(19)
(11)EP 3 508 736 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
10.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/28

(21)Application number: 17846576.1

(22)Date of filing:  30.08.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F15B 15/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/031187
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/043572 (08.03.2018 Gazette  2018/10)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 02.09.2016 JP 2016172186

(71)Applicant: Bridgestone Corporation
Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • OONO, Shingo
    Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)
  • TARUTANI, Yasunori
    Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)

(74)Representative: Oxley, Robin John George 
Marks & Clerk LLP 15 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BW
London EC4A 1BW (GB)

  


(54)FLUID PRESSURE ACTUATOR


(57) To provide a hydraulic actuator capable of firmly preventing malfunction caused by dropping off of a tube and a sleeve from a sealing member in a case in which high pressure is applied such as a case in which oil pressure driving is adopted. The hydraulic actuator 10 has a sealing mechanism 200. The sealing mechanism 200 has a sealing member 210 into which an actuator main portion 100 is inserted, a crimping ring 230 that binds the actuator main portion 100, and a locking ring 220 that locks a sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210. The sealing member 210 has a body portion 212, a head portion 211, and a flange portion arranged between the body portion 212 and the head portion 211. The flange portion 214 is protruded outward in a radial direction of the actuator main portion 100 more than the body portion 212.




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to a hydraulic actuator that expands and contracts a tube by using gas or liquid, in particular, a so-called McKibben type hydraulic actuator.

[Background Art]



[0002] Conventionally, in the hydraulic actuator that expands and contracts the tube as described above, a structure (so-called McKibben type structure) including a rubber tube (tubular body), which is expanded and contracted by air pressure, and a sleeve (braided reinforcing structure), which covers an outer periphery of the tube, is widely adopted (for example, Patent Literature 1).

[0003] Both ends of an actuator main portion formed by the tube and the sleeve are crimped by a sealing member formed of metal.

[0004] The sleeve is formed as a tubular structural body in which a high tension fiber such as a polyamide fiber, or a metal cord is braided. The sleeve is formed to restrict an expansion movement of the tube within a predetermined range.

[0005] Such a hydraulic actuator is used in various fields, in particular, preferably used as an artificial muscle in nursing equipment or healthcare equipment.

[Citation List]


[Patent Literature]



[0006] [PTL 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No, S61-236905

[Summary of Invention]



[0007]  The hydraulic actuator described above is also adopted in a robot in addition to the artificial muscle in the nursing equipment or the healthcare equipment. Such a hydraulic actuator may be actuated by means of oil pressure driving using mineral oil as fluid in order to obtain high contraction force.

[0008] In the oil pressure driving, extremely high pressure (approximately 5 MPa) is applied in the hydraulic actuator. Such high pressure might cause malfunction of the hydraulic actuator. Specifically, the actuator main portion, namely the tube and the sleeve, might drop off from the sealing member, so that the malfunction is caused.

[0009] Accordingly, an object of the present invention is, in consideration of the problem described above, to provide a hydraulic actuator capable of firmly preventing malfunction caused by dropping off of a tube and a sleeve from a sealing member in a case in which high pressure is applied such as a case in which oil pressure driving is adopted.

[0010] A hydraulic actuator (hydraulic actuator 10) according to one aspect of the present invention includes: an actuator main portion (actuator main portion 100) formed by a tube (tube 110) having a cylindrical shape that is expanded and contracted by pressure of fluid, and a sleeve (sleeve 120) formed as a structural body in which cords oriented in a predetermined direction are braided, the sleeve being formed to cover an outer periphery of the tube; and a sealing mechanism (for example, sealing mechanism 200) that seals an end portion of the actuator main portion in an axial direction (axial direction DAX) of the actuator main portion.

[0011] The sealing mechanism includes a sealing member (sealing member 210) into which the actuator main portion is inserted, a binding member (for example, crimping ring 230) arranged on an outer periphery of the actuator main portion inserted into the sealing member, the binding member being formed to bind the actuator main portion, and a locking member (for example, locking ring 220) that locks the sleeve to the sealing member.

[0012] The sealing member includes a body portion (body portion 212) into which the tube is inserted, a head portion (head portion 211) continued to the body portion and arranged at an outer side in the axial direction with respect to the body portion, and a flange portion (flange portion 214) arranged between the body portion and the head portion and protruded outward in a radial direction of the actuator main portion more than the body portion.

[Brief Description of Drawings]



[0013] 

Fig. 1 is a side view of a hydraulic actuator 10.

Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a part of the hydraulic actuator 10.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a sealing member 210.

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the sealing member 210 taken along line F4-F4 shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view along an axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including a sealing mechanism 200.

Fig. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a sealing mechanism 200A.

Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view along an axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including the sealing mechanism 200A.

Fig. 8 is an exploded perspective view of a sealing mechanism 200B.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a binding clamp 230A.

Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a binding band 230B.

Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view along an axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including a sealing mechanism 200C.


[Description of Embodiments]



[0014] Next, embodiments will be described with reference to the drawings. Further, the same or similar reference numerals are assigned to parts having the same function or the same configuration, and therefore the description thereof is accordingly omitted.

(1) Whole configuration of hydraulic actuator



[0015] Fig. 1 is a side view of a hydraulic actuator 10 according to the present embodiment. As shown in Fig. 1, the hydraulic actuator 10 is provided with an actuator main portion 100, a sealing mechanism 200, and a sealing mechanism 300.

[0016] The sealing mechanism 200 and the sealing mechanism 300 are formed to seal both end portions of the actuator main portion 100 in an axial direction DAX. Specifically, the sealing mechanism 200 includes a sealing member 210 and a crimping ring 230. The sealing member 210 is formed to seal an end portion of the actuator main portion 100 in the axial direction DAX. Further, the crimping ring 230 is formed to crimp the actuator main portion 100 in conjunction with the sealing member 210. A pressed mark 231 is formed on an outer periphery of the crimping ring 230 when the crimping ring 230 is crimped by a jig.

[0017] The difference between the sealing mechanism 200 and the sealing mechanism 300 is whether a connection port 211a for fluid is formed.

[0018] The actuator main portion 100 is formed by a tube 110 and a sleeve 120. Fluid flows into the actuator main portion 100 via the connection port 211a.

[0019] When the fluid flows into the tube 110, the actuator main portion 100 is contracted in the axial direction DAX of the actuator main portion 100 and is expanded in a radial direction DR of the actuator main portion 100. Further, when the fluid flows out from the tube 110, the actuator main portion 100 is expanded in the axial direction DAX of the actuator main portion 100 and is contracted in the radial direction DR of the actuator main portion 100. With such a shape change of the actuator main portion 100, the hydraulic actuator 10 works as an actuator.

[0020] Examples of the fluid used for driving the hydraulic actuator 10 include gas such as air, liquid such as water and mineral oil. The hydraulic actuator 10 especially has high durability that can endure oil pressure driving in which high pressure is applied to the actuator main portion 100.

[0021] Further, such a hydraulic actuator 10 is formed as a so-called McKibben type actuator and is preferably applied to not only an artificial muscle but also a body limb (an upper limb, a lower limb or the like) of a robot in which higher capability (contraction force) is required.

[0022] Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a part of the hydraulic actuator 10. As shown in Fig. 2, the hydraulic actuator 10 is provided with the actuator main portion 100, and the sealing mechanism 200.

[0023] As described above, the actuator main portion 100 is formed by the tube 110 and the sleeve 120.

[0024] The tube 110 is formed as a tubular body having a cylindrical shape which is expanded and contracted by pressure of fluid. The tube 110 is formed of an elastic material such as butyl rubber so as to allow the repeated contraction and expansion by fluid. In the present embodiment, an inner diameter φ of the tube 110 is 9.5 mm.

[0025] In a case in which the hydraulic actuator 10 is driven by oil pressure, NBR (nitrile rubber) having high oil resistance, or one of the NBR, hydrogenated NBR, chloroprene rubber, and epichlorohydrin rubber, may be adopted as the material of the tube 110,

[0026]  The sleeve 120 is formed in a cylindrical shape to cover an outer periphery of the tube 110. The sleeve 120 is formed as a structural body in which cords oriented in a predetermined direction are braided. The cords oriented in the predetermined direction are intersected to each other so that rhombus shapes are repeatedly formed. Such a shape allows the sleeve 120 to deform like a pantograph and thereby the sleeve 120 follows the deformation of the tube 110 while restricting the contraction and the expansion of the tube 110.

[0027] As the material of the cord which forms the sleeve 120, it is preferable to adopt a fiber cord formed of aromatic polyamide (aramid fiber) or polyethylene terephthalate (PET). However, the material of the cord is not limited to such kinds of the fiber cord, and for example, a metal cord formed of high strength fiber such as PBO fiber (polypara-phenylenebenzobisoxazole) or a fine filament may be adopted.

[0028] The sealing mechanism 200 is formed to seal an end portion of the actuator main portion 100 in the axial direction DAX. The sealing mechanism 200 is formed by the sealing member 210, a locking ring 220, and the crimping ring 230.

[0029] The actuator main portion 100 is inserted into the sealing member 210. As the material of the sealing member 210, a metal material such as stainless steel is preferably adopted. However, the material of the sealing member 210 is not limited to such a material, and therefore a hard plastic material may be adopted.

[0030] The locking ring 220 is formed to lock the sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210. In the present embodiment, the locking ring 220 forms a locking member. Specifically, the sleeve 120 is folded toward an outer side in the radial direction DR via the locking ring 220 (this configuration is not shown in Fig. 2 but shown in FIG. 5).

[0031]  The locking ring 220 includes a cut portion 221 formed by cutting a part of the locking ring 220 so as to allow the locking ring 220 to engage with the sealing member 210. As the material of the locking ring 220, the metal material or the hard plastic material similar to the sealing member 210 may be adopted.

[0032] The crimping ring 230 is arranged on the outer periphery of the actuator main portion 100 inserted into the sealing member 210 so as to bind the actuator main portion 100. In the present embodiment, the crimping ring 230 forms a binding member.

[0033] The crimping ring 230 is formed to crimp the actuator main portion 100 in conjunction with the sealing member 210. As the material of the crimping ring 230, a metal material such as aluminum alloy, brass, and iron may be adopted. The pressed mark 231 (see Fig. 1) is formed when the crimping ring 230 is crimped by a jig.

(2) Configuration of sealing mechanism



[0034] Next, a specific configuration of the sealing mechanism 200 will be described with reference to Fig. 3 to Fig. 5.

(2. 1) Configuration of the sealing member 210



[0035] Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the sealing member 210. Fig, 4 is a cross-sectional view of the sealing member 210 taken along line F4-F4 shown in Fig. 3.

[0036] As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the sealing member 210 has a head portion 211, a body portion 212, and a neck portion 213. Further, the sealing member 210 has a flange portion 214 and a connection portion 216.

[0037] The head portion 211 is continued to the body portion 212. The head portion 211 is arranged at an outer side in the axial direction DAX (see Fig. 1) with respect to the body portion 212. The connection port 211a is formed in the head portion 211.

[0038] A driving pressure source for the hydraulic actuator 10, specifically a hose (piping) connected to a compressor for gas or liquid, is connected to the connection port 211a.

[0039] The head portion 211 has a contact surface 211b contacted with an end surface 232 (not shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, and see Fig. 2 and Fig. 5) of the crimping ring 230 in the axial direction DAX. The contact surface 211b is formed as a flat surface to be contacted with the end surface 232 in a surface contact manner.

[0040] The body portion 212 is a portion into which the tube 110 (see Fig. 1 and Fig. 2) is inserted. Specifically, the body portion 212 is contacted with an inner periphery of the tube 110 inserted into the sealing member 210.

[0041] The body portion 212 has a stepped portion 212a at an outer periphery thereof. The stepped portion 212a is formed to prevent the tube 110 from dropping off from the sealing member 210. The stepped portion 212a is protruded outward in the radial direction DR (see Fig. 1) so as to be a resistance against the tube 110 pulled off from the body portion 212 in a pull off direction.

[0042] The neck portion 213 is arranged between the flange portion 214 and the head portion 211. A diameter of the neck portion 213 is smaller than a diameter of other part of the sealing member 210. In the present embodiment, the diameter φ of the neck portion 213 is 8 mm. Further, a size of the neck portion 213 in the radial direction DR is smaller than those of the body portion 212 and the head portion 211.

[0043] The flange portion 214 is arranged between the body portion 212 and the head portion 211, namely arranged adjacent to the body portion 212 and the neck portion 213. The flange portion 214 is protruded outward in the radial direction DR more than the body portion 212. More specifically, the flange portion 214 is formed in a ring shape protruded outward in the radial direction DR from the outer periphery of the neck portion 213.

[0044] In the present embodiment, a diameter φ of the flange portion 214 is 13 mm. As described above, the diameter φ of the neck portion 213 is 8 mm, and therefore a step difference between the flange portion 214 and the neck portion 213 is 2.5 mm.

[0045] The flange portion 214 has a contact surface 214a contacted with an end surface 111 (not shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, and see Fig. 2 and Fig. 5) of the tube 110 in the axial direction DAX. The contact surface 214a is formed as a flat surface contacted with the end surface 111 in a surface contact manner.

[0046] A through hole 215 is formed along the axial direction DAX in the sealing member 210. The through hole 215 is communicated with the connection port 211a. Fluid flows into the actuator main portion 100 through the through hole 215. In the present embodiment, a diameter φ of the through hole 215 is 3 mm.

[0047] Further, the connection portion 216 is formed in the sealing member 210. Specifically, the connection portion 216 is formed at an outer side in the axial direction DAX with respect to the head portion 211. An engaging hole 216a that engages with a member forming a body limb of a robot is formed in the connection portion 216,

(2. 2) Configuration of the sealing mechanism 200



[0048] Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view along the axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including the sealing mechanism 200.

[0049] As shown in Fig. 5, the tube 110 is inserted into the body portion 212. As described above, the contact surface 214a is contacted with the end surface 111 of the tube 110. Specifically, the contact surface 214a is contacted with the end surface 111 in a surface contact manner. Further, the stepped portion 212a bites the inner periphery of the tube 110 when the actuator main portion 100 is crimped by the crimping ring 230 in conjunction with the sealing member 210, so that the dropping off of the tube 110 from the body portion 212 can be firmly prevented.

[0050] The locking ring 220 is formed on the outer periphery of the sleeve 120. The sleeve 120 is folded to a center side in the axial direction DAX through the locking ring 220. Specifically, the sleeve 120 has a folded portion 120a folded through the locking ring 220. The folded portion 120a is folded to the outer side in the radial direction DR through the locking ring 220 and contacted with the inner periphery of the crimping ring 230.

[0051] The crimping ring 230 fixes the actuator main portion 100 to the sealing member 210 by crimping the tube 110 and the sleeve 120 folded through the locking ring 220, in conjunction with the sealing member 210.

[0052] The crimping ring 230 has a chamfered portion 233. The chamfered portion 233 is formed on an end portion of the crimping ring 230 at the center side in the axial direction DAX. The chamfered portion 233 is formed such that an inner diameter of the crimping ring 203 is spread toward the center side in the axial direction DAX. The chamfered portion 233 is formed to avoid excessive contact between the end portion of the crimping ring 230 at the center side in the axial direction DAX and the folded portion 120a.

[0053] Further, as described above, the contact surface 211b of the head portion 211 is contacted with the end surface 232 of the crimping ring 230. Specifically, the contact surface 211b is contacted with the end surface 232 in a surface contact manner,

(3) Functions and effects



[0054] As described above, the locking ring 220 that locks the sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210 is formed in the hydraulic actuator 10, and the flange portion 214 protruded outward in the radial direction DR is formed in the sealing member 210. Further, the actuator main portion 100 formed by the tube 110 and the sleeve 120 is bound by crimping ring 230.

[0055] Thus, the movement of the locking ring 220 toward the center side in the axial direction DAX is restricted by the flange portion 214, and the movement of the sleeve 120 folded through the locking ring 220 is also restricted. As a result, the tube 110 can be firmly prevented from dropping off from the body portion 212.

[0056] Consequently, the hydraulic actuator 10 can firmly prevent of the malfunction thereof caused by the dropping off of the tube 110 and the sleeve 120 from the sealing member 210 even in a case in which high pressure is applied such as a case in which the hydraulic actuator 10 is driven by means of oil pressure.

[0057] More specifically, when the actuator main portion 100 is crimped by the crimping ring 230 in conjunction with the sealing member 210, the sleeve 120 is directly bound by the crimping ring 230 and the flange portion 214. Thus, a dropping off prevention effect of the actuator main portion 100 is largely improved compared to a configuration in which the flange portion 214 is not arranged. According to the hydraulic actuator 10 described above, it has been found that the actuator main portion 100 does not drop off even if the hydraulic actuator 10 is pulled by force of substantially 3,500 N.

[0058] In the present embodiment, the flange portion 214 is arranged between the body portion 212 and the head portion 211, specifically the flange portion 214 is arranged adjacent to the body portion 212 and the neck portion 213. Further, a size (diameter) of the neck portion 213 in the radial direction DR is smaller than that of each of the body portion 212 and the head portion 211.

[0059]  With this, a distinct step (2.5 mm in the present embodiment) is formed between the neck portion 213 and the flange portion 214, and therefore the movement of the locking ring 220 can be further firmly prevented by the flange portion 214 and the sleeve 120 can be further firmly bound by the crimping ring 230 and the flange portion 214. Consequently, the dropping off of the tube 110 and the sleeve 120 from the sealing member 210 can be further firmly prevented.

[0060] Here, in a case in which the diameter of the neck portion 213 is set to excessively small, the neck portion 213 is easily broken by the tension when the actuator main portion 100 is expanded. On the other hand, it is desired that the inner diameter of the through hole 215 is set to be large to some extent from a viewpoint of avoiding interruption of smooth passing of fluid. Accordingly, it is preferable that the size (φ) of each portion of the sealing member 210 is set as described in the embodiment.

[0061] In the present embodiment, the flange portion 214 is formed in a ring shape protruded outward in the radial direction DR from the outer periphery of the neck portion 213. With this, the flange portion 214 is contacted with the sleeve 120 in a surface contact manner, and thereby the dropping off prevention effect of the actuator main portion 100 can be further improved

[0062] In the present embodiment, the flange portion 214 has the contact surface 214a contacted with the end surface 111 of the tube 110, Further, the head portion 211 has the contact surface 211b contacted with the end surface 232 of the crimping ring 230. With this, a sealing performance of the sealing member 210 can be improved, and the dropping off prevention effect of the actuator main portion 100 can be further improved by the fluid leaked under a high pressure environment.

[0063] In the present embodiment, the chamfered portion 233 of the crimping ring 230 is formed such that the inner diameter of the crimping ring 230 is spread toward the center side in the axial direction DAX. With this, the folded portion 120a of the sleeve 120 can be prevented from being damaged, and the dropping off of the actuator main portion 100 due to the damage of the folded portion 120a can be firmly prevented.

(4) Modified examples of sealing mechanism



[0064] Next, modified examples of the sealing mechanism will be described with reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 10. Hereinafter, a portion different from the sealing mechanism 200 according to the embodiment described above is mainly described, and the description of a similar portion is omitted accordingly.

(4. 1) Modified example 1



[0065] Fig. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a sealing mechanism 200A. Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view along the axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including the sealing mechanism 200A. In Fig. 6, a state before the crimping ring 230 is mounted and the sleeve 120 is folded is illustrated.

[0066] In the sealing mechanism 200A, a locking wire 220A is adopted instead of the locking ring 220. The locking wire 220A is formed by a wire so as to be wound on the outer peripheral of the sleeve 120 at a region corresponding to the neck portion 213 (see Fig. 3 to Fig. 5) of the sealing member 210. The locking wire 220A is one example of the modified examples of the locking member.

[0067] It is preferable that the locking wire 220A is wound at least several times on the outer periphery of the sleeve 120. Both end portions of the locking wire 220A may be bundled by twisting or alternatively may be merely wound on the neck portion 213 without being bundled.

[0068]  The locking wire 220A can lock the sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210 and the dropping off prevention effect of the sleeve 120 can be further improved compared to the locking ring 220.

(4. 2) Modified example 2



[0069] Fig. 8 is an exploded perspective view of a sealing mechanism 200B. In Fig. 8, a state before the crimping ring 230 is mounted and the sleeve 120 is folded is illustrated.

[0070] In the sealing mechanism 200B, a locking clamp 220B is adopted instead of the locking ring 220. The locking clamp 220B has a notch (not shown). The locking clamp 220B is formed to lock the sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210 by using a screw portion 222. The locking clamp 220B is one example of the modified examples of the locking member.

[0071] The locking clamp 220B can lock the sleeve 120 to the sealing member 210 further firmly compared to the locking ring 220 and the locking wire 220A.

(4. 3) Modified example 3



[0072] Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a binding clamp 230A. The binding clamp 230A is adopted instead of the crimping ring 230. The binding clamp 230A is one example of the modified examples of the binding member.

[0073] As shown in Fig. 9, the binding clamp 230A is formed by two pieces of a clamp body portion 234a and a clamp body portion 234b. The clamp body portion 234a and the clamp body portion 234b are connected by using bolts 235 and nuts 236 so as to bind the actuator main portion 100 (see Fig. 1, Fig. 2 or the like).

[0074] The binding clamp 230A is easily mounted and released compared to the crimping ring 230, and therefore the binding clamp 230A can facilitate improvement of maintenance of the hydraulic actuator 10.

(4. 4) Modified example 4



[0075] Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a binding band 230B. The binding band 230B is adopted instead of the crimping ring 230. The binding band 230B is one example of the modified examples of the binding member.

[0076] As shown in Fig. 10, the binding band 230B has a band portion 237 and a screw portion 238. An inner diameter of the band portion 237 is made small by using the screw portion 238 so as to bind the actuator main portion 100 (see Fig. 1, Fig. 2 or the like).

[0077] The binding band 230B is also easily mounted and released compared to the crimping ring 230, and therefore the binding band 230B can facilitate the improvement of the maintenance of the hydraulic actuator 10.

(4. 5) Modified example 5



[0078] Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view along the axial direction DAX of the hydraulic actuator 10 illustrating a part of the hydraulic actuator 10 including a sealing mechanism 200C. As shown in Fig. 11, in the sealing mechanism 200C, a crimping ring 230C is adopted.

[0079] The crimping ring 230C has a protrusion portion 239 protruded toward an inner side in the radial direction DR at a side of the head portion 211 of the sealing member 210, namely at an end portion at the outer side in the axial direction DAX, compared to the crimping ring 230 (see Fig. 5).

[0080] According to the crimping ring 230C, the movement of the locking ring 220 can be further firmly restricted by the protrusion portion 239, and thereby the dropping off prevention effect of the actuator main portion 100 can be further improved.

(5) Other embodiments



[0081] As described above, the content of the present invention was described through the embodiment. However, the present invention is not limited to the embodiment and therefore it is obvious for a person skilled in the art that various modifications and improvements can be adopted.

[0082] For example, in the embodiment described above, the sealing member 210 has the neck portion 213 smaller than other part. However, such a neck portion 213 is not necessarily formed. That is, a neck portion having substantially the same size as that of the body portion 212 may be arranged between the head portion 211 and the flange portion 214 of the sealing member 210.

[0083] Further, the contact surface 214a of the flange portion 214 may not be formed in a flat surface that can be contacted with the end surface 111 of the tube 110 in a surface contact manner. Similarly, the contact surface 211b of the head portion 211 may not be formed in a flat surface that can be contacted with the end surface 232 of the crimping ring 230. Further, the chamfered portion 233 of the crimping ring 230 is not necessarily formed.

[0084] In the embodiment described above, the flange portion 214 is formed in a ring shape. However, the flange portion 214 is not necessarily formed in a ring shape, and therefore the flange portion 214 may be formed in a polygonal shape (for example, an octagonal shape).

[0085] Further, the connection portion 216 of the sealing member 210 may not be formed. That is, the connection portion 216 may be or may not be formed so as to correspond to a usage of the hydraulic actuator 10. Further, a screw portion may be formed in the connection portion 216 so that the connection portion 216 is detachable to the head portion 211.

[0086] In the embodiment described above, the sleeve 120 is folded through the locking ring 220. However, the sleeve 120 is not necessarily folded to the center side in the axial direction DAX.

[0087] As described above, although the embodiments of the present invention were described, the descriptions and drawings that form a part of this disclosure are not to be considered as limitation to the present invention. From this disclosure, a variety of alternate embodiments, examples, and applicable techniques will become apparent to a person skilled in the art.

[0088] The entire contents of Japanese Patent Application No. 2016-172186 (filed on September 2, 2016) are incorporated herein by reference.

[Industrial Applicability]



[0089] The hydraulic actuator according to one aspect of the present invention can firmly prevent the malfunction caused by the dropping off of the tube and the sleeve from the sealing member in a case in which high pressure is applied such as a case in which the oil pressure driving is adopted.

[Reference Signs List]



[0090] 

10: hydraulic actuator

100: actuator main portion

110: tube

111: end surface

120: sleeve

120a: folded portion

200, 200A, 200B: sealing mechanism

210: sealing member

211: head portion

211a: connection port

211b: contact surface

212: body portion

212a: stepped portion

213: neck portion

214: flange portion

214a: contact surface

215: through hole

216: connection portion

216a: engaging hole

220: locking ring

220A: locking wire

220B: locking clamp

221: cut portion

230, 230C: crimping ring

230A: binding clamp

230B: binding band

231: pressed mark

232: end surface

233: chamfered portion

234a, 234b: clamp body portion

235: bolt

236: nut

237: band portion

238: screw portion

239: protrusion portion

300: sealing mechanism




Claims

1. A hydraulic actuator comprising:

an actuator main portion formed by a tube having a cylindrical shape that is expanded and contracted by pressure of fluid, and a sleeve formed as a structural body in which cords oriented in a predetermined direction are braided, the sleeve being configured to cover an outer periphery of the tube; and

a sealing mechanism that seals an end portion of the actuator main portion in an axial direction of the actuator main portion,

wherein:

the sealing mechanism comprises:

a sealing member into which the actuator main portion is inserted;

a binding member arranged on an outer periphery of the actuator main portion inserted into the sealing member, the binding member being configured to bind the actuator main portion; and

a locking member that locks the sleeve to the sealing member, and

the sealing member comprises:

a body portion into which the tube is inserted;

a head portion continued to the body portion and arranged at an outer side in the axial direction with respect to the body portion; and

a flange portion arranged between the body portion and the head portion and protruded outward in a radial direction of the actuator main portion more than the body portion.


 
2. The hydraulic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the sealing member comprises a neck portion arranged between the flange portion and the head portion, and a size of the neck portion in the radial direction is smaller than a size of each of the body portion and the head portion.
 
3. The hydraulic actuator according to claim 2, wherein the flange portion is formed in a ring shape protruded outward in the radial direction from an outer periphery of the neck portion.
 
4. The hydraulic actuator according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the flange portion has a contact surface to be contacted with an end surface of the tube in the axial direction.
 
5. The hydraulic actuator according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein:

the binding member has a chamfered portion formed on an end portion of the binding member at a center side in the axial direction;

the chamfered portion is formed such that an inner diameter of the binding member is spread toward the center side in the axial direction; and

the sleeve is folded toward the center side in the axial direction through the locking member.


 
6. The hydraulic actuator according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the head portion has a contact surface to be contacted with an end surface of the binding member in the axial direction.
 




Drawing































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description