(19)
(11)EP 3 498 926 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 17208232.3

(22)Date of filing:  18.12.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E03D 11/14  (2006.01)
E03C 1/322  (2006.01)

(54)

WALL-MOUNTED TOILET FIXING DEVICE

WANDMONTIERTE TOILETTENBEFESTIGUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE FIXATION DE TOILETTES À MONTAGE MURAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/25

(73)Proprietor: Xiamen R&J Precision Technology Co., Ltd.
361022 Xiamen Fujian (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • Tang, Yaping
    Xiamen, Fujian 361022 (CN)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Chaillot 
16/20, avenue de l'Agent Sarre B.P. 74
92703 Colombes Cedex
92703 Colombes Cedex (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 033 979
DE-U1-202010 009 280
WO-A1-2017/203335
DE-U1-202012 104 847
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a wall-mounted toilet, and more particularly to a wall-mounted toilet fixing device.

    2. Description of the Prior Art



    [0002] Compared to a floor-mounted toilet, a wall-mounted toilet C is a toilet that is directly mounted to a mounting base W (the wall or water tank fixing bracket). The bottom of the toilet does not come into contact with the floor, thus saving the bathroom space. The toilet is fixed to the mounting base through a fixing device.

    [0003] As shown in FIG. 1, a conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device comprises a body 1', a screw sleeve 2' and a screw 3' fitted in the body 1'. The screw sleeve 2' is provided with a concave surface 21'. The tail end of the screw 3' opposite to the head is a conical structure. When the wall-mounted toilet C is fixed by using the wall-mounted toilet fixing device, as shown in FIG. 2, the body 1' is placed in a mounting chamber C1 of the wall-mounted toilet C. The mounting chamber C1 is provided with a fixing hole C11 passing through the back of the wall-mounted toilet C and a mounting hole C12 passing through the top or the side of the wall-mounted toilet C. The screw sleeve 2' is connected to a screw rod S fixed on the mounting base W, and then the screw sleeve 2' is inserted through the fixing hole C11 into the body 1'. Finally, a wrench is inserted in the mounting chamber C1 through the mounting hole C12 to screw the screw 3' into the body 1' so that the tail end of the screw 3' is engaged with the concave surface 21' to achieve locking. However, when the wall-mounted toilet C is fixed by the wall-mounted toilet fixing device, the tail end of the screw 3' is moved within the concave surface 21' of the screw sleeve 2' by turning the screw 3' to achieve the adjustment of the distance between the wall-mounted toilet and the mounting base. However, in order to ensure that the screw 3' is firmly engaged with the concave surface 21', the length of the concave surface 21' cannot be too long. As a result, the adjusting range of the conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device is small. Therefore, in order to ensure that the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W is small enough, a locking position can only be found by measuring the thickness of the wall-mounted toilet C. This locking position not only achieves the cooperation of the screw 3' with the concave surface 21' of the screw sleeve 2' but also realizes that the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W is small enough. Because it is necessary to find the locking position, the operation is troublesome when the conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device is used to fix the wall-mounted toilet C. To sum up, the operation for the conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device used to fix the wall-mounted toilet C is troublesome and the adjusting range is small.

    [0004] DE 20 2012 104847 U1 discloses a wal-mounted toilet fixing device according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0005] DE 20 2010 009280 U1, WO 2017/203335 A1 and EP 3 033 979 A1 disclose further fixing devices for mounting a toilet according to the state of the art, which are farther away from the present invention.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the primary object of the present invention is to provide a wall-mounted toilet fixing device for fixing a wall-mounted toilet, having the advantages of a simple operation and a wide adjusting range.

    [0007] In order to achieve the aforesaid object, the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention is movably mated with a screw rod that is intended to fixed on a mounting base. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device comprises a housing, a driven member, at least one press block movably fitted on the driven member, a driving member for driving the driven member to rotate and to engage with the screw rod, and a driver for driving the driving member to rotate. The housing has a first chamber body and a second chamber body which are intersected and communicated with each other. One end of the first chamber body is provided with a through hole passing through the housing. Two ends of the second chamber body are provided with two perforations passing through the housing and facing each other. The driver is a cylindrical structure. The driven member and the driving member are hollow tubular structures. The driver is rotatably fitted in the first chamber body. The driving member and the driven member are rotatably fitted in the second chamber body. The driving member is movably sleeved on the driven member. The driven member is provided with a through passage aligned with the two perforations. The driver cooperates with the driving member through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism or an interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism. The driving member is movably engaged with the driven member. One end of the driven member extends out of the driving member and is provided with a stop portion for blocking the driving member. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device is characterized in that the driving member is also for driving the press block to engage with the screw rod, and in that a rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion and the second chamber body. The rotation damping mechanism enables the driven member to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping. The reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping. A side wall of the driven member is provided with at least one engaging hole passing through the side wall of the driven member along a direction that is perpendicular to the direction of extension of the screw rod in said through passage. The press block is movably fitted in the engaging hole. The number of the press block corresponds to the number of the engaging hole. An inner surface of the press block is formed with an engaging surface corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod. When the driving member is rotated in a forward direction, the press block is pushed by the driving member to engage with the screw rod.

    [0008] In an embodiment, the number of the at least one engaging hole is two. Each of the engaging holes is movably mated with the press block. An inner wall of the driving member is formed with two curved troughs recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes. One side of each of the engaging holes is formed with a limit rib protruding outward and movably fitted in a corresponding one of the curved troughs.

    [0009] In an embodiment, the number of the at least one engaging hole is two. Each of the engaging holes is movably mated with the press block. An inner wall of the driving member is formed two eccentric troughs recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes. A distance from the eccentric troughs to a rotating axle of the driven member decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member. The at least one press block includes two press blocks each extending outward to form an engaging portion. The engaging portions of the two press blocks are engaged with the two eccentric troughs, respectively.

    [0010] In an embodiment, the number of the at least one engaging hole is two. Each of the engaging holes is movably mated with the press block. An inner wall of the driving member is formed an eccentric trough recessed outward. A distance from the eccentric trough to a rotating axle of the driven member decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member. The at least one press block includes two press blocks. The two press blocks are connected by a curved plate located between the driving member and the driven member. A middle portion of the curved plate is formed with an engaging portion engaged in the eccentric trough.

    [0011] In an embodiment, the intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism is a bevel gear transmission mechanism. An outer wall of the driving member is provided with a first bevel gear. The driver is provided with a second bevel gear meshing with the first bevel gear.

    [0012] In an embodiment, the interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism is a cylindrical worm shaft transmission mechanism. The driver is a cylindrical worm shaft. An outer wall of the driving member is provided with a gear wheel meshing with the cylindrical worm shaft.

    [0013] In an embodiment, the stop portion is provided with two symmetric elastic arms extending in a direction away from a rotating axle of the driven member. A distance from the elastic arms to the rotating axle of the driven member increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member. An inner wall of the second chamber body is provided with a plurality of protrusions which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms. Each of the protrusions is a triangular structure. Two sides of each of the protrusions are a push surface and a stop surface for movably contacting with the elastic arms, respectively. A distance from the push surface to the rotating axle of the driven member increases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member. A distance from the stop surface to the rotating axle of the driven member decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member. The elastic arms and the protrusions constitute the rotation damping mechanism.

    [0014] In an embodiment, an inner wall of the second chamber body is provided with two symmetrical elastic arms. A distance from the elastic arms to a rotating axle of the driven member increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member. The stop portion is provided with a plurality of protrusions which extend in a direction away from the rotating axle of the driven member and are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms. Each of the protrusions is a triangular structure. Two sides of each of the protrusions are a push surface and a stop surface for movably contacting with the elastic arms, respectively. A distance from the push surface to the rotating axle of the driven member decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member. A distance from the stop surface to the rotating axle of the driven member increases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member. The elastic arms and the protrusions constitute the rotation damping mechanism.

    [0015] In an embodiment, an end surface of the stop portion is provided with two symmetric elastic arms extending outward. A distance from the elastic arms to an end surface of the driven member increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member. An inner end surface of the second chamber body, close to the stop portion, is provided with a plurality of projections which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms. Each of the protrusions is a triangular structure. Two sides of each of the protrusions are a push surface and a stop surface for movably contacting with the elastic arms, respectively. A distance from the push surface to the end surface of the driven member increases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member. A distance from the stop surface to the end surface of the driven member decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member. The elastic arms and the protrusions constitute the rotation damping mechanism.

    [0016] Preferably, the end having the through hole of the first chamber body is provided with an upper cover. The upper cover covers the driver. The upper cover is provided with an insertion hole communicating with the first chamber body.

    [0017] Preferably, one of the two ends having the perforations of the second chamber body is provided with a hollow sleeve communicating with the second chamber body. The hollow sleeve is mated with an adjusting cylinder.

    [0018] Preferably, an inner wall of the hollow sleeve is provided with an inner thread. The adjusting cylinder is a hollow cylinder structure. One end of the adjusting cylinder is formed with at least one elastic press piece. An outer surface of the elastic press piece is formed with an outer thread to mate with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve. An inner surface of the elastic press piece protrudes inward to form a limit rib. Another end of the adjusting cylinder is provided with a plurality of elastic stop pieces extending outward.

    [0019] Preferably, the adjusting cylinder is a hollow cylinder structure. The adjusting cylinder is threadedly connected to the hollow sleeve. One end of the adjusting cylinder, away from the housing, is provided with a limit flange.

    [0020] Preferably, the adjusting cylinder is provided with a retaining ring fitted on the adjusting cylinder. An inner diameter of the retaining ring is less than an outer diameter of the limit flange. An outer diameter of the retaining ring is greater than the outer diameter of the limit flange.

    [0021] Preferably, the inner surface of the press block is formed with an engaging surface that is a straight tooth surface or a bevel tooth surface or an inner threaded surface.

    [0022] When the wall-mounted toilet is fixed to the mounting base by using the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention, it is not necessary to find the locking position by measuring the thickness of the wall-mounted toilet. The screw rod fixed on the mounting base can be directly inserted in the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention. By rotating the driver in the forward direction, the press block can be engaged with the screw rod to lock the wall-mounted toilet on the screw rod of the mounting base. The operation is simple and fast. When the press block is engaged with the screw rod, the wall-mounted toilet can be moved toward the mounting base by rotating the driver in the forward direction to adjust the distance between the wall-mounted toilet and the mounting base. The adjusting range is wide. When the wall-mounted toilet needs to be disassembled, the driver is rotated in the reverse direction to disengage the press block from the screw rod so that the wall-mounted toilet can be disassembled. The operation is simple and fast.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0023] 

    FIG. 1 is an exploded view of a conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing that the conventional wall-mounted toilet fixing device is used to fix the wall-mounted toilet;

    FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod;

    FIG. 5 is a first sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block not engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 5;

    FIG. 7 is a second sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 7;

    FIG. 9 is a first schematic view of an embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 10 is a second schematic view of an embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 11 is a first schematic view of another embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 is a second schematic view of another embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a further embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the protrusions of a further embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the elastic arms of a further embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the elastic arms in cooperation with the protrusions of a further embodiment of the rotation damping mechanism of the present invention;

    FIG. 17 is a first schematic view showing that the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention is used to fix the wall-mounted toilet;

    FIG. 18 is a second schematic view showing that the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention is used to fix the wall-mounted toilet;

    FIG. 19 is a first sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to a second embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block not engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 20 is a sectional view taken along line D-D of FIG. 19;

    FIG. 21 is a second sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the second embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 22 is a sectional view taken along line E-E of FIG. 21;

    FIG. 23 is a first sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to a third embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block not engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 24 is a sectional view taken along line F-F of FIG. 23;

    FIG. 25 is a second sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the third embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 26 is a sectional view taken along line G-G of FIG. 25;

    FIG. 27 is a first sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block not engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 28 is a sectional view taken along line H-H of FIG. 27;

    FIG. 29 is a second sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod (the press block engaged with the screw rod);

    FIG. 30 is a sectional view taken along line I-I of FIG. 29;

    FIG. 31 is a perspective view of the adjusting cylinder according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 32 is a perspective view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod; and

    FIG. 33 is a sectional view of the wall-mounted toilet fixing device according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention in cooperation with the screw rod.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0024] Embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0025] A first embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 20. The present invention discloses a wall-mounted toilet fixing device, which is movably mated with a screw rod S fixed on a mounting base W for locking a wall-mounted toilet C on the mounting base W. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device comprises an outer cover 11, an end cap 12, a driven member 2, at least one press block 3 movably fitted on the driven member 2, a driving member 4 for driving the driven member 2 to rotate and for driving the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S, and a driver 5 for driving the driving member 4 to rotate.

    [0026] Specifically, the outer cover 11 and the end cap 12 are detachably assembled by a buckle structure or a screw thread connecting structure to form a housing 1. The housing 1 has a first chamber body 13 and a second chamber body 14 which are intersected and communicated with each other. One end of the first chamber body 13 is provided with a through hole 131 passing through the housing 1. Two ends of the second chamber body 14 are provided with two perforations 141 passing through the housing 1 and facing each other. Both the driven member 2 and the driving member 4 are hollow tubular structures. The driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are rotatably fitted in the second chamber body 14. The driving member 4 is movably sleeved on the driven member 2. The driven member 2 is provided with a through passage 21 aligned with the two perforations 141. A side wall of the driven member 2 is provided with engaging holes 22 passing through the side wall of the driven member 2. The number of the engaging holes 22 is two. The two engaging holes 22 are opposite to each other. Each engaging hole 22 is movably mated with the press block 3. An inner surface of the press block 3 is formed with an engaging surface 31 corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod S. The engaging surface 31 may be a straight tooth surface or a bevel tooth surface or an inner threaded surface. The straight tooth surface, the bevel tooth surface and the inner threaded surface may achieve the meshing relationship with the screw rod S. The degree of meshing of the straight tooth surface, the bevel tooth surface and the inner threaded surface with the screw rod S sequentially increases. An inner wall of the driving member 4 is formed with two curved troughs 41 recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes 22. Normally, the curved trough 41 aligns with the engaging hole 22 to form a space for the movement of the press block 3. One side of each of the engaging holes 22 is formed with a limit rib 221 protruding outward and movably fitted in a corresponding one of the curved troughs 41. The limit ribs 221 of the two engaging holes 22 are located at the same side. Through the cooperation of the limit ribs 221 and the curved troughs 41, the driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are movably engaged with each other so that the rotation of the driving member 4 can drive the driven member 2 to rotate. One end of the driven member 2 extends out of the driving member 4 and is provided with a stop portion 23 for blocking the driving member 4. A rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion 23 and the second chamber body 14. The rotation damping mechanism enables the driven member 2 to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping. The reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping. As shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 8, when the driving member 4 is rotated in the forward direction, due to the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2, the driving member 4 first rotates in the forward direction relative to the driven member 2 so that the limit ribs 221 are engaged with the curved troughs 41, enabling the driving member 4 to drive the driven member 2 to rotate in the forward direction. In this process, the inner wall of the driving member 4 will push the press block 3 to move along the radial direction of the driven member 2 toward the rotating axle of the driven member 2 for the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S. After the limit ribs 221 are engaged with the curved troughs 41, if more force is applied, the driving member 4 continues to rotate in the forward direction, at this time, the driving member 4 drives the driven member 2 and the press member 3 to rotate in the forward direction. The press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod. The forward rotation of the press block 3 enables the present invention to generate a linear movement relative to the screw rod S along the axis of the screw rod S. Referring to FIG. 4 to FIG. 8, after the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, if the driving member 4 is rotated in the reverse direction, since the reverse rotation damping of the driven member 2 is greater than the forward rotation damping, the driving member 4 first rotates in the reverse direction relative to the driven member 2, so that the curved troughs 41 are aligned with the engaging holes 22 and the press block 3 can be moved within the space formed by the curved troughs 41 and the engaging holes 22 to be disengaged from the screw rod S. It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the two engaging holes 22 are not limited to be oppositely arranged, and the central axes of the two engaging holes 22 may form an included angle of 0° to 180°. In this way, the press block 3 fitted in the engaging hole 22 can also be engaged with the screw rod S.

    [0027] As shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the stop portion 23 is provided with two symmetric elastic arms 6 extending in a direction away from the rotating axle of the driven member 2. The distance from the elastic arms 6 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 increases in the reverse rotation direction of the driven member 2. The inner wall of the second chamber body 14 is provided with a plurality of protrusions 7 which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms 6. Each protrusion 7 is a triangular structure. Two sides of each protrusion 7 are a push surface 71 and a stop surface 72 for movably contacting with the elastic arms 6, respectively. The distance from the push surface 71 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 increases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The distance from the stop surface 72 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The elastic arms 6 and the protrusions 7 constitute the rotation damping mechanism. In this way, when the driven member 2 is rotated in the forward direction, the elastic arm 6 is compressed and deformed by the push surface 71 towards the rotating axle of the driven member 2 to pass the protrusion 7 so that the driven member 2 has the forward rotation damping. When the driven member 2 is rotated in the reverse direction, the elastic arm 6 will be blocked by the stop surface 72 to prevent the driven member 2 from rotating in the reverse direction, so that the driven member 2 has the reverse rotation damping, and the reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2.

    [0028] As shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, the elastic arms 6 and the protrusions 7 may be disposed reversely. Specifically, the inner wall of the second chamber body 14 is provided with two symmetrical elastic arms 6. The distance from the elastic arms to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 increases in the reverse rotation direction of the driven member 2. The stop portion 23 is provided with a plurality of protrusions 7 which extend in a direction away from the rotating axle of the driven member 2 and are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms 6. Each protrusion 7 is a triangular structure. Two sides of each protrusion 7 are a push surface 71 and a stop surface 72 for movably contacting with the elastic arms 6, respectively. The distance from the push surface 71 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The distance from the stop surface 72 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 increases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. In this way, when the driven member 2 is rotated in the forward direction, the elastic arm 6 is compressed by the push surface 71 to deform away from the rotating axle of the driven member 2 to pass the protrusion 7 so that the driven member 2 has the forward rotation damping. When the driven member 2 is rotated in the reverse direction, the elastic arm 6 will be blocked by the stop surface 72 to prevent the driven member 2 from rotating in the reverse direction, so that the driven member 2 has the reverse rotation damping, and the reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2.

    [0029] As shown in FIG. 13 to FIG. 16, the elastic arms 6 and the protrusions 7 may be disposed on an end surface of the stop portion 23 and an inner end surface of the second chamber body 14, respectively. Specifically, two symmetric elastic arms 6 extend outward from an end surface of the stop portion 23. The distance from the elastic arms 6 to an end surface of the driven member 2 increases in the reverse rotation direction of the driven member 2. An end surface of the second chamber body 14, close to the stop portion 23, is provided with a plurality of projections 7 which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms 6. Each protrusion 7 is a triangular structure. Two sides of each protrusion 7 are a push surface 71 and a stop surface 72 for movably contacting with the elastic arms 6, respectively. The distance from the push surface 71 to the end surface of the driven member 2 increases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The distance from the stop surface 72 to the end surface of the driven member 2 decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. In this way, when the driven member 2 is rotated in the forward direction, the elastic arm 6 is compressed and deformed by the push surface 71 toward the end surface of the driven member 2 to pass the protrusion 7 so that the driven member 2 has the forward rotation damping. When the driven member 2 is rotated in the reverse direction, the elastic arm 6 will be blocked by the stop surface 72 to prevent the driven member 2 from rotating in the reverse direction, so that the driven member 2 has the reverse rotation damping, and the reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2.

    [0030] As shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 8, the driver 5 is a cylindrical body. The driver 5 is rotatably fitted in the first chamber body 13. The end having the through hole 131 of the first chamber body 13 is provided with an upper cover 8. The upper cover 8 covers the driver 5. The upper cover 8 is provided with an insertion hole 81 communicating with the first chamber body 13. The driver 5 can be confined by the upper cover 8, preventing the driver 5 from disengaging from the housing 1. The driver 5 is engaged with the driving member 4 through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism, so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. In order to cooperate with the intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism, the axis of the first chamber body 13 is perpendicular to the axis of the second chamber body 14. The intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism may be a bevel gear transmission mechanism, that is, an outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a first bevel gear 42, and the driver 5 is provided with a second bevel gear 51 meshing with the first bevel gear 42. Both the first bevel gear 42 and the second bevel gear 51 may be a straight tooth bevel gear structure or an inclined tooth bevel gear structure or a curved tooth bevel gear structure. For driving the driver 5 to rotate, the driver 5 is provided with a groove or a cylindrical body for cooperating with an installation tool. The groove may be a straight groove, a cross groove or a hexagonal groove, such that the installation tool, such as a flat-blade screwdriver, Phillips screwdriver, or hex wrench, can be used to rotate the driver 5. The cylindrical body may be a regular hexagon prism or a regular twelve-sided prism, so that the driver 5 can be rotated by using the installation tool, such as a 6-point socket wrench or a 12-point socket wrench. In order to prevent rotation of the driver 5 because the wall-mounted toilet C is vibrated by an external force, an elastic damper may be disposed between the driver 5 and the inner wall of the first chamber body 13.

    [0031] In order to enable the present invention to be fixed on the wall-mounted toilet C, one end having the perforation 141 of the second chamber body 14 is provided with a hollow sleeve 15 communicating with the second chamber body 14. The hollow sleeve 15 is mated with an adjusting cylinder 16. In this embodiment, the adjusting cylinder 16 is a hollow cylinder structure. The adjusting cylinder 16 is threadedly connected to the hollow sleeve 15. One end of the adjusting cylinder 16, away from the housing 1, is provided with a limit flange 161. Specifically, the outer wall of the hollow sleeve 15 is provided with an outer thread. The inner wall of the adjusting cylinder 16 is provided with an inner thread to mate with the outer thread of the hollow sleeve 15. The inner wall of the hollow sleeve 15 may be provided with an inner thread, and the outer wall of the adjusting cylinder 16 may be provided with an outer thread to mate with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve 15. Due to the threaded connection between the hollow sleeve 15 and the adjusting cylinder 16, the distance between the limit flange 161 of the adjusting cylinder 16 and the second chamber body 14 can be adjusted by rotating the adjusting cylinder 16 so that the limit flange 161 and the housing 1 can be engaged with fixing holes C11 of different lengths to meet the requirements for wall-hung toilets C of different thicknesses. In order to enable the adjusting cylinder 16 to be adapted to the fixing holes C11 of different diameters, the adjusting cylinder 16 is provided with a retaining ring 162 fitted on the adjusting cylinder 16. The inner diameter of the retaining ring 162 is less than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161 so as to confine the retaining ring 162. The outer diameter of the retaining ring 162 is greater than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161 so that the retaining ring 162 can be engaged with a larger-diameter fixing hole C11.

    [0032] As shown in FIG. 17 and FIG. 18, when the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention is used to fix the wall-mounted toilet C, the housing 1 containing the driven member 2, the driving member 4, the driver 5 and the press block 3 is first placed in the mounting chamber C1 of the wall-mounted toilet C; next, the adjusting cylinder 16 is screwed to the hollow sleeve 15 through the fixing hole C11 of the wall-mounted toilet C from the back of the wall-mounted toilet C to fix the housing 1 in the mounting chamber C1; and then the screw rod S fixed on the mounting base W directly is inserted through the adjusting cylinder 16, the hollow sleeve 15 and the second chamber body 14 in order; and then the installation tool is inserted through the mounting hole C12 of the wall-mounted toilet C into the mounting chamber C1 for the installation tool to cooperate with the driver 5; then, the driver 5 is rotated in the forward direction by the installation tool, and the driver 5 further drives the driving member 4 to rotate in the forward direction so that the driving member 4 pushes the press block 3 along the radial direction of the driven member 2 to engage with the screw rod S, and the driving member 4 is engaged with the driven member 2, at this time, the wall-mounted toilet C is fixed to the screw rod S fixed on the mounting base W; finally, if the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W is too large, the driver 5 can be further rotated in the forward direction, the driver 5 drives the driving member 4 to rotate in the forward direction, and the driving member 4 drives the driven member 2 and the press block 3 to rotate in the forward direction, enabling the present invention to generate a linear movement relative to the screw rod S along the axis of the screw rod S so that the wall-mounted toilet C is moved toward the mounting base W to adjust the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W until the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W meets the requirement, and then the installation tool is taken out. In the process of fixing the wall-mounted toilet C, there is no need to measure the thickness of the wall-mounted toilet C to find the locking position. The operation is simple and fast. Moreover, the adjusting range of the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W is wide. After the wall-mounted toilet C is fixed by the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention, if the wall-mounted toilet C is to be detached, the driver 5 is driven to rotate in the reverse direction by the installation tool and the driver 5 drives the driving member 4 to rotate in the reverse direction. At this time, due to the action of the rotation damping mechanism, the driven member 2 basically does not move, the driving member 4 is rotated in the reverse direction relative to the driven member 2. The press block 3 gets a space to disengage from the screw rod S so that the wall-mounted toilet C can be detached from the mounting base W. The operation is simple and fast.

    [0033] To sum up, when the wall-mounted toilet C is fixed to the mounting base W by using the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention, it is not necessary to find the locking position by measuring the thickness of the wall-mounted toilet C. The screw rod S fixed on the mounting base W can be directly inserted in the wall-mounted toilet fixing device of the present invention. By rotating the driver 5 in the forward direction, the press block 3 can be engaged with the screw rod S to lock the wall-mounted toilet C on the screw rod. The operation is simple and fast. When the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, the wall-mounted toilet C can be further moved toward the mounting base W by rotating the driver 5 in the forward direction to adjust the distance between the wall-mounted toilet C and the mounting base W. The adjusting range is wide. When the wall-mounted toilet C needs to be disassembled, the driver 5 is rotated in the reverse direction to disengage the press block 3 from the screw rod S so that the wall-mounted toilet C can be disassembled. The operation is simple and fast.

    [0034] As shown in FIG. 19 to FIG. 22, a wall-mounted toilet fixing device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention comprises an outer cover 11, an end cap 12, a driven member 2, at least one press block 3 movably mated with the driven member 2, a driving member 4 for driving the driven member 2 to rotate and for driving the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S, and a driver 5 for driving the driving member 4 to rotate.

    [0035] The outer cover 11 and the end cap 12 are detachably assembled to form a housing 1. The housing 1 has a first chamber body 13 and a second chamber body 14 which are intersected and communicated with each other. One end of the first chamber body 13 is provided with a through hole 131 passing through the housing 1. Two ends of the second chamber body 14 are provided with two perforations 141 passing through the housing 1 and facing each other.

    [0036] Both the driven member 2 and the driving member 4 are hollow tubular structures. The driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are rotatably fitted in the second chamber body 14. The driving member 4 is movably sleeved on the driven member 2. The driven member 2 is provided with a through passage 21 aligned with the two perforations 141. A side wall of the driven member 2 is provided with engaging holes 22 passing through the side wall of the driven member 2. The number of the engaging holes 22 is two. The two engaging holes 22 are opposite to each other. Each engaging hole 22 is movably mated with the press block 3. An inner surface of the press block 3 is formed with an engaging surface 31 corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod S. An inner wall of the driving member 4 is formed two eccentric troughs 43 recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes 22. The distance from the eccentric troughs 43 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The two press blocks 3 each extend outward to form an engaging portion 32. The engaging portions 32 of the two press blocks 3 are engaged with the two eccentric troughs 43, respectively. Normally, the eccentric trough 43 enables the press block 3 to disengage from the screw rod S through the engaging portion 32. One end of the driven member 2 extends out of the driving member 4 and is provided with a stop portion 23 for blocking the driving member 4. A rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion 23 and the second chamber body 14. The rotation damping mechanism enables the driven member 2 to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping. The reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping. In this embodiment, the specific structure of the rotation damping mechanism refers to the rotation damping mechanism of the first embodiment. In this way, when the driving member 4 rotates in the forward direction, due to the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2, the driving member 4 first rotates in the forward direction relative to the driven member 2, and the driving member 4 through the engaging portion pushes the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S along the radial direction of the driven member 2. At this time, since the press block 3 is engaged in the engaging hole 22, the driving member 4 is engaged with the driven member 2 so that the driving member 4 is able to drive the driven member 2 to rotate in the forward direction. After the driving member 4 is engaged with the driven member 2, if more force is applied, the driving member 4 continues to rotate in the forward direction, at this time, the driving member 4 drives the driven member 2 and the press member 3 to rotate in the forward direction. Because the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod, the forward rotation of the press block 3 enables the present invention to generate a linear movement relative to the screw rod S along the axis of the screw rod S. After the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, if the driving member 4 is rotated in the reverse direction, since the reverse rotation damping of the driven member 2 is greater than the forward rotation damping, the driving member 4 first rotates in the reverse direction relative to the driven member 2, so that the driving member 4 through the engaging portion pushes the press block 3 to disengage from the screw rod S along the radial direction of the driven member 2. It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the two engaging holes 22 are not limited to be oppositely arranged, and the central axes of the two engaging holes 22 may form an included angle of 0° to 180°. In this way, the press block 3 fitted in the engaging hole 22 can also be engaged with the screw rod S.

    [0037] The driver 5 is a cylindrical body. The driver 5 is rotatably fitted in the first chamber body 13. The end having the through hole 131 of the first chamber body 13 is provided with an upper cover 8. The upper cover 8 covers the driver 5. The upper cover 8 is provided with an insertion hole 81 communicating with the first chamber body 13. The driver 5 is engaged with the driving member 4 through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism, so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. The intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism may be a bevel gear transmission mechanism, that is, an outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a first bevel gear 42, and the driver 5 is provided with a second bevel gear 51 meshing with the first bevel gear 42. For driving the driver 5 to rotate, the driver 5 is provided with a groove or a cylindrical body for cooperating with an installation tool.

    [0038] One end having the perforation 141 of the second chamber body 14 is provided with a hollow sleeve 15 communicating with the second chamber body 14. The hollow sleeve 15 is mated with an adjusting cylinder 16. In this embodiment, the adjusting cylinder 16 is a hollow cylinder structure. The adjusting cylinder 16 is threadedly connected to the hollow sleeve 15. One end of the adjusting cylinder 16, away from the housing 1, is provided with a limit flange 161. Due to the threaded connection between the hollow sleeve 15 and the adjusting cylinder 16, the distance between the limit flange 161 of the adjusting cylinder 16 and the second chamber body 14 can be adjusted by rotating the adjusting cylinder 16 so that the limit flange 161 and the housing 1 can be engaged with fixing holes C11 of different lengths to meet the requirements for wall-hung toilets C of different thicknesses. In order to enable the adjusting cylinder 16 to be adapted to the fixing holes C11 of different diameters, the adjusting cylinder 16 cooperates with a retaining ring 162 fitted on the adjusting cylinder 16. The inner diameter of the retaining ring 162 is less than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161 so as to confine the retaining ring 162. The outer diameter of the retaining ring 162 is greater than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161.

    [0039] As shown in FIG. 23 to FIG. 26, a wall-mounted toilet fixing device in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention comprises an outer cover 11, an end cap 12, a driven member 2, at least one press block 3 movably mated with the driven member 2, a driving member 4 for driving the driven member 2 to rotate and for driving the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S, and a driver 5 for driving the driving member 4 to rotate.

    [0040] The outer cover 11 and the end cap 12 are detachably assembled to form a housing 1. The housing 1 has a first chamber body 13 and a second chamber body 14 which are intersected and communicated with each other. One end of the first chamber body 13 is provided with a through hole 131 passing through the housing 1. Two ends of the second chamber body 14 are provided with two perforations 141 passing through the housing 1 and facing each other.

    [0041] Both the driven member 2 and the driving member 4 are hollow tubular structures. The driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are rotatably fitted in the second chamber body 14. The driving member 4 is movably sleeved on the driven member 2. The driven member 2 is provided with a through passage 21 aligned with the two perforations 141. A side wall of the driven member 2 is provided with engaging holes 22 passing through the side wall of the driven member 2. The number of the engaging holes 22 is two. The two engaging holes 22 are opposite to each other. Each engaging hole 22 is movably mated with the press block 3. An inner surface of the press block 3 is formed with an engaging surface 31 corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod S. An inner wall of the driving member 4 is formed with one eccentric trough 43 recessed outward. The distance from the eccentric trough 43 to the rotating axle of the driven member 2 decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member 2. The two press blocks 3 are connected by a curved plate 33 located between the driving member 4 and the driven member 2. A middle portion of the curved plate 33 is formed with an engaging portion 32 engaged in the eccentric trough 43. Normally, the eccentric trough 43 enables the press block 3 to disengage from the screw rod S through the engaging portion 32. One end of the driven member 2 extends out of the driving member 4 and is provided with a stop portion 23 for blocking the driving member 4. A rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion 23 and the second chamber body 14. The rotation damping mechanism enables the driven member 2 to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping. The reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping. In this embodiment, the specific structure of the rotation damping mechanism refers to the rotation damping mechanism of the first embodiment. In this way, when the driving member 4 rotates in the forward direction, due to the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2, the driving member 4 first rotates in the forward direction relative to the driven member 2, and the driving member 4 through the engaging portion 32 pushes the two press blocks 3 to engage with the screw rod S along the radial direction of the driven member 2. At this time, since the two press blocks 3 are engaged in the engaging holes 22, the driving member 4 is engaged with the driven member 2 so that the driving member 4 is able to drive the driven member 2 to rotate in the forward direction. After that, if more force is applied, the driving member 4 continues to rotate in the forward direction, at this time, the driving member 4 drives the driven member 2 and the press member 3 to rotate in the forward direction. Because the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, the forward rotation of the press block 3 enables the present invention to generate a linear movement relative to the screw rod S along the axis of the screw rod S. After the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, if the driving member 4 is rotated in the reverse direction, since the reverse rotation damping of the driven member 2 is greater than the forward rotation damping, the driving member 4 first rotates in the reverse direction relative to the driven member 2, so that the driving member 4 through the engaging portion 32 pushes the press block 3 to disengage from the screw rod S along the radial direction of the driven member 2.

    [0042] The driver 5 is a cylindrical body. The driver 5 is rotatably fitted in the first chamber body 13. The end having the through hole 131 of the first chamber body 13 is provided with an upper cover 8. The upper cover 8 covers the driver 5. The upper cover 8 is provided with an insertion hole 81 communicating with the first chamber body 13. The driver 5 is engaged with the driving member 4 through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism, so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. The intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism may be a bevel gear transmission mechanism, that is, an outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a first bevel gear 42, and the driver 5 is provided with a second bevel gear 51 meshing with the first bevel gear 42. For driving the driver 5 to rotate, the driver 5 is provided with a groove or a cylindrical body for cooperating with an installation tool.

    [0043] One end having the perforation 141 of the second chamber body 14 is provided with a hollow sleeve 15 communicating with the second chamber body 14. The hollow sleeve 15 is mated with an adjusting cylinder 16. In this embodiment, the adjusting cylinder 16 is a hollow cylinder structure. The adjusting cylinder 16 is threadedly connected to the hollow sleeve 15. One end of the adjusting cylinder 16, away from the housing 1, is provided with a limit flange 161. Due to the threaded connection between the hollow sleeve 15 and the adjusting cylinder 16, the distance between the limit flange 161 of the adjusting cylinder 16 and the second chamber body 14 can be adjusted by rotating the adjusting cylinder 16 so that the limit flange 161 and the housing 1 can be engaged with fixing holes C11 of different lengths to meet the requirements for wall-hung toilets C of different thicknesses. In order to enable the adjusting cylinder 16 to be adapted to the fixing holes C11 of different diameters, the adjusting cylinder 16 cooperates with a retaining ring 162 fitted on the adjusting cylinder 16. The inner diameter of the retaining ring 162 is less than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161 so as to confine the retaining ring 162. The outer diameter of the retaining ring 162 is greater than the outer diameter of the limit flange 161.

    [0044] As shown in FIG. 27 to FIG. 31, a wall-mounted toilet fixing device in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention comprises an outer cover 11, an end cap 12, a driven member 2, at least one press block 3 movably mated with the driven member 2, a driving member 4 for driving the driven member 2 to rotate and for driving the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S, and a driver 5 for driving the driving member 4 to rotate.

    [0045] The outer cover 11 and the end cap 12 are detachably assembled to form a housing 1. The housing 1 has a first chamber body 13 and a second chamber body 14 which are intersected and communicated with each other. One end of the first chamber body 13 is provided with a through hole 131 passing through the housing 1. Two ends of the second chamber body 14 are provided with two perforations 141 passing through the housing 1 and facing each other.

    [0046] Both the driven member 2 and the driving member 4 are hollow tubular structures. The driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are rotatably fitted in the second chamber body 14. The driving member 4 is movably sleeved on the driven member 2. The driven member 2 is provided with a through passage 21 aligned with the two perforations 141. A side wall of the driven member 2 is provided with an engaging hole 22 passing through the side wall of the driven member 2. The number of the engaging hole 22 is one. The number of the press block 3 is also one. The press block 3 is movably mated with the engaging hole 22. An inner surface of the press block 3 is formed with an engaging surface 31 corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod S. An inner wall of the driving member 4 is formed with a curved trough 41 corresponding to the engaging hole 22. Normally, the curved trough 41 aligns with the engaging hole 22 to form a space for the movement of the press block 3. One side of the engaging hole 22 is formed with a limit rib 221 protruding outward and movably fitted in the curved trough 41. Through the cooperation of the limit rib 221 and the curved trough, the driving member 4 and the driven member 2 are movably engaged with each other so that the rotation of the driving member 4 can drive the driven member 2 to rotate. One end of the driven member 2 extends out of the driving member 4 and is provided with a stop portion 23 for blocking the driving member 4. A rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion 23 and the second chamber body 14. The rotation damping mechanism enables the driven member 2 to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping. The reverse rotation damping is greater than the forward rotation damping. In this embodiment, the specific structure of the rotation damping mechanism refers to the rotation damping mechanism of the first embodiment. When the driving member 4 is rotated in the forward direction, due to the forward rotation damping of the driven member 2, the driving member 4 first rotates in the forward direction relative to the driven member 2 so that the limit rib 221 is engaged with the curved trough 41, enabling the driving member 4 to drive the driven member 2 to rotate in the forward direction. In this process, the inner wall of the driving member 4 will push the press block 3 to move along the radial direction of the driven member 2 toward the rotating axle of the driven member 2 for the press block 3 to engage with the screw rod S. After the limit rib 221 is engaged with the curved trough 41, if more force is applied, the driving member 4 continues to rotate in the forward direction, at this time, the driving member 4 drives the driven member 2 and the press member 3 to rotate in the forward direction. The press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod. The forward rotation of the press block 3 enables the present invention to generate a linear movement relative to the screw rod S along the axis of the screw rod S. After the press block 3 is engaged with the screw rod S, if the driving member 4 is rotated in the reverse direction, since the reverse rotation damping of the driven member 2 is greater than the forward rotation damping, the driving member 4 first rotates in the reverse direction relative to the driven member 2, so that the curved trough 41 is aligned with the engaging hole 22 and the press block 3 can move within the space formed by the curved trough 41 and the engaging hole 22 to be disengaged from the screw rod S. It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the number of the press block 3 is one. The number of the press blocks 3 in the first embodiment is two. The degree of firmness of the engagement of the press block 3 with the screw rod S in this embodiment is lower than that in the first embodiment. However, the press block 3 of this embodiment can still achieve the engagement with the screw rod S, and the material of the press block 3 is preferably a metal material with high strength in order to improve the use effect of this embodiment. It should also be noted that, the number of the press blocks of the present invention is not limited to one or two. It is only necessary to ensure that the number of the press blocks 3 is at least one so that the prevent invention is movably engaged with the screw rod S through the press block. Therefore, the number of the press blocks 3 may be three or four, corresponding to the number of the engaging holes 22 provided at the side wall of the driven member 2.

    [0047] The driver 5 is a cylindrical body. The driver 5 is rotatably fitted in the first chamber body 13. The end having the through hole 131 of the first chamber body 13 is provided with an upper cover 8. The upper cover 8 covers the driver 5. The upper cover 8 is provided with an insertion hole 81 communicating with the first chamber body 13. The driver 5 is engaged with the driving member 4 through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism, so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. The intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism may be a bevel gear transmission mechanism, that is, an outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a first bevel gear 42, and the driver 5 is provided with a second bevel gear 51 meshing with the first bevel gear 42. For driving the driver 5 to rotate, the driver 5 is provided with a groove or a cylindrical body for cooperating with an installation tool. In order to prevent the driver 5 from rotating because the wall-mounted toilet C vibrates when subjected to an external force, the driver 5 is provided with a resilient arm leaning against the inner wall of the first chamber body 13.

    [0048] One end having the perforation 141 of the second chamber body 14 is provided with a hollow sleeve 15 communicating with the second chamber body 14. The hollow sleeve 15 is mated with an adjusting cylinder 16. An inner wall of the hollow sleeve 15 is provided with an inner thread. The adjusting cylinder 16 is a hollow cylinder structure. One end of the adjusting cylinder 16 is formed with at least one elastic press piece 165. An outer surface of the elastic press piece 165 is formed with an outer thread to mate with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve 15. An inner surface of the elastic press piece 165 protrudes inward to form a limit rib 1651. Another end of the adjusting cylinder 16 is provided with a plurality of elastic stop pieces 164 extending outward. When the screw rod S is not inserted in the adjusting cylinder 16, the elastic press piece 165 can be moved in the hollow sleeve 15 to adjust the distance between the adjusting cylinder 16 and the housing 1 by pressing the elastic press piece 165. After the distance between the adjusting cylinder 16 and the housing 1 is adjusted, the elastic press piece 165 is released to return the elastic press piece 165. The inner thread of the elastic press piece 165 is engaged with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve 15, and the adjusting cylinder 16 is fixed on the hollow sleeve 15. After that, it is still possible to adjust the distance between the adjusting cylinder 16 and the housing 1 by rotating the adjusting cylinder 16. When the screw rod S is inserted in the adjusting cylinder 16, the screw rod S will pass through the limit rib 1651 to push the elastic press piece 165 outward so that the inner thread of the elastic press piece 165 is tightly engaged with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve 15. The connection of the adjusting cylinder 16 and the hollow sleeve 15 is more stable.

    [0049] The present invention is not limited to the aforesaid embodiments. In the aforesaid embodiments, the driver 5 cooperates with the driving member 4 through the intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. In a fifth embodiment, the present invention may adopt another way for the driver 5 to drive the driving member 4 to rotate. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 32 and FIG. 33, in the fifth embodiment, the driver 5 cooperates with the driving member 4 through an interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism, so that the rotation of the driver 5 can drive the driving member 4 to rotate. As shown in FIG. 32, in order to cooperate with the interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism, the axis of the first chamber body 13 is perpendicular to the axis of the second chamber body 14. The interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism may be a cylindrical worm shaft transmission mechanism. That is, the driver 5 is a cylindrical worm shaft, and the outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a gear wheel 44 to mesh with the cylindrical worm shaft. The interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism is not limited to the cylindrical worm shaft transmission mechanism. It may be an annular worm shaft transmission mechanism, that is, the driver 5 is an annular worm shaft, and the outer wall of the driving member 4 is provided with a gear wheel to mesh with the annular worm shaft.

    [0050] Although particular embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail for purposes of illustration, various modifications and enhancements may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A wall-mounted toilet fixing device, movably mated with a screw rod (S), said screw rod (S) being intended to be fixed on a mounting base (W), the fixing device comprising a housing (1), a driven member (2), at least one press block (3) movably fitted on the driven member (2), a driving member (4) for driving the driven member (2) to rotate and to engage with the screw rod (S), and a driver (5) for driving the driving member (4) to rotate;
    the housing (1) having a first chamber body (13) and a second chamber body (14) which are intersected and communicated with each other; one end of the first chamber body (13) being provided with a through hole (131) passing through the housing (1), two ends of the second chamber body (14) being provided with two perforations (141) passing through the housing (1) and facing each other;
    the driver (5) being a cylindrical structure, the driven member (2) and the driving member (4) being hollow tubular structures, the driver (5) being rotatably fitted in the first chamber body (13), the driving member (4) and the driven member (2) being rotatably fitted in the second chamber body (14), the driving member (4) being movably sleeved on the driven member (2), the driven member (2) being provided with a through passage (21) aligned with the two perforations (141), the driver (5) cooperating with the driving member (4) through an intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism or an interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism, the driving member (4) being movably engaged with the driven member (2), one end of the driven member (2) extending out of the driving member (4) and being provided with a stop portion (23) for blocking the driving member (4),
    the fixing device being characterized in that the driving member (4) is also for driving the press block (3) to engage with the screw rod (S), and in that a rotation damping mechanism is provided between the stop portion (23) and the second chamber body (14), the rotation damping mechanism enabling the driven member (2) to have a forward rotation damping and a reverse rotation damping, the reverse rotation damping being greater than the forward rotation damping; a side wall of the driven member (2) being provided with at least one engaging hole (22) passing through the side wall of the driven member (2) along a direction that is perpendicular to the direction of extension of the screw rod (S) in said through passage (21),
    the press block (3) being movably fitted in the engaging hole (22), the number of the press block (3) corresponding to the number of the engaging hole (22), an inner surface of the press block (3) being formed with an engaging surface (31) corresponding to an external threaded surface of the screw rod (S); wherein when the driving member (4) is rotated in a forward direction, the press block (3) is pushed by the driving member (4) to engage with the screw rod (S).
     
    2. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the at least one engaging hole (22) is two; each of the engaging holes (22) is movably mated with the press block (3), an inner wall of the driving member (4) is formed with two curved troughs (41) recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes (22), and one side of each of the engaging holes (22) is formed with a limit rib (221) protruding outward and movably fitted in a corresponding one of the curved troughs (41).
     
    3. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the at least one engaging hole (22) is two; each of the engaging holes (22) is movably mated with the press block (3), an inner wall of the driving member (4) is formed two eccentric troughs (43) recessed outward and respectively corresponding to the two engaging holes (22), a distance from the eccentric troughs (43) to a rotating axle of the driven member (2) decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member (2); the at least one press block (3) includes two press blocks (3) each extending outward to form an engaging portion (32), and the engaging portions (32) of the two press blocks (3) are engaged with the two eccentric troughs (43), respectively.
     
    4. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the at least one engaging hole (22) is two; each of the engaging holes (22) is movably mated with the press block (3), an inner wall of the driving member (4) is formed an eccentric trough (43) recessed outward, a distance from the eccentric trough (43) to a rotating axle of the driven member (2) decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member (2); the at least one press block (3) includes two press blocks (3), the two press blocks (3) are connected by a curved plate (33) located between the driving member (4) and the driven member (2), and a middle portion of the curved plate (33) is formed with an engaging portion (32) engaged in the eccentric trough (43).
     
    5. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the intersecting shaft gear transmission mechanism is a bevel gear transmission mechanism, an outer wall of the driving member (4) is provided with a first bevel gear (42), and the driver (5) is provided with a second bevel gear (51) meshing with the first bevel gear (42).
     
    6. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the interlaced shaft gear transmission mechanism is a cylindrical worm shaft transmission mechanism, the driver (5) is a cylindrical worm shaft, and an outer wall of the driving member (4) is provided with a gear wheel (44) meshing with the cylindrical worm shaft.
     
    7. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the stop portion (23) is provided with two symmetric elastic arms (6) extending in a direction away from a rotating axle of the driven member (2), a distance from the elastic arms (6) to the rotating axle of the driven member (2) increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member (2); an inner wall of the second chamber body (14) is provided with a plurality of protrusions (7) which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms (6), each of the protrusions (7) is a triangular structure, two sides of each of the protrusions (7) are a push surface (71) and a stop surface (72) for movably contacting with the elastic arms (6) respectively, a distance from the push surface (71) to the rotating axle of the driven member (2) increases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member (2), a distance from the stop surface (72) to the rotating axle of the driven member (2) decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member (2); the elastic arms (6) and the protrusions (7) constitute the rotation damping mechanism.
     
    8. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein an inner wall of the second chamber body (14) is provided with two symmetrical elastic arms (6), a distance from the elastic arms (6) to a rotating axle of the driven member (2) increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member (2); the stop portion (23) is provided with a plurality of protrusions (7) which extend in a direction away from the rotating axle of the driven member (2) and are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms (6), each of the protrusions (7) is a triangular structure, two sides of each of the protrusions (7) are a push surface (71) and a stop surface (72) for movably contacting with the elastic arms (6) respectively, a distance from the push surface (71) to the rotating axle of the driven member (2) decreases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member (2), a distance from the stop surface (72) to the rotating axle of the driven member (2) increases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member (2); the elastic arms (6) and the protrusions (7) constitute the rotation damping mechanism.
     
    9. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein an end surface of the stop portion (23) is provided with two symmetric elastic arms (6) extending outward, a distance from the elastic arms (6) to an end surface of the driven member (2) increases in a reverse rotation direction of the driven member (2); an inner end surface of the second chamber body (14), close to the stop portion (23), is provided with a plurality of projections (7) which are equidistantly distributed and movably mated with the elastic arms (6), each of the protrusions (7) is a triangular structure, two sides of each of the protrusions (7) are a push surface (71) and a stop surface (72) for movably contacting with the elastic arms (6) respectively, a distance from the push surface (71) to the end surface of the driven member (2) increases in a forward rotation direction of the driven member (2), a distance from the stop surface (72) to the end surface of the driven member (2) decreases in the forward rotation direction of the driven member (2); the elastic arms (6) and the protrusions (7) constitute the rotation damping mechanism.
     
    10. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the end having the through hole (131) of the first chamber body (13) is provided with an upper cover (8), the upper cover (8) covers the driver (5), and the upper cover (8) is provided with an insertion hole (81) communicating with the first chamber body (13).
     
    11. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein one of the two ends having the perforations (141) of the second chamber body (14) is provided with a hollow sleeve (15) communicating with the second chamber body (14), and the hollow sleeve (15) is mated with an adjusting cylinder (16).
     
    12. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 11, wherein an inner wall of the hollow sleeve (15) is provided with an inner thread, the adjusting cylinder (16) is a hollow cylinder structure, one end of the adjusting cylinder (16) is formed with at least one elastic press piece (165), an outer surface of the elastic press piece (165) is formed with an outer thread to mate with the inner thread of the hollow sleeve (15), an inner surface of the elastic press piece (165) protrudes inward to form a limit rib (1651), and another end of the adjusting cylinder (16) is provided with a plurality of elastic stop pieces (164) extending outward.
     
    13. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 11, wherein the adjusting cylinder (16) is a hollow cylinder structure, the adjusting cylinder (16) is threadedly connected to the hollow sleeve (15), and one end of the adjusting cylinder (16), away from the housing (1), is provided with a limit flange (161).
     
    14. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 13, wherein the adjusting cylinder (16) is provided with a retaining ring (162) fitted on the adjusting cylinder (16), an inner diameter of the retaining ring (162) is less than an outer diameter of the limit flange (161), and an outer diameter of the retaining ring (162) is greater than the outer diameter of the limit flange (161).
     
    15. The wall-mounted toilet fixing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner surface of the press block (3) is formed with an engaging surface (31) that is a straight tooth surface or a bevel tooth surface or an inner threaded surface.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung, die beweglich mit einer Gewindestange (S) gepaart ist, wobei die Gewindestange (S) dazu beabsichtigt ist, an eine Montagebasis (W) fixiert zu werden, wobei die Fixierungsvorrichtung ein Gehäuse (1), ein angetriebenes Element (2), mindestens einen Pressblock (3), der beweglich auf dem angetriebenen Element (2) angepasst ist, ein Antriebselement (4), um das angetriebene Element (2) anzutreiben, um sich zu drehen und mit der Gewindestange (S) einzugreifen, und einen Antrieb (5) umfasst, um das Antriebselement (4) anzutreiben, damit es sich dreht;
    wobei das Gehäuse (1) einen ersten Kammerkörper (13) und einen zweiten Kammerkörper (14) aufweist, die sich schneiden und miteinander kommunizieren; wobei ein Ende des ersten Kammerkörpers (13) mit einem Durchgangsloch (131) ausgestattet ist, das durch das Gehäuse (1) verläuft, wobei zwei Enden des zweiten Kammerkörpers (14) mit zwei Perforationen (141) ausgestattet sind, die durch das Gehäuse (1) verlaufen und einander gegenüber liegen;
    wobei der Antrieb (5) eine zylindrische Struktur ist, das angetriebene Element (2) und das Antriebselement (4) rohrförmige hohle Strukturen sind, der Antrieb (5) drehbar im ersten Kammerkörper (13) angepasst ist, das Antriebselement (4) und das angetriebene Element (2) drehbar im zweiten Kammerkörper (14) angepasst sind, das Antriebselement (4) beweglich auf das angetriebene Element (2) gesteckt ist, das angetriebene Element (2) mit einem Durchgang (21) ausgestattet ist, der mit den zwei Perforationen (141) ausgefluchtet ist, der Antrieb (5) mit dem Antriebselement (4) durch einen geschnittenen Wellenrad-Übertragungsmechanismus oder einen verschränkten Wellenrad-Übertragungsmechanismus zusammenarbeitet, das Antriebselement (4) beweglich mit dem angetriebenen Element (2) eingegriffen ist, sich ein Ende das angetriebenen Elements (2) aus dem Antriebselement (4) erstreckt und mit einem Stoppabschnitt (23) ausgestattet ist, um das Antriebselement (4) zu blockieren,
    wobei die Fixierungsvorrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass das Antriebselement (4) auch zum Antrieb des Pressblocks (3) dient, um mit der Gewindestange (S) einzugreifen, und dadurch, dass ein Drehdämpfungsmechanismus zwischen dem Stoppabschnitt (23) und dem zweiten Kammerkörper (14) bereitgestellt ist, der Drehdämpfungsmechanismus dem angetriebenene Element (2) ermöglicht, eine Vorwärtsdrehdämpfung und eine Rückwärtsdrehdämpfung aufzuweisen, die Rückwärtsdrehdämpfung größer als die Vorwärtsdrehdämpfung ist; eine Seitenwand des angetriebenen Elements (2) mit mindestens einem Eingriffsloch (22) ausgestattet ist, das durch die Seitenwand des angetriebenen Elements (2) entlang einer Richtung verläuft, die senkrecht zur Richtung der Ausdehung der Gewindestange (S) in dem Durchgang (21) ist,
    wobei der Pressblock (3) beweglich in das Eingriffsloch (22) gepasst ist, die Nummer des Pressblocks (3) der Nummer des Eingriffslochs (22) entspricht, eine Innenfläche des Pressblocks (3) mit einer Eingriffsfläche (31) gebildet ist, die einer äußeren Gewindefläche der Gewindestange (S) entspricht; wenn das Antriebselement (4) in eine Vorwärtsrichtung gedreht wird, der Pressblock (3) durch das Antriebselement (4) geschoben wird, um mit der Gewindestange (S) einzugreifen.
     
    2. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Nummer des mindestens einen Eingriffslochs (22) zwei ist; jedes der Eingriffslöcher (22) beweglich mit dem Pressblock (3) gepaart ist, eine Innenwand des Antriebselements (4) mit zwei gekrümmten Mulden (41) gebildet ist, die nach außen versenkt sind und jeweils den zwei Eingriffslöchern (22) entsprechen, und eine Seite jedes der Eingriffslöcher (22) mit einer Begrenzungsrippe (221) gebildet ist, die nach außen vorspringt und beweglich in eine entsprechende der gekrümmten Mulden (41) gepasst ist.
     
    3. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Nummer des mindestens einen Eingriffslochs (22) zwei ist; jedes der Eingriffslöcher (22) beweglich mit dem Pressblock (3) gepaart ist, eine Innenwand des Antriebselements (4) mit zwei exzentrischen Mulden (43) gebildet ist, die nach außen versenkt sind und jeweils den zwei Eingriffslöchern (22) entsprechen, ein Abstand von den exzentrischen Mulden (43) zu einer Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in der Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) abnimmt; der mindestens eine Pressblock (3) zwei Pressblöcke (3) einschließt, die sich jeweils nach außen erstrecken, um einen Eingriffsabschnitt (32) zu bilden, und die Eingriffsabschnitte (32) der zwei Pressblöcke (3) jeweils mit den zwei exzentrischen Mulden (43) eingegriffen sind.
     
    4. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Nummer des mindestens einen Eingriffslochs (22) zwei ist; jedes der Eingriffslöcher (22) beweglich mit dem Pressblock (3) gepaart ist, eine Innenwand des Antriebselements (4) mit einer exzentrischen Mulde (43) gebildet ist, die nach außen versenkt ist, ein Abstand von der exzentrischen Mulde (43) zu einer Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in der Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) abnimmt; der mindestens eine Pressblock (3) zwei Pressblöcke (3) einschließt, die zwei Pressblöcke (3) durch eine gekrümmte Platte (33) verbunden sind, die sich zwischen dem Antriebselement (4) und dem angetriebenen Element (2) befindet und ein mittlerer Abschnitt der gekrümmten Platte (33) mit einem Eingriffsabschnitt (32) gebildet ist, der in der exzentrischen Mulde (43) eingegriffen ist.
     
    5. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der geschnittene Wellenrad-Übertragungsmechanismus ein Kegelrad-Übertragungsmechanismus ist, eine Außenwand des Antriebselements (4) mit einem ersten Kegelrad (42) ausgestattet ist und der Antrieb (5) mit einem zweiten Kegelrad (51) ausgestattet ist, das mit dem zweiten Kegelrad (42) ineinandergreift.
     
    6. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der verschränkte Wellenrad-Übertragungsmechanismus ein zylindrischer Schneckenwellen-Übertragungsmechanismus ist, der Antrieb (5) eine zylindrische Schneckenwelle ist und eine Außenwand des Antriebselements (4) mit einem Getrieberad (44) ausgestattet ist, das mit der zylindrischen Schneckenwelle ineinandergreift.
     
    7. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Stoppabschnitt (23) mit zwei symmetrischen elastischen Armen (6) ausgestattet ist, die sich in einer Richtung weg von einer Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) erstrecken, sich ein Abstand von den elastischen Armen (6) zur Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Rückwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) erhöht; eine Innenwand des zweiten Kammerkörpers (14) mit einer Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (7) ausgestattet ist, die äquidistant verteilt sind und beweglich mit den elastischen Armen (6) gepaart sind, jeder der Vorsprünge (7) eine dreieckige Struktur ist, zwei Seiten jedes der Vorsprünge (7) eine Schiebefläche (71) und eine Stoppfläche (72) sind, um beweglich jeweils mit den elastischen Armen (6) in Kontakt zu kommen, sich ein Abstand von der Schiebefläche (71) zur Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) erhöht; ein Abstand von der Stoppfläche (72) zur Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in der Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) abnimmt; die elastischen Arme (6) und die Vorsprünge (7) den Drehdämpfungsmechanismus darstellen.
     
    8. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Innenwand des zweiten Kammerkörpers (14) mit zwei symmetrischen elastischen Armen (6) ausgestattet ist, sich ein Abstand von den elastischen Armen (6) zu einer Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Rückwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Element (2) erhöht; der Stoppabschnitt (23) mit einer Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (7) ausgestattet ist, die sich in einer Richtung weg von der Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) erstrecken, die äquidistant verteilt sind und beweglich mit den elastischen Armen (6) gepaart sind, jeder der Vorsprünge (7) eine dreieckige Struktur ist, zwei Seiten jedes der Vorsprünge (7) eine Schiebefläche (71) und eine Stoppfläche (72) sind, um beweglich jeweils mit den elastischen Armen (6) in Kontakt zu kommen, ein Abstand von der Schiebefläche (71) zur Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) abnimmt; sich ein Abstand von der Stoppfläche (72) zur Drehachse des angetriebenen Elements (2) in der Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) erhöht; die elastischen Arme (6) und die Vorsprünge (7) den Drehdämpfungsmechanismus darstellen.
     
    9. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Endfläche des Stoppabschnitts (23) mit zwei symmetrischen elastischen Armen (6) ausgestattet ist, die sich nach außen erstrecken, sich ein Abstand von den elastischen Armen (6) zu einer Endfläche des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Rückwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) erhöht; eine innere Endfläche des zweiten Kammerkörpers (14) nahe dem Stoppabschnitt (23) mit einer Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (7) ausgestattet ist, die äquidistant verteilt sind und beweglich mit den elastischen Armen (6) gepaart sind, jeder der Vorsprünge (7) eine dreieckige Struktur ist, zwei Seiten jedes der Vorsprünge (7) eine Schiebefläche (71) und eine Stoppfläche (72) sind, um beweglich jeweils mit den elastischen Armen (6) in Kontakt zu kommen, sich ein Abstand von der Schiebefläche (71) zur Endfläche des angetriebenen Elements (2) in einer Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) erhöht; ein Abstand von der Stoppfläche (72) zur Endfläche des angetriebenen Elements (2) in der Vorwärtsdrehrichtung des angetriebenen Elements (2) abnimmt; die elastischen Arme (6) und die Vorsprünge (7) den Drehdämpfungsmechanismus darstellen.
     
    10. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Ende mit dem Durchgangsloch (131) des ersten Kammerkörpers (13) mit einer oberen Abdeckung (8) ausgestattet ist, die obere Abdeckung (8) den Antrieb (5) abdeckt und die obere Abdeckung (8) mit einem Einführungsloch (81) ausgestattet ist, das mit dem ersten Kammerkörper (13) kommuniziert.
     
    11. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eines der zwei Enden mit den Perforationen (141) des zweiten Kammerkörpers (14) mit einer hohlen Hülse (15) ausgestattet ist, die mit dem zweiten Kammerkörper (14) kommuniziert, und die hohle Hülse (15) mit einem Einstellungszylinder (16) gepaart ist.
     
    12. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, wobei eine Innenwand der hohlen Hülse (15) mit einem Innengewinde ausgestattet ist, der Einstellungszylinder (16) eine hohle Zylinderstruktur ist, ein Ende des Einstellungszylinders (16) mit mindestens einem elastischen Pressstück (165) gebildet ist, eine Außenfläche des elastischen Pressstücks (165) mit einem äußeren Gewinde gebildet ist, um mit einem Innengewinde der hohlen Hülse (15) gepaart zu sein, eine Innenfläche des elastischen Pressstücks (165) nach innen vorspringt, um eine Begrenzungsrippe (1651) zu bilden, und ein anderes Ende des Einstellungszylinders (16) mit einer Vielzahl von elastischen Stoppstücken (164) ausgestattet ist, die sich nach außen erstrecken.
     
    13. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Einstellungszylinder (16) eine hohle Zylinderstruktur ist, der Einstellungszylinder (16) über ein Gewinde mit der hohlen Hülse (15) verbunden ist und ein Ende des Einstellungszylinders (16) weg vom Gehäuse (1) mit einem Begrenzungsflansch (161) ausgestattet ist.
     
    14. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 13, wobei der Einstellungszylinder (16) mit einem Rückhaltering (162) ausgestattet ist, der auf den Einstellungszylinder (16) gepasst ist, ein Innendurchmesser des Rückhalterings (162) kleiner als ein Außendurchmesser des Begrenzungsflansches (161) ist und ein Außendurchmesser des Rückhalterings (162) größer als der Außendurchmesser des Begrenzungsflansches (161) ist.
     
    15. Wandmontierte Toilettenbefestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Innenfläche des Pressblocks (3) mit einer Eingriffsfläche (31) gebildet ist, wobei es sich um eine gerade Zahnfläche oder eine abgeschrägte Zahnfläche oder eine innere Gewindefläche handelt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural, couplé de manière mobile à une tige filetée (S), ladite tige filetée (S) étant destinée à être fixée sur une base de montage (W), le dispositif de fixation comprenant un logement (1), un élément entraîné (2), au moins un bloc de pression (3) adapté de manière mobile sur l'élément entraîné (2), un élément d'entraînement (4) pour entraîner l'élément entraîné (2) en rotation et en engagement avec la tige filetée (S), et un pilote (5) pour entraîner l'élément d'entraînement (4) en rotation ;
    le logement (1) ayant un premier corps de chambre (13) et un second corps de chambre (14) qui se coupent mutuellement et communiquent l'un avec l'autre ; une extrémité du premier corps de chambre (13) comportant un trou traversant (131) traversant le logement (1), deux extrémités du second corps de chambre (14) comportant deux perforations (141) traversant le logement (1) et se faisant mutuellement face ;
    le pilote (5) étant une structure cylindrique, l'élément entraîné (2) et l'élément d'entraînement (4) ayant des structures tubulaires creuses, le pilote (5) étant adapté de manière rotative dans le premier corps de chambre (13), l'élément d'entraînement (4) et l'élément entraîné (2) étant adaptés de manière rotative dans le second corps de chambre (14), l'élément d'entraînement (4) étant emmanché de manière mobile sur l'élément entraîné (2), l'élément entraîné (2) comportant un passage traversant (21) aligné avec les deux perforations (141), le pilote (5) coopérant avec l'élément d'entraînement (4) par l'intermédiaire d'un mécanisme de transmission par engrenage à arbre à intersection ou d'un mécanisme de transmission par engrenage à arbre à entrelacement, l'élément d'entraînement (4) étant engagé de manière mobile avec l'élément entraîné (2), une extrémité de l'élément entraîné (2) s'étendant hors de l'élément d'entraînement (4) et comportant une partie d'arrêt (23) pour bloquer l'élément d'entraînement (4),
    le dispositif de fixation étant caractérisé par le fait que l'élément d'entraînement (4) est également destiné à entraîner le bloc de pression (3) en engagement avec la tige filetée (S), et par le fait qu'un mécanisme d'amortissement de rotation est prévu entre la partie d'arrêt (23) et le second corps de chambre (14), le mécanisme d'amortissement de rotation permettant à l'élément entraîné (2) d'avoir un amortissement de rotation vers l'avant et un amortissement de rotation vers l'arrière, l'amortissement de rotation vers l'arrière étant supérieur à l'amortissement de rotation vers l'avant ; une paroi latérale de l'élément entraîné (2) comportant au moins un trou d'engagement (22) traversant la paroi latérale de l'élément entraîné (2) selon une direction qui est perpendiculaire à la direction d'extension de la tige filetée (S) dans ledit passage traversant (21),
    le bloc de pression (3) étant monté de manière mobile dans le trou d'engagement (22), le nombre de blocs de pression (3) correspondant au nombre de trous d'engagement (22), une surface interne du bloc de pression (3) étant formée avec une surface d'engagement (31) correspondant à une surface filetée externe de la tige filetée (S) ; lorsque l'élément d'entraînement (4) est tourné dans une direction vers l'avant, le bloc de pression (3) étant poussé par l'élément d'entraînement (4) pour être en prise avec la tige filetée (S).
     
    2. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le nombre de l'au moins un trou d'engagement (22) est deux ; chacun des trous d'engagement (22) est couplé de manière mobile au bloc de pression (3), une paroi interne de l'élément d'entraînement (4) est formée avec deux creux incurvés (41) renfoncés vers l'extérieur et correspondant respectivement aux deux trous d'engagement (22), et un côté de chacun des trous d'engagement (22) est formé avec une nervure de limite (221) faisant saillie vers l'extérieur et adaptée de manière mobile dans l'un correspondant des creux incurvés (41) .
     
    3. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le nombre de l'au moins un trou d'engagement (22) est deux ; chacun des trous d'engagement (22) est couplé de manière mobile au bloc de pression (3), une paroi interne de l'élément d'entraînement (4) est formé de deux creux excentriques (43) renfoncés vers l'extérieur et correspondant respectivement aux deux trous d'engagement (22), une distance des creux excentriques (43) à un axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) diminue dans une direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2) ; l'au moins un bloc de pression (3) comprend deux blocs de pression (3) s'étendant chacun vers l'extérieur pour former une partie d'engagement (32), et les parties d'engagement (32) des deux blocs de pression (3) sont engagées avec les deux creux excentriques (43), respectivement.
     
    4. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le nombre de l'au moins un trou d'engagement (22) est deux ; chacun des trous d'engagement (22) est couplé de manière mobile au bloc de pression (3), une paroi interne de l'élément d'entraînement (4) est formée d'un creux excentrique (43) renfoncé vers l'extérieur, une distance du creux excentrique (43) à un axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) diminue dans une direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2) ; l'au moins un bloc de pression (3) comprend deux blocs de pression (3), les deux blocs de pression (3) sont reliés par une plaque incurvée (33) située entre l'élément d'entraînement (4) et l'élément entraîné (2), et une partie centrale de la plaque incurvée (33) est formée avec une partie d'engagement (32) engagée dans le creux excentrique (43).
     
    5. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le mécanisme de transmission par engrenage à arbre à intersection est un mécanisme de transmission par engrenage conique, une paroi externe de l'élément d'entraînement (4) comporte un premier engrenage conique (42), et le pilote (5) comporte un second engrenage conique (51) s'engrenant avec le premier engrenage conique (42).
     
    6. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le mécanisme de transmission par engrenage à arbre à entrelacement est un mécanisme de transmission par arbre à vis sans fin cylindrique, le pilote (5) est un arbre à vis sans fin cylindrique, et une paroi externe de l'élément d'entraînement (4) comprend une roue dentée (44) s'engrenant avec l'arbre à vis sans fin cylindrique.
     
    7. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie d'arrêt (23) comporte deux bras élastiques symétriques (6) s'étendant dans une direction s'éloignant d'un axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2), une distance des bras élastiques (6) à l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans une direction de rotation vers l'arrière de l'élément entraîné (2) ; une paroi interne du second corps de chambre (14) comporte une pluralité de saillies (7) qui sont réparties à équidistance et couplées de manière mobile aux bras élastiques (6), chacune des saillies (7) est une structure triangulaire, deux côtés de chacune des saillies (7) sont une surface de poussée (71) et une surface d'arrêt (72) pour entrer, de manière mobile, en contact avec les bras élastiques (6), respectivement, une distance de la surface de poussée (71) à l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans une direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2), une distance de la surface d'arrêt (72) à l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) diminue dans la direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2) ; les bras élastiques (6) et les saillies (7) constituent le mécanisme d'amortissement de rotation.
     
    8. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une paroi interne du second corps de chambre (14) comprend deux bras élastiques symétriques (6), une distance des bras élastiques (6) à un axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans une direction de rotation inverse de l'élément entraîné (2) ; la partie d'arrêt (23) comprend une pluralité de saillies (7) qui s'étendent dans une direction s'éloignant de l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) et sont réparties à équidistance et couplées de manière mobile aux bras élastiques (6), chacune des saillies (7) est une structure triangulaire, deux côtés de chacune des saillies (7) sont une surface de poussée (71) et une surface d'arrêt (72) pour entrer, de manière mobile, en contact avec les bras élastiques (6), respectivement, une distance de la surface de poussée (71) à l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) diminue dans une direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2), une distance de la surface d'arrêt (72) à l'axe de rotation de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans la direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2) ; les bras élastiques (6) et les saillies (7) constituent le mécanisme d'amortissement de rotation.
     
    9. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une surface d'extrémité de la partie d'arrêt (23) comporte deux bras élastiques symétriques (6) s'étendant vers l'extérieur, une distance des bras élastiques (6) à une surface d'extrémité de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans une direction de rotation vers l'arrière de l'élément entraîné (2) ; une surface d'extrémité interne du second corps de chambre (14), proche de la partie d'arrêt (23), comporte une pluralité de saillies (7) qui sont réparties à équidistance et couplées de manière mobile aux bras élastiques (6), chacune des saillies (7) est une structure triangulaire, deux côtés de chacune des saillies (7) sont une surface de poussée (71) et une surface d'arrêt (72) pour entrer, de manière mobile, en contact avec les bras élastiques (6), respectivement, une distance de la surface de poussée (71) à la surface d'extrémité de l'élément entraîné (2) augmente dans une direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2), une distance de la surface d'arrêt (72) à la surface d'extrémité de l'élément entraîné (2) diminue dans la direction de rotation vers l'avant de l'élément entraîné (2) ; les bras élastiques (6) et les saillies (7) constituent le mécanisme d'amortissement de rotation.
     
    10. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité ayant le trou traversant (131) du premier corps de chambre (13) comporte un couvercle supérieur (8), le couvercle supérieur (8) recouvre le pilote (5), et le couvercle supérieur (8) comporte un trou d'introduction (81) en communication avec le premier corps de chambre (13).
     
    11. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'une des deux extrémités ayant les perforations (141) du second corps de chambre (14) comporte un manchon creux (15) en communication avec le second corps de chambre (14), et le manchon creux (15) est couplé à un cylindre de réglage (16) .
     
    12. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 11, dans lequel une paroi interne du manchon creux (15) comporte un filetage interne, le cylindre de réglage (16) est une structure cylindrique creuse, une extrémité du cylindre de réglage (16) est formée avec au moins une pièce de pression élastique (165), une surface externe de la pièce de pression élastique (165) est formée avec un filetage externe pour s'accoupler au filetage interne du manchon creux (15), une surface interne de la pièce de pression élastique (165) fait saillie vers l'intérieur pour former une nervure de limite (1651), et une autre extrémité du cylindre de réglage (16) comporte une pluralité de pièces d'arrêt élastiques (164) s'étendant vers l'extérieur.
     
    13. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le cylindre de réglage (16) est une structure cylindrique creuse, le cylindre de réglage (16) est relié par filetage au manchon creux (15), et une extrémité du cylindre de réglage (16), à distance du logement (1), comporte une bride de limite (161) .
     
    14. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le cylindre de réglage (16) comporte une bague de retenue (162) adaptée sur le cylindre de réglage (16), un diamètre interne de la bague de retenue (162) est inférieur à un diamètre externe de la bride de limite (161), et un diamètre externe de la bague de retenue (162) est supérieur au diamètre externe de la bride de limite (161).
     
    15. Dispositif de fixation de toilettes à montage mural selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la surface interne du bloc de pression (3) est formée avec une surface d'engagement (31) qui est une surface de dent droite ou une surface de dent conique ou une surface filetée interne.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description