(19)
(11)EP 3 509 444 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 17765124.7

(22)Date of filing:  02.09.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A24D 3/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2017/072035
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/046410 (15.03.2018 Gazette  2018/11)

(54)

A CLEANING UNIT, A TOBACCO INDUSTRY MACHINE FOR PRODUCING MULTI-SEGMENT FILTER RODS AND A METHOD FOR CLEANING A TRAIN OF ROD-LIKE ELEMENTS

REINIGUNGSEINHEIT, MASCHINE FÜR DIE TABAKINDUSTRIE ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON FILTERSTÄBEN MIT MEHREREN SEGMENTEN UND VERFAHREN ZUR REINIGUNG EINER FOLGE VON STABFÖRMIGEN ELEMENTEN

UNITÉ DE NETTOYAGE, MACHINE UTILISÉE DANS L'INDUSTRIE DU TABAC POUR PRODUIRE DES TIGES DE FILTRE À SEGMENTS MULTIPLES ET PROCÉDÉ DE NETTOYAGE D'UN TRAIN D'ÉLÉMENTS DE TYPE TIGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.09.2016 PL 41855316

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/29

(73)Proprietor: International Tobacco Machinery Poland Sp. z o.o.
26-600 Radom (PL)

(72)Inventors:
  • SIKORA, Leszek
    26-600 Radom (PL)
  • FIGARSKI, Radoslaw
    26-640 Odechowiec (PL)
  • MUSIJOWSKI, Jan
    00-316 Warszawa (PL)

(74)Representative: Kancelaria Eupatent.pl Sp. z.o.o 
Ul. Kilinskiego 185
90-348 Lodz
90-348 Lodz (PL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2013/022360
US-A- 3 623 404
US-A1- 2003 033 685
US-A- 3 482 488
US-A- 5 875 824
US-A1- 2004 020 554
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a cleaning unit used in tobacco industry machines, for removing contaminations from a train of rod-like elements, a tobacco industry machine for producing multi-segment filter rods and a method for cleaning a train of rod-like elements.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Tobacco industry products, such as cigarettes, may comprise segment filters with various filtering materials such as activated charcoal in a form of a loose granulate located between neighboring segments of a solid form. A segment with activated charcoal can be formed by placing the charcoal between the neighboring solid segments, which typically have a form of rod-like elements having filtering properties or rod-like elements having non-filtering properties, for example comprising aromatic capsules. Manufacturers of filters comprising charcoal or other granulate material aim for placement of portions of the loose material such that the segments neighboring a compartment for granulate materials and other segments in the train of segments are not contaminated with this material. Moreover, manufacturers expect that the granulate material does not get in between side edges of a wrapper which are joined with glue. In case of activated charcoal, charcoal particles which got in between the wrapper and the segments, or between surfaces of the wrapper, are easily visible in a final product. Therefore, there is a need to remove particles of material which are on the segments, before wrapping the train of segments with the wrapper.

    [0003] There are known various methods for removing contaminations.

    [0004] A US patent US3482488 discloses a device for removing contaminations from rod-like elements by means of a rotating brush. A drawback of this solution is a low cleaning efficiency.

    [0005] Removing contaminations by means of suction nozzles is known i.a. from a European patent EP2286681B1. However the solution presented therein removes only a portion of contaminations and does not prevent an uncontrolled dislocation of the contaminations.

    [0006] A PCT application WO2016139198, in the name of the present applicant, discloses suction nozzles arranged on both sides of a moving train of segments.

    [0007] In case of high production speeds, particles of a granulate material (and more generally: loose material), which were not placed in a compartment between the segments, may rebound from the segments and constructional elements of a machine and move above the moving train of segments in a completely uncontrollable manner. None of the abovementioned documents discloses a solution, which would eliminate or limit this phenomenon.

    [0008] The aim of the present invention is to provide a device for producing multi-segment filter rods comprising loose material, wherein particles of the material, which are not placed in compartments between solid segments or are lifted from the surface of the segments, are prevented from displacing in the direction of movement of the train of segments, i.e. that they are prevented from displacing between the consecutive assemblies of the device or zones in which consecutive operations of a filter rods production process take place.

    SUMMARY



    [0009] There is disclosed a cleaning unit for tobacco industry machines, a machine for tobacco industry for producing multi-segment filter rods and a method for cleaning a train of rod-like elements during production of filter rods in a tobacco industry machine, according to the appended cliams.

    [0010] By use of the method according to the invention, an uncontrolled displacement of the contaminations from the cleaning zone is limited by application of an outlet partition at an outlet of the cleaning zone, above the train of rod-like elements, comprising a passage, through which the covering elements pass.

    [0011] The solution according to the invention provides very efficient cleaning of the rod-like elements while maintaining a high degree of filling of the compartments with the loose material.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES



    [0012] The present invention is shown by means of example embodiments in a drawing, in which:

    Fig. 1 and 2 show fragments of examples of continuous multi-segment rods;

    Fig. 3 shows an example of a multi-segment rod;

    Fig. 4 shows schematically a fragment of a machine for producing multi-segment filter rods;

    Fig. 5 shows a fragment of a machine for producing multi-segment filter rods in a front view;

    Fig. 6 shows a fragment of a machine for producing multi-segment filter rods in a top view;

    Fig. 7 shows a cross-section A-A from fig. 5 through a compartment with loose material in a train of rod-like elements;

    Fig. 8 shows a cross-section C-C from fig. 5 through the rod-like element and a suction nozzle;

    Fig. 9 shows a cross-section B-B from fig. 5 through the rod-like element in the train of rod-like elements;

    Fig. 10 shows an embodiment of a cleaning element in a form of two compressed air nozzles;

    Fig. 11 shows an embodiment in which the compressed air nozzle passes through the suction nozzle;

    Fig. 12 shows a cross-section D-D from fig. 5 through the rod-like element in the train of rod-like elements.

    Fig. 13 shows a fragment of a machine for producing multi-segment filter rods in a top view.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] Figs. 1 and 2 show fragments of examples of continuous multi-segment rods CR1 and CR2 formed from trains of rod-like elements (segments) S1, S2 and SC respectively, prepared during production, formed by the unit according to the invention, wherein the segments are wrapped in a wrapper 101. The segments S1 and S2 have a solid shape, typically cylindrical, whereas the segment SC is formed from a loose material 102 which is located between the segments S1 and S1 or between the segments S1 and S2. The presented continuous rods are cut into multi-segment rods. Fig. 3 shows an example of a multi-segment rod R2 produced from the continuous multi-segment rod CR2.

    [0014] Fig. 4 shows schematically a fragment of a machine for producing multi-segment filter rods. The machine comprises a feeding unit 1, which is configured to arrange the rod-like elements S1 and S2 as a train ST1, wherein the rod-like elements S1 and S2 are transported in a substantially preset spaced relationship. The rod-like elements S1 and S2 are fed onto a garniture belt 5. A wrapper, such as a wrapping paper, is fed on a transporter of the garniture belt 5 and the elements S1 and S2 are placed on the wrapper 101. Above the moving train ST1 there is located a filling unit 103 for supplying the loose material 102, for example activated charcoal, in order to form the segment SC. Lifted edges of the wrapper 101 and front surfaces of the elements S1 and S2 form compartments 105, into which the loose material 102 is fed from the filling unit 103. The train ST2 of the rod-like elements S1, S2 and SC that moves on the garniture belt 5 belt is wrapped in the wrapper 101 by a garniture unit 6, wherein the edges of the wrapper 101 are lifted on a distance where loose material is filled and cleaned. The garniture belt 5 typically forms a part of the garniture unit 6. Next to the filling unit 103 there is located a cleaning unit 104 for removing contamination of loose material from the rod-like elements i.e. particles of the loose material which fall onto the surface of the rod-like elements S1 and S2 in the preceding step, i.e. when the loose material is supplied from the filling unit 103. The produced continuous rod CR is transported further and, after the wrapper 101 is glued in the garniture unit 6, it is cut by a cutting head 8 into individual multi-segment rods R.

    [0015] Fig. 5 shows an enlarged view of a fragment of a machine for producing filter rods. The train ST1 of rod-like elements S1, S2 passes through a filing zone Z1 for feeding the loose material, and next as a train ST2 of the rod-like elements comprising also the loose material, passes through a cleaning zone Z2 and through a garniture zone Z3 for forming a continuous filter rod.

    [0016] Fig. 5 presents consecutive steps of a process of feeding the loose material 102 to the compartments 105 in the filling zone Z1, wherein the filling unit 103 for supplying the loose material may be constructed in a way as disclosed in the PCT application WO2016139198 (in the name of the present applicant) or according to other prior art embodiments, such as disclosed in US3545345, US3623404, DE1432720B2, EP0568278B1. Fig. 5 shows only examples of pockets 103A of the filling unit 103.

    [0017] The cleaning unit 104, located next to the filling unit 103, is equipped with covering elements 10 mounted on a chain transporter 15, shown in fig. 6, which is equipped with two chain wheels 16. The covering elements 10 may have a form of elements as disclosed in PCT application WO2016139198 (in the name of the present applicant). The covering elements 10 on a fragment of their moving trajectory move linearly in parallel to the displacement direction T, which is the direction of movement of the train ST1, ST2 of the rod-like elements, wherein additionally on a certain distance, they move vertically, transversally to the direction of displacement T in order to approach the compartment 105 filled with the loose material 102, which can be realized by means of a plain linear bearing, while the figure does not show a mechanism for realization of this movement. A downwards movement is indicated by an arrow F, an upwards movement is indicated by an arrow G, and a movement along the train ST2 is indicated by an arrow H. Fig. 7 shows the covering element 10 having a thin-walled covering part 10A, which covers the compartment 105.

    [0018] In the presented solution, above the track of movement of the train ST2, there is located a cleaning element - in the presented embodiment having a form of at least one brush 11, 11', for sweeping the contaminations, in a form of the loose material 102, away from the surface of segments S1, S2. Therefore, the brush 11, 11' is a contaminations sweeping element. As shown in fig. 8 a cleaning part 11A (bristles) of the brush 11, 11' touches the side surface of the element S2 (in the presented step of movement of the covering element 10). The number of brushes 11, 11' in the cleaning zone Z2 may be provided according to the needs. Above the train ST1 of the segments, there is located a suction nozzle 12 which may have a plurality of openings or one longitudinal opening located in parallel to the train ST1 just above elements S1, S2 such that the covering parts 10A of the covering elements 10 can move below the nozzle 12, as shown in fig. 9.

    [0019] The cleaning element may also have a form of a compressed air nozzle, which removes contaminations of the side surface of the elements S1, S2, by blowing them out. Fig. 10 shows two compressed air nozzles 17 and 18, which are directed towards recesses formed by the side surfaces of the rod-like elements S1 and S2 and the wrapper 101. The compressed air nozzles 17 and 18 may be directed perpendicularly to the direction of movement of the rod-like elements, or at an angle α with respect to this direction as shown in fig. 5, wherein preferably the angle α is in the range from 30° to 60°, and for example is equal to 45°. Fig. 11 shows another embodiment, wherein the compressed air nozzle 19 passes through the suction nozzle 12. Similarly the compressed air nozzle 19 is directed towards the recess between the element S1, S2 and the wrapper 101. Locating the outlet of the compressed air nozzle 19 within the inlet of the suction nozzle 12 (in principle within the inlet of the suction element) causes additional air turbulences, which enhance lifting of the contaminations from the surface of the rod-like elements S1, S2.

    [0020] The cleaning element may have a form of an element made of soft plastic covering an edge for removing the contaminations. The plastic cleaning element may be fixed or may be rotatable.

    [0021] The train ST2 leaving the cleaning zone Z2 is prepared for forming the continuous filter rod CR from the train, which is realized in the garniture zone Z3. In the garniture zone Z3 there is a glue nozzle 13 and guiding elements (not shown in the drawing for clarity, but known from the prior art) for bending the edges of the wrapper in order to join these edges and glue them in order to form a continuous filter rod.

    [0022] Filling the chamber 105 with the loose material 102 from the pocket 103A may result in that not the whole amount of loose material is transferred to the chamber 105. A portion of particles, which have certain velocity, may rebound from the rod-like elements S1, S2 or from the wrapper 101, and subsequently fall onto the surface of the elements S1, S2, wherein the falling of the particles of the loose material 102 may occur in any location, for example just before gluing of the edges of the wrapper.

    [0023] Cleaning the contaminations of the loose material in the cleaning unit 104 by means of the cleaning element 11, 11' and the suction nozzle 12 may result in removal of most of the contaminations. However, there is a risk that some contaminations are lifted above the elements S1, S2 but not received by the suction nozzle 12. Therefore, there is a risk that these contaminations will fall further away on the elements S1, S2 or will get in between the edges of the wrapper which will be glued together with the contamination between these surfaces. In order to eliminate the risk of uncontrollable displacement of the contaminations between the filling unit 103, the cleaning unit 104 and the garniture unit 6, partitions 14, 124, 34, 44, 54 are provided and arranged above the moving train of segments. Due to the fact that the zones of operation of the units may differ from the area occupied by the units themselves, the problem of contaminations displacement may be defined as uncontrollable displacement of the contaminations between the filling zone Z1, the cleaning zone Z2 and the garniture zone Z3 for forming the rod.

    [0024] In the presented solution there is a significantly high risk of contaminations displacement between the cleaning zone Z2 and the garniture zone Z3, because not all particles of the loose material which are lifted by the cleaning element can be received by the suction nozzle 12. These particles may fall again on the rod-like elements S1, S2. The outlet partition 34, located on the side of the garniture zone Z3 (at the outlet from the cleaning zone Z2), is intended to limit the uncontrolled displacement of the particles of the loose material from the cleaning zone Z2 to the garniture zone Z3. The inlet partition 24 is located on the side of the filling zone Z1 (at the inlet to the cleaning zone Z2) and is intended to limit the uncontrolled displacement of the particles of the material from the filling zone Z1 to the cleaning zone Z2. The outlet partition 34 and the inlet partition 24 may be similar to each other. The outlet partition 34 and the inlet partition 24 may be formed as a single part or as multipart partitions. Fig. 7 shows an exemplary embodiment in which the inlet partition 24 is a two-part partition consisting of parts 24A and 24B. Between the parts 24A and 24B there is a passage 25, through which the covering elements 10 may pass. Similarly, fig. 8 shows an embodiment in which the outlet partition 34 is also a two-part partition and consists of parts 34A and 34B. Between the parts 34A and 34B there is located a passage 35, through which the covering elements 10 may pass. In the embodiment shown in fig. 5, the inlet partition 24 is located in front of the brush 11 and the outlet partition 34 is located behind the brush 11'. In another embodiment, the brushes 11, 11' can be located in the passages 25, 35. As a result, the passage 25, 35 is effectively narrowed in such a way that there is only space for the passage of the covering element 10. The partitions 24, 34 may have surfaces arranged obliquely (at an acute angle) with respect to the direction of the movement T of the train ST2, owing to which particles of the contaminations may be rejected aside, outside the track of movement of the train of the rod-like elements. The partitions 24, 34 may be flat or arched shaped. In fig. 13 the inlet partition 24' is flat and arranged askew while the outlet partition 34' is arched and arranged askew. The end partition 44 is located at the inlet to the garniture zone, just in front of the glue nozzle 13 in the region where the edges of the wrapper 101 are bent towards each other before gluing them. In the lower edge of the end partition 44 there is a notch 20 for receiving the edge of the wrapper 101, as shown in fig. 12. In order to prevent the displacement of the contaminations to the garniture zone Z3 for forming the continuous filter rod CR there is provided a shield partition 54 (indicated by dashed line in fig. 6), the main surface of which is located in parallel to the direction of the movement of the train ST2, i.e. horizontal. The shield layer 54 prevents the contaminations displacement to the segments S1, S2 just before the initialization of the process of wrapping the wrapper 101. The presented embodiment utilizes an initial partition 14 at the outlet of the filling zone Z1, between the filling zone Z2 and the cleaning zone Z2, which is intended to protect from the displacement of the contaminations outside the filling unit 103 in the direction of the cleaning unit 104.


    Claims

    1. A cleaning unit for tobacco industry machines,

    - wherein the tobacco industry machine is configured to process a moving train (ST2) of rod-like elements (S1, S2) separated by compartments (105) and partially wrapped with a wrapper (101), wherein the compartments (105) are filled with a loose material (102) forming segments of the loose material (SC);

    - wherein the cleaning unit (104) is positioned in the tobacco industry machine in a cleaning zone (Z2) that is located between:

    ∘ a filling zone (Z1) for filling the loose material (102) into the compartments (105) between the rod-like elements (S1, S2)

    ∘ and a garniture zone (Z3) for forming the train (ST2) of the rod-like elements (S1, S2) to a continuous filter rod (CR);

    - wherein the cleaning unit (104) is configured to remove contaminations of the loose material (102) from the rod-like elements (S1, S2), the segments of the loose material (SC) and the wrapper (101);

    - and wherein the cleaning unit (104) comprises:

    - at least one cleaning element (11, 11'), located in the cleaning zone (Z2), for removing the contaminations of the loose material (102) from the rod-like elements (S1, S2);

    - at least one suction element (12) for removing the contaminations of the loose material (102) from the rod-like elements (S1 S2);

    - a shifting mechanism (15) configured to move covering elements (10) to positions in which the covering elements (10) at least partially cover the compartments (105) filled with the loose material (102) between the rod-like elements (S1, S2) during the movement of the train (ST2) in a vicinity of the suction nozzle (12);

    - and wherein the covering elements (10), at a portion of their track of movement, are configured to move in parallel to the direction of movement of the rod-like elements (S1, S2);

    characterized in that

    - the cleaning unit (104) further comprises:

    - an outlet partition (34) at an outlet from the cleaning zone (Z2) for limiting an uncontrolled displacement of contaminations from the cleaning zone (Z2) to the garniture zone (Z3), located above the train (ST2) of the rod-like elements and having a passage (35) through which the covering elements (10) pass.


     
    2. The cleaning unit according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises the inlet partition (24) located at the inlet to the cleaning zone (Z2) for limiting the uncontrolled displacement of contaminations from the filling zone (Z1) to the cleaning zone (Z2).
     
    3. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that it comprises an end partition (44) located at the inlet of the garniture zone (Z3), for limiting the uncontrolled dislocation of the contaminations from the cleaning zone (Z2) to the garniture zone (Z3) located above the train of the rod-like elements (ST2) and having a notch (20), through which the edge of the wrapper (101) passes.
     
    4. The cleaning unit according to claim 3, characterized in that it comprises a shield partition (54) having a surface which is in parallel to the direction of movement (T), located in front of the end partition (44) with respect to the direction of movement (T), for limiting the uncontrolled dislocation of the contaminations from the cleaning zone (Z2) on to the rod-like elements (S1, S2) of the train (ST2).
     
    5. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that it further comprises an initial partition (14) located at the outlet of the filling zone (Z1), for limiting the uncontrolled dislocation of the contaminations from the filling zone (Z1) to the cleaning zone (Z2).
     
    6. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that at least one partition (11, 24, 34, 44) is positioned transversally to the direction of movement (T).
     
    7. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that at least one partition (11, 24, 34, 44, 54) has a form of a flat plate.
     
    8. The cleaning unit according to any of claims 1-6, characterized in that at least one partition (11, 24, 34, 44) has a form or arched shaped plate.
     
    9. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that at least one partition (11, 24, 34, 44) has the main surface directed at an acute angle with respect to the direction of movement (T).
     
    10. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that the covering element (10) has a thin-walled covering element (10A).
     
    11. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that the suction element has a form of a suction nozzle (12) having longitudinal suction opening.
     
    12. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that the cleaning element is a scraping element in a form of a brush (11, 11').
     
    13. The cleaning unit according to any of previous claims, characterized in that the cleaning element is a scraping element in a form of a compressed air nozzle (17, 18, 19).
     
    14. A machine for tobacco industry for producing multi-segment filter rods comprising:

    - a feeding unit for arranging, in a spaced relationship, rod-like elements (S1, S2) in a train (ST1) on a wrapper (101) placed on a garniture belt (5);

    - a supplying unit (103) for supplying a loose material into compartments (105) between the rod-like elements (S1, S2);

    - a cleaning unit (104) for removing contaminations of the loose material (102) from the rod-like elements (S1, S2);

    - a garniture unit (6) for wrapping the wrapper (101) around the rod-like elements (S1, S2) and the loose material to form a continuous filter rod (CR);

    - a cutting head (8) for cutting the continuous rod (CR) into multi-segment filter rods (R);

    characterized in that

    - the cleaning unit (104) is the unit according to any of claims 1-13.


     
    15. A method for cleaning a train (ST2) of rod-like elements during production of filter rods in a tobacco industry machine,

    - wherein the tobacco industry machine is configured to process a moving train (ST2) of rod-like elements (S1, S2) separated by compartments (105) and partially wrapped with a wrapper (101), wherein the compartments (105) are filled with a loose material (102) forming segments of the loose material (SC);

    - the method comprising removing contaminations of the loose material (102) in a cleaning zone (Z2) by moving covering elements (10) to positions in which the covering elements at least partially cover the compartments (105) filled with the loose material (102) between the rod-like elements (S1, S2) during the movement of the train (ST2) in a vicinity of a cleaning element (11, 11', 12), wherein the covering elements (10) in part of their track of movement are moved in parallel to the direction (T) of movement of the rod-like elements (S1, S2),

    the method being characterized by:

    - limiting uncontrolled displacement of the contaminations from the cleaning zone (Z2) by providing an outlet partition (34) at an outlet of the cleaning zone (Z2), above the train of rod-like elements (ST2), the outlet partition (34) comprising a passage (35), through which the covering elements (10) pass.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Reinigungseinheit für Tabakindustriemaschinen, wobei die Tabakindustriemaschine konfiguriert ist, um eine sich bewegende Folge (ST2) von stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) zu verarbeiten, die durch Kammern (105) getrennt und teilweise mit einer Umhüllung (101) umhüllt sind, wobei die Kammern (105) mit einem losen Material (102) gefüllt sind, wodurch Segmente des losen Materials (SC) gebildet sind;

    - wobei die Reinigungseinheit (104) in der Tabakindustriemaschine in einer Reinigungszone (Z2) positioniert ist, die sich zwischen Folgenden befindet:

    ∘ einer Füllzone (Z1) zum Füllen des losen Materials (102) in die Kammern (105) zwischen den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2)

    ∘ und einer Garniturzone (Z3) zum Bilden der Folge (ST2) der stabähnlichen Elemente (S1, S2) zu einem durchgehenden Filterstab (CR);

    - wobei die Reinigungseinheit (104) konfiguriert ist, um Verunreinigungen des losen Materials (102) von den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2), den Segmenten des losen Materials (SC) und der Umhüllung (101) zu entfernen; - und wobei die Reinigungseinheit (104) Folgendes umfasst:

    - mindestens ein Reinigungselement (11, 11'), das sich in der Reinigungszone (Z2) befindet, um die Verunreinigungen des losen Materials (102) von den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) zu entfernen;

    - mindestens ein Saugelement (12) zum Entfernen der Verunreinigungen des losen Materials (102) von den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1 S2);

    - einen Verschiebemechanismus (15), der konfiguriert ist, um Abdeckelemente (10) zu Positionen zu bewegen, in denen die Abdeckelemente (10) die Kammern (105), die während der Bewegung der Folge (ST2) in der Nähe der Saugdüse (12) zwischen den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) mit dem losen Material (102) gefüllt werden, zumindest teilweise abdecken;

    - und wobei die Abdeckelemente (10) an einem Abschnitt ihrer Bewegungsbahn konfiguriert sind, um sich parallel zu der Bewegungsrichtung der stabähnlichen Elemente (S1, S2) zu bewegen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Reinigungseinheit (104) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine Auslasstrennwand (34) an einem Auslass aus der Reinigungszone (Z2) zum Begrenzen einer unkontrollierten Verlagerung von Verunreinigungen aus der Reinigungszone (Z2) in die Garniturzone (Z3), die sich oberhalb der Folge (ST2) der stabähnlichen Elemente befindet und einen Durchgang (35) aufweist, durch den die Abdeckelemente (10) verlaufen.


     
    2. Reinigungseinheit nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ferner die Einlasstrennwand (24) umfasst, die sich an dem Einlass zu der Reinigungszone (Z2) befindet, um die unkontrollierte Verlagerung von Verunreinigungen aus der Füllzone (Z1) in die Reinigungszone (Z2) zu begrenzen.
     
    3. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie eine Endtrennwand (44) umfasst, die sich an dem Einlass der Garniturzone (Z3) befindet, um die unkontrollierte Dislokation der Verunreinigungen aus der Reinigungszone (Z2) in die Garniturzone (Z3) zu begrenzen, die sich oberhalb der Folge der stabähnlichen Elemente (ST2) befindet und eine Kerbe (20) aufweist, durch die der Rand der Umhüllung (101) verläuft.
     
    4. Reinigungseinheit nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie eine Abschirmtrennwand (54) umfasst, die eine Fläche aufweist, die parallel zu der Bewegungsrichtung (T) ist, die sich in Bezug auf die Bewegungsrichtung (T) vor der Endwand (44) befindet, um die unkontrollierte Dislokation der Verunreinigungen aus der Reinigungszone (Z2) auf die stabähnlichen Elemente (S1, S2) der Folge (ST2) zu begrenzen.
     
    5. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie außerdem eine anfängliche Trennwand (14) umfasst, die sich an dem Auslass der Füllzone (Z1) befindet, um eine unkontrollierte Dislokation der Verunreinigungen aus der Füllzone (Z1) in die Reinigungszone (Z2) zu begrenzen.
     
    6. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine Trennwand (11, 24, 34, 44) quer zu der Bewegungsrichtung (T) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der früheren Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine Trennwand (11, 24, 34, 44, 54) die Form einer flachen Platte aufweist.
     
    8. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine Trennwand (11, 24, 34, 44) eine Form oder eine bogenförmige Platte aufweist.
     
    9. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Hauptfläche mindestens einer Trennwand (11, 24, 34, 44) in einem spitzen Winkel in Bezug auf die Bewegungsrichtung (T) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    10. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Abdeckelement (10) ein dünnwandiges Abdeckelement (10A) aufweist.
     
    11. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Saugelement eine Form einer Saugdüse (12) aufweist, die eine längliche Saugöffnung aufweist.
     
    12. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Reinigungselement ein abstreichendes Element in Form einer Bürste (11, 11') ist.
     
    13. Reinigungseinheit nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Reinigungselement ein abstreichendes Element in Form einer Druckluftdüse (17, 18, 19) ist.
     
    14. Tabakindustriemaschine zum Herstellen von Mehrsegment-Filterstäben, umfassend:

    - eine Zuführeinheit zum Anordnen von stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) in einer Folge (ST1) in einer beabstandeten Beziehung auf einer Umhüllung (101), die auf einem Garniturband (5) angeordnet ist;

    - eine Zuführeinheit (103) zum Zuführen eines losen Materials in Kammern (105) zwischen den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2);

    - eine Reinigungseinheit (104) zum Entfernen von Verunreinigungen des losen Materials (102) von den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2);

    - eine Garnitureinheit (6) zum Umhüllen der Umhüllung (101) um die stabähnlichen Elemente (S1, S2) und das lose Material, um einen kontinuierlichen Filterstab (CR) zu bilden;

    - einen Schneidkopf (8) zum Schneiden des kontinuierlichen Stabs (CR) in Mehrsegment-Filterstäbe (R);

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    - die Reinigungseinheit (104) die Einheit nach einem der Ansprüche 1-13 ist.


     
    15. Verfahren zum Reinigen einer Folge (ST2) von stabähnlichen Elementen während der Herstellung von Filterstäben in einer Tabakindustriemaschine, wobei die Tabakindustriemaschine konfiguriert ist, um eine sich bewegende Folge (ST2) von stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) zu verarbeiten, die durch Kammern (105) getrennt und teilweise mit einer Umhüllung (101) umhüllt sind, wobei die Kammern (105) mit einem losen Material (102) gefüllt sind, wodurch Segmente des losen Materials (SC) gebildet sind;
    das Verfahren umfassend ein Entfernen von Verunreinigungen des losen Materials (102) in einer Reinigungszone (Z2) durch Bewegen von Abdeckelementen (10) zu Positionen, in denen die Abdeckelemente die mit dem losen Material (102) gefüllten Kammern (105) zwischen den stabähnlichen Elementen (S1, S2) während der Bewegung der Folge (ST2) in einer Nähe eines Reinigungselementes (11, 11', 12) zumindest teilweise abdecken, wobei die Abdeckelemente (10) in einem Teil ihrer Bewegungsbahn parallel zu der Bewegungsrichtung (T) der stabähnlichen Elemente (S1, S2) bewegt werden, wobei das Verfahren durch Folgendes gekennzeichnet ist:
    Begrenzen einer unkontrollierten Verlagerung der Verunreinigungen aus der Reinigungszone (Z2) durch Bereitstellen einer Auslasstrennwand (34) an einem Auslass der Reinigungszone (Z2), oberhalb der Folge von stabähnlichen Elementen (ST2), die Auslasstrennwand (34) umfassend einen Durchgang (35), durch den die Abdeckelemente (10) verlaufen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Unité de nettoyage pour machines de l'industrie du tabac, dans laquelle la machine de l'industrie du tabac est configurée pour traiter un train en mouvement (ST2) d'éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) séparés par des compartiments (105) et partiellement enroulés dans une cape (101), dans laquelle les compartiments (105) sont remplis d'un matériau en vrac (102) formant des segments du matériau en vrac (SC) ;

    - dans laquelle l'unité de nettoyage (104) est positionnée dans la machine de l'industrie du tabac dans une zone de nettoyage (Z2) qui est située entre :

    ∘ une zone de remplissage (Z1) pour remplir le matériau en vrac (102) dans les compartiments (105) entre les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    ∘ et une zone de garniture (Z3) pour former le train (ST2) des éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) jusqu'à un bâtonnet filtre continu (CR) ;

    - dans laquelle l'unité de nettoyage (104) est configurée pour éliminer les contaminations du matériau en vrac (102) dans les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2), les segments du matériau en vrac (SC) et la cape (101) ; et dans laquelle l'unité de nettoyage (104) comprend :

    - au moins un élément de nettoyage (11, 11'), situé dans la zone de nettoyage (Z2), pour éliminer les contaminations du matériau en vrac (102) dans les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    - au moins un élément d'aspiration (12) pour éliminer les contaminations du matériau en vrac (102) dans les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    - un mécanisme de déplacement (15) configuré pour déplacer des éléments de couverture (10) vers des positions dans lesquelles les éléments de couverture (10) recouvrent au moins partiellement les compartiments (105) remplis de matériau en vrac (102) entre les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) lors du déplacement du train (ST2) au voisinage de la buse d'aspiration (12) ;

    - et dans laquelle les éléments de couverture (10), sur une partie de leur trajectoire de déplacement, sont configurés pour se déplacer parallèlement à la direction de déplacement des éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    caractérisée en ce que l'unité de nettoyage (104) comprend en outre :

    - une cloison de sortie (34) à une sortie de la zone de nettoyage (Z2) pour limiter un déplacement incontrôlé des contaminations depuis la zone de nettoyage (Z2) vers la zone de garniture (Z3), située au-dessus du train (ST2) des éléments en forme de boudin et ayant un passage (35) à travers lequel passent les éléments de couverture (10).


     
    2. Unité de nettoyage selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend en outre la cloison d'entrée (24) située à l'entrée de la zone de nettoyage (Z2) pour limiter le déplacement incontrôlé de contaminations depuis la zone de remplissage (Z1) vers la zone de nettoyage (Z2).
     
    3. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend une cloison d'extrémité (44) située à l'entrée de la zone de garniture (Z3), pour limiter la dislocation incontrôlée des contaminations depuis la zone de nettoyage (Z2) vers la zone de garniture (Z3) située au-dessus du train des éléments en forme de boudin (ST2) et ayant une encoche (20), à travers laquelle passe le bord de la cape (101).
     
    4. Unité de nettoyage selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend une cloison de protection (54) ayant une surface parallèle à la direction de déplacement (T), située devant la cloison d'extrémité (44) par rapport à la direction de déplacement (T), pour limiter la dislocation incontrôlée des contaminations depuis la zone de nettoyage (Z2) sur les éléments en forme de tige (S1, S2) du train (ST2).
     
    5. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend en outre une cloison initiale (14) située à la sortie de la zone de remplissage (Z1), pour limiter la dislocation incontrôlée des contaminations depuis la zone de remplissage (Z1) vers la zone de nettoyage (Z2).
     
    6. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une cloison (11, 24, 34, 44) est positionnée transversalement à la direction de déplacement (T).
     
    7. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une cloison (11, 24, 34, 44, 54) a la forme d'une plaque plate.
     
    8. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une cloison (11, 24, 34, 44) a une forme ou une plaque de forme arquée.
     
    9. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une cloison (11, 24, 34, 44) a la surface principale dirigée selon un angle aigu par rapport à la direction de déplacement (T).
     
    10. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'élément de couverture (10) a un élément de couverture à paroi mince (10A).
     
    11. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'élément d'aspiration a la forme d'une buse d'aspiration (12) ayant une ouverture d'aspiration longitudinale.
     
    12. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'élément de nettoyage est un élément de raclage sous la forme d'une brosse (11, 11').
     
    13. Unité de nettoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'élément de nettoyage est un élément de raclage sous la forme d'une buse à air comprimé (17, 18, 19).
     
    14. Machine pour l'industrie du tabac pour la production de bâtonnets-filtres multi-segments comprenant :

    - une unité d'alimentation pour disposer, dans une relation espacée, des éléments en forme de boudin, (S1, S2) dans un train (ST1) sur une cape (101) placée sur une courroie de garniture (5) ;

    - une unité d'alimentation (103) pour alimenter un matériau en vrac dans des compartiments (105) entre les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    - une unité de nettoyage (104) pour éliminer les contaminations du matériau en vrac (102) dans les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) ;

    - une unité de garniture (6) pour enrouler la cape (101) autour des éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) et le matériau en vrac pour former un bâtonnet-filtre continu (CR) ;

    - une tête de coupe (8) pour couper le bâtonnet continu (CR) en bâtonnets-filtres multi-segments (R) ;

    caractérisée en ce que

    - l'unité de nettoyage (104) est l'unité selon l'une quelconque des revendications là 13.


     
    15. Procédé de nettoyage d'un train (ST2) d'éléments en forme de boudin pendant la production de bâtonnets-filtres dans une machine de l'industrie du tabac, dans lequel la machine de l'industrie du tabac est configurée pour traiter un train en mouvement (ST2) d'éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) séparés par des compartiments (105) et partiellement enroulés dans une cape (101), dans lequel les compartiments (105) sont remplis d'un matériau en vrac (102) formant des segments du matériau en vrac (SC) ;
    le procédé comprenant l'élimination des contaminations du matériau en vrac (102) dans une zone de nettoyage (Z2) en déplaçant les éléments de couverture (10) vers des positions dans lesquelles les éléments de couverture recouvrent au moins partiellement les compartiments (105) remplis de matériau en vrac (102) entre les éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2) pendant le déplacement du train (ST2) au voisinage d'un élément de nettoyage (11, 11', 12), dans lequel les éléments de couverture (10) sur une partie de leur trajectoire de déplacement sont déplacés parallèlement à la direction (T) de déplacement des éléments en forme de boudin (S1, S2), le procédé étant caractérisé par :
    la limitation du déplacement incontrôlé des contaminations depuis la zone de nettoyage (Z2) en prévoyant une cloison de sortie (34) à une sortie de la zone de nettoyage (Z2), au-dessus du train d'éléments en forme de boudin (ST2), la cloison de sortie (34) comprenant un passage (35), à travers lequel passent les éléments de couverture (10).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description