The present invention belongs to animal experimental equipment in medical and biological fields, and mainly relates to an improvement of a laboratoryrodent holding device.
Alaboratory rodent holding device is an essential equipment for handling awake rodents as experimental subjects. Products or solutions with various structures have been introduced for users to choose and have provided some convenience for animal experiments. However, most of the existing products or solutions fix the body of a rodent by restricting itsmoving range from head to tail in a substantially enclosed container. Thus, although the fixation can be reliable, the body itself cannot be completely restricted in most cases; and the substantially enclosed container almost completely covers the rodent's body, thereby preventing any operations on it. In some cases where are stricted rodent can be operated, there is still the problem that the exposed portion of itsbody is not enough, which limits the operation choices, including subcutaneous, intra-peritoneal, and intravenous injections.
The object of the present invention is to overcome the above-mentionedlimitations and develop a rodentholderallowing for a larger exposure of bodily area with a concomitant reliable restriction of a rodent, hencemeetingwider operational needs of an experiment. The present invention proposes a technical solution with such performance for the pointed technical problems to be solved.
Solution on the problem
The specific content of the present invention is, that the rodent holder includes a frame, a rodent body-restrainer associated with the frame body, and coupling components connecting the frame and the restrainer. Wherein, the restrainer is a grille-shaped component with two halvesfunctioningtogether in a clamped manner, imitating or approximating the outer shape of arodent and restricting it at its position, and the coupling components further comprise adjustment components capable of changing the position of the grille.
A grille resembling or approximating the shape and size of a rodent body ensures the fitness and vicinity of the grille to the corresponding part of the rodent body. Adjusting the position of the grille-type restrainer is required for the grille to effectively clamp and relaxarodent body, to adapt to variable rodent bodies of different sizes, to stably and reliably limit the movement of the rodent, and to timely release the rodentat the completion ofan experiment; The grille-typerestrainer can also significantly reduce the coverage of a rodent body and expose more bodily area, there by stabilizing body temperature and facilitating experimental operations. The object of the present invention is thus achieved and the raised technical problems are solved.
The object of the present invention can be further achieved by the following scheme.
The connecting components of the present invention comprise of pairsof sliding bars that can adjust and fix the position of the grille-shaped restraineralongside the rod-typeframe or the relative positions between the two halves of the grille, pairs of sliding bars and pairs of one- or two-wayscrews to adjust the positions of the sliding bars, and pairs of ratchet-ratchet couplingsthat can adjust the relative shape or anglesof each grille finger.
The pairs of sliding bars, screws and ratchets are all coupling pairs that can change the relative positionsof the connected components, that is, to change the relative positions between the fixed and movable components, between the active and the passive components, or between the ratchets; and the sliding or moving couplings can also be fixed at a new position towards each other. Due to the structural characteristics of the two-wayscrews and the ratchet-ratchet coupling pairs, the two mating halvesof the grille can be relatively fixed after adjustment; the two-way screws with opposite transmission directions can move the coupling parts towards or away from each other,endowing a higher adjustment efficiency while adjusting the relative position.
The present invention is provided with a supportive standing platethat is connected to the front of a frame below a grille,or with a supportive rail connected to the lower end of each grille finger,for an experimental rodent to enter into the clamping position. Both the plate and the rail can help the experimental rodent to enter or exit the rodent holder before and after being restrained.
The frame of the present invention is a rod-like structure and has detachable and adjustable supportivelegsthat can uphold it in either a downside-up or an up-side down manner.The rod structure can leave more space and provide more convenience to an experimenter. Originally used as a supporter for the grille-like restrainer, the frame cannot only still maintain the support to the hanged restrainer in itsflipped position, but also turn what is beneath the grille upwards, thereby making the abdomen of a rodent body held by the grille facing upward.This provides more convenience for an experimenter; the removable supportive legsfacilitate adownside-up or upside-down conversion of the frame and the grille, meeting an experiment with such needs, increasing operational options, and are easy to mount, transport and store.
At the rear of the frame, a removable tail plate that is connected to and adjusted in its relative horizontal position to the frame via a vertical plateis provided.The height of the tail platecan also be adjusted according to the heightsof the frame plane and the restrained rodent body. The tail plate has a slit for placing a rodent tail on its surface. An illuminating and heating light source is provided below the plate under neath the slit. Aglass magnifierisanchoredon the tail plate above the slit, whose position is adjustable in relative position to the tail plate.
A tail plate belongs to the extension of the frame of a rodent holder, that is, it is for the fixation of a rodent tail. A light bulb underneath the slit canilluminate and dilate the tail veins through heating, which eases a tail operation. A glass magnifier above the slit improves an experimenter's vision of the tail. Anadjustable cooperation between the tail plate and the frame in both horizontal and vertical directions can meet the needs of various experimental operations.
Beneficial effects of the invention
The present invention utilizes a contouring grille fit for different rodents, various types of adjustable components for changing the position of the grille, a supportive standing plateor a finger-connecting rail, a frame and its removable and adjustable supportive legs. Besides being more convenient to restraina rodent, the holder can adapt to various bodily shapes and sizes, and is easy to operate. While restraining a rodent, the holder leaves a largely exposed bodily area of the rodent, thereby fitting various rodent experiments; Its reversed position also increases the flexibility of the use of the device, so that the ventral side of arodent body can be placed in a convenient operable position.The glass magnifier placed above the tail improves the visual environment of the operation, bringing a fuller range of operation on there stricted rodent. The device is simple and unique in its structure, making it easy to manufacture, install and use.
Brief descriptions of the drawings
Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of a laboratoryrodent holder;
Figure 2 is a frontal view of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a top-view of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a frame-supportive leg;
Figure 5 is a top-view of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a reverse view of a laboratoryrodent holder in Figure 1, but without a tail-fixing plate at the rear end;
Figure 7 is a frontal view of Figure 6;
Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of a sliding tapered pair with a tapered sleeve and a tapercore;
Figure 9 is a partial frontal view of a laboratory rodent holder with a supportive standing plate in the front and a finger-rail connected to the lower part of a grille;
Figure 10 is a frontal view of a laboratory rodent holder with supportive legs of adjustable height.
Names of the components with theirreferenced numbers in the figures: 1. Horizontal slidingbar; 2. Grille beam; 3. Grillefingers; 4. Vertical plate and sliding bar;5. Glass magnifier; 6. Tail plate; 7. Frame; 8. Hinge; 9. Supporting pillar; 10. Connecting rod; 11. Two-way screw rod; 12. Stopping pair; 13. Two-way screw bolt; 14. Tail plate slit; 15. Screw-turning handle; 16. Supportive leg; 17. Leg tube; 18. Supportive feet; 19. Rectangular chord; 20. Taper sleeve; 21. Taper core; 22. Standing plate or rail.
Best mode for carrying out the invention
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
 The first embodiment
is a laboratory rodent holder with supportive legs, see Figures 1 to 5.
The frame body (7) of the present example is a
-shaped rod structure on a horizontal plane.On both ends of each of the two horizontal rods of the
-shaped frame and flanking the central vertical rod, there are a respective pairs of horizontal sliding bars(1) connected with supporting pillars (9) that can together freely move alongside each horizontal rod, and in total four sets of such sliding bars and pillars. The two sliding bars on the same flanking side of the central vertical rod are connected to each other by a connecting rod (10), and in total two connecting rods. The twoconnecting rods are further linked with each other in the middle via a two-way screw bolt(13)that can rotate in opposite axial directions in parallel to the two horizontal rods of the frame body, together with a screw rod (11) that has two opposite axial directions matching the corresponding two-way screw bolt, as shown in Figure 3. A pair of stopping bars (12) are connected to the central vertical rod of the frame to stop moving of the screw bolt alongside the screw rod. A turning handle(15)that is connected and can rotate the screw rod along its axial direction is also installed.
The upper ends of the two pillars on either side of the central vertical rod of the frame are respectively fixed with agrille beam (2).The beamcan be contoured at the corresponding bodily portion of a stepped-in rodent. A rake of multiplegrille fingers (3)that contour around the corresponding portions of a rodent body are fixed at different positions alongside each beam. The grille fingers stand perpendicularly on the beam relative to the frameplane, and the fingers between the two beams are positioned to be able to close each other. In order to adapt to different rodent bodies, a combination of various pillars, beams and fingers can be provided. In order to improve the effect of clamping and fixing, it is also considerable to apply a soft material onto the inner surfaces of the beams and fingers, or to select a flexible material that is minimally irritating to rodents for the beams and fingers.
In the rear half of the central vertical rod of the frame, corresponding to the position where the tail root of a rodentis to be placed, a detachable sliding bar that moves axially alongside the vertical rod is connected. Ashort vertical plate(4)perpendicularto the frame plane is anchored onto the sliding bar, and the vertical plate can be connected toasupportive rod along either side of the central vertical rod of the frame, which can contact the second horizontal rod of the frame to stabilize the vertical plate.A detachable sliding bar movingupwards or downwardsalong the vertical plate is also inserted.The sliding baris fixedly connected to ahorizontal tail plate (6) at the rearof the frame. A tail slit (14)on the tail plate in the longitudal direction of the central vertical rod of the frameis cut, and its width is narrower than the average diameter of a rodent tail.Further, aglass magnifier(5)can be connected onto the tail plate and above the slit, and an illuminating and heating light pulpcan be arranged below the tail plate and underneath the slit.
Behind the tail plate and at the rear section of the central vertical rod of the frame, a detachable limiting hinge (8)that can fold the rear part of the central vertical rod in perpendicular to its longitudinal direction, thereby dividing it into two connecting parts, can be installed. A detachable chord (19) defining the two parts of the rod in a rectangular relationship can be also provided. The rear half of the central vertical rod is slightly longer than the distance from the top end of the longest grille finger to the frame plane. Furthermore, additional supportive legs(16) having the same length as the rear half of the central vertical rod are provided as an attachment of the embodiment.One end of the supportive leghas a tube(17)that can be connected to the horizontal rod of the frame, and the axis of the tube is perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the supportive leg; The other end of the supportive legishingedlyor fixedly connected to three supportive feet(18), as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5. This concludes the description of the main structural contents of an exemplar rodent holder.
During an experiment, a suitable grille with the set of sliding bars-pillars, grille beams and grille fingersthat fit the body shape and size of an experimental rodentis selected and assembled, and the experimental animalis made to enter into the grille from the planar frame.A turning handle is turned to rotatea two-way screw so that the two halves of the grille, namely including the sliding bars-pillars, the grille beams and the grille fingers, move towards each other through the connecting rods of the sliding bars-pillars until the experimental animal is restrained, and a following experimental operation can be proceeded.
Ifan experimental operation is on the back of a restrained rodent, such as a subcutaneous injection, the skin area required for the operation can be exposed because of large gaps between the grill fingers on the back side.If an experimental operation involves the abdominal part of the animal, such as an intraperitoneal injection, then the rear part of the central vertical rod of the frame can be folded at its hinge site, with the folded vertical rod stabilized by a rectangular chord, and accessory supportive legs can be connected to the horizontal rods of the frame via their endtubes.The device is then turned over so that the foldedcentral vertical rod and the supportive legs can jointly uphold the inverted frame. At this time, are strained animal is in a supine posture with its belly exposed, and an experimenter can perform the corresponding operation.
Ifan experimental operation is in the tail of a restrained animal, such as a tail vein injection or blood with drawal, a tail plate and a vertical plate together with its sliding bars are mounted onto the central vertical rod of the frame before an experiment.After a rodent is restrained, the vertical plate and the tail plate are adjusted to place the tail at a proper position.The tail is placed above the slit on the tail plate, with an under neath illumination LED light and an above glass magnifier to aid the tail vein injection or blood collection.When an experiment is completed, the turning handle is turned in a reversed direction to open the grille and release the restrained animal. The animal can recover a bit on the planar frame, and an experiment is concluded.
The body-and tail-fixing components of the present grille-type exemplar device provide an all-round fixed state for anexperimental rodent; the hinged structure of the rear part of the central vertical rod together with the accessory supportive legs enable the device to have a reverted position; the glass magnifier improves the visual effect; the device can bring a full operational convenience to an experiment, and its structure is simple, unique, convenient to manufacture, install and use.
The outstanding technical features of the above exemplar device are: 1)It is flexibly fit for multiple purposes and three-dimensional adjustment, the grille and the frame are freely coupled and detached; 2) The grille can fix the body of a rodent and enclose its head well, hencean experimenter can avoid being bitten by the animal, and the restraint effect is good enough while bringing little harm to the rodent; 3) The grille isslidable and detachable, and can be used for restraining both rats and mice; 4)The height and position of the tail plate can be individually adjusted according the hip size of an animal to ensure a horizontal positioning of its tail on the plate, which eases tail operation; 5) The tail slit is designed according to the physiological feature of a rodent tail, and accompanied by aheating light and a magnifier, helps identify the tail veinsto improve the success rate of operation; 6)A detachable illuminating system makes the device easy to clean and sterilize; 7) The structure of the device is simple and reasonable, making it easy to operate.
 The second embodiment
is a laboratory rodent holder with fixable sliding pairs.
This example is basically the same as the previous example, except that the coupling between the grille and the frame is realized via pairs of sliding bars-pillars whose positions can be controlled by a tightening structure instead of a two-way screw bolt. When the grille position needs to be adjusted, the tightening structure can like a leashreleases the sliding gap between asliding bar-pillar and a horizontal frame rod. After an appropriate position of the grille is set, the tightening leash eliminates the sliding gap and gives a certain level of pressure to the sliding bar-pillar to reinforce its fixed state and position as required for restraining an experimental animal. This tightening structure can be anejectableknob between the sliding partners, pushed-in when sliding is needed and pushed-out when fixation is required. It can also be just a set of screws on the sliding bars-pillars,a screw is loosened when the sliding bar-pillar is to be moved and tightened when to be fixed.
 In the third embodiment,
a ratchet-ratchet coupling pair is installed in the middle of each grille finger, making a joint to it. Adjusting the matching teeth positions between the two ratchets can change the bending state of the fingers and thereby the shape of the grille, whilereleasing the coupled ratchetson the fingers can restore the original state of the grille. This functions to adjust the body-contour shape of the grille. The rest of the situation can be the same as the previous examples.
 In the fourth embodiment,
a groove can be made on the horizontal rods of a frame, and the relative position of asliding bar-pillar alongside the rodcan be manually adjusted by its connecting bolt inside the groove. The rest of the caseisconsistent with the previous examples.
 The fifth embodiment
is a rodent holder with three supportive legs. In this example, the rear half of the central vertical rod of a frame does not have afolding hinge.The third supportive leg is structurally the same as the two supportive legs as described in the firstexemplar rodent holder, and can be connected to the rear end of the central vertical rod, allowing for a reverse support of the device. The rest of the case is consistent with the above embodiments.
 The sixth embodiment
is a rodent holder with a tapered mating sliding pair, see Figure 8. A taper core (21) is slidably engaged with the frame body or the grille beam.The tapered tube of the first half of the taper core has a slit in its axial direction and is discontinuous in the circumferential direction.The tapered tube of the second half of the taper core has a screw direction matched with that in a taper sleeve (20).The inner hole of the first half of the taper sleeve is a tapered hole that cooperates with the first half of the taper core. When the taper sleeve is unscrewed, the tapered hole is separated from the taper core, and the taper core can slide freely on the horizontal rod of the frame or the grill beam; when the taper sleeve is screwed, itencloses towards the taper core until the circumferential gapsin the taper core are narrowed by the sliding, and the taper hole is also reduced. After eliminating the sliding gap between the taper core and the horizontal rod of the frame, a further tightening of the taper sleeve can fix their relative positions toward each other. At this time, the position of a sliding bar-pillar connected with the taper sleeve is also fixed on the horizontal rod of the frame. In an opposite operation, the sliding bar-pillar connected with the taper sleeve can be uncoupled with the horizontal rod of the frame or repositioned, and are straint rodent can be released.
 The seventh embodiment
is a rodent holder with a supportive frontal standing plate. In this example, a standing plate (22) is connected to the front of a frame, see Figure 9.The plate is L-shaped and has grooveson its one wingcorrespondingto the positions of the central rod of the frame and the grille beams. In its use, the central rod and beams are inserted into the grooved wing of the standing plate and the other wing is connected horizontally to the frame,making it a supportive standing place for a rodent. After clamping of the grille, the plate can be removed. This helps for an easy entry and exit of the grille for a rodent. Other structures and usages are consistent with the above examples.
 The eighth embodiment
is a rodent holder with a supportive rail (22) on the grille, as shown in Figure 9. In this example, the two grille halves on opposite sides are mutually staggered, and under the grille, a supportive rail is connected to the grille beam and the associated grille fingers on the same side, which laterally extends towards each other to form a full rail when the grille is closed. The rail is at a height suitable for a rodent to stand on and step in and out of the grille. Other structures and working conditions are consistent with the above examples.
 The ninth embodiment
is a rodent holder with supportive legs of adjustable heights, see Figure 10. In this example, multiplesupportivelegs of adjustable heightscan be connected to the frame.The frame is supported by the legs, and the heights of the legs can be adjustedso that the flanking side of a restrained rodent's body is likely to be seen at different positions.This design meets an experiment with such a need. Other structures and work conditions are consistent with the above examples.
1. A laboratory rodent holder comprising a frame, a fixing component associated with the frame for restricting the movement of a rodent body, and coupling components connecting the frame and the fixing component; wherein the fixing component is a grille-like structure imitating or approximating a rodent body, the coupling components also include adjustment components that change the position of the grille.
2. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 1, wherein the adjustment components for changing the position of the grille comprise sliding pairs, a one-way screw pair or a double-way screw pair having opposite transmission directions, and a ratchet-ratchet coupling pair for changing the relative positions between different parts of a single grille finger.
3. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a supportive standing plate is provided below the grille for connecting to the frame in order for a rodent to enter into the clamping position; or a supportiverail connected to the lower end of each grille finger in order for a rodent to enter into the clamping position.
4. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the frame is a rod structure, and is provided with associated supportive legs that further support the frame in a reverse position.
5. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 3, the frame is a rod structure, and is provided with associated supportive legs that further support the frame in a reverse position.
6. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 1, 2 or 5, wherein the rear portion of the frame is provided with an associatedvertical plate whose bidirectional positionscan be adjusted according to the longitude and height of the grille, and the vertical plate is connected to a flat tail plate with a tail slit.An illuminating and heating light source is arranged below the plate underneath the slit.Amagnifying glass is arranged on the plate above the slit, and the magnifying glass is anchored on the plate in a position-adjustable manner.
7. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 3, wherein the rear portion of the frame is provided with an associated vertical plate whose bidirectional positions can be adjusted according to the longitude and height of the grille, and the vertical plate is connected to a flat tail plate with a tail slit. An illuminating and heating light source is arranged below the plate under neath the slit. A magnifying glass is arranged on the plate above the slit, and the magnifying glass is anchored on the plate in a position-adjustable manner.
8. The laboratory rodent holder according to claim 4, wherein the rear portion of the frame is provided with an associated vertical plate whose bidirectional positions can be adjusted according to the longitude and height of the grille, and the vertical plate is connected to a flat tail plate with a tail slit. An illuminating and heating light source is arranged below the plate underneath the slit. A magnifying glass is arranged on the plate above the slit, and the magnifying glass is anchored on the plate in a position-adjustable manner.