(19)
(11)EP 3 515 069 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
24.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/30

(21)Application number: 17857815.9

(22)Date of filing:  22.09.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 17/00  (2006.01)
H04N 21/647  (2011.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/102965
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/064934 (12.04.2018 Gazette  2018/15)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 08.10.2016 CN 201610882670

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • XIONG, Jie
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • XUE, Li
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • HUANG, Yihong
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YANG, Youqing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
  
      


    (54)METHOD AND DEVICE FOR EVALUATING VIDEO QUALITY


    (57) Embodiments of the present invention provide a video quality assessment method and device. The method includes: obtaining, by a video quality assessment device, a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, where the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video; and determining, by the video quality assessment device, quality of the to-be-assessed video based on a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, an average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video. In the technical solution, during video quality assessment, not only impact of the packet loss rate and an average quantity of consecutively lost packets on the video quality is considered, but also impact of packet loss distribution indicated by the packet loss dispersion on the video quality is considered. Therefore, video quality assessment accuracy can be improved.




    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to the field of video processing technologies, and more specifically, to a video quality assessment method and device.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A video has become main traffic in a network. Video service experience has become a key indicator for measuring network service quality. With rapid development and wide application of a video service, the video service has an increasingly high requirement on the network. A network parameter is configured when video quality is known, to avoid excessive waste of network resources. Therefore, how to assess quality of a video service in a current network is of increasing significance for a user and an operator.

    [0003] Currently, during video quality assessment, only a packet loss rate and an average consecutive packet loss length are considered, leading to low quality assessment accuracy.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] Embodiments of the present invention provide a video quality assessment method and device, to improve video quality assessment accuracy.

    [0005] According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a video quality assessment method. The method includes: obtaining, by a video quality assessment device, a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, where the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, an average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video; and determining, by the video quality assessment device, quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video, where the attribute information of the to-be-assessed video includes a quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and an error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video. In the present invention, during video quality assessment, not only impact of the packet loss rate and an average quantity of consecutively lost packets on the video quality is considered, but also impact of packet loss distribution indicated by the packet loss dispersion on the video quality is considered. Therefore, video quality assessment accuracy can be improved.

    [0006] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation of the first aspect, the determining, by the video quality assessment device, packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes: determining, by the video quality assessment device, a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video; and determining, by the video quality assessment device, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0007] With reference to the first possible implementation of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation of the first aspect, the obtaining, by a video quality assessment device, a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video includes: determining, by the video quality assessment device, that the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video. In this way, the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video can be determined when the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video cannot be directly obtained.

    [0008] With reference to any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation of the first aspect, the determining, by the video quality assessment device, quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video includes: determining, by the video quality assessment device, content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video; determining, by the video quality assessment device, a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter; and determining, by the video quality assessment device, the quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video and the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video. In the technical solution, in a process of determining the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, a coding parameter of the to-be-assessed video is used, such as a bit rate, a frame rate, a resolution, and a coding type. Therefore, quality of a specific video can be monitored by using a specific coding parameter of the video.

    [0009] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a video quality assessment device. The video quality assessment device includes units that implement any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect.

    [0010] According to a third aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a video quality assessment device. The video quality assessment device includes a processor, a memory, and a communications interface. The memory is configured to store an instruction for implementing the method according to any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect. The processor executes the instruction stored in the memory, to implement, in combination with the communications interface, the method according to any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0011] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a video quality assessment system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a video quality assessment method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a structural block diagram of a video quality assessment device according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 4 is a structural block diagram of a video quality assessment device according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] The following describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.

    [0013] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a video quality assessment system according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the system 100 includes a video quality assessment device 101 and a video quality assessment parameter extraction device 102. The video quality assessment device 101 may be a device through which a to-be-assessed video flows, such as an optical line terminal (English: optical line terminal, OLT for short), an optical network unit (English: optical network unit, ONU for short), or a set top box, or may be a device specifically configured to assess video quality. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device 102 may be a dedicated network performance measurement device or a network device having a network performance measurement function, such as a router.

    [0014] The video quality assessment parameter extraction device 102 may be configured to: extract a video quality assessment parameter used to assess the video quality, and send the video quality assessment parameter to the video quality assessment device 101.

    [0015] The video quality assessment device 101 may determine video quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the received video quality assessment parameter.

    [0016] An embodiment of the present invention is further described below with reference to FIG. 2. A video quality assessment device in FIG. 2 may be the video quality assessment device 101 shown in FIG. 1. A video quality assessment parameter extraction device in FIG. 2 may be the video quality assessment parameter extraction device 102 shown in FIG. 1.

    [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a video quality assessment method according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0018] 201. The video quality assessment device obtains a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, where the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, a consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0019] Specifically, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video is a packet loss rate of a video transport stream (English: transport stream, TS for short) packet in a Real-time Transport Protocol (English: Real-time Transport Protocol, RTP for short) packet used to transmit the to-be-assessed video. The average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video is an average consecutive packet loss length of the video TS packet in the RTP packet used to transmit the to-be-assessed video. The packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video is an average packet loss gap of the video TS packet in the RTP packet used to transmit the to-be-assessed video.

    [0020] The video quality assessment parameter may be determined by the video quality assessment parameter extraction device based on the RTP packet used to transmit the to-be-assessed video. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device may send the extracted video quality assessment parameter to the video quality assessment device. The video quality assessment device may receive the video quality assessment parameter sent by the video quality assessment parameter extraction device. It may be understood that the RTP packet described in this embodiment of the present invention is an RTP packet used to transmit audio and video.

    [0021] One RTP packet may include a plurality of TS packets. Based on different types of carried content, the TS packets may be classified into a video TS packet, an audio TS packet, and the like. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine a type of a TS packet based on a data packet identification number in the TS packet.

    [0022] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine a total quantity of video TS packets and a total quantity of lost video TS packets in a measurement window. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video based on the total quantity of video TS packets and the total quantity of lost video TS packets in the measurement window.

    [0023] Specifically, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video in the following manner: obtaining the quantity of lost video TS packets and the total quantity of video TS packets in the measurement window, where the packet loss rate is obtained by dividing the quantity of lost video TS packets by the total quantity of video TS packets.

    [0024] For example, in the measurement window, the total quantity of video TS packets is 30, and the quantity of lost video TS packets is 6. In this case, the packet loss rate is 6/30, namely, 0.2.

    [0025] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine a video TS packet loss event and a quantity of lost TS packets in each video TS packet loss event in a measurement window. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video based on the video TS packet loss event and the quantity of lost TS packets in each video TS packet loss event in the measurement window.

    [0026] Specifically, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video in the following manner: obtaining all video TS packet loss events and a quantity of consecutively lost video TS packets in each video TS packet loss event in the measurement window. The video TS packet loss event indicates one event that video TS packets are consecutively lost. The average consecutive packet loss length is equal to an average value of consecutively lost video TS packets in all the video TS packet loss events.

    [0027] For example, there are four video TS packet loss events in the measurement window in total, and quantities of consecutively lost video TS packets in the video TS packet loss events are 2, 1, 2, and 1, respectively. In this case, the average consecutive packet loss length is (2+1+2+1)/4, namely, 1.5.

    [0028] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine all video TS packet loss events and a packet loss gap between two adjacent video TS packet loss events in a measurement window. The video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on all the video TS packet loss events and the packet loss gap between two adjacent video TS packet loss events in the measurement window.

    [0029] Specifically, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video in the following manner: obtaining all the video TS packet loss events in the measurement window, and calculating the packet loss gap between two adjacent video TS packet loss events, where the average packet loss gap is equal to an average value of all packet loss gaps.

    [0030] For example, there are four video TS packet loss events in the measurement window, and packet loss gaps of the video TS packet loss events are 2, 2, and 5, respectively. The average packet loss gap is (2+2+5)/3, namely, 3.

    [0031] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may be unable to extract a video TS packet in the RTP packet in some cases. In these cases, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video based on a packet loss rate of the RTP packet; determine the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video based on an average consecutive packet loss length of the RTP packet; and determine the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on an average packet loss gap of the RTP packet.

    [0032] For a specific determining process of determining the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video by the video quality assessment parameter extraction device based on the packet loss rate of the RTP packet and the average consecutive packet loss length of the RTP packet, refer to descriptions in the International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector (English: International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector, ITU-T for short) G.1071 standard.

    [0033] For example, if seven TS packets included in the RTP packet are all video TS packets, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video by using the following formulas:

    and


    PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, RTPpacketLoss indicates the packet loss rate of the RTP packet, BurstnessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and RTPburstiness indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the RTP packet.

    [0034] For a specific determining process of determining the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video by the video quality assessment parameter extraction device based on the average packet loss gap of the RTP packet, refer to the description of determining an average consecutive packet loss length of a TS packet based on an average consecutive packet loss length of an RTP packet in the ITU-T G.1071 standard. An input parameter in a method, described in the ITU-T G.1071 standard, for determining the average consecutive packet loss length of the TS packet based on the average consecutive packet loss length of the RTP packet is changed to the average packet loss gap of the RTP packet, and in this way, an obtained result is the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0035] For example, if seven TS packets included in the RTP packet are all video TS packets, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may determine the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video by using the following formula:


    BurstGapV indicates the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, and RTPburstGap indicates the average packet loss gap of the RTP packet. It can be learned that formula 1.3 is similar to formula 1.2, and an obtained result is the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video after the input is simply changed from the average consecutive packet loss length of the RTP packet to the average packet loss gap of the RTP packet.

    [0036] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment parameter extraction device may be unable to obtain the average packet loss gap of the RTP packet. In these cases, a network may be considered in good condition by default, and packet losses are randomly distributed. The video quality assessment device may determine that the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0037] It may be understood that, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may directly extract the packet loss rate and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video. A specific manner of extracting the packet loss rate and the average packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video by the video quality assessment device is the same as a manner of extracting the packet loss rate and the average packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video by the video quality assessment parameter extraction device, and details are not described herein.

    [0038] 202. The video quality assessment device determines packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0039] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video. The video quality assessment device may determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0040] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0041] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, BurstGapV indicates the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0042] It may be learned from formula 1.5 that if the video quality assessment device determines the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video is 1.

    [0043] The random average packet loss gap is used to indicate a gap between two adjacent packet losses if a packet loss occurs randomly. A larger value of the random average packet loss gap indicates a larger gap between two adjacent packet losses. A smaller value of the random average packet loss gap indicates a smaller gap between two adjacent packet losses. The packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video is an indicator used to represent a packet loss distribution status. Specifically, in some embodiments (for example, if the packet loss dispersion is determined according to formula 1.5), a value range of the packet loss dispersion is [0, 1]. When the packet loss is randomly distributed, the packet loss dispersion is maximum, and is equal to 1. More centralized packet distribution indicates smaller packet loss dispersion. When the packet loss is centralized in one packet loss event, the packet loss dispersion is minimum, and is equal to 0.

    [0044] In addition to determining the random average packet loss gap by using formula 1.4 and determining the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video by using formula 1.5, the video quality assessment device may determine the average packet loss gap and the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video in other manners. For example, the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video may be determined according to the following formula:


    The packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video may be determined according to the following formula:



    [0045] 203. The video quality assessment device determines quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video, where the attribute information of the to-be-assessed video includes a quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and an error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0046] Specifically, the video quality assessment device may determine content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video; determine a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video; determine a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video; determine a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video; determine a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter; and determine the quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video and the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0047] The quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video may be determined based on a bit rate of the to-be-assessed video, a resolution of the to-be-assessed video, and a frame rate of the to-be-assessed video. Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, bitrate indicates the bit rate of the to-be-assessed video, numPixelperFrame indicates the resolution of the to-be-assessed video, and frameRate indicates the frame rate of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0048] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may receive a video coding parameter that is of the to-be-assessed video and that is sent by a video coding parameter obtaining device. The video coding parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes the bit rate of the to-be-assessed video, the frame rate of the to-be-assessed video, and the resolution of the to-be-assessed video. The video coding parameter of the to-be-assessed video may further include a coding type of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0049] Optionally, in some embodiments, a function of obtaining the video coding parameter of the to-be-assessed video by the video coding parameter obtaining device may be implemented by the video quality assessment device.

    [0050] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, and a31, a32, and a33 are constants.

    [0051] Specific values of a31, a32, and a33 may be determined by using the least square method. In some embodiments, a31 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100, a32 is a real number greater than -100 and less than 0, and a33 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 10. More specifically, in some embodiments, a31=0.74, a32=-1.21, and a33=0.87.

    [0052] Further, in some embodiments, the constants in formula 1.9 may be determined based on the resolution and the coding type of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0053] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, and a1V, a2V, a3V, and a4V are constants.

    [0054] Specific values of a1V, a2V, a3V, and a4V may be determined by using the least square method. In some embodiments, a1V is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100, a2V is a real number greater than -100 and less than 0, a3V is a real number greater than 0 and less than 10, and a4V is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100. More specifically, in some embodiments, a1V=68.68, a2V=-73.35, a3V=1.17, and a4V=18.92.

    [0055] Further, in some embodiments, the constants in formula 1.10 are determined based on the resolution and the coding type of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0056] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device may determine the first assessment parameter according to the following formula:


    Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, and QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0057] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device determines, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter. The video quality assessment device may determine the second assessment parameter according to the following formulas:



    and


    QNP1 indicates a first intermediate parameter, QNP2 indicates a second intermediate parameter, Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, QE is the second assessment parameter, and b21, b22, b23, c21, c22, c23, p1, and p2 are constants used to calculate the second assessment parameter.

    [0058] Optionally, in some other embodiments, the video quality assessment device determines, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter. The video quality assessment device may determine the second assessment parameter according to the following formulas:



    and


    QNP1 indicates a first intermediate parameter, QNP2 indicates a second intermediate parameter, Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, QE is the second assessment parameter, and b21, b22, b23, c21, c22, c23, p1, and p2 are constants used to calculate the second assessment parameter.

    [0059] Specific values of b21, b22, b23, c21, c22, c23, p1, and p2 may be determined by using the least square method. In some embodiments, b21 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100, b22 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 1, b23 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 1, c21 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 1, c22 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 10, c23 is a real number greater than -100 and less than 100, p1 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 1, and p2 is a real number greater than 0 and less than 1. More specifically, in some embodiments, if the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is video freezing, b21=69.39, b22=0.00019, b23=0.00082, c21=0.26411, c22=1.10360, c23=-8.34831, p1=0.0001661, and p2=0.1166. More specifically, in some embodiments, if the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is slicing, b21=80.61, b22=0.00046, b23=0.00147, c21=0.02, c22=0.66, c23=11.37, p1=0.018, and p2=0.040.

    [0060] Optionally, in some other embodiments, the video quality assessment device determines, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter. The video quality assessment device may determine the second assessment parameter according to the following formulas:

    and


    QNP indicates an intermediate parameter, Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, QE is the second assessment parameter, and b21, b22, b23, b24, p1, and p2 are constants used to calculate the second assessment parameter.

    [0061] Specific values of b21, b22, b23, b24, p1, and p2 may be determined by using the least square method.

    [0062] Optionally, in some embodiments, the video quality assessment device determines, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video, and the video quality assessment device may determine the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:


    QtraV indicates the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video, QE indicates the second assessment parameter, and b1V and b2V are constants used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0063] Specific values of b1V and b2V may be determined by using the least square method. Optionally, in some embodiments, b1V is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100, and b2V is a real number greater than 0 and less than 100. More specifically, in some embodiments, if the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is video freezing, b1V=12.70, and b2V=907.36; or if the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is slicing, b1V=17.73, and b2V is 123.08.

    [0064] Specifically, if a packet loss occurs in a video transmission process, there may be a plurality of error concealment manners. A typical error concealment manner is video freezing or slicing. A device that receives a video may preset an error concealment manner. The video quality assessment device may determine the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner set by the device that receives the to-be-assessed video in an application environment of the video.

    [0065] Optionally, in some other embodiments, if the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is video freezing, b1V=12.70, and b2V=907.36. If the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video is slicing, b1V=17.73, and b2V=123.08.

    [0066] The video quality assessment device determines the quality of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    where mos indicates the quality of the to-be-assessed video, QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video, QtraV indicates the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video, MOSfromR is used to convert a quality score whose value range is [0, 100] into a MOS score whose value range is (0, 5). For a specific formula, refer to description in the ITU-T P.1201.2 standard.

    [0067] In the method shown in FIG. 2, during video quality assessment, not only impact of the packet loss rate and an average quantity of consecutively lost packets on the video quality is considered, but also impact of packet loss distribution indicated by the packet loss dispersion on the video quality is considered. Therefore, video quality assessment accuracy can be improved.

    [0068] Further, in some embodiments, in a process of determining the quality of the to-be-assessed video, the coding parameter of the to-be-assessed video is used, such as the bit rate, the frame rate, the resolution, and the coding type. Therefore, quality of a specific video can be monitored by using a specific coding parameter of the video.

    [0069] FIG. 3 is a structural block diagram of a video quality assessment device according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the video quality assessment device 300 includes an obtaining unit 301 and a processing unit 302.

    [0070] The obtaining unit 301 is configured to obtain a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, where the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video includes a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, an average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0071] The processing unit 302 is configured to determine packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0072] The processing unit 302 is further configured to determine quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video, where the attribute information of the to-be-assessed video includes a quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and an error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0073] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video; and determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0074] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video according to formula 1.4.

    [0075] Optionally, in some embodiments, the obtaining unit 301 is specifically configured to determine that the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0076] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video according to formula 1.5.

    [0077] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video; determine a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video; determine a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video; determine a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video; determine a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter; and determine the quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video and the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.

    [0078] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video according to formula 1.9.

    [0079] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to formula 1.10.

    [0080] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the first assessment parameter according to formula 1.11.

    [0081] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter; and determine the second assessment parameter according to formula 1.12 to formula 1.14.

    [0082] Optionally, in some other embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter; and determine the second assessment parameter according to formula 1.15 to formula 1.17.

    [0083] The processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter; and determine the second assessment parameter according to formula 1.18 and formula 1.19.

    [0084] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video; and determine the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the formula 1.20.

    [0085] Optionally, in some embodiments, the processing unit 302 is specifically configured to determine the quality of the to-be-assessed video according to formula 1.21.

    [0086] For operations and functions of the obtaining unit 301 and the processing unit 302 of the video quality assessment device 300, refer to the method in FIG. 2. To avoid repetition, details are not described herein again.

    [0087] FIG. 4 is a structural block diagram of a video quality assessment device according to an embodiment of the present invention. A video quality assessment device 400 shown in FIG. 4 includes a processor 401, a memory 402, and a communications interface 403.

    [0088] Components of the video quality assessment device 400 are coupled together by using a bus system 404. In addition to a data bus, the bus system 404 includes a power bus, a control bus, and a status signal bus. However, for clarity of description, various buses are marked as the bus system 404 in FIG. 4.

    [0089] The method disclosed in the foregoing embodiment of the present invention may be applied to the processor 401, or implemented by the processor 401. The processor 401 may be an integrated circuit chip, and have a signal processing capability. In an implementation process, steps in the foregoing method may be completed by using an integrated logic circuit of hardware in the processor 401 or an instruction in a form of software. The processor 401 may be a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (English: digital signal processor, DSP for short), an application-specific integrated circuit (English: application-specific integrated circuit, ASIC for short), a field-programmable gate array (English: field-programmable gate array, FPGA for short) or another programmable logic device, a discrete gate or a transistor logic device, or a discrete hardware component. The processor 401 may implement or perform the method, the steps, and logical block diagrams that are disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention. The general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, or the processor may be any conventional processor or the like. The steps of the method disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention may be directly performed and completed by a hardware decoding processor, or may be performed and completed by using a combination of hardware in the decoding processor and a software module. The software module may be located in a mature storage medium in the art, such as a random access memory (English: random access memory, RAM for short), a flash memory, a read-only memory (English: Read-Only Memory, ROM for short), a programmable read-only memory, an electrically erasable programmable memory, or a register. The storage medium is located in the memory 402. The processor 401 reads an instruction from the memory 402, and completes the steps of the foregoing method in combination with the hardware of the processor 401. The communications interface 403 may be configured to obtain a to-be-assessed video or a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video.

    [0090] Optionally, in some embodiments, the memory 402 may store an instruction used to perform the method performed by the video quality assessment device in the method shown in FIG. 2. The processor 401 may execute, in combination with other hardware (such as the communications interface 403), the instruction stored in the memory 402 to complete the steps performed by the video quality assessment device in the method shown in FIG. 2. For a specific working process and a beneficial effect, refer to the description of the video quality assessment device in the embodiment shown in FIG. 2.

    [0091] In the several embodiments provided in this application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely an example. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented by using some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electrical, mechanical, or other forms.

    [0092] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected based on actual needs to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

    [0093] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementations of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A video quality assessment method, wherein the method comprises:

    obtaining, by a video quality assessment device, a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, wherein the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video comprises a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, an average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video;

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video; and

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video, wherein the attribute information of the to-be-assessed video comprises a quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and an error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video comprises:

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video; and

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.


     
    3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device, the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    4. The method according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the obtaining, by a video quality assessment device, a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video comprises:
    determining, by the video quality assessment device, that the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    5. The method according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, BurstGapV indicates the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video comprises:

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video;

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video;

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video;

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video;

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter; and

    determining, by the video quality assessment device, the quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video and the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.


     
    7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device, the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, and a31, a32, and a33 are constants.
     
    8. The method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device, the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, and a1V, a2V, a3V, and a4V are constants.
     
    9. The method according to any one of claims 6 to 8, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device, the first assessment parameter according to the following formula:

    wherein
    Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, and QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    10. The method according to any one of claims 6 to 9, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter; and
    determining, by the video quality assessment device, the second assessment parameter according to the following formulas:



    and

    wherein
    QNP1 indicates a first intermediate parameter, QNP2 indicates a second intermediate parameter, Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, QE is the second assessment parameter, and b21, b22, b23, c21, c22, c23, p1, and p2 are constants used to calculate the second assessment parameter.
     
    11. The method according to any one of claims 6 to 10, wherein the determining, by the video quality assessment device, a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter comprises: determining, by the video quality assessment device based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video; and
    determining, by the video quality assessment device, the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    QtraV indicates the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video, QE indicates the second assessment parameter, and b1V and b2V are constants used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    12. A video quality assessment device, wherein the device comprises:

    an obtaining unit, configured to obtain a video quality assessment parameter of a to-be-assessed video, wherein the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video comprises a packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, an average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, and an average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video; and

    a processing unit, configured to determine packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the video quality assessment parameter of the to-be-assessed video, wherein

    the processing unit is further configured to determine quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and attribute information of the to-be-assessed video, wherein the attribute information of the to-be-assessed video comprises a quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and an error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video.


     
    13. The device according to claim 12, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to: determine a random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video based on the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video and the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video; and
    determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video based on the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video and the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    14. The device according to claim 13, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to determine the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    15. The device according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the obtaining unit is specifically configured to determine that the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video is equal to the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    16. The device according to any one of claims 13 to 15, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to determine the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, BurstGapV indicates the average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video, and BurstGaprandom indicates the random average packet loss gap of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    17. The device according to any one of claims 12 to 16, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to: determine content complexity of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video;
    determine a coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video and the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video;
    determine a first assessment parameter based on the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video;
    determine a second assessment parameter based on the first assessment parameter, the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, and the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video;
    determine a transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video and the second assessment parameter; and
    determine the quality of the to-be-assessed video based on the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video and the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    18. The device according to claim 17, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to determine the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, and a31, a32, and a33 are constants.
     
    19. The device according to claim 17 or 18, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to determine the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video, BitPerPixel indicates the quantity of bits per pixel of the to-be-assessed video, ContentComplexity indicates the content complexity of the to-be-assessed video, and a1V, a2V, a3V, and a4V are constants.
     
    20. The device according to any one of claims 17 to 19, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to determine the first assessment parameter according to the following formula:

    wherein
    Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, and QcodV indicates the coding impairment of the to-be-assessed video.
     
    21. The device according to any one of claims 17 to 20, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the second assessment parameter; and
    determine the second assessment parameter according to the following formulas:



    and

    wherein
    QNP1 indicates a first intermediate parameter, QNP2 indicates a second intermediate parameter, Icodn indicates the first assessment parameter, BurstinessV indicates the average consecutive packet loss length of the to-be-assessed video, DiscreteV indicates the packet loss dispersion of the to-be-assessed video, PacketLossV indicates the packet loss rate of the to-be-assessed video, QE is the second assessment parameter, and b21, b22, b23, c21, c22, c23, p1, and p2 are constants used to calculate the second assessment parameter.
     
    22. The device according to any one of claims 17 to 21, wherein the processing unit is specifically configured to: determine, based on the error concealment manner of the to-be-assessed video, a constant used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video; and
    determine the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video according to the following formula:

    wherein
    QtraV indicates the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video, QE indicates the second assessment parameter, and b1V and b2V are constants used to calculate the transmission impairment of the to-be-assessed video.
     




    Drawing