(19)
(11)EP 3 505 718 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.05.2021 Bulletin 2021/18

(21)Application number: 18161819.0

(22)Date of filing:  14.03.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E21B 17/02(2006.01)
F16B 11/00(2006.01)
E21B 17/046(2006.01)
E21B 17/00(2006.01)
F04B 47/02(2006.01)

(54)

END FITTING FOR SUCKER RODS

ANSCHLUSS FÜR SAUGERSTANGEN

RACCORD D'EXTRÉMITÉ POUR TIGES DE POMPAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.12.2017 US 201715855793

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/27

(73)Proprietor: Endurance Lift Solutions, LLC
Gainesville, TX 76240 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GERNENTZ, Ryan Scott
    Midland, TX 79705 (US)
  • HRICISÁK, Karol
    Missouri City, TX 77459 (US)

(74)Representative: J A Kemp LLP 
14 South Square Gray's Inn
London WC1R 5JJ
London WC1R 5JJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 4 653 953
US-A1- 2014 102 715
US-A- 4 822 201
US-A1- 2016 060 969
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION


    Not applicable.


    FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0001] The disclosure relates generally to continuous composite or fiberglass rod assemblies for well pump drives and, in particular, to end fittings attachable to such rods.

    BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0002] During production of a well, for example an oil well, the pressure from the well reservoir often becomes insufficient to transport hydrocarbons to the surface without the assistance of a pump. In such cases, a down-hole pump is typically lowered into the well, and attached to the lower end of a sucker rod string. The upper end of the rod string is then attached to a pump jack or similar reciprocating surface apparatus. Through reciprocation of the pump jack, the rod string is used to drive the down-hole pump, enabling continued production of the well.

    [0003] Sucker rods are connected together in a string by connectors or end fittings attached to the ends of each rod. The end fittings comprise a rod receptacle at one end to receive the rod end, and a threaded coupling at the other end to threadingly connect to the end fitting of the next successive rod. The space between the interior wall of the rod receptacle and the external surface of the rod defines a space or annulus which is filled with epoxy or some other initially flowable adhesive similar to epoxy. The epoxy cures into a solid which bonds to the rod and takes the form of a series of wedges that cooperatively engage complementary surfaces in the rod receptacle to prevent rod pullouts (wherein the rod is pulled out of the connector rod receptacle) that would otherwise result in failure of the string.

    [0004] Production of the well leads to fluids flowing in an annulus area. The annulus area is defined by the area between the sucker rod string and the well in the radial direction. The diameter of the end fittings can be a flow deterrent for fluid flowing through the annulus area. Accordingly, there is a need for an end fitting that can handle the forces and conditions encountered in the well and also allow for better fluid flow in the annulus outside of the sucker rod string.

    [0005] The foregoing background discussion is intended solely to aid the reader. It is not intended to limit the innovations described herein, nor to limit or expand the prior art discussed. Thus, the foregoing discussion should not be taken to indicate that any particular element of a prior system is unsuitable for use with the innovations described herein, nor is it intended to indicate that any element is essential in implementing the innovations described herein. The implementations and application of the innovations described herein are defined by the appended claims.
    US 4653953, US 4822201, US 2016/060969 and US 2014/102715 disclose background art.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0006] The present invention provides an end fitting as in claim 1 and the sucker rod and end fitting assembly as in claim 7.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a portion of a sucker rod string incorporating a sucker rod end fitting in accordance with the present disclosure.

    FIG. 2 is a revolved cross-sectional view of the sucker rod end fitting constructed in accordance with the present disclosure.

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the end fitting in accordance with the present disclosure.

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a portion of the end fitting shown in FIG. 3 in accordance with the present disclosure.

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a portion of the end fitting shown in FIG. 4 in accordance with the present disclosure.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0008] Referring now to FIG. 1, shown therein is a plurality of sucker rod end fittings 10 and rods 12 cooperating to form a rod string 14. Each end fitting 10 may be secured to each end of the fiberglass rods 12. To form the rod string 14, adjacent end fittings 10 of adjacent fiberglass rods 12 are secured to a coupling 16. The coupling 16 may be formed as an annular tube with threads along an interior surface of the tube.

    [0009] FIGS. 2 and 3 show one of the end fittings 10 in more detail. The end fitting comprises a substantially cylindrical body 18 extending along a longitudinal axis 20. The body 18 defines a generally solid coupling portion 22 and a generally annular receptacle portion 24. The receptacle portion 22 includes a rod receptacle or cavity 26 with an end opening 28 commencing at open end surface 30. Cavity 26 terminates at pilot bore surface 32. Connective interior surface 34 is a surface of revolution that defines a plurality of spaced conical shapes.

    [0010] As is known in the art, when an end of a fiberglass rod 12 is inserted into the rod receptacle 26, an exterior surface of the fiberglass rod and the interior surface 34 of receptacle 26 to form annular, wedge-shaped voids 36 around the fiberglass rod 12 sometime referred to as annuli. When a suitable adhesive, such as heat-cured epoxy or other adhesive known in the art, is introduced into the receptacle 26 along with the end of the fiberglass rod 12, the adhesive fills the annular wedged-shaped voids 36 such that, the adhesive is cured and bonded to the fiberglass rod 12. The resulting solid portions of wedge-shaped adhesive cooperate with the complementary surfaces of the voids 36 to secure the end fitting 10 to the fiberglass rod 12.

    [0011] The coupling portion 22 of end fitting 10 includes a pin portion 38 commencing at a coupling or solid end surface 40 that that permits connection of the end fitting 10 to other end fittings. For example, the pin portion 38 may include external threads (not shown) along its exterior surface configured to mate with complementary threads (not shown) of a coupling 16 seen in FIG. 1. As further shown, the coupling portion 22 of end fitting 10 may comprise additional structures such as wrench flats 42 located adjacent the pin portion 38.

    [0012] The end fitting 10 includes an area of predictive failure, generally designated 44, incorporated into the coupling portion 22 of sucker rod end fitting 10. As illustrated, the area of predictive failure 44 of this embodiment includes a blind bore or hole 46 aligned with a longitudinal axis 20 of the end fitting 10 extending through the body of the of the coupling portion 22 from solid end surface 40. The bore 46 terminates within the body of the pin portion 38 generally near the beginning of the wrench flats 42 does not extend through the entire length of the coupling portion 22. Rather it terminates prior to reaching the pilot bore surface 32 located in receptacle or cavity 26.

    [0013] In a further embodiment of the present disclosure shown in more detail in FIGS. 4 and 5, the annular receptacle portion 24 of the end fitting 10 has an outer diameter 48 and an inner diameter that varies due to a unique geometry of the interior surface 34 of the end fitting 10. The unique geometry of the interior surface 34 permits the outer diameter 48 of the annular receptacle portion 24 to be lower than previously believed in the art. Previously, the outer diameter of end fittings had to be a certain length so that the end fittings could withstand the operating conditions and forces exerted on the end fittings by engagement with the rod 12. The unique geometry of the interior surface 34 provides surprising results in that the end fitting 10 can have a considerably narrower profile (narrower outer diameter of the annular receptacle portion 24). The narrower profile permits better fluid flow in the well around the end fittings 10, and thus the rod string 14.

    [0014] The unique geometry on the interior surface 34 of the annular receptacle portion 24 is comprised of a series of wedge portions 50 that extend inwardly to engage the rod 12. The annular, wedge-shaped voids 36 described herein are disposed between the wedge portions 50. Each wedge portion 50 includes a peak portion 52, a first angled portion 54 disposed on the open end surface 30 side of the peak portion 52 and a second angled portion 56 disposed on the pilot bore surface 32 side of the peak portion 52. The wedge portions 50 are separated by transition areas 58 that exist at the interior surface 34 between the second angled portion 56 of a wedge portion 50 and the first angled portion 54 of an adjacent wedge portion 50. An inner diameter D1 exists between each peak portion 52 of each wedge portion 50 in the annular receptacle portion 24. Similarly, a second inner diameter D2 exists between each transition area 58 disposed between each pair of adjacent wedge portions 50. The peak portions 52 of the wedge portions 50 can all have the same radius R1 and the transition areas 58 can all have the same radius R2.

    [0015] The first angled portion 54 of each wedge portion 50 in the series of wedge portions 50 is essentially the same for each wedge portion 50. The second angled portions 56 of each wedge portion 50 is unique. As shown in FIG. 4, each second angled portion 56 has a unique angle θN with respect to the longitudinal axis 20. In one embodiment, the angle θN of the second angled portions 56 increases for each wedge portion 50 as the wedge portions 50 are positioned from the open end surface 30 to the pilot bore surface 32 of the annular receptacle portion 24. In other words, the angle θN for second angled portion 56 of the wedge portion 50 closest to the open end surface 30 of the annular receptacle portion 24 is lower than the angle θN of the second angled portion 56 of the wedge portion 50 closest to the pilot bore surface 32 of the annular receptacle portion 24. The length of the second angled portions 56 decreases as the angle θN increases.

    [0016] In an exemplary embodiment, FIG. 4 shows the end fitting 10 with numerous wedge portions 50 and numerous angles θN corresponding to the second angled portions 56. In this embodiment, there are 11 wedge portions 50 shown and 11 angles θN and 1 angle β shown. The angles θN are depicted by θ1 - θ11. The angles θ1 - θ11 are associated with the second angled portion 56 of a corresponding wedge portion 50. The angle β is the angle of the connective interior surface 34 between the wedge portion 50 closest to the open end surface 30 and the open end surface 30. This portion of the connective interior surface 34 is referred to as an angled inner surface 60.

    [0017] In this embodiment, the second angled portion 56 of each wedge portion 50 increases from one wedge portion 50 to the next adjacent wedge portion 50. In other words, the difference in the angle θ1 and the angle θ2 is smaller than the difference between the angle θ2 and the angle θ3. Furthermore, the the difference in the angle θ2 and the angle θ3 is smaller than the difference between the angle θ3 and the angle θ4. This would prove to be true all the way through the wedge portions 50 whereby the difference in the angle θ8 and the angle θ9 is smaller than the difference between the angle θ9 and the angle θ10. The previous structure applies to the angle β as well. The difference between angle β and the angle θ1 is smaller than the difference in the angle θ1 and the angle θ2.

    [0018] The angle of the second angled portions 56 and the angled inner surface 60 can be determined by an equation where x is the position of the angled surface (the second angled portions 56 and the angled inner surface 60) relative to the open end surface 30 and y is the angle of the angled surface relative to the longitudinal axis 20. Alternatively, you can determine the angle of the second angled portion 56 or the angled inner surface 60 by making x the number of the wedge portion 50 that comes immediately after the angled surface for with the angel is being determined. For example, if the angle β is being determined, x would be 1 because the first wedge portion 50a from the open end surface 30 is positioned as the first wedge portion 50a after the angled inner surface 60. Furthermore, if the angle θ1 is being determined, x would be 2 because the second wedge portion 50b from the open end surface 30 is positioned as the next wedge portion 50 after the second angled portion 56 of the first wedge portion 50a. The equation is as follows:



    [0019] For the exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the following is a table showing the surface angle results:
    Surface AngleXYNominal AngleChange in Angle
    β 1 5.07 5.0° N/A
    Θ1 2 5.26 5.3° 0.3
    Θ2 3 5.63 5.7° 0.4
    Θ3 4 6.15 6.2° 0.5
    Θ4 5 6.80 6.8° 0.6
    Θ5 6 7.56 7.5° 0.7
    Θ6 7 8.39 8.3° 0.8
    Θ7 8 9.29 9.2° 0.9
    Θ8 9 10.23 10.2° 1.0
    Θ9 10 11.19 11.3° 1.1
    Θ10 11 12.14 12.2° 0.9
    Θ11 12 13.094 12.9 0.7


    [0020] As shown in the table above, the change in surface angle increases by a tenth of a degree and increases at this rate for about 80% to about 85% of the engagement length of the annular receptacle portion 24. After the 80% to about 85% of the engagement length of the annular receptacle portion 24, the change in the surface angles decreases. The increase in surface angle and length of the second angled portions 56 of the wedge portions 50 allows the volume of the wedge portions 50 to be fully utilized which creates a more uniform stress distribution. The uniform stress distribution minimizes the amount of axial deformation (slip of the rod 12) within the end fitting 10.

    [0021] The unique geometry described herein for the connective interior surface 34 of the annular receptacle portion 24 permits a decreased outer diameter of the annular receptacle portion 24 without sacrificing the operational performance of the end fitting 10. Typically, the outer diameter of an end fitting for use with 3.18 cm (1.25") API rod is about 5 cm (2"). Using the unique geometry herein, the outer diameter can be decreased to about 4.6 cm (1.81"). This results in a reduction in the outer diameter of more than 0.46 cm (0.18") or 9%.

    [0022] Similarly, the typical outer diameter of an end fitting for use with 2.5 cm (1") API rod is about 4.13 cm (1.625"). Using the unique geometry herein, the outer diameter can be decreased to about 3.8 cm (1.5"). This results in a reduction in the outer diameter of more than 0.32 cm (0.125") or 8%.

    [0023] Another way to capture this reduction in outer diameter of the end fitting 10 is to capture it in light of the size of the rod 12 the end fitting 10 is being used with. In one embodiment, the outer diameter of the end fitting 10 can be within about 55% of the diameter of the rod 12 or 55% larger than the diameter of the rod 12. In another embodiment of the present disclosure, the outer diameter of the end fitting 10 can be within about 50% of the diameter of the rod 12 or 50% larger than the diameter of the rod 12. In yet another embodiment of the present disclosure, the outer diameter of the end fitting 10 can be within 45% of the diameter of the rod 12 or 45% larger than the diameter of the rod 12.

    [0024] Typical sized tubing that rod strings 14 are deployed have internal diameters of 5 cm (2") (outer diameter of 6 cm (2-3/8")) and 6.4 cm (2.5") (outer diameter of 7.3 cm (2-7/8")). Normal end fittings for 3.18 cm (1.25") rods cannot typically be deployed in 6 cm (2-3/8") tubing due to the outer diameter being essentially equal to the internal diameter of the 6cm (2-3/8") tubing. With the end fittings 10 described herein, the end fittings for 3.18 cm (1.25") rods cannot typically be deployed in 6 cm (2-3/8") tubing due to the outer diameter being too close in size to the 6 cm (2-3/8") tubing. The ability to reduce the outer diameter of the end fitting 10 as described herein permits the use of end fittings for 3.18 cm (1.25") rods with 6cm (2-3/8") tubing.

    [0025] Furthermore, end fittings 10 described herein for 3.18 cm (1.25") rods can now be deployed in 7.3 cm (2-7/8") tubing and create an increased annulus area and reduce the flow restriction of fluids in the annulus area. Similarly, the end fitting 10 described herein for use with 2.5 cm (1") API rod can be deployed with 6 cm (2-3/8") tubing or 7.3 cm (2-7/8") tubing and create an increased annulus area and reduce the flow restriction of fluids in the annulus area.

    [0026] While particular preferred embodiments have been shown and described, those skilled in the art will appreciate that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the teachings disclosed herein. It is therefore contemplated that any and all modifications, variations or equivalents of the above-described teachings fall within the scope of the basic underlying principles disclosed above.

    [0027] In a further embodiment of the present disclosure, a method of using the end fitting 10 described herein is provided. The end fitting 10 can be used in a method of withdrawing or producing fluids from an oil and gas well. The end fitting 10 can be used in a method of constructing the rod string 14 to be used in oil and gas wells.


    Claims

    1. An end fitting (10) attachable to an end of a sucker rod (12), comprising:

    a generally cylindrical body (18) including a receptacle portion and a coupling portion (22) along a longitudinal axis (20);

    the receptacle portion (24) having a receptacle extending inwardly from an open end surface (30) of the body (18) along the longitudinal axis (20) for receiving the sucker rod end therein, the receptacle having a plurality of wedge portions (50) disposed therein and the receptacle portion (24) having an engagement length where the sucker rod (12) is engaged;

    the coupling portion (22) extending from a coupling end surface of the body (18) opposite the open end surface (30), and configured to connect the end fitting (10) to another component;

    the wedge portions (50) each have a peak portion(52), a first angled portion (54) disposed on the open end surface (30) side of the peak portion (52) and a second angled portion(56) disposed on a pilot bore surface (32) side of the peak portion (52); and

    the second angled portions (56) each have an angle with respect to the longitudinal axis (20) wherein each angle of the second angled portions (56) increases in the direction from the open end surface (30) of the receptacle portion (24) toward the coupling portion (22) of the end fitting (10) characterized in that the second angled portions (56) of each wedge creates a series of successive second angled portions, the difference in angle of each pair of successive second angled portions is greater than the difference in angle of each adjacent pair of successive second angled portions for about 80% to about 85% of the engagement length.


     
    2. The end fitting (10) of claim 1, wherein the difference in angle between each pair of successive second angled portions is 0.1 degrees greater than the difference in angle of each adjacent pair of successive second angled portions.
     
    3. The end fitting (10) of claim 1, wherein the difference in angle between each pair of successive second angled portions is 0.1 degrees greater than the difference in angle of each adjacent pair of successive second angled portions for about 80% to about 85% of the engagement length.
     
    4. The end fitting (10) of claims 2 or 3 wherein the difference in angle between each pair of successive second angled portions and the difference in angle of each adjacent pair of successive second angled portions decreases after about 80% to about 85% of the engagement length.
     
    5. The end fitting of any one of claims 1 to 4 wherein each peak portion (52) has a substantially equal inner diameter.
     
    6. The end fitting (10) of any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein transition areas (58) exist between the second angled portion of the wedge portion (50) and the first angled portion of an adjacent wedge portion (50), each transition area (58) has a substantially equal inner diameter.
     
    7. The end fitting of any one of claims 1-6, wherein:

    a) the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10) has an outer diameter being 55% larger than the diameter of the sucker rod (12) inserted into the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10); or

    b) the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10) has an outer diameter being 50% larger than the diameter of the sucker rod (12) inserted into the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10); or

    c) the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10) has an outer diameter being 45% larger than the diameter of the sucker rod (12) inserted into the receptacle portion (24) of the end fitting (10).


     
    8. A sucker rod and end fitting assembly comprising:

    a sucker rod (12) including a sucker rod end; and

    the end fitting (10) of any one of the claims 1 to 7 secured to the sucker rod end.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Endstück (10), das an einem Ende einer Saugstange (12) befestigt werden kann und Folgendes umfasst:

    einen allgemein zylindrischen Körper (18) mit einem Aufnahmeabschnitt und einem Kupplungsabschnitt (22) entlang einer Längsachse (20);

    wobei der Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) einen Behälter aufweist, der sich von einer offenen Endfläche (30) des Körpers (18) entlang der Längsachse (20) nach innen erstreckt, um das Saugstangenende darin aufzunehmen; wobei der Behälter mehrere darin angeordnete Keilabschnitte (50) aufweist und der Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) eine Eingriffslänge aufweist, in die die Saugstange (12) eingreift;

    wobei sich der Kupplungsabschnitt (22) von einer Kupplungsendfläche des Körpers (18) gegenüber der offenen Endfläche (30) erstreckt und dafür konfiguriert ist, das Endstück (10) mit einer anderen Komponente zu verbinden;

    wobei die Keilabschnitte (50) jeweils einen Spitzenabschnitt (52) aufweisen, wobei ein erster abgewinkelter Abschnitt (54) auf der Seite der offenen Endfläche (30) des Spitzenabschnitts (52) angeordnet ist und ein zweiter abgewinkelter Abschnitt (56) auf einer Seite der Pilotbohrungsoberfläche (32) des Spitzenabschnitts (52) angeordnet ist; und

    wobei die zweiten abgewinkelten Abschnitte (56) jeweils einen Winkel bezüglich der Längsachse (20) aufweisen, wobei jeder Winkel der zweiten abgewinkelten Abschnitte (56) in der Richtung von der offenen Endfläche (30) des Aufnahmeabschnitts (24) zum Kupplungsabschnitt (22) des Endstücks (10) zunimmt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten abgewinkelten Abschnitte (56) jedes Keils eine Reihe aufeinanderfolgender zweiter abgewinkelter Abschnitte erzeugen und die Winkeldifferenz jedes Paares aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte größer ist als die Winkeldifferenz jedes benachbarten Paares aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte für etwa 80% bis etwa 85% der Eingriffslänge.


     
    2. Endstück (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Winkeldifferenz zwischen jedem Paar aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte 0,1 Grad größer ist als die Winkeldifferenz jedes benachbarten Paares aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte.
     
    3. Endstück (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Winkeldifferenz zwischen jedem Paar aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte 0,1 Grad größer ist als die Winkeldifferenz jedes benachbarten Paares aufeinanderfolgender zweiter Winkelabschnitte für etwa 80% bis etwa 85% der Eingriffslänge.
     
    4. Endstück (10) nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei die Winkeldifferenz zwischen jedem Paar aufeinanderfolgender zweiter abgewinkelter Abschnitte und die Winkeldifferenz jedes benachbarten Paares aufeinanderfolgender zweiter abgewinkelter Abschnitte nach etwa 80% bis etwa 85% der Eingriffslänge abnimmt.
     
    5. Endstück nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei jeder Spitzenabschnitt (52) einen im Wesentlichen gleichen Innendurchmesser aufweist.
     
    6. Endstück (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei Übergangsbereiche (58) zwischen dem zweiten abgewinkelten Abschnitt des Keil ab schnitts (50) und dem ersten abgewinkelten Abschnitt eines benachbarten Keilabschnitts (50) vorhanden sind, wobei jeder Übergangsbereich (58) einen im Wesentlichen gleichen Innendurchmesser aufweist.
     
    7. Endstück nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei:

    a) der Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) einen Außendurchmesser aufweist, der 55% größer ist als der Durchmesser der Saugstange (12), die in den Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) eingesetzt ist; oder

    b) der Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) einen Außendurchmesser aufweist, der 50 % größer ist als der Durchmesser der Saugstange (12), die in den Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) eingesetzt ist; oder

    c) der Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) einen Außendurchmesser aufweist, der 45% größer ist als der Durchmesser der Saugstange (12), die in den Aufnahmeabschnitt (24) des Endstücks (10) eingesetzt ist.


     
    8. Baugruppe aus Saugstange und Endstück, die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Saugstange (12) mit einem Saugstangenende; und

    das Endstück (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, das am Saugstangenende befestigt ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Embout (10) pouvant être fixé à une extrémité d'une tige de pompage (12), comprenant :

    un corps généralement cylindrique (18) comprenant une partie de réceptacle et une partie de couplage (22) le long d'un axe longitudinal (20) ;

    la partie de réceptacle (24) ayant un réceptacle s'étendant vers l'intérieur à partir d'une surface d'extrémité ouverte (30) du corps (18) le long de l'axe longitudinal (20) pour recevoir l'extrémité de tige de pompage à l'intérieur, le réceptacle ayant une pluralité de parties de coin (50) disposées à l'intérieur et la partie de réceptacle (24) ayant une longueur d'engagement où la tige de pompage (12) est engagée;

    la partie de couplage (22) s'étendant à partir d'une surface d'extrémité de couplage du corps (18) opposée à la surface d'extrémité ouverte (30), et configurée pour connecter l'embout (10) à un autre composant ;

    les parties de coin (50) ont chacune une partie de crête (52), une première partie coudée (54) disposée sur le côté de la surface d'extrémité ouverte (30) de la partie de crête (52) et une seconde partie coudée (56) disposée sur un côté de la surface d'alésage pilote (32) de la partie de crête (52); et

    les secondes parties coudées (56) ont chacune un angle par rapport à l'axe longitudinal (20) dans lequel chaque angle des secondes parties coudées (56) augmente dans la direction à partir de la surface d'extrémité ouverte (30) de la partie de réceptacle (24) vers la partie de couplage (22) de l'embout (10) caractérisé en ce que les secondes parties coudées (56) de chaque coin créent une série de secondes parties coudées successives, la différence d'angle de chaque paire de secondes parties coudées successives est supérieure à la différence d'angle de chaque paire adjacente de secondes parties coudées successives sur environ 80% à environ 85% de la longueur d'engagement.


     
    2. Embout (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la différence d'angle entre chaque paire de secondes parties coudées successives est de 0,1 degré supérieure à la différence d'angle de chaque paire adjacente de secondes parties coudées successives.
     
    3. Embout (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la différence d'angle entre chaque paire de secondes parties coudées successives est de 0,1 degré supérieure à la différence d'angle de chaque paire adjacente de secondes parties coudées successives sur environ 80% à environ 85% de la longueur d'engagement.
     
    4. Embout (10) selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel la différence d'angle entre chaque paire de secondes parties coudées successives et la différence d'angle de chaque paire adjacente de secondes parties coudées successives diminuent après environ 80% à environ 85% de la longueur d'engagement.
     
    5. Embout selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel chaque partie de crête (52) a un diamètre intérieur sensiblement égal.
     
    6. Embout (10) de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel des zones de transition (58) existent entre la seconde partie coudée de la partie de coin (50) et la première partie coudée d'une partie de coin adjacente (50), chaque zone de transition (58) a un diamètre intérieur sensiblement égal.
     
    7. Embout selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel :

    a) la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10) a un diamètre extérieur qui est 55% plus grand que le diamètre de la tige de pompage (12) insérée dans la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10) ; ou

    b) la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10) a un diamètre extérieur qui est 50% plus grand que le diamètre de la tige de pompage (12) insérée dans la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10) ; ou

    c) la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10) a un diamètre extérieur qui est 45% plus grand que le diamètre de la tige de pompage (12) insérée dans la partie de réceptacle (24) de l'embout (10).


     
    8. Ensemble de tige de pompage et d'embout comprenant :

    une tige de pompage (12) comprenant une extrémité de tige de pompage ; et

    l'embout (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7 fixé à l'extrémité de tige de pompage.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description