(19)
(11)EP 3 492 824 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17204317.6

(22)Date of filing:  29.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F24F 3/14(2006.01)
F24F 3/16(2006.01)
F24F 11/30(2018.01)
F24F 110/12(2018.01)
F24F 3/153(2006.01)
F24F 7/06(2006.01)
F24F 11/83(2018.01)

(54)

METHOD FOR CONDITIONING AIR

VERFAHREN ZUR KONDITIONIERUNG VON LUFT

PROCÉDÉ DE CONDITIONNEMENT D'AIR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/23

(73)Proprietors:
  • Ascough, Tom
    Glenageary, Dublin (IE)
  • Ascough, Seán
    Blessington, Wicklow (IE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Ascough, Tom
    Glenageary, Dublin (IE)
  • Ascough, Seán
    Blessington, Wicklow (IE)

(74)Representative: Sonn & Partner Patentanwälte 
Riemergasse 14
1010 Wien
1010 Wien (AT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 416 077
JP-A- 2002 061 903
JP-A- 2012 127 564
US-A1- 2013 213 608
JP-A- 2001 317 795
JP-A- 2009 014 226
US-A- 5 493 871
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a method for conditioning air, the method comprises flowing a first air flow within a first ventilation system past a first cooling coil, which is connected to a cooling system with a cooling fluid and a cooler. Furthermore, it relates to a device for conducting the method according to the invention.

    [0002] Conventionally, air conditioning system, in particular air handling units (AHU) or heating, ventilation and air condition (HVAC) systems, use a cooling system including a cooler and a cooling coil to cool an air flow and a heating system including a heater and a heating coil to heat an air flow. A variety of such systems are known that are supposed to reduce the amount of energy that has to be put into heating and/or cooling.

    [0003] For example, US 2013/0213608 A1 shows a device, wherein outside air is cooled and dehumidified by a cooling system. A part of the cooling fluid of the cooling system, which has a higher temperature after the process of cooling the air, is led back to a heating system. For this purpose, the cooling coil has an outlet for putting out the fluid and the heating coil has an inlet for receiving the fluid. The heating system heats the cooled/dehumidified air, before the air is given off in an indoor space. By use of the heat given off of the cooling fluid that was led back, the heating power of the heating system can be reduced, such that power can be saved.

    [0004] JP 2012127564 A shows a method of remodelling an air conditioner, wherein an outside air conditioner has a hot water coil, a cooling coil and an evaporating type humidifier being connected to the upstream side of an air draft passage of the air conditioner. A hot water supply piping for supplying hot water to the cooling coil from a heat pump is added in addition to cold water supply piping for supplying cold water to the cooling coil A switching valve is added for alternatively bringing these piping in communication with the cooling coil.

    [0005] However, all these systems have in common that they need to be constructed in a specialised way or that existing systems have to be upgraded, in order to be applicable. Thus, one problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an easy method for saving energy in air conditioning system. Another problem is to be able to save energy using existing system or only having to apply minimal changes to existing systems. Furthermore, it should also be possible by the method and device of the present invention to provide an easy measure for saving energy in air conditioning systems that get newly constructed. Furthermore, preferably, less resources should be used in constructing such an air conditioning system.

    [0006] This is solved by the temperature of the first air flow, when passing the cooling coil, being lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil and that the first air flow is heated and the cooling fluid flowing through the cooling coil is cooled, when the first air flow passes through the first cooling coil, wherein the residual heat of the cooling fluid in the cooling system is used to heat the first air flow. Furthermore, it is solved by a device comprising a control device for conducting the method according to the invention.

    [0007] By this way, an air conditioning system can use the cooling system to heat air. Furthermore, the system can save energy, because the heat in the cooling system is already available and does not need to be produced. Additionally, the cooling fluid gets cooled in this process, so the temperature of the cooling fluid is lowered without the need to consume energy to cool the cooling fluid. Depending on how much the cooling fluid needs to be cooled for other applications, the cooler can run in a full power mode, in a reduced power mode, or be switched off.

    [0008] Preferably, the method further comprises drawing in outside air, further preferably through an air intake damper, into the first ventilation system such that the outside air makes up the first air flow. Furthermore, one can set a temperature set point, which defines the temperature to which the outside air, or generally the air flow in the first ventilation system, should be heated. The method of the present invention is particularly applicable, when the temperature set point and the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil are higher than the temperature of the outside air. Since the temperature set point is higher than the outside temperature and since the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil is higher than the outside temperature, it is possible to heat the first air flow, using the cooling system and the cooling coil, being equivalent to the outside air being drawn in. In a preferred variant of the method, this air is then heated by a heating coil. This pre-heating of the air may be sufficient to meet the temperature supply set point of the first ventilation system, especially when the first ventilation system is supplying areas that need cooling, or a mixture of heating and cooling or different heating supply temperatures. Areas that need additional heat can either be served with top-up heat from a local second heating system and/or, a re-heating coil (where provided) in the first ventilation system can be engaged to provide top-up heat to the first air flow after it has been preheated by passing through the first cooling coil. Usually the temperature set point for preheating the air will be between 12 degrees Celsius and 19 degrees Celsius. Thus the temperature set point guarantees the comfort of people who are affected by the air conditioning system, because the heating system continues to be capable of providing any necessary top-up heat to meet the space temperature set point requirements in a preferred embodiment. This also applies to process air supply systems where the air is primarily conditioned for purposes other than human comfort. Additionally, if the outside air temperature is low, the cooling system can operate at an elevated temperature.

    [0009] In a preferred variant of the method, it further comprises heating the first air flow by flowing the first air flow past a first heating coil, before flowing the first air flow past the first cooling coil, and/or further heating the first air flow by flowing the first air flow past a second heating coil, after flowing the air flow past the first cooling coil, wherein the first and the second heating coil are connected to a heating system with a heater. By this use of at least one additional heating coil, the temperature of the first air flow can be further elevated than would be possible by using the cooling system alone. The system can also only comprise one of the heating coils or make use of only one of the heating coils, or comprise more than two heating coils with a variety of possible arrangements. The system can of course also comprise more than one cooling coil, placed in different positions relative to the first cooling coil and the heating coils. Furthermore, the first heating coil can be a preheating coil and can protect the cooling coil from frost, depending on the temperature of the first air flow and in particular of the outside air being drawn in. The second heating coil can in particular be a reheat coil, such that the system can be used for dehumidifying the air, under conditions when the present invention might not be applicable, by cooling the air flow in the cooling coil, and reheating it in the reheating coil. Thus, the method is applicable to normal air conditioning systems already in use, which can be used for providing heated, cooled, humidified (where a humidifier is provided) and/or dehumidified air.

    [0010] Since not only the heating coils, but also the cooling coil is used for heating in the method of the present invention, it is possible that the heater is running at a lower temperature, i.e. consuming less energy, that the flow in the heating system is lower and/or that the area of the coils is lower or the coils are smaller than would have been required without this method. Additionally, under certain conditions it may be possible to switch off the heater. Furthermore, under certain conditions, it may be possible to avoid the need for a pre-heating coil and instead use the cooling coil for pre-heating/heating.

    [0011] Preferably, in the method, one uses for the cooling coil a coil that has more rows/fins than one or all of the heating coils. This allows for the use of only one cooling coil or less cooling coils than heating coils and for a lower temperature difference between the cooling fluid and the first air flow. Furthermore, the cooling coil preferably uses a drain tray, such that when it is used for dehumidifying the air, the drain tray collects the condensed water.

    [0012] The method further comprises using the residual heat of the cooling fluid in the cooling system to heat the first air flow. By this way one does not need to provide any additional energy to heat the first air flow, thus saving energy normally used by the air conditioning system. Preferably in such a variant, the cooler is turned off, as to not reduce the amount of residual heat available. It is clear that this method can only be used for a limited amount of time if no additional energy is brought into the cooling system, since the residual heat will be used up eventually, or the temperature difference might be too low for effective heat exchange.

    [0013] In another preferred variant of the method, it further comprises a second air flow in a second ventilation system with a second cooling coil, wherein the second cooling coil is connected to the cooling system and the cooling fluid is also flowed through the second cooling system and the second cooling coil, wherein the cooling fluid is heated, while being flown through the second cooling coil. Thus, there is a heat input into the cooling system, which can again be put out at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of heat that has to be provided by the heater. Conversely, the cooling fluid is cooled at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of power required by the cooler in order to provide cooling via the second cooling coil. Thus, there is an energy saving both in the heater and the cooler, or in one of them.

    [0014] In another preferred variant of the method, it further comprises a second cooling emitter (e.g. a chilled beam), wherein the second cooling emitter is connected to the cooling system and the cooling fluid is also flowed through the second cooling emitter, wherein the cooling fluid is heated, while being flowed through the second cooling emitter. Thus, there is a heat input into the cooling system, which can again be put out at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of heat that has to be provided by the heater. Conversely, the cooling fluid is cooled at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of power required by the cooler in order to provide cooling via the second cooling emitter. Thus, there is an energy saving both in the heater and the cooler, or in one of them.

    [0015] Preferably, the method further comprises providing air conditioning for a facility. Even more preferred, it comprises blowing the first air flow from the first ventilation system, optionally with a supply air fan, into a first area of the facility, the second air flow is drawn into the second ventilation system from a second area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first area, and the second air flow is blown from the second ventilation system into a third area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first and/or the second area. Thus, the air conditioning system can provide cooling to some area of the facility, while it can also provide heating to some other area, which can also be overlapping with the area provided with cooling. These areas can also be changed according to where there is need for cooling and for heating.

    [0016] It is preferable that the method further comprises measuring the outside temperature, the temperature of the first cooling fluid and/or the second cooling fluid and/or the ambient temperature in the first, second and/or third area of the facility. This makes it easier to determine the exact parameters under which the method can be applied. Furthermore it is preferable to control the flow of the first air flow, even more preferably by regulating the supply air fan and/or the air intake damper, and/or of the second air flow, the flow of the cooling fluid, even more preferably by using and regulating a valve and/or a pump in the cooling system, the flow of a heating fluid in the heating system, even more preferably by using and regulating a valve and/or a pump in the heating system, and/or the power of the cooler and/or the heater. All these measures ease reaching the right temperature of each air flow, while reducing the energy consumed, or make it possible to use smaller coils, a less powerful heater and/or cooler and/or a lower flow rate in the ventilation systems or the heating and/or cooling system.

    [0017] Preferably, the method further comprises filtering the first air flow in the first ventilation system, even more preferably by using panel filters and/or bag filters. Thus, the air provided by the air conditioning system can have a higher quality. Furthermore, it is preferable that the first air flow is also humidified in the first ventilation system. Since the method of the present invention is particularly applicable when there is a low outside temperature, preferably a temperature of less than 15 degrees Celsius, even more preferably of less than 10 degrees Celsius, the most preferably of less than 7 degrees Celsius, the relative humidity of the first air flow will be reduced, when it is heated. Thus, it can provide a higher air quality and a higher comfort for people potentially affected by the air conditioning system, if the first air flow is humidified.

    [0018] In another variant of the invention, it can also comprise dehumidifying the first air flow.

    [0019] Preferably, some or all of the preferred measures mentioned above for the first ventilation system are also applied to the second ventilation system.

    [0020] Furthermore the invention comprises a device for conditioning air, comprising a first ventilation system with a first air flow, preferably connected with the outside, the connection even more preferably comprising an air intake damper, a first cooling coil, preferably comprising a drain tray, in the first ventilation system, connected to a cooling system with a cooler, preferably further comprising a valve and/or a pump in the cooling system, a heating system with a heater and a first and a second heating coil arranged in the first ventilation system, wherein even more preferably the first and the second heating coil have less rows and/or fins than the cooling coil and/or the heating system comprises a valve and/or a pump, a second ventilation system with a second air flow and/or a second cooling emitter, within which a second cooling coil/emitter is arranged that is connected to the same cooling system as connected to the first ventilation system, wherein a control device is provided for conducting a method as described above.

    [0021] Hereafter, the invention will be described more closely on the basis of a preferred embodiment depicted in the drawing Fig. 1. However, the invention shall not be considered limited to this preferred embodiment.

    [0022] In particular, Fig. 1 shows an air conditioning system 1 with a first ventilation system 2, a cooling system 3 and a heating system 4. The first ventilation system 2 comprises an air intake damper 112, through which outside air 101, e.g. 2 degrees Celsius, is drawn into the first ventilation system 2, wherein the outside air 101 has a temperature 102. The drawn in outside air 101 makes up the first air flow 5. Consequently, the first air flow 5 within the first ventilation system 2 is filtered through a panel filter 113 and a bag filter 114.

    [0023] Next, the first air flow 5 passes a first heating coil 106, which can also be termed as a preheating coil, where the first air flow 5 is heated from the outside air temperature 102, e.g. 2 degrees Celsius, to a higher temperature, e.g. 5 degrees Celsius. If the outside air temperature 102 is below freezing temperature, in particular below freezing temperature of a cooling fluid 6, then the temperature of the first air flow 5 should at least be elevated above the freezing temperature by the first heating coil 106.

    [0024] Thereupon, the first air flow 5 passes the first cooling coil 107. The temperature of the first air flow 5 immediately before the first cooling coil 107 is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid 6 flowing through the first cooling coil 107. Thus the first air flow 5 is heated upon passing the first cooling coil 107, while the cooling fluid 6 is cooled. The elevated temperature of the first air flow 5 after passing the cooling coil can for instance be 13 degrees of Celsius. Meanwhile, the temperature of the cooling fluid 6 immediately before flowing through the first cooling coil 107 can be 16 degrees Celsius, which corresponds to an elevated temperature, as normally possible for seasonally cooler periods of the year. After passing the cooling coil 107, the temperature of the cooling fluid can for example be 14 degrees Celsius. Thus, the cooling fluid 6 has received "free" cooling, while the first air flow 5 has received "free" heating, where "free" means that no additional energy has been consumed in a heater or a cooler.

    [0025] Ensuingly, the first air flow 5 passes the second heating coil 108, wherein the temperature of the first air flow 5 is further elevated to a final temperature 111, which can e.g. be 18 degrees Celsius. The second heating coil 108 can also be termed a reheat coil, since under conditions to which this invention may not be applicable, it might be used for reheating the first air flow 5, after it had been cooled and thus dehumidified in the first cooling coil 107. Next the first air flow 5 passes a humidifier 115, which can provide extra humidification in case this is required.

    [0026] Lastly, the first air flow 5 is blown into a first area 103 of a facility at a final temperature 111 by a supply air fan 105.

    [0027] The first cooling coil 107 is connected to the cooling system 3 containing the cooling fluid 6. The cooling system further comprises a pump 119, cooling control valve 121 and a cooler 109. The cooling system can further comprise a second cooling coil, connected to a second ventilation system (not depicted in Fig. 1) and/or second cooling emitter 123 (e.g. a chilled beam or fan coil). Depending on the conditions of the second ventilation system, the cooler 109 can be running in a full power mode, a reduced power mode or be switched off.

    [0028] The first and the second heating coil are connected to the heating system 4, which further comprises a heater 110, pre-heating control valve 120, re-heat control valve 122 and pump 118. Exemplary, by use of the method of the current invention, the heating system 4 only has to heat the first air flow 5 from 2 to 5 degrees of Celsius and from 13 to 18 degrees of Celsius, while without the use of the method of the present invention it would have to heat the first air flow 5 from 2 to 18 degrees of Celsius.

    [0029] A control device 7 is provided for controlling some or all of the HVAC system components. By means of the control device 7 especially cooling system pump 119 is activated in case the temperature of the first air flow 5 immediately before the first cooling coil 107 is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid 6 flowing through the first cooling coil 107.

    [0030] The two charts below the schematic depiction of the air conditioning system are a temperature chart for the first air flow 5 on the top and a temperature chart for the cooling fluid 6 on the bottom. The double pointed arrow in the first air flow temperature chart illustrates an example of the heating energy that can be saved by implementing the present invention. The double pointed arrow in the cooling fluid temperature chart depicts an example of the cooling that is achievable without additional energy expediture from the cooler 109 by implementing the present invention. The values in the temperature chart follow the exemplary values mentioned above.

    [0031] The preferred embodiment depicted in the figure and described herein shall only serve to explain the invention and shall in no way limit the invention to this embodiment.


    Claims

    1. A method for conditioning air, the method comprises flowing a first air flow (5) within a first ventilation system (2) past a first cooling coil (107), which is connected to a cooling system (3) with a cooling fluid (6) and a cooler (109), characterised in that the temperature of the first air flow (5), when passing the first cooling coil (107), is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) and that the first air flow (5) is heated and the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) is cooled, when the first air flow (5) passes through the first cooling coil (107), wherein the residual heat of the cooling fluid (6) in the cooling system (3) is used to heat the first air flow (5), and the method further comprises heating the first air flow (5) by flowing the first air flow (5) past a first heating coil (106), before flowing the first air flow (5) past the first cooling coil (107), wherein the first heating coil (106) is connected to a heating system (4) with a heater (110).
     
    2. A method according to claim 1, characterised in that the method comprises drawing in outside air (101) at a temperature (102), preferably through an air intake damper (112), into the first ventilation system (2) such that the outside air (101) makes up the first air flow (5), and prescribing a temperature set point for the first ventilation system (2), wherein the temperature set point and the temperature of the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) are higher than the temperature (102) of the outside air (101).
     
    3. A method according to any of claims 1 or 2, characterised in that the method further comprises further heating the first air flow (5) by flowing the first air flow (5) past a second heating coil (108), after flowing the first air flow (5) past the first cooling coil (107), wherein the the second heating coil (106, 108) is connected to the heating system (4) with the heater (110) .
     
    4. A method according to claim 3, characterised by using a coil with a drain tray as the first cooling coil (107).
     
    5. A method according to any of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the method comprises turning the cooler (109) off or reducing its output.
     
    6. A method according to any of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that the method further comprises cooling a second cooling emitter (123), wherein the second cooling emitter (123) is connected to the cooling system (3) and the cooling fluid (6) is also flowed through the second cooling emitter (123), wherein the cooling fluid (6) is heated, while being flowed through the second cooling emitter (123).
     
    7. A method according to any of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the method further comprises cooling a second air flow in a second ventilation system with a second cooling coil, wherein the second cooling coil is connected to the cooling system (3) and the cooling fluid (6) is also flowed through the second cooling coil, wherein the cooling fluid (6) is heated, while being flown through the second cooling coil.
     
    8. A method according to claim 7, characterised in that the method comprises providing air conditioning for a facility and that the method further comprises blowing the first air flow (5) from the first ventilation system (2), preferably with a supply air fan (105), into a first area (103) of the facility, the second air flow is drawn into the second ventilation system from a second area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first area, and the second air flow is blown from the second ventilation system into a third area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first and/or the second area.
     
    9. A method according to claim 8, characterised in that the method further comprises measuring the outside air temperature (102), the temperature of the first cooling fluid (6) and/or the second cooling fluid (6) and/or the ambient temperature in the first (103), second and/or third area of the facility and controlling the flow of the first air flow (5), preferably by regulating the supply air fan (105) and/or the air intake damper (102), and/or of the second air flow, the flow of the cooling fluid (6), preferably by using and regulating a valve (121) and/ or a pump (119) in the cooling system (3), the flow of a heating fluid in the heating system (4), preferably by using and regulating a valve (120, 122) and/or a pump (118) in the heating system (4), and/or the power of the cooler (109) and/or the heater (110).
     
    10. A method according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterised in that the method further comprises filtering the first air flow (5) in the first ventilation system (2), preferably by panel filters (113) and/or bag filters (114), and/or humidifying the first air flow (5) in the first ventilation system (2) with a humidifier (115).
     
    11. A device (104) for conditioning air, comprising a first ventilation system (2) with a first air flow (5), preferably connected with the outside, the connection even more preferably comprising an air intake damper (112), a first cooling coil (107), preferably comprising a drain tray, in the first ventilation system (2), connected to a cooling system (3) with a cooler (109), a second ventilation system with a second air flow, within which a second cooling coil is arranged that is connected to the cooling system (3), and the first ventilation system (2) further comprising a first heating coil (106), which is connected to a heating system (4) with a heater (110), characterised by a control device (7) configured to conduct the method according to any of claims 1 to 10.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Klimatisierung, wobei das Verfahren das Vorbeiströmen eines ersten Luftstroms (5) in einem ersten Lüftungssystem (2) an einer ersten Kühlspirale (107) aufweist, die mit einem Kühlsystem (3) mit einem Kühlfluid (6) und einer Kühlvorrichtung (109) verbunden ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Temperatur des ersten Luftstroms (5), wenn er die erste Kühlspirale (107) passiert, niedriger ist als die Temperatur des Kühlfluids (6), das durch die erste Kühlspirale (107) strömt, und dass der erste Luftstrom (5) erwärmt wird und das Kühlfluid (6), das durch die erste Kühlspirale (107) strömt, gekühlt wird, wenn der erste Luftstrom (5) die erste Kühlspirale (107) passiert, wobei die Restwärme des Kühlfluids (6) in dem Kühlsystem (3) verwendet wird, um den ersten Luftstrom (5) zu erwärmen, und das Verfahren des Weiteren das Erwärmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) durch Vorbeiströmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) an einer ersten Heizspirale (106) aufweist, vor dem Vorbeiströmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) an der ersten Kühlspirale (107), wobei die erste Heizspirale (106) mit einem Heizsystem (4) mit einer Heizvorrichtung (110) verbunden ist.
     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren das Einziehen von Außenluft (101) mit einer Temperatur (102), bevorzugt durch einen Lufteinlassdämpfer (112), in das erste Lüftungssystem (2) derart, dass die Außenluft (101) den ersten Luftstrom (5) ausmacht, und das Vorschreiben eines TemperaturSollwerts für das erste Lüftungssystem (2), wobei der Temperatur-Sollwert und die Temperatur des Kühlfluids (6), das durch die erste Kühlspirale (107) strömt, höher sind als die Temperatur (102) der Außenluft (101), aufweist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das weitere Erwärmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) durch Vorbeiströmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) an einer zweiten Heizspirale (108) aufweist, nach dem Vorbeiströmen des ersten Luftstroms (5) an der ersten Kühlspirale (107), wobei die zweite Heizspirale (106, 108) mit dem Heizsystem (4) mit der Heizvorrichtung (110) verbunden ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, gekennzeichnet durch das Verwenden einer Spirale mit einer Ablaufschale als erste Kühlspirale (107).
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren das Ausschalten der Kühlvorrichtung (109) oder das Verringern ihrer Leistung aufweist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das Kühlen eines zweiten Kühlemitters (123) aufweist, wobei der zweite Kühlemitter (123) mit dem Kühlsystem (3) verbunden ist und das Kühlfluid (6) auch durch den zweiten Kühlemitter (123) geströmt wird, wobei das Kühlfluid (6) erwärmt wird, während es durch den zweiten Kühlemitter (123) geströmt wird.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das Kühlen eines zweiten Luftstroms in einem zweiten Lüftungssystem mit einer zweiten Kühlspirale aufweist, wobei die zweite Kühlspirale mit dem Kühlsystem (3) verbunden ist und das Kühlfluid (6) auch durch die zweite Kühlspirale geströmt wird, wobei das Kühlfluid (6) erwärmt wird, während es durch die zweite Kühlspirale geströmt wird.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren das Bereitstellen von Klimatisierung für eine Einrichtung aufweist, und dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das Blasen des ersten Luftstroms (5) von dem ersten Lüftungssystem (2), vorzugsweise mit einem Zulüfter (105), in einen ersten Bereich (103) der Einrichtung aufweist, der zweite Luftstrom aus einem zweiten Bereich der Einrichtung, der sich mit dem ersten Bereich überlappen kann, in das zweite Lüftungssystem gezogen wird, und der zweite Luftstrom von dem zweiten Lüftungssystem in einen dritten Bereich der Einrichtung, der sich mit dem ersten und/oder dem zweiten Bereich überlappen kann, geblasen wird.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das Messen der Außenlufttemperatur (102), der Temperatur des ersten Kühlfluids (6) und/oder des zweiten Kühlfluids (6) und/oder der Umgebungstemperatur in dem ersten (103), zweiten und/oder dritten Bereich der Einrichtung, und das Steuern des Strömens des ersten Luftstroms (5), bevorzugt durch Regeln des Zulüfters (105) und/oder des Lufteinlassdämpfers (102) aufweist, und/oder des zweiten Luftstroms, des Strömens des Kühlfluids (6), bevorzugt durch Verwenden und Regulieren eines Ventils (121) und/oder einer Pumpe (119) in dem Kühlsystem (3), des Strömens eines Heizfluids in dem Heizsystem (4), bevorzugt durch Verwenden und Regulieren eines Ventils (120, 122) und/oder einer Pumpe (118) in dem Heizsystem (4), und/oder der Leistung der Kühlvorrichtung (109) und/oder der Heizvorrichtung (110).
     
    10. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren des Weiteren das Filtern des ersten Luftstroms (5) in dem ersten Lüftungssystem (2) aufweist, bevorzugt durch Flächenfilter (113) und/ oder Beutelfilter (114), und/oder das Befeuchten des ersten Luftstroms (5) in dem ersten Lüftungssystem (2) mit einem Befeuchter (115).
     
    11. Vorrichtung (104) zur Klimatisierung, die ein erstes Lüftungssystem (2) mit einem ersten Luftstrom (5) aufweist, das vorzugsweise mit dem Freien verbunden ist, wobei die Verbindung noch bevorzugter einen Lufteinlassdämpfer (112) aufweist, eine erste Kühlspirale (107) in dem ersten Lüftungssystem (2), die bevorzugt eine Ablaufschale aufweist und die mit einem Kühlsystem (3) mit einer Kühlvorrichtung (109) verbunden ist, ein zweites Lüftungssystem mit einem zweiten Luftstrom, in dem eine zweite Kühlspirale angeordnet ist, die mit dem Kühlsystem (3) verbunden ist, und wobei das erste Lüftungssystem (2) des Weiteren eine erste Heizspirale (106) aufweist, die mit einem Heizsystem (4) mit einer Heizvorrichtung (110) verbunden ist, gekennzeichnet durch eine Steuervorrichtung (7), die dazu konfiguriert ist, das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 durchzuführen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de conditionnement d'air, le procédé comprenant l'étape consistant à laisser s'écouler un premier écoulement d'air (5) dans un premier système de ventilation (2) au-delà d'un premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), qui est raccordé à un système de refroidissement (3) avec un fluide de refroidissement (6) et un dispositif de refroidissement (109), caractérisé en ce que la température du premier écoulement d'air (5), lorsqu'il passe par le premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), est inférieure à la température du fluide de refroidissement (6) s'écoulant par le premier serpentin de refroidissement (107) et en ce que le premier écoulement d'air (5) est chauffé et le fluide de refroidissement (6) s'écoulant par le premier serpentin de refroidissement (107) est refroidi, lorsque le premier écoulement d'air (5) passe par le premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), dans lequel la chaleur résiduelle du fluide de refroidissement (6) dans le système de refroidissement (3) et utilisée pour chauffer le premier écoulement d'air (5), et le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à chauffer le premier écoulement d'air (5) en laissant s'écouler le premier écoulement d'air (5) au-delà d'un premier serpentin de chauffage (106), avant de laisser s'écouler le premier écoulement d'air (5) au-delà du premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), dans lequel le premier serpentin de chauffage (106) est raccordé à un système de chauffage (4) avec un dispositif de chauffage (110).
     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend l'étape consistant à aspirer l'air extérieur (101) à une température (102), de préférence par un clapet d'admission d'air (112), dans le premier système de ventilation (2) de sorte que l'air extérieur (101) compose le premier écoulement d'air (5), et à prescrire un point de consigne de température pour le premier système de ventilation (2), dans lequel le point de consigne de température et la température du fluide de refroidissement (6) s'écoulant par le premier serpentin de refroidissement (107) sont supérieurs à la température (102) de l'air extérieur (101).
     
    3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à chauffer davantage le premier écoulement d'air (5) en laissant s'écouler le premier écoulement d'air (5) au-delà d'un second serpentin de chauffage (108), après avoir laissé s'écouler le premier écoulement d'air (5) au-delà du premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), dans lequel le second serpentin de chauffage (106, 108) est raccordé au système de chauffage (4) avec le dispositif de chauffage (110).
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, caractérisé par l'étape consistant à utiliser un serpentin avec un plateau de drainage en tant que premier serpentin de refroidissement (107).
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend l'étape consistant à arrêter le dispositif de refroidissement (109) ou à réduire son rendement.
     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à refroidir un second émetteur de refroidissement (123), dans lequel le second émetteur de refroidissement (123) est raccordé au système de refroidissement (3) et le fluide de refroidissement (6) s'écoule également par le second émetteur de refroidissement (123), dans lequel le fluide de refroidissement (6) est chauffé, tout en s'écoulant par le second émetteur de refroidissement (123).
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à refroidir un second écoulement d'air dans un second système de ventilation avec un second serpentin de refroidissement, dans lequel le second serpentin de refroidissement est raccordé au système de refroidissement (3) et le fluide de refroidissement (6) s'écoule également par le second serpentin de refroidissement, dans lequel le fluide de refroidissement (6) est chauffé, tout en s'écoulant par le second serpentin de refroidissement.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend l'étape consistant à fournir le conditionnement d'air pour une installation et en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à souffler le premier écoulement d'air (5) à partir du premier système de ventilation (2), de préférence avec un ventilateur d'air d'alimentation (105), dans une première zone (103) de l'installation, le second écoulement d'air est aspiré dans le second système de ventilation à partir d'une deuxième zone de l'installation, qui peut chevaucher la première zone, et le second écoulement d'air est soufflé à partir du second système de ventilation dans une troisième zone de l'installation, qui peut chevaucher la première et/ou la deuxième zone.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à mesurer la température d'air extérieur (102), la température du premier fluide de refroidissement (6) et/ou du second fluide de refroidissement (6) et/ou la température ambiante dans la première (103), deuxième et/ou troisième zone de l'installation et l'étape consistant à contrôler l'écoulement du premier écoulement d'air (5), de préférence en régulant le ventilateur d'air d'alimentation (105) et/ou le clapet d'admission d'air (102) et/ou le second écoulement d'air, l'écoulement du fluide de refroidissement (6), de préférence en utilisant et en régulant une valve (121) et/ou une pompe (119) dans le système de refroidissement (3), l'écoulement d'un fluide chauffant dans le système de chauffage (4), de préférence en utilisant et en régulant une valve (120, 122) et/ou une pompe (118) dans le système de chauffage (4), et/ou la puissance du dispositif de refroidissement (109) et/ou du dispositif de chauffage (110).
     
    10. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à filtrer le premier écoulement d'air (5) dans le premier système de ventilation (2), de préférence par des filtres en panneau (113) et/ou des filtres en sac (114), et/ou à humidifier le premier écoulement d'air (5) dans le premier système de ventilation (2) avec un humidificateur (115).
     
    11. Dispositif (104) pour le conditionnement d'air, comprenant un premier système de ventilation (2) avec un premier écoulement d'air (5), de préférence raccordé à l'extérieur, le raccordement comprenant encore de préférence un clapet d'admission d'air (112), un premier serpentin de refroidissement (107), comprenant de préférence un plateau de drainage, dans le premier système de ventilation (2), raccordé à un système de refroidissement (3) avec un dispositif de refroidissement (109), un second système de ventilation avec un second écoulement d'air, à l'intérieur duquel est agencé un second serpentin de refroidissement, qui est raccordé au système de refroidissement (3), et le premier système de ventilation (2) comprenant en outre un premier serpentin de chauffage (106) qui est raccordé à un système de chauffage (4) avec un dispositif de chauffage (110), caractérisé par un dispositif de commande (7) configuré pour réaliser le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description