2(CH2)2OTBDMS, Pd(OAc)2, Cs2CO3, X-Phos, toluene, 100 °C, 12 h; c) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, DCM, Et3N, RT, 1 h; d) 3 N HCl-MeOH, RT, 1 h; e) CH3CN, Et3N, 80 °C, 16 h; f) NH3, dioxane, RT, 2 h; g) MeOH, HCO2NH3, Pd/C, reflux, 3 h; h) DMF, Cs2CO3, RT, 12 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    1-(Benzyloxy)-2-bromobenzene (16A):



    [0127] 



    [0128] Potassium carbonate (47.9 g, 347 mmol) and benzyl bromide (21.75 g, 127 mmol) were added to an ice-cold solution of 2-bromophenol (20 g, 116 mmol) in DMF (200 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with saturated brine, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (26 g, 85%) as a syrup, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.59 (dd, J1 = 7.5, J2 = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.43 - 7.31 (m, 4H), 7.18 (dd, J1 = 7.2 Hz, J2 = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (dt, J1 = 1.2 Hz, J2 = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.21 (s, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 263 (M+H)+.

    1-(2-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-5-bromo-1H-indole (16B):



    [0129] 



    [0130] Potassium carbonate (21.15 g, 153 mmol), copper (I) bromide (1.463 g, 10.2 mmol) and ethane-1,2-diamine (0.307 g, 5.1 mmol) were added to a mixture of example 16A (17.45 g, 66.3 mmol) and 5-bromo-1H-indole (10 g, 51.0 mmol) in DMF (80 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 14 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 2% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (4.5 g, 23%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.81 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.50 - 7.36 (m, 3H), 7.28 - 7.08 (m, 8H), 6.63 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 5.12 (s, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 378 (M+H)+.

    1-(2-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-N-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-1H-indol-5-amine (16C):



    [0131] 



    [0132] A mixture of Example 16B (4.5 g, 11.90 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (4.17 g, 23.79 mmol) and cesium carbonate (11.63 g, 35.7 mmol) in toluene (30 mL) was degassed using argon for 15 min and then palladium acetate (0.40 g, 1.78 mmol) and X-Phos (0.85 g, 1.78 mmol) were added. The resulting mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature, diluted into ethyl acetate and washed with water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (2.6 g, 46%) as a syrup. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.40 - 7.34 (m, 3H), 7.31 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.28 - 7.20 (m, 5H), 7.10 (dt, J1 = 1.5 Hz, J2 = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (dd, J1 = 8.7 Hz, J2 = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 4.93 (s, 1H), 3.76 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.16 (q, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 0.88 (s, 9H), 0.02 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 473 (M+H)+.

    N-(1-(2-(Benzyloxy) phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carboxamide (16D):



    [0133] 



    [0134] A solution of 4, 6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (1.39 g, 6.60 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 16C (2.6 g, 5.50 mmol) and triethylamine (3.83 mL, 27.5 mmol) in DCM (30 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. This was then concentrated in vacuo, diluted into ethyl acetate and washed with water (2x20 mL). The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (2.8 g, 79%) as a yellow liquid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.70 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.36 (dd, J1 = 7.5 Hz, J2 = 1.2 Hz, 2H), 7.24 - 7.21 (m, 3H), 7.19 - 7.07 (m, 4H), 7.03 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.08 (s, 2H), 3.98 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 0.85 (s, 9H), 0.02 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 647 (M+H)+.

    N-(1-(2-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide(16E):



    [0135] 



    [0136] A solution of Example 16D (2.8 g, 4.32 mmol) in 15 mL of methanolic solution of HCl (3N) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate, and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (2.1 g, 91%) as an off-white solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.70 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J1 = 7.5 Hz, J2 = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (s, 1H) 7.36 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.28 - 7.22 (m, 3H), 7.19 - 7.03 (m, 5H), 6.63 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.09 (s, 2H), 4.84 (s, 1H), 3.93 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.61 (q, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 533 (M+H)+.

    6-(1-(2-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-4-chloro-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (16F):



    [0137] 



    [0138] A solution of Example 16E (2.1 g, 3.94 mmol) and triethylamine (4.39 mL, 31.5 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 8 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (1.7 g, 87%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.83 (s, 1H), 7.67 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (m, 1H), 7.31 - 7.13 (m, 8H), 6.70 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.15 (s, 2H), 4.76 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.16 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 497 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (16G):



    [0139] 



    [0140] A solution of Example 16F (1.7 g, 3.19 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1,4-dioxane (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (1.3 g, 85%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.59 (bs, 2H), 7.56 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.35 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.26 - 7.18 (m, 5H), 7.15 - 7.05 (m, 3H), 6.63 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 478 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (16):



    [0141] 



    [0142] Ammonium formate (0.858 g, 13.6 mmol) and Pd/C (0.2 g, 1.879 mmol) were added to a solution of Example 16G (1.3 g, 2.72 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) and stirred at 80 °C for 3 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, filtered through a pad of celite, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was diluted into ethyl acetate, washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.9 g, 85% yield) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.98 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.62 (bs, 2H), 7.58 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.15 - 7.06 (m, 3H), 6.97 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J= 4.5 Hz, 2H), 4.00 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 388 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(2-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (17):



    [0143] 



    [0144] Cesium carbonate (0.5 g, 1.549 mmol) was added to a solution of Example 16 (0.2 g, 0.516 mmol) and bromocyclopentane (0.092g, 0.620 mmol) in DMF (8 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The reaction mixture was diluted into ethyl acetate, washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.18 g, 73%) as off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.62 (bs, 2H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.47 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43 - 7.39 (m, 2H), 7.27 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.16 - 7.10 (m, 3H), 6.65 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.84 (m, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 4.0 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 1.78 (m, 2H), 1.57 (m, 2H), 1.50 - 1.40 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 456 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 95.8%.

    [0145] Examples 18 - 20 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described in Examples 16 - 17 with appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    18

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.90 (s, 1H), 8.19 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 2H), 8.05 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.70 - 7.60 (m, 3H), 7.40 (dd, J1 = 1.5 Hz, J2 = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.07 (dd, J1 = 1.2 Hz, J2 = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (dt, J1 = 1.2 Hz, J2 = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.68 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.05 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 389 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 92.3%.
    19

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 2H), 8.04 (s, 1H), 7.64 (m, 3H), 7.50 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (s, 1H), 4.84 (m, 1H), 4.67 (m, 2H), 4.03 (m, 2H), 1.76 (m, 2H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.43 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 457 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 93%.
    20

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.62 (bs, 2H), 7.59 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.46 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.29 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.15 - 7.07 (m, 3H), 6.66 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (q, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 4.0 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 1.17 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 416 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 94.3%.

    Example 21:



    [0146] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) 20% COCl2 in toluene, TEA, THF, 0 °C, 1 h; then NH2NHCOCH3,TEA, RT, 1 h; b) POCl3, toluene, 110 °C, 2 h; c) NH2(CH2)2OTBDMS, Pd(OAc)2, X-Phos, Cs2CO3, toluene, 110 °C, 8 h; d) 4,6-dichloro-pyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, Et3N, DCM, RT, 2 h; e) 3% HCl-MeOH, RT, 1 h; f) Et3N, CH3CN, 80 °C, 16 h; g) NH3, dioxane, RT, 2 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    N'-Acetyl-5-bromo-1H-indole-1-carbohydrazide (21A):



    [0147] 



    [0148] Triethyl amine (8.89 mL, 63.8 mmol) and phosgene (20% in toluene) (18.92 g, 38.3 mmol) were added to an ice-cold solution of 5-bromo-1H-indole (5 g, 25.5 mmol) in THF (50 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 20 min. Acetohydrazide (2.267 g, 30.6 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was then added, and stirring was continued for 1 h at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (3.8 g, 49%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.15 (s, 1H), 10.01 (s, 1H), 8.14 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J1 = 8.8 Hz, J2 = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J= 3.6 Hz, 1H), 1.95 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 296 (M-H)+.

    2-(5-Bromo-1H-indol-1-yl)-5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole (21B):



    [0149] 



    [0150] POCl3 (0.944 mL, 10.13 mmol) was added to a solution of Example 21A (3.0 g, 10.13 mmol) in toluene (30 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 110 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was then warmed to room temperature, poured into ice-cold water and extracted into ethyl acetate. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (2.1 g, 73%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.13 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (dd, J1 = 8.4 Hz, J2 = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 2.59 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 278 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (21C):



    [0151] 



    [0152] A mixture of Example 21B (2.1 g, 7.55 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy) ethanamine (1.98 g, 11.33 mmol) and cesium carbonate (4.91 g, 15.1 mmol) in toluene (30 mL) was degassed for 15 min under argon. Palladium acetate (0.339 g, 1.51 mmol) and X-Phos (0.719 g, 1.51 mmol) were then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 120 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 30% dichloromethane in hexanes to afford the title compound (1 g, 29%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.87 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 6.78 - 6.75 (m, 2H), 6.66 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.39 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.75 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.18 (q, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.54 (s, 3H), 0.87 (s, 9H), 0.03 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 373 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (21D):



    [0153] 



    [0154] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.675 g, 3.21 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 21C (1.0 g, 2.68 mmol) and triethylamine (0.374 mL, 4.02 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) and stirred for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water (2x10 mL). Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.95 g, 53%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.07 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 3.9 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (s, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J= 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.03 (t, J= 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.80 (t, J= 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 0.85 (s, 9H), 0.02 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 547 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (21E)



    [0155] 



    [0156] A solution of Example 21D (0.95 g, 1.735 mmol) in 20 mL of methanolic solution of HCl (3% HCl in MeOH) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, and the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate, washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.5 g, 43%) as a pale yellow solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.73 (s, 1H), 8.08 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (dd, J1 = 9.0 Hz, J2 = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.90 (d, J= 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.87 (bs, 1H), 3.96 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.63 (q, J= 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 433 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (21F)



    [0157] 



    [0158] A solution of Example 21E (0.5 g, 1.154 mmol) and TEA (0.8 mL, 5.77 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.3 g, 65%) as a pale yellow solid that was carried on to the next step without further purification.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(5-methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (21)



    [0159] 



    [0160] A solution of Example 21F (0.3 g, 0.756 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1, 4-dioxane (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a solid mass. This solid material was triturated with diethyl ether to afford the title compound (0.12 g, 40%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.21 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.89 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (bs, 2H), 7.41 (dd, J1 = 8.8 Hz, J2 = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 4.04 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 2.58 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 378 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 95%; HPLC purity: 94%.

    Example 22:



    [0161] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) Br2, AcOH, 0 °C, 1 h; b) DDQ, EtOH, IPA, 80 °C, 2 h; c) 1-bromopropane, Cs2CO3, DMF, 70 °C, 1 h; d) Cyclopropyl boronic acid, Cs2CO3, PdCl2(dppf), toluene- H2O, 100 °C, 2 h; e) Pd/C, EtOH, H2, RT, 16 h; f) TBDMSO(CH2)2Br, K2CO3, CH3CN, 80 °C, 24 h; g) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, Et3N, DCM, RT, 1 h; h) 3% HCl-MeOH, RT, 1 h; i) Et3N, CH3CN, 80 °C, 16 h; j) NH3, dioxane, RT, 3 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    7-Bromo-5-nitroindoline (22A):



    [0162] 



    [0163] Bromine (1.569 mL, 30.5 mmol) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of 5-nitro indoline (5 g, 30.5 mmol) in acetic acid (50 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. Acetic acid was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting solid was triturated with water to afford the title compound (6 g, 80%) as a yellow solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.07 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.3 (bs, 1H), 3.7 (t, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 3.17 (t, J= 8.4 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 243 (M+H)+.

    7-Bromo-5-nitro-1H-indole (22B):



    [0164] 



    [0165] DDQ (5.6 g, 24.69 mmol) and isopropanol (2 mL) were added to a solution of Example 22A (3 g, 12.34 mmol) in ethanol (30 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 48 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (2.5 g, 84%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.13 (bs, 1H), 8.62 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (t, J= 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (m, 1H). ESI-MS m/z = 241 (M+H)+.

    7-Bromo-5-nitro-1-propyl-1H-indole (22C):



    [0166] 



    [0167] 1-Bromopropane (1.53 g, 12.45 mmol) and cesium carbonate (10.14 g, 31.1 mmol) were added to a solution of Example 22B (2.5 g, 10.37 mmol) in DMF (5 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 1 h. DMF was removed under reduced pressure, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (2 g, 64%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.56 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.5 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.77 (m, 2H), 0.83 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 283 (M+H)+.

    7-Cyclopropyl-5-nitro-1-propyl-1H-indole (22D):



    [0168] 



    [0169] PdCl2(dppf)-CH2Cl2 adduct (0.517 g, 0.706 mmol) was added to a solution of 22C (2 g, 7.06 mmol) in 15 mL of toluene kept under argon, followed by addition of cesium carbonate (6.90 g, 21.19 mmol) and cyclopropyl boronic acid (0.728 g, 8.48 mmol). The mixture was then degassed for 5 min and stirred at 100 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (1.8 g, 69%) as yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.41 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.6 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.45 (m, 1H), 1.85 - 1.76 (m, 2H), 1.16 - 1.02 (m, 2H), 0.93 - 0.85 (m, 5H). ESI-MS m/z = 245.2 (M+H)+.

    7-Cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-amine (22E):



    [0170] 



    [0171] Palladium on carbon (0.157 g, 1.474 mmol) was added to a solution of Example 22D (1.8 g, 7.37 mmol) in ethanol (20 mL), and the mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere for 16 h at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then filtered through a pad of celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was purified by flash chromatography using 25% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (1 g, 57%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.08 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (d, J= 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.26 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.08 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.42 - 4.28 (m, 4H), 2.22 (m, 1H), 1.76 - 1.62 (m, 2H), 0.94 - 0.88 (m, 2H), 0.84 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H), 0.70 (q, J= 5.6 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 215 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-((tert-Butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)ethyl)-7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-amine (22F):



    [0172] 



    [0173] (2-Bromoethoxy) (tert-butyl) dimethylsilane (1.116 g, 4.67 mmol) and potassium carbonate (2.58 g, 18.66 mmol) were added to a solution of Example 22E (1 g, 4.67 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 24 h. Acetonitrile was removed under vacuum, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography using 5% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.6 g, 34%) as a colorless syrup. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.10 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.14 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (t, J= 5.7 Hz, 1H), 4.38 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.09 (q, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.26 - 2.22 (m, 1H), 1.76 - 1.68 (m, 2H), 0.98 - 0.82 (m, 14H), 0.75 - 0.68 (m, 2H), 0.04 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 373 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-((tert-Butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl) pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (22G):



    [0174] 



    [0175] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.849 g, 4.5 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 22F (0.47 g, 2.415 mmol) and triethylamine (1.87 mL, 13.4 mmol) in DCM (30 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.5 g, 57%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.7 (s, 1H), 7.48 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.8 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (t, J = 2.1 Hz, 2H), 3.76 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 2.31 - 2.22 (m, 1H), 1.71 (q, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 0.98 - 0.72 (m, 2H), 0.88 - 0.78 (m, 12H), 0.62 - 0.56 (m, 2H), 0.023 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 547 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (22H):



    [0176] 



    [0177] A solution of Example 22G (0.5 g, 0.913 mmol) in 20 mL of methanolic solution of HCl (3% HCl in MeOH) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate, and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.3 g, 61%) as an off-white solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.7 (s, 1H), 7.47 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (t, J= 5.4 Hz, 1H), 4.43 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.89 (t, J= 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.60 (q, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.38 - 2.22 (m, 1H), 1.76 - 1.68 (m, 2H), 1.02 - 0.92 (m, 2H), 0.84 (t, J= 7.5 Hz, 3H), 0.65 - 0.58 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 433 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4] oxazepin-5(6H)-one (22I):



    [0178] 



    [0179] A solution of Example 22H (0.3 g, 0.692 mmol) and triethylamine (0.8 mL, 5.77 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.22 g, 72%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.81 (s, 1H), 7.41 (m, 2H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.72 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 4.55 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 2.42 - 2.30 (m, 1H), 1.88 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.04 - 0.85 (m, 2H), 0.89 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H), 0.82 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 397.1 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5, 4-f][1, 4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (22):



    [0180] 



    [0181] A solution of Example 221 (0.25 g, 0.630 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1, 4-dioxane (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a solid mass, which was triturated with diethyl ether to afford the title compound (0.19 g, 76%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.60 (bs, 2H), 7.38 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.79 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.53 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.95 (t, J= 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.40 - 2.32 (m, 1H), 1.80 - 1.76 (m, 2H), 0.99 (m, 2H), 0.88 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.84 - 0.80 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 378.1 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 94%.

    Example 23:



    [0182] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) Cyclopropane carbonyl chloride, DCM, Et3N, RT, 2 h; b) 2-Iodoanisole, CuBr, Cu(OAc)2, K2CO3, NaOH, DMF, 140 °C, 6 h; c) NH2(CH2)2OTBS, Pd(OAc)2, X-Phos, Cs2CO3, toluene, 100 °C, 7 h; d) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, Et3N, DCM, RT, 2 h; e) TBAF, THF, RT, 2 h; f) Et3N, CH3CN, 70 °C, 3 h; g) NH3, dioxane, RT, 2 h.

    Procedures


    N-(5-(4-Amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide:


    N-(5-Bromo-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide (23A):



    [0183] 



    [0184] A solution of cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (0.54 g, 5.21 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of 5-bromo-1H-indol-7-amine (1.0 g, 4.74 mmol) and triethylamine (0.991 mL, 7.11 mmol) in DCM (20 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (1.1 g, 76%) as a red solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.0 (s, 1H), 10.08 (s, 1H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.48 (s, 1H), 7.41 (t, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (t, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 1.90 - 1.86 (m, 1H), 0.88 - 0.82 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 279 (M+H)+.

    N-(5-Bromo-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide (23B):



    [0185] 



    [0186] 1-Iodo-2-methoxybenzene (1.06 g, 4.30 mmol) was added to a solution of Example 23A (1.0 g, 3.58 mmol) and copper(I) bromide (0.051 g, 0.358 mmol) in toluene (20 mL), followed by addition of potassium carbonate (0.99 g, 7.17 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 10 min. NaOH (100 mg, 2.69 mmol) and copper(II) acetate (65.0 mg, 0.358 mmol) were then added at 100 °C, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 6 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, the filtrate was concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.4 g, 29%) as a red solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.14 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (dt, J1 = 1.6 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.01 - 6.97 (m, 2H), 6.60 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 1.08 (m, 1H), 0.47 - 0.32 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 385 (M+H)+.

    N-(5-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethylamino)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide (23C):



    [0187] 



    [0188] A mixture of Example 23B (0.4 g, 1.038 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (0.21 g, 1.246 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.677 g, 2.077 mmol), palladium acetate (0.0233 g, 0.104 mmol) and X-Phos (0.0495 g, 0.104 mmol) in toluene (15 mL) under argon was stirred at 100 °C for 7 h. The reaction was warmed to room temperature, diluted into ethyl acetate and washed with water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to obtain dark oil. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.15 g, 22%) as a syrup. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.85 (s, 1H), 7.33 (t, J = 10 Hz, 1H), 7.13 - 6.92 (m, 4H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 6.37 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (d, J= 4.0 Hz, 1H), 4.97 (t, J= 5.7 Hz, 1H), 3.75 (t, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.16 (q, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 1.09 (m, 1H), 0.88 (s, 9H), 0.39 - 0.35 (m, 4H), 0.06 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 480 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(7-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (23D):



    [0189] 



    [0190] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.079 g, 0.375 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of Example 23C (0.15 g, 0.313 mmol) and triethylamine (0.29 mL, 2.06 mmol) in DCM (20 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.19 g, 85%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.00 (s, 1H), 8.77 (s, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.38 (dt, J1 = 1.2 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J= 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.99 - 6.94 (m, 2H), 6.56 (d, J= 2.8 Hz, 1H), 3.97 (m, 2H), 3.82 (t, J= 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 1.07 (m, 1H), 0.87 (s, 9H), 0.42 - 0.36 (m, 4H), 0.049 (s, 6H).

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(7-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (23E):



    [0191] 



    [0192] TBAF (0.152 g, 0.58 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added to a solution of Example 23D (0.3 g, 0.575 mmol) in THF (5 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room température for 2 h. THF was removed in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.13 g, 78%) as a yellow syrup, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.02 (s, 1H), 8.76 (s, 1H), 7.59 (s, 1H), 7.36 (dt, J1 = 1.6 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.00 - 6.94 (m, 2H), 6.59 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.87 (bs, 1H), 3.92 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.64 (t, J= 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.59 (s, 3H), 1.08 (m, 1H), 0.43 - 0.36 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 540 (M+H)+.

    N-(5-(4-Chloro-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide (23F):



    [0193] 



    [0194] A slurry of Example 23E (0.13 g, 0.241 mmol) and triethylamine (0.067 mL, 0.481 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 3 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.09 g, 68.3%) as a thick syrup. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.21 (s, 1H), 8.80 (s, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (dt, J1 = 1.5 Hz, J2 = 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J= 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.78 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 2H), 4.16 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 1.14 (m, 1H), 0.46 - 0.32 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 504 (M+H)+.

    N-(5-(4-Amino-5-oxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-6(5H)-yl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indol-7-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide (23):



    [0195] 



    [0196] A solution of product of Example 23F (0.090 g, 0.179 mmol), in 0.5 M ammonia in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a solid mass, which was triturated with diethyl ether to afford the title compound (0.07 g, 65%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.18 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.63 (bs, 2H), 7.50 (s, 1H), 7.41 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.00 (t, J = 3.6 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 1.10 (m, 1H), 0.45 - 0.31 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 485 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 95%.

    [0197] Examples 24 - 25 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described in Examples 21 - 23 using appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    24

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.58 (bs, 2H), 7.52 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.47 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 5.72 (m, 1H), 4.59 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.94 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (d, J = 10.8 Hz, 2H), 3.66 (dt, J1 = 2.4 Hz, J2 = 10.8 Hz, 2H), 2.96 - 2.82 (m, 4H), 1.38 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 423 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 92%.
    25

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.05 (s, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.62 (bs, 2H), 7.55 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 6.53 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.03 (m, 1H), 4.63 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (m, 2H), 1.85 (m, 1H), 1.39 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 0.90 - 0.72 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 421 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 99.48%.

    Example 26:



    [0198] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) Cyclopropyl boronic acid, Cs2CO3, PdCl2(dppf), toluene- H2O, 100 °C, 2 h; b) Pd/C, EtOH, H2, RT, 16 h; c) (Boc)2O, Et3N, THF, RT, 2 h; d) 5-Bromo-2-methylpyridine, K3PO4, (R,R)-N,N'-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexanediamine, CuI, dioxane, 110 °C, 24 h; e) 2M HCl in dioxane, RT, 2 h; f) TBDMSO(CH2)2Br, K2CO3, CH3CN, 80 °C, 24 h; g) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride, Et3N, DCM, RT, 1 h; h) 5%HCl-MeOH, RT, 1 h; i) Et3N, CH3CN, 80 °C, 16 h; j) NH3, dioxane, RT, 3 h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    7-Cyclopropyl-5-nitro-1H-indole (26A):



    [0199] 



    [0200] PdCl2 (dppf)-CH2Cl2 adduct (7.59 g, 10.37 mmol) was added to a solution of 22B (25 g, 104 mmol) in 500 mL of toluene and water (1:1) kept under argon atmosphere. Cesium carbonate (40.6 g, 124 mmol) and cyclopropyl boronic acid (17.82 g, 207 mmol) were then added. The mixture was degassed for 5 min and stirred at 100 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to room temperature and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate, and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (17 g, 79%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.98 (s, 1H), 8.40 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (t, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (m, 1H), 1.13 - 1.05 (m, 2H), 0.87 - 0.80 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 201 (M-H)-.

    7-Cyclopropyl-1H-indol-5-amine (26B):



    [0201] 



    [0202] Palladium on carbon (3 g, 28.2 mmol) was added to a solution of 26A (15 g, 74.2 mmol) in ethanol (200 mL), and the mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere for 16 h at room temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (12 g, 93%) as a pale yellow viscous liquid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.62 (s, 1H), 7.11 (t, J= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.12 (dd, J1 = 2.1 Hz, J2 = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 4.30 (s, 2H), 2.14 (m, 1H), 0.96 - 0.90 (m, 2H), 0.65 - 0.60 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 173 (M+H)+.

    tert-Butyl 7-cyclopropyl-1H-indol-5-ylcarbamate (26C):



    [0203] 



    [0204] Triethylamine (14.57 g, 105 mmol) was added to a solution of 26B (12 g, 69.7 mmol) in methanol (150 mL) followed by di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (17.79 g, 77 mmol), and the mixture was stirred for 2 h at 0 °C. MeOH was removed in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford title compound (18 g, 95%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.99 (s, 1H), 8.86 (s, 1H), 7.44 (s, 1H), 7.26 (t, J= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 2.20 (m, 1H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.01 - 0.94 (m, 2H), 0.66 - 0.61 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 273 (M+H)+.

    tert-Butyl 7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-ylcarbamate (26D):



    [0205] 



    [0206] Copper (I) iodide (0.28 g, 1.46 mmol) and (R,R)-N,N'-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexanediamine (0.208 g, 1.46 mmol) were added to a solution of 26C (2 g, 7.35 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (20 mL) under argon atmosphere, followed by 5-bromo-2-methylpyridine (1.9 g, 11.02 mmol) and potassium phosphate (3.12 g, 14.7 mmol). The mixture was then degassed for 5 min and stirred at 110 °C for 16 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, the filtrate was concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (0.26 g, 9.7%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.04 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (dd, J1 = 2.4 Hz, J2 = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (bs, 1H), 7.37 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H), 6.57 (d, J= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.46 (m, 1H), 0.45 - 0.30 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 363 (M+H)+.

    7-Cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (26E):



    [0207] 



    [0208] A solution of 26D (1.6 g, 4.4 mmol) and 4 N HCl in 1,4-dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. 1,4-Dioxane was then removed in vacuo, the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate and sequentially washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford title compound (1 g, 83%) as a colorless liquid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.51 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J1 = 2.7 Hz, J2 = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.37 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.28 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (bs, 2H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 1.40 (m, 1H), 0.46 - 0.28 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 264 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (26F):



    [0209] 



    [0210] (2-Bromoethoxy) (tert-butyl) dimethylsilane (0.908 g, 3.8 mmol) and potassium carbonate (1.57 g, 11.39 mmol) were added to a solution of 26E (1 g, 3.8 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. Acetonitrile was removed in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (1.2 g, 73.3%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.52 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (dd, J1 = 2.7 Hz, J2 = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 4.95 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.75 (t, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.16 (q, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 1.42 (m, 1H), 0.86 (s, 9H), 0.45 - 0.28 (m, 4H), 0.02 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 422 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (26G):



    [0211] 



    [0212] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride (0.824 g, 4.27 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added drop-wise to an ice-cold solution of 26F (1.2 g, 2.85 mmol) and triethylamine (1.19 ml, 8.54 mmol) in DCM (25 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (1.3 g, 77%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.51 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (dd, J1 = 2.7 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.54 (s, 3H), 1.36 (m, 1H), 0.88 (s, 9H), 0.38 - 0.26 (m, 4H), 0.03 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 597 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (26H):



    [0213] 



    [0214] A solution of 26G (1.3 g, 2.17 mmol) in 20 mL of methanolic solution of HCl (5% HCl in MeOH) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, and the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate. The mixture was washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and saturated aqueous brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford title compound (0.9 g, 86 %) as an off-white solid, which was carried on to the next step without further purification. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.53 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (dd, J1 = 2.7 Hz, J2 = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.84 (t, J = 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.92 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.62 (q, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.54 (s, 3H), 1.38 (m, 1H), 0.35 - 0.30 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 484 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (26I):



    [0215] 



    [0216] A solution of 26H (0.9 g, 1.86 mmol) and triethylamine (0.78 mL, 5.6 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction was cooled to room temperature, concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford title compound (0.7 g, 84 %) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.83 (s, 1H), 8.60 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (dd, J1 = 2.8 Hz, J2 = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.73 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.74 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.14 (t, J= 4.8 Hz, 2H), 2.57 (s, 3H), 1.51 (m, 1H), 0.54 - 0.50 (m, 2H), 0.38 - 0.30 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 446 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (26):



    [0217] 



    [0218] A solution of 26I (0.7 g, 1.57 mmol) in 0.5 M ammonia in 1, 4-dioxane (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a solid mass, which was triturated with diethyl ether to afford title compound (0.5 g, 68%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.60 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.86 (dd, J1 = 4.0 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (bs, 2H), 7.47 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 6.70 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 2.57 (s, 3H), 1.49 (m, 1H), 0.56 - 0.50 (m, 2H), 0.38 - 0.30 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 427 (M+H)+.

    [0219] Examples 27 - 36 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described in Examples 1, 2, 13, 21 and 26 using appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    27

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.06 (s, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.82 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.7 - 7.6 (m, 4H), 7.2 (dd, J1 = 2.4 Hz, J2 = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 3.02 (q, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 1.36 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 402 (M+H)+. HPLC purity: 95%
    28

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.59 - 7.65 (m, 5H), 7.5 (dd, J1 = 8.0 Hz, J2 = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (dd, J1 = 8.8 Hz, J2 = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.02 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.31 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 436 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 98%.
    29

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.63 (bs, 2H), 7.57 (s, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (s, 1H), 7.06 (s, 2H), 6.93 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 4.00 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 416 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 96%.
    30

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.65 - 7.58 (m, 4H), 7.51 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.68 - 4.60 (m, 3H), 4.05 - 3.96 (m, 4H), 3.63 - 3.54 (m, 2H), 2.08 - 1.86 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z: 380 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 95%.
    31

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.74 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (bs, 2H), 7.59 (s, 1H), 7.50 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (s, 2H), 7.05 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 4.0 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 2.49 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z: 417 (M+H)+; LCMS purity: 96%.
    32

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.91 (s, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.72 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.68 - 7.58 (m, 3H), 7.51 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 4.06 - 3.98 (m, 5H). ESI-MS m/z = 404 (M+H)+. HPLC purity: 95%
    33

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.64 - 7.58 (m, 3H), 7.54 - 7.48 (m, 3H), 7.41 (dt, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.30 - 2.39 (m, 2H), 0.95 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 400 (M+H)+; HPLC purity: 99%
    34

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- d6): δ 9.05 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 8.52 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 2H), 7.66 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (bs, 2H), 7.26 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.56 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 388 (M+H)+. HPLC purity: 94%
    35

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.33 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.72 - 7.60 (m, 4H), 7.27 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.73 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.02 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 377 (M+H)+. LCMS purity: 87%.
    36

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.65 - 7.60 (m, 3H), 7.55 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.3 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.13 -7.09 (m, 2H), 7.0 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.7 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 480 (M+H)+. LCMS purity: 95%.

    Example 37:



    [0220] 

    Reagents and conditions: a) Br2, AcOH, 0 °C, 1 h; b) DDQ, THF, RT, 24 h; c) Cyclopropyl boronic acid, Cs2CO3, PdCl2(dppf), toluene- H2O, 100 °C, 16 h; d) 2-Chloro-5-methyl pyrimidine, Cs2CO3, DMF, 100 °C, 24 h; e) Pd/C, EtOH, H2, RT, 16 h; f) TBDMSO(CH2)2Br, K2CO3, CH3CN, 80 °C, 16 h; g) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid, SOCl2, reflux, 3 h; then compound 37F, Et3N, DCM, RT, 2 h; h) HCl, MeOH, RT, 2 h; i) Et3N, CH3CN, 80°C, 16 h; j) NH3, dioxane, RT, 3.5h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    7-Bromo-5-nitroindoline (37A):



    [0221] 



    [0222] Bromine (12.55 mL, 244 mmol) was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of 5-nitroindoline (40 g, 244 mmol) in acetic acid (300 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (54 g, 91%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.07 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.3 (s, 1H), 3.7 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.17 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 243 (M+H)+.

    7-Bromo-5-nitro-1H-indole (37B):



    [0223] 



    [0224] To an ice cold solution of 7-bromo-5-nitroindoline (54 g, 222 mmol) in THF (1000 mL), a solution of 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ) (76 g, 333 mmol) in THF (200 mL) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (48 g, 90%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.13 (bs, 1H), 8.62 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (t, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.9 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H).

    7-Cyclopropyl-5-nitro-1H-indole (37C):



    [0225] 



    [0226] PdCl2(dppf) (14.57 g, 19.91 mmol) was added to a solution of 7-bromo-5-nitro-1H-indole (48 g, 199 mmol) in 2000 mL of toluene and water (1:1) under argon atmosphere. Cesium carbonate (130 g, 398 mmol) and cyclopropyl boronic acid (20.53 g, 239 mmol) were then added. The mixture was then degassed for 15 min and stirred at 100 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to room temperature, filtered through a pad of celite and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (32 g, 79%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ11.98 (bs, 1H), 8.39 (s, 1H), 7.62 (t, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (t, J= 1.5 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (m, 1H), 1.08 (m, 2H), 0.85 (m, 2H).

    7-Cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-nitro-1H-indole (37D):



    [0227] 



    [0228] 2-Chloro-5-methyl pyrimidine (19.07 g, 148 mmol) and cesium carbonate (81 g, 247 mmol) were added to a solution of 7-cyclopropyl-5-nitro-1H-indole(25 g, 124 mmol) in DMF (150 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 24 h. DMF was removed under reduced pressure, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (12 g, 33%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ8.82 (s, 2H), 8.53 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.0 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 2.07 (m, 1H), 0.4 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 295 (M+H)+.

    7-Cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (37E):



    [0229] 



    [0230] Palladium on carbon (3 g, 28.2 mmol) was added to a solution of 7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-nitro-1H-indole (12 g, 40.8 mmol) in ethanol (200 mL), and the mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere (30 psi) for 16 h at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then filtered through a pad of celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was purified by flash chromatography using 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (9 g, 80%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.66 (s, 2H), 7.53 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 6.59 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (m, 2H), 4.66 (s, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 2.06 (m, 1H), 0.37 (m, 2H), 0.25 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 265 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (37F):



    [0231] 



    [0232] (2-Bromoethoxy) (tert-butyl) dimethylsilane (5.43 g, 22.7 mmol) and potassium carbonate (9.41 g, 68.1 mmol) were added to a solution of 7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (6 g, 22.7 mmol) in acetonitrile (150 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. Acetonitrile was removed under vacuum and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford title compound (4 g, 39.7%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ8.67 (s, 2H), 7.55 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (m, 2H), 5.1 (m, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H), 3.16 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 2.06 (m, 1H), 0.86 (s, 9H), 0.37 (m, 2H), 0.25 (m, 2H), 0.03 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 423 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (37G):



    [0233] 



    [0234] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (2.74g, 14.2 mmol) in thionyl chloride (12 mL, 164 mmol) was refluxed for 3 h and then concentrated to a residue. 4,6-Dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride thus obtained was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of N-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-amine (5 g, 11.83 mmol) and triethylamine (1.649 mL, 11.83 mmol) in DCM (50 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (5 g, 34.7%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.7 (s, 3H), 7.7 (d, J = 3.9 Hz, 1H), 7.6 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.0 (s, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.0 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 3.79 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 1.95 (m, 1H), 0.86 (s, 9H), 0.42 - 0.3 (m, 2H), 0.14 (m, 2H), 0.04 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 597 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (37H):



    [0235] 



    [0236] A solution of N-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (5 g, 8.37 mmol) in methanolic solution of HCl (0.5 mL of HCl in 30 mL of MeOH) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, and the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (3.8 g, 85%) as an off-white solid. ESI-MS m/z = 483 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (37I):



    [0237] 



    [0238] A solution of 4,6-dichloro-N-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (3.8 g, 7.86 mmol) and triethylamine (3.29 mL, 23.59 mmol) in acetonitrile (25 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between dichloromethane and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (3.5 g, 95%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.82 (s, 1H), 8.76 (s, 2H), 7.77 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.76 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.18 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.1 (m, 1H), 0.42 - 0.35 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 447 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (37):



    [0239] 



    [0240] Ammonia gas was passed through a solution of 4-chloro-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (3.5 g, 7.83 mmol) in 1, 4-dioxane (30 mL) for 30 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for an additional 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a solid mass, which was triturated with diethyl ether to afford the title compound (3 g, 88%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.76 (s, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.3 (bs, 2H), 7.48 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 6.73 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.08 (m, 1H), 0.41 - 0.37 (m, 4H). ESI-MS m/z = 428 (M+H)+.

    Example 38:



    [0241] 



    [0242] Reagents and conditions: a) 2,5-Dibromopyridine, n-BuLi (2.5M), toluene, Acetone, -78 °C, 0.5 h; b) 5-Bromo-1H- indole, CuBr, Cu(OAc)2, K2CO3, NaOH, DMF, 130 °C, 12 h; c) NH2(CH2)2OTBS, Pd(OAc)2, Cs2CO3, X-Phos, toluene, 110 °C, 12 h; d) 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid, SOCl2, reflux, 4 h; then 38C, DCM, Et3N, RT, 4 h; d) HCl, MeOH, RT, 2 h; e) CH3CN, Et3N, 85 °C, 6 h; f) NH3, dioxane, RT, 4h.

    Procedures


    4-Amino-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one:


    2-(5-Bromopyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (38A):



    [0243] 



    [0244] To a solution of 2,5-dibromopyridine (4 g, 16.89 mmol) in toluene (60 mL) at -78 °C, n-butyl lithium (2.5M in hexane) (10.13 mL, 25.3 mmol) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 30 min. Acetone (2 mL, 27.2 mmol) was then added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred for 30 min at -78 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, aqueous ammonium chloride was added to the mixture, and the mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (2.4 g, 63.1%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.58 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 4.4 (s, 1H), 1.56 (s, 3H), 1.53 (s, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 216 (M+H)+.

    2-(5-(5-Bromo-1H-indol-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (38B):



    [0245] 



    [0246] 5-Bromo-1H-indole (1.9 g, 9.69 mmol) was added to a solution of 2-(5-bromopyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (2.304 g, 10.66 mmol) and copper(I) bromide (0.139 g, 0.97 mmol) in DMF (35 mL) followed by potassium carbonate (3.35 g, 24.23 mmol), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 10 min. NaOH (0.291 g, 7.27 mmol) and copper(II) acetate (0.018 g, 0.097 mmol) were added at 130 °C, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 12 h. Insoluble solids were filtered, the filtrate was concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.6 g, 15.89%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.74 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.04 (dd, J1 = 2.7 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.88 - 7.84 (m, 2H), 7.78 (d, J= 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.5 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 5.35 (s, 1H), 1.5 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 331 (M+H)+.

    2-(5-(5-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethylamino)-1H-indol-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (38C):



    [0247] 



    [0248] Palladium acetate (0.04g, 0.181 mmol) and X-Phos (0.086 g, 0.181 mmol) were added to a solution of 2-(5-(5-Bromo-1H-indol-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (0.6 g, 1.81 mmol), 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethanamine (0.349 g, 1.99 mmol) and cesium carbonate (0.88 g, 2.72 mmol) in toluene (15 mL) under argon atmosphere. The mixture was then degassed for 15 min and stirred at 110 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.2 g, 13.5%) as a pale yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.7 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (dd, J1 =2.8 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 6.9 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.7 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (s, 1H), 4.0 (bs, 1H), 3.87 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.27 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 1.62 (s, 6H), 0.9 (s, 9H), 0.06 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 426 (M+H)+.

    N-(2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (38D):



    [0249] 



    [0250] A solution of 4,6-dichloropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (0.1 g, 0.517 mmol) in thionyl chloride (5 mL, 68.5 mmol) was refluxed for 4 h and then concentrated to a residue. 4,6-Dichloropyrimidine-5-carbonyl chloride thus obtained was dissolved in DCM (3 mL) and was added dropwise to an ice-cold solution of 2-(5-(5-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethylamino)-1H-indol-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propan-2-ol (0.2 g, 0.47 mmol) and triethylamine (0.195 mL, 1.41 mmol) in DCM (15 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted into DCM, and washed with water (2x15 mL). The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes to afford the title compound (0.15 g, 31.9%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.64 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.5 (s, 1H), 7.7 (m, 2H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 - 7.28 (m, 3H), 6.65 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 4.5 (s, 1H), 4.07 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (t, J= 5.6 Hz, 2H), 1.6 (s, 6H), 0.89 (s, 9H), 0.075 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 600 (M+H)+.

    4,6-Dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (38E):



    [0251] 



    [0252] A solution of N-(2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethyl)-4,6-dichloro-N-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (0.15 g, 0.25 mmol) in methanolic solution of HCl (0.3 mL of HCl in 10 mL of MeOH) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. Methanol was removed in vacuo, the residue was dissolved in DCM and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine. The separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford title compound (0.1 g, 64.2%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.73 (s, 1H), 8.67 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.0 (dd, J1 = 2.8 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.82 - 7.76 (m, 3H), 7.47 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 5.34 (s, 1H), 4.85 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.94 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.61 (q, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 1.49 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 486 (M+H)+.

    4-Chloro-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (38F):



    [0253] 



    [0254] A solution of 4,6-dichloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide (0.1 g, 0.206 mmol) and triethylamine (0.086 mL, 0.617 mmol) in acetonitrile (8 mL) was stirred at 85 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was partitioned between DCM and water. Separated organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (0.08 g, 56.2%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.83 (s, 1H), 8.77 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.0 (dd, J1 = 2.4 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.8 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 5.36 (s, 1H), 4.77 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.18 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 1.52 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 450 (M+H)+.

    4-Amino-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (38):



    [0255] 



    [0256] Ammonia gas was passed through a solution of 4-chloro-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one (0.08 g, 0.178 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (8 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 4h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and partitioned between chloroform and water. The separated organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous brine, dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo, and the solid was triturated with ethyl acetate and n-pentane to afford the title compound (0.03 g, 35.5%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.76 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 8.06 (dd, J1 = 2.8 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (s, 2H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 5.35 (s, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 1.50 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 431.2 (M+H)+.

    [0257] Examples 39-41 were prepared using procedures analogous to those described above with appropriate starting materials.
    ExpStructureAnalytical DataMass/Purity
    39

    1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO- d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.6 (bs, 2H), 7.58 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (dd, J1 = 1.8 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J = 3.9 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (s, 2H), 4.00 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 1.09 (s, 6H). ESI-MS m/z = 382.2 (M+H)+. HPLC Purity: 95%
    40

    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- d6): δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.6 (bs, 2H), 7.41 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.8 (d, J =2.0 Hz,1H), 6.45 (d, J =3.6 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (s, 1H), 4.62 - 4.59 (m, 4H), 3.96 (t, J =5.2 Hz, 2H), 2.56 (m, 1H), 1.09 (s, 6H), 0.97 - 0.93 (m, 2H), 0.8 - 0.76 (m, 2H). ESI-MS m/z = 408.2 (M+H)+. LCMS Purity: 99%
    41

    1H NMR (300MHz, DMSO d6): δ 8.89 (s, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.72 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (s, 3H), 7.50 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (dd, J1 = 1.5 Hz, J2 = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 2H), 4.45 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.00 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 1.40 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H). ESI-MS m/z = 418.2 (M+H)+. LCMS Purity: 96%

    Biological Assays


    Inhibition of human DGAT1 activity in vitro



    [0258] Human DGAT1 was expressed in Sf9 insect cells using a baculovirus expression system. Microsomes were prepared and used as enzyme for in vitro inhibition testing in either of two formats measuring production of coenzyme A or tridecanoylglycerol product, respectively. All steps were performed at 21-23°C. All data for DGAT1 inhibition by test compounds were collected under conditions where product formation was linear with reaction time.

    [0259] CPM assay: For inhibition of CoA product formation, test compounds were prepared in 100% DMSO, diluted 100-fold into assay buffer, and 10 uL added to 96-well half-area plates (Greiner 675076). An equal volume (10 uL) of 3X enzyme in buffer was added and the components incubated for 30 minutes pre-reaction incubation to allow enzyme and test compounds to attain binding equilibrium. The 3X enzyme mixture contained 30 uM {4-[4-(4-amino-7,7-dimethyl-7H-pyrimido[4,5-b][1,4]oxazin-6-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl}acetic acid for fully inhibited control wells. Some assays were performed with inclusion of didecanoylglycerol in the pre-reaction incubation of test compound and enzyme. DGAT reactions (30 uL) were initiated upon addition of 10 uL of 3X substrate solution. Final reaction conditions consisted of 20 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 2 mM MgCl2, 1 mM CHAPS, 50 uM didecanoylglycerol, 3 uM decanoyl-CoA, 1 ug/mL microsomal protein, and 1% DMSO. Following a 60 minute reaction incubation, reactions were stopped and CoA product derivatized with 30 uL of buffer containing 10 uM {4-[4-(4-amino-7,7-dimethyl-7H-pyrimido[4,5-b][1,4]oxazin-6-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl}acetic acid and 50 uM 7-diethylamino-3-(4'-maleimidylphenyl)-4-methylcoumarin (CPM). Fluorescence was read using Envision reader at Ex 405 nm/Em 480 nm about 30 minutes after addition of final solution. Inhibition was normalized to controls containing DMSO or 10 uM {4-[4-(4-amino-7,7-dimethyl-7H-pyrimido[4,5-b][1,4]oxazin-6-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl}acetic acid. IC50s were fitted using GraphPad Prism to a sigmoidal dose response.

    [0260] LE assay: For inhibition of triacylglycerol product formation, 11 uL reactions were run in white Polyplate-384 (PerkinElmer6007300) starting with a 30 minute pre-reaction incubation of 5 uL of 2.2X enzyme and 1 uL of 100% DMSO containing test compound or control compound, {4-[4-(4-amino-7,7-dimethyl-7H-pyrimido[4,5-b][1,4]oxazin-6-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl} acetic acid. Some assays were performed with inclusion of didecanoylglycerol in the pre-reaction incubation of test compounds and enzyme. Reactions were initiated after 30 minute pre-reaction incubation via addition of 5 uL of 2.2X substrate. Final reaction conditions consisted of 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 2 mM MgCl2, 1 mM CHAPS, 25 uM didecanoylglycerol, 0.5 uM decanoyl-CoA, 0.3 nCi/uL [14C]-decanoyl-CoA or 0.5 nCi/uL [3H]-decanoyl-CoA, 0.05-4 ug/mL microsomal protein, and 1% DMSO. Following 60 minute reaction incubation, reactions were stopped with 40 uL of 45% isopropanol and 50 mM sodium carbonate in water and mixed. Extraction of tridecanoylglycerol product was accomplished via addition of 30 uL Microscint-E (Perkin Elmer) and 2 hours of incubation (sealed). Plates were read on a Microbeta Microplate reader. Inhibition was normalized to controls containing DMSO or 10 uM {4-[4-(4-amino-7,7-dimethyl-7H-pyrimido[4,5-b][1,4]oxazin-6-yl)phenyl]cyclohexyl}acetic acid. IC50s were fitted using GraphPad Prism to a sigmoidal dose response.

    Pharmacokinetic assay in Rats (Rat IV and PO PK)



    [0261] Male Crl:CD (SD) rats were housed individually in cages with clean bedding in a controlled environment (22 to 25° C temperature, humidity of 30-70 % RH, and a 12 hour light/12 hour dark cycle). Certified rodent diet was provided ad libitum to the rats. Rats were fasted overnight 14-16 hours prior to the dosing on each study day and fed approximately 4 hours post dose (following collection of the 4 hour blood sample). Water was available ad libitum. Normal healthy rats certified by the attending veterinarian were selected and acclimatized for a minimum of three days prior to initiation of the study. Rats were randomized according to the body weight and were identified with body markings.

    [0262] Intravenous formulation of 1 mg/mL concentration was prepared in DMA (N,N-Dimethylacetamide):TEG (Tetraethylene glycol): Water for Injection (20:40:40) freshly on study day. Animals were dosed through tail vein to achieve a target dose of 1 mg/kg. Oral suspension at a target concentration of 2 mg/mL was prepared freshly in Tween 80 (2%) and 0.5% MC (Methylcellulose) (2:98) on the study day. Animals in the intravenous dosing group were dosed through tail vein to achieve a target dose of 1 mg/kg, and the animals in oral dosing group were dosed orally by an oral gavage needle to achieve a target dose of 2 mg/kg. The actual dose volume was based on the body weight obtained on the study day. On the study day, blood samples (approx. 300 µL/time point) were collected at 0.083, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours after intravenous bolus dose, and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours after dosing of oral gavage and transferred to a pre-labeled K2EDTA coated tubes. Blood volume was replaced with administration of equal volume of saline through the jugular vein. After collection of blood samples at each time point, the blood samples were stored immediately on ice, in chilled Cryoracks and centrifuged at 2320 g at 4 °C for 15 minutes. The plasma was separated and transferred to pre-labeled micro-centrifuge tubes and promptly frozen at -80 ± 10 °C until bioanalysis.

    [0263] The plasma concentrations were determined by using a fit for purpose analytical method based on protein precipitation, followed by LC-MS/MS analysis. Analyst Version 1.5.1 software was used to acquire and quantify data. Pharmacokinetic analysis of plasma concentration-time data was performed by a non-compartmental method using Pheonix WinNonLin™ (WLN) Version 6.3.

    [0264] The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) from the time of dosing to the last quantifiable time point (AUC0-t) was determined by WLN using linear logarithmic trapezoidal rule. Terminal half life (T1/2) was determined by WLN using linear logarithmic trapezoidal rule for plasma concentrations following intravenous administration. The Absolute oral bioavailability (%F) was calculated by mathematical comparison of oral and intravenous AUC0-inf, normalized for dose.

    Biological Data



    [0265] Exemplified compounds made by the methods of the present invention and other reference compounds were tested in one or more DGAT assays described above and were found to be inhibitors of DGAT1 with IC50 < 10 µM. Data for specific examples tested in the human DGAT1 lipid extraction (LE) assays are listed below in Table 1.
    Table 1
    Example #hDGAT LE IC50 (nM)Example #hDGAT LE IC50 (nM)Example #hDGAT LE IC50 (nM)
    1 39.1 15 6.8 29 8.5
    2 0.5 16 4.8 30 6.1
    3 14.7 17 0.3 31 14.6
    4 31.3 18 24.1 32 38.1
    5 6.8 19 11.2 33 2.5
    6 25 20 4.2 34 15.8
    7 3.2 21 16.3 35 75
    8 2.9 22 1.8 36 1.8
    9 9.7 23 16.1 37 11.7
    10 7.9 24 82.2 38 29
    11 13.3 25 93 39 42.3
    12 1.8 26 3.4 40 7.5
    13 101.1 27 49.7 41 23.8
    14 14.5 28 1.7    


    [0266] Pharmacokinetics properties are one of the critical parameters in determining the success of drug discovery. (See Lin, J. H.; Lu, A. Y. H. "Role of Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Discovery and Development". Pharmacological Reviews, 1997, 49, 403.) Most drugs are administrated at a given dose and duration to achieve a pharmacological benefit. In general, compounds with high systemic exposure (AUC) will require less frequent dosing (generally improves patient compliance) and/or lower doses (potentially reduces toxicity). Conversely, compounds with low AUC will require more frequent dosing (generally worse patient compliance) and/or higher doses (potentially increased toxicity). Oral bioavailability (%F) of a drug refers to the amount of drug that reaches the systemic circulation after absorption and first pass clearance following oral administration. Compounds with higher oral bioavailability will require a lower dose and often demonstrate reduced exposure variability than compounds with lower oral bioavailability.

    [0267] Comparison data of the compounds of Examples 37 and 38 with three Examples from International Patent Application Publication No. WO12/162129 (Examples 83, 88, and 102) in Rat IV PK (AUC) and Rat PO PK (AUC and %F) are shown in Table 2.
    Table 2
    Example #Compound NameRat IV AUC (ng·h/mL)Rat PO AUC (ng·h/mL)Rat %F
    37 4-amino-6-(7-cyclopropyl-1-(5-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7, 8-dihydropyrimido [5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one 11704 11630 54.6
    38 4-amino-6-(1-(6-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one 2137 4015 89
    WO12/162129, Ex 83 4-amino-6-(1-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one 3379.5 3861 30.4
    WO12/162129, Ex 88 4-amino-6-(1-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one 3783 1777 12.5
    WO12/162129, Ex 102 4-amino-6-(1-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-1H-indol-5-yl)-7,8-dihydropyrimido[5,4-f][1,4]oxazepin-5(6H)-one 975 2489 65.6



    Claims

    1. A method of preparing a compound of formula (I):

    wherein said method comprises treating an intermediate of formula (II):

    with:

    (i) ammonia in dioxane at room temperature for 2 hours, when R1 is hydrogen, and R2 is - CH2C(CH3)2OH; or

    (ii) ammonia in dioxane at room temperature for 3 hours, when R1 is cyclopropyl, and R2 is - CH2CH2CH3.


     
    2. A method of preparing a compound of formula (II) defined in claim 1:

    wherein said method comprises treating an intermediate of formula (III)

    with:

    (i) triethylamine in CH3CN at 80 °C for 6 hours or at 90 °C for 12 hours, when R1 is hydrogen, and R2 is -CH2C(CH3)2OH; or

    (ii) triethylamine in CH3CN at 80 °C for 16 hours, when R1 is cyclopropyl, and R2 is -CH2CH2CH3.


     
    3. The method according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein R1 is hydrogen, and R2 is - CH2C(CH3)2OH.
     
    4. The method according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein R1 is cyclopropyl, and R2 is -CH2CH2CH3.
     
    5. A method of preparing a compound of formula (IV):

    wherein said method comprises reducing an intermediate of formula (V):

    in ethanol using palladium on carbon and H2 at room temperature for 16 hours.
     
    6. A compound selected from:



    and


     
    7. The compound of claim 6, of the structure:


     
    8. The compound of claim 6, of the structure:


     
    9. The compound of claim 6, of the structure:


     
    10. The compound of claim 6, of the structure:


     
    11. A compound selected from:




     
    12. The compound according to claim 11, of the structure:


     
    13. The compound of claim 11, of the structure:


     
    14. The compound of claim 11, of the structure:


     
    15. The compound of claim 11, of the structure:


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (I):

    wobei das Verfahren das Behandeln eines Zwischenprodukts der Formel (II):

    mit:

    (i) Ammoniak in Dioxan bei Raumtemperatur über einen Zeitraum von 2 Stunden, wenn R1 für Wasserstoff steht und R2 für -CH2C(CH3)2OH steht; oder

    (ii) Ammoniak in Dioxan bei Raumtemperatur über einen Zeitraum von 3 Stunden, wenn R1 für Cyclopropyl steht und R2 für -CH2CH2CH3 steht;

    umfasst.
     
    2. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (II) gemäß Anspruch 1:

    wobei das Verfahren das Behandeln eines Zwischenprodukts der Formel (III)

    mit:

    (i) Triethylamin in CH3CN bei 80 °C über einen Zeitraum von 6 Stunden oder bei 90 °C über einen Zeitraum von 12 Stunden, wenn R1 für Wasserstoff steht und R2 für -CH2C(CH3)2OH steht; oder

    (ii) Triethylamin in CH3CN bei 80 °C über einen Zeitraum von 16 Stunden, wenn R1 für Cyclopropyl steht und R2 für -CH2CH2CH3 steht;

    umfasst.
     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei R1 für Wasserstoff steht und R2 für -CH2C(CH3)2OH steht.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei R1 für Cyclopropyl steht und R2 für -CH2CH2CH3 steht.
     
    5. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (IV):

    wobei das Verfahren das Reduzieren eines Zwischenprodukts der Formel (V):

    in Ethanol unter Verwendung von Palladium auf Kohle und H2 bei Raumtemperatur über einen Zeitraum von 16 Stunden umfasst.
     
    6. Verbindung, ausgewählt aus:



    und


     
    7. Verbindung nach Anspruch 6 mit der Struktur:


     
    8. Verbindung nach Anspruch 6 mit der Struktur:


     
    9. Verbindung nach Anspruch 6 mit der Struktur:


     
    10. Verbindung nach Anspruch 6 mit der Struktur:


     
    11. Verbindung, ausgewählt aus:




     
    12. Verbindung nach Anspruch 11 mit der Struktur:


     
    13. Verbindung nach Anspruch 11 mit der Struktur:


     
    14. Verbindung nach Anspruch 11 mit der Struktur:


     
    15. Verbindung nach Anspruch 11 mit der Struktur:


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (I) :

    ledit procédé comprenant le traitement d'un intermédiaire de formule (II) :

    avec :

    (i) de l'ammoniac dans du dioxanne à température ambiante pendant 2 heures, lorsque R1 est hydrogène, et R2 est -CH2C(CH3)2OH ; ou

    (ii) de l'ammoniac dans du dioxanne à température ambiante pendant 3 heures, lorsque R1 est cyclopropyle, et R2 est -CH2CH2CH3.


     
    2. Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (II) tel que défini dans la revendication 1 :

    ledit procédé comprenant le traitement d'un intermédiaire de formule (III)

    avec :

    (i) de la triéthylamine dans CH3CN à 80 °C pendant 6 heures ou à 90 °C pendant 12 heures, lorsque R1 est hydrogène, et R2 est - CH2C(CH3)2OH ; ou

    (ii) de la triéthylamine dans CH3CN à 80 °C pendant 16 heures, lorsque R1 est cyclopropyle, et R2 est -CH2CH2CH3.


     
    3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, R1 étant hydrogène, et R2 étant - CH2C(CH3)2OH.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, R1 étant cyclopropyle, et R2 étant -CH2CH2CH3 .
     
    5. Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (IV) :

    ledit procédé comprenant la réduction d'un intermédiaire de formule (V) :

    dans de l'éthanol à l'aide de palladium sur carbone et H2 à température ambiante pendant 16 heures.
     
    6. Composé choisi parmi :



    et


     
    7. Composé de la revendication 6, de la structure :


     
    8. Composé de la revendication 6, de la structure :


     
    9. Composé de la revendication 6, de la structure :


     
    10. Composé de la revendication 6, de la structure :


     
    11. Composé choisi parmi :




     
    12. Composé selon la revendication 11, de la structure :


     
    13. Composé de la revendication 11, de la structure :


     
    14. Composé de la revendication 11, de la structure :


     
    15. Composé de la revendication 11, de la structure :


     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description