(19)
(11)EP 3 517 798 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 17852936.8

(22)Date of filing:  14.09.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16C 11/06  (2006.01)
F16J 15/52  (2006.01)
F16J 3/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/033221
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/056159 (29.03.2018 Gazette  2018/13)

(54)

DUST COVER

STAUBSCHUTZABDECKUNG

PROTECTION ANTI-POUSSIÈRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.09.2016 JP 2016184047

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/31

(73)Proprietor: NOK Corporation
Minato-ku Tokyo 105-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SATO, Noriaki
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 251-0042 (JP)
  • HIROTA, Takuma
    Makinohara-shi Shizuoka 421-0532 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2006 275 259
JP-A- 2007 278 352
US-A1- 2009 289 424
JP-A- 2007 278 352
JP-U- S6 243 869
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a dust cover attached to a ball joint.

    Background Art



    [0002] Heretofore, to a ball joint, a dust cover preventing the intrusion of external foreign matter, such as muddy water or dust, into the ball joint and preventing grease charged into internal space of the ball joint from flowing out to the outside has been attached.

    [0003] As the ball joint to which the dust cover is attached, a so-called taper alignment ball joint which is not illustrated and a so-called pinch bolt ball joint 550 illustrated in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 are known.

    [0004] The taper alignment ball joint is structured so that a shaft is passed through a knuckle, and then the knuckle is tightened with a nut from above thereof, whereby the knuckle is fixed to a stud.

    [0005] The pinch bolt ball joint 550 is configured so that a notch 553a reaching an insertion hole 553e for passing through a shaft 551b from an end portion on the outer peripheral side of the knuckle 553 is provided and a gap C of the notch 553a is fastened by a nut 554a and a bolt 554b, whereby the knuckle 553 is fixed to the stud 551 as illustrated in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9.

    [0006] However, the gap C is formed in a part of a lower side surface 553c of the knuckle 553 in the pinch bolt ball joint 550 as illustrated in FIG. 9.

    [0007] Therefore, a dust cover 510 to which the pinch bolt ball joint 550 is attached is not provided with a dust lip which is supposed to be in close contact with the lower side surface 553c of the knuckle 553 with no gap, so that there is a possibility that external foreign matter intrudes between the knuckle 553 and a small diameter opening 530 from the gap C of the notch 553a.

    [0008] Thus, there has been a possibility that the intruding external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle 553 accumulates between the knuckle 553 and the small diameter opening 530, and then a seal portion 532 in the small diameter opening 530 contacts the accumulating external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle 553 to wear out, so that the seal portion 532 cannot seal internal space S of the dust cover over the long period of time.

    [0009] JP 2007-278352 discloses a dust cover according to the preamble of claim 1.

    Prior Art Document


    Patent Document



    [0010] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2003-172334

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 11-108044


    Summary of Invention


    Problem to be Solved by the Invention



    [0011] The present invention has been made in view of the above-described points. It is a technical object of the present invention to provide a dust cover which can prevent the accumulation of external foreign matter or rust of a knuckle between the knuckle and a small diameter opening, and thus prevent wear of a seal portion caused by a contact with the accumulating external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle.

    Means for Solving the Problem



    [0012] As a measure for solving the technical problem described above, a dust cover of the present invention which is attached to a ball joint in which a spherical portion in a stud having the spherical portion and a shaft is accommodated in a socket and a knuckle is fastened into the shaft is provided with a large diameter opening fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the socket, a small diameter opening attached to the shaft of the stud, and a film portion connecting the large diameter opening and the small diameter opening, in which the small diameter opening is provided with a seal portion in close contact with the outer peripheral surface of the shaft and a contact portion in close contact with the knuckle, and a foreign matter discharge groove discharging external foreign matter which tends to accumulate on the small diameter opening to the outside are formed in the contact portion.

    [0013] In the present invention, the foreign matter discharge groove is disposed obliquely in the radial direction.

    [0014] In the present invention, the foreign matter discharge groove preferably has a spiral shape from the inner diameter direction to the outer diameter direction.

    [0015] In the present invention, an inclined portion inclined from the side of an outer diameter of the contact portion to the side of the large diameter opening is preferably formed in the small diameter opening.

    Effect of the Invention



    [0016] According to the dust cover of the present invention, external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle which tends to intrude from the outside is discharged to the outside by the foreign matter discharge groove. Therefore, the accumulation of the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle between the knuckle and the large diameter opening can be prevented, and thus the wear of the seal portion caused by the contacting with the accumulating foreign matter or rust of the knuckle can be prevented.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0017] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating an attachment state of a dust cover according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a plan view illustrating the attachment state of the dust cover according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional perspective view of the dust cover according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a principal portion of a small diameter opening in the dust cover according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is a plan view illustrating a foreign matter discharge groove in the dust cover according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a principal portion of a small diameter opening in a dust cover according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 7(a), and FIG. 7(b) are plan views illustrating examples of the foreign matter discharge groove in the dust cover according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 7(c) is a plan view illustrating an example of the foreign matter discharge groove in the dust cover not forming part of the present invention.

    FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view illustrating an attachment state of a dust cover according to a conventional technique.

    FIG. 9 is a plan view illustrating the attachment state of the dust cover according to the conventional technique.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0018] Hereinafter, a dust cover 10 according to a first embodiment of the present invention is described in detail with reference to the drawings.

    [0019] A pinch bolt ball joint 50 (hereinafter simply referred to as "ball joint 50") to which the dust cover 10 is attached is provided with a stud 51 having a spherical portion 51a formed in one end and a shaft 51b formed in the other end, a socket 52 turnably holding the spherical portion 51a of the stud 51, and a knuckle 53 fixed to the stud 51 as illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2.

    [0020] In the knuckle 53, an insertion hole 53e for passing through the shaft 51b is formed. Moreover, in the knuckle 53, a notch 53a reaching the insertion hole 53e from an end portion on the outer peripheral side of the knuckle 53 is formed from an upper side surface 53d to a lower side surface 53c of the knuckle 53, and thus a gap C is formed in one end of the knuckle 53 as illustrated in FIG. 2. Then, the shaft 51b is passed through the knuckle 53 and the notch 53a is fastened by a nut 54a and a bolt 54b, whereby the knuckle 53 is fixed to the stud 51. To the above-described ball joint 50, the dust cover 10 according to this embodiment is attached.

    [0021] The dust cover 10 is molded by a rubber-like elastic material (rubber material or synthetic resin material having rubber-like elasticity) and is provided with a large diameter opening 20 having a relatively large diameter tightened and fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the socket 52 of the ball joint 50, a small diameter opening 30 having a relatively small diameter attached to an outer peripheral surface 51c of the shaft 51b of the stud 51 in a close contact state, and a cylindrical film portion 40 connecting the large diameter opening 20 and the small diameter opening 30 as illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0022] In the large diameter opening 20, the inner peripheral surface is fitted to an annular level difference portion 52a formed on the outer peripheral surface of the socket 52 with appropriate interference by a snap ring, which is not illustrated, attached to an annular groove in the outer periphery.

    [0023] The small diameter opening 30 is provided with a seal portion 32 formed on the inner peripheral side, a reinforcing ring 31 located on the outer peripheral side of the seal portion 32, and a contact portion 33 which is the upper surface of the reinforcing ring 31 and contacts a lower side surface 53c of the knuckle 53 as illustrated in FIG. 1, FIG. 3, and FIG. 4.

    [0024] The seal portion 32 is in close contact with the outer peripheral surface 51c of the stud 51 with appropriate interference and a plurality of seal projections 32a is formed in an end portion on the inner peripheral side of the seal portion 32.

    [0025] The reinforcing ring 31 is molded by a resin material so that the contact portion 33 formed on the upper surface is not scraped by the contact with the lower side surface 53c of the knuckle 53. Moreover, the seal portion 32 is integrally molded on the inner peripheral side of the reinforcing ring 31 and the film portion 40 is integrally molded on the outer peripheral side thereof. A material of the reinforcing ring 31 is not limited to the resin material and may also be a metal material.

    [0026] The contact portion 33 is provided on the reinforcing ring 31 and contacts the lower side surface 53c of the knuckle 53. In the contact portion 33, a plurality of foreign matter discharge grooves 35 is molded from the inner peripheral side to the outer peripheral side.

    [0027] The plurality of foreign matter discharge grooves 35 is disposed obliquely with a necessary angle in the radial direction of the shaft 51b passed through the insertion hole 53e, extends while being curved from the inner peripheral side to the outer peripheral side, and has a spiral shape as a whole as illustrated in FIG. 3 and FIG. 5.

    [0028] The dust cover 10 having the above-described configuration prevents grease, which is not illustrated, charged into internal space S of the dust cover 10 from flowing out to the outside and prevents external foreign matter from intruding into the internal space S of the dust cover 10 due to the fact that the large diameter opening 20 is fitted to the socket 52 and the seal portion 32 of the small diameter opening 30 is in close contact with the outer peripheral surface 51c of the stud 51 as illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0029] Moreover, according to the dust cover 10 having the above-described configuration, the film portion 40 is freely deformed as the stud 51 swings to the socket 52.

    [0030] Moreover, the dust cover 10 of the above-described configuration discharges external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle 53 which tends to intrude into the internal space S of the dust cover 10 from the gap C formed by the notch 53a of the knuckle 53 to the outside by the foreign matter discharge grooves 35. When described in detail, even when the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 tends to accumulate on the seal portion 32 from the gap C formed by the notch 53a of the knuckle 53, the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 reaches the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 before reaching the seal portion 32 located immediately under the knuckle 53. Thus, the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 which tends to intrude onto the seal portion 32 is discharged from the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 to the outside of the dust cover 10.

    [0031] As described above, according to the dust cover 10 of this embodiment, the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 which tends to intrude from the outside is discharged to the outside through the foreign matter discharge grooves 35, and therefore the accumulation of the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 on the seal portion 32 does not occur. This can prevent wear of the seal portion 32 due to the contact of the external foreign matter or the rust of the knuckle 53 with the seal portion 32.

    [0032] Moreover, according to the dust cover 10 of this embodiment, the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 are disposed obliquely with a necessary angle in the radial direction of the shaft 51b passed through the insertion hole 53e, and therefore breakage due to a twist of the dust cover 10 caused by fitting of the side surfaces of the two foreign matter discharge grooves 35 adjacent to each other into the notch 53a when the stud 51 swings can be prevented.

    [0033] Next, a dust cover 10 according to a second embodiment of the present invention is described in detail with reference to the drawings.

    [0034] More specifically, the dust cover 10 according to this embodiment is different from the dust cover 10 according to the first embodiment in that an inclined portion 34 is provided on the outside of the contact portion 33 as illustrated in FIG. 6.

    [0035] The inclined portion 34 is formed by cutting out a part of a reinforcing ring 31 and inclines from the inner peripheral side to the outer peripheral side and from the upper side to the lower side.

    [0036] As described above, according to the dust cover 10 of this embodiment, the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 incline from the upper side to the lower side, and therefore external foreign matter or rust of the knuckle 53 which tends to intrude from the outside can be more easily discharged to the outside.

    [0037] The foreign matter discharge grooves 35 according to this embodiment are not limited to those in the aspect described above. The foreign matter discharge grooves 35 may have a linear shape or a curved shape from the inner peripheral side to the outer peripheral side. With respect to the direction where the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 are disposed in the radial direction, the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 may be formed radially or may be formed clockwise or counterclockwise.

    [0038] As an example of the foreign matter discharge groove 35 having a shape different from the shape of the foreign matter discharge groove 35 according to this embodiment, the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 which are obliquely disposed with a necessary angle in the radial direction of the shaft 51b, linearly extend to the outer peripheral side from the inner peripheral side, and have a spiral shape as a whole as illustrated in FIG. 7(a), the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 in which the clockwise foreign matter discharge grooves 35 and the counterclockwise foreign matter discharge grooves 35 are combined as illustrated in FIG. 7(b), or the foreign matter discharge grooves 35 which are radially formed from the shaft center of the shaft 51b as illustrated in FIG. 7(c) may be acceptable.

    Description of Reference Numerals



    [0039] 
    10
    dust cover
    20
    large diameter opening
    30
    small diameter opening
    31
    reinforcing ring
    32
    seal portion
    32a
    seal projection
    33
    contact portion
    34
    inclined portion
    35
    foreign matter discharge groove
    40
    film portion
    50
    ball joint
    51
    stud
    51a
    spherical portion
    51b
    shaft
    51c
    outer peripheral surface
    52
    socket
    52a
    annular level difference portion
    53
    knuckle
    53a
    notch
    53b
    side surface
    53c
    lower side surface
    53d
    upper side surface
    53e
    insertion hole
    54a
    nut
    54b
    bolt
    C
    gap
    S
    internal space



    Claims

    1. A dust cover (10) which is attachable to a ball joint (50) in which a spherical portion (51a) in a stud (51) having the spherical portion (51a) and a shaft (51b) is accommodated in a socket (52) and a knuckle (53) is fastened into the shaft (51b), the dust cover (10) comprising:

    a large diameter opening (20) fixable to an outer peripheral surface (52a) of the socket (52);

    a small diameter opening (30) attachable to the shaft (51b) of the stud (51); and

    a film portion (40 connecting the large diameter opening (20) and the small diameter opening (30), wherein

    the small diameter opening (30) is provided with a seal portion (32) in use being in close contact with an outer peripheral surface (51c) of the shaft (51b) and a contact portion (33) in use being in close contact with the knuckle (53), and foreign matter discharge grooves (35) discharging external foreign matter which tends to accumulate on the small diameter opening (30) to an outside are formed in the contact portion (33), characterized in that

    the foreign matter discharge grooves (35) are disposed obliquely in a radial direction.


     
    2. The dust cover (10) according to Claim 1, wherein
    the foreign matter discharge grooves (35) have a spiral shape from an inner diameter direction to an outer diameter direction.
     
    3. The dust cover (10) according to Claim 1 or 2 wherein an inclined portion (34) inclined from a side of an outer diameter of the contact portion (33) to a side of the large diameter opening (20) is formed in the small diameter opening (30).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Staubschutzabdeckung (10), die mit einem Kugelgelenk (50) verknüpfbar ist, in dem ein kugelförmiger Abschnitt (51a) in einem Zapfen (51), der einen kugelförmigen Abschnitt (51a) und eine Welle (51b) hat, in einer Pfanne (52) untergebracht ist und eine Krempe (53) in die Welle (51b) hinein befestigt ist, wobei die Staubschutzabdeckung (10) aufweist:

    eine Öffnung (20) großen Durchmessers, die an einer äußeren Umfangsfläche (52a) der Pfanne (52) befestigbar ist;

    eine Öffnung (20) kleinen Durchmessers, die mit der Welle (51b) eines Zapfens (51) verknüpfbar ist; und

    einem Schichtabschnitt (40), der die Öffnung (20) großen Durchmessers und die Öffnung (30) kleinen Durchmessers verbindet, wobei

    die Öffnung (30) kleinen Durchmessers mit einem Dichtabschnitt (32), der im Gebrauchszustand in engem Kontakt mit einer äußeren Umfangsfläche (51c) der Welle (51b) ist, und einem Berührabschnitt (33) versehen ist, der im Gebrauchszustand in engem Kontakt mit der Krempe (53) ist, und Fremdkörperabführnuten (35), die äußere Fremdkörper, die dazu tendieren, sich an der Öffnung (30) kleinen Durchmessers anzusammeln, zu einer Außenseite abführen, in dem Berührabschnitt (33) ausgeformt sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Fremdkörperabführnuten (35) in einer radialen Richtung schräg angeordnet sind.


     
    2. Staubschutzabdeckung (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Fremdkörperabführnuten (35) eine spiralförmige Form von einer Innendurchmesserrichtung zu einer Außendurchmesserrichtung hin haben.
     
    3. Staubschutzabdeckung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei ein geneigter Abschnitt (34), der von einer Seite eines äußeren Durchmessers des Berührabschnittes (33) zu einer Seite der Öffnung (20) großen Durchmessers geneigt ist, in der Öffnung (30) kleinen Durchmessers ausgeformt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Protection anti-poussière (10) qui peut être fixée à un joint à rotule (50) dans lequel une partie sphérique (51a) dans un goujon (51) ayant la partie sphérique (51a) et une tige (51b), est logée dans une cavité (52) et une fourche (53) est fixée dans la tige (51b), la protection anti-poussière (10) comprenant :

    une ouverture de grand diamètre (20) pouvant être fixée à une surface périphérique externe (52a) de la cavité (52) ;

    une ouverture de petit diamètre (30) pouvant être fixée à la tige (51b) du goujon (51) ; et

    une partie de film (40) raccordant l'ouverture de grand diamètre (20) et l'ouverture de petit diamètre (30), dans laquelle :

    l'ouverture de petit diamètre (30) est prévue avec une partie de joint d'étanchéité (32) qui est, à l'usage, en contact immédiat avec une surface périphérique externe (51c) de la tige (51b) et une partie de contact (33) qui est, à l'usage, en contact immédiat avec la fourche (53), et des rainures de décharge de corps étrangers (35) déchargeant les corps étrangers externes qui ont tendance à s'accumuler sur l'ouverture de petit diamètre (30) à l'extérieur, sont formées dans la partie de contact (33),

    caractérisée en ce que :
    les rainures de décharge de corps étrangers (35) sont disposées de manière oblique dans une direction radiale.


     
    2. Protection anti-poussière (10) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :
    les rainures de décharge de corps étrangers (35) ont une forme de spirale d'une direction de diamètre interne vers une direction de diamètre externe.
     
    3. Protection anti-poussière (10) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle :
    une partie inclinée (34) inclinée à partir d'un côté d'un diamètre externe de la partie de contact (33) jusqu'à un côté de l'ouverture de grand diamètre (20) est formée dans l'ouverture de petit diamètre (30).
     




    Drawing






























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description