(19)
(11)EP 3 518 798 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 17838148.9

(22)Date of filing:  06.12.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/72  (2006.01)
A61B 17/86  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2017/057688
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/111041 (13.06.2019 Gazette  2019/24)

(54)

ORTHOPEDIC LOCKING SCREW

ORTHOPÄDISCHE FESTSTELLSCHRAUBE

VIS DE VERROUILLAGE ORTHOPÉDIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/32

(73)Proprietor: Stryker European Holdings I, LLC
Kalamazoo, MI 49002 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZANDER, Nils
    24340 Eckernförde (DE)
  • WIELAND, Manfred
    24146 Kiel (DE)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 864 616
WO-A1-2014/149746
WO-A1-2017/136801
US-A1- 2014 214 034
US-A1- 2014 329 202
WO-A1-2014/093487
WO-A1-2017/086953
US-A1- 2011 195 380
US-A1- 2014 236 242
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION



    [0001] The invention relates to an advanced orthopedic locking screw configured to be arranged in a bore of an orthopedic implant, an orthopedic locking system comprising such locking screw and a method for manufacturing such orthopedic locking screw. Particularly, the invention allows a removal of a broken locking screw out of an implant.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In orthopedic procedures, it is often necessary to secure an orthopedic implant. In such cases, an orthopedic locking screw of an orthopedic fastening system is often used to secure the orthopedic implant to a bone or to another orthopedic implant. The screw sometimes breaks during installation or use so that a part of the screw remains in a hole into which it was threaded. In some instances, the locking screw may be broken due to excessive loading or accidents, e.g., due to shearing forces, at the fixation interface. Usually, a broken or damaged locking screw needs to be removed from the human body.

    [0003] Various devices exist to remove such implanted broken screws. Some of these prior art devices have their own screw threads to be attached to the broken screw for reverse turning of the screw for its removal. Those instruments often have a tapered opening at their threads for telescoping with the broken screw to grip it in the removal process. Such devices have the disadvantage of also removing a relatively large core of the bone, resulting in considerable bone loss. Accordingly, there is a need to provide a locking screw, which when broken, can be easily removed essentially without damaging bone tissue.

    [0004] Document US2011195380 A1 discloses an orthopedic locking screw according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] The problems of the prior art are addressed by the subject matter of the independent claims, wherein further embodiments are incorporated in the dependent claims. Aspects of the invention described in the following apply also to the advanced orthopedic locking screw system and the method for manufacturing the orthopedic locking screw.

    [0006] According to an aspect of the present invention, an orthopedic locking screw is presented. The orthopedic locking screw is configured for a cooperation with a thread in an orthopedic implant and comprises a longitudinally extending shaft. The longitudinally extending shaft comprises a thread pattern section extending at least partially along the shaft. The thread pattern section comprises a first thread with a first direction, in which the first thread is a functional thread configured for the cooperation with the thread in the orthopedic implant. The thread pattern section further comprises a second thread with a second direction opposite to the first direction the first thread. The second thread is superimposed on the first thread and intersects the first thread.

    [0007] The orthopedic locking screw may be an angular stable locking screw and may be provided to secure the orthopedic implant. The orthopedic locking screw may fasten the orthopedic implant precisely without additional components through a bore of the implant. The bore may be arranged with an internal thread to cooperate with the thread pattern section of the locking screw.

    [0008] The functional thread of the locking screw may interact with the internal thread of the orthopedic implant. However, when the locking screw fatigues, it usually bends and breaks within the implant itself. The functional thread of the thread pattern section may then also allow for removal of a retained portion of the screw without damaging the adjacent bone tissue. In other words, the thread pattern section may allow an interaction between the thread turns of the functional thread of the locking screw and the internal thread of the orthopedic implant and, at the same time, allow for an easily removal of the retained broken screw from the implant in case of a failure of the screw.

    [0009] The first thread of the thread pattern section might be screwed in the bore of the implant to fasten it. The second thread of the thread pattern section might be a counter screw thread in opposite direction to the first thread such that the second thread and the first thread intersect each other in the thread pattern section. The term "intersect" means that second thread turns overlap first thread turns and vice versa. Accordingly, each thread intervenes, interrupts and/or interferes a counter thread flow. Accordingly, the second thread turns interrupt the first thread flow and vice versa. In other words, the first thread turns are cut by the passing second thread turns and vice versa. The first and second threads may thereby form at least one island, and preferably a plurality of intersection islands, along the circumference of the thread pattern section. Each intersection island may resemble a roller of a music box. The thread pattern section can also be understood as a groove and intersection island system.

    [0010] According to the invention, the thread pattern section comprises essentially rhombic protrusions and multiple grooves between the rhombic protrusions. By intersecting the first thread and second thread, crossing crests of the first and second threads and crossing roots of the first and second threads may form grooves. If crossing crests of the first thread meet crossing roots of the second thread or crossing roots of the first thread meet crossing crests of the second thread, an intersecting area may form a rhombic protrusion due to a helical structure of the threads. Accordingly, a strong internal cooperation of the first thread of the locking screw and the internal thread of the implant can be realized. At the same time, the thread pattern section may be efficiently sheared off when removing the broken locking screw.

    [0011] In an example, the functional first thread and the superimposed second thread of the thread pattern section may have the same pitch. Hence, grooves and rhombic protrusions in the thread pattern section may have identical size and shape, which allows an even distribution of the interlocking and shearing-off forces between the first thread of the locking screw and the internal thread of the implant. In another example, the functional first thread and the superimposed second thread of the thread pattern section may have a different pitch.

    [0012] In an example, the functional thread may be a right hand thread and the superimposed second thread may be a left hand thread. In another example, the functional thread is a left hand thread and the second thread is a right hand thread. Usually the locking screw is turned in the right hand direction when fastened. Hence, any special skills may not be required to operate or even to manufacture the functional thread section of the locking screw.

    [0013] In an example, the orthopedic locking screw may further comprise a neck thread arranged between the thread pattern section and a screw head of the locking screw. The neck thread may have an identical pitch and direction as the functional first thread. Hence, the neck thread and the functional thread can be continuously formed on the shaft of the locking screw. In another example, the neck thread may have a different pitch and direction as the functional first thread.

    [0014] In an example, a cross section of the thread pattern section of the orthopedic locking screw within a plane along a central axis defined by the screw may have an initial major diameter. Further, a screw neck area near a screw head may have a neck major diameter, and the neck major diameter may be larger than the initial major diameter. The major diameter of the thread is to be understood as the larger of two extreme diameters delimiting the height of the thread profile, as a cross-sectional view is taken in a plane containing the axis of the threads. For a screw, this is generally its outside diameter. Hence, the neck thread may serve to interlock the locking screw in a cortex of a bone, when the locking screw is fastened in the bone or to the implant. The major diameter from the neck thread to the thread pattern section may be reduced steadily along the longitudinal direction of the shaft or stepwise between the screw head and the thread pattern section.

    [0015] In an example, the orthopedic locking screw further comprises a tip thread arranged between the thread pattern section and a screw tip. The tip thread may have an identical pitch and direction as the functional first thread. Hence, the tip thread and the functional thread can be continuously formed on the shaft of the locking screw. In another example, the tip thread may have a different pitch and direction as the functional first thread.

    [0016] As stated above, a cross section of the thread pattern section of the orthopedic locking screw may have an initial major diameter. A screw tip area near the screw tip may have a tip major diameter and the tip major diameter may be smaller than the initial major diameter. Accordingly, the locking screw passing the implant also can be fastened on the opposite side to an insertion location of the locking screw in the bone. The major diameter from the thread pattern section to the tip thread may be reduced steadily along the longitudinal direction of the shaft or stepwise between the thread pattern section and the screw tip.

    [0017] In an example, the orthopedic locking screw may further comprise a screw head having a (counter) screw thread. The (counter) screw thread may have a direction similar or opposite to the functional thread. In the latter case, the orthopedic locking screw can be held by a screw driver engaged with, and preferably threaded onto, the counter screw thread. The counter screw thread may be arranged outwardly on the screw head in an opposite direction to the fastening direction of the locking screw. For example, when the locking screw is fastened in the orthopedic implant in the right hand direction, the locking screw may be firmly held to the screw driver, because the screw head is screwed in a left hand direction into the screw driver. As a result, it may not be necessary to hold the screw with a second hand.

    [0018] In an example, the second thread intersecting the functional first thread may configure thread turns of the functional first thread for an override of the normal operation of the first thread when forcefully removing the screw out of the implant. The functional thread of the thread pattern section configured for an override of its thread turns may allow for removal of a retained portion of the screw without damaging the adjacent bone tissue. In other words, the locking screw may interact with the internal thread of the orthopedic implant by means of its functional thread configured for an override of its thread turns. The term "configured for an override" may be understood in that the thread turns of the functional thread of the locking screw may be reduced to allow a shearing off and thereby a striking or hammering of the screw throughout the implant to remove the locking screw when it is broken. A residual shear surface of the thread turns may be still sufficient to allow an interaction between the thread turns of the functional thread of the locking screw and the internal thread of the orthopedic implant.

    [0019] In an example, the second thread intersecting the functional first thread may configure a shearing area of the thread turns of the functional first thread for an intended shearing-off when forcefully removing the orthopedic locking screw in case of a failure of the locking screw. The shearing area may be arranged on a proximal portion of the shaft of the locking screw, may extend in a longitudinal direction of the screw and may serve as a main contact surface of the locking screw to interlock with the internal thread in the bore of the orthopedic implant. As a result, the shearing area of the functional thread allows a locking in the bore of the implant between the internal thread of the implant and the functional thread of the screw and to be easily sheared off in case the broken locking screw has to be extracted.

    [0020] In an example, the orthopedic implant is an intramedullary nail and the functional thread of the thread pattern section is configured for a cooperation with an inner thread of a bore of the intramedullary nail. Since a breakage of the orthopedic locking screw often occurs in such an intramedullary nail, it is in this case particularly advantageous if the screw can be easily removed.

    [0021] In an example, the shaft of the orthopedic locking screw may comprise a cannulation.

    [0022] According to the present invention, also an orthopedic locking system is presented. The orthopedic locking system comprises above described orthopedic locking screw and an orthopedic implant. The orthopedic locking screw is configured for a cooperation with a thread in the orthopedic implant. The orthopedic locking screw may allow a stable transverse locking at a distal end of the orthopedic implant.

    [0023] According to another aspect of the present invention, a manufacturing method for an orthopedic locking screw is presented. It comprises the following steps:
    • applying a first thread of a thread pattern section onto a longitudinally extending shaft with a first direction, the first thread being a functional thread configured for the cooperation with the thread of the orthopedic implant, and
    • applying a second thread of the thread pattern section onto the longitudinally extending shaft with a second direction opposite to the first direction of the first thread. The second thread is superimposed on the first thread and at least partially intersects the first thread.


    [0024] The thread pattern section comprises grooves between essentially rhombic protrusions. The functional first thread and the superimposed second thread of the thread pattern section may have the same pitch. The functional thread may be a right hand thread.

    [0025] It shall be understood that the orthopedic locking screw and the orthopedic locking system according to the independent claims have similar and/or identical preferred embodiments, in particular, as defined in the dependent claims. It shall be understood further that a preferred embodiment of the invention can also be any combination of the dependent claims with the respective independent claim.

    [0026] These and other aspects of the present invention will become apparent from and be elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0027] 

    Fig. 1 is a side cross-sectional view of an orthopedic implant.

    Fig. 2a and Fig. 2b are side views of orthopedic locking screws according to embodiments of the present invention.

    Fig. 3a is a perspective view of an orthopedic locking screw before forming a thread.

    Fig. 3b is a perspective view of the orthopedic locking screw of Fig. 3a with a left hand thread.

    Fig. 3c is a perspective view of the orthopedic locking screw of Fig. 3a with a right hand thread.

    Fig. 3d is a perspective view of the orthopedic locking screw of Fig. 3a after applying left and right hand threads.

    Fig. 4a and Fig. 4b are side cross-sectional views of an orthopedic locking system according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0028] In orthopedic procedures, it is often necessary to secure an orthopedic implant. In such cases, an orthopedic fastening system may be provided in which an orthopedic locking screw secures an orthopedic implant to a bone or to another orthopedic implant.

    [0029] As shown in Fig. 1, an orthopedic implant 200 generally comprises at least a bore 210 and an internal thread 220 to secure a locking screw (not shown). In some arrangements, the orthopedic implant may be, for example, an intramedullary bone nail, with one or more bores extending partially or completely therethrough for receiving a locking screw therein. The orthopedic implant is not limited to being an intramedullary bone nail. The orthopedic implant may be, for example, a plate or bone connector, or another type of orthopedic implant.

    [0030] Figures 2a and 2b illustrate an orthopedic locking screw 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The orthopedic locking screw 100 comprises a shank or shaft 110, a screw head 120 and a screw tip 130. The shaft 110 may have an elongate, form. The shaft 110 may be generally cylindrical, having a substantially constant major diameter extending between the screw head 120 and the screw tip 130. The locking screw 100 may have a region of smaller and tapering diameter at the end near the screw tip.

    [0031] The screw head 120 at a proximal end of the locking screw 100 comprises a recess 121 and an outer thread 122. The recess 121 is configured to receive a rotational drive, such as a screw driver or wrench. Hence, the orthopedic locking screw 100 may be rotated around a longitudinal axis of the shaft 110 in order to operably engage the orthopedic locking screw 100 with bone 300 (see Fig. 4a) and/or the implant 200. The recess 121 is not limited to a particular shape. For example, the recess 121 may have a socket adapted to receive a square or hexagonal drive, or a slot for receiving a screw driver. The outer thread 122 of the screw head 120 is configured in an opposite direction to the fastening direction of the locking screw 100 to be held by the screw driver by means of a self-holding mechanism during threading of the locking screw 100 into a mating structure, such as the orthopedic implant 200.

    [0032] The screw tip 130 extends from the distal end of the shaft 110. The screw tip 130 tapers to a point or, alternatively, to a blunt nose, such as a rounded, flat, or truncated nose. The tip 130 may comprise a self-tapping element 131 for tapping a bore into bone 300. The self-tapping element 131 may comprise at least one, and optionally two or more diametrically opposite axial grooves 132 extending along the tip 130. The axial grooves 132 may be at least partially helical. The axial grooves 132 define an edge that may act to scoop away bone or other material as the orthopedic locking screw 100 is rotated and advanced into the bone 300.

    [0033] The orthopedic locking screw 100 may be more particularly detailed by a thread pattern section 150, a neck 160 between the head 120 and the thread pattern section 150, and a transition section between the thread pattern section 150 and the tip 130. As shown in Fig. 2a, the head 120 of the locking screw 100 may be configured to have a bigger major diameter than a major diameter of the shaft 110. Further, in one arrangement, one or both of a major diameter of the neck 160 and a major diameter of the transition section 170 may be similar to the major diameter of the thread pattern section 150. In the present embodiment, the major diameter of the neck 160 is larger than the major diameter of the thread pattern section 150, and a major diameter of the tip 130 is smaller than the major diameter of the thread pattern section 150. Hence, the transition section 170 is provided with a taper from the thread pattern section 150 to the distal end of the locking screw, i.e. the tip 130. In this manner, the transition section 170 is used to draw the shaft 110 through the implant bore 220.

    [0034] Fig. 3a to Fig. 3d show an exemplary manufacturing method of the locking screw according to an embodiment of the present invention. As a first step to shape the thread pattern section 150 of the locking screw 100, a left hand thread 152 is arranged in the thread pattern section 150, as shown by a comparison of Fig. 3a and Fig. 3b. Afterwards, a right hand thread 151 is arranged at least partially, and preferably completely, from the neck 160 to the distal end of the locking screw 100 (comparison between Fig. 3a and Fig. 3c). Accordingly, the neck portion 160, the transition portion 170 and the tip portion 130 are threaded in the same direction and with the same pitch as the thread pattern section 150. The right hand thread serves as a functional thread 151 configured to cooperate with an internal thread, such as the inner thread 220 of the orthopedic implant 200. Since the left hand thread and the right hand thread intersect each other in the thread pattern section 150, the thread pattern section 150 is constituted of remaining flanks of both threads and grooves 153 between the flanks accordingly. As shown by Fig. 3b and Fig. 3c, the pitch of the left hand thread is larger than the pitch of the right hand thread.

    [0035] The remaining flanks in the thread pattern section 150 are provided in the form of rhombic protrusions 154. The thread turns of the functional thread 151 in the thread pattern section 150 include a shearing area provided by the rhombic protrusions 154. The thread pattern section 150 is configured for the cooperation with the inner thread 220 of the orthopedic implant 200 and for an intended shearing-off when removing the orthopedic locking screw 100 in a case of a failure of the screw 100.

    [0036] Fig. 4a and Fig. 4b show an orthopedic locking system using an orthopedic locking screw 100. An orthopedic implant 200 such as an intramedullary nail is inserted in a bone 300 comprising marrow 310. The marrow 310 is circumferentially encased by cortex as illustrated by a first cortex portion 320 and a second cortex portion 330. In a further step, a tip 130 of the locking screw 100 is inserted through the first cortex portion 320 and marrow 310 into a bore 210 of the orthopedic implant 200. A shaft 110 is advanced into the bore 210 in any sufficient manner, such that the tip 130 is advanced through the bore 210. Since the major diameter of the tip 130 is different (e.g., smaller) from the major diameter of a thread pattern section 150, the tip 130 operates to advance (e.g., by pushing) the shaft 110 forward through the bore 210 of the orthopedic implant 200. When the thread pattern section 150 comes into engagement with an internal thread 220 of the bore 210, the shaft 110 may be rotated, for example with a screw driver engaged at a screw head to advance the shaft 110 into and/or through the bore 210. Accordingly, the thread pattern section 150 engages the bore 210 so as to form a mechanical intermeshing fit with the internal thread 220 of the bore 210 as shown in Fig. 4a and Fig. 4b. When the tip 130 comes into contact with the bone 300 on the opposite side of the orthopedic implant 200, i.e., with the second cortex portion 330, the locking screw 100 is rotated further, so as to engage the tip 130 with the bone 300.

    [0037] In case of a breakage of the locking screw 100 inside the bone 300, a proximal portion of the broken locking screw 100 may be removed by screwing out the screw 100 in the loosening direction using, for example, an appropriate screw driver. Further, a distal portion of the broken screw 100 may be removed by striking it at the broken side of the screw 100 in direction of the second cortex portion 330. The thread pattern section 150 generally cooperates with the internal thread 220 of the orthopedic implant 200 in an engaged state. However, the thread pattern section 150 also allows for overriding of the functional thread turns 151 and instead use of the left hand thread 152 in order to remove the broken screw 100 out of the implant 200. Hence, the broken locking screw 100 can be easily removed without injuring an adjacent bone tissue.

    [0038] While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be considered illustrative or exemplary and not restrictive. The invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments. Other variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art in practicing a claimed invention, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the dependent claims.

    [0039] In the claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to a further advantage. Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope.


    Claims

    1. An orthopedic locking screw (100) configured for a cooperation with an implant thread (220) of an orthopedic implant (200), the orthopedic locking screw (100) comprising:

    a longitudinally extending shaft (110) comprising a thread pattern section (150) extending at least partially along the shaft (110),

    the thread pattern section (150) comprising a first thread (151) with a first direction and a second thread (152) with a second direction opposite to the first direction of the first thread (151),

    the first thread being configured for the cooperation with the implant thread (220) of the orthopedic implant (200) and the second thread (152) is superimposed on the first thread (151) and intersects the first thread (151),

    characterised in that

    the thread pattern section (150) comprises essentially rhombic protrusions (154) and grooves (153) between the essentially rhombic protrusions (154).


     
    2. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to claim 1, wherein the first thread (151)
    and the second thread (152) of the thread pattern section (150) have the same pitch.
     
    3. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the first thread (151) is a right hand thread and the second thread (152) is a left hand thread.
     
    4. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of the preceding claims, further comprising a screw tip (130) and tip thread (170) arranged between the thread pattern section (150) and the screw tip (130).
     
    5. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to the preceding claim, wherein the tip thread (170) has an identical pitch and direction as the first thread (151).
     
    6. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein, in a cross section, the thread pattern section (150) has an initial major diameter and a screw tip area between the thread pattern section (150) and a screw tip (130) of the screw (100) has a tip major diameter, and wherein the initial major diameter is larger than the tip major diameter.
     
    7. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the second thread (152) opposite to the first thread (151) defines thread turns of the first thread (151) for an override when forcefully removing the screw (100) out of the implant (200).
     
    8. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the second thread (152) configures a shearing area of thread turns of the first thread (151) for an intended shearing-off when forcefully removing the orthopedic locking screw (100) in case of a failure of the screw (100).
     
    9. The orthopedic locking screw (100) according to one of preceding claims, wherein the orthopedic implant (200) is an intramedullary nail and the first thread (151) of the thread pattern section (150) of the orthopedic locking screw (100) is configured for a cooperation with the inner thread (220) of a bore (210) in the intramedullary nail.
     
    10. A method for manufacturing an orthopedic locking screw (100) for a cooperation with a thread (220) in an orthopedic implant (200) comprising the steps of:

    applying a first thread (151) of a thread pattern section (150) onto a longitudinally extending shaft (110) of the orthopedic locking screw (100) with a first direction, the first thread (151) being a functional thread configured for the cooperation with the thread (220) of the orthopedic implant (200); and

    applying a second thread (152) of the thread pattern section (150) onto the longitudinally extending shaft (110) with a second direction opposite to the first direction of the first thread (151) such that the second thread (152) is superimposed on the first thread (151) and at least partially intersects the first thread (151)

    wherein the thread pattern section (150) comprises essentially rhombic protrusions (154) and grooves (153) between the essentially rhombic protrusions (154).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100), die für ein Zusammenwirken mit einem Implantatgewinde (220) eines orthopädischen Implantats (200) konfiguriert ist, wobei die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) umfasst:

    einen sich in Längsrichtung erstreckenden Schaft (110) mit einem Gewindemusterabschnitt (150), der sich zumindest teilweise entlang des Schaftes (110) erstreckt,

    wobei der Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) ein erstes Gewinde (151) mit einer ersten Richtung und ein zweites Gewinde (152) mit einer zweiten, der ersten Richtung des ersten Gewindes (151) entgegengesetzten Richtung umfasst,

    wobei das erste Gewinde für das Zusammenwirken mit dem Implantatgewinde (220) des orthopädischen Implantats (200) konfiguriert ist und das zweite Gewinde (152) dem ersten Gewinde (151) überlagert ist und das erste Gewinde (151) schneidet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) im Wesentlichen rhombische Vorsprünge (154) und Rillen (153) zwischen den im Wesentlichen rhombischen Vorsprüngen (154) umfasst.


     
    2. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Gewinde (151) und das zweite Gewinde (152) des Gewindemusterabschnitts (150) die gleiche Steigung haben.
     
    3. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das erste Gewinde (151) ein Rechtsgewinde und das zweite Gewinde (152) ein Linksgewinde ist.
     
    4. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Schraubenspitze (130) und ein Spitzengewinde (170), die zwischen dem Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) und der Schraubenspitze (130) angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach dem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei das Spitzengewinde (170) eine identische Steigung und Richtung wie das erste Gewinde (151) hat.
     
    6. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei in einem Querschnitt, der Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) einen initialen Hauptdurchmesser umfasst und ein Schraubenspitzenbereich zwischen dem Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) und einer Schraubenspitze (130) der Schraube (100) einen Spitzen-Hauptdurchmesser umfasst, und wobei der initiale Hauptdurchmesser größer als der Spitzen-Hauptdurchmesser ist.
     
    7. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Gewinde (152) gegenüber dem ersten Gewinde (151) Gewindegänge des ersten Gewindes (151) definiert für einen Override beim gewaltsamen Entfernen der Schraube (100) aus dem Implantat (200).
     
    8. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Gewinde (152) einen Scherbereich der Gewindegänge des ersten Gewindes (151) konfiguriert für ein beabsichtigtes Abscheren beim gewaltsamen Entfernen der orthopädischen Verriegelungsschraube (100) im Falle eines Versagens der Schraube (100).
     
    9. Die orthopädische Verriegelungsschraube (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das orthopädische Implantat (200) ein Marknagel ist und das erste Gewinde (151) des Gewindemusterabschnitts (150) der orthopädischen Verriegelungsschraube (100) für ein Zusammenwirken mit dem Innengewinde (220) einer Bohrung (210) im Marknagel konfiguriert ist.
     
    10. Ein Verfahren zur Herstellung einer orthopädischen Verriegelungsschraube (100) für ein Zusammenwirken mit einem Gewinde (220) in einem orthopädischen Implantat (200) die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Aufbringen eines ersten Gewindes (151) eines Gewindemusterabschnitts (150) auf einen sich in Längsrichtung erstreckenden Schaft (110) der orthopädischen Verriegelungsschraube (100) mit einer ersten Richtung, wobei das erste Gewinde (151) ein Funktionsgewinde ist, das für das Zusammenwirken mit dem Gewinde (220) des orthopädischen Implantats (200) konfiguriert ist, und

    Aufbringen eines zweiten Gewindes (152) des Gewindemusterabschnitts (150) auf den sich in Längsrichtung erstreckenden Schaft (110) mit einer zweiten Richtung, die der ersten Richtung des ersten Gewindes (151) entgegengesetzt ist, so dass das zweite Gewinde (152) das erste Gewinde (151) überlappt und das erste Gewinde (151) zumindest teilweise schneidet,

    wobei der Gewindemusterabschnitt (150) im Wesentlichen rhombische Vorsprünge (154) und Rillen (153) zwischen den im Wesentlichen rhombischen Vorsprüngen (154) umfasst.


     


    Revendications

    1. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) conçue pour une coopération avec un filetage d'implant (220) d'un implant orthopédique (200), la vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) comprenant :

    un axe s'étendant longitudinalement (110) comprenant une section à motifs de filetages (150) s'étendant au moins partiellement le long de l'axe (110),

    la section à motifs de filetages (150) comprenant un premier filetage (151) dans une première direction et un second filetage (152) dans une seconde direction opposée à la première direction du premier filetage (151),

    le premier filetage étant conçu pour une coopération avec le filetage d'implant (220) de l'implant orthopédique (200) et

    le second filetage (152) est superposé au premier filetage (151) et croise le premier filetage (151),

    caractérisée en ce que :
    la section à motifs de filetages (150) comprend des saillies essentiellement rhombiques (154) et des rainures (153) entre les saillies essentiellement rhombiques (154).


     
    2. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier filetage (151) et le second filetage (152) de la section à motifs de filetages (150) ont le même pas.
     
    3. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le premier filetage (151) est un filetage à droite et le second filetage (152) est un filetage à gauche.
     
    4. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une pointe de vis (130) et un filetage de pointe (170) placé entre la section à motifs de filetages (150) et la pointe de vis (130).
     
    5. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle le filetage de pointe (170) a un pas et une direction identiques à ceux du premier filetage (151).
     
    6. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle, en section, la section à motifs de filetages (150) présente un diamètre extérieur initial et une zone de pointe de vis entre la section à motifs de filetages (150) et une pointe de vis (130) de la vis (100) présente un diamètre extérieur de pointe, et dans laquelle le diamètre extérieur initial est supérieur au diamètre extérieur de pointe.
     
    7. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le second filetage (152) opposé au premier filetage (151) définit des filets du premier filetage (151) aux fins d'une neutralisation lors de l'extraction forcée de la vis (100) hors de l'implant (200).
     
    8. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le second filetage (152) configure une zone de cisaillement des filets du premier filetage (151) aux fins d'un cisaillement intentionnel lors de l'extraction forcée de la vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) en cas de défaillance de la vis (100).
     
    9. Vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'implant orthopédique (200) est un clou intramédullaire et le premier filetage (151) de la section à motifs de filetages (150) de la vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) est conçu pour une coopération avec le filetage intérieur (220) d'un alésage (210) dans le clou intramédullaire.
     
    10. Procédé de fabrication d'une vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100) destinée à une coopération avec un filetage (220) dans un implant orthopédique (200), comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    appliquer un premier filetage (151) d'une section à motifs de filetages (150) sur un axe s'étendant longitudinalement (110) de la vis de verrouillage orthopédique (100), dans une première direction, le premier filetage (151) étant un filetage fonctionnel conçu pour la coopération avec le filetage (220) de l'implant orthopédique (200) ; et

    appliquer un second filetage (152) de la section à motifs de filetages (150) sur l'axe s'étendant longitudinalement (110), dans une seconde direction opposée à la première direction du premier filetage (151), de manière que le second filetage (152) soit superposé au premier filetage (151) et qu'il croise au moins partiellement le premier filetage (151),

    dans lequel la section à motifs de filetages (150) comprend des saillies essentiellement rhombiques (154) et des rainures (153) entre les saillies essentiellement rhombiques (154).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description