(19)
(11)EP 3 502 714 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 18211166.6

(22)Date of filing:  07.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G01R 15/18(2006.01)
H01F 5/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 20.12.2017 GB 201721357

(71)Applicant: Eaton Industries (Netherlands) B.V.
7559 SC Hengelo (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • SCHOONENBERG, Gerard
    7559 CR Hengelo (NL)
  • MORSKIEFT, Elisabeth
    7556EA Hengelo (NL)
  • VAN DEN BOGAARD, Wilhelmus Hubertus Maria
    7522 Enschede (NL)

(74)Representative: Eaton IP Group EMEA 
c/o Eaton Industries Manufacturing GmbH Route de la Longeraie 7
1110 Morges
1110 Morges (CH)

  


(54)ROGOWSKI COIL


(57) The invention relates to a Rogowski coil comprising:
- a multilayer printed circuit board having a plurality of layers forming at least an outer top circuit board surface, an outer bottom circuit board surface, an inner top circuit board surface and an inner bottom circuit board surface;
- a first winding formed by a plurality of tracks arranged alternately on the outer top circuit board surface and the outer bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks are electrically connected by vias extending from the outer top circuit board surface to the outer bottom circuit board surface;
- a second, return winding enveloped by the first winding;
wherein the multilayer printed circuit board comprises a central passage opening for passage of a current conducting conductor, wherein the axes of the first and second winding are arranged concentric around the central passage opening, and wherein the first and second winding are electrically arranged in series;
wherein the second, return winding is formed by a plurality of tracks arranged alternately on the inner top circuit board surface and the inner bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks are electrically connected by vias extending from the inner top circuit board surface to the inner bottom circuit board surface; and
wherein the first and second winding have opposite direction of rotation around the respective axis.




Description


[0001] The invention relates to a Rogowski coil comprising:
  • a multilayer printed circuit board having a plurality of layers forming at least an outer top circuit board surface, an outer bottom circuit board surface, an inner top circuit board surface and an inner bottom circuit board surface;
  • a first winding formed by a plurality of tracks arranged alternately on the outer top circuit board surface and the outer bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks are electrically connected by vias extending from the outer top circuit board surface to the outer bottom circuit board surface;
  • a second, return winding enveloped by the first winding;
wherein the multilayer printed circuit board comprises a central passage opening for passage of a current conducting conductor, wherein the axes of the first and second winding are arranged concentric around the central passage opening, and wherein the first and second winding are electrically arranged in series.

[0002] Such a Rogowski coil is for example known from GB 2342783 or US 20040178875.

[0003] GB 2342783 discloses a Rogowski coil arranged on a three layer printed circuit board. Tracks on the outer two layers are electrically connected by vias to form a winding around a central passage opening through which a current conducting conductor extends. The tracks are arranged alternately on the two outer layers, such that a plurality of turns is provided forming the winding. These turns make the winding susceptible for the magnetic field generated by the current in the conductor.

[0004] As the winding is arranged concentric around the conductor, the winding itself is also a turn being susceptible for a disturbing magnetic field perpendicular to the layer of the printed circuit board.

[0005] In order to reduce this disturbing effect, GB 2342783 discloses to provide a counter turn enveloped by the winding on the inner layer of the printed circuit board.

[0006] US 2004 0178875 describes a Rowgowski coil arranged on a five layer printed circuit board. The two most outer layers are used to provide a first winding. The two layers between the center layer and the outer layers is used to provide a second winding in the same direction as the first winding to increase the sensitivity of the Rogowski coil. Two counter turns are provided on the center layer to reduce any disturbing effects in the first and second windings.

[0007] It is an object of the invention to provide an alternative for the Rogowski coil constructions known in the prior art.

[0008] This object is achieved with a Rogowski coil according to the preamble, which is characterized in that the second, return winding is formed by a plurality of tracks arranged alternately on the inner top circuit board surface and the inner bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks are electrically connected by vias extending from the inner top circuit board surface to the inner bottom circuit board surface; and
wherein the first and second winding have opposite direction of rotation around the respective axis.

[0009] With the Rogowski coil according to the invention, the second, return winding increases the sensitivity of the Rogowski coil because the direction of rotation is opposite to the first winding.

[0010] Furthermore, the second, return winding also provides a reduction of disturbances due to magneticfields perpendicular to the printed circuit boards. This is because the second, return winding also forms a turn around the central passage opening, similar to the first winding forms a turn around the central passage opening, but the second, return winding has an opposite direction (as it is the return winding) relative to the first winding.

[0011] The arrangement of the first winding and the second, return winding on only four circuit board surfaces reduces the costs, for example compared to US 2004 0178875, which requires five circuit board surfaces to have an equal sensitivity for the current measurement in the conductor extending through the central passage opening, while having a similar insensitivity for disturbing magnetic fields perpendicular to the printed circuit board.

[0012] The advantage of the second, return winding to be enveloped by the first winding, is that both windings are subjected to the same part of the magnetic field of any external sources. This further increases the accuracy of the Rogowski coil.

[0013] In a preferred embodiment of the Rogowski coil according to the invention the average line of the first winding coincides with the average line of the second winding when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the circuit board surfaces, which average line is defined as the line through the centers of gravity of each turn of a winding viewed in said direction perpendicular to the circuit board surfaces.

[0014] The average line of a winding as defined above forms the effective turn, which is susceptible for disturbing magnetic fields perpendicular to the printed circuit board. By having the average line of the first winding to coincide with the average line of the second, return winding, it is ensured that the disturbing field is fully cancelled.

[0015] In a further embodiment of the Rogowski coil according to the invention the plurality of tracks of the first and second winding are straight. Using straight tracks allows for a simple design of the circuit board surfaces and allows for relative easy calculation of the centers of gravity of each turn, such that the windings can be designed such that the average lines coincide.

[0016] It will be apparent for the person skilled in the art, that the number of windings can be increased by increasing the number of layers of the PCB. As a result, a Rogowski coil according to the invention could be created having two first windings with two second, return windings all arranged in series and enveloped by each other.

[0017] These and other features of the invention will be elucidated in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 shows a schematic top view of a Rogowski coil according to the invention.

Figure 2 shows a cross-section of the Rogowski coil of figure 1.

Figure 3 shows a detail of the coil of figure 1.

Figure 4 shows a schematic cross-section along the average line shown in figure 3.



[0018] Figure 1 shows a Rogowski coil 1 according to the invention. The coil 1 has a printed circuit board 2 with a central passage opening 3 through which a conductor C extends.

[0019] The Rogowski coil 1 has a first winding composed out of tracks 4, 5 and vias 6 and a second, return winding composed out of tracks 7, 8 and vias 9. The first winding 4, 5, 6 and the second, return winding 7, 8, 9 are arranged in series at the coupling 10, where the first winding is electrically connected to the second winding.

[0020] The conductor C generates an magnetic field F, which causes a current I in the first winding 4, 5, 6 and the second, return winding 7, 8, 9. (see figure 2). As the first and second winding have opposite direction of rotation around the respective axis and because the second winding 7, 8, 9 returns back towards the start 11 of the first winding 4, 5, 6, the current I in the first and second windings support each other, such that the sensitivity of the Rogowski coil 1 is increased.

[0021] Figure 3 shows a detail of the Rogowski coil 1 of figure 1. The first winding 4, 5, 6 is depicted. A turn 12 of a first winding 4, 5, 6 is embodied by a track 4, a via 6, a track 5 and a second via 6. Viewed in the direction perpendicular to the surface of the printed circuit board 2, a winding has a center of gravity 13. As a result, the average line 14 of a winding is formed by the curve extending through all centers of gravity 13.

[0022] Figure 4 shows a schematic cross-section along the average line 14. When a disturbing magnetic field Fd falls perpendicular to the surface of the printed circuit board 2, a current I1 will be generated in the first winding 4, 5, 6, while an opposite current I2 will be generated in the second, return winding 7, 8, 9. As the average lines of the first and second windings coincide, the currents I1 and I2, generated by the disturbing magnetic field Fd, will cancel each other out, such that the Rogowski coil 1 will only measure the current in the conductor C.


Claims

1. Rogowski coil (1) comprising:

- a multilayer printed circuit board (2) having a plurality of layers forming at least an outer top circuit board surface, an outer bottom circuit board surface, an inner top circuit board surface and an inner bottom circuit board surface;

- a first winding (4, 5, 6) formed by a plurality of tracks (4, 5) arranged alternately on the outer top circuit board surface and the outer bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks (4, 5) are electrically connected by vias (6) extending from the outer top circuit board surface to the outer bottom circuit board surface;

- a second, return winding (7, 8, 9) enveloped by the first winding (4, 5, 6);

wherein the multilayer printed circuit board (2) comprises a central passage opening (3) for passage of a current conducting conductor (C), wherein the axes of the first and second winding (4, 5, 6; 7, 8, 9) are arranged concentric around the central passage opening (3), and wherein the first and second winding (4, 5, 6; 7, 8, 9) are electrically arranged in series;
characterized in that

- the second, return winding (7, 8, 9) is formed by a plurality of tracks (7, 8) arranged alternately on the inner top circuit board surface and the inner bottom circuit board surface, wherein the plurality of tracks (7, 8) are electrically connected by vias (9) extending from the inner top circuit board surface to the inner bottom circuit board surface; and

wherein the first and second winding (4, 5, 6; 7, 8, 9) have opposite direction of rotation around the respective axis.
 
2. Rogowski coil (1) according to claim 1, wherein the average line (14) of the first winding (4, 5, 6) coincides with the average line of the second winding (7, 8, 9) when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the circuit board surfaces, which average line (14) is defined as the line through the centers of gravity (13) of each turn of a winding (4, 5, 6) viewed in said direction perpendicular to the circuit board surfaces.
 
3. Rogowski coil (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the plurality of tracks (4, 5; 7, 8) of the first and second winding (4, 5, 6; 7, 8, 9) are straight.
 




Drawing










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Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description