(19)
(11)EP 3 502 222 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 18207430.2

(22)Date of filing:  21.11.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C11D 1/83  (2006.01)
C11D 3/37  (2006.01)
C11D 3/00  (2006.01)

(54)

LIQUID HAND DISHWASHING DETERGENT COMPOSITION

FLÜSSIGE HANDSPÜLMITTELZUSAMMENSETZUNG

COMPOSITION DE DÉTERGENT LIQUIDE POUR LAVAGE DE LA VAISSELLE À LA MAIN


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.11.2017 EP 17203783

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(73)Proprietor: The Procter & Gamble Company
Cincinnati, OH 45202 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • DELPLANCKE, Patrick Firmin August
    1853 Strombeek-Bever (BE)
  • KEULEERS, Robby Renilde Francois
    1853 Strombeek-Bever (BE)
  • YALDIZKAYA, Nuray
    1853 Strombeek-Bever (BE)
  • BRAECKMAN, Karl Ghislain
    1853 Strombeek-Bever (BE)

(74)Representative: P&G Patent Belgium UK 
N.V. Procter & Gamble Services Company S.A. Temselaan 100
1853 Strombeek-Bever
1853 Strombeek-Bever (BE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 222 557
WO-A2-2007/135645
WO-A1-2015/030768
US-A1- 2005 272 619
  
  • BASF: "Pluronic PE 3100 Pluronic PE 8100 Pluronic PE 4300 Pluronic PE 9200 Pluronic PE 6100 Pluronic PE 9400 Pluronic PE 6200 Pluronic PE 10100 Pluronic PE 6400 Pluronic PE 10500 Pluronic PE 6800 Low-foaming block copolymers for a wide variety of applications", , 1 February 1996 (1996-02-01), XP055478494, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.timing-ouhan.com/images/plu ronicpetypes.pdf [retrieved on 2018-05-25]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition comprising a surfactant system and at least one triblock co-polymer of Formula (I): (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x, wherein each x is independently on average between 5 and 50, preferably between 10 and 40, more preferably between 10 and 30 and y is on average between 28 and 60, preferably between 30 and 55, more preferably between 30 and 48. The composition provides good sudsing profile, in particular enhanced initial suds, suds stabilization benefit in the presence of greasy soils and/or enhanced suds consistency through dilution throughout the washing process.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Traditionally, manual dishwashing is performed in a sink full of water with the detergent composition diluted in it. Alternatively, the user applies the neat detergent composition on an optionally but preferably pre-wetted implement preferably sponge and then washes the soiled dishware in the presence of water. Accordingly, with these methods of hand dishwashing, the user relies on the sudsing profile as an indicator of the composition's cleaning ability. To qualify a dishwashing detergent as having a good sudsing profile, the generated foam must produce high suds volume and/or longevity (i.e., mileage) of the suds (i.e., stable suds), preferably with sustained suds aesthetics throughout dilution during the wash process (i.e., suds consistency), to indicate to the user that sufficient active ingredients (e.g., surfactants) are present to perform the desired cleaning. Previous attempts to improve sudsing profile have not focused on the use of ethyleneoxide (EO) - propyleneoxide (PO) - ethyleneoxide (EO) triblock co-polymers according to the invention to provide enhanced suds generation and/or suds stabilization in the presence of greasy soils. On the contrary, these EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymer technologies have been positioned as low foaming surfactants or even de-foaming surfactants according to the technical data sheets from their manufacturers, (e.g., Pluronic® PE6400 available from BASF and Tergitol™ L-64 available from the Dow Chemical Company). In fact, EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymers are advertised as suitable surfactants for automatic dishwashing applications where foam is to be minimized or prevented in order to avoid the rotating arms from blocking.

[0003] Thus, the need remains for a detergent composition having a good sudsing profile, in particular enhanced suds volume and/or enhanced suds stabilization benefits in the presence of greasy soils, particularly throughout the entire manual dishwashing operation. The need also exists for a detergent composition, particularly a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition, that sustains suds aesthetics through dilution throughout the washing process, and provides good product dissolution and cleaning, particularly good cleaning of greasy soils. The Applicant has discovered that some or all of the above-mentioned needs can be at least partially fulfilled through cleaning compositions as described herein below.

[0004] EP0222557A relates to high sudsing liquid detergent compositions contain anionic surfactant and polymeric surfactant which contains ether linkages, the anionic surfactant forming stable complexes with the polymeric surfactant for improved grease handling. Liquid hand dishwashing compositions are known from US 2005/272619, WO 2007/135645 and WO 2015/030768.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0005] The present invention meets one or more of these needs based on the surprising discovery that by formulating a detergent composition having a surfactant system and at least one triblock co-polymer of Formula (I): (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x, wherein each x is independently on average between 5 and 40, preferably between 10 and 30, and y is on average between 28 and 50, preferably between 30 and 48, such a composition exhibits good sudsing profile, particularly desirable suds volume and sustained suds stabilization in the presence of greasy soils.

[0006] In one aspect, the present invention is directed to a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition comprising from 1% to 60%, preferably from 5% to 50%, more preferably from 8% to 45%, most preferably from 15% to 40%, by weight of the total composition of a surfactant system, and from 0.1% to 10%, preferably from 0.5% to 7.5%, more preferably from 1% to 5%, by weight of the total composition of at least one ethyleneoxide (EO) - propyleneoxide (PO) - ethyleneoxide (EO) triblock co-polymer of Formula (I):

        (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x     (I)

wherein: each x represents the number of EO units and each x is independently on average between 5 and 50, preferably between 10 and 40, more preferably between 10 and 30; and y represents the number of PO units and is on average between 28 and 60, preferably between 30 and 55, more preferably between 30 and 48.

[0007] Preferably the surfactant system comprises an anionic surfactant, preferably the anionic surfactant is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfate, alkyl alkoxy sulfate preferably alkyl ethoxy sulfate, and mixtures thereof, and a primary co-surfactant preferably selected from the group consisting of an amphoteric surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant and mixtures thereof, preferably the amphoteric surfactant is an amine oxide surfactant, the zwitterionic surfactant is a betaine surfactant, and mixtures thereof, more preferably the primary co-surfactant is an amine oxide surfactant.

[0008] In another aspect of the invention there is provided a method of manually washing dishware using the composition of the invention. The method comprises the steps of: delivering a composition of the invention to a volume of water to form a wash solution and immersing the dishware in the solution. Alternatively the method comprises the steps of delivering a composition of the invention on an optionally prewetted cleaning implement preferably sponge or directly on the soiled dishware, and consequently cleaning the soiled dishware with the cleaning implement preferably sponge in the presence of water.

[0009] There is also provided the use of the composition of the invention for providing enhanced stabilization of suds in the presence of greasy soils and/or enhanced suds consistency through dilution throughout the washing process.

[0010] It is an object of the composition of the present invention to exhibit good sudsing profile, preferably high suds volume and sustained suds aesthetics (i.e., suds consistency) throughout dilution through the washing process.

[0011] It is an object of the composition of the present invention to exhibit good sudsing profile, preferably stable suds during a substantial portion of or for the entire manual dishwashing process.

[0012] It is an object of the composition to provide good product dissolution and cleaning, preferably good tough food cleaning (e.g., cooked-, baked- and burnt-on soils) and/or good greasy soil cleaning.

[0013] These and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become evident to those skilled in the art from the detailed description which follows.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


Definitions



[0014] As used herein, articles such as "a" and "an" when used in a claim, are understood to mean one or more of what is claimed or described.

[0015] The term "comprising" as used herein means that steps and ingredients other than those specifically mentioned can be added. This term encompasses the terms "consisting of' and "consisting essentially of." The compositions of the present invention can comprise, consist of, and consist essentially of the essential elements and limitations of the invention described herein, as well as any of the additional or optional ingredients, components, steps, or limitations described herein.

[0016] The term "dishware" as used herein includes cookware and tableware made from, by non-limiting examples, ceramic, china, metal, glass, plastic (e.g., polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, etc.) and wood.

[0017] The term "grease" or "greasy" as used herein means materials comprising at least in part (i.e., at least 0.5 wt% by weight of the grease) saturated and unsaturated fats and oils, preferably oils and fats derived from animal sources such as beef, pig and/or chicken.

[0018] The terms "include", "includes" and "including" are meant to be non-limiting.

[0019] The terms "suds" and "foam" are used interchangeably and are meant to indicate discrete bubbles of gas bounded by and suspended in a liquid phase.

[0020] The term "sudsing profile" as used herein refers to the properties of a detergent composition relating to suds character during the dishwashing process. The term "sudsing profile" of a detergent composition includes suds volume generated upon dissolving and agitation, typically manual agitation, of the cleaning composition in the aqueous washing solution, and the retention of the suds during the dishwashing process. Preferably, hand dishwashing detergent compositions characterized as having "good sudsing profile" tend to have high suds volume and/or sustained suds volume, particularly during a substantial portion of or for the entire manual dishwashing process. This is important as the consumer uses high suds as an indicator that sufficient cleaning composition has been dosed. Moreover, the consumer also uses the sustained suds volume as an indicator that sufficient active cleaning ingredients (e.g., surfactants) are present, even towards the end of the dishwashing process. The consumer usually renews the washing solution when the sudsing subsides. Thus, a low sudsing detergent composition will tend to be replaced by the consumer more frequently than is necessary because of the low sudsing level.

[0021] It is understood that the test methods that are disclosed in the Test Methods Section of the present application must be used to determine the respective values of the parameters of Applicants' inventions as described and claimed herein.

[0022] In all embodiments of the present invention, all percentages are by weight of the total composition, as evident by the context, unless specifically stated otherwise. All ratios are weight ratios, unless specifically stated otherwise, and all measurements are made at 25°C, unless otherwise designated.

Detergent Composition



[0023] The present invention relates to a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition having a good sudsing profile, including high suds volume generation and/or enhanced suds stabilization through-out a substantial portion of, or the entire dishwashing process. This signals to the user that there is still sufficient active ingredients present to provide good cleaning performance, as such triggering less re-dosing and overconsumption of the product by the user.

[0024] The Applicant has surprisingly found that by selecting a triblock co-polymer of Formula (I), enhanced suds stabilization and/or high suds volume can be achieved. The results are unexpected since previous attempts to improve sudsing profile have not focused on the use of such triblock co-polymers of Formula (I). On the contrary, these EO-PO-EO triblock copolymer technologies have been positioned as low foaming surfactants or even de-foaming surfactants by their manufacturers, (as previously mentioned), and as suitable surfactants for automatic dishwashing applications where foam is to be minimized or prevented in order to avoid the rotating arms from blocking. Applicant has surprisingly found that by formulating with this particular subclass of EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymers into a detergent composition leads to enhanced suds stabilization, contrary to alternative EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymers outside the scope of the invention.

[0025] Furthermore, the compositions of the present invention provide enhanced suds consistency through dilution throughout the washing process. The composition of the present invention can also provide good grease removal, in particular good uncooked grease removal.

[0026] The cleaning composition is a hand dishwashing detergent composition in liquid form. Preferably, the composition contains from 50% to 85%, preferably from 50% to 75%, by weight of the total composition of a liquid carrier in which the other essential and optional components are dissolved, dispersed or suspended. One preferred component of the liquid carrier is water.

[0027] Preferably, the pH of the composition is from about 6 to about 14, preferably from about 7 to about 12, or more preferably from about 7.5 to about 10, as measured at 10% dilution in distilled water at 20°C. The pH of the composition can be adjusted using pH modifying ingredients known in the art.

[0028] The composition of the present invention can be Newtonian or non-Newtonian, preferably Newtonian. Preferably, the composition has an initial viscosity of from 10 mPa·s to 10,000 mPa·s, preferably from 100 mPa·s to 5,000 mPa·s, more preferably from 300 mPa·s to 2,000 mPa·s, or most preferably from 500 mPa·s to 1,500 mPa·s, alternatively combinations thereof. Viscosity is measured with a Brookfield RT Viscometer using spindle 21 at 20 RPM at 25°C.

[0029] The detergent composition of the invention is especially suitable for use as a hand dishwashing detergent. Due to its desirable sudsing profile, it is extremely suitable for use in diluted form in a full sink of water to wash dishes. It can also be used when dosed directly on soiled dishware or on an optionally prewetted cleaning implement preferably a sponge.

Triblock Co-Polymer



[0030] The alkylene oxide triblock co-polymer of the present invention is defined as a triblock copolymer having alkylene oxide moieties according to Formula (I) : (EO)x(PO)y(EO)x, wherein EO represents ethylene oxide, and each x represents the number of EO units within the EO block. Each x is independently on average between 5 and 50, preferably between 10 and 40, more preferably between 10 and 30. Preferably x is the same for both EO blocks, wherein the "same" means that the x between the two EO blocks varies within a maximum 2 units, preferably within a maximum of 1 unit, more preferably both x's are the same number of units. PO represents propylene oxide, and y represents the number of PO units in the PO block. Each y is on average between 28 and 60, preferably between 30 and 55, more preferably between 30 and 48.

[0031] Preferably the triblock co-polymer has a ratio of y to each x of from 3:1 to 2:1. The triblock co-polymer preferably has a ratio of y to the average x of 2 EO blocks of from 3:1 to 2:1. Preferably the triblock co-polymer has an average weight percentage of total EO of between 30% and 50% by weight of the tri-block co-polymer. Preferably the triblock co-polymer has an average weight percentage of total PO of between 50% and 70% by weight of the triblock co-polymer. It is understood that the average total weight % of EO and PO for the triblock co-polymer adds up to 100%. The triblock co-polymer has an average molecular weight of between 2060 and 7880, preferably between 2620 and 6710, more preferably between 2620 and 5430, most preferably between 2800 and 4700. Average molecular weight is determined using a 1H NMR spectroscopy (see Thermo scientific application note No. AN52907). It is an established tool for polymer characterization, including molecular weight determination and co-polymer composition analysis.

[0032] "Block co-polymers" as used herein is meant to encompass co-polymers including two or more different homopolymeric and/or monomeric units, i.e. "building blocks", which are linked to form a single polymer molecule. In this case, the block co-polymers are in the form of tri-block co-polymers. Triblock co-polymers have the basic structure ABA, wherein A and B are different homopolymeric and/or monomeric units. In this case A is ethylene oxide (EO) and B is propylene oxide (PO). Those skilled in the art will recognize the phrase "block copolymers" is synonymous with this definition of "block polymers".

[0033] "Building Blocks" herein is meant homopolymeric units and/or monomeric units that polymerize with one another to form block co-polymers. Suitable building blocks in accordance with the present invention are alkylene oxide moieties, more particularly ethylene oxide and propylene oxide moieties. The different homopolymeric units present in block co-polymers retain some of their respective individual, original properties even though they are linked to one or more different homopolymeric units. Block co-polymers are known to exhibit properties that are different from those of homopolymers, random co-polymers, and polymer blends. The properties of block co-polymers themselves also differ depending on the length and chemical composition of the blocks making up the block co-polymer. Accordingly, the properties of a block co-polymer are influenced by the arrangement of the blocks within the block polymer. For example, a polymer such as: hydrophobic block-hydrophilic block-hydrophobic block will exhibit properties that are different than a block polymer such as: hydrophilic block-hydrophobic block-hydrophilic block. Applicant has now surprisingly found that a triblock co-polymer according to Formula (I) with the specific EO/PO/EO arrangement and respective homopolymeric lengths enhances suds mileage performance of a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition in presence of greasy soils and/or suds consistency throughout dilution in the wash process. Although not wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that these triblock co-polymers provide the right hydrophilic hydrophobic balance to position themselves at the grease-water and air-water interface. The hydrophobic PO block can nicely pack itself along the grease or air surface while the dual hydrophilic end tails can reach out to the water phase as such stabilizing the grease in water emulsion and/or air in water suspension, e.g., suds, accordingly.

[0034] Suitable EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymers are commercially available from BASF such as Pluronic® PE series, and from the Dow Chemical Company such as Tergitol™ L series. Particularly preferred triblock co-polymer from BASF are sold under the tradenames Pluronic® PE6400 (MW ca 2900, ca 40wt% EO) and Pluronic® PE 9400 (MW ca 4600, 40 wt% EO). Particularly preferred triblock co-polymer from the Dow Chemical Company is sold under the tradename Tergitol™ L64 (MW ca 2700, ca 40 wt% EO).

[0035] The preparation method for such tri-block co-polymers is well known to polymer manufacturers and is not the subject of the present invention.

[0036] Preferred triblock co-polymers are readily biodegradable under aerobic conditions. Aerobic biodegradation is measured by the production of carbon dioxide (C02) from the test material in the standard test method as defined by Method 301B test guidelines of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The preferred polymers should achieve at least 60% of biodegradation as measured by C02 production in 28 days in the standard Method 301B. These OECD test method guidelines are well-known in the art and cited herein as a reference (OECD, 1986).

[0037] The tri-block co-polymers according to the invention are present in the composition at a level of from 0.1% to 10%, preferably from 0.5% to 7.5%, more preferably from 1% to 5%, by weight of the total composition.

Surfactant System



[0038] The cleaning composition comprises from 1% to 60%, preferably from 5% to 50%, more preferably from 8% to 45%, most preferably from 15% to 40%, by weight of the total composition of a surfactant system. Preferably the surfactant system comprises an anionic surfactant and a primary co-surfactant.

Anionic Surfactant



[0039] Preferably, the surfactant system for the cleaning composition of the present invention comprises from 60% to 90%, preferably from 65% to 85%, more preferably from 70% to 80%, by weight of the surfactant system of an anionic surfactant. The anionic surfactant can be any anionic cleaning surfactant, preferably selected from sulphate and/or sulfonate and/or sulfosuccinate anionic surfactants. Especially preferred anionic surfactant is selected from the group comprising an alkyl sulfate, an alkyl alkoxy sulfate preferably an alkyl ethoxy sulfate, or mixtures thereof. Preferred anionic surfactant is an alkyl ethoxy sulfate, or a mixed alkyl sulfate - alkyl ethoxy sulfate anionic surfactant system, with a mol average ethoxylation degree of less than 5, preferably less than 3, more preferably less than 2 and more than 0.5.

[0040] Preferably the alkyl ethoxy sulfate, or mixed alkyl sulfate - alkyl ethoxy sulfate, anionic surfactant has a weight average level of branching of from about 5% to about 60%, preferably from about 10% to about 50%, more preferably from about 20% to about 40%. This level of branching contributes to better dissolution and suds lasting. It also contributes to the stability of the detergent at low temperature. Preferably the alkyl ethoxy sulfate anionic surfactant, or mixed alkyl sulfate - alkyl ethoxy sulfate anionic surfactant, has an average alkyl carbon chain length of from 8 to 16, preferably from 12 to 15, more preferably from 12 to 14, and preferably a weight average level of branching between 25 and 45%. Detergents having this ratio present good dissolution and suds performance.

[0041] When the alkyl ethoxylated sulfate anionic surfactant is a mixture, the average alkoxylation degree is the mol average alkoxylation degree of all the components of the mixture (i.e., mol average alkoxylation degree). In the mol average alkoxylation degree calculation the weight of sulfate anionic surfactant components not having alkoxylate groups should also be included.

wherein x1, x2, ... are the number of moles of each sulfate anionic surfactant of the mixture and alkoxylation degree is the number of alkoxy groups in each sulfate anionic surfactant.

[0042] If the surfactant is branched, the preferred branching group is an alkyl. Typically, the alkyl is selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, cyclic alkyl groups and mixtures thereof. Single or multiple alkyl branches could be present on the main hydrocarbyl chain of the starting alcohol(s) used to produce the sulfate anionic surfactant used in the composition of the invention.

[0043] The branched sulfate anionic surfactant can be a single anionic surfactant or a mixture of anionic surfactants. In the case of a single surfactant the percentage of branching refers to the weight percentage of the hydrocarbyl chains that are branched in the original alcohol from which the surfactant is derived.

[0044] In the case of a surfactant mixture the percentage of branching is the weight average and it is defined according to the following formula:

wherein x1, x2, are the weight in grams of each alcohol in the total alcohol mixture of the alcohols which were used as starting material for the anionic surfactant for the detergent of the invention. In the weight average branching degree calculation, the weight of anionic surfactant components not having branched groups should also be included.

[0045] Suitable counterions include alkali metal cation earth alkali metal cation, alkanolammonium or ammonium or substituted ammonium, but preferably sodium.

[0046] Suitable examples of commercially available sulfates include, those based on Neodol alcohols ex the Shell company, Lial - Isalchem and Safol® ex the Sasol company, natural alcohols ex The Procter & Gamble Chemicals company. Suitable sulfonate surfactants for use herein include water-soluble salts of C8-C18 alkyl or hydroxyalkyl sulfonates; C11-C18 alkyl benzene sulfonates (LAS), modified alkylbenzene sulfonate (MLAS); methyl ester sulfonate (MES); and alpha-olefin sulfonate (AOS). Those also include the paraffin sulfonates may be monosulfonates and/or disulfonates, obtained by sulfonating paraffins of 10 to 20 carbon atoms. The sulfonate surfactant also include the alkyl glyceryl sulfonate surfactants.

Co-Surfactant



[0047] The surfactant system of the composition of the present invention comprises a primary co-surfactant. The composition preferably comprises from 0.1% to 20%, more preferably from 0.5% to 15%, and especially from 2% to 10% by weight of the detergent composition of the primary co-surfactant. Preferably, the surfactant system for the detergent composition of the present invention comprises from 10% to 40%, preferably from 15% to 35%, more preferably from 20% to 30%, by weight of the surfactant system of a primary co-surfactant. As used herein, the term "primary co-surfactant" means the non-anionic surfactant present at the highest level amongst all the co-surfactants co-formulated with the anionic surfactant. Preferably the primary co-surfactant is selected from the group consisting of an amphoteric surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, and mixtures thereof.

[0048] The composition of the present invention will preferably comprise an amine oxide as the amphoteric surfactant. Preferably, the amine oxide surfactant is selected from the group consisting of a linear or branched alkyl amine oxide surfactant, a linear or branched alkyl amidopropyl amine oxide surfactant, and mixtures thereof, more preferably a linear alkyl dimethyl amine oxide surfactant, even more preferably a linear C10 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide surfactant, a linear C12-C14 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide surfactant, and mixtures thereof, most preferably a linear C12-C14 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide surfactant.

[0049] Preferably, the amine oxide surfactant is alkyl dimethyl amine oxide or alkyl amido propyl dimethyl amine oxide, preferably alkyl dimethyl amine oxide and especially coco dimethyl amino oxide, most preferably C12-C14 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide.

[0050] Alternatively, the amine oxide surfactant is a mixture of amine oxides comprising a low-cut amine oxide and a mid-cut amine oxide. The amine oxide of the composition of the invention then comprises:
  1. a) from about 10% to about 45% by weight of the amine oxide of low-cut amine oxide of formula R1R2R3AO wherein R1 and R2 are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyls or mixtures thereof, and R3 is selected from C10 alkyls or mixtures thereof; and
  2. b) from 55% to 90% by weight of the amine oxide of mid-cut amine oxide of formula R4R5R6AO wherein R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyls or mixtures thereof, and R6 is selected from C12-C16 alkyls or mixtures thereof


[0051] In a preferred low-cut amine oxide for use herein R3 is n-decyl. In another preferred low-cut amine oxide for use herein R1 and R2 are both methyl. In an especially preferred low-cut amine oxide for use herein R1 and R2 are both methyl and R3 is n-decyl.

[0052] Preferably, the amine oxide comprises less than about 5%, more preferably less than 3%, by weight of the amine oxide of an amine oxide of formula R7R8R9AO wherein R7 and R8 are selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyls and mixtures thereof and wherein R9 is selected from C8 alkyls and mixtures thereof. Compositions comprising R7R8R9AO tend to be unstable and do not provide very suds mileage.

[0053] Preferably, the zwitterionic surfactant is a betaine surfactant. Suitable betaine surfactant includes alkyl betaines, alkylamidobetaine, amidazoliniumbetaine, sulfobetaine (INCI Sultaines) as well as the Phosphobetaine and preferably meets Formula (I):

        R1[CO-X(CH2)n]x-N+R2)(R3)-(CH2)m-[CH(OH)-CH2]y-Y-     (I)

wherein

R1 is a saturated or unsaturated C6-22 alkyl residue, preferably C8-18 alkyl residue, in particular a saturated C10-16 alkyl residue, for example a saturated C12-14 alkyl residue;

X is NH, NR4 with C1-4 Alkyl residue R4, O or S,

n is a number from 1 to 10, preferably 2 to 5, in particular 3,

x is 0 or 1, preferably 1,

R2 and R3 are independently a C1-4 alkyl residue, potentially hydroxy substituted such as a hydroxyethyl, preferably a methyl,

m is a number from 1 to 4, in particular 1, 2 or 3,

y is 0 or 1, and

Y is COO, SO3, OPO(OR5)O or P(O)(OR5)O, whereby R5 is a hydrogen atom H or a C1-4 alkyl residue.



[0054] Preferred betaines are the alkyl betaines of the Formula (Ia), the alkyl amido propyl betaine of the Formula (Ib), the Sulfo betaines of the Formula (Ic) and the Amido sulfobetaine of the Formula (Id):

        R1-N(CH3)2-CH2COO-     (Ia)

        R1-CO-NH(CH2)3-N+(CH3)2-CH2COO-     (Ib)

        R1N+(CH3)2-CH2CH(OH)CH2SO3-     (Ic)

        R1-CO-NH-(CH2)3-N+(CH3)2-CH2CH(OH)CH2SO3-     (Id)

in which R1 has the same meaning as in Formula (I). Particularly preferred betaines are the Carbobetaine [wherein Y-=COO-], in particular the Carbobetaine of the Formulae (Ia) and (Ib), more preferred are the Alkylamidobetaine of the Formula (Ib).

[0055] A preferred betaine is, for example, cocoamidopropylbetaine.

[0056] Preferably, the surfactant system of the composition of the present invention comprises a surfactant system wherein the weight ratio of the anionic surfactant to the primary co-surfactant, preferably the anionic surfactant to the amine oxide surfactant is less than 9:1, more preferably from 5:1 to 1:1, more preferably from 4:1 to 2:1.

Non-Ionic Surfactant



[0057] Preferably, the surfactant system of the composition of the present invention further comprises from 0.1% to 10% by weight of the total composition of a secondary co-surfactant system. As used herein, the term "secondary co-surfactant" means the co-surfactant present at the second highest level asides from the anionic surfactant as the main surfactant, i.e., anionic surfactant present at the highest level and the amphoteric/ zwitterionic/ mixtures thereof as primary co-surfactant. Preferably the secondary co-surfactant system comprises a non-ionic surfactant. Preferably, the surfactant system of the composition of the present invention further comprises from about 1% to about 25%, preferably from about 1.25% to about 20%, more preferably from about 1.5% to about 15%, most preferably from about 1.5% to about 5% by weight of the surfactant system, of a non-ionic surfactant. Preferably, the non-ionic surfactant is a linear or branched, primary or secondary alkyl alkoxylated non-ionic surfactant, preferably an alkyl ethoxylated non-ionic surfactant, preferably comprising on average from 9 to 15, preferably from 10 to 14 carbon atoms in its alkyl chain and on average from 5 to 12, preferably from 6 to 10, most preferably from 7 to 8, units of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Other suitable non-ionic surfactants for use herein include fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, alkylpolyglucosides and fatty acid glucamides, preferably alkylpolyglucosides. Preferably the alkyl polyglucoside surfactant is a C8-C16 alkyl polyglucoside surfactant, preferably a C8-C14 alkyl polyglucoside surfactant, preferably with an average degree of polymerization of between 0.1 and 3, more preferably between 0.5 and 2.5, even more preferably between 1 and 2. Most preferably the alkyl polyglucoside surfactant has an average alkyl carbon chain length between 10 and 16, preferably between 10 and 14, most preferably between 12 and 14, with an average degree of polymerization of between 0.5 and 2.5 preferably between 1 and 2, most preferably between 1.2 and 1.6. C8-C16 alkyl polyglucosides are commercially available from several suppliers (e.g., Simusol® surfactants from Seppic Corporation; and Glucopon® 600 CSUP, Glucopon® 650 EC, Glucopon® 600 CSUP/MB, and Glucopon® 650 EC/MB, from BASF Corporation). Preferably, the composition comprises the anionic surfactant and the non-ionic surfactant in a ratio of from 2:1 to 50:1, preferably 2:1 to 10:1.

Amphiphilic Polymer



[0058] The composition of the present invention may further comprise from 0.01% to 5%, preferably from 0.05% to 2%, more preferably from 0.07% to 1% by weight of the total composition of an amphiphilic polymer selected from the groups consisting of amphiphilic alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine and mixtures thereof, preferably an amphiphilic alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine.

[0059] Preferably, the amphiphilic alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine is an alkoxylated polyethyleneimine polymer comprising a polyethyleneimine backbone having average molecular weight range from 100 to 5,000, preferably from 400 to 2,000, more preferably from 400 to 1,000 Daltons and the alkoxylated polyethyleneimine polymer further comprising:
  1. (i) one or two alkoxylation modifications per nitrogen atom by a polyalkoxylene chain having an average of about 1 to about 50 alkoxy moieties per modification, wherein the terminal alkoxy moiety of the alkoxylation modification is capped with hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl or mixtures thereof;
  2. (ii) an addition of one C1-C4 alkyl moiety and one or two alkoxylation modifications per nitrogen atom by a polyalkoxylene chain having an average of about 1 to about 50 alkoxy moieties per modification wherein the terminal alkoxy moiety is capped with hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl or mixtures thereof; or
  3. (iii) a combination thereof; and
wherein the alkoxy moieties comprises ethoxy (EO) and/or propxy (PO) and/or butoxy (BO) and wherein when the alkoxylation modification comprises EO it also comprises PO or BO.

[0060] Preferred amphiphilic alkoxylated polyethyleneimine polymers comprise EO and PO groups within their alkoxylation chains, the PO groups preferably being in terminal position of the alkoxy chains, and the alkoxylation chains preferably being hydrogen capped.

[0061] For example, but not limited to, below is shown possible modifications to terminal nitrogen atoms in the polyethyleneimine backbone where R represents an ethylene spacer and E represents a C1-C4 alkyl moiety and X- represents a suitable water soluble counterion.



[0062] Also, for example, but not limited to, below is shown possible modifications to internal nitrogenatoms in the polyethyleneimine backbone where R represents an ethylene spacer and E represents a C1-C4 alkyl moiety and X- represents a suitable water soluble counterion.



[0063] The alkoxylation modification of the polyethyleneimine backbone consists of the replacement of a hydrogen atom by a polyalkoxylene chain having an average of about 1 to about 50 alkoxy moieties, preferably from about 20 to about 45 alkoxy moieties, most preferably from about 30 to about 45 alkoxy moieties. The alkoxy moieties are selected from ethoxy (EO), propoxy (PO),butoxy (BO), and mixtures thereof. Alkoxy moieties solely comprising ethoxy units are outside the scope of the invention though. Preferably, the polyalkoxylene chain is selected from ethoxy/propoxy block moieties. More preferably, the polyalkoxylene chain is ethoxy/propoxy block moieties having an average degree of ethoxylation from about 3 to about 30 and an average degree of propoxylation from about 1 to about 20, more preferably ethoxy/propoxy block moieties having an average degree of ethoxylation from about 20 to about 30 and an average degree of propoxylation from about 10 to about 20.

[0064] More preferably the ethoxy/propoxy block moieties have a relative ethoxy to propoxy unit ratio between 3 to 1 and 1 to 1, preferably between 2 to 1 and 1 to 1. Most preferably the polyalkoxylene chain is the ethoxy/propoxy block moieties wherein the propoxy moiety block is the terminal alkoxy moiety block.

[0065] The modification may result in permanent quaternization of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms. The degree of permanent quaternization may be from 0% to about 30% of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms. It is preferred to have less than 30% of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms permanently quaternized. Most preferably the degree of quaternization is about 0%.

[0066] A preferred polyethyleneimine has the general structure of Formula (II):

wherein the polyethyleneimine backbone has a weight average molecular weight of about 600, n of formula (II) has an average of about 10, m of formula (II) has an average of about 7 and R of formula (II) is selected from hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl and mixtures thereof, preferably hydrogen. The degree of permanent quaternization of formula (II) may be from 0% to about 22% of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms. The molecular weight of this polyethyleneimine preferably is between 10,000 and 15,000.

[0067] An alternative polyethyleneimine has the general structure of Formula (II) but wherein the polyethyleneimine backbone has a weight average molecular weight of about 600, n of Formula (II) has an average of about 24, m of Formula (II) has an average of about 16 and R of Formula (II) is selected from hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl and mixtures thereof, preferably hydrogen. The degree of permanent quaternization of Formula (II) may be from 0% to about 22% of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms. The molecular weight of this polyethyleneimine preferably is between 25,000 and 30,000.

[0068] Most preferred polyethyleneimine has the general structure of Formula (II) wherein the polyethyleneimine backbone has a weight average molecular weight of about 600, n of Formula (II) has an average of about 24, m of Formula (II) has an average of about 16 and R of Formula (II) is hydrogen. The degree of permanent quaternization of Formula (II) is 0% of the polyethyleneimine backbone nitrogen atoms. The molecular weight of this polyethyleneimine preferably is about from about 25,000 to 30,000, most preferably about 28,000.

[0069] These polyethyleneimines can be prepared, for example, by polymerizing ethyleneimine in the presence of a catalyst such as carbon dioxide, sodium bisulfite, sulfuric acid, hydrogen peroxide, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, and the like, as described in more detail in PCT Publication No. WO 2007/135645.

Cyclic Polyamine



[0070] The cyclic polyamine of the invention is a cleaning polyamine. The cleaning polyamine comprises amine functionalities that helps cleaning as part of a detergent composition. The composition of the invention preferably comprises from 0.1% to 10%, more preferably from 0.2% to 5%, and especially from 0.3% to 2%, by weight of the composition, of the cyclic polyamine.

[0071] The term "cyclic amine" herein encompasses a single amine and a mixture thereof. The amine can be subjected to protonation depending on the pH of the cleaning medium in which it is used. The cyclic polyamine of the invention conforms to the following Formula (I):

wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of NH2, -H, linear or branched alkyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and linear or branched alkenyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, n is from 0 to 3, preferably n is 1, and wherein at least one of the Rs is NH2 and the remaining "Rs" are independently selected from the group consisting of NH2, -H, linear or branched alkyl having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and linear or branched alkenyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. Preferably, the cyclic polyamine is a diamine, wherein n is 1, R2 is NH2, and at least one of R1, R3, R4 and R5 is CH3 and the remaining Rs are H.

[0072] The amine of the invention is a cyclic amine with at least two primary amine functionalities. The primary amines can be in any position in the cyclic amine but it has been found that in terms of grease cleaning, better performance is obtained when the primary amines are in positions 1,3. It has also been found that cyclic amines in which one of the substituents is - CH3 and the rest are H provided for improved grease cleaning performance.

[0073] Accordingly, the most preferred cyclic polyamine for use with the cleaning composition of the present invention are cyclic polyamine selected from the group consisting of 2-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine, 4-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine and mixtures thereof. The inventors have surprisingly found that these specific cyclic polyamine works to improve suds profile through-out the dishwashing process when formulated together with the specific triblock co-polymers of Formula (I) according to the present invention.

[0074] The composition of the present invention may comprise at least one active selected from the group consisting of: i) a salt, ii) a hydrotrope, iii) an organic solvent, and mixtures thereof.

Salt



[0075] The composition of the present invention may comprise from 0.05% to 2%, preferably from 0.1% to 1.5%, or more preferably from 0.5% to 1%, by weight of the total composition of a salt, preferably a monovalent, divalent inorganic salt or a mixture thereof, more preferably sodium chloride, sodium sulphate or a mixture thereof, most preferably sodium chloride.

Hydrotrope



[0076] The composition of the present invention may comprise from 0.1% to 10%, or preferably from 0.5% to 10%, or more preferably from 1% to 10% by weight of the total composition of a hydrotrope or a mixture thereof, preferably sodium cumene sulfonate.

Organic Solvent



[0077] The composition of the present invention may comprise an organic solvent. Suitable organic solvents include C4-14 ethers and diethers, polyols, glycols, alkoxylated glycols, C6-C16 glycol ethers, alkoxylated aromatic alcohols, aromatic alcohols, aliphatic linear or branched alcohols, alkoxylated aliphatic linear or branched alcohols, alkoxylated C1-C5 alcohols, C8-C14 alkyl and cycloalkyl hydrocarbons and halohydrocarbons, and mixtures thereof. Preferably the organic solvents include alcohols, glycols, and glycol ethers, alternatively alcohols and glycols. The composition comprises from 0% to less than 50%, preferably from 0.01% to 25%, more preferably from 0.1% to 10%, or most preferably from 0.5% to 5%, by weight of the total composition of an organic solvent, preferably an alcohol, more preferably ethanol, a polyalkyleneglycol, more preferably polypropyleneglycol, and mixtures thereof.

Adjunct Ingredients



[0078] The detergent composition herein may optionally comprise a number of other adjunct ingredients such as builders (e.g., preferably citrate), chelants, conditioning polymers, cleaning polymers, surface modifying polymers, soil flocculating polymers, structurants, emollients, humectants, skin rejuvenating actives, enzymes, carboxylic acids, scrubbing particles, bleach and bleach activators, perfumes, malodor control agents, pigments, dyes, opacifiers, beads, pearlescent particles, microcapsules, inorganic cations such as alkaline earth metals such as Ca/Mg-ions, antibacterial agents, preservatives, viscosity adjusters (e.g., salt such as NaCl, and other mono-, di- and trivalent salts) and pH adjusters and buffering means (e.g. carboxylic acids such as citric acid, HCl, NaOH, KOH, alkanolamines, phosphoric and sulfonic acids, carbonates such as sodium carbonates, bicarbonates, sesquicarbonates, borates, silicates, phosphates, imidazole and alike).

[0079] The elements of the composition of the invention described in connexion with the first aspect of the invention apply mutatis mutandis to the other aspects of the invention.

Method of Washing



[0080] In another aspect, the invention is directed to a method of manually washing dishware with the composition of the present invention. The method comprises the steps of delivering a composition of the present invention to a volume of water to form a wash solution and immersing the dishware in the solution. The dishware can be cleaned with the composition in the presence of water. Optionally, the dishware can be rinsed. By "rinsing", it is meant herein contacting the dishware cleaned with the process according to the present invention with substantial quantities of appropriate solvent, typically water. By "substantial quantities", it is meant usually about 1 to about 20 L.

[0081] The composition herein can be applied in its diluted form. Soiled dishware are contacted with an effective amount, typically from about 0.5 mL to about 20 mL (per about 25 dishes being treated), preferably from about 3 mL to about 10 mL, of the detergent composition, preferably in liquid form, of the present invention diluted in water. The actual amount of cleaning composition used will be based on the judgment of the user, and will typically depend upon factors such as the particular product formulation of the detergent composition, including the concentration of active ingredients in the detergent composition, the number of soiled dishes to be cleaned, the degree of soiling on the dishes, and the like. Generally, from about 0.01 mL to about 150 mL, preferably from about 3 mL to about 40 mL of a detergent composition of the invention is combined with from about 2,000 mL to about 20,000 mL, more typically from about 5,000 mL to about 15,000 mL of water in a sink having a volumetric capacity in the range of from about 1,000 mL to about 20,000 mL, more typically from about 5,000 mL to about 15,000 mL. The soiled dishware are immersed in the sink containing the diluted detergent compositions then obtained, where contacting the soiled surface of the dishware with a cloth, sponge, or similar cleaning implement cleans them. The cloth, sponge, or similar cleaning implement may be immersed in the detergent composition and water mixture prior to being contacted with the dishware, and is typically contacted with the dishware for a period of time ranging from about 1 to about 10 seconds, although the actual time will vary with each application and user. The contacting of cloth, sponge, or similar cleaning implement to the dishware is preferably accompanied by a concurrent scrubbing of the dishware.

[0082] Alternatively, the user applies the neat detergent composition of the invention on an optionally but preferably pre-wetted cleaning implement, preferably sponge, or alternatively directly on the soiled dishware, and then washes the soiled dishware in the presence of water.

[0083] Another aspect of the present invention is directed to the use of a liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition of the present invention for providing good sudsing profile, including enhanced suds stabilization in the presence of greasy and/or enhanced suds consistency through dilution throughout the washing process.

TEST METHODS



[0084] The following assays set forth must be used in order that the invention described and claimed herein may be more fully understood.

Test Method 1: Initial Suds and Suds Mileage Test



[0085] The objective of the Initial Suds and Suds Mileage Test is to compare the initial suds and evolution over time of suds volume generated for different test formulations at specified water hardness, solution temperatures and formulation concentrations, while under the influence of periodic soil injections. Data are compared and expressed versus a reference composition as an initial suds index and a suds mileage index (reference composition has and initial suds index and a suds mileage index of 100). The steps of the method are as follows:
  1. 1. A defined amount of a test composition, depending on the targeted composition concentration (here : 0.12 wt%), is dispensed through a plastic pipette at a flow rate of 0.67 mL/ sec at a height of 37 cm above the bottom surface of a sink (dimension: 300 mm diameter and 288 mm height) into a water stream (here : water hardness: 15 gpg, water temperature : 35°C) that is filling up the sink to 4 L with a constant pressure of 4 bar.
  2. 2. An initial suds volume generated (measured as average foam height X sink surface area and expressed in cm3) is recorded immediately after end of filling.
  3. 3. A fixed amount (6 mL) of a greasy soil with defined composition per Table 1 below is immediately injected into the middle of the sink.
  4. 4. The resultant solution is mixed with a metal blade (10 cm x 5 cm) positioned in the middle of the sink at the air liquid interface under an angle of 45 degrees rotating at 85 RPM for 20 revolutions.
  5. 5. Another measurement of the total suds volume is recorded immediately after end of blade rotation.
  6. 6. Steps 3-5 are repeated until the measured total suds volume reaches a minimum level of 400 cm3. The amount of added soil that is needed to get to the 400 cm3 level is considered as the suds mileage for the test composition.
  7. 7. Each test composition is tested 4 times per testing condition (i.e., water temperature, composition concentration, water hardness, soil type).
  8. 8. The average initial suds and suds mileage is calculated as the average of the 4 replicates for each sample for a defined test condition.
  9. 9. Calculate the Initial Suds Index by comparing the initial suds of a test composition sample versus a reference composition sample. The calculation is as follows :

  10. 10. Calculate a Suds Mileage Index by comparing the average mileage of a test composition sample versus a reference composition sample. The calculation is as follows:



[0086] Soil compositions are produced through standard mixing of the components described in Table 1.
Table 1: Greasy Soil
IngredientWeight %
Crisco Oil 12.730%
Crisco shortening 27.752%
Lard 7.638%
Refined Rendered Edible Beef Tallow 51.684%
Oleic Acid, 90% (Techn) 0.139%
Palmitic Acid, 99+% 0.036%
Stearic Acid, 99+% 0.021%

Test Method 2: Suds Rheology Test



[0087] The suds rheology test aims at measuring physical characteristics of suds, representative for suds consistency and overall consumer acceptability of the suds generated from a detergent composition when applied and agitated on a sponge through manual squeezing action.

[0088] When measuring the suds rheology for different product concentrations, the sustainability of suds aesthetics for the product upon dilution with wash water through-out the wash process is also determined. The test is conducted by the following steps:
  1. 1. For each test product, 30 g of aqueous wash solutions (15 dH water hardness, 20°C) of the targeted product concentrations (e.g., 10%, 1%) are prepared.
  2. 2. Synthetic dishwashing sponges (Brand : Delhaize Belgium scour sponges with grip - dimensions: length 9.5 cm, width 6.5 cm and height 4.5 cm, item number 17152/0000) are pre-conditioned by washing them without detergent during 3 cycles of 32 mins at 40°C and 15 dH water hardness in a laundry washing machine (Brand: Miele Softtronic W3205 - Express cycle).
  3. 3. The washed sponges are left to dry for 2 days under a fume food (Brand: Kötermann type 2-453-GAHB) with air flow 0.64 m/sec under standard lab conditions (e.g., 20-22°C, 40-60% rH).
  4. 4. The respective 30 g wash solution is distributed homogeneously over the soft side opposite to the scouring side of the dry sponge, allowing the wash solution to completely submerge into the sponge for 20 seconds.
  5. 5. While wearing latex lab gloves and while holding the scouring side down, the sponge is manually squeezed 5 times with maximum power (i.e., frequency 1 squeeze per second) after which the generated suds on the sponge is collected in a cup and transferred with a spatula onto the serrated peltier plate of the rheometer (TA Rheometer DHR1) such that the entire serrated peltier plate surface is covered with suds.
  6. 6. The suds rheology is measured with a serrated parallel plate (both top and bottom serrated geometry) at a gap of 1000 µm and following a peak hold procedure at 20°C, at shear rate 1/s with a duration of 300 seconds measuring 600 data points (Stress constant = 79577.5 Pa/N.m, Strain constant = 20 1/rad). The value measured after 1 second is reported as the static yield stress.
  7. 7. 3 replicates are run for each test product at each product concentration and the measured static yield stress values are averaged per product and per product concentration. For each product concentration and replicate, a new dry sponge is used and all tests are run by the same expert operator.


[0089] The Δ Yield Stress between 2 different product concentrations is calculated by subtracting the Static Yield Stress value of the lower product concentration from the Static Yield Stress value of the higher product concentration, according to the formula described below :


EXAMPLE



[0090] The following examples are provided to further illustrate the present invention and are not to be construed as limitations of the present invention, as many variations of the present invention are possible without departing from its spirit or scope.

Example 1: Inventive and Comparative Compositions



[0091] The ability of cleaning compositions to maintain their suds volume in presence of greasy soil is assessed using the Suds Mileage test described herein for detergent compositions having an EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymer according to the invention (Inventive Compositions 1-3, respectively). In parallel, Comparative Compositions 1 and 2 having an EO-PO-EO triblock copolymer outside the scope of the present invention are also assessed. Reference Composition 1 is directed to a cleaning composition single variably lacking an EO-PO-EO triblock co-polymer. The ability of cleaning compositions to sustain their suds consistency throughout dilution during the wash process has also been assessed using the Suds Rheology test described herein. The foregoing compositions are produced through standard mixing of the components described in Table 2.
Table 2 - Inventive. Comparative and Reference Compositions
As 100% activeEx.1Ex. 2Ex. 3Comp. Ex. AComp. Ex. BRef. Ex. C*
C1213AE0.6S (Avg. branching: 22% or 33% branching) 20.4% 20.4% 20.4% 20.4% 20.4% 20.4%
C1214 dimethyl amine oxide 6.8% 6.8% 6.8% 6.8% 6.8% 6.8%
Pluronic PE9400 (EO)21 (PO)47(EO)21 2% - - - - -
Pluronic PE6400 (EO)13(PO)30(EO)13 - 2% - - - -
(EO)25(PO)30(EO)25 - - 2% - - -
(EO)40(PO)30(EO)40 - - - 2% - -
Pluronic L44 (EO)11(PO)21(EO)11 - - - - 2% -
ethanol 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0%
NaCl 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%
Polypropyleneglycol (MW2000) 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%
Water + Minor ingredients (perfume, dye, preservatives) to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100%
pH (at 10% product concentration in demineralized water - with NaOH trimming) 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
* no ethyleneoxide (EO) - propyleneoxide (PO) - ethyleneoxide (EO) triblock co-polymer

Test Results : Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology Profile of Inventive and Comparative Compositions



[0092] The resultant compositions including the Examples 1-3 of the invention and Comparative Examples A-B are assessed versus Reference Example C according to the Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology test methods as described herein. The Suds Mileage Index and suds rheology results of the test are summarized in Table 3. The higher the Suds Mileage Index value, the better in maintaining suds mileage. The lower the suds rheology delta yield stress the more consistent the suds are throughout dilution. From the data it can be concluded that Examples 1-3, and especially Examples 1-2, according to the invention have a stronger suds robustness in presence of greasy soils and suds consistency profile compared to Reference Example C, while Comparative Examples A-B outside the scope of the invention show only a modest improvement in view of suds robustness in presence of greasy soils while showing an inferior suds consistency profile compared to Reference Example C.
Table 3 - Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology Results of Inventive and Comparative Compositions
 Ex.1Ex. 2Ex. 3Comp. Ex. AComp. Ex. BRef. Ex. C*
Suds Mileage Index (Greasy soil) ** 117 117 105 106 107 100
Δ Yield Stress (10%-1%) *** 1.61 1.75 1.82 2.88 2.26 2.09
** Generated with formulations from table 2, comprising an AES with 33% avg branching.
*** Generated with formulations from table 2, comprising an AES with 22% avg branching.

Example 2 - Impact of anionic surfactant to amine oxide surfactant ratio



[0093] The impact on sudsing performance from the addition of an EO-PO-EO triblock copolymer into the surfactant-containing compositions of the invention, having an anionic surfactant to amine oxide surfactant ratio according to the invention (3:1 - Inventive Examples 1 and 2), compared compositions having an anionic surfactant to amine oxide surfactant ratio outside of the invention (10:1 - Comparative Examples D and E) has been studied.
Table 4 - Inventive. Comparative and Reference Compositions
As 100% activeEx.1Ex. 2Comp. Ex. DComp. Ex. ERef. Ex. C*Ref. Ex. F*
C1213AE0.6S (Avg. branching : 33% branching) 20.4% 20.4% 24.7% 24.7% 20.4% 24.7%
C1214 dimethyl amine oxide 6.8% 6.8% 2.5% 2.5% 6.8% 2.5%
C1213AE0.6S : C1214 dimethyl amine oxide ratio 3:1 3:1 10:1 10:1 3:1 10:1
Pluronic PE9400(EO)21 (PO)47(EO)21 2.0% - 2.0% - - -
Pluronic PE6400(EO)13(PO)30(EO)13 - 2.0% - 2.0% - -
ethanol 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0%
NaCl 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%
Polypropyleneglycol (MW2000) 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%
Water + Minor ingredients (perfume, dye, preservatives) to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100% to 100%
pH (at 10% product concentration in demineralized water - with NaOH trimming) 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0

Test Results: Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology Profile of Inventive and Comparative Compositions



[0094] The Initial Suds Index, Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology results from the compositions of Table 4 are summarized in Table 5. The higher the Initial Suds Index, the more suds is created upon an initial agitation. The higher the Suds Mileage Index value, the better in maintaining suds mileage. The lower the suds rheology delta yield stress the more consistent the suds are throughout dilution. From the data it can be seen that the compositions according to the invention and comprising the EO-PO-EO triblock copolymers have a higher initial suds in the presence of greasy soils and better suds consistency profile as they are formulated with an anionic surfactant to amine oxide co-surfactant ratio according to the invention (Inventive Examples 1-2), compared to the comparative compositions having an anionic surfactant to amine oxide co-surfactant ratio outside the scope of the invention (Comparative Examples D-E), without compromising their suds mileage impact in the presence of greasy soils.
Table 5 - Initial Suds Index. Suds Mileage Index and Suds Rheology Results of Inventive and Comparative Compositions
 Ex.1Ex. 2Comp. Ex. DComp. Ex. ERef. Ex. C*Ref. Ex. F*
Initial suds Index (Greasy Soil) 102 106 - - 100 -
Initial suds Index (Greasy Soil) - - 99 102 - 100
 
Suds Mileage Index (Greasy soil) 110 110 - - 100 -
Suds Mileage Index (Greasy soil) - - 111 110 - 100
 
Δ Yield Stress (10%-1 %) 1.24 (-0.50 vs REF) 1.38 (-0.36 vs REF) - - 1.74 -
Δ Yield Stress (10%-1%) - - 2.64 (+0.03 vs REF) 2.39 (-0.22 vs REF) - 2.61


[0095] All percentages and ratios herein are calculated by weight unless otherwise indicated. All percentages and ratios are calculated based on the total composition unless otherwise indicated.

[0096] It should be understood that every maximum numerical limitation given throughout this specification includes every lower numerical limitation, as if such lower numerical limitations were expressly written herein. Every minimum numerical limitation given throughout this specification will include every higher numerical limitation, as if such higher numerical limitations were expressly written herein. Every numerical range given throughout this specification will include every narrower numerical range that falls within such broader numerical range, as if such narrower numerical ranges were all expressly written herein.

[0097] The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as "40 mm" is intended to mean "about 40 mm."


Claims

1. A liquid hand dishwashing detergent composition comprising:

a) from 1% to 60%, preferably from 5% to 50%, more preferably from 8% to 45%, most preferably from 15% to 40%, by weight of the total composition of a surfactant system, the surfactant system comprises:

i) an anionic surfactant, preferably the anionic surfactant is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfate, alkyl alkoxy sulfate preferably alkyl ethoxy sulfate, and mixtures thereof; and

ii) a primary co-surfactant selected from the group consisting of an amphoteric surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant and mixtures thereof, preferably the amphoteric surfactant is an amine oxide surfactant, the zwitterionic surfactant is a betaine surfactant, and mixtures thereof, more preferably the primary co-surfactant is an amine oxide surfactant;
wherein the weight ratio of the anionic surfactant to the primary co-surfactant, preferably the anionic surfactant to the amine oxide surfactant is from 5:1 to 1:1; and

b) from 0.1%) to 10%, preferably from 0.5% to 7.5%, more preferably from 1% to 5%, by weight of the total composition of at least one ethyleneoxide (EO) - propyleneoxide (PO) - ethyleneoxide (EO) triblock co-polymer of Formula (I):

        (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x     (I)

wherein:

each x is independently on average between 5 and 50, preferably between 10 and 40, more preferably between 10 and 30; and

y is on average between 28 and 60, preferably between 30 and 55, more preferably between 30 and 48.


 
2. The composition according to claim 1 wherein the triblock co-polymer has an average molecular weight of between 2060 and 7880, preferably between 2620 and 6710, more preferably between 2620 and 5430, most preferably between 2800 and 4700.
 
3. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the triblock co-polymer has a ratio of y to each x of from 3:1 to 2:1.
 
4. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the triblock co-polymer has an average weight percentage of total EO of between 30% and 50% by weight of the tri-block co-polymer.
 
5. The composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the alkyl ethoxy sulfate or mixture of alkyl sulfate and alkyl ethoxy sulfate has an average degree of ethoxylation of less than 5, preferably less than 3, more preferably less than 2 and more than 0.5, and preferably an average level of branching of from 5% to 60%, more preferably from 10% to 50%, and even more preferably from 20% to 40%, and preferably wherein the alkyl ethoxy sulfate or mixture of alkyl sulfate and alkyl ethoxy sulfate has an average alkyl carbon chain length of from 8 to 16, preferably from 12 to 15, more preferably from 12 to 14.
 
6. The composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the amine oxide surfactant is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl amine oxide, linear or branched alkyl amidopropyl amine oxide, and mixtures thereof, preferably linear alkyl dimethyl amine oxide, more preferably linear C10 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide, linear C12-C14 alkyl dimethyl amine oxides and mixtures thereof, most preferably C12-C14 alkyl dimethyl amine oxide.
 
7. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the weight ratio of the anionic surfactant to the primary co-surfactant, preferably the anionic surfactant to the amine oxide surfactant is from 4:1 to 2:1.
 
8. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the surfactant system of the composition further comprises from 0.1% to 10% by weight of the total composition of a secondary co-surfactant system preferably comprising a non-ionic surfactant, preferably an alkyl ethoxylated surfactant, preferably comprising from 9 to 15 carbon atoms in its alkyl chain and from 5 to 12 units of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
 
9. The composition according to any of the preceding claims further comprising from 0.05% to 2% by weight of the total composition of an amphiphilic alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine and mixtures thereof, wherein the amphiphilic alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine is an alkoxylated polyethyleneimine polymer comprising a polyethyleneimine backbone having average molecular weight range from 100 to 5,000, preferably from 400 to 2,000, more preferably from 400 to 1,000 Daltons and the alkoxylated polyethyleneimine polymer further comprising:

i) one or two alkoxylation modifications per nitrogen atom by a polyalkoxylene chain having an average of about 1 to about 50 alkoxy moieties per modification, wherein the terminal alkoxy moiety of the alkoxylation modification is capped with hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl or mixtures thereof;

ii) an addition of one C1-C4 alkyl moiety and one or two alkoxylation modifications per nitrogen atom by a polyalkoxylene chain having an average of about 1 to about 50 alkoxy moieties per modification wherein the terminal alkoxy moiety is capped with hydrogen, a C1-C4 alkyl or mixtures thereof; or

iii) a combination thereof; and

wherein the alkoxy moieties comprises ethoxy (EO) and/or propxy (PO) and/or butoxy (BO) and wherein when the alkoxylation modification comprises EO it also comprises PO or BO.
 
10. The composition according to any of the preceding claims further comprising a cyclic polyamine of Formula (I):

wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of NH2, - H, linear or branched alkyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and linear or branched alkenyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, n is from 0 to 3, preferably n is 1, and wherein at least one of the Rs is NH2 and the remaining Rs are independently selected from the group consisting of NH2, -H, linear or branched alkyl having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and linear or branched alkenyl having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms; preferably wherein the cyclic polyamine is a diamine, wherein n is 1, R2 is NH2 and at least one of R1, R3, R4 and R5 is CH3 and the remaining Rs are H, most preferably wherein the cyclic polyamine is selected from the group consisting of 2-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine, 4-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine and mixtures thereof.
 
11. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the composition has a viscosity of from 10 mPa·s to 10,000 mPa·s, preferably from 100 mPa·s to 5,000 mPa·s, more preferably from 300 mPa·s to 2,000 mPa·s, most preferably from 500 mPa·s to 1,500 mPa·s, as measured on a Brookfield RVT Viscometer using spindle 21 at 20 RPM at 25°C.
 
12. The composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein the composition has a pH range of from 6 to 14, preferably from 7 to 12, more preferably 7.5 to 10, as measured at 10% dilution in distilled water at 20°C.
 
13. The composition according to any of the preceding claims further comprising at least one active selected from the group consisting of:

i) from 0.05% to 2%, preferably 0.1% to 1.5%, more preferably 0.5% to 1%, by weight of the total composition of a salt, preferably a monovalent, divalent inorganic salt or a mixture thereof, more preferably sodium chloride, sodium sulphate or a mixture thereof, most preferably sodium chloride;

ii) from 1% to 10% by weight of the total composition of a hydrotrope, preferably sodium cumene sulfonate;

iii) from 0.01% to 25% by weight of the total composition of an organic solvent, preferably an alcohol, more preferably ethanol, a polyalkyleneglycol, more preferably polypropyleneglycol; and

iv) mixtures thereof.


 
14. A method of manually washing dishware comprising the steps of: delivering a composition according to any of claims 1 to 13 to a volume of water to form a wash solution and immersing the dishware in the solution.
 
15. Use of a composition according to any of claims 1 to 13 for providing enhanced stabilization of suds in the presence of greasy soils and/or enhanced suds consistency through dilution throughout the washing process.
 


Ansprüche

1. Flüssige Detergenszusammensetzung zum Geschirrspülen von Hand, die Folgendes umfasst:

a) von 1 bis 60 Gew.-%, vorzugsweise von 5 Gew.-% bis 50 Gew.-%, mehr bevorzugt von 8 Gew.-% bis 45 Gew.-%, am meisten bevorzugt von 15 Gew.-% bis 40 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung ein Tensidsystem, wobei das Tensidsystem umfasst:

i) ein anionisches Tensid, wobei das anionische Tensid vorzugsweise ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Alkylsulfat, Alkylalkoxysulfat, vorzugsweise Alkylethoxysulfat, und Mischungen davon; und

ii) ein primäres Cotensid, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus einem amphoteren Tensid, einem zwitterionischen Tensid und Mischungen davon, wobei das amphotere Tensid vorzugsweise ein Aminoxidtensid ist, das zwitterionische Tensid ein Betaintensid ist, und Mischungen davon, mehr bevorzugt wobei das primäre Cotensid ein Aminoxidtensid ist;
wobei das Gewichtsverhältnis des anionischen Tensids zu dem primären Cotensid, vorzugsweise des anionischen Tensids zu dem Aminoxidtensid, von 5:1 bis 1:1 beträgt;
und

b) von 0,1 Gew.-% bis 10 Gew.-%, vorzugsweise von 0,5 Gew.-% bis 7,5 Gew.-%, mehr bevorzugt von 1 Gew.-% bis 5 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung mindestens ein Ethylenoxid (EO) - Propylenoxid (PO) - Ethylenoxid (EO)-Triblockcopolymer der Formel (I):

        (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x     (I),

worin:

jedes x unabhängig im Durchschnitt zwischen 5 und 50, vorzugsweise zwischen 10 und 40, mehr bevorzugt zwischen 10 und 30 beträgt; und

y im Durchschnitt zwischen 28 und 60, vorzugsweise zwischen 30 und 55, mehr bevorzugt zwischen 30 und 48 beträgt.


 
2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Triblockcopolymer ein durchschnittliches Molekulargewicht von zwischen 2060 und 7880, vorzugsweise zwischen 2620 und 6710, mehr bevorzugt zwischen 2620 und 5430, am meisten bevorzugt zwischen 2800 und 4700 aufweist.
 
3. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Triblockcopolymer ein Verhältnis von y zu jedem x von 3:1 bis 2:1 aufweist.
 
4. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Triblockcopolymer einen durchschnittlichen Gewichtsprozentsatz des gesamten EO von zwischen 30 Gew.-% und 50 Gew.-% des Triblockcopolymers aufweist.
 
5. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Alkylethoxysulfat oder die Mischung von Alkylsulfat und Alkylethoxysulfat einen durchschnittlichen Ethoxylierungsgrad von weniger als 5, vorzugsweise weniger als 3, mehr bevorzugt weniger als 2 und mehr als 0,5, und vorzugsweise ein durchschnittliches Verzweigungsniveau von 5 % bis 60 %, mehr bevorzugt von 10 % bis 50 %, und noch mehr bevorzugt von 20 % bis 40 % aufweist, und wobei vorzugsweise das Alkylethoxysulfat oder die Mischung von Alkylsulfat und Alkylethoxysulfat eine durchschnittliche Alkylkohlenstoffkettenlänge von 8 bis 16, vorzugsweise von 12 bis 15, mehr bevorzugt von 12 bis 14 aufweist.
 
6. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Aminoxidtensid ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus linearem oder verzweigtem Alkylaminoxid, linearem oder verzweigtem Alkylamidopropylaminoxid und Mischungen davon, vorzugsweise linearem Alkyldimethylaminoxid, mehr bevorzugt linearem C10-Alkyldimethylaminoxid, linearen C12-C14-Alkyldimethylaminoxiden und Mischungen davon, am meisten bevorzugt C12-C14-Alkyldimethylaminoxid.
 
7. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gewichtsverhältnis des anionischen Tensids zu dem primären Cotensid, vorzugsweise des anionischen Tensids zu dem Aminoxidtensid, von 4:1 bis 2:1 beträgt.
 
8. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Tensidsystem der Zusammensetzung ferner von 0,1 Gew.-% bis 10 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung ein sekundäres Cotensidsystem umfasst, das vorzugsweise ein nichtionisches Tensid umfasst, vorzugsweise ein alkylethoxyliertes Tensid, das vorzugsweise von 9 bis 15 Kohlenstoffatome in seiner Alkylkette und von 5 bis 12 Einheiten Ethylenoxid pro Mol an Alkohol umfasst.
 
9. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, die ferner zu 0,05 Gew.-% bis 2 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung ein amphiphiles alkoxyliertes Polyalkylenimin und Mischungen davon umfasst, wobei das amphiphile alkoxylierte Polyalkylenimin ein alkoxyliertes Polyethyleniminpolymer ist, das ein Polyethylenimin-Grundgerüst mit einem durchschnittlichen Molekulargewichtsbereich von 100 bis 5.000, vorzugsweise von 400 bis 2.000, mehr bevorzugt von 400 bis 1.000 Dalton aufweist und wobei das alkoxylierte Polyethyleniminpolymer ferner Folgendes umfasst:

i) eine oder zwei Alkoxylierungsmodifikationen pro Stickstoffatom durch eine Polyalkoxylenkette mit einem Durchschnitt von etwa 1 bis etwa 50 Alkoxyeinheiten pro Modifikation, wobei die endständige Alkoxyeinheit der Alkoxylierungsmodifikation mit Wasserstoff, einem C1-C4-Alkyl oder Mischungen davon verkappt ist;

ii) eine Zugabe von einer C1-C4-Alkyleinheit und einer oder zwei Alkoxylierungsmodifikationen pro Stickstoffatom durch eine Polyalkoxylenkette mit einem Durchschnitt von etwa 1 bis etwa 50 Alkoxyeinheiten pro Modifikation, wobei die endständige Alkoxyeinheit mit Wasserstoff, einem C1-C4-Alkyl oder Mischungen davon verkappt ist; oder

iii) eine Kombination davon; und

wobei die Alkoxymolekülteile Ethoxy (EO) und/oder Propoxy (PO) und/oder Butoxy (BO) umfassen und wobei die Alkoxylierungsmodifikation, wenn sie EO umfasst, auch PO oder BO umfasst.
 
10. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, die ferner ein cyclisches Polyamin der Formel (I) umfasst:

wobei R1, R2, R3, R4 und R5 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus NH2, -H, linearem oder verzweigtem Alkyl mit von 1 bis 10 Kohlenstoffatomen und linearem oder verzweigtem Alkenyl mit von 1 bis 10 Kohlenstoffatomen, wobei n von 0 bis 3 beträgt, n vorzugsweise 1 ist, und wobei mindestens einer der R NH2 ist und die verbleibenden R unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus NH2, -H, linearem oder verzweigtem Alkyl mit 1 bis 10 Kohlenstoffatomen und linearem oder verzweigtem Alkenyl mit von 1 bis 10 Kohlenstoffatomen; wobei das cyclische Polyamin vorzugsweise ein Diamin ist, wobei n 1 ist, R2 NH2 ist und mindestens einer von R1, R3, R4 und R5 CH3 ist und die verbleibenden R H sind, wobei am meisten bevorzugt das cyclische Polyamin ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus 2-Methylcyclohexan-1,3-diamin, 4-Methylcyclohexan-1,3-diamin und Mischungen davon.
 
11. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Zusammensetzung eine Viskosität von 10 mPa.s bis 10.000 mPa.s, vorzugsweise von 100 mPa.s bis 5.000 mPa.s, mehr bevorzugt von 300 mPa.s bis 2.000 mPa.s, am meisten bevorzugt von 500 mPa.s bis 1.500 mPa.s aufweist, wie auf einem Brookfield RVT-Viskosimeter unter Verwendung einer 21-er Spindel bei 20 U/min bei 25 °C gemessen.
 
12. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Zusammensetzung einen pH-Wert-Bereich von 6 bis 14, vorzugsweise von 7 bis 12, mehr bevorzugt 7,5 bis 10 aufweist, wie bei 10 %-iger Verdünnung in destilliertem Wasser bei 20 °C gemessen.
 
13. Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend mindestens einen Wirkstoff, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus:

i) von 0,05 Gew.-% bis 2 Gew.-%, vorzugsweise von 0,1 Gew.-% bis 1,5 Gew.-%, mehr bevorzugt von 0,5 Gew.-% bis 1 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung einem Salz, vorzugsweise einem einwertigen, zweiwertigen anorganischen Salz oder einer Mischung davon, mehr bevorzugt Natriumchlorid, Natriumsulfat oder einer Mischung davon, am meisten bevorzugt Natriumchlorid;

ii) von 1 Gew.-% bis 10 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung einem Hydrotrop, vorzugsweise Natriumcumolsulfonat;

iii) von 0,01 Gew.-% bis 25 Gew.-% der Gesamtzusammensetzung einem organischen Lösungsmittel, vorzugsweise einem Alkohol, mehr bevorzugt Ethanol, einem Polyalkylenglycol, mehr bevorzugt Polypropylenglycol; und

iv) Mischungen davon.


 
14. Verfahren zum Geschirrspülen von Hand, umfassend die folgenden Schritte: Abgeben einer Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13 an ein Wasservolumen, um eine Waschlösung zu bilden, und Eintauchen des Geschirrs in die Lösung.
 
15. Verwendung einer Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13 zum Bereitstellen einer verbesserten Stabilisierung von Waschlaugen unter Vorhandensein von fettigen Verschmutzungen und/oder einer verbesserten Waschlaugenkonsistenz durch Verdünnung während des gesamten Waschverfahrens.
 


Revendications

1. Composition détergente liquide pour le lavage de la vaisselle à la main comprenant :

a) de 1 % à 60 %, de préférence de 5 % à 50 %, plus préférablement de 8 % à 45 %, le plus préférablement de 15 % à 40 %, en poids de la composition totale d'un système tensioactif, le système tensioactif comprend :

i) un agent tensioactif anionique, de préférence l'agent tensioactif anionique est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'alkyl sulfate, d'alkyl alcoxy sulfate, de préférence d'alkyl éthoxy sulfate, et mélanges de ceux-ci ; et

ii) un co-agent tensioactif primaire choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un agent tensioactif amphotère, d'un agent tensioactif zwittérionique et mélanges de ceux-ci, de préférence l'agent tensioactif amphotère est un agent tensioactif de type oxyde d'amine, l'agent tensioactif zwittérionique est un agent tensioactif de type bétaïne, et mélanges de ceux-ci, plus préférablement le co-agent tensioactif primaire est un agent tensioactif de type oxyde d'amine ;
dans laquelle le rapport pondéral de l'agent tensioactif anionique au co-agent tensioactif primaire, de préférence de l'agent tensioactif anionique au co-agent tensioactif de type oxyde d'amine va de 5:1 à 1:1 ;
et

b) de 0,1 à 10 %, de préférence de 0,5 % à 7,5 %, plus préférablement de 1 à 5 %, en poids de la composition totale d'au moins un copolymère triséquencé oxyde d'éthylène (EO) - oxyde de propylène (PO) - oxyde d'éthylène (EO) de Formule (I) :

        (EO)x-(PO)y-(EO)x     (I)

dans laquelle :

chaque x est indépendamment en moyenne compris entre 5 et 50, de préférence entre 10 et 40, plus préférablement entre 10 et 30 ; et

y est en moyenne compris entre 28 et 60, de préférence entre 30 et 55, plus préférablement entre 30 et 48.


 
2. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le copolymère triséquencé a une masse moléculaire moyenne comprise entre 2 060 et 7 880, de préférence entre 2 620 et 6 710, plus préférablement entre 2 620 et 5 430, le plus préférablement entre 2 800 et 4 700.
 
3. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le copolymère triséquencé a un rapport de y à chaque x allant de 3:1 à 2:1.
 
4. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le copolymère triséquencé a un pourcentage moyen en poids d'EO total compris entre 30 % et 50 % en poids du polymère triséquencé.
 
5. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'alkyl éthoxy sulfate ou le mélange d'alkyl sulfate et d'alkyl éthoxy sulfate a un degré moyen d'éthoxylation inférieur à 5, de préférence inférieur à 3, plus préférablement inférieur à 2 et supérieur à 0,5, et de préférence un taux moyen de ramification allant de 5 % à 60 %, plus préférablement allant de 10 % à 50 %, et encore plus préférablement allant de 20 % et 40 %, et de préférence dans laquelle l'alkyl éthoxy sulfate ou le mélange d'alkyl sulfate et d'alkyl éthoxy sulfate a une longueur moyenne de chaîne carbonée alkyle allant de 8 à 16, de préférence allant de 12 à 15, plus préférablement allant de 12 à 14.
 
6. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'agent tensioactif d'oxyde d'amine est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'oxyde d'alkyl amine linéaire ou ramifié, oxyde d'alkyl amidopropyl amine linéaire ou ramifié, et leurs mélanges, de préférence oxyde d'alkyl diméthyl aminé linéaire, plus préférablement oxyde d'alkyl diméthyl amine en C10 linéaire, oxydes d'alkyl diméthyl amine en C12 à C14 linéaires et leurs mélanges, le plus préférablement oxyde d'alkyl diméthyl aminé en C12 à C14.
 
7. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le rapport pondéral de l'agent tensioactif anionique au co-agent tensioactif primaire, de préférence de l'agent tensioactif anionique à l'agent tensioactif de type oxyde d'amine va de 4:1 à 2:1.
 
8. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le système tensioactif de la composition comprend en outre de 0,1 % à 10 % en poids de la composition totale d'un système co-tensioactif secondaire comprenant de préférence un agent tensioactif non ionique, de préférence un agent tensioactif éthoxylate d'alkyle, comprenant de préférence de 9 à 15 atomes de carbone dans sa chaîne alkyle et de 5 à 12 motifs oxyde d'éthylène par mole d'alcool.
 
9. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre de 0,05 % à 2 % en poids de la composition totale d'une polyalkylèneimine alcoxylée amphiphile et mélanges de celle-ci, dans laquelle la polyalkylèneimine alcoxylée amphiphile est un polymère de polyéthylèneimine alcoxylée comprenant un squelette polyéthylèneimine ayant une plage de masses moléculaires moyennes allant de 100 à 5 000, de préférence allant de 400 à 2 000, plus préférablement allant de 400 à 1 000 Daltons, et le polymère polyéthylèneimine alcoxylée comprenant en outre :

i) une ou deux modifications de type alcoxylation par atome d'azote par une chaîne polyalcoxylène ayant une moyenne d'environ 1 à environ 50 fragments alcoxy par modification, dans laquelle le fragment alcoxy terminal de la modification de type alcoxylation est coiffé avec un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1 à C4 ou mélanges de ceux-ci ;

ii) un ajout d'un fragment alkyle en C1 à C4 et une ou deux modifications de type alcoxylation par atome d'azote par une chaîne polyalcoxylène ayant une moyenne d'environ 1 à environ 50 fragments alcoxy par modification, dans laquelle le fragment alcoxy terminal est coiffé avec un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1 à C4 ou mélanges de ceux-ci ; ou

iii) une de leurs combinaisons ; et

dans laquelle les fragments alcoxy comprennent éthoxy (EO) et/ou propoxy (PO) et/ou butoxy (BO) et dans laquelle lorsque la modification de type alcoxylation comprend EO elle comprend également PO ou BO.
 
10. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes comprenant en outre une polyamine cyclique de Formule (I) :

dans laquelle R1, R2, R3, R4 et R5 sont chacun indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué de NH2, -H, un alkyle linéaire ou ramifié ayant de 1 à 10 atomes de carbone, et un alcényle linéaire ou ramifié ayant de 1 à 10 atomes de carbone, n va de 0 à 3, de préférence n vaut 1, et dans laquelle au moins l'un des R est NH2 et les R restants sont indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué de NH2, -H, un alkyle linéaire ou ramifié ayant de 1 à 10 atomes de carbone, un alcényle linéaire ou ramifié ayant de 1 à 10 atomes de carbone ; de préférence dans laquelle la polyamine cyclique est une diamine, dans laquelle n vaut 1, R2 est NH2 et au moins l'un parmi R1, R3, R4 et R5 est CH3 et les R restants sont H, le plus préférablement dans laquelle la polyamine cyclique est choisie dans le groupe constitué de la 2-méthylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine, de la 4-méthylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine et de mélanges de celles-ci.
 
11. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la composition a une viscosité allant de 10 mPa.s à 10 000 mPa.s, de préférence allant de 100 mPa.s à 5 000 mPa.s, plus préférablement allant de 300 mPa.s à 2 000 mPa.s, le plus préférablement allant de 500 mPa.s à 1 500 mPa.s, telle que mesurée sur un viscosimètre Brookfield RVT utilisant un mobile cylindrique 21 à 20 tr/min à 25 °C.
 
12. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la composition a une plage de pH allant de 6 à 14, de préférence allant de 7 à 12, plus préférablement allant de 7,5 à 10, tel que mesuré à une dilution de 10 % dans de l'eau distillée à 20 °C.
 
13. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes comprenant en outre au moins un actif choisi dans le groupe constitué de :

i) de 0,05 % à 2 %, de préférence 0,1 % à 1,5 %, plus préférablement 0,5 % à 1 %, en poids de la composition totale d'un sel, de préférence un sel inorganique monovalent, divalent, ou un mélange de ceux-ci, plus préférablement le chlorure de sodium, le sulfate de sodium ou un mélange de ceux-ci, le plus préférablement le chlorure de sodium ;

ii) de 1 % à 10 % en poids de la composition totale d'un hydrotrope, de préférence le cumène-sulfonate de sodium ;

iii) de 0,01 % à 25 % en poids de la composition totale d'un solvant organique, de préférence un alcool, plus préférablement l'éthanol, un polyalkylène glycol, plus préférablement le polypropylène glycol ; et

iv) des mélanges de ceux-ci.


 
14. Procédé de lavage manuel de la vaisselle comprenant les étapes consistant à : distribuer une composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13 à un volume d'eau pour former une solution de lavage et immerger la vaisselle dans la solution.
 
15. Utilisation d'une composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13 pour apporter une stabilisation améliorée de mousse en présence de salissures grasses et/ou une consistance améliorée de mousse par dilution sur l'ensemble du processus de lavage.
 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description